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saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis

oTar lorTqifaniZis arqeologiis centri
GEORGIAN NATIONAL MUSEUM
Journal of Otar Lordkipanidze Centre of Archaeology

iberia-kolxeTi

saqarTvelos klasikuri da adremedievuri periodis
arqeologiur-istoriuli kvlevani

IBERIA-COLCHIS
Researches on the Archaeology and History of Georgia
in the Classical and Early Medieval Period

8
Tbilisi 2012 Tbilisi

mT. redaqtori: gela gamvyreliZe
saredaqcio-sarecenzio sabWo:
zurab bragvaZe, devid braundi, nino lorTqifaniZe,
darejan kaWarava, guram kvirkvelia,
daviT mindoraSvili, goderZi narimaniSvili,
vaxtang SatberaSvili, maia Carkviani

Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Prof. Gela Gamkrelidze
Editorial & Reviewers Board:
Dr. Z. Bragvadze, Dr. Prof. D. Braund (UK), Dr. N. Lordkipanidze,
Dr. Prof. D.Kacharava, Dr. Prof. G. Kvirkvelia, Dr. D. Mindorashvili,
Dr. G. Narimanishvili, Dr. V. Shatberashvili, Dr. M. Charkviani

See the web site:
http://www.nplg.gov.ge/dlibrary/coll/0001/000498/
http://www.nplg.gov.ge/dlibrary/coll/0001/000772/
http://www.nplg.gov.ge/dlibrary/coll/0001/001087/
http://www.nplg.gov.ge/dlibrary/coll/0001/001122/
http://www.nplg.gov.ge/dlibrary/coll/0001/001186/

Address: Otar Lordkipanidze Centre of Archaeology
14, D. Uznadze str. Tbilisi, 0102, Georgia
e-mail: iberiacolchis@yahoo.com.
© saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumi. 2012

ISSN 1512-4207

UDC 94(479.22)+902. i-315

CO N T E N T S

Sinaarsi

ana Wyonia, oqromWedlis saxelosnos naSTebi vanis naqalaqarze (Anna Chonia,
The Remains of Goldsmith’s Workshop from Vani City-site). ......................................................................5
qeTevan javaxiSvili, oqros furcliT Semkuli iSviaTi nivTebi taxtiZiris
samarovnidan (Ketevan Javakhishvili, The Rare Artifacts Decorated with Golden Sheet from
Takhtidziri). .........................................................................................................................................................17
nana kapanaZe, zurab bragvaZe, zemo imereTi adreul Sua saukuneebSi.
(Nana Kapanadze, Zurab Bragvadze, Upper Imereti in Early Medieval Period). ...................................22
nino mindaZe, TinaTin WaniSvili, kenotafis gamarTvis tradicia saqarTveloSi
(Nino Mindadze, Tinatin Tchanishvili, The Tradition of Cenotaph in Georgia). .................................................32
nana gogiberiZe, bavSvebis samarxebis erTi jgufi taxtiZiris Zv. IV-III ss.
samarovnidan (Nana Gogiberidze, One group of child burials from the 4th- 3rd Takhtidziri burial
ground). ...............................................................................................................................................................42
revaz papuaSvili, leri jiblaZe, nana papuaSvili, arqeologiuri samuSaoebi
wyaltubo-menjis monakveTis eleqtrogadamcemi xazis trasaze (Revaz
Papuashvili, Leri Jibladze, Nana Papuashvili, Archaeological Works on the Area of Tskaltubo - Menji
Transmission Line). ............................................................................................................................................46
vaxtang nikolaiSvili, giorgi manjgalaZe, goderZi narimaniSvili, samTavros
adreantikuri xanis qvasamarxebi (Vakhtang Nikolaishvili, Giorgi Manjgaladze, Goderdzi
Narimanishvili, Samtavro Early Classical Period Stone Graves)................................................................57
anzor sixaruliZe, qeTevan javaxiSvili, vera CixlaZe, nukri maisuraSvili,
nukri Rlonti, axali arqeologiuri aRmoCena TianeTTan (Anzor Sikharulidze,
Ketevan Javakhishvili, Vera Chikhladze, Nukri Maisurashvili, Nukri Glonti, Newly-Discovered
Burial from Tianeti). ................................................................................................................................... 62
daviT mindoraSvili, adreuli Sua saukuneebis nasoflari sof. sveneTTan
(David Mindorashvili, An Early Medieval Village Site Near v. Sveneti). ..................................................75

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merab ZnelaZe, vera CixlaZe, arqeologiuri aRmoCenebi Tbilisis wm.
ormoc sebastiel mowameTa monastris teritoriaze. 2011w. (Merab Dzneladze,
Vera Chikhladze, Archaeological Discoveries on the Territory of Tbilisi Forty Sebastian Martyr’s
Monastery). .........................................................................................................................................................83
vaxtang SatberaSvili, xevxmelas xeoba antikur xanaSi (Vakhtang Shatberashvili,
Khevkhmela Gorge in Classical period). ........................................................................................................98
marine kvaWaZe, mZivebi eli-babas samarovnidan (Marine Kvachadze, The Beads from
Eli Baba Cemetery). ........................................................................................................................................ 116
bibliografia da recenziebi ................................................................................................. 127

PPAPERS IN ENGLISH
David Lomitashvili, Nino Kebuladze, Ana Tvaradze, Ian Colvin, Nokalakevi in The VIIIth-VIIth
centuries B.C. (The 1st period of development). .........................................................................................139
George Tseretheli †, The Bilingual Inscription from Armaz near Mcheta in Georgia. .......146
Gela Gamkrelidze, THE PROCESS OF GLOBALISTIC ROMANIZATION AND IBERIA-COLCHIS (An
overview). ................................................................................................................................................................................183
The Researcher of Ancient History of Georgia Gela Gamkrelidze is 60 Years Old................................ 195
List of works by Gela Gamkrelidze (1976 - 2012). gela gamyreliZis Sromebis sia 2012
wlamde. ..................................................................................................................................................................................197
SUMMARIES...................................................................................................................................................... 205
SemoklebaTa ganmarteba
Abreviations..................................................................................................................................................... 212

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1986:22. erTi _ SemTxveviT centralur terasaze [Wyonia an. gankuTvnili meoradi damuSavebisaTvis. vanis naqalaqaris arqeologiuri monapovris mixedviT naTlad Cans mxatvruli xelosnuri warmoebis. dRes ukve SeiZleba saubari `kolxuri oqros fenomenze~. Deppert-Lippit B. 1981:92.. rogorc nedleulis. damowmebuli sxvadasxva kategoriis cnobebiT. rac. da aseve realobaa oqromWedlobis maRalmxatvruli nimuSebis aRmoCenebi. 334. naRvenTebi. Čkonia A. warmoadgens upirveles wya­ ros oqromWedlobis saxelosno centris funqcionirebis dasadgenad. 198-199. gigolaSvili) (SeniSvnis saxiT: gamouqveynebel nimuSebTan yvela SemTxvevaSi miTiTebulia savele an inventaris 5 . 1977:76-77.-is dasawyisis samarxebSi (## 6. 381-382. kat. vanis naqalaqaris oqros mravalricxovan nimuSebs Soris gamoyofili SedarebiT mcire nawili _ oqros mxatvruli damuSavebis naSTebi _ pirdapir mianiSnebs adgilze oqros nivTebis damzadebas. mavTulis da Reros nawilebi). mesame jgufSi _ SekeTebuli an gadakeTebuli oqros samkaulebi. 2008:81-95]. dRes realobaa. 208-209. sav. 1981:7-99. 139-141. 2005:266-268] Tu axladmoZiebuli masalebis gaTva­ liswinebiT. 1981:92-93. 16. kaWarava d. #335]. Chqonia A. sxvadasxva saxis namzadebi (burTulebi. vanis naqalaqarze gamovlenilia oqros Svidi zodi: oTxi _ Zv. meore jgufSi _ dazianebuli da fragmentuli oqros samkauli. 24 samarxebi) [Wyonia an. Cven xelT arsebuli yvela monacemis _ cnobili da saTanadod ganxiluli [Wyonia an. oqros mxatvruli damuSavebis procesTan dakavSirebuli nimuSebi. Tavis mxriv ki es ganapirobebda adgilzeve saxelosnoebisa da oqromWedelTa fenis Camoyalibebas. zodebi. Wyonia an. agreTve. aqedan erTi _ centralur terasaze. meore mxriv. nagebobis Sida farTobis preparaciisas (nakveTi 165. bunebrivia. mJavanaZe z. mxa­ tvruli xelosnobis erT-erTi dargis _ oqromWedlobis ganviTarebas. is gulisxmobs kolxeTSi oqros. 1981:92. Lordkipanidse O. firfitis CamonaWrebi. oqromWedlobis didi masStabi. Chqonia A. firfitis CamonaWrebi. gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania pirvel jgufSi warmodgenili nimuSebi _ naRvenTebi. elinisturi xanis kulturul fenebSi. 2002:176-181. #333. namzadebi. sam jgufSi gaerTianda: pirvel jgufSi _ oqros zodebi. rom Zvel kolxeTSi moipoveboda Zvirfasi liTonebi. arsebobas. 1996:45-50.. ori _ arqeologiuri gaTxrebis dros. 201. 11. 1976: 212-214. firfitebi.#07:1-04:1273. 2011:25]. ubnis xelmZRvaneli el. kaWarava d. Чкониа А. V-III s.ana Wyonia oqromWedlis saxelosnos naSTebi vanis naqalaqarze cneba `kolxuri oqro~ dRes farTo mniSvnelobiT moiazreba: erTi mxriv. oqromWedlobis adgilobrivi skolisa da profesional oqromWedelTa arsebobaSi [Wyonia an. kat. lorTqifaniZe oT. kerZod. xarabaZe s. amis gamo vanis naqalaqarze gamovlenili oqros mxatvruli damuSavebis naSTebi kidev erTxel moeqca yuradRebis centrSi.27 sur 112. 1996:368-376. damokidebuli iyo sazogadoebis moTxovnilebasa da sazogadoebis cxovrebaSi mis mniSvnelobaze. rac mkafiod gamoi­ xata oqromWedlobis garkveuli modelisa Tu erTiani mxatvruli sistemis SeqmnaSi. pirobiTad.

zedapiri daumuSavebelia. samarxi #11. ud. sav.5mm.#07:1-05:1288.4. gansakuTrebul interess imsaxurebs oqros naRvenTTan erTad. wona _ 5. qvemoT). romlis diametri 1 mm-is tolia. Tumca. sxva axsnac eZebnebaT [maTiaSvili n. sav. kat.sigane _ 4mm. mcire zomis naRvenTebis anu oqros Camosxmis dros warmoqmnili narCenebis erTi nimuSi aRmoCenilia centralur terasaze arqeologiuri gaTxrebis dros da konkretuli arqeologiuri kompleqsis nawilia (ix. kat#340]. (dawvrilebiT ix. 2005:86]. sigane _ 4. 1965:36].10g). sisqe _ 2mm. #102. namzadebidan yuradRebas iqcevs sada firfitebi.32g).5. viwro firfitaze (sur. samarxi #16.nomrebi). wona _ 24. sav. maT Soris _ mavTuliT. 339]. sav.#07:1-04:1405. Davidson P. #336. 07:1-04:169). firfitebis CamonaWrebidan erTi (sur. centralur terasaze arqeologiuri gaTxrebis Sedegad gamovlenili zodi usworo formis sqeli firfitis saxiTaa Camosxmuli (sur. samkaulis damzadebis dros mavTuli gamoiyeneboda xSirad didi raodenobiT (magaliTad. 1915. ubnis xelmZRvaneli n. sisqe _ 3mm. meore viwro firfita (qveda terasa. maTiaSvili) [Wyonia an.46g). gamoangariSebulia. sqeli firfita-namzadi (sur. sataZro kompleqsis centralur darbazSi dadasturebulia oqros cvaras aRmoCenac (sav. anu oqromWedeli. piramidiseburi formis (sur 3. erT sada. formiT da woniT sxvadasxvagvari: msxvili da ovaluri formis Reros (sur. VI 9641]. romelic muSaobs oqros wvrili mavTulis (oqromkedis) damzadebaze [Gummerus H. qveda terasaze. 1981:92. sigrZe _ 14. albaT. ud. ud. aRsaniSnavia.#07:1-05:709. nakveTi 188. rom elinisturi xanis erTi yelsabamis damzadebisas daixarja 9 m sigrZis mavTuli) [Hoffmann H. wona _ 5. 1981:92. ori nimuSi napovnia SemTxveviT [Wyonia an. amitom Zneli dasadgenia _ bunebrivi warmoSobisaa Tu Camosxmuli (Sesabamisad.2. sqeli ovaluri firfitis msgavsi (samarxi #24. kvirkvelia). waxnagebiani Reros (sur.#07:1-01:5). Tirze (nakveTi 142.7) momdinareobs qveda terasidan (elinisturi xanis sataZro kompleqsis teritoria. 1981:92.46g) nimuSebi.sigrZe _ 9mm. naqalaqaris qveda terasaze aRmoCnda agreTve mcire zomis mrgvali. sigrZe _ 7mm.F. sakulto nagebobis SigniT. wona _ 1.11). romelTa diametri 2-3 mm-s Soris meryeobs. ud. 1981:92. rom oqromWedeli muSaobisas sargeblobda (da sargeblobs) gamzadebuli detalebiT. kat#341]. 337]. 171. sav. SemTxveviT da zeda terasaze aRmoCenili zodebi `wveTiseburi~ formisaa.10g).1. ##338. wona _ 1. sisqe _ 2mm. sami _ zeda terasaze SemTxveviT. ar gamoiricxeba maTi kavSiri uSualod sawarmoo procesTan. mza mavTulis gamoyeneba Cans vanis 6 . kat#342]. sigrZe _ 9mm. ubnis xelmZRvaneli g. wona _ 0. wona _ 1. meore nimuSi (sur.#07:1-01:4. wona _ 21. 18.38g da sur. sur. kat. misi zedapiri daumuSavebelia. samarxebidan momdinare nimuSebs. meore nimuSi _ zeda terasaze. 1981:92. cnobilia. rom laTinur epigrafikul ZeglebSi damowmebulia specialuri termini _ barbaricari(u)s. arqeologiuri konteqstis gareSe zodebis zusti funqciis dadgena rTulia. oqros msxvili Rero-namzadi (sur.8) aRmoCnda SemTxveviT [Wyonia an. namzadebs warmoadgens oqros burTulebi (ori burTula napovnia qveda terasaze arqeologiuri gaTxrebis dros [Wyonia an. samarxebSi dafiqsirebuli zodebi Camosxmulia. sigrZe _ 28mm) erT mxares daviwroebulia.00g). qvemoT).6.9) boloebi sagangebodaa SemoWrili _ (momrgvalebulia) [Wyonia an.5mm. ##07:102:17.10.07g). samarxi #6. dm_4mm..

da bolos. ornamentirebuli firfitis fragmentebi erTad iyo Tavmoyrili (nakveTi 102. 550. IV sauku- nis meore naxevari _ Zv. 1981:78-79]. 584. cnobili mkvlevaris qristian elueris mixedviT. sav. 1981:92.. ##344-349]. 583. rogorc Cans. namzadebi unda iyos vanis naqalaqarze SemTxveviT aRmoCenili Rerosa da mavTulebis nawilebi (sur. #07:1-04:1309). kulturul fenaSi Zv.w. aqatis sakidebs daemata oqros detalebi. Zv. 535. orive sayureze dafiqsirda SekeTebis kvali: sayure rgolis gatexili nawilebi erTmaneTTan mirCilulia damatebiTi firfitis gamoyenebiT. sakidebis nawilebi. 587).samkaulebzec.12. palestinaSi. rogorc Cans.50×0. dekoratiuli da teqnologiuri ele­ mentebiT. kat. III saukuniT (sur. `oqromravali~ kolxeTi. meore jgufSi gaerTianebuli nimuSebi _ nakluli. savaraudod. gaTxrebis dros isini gabneulad dafiqsirda sakmaod mcire farTobze (1.w. sav. riyis qvebiT nagebi kompleqsis dasavleTiT gamovlenili masala: rogorc Cans.21). magaliTad. Tavdapirvelad _ dakecili (SeimCneva 13 aramkveTri nakeci). tel elaJuSi aRmoCenili oqrosa da vercxlis dazianebuli nivTebis detalebi. frinvelis gamosaxulebebiT kolxuri oqromWedlobis tipuri nimuSi (Zv. 1990:102]. milakebi. kerZod. #11 samarxis sxivebian sayureebze _ dakeWnili mavTuli gagrZelebulia TvalisTvis miuwvdomel adgilas. XVI saukuniT TariRdeba [Eluère Ch. konkretulad romelime kompleqsTan misi dakavSireba ver moxerxda. magaliTad. vanSi adgilobrivi saxelosnoebis arsebobaze miuTiTebs agre­ Tve SekeTebuli an gadakeTebuli samkaulebis aRmoCenis SemTxvevebi. am mxriv eWvs ar iwvevs centralur terasaze. oqros nivTebi _ deformirebuli sayure rgoli.19). marTebuli ar aris. yvela dazianebuli nivTisTvis meoradi damuSavebis funqciis miniWeba. xSirad mxolod es faqti _ samkaulis SekeTeba Tu gadakeTeba _ miCneulia saxelosnos arsebobis damadasturebel niS- 7 . erTi sayure SekeTebis Semdeg kvlav dazianebula (sur. 1990:328]. rgolebi Sedgenilia erTi sigrZis mavTulebisgan _ namzadebisgan. amJamad _ gasworebuli (miwidan amoRebisas mavTuli gadatyda erT-erT nakecze da ori fragmentis saxiTaa warmodgenili).20). 586.80 m2). albaT. nimuSebi TariRdeba Zv. oqromWedeli. e. #07:1-89:534. mavTuli Rarebze gadadis.. magram gadakeTebisas _ oqros mavTulisa da yunwis damatebis dros ar iyo gaTvaliswinebuli gamosaxulebis wina mxare da calkeuli detali (pepelas Tavi dafarulia. oqros dazianebuli nivTebis meoradi damuSaveba sayovelTaodaa gavrcelebuli da saukuneTa siRrmeSi midis. 549.w. IV s-is meore naxevari) [Лордкипанидзе О. nakveTi 146. 13-18) [Wyonia an. romlebic oqros (nedleulis) naklebobas ar ganicdidnen. gankuTvnili gadadnobisaTvis.. mavTuli dafiqsirda naqalaqaris centralur terasaze (sur. saintereso nimuSia 50 mm-mde sigrZis sada mavTuli. gadakeTebulia aqatis sakidebi _ pepelas gamosaxulebebi (sur. deformirebuli samkaulebis fragmentebi sakmaod mravladaa aRmoCenili vanis naqalaqarze. maT rigs uerTdeba. es movlena dadasturebulia im regionebSic.) [Wyonia an.w. SekeTebulia #19 samarxis sayureebi (wyvili) _ formiT. III-I ss.i. iyenebs namzads da mavTuls aRar amoklebs.w. #15 samarxSi aRmoCenili yelsabamis sxvadasxva zomis mZivebze naxvretis garSemo darCiluli rgolebis diametri yvela SemTxvevaSi 3 mm-ia. Tumca. amJamad mxolod ori magaliTis dasaxelebiT SemovifarglebiT.

`TeTr wyobas~ dasavleTis mxridan emijneba riyis qvebi (`xurda~ _ wyobis Sida nawili). arqeologiuri gaTxrebis Sedegad oqromWedlis saxelosnos naSTebis gamovlena mniSvnelovani da iSviaTi SemTxvevaa. amis naTeli dadasturebaa centraluri terasis erT monakveTze _ qalaqis Sida teriatoriaze _ oqromWedlis saxelosnos naSTebis aRmoCena [Wyonia an.6492 da sxv. rac aSkarad mianiSnebs oqromWedlis saxelosnos Tu saxelosnoebis funqcionirebas. oqromWedlis saxelosnos naSTebad miCneuli e. te­ menosis) teritoriaze oqromWedlis saxelosnoebis ganlageba gavrcelebuli movlenaa. vanis Zvel qalaqSic. zogjer erTi sagnis (tigelis an romelime iaraRis) aRmoCena sakmarisi xdeba oqromWedlis saxelosnos arsebobis dadgenisaTvis (magaliTad. mis aRmosavleTiT _ TirSi nakveT `arxSi~. nagebia kirqvis usworo formis qvebiT. garda amisa. radgan misi saxelosno aramyaria [Eluère Ch. amJamad Cveni mizania erTianad yvela faqtis konstatacia da Sejereba. kedlis sigrZea 2.w. 9545. bunebrivia.5 m. romis `did gzaze~. werilobiTi wyaroebis mixedviT cnobilia agreTve oqromWedlis saxelosnoebi aTenis agorasa da romis forumze [Coche de la Ferté E. vanis naqalaqarze gamovlenili. zogjer qvebs Soris Cadgmulia 2030 sm sigrZis filebi _ wyobis Sevsebagamagrebis mizniT. arsebobs aseTi Sefasebac: oqromWedeli kvals mxolod Tavis SemoqmedebiT tovebs. Zv. saerTod. 1990:100]. X . 1986:97. nimuSebis aRmoCenis pirobebi (dafiqsirebulia gafantulad) saxelosnos adgilis zustad gansazRvris saSualebas ar iZleva. oqromWedlis saxelosno im kategorias ganekuTvneboda. IV s-iT. Cven xelT arsebuli masala mravalricxovnebiTa da mravalferovnebiT gamoirCeva.w. TariRdeba Zv. magaliTad.22).60 m (SemorCa wyobis samioTxi rigi). 129-189. TeTri nageboba aRmoCnda vanis naqalaqaris centralur terasaze (nakveTi 118) monumenturi kedlis (`gadamwvari kedlis~) paralelurad.nad. TeTri nagebobebi vanSi qviT naSen Zeglebs Soris yvelaze adreulia. saerTod. Gummerus H. VI-9207. kedeli amoyvanilia kldeze (Tirze). 1915. Cveulebriv. TeTri qvebis nacvlad. kedeli (saZirkvlis nawili) orive mxares moqceulia TirSi nakveT budeebSi (erTgan budeSi. 33872. vanis SemTxvevaSic. metad saintereso aRmoCenebisa _ qveda terasis sataZro kompleqsTan. romlebic erTmaneTTan dakavSirebulia Tixa-miwiT. taZris (samlocvelos. msgavs garemoebas hqonda adgili. simaRle _ 0.w. `wminda gzaze~ (h. didi zomis riyis qvebia Cawyobili). oqromWedlis saxelosnos dafiqsireba rTulia da xSirad SeuZlebelic.9549.gumerusis mixedviT [Gummerus H. rogorc. (centralur te­ ra­saze #9 samarxis maxloblad gaTxrili 8 . Zeglis atribucia garkveul sifrTxiles moiTxovs. 1956:3-4]. es tendencia SeimCneva Crdilo SavizRvispireTis centrebTan mimarTebiT). rogorc Cans. 1918:256-302] Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. garda erTi SemTxvevisa. romlis qalaqgareT gatanis obieqturi aucilebloba ar iyo. IV-III ss. 100].-Sia moqceuli `TeTri nageboba~ da misi gauqmebis Semdeg aRmarTuli monumenturi kedeli. stratigrafiuli monacemebis gaTvaliswinebiT zemomiTiTebuli Zeglebis qronologia aseTia: uZvelesia `arxi~ (zusti TariRi ver dadginda). SemorCenilia mxolod kedlisa da saZirkvlis nawili (sur. SesaZlebelia mxolod nimuSebis garkveuli nawilis dakavSireba ama Tu im kompleqsTan samuSao adgilis dakonkretebis gareSe. Tumca.).

1999:85]. rom noqalaqevis arqeologiur monapovarTan dakavSirebiTac dasaSvebadaa miCneuli cxovelTa eSvebisa da kbilebis gamoyeneba oqros zedapiris gasaprialeblad [qebulaZe n. boloebi CamoWrilia iribad (erTi bolo nawilobriv Camotexilia). kat #343. qvis.2 grami (sav. naRvenTis sigrZe 4. 1960:71-75. xelosnis iara- Rebis aRmoCenebi [Wyonia an. lomitaSvili d.52]. Rero msxvilia. sur. iqve dasaxelebuli literatura). da bolos. damuSavebuli Zvlis nimuSebis. wona – 0. sadac in situ dafiqsirda kolxuri Tixis nawarmis nimuSebi – ori qoTani. w. rogorc Cans. kerZod. mis winaSe deben fics. samWedloSi dadasturebulia Rviniani WurWlis (qvevris) arsebobac [Аджинджал И.-is meore naxevris dasawyisi [Путуридзе Р. msgavsia warCinebuli kolxi meomris – dedatosis samarxSi aRmoCenili amforisa. gaSlil mdgomareobaSi.w. agreTve. #07:1-80:365. IV s. 1969:226]. ukavSirdeba. 1981:92.w. Suasaukuneebis avtorTa cnobebis gaTvaliswinebiT (ix. IV s. xolo nagebobis nangrevebze zemodan dafiqsirebuli mZlavri fena.23). Tixis WurWeli zogadad Zv. magram realurad amis dadastureba ver xerxdeba. SesaZlebelia. 1981:59.-iT TariRdeba.79. gankuTvnili iyo meoradi damuSavebisaTvis: deformirebuli mZivebi. dergi da amfora. widebi liTons ar Seicavda).8 sm-ia. 39. gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia nangrevebTan aRmoCenili oqros Rero – namzadi da oqros naRvenTi.5 mm-ia. romlebic.-is SuaxanebiT). kidev erTi saintereso faqti. Rero amJamad moRunulia (sur. amfora adreuli nimuSebis ricxvs miekuTvneba.21 grami [Wyonia an. inv.. erTmaneTze dawyobili xaris da Zroxis ybis Zvlebi. saritualo adgili (sur. saerTod.. ramdenime rigad. `arxis~ Sevseba. pirobiTad. gvirgvinis(?) mcire fragmenti da sxva [Wyonia an. IV-III ss-ebiT daTariRebul kulturul fenaSi.2]). did interess iwvevs nagebobasTan axlos. nagebobasTan axlos gaiTxara. mcire zomis widebi – miniseburi masebi (laboratoriuli gamokvlevis Tanaxmad. gamonakliss warmoadgens cxovelTa kbilebi da eSvebi.w. Zv. savaraudod. zogadad Zv. (Zv. radgan 9 . saxelad – SaSvi. savaraudod. xelosnebis. mWedlebis saxelosnoebSi Sesrulebul ritualebze saintereso masalaa SemorCenili afxazeTis eTnografiul sinamdvileSi: samWedlos mfarvelia RvTaeba.97]. gamoricxuli ar aris liTonis. napovnia agreTve dazianebuli da nakluli oqros samkaulis nimuSebi. 1960:348-350]. #49-981:37). mWedlebi mas swiraven msxverpls. IV-III saukuneebiT daTariRda. wyobis qvemodan mesame rigis doneze dadasturda naxSiris uxvad Semcveli Tixnari masebi da baTqaSebis fragmentebi (kirqvis qvebiT naSen safuZvelze amoyvanili TixiT Selesili xis kedlebis naSTebi?). wona _ 6. OoTxkuTxaganivkveTiani.: [Wyonia an. kedlis nangrevebTan didi raodenobiT aRmoCnda. sur. romelTa saSualebiT xdeboda oqros zedapiris damuSaveba – gaprialeba. #76. oqromWedlis saxelosnos.w. sur. 1986:114. mis mimdebare farTobze da. misi sigrZe. am TariRs ar ewinaaRmdegeba nagebobis naSTebTan gamovlenili arqeologiuri masala.11).. 1981:93]. aRsaniSnavia. zedapirze Cans iaraRis kvali (gamoWedilia). IVs. nacari. rogorc Cans.TeTri Senobis mixedviT _ Zv. 74]. xelosnuri warmoebis naSTebi: naxSiris mcire fragmentebi. Инал-Ипа Ш. 13.121. [Джанашиа Н. kerZod. xis iaraRebTan erTad maTi gamoyeneba oqromWedlobaSic. romelic TeTr nagebobas. 1977:69. kat. sur.

Tanamedrove geologiurma kvleva-Ziebam ar daadastura uSualod vanis teritoriaze oqros arseboba [Wyonia an. ganviTarebis uwyveti da xangrZlivi gzis arsebobiT. ise arqeologiuri monacemebi (sarkineSi gaTxril mravalganyofilebian did saxelosnoSi. saxelosnos da oqros mxatvruli damuSavebis naSTebi adastureben adgilobrivi profesionaluri skolis arsebobas da vanis Zveli qalaqi (qalaqis sxva ganmsazRvrel funqciasTan erTad) warmogvidgeba rogorc mxatvruli xelosnobis – oqromWedlobis dawinaurebuli centri. rac mTavaria. vanis saxelosnoebisTvis oqros miwodeba xdeboda @`oqromravali~ kolxeTis romelime axlomdebare regionidan. oqromWedelTa momarageba nedleuliT _ oqroTi. 2007:267-268]. Tumca. zemoganxiluli arqeologiuri monapovari – mTeli konteqsti mravalmxrivi da mravalricxovani faqtebisa. vin iyvnen vaneli oqromWedlebi. sakmaod myar safuZvels warmoadgens oqromWedlis saxelosnos arsebobis dasamtkiceblad. rom mWedlebsa da oqromWedlebs bevri saerTo hqondaT religiur warmodgenebsa da ritualebSic. 1935:272]. oqromWedlis samuSao adgilic yofila gamarTuli [afaqiZe an. rom oqromWedeli SeiZleba flobdes sawarmoo saSualebebsa da ar hqondes Sromis sagani. mxolod analogiebis moSveliebiTa da logikuri kanonzomierebiT dasaSvebia. da mainc. magram saTanado monacemebis _ werilobiTi (epigrafikuli) Tu gamomsaxvelobiTi wyaroebis _ ararsebobis pirobebSi umetesoba pasuxgaucemeli rCeba.saxelosnoSi RviniT garkveuli rituali sruldeba RvTaeba SaSvis saxelze. kerZod. maTi mdgomareobis maRali donis varaudi. gamomdinare kolxuri oqromWedlobis bunebidan anu mravalferovani rTuli (politeqnikuri) nimuSebisa da. marTalia. aseTi viTareba airekla `odiseaSi~: hefestos – universalur mWedels (da oqromWedelsac) – masalas awvdis nestori [Шмидт Р. Zvel vanSi saxelosnos Tu saxelosnoebis funqcionirebasTan pirdapir kavSirSia erTi mniSvnelovani sakiTxi. 1966:129-130]). 1963:209-211. amgvarad. sargeblobdnen namzadebiT da amis erT-erTi damadasturebeli sabuTia in situ (oqrom- Wedlis saxelosnos nangrevebSi) aRmoCenili oqros msxvili Rero. magaliTad. moxsnilia kiTxva oqromWedlebis warmomavlobis Sesaxeb. xaxutaiSvili d. rogorc Cans. ra roli eniWebodaT maT sazogadoebaSi. maT Soris oqromWedelTa. vanis saxelosnoebi. 1907:5-6]. aseve. mogzaurobagadaadgileba yvela droSi gavrcelebuli movlena iyo (dawvrilebiT ix. sadac xdeboda rkinis da sxva liTonebis damuSaveba. xelosanTa. savaraudoa. sxva xelosnebTan SedarebiT. vanis samkaulebis sakeTebeli oqro Soridan motanili ar unda yofiliyo. cnobilia. 1946:284285]. akademikos eqvTime TayaiSvilis miTiTebiT. vanSi adgilobrivi oqromWedlobis ganviTarebisaTvis uzrunvelyofili iyo aucilebeli orive piroba: Sromis sagani (oqro) da sawarmoo saSualebebi (saxelosno Tavisi aRWurvilobiT). qalaqis cxovrebaSi? ucnobia maTi socialur-ekonomikuri statusi. yovel SemTxvevaSi. vanis naqalaqarze aRmoCenili mravalricxovani samkauli. akad. [Ridder 10 . ibadeba mravali kiTxva. mWedlebisa da oqromWedlebis mWi­ dro urTierTobaze miuTiTebs rogorc eTnografiuli [boWoriSvili l. eqvTime TayaiSvilma pirvelma gamoTqva mosazreba vanSi adgilobrivi nedleulis safuZvelze oqromWedlobis saxelosno centris arsebobis Sesaxeb da vanSive ivarauda oqros mopovebac [TayaiSvili eqvT.

imedia. 1981: oqros samkaulebi vanis naqalaqaridan. Pernot M. 283-289. VII. 205-214. oqromWedeli grdemlTan _ aurifex brattiarius [Coche de la Ferté E. magaliTad. 1956:5. _ iberia-kolxeTi. _ vani. _ vani.w. Tbilisi. 2007: qarTuli oqromWedlobis Seswavlis istoriidan. xaxutaiSvili d. Tb. Tbilisi. Tbilisi. 1918:256:302]. oqromWedlobis konservatiuli xasiaTi. tab. gv. eqvTime TayaiSvili.) [Сергеенко М.93-115.I. jerjerobiT ki kolxi oqromWedlebi rCebian usaxelo ostatebad. I. 2011:106]).Е. Wyonia an.A. 1998:140-141] da sxv. wigni pirveli. Tbilisi. xarabaZe s.. Wyonia an. maTiaSvili n.60]). sayuradReboa. 22-46. II.25-26. am mxriv dRemde did interess iwvevs fineli mecnieris h. III. 2011:105. VI. Tbilisi-axalcixe.. gumerusis mier Sekrebili epigrafikuli masala romis oqromWedelTa Sesaxeb [Gummerus H. Tbilisi. VIII. 50-79 ww. warmoebis mowyobisa da procesis erTgvarovneba da sayovelTaod gavrceleba xSirad iZleva realur SesaZleblobas sxvadasxva saxis monacemebis gamoyenebisa xelosanTa yofis da saqmianobis rekonstruqciisaTvis. sur.w. 1911:8. ax. 1999: saoqromWedlo saqme Zv. 1946: oqromWedloba svaneTSi. arqeologiuri gaTxrebi. tfilisi. magram amis raime kvali arsebuli masalebis mixedviT ar dasturdeba. literatura: afaqiZe an. garkveul sinaTles Seitans am mimarTulebiT. gv. Tbilisi. 2005: elinisturi xanis kolxeTis istoriis sakiTxebi. Wyonia an. VIII. kolxeTSi (noqalaqevis masalebis mixedviT). 1976: oqros mxatvruli damuSaveba Zvel vanSi. Tbilisi. kaWarava d. Tbilisi. – mesxeTi (saistorio krebuli). 1986: naqalaqaris zeda terasaze 1980 wels Catarebuli muSaobis angariSi. IV-III saukuneebSi. boWoriSvili l. 9-33. TayaiSvili eqvT. qebulaZe n. Трейстер М. oqromWedeli amurebis muSaobis procesi (Casa die Vettii. gv. Pernot M... gv. 2002: Zveli qarTuli civilizaciis saTaveebTan.73. momavali kvleva-Zieba. gansxvavebuli garemosa da istoriuli viTarebis gaTvaliswinebiT. 117-119). romelTa Semoqmedeba dResac Rirebulia da mniSvnelovani. lorTqifaniZe oT. Wyonia an. 1963: qalaqebi da saqalaqo cxovreba Zvel saqarTveloSi. 11 . kolxi oqromWedlebis saqmianobis dasaxasiaTeblad. #5. kaWarava d.). 264-272. lomitaSvili d. _ saqarTvelos ssr mecnierebaTa akademiis moambe. savarudod. 1966: iberiis qalaqTa istoriis sakiTxebi. I saukunis marmarilos stela (sur. #7. 1979:40. gv. Максимова М. Tbilisi. gv. agreTve. ax.24. 1986: arqeologiuri gaTxrebi vanis naqalaqaris centralur terasaze (nakveTebi 102-103. es paralelebi formalur xasiaTs atarebs da amitom maTze dayrdnobiT rekonstruqciaze saubari mizanSewonili ar unda iyos. _ saqarTvelos arqeologiis istoriis sakiTxebi. pompeis kedlis mxatvroba (sur. mJavanaZe z. Gummerus H. 112. 1907: arxeologiuri mogzaurobani da SeniSvnani. 1949: 213. gv.VIII-VIIss.w. man gverdi ver auara vansac (igulisxmeba mosuli _ `moxetiale~ oqromWedlebis saqmianoba). 2011: dakrZalvis wesebi vanis naqalaqarze Zv. ikonografiuli xasiaTis Zeglebi. _ vani. _ vani. sur. 1915:129-190. 78-91.w.

sur. Москва-Ленинград. oqro. 1960: Абхазский культ и быт. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. 1935: Очерки по истории горного дела и металлообрабатывающего производства в античной Греции. Ẻtudes sur le monde du travail dans les sociétés urbaines de L’empire romain. Actes du 6e Symposium de Vani. Сухуми. 45-50. 68-71. Mainz am Rhein. sur. с. 1918: Die römische Industrie Wirtschaftsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen. nakveTi 165 (nagebobis SigniT). 59109. 2. Тбилиси. Историко-этнографические очерки. 256-302. _ Wine. Actes du Xe Symposium de Vani. vani. 1990: Вани в системе Колхидского царства. 1965: Greek Gold. sur. S. Gummerus H. samarxi #6.101-118. Ленинград. Catalogue. – Краткие сообщения Института археологии. – Klio. Chqonia A. sur. 108. vani. Вып. 1949: Помпеи. 1960: Абхазы. oqro. samarxi #11. – Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanishen Zentralmuseums Mainz. p. 2008: Colchian Goldwork.1 (Les bijoux). – Статьи по этнографии Абхазии. Jahrgang 1995.C. vani. 81-95. 1977: К изучению колхидского златокузнечества. and Gold Finds from the Black Sea Region. 7. Paris. 1998: Ионийские ремесленники-скифам.. sigrZe _ 9 mm. Pernot M. 1915: Die römische Industrie Wirtschaftsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen. oqro. samarxi #16. S. ilustraciebis aRweriloba: sur.327-337. 2011: Quels métiers les arts des plombiers. Москва. nakveTi 142 (sakulto nagebobis SigniT). Worship. 1990: Les secrets de l’or antique. Hoffmann H. 75-77. XIV. p. Ленинград. с.265-270. Paris. Paris. Jewelry from the Age of Alexander. Deppert-Lippitz B. Чкониа А. 1956: Les bijoux antiques. 4. Eluère Ch. Ridder A. Vol. . Bloomington and Indianapolis. Сухуми. до н. sigrZe _ 9 mm. 1996: Vani – ein antikes religiöses Zentrum im Lande des Goldenen Vlieses (Kolchis). zodi. Трейстер М.7. 2005: L’ artisanat d’art dans le développement des villes colchidiennes-Vani. с. – Вестник древней истории.Аджинджал И. zodi. 1979: Артюховский курган. Naples. Leipzig. 3. – Известия Государственной академии истории материальной культуры. Сухуми. Čkonia A. bronziers et orfèvres impliquent. Paris. sur. 151. firfitis CamonaWeri. sigrZe gaSlil mdgomareobaSi _ 56 mm. Материалы и исследования. zeda terasa. P. Сергеенко М. 130-141.5 mm. 1969: Из этнографии Абхазии.Причерноморье в VII-V вв.Les savoirs professionnels des gens de métier. Вып. Материалы V Международного симпозиума по древней истории Причерноморья. Paris. p. sigrZe _ 15. – PontEuxin et polis. oqro. 4 (227). – Sur les traces des Argonautes. Москва. – Klio. oqro. Gummerus H. oqro. 129-189. qveda terasa 12 . Coche de la Ferté E. XV. 353-401. Максимова М. Джанашиа Н. с. vani. zodi. vani. vani. Москва. 1996: Interrelations be- tween Greek Jewellery of the 6th and 5th Centuries B. oqro. – Краткие сообщения Института археологии. 1977: Колхидские амфоры из Вани. 5. Lordkipanidse O. zodi. 6. Davidson P. S. vani. Путуридзе Р. 1911: Collection de Clercq. Chqonia A. zodi. с. Шмидт Р.э.ils? . sur. Письменные источники и археология. Лордкипанидзе О. 195-201. Москва. Leipzig. 1. Band . Инал-Ипа Ш. sigrZe _ 31 mm. sigrZe _ 23 mm. 1996: Colchian Jewelry from the Vani City Site. New York. – Ancient Jewelry and Archaelogy. gv. Band . zodi. and Sacrifice: The Golden Gravers of Ancient Vani. sigrZe _ 7 mm. 42. centraluri terasa.

mavTuli. sigrZe _ 10 mm. vani. 10. 2011: sur. nakveTi 146 (Zv.1956: tab. sur. (Zv. centraluri terasa. vani. I s. centraluri terasa. nakveTi 118 (`TeTri nagebobis~ nangrevebTan). oqro. kulturuli fena). sur. centraluri terasa. sada _ namzadi. koS de la fertes mixedviT [Coche de la Fertè E. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. qveda terasa. vani. m. w. centraluri terasa. vani. sur. oqro.(elinisturi xanis sataZro kompleqsi). nakveTi 118. sur. dazianebuli da nakluli samkauli. 15. sur. sur. samarxi #19. vani. gankuTvnili meoradi damuSavebisaTvis. 50-79 ww. sur. Semkuli irgvlivi RarebiT _ namzadi. saerTo sigrZe _ 49 mm. oqro. sigrZe _ 23. gadakeTebuli. vani. inaxeba vatikanis muzeumSi. Rero _ namzadi. 16. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. sur. sigrZe gaSlil mdgomareobaSi _ 138 mm. 25-26.w. nakveTi 188 (sataZro kompleqsis mimdebare teritoria). sur. 17. oqro. vani. vani. sayureebi (wyvili). sigrZe gaSlil mdgomareobaSi _ 57 mm. 9. 11. oqro. IV-III ss. SekeTebuli. ud. 19. mavTulis fragmentebi (3 fragmenti). sur. 13 . oqro. oqro. sigrZe gaSlil mdgomareobaSi _ 15 mm. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. vani. w. sigrZe gaSlil mdgomareobaSi _ 45 mm. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. ax. centraluri terasa. sada-namzadi oqro. oqro. vani. pompei. 14. Semkuli irgvlivi RarebiT _ namzadi. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. sakidebi (2 cali). sur. ax. vani. diametri _ 4 mm. Rero _ namzadi. vani. 24. sur. viwro firfita _ namzadi. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. III-I ss. mavTuli. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. kulturuli fena). dagrexili _ namzadi. sada _ namzadi. sigrZe gaSlil mdgomareobaSi _ 15 mm. sur. mavTuli (2 fragmenti). oqro. oqro. 60]. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. centraluri terasa. 8.w. vani. [Pernot M.5 mm. qveda terasa. e. centraluri terasa. centraluri terasa. oqro. sigrZe gaSlil mdgomareobaSi _ 19 mm. centraluri terasa. oqro. 13. sur. mavTuli. aqati. mavTuli. oqro. pernos mixedviT. marmarilos stela (abra) _ oqromWedeli grdemlTan. vani. nakveTi 102. 20. kedlis mxatvroba _ oqromWedeli amurebis saqmianobis epizodebi. sigrZe gaSlil mdgomareobaSi _ 30 mm. 21. I]. SemTxveviTi aRmoCena. sur. vani. 22. `TeTr nagebobasTan~ (CrdiloeTiT) _ saritualo adgili. 18. sur. mrgvali sqeli firfita _ namzadi. sur. `TeTri nagebobis~ naSTebi. 12. firfitis CamonaWeri. 23. vani.

I 14 .

II 15 .

III 16 .

1449). xSir SemTxvevaSi ufero an baci mwvane minis or fenas Soris Tavsdeboda.qeTevan javaxiSvili oqros furcliT Semkuli iSviaTi nivTebi taxtiZiris samarovnidan 1996 wels muzeumis arqeologiuri eqspediciis mier qarelis municipalitetis sof.w. magram sakmaod mkafioa. elinistur xanaSi Caisaxa minis damuSavebis axali meTodebi. Zvel egviptesa da finikiaSi minis damuSavebis sakmaod ganviTarebuli teqnika arsebobda. kargi naxelavia. cxviri. maT Soris gamWvirvale minis oqros furcliT Semkuli nakeTobebic [Максимова M. gogiberiZe. ufero. meore medalionis brtyel pirze gamosaxulia mandilosani. maTi zomebia 14X13 da 10X8 mm. meore mcired amoburculi. gamosaxuleba ar aris Rrma. oqros Txeli furclis gamoyeneba gamWvirvale minis nakeTobebis Sesamkobad pirvelad egvipteSi daiwyes. idayvSi moxril win gawvdil xelSi raRac sagani (larnaki?) uWiravs. Zv. magram minis ZiriTadi damaxasiaTebeli niSani – gamWvirvaleba . medalionebis erTi zedapiri brtyelia. qoriZe. grZeli kiseri. rogorc feradi qvebis Semcvleli iafi masala. romelic Zv. lamazi moqnili sxeuli. taxtiZirSi gaiTxara samarovani. aq Caeyara safuZveli oqros furcliT Semkuli mZivebis damzadebis xelovnebas [Максимова M. Cans mandilosnis kiseri da da- zianebis gamo saxis mxolod nawili (nikapi. medalionebi daculia saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis gliptikis kabinetSi (## 1448. IV-III ss. jalabaZe). oqros furceli alag-alag amovardnilia (sur. ir.0001 mm sisqis) furclis miReba. erTis brtyel pirze gamosaxulia (amoWrilia) grifoni didi gaSlili frTiT. micvalebulis mkerdis areSi. gamosaxuleba naklulia. mina aRiqmeboda ZiriTadad. gamosaxuleba ar aris Rrma. martivi meTodiT _ WedviT SesaZlebeli iyo oqros Zalian Txeli (0. samarovanze gamovlenil mravalricxovan. Алексеева Е. grZeli. patara larnakebi. meore fexi Seumosavia. Seiqmna sxva­ dasxvagvari minis nawarmi. amJamad mina mcired irizebulia da ramdenadme dabinduli. mZivsakidebi da mZivebi mzaddeboda gaumWvirvale. mkafiod Cans tansa da cal fexze Semoxveuli himationis naoWebi. mkvrivi miniseburi pastisagan. m. Sig Cawnexilia oqros Zalian Txeli furceli. gamWvirvale minis nakeTobebi am xanaSi Zalian iSviaTia. 1996:16-17] (eqspediciis xelmZRvaneli iul. Subli). TiTqos ukana fexebze Camjdara: wina erTi fexi win aqvs gaweuli. 1948:232-235]. aris daTariRebuli [gagoSiZe iul. wevrebi: n. 1978:27]. oqros furceli alag-alag amovardnilia (sur.w. romelic zis kldeze (?). medalions orive bolo aklia. kargi naxelavi unda yofiliyo. rac am ZviradRirebul saornamento masalis ekonomiis saSualebas iZleoda [Алексеева 1978:27]. 1948:235. 2). grifons patara Tavi. mZivebTan da sakidebTan erTad aRmoCnda Zalian saintereso nivTebi: TeTri gamWvirvale minis ori ovaluri medalioni-intalio. ris gamoc mZivebi Signidan elvarebs. am mZivebSi oqros Zalian Txeli furceli gamWvirvale. napirebi odnav dazianebulia.1).jer kidev bolomde gaTviTcnobierebuli ar iyo. aweuli Ѕ-is moyvanilobis kudi aqvs. meore _ ukan. sxvadasxva SesaniSnav nivTebs Soris # 8 samarxSi. gagoSiZe. masSi Cawnexilia Zalian Txeli oqros furceli. IV s. oqros 17 . medalions orive bolo da gverdis nawili aklia.

I s. romlebic am nakeTobebis damzadebaSi ostatdebodnen. kat. I ss.95. garkveuli drois Semdeg oqros furcliT Semkuli gamWvirvale minis damzadebis am rTuli teqnikis gamoyeneba daiwyes sxvadasxva nakeTobebis dasamzadeblad [Алексеева E. romlebzedac antikuri miTologiuri scenebi da RvTaebebi aris warmodgenili [SatberaSvili v. tab. aramed oqromWedlobis codnasac. BbudeSi qva amoWrili piriT qveviT aris Cabrunebuli. 26.) [lorTqifaniZe marg. Кунина H. sxvadasxva formisa da zomis oqros furcliT Semkuli mZivebi rogorc aRmosavleT. risTvisac did madlobas movaxsenebT). oqros furcliT Semkuli nakeTobebis Sesrulebis teqnikuri sirTule. msgavsi mZivebi xersonesidan ax.) [lorTqifaniZe marg. sur. tab.49] da agreTve mcireodeni gliptikuri Zeglebic.) aRmoCnda ovaluri. 1969:121-122. #48. garda amisa. 2007:88-90. romelic Cveni kvlevis sagans Seadgens.1978:32-33. III s). 1978:21]. kaspis raionis sof. baTumidan (II s. sadac iyo minis ganviTarebuli warmoeba. oqros furcliT Semkuli minis gliptikuri Zeglebis damzadebis orgvari xerxi arsebobs. ise dasavleT saqarTveloSi elinisturi xanis dasawyisidanve Cndeba da met-naklebi raodenobiT romaul da Semdgom xanaSic gvxvdeba. kompleqsebSi aris aRmoCenili [Алексеева E. 1997:30-31.w. samive nivTi warmoadgens gliptikuri xelovnebis maRalmxatvrul da Sesrulebis teqnikiT iSviaT nimuSebs.gogiberiZem.111]. rom es nivTebi ZviradRirebul fufunebis sagnebs warmoadgenda [Максимова M. romlis orive mxares moTavsebulia oqros furclis datvifruli figurebi.178-179] da bolos taxtiZiris samarovanze aRmoCenili oqros furcliT Semkuli ori medalioni. saqarTveloSi aRmoCenilia gliptikuri xelovnebis iSviaTi Zeglebi: topazis intalio heliosis gamosaxulebiT sof. kopebiani oqros furcliT Semkuli mZivis fragmenti afrodite anadiomenes (?) gamosaxulebiT (cnoba mogvawoda n. romelzedac aqteonis irmad gadaqcevis miTologiuri scenaa gamosaxuli (II s. romelic oqros medalions amkobs (I-II ss. Кунина H. mTis brolis intalio romis imperator lucius verusis (161-169 ww. 18 . Semoinaxa oqros furcliT Semkuli antikuri drois mcirericxovani Tasebi da larnakebi [Максимова M. 1948:238. dedoflis goraze sasaxlis #1 saTavsoSi (Zv. tab. (orive nivTi inaxeba peterburgSi.109]. oqros furcliT Semkuli minis nakeTobebis damzadeba Txoulobda maRal mxatvrul ostatobas da gamocdilebas ara mxolod minis damuSavebis sxvadasxva meTodebisa.). I – ax. Casmuli oqros moTvalul agrafSi. 1969:125. oqros fucliT Semkuli nakeTobani saqarTveloSic gavrcelda. minis mooqrovili nakeTobebis ostatebi imavdroulad oqromWedlebic iyvnen. tab. H1997:30]. usaxelodan. ise rom gamWvirvale qvis zedapirze Rrmad nakveTi gamosaxuleba oqrosfrad gamosWvivis. masalis siZvire. 1948:242. misi arseboba SeiZleboda mxolod im centrebSi. erT SemTxvevaSi nivTebi mzaddeboda feradi minis ovaluri firfitisagan. amgvari wesiT damzadebuli nivTe- furcliT Semkuli mZivebis damzadebis teqnika sakmaod rTuli iyo.VII. xovleSi aRmoCenilia oqros furcliT Semkuli iSviaTi nivTebi: minis ori moxatuli sura (ax.w.VII.w. am nivTebSi qvis amoWril gamosaxulebebSi Cawnexilia Txeli firfita – folga. msoflio muzeumebSi maTi simcire mowmobs.) gamosaxulebiT.w. 63-66]. dabrtyelebuli. saxelmwifo ermitaJSi) da oqros beWedSi Casmuli ameTvistos intalio armazisxevidan. Semdeg es orive mxare dafarulia ufero gamWvirvale minis Txeli feniT.

umetesad. № 110. № 109. 1948:242]. № 427a]. V-III saukuneebiT [Галанина Л. 1980:89. meore _ britaneTis muzeumSi.w. sur. pantikapeonSi aRmoCenilia sami aseTi medalioni [Кунина H. rogorc Cans. 38-40. PlatzHorster G. sur. maTi zedapiri ar aris dafaruli gamWvirvale minis damcavi feniT. pavlovis yorRanisa da homolionis nivTebze msjelobisas bordmani gamoTqvams mosazrebas. 2002:568. IV saukuniT)]. ar aris aRniSnuli. rom arsebobs taxtiZiris msgavsi cal mxares brtyeli da meore mxares mcired amoburculi gamWvirvale minis medalionebi. … 1997:72. кат.… 1995:№159.2. ara aqvs arc liTonis CarCo (rogorc es pavlovis yorRanis. 1966:117б №№274. Tu rogor ixmareboda es nivTebi. rom es medalionebi aRmoCenilia micvalebulis yelis areSi. rom es aris yelsabamis Semadgeneli `kulonis~ ori nawili. maqsimova oqros furcliT Semkuli minis beWdebis Sesaxeb msjelobisas [Максимова M. 2009:71. sur. daTariRebulia Zv. TesaliaSi. homoliumis da berlinis muzeumSi dacul oqros furcliT Semkul nivTebs).kubiSevi da ostroverxovi aRniSnaven. aq araferi aris naTqvami. romelSic oqros furclis datvifruli figurebi spilos Zvlis ovalur firfitazea moTavsebuli da Semdeg baci cisferi gamWvirvale minis Txeli feniT dafaruli [Уильямс Д. №34]. yvela es nivTi Zv. Уильямс Д. Semdeg es faraki dafarulia gamWvirvale minis Txeli feniT. #65-67. aseTebia mTlianad baci momwvano gamWvirvale minisagan damzadebuli farakiani beWdebi. privolnoeSi [Кубышев A. кат. 350-300 ww-iT [Уильямс Д. medalionebis amoWril gamosaxulebaSi Cawnexili oqros furceli miwebebuli aris raRac webovani nivTierebiT. IV saukuniT. № 428].. IV s. romlebzedac gamosaxuleba Sesrulebulia sxvadasxva feris saRebavebiT. taxtiZiris medalionebi ar aris gaxvretili. erTi aseTive beWdi aRmoCenilia yobanSi. Уильямс Д. erTi aseTi beWedi inaxeba metropoliten muzeumSi. kat. 2002:186-191. (yvela daTariRebulia Zv. arsebobs oqros furcliT Semkuli gliptikuri Zeglebi. 2002:567. 1970:233-234. amgvarive wesiT aris damzadebuli berlinis muzeumSi daculi tarentoSi aRmoCenili nivTi. orive es nivTi daTariRebulia Zv. Boardman J. privolnoes nivTebis Semswavlelebi .bi aRmoCenilia ori cali bosforSi. Platz-Horster 2002:569. … 1995:171]. magram sxva amgvari nivTebisagan gansxvavebiT..275.) [Эрлих B. romelsac axsenebs m. saukunis meore naxevriT aris daTariRebuli. an aqvs Tu ara mas raime liTonis moCarCoeba (fotoze amgvari araferi SeimCneva) [ix.w. 822. aseTive medalioni aRmoCenilia krasnodaris mxaris tenginskis naqalaqarze yorRan-sakurTxevel #2-Si (Zv. 2009:71. erT-erT samarxSi [Boardman 1970:234-235. Островерхов A. Кунина H.в.3. 1970:233]. amitom Znelia warmodgena imisa. erTi .w. 2010]. Platz-Horster G. № 429 с]. foto 19 . rom es nivTebi erT saxelosnoSi. … 1995:171. rogor iyo es `kuloni~ CarTuli yelsabamSi. gamosax. № 108. kurjipis yorRanSi. homolionSi. romlebic sxva xerxiT aris damzadebuli.1. amitom miiCneven. aleqsandriaSi unda iyos damzadebuli [Boardman J. taxtiZiris medalionebi damzadebu- lia oqros furcliT Semkuli gliptikuri Zeglebis damzadebis meore xerxiT. o O ri aRmoCenilia qersonesis olqis sof. kidev erTi aseTi nivTi gamofenili iyo londonSi auqcionze [Уильямс Д... am beWdebis farakebze gamosaxuleba amoWrilia (isini intalioebs warmoadgenen) da Sig Cawnexilia oqros Txeli furceli.1. pavlovis yorRanSi [Артамонов M. … 1995:171.. кат. gaxvretilia Tu ara es `kuloni~.2].160]. Островерхов A. sur. kat. sur. 1997:19. #65-67. … 1995:171.1а.saberZneTSi..w.w. gvinda aRvniSnoT.

Кубышев А. minis medalioni-intalio. 1978: Catalogue of the Engraved Gems and Finger Rings. Огден Дж. kuninas mosazreba.w. Античное Причерноморье. 20 . gvirgvini. 1978: Античные бусы Северного Приченоморья.э.э.F frinveli da sxva) uWiravs.IV в.778. kerZod ki aleqsandriasTan unda hqondeT kavSiri. lorTqifaniZe marg. до н. до н. Максимова М. Соловьев. Эрлих В. Oxford. saerTaSoriso samecniero sesiis moxsenebaTa mokle Sinaarsi.Артамонов М. Boardman J. XXVII. Стекло..w. #3. …1978: tab. – Материалы полевого семинара.144 da sxva]. Boardman J.э. rac Seexeba taxtiZiris medalionebis gamosaxulebebs. 1970: Greek Gems and Finger Rings. 2007: mdidruli samarxi sofel xovledan. 2011: Святилища некрополя Тенгинского городища IV-II вв. Кунина Н. Прага. berZnul skarabeoidbze da liTonis farakian beWdebze [Boardman J. до н.Толстого. XXVI. Галанина Л. 1995: Греческое золото.465.512. #1].186-191. meore naxevriT unda daTariRdes. I. tab. Die Griechische Klassik Idee Oder Wirklichkeit.687. Алексеева Е.w. Тирасполь. 2000: Стеклянные медальоны с рисунками из некрополя Пантикапея.. vfiqrobT.616-618. Ленинград. Tbilisi. IV s. №3 Уилльямс Д. mjdo­mare mandilosnis gamosaxulebiT.н.759.. Москва. Tbilisi. 2009: Склянi медальйони i деакi питання iдеологiчних уявлень населения Пiвничного Причорномор’я у IV-III ст. – Сб. Островерхов А. xolo lodze an taxtze mjdomi mandilosani.э).87-96.. ilustraciebis aRweriloba: sur 1.622 da sxva]. berZnul skarabeoidebze [Boardman J. sur 2. Tbilisi. Островерхов А. 1966: Сокровища скифских курганов.674. romelsac xelSi sxvadasxva sagnebi (Tasi. ред. medalionze gamosaxuli frTagaSlili grifonis msgavsi gamosaxulebebi xSirad gvxvdeba Zv. Чобручский археологический комплекс и вопросы взаимоотношения античной и варварской культур (IV в. – Вып. uaxlesi aRmoCenebi da perspeqtivebi. 1969: Zveli saqarTvelos gliptikuri Zeglebis korpusi. maT. 1997: Стеклянные погребальные «кулоны» раннеэллинистического времени из Северного Причерноморья. 2002: Griechischer Schmuck in "barbarischen" Gräbern. grifonis gamosaxulebiT. – Археология.16-17. статей под ред. V-IV ss. Санкт-Петербург. научн. с. Platz-Horster G.779 da sxva.. 1997: Античное стекло. literatura: gagoSiZe iul. V-IV ss. savaraudod. 1970: ##632. Москва. СанктПетербург. Эллинистическая техника. Greek and Etruscan. erT-erTi yvelaze popularuli siuJetia Zv. С. egviptesTan. Boardman J. minis medalioni-intalio. 1970: ## 464. – Сб.141. gv. _ iberia-kolxeTi. Кунина Н. Berlin . SatberaSvili v. Ленинград. ufro marTebulad migvaCnia n. ris gamoc am nivTebis gamoyenebis SemoTavazebuli varianti naklebad damajereblad gveCveneba. с. rom sakiTxi am nivTebis xmarebis Sesaxeb Riad rCeba [Кунина Н. taxtiZiris es ori iSviaTi nivTi Zv. с. Санкт-Петербург. 1980: Курджипский курган. _ kavkasiis arqeologia. 1997: arqeologiuri gaTxrebi taxtiZirSi (qarelis r-ni). 1948: Обработка изделий. London. Г-2. gv. 72. Vollenweider M. И. 232-244. 2002:190].

I sur. 2 21 . 1 sur.

leonti mroveli. am problemasTan dakavSirebiT niSandoblivia n. argveTis saerisTaos farglebSi ori politikuri erTeulis. zemo imereTi farnavazamde. realur-istoriuli saeWvoa aq raime iyos. 1955:24] leonti mrovelis gadmocemis mixedviT ver irkveva erTi metad mniSvnelovani sakiTxi. radgan sayovelTaod cnobili faqtia. TiToeuli saerisTavo veeberTela teritoriaa. leonti arc erT SemTxvevas ar asaxelebs. vidre zRu[r]made [egrisisa]. argveTis. Tumca. rom es miwa-wyali argveTis saerTiavos Semadgeneli teritoria iyo am ukanasknelis Seqmnis dRidanve. SeiZleba iTqvas. romel ars lixi.nana kapanaZe. mefis TviTnebobas ebrZvian da rac yvelaze umTavresia. argveTis saerisTavos Seqmnas mefe farnavazs miawers: `erTi gagzavna margvis erisTavad da misca mciriT mTiTgan. interes­mo­ klebuli ar iqneba. rions zemoT da amanve farnavaz aRaSena orni cixeni Sorapani da dimna~ [qc. `qarTlis cxovrebis~ saistorio tradicia. berZeniSvilis SeniSvna. rom gansvenebuli mecnieris am mosazrebas Tavis droze aravin gamoxmaurebia da mxolod sairxis aRmoCenebis Semdeg dadga dRis wesrigSi argveTis saerisTaos politikuri struqturis garkvevis mcdeloba. erisTavebi mkvidrad sxedan TavianT saerisTavoebSi. Tavidanve arsebobda eWvi farnavazis droindeli saerisTavoebis. samagierod leontis drois suraTia mocemuli. rogorc administraciuli da teritoriuli erTeulis. isini adgilTa erisTavebi arian. rogoric iyvnen erisTavebi XI saukuneSi: leontis erisTavebi mefeebs svamen. Sorapnisa da saCxeris qveynebis arseboba [cqitiSvili g. aseTi suraTi ki yvelaze ufro Sesaferia X-XI saukuneebisaTvis [berZeniSvili n. mas ganixilavda argveTis saerisTavos istoriasTan mimarTebaSi da es viTareba arc aris moulodneli. 1964:58]. kidev erTxel gavixsenoT qarTul istoriografiaSi sakmaod cnobili movlena. leonti mrovels saqarTvelo savsebiT gamokveTil. kvlevas saTave daudo g. es qarTli aris swored is saqarTvelo X-XI saukuneebSi sabolood rom CamoinakvTa da leontis erisTavnic iseTiveni arian. calke erTeulad warmoudgenia. dRevandeli monacemebiT SedarebiT kargad aris Seswavlili argveTis am nawilis antikuri istoriis sakiTxebi da es momenti dakavSirebulia sairxis gaxmaurebul aRmoCenebTan. argveTis saerisTavos Seqmna da Tvali gavadevnoT werilobiT wyaroebSi SemorCenil cnobebs zemo imereTSi arsebuli administraciuli erTeulebis Sesaxeb. maT Soris argveTis saerisTavos. romlis Tanaxmadac. leonti mroveliseuli interpretaciis garSemo da miiCneoda. an ris safuZvelze Seqmna aq qarTlis mefem administraciuli olqi. vinc ki zemo imereTis Zveli istoriis problemebs Sexebia. rogorc vxedavT. sanam am sakiTxebze SedarebiT da­ wvri­lebiT SevCerdebodeT. rom mefe erisTavebs cvlides. cqitiSvilma da imTaviTve ivarauda. rom es administraciuli erTeuli feodaluri urTierTobebisa da saqarTvelos gaerTianebis Tanadrouli produqti unda yofiliyo. kerZod. mama-papur rjuls icaven. 1979:12-15]. konkretulad vis ekuTvnoda argveTi da Sesabamisad. zurab bragvaZe zemo imereTi adreul Sua saukuneebSi yvela mkvlevari. 22 .

VII saukunis 50-ian wlebSi saqarTveloSi laSqroben arabebi. 1990:8-22]. rom am Zeglebis Semoqmedi sazogadoeba aqtiurad iyo Cabmuli xsenebuli periodis istoriul realiebSi da am viTarebaSi cota moulodneladac gamoiyureba werilobiTi wyaroebis mxridan aRniSnuli mxaris sruli ignorireba. V da gansakuTrebiT. gubaz I-isa da gubaz II-is moRvaweobis xana. jieTisa da icqisis namosaxlari fenebi swored aRniSnuli movlenebis Tanadroulia da safuZveli gvaqvs vifiqroT. am cnobebidan gamomdinare. mxolod arqeologiuri monacemebiRa gvrCeba zemo imereTis adreuli Sua saukuneebis istoriuli suraTis SesaZlo rekonstruqciis saqmeSi. rom zemo imereTSi saomari moqmedebebi ar ganviTarebula da aqedan SegviZlia davaskvnaT. Tundac Sua saukuneebis argveTSi saerisTavos Seqmna. aseve egrisis istoriaSi. mizezi imisa. inaZis azriT. zemo imereTis adreuli Sua saukuneebis istoriis Sesaxeb qarTuli saistorio mwerloba aranair cnobebs ar gvawvdis. romlebSic gamovlenilia oqromWedlobis. 1995:134]. rom antikuri epoqis tradiciebi ar SeiZleba dakarguliyo ax. m. rom igi arc bizantielebisTvis da arc iranelebisTvis interesis sferos ar warmoadgenda. dRemde TiTqmis pasuxgaucemelia. am movlenis ekonomikuri safuZveli iyo mevenaxeoba-meRvineobis ganviTareba [inaZe m. prokopi kesarielisa da agaTia sqolastikosis naSromebidan cnobili xdeba. erTerTi es movlena aucileblad aisaxeboda romelime saistorio wyaroSi. sayovelTaod cnobilia.w. rac aSkarad miuTiTebs maT mflobelTa did ekonomikur SesaZleblobebze. samwuxarod. modinaxes samarovani. yvirilis xeobis sazogadoebis aRmavlobas safuZveli misca brinjaosa da rkinis metalurgiis ganviTarebis maRalma donem [nadiraZe j. radgan cnobilia. xolo j.samecniero literaturaSi. naTqvamis mkafio dasturi modinaxes. rganisa da jieTis gvianantikuri xanis samarxebia. ase rom. rom adreuli Sua saukuneebi. torevtikisa da iaraRis araerTi brwyinvale nimuSi. naTqvamis damadasturebeli werilobiTi wyaroebis cnobebi praqtikulad ar gagvaCnia. mxolod imis Tqma SegviZlia. samagierod. es aris gamoCenili mefeebis. arsebuli realoba gvafiqrebinebs. kargad aris cnobili is ekonomikuri wanamZRvrebi. aseT cnobebs ver vxvdebiT verc Tanadroul bizantiur saistorio mwerlobaSi. saerTod. vaxtang gorgaslis. rom iran-bizantias mimdinare xangrZlivi omis aqtiuri monawileebi iyvnen qarTuli saxelmwifoebic (qarTli da egrisi). Tu ras unda gamoewvia. nadiraZis mosazrebiT. aRniSnuli periodis sazogadoebac idga ganviTarebis sakmaod maRal safexurze. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi. am sakiTxebze imitom vamaxvilebT yuradRebas. am didi istoriuli movlenebis miRma darCa da mas ar Sexebia arc iranelTa TareSi. xolo imave xanebis egrisSi mZvinvarebs `didi omianoba~. I aTaswleulis Sua xanebSi da rogorc amas zemo imereTis arqeologiuri aRmoCenebi adasturebs. SesaZloa. VI saukune movlenebiT datvirTuli periodia rogorc qarTlis. rom zemo imereTi. arc `didi omianobis~ peripetiebi da am kuTxeSi arc arabebs SeuRweviaT. rom orive meomar mxares dasavleT saqarTvelos aRmosavleT nawilSi 23 . es viTareba ki cota ucnaurad gamoiyureba. CvenTvis saintereso regionTan dakavSirebiT. VI saukune qarTlSi saxelmwifoebriobis gauqmebisa da misi xelaxali aRdgenis epoqaa. arada. romlebmac gamoiwvia yvirilis xeobaSi mosaxle sazogadoebis dawinaureba jer kidev antikuri periodidan.

saerTod ra azri hqonda maT aSenebas. 1998:48-50]. sxva monacemebi ar dasturdeba. aqve isic garkveviT unda aRiniSnos.aSkarad hqondaT sakuTari. ra Tqma unda. ama Tu im lokaluri kuTxis mmarTveli zedafenis socialuri determinacia warmoudgeneli an nakleb sarwmunoa saTanado cixis flobis gareSe. rac Cveni azriT. rom Tu mxedvelobaSi ar miviRebT sverisa da modinaxes cixeebis irgvliv dacul oriode cnobas. axla ki mxolod imis aRniSvniT davkmayofildebiT. vcdilobT gaverkveT. radgan arqeologiuri gaTxrebis garda aucilebelia sakuTriv am ZeglTa arqiteqturuli analizic. rom arc ganviTarebul da arc gvian Sua saukuneebSi maT Sesaxeb werilobiTi cnobebi arc Tu ise mravalricxovania da SeiZleba iTqvas. saTanado kvlevebiT Tu dadasturdeboda. sakuTriv zemo imereTic mdidaria safortifikacio nagebobebiT (cixe modinaxe. imaSic myarad varT darwmunebuli. mmarTvelis politikuri Zala mis mier cixis aSenebaSia gansaxierebuli. nigozeTis cixe. amitom ar gamovricxavT im varaudis daSvebis SesaZleblobasac. es imitom rom. rom skandaSorapnis sasimagro zolis funqcionire- 24 . cixeebis problemas gverds ver avuvliT. arc aranair rols asrulebdnen am periodis istoriul procesebSi. rom xsenebuli cixeebi mniSvnelovan rols asrulebdnen adreuli Sua saukuneebis egrisis cxovrebaSi da warmoadgendnen rion-yvirilis sasimagro TavdacviTi xazis sasicocxlo safortifikacio nagebobebs [lanCava om. xreiTis cixe. rom aRniSnul cixeebs aranairi gamoyeneba ar hqondaT da Sesabamisad. icqisis cixe. rom VI-VII saukuneebSi es cixeebi saerTod ar arsebobda da Sesabamisad. pirveli. rom cixeebis problema calke kvlevis sagania. Tumca. am viTarebas mxolod ori axsna SeiZleba hqondes. magram arc erTi maTganis Sesaxeb adreuli Sua saukuneebis istoriul movlenebTan dakavSirebuli cnoba ar mogvepoveba. zemo imereTic ucixeebo regions warmoadgenda. aRniSnul sakiTxs qvemoT kvlav davubrundebiT. navarZeTis cixe). amis dasturad Sorapnisa da skandas cixeebis magaliTebic sakmarisia. radgan rogorc samecniero literaturaSia aRniSnuli. samecniero literaturaSi aRniSnulia. winsoflis cixe. radgan rodesac romelime teritoriis sagamgeo erTe­ ulad ganxilvas vcdilobT. aqve isic aSkaraa. myarad gamokveTili strategiuli miznebi da isic kargad aris cnobili. magram Cven es sakiTxi sxva kuTxiT gvainteresebs. radgan Tu es marTla ase iyo. mainc ver gairkveva. Tu ra did mniSvnelobas aniWebda iranic da bizantiac egrisisa da qarTlis momijnave regionis gakontrolebis saqmes. rom es cixeebi aSenda am movlenebidan garkveuli drois gasvlis Semdeg. da meore. 1988:158]. TodaZis cixe. miT ufro adreul Sua saukuneebSi. is qveynis realuri mflobeli da gamgebelic aris [inaZe m. ufro axlos aris sinamdvilesTan da gamoixateba imaSi. rac Cven nakleb sarwmunod gveCveneba. magram am viTarebaSic cota gaugebaria is mdgomareoba. rom cixeebs zogadad istoriuli TvalsazrisiTac eniWeba didi mniSvneloba. maSin ufro dabejiTebiT SeiZleboda msjeloba am miwa-wylis calke sagamgeo erTeulad arsebobis Sesaxeb. kerZod. Sorapanic da skandac zemo imereTis mosazRvre cixeebia. ra urTierTmimarTeba SeiZleba arsebobdes adreuli Sua saukuneebis arqeologiur artefaqtebsa da sakuTriv arqiteqturul nagebobebs Soris. rameTu vinc cixis ufalia. rac. rom es sakiTxi am etapze albaT. scildeba warmodgenili naSromis farglebs. sveris cixe. rom zemo imereTis romelime cixe agebulia adreul Sua saukuneebSi.

. interesmoklebuli ar aris imis aRniSvnac. rogorc sxva danarCeni saerisTavoebisa) ar ganixilavs cixeebis gareSe da leonti mrovelis Tanaxmad. 1975:154]. vaxtang gorgaslis mier am kuTxis erisTavad dadgenili bakuri erTdroulad argveTisa da Takveris mflobelia [qc. vfiqrobT. berZeniSvili miiCnevda. rom argveTis saerisTavosTan dakavSirebiT Camoyalibebul leonti mroveliseul istoriul koncefcias garkveulwilad exmianeba juanSeric. safiqrebelia. rom dasavleT saqarTveloSi Seeqmna qarTlis samefosadmi damokidebuli saerisTavo. magram am viTarebas hqonda ramdenime saukunis tradicia da arafer SuaSi iyo vaxtang gorgaslis politikuri nebasurvili.bis pirobebSi. prokopi kesarieli. administraciul da saxelmwifoebriv RonisZiebebze da emyarebodnen eTnikuri da teritoriuli warmnonaqmnobis princips [berZeniSvili n. ucilobeli faqtia. es sakiTxi pirdapir ukavSirdeba argveTis saerisTavos problemas da amasTan dakavSirebiT niSandoblivia is garemoebac. isic aucileblad unda aRiniSnos. qveynis administraciuli danawileba saxelmwifos warmoqmnis niSania. am periodSi argveTis saerisTavo raWasac moicavs. cqitiSvili) da dimnas Tavidanve mieniWa meorexarisxovani mniSvneloba. ufro qarTlTan mimdebare miwa-wyali. es saerisTavo qveynebi ufro Zlier da mtkice momentze iyo damyarebuli. mas warmoadgens ufro did administraciul olqad. 1975:154]. rom leonti mrovelTan da juanSerTan moxseniebuli farnavazisa da vaxtang gorgaslis droindeli saerisTavo teritoriebi warmoadgenda realuri istoriuli fa­ qtebis anarekls [berZeniSvili n. es kiTxva dRemde TiTqmis upasuxodaa darCenili da SeiZleba iTqvas. aRniSnul sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT n. farnavazi kolxeTis aRmosavleTSi axorcielebs erTdroulad or moqmedebas: aarsebs saerisTavos da agebs or cixes. misive azriT. berZeniSvilis msjelobidan: `qveynis dayofa saerisTavoebad.i. e. ramdenad miuwvdeboda xeli vaxtang gorgasals da ramdenad Seswevda saimisod politikuri Zala. romelic kargad icnobs dasavleT saqarTvelos geografias. aseTi dan- 25 . rom Sorapani miCneulia farnavazis mier Seqmnili administraciul-teritoriuli erTeulis centrad. romelic am sagamgeo erTeuls imave geografiul arealSi aTavsebs. 1955:185]. rom am problemaze pasuxis gacema arc aravis ucdia. rom raWa-leCxumi (skvimniis samTavro) Sedioda egrisis samefos daqvemdebarebaSi da aranairad ar iyo damokidebuli qarTlis samefoze [prokopi kesarieli 1966:126]. ramdenad aqvs realuri safuZveli aseTi msjelobis SesaZleblobas. magram gansxvavebiT. juanSeris Tanaxmad. zemo imereTi. erTi SexedviT. Cven saSualeba gvaqvs `qarTlis cxovrebis~ es cnobebi SevadaroT adreuli Sua saukuneebis bizantiur saistorio mwerlobaSi (prokopi kesarieli) Semonaxul cnobebs da gamovitanoT saTanado daskvnebi. rom `qarTlis cxovrebis~ saistorio tradicia argveTis saerisTavos Seqmnas (iseve. rom am periodSic aRmosavlur qarTuli saxelmwifos iurisdiqciis qveS imyofeboda. am etapze Cveni kvlevis mniSvnelobisTvis kidev erTi niSandoblivi momenti n. saerTo istoriuli konteqstidan amovardnilad gamoiyureba da Cvens mizansac imis garkveva warmoadgens. rogorc leonti mroveli. vidre saxelmwifos meTaurTa racionalistur. rom qarTul istoriografiaSi erTmniSvnelovnad moxda argeTis saerisTavos gaigiveba Sorapnis saerisTavosTan (g. argveTis raRac nawili.i. e. gadmogvcems. aqve isic sakiTxavia. xolo am viTarebaSi raRa funqcia hqonda dimnas cixes da saerTod dims.

awileba xdeba ara vinmes (mefis) nebismierad. romelic aseT erTeulebs gars Semoikrebda. Zlierdebodnen. matianeSi pirdapir ar aris naxsenebi Cixis saerisTavo. unda daveTanxmoT mosazrebas. am vrceli msjelobidan gamomdinare. vidre. Zneli saTqmelia. romelTa gaerTianebas axerxebda garkveul upiratesobaTa mqone `qveyana~. `mamasaxlisi~ skeptuxi. ramdenad marTebulia konkretuli periodisTvis adreuli an SedarebiT mermindeli analogiebis moSvelieba. Ze leonisi. ibrZodnen. qrebodnen. ra Tqma unda. aramed istoriulad warmoiqmneba sxvadasxva `qveynebis~ warmoqmnis Sedegad.i. rogorc amas leonti warmogvidgens da merme romelime farnavazs (pirvel mefes) ki ar daunawilebia admistraciul erTeulebad. marTalia. iTqvifebodnen da bolos da bolos yalibdebodnen garkveuli mtkice erTeulebi _ `qveynebi~. rom ama Tu im saerisTavos teritoria Tavdapirvelad SedarebiT mcire miwa-wyals moicavda da Semdeg xdeboda maTi erT did administraciul olqad gaerTianeba [inaZe m. rom warmoadgenda sagamgeo teritorias. aRniSnul istoriul wyaroSi ukve aRaraa naxsenebi leonti mrovelisa da juanSeriseuli argveTis saerisTavo da dasturdeba `erisTavi Cixisa~. romelTa gadaqceva administraciul erTeulebad iyo qveynis ganviTarebis axali safexuri. radgan Cvens gankargulebaSi arsebuli arqeologiuri Zeglebi erTmniSvnelovnad ar iZlevian aRniSnuli Tvalsazrisis gadaWriT mtkicebis saSualebas. ase rom. piriqiT _ saukuneTa manZilze esa Tu is `qveyana~ iqmneboda. romelic droTa ganmavlobaSi TandaTan kargavs basileusobas erTaderTi (pirveli) basileusis gaZlierebis sasargeblod. Tumca. ukavSirdebodnen. aramed. uwin didi qveyanebi (qarTlosis. rom ganviTarebuli Sua saukuneebis zemo imereTi namdvilad warmoadgenda saqarTvelos erTerTi mniSvnelovani feodis. herosis da sxv. aseTi saerisTavvoebi iyo istoriuli warmonaqmni qveynebi. argveTis saerisTavos nawils da aqve mdebareobda erisTavis rezidenciac. e. gazviadebulia da ar asaxavs im istoriul realobas. amitom migvaCnia. egrosis.) ki ar warmoqmnilan. rom zemo imereTs raRac politikuri erTeulis statusi unda hqonoda da ar aris gamoricxuli. daipyra qarTli da dauteva erisTavad 26 . rom leonti mrovelisa da juanSeris warmodgenebi argveTis didi saerisTavos arsebobis Sesaxeb. procesi piruku aris imisa. xvdebodnen urTierTs es qveynebi. afxazTa mefe. rom `erisTavi Cixisa~. 1988:159]. bolos ubralo moxele erisTavad ar gadaiqceva~ [berZeniSvili n. adreuli Sua saukuneebisTvis es varaudi jer kidev sakamaTo mosazrebaTa rigs miekuTvneba. am saerisTavos moxsenieba ukavSirdeba afxazTa mefeebis qarTlisTvis brZolis peripetiebs: `mas Jamsa gamovida giorgi. magram sruliad aSkaraa. gacilebiT martivi iqneboda zemoTqmuli varaudis dasabuTeba. am SemTxvevaSi. Zma Teodosesi da demetresi. rasac adgili hqonda antikuri xanisa da adreuli Sua saukuneebis zemo imereTSi. aseve adreuli Sua saukuneebis arqeologiuri Zeglebis monacemebi mianiSneben. rogorc Cven amas gvixataven. magram kategoriulad arc sapirispiros gamoricxaven. magram Tu aseT meTods mivmarTavdiT. saerisTavo miwa-wyals gulisxmobs. eWvgareSea. 1975:150]. imasTan dakavSirebiT. rogorc antikuri. radgan cnobilia. mxedvelobaSi gvaqvs `matiane qarTlisaSi~ moxseniebuli Cixis saerisTavo. rom analogiuri situacia iqneboda argveTis saerisTavosTan dakavSirebiTac. uZvelesi erisTavi es igive basileusia.

1975:354]. elinisturi xanis Semdgom es adgili aRar warmoadgenda dasaxlebul punqts [nadiraZe j. 1966:31]. rogorc gamTxreli aRniSnavda. romelsa erqua bagrat. rom am or mTavar jgufSi SesaZlebeli xdeba SedarebiT viwro qronologiuri Skalis gamoyofac. 1955:258]. es cnoba araerT sayuradRebo kiTxvas badebs da maTze pasuxis gacema pirdapir ukavSirdeba zemo imereTis adreuli Sua saukuneebis arqeologiuri Zeglebis problemas. darCa Ze demetresi mcire. aqve gvinda SevniSnoT. erTi da igive geografiuli punqti yofiliyo. radganac igi saCxerisa da Cixis midamoebSi Sua saukuneebis. rom am periodis zemo imereTic. berZeniSvili eWvobda. `erisTavi Cixisa~ sul orjer moixsenieba qarTul saistorio mwerlobaSi. amis Sesaxeb jer kidev j. rogorc saerisTavo rezidenciad arsebobis Taobaze. uciloblad gaamyarebda `matiane qarTlisas~ cnobis siswores Cixis. da viTar gardaicvala giorgi. am konkretul SemTxvevaSi albaT. rom Sua saukuneebis arqeologiuri masala am. 1990:135-136] bunebrivia. rom samarovani mxolod rigiTi socialuri wris warmomadgenelTa saZvale ar unda yofiliyo. n. 2006:110124]. Tu vis eqvemdebareba es mxare. berZeniSvili miiCnevda. gamovlinda wiTlad moxatuli da wiTlad SeRebili keramikis mcire fragmentebi. aramed is. romeli icnobebis eqsoriaqmnilobiT. magram amJamad CvenTvis cnobili masala namdvilad ar uWers mxars aq Sua saukuneebis nivTieri kulturis arqeologiur dadasturebas. ra Tqma unda. adgil `gobinarSi~ dadasturda adre antikuri da elinisturi xanis materialuri kulturis Semcveli fenebis uaRresad mwiri naSTebi. Tu Cixa qarTlis saerisTavo iyo. soflis eklesiis samxreTiT. xom ar igulisxmeboda am SemTxvevaSi `Cixis erisTavi~ qarTlis erisTavad [berZeniSvili n. n. SesaZlebelia. aqve imasac davZenT. TumcaRa. momavalSi ar gamoiricxos CixaSi sxvadasxva periodebis kulturuli fenebis aRmoCena. Tu rodidan SeiZleba vivaraudoT aRniSnuli saerisTavos arseboba. amis miuxedavad.nadiraZe miu- 27 . aseT varauds mxars unda uWerdes modinaxes samarovnis monacemebic. saintereso unda iyos ara is. nadiraZem mcire masStabis sadazvervo samuSaoebi. rom Cixa da saCxere SesaZlebelia. rogorc moxmobili citatidan Cans. samwuxarod. radgan swored isini mianiSneben. 1975:4-45] da adreuli Sua saukuneebis (IV saukunis miwuruli-VII saukune) kompleqsebi [kapanaZe n. `matiane qarTlisa~ am problemis irgvliv pasuxs ar iZleva. Tumca. am mosazrebiT TiTqos iribad aris naTqvami. Tundac mcire gaTxrebs. maSin cxadia. rom werilobiTi wyaros cnoba SeiZleboda sakmarisi sabuTic yofiliyo. ar moucia. erTaderTi gamovlenili arqeologiuri Zeglia. am etapze mniSvnelobas vaniWebT gvianantikuri xanis mdidrul samarxebs. erisTavi Cixisa. magram arqeologiuri masalis arseboba. rom Cixa Semdeg droindeli saCxeris magivrobas swevda [berZeniSvili n.~ [qc. jerjerobiT. afxazTa mefe. bunebrivia. da colman giorgi mefisaman mokla Ze demetresi. magram isic faqtia. Sesabamisad qarTlis farglebSi iqneboda moqceuli. erTi sadazvervo Txrilis monacemebze dayrdnobiT Zalian Znelia zogadad dasaxlebuli punqtis Sesaxeb msjeloba. damatebiTi argumenti iqneboda da aRmoCenis SemTxvevaSi. modinaxes samarovanze aSkarad gamoiyofa ori SedarebiT farTo qronologiuri plasti: gvianantikuri (IV saukunis pirveli naxevrisa da Sua wlebis) [nadiraZe j.Cixas Ze demetresi. rom arqeologiuri TvalsazrisiT sofeli Cixa TiTqmis Seuswavlelia da aq mxolod XX saukunis 70-ian wlebSi Caatara j.

romelic Seiswavla da gamoaqveyna g. musxeliSvili). rom es sagvareulo did mamulebTan erTad flobda qarTlSi gadamaval gzebs da eweoda farTo aRmSeneblobiT saqmianobas. rom swored modinaxes nekropolidan eyreba safuZveli Sua saukuneebis Cixis (saCxeris) saerisTavos. Tu es mosazreba sinamdviles Seesabameba. saZebni iyo q. rom igi qarTlis erisTavis rezidencias warmoadgenda (n. berZeniSvili. rogorc nekropoli. iseve. taZris kedlebze SemorCenilia istoriuli xasiaTis ramdenime warwera. uklebliv yvela mkvlevari. 1975:76]. amrigad. VI-VII saukuneebi warmoadgens am samosaxlos aRmavlobis periods. rom savanis eklesiis warweris giorgi erisTavTerisTavis Zmis saxeli iyo xursi [gafrindaSvili 1970:54-61]. romelTa Soris gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba eniWeba samxreTis karibWis timpanis warweras. rom gvianantikuri xanis dasawyisidan argveTis saerisTavos centri md. ar gamoiricxeboda SedarebiT gvian gaCenil toponim saCxeris CixasTan dakavSireba [nadiraZe j. 2005:40]. dedofali mariami da misi Svilebi giorgi da xursi moixseniebian qoreTis RvTaebis eklesiis 1000 wliT daTariRebul warweraSic. goliaTis saxelebi [silogava v. magram TviT am saerisTavos genezisis sakiTxi arc erTs sagangebo Ziebis sagnad ar gauxdia. rom aseTi mniSvnelovani strategiuli punqti regionis mmarTvelis rezidenciac yofiliyo [maxaraZe g. saCxeresTan Tavs iyris sasicocxlo mniSvnelobis gzebi. nadiraZis zemoT moxmobili mosazreba. am mxriv gamonakliss warmoadgens mxolod j. am sakiTxTan mimarTebaSi namdvilad uinteresod ar gamoiuyureba icqisis cixis aRmoCenebi. vinc ki Cixis saerisTavos problemas Sexebia. am SemTxvevaSi nadvilad ar aris ukana planze gadasawevi CixasTan SedarebiT saCxeris gacilebiT moxerxebuli strategiuli mdebareoba. Aar gamoiricxeba is varaudic. saCxeris teritoriaze da qarTuli enis normebidan gamomdinare. yvirilis marjvena napirze unda arsebuliyo da am qveynis gamgebelTa rezidencia.. maSin cxadi gaxdeba. gafrindaSvilma. arqeologiur literaturaSi gamoiTqva varaudi. igi Zlieri feodaluri saxlis warmomadgenelia da ueWvelia isic. rom eklesia mefe bagrat IV-is zeobis xanaSi. rogorc misma arqeologiurma Seswavlam gviCvena.TiTebda da aRniSnavda. d. Ggiorgis saxelobis darbazuli eklesia. 1980:59]. romlebsac yovelTvis didi datvirTva hqondaT da mniSvnelovan rols asrulebdnen qveynis politikur da ekonomikur cxovrebaSi. taZris fasadebi mdidrulad aris dekorirebuli da igi XI saukunis arqiteqturis saintereso nimuSs warmoadgens. savanis eklesiis maSenebelia giorgi erisTavTerisTavi. romelsac Cven savsebiT viziarebT. yvirilis zemo welze arsebul mTavar safortifikacio nagebobas da akontrolebda Sida qarTlis mTianeTsa da barSi mimaval gzebs. . icqisis cixis mimdebare miwa-wylis gansakuTrebul dawinaurebulobaze mianiSnebs xuroTmoZRvrebis Zeglebic. manve marTebulad daukavSira erTmaneTs savanisa da qoreTis eklesiaTa qtitorebi da miiCnia. icqisis cixisa da sa- 28 .. uyoymanod aRniSnavs. aTvisebulia TiTqmis mTeli gora da kulturuli fenebis sisqe 2 m-s aRwevs. 1046 wels augia giorgi erisTavTerisTavs. aqve fiqsirebulia erisTavTerisTavis gardacvlili mSoblebis gulzviadisa da mariamis. romelTa Soris istoriuli mniSvnelobiT aSkarad gamoirCeva savanis wm. rom SesaZloa am epoqis icqisis cixe warmoadgenda md. Zmis (SemorCenilia mxolod erTi grafema `x~) da Svilis. saidanac irkveva.. am realobidan gamomdinare.

vanis wm. Ggiorgis eklesiis arseboba kargad Tanxvdeba erTmaneTs da gamoricxuli ar aris, rom am Zlieri feodaluri
saxlis rezidencia swored icqisis cixe
yofiliyo. Tu es msjeloba axlos dgas
realobasTan, maSin X-XI saukuneebis yvirilis xeobis zemo welze saqme unda
gvqondes ramdenime (or, sam?) saerisTavo
rezidenciasTan. Cixisa da icqisis garda
aucileblad aRsaniSnavia baRvaSTa sakmaod Zlieri feodaluri saxlis rezidenciac kacxSi. SesaZlebelia Tu ara vivaraudoT erTi SexedviT mcire teritoriaze amdeni saerisTavo centris arseboba. aRniSnul kiTxvaze pasuxis gacema
miT ufro mniSvnelovani iqneba, Tu gaviTvaliswinebT imasac, rom drois am monakveTSi unda earseba sakuTriv argveTis
saerisTavosac. yovel SemTxvevaSi, werilobiTi wyaroebis mixedviT TiTqmis ar
dasturdeba aRniSnuli saerisTavos
gauqmeba an transformacia da Tu damtkicdeboda varaudi, romlis Tanaxmadac
icqisis, Cixisa da kacxis erisTavebi argveTis saerisTavos farglebSi arsebuli
saerisTavo centrebis gamgeblebi iyvnen,
maSin saSualeba gveqneboda, gvevarauda
saerisTavos SigniT garkveul ierarqiul
intituciebze. magram igive werilobiTi
wyaroebis
monacemebiT
(“qarTlis
cxovreba~) baRvaSebTan mimarTebaSi amgvari varaudis daSvebac ki principulad
gamoricxulia, radgan es sagvareulo
TviT erTiani saqarTvelos mefeebsac ar
emorCileboda da cxadia, sruliad antimecnieruli iqneboda imis warmodgena,
TiTqos isini romelime regionis mmarTvel erisTavs eqvemdebarebodnen. samwuxarod, werilobiTi wyaroebiT arc is
irkveva, ra damokidebuleba arsebobda
erTi mxriv, Cixasa da icqisSi msxdom erisTavebsa da meore mxriv, baRvaSebs Soris da emorCilebodnen Tu ara es erisTavebi baRvaSTa sagvareulos. istori-

uli realobis gaTvaliswinebiT aseTi
saxis siuzerenia ufro misaRebi da albaT, logikuric iqneboda.
samecniero literaturaSi argveTis
politikuri daqvemdebarebulobis problema ase Tu ise garkveulia da mtkiced
fexmokidebuli mosazrebebis Tanaxmad,
X saukuneSi igi qarTlis saerisTavod ganixileba. sruliad gansxvavebul viTarebas vafiqsirebT SedarebiT adreul, VIII-IX
saukuneebTan mimarTebaSi. aq mivadeqiT
uaRresad saintereso da am kuTxis istoriisaTvis mniSvnelovan sakiTxs. saqme
exeba argveTis politikuri kuTvnilebis problemas adreul Sua saukuneebSi.
rodesac farnavazma argveTis saerisTavo Seqmna, is TavisTavad moeqca qarTlis
samefos farglebsa da politikur sistemaSi. Tavis droze j. nadiraZe varaudobda,
rom Zv.w. III-I saukuneebis sairxe warmoadgenda ara kolxeTis erTerTi skeptuxiis,
aramed qarTlis saerisTavos, swored
farnavazis mier Seqmnili administraciul-teritoriuli erTeulis centralur
qalaqs [nadiraZe j. 1990:151] aRniSnul
sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT gamoTqmulia sxvagvari mosazrebac, romlis Tanaxmadac
farnavazisa da misi memkvidreebis moRvaweobis periodSi aRmosavleT kolxeTSi
arsebobda ramdenime administraciuli
danayofi, romelTa gaerTianeba argveTis
did saerisTavod moxda SedarebiT mogviano etapze, savaraudod Zv.w. I - ax.w. I saukuneebis mijnaze [bragvaZe z. 1991:95-96], magram arc erTi es mosazreba ar uaryofs im
faqts, rom farnavazis droidan mokidebuli argveTis es miwa-wyali myarad moeqca
qarTlis samefos politikur sazRvrebSi
da aseTad darCa igi mTeli gvianantikuri
periodis ganmavlobaSi.
akad. d. musxeliSvilis mosazrebiT,
VI saukunis bolos da VII saukunis pirvel naxevarSi aRmosavleT saqarTvelo
intensiurad iyo Cabmuli im drois sa-

29

gareo savaWro-ekonomikur kontaqtebSi
da am procesSi aqtiur rols asrulebda
argveTic, razec mianiSnebs WiaTurasa da
qoreTSi aRmoCenili sasanuri monetebis
SemTxvevebi da es argumenti sakmarisi
sabuTia imisTvis, raTa miviCnioT, rom am
periodSi es teritoria moqceulia qarTlis saerismTavros SemadgenlobaSi
[musxeliSvili d. 1980:16]. geopolitikuri faqtoris cvlilebas unda gamoiwvia
saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi aRmosavleT
saqarTvelos iurisdiqciaSi myofi zemo
imereTis miwa-wylis dasavleT saqarTvelos mflobelobaSi gadasvla. im periodis
saqarTvelos istoriis gaTvaliswinebiT,
aseTi faqtori SeiZleboda yofiliyo arabebis Semosevebi. zemo imereTis adreuli
Sua saukuneebis arqeologiuri Zeglebi
adastureben, rom modinaxes samarovanma
funqcionireba Sewyvita VII saukuneSi [kapanaZe n. 2006:117]. VII saukuniTve TariRdeba winsoflis (jieTis) namosaxlarisa
[kapanaZe n. 2008:67] da icqisis cixis qveda
kulturuli fenis zeda qronologiuri
zRvaric [Kapanadze N. 2005:127]. e.i. irkveva,
rom VII saukune zemo imereTis arqeologiuri ZeglebisaTvis erTgvari gardamtexi
periodia. kvlevis am etapze aRniSnul viTarebas vukavSirebT swored arabTa Semosevebs. SesaZlebelia, momavalma aRmoCenebma kidev ufro daazustos aRniSnuli
problemis calkeuli niuansebi. politikuri viTareba kvlav icvleba VIII saukunidan da rogorc d. musxeliSvili miiCnevs, safuZvels moklebuli ar unda iyos
im mosazrebis daSveba, rom VIII saukunis
pirvel naxevarSi, rodesac arabebma mTeli dasavleT saqarTvelo daipyres, argveTi qarTlis erismTavrisTvis daeqvemdebarebinaT da amiT SeeqmnaT safuZveli
egrisze
qarTlis
pretenziebisaTvis
[musxeliSvili d. 1980:76-77]. Tumca, mkvlevari ar gamoricxavs, rom mTeli argveTi mainc dasavleT saqarTvelos far-

glebSi rCeboda da aRniSnuli faqtis dasadastureblad mimarTavs hagiografiuli
Txzulebis `wameba da Ruawli wmidaTa da
wamebulTa mowameTa daviT da konstantinesi~ erT pasaJs, romlis mixedviTac
mTavarTa wameba xdeba `qveyanasa argveTisasa~ da yuradRebas aqcevs im garemoebas,
rom mowameebs uqadian rionSi daRrCobas.
xolo es faqti ukve TavisTavad metyvelebs, rom argveTis teritoria rionamde
vrceldeba [musxeliSvili d. 1980:78]. am
epoqasTan dakavSirebuli msjelobidan
sayuradRebod gveCveneba avtoris mosazreba, rom VIII saukunisaTvis termini `egrisi vidre Sorapnamde~ anaqronizmia da
warmoadgens Zveli tradiciis formalur
gamoZaxils [musxeliSvili d. 1980: 78-79].
samwuxarod, VIII-IX saukuneebis arqeologiuri Zeglebi da Sesabamisad masalac, zemo imereTidan jerjerobiT ar
gagvaCnia da dabejiTebiT ver davamtkicebT, aRniSnul regionsac Seexo Tu ara
es viTareba, magram saistorio wyaroSi
moxseniebuli igive `erisTavi Cixisa~,
qoreTis 1000 wlisa da savanis 1046 wlis
warwerebi TiTqos unda adasturebdes
am miwa-wylis qarTlisadmi kuTvnilebas. rogorc d. musxeliSvili miiCnevs,
argveTi ekonomikurad qarTlze unda
yofiliyo damokidebuli, rac maCvenebelia imisa, rom igi odiTganve qarTlSi
Sedioda da misi mosaxleobis gaqarTebac
uZvelesi droidan daiwyo da warmatebiT
dagvirgvinda [musxeliSvili d. 1980: 151].
msjelobis erTgvar dasturad migvaCnia
is garemoebac, rom zemo imereTis arqeologiur monapovarSi Tavs iCens rogorc
qarTlisTvis, aseve egrisisTvis damaxasiaTebeli movlenebi da irkveva, rom kulturul-religiuri TvalsazrisiT, ori
saxelmwifos arsebobis miuxedavad, qveyana erTgvarovani iyo da mis ganviTarebaSi
ar SeimCneva principulad gansxvavebuli
kulturuli da religiuri niuansebi.

30

Q literatura:

berZeniSvili n. 1966: gzebi rusTavelis epoqis saqarTveloSi, Tbilisi.
berZeniSvili n. 1975: saqarTvelos
istoriis sakiTxebi, VIII., Tbilisi.
berZeniSvili n. 1979: saqarTvelos
istoriis sakiTxebi, IX. Tbilisi.
bragvaZe z.1991: farnavazis politika
kolxeTis mimarT da sairxis naqalaqaris
istoriis zogierTi sakiTxi, macne, #3.
Tbilisi.
gafrindaSvili g. 1970: 1000 wlis
samSeneblo warwera qoreTis eklesiaze,
Zeglis megobari, #21. Tbilisi.
inaZe m. 1988: egrisisa da qarTlis urTierTobisaTvis, mnaTobi #8. Tbilisi.
inaZe m. 1995: Zveli kolxeTis sazogadoeba, Tbilisi.
kapanaZe n. 2006: saCxeris adreuli
Sua saukuneebis samarovani, arqeologiuri Jurnali, IV. Tbilisi.
kapanaZe n. 2008: winsoflis namosaxlari, iberia-kolxeTi, #4. Tbilisi.
lanCava om. 1998: quTaisi egrislazikis cixe-qalaqTa sistemaSi, quTaisi.
maxaraZe g., gagoSiZe g., lomTaZe
g., berikaSvili d., kapanaZe n. 2005: arqeologiuri gaTxrebi icqisis cixeze,
saqarTvelos xelovnebis saxelmwifo
muzeumis narkvevebi, IX. Tbilisi.
musxeliSvili d. 1980: saqarTvelos
istoriuli geografiis ZiriTadi sakiTxebi, II. Tbilisi.
nadiraZe j. 1975: yvirilis xeobis arqeologiuri Zeglebi, Tbilisi.
nadiraZe 1990. nadirZe j. sairxe
saqarTvelos uZvelesi qalaqi Tb.1990
prokopi kesarieli 1966: omi guTebTan, georgika III. Tbilisi.
silogava v. 1980: dasavleT saqarTvelos warwerebi (IX-XIII ss.), nakv.I, Tbilisi.
qc. 1955: qarTlis cxovreba. teqsti
dadgenili yvela ZiriTadi xelnawris
mixedviT s. yauxCiSvilis mier. I. Tbilisi.
cqitiSvili g. 1964: antikuri xanis
Sorapnis saerisTavos sakiTxisaTvis, istoriul-geografiuli krebuli. III. Tbilisi.
Kapanadze N. 2005: Archaeological materials
from Itskisi fortress. Pro Georgia. N12. Warshava.

31

nino mindaZe, TinaTin WaniSvili

kenotafis gamarTvis tradicia saqarTveloSi
samarxis erT-erTi uZvelesi da farTod gavrcelebuli saxeobaa kenotafi
(berZn. κενοτάϕιον - carieli saflavi),
romelic simbolur samarxs, masze,
zogjer, adamianis daRupvis adgilze an
ubralod gardacvlilis saxelze aRmarTul memorials gulisxmobs. saqarTveloSi cnobili iyo rogorc miwisqveSa,
ise miwiszeda kenotafebis gamarTvis
tradicia, rasac, upirveles yovlisa,
arqeologiuri da eTnografiuli masala
adasturebs. adamianis gardacvalebasTan
dakavSirebuli gansakuTrebuli damokidebuleba, yvela epoqisa da yvela xalxis rwmena-warmodgenebsa da sakralur
ritualebSi Cans. es warmodgenebi Tavisi SinaarsiT Tu formiT droTa ganmavlobaSi icvleboda, miuxedavad imisa,
rom maTi `...ideologiuri safuZveli
mcired gansxvavdeboda erTmaneTisagan~
[surgulaZe ir. 2003:13]. erT-erTi aseTia
warmodgena sulebis arsebobis Sesaxeb
imqveyniur samyaroSi, romelTac SeeZloT cocxalTa cxovrebaze moexdinaT
gavlena. swored am rwmenis safuZvelze
xsnian 6000-5000 wlis winandeli bavSvTa
samarxebis arsebobas (inventariani samarxebi micvalebulis gareSe) tel-es savanis (samaris kultura. mesopotamia) namosaxlarze [Антонова Е. 1990:105]. rogorc
fiqroben, es samarxebi gamarTuli iyo
sulebisTvis, amdenad isini kenotafebad
SeiZleba miviCnioT.
aRsaniSnavia, kenotafebis gamarTvis tradicia egvipteSi, sadac, rogorc
cnobilia, yvelaze maRal rangSi hyavdaT
ayvanili micvalebulis kulti. egvipteSi kenotafebi Sua da axali samefos dinastiebis xanaSi (dedofal tetiSeris da

iaxmos I, senusert III da seti I kenotafebi)
gvxvdeba. carieli samarxebis (piramidebis) Sesaxeb sxvadasxva mosazreba arsebobs. miiCneven, rom kenotafis gamarTva religiuri ritualis erT-erTi Semadgeneli nawili iyo (“xeb-sedis dResaswauli~, `ka~-s kultTan dakavSirebuli
ritualebi). kenotafi faraonis namdvil
samarxTan erTad igeboda, misTvis safrTxis acilebis, zogjer, SesaZloa,
politikuri mizniTac (rogorc zeda da
qveda egviptis erT ZalauflebaSi gaerTianebis simbolo) [Постовская Н. 1957:130].
termini `kenotafi~ pirvelad gvxvdeba II saukunis berZeni istorikosisa
da geografis pavsaniasis wignSi `eladis
aRwera~ [Павсаний I.2,2; VI,20,17; 23,3]. Tumca, ufro adre, `odisea~-Si moxseniebuli
`samaxsovro borcvi~ [homerosi 1986:18],
romelic aTinas rCeviT telemaqes unda
aRemarTa
ugzo-ukvlod
dakarguli
odisevsisTvis _ albaT kenotafi iqneboda. rogorc Cans, simboluri samarxis
arseboba ufro adreulia, xolo termini
` kenotafi~ mogvianebiT Cndeba.
kenotafad ar SeiZleba ganixilebodes
yvela samarxi, sadac ver an ar dadasturda micvalebulis Zvlebi. amitom samarxkenotafebis dadgenasTan dakavSirebiT,
garkveuli sirTuleebi arsebobs.P pirvel
rigSi, gasaTvaliswinebelia misi gamarTvis motivebi: micvalebulis sulisTvis
zrunva, xifaTis acileba micvalebulis
sulis mxridan cocxlebisaTvis da piriqiT; dakrZalvis ritualis adgilobrivi
tradiciebi, epoqisTvis damaxasiaTebeli
miTosur-religiuri warmodgenebi da
sxv.
iseve, rogorc Zveli samyaros

32

erT-erTi yvelaze adreuli samarxkenotafi (Zv. Sua brinjaos xanaSive Cndeba kenotafebi saqarTvelos sxva teritoriaze. rom yvela es samarxi gaZarculi da dazianebuli iyo. rom arc erTY yorRanSi (42 yorRanidan ori gamonaklisia) damwvari Zvlebi da ferfli ar aRmoCnda. 1980:28]. samTavros №243 samarxi gamTxrelis al. jafariZe am mosazrebas marTebulad ar Tvlis [jafariZe oT. oT. sadac micvalebulis ConCxi dadasturebuli ar aris.1981:96]. kenotafebi saqarTvelos arqeologiur Zeglebze Sua brinjaos xanidan gvxvdeba. garda erTisa inventariani. [Куфтин Б. 1975:144]. TrialeTis yorRanebTan dakavSirebiT b.1969:68. albaT amasTanac unda iyos dakavSirebuli kenotafebis gamovlenis mxolod erTeuli SemTxvevevebi Crdilo kavkasiis samarovnebze [Ивановский А. am tipis samarxebis Sesaxeb sxvadasxva azria gamoTqmuli da maTi gansazRvris dros garkveul sifrTxiles iCenen. xSirad gvxvdeba samarxebi micvalebulis gareSe da yvela es SemTxveva (TrialeTi.TiTqmis yvela xalxSi.73]. magram am SemTxvevaSic gvxdeba garkveuli siZneleebi. gamoyenebulia: jafariZe oT. t. 1972:93]. sioni da sxv. zurtaketi. zogjer ver xerxdeba. amitom. gobejiSvili Tvlis. saerTod. Крупнов Е. 1966:82. nacris fena. magaliTad. Bbedenis 10 gorasamarxidan xuTSi adamianis Zvlebi ar aRmoCnda. irginCai. 1911:166. zogierTi mecnieri aRniSnul samarxebs kenotafebad miiCnevs [Фисенко В. ivaSCenko aq meorad dakrZalvas gulisxmobs [Иващенко М. aq arc am raodenobis keno- 33 . Tu gaviTvaliswinebT urTierTobebs Zveli samyaros im qveynebTan.) dakrZalvis kremaciuli wesiTaa axsnili. TrialeTis kulturaSi kremaciis wesis arsebobis Sesaxeb erTgvari eWvic ki gamoiTqva. magram. sadac kremacia dakrZalvis gavrcelebuli wesi iyo [gobejiSvili g. dauzianebeli gorasamarxi №8. arsebuli monacemebis mixedviT. kremaciasac ar gamoricxavs [gobejiSvili g. Tumca.w.1969:73]. es ar exeba Siraqis velis _ arTikis samarovans. 1981:96-98]. amitom varaudoben. kerZod. damwvari Zvlis naSTebi da sxv. astragalebis arseboba mxolod amgvar samarxebSi [Хачатрян Т. 1941:81]. icvleba ideologiuri da religiuri warmodgenebi. `TrialeTis kulturaSi Cndeba gvarTa da tomTa beladebis mdidruli individualuri samarxebi. 1957:44]. rom am dros dakrZalvis mTavari saxeoba kremacia iyo. Tumca. kavkasiaSic arsebobs kenotafis gamarTvis tradicia. kalandaZis mier miCneulia kenotafad [kalandaZe al. kremaciis damadasturebeli arqeologiuri monacemebi mwiria: ar Cans cecxlis kerebi. xolo m. Tumca. msgavsi SemTxvebebi zurtaketis yorRanebSic dadasturda. Teoriulad es sarwmuno variantia. 1960:188-189] da nawilobriv amierkavkasiaSic. sadac gvianbrinjaos xanis 60-mde kenotafi aris aRricxuli (500-mde katakombur samarxSi) da dadgenilia maTTvis damaxasiaTebeli lokaluri Tavisebureba. bedenis gorasamarxebSi gvxvdeba. Aamitom veyrdnobiT da viTvaliswinebT Zeglis gamTxrelebis daskvnebs da mxolod im Zeglebs ganvixilavT. romlebic TviT gamTxrelebis mier kenotafebad aris miCneuli. qvemo qarTlis Sua brinjaos xanis samarxebSi (gansakuTrebiT gorasamarxebSi) inhumaciurTan erTad. CubiniSvili mas kremaciul samarxad Tvlis [CubiniSvili t.III aTaswleulis meore naxevari _ II aTaswleulis dasawyisi) qvemo qarTlSi. ukve Sua brinjaos xanaSi Cans gorasamarxebi. kuftini aRniSnavs. maTi gamijvna kremaciuli samarxebisgan. 1980:200-201]. rasac inhumaciisa da kremaciis cvalebadoba asaxavs~ [gogaZe el. Mg. romelsac igi kenotafad miiCnevs.

.39]. 24 da 28 samarxebis wriuli qvayrilis tafebia sagulisxmo. sainteresoa. amitom advili xdeba kenotafebis gamovlena. SedarebiT meti kenotafi gvxvdeba Sua brinjaos xanis Sida qarTlis samarovnebze.24. madnisWalaSi (s.1989:109-115. Tixis WurWliTa da obsidianis daniT. SesaZloa.44-47.8. rom amave samarovanze aRmoCnda samarxebi.7. aRmoCnda sionSic (marneulis r-ni) [menabde m.21. gvianbrinjaos xanaSi kremaciis kvali aRmosavleT saqarTvelos teritoriaze TiTqmis aRar Cans. satevrispiri. umboni) Canda.1998:7. wriulad Tixis 17 WurWeli iyo dawyobili. samarovnis ## 21. am SemTxvevebSi saqme gvqondes samarx-kenotafebTan. romlebic micvalebuls unda hqonoda asxmuli. sadac 31 gvianbrinjao-adrerkinis samarxidan 7 kenotafia (samarxebi ## 18. am ukanasknelze sagangebod SevCerdebiT.1998:7-9]. 1973:39]. samarxi.9] da metexis (kaspis r-ni) [SatberaSvili z. Садрадзе В. sadac Cveulebriv micvalebulis Zvlebi unda yofiliyo. 1977:58-61].29. kenotafebis saerTo suraTis warmosadgenad mniSvlenovan masalas gvawvdis muxaTgverdis samarovani.23. 1993:24. samarxis centraluri nawili.28. magram kenotafebad maTi miCneva.5].1965:3435]. 1981:33. gulgulaSi [nucubiZe av. sadac micvalebuli unda yofiliyo dasvenebuli. aseve irganCais (taSiris) Sua brinjaosa da gviani brinjaos xanis samarovanze.. cxvris ConCxiT.1972:64-65)]. aseTi samarxebi aRmoCnda: nataxtarSi [Садрадзе В.72-73. samTavros [kalandaZe al.1980:25]. metexis 11 gorasamarxidan oTxi samarxis (№№ 6.w. XIV-XII ss. kenotafebi aq qvayrilian (#18) an qvawrian ormosamarxebs warmoadgens. 1980:33]. rom samarxSi kremaciis araviTari kvali ar Canda da es SemTxveva axleburad unda yofiliyo gaazrebuli. isic savaraudod [Кахиани К. romelic Suabrinjaos xanidan gvianbrinjaos xanaze gardamaval periods ekuT- 34 . kremaciis niSnebi aqac ar SeimCneva. . #10) [TuSiSvilin. kenotafebi aRmoCnda am xanis TiTqmis yvela samarovanze: samTavroze (samarxebi ##26. micvalebulis gareSe. samarovanze kenotafebis ori saxeoba gamoiyo: inventariani da uinventaro. 1980:25. ficxelauri k. sadraZe v. carieli iyo da inventaris mxolod is atributebi (mZivebi. dadasturda mTliani cxvris ConCxi kisris areSi obsidianis daniT da mis irgvliv Semowyobili Tixis WurWliT. werovanSi (samarxi #47) [sadraZe v. sakidebi. kaspSi [baramiZe m. waRvlSi [ramiSvili al.. gamoirCeoda mravalferovani da mravalricxovani inventariT (17 Tixis WurWeli. 1979:18.49-50. samarxi #18-is dasakrZalavi ormo xeluxlebeli Canda. cxrili 4. TariRdeba Zv. SatberaSvili sagangebod aRniSnavda. gvianbrinjaos adreul etapze (XIV-XII ss.]. samarxi kenotafad migvaCnia [WaniSvili 2004:83-85].9) Sua nawilSi. z. sakmaod xSirad gvxvdeba yorRanebi micvalebulis ConCxis gareSe. 1997:8.1967:36-38] samarovnebze. swori ar iqneboda.8487. и др. samarxis samxreT kuTxeSi wvrilfexa saqonlis Zvlebi (aRapis naSTi) elaga. aq kremaciis araviTari niSani ar SeimCneoda.146. irgvliv ki.153) [kalandaZe al. sadac micvalebulis pirdapir cxvris mTliani ConCxi ido. 2004:83-85] da sxv. muxaTgverdSi [WaniSvili T. 1993:63-64]. 1991:22]. aRniSnul kenotafSi inventari garkveuli wesis mixedviT iyo ganlagebuli. iaraRi. am epoqisTvisY yvelaze adreulad miCneulia alaznis velze gaTxrili iltos kenotafi.) aRmosavleT saqarTvelos samarovnebze kenotafebis raodenoba SesamCnevad matulobs. muxaTgverdSi [Садрадзе В. mxolod erTi samarxi iTvleba kenotafad.55). samkauli). waRvlis [ramiSvili al.vnis [Дедабришвили Ш.

qveviT 0,50-0,60 m. siRrmeze, samarxeuli
ormos Tavze qviSaqvis uzarmazari lodebi ido. samarxebi gaZarculi ar unda yofiliyo (Tundac imitom, rom mZarcvelebi lodebs ukanve ar dadebdnen!). samarxebSi erTmaneTze miwyobili Tixis WurWeli (#21-Si 5; #24-Si 8; #28-Si 10) da cxovelis Zvlebi aRmoCnda. uinventaro ##
29, 55 samarxebSi, wriuli qvayrilis qveS,
daaxl. 0,60 m. siRrmeze, dasakrZalavi ormos Tavze mcire qvayrili dadasturda;
samarxis ormoSi micvalebulis ConCxi
ar iyo. amgvari Kkenotafebi Cans waRvlis,
irganCais, papigoras samarovnebze [ramiSvili al. 1998:7-9; Кахиани К. и др. 1977:5861; margiSvili s., narimaniSvili g. 2004],
somxeTSi: artikis, ariWis da sxv. samarovanebze [Хачатрян Т. 1975:93,144; Хачатрян Т.
1979:8]
rogorc
aRvniSneT,
inhumaciur,
kremaciul samarxebsa da kenotafebs bevri ram aqvT saerTo (samarxis tipi, inventari da sxv.), rac advilad SesamCnevia. amjerad SevecdebiT samarx-kenotafebis da
zogierTi samarovnisTvis damaxasiaTebeli Taviseburebebisa da lokaluri niSnebis gamovlenas. kenotafebSi umTavresad gvxvdeba: mijriT miwyobili Tixis
WurWeli (samTavros ## 153,243, werovanis # 47, muxaTgverdis ## 21,24,28,
safar-xarebas # 29 - samarxebi); Sewiruli
cxvris mTliani ConCxi da cxovelis Zvlebi, xSirad obsdianis `danac~ (samTavros
## 243,153, werovanis #47, nataxtaris
# 1, Calianxevis # 12, metexis (kaspis
r-ni), sionis (marneulis r-ni) samarxebi); Sewiruli cxovelis mTliani ConCxi
aRmoCnda somxeTis gvianbrinjaos xanis
lWaSenis samarx-kenotafebSic [Хачатрян
Т. 1975:93,144; Хачатрян Т.1979:8]. gvianbrinjaos xanaSi ConCxis nacvlad, gvxvdeba
saqonlis calkeuli Zvlebi (am dros obsidianis `danebi~ iSviaTia). gvianbrinjaos xanis samarovnebze Cndeba agreTve

uinvevtaro kenotafebic (waRvli, muxaTgverdi da sxv.).
kenotafebis lokaluri niSnebi, romlebic maT aseve ganasxvaveben inhumaciuri samarxebisgan, waRvlis samarovanze
gamoikveTa. kerZod, es kenotafebi warmoadgens mcireinventarian dasakrZalav
ormoebs, qvayrilebis gareSe [ramiSvili
al. 1998:7-9]; inventariani samarxebi, sadac micvalebulis Zvlebi ar gvxvdeba,
Zv.w. IV-III ss papigorasa da Savsaydaras I
samarovnebzec aRmoCnda (Savsaydara I-is 95 samarxidan - 17, papigoras 77 samarxidan
12 samarxi) [margiSvili s., narimaniSvili
g. 2004]. yvela es samarxi kenotafi, ra
Tqma unda, ar aris. saerTod unda aRiniSnos, rom am samarovnebze micvalebulebis ConCxi cudad aris SenarCunebuli da
fragmentebis saxiTaa warmodgenili; bevri samarxi dazianebuli da gaZarculia.M
magram zogierTi maTgani (mag. papigoras
samarxebi: ## 3,6,9,13,70; Savsaydara I: ##
8,17,47,75,77) SesaZloa kenotafad CaiTvalos. Tundac imitom, romA es samarxebi
micvalebulian samarxebTan SedarebiT
bevrad pataraa. vfiqrobT, mcire zomis
simboluri samarxebi specialurad inventarisaTvis iyo gankuTvnili.
gvianbrinjaos xanis momdevno etapze
kenotafebis ricxvi samarovnebze SedarebiT klebulobs. Aes samTavros samarovanis magaliTzec kargad Cans. aq ukve
foTlisebursatevrian kompleqsebSi samarxi-kenotafebi iSviaTia, rac wina periodisgan ganmasxvavebel erT-erT niSnad
miiCneva [sadraZe v. 1997:8]. Semdgomi xanis
(Zv.w. VIII-VI, VI-IV ss. da a.S.) sxva samarovnebzec, kenotafebis mxolod erTeuli
SemTxvevebia dafiqsirebuli (CiTaxevi,
ardasubani, samSvilde, varsimaanTkari
da sxv.) [kvirkvaia r. 2009:20, cxr.2; TuSiSvili n. 1964: 50-51; wiTlanaZe l.1983: 64].
samarxebi
micvalebulis
gareSe
elinisturi xanis saqarTvelos teri-

35

toriaze naklebad gvxvdeba da kenotafad mxolod ramdenime qvevrsamarxia
miCneuli [Tolordava v. 1963;140; gvinCiZe g. 1988:48]. Tumca, vanis naqalaqarze
amave xanis samarxebi aRmoCnda, romlebic
kenotafis Tavisebur saxeobad SeiZleba
warmovidginoT (ix. qvemoT).
amrigad, saqarTvelos teritoriaze
arsebul samarovnebze ukve Sua brinjaos
xanidan ZiriTadad inventariani da uinventaro samarx-kenotafebi dasturdeba
da epoqis damaxasiaTebel samarxTa yvela
tips (gorasamarxebi, qvawriani, ormosamarxebi da sxv.) moicavs. metnaklebad
ikveTeba zogierTi kenotafisTvis damaxasiaTebeli Taviseburebanic (mijriT
dawyobili WurWeli, micvalebulis dasvenebis adgilze _ cxvris mTliani ConCxi, aRapis naSTebi, obsidianis dana da
sxv.). gvianbrinjaos xanidan kenotafebis
raodenoba SesamCnevad matulobs. Semdeg
klebulobs da elinistur xanaSi ukve erTeulebis saxiT gvxvdeba.
aseTia samarx-kenotafebis Sesaxeb
arsebuli arqeologiuri monacemebi.
kenotafebi,
gankuTvnili
ugzoukvlod dakargulebis, omSi, zvaviT
daRupulebis, wyalSi damxrCvalebis da
saerTod iseT micvalebulebisaTvis,
romelTa gvams ver poulobdnebdnen,
qarTveli xalxis yofaSic dasturdeba.
magram sxvadasxvanairi iyo simboluri
saflavebis gamarTvis tradicia da masTan dakavSirebuli ritualebi. magaliTad `fSavSi gavrcelebuli wes-Cveulebisamebr, kenotafis gamarTvisas ugzoukvlod dakarguli adamianis simaRlis
urTxelis tots moWridnen, Semosavdnen, da dakrZalvis ritualiT gaTvaliswinebuli yvela wesis dacviT dakrZalavdnen~ [xazaraZe n., ... 1999:12]. guriaSi
ki, `roca vinme ucxo mxareSi gardaicvleboda, saidanac micvalebulis mosveneba Wirisufals ar SeeZlo..., rogorc nam-

dvili tirilis SemTxvevis dros swored
imgvarad moiwvevdnen naTesav-moyvarebs
da mezoblebs, iseve iyo xarji da yovelgvari ceremonia, micvalebulis magier, ki
iyo niSani, damsgavseba da xateba, islis an
Romis CaliT gaakeTebdnen fituls, Caacmevdnen `namkvdrev~ tanisamoss, fexsacmelsac ki, cdilobdnen mimsgavsebuli
piris saxec gaekeTebinaT, fituls `daasvenebdnen~ loginze – orive xelSi wminda
sanTels Caudebdnen da am micvalebulis msgavsebas _ niSans iseTive xmiT,
moTqmiT, SecxadebiT da zariTac ki tirodnen, rogorc axlad gardacvlils~
[wulaZe ap. 1971: 207-208]. am fituls Semdeg, rogorc Cans, krZalavdnen.
micvalebulis sulis sadgomi gamosaxulebis dakrZalvis wesi, sxvadasxva
xalxis tradiciul yofaSi dasturdeba
[ix. Тишкин А., ... 1997]. kenotafis gamarTvis zemoaRniSnuli, sakmaod farTod
gavrcelebuli tradicia arqaulia, rasac
adasturebs varnis nekropolis (eneoliTi) #43 samarx-kenotafSi napovni adamianis Tavis Tixis reliefuri gamosaxulebebi, Sublis, Tvalebis, cxvirisa da piris
adgilze oqros firfitebiT [varna.info.bg/
russian/nekropolis_rus.htm.ke.], egviptis kenotafebSi arsebuli faraonis qandakebebi
da sxv. gardacvlilis gamosaxulebis
dakrZalvis Sesaxeb werilobiTi cnoba daculia herodotesTan: `rodesac
romelime mefe omSi kvdeba (igulisxmeba
spartelTa mefe - n.m., T.W.), mis gamosaxulebas akeTeben da miasveneben kargad
morTuli sarecliT, xolo misi damarxvis
Semdeg, 10 dRes moedanze araferi keTdeba~ [herodote, VI,58]. qsenofontes mixedviT ki, spartel mefeebs, iseve miagebdnen
pativs, rogorc gmirebs [Ксенофонт. 1936:
Лак. пол.XV, 9]. gmirebis kulti damaxasiaTebeli iyo rogorc ZvelberZnuli,
aseve elinisturi religiisaTvis. Tavdapirvelad gmirebad gardacvlili mefee-

36

bi iTvlebodnen, xolo Semdeg maTi wre
gafarTovda da gmirad miaCndaT yvela is,
visac sazogadoebis winaSe hqonda damsaxureba [Зелинский Ф. 1993:94]. Tu gardacvlili `gmirebis~ gvamebs ver poulobdnen,
maT sulebs sakraluri ritualiT mouxmobdnen da `krZalavdnen~. am samarx-kenotafebze Semdeg samlocveloebi igeboda
da msxverplSewirvis rituali tardeboda, romlis qtonur xasiaTze Sewiruli
msxverplis Savi feri, msxverplSewirvis
dro _ saRamo an Rame da sxv. miuTiTebs
[Зелинский Ф.Ф. 1993:95; Элиаде М. 2002:132]. E
vanis naqalaqaris zeda terasaze Zv.w.
III s. taZrebTan da samarxebTan dadasturda rkinisa da brinjaos, mcire zomis (16-24
sm), sudaraSi gaxveuli, oqros samkaulebiT (sayureebi, xatisuReli, samajurebi)
Semkuli anTropomorfuli qandakebebi,
romlebic Rarian kramitebs Soris an
TirSi amoWril RrmulebSi pirqve iyvnen
dakrZalulni. es qandkebebi, rogorc
Cans, maRali socialuri fenis warmomadgnlebs gamosaxavdnen, razedac maTi
Zvirfasi samkauli metyvelebs. qandakebebis daniSnulebisa da maTi dakrZalvis
Sesaxeb sxvadasxva azria gamoTqmuli.
[ix. Хоштария Н.1979:115; Лордкипаниазе Г.
1970:122,123; kaWarava d. 1983:33-34; lorTqifaniZe oT. 2002:.212; maTiaSvili n.
2006:175; kvirkvelia g. 2011:104]. erT-erTi
versiiT, `...saqme exeba `gaRmerTebuli~
adamianis gamosaxulebebs, romlebic isvea oqros samkaulebiT... dakrZaluli,
rogorc es vanSi maTs Tanadroul mdidrul samarxebSi dasturdeba~ [lorTqifaniZe n. 2011:62]. Cveni azriT, vanSi
napovni gamosaxulebebis `gaRmerTebul~
adamianebad, `gaRmerTebul~ gmirebad
miCnevas mxars uWers, maT samarxebTan arsebuli salocavebi, xolo maT qToniur
bunebaze, gamosaxulebaTa pirqve dakrZalvis faqti metyvelebs. aRniSnul konteqstSi Zneli asaxsnelia ra daniSnuleba

hqonda mamakacis qandakebebTan erTad,
dakrZluli qalis qandakebas. Tumca isic
faqtia, rom qalis kenotafebis gamarTvis tradiciac cnobili iyo uZveles
civililizaciebSi. magaliTad, samxreT
italiaSi erT-erT berZnul nekropolze
gaTxril kenotafSi aRmoCenilia urna,
romelSic moTavsebuli iyo qalis marmarilos biusti [Kurtz D., ...1971:258-259].
saqarTveloSi gaTxril kenotafebSi nanaxia imqveyniuri cxovrebisTvis
saWiro inventari, maT Soris iaraRi.
(muxaTgverdi, werovani, waRvli da sxv.).
sergi makalaTias cnobiT, `adamiani Tu
sadme Sors miicvala da misi wamosveneba
SeuZlebelia, mas samares Tavis sofelSi mainc gauTxrian, Sig danas an raime
liTonis natexs Caatanen da zed qvas
daadeben~ [makalaTia s. 1930: 128].
simboluri gamosaxulebis nacvlad
kenotafebSi gardacvlilisTvis saWiro
inventaris, maT Soris iaraRis Catanebis faqts sakmaod mdidari arqeologiuri masala adasturebs. am kuTxiT sainteresoa vergiliusis `eneida~, kerZod,
priamosis gardacvlili Zis deifobusis
sulisadmi mimarTuli eneasis sityvebi:
`reteumis win carieli saflavi davdgi, samgzis movuxme maRali xmiT sulTa
aCrdilebs. iq genaxeba iaraRi, gmiris
saxeli, Tumc ver SevZeli samSobloSi
damarxva Seni~ [vergiliusi, 1976:VI,505].
saqarTveloSi kenotafad miCneul
zogierT samarxSi, rogorc aRiniSna,
napovnia cxovelis _ cxvris mTliani
ConCxi (sof. metexi, sioni). es SesaZlebelia samsxverplo cxoveli iyos, magram
saqarTvelos tradiciul yofaSi dadasturebuli erTi wesi gansxvavebuli azris
gamoTqmis uflebasac gvaZlevs, KkerZod,
svaneTSi Tu raime mizezis gamo micvalebulis saxlSi mosveneba SeuZlebeli iyo,
realuri aqti magiuri qmedebiT icvleboda _ gardacvlilis sikvdilis adgi-

37

las naTesavebi midiodnen da mihqondaT
qaTami (dedali an mamali). (sayuradReboa, rom mamlis sqematuri gamosaxuleba,
rogorc micvalebulis kultTan dakavSirebuli simbolo, gvxvdeba dablagomisa
da wifnaris IV-IIIss. qvevrsamarxebze [ix.
Куфтин Б. 1950:214; vaSakiZe n. 1985:69-71]).
garkveuli ritualis Catarebis Sedegad, adgilobrivTa rwmeniT, micvalebulis suli gadadioda mamalSi an dedalSi (gardacvlilis sqesis Sesabamisad).
Semdeg frinveli, romelSic, svanebis
warmodgeniT, gardacvlilis suli iyo
Casaxuli, saxlSi mohyavdaT, daklavdnen, samgloviaro sufras Slidnen da,
rogorc daRupulis sulis matarebels,
sagvareulo sasaflaoze, gardacvlilisTvis gankuTvnil saflavSi krZalavdnen [Деген-Ковалевский Б. 1936:42]. msgavsi
wesi svaneTSi dadasturebuli aqvs m.
CarTolans [CarTolani m. 1961:167]. SesaZlebelia, swored am tradiciiT aixsnas
brinjaos xanis zogierTi samarx-kenotafis centrSi, micvalebulis dasvenebis adgilze, cxvris mTliani ConCxis aRmoCenis faqti. ar aris gamoricxuli, rom
Soreul warsulSi (brinjaos xanaSi) mamlis funqcias cxvaric asrulebda. rwmena
_ adamianis sulis sxvadasxva frinvelsa
Tu cxovelSi gadasaxlebis Sesaxeb, arqauli religiuri sistemebisTvis damaxasiaTebelia. rogorc Cans, momdevno xanaSi sulis cxovelSi Casaxlebis tradicia sulis gamoZaxebam Secvala. Zvelad
saberZneTSi ugzo-ukvlod dakargulis
an damxrCvalis suls samjer xmamaRla
mouxmobdnen, rom dabrunebuliyo da
cariel, misTvis gankuTvnil saflavSi
samudamo gansasvenebeli daemkvidrebina.
amaze vergiliusis poemis zemomoyvanili
fragmentic miuTiTebs.
adreuli Sua saukuneeebidan moyolebuli saqarTvelos arqologiur
Zeglebze kenotafebi TiTqmis aRar

gxvdba. isic unda aRiniSnos, rom saerTod
Sua saukuneebSi miwisqveSa simbolur samarxebs miwiszeda kenotafebi Warbobs.
aRniSnulTan dakavSirebiT, yuradRebas
imsaxurebs saqarTveloSi dadasturebuli `saflavis mozomvis~ wesi. kerZod,
xevsureTSi, `roca micvalebuls ver ipovnidnen: wyalSi damxrCvals, an ucxo
qalaqSi an omSi mokluls da romelsac
ver moasvenebdnen Tavis samSobloSi,
aseT micvalebuls TavianT sasaflaoze
saflavs mouzomavdnen.
...saxelsadebebs (micvalebulis saxelze gamomcxvari qadebi - n.m., T.W.)... arays, tablas da
micvalebulis `talavars~ (xevsuruli
samosi M- n.m., T.W.) waiRebdnen sasaflaoze,
Tan xalxsac waiyvandnen. iq oTxkuTxedad
miwas mozomavdnen, ar amoTxridnen ise
Semoxazavdnen bariT an ToxiT. tablas
dasdgamdnen da talavars daawyobdnen
mozomil miwaze da dalocavdnen... Aamis
Semdeg micvalebuls Tavis saflav-samareSi wili edva~ [baliauri m., makalaTia
n. 1940:54]. maTze, rogorc Cveulebriv
saflavebze, umeteswilad jvars aRmarTavdnen an ubralod qvas daadebdnen.
“saflavis mozomvis~ tradicia, miwisqveSa kenotafebis gamarTvis, Cven
mier zemoaRweril, sxva wesebTan erTad,
dadasturebulia aRmosavleT saqarTvelos mTianeTis TiTqmis yvela kuTxeSi
[giorgaZe d. 1987:80].
amave konteqstSi, SeiZleba ganvixiloT Ladamianis daRupvis adgilze an mis
saxelze raime mosagonaris, umeteswilad
ki jvris aRmarTvis wesi, romelic mTianeTTan erTad, saqarTvelos barSic
farTod iyo gavrcelebuli. aseTi `memorialebi~, ra Tqma unda, ugzo-ukvlod
dakargulTa saxelzec keTdeboda da
miwiszeda kenotafebs warmoadgenda.
maTi aRmarTvis tradicias ki, albaT win
uswrebda `saflavis mozomvis~ wesi. miT
umetes, rom miwiszeda kenotafi umete-

38

misi iaraRis `dakrZalva~. religiuri mrwamsis cvalebadobis gamo. am wesebma qarTvelTa yofaSi am ukanasknel xanebamde Semoinaxa Tavi. 1965: kaspis samarovani. cvlilebas ganicdis. epoqidan epoqas da sazogadobis koleqtiur mexsierebaSi dRemdea SemorCenili. Tbilisi. Targmna. 1980] safuZvelze xsnian. SesaZlebelia. rodesac saflavSi ugzo-ukvlod dakargulis gamosaxulebis dakrZalvisa da gardacvlilisTvis nivTebis Cayolebis ideologiuri safuZveli aRar arsebobda.sad mis qveS simboluri saflavis arsebobas gulisxmobda. 23-117. 1987: dakrZalvisa da glovis wesebi saqarTveloSi. 3-64. rogorc Cans. qarTvelebisTvis cnobili iyo kenotafis gamarTvis sxvadasxva wesi. 1940: micvalebulis kulti arxotis TemSi. 1988: elinisturi xanis kolxeTis mosaxleobis istoriisaTvis. vergiliusi..1976: eneida. nawili ucvelad gadaecema Taobidan Taobas. rom `saflavis mozomvisa~ da miwiszeda kenotafebis dadgmis tradicia saqarTveloSi qristianuli religiis gavrcelebis Semdeg damkvidrebuliyo. rom kenotafebis gamarTvis tradicias saqarTveloSi sxvadasxva epoqaSi sxvadasxva ideologiuri safuZveli hqonda da aqedan gamomdinare kenotafebis gamarTvis sxvadasxva wesi arsebobda. uwyvet tradicias warmoadgens. gobejiSvili g. Tbilisi. rogorc aRvniSneT. aRniSnuli rwmenawarmodgenebisa da ritualebis Tanaarseboba garkveul sociokulturul sistemaSi am sistemis sinkretul xasiTs ganapirobebs. 39 . nawili ki droTa ganmavlobaSi sxvadasxva garemoebis. t. IV. arqauli rwmena-warmodgenebis Tu yofiTi tradiciebis nawili arqetipebis saxiT [Юнг К. makalaTia n. erT-erTi TvalsaCino magaliTia uZvelesi tradiciuli codnis dinamikisa da tradiciuli kulturis Taviseburebebis naTelsayofad. saqarTveloSi kenotafebis gamarTva uZvelesi droidan dasturdeba da. rac erT sinqronul da diaqronul sivrceSi sxvadasxva drois tradiciaTa Tanaarsebobis naTel ilustracias warmoagens.masalebi saqarTvelos eTnografiisaTvis. vfiqrobT. XII. SesaZloa qristianuli religiis gavrcelebis Semdeg damkvidrda. gv.. vaSakiZe n. ufro gviandeli unda iyos saflavis mozomvis wesi. 1972: TrialeTis yorRanuli kulturis periodizacia da genezisi. 1981: bedenis gorasamarxebis kultura. yovelive zemoTqmuli miuTiTebs. Tbilisi. . Tbilisi. amgvarad. baramiZe m.samxreT-dasavleT saqarTvelos Zeglebi. 1991]. gv. uZvelesi miTosur-religiuri rwmena-warmodgenebisa da ritualebis sicocxlisunarianobas. es warmodgenebi sakmaod farTod gavrclebuli da uZvelesia [Штернберг Л. 1936:323]. Tbilisi. gv. giorgaZe d. 1985: zemo farcxmis samarovani. Tbilisi. Cven mier ganxiluli kenotafebi da maTi gamarTvis xalxuri tradiciebi. masalebi saqarTvelosa da kavkasiis arqeologiisaTvis.III. gardacvalebis Semdeg saiqioSi adamianis Cveulebrivi cxovrebis gagrZelebisa da gardacvlilTa sulebis miwisqveSeTSi arsebobis rwmenas ukavSirdeba. 31-66. cxovelis an frinvelis. romelTagan uZvelesis _ gardacvlilis `sulis sadgomi~ gamosaxulebis. literatura: baliauri m. gvinCiZe g. rac. maT funqcionirebas sxvadasxva drosa da sociokulturul sivrceSi dRes umeteswilad koleqtiuri mexsierebis [Halbwachs M. maT Soris sazogadoebis ideologiis. Tbilisi. gogaZe el.

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albaT. 36.Tavis qala da menjis Zvlebi gaWeWyilia. brinjaos gverdSeWrili zarakebi da brinjaos daxvretili firfitovani sakidi – e. sadac bavSvebi dasvenebuli iyvnen marcxena gverdze mokrunCxul pozaSi. romelSic minis Tvaledi da moxveuli mZivebis asxmebi. aqac xis saxuravian samarxTan gvaqvs saqme. romlis sarZeve kbilebi qalis Tavis qalasTan aRmoCnda. samarxSi dasaflavebuli iyo axalgazrda qali mcirewlovani bavSviT. 20. 8. msgavsi suraTi gvaqvs #5 samarxSi. romlebic aTidan cxra SemTxvevaSi dadasturda kolofis kompleqtSi (samarxebi ##5. wvrili nivTebis garkveuli jgufebi Tavmoyrili iyo xelis mtevnebis areSi grovebis saxiT. amasTanave irkveva. 16. 6. samarxSi dakrZalulia mozardi mokrunCxul pozaSi. mkveTrad mokrunCxul pozaSi. 5. 8. 10.w. radgan Zvlebi gaWeWyilia. xelSi xis zardaxSa uWiravs. am samma samarxma migvaqcevina yura­ dReba im garemoebaze. 41). xolo erTSi (#5) nivTebi moTavsebuli iyo qQ sovilis qisaSi. mooTxkuTxo ormoSi ConCxi iwva marcxena gverdze. 13. maT magiur mniSvnelobas da avi Tvalisagan damcvelis funqcias miaweren [Кигурадзе Н. aRmoCenis faqtebi 42 . 13. milakebi. 16. `kalendari~ devs. taxtiZiris samarovanze sam samarxSi (##8. romlebic bavSvs xelSi uWiravs. TaviT CrdiloeTisaken. romelic micvalebuls xelSi eWira saxis win. 9. marcxena gverdze. rac gvaZlevs uflebas vivaraudoT.nana gogiberiZe bavSvebis samarxebis erTi jgufi taxtiZiris Zv. 37. samarovnidan taxtiZiris samarovnis 25 samarxidan 15-Si aRmoCnda bavSvebis Zvlovani naSTebi (samarxebi ##1. romlebSic nivTebis urTierT msgavsi asortimenti ewyo. #16 samarxi individualuri ormosamarxia xis gadaxurviT. zarakebi da obsidianis skarabeoidi. ormoSi Cayrili iyo didi lodebi. 20. ori kolofiani samarxi (#16 da #37) warmoadgenda xis saxuravian ormosamarxs. 16. Tanac umetesad bavSvebis samarxebSi. TaviT CrdiloeTisaken. romlebmac saxuravis Cangrevis Semdeg ConCxi sagrZnoblad daaziana . kolofis kompleqtis yvelaze ufro damaxasiaTebel elementad gamoiyureba brinjaos zarakebi. #37 samarxSic dafiqsirda xis kolofi. 36. mxolod am SemTxvevaSi micvalebulis marjvena xelTan aRmoCnda qsovilSi. qisaSi moTavsebuli wvrili nivTebi – vercxlis kovzi. 41). zogjer isini ufrosebTan erTad iyvnen dasaflavebuli. xolo maTi samarxebSi. Tumca ara identuri. 37) kargad gamoikveTa xis kolofebi. masSi elaga Tvaledi mZivebi. kbilebis mixedviT micvalebuli mozardi unda yofiliyo. romlis msgavsi saqarTvelos sxva Tanadroul arqeologiur Zeglebze fiqsirebuli ar aris. 18. xelSi ekavaT xis zardaxSebi. mkafiod Canda qsovilis anabeWdi. 37. sadac bavSvebi iyvnen dakrZalulni. rom am SemTxvevebSic saqme gvaqvs kolofis an qisis imave wesiT Catanebis faqtTan. ilari da vercxlisgan damzadebuli kbilis saCiCqnebi. brinjaos zarakebi. 6. gansakuTrebiT ki Tavis qala. rom Sesabamisi nivTebis asortimenti msgavsia. zed lodebi ewyo. IV-III ss. 1976:5455]. umetesad ki es individualuri samarxebia. rogorc cnobilia. Cveni yuradReba miiqcia erTma saintereso detalma. esaa wvrili nivTebiT savse kolofis an qisis Cataneba. rom taxtiZiris samarovnis samarxebSi. 12. 39?. romlebmac daaziana ConCxis Zvlebi.

ovaluri formis ormo damxrobili iyo Crdilo-samxreTis mimarTulebiT. meore ConCxi bavSvs ekuTvnoda.lurji. 13.16. samarxSi dakrZaluli iyo Cvili bavSvi. TaviT CrdiloeTisaken. samarxs xis gadaxurva unda hqonoda. yvela es samarxi xis saxuraviani ormosamarxia. kovzebi. Zvlebis kvali-Ra iyo SemorCenili. igi iwva marcxena gverdze pirveli micvalebulis Crdilo-aRmosavleTiT. aseTive viTarebaa #20 samarxSic. qvemoT mogvyavs im samarxebis kompleqsebis aRweriloba. rom aqac saqme gvaqvs nivTebis Cayolebis aRniSnul wesTan. anu nivTebis is asortimenti.w.36). #6 samarxSi dakrZaluli iyo 7-8 wlis bavSvi mokrunCxul pozaSi. magram mis arsebobas gvafiqrebinebs gulmkerdis areSi Tavmoyrili nivTebi . sakidebi da sxva. esaa zardaxSebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli nivTebis ZiriTadi CamonaTvali. marcxena gverdze. 20. micvalebulis zurgs ukan samxreTidan CrdiloeTisaken Calagebuli iyo Tixis WurWeli. did-patara. maT Soris ori. savaraudod. aRmoCnda brinjaos ilari batismsgavsi frinvelis gamosaxulebiT.brinjaos firfita-kalendari. Tumca TviT kolofi an qisa ver dafiqsirda. Zalian damaxasiaTebelia Tvaledi da `moxveuli~ mZivebi (eqvs-eqvsi SemTxveva. sadac aRmoCnda ori micvalebulis Zvlebi. sadac micvalebuli marjvena gverdze iwva). wiTlad moxatuli xelada da Savlakiani berZnulwarweriani kanTarosi. winwilebi. 41). sakidi . Tvaledi da moxveuli mZivebis asxmebi da sakidebi. 13. 20). romlebsac zed lodebi ewyo da sadac micvalebulebi dasvenebulia marcxena gverdze mokrunCxul pozaSi (#36 samarxis garda. oTx SemTxvevaSi nivTebs Soris aRmoCnda e. mokrunCxul pozSi. agreTve ilarebi (##5. brinjaos gverdSeWrili zarakebi. Tumca maTi asortimenti varirebs da emateba rogorc wvrili. 2006:138]. #36 samarxis ovalur ormoSi dakrZaluli  iyo mcirewlovani bavSvi marjvena gverdze. ise SedarebiT didi zomis nivTebi. razec miuTiTebs samarxSi Cavardnili sami lodi. xis saxuravis arsebobaze mianiSnebs ormoSi Cavardnili qvis lodi. 12.37.16. romlebmac Zlier daaziana ConCxebi. `kalendari~ (##6. ConCxi aqac cudad iyo Senaxuli. 6. es wesi dasturdeba #12 samarxSic. Sesabamisad ##8. sam SemTxvevaSi dadasturda brinjaos milakebi (##5. WaniSvili T. aseve sxva wvrili nivTebi. da Tumca TviT kolofis kvali ar Canda. yviTeli da dabalcilindruli . safiqrebelia. 20). koltiubebi. Sabiamnisferi. gverdSeWrili zarakebi. esvena marcxena gverdze. aqve mravladaa Tvaledi da moxveuli mZivebi.  samarxi #41 orientirebuli iyo CrdiloeT-samxreTis mimarTulebiT. mag. 2004:43.20. cisferi. 1 welze naklebi asakisa.amagrebs mosazrebas imis Sesaxeb. xelis mtevnebTan. 16. anu kolofisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli nivTebis asortimenti. angobirebuli.41 da ##8. micvalebulis saxis win aRmoCnda brinjaos cilindruli.13. sadac dakrZalvis zemoxsenebuli wesia savaraudo.12.ilari frinvelis ormagi gamosaxulebiT. mag.20.12. da brinjaos milaki. samarxSi sami ConCxi aRmoCnda. TaviT Crdilo-dasavleTisaken. rom es nivTebi samgloviaro ritualis atributic unda yofiliyo [wiTlanaZe l. 13. ori micvalebulis Zvlebi mix- 43 . gverdSeWrili zarakebi da minis sxvadasxva mZivebi: moxveuli . am samarxebs sxva msgavsebac akavSirebs. TaviT CrdiloeTisaken. gulmkerdis areSi Tavmoyrili iyo wvrili nivTebi: brinjaos ilari arwivis ormagi gamosaxulebiT. romelic damaxasiaTebelia kolofebisaT- vis.moruxo iotebi. micvalebulis saxis win.

farglebs ar unda scildebodes. sadac aRniSnuli wvrili nivTebis Tavmoyra SeiniSneba. zarakebi. 1980:28.. rogorc Cans. brinjaos winwilebi. . bavSvebisaTvis kolofebis Catanebis wesis gavrcelebis qronologiuri diapazoni Zv. romlebic mxolod bavSvebisa da mamakacebis samarxebSia dadasturebuli [muxigulaSvili n. Tu Cveni varaudi sworia. sarkofagma.13. swored aq aRmoCnda bavSvis ConCi. magram samarxi ormos aRmosavleTi nawili xeluxlebelia da nivTebis simravliT gamoirCeva. romelsac pirSi aleqsandre makedonelis stateri edo. moxatuli xeladacaa aRmoCenili. ormagi milaki. rom taxtiZiris samarovanze gaTxrili 15 samarxidan.36. sadac bavSvebis Zvlovani naSTebi iyo dadasturebuli. mesame micvalebuli iwva marcxena gverdze TaviT CrdiloeTisaken mkveTrad mokrunCxul pozaSi. yvelaze TvalsaCinodaa warmodgenili xis sarkofagi. Zalian hgavs zardaxSis nawilebs zenuri ornamentiT Semkuli Zvlis firfitebi `daWrilebis~ samarovnis #14 qvevrsamarxidan. 2006:135. #36 samarxSi. Tumca zogierT SemTxvevaSi misi arseboba SeiZleba vivaraudoT. mravlad iyo sardionis sferuli da minis Tvaledi mZivebi. vercxlis kovzi. frinvelis gamosaxulebiani sakinZebi da ilari.41). brinjaos konusuri. dakrZaluli bavSvebis xelSi wvril nivTebiani kolofebis an qisebis Catanebis faqti sxva Zeglebze dokumentirebuli ar aris. Tumca wiTlad moxatuli xeladebi mamakacebis samarxebSic amoCnda (##17. cilindruli da konusur-dafanjruli zarakebi. mixvetil ConCxebTan aRmoCnda zaraki da ilari.sakinZi da ilari. gogiberiZe n. TeTri minis oqros folgiani intalio grifonisa da qalis gamosaxulebiT da sxv. SesaZloa. sarkofagTan uSualo siaxloveSi aRmoCnda ramdenime kolofi. maT Soris Tvaledi da moxveuli mZivebi. ganxilul kompleqsebze dayrdnobiT aqac kolofis arsebobaa savaraudo. amave movlenasTan gvaqvs saqme 44 . sanelsacxebleebi – koltiubebi. es wesi wiTlad moxatul xeladebzec vrceldeba. 2008:9].LIX].19).. analogiuri Sedegi mogvca Tavis droze ilarebis kvlevam. sadac wvrili nivTebis aRniSnuli asortimenti grovebis saxiT aris ganlagebuli micvalebulis xelis mtevnebis areSi. rogorc aRvniSneT.16. sadac erTsa da imave farTobze sxvadasxva dros ramdenime samarxi iyo iyo gamarTuli. ilarebis qronologiis safuZvelze [gogiberiZe n. `kalednari~. IV s. iqve.vetili iyo ormos samxreT aRmosavleTis kuTxeSi.w. magaliTad. sakmaod rTuli viTarebaa #8 samarxSi.12. SesaZloa. brinjaos milaki) [nakaiZe n. xolo Tanmxleb inventarSi taxtiZiris ganxiluli samarxebis analogiuri nivTebis arseboba (brinjaos gverdSeWrili zarakebi. romlis arsebobaze rkinis didi zomis lursmnebi mianiSnebs. 2004:53.20. sxvadasxvagvari. kolofebSi wvrili nivTebi ewyo: vercxlis Reraki. sainteresod gveCveneba is faqti. daaziana Zveli samarxebis fena. romelTaTvisac micvalebulis xelSi wvrili nivTebiT Sevsebuli zardaxSebis an tilos qisebis Catanebis wesi iyo damaxasiaTebeli. tab. maSin kolofis Catanebis kvali saZebnelia rogorc ormosamarxebSi. micvalebuli marjvena gverdzea dasvenebuli.. tab. aTidan Svid SemTxvevaSi samarxSi ido wiTlad moxatuli an wiTlad SeRebili WurWeli (##6. TiToeul maTganTan dadasturda areuli da nakluli ConCxebi. ise sxva tipis samarxebSic. sadac aseve bavSvi iyo dakrZaluli. samarxSi aRmoCnda wiTlad SeRebili xeladac [margiSvili s. sakidebi. erT-erT aseTad mogvaCnia Savsaydaras samarovnis qQ vevrsamarxi #49. isini ewyo gulmkerdis areSi. sadac mozards axlda wvrili nivTebi . 2008:12]. XXXIV] am varauds kidev ufro amyarebs.

mis Tanmxleb inventarSi mravladaa brinjaos zarakebi da sakidebi. Tbilisi. 1997:15-17. SatberaSvili mas bavSvis saTamaSod . 2005: qvemo qarTli Zv.w. kavTisxevis arqeologiuri Zeglebi. WaniSvili T. 1997: sakravelis samarovani. igive SemTxvevasTan gvaqvs saqme #8 samarxSi. 2007: sairxe. Tbilisi. ilari. n. sur. nadiraZe j. aqvea brinjaos samajuri.w. nakaiZe n. margiSvili s. . gv. #9 samarxSi. Tbilisi. 2008: sakinZebis da ilarebis zogierTi tipis TariRisaTvis. Tumca arc micvalebulis asaki da arc am nivTebis xelis mtevnebTan siaxloves aRmoCenis faqti aRniSnuli ar aris.… . Tbilisi. 1990:61. 15-17. #3(98). Tumca ecos samarovnis #44 qvasamarxSi. kolofis Catanebis wesi cota mogvianebiT. 28-41. Tbilisi. rom ilarebi wiTlad moxatul xeladebTan da. muxigulaSvili xazgasmiT aRniSnavs. maxaraZe g. iberia-kolxeTi. gv. sadac verZisTavebiani ilarebi aRmoCenilia bavSvebis samarxebSi. 2006: varsimaanTkaris samarovnis brinjaos ilarebi. Tbilisi. Кигурадзе Н. brinjaos ilarTan. sur. Тбилиси. romelSic 7 wlis gogona iyo dakrZaluli. sakinZTan da ZewkvTan erTad aRmoCnda brinjaos cilindruli kolofi. 2006: magiuri daniSnulebis artefaqti (zaraki) antikuri xanis arqeologiuri kompleqsebidan. – kr. SatberaSvili v. 2004: algeTis xeobis antikuri xanis Zeglebi. #4. 1990: sairxe saqarTvelos uZvelesi qalaqi. 2007:73. IV-I ss-Si (arqeologiuri masalebis mixedviT). SesaZloa. . Tbilisi.Ziebani. 1976: Дапнарский могильник. erT SemTxvevaSi aseTi samarxi (#41) dazianebulia xis sarkofagiani samarxis (#40) gamarTvis dros. Tbilisi. sadac ramdenime kolofi da xis sarkofagi dadasturda. an qvevrsamarxi.Zeglis megobari. amave ritualis arseboba savaraudoa varsimaanTkaris samarovanze. romlebic kolofebiani samarxebisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli. 45 . 57]. Tbilisi.w. romlis zusti analogia momdinareobs taxtiZiris samarovnis #12 samarxidan. disertacia. Cvens mier ganxiluli yvela kompleqsi an ormosamarxia. IV-III ss. . Tvaledi mZivebi da `kalendari~ dadasturda sairxeSi. IV s-is pirvel naxevarSi Camoyalibda. wereTeli m. tab.XXXIII . 138-144... 1980: Zv.. tab. rac CvenTvis mniSvnelovania. 133-137. taxtiZiris samarovanze kolofiani samarxebi qronologiis TvalsazrisiT rkinis burcobebiani samajurebis Semcvel da xis sarkofagebs Soris Tavsdeba. 2005:72]. v. jerjerobiT ver iZebneba am wesis qvis samarxebSi gavrcelebis niSnebi. es ori samarxi sxva mxrivac avlens did msgavsebas. yuradRebas iqcevs dafnaris samarovnis Zv. gogiberiZe n. – Ziebani. 5-13.. narimaniSvili g. muxigulaSvili n.saCxakunod miiCnevs [SatberaSvili v. gv. gv.XXXI].1]. vidre cxovelis da frinvelis gamosaxulebiani ilarebi. wiTlanaZe l. Tbilisi.L 2004: xevis arqeologiuri Zeglebi II.w. literatura: amiranaSvili j. # 17-18. mZivebTan erTad xvdeba xolme samarxebSi. gv. sadac qali da ZuZuTa bavSvi iyvnen dakrZalulni. # 17-18.sakravelis samarovanzec [amiranaSvili j. Zv. IV s-iT daTariRebuli #31 qvevrsamarxi [Кигурадзе Н.1976:33. samarxis centralur nawilSi [nadiraZe j. romelSic mZivebi iyo Cayrili. maxaraZe g. am samarxis ilari volutiseburi TaviT cota ufro adreuli Cans. qvevrsamarxebi «daWrilebis» samarovnidan.

5X2 m-ze) Seswavlil iqna gviani Suasaukuneebis xanis namosaxlaris naSTebi. gavrcelebis arealis. Aam midamoebSi. qronologiisa da stratigrafiis gansazRvris mizniT gavavleT 5 sacdeli Txrili (zomebiT: 1X2. razedac unda yofiliyo klasikuri da elinisturi xanis dasaxleba. sigrZeze. gansakuTrebiT ki mis dasavleT mxares aRmoCnda mZlavri klasikuri da elinisturi xanis dasaxleba). II etapi) samuSaoebi. #177 da #178 anZaTSorisi monakveTi (aRmosavleTidan dasavleTiT) da kala­ ndariSvilebis sasaflaos da @`jixas~ Soris arsebuli teritoria (CrdiloeTidan samxreTiT).5 km. senakis municipaliteti). rogorc Cans. nana papuaSvili arqeologiuri samuSaoebi wyaltubo-menjis monakveTis eleqtrogadamcemi xazis trasaze erovnuli muzeumis oTar lorTqifaniZis arqeologiis centris eqspediciam 2011 wlis agvisto-seqtemberSi saqarTvelos eleqtrosistemis dakveTiT wyaltubo-menjis monakveTis maRali Zabvis eleqtrogadamcemi xazis 60 km-iani trasis 30 m-ian derefanSi sareabilitacio mSeneblobasTan dakavSirebiT Caatara savele-saeqsperto da arqeologiurigaTxriTi (I.). TxrilebSi niadagis struqturuli Semadgenloba TiTqmis erTnairi iyo: moyavisfro miwis Semdeg iwyeboda kldovani Tiri. I2) sacdeli TxrilebiT (1X2. zeda Sxefis yofili mecitruseobis sabWoTa meurneobisaken mimavali gzis gaWrisas ramdenime adgilas dauzianebiaT nasaxlarebi da samarovani (Zv. #177 eleqtrogadamcemi anZis gasamarTav adgilze (tab. ganadgurda jer kidev gasuli saukuneebis 70-ian wlebSi eleqtrogadamcemi anZis dasadgam teritoriaze miwis nivelirebisas. 1. Ees Zegli (arqeologiur obieqtTa kompleqsi) met-naklebi intensivobiT vrceldeba 1-1. md. isini xSirad kldovan TirSia CaWrili da sakarmidamo nakveTebSi Sedis. I1. aq Zeglis xasiaTis. arqeologiuri obieqti dadasturda q. gacilebiT mniSvnelovani. senaks CrdiloeTidan dahyurebs. Kkeramikuli masala mimofantulia kirqvovan gzazec. nana papuaSvili). misi ZiriTadi nawili. civis mier iqna Camorecxili da ganadgurebuli. es Zegli moqceulia kalandariSvilebis eklesiasa (aseve sasaflaos) da Suasaukuneebis cixes (`jixas~) Soris mdebare goraze. civis marcxena sanapiros flateze. kldovani Tiris zogierT monakveTSi kirqviT nagebi Senobebis fragmentebic 46 . senakis CrdiloeTiT. swored amiT unda aixsnas aq zedapirulad mimobneuli adgilobrivi kolxuri da berZnuli importuli Tixis nawarmis arseboba. leri jiblaZe.revaz papuaSvili. sof. gamoirCeva arqeologiuri obieqtebis siuxviT (kalandariSvilebis goris mimdebare teritoriaze yvela mimarTulebiT. savali gzis orive mxares moSiSvlebul WrilebSi TvalnaTliv SeiniSneba kolxuri da berZnuli importuli nawarmiT gajerebuli moSavo-monacrisfro mZlavri kulturuli fenebi. dasaxleba menjSi (q. meore. 1.5X2 m-ze). V-III ss. es Zegli garkveul periodSi md. #209 eleqtrogadamcemi xazis mimdebare teritoriaze (tab. romelic ekis mTis samxreTi ferdobis nawilia da q.w.2). rogorc Cans. leri jiblaZe. sadac gamovlinda ramdenime arqeologiuri obieqti (eqspediciis Semadgenloba: revaz papuaSvili. Aarqeologiuri artefaqtebidan aRmoCnda kramitisa da usaxo keramikis natexebi.

SeiniSneba. yurebisa da Zirebis natexebi (tab. daSorebiT da feodaluri xanis `jixas~ samxreTiT . aRsaniSnavia. XII. amforebis pir-gverdis. kalandariSvilebis goraze. manZilze. VII10). . kalandariSvilebis gorasa da mis mimdebare teritoriaze aRmoCenili rogorc adgilobrivi. III1-8. sagangebod Catarebuli dazvervebis Sedegad ver mivakvlieT aRniSnul Zegls. maT Soris gamoiyofa soloxas (SesaZloa knidosis) tipis amforis specifikuri formis Zirqusli (tab. Aaseve gauwmendiaT ori qvevrsamarxi [grigolia g. soloxasa da sinopis amforebis pirvel gamoCenas Crdilo da aRmosavleT SavizRvispireTSi fiqroben Zv. zedapirulad akrefili masaliTa da gavlebuli saZiebo TxrilebiT gamouyviaT adreantikuri da elinisturi xanis fenebi. 1978:57-58. 1973:31-32]. magram. miqelaZe T. tab. 1999:242. V6-9). Semdeg jgufs Seadgens Zv..11). romelTa Soris gamoiyofa: marcvlovani Wdeebis rigebiT. erTmaneTTan dabali yeliT SeerTebul or.V5. zogierT maTganze gavamaxvilebT yuradRebas. rom aqvea amave epoqis (am dasaxlebis kuTvnili) samarovanic. isini ixsenieben. IV saukunis meore naxevriTa da Zv. . savali gzis centralur nawilSi. mainc aRvniSnavT. maTi saTiTaod CamoTvla Sors wagviyvanda [lorTqifaniZe oT. 9821.13). 2004:99-104. batnaoxorus (batonis namosaxlari) saxelwodebiT. sxva nivTebidan aRmoCnda qvis xelsafqvavebi. IV saukunis 70-iani wlebidan [Монахов С. samxreT da CrdiloeT xelovnur borcvs. axvlediani d. dergebis. kalandariSvilebis gora da misi mimdebare teritoria ki bunebriv mTian-borcvovan sistemas warmoadgens. gamyreliZe g. klasikuri gagebiT. Aaseve gvxvdeba sxvadasxva sawarmoo centrSi damzadebuli berZnuli importuli nawarmis calkeuli fragmentebi. VIII12. rogorc aRiniSna. CvenTvis gaurkvevelia xelovnur borcvebSi ras gulisxmoben eqspediciis wevrebi. 1966:117-140.8. sasaflaosa da Suasaukuneebis cixes Sua mdebare farTobze akrefil iqna mravalricxovani keramikuli masala.. interess zrdis is garemoebac. kalandariSvilebis goraze am sawarmoo centrebSi damzadebuli amforebis calkeuli detalebi albaT Zv... w. 1881]. Aamjerad. 1973:31-33]..w.7) da yuris natexebic (tab. VII3-6. w.. VII1. rom am midamoebSi 1966 wels samuSaoebi Cautarebia dasavleT saqarTvelos saZiebo-arqeologiur eqspe­ dicias [grigolia g. kirqvovan 47 .300 m. adgilobrivi macxovreblebis gamokiTxvisas verc batnaoxorus toponimi moviZieT.150 m. reliefuri qedebiT. Cvens mier dazveril teritoriaze #177 da #178 eleqtroanZebs Sua. rogorc viciT. romlis calkeuli samarxebi bunebrivad da anTropogenurad erozirebul ferdobebze zedapiruladac ki SeiniSneba. Кахидзе А. reliefur sartyelze gamoyvanili naTiTuri fosoebiT. rom aseTi masStabisa da aseT bunebriv garemoSi amgvari dasaxlebis dadastureba gansakuTrebulia. kalandariSvilebis sa­ saflaodan aRmosavleTiT . axvlediani d.w.. XXXI-XXXII. IV1-6. tab. horizontaluri da vertikaluri xazebiT gaformebuli kolxuri qvevrebis. V4. tab. am tipis borcvebi mxolod kolxeTis dabali zonisTvisaa damaxasiaTebeli. aseve berZnuli importuli nawarmi warmodgenilia adreantikuri da elinisturi xanis mTel rig Zeglebze. V1. III saukuniT unda ganisazRvros. IV saukuniT daTariRebuli qiosuri amforis gverdis fragmentebi. adgilobrivi Tixis nawarmi warmodgenilia nacrisfrad da agurisfrad gamomwvari keramikiT. 1982:82-89. romlebic arasruladaa SemorCenili (tab. 2004:98]. Ggvxvdeba sinopuri amforis quslisa (tab.

. literatura: axvlediani d. metnaklebad msgavs inventarTan erTad gavrcelebulia kolxeTis dablobsa da mTiswina zolSic [Кигурадзе Н. moSiSvlebul Wrilebs gasdevda sakmaod mZlavri gvianbrinjaoadrerkinis xanis kulturuli fena. gamyreliZe (red. 48 . VI4. mdinaris flateze. 1985:6-35. VI-ss-Ta samarxebi . erTi maTganis Rero ufro sadaa. IV-ax. 1976:tab. gv. 17-37. Aaq. Tbilisi. texuris auzis Zv. Nnoqalaqevi-arqeopolisi I. md. fxakaZe g.w. gv. rkalgaxsnili da zurgSezneqili. sadoqtoro disertacia. VI6-8). w. lorTqifaniZe g. VI3). aRniSnuli drois kolxeTis Sesaxeb. sadac zedapiruli daTvalierebisas wavawydiT usaxo keramikis natexebsa da widis fragments. gv. baramiZe m. Cvens mier mesame arqeologiuri obieqti wyaltubos raionSi. #2 qvevrsamarxi Seicavda patiniT dafarul or mTel da erT fragmentul brinjaos rgols (tab. 150-183. Tolordava v. analogiuri qvevrsamarxebi. 1981: noqalaqevis samarxeuli Zeglebi. Aaq gamovlenili berZnuli importuli Tixis nawarmi kidev erTxel garkveul warmodgenas gviqmnis am dasaxlebuli adgilis savaWro-ekonomikur urTierTobebze berZnul samyarosTan da. wyaltubo-menjis eleqtro- gadamcemi xazis trasaze Catarebuli arqeologiuri samuSaoebis Sedegad mikvleul ZeglTagan gansakuTrebul yuradRebas imsaxurebs kalandariSvilebis goraze da mis mimdebare teritoriaze gamovlenili Zv. 2004: kolxeTis socialur-ekonomikuri da politikuri istoriis sakiTxebi. #1 qvevrsamarxSi dafiqsirda patiniT dafaruli brinjaos sami samajuri. erTmaneTis gverdigverd gamovlinda Zv. IV-III saukuneebis sakmaod dazianebuli ori qvevrsamarxi. Savzedapiriani da agurisferSidapiriani. Sesabamisad.g. Tbilisi.). amrigad. Aam Zeglis masStabebi gvafiqrebinebs.w. 2003: 23-26]. Tbilisi. zemodan dabrtyelebuli rkinis beWdis nawili (tab. Aamave samarxSi gamovlinda ufro wvrili mavTulisagan damzadebuli brinjaos samajuris fragmenti (tab. tab. Tbilisi. VI9). sur. isini upiratesad elinisturi xanisTvisaa damaxasiaTebeli [Tolordava v. gvinCiZe g. 1982: centraluri kolxeTis namosaxlarebi. 1980: dakrZalvis wesebi elinisturi xanis saqarTveloSi. 1981:163.). romelTagan ori sruladaa SemorCenili (tab. gvinCiZe g. #1. mska #6. 2003: md. Oorive qvevrsamarxSi Zalze fragmentulad dadasturda micvalebulTa Zvlebi. noneSvili s.5).. gvinCiZe g. 1980:6]. romelTa zedapirze datanilia mWidrod ganlagebuli horizontaluri da vertikaluri xazebi.gzaze. iberia-kolxeTi. grigolia g. isini mrgvalReroiania. VI10) da ori cali gamWvirvale pastis mZivi (tab.. meorisa ki daRaruli.w. 1973: dasavleT saqarTvelos saZiebo arqeologiuri eqspediciis 1966 wlis muSaobis Sedegebi – (red. samarxad gamoyenebulia saSualo zomis. gubis­ wylisa da wyaltuboswylis SeerTebis adgilze iqna mikvleuli. V-III saukuneebis mZlavri dasaxleba samarovanTan erTad. gamyreliZe g. Tbilisi. I. 23. Tbilisi. 23-28. rom igi warmoadgenda daburi tipis (SesaZloa qalaquric ki) sakmaod mWidrod dasaxlebul punqts.L LV. sqelkeciani qvevrebi. gvinCiZe g.

. tab. 5-9. 4. . Монахов С. topografiuli ruka. 2.1-8. miqelaZe T. Батуми. 12.. berZnuli importuli keramika.1. Aadgilobrivi keramika. V. Тбилиси. Tbilisi. 1981: Восточное Причерноморье в античную эпоху (колхские могильники). qvis xelsafqvavis fragmentebi. Кахидзе А.11. tab. 1983: qvevrsamarxebi amierkavkasiaSi. kolxuri Tixis nawarmi klasikuri xanis namosaxlaridan. 49 . 1999: Греческие амфоры в Причерноморье.2.. Aadgilobrivi Tixis nawarmi. VI. Кигурадзе Н. 3-6.1-3. II. Qqvevrsamarxebis artefaqtebi. 1978: arqeologiuri kvleva-Zieba rionis qvemo welze. tab. – 1-10. Tbilisi. III. tab. satelituri ruka. Tbilisi.9. .13.. .1-6. 1976: Дапнарскй могильник.lorTqifaniZe oT. tab. ilustraciebis aRweriloba: tab.3.8. . I. 1966: antikuri samyaro da Zveli kolxeTi. importuli masalebi.1. kalandariSvilebis gorisa da mimdebare teritoriis saerTo xedi. . adgilobrivi nawarmi. IV.10. VII. Саратов.. noneSvili s. tab.

I 50 .

II 51 .

III 52 .

IV 53 .

V 54 .

VI 55 .

VII 56 .

bakos sigane .5 sm. VIIfarTobi). Ziri . N ubani) qvasamarxia. nagebia filaqvebisa da nawilobriv riyis qvebisagan. agreTve istoriuli `didi mcxeTis~ miwa-wyalze mopovebuli masalebi. yeli-cilindruli. bako momrgvalebuli aqvs. banursaxuraviani. – garegani. simaRle . samarxSi dadasturda agreTve aRapis naSTi . muclis dm -18 sm. badia. samarxis grZivi kedlebi sam-sami filaqvisagan Sedgeboda. odnav Sezneqili. piri gamoyvanili aqvs. uxeSi naxelavia.nawiburebi Tixa-aliziT SeuvsiaT. magaliTad. tab.3. swored am TvalsazrisiT aris saintereso samTavros fondSi daculi 2 samarxis kompleqsi. yelisa da mxris SeerTebis adgilze amoRaruli zoli dauyveba.gverdze wibo emCneva.21 sm. moSavo-legafrad gamomwvari Tixisa. xolo ganivi .I. romelic dRemde arsebobda.gamoberili.70 m. damxrobilia SSONWW. tab.3 sm. micvalebuli xelfexmokecili esvena marjvena gverdze. 5 naxevarwre amCnevia. muceli .2). 1.55 m.5 sm.6X1. iqve ewyo xbos Tav-fexi.6 sm. simaRle . aRmoCnda miwis awindeli zedapiridan 2. odnav gadaSlili. Rrma. brinjaos furclisagan damzadebuli. qvasamarxia. .80 m. pawia xelada.1.. saSualebas iZleva dazustdes zogierTi adre gaTxrili Zeglis TariRi da amiT Seivsos is stratigrafiuli da qronologiuri xarvezi.goWis kanWebi.60 m. agreTve aRapis naSTi - 57 . oTxqimiani. romelzedac wnexviT Sesrulebuli. leganacrisfrad gamomwvari Tixisa.25X0. tab. dazianebuli da aRdgenilia. simaRle . Nubani. Ziri .55X0. legafrad gamomwvari Tixisa. jami (koleqciis # 12-54: 5333. micvalebuli marcxena gverdze daukrZalavT. zomebi: 1.70X0. muceli-sferuli. Ziris dm .19 sm.). momrgvalebuli oTxkuTxa ganivkveTis mqone yuri pirsa da mxarzea daZerwili. rkinis dana da rkinisave wvetana.brtyeli. xelfexmokecili. samarxi 735 (1948 weli. samarxSi aRmoCnda: calyura xelada.vaxtang nikolaiSvili.4).11.3 sm. goderZi narimaniSvili samTavros adreantikuri xanis qvasamarxebi ukanasknel wlebSi aRmosavleT saqarTvelos teritoriaze Catarebuli arqeologiuri gaTxrebi da kvleva-Zieba. kalTa daqanebulia. varduli (koleqciis # 12-54:5336. TavTan naxvreti aqvs.1 sm. Sida. piri gadaSlili aqvs. erTmaneTis pirispir reliefuri Sverilebi hqonia. samarxsi aRmoCnda: 1.Sida. odnav pirmoyrili.I. 2. pirs qvemoT . xelada (koleqciis # 12-54:5335. banursaxuraviani (savele davTarSi gatarebulia rogorc #1 qvayuTi). koWobi (koleqciis # 12-54:5334.9 sm.95X0. samarxs aklia N kedeli da saxuravis qva. (1940 weli. aRmoCnda miwis awindeli zedapiridan 2 m-is siRrmeze.I. vaqveynebT samarxTa aRwerilobas da inventars: samarxi #215.1. naprialebi. TaviT SOO-ken. 4.garegani. piris dm .3). samarxis Tavze ramdenime qvatexilic ido. pirs qvemoT naxvreti-sadinari atyvia (dm . piris dm . tab.6. mxarze oTx adgilas.3 sm. filaqvaTa SeerTebis adgili .70 m-is siRrmeze.43X0. giorgi manjgalaZe. zomebi: 1. samTavros mravalfenian samarovanze. 0. simaRle .TiTo-TiTo. odnav gamoyvanili. sigane .brtyeli. fuZiT sartyelze dayrdnobili. . 1). damxroba SOO-NWW.0X0. amJamad motexilebia da es adgilebi badiseburi ornamentis STabeWdilebas tovebs. 3.I.

rkinis Subiswveric.19 sm.mxarTan SeerTebis adgilas odnav gafarToebuli. II. 6. gamoberili. gamoberili. cilindruli aqvs. muclis dm – 11. xelada (koleqciis # 12-54:8462. misi gamarTvisas gamoyenebuli Cans Tixa-alizi filaqvebis erTmaneTTan SesakavSireblad. 67-68.. kalTa Tanabrad momrgvalebuli aqvs .5). dana (koleqciis # 12-54:8466. Zlier daJanguli. micvalebulis pirisaxis win. muceli sferuli. odnav pirmoyrili.4).3 sm. yeli dabali. 1.II. II. masra SemaRlebuli da TavTan gaxvretilia. 2. simaRle .6). 3.. odnav pirgadaSlili.xbos kanWebi.8 sm. da sxv. XCV] da sxva. aRmoCnda marcxena xelis mtevanze. Ziri – brtyeli.3 sm. analogiuria.3).. wvetiani. dm – 2.w. 1959. Tumca. ganivkveTSi momrgvalebuloTxkuTxa yurisTavi uSualod pirTan. erTi bolo satexis msgavsia.. Zlier daJanguli rkinisa. 1982:169. 1982]. kumisi. rom ukanasknel wlebSi didi raodenobiT aRmoCnda msgavsi aRnagobis samarxebi `didi mcxeTis~ sxvadasxva ubnebze. tab. pirveli saukuneebidan. 188]. Rrma. ax. axalsofeli [davlianiZe c. samarxSi dadasturebuli calkeuli nivTebi formiT da damzadebis teqnologiiTac Zalian axlosaa da zog SemTxvevxSi imeorebs zemoaRniSnul samarxebSi aRmoCenil inventars. dRemde miRebuli klasifikaciis mixedviT iq am tipis samarxebi mxolod ax. sigrZe – 19. martazisxevi [Апакидзе А. zemoaRwerili samarxebi aRnagobis mixedviT msgavsia da TiTqmis imeorebs aRmosavleT saqarTvelos adreantikuri xanis samarovnebze sxvadasxva dros aRmoCenili mcire zomis filaqviT nageb qvayuTebs: beSTaSeni.w.7 sm. sigrZe – 8. yeli dabali. manglisi. sur. piris dm. kamaraxevi [ramiSvili r. magaliTad. odnav pirgadaSlili. nakluli.. 1989:29-35.1 sm. sadac zemoaRniSnuli samarxebi aRmoCnda. XCIV]. и др.8 sm. kamaraxevis 95-e samarxSi aRmoCenili lega feris xelada msgavsia Cveni xeladisa.. Subiswveri rkinis (koleqciis # 1254:8464. rkinis. muclis dm – 17. 183. 1987:таб. mcire zomisa. axasiaTebs Taviseburebac.. sigrZe -12. masris sigrZe – 6.5 sm. xelada (koleqciis # 12-54:8463. moSavod gamomwvari Tixisa..9 sm. tab. xolo yuris Ziri – mxarzea daZerwili. piris dm . aseTive xeladebia dadasturebuli kamaraxevis 145-e da 156-e samarxebSic [jRarkava T.ZirTan daqanebuli.. и др. muxaTgverdi [afaqiZe an. 179-184]. 1987: таб. aqve unda aRiniSnos. muxaTgverdSi da cixedidisxevSi. 5. sigane – 0. samTavros 735-e samarxs (qvayuTi #1). tab.1). aRmoCnda micvalebulis menjis ukan. piris dm – 7 sm. tab. II. agreTve. mogrZo. samTavros 735-e samarxSi (qv- 58 . kikeTi.5 sm. muceli – sferuli.4 sm. amrigad.. rac Seexeba samTavros cnobil samarovans. II. jami (koleqciis # 12-54:8461. Zlier daJanguli. lega-nacrisfrad gamomwvari Tixisa.8 sm. foTliseburi. lega monacrisfrod gamomwvari Tixisa. cixedidisxevi [Апакидзе А. aRmoCnda marcxena xelis mtevanTan. simaRle – 18. xolo yurisZiri mxarzea daZerwili. 2). 1962:9]. aRmoCnda samarxis W kedlis ZirSi. – 7 sm. tab. cilindruli aqvs . 4.. kerZod. yelisa da mxris SeerTebis adgilze odnav amoRaruli sartyeli emCneva. II.. miuxedavaT didi msgavsebisa aRniSnul ZeglebTan. jRarkava T. zemoT naxseneb samarovnebze kamaraxevSi. simaRle – 11. calpirlesuli. yurs sigrZeze Rari dauyveba. tab.. oTxwaxnaga. qediani. momrgvalebul-oTxkuTxa ganivkveTis mqone yurisTavi pirze.6 sm. wvetana (koleqciis # 12-54:8465. III saukunidan farTod vrceldeba. Ziri brtyeli. Ziris – 6.

Полевые Археологические Исследования в 1984-1985 гг. 47-51. 4. 4. 1983: qvemo qarTlis (TrialeTis) kultura Zv. Тбилиси. rac aqamde SeiniSneboda rkinis farTo aTvisebis periodis ormosamarxebsa da momdevno epoqis . dana. 1959: kamaraxevis samarovani.1. 1987: Археологические раскопки в Мцхета и ее округе. Subiswveri. Апакидзе А. 29-35. II . IX.. koWobi. 2004: О взаимосвязях памятников "Мцхета Великая". da sxv. 59 . . 6. . .antikuri xanis Zeglebs Soris. 1982: kamaraxevis samarovani (katalogi).mcxeTa. samTavros cnobil samarovanze aRmoCenili es qvayuTebi garkveulwiliad avseben im xarvezs. . и др. II. 2. с.samarxi # 215 . gv. tab.VI. I aTaswleulis meore naxevarSi. nikolaiSvili v. xelada..masalebi saqarTvelos da da kavkasiis arqeologiisaTvis.mcxeTa. 3. 3. Tb. gv.. samarxebSi aRmoCenil nivTebs paraleli eZebnebaT zemoCamoTvlili adreantikuri xanis ZeglebTan. Конференция: Археология. фольклористика Кавказа.139190. 1981. ramiSvili r. Тбилиси. xelada. literatura: afaqiZe an. msgavseba SeiniSneba agreTve. dakrZalvis wessa da inventarSi. 5. wvetana..ayuTi # 1) aRmoCenili keramika da iaraRi sinqronuli Cans kamaraxevis samarovnis adreuli samarxebisa da maTi TariRi zogadad SeiZleba adreantikuri xaniT ganisazRvros.1. samarxis aRnagobaSi. amave droisa Cans samTavros samarovanze aRmoCenili meore qvasamarxic. davlianiZe c. Tbilisi. 2. Николаишвили В. 67-68. varduli. сборник кратких содержании докладов.samarxi # 735 . jami.w. I . ilustraciebis aRweriloba: tab. xelada. 1989: didi mcxeTa. Николаишвили В. jRarkava T. Tbilisi.. этнология. jami. savele-arqeologiuri kvleva-Ziebis Sedegebi.

I 60 .

II 61 .

Semsxvilebuli nawili Semkulia zenuri xviebiTa da wertilebiT. samarxis aRmoCenis zolSi dadasturda ori toponimi `saTxevebis xevi~ da `mTiulis axo~. gaxsnili da piramidiseburad (gumbaTiseburad) Semsxvilebuli.88 gr.informacia miawoda saqarTvelos kulturuli memkvidreobis dacvis erovnul saagentos. maisuraSvili da fondebis ufrosi mcveli n. zRvis donidan 1180 metrze. xerxemlis ramdenime mala da qveda kidurebi. am daniSnulebis nivTebi dadasturebulia kldeeTis meoTxe samarxSi [lomTaTiZe g. tab. vera CixlaZe. damzadebulia Camosxmis wesiT. beWdis Tvali – kameo. ±4m. nukri Rlonti axali arqeologiuri aRmoCena TianeTTan 2009 wlis agvistoSi TianeTis raionis soflebis Cabanosa da Wiauras Soris (TianeTidan 8km-is daSorebiT) damakavSirebeli saavtomobilo gzis piras. ivris marcxena Senakadi) marjvena napiras dazianda samarxi (samarxis aRmoCenisa da dazianebis Sesaxeb TianeTis municipalitetis gamgeobam . sofeli Cabano mdebareobs md.sakisre rkali. vercxlis beWdis fragmentebi.3 sm. dm-1 sm. wona 79. samajurebi. dm-0. XIX. dm-17 sm. ganivkveTSi mrgvali ReroTi. SemorCenili iyo ConCxis fragmentebi miwis Tanamedrove zedapiridan 0. samarxi Zlier iyo dazianebuli sasoflo-saavtomobilo gzis gayvanisas. rac Seexeba gansxvavebuli tipis xatisuRlebs. nukri maisuraSvili. vercxlisa (tab. abzinda. sagamis napirze. 1988:13-14]. msxvili. baxiaSvili da TianeTis muzeumis direqtori n. 1969: 45-56] da neZixSi [robaqiZe c. Reros ud. umc. brinjaos Txeli firfita da didi raodenobiT sxvadasxva saxeobis mZivebi. brinjaos abzinda. xolo sofeli Wiaura kaxeTis qedis dasavleT kalTaze. XIII14. savaraudod micvalebuli gaSotilad iyo dakrZaluli. 62 . 1957:tab.anzor sixaruliZe. Rlonti). ris Semdegac 11 agvistos TianeTSi mivlinebul iqna didi mcxeTis saxelmwifo muzeum-nakrZalis TanamSromlebi: muzeumis mmarTveli n. xatisuReli . deformirebulia.winwilas fragmentebi. samarxSi aRmoCnda Semdegi inventari: 1. mZivebi da beWdebi). brinjaos Zewkvi. samarxis GPS koordinatebia: X 38T0403207. zRuderSi [nemsaZe g. zRvis donidan 1240 metrze. praqtikulad gza samarxis erT nawilze gadadioda. ovalurad morkaluli. qveda kidurebis mixedviT. brinjaos xviebi da mZivebi. samarxis iatakidan aRebuli miwis gacris Sedegad aRmoCnda: vercxlis kiliti. Y UTM 4667711. vercxlis samajuri. samarxSi ConCxi nawilobriv iyo SemorCenili: Tavis qalas fragmentebi. SemorCenili samarxis farTobidan aikrifa Semdegi inventari: musikaluri instrumentis . analogiuri xatisuReli aRmoCenilia Jinvalis # 277 meomris yorekedlian da # 364 ormosamarxebSi. faSuriSvili . mdinare sagamis (md.gamgeblis moadgileebi T. XII388]. 1999:136-137.15]. romlebic inventaris mixedviT daTariRebulia I s-is bolo II s. n. TianeTis xatisuReli imeorebs axalgoris oqros xatisuRlis formas. gamovlenili nivTebi alagda da inaxeboda TianeTis raionis gamgeobaSi (sakisre rkali. daRaruli Tavebi aqvs. minis gema-intalio. sami kbili. dasawyisiT [CixlaZe v. I1).7 m siRrmeze (gzis gayvanisas 2 m simaRlis miwa mouWriaT). qeTevan javaxiSvili. iarajuli.

XLVI49]. 1998:58-68. firfitas zedapirze dauyveba sigrZivi.4 sm. 1999:87-90]. rom isini adgilobrivad iyo damzadebuli da maTi mflobelebi erTnair tanisamoss atarebdnen [CixlaZe v. odnav rkalCazneqili. gvianantikur xanaSi samajurebi gvxvdeba rogorc dedakacTa. samajuri. odnav rkalSezneqili. gatexilia orad. 1985:18-19] samarovnebze. I3). 4. TalTebis [robaqiZe c. robaqiZe. ganivkveTSi mrgvali rkali bolovdeba cxovelis Tavebis stilizebuli gamosaxulebiT. analogiuri figuruli abzindebi aRmoCenilia Jinvalis samarovanze . 1960]. 1980].2 sm. 3. II1). Ees viTareba gvafiqrebinebs. boloebi gaxsnili da Semsxvilebuli aqvs. konusisebri Tavebis dm-2 sm. maTi asaki II-V ss-iT ganisazRvra. zomebi: dm-3sm. qedis qvemoT ki Sem- 2. umc.­Jinvalis [CixlaZe v.7 sm. 1904]. wifranisZiris da neZixis samarovnebze. yvela maTgani uxeSi qsovilis an tyavis tanisamosis Sesakravad unda yofiliyo gankuTvnili. aragvis xeobaSi aRmoCenili abzindebi mamakacTa-mxedarTa samarxebSi dadasturda. 1977] da CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi [Крупнов E. ganivkveTSi mrgvali rkali bolovdeba cxovelis Tavebis stilizebuli gamosaxulebiT.4 sm. wona -≈26.0. tab. 1985] da mcxeTaSi. romelzedac ganivkveTSi mrgvali. zomebi: dm-7. II-III ss-iT daTariRebul mxedarTa samarxebSi­. boloebi gaxsnili da Semsxvilebuli aqvs. samkuTxa ganivkveTis mqone konusiseburad TavebSemsxvilebul da Tavgaxsnil rgols. es Seasakravi abzindebi ase masiurad mxolod aragvis xeobis samarovnebzea dadasturebuli. gatexilia samad. 1971:216-228]. grZeli ena moZravadaa rgolze Semoxveuli. raTa ZarRvi ar aeyaros. igi warmodgens ganivkveTSi mrgvalwriul rgols. zomebi: dm0. amoburculi qedi. majaSekruli maxvils ufro Ronivrad Semohkravs~ [mesxiSvili n. analogiuri abzindebi didi raodenobiT aRmoCenilia aragvis xeobaSi: Jinvalis. brinjaosi (tab. cixiagoraze. zomebi: dm-7.7 sm. neZixSi [c. dasavleT saqarTveloSi ki sairxeSi [nadiraZe j. CXI]. 1980: 42-58]. Reros dm-0.azerbaijanSi [Ионе А. III3). 5. figuruli (tab. Camosxmulia. zomebi: dm-7.3 sm. vercxlisa (tab. abzinda brinjaosi.2 sm.insignias warmoadgenda [CixlaZe v. Reros udidesi dm-0. romelic bolovdeba ori araTanabari zomis Tavdaprtyelebuli SveriliT. XXXI]. abzinda brinjaosi (tab.4 sm. vercxlisa (tab. wona≈37. IV2). 6.qvevrsamarxebSi [jinjixaSvili g. I2).8 sm.2gr. Sverilis simaRle . samTavroze I-III ss. dm-0. 1982:11-12] da neZixis [robaqiZe c.7 sm. `brZolis dros Sekruli maja aucilebliv saWiroa. SemorCenilia ori mcire zomis Txeli firfita. daTariRebul samarxebSi [Иващенко М. analogiuri samajurebi aRmoCenilia aragvis xeobaSi. I4).III-IV ss-iT daTariRebul # 17 da # 41 ormosamarxSi [CixlaZe v. ganivkveTSi mrgvali rkali bolovdeba cxovelis Tavebis stilizebuli gamosaxulebiT. mamakacTaTvis (mxedarTaTvis) aucilebel samxedro atributs . igi warmoadgens masiur. 1999: tab. patinirebulia. 1999:118. erTerT Sverilze mkrTalad jvaria amokawruli. samajuri. Reros udidesi dm0. XIV-105]. firfita brinjaosi (tab. `sayaraulo seris~ samarovanze . samajuri. Camosxmulia. umciresi dm-0. Reros dm-0. TianeTis samajurebis analogiebi cnobilia saqarTvelos farglebs gareTac: somxeTSi [Тирацян Г. 1975: tab. Tu dedakacTaTvis is mxolod samkauli iyo.2 gr. xerTvisis. 7. 63 . tab. boloebi gaxsnili da Semsxvilebuli aqvs.6 sm. odnav rkalCazneqili. aseve mamakacTa (mxedarTa) samarxebSi.

borSi aRmoCenilia cisferi minis intalio apolonis biustis gamosaxulebiT. apolonis saxis win kiTara aris gamosaxuli [lorTqifaniZe marg. isini insigniebs unda warmoadgendnen. analogiuri qamari-insigniebi dadasturebulia erwoSi [ramiSvili r.7X1. kameos zomebi: 1. SemorCenili zomebi: sigrZe -2. xis safenis zomebi: 1. ##168. es nivTi. Zewkvis SemorCenili sigrZea – 51sm. tab. sofel monastris samarovanze or sxvadasxva samarxSi (##16. 8.9X1. apolonis . es firfita brinjaos qamris nawili unda iyos. CixlaZe v. zomebi: beWdis rkalis udidesi dm -1. II2). sigane -2 sm.173]. 2003:130-135] da neZixis [robaqiZe c. romelic mxrebamde swvdeba. 1980:227]. 1978].mxedarTa samarxebSi. farakis zomebi: 1.4 sm. cxovelis Tavis stilizebul gamosaxulebiani firfita Txelia. mkafio profilSi SeiniSneba mkrTali Rimili: berZnuli arqaizmis gamoZaxili.6sm. gamosaxuleba Sesrulebulia Zalian wmindad da ostaturad.6sm. SesaZlebelia brinjaos konusisebrTavian abzindaze iyo damagrebuli. III2). ovaluri. III-II ss. zog SemTxvevaSi am biustis win gamosaxulia kifara an dafnis toti [Zwierlein-Diehl E. Cveni dakvirvebiT. brinjaosa da vercxlis qamrebi da qamris nawilebi aRmoCenilia Jinvalisa [v. romelzedac Camobmulia brinjaosave Zewkvi. Zewkvi brinjaosi (tab.berZnuli religiis am uZvelesi da mniSvnelovani RvTaebis gamosaxulebebi Zalian popularuli iyo antikur xelovnebaSi. kameo gabzaruli. 1979]. kameo italikuria_ Zv. TvalbudeSi moTavsebuli iyo xis safeni (ovaluri firfita).5 sm. garda am RvTaebis cxovrebis sxvadasxva epizodebis amsaxveli siuJetebisa. ovaluri. 1982] samarxebSi. mas ukana mxares mirCiluli aqvs rgoli.w. meomars patara. gemebze mravlad gvxvdeba misi biustebic. romelzedac gamosaxulia apolonis biusti da mis win dafnis toti [Гаглоев Р. meomars Tavze grZelboloiani korinTuli muzaradi axuravs. 1961:13-14. Zewkvi Sedgeba 38 mrgval-brtyeli boloebgaxsnili rgolebisagan.kulia mrgvali burcobebiT. beWeds agvirgvinebs kameo orfeniani minisa. 29. Tavi Semkuli aqvs or rigad gan- lagebuli dafnis foTlebis gvirgviniT. gemebi apolonis biustis gamosaxulebiT saqarTveloSi aRmoCenil masalebs Sorisac gvxvdeba. Tvalbudisaken farTovdeba da gadadis ovaluri formis farakSi. romelzedac damagrebulia cxovelis (cxvris?) stilizebuli gamosaxuleba. gema-intalio (tab. kisris qvemoT samkuTxedis msgavsad moWrili xaziT. M msgavsi nivTi dadasturebulia Jinvalis # 378. muzaradis qvemoT Sublze da kefaze Tmebis viwro zoli moCans.5sm. muqi yviTeli (odnav moyavisfro) gamWirvale minisa. beWedi brinjaosi (tab. maT Soris gliptikaSic. III1). warmodgenilia apolonis biusti profilSi. 1985] samarovnebze . brtyeli zurgi da piri aqvs. pirze gamosaxulia meomris Tavi profilSi. biusti kisris qvemoT aris gadaWrili.43) aRmoCenilia mkrTali yviTeli minis savsebiT erTnairi intalioCamonasxami. 9.172. RvTaebas saxis garSemo msxvil kululebad daxveuli grZeli Tma aqvs. beWdis rkali naklulia.9X1. axal JinvalSi [ramiSvili r. zemoaRniSnuli kompleqsebi III-IV ss-iT TariRdeba. neZixis # 164 da wifranisZiris # 20 [muxigulaSvili n. 10.1973:tab. 1975: 79-81 ] da diRomSi [nikolaiSvili v. I4]. gamosaxuleba Sesrulebulia TeTr fenaSi. mrgvali burcobebiT gamosaxuli xveuli 64 . dazianeba: beWedi naklulia. foni Savia. samfrTiani.

w. III-II ss. winwila brinjaosi (tab. IV3).ulvaSebi da wvrili paraleluri xazebiT gadmocemuli mokle wveri aqvs. rogorc saerTo siuJetiT. TefSebs brtyel napirze nemsaTegiT gamosaxulia wertilovani wiwvovani ornamenti. meomrebi. italikuri gliptikisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli [Неверов О. winwilebis Semcveli samarxeuli kompleqsebi. SemorCenilia orive TefSis brtyeli saxelurebi da puansoniT gamoy- vanili gadaSlili piris nawilebi. maTSi aRmoCenili inventaris mixedviT.w. vercxlis Txeli furclisagan damzadebuli beWdebi dadasturebulia Jinvalis # 277 yorekedlian samarxSi [CixlaZe v. swor da daxvewil nakvTebian saxeze TiTqos odnav SesamCnevi Rimili dasTamaSebs. rogorc TianeTis intalioze. 11. 1998: 58-68]. 1979:105].w. aRsaniSnavia is faqti. garedan orive naxevarsferoze darCilulia Txeli. venis istoriuli muzeumis gemebidan erTi (#122) Zv. niSandoblivia. [Zwierlein-Diehl E. aris daTriRebuli. III-II ssis italikuri naxelavi unda iyos. mrgvali burcobebiT aris gadmocemuli. msgavsi. 65 . magram mkafioa. 13. araTanabrad mrgvali. naklulia (aklia mcire fragmentebi). 6 cali. III s. damtvreulia. vfiqrobT. daSlilia. italikur gliptikaSi [Zwierlein-Diehl E.w. vercxlisa (tab. meore (#123) _ Zv. XI]. boloTi da II s. SemorCenilia nawilobriv. aklia mcire nawili. #123] gemaze gamosaxuli meomris wvrili paraleluri xazebiT gadmocemuli mokle wveri da kisris qveS samkuTxedis msgavsad gadaWrili biustic. IV1). Ddamzadebulia ganivkveTSi brtyeli Rerosagan. aseve sabrZolo moqmedebebis dros [Chikhladze W. intalio gatexilia or nawilad. italikuri gemis gamosaxulebasTan. dazianeba: gatexilia or nawilad. winwila warmoadgens dasartymelsaJRerebel musikalur instruments. saqarTveloSi aRmoCenilia 16 cali winwila. maT Soris meomris Tavebis gamosaxulebebi Zalian popularuli iyo Zv. TianeTis intalios gamosaxulebas didi msgavseba aqvs venis istoriul muzeumSi dacul sardionis or. mas iyenebdnen rogorc saero dResaswaulebSi. #122 gemaze [Zwierlein-Diehl E. Sida mxridan yunwi aqvs damagrebuli. aseve gamosaxulebis calkeuli detalebiTac. rogorc Cans. saqarTveloSi Aanalogiuri kilitebi dadasturebulia gvianantikuri xanis samarovnebze [lomTaTiZe g. dasawyisiT aris daTariRebuli. TianeTis meomris msgavsia. SemorCenilia mxrisa da rkalis ori Txeli natexi.1973:68. zambarisebri. ZiriTadad III-IV ss-iT daTariRebul kompleqsebSi. romelic Sedgeba naxevarsferosebri moyvanilobis ori TefSisagan. ZiriTadad meomrebs – mxedrebs unda ekuTvnodeT. 12. amoburculzedapiriani. gamosaxuleba ar aris Rrma. saWrisiT aris Selamazebuli. xolo #123. 1957:tab. 1973:68-69] gamosaxuli meomris patara ulvaSebi iseTive patara. 14. rom bavSvTa samarxebSi aRmoCenili winwilebi patara zomisaa. 2009:167-175]. mas Qhorizontulad gadaSlili brtyeli piri aqvs. Camosxmis Semdeg gamosaxuleba. winwila erT-erTi Zveli qarTuli musikaluri instrumentia. zomebi: 14X12mm. gamosaxulebebis stili italikuri gemebisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli. mag.1973]. rom TianeTis msgavsi yviTeli (an mwvane) minis brtyeli intalioebi. xviebi brinjaosi (tab. romelic I s. II s-iT. kiliti. vercxlis beWdis natexebi. isini moculobiT da formiT TiTqmis erTnairia. V4). TianeTis gema Zv. brtyeli firfitisagan nakeTebi saxelurebi.

analogiuri brinjaos xviebi didi
raodenobiTaa aRmoCenili wifranisZiris
[muxigulaSvili n. 1982:15-16], neZixis [robaqiZe c. 1988:25-27] da Jinvalis
[CixlaZe v. 1999:tab. II, 388]. III-IV ss-iT
daTariRebul samarxeul kompleqsebSi.
Cveni dakvirvebiT, brinjaos zambarisebri xviebi mZivebTan erTad samkaulad
gamoiyeneboda.
15. mZivebi minisebri pastisa - 7 c.
(tab.V2), inkrustirebuli, Tvaledi. sami
_ mogrZo-milakisebri; 4 c. kasrisebri.
ori cali moSavo-moyviTalo ferisaa,
romelzedac cxra lurji Tvalia Casmuli. sigrZe - 4,6 sm; dm - 1,9 sm; mesame
- Savi, mogrZo milakisebria, romelic
Semkulia cisferi TvlebiT. sigrZe - 3,1
sm; dm - 1,7 sm; meoTxe – cisferia, kasrisebri, Semkulia lurji TvlebiT, romelsac irgvliv TeTri rgolebi Semosdevs.
sigrZe - 1,2 sm; dm - 1,3 sm; danarCeni sami
moTeTro-rZisferia, zedapiri Semkuli
aqvs lurji TvlebiT, romelsac irgvliv
TeTri zolebi Semosdevs.
mZivebis Semkobis aseTi teqnika Casaxulia egvipteSi - Zv.w. III-II ss-Si. saqarTveloSi aRmoCenili inkrustirebuli
mZivebis qronologiuri amplituda didia. igi IX s-mde modis.
msgavsi inkrustirebuli mZivebi aRmoCenilia Jinvalis samarovanze – I-IV^
ss-iT daTariRebul samarxebSi [CixlaZe
v. 1999:109), kldeeTSi [lomTaTiZe g.
1957:tab. XI-XII], armazisxevSi [afaqiZe
an., ... 1955:], sionSi [ramiSvili r. 1970]
da saqarTveloSi gaTxril am periodis
TiTqmis yvela Zeglze.
16. mZivebi minisa 38 c. (tab.VI3) mooqruli, oqrossarCuliani, sferosebri, sxvadasxva zomis. zomebi: 1,3X1,1 sm; umc.
1,1X0,9 sm.
mooqruli mZivebi, saqarTvelos arqeologiur Zeglebze mravladaa aRmoCenili. aseTi saxis mZivebi Zv.w. III-II ss.

mzaddeboda aleqsandriaSi da am xanidan
moyolebuli gvxvdeba mezobel qveynebSi.
maTi damzadebis teqnika im droidan Sua
saukuneebamde ucvlelia. v. deopikma,
romelmac moaxdina kavkasiaSi aRmoCenili mZivebis klasifikacia, maT adgilobriv damzadebas SesaZleblad ar Tvlis
da siriidan an aleqsandriidan Semotanilad miaCnia [Деопик В. 1959].
17. mZivebi egvipturi pastisa, 18 c.
(tab. III4) cisferi. tandaRaruli, mandarinisebri, zomebi: 2 X 1,6 sm.
analogiuri mZivebi dadasturebulia
Jinvalis samarovanze [CixlaZe v. 2007:7989], mcxeTaSi [Деопик В. 1959], kldeeTSi
[lomTaTiZe g. 1957:tab. XVIII], karsnisxevSi [lekaSvili d. 1990.:125-139) da sxva
Tanadroul Zeglebze. isini gvxvdeba
savaWro magistralebTan ganlagebul samarovnebsa Tu namosaxlarebze [lorTqifaniZe oT. 1958].
18. mZivebi minisa, 172 c. (tab.VI1), lurji feris. Oori cali sferuli. zomebi: 0,9
X 0.9 sm; danarCeni mrgval-brtyeli, zomebi: 0.4 X 0.1 sm.
19. mZivebi pastisa, 49 c. (tab.VI2), lurji. erTi cali kasrisebri. zoma: 0.9 X 0,7
sm. danarCeni bikonusuri. zomebi: 0,6 X 0,5
sm.
20. mZivebi minisa, 7 c. (tab.V3) sxvadasxva zomis, mooqruli. kasrisebri,
daRaruli. udidesi zoma: 1.7 X 1.4 sm. umciresi zomis: 0,9 X 0,9 sm.
21. mZivi sardionis – 1 c. sferosebri.
zoma: 1,4 X 1,1 sm.
22. mZivebi giSris – 3 c. erTi cali
tanSezneqili. zoma: 1,1 X 1,6 sm.
23. mZivi mTis brolis, 1 c. burTula.
zoma: 0,9 X 1,1 sm.
24. mZivi minisa 1 c. cisferi. kasrisebri, tandaRaruli. zoma: 1,4 X 1,6 sm.
25. mZivebi minisa, 3 c. mooqruli,
tandaxorklili. zomebi: 0,7 X 0,6; 0,3 X 0,4
sm.

66

26. mZivi pastisa, 1 c. (tab. V6), cilindruli. Semkulia sxvadasxva feris pas­
tiT. zoma: 2,2X0,9 sm.
27. mZivi pastisa, 1 c. (tab. V7), Sindis
kurkisebri. diagonalurad dauyveba
TeTri, mwvane da yavisferi zolebi. zoma:
1,2X0,7 sm.
28. mZivebi pastisa, 4 c. maT Soris 2 c.
cilindruli,
mowiTalo-moyavisfroa.
zomebi: 1,5X0,8 sm; 2 c. ruxi ferisaa. zomebi: 0,6X0,3 sm.
29. mZivebi minisa, 3 c. lurji. Oori cali
kasrisebri, daRaruli. zomebi: 1X0,8sm;
erTi cali dakuTxuli. zoma: 1X0,4sm.
30. iotebi, 4c. ori cali lurji, erTi
- mwvane, erTic rZisferi.
mZivebis aseTi didi raodenobiT aRmoCena dakavSirebuli unda iyos sudarasTan, TavsaburavTan an tanisamosTan.
am samarxSi mZivebi aRmoCnda Tavis qalis
irgvliv da qveda kidurebis zemoT. amis
gamo sudaris Semkoba nakleb savaraudoa.
igi tanisamosTan da TavsaburavTan unda
iyos dakavSirebuli.
analogiuri mZivebi didi raodenobiT aRmoCnda Jinvalis samarovanze gamovlenil kompleqsebSi. mZivebis siuxviT
gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia Jinvalis
yorekedliani, qvamiwayriliani, xis ZelebiT gadaxuruli zogierTi ormosamarxi,
romelTa TariRi I-II ss. ganisazRvra
[CixlaZe v. 2007:79-89].
amrigad, rogorc zemoaRniSnuli samarxeuli kompleqsis inventaris ganxilvidan irkveva, artefaqtebis umravlesoba ax.w. III-IV ss-iT unda daTariRdes.
amave periodSi Cans gamarTuli TianeTSi
am bolo dros gamovlenili samarxic.

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arqeologiur bazaze.

67

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Тирацян Г. 1971: Древнеармянская

ilustraciebis aRweriloba:

tab. I – 1. sakisre rkali, xatisuReli
vercxlis; 2. samajuri vercxlisa; 3. samajuri vercxlis; 4. samajuri brinjaosi.
tab. II – 1. abzinda brinjaosi; 2. Zewkvi
brinjaosi, cxovelis stilizebuli gamosaxulebiT. tab. III – 1. gema-intalio
italikuri; 2. brinjaos beWedi, gema-kameoTi; 3. abzinda brinjaosi, figuruli; 4.
mZivebi cisferi egvipturi pastis. tab.
IV – 1. winwilis nawilebi da saxelurebi
brinjaosi; 2. qamris nawilebi brinjaosi;
3. brinjaos xviebi. tab. V – 1. sxvadasxva
saxeobis mZivebi; 2. mZivebi minisebri pastisa, inkrustirebuli. 3. mZivebi minisa,
mooqruli. 4. kilita vercxlis; 5. mZivebi minis, tandaxorklili, mooqruli; 6.
mZivebi pastis. tab. VI – 1. mZivebi minisa,
lurji feris; 2. mZivebi pastis; 3. mZivebi
minis, mooqruli.

68

I

69

II 70 .

III 71 .

IV 72 .

V 73 .

VI 74 .

reliefuri sada da `Tokiseburi~ sartylebiT Semkuli tani.. TxrilebSi gamovlenili arqeologiuri masalis absoluturi umravle­ so­ ba kera­ mi­ kaa. gasaTxrel farTobze uZravi kulturuli fenebi aRar iyo SemorCenili. urbnisSi [WilaSvili l. sveneTTan saqarTvelos navTobisa da gazis korporaciis mier goris municipalitetis sof. I1) Seiswavla 100 m sigrZisa da 33 m siganis farTobi. gamovlenil iqna adreuli Sua saukuneebis qvevrebi.daviT mindoraSvili adreuli Sua saukuneebis nasoflari sof. sveneTis nasaxlarze aRmoCenili qvevrebi yvelaze axlos dga­nan axali Jinvalisa [ramiSvili r. 1982:41-42]. nasoflari safuZvlianad ganadgurebula jer kidev gasul saukuneSi am teritoriaze gazis pirveli trasis mSeneblobisas. Weremis naqalaqarze [mamaiaSvili n. derefnis zolTan axlos. 1964:108. Cans. dedoflis goris paraleluri masalis mowodebisaTvis). erwo-TianeTSi [jorbenaZe b.. Tumca. XLIX3] da sxv. gazis trasis gayvanamde da gayvanis Semdegac es far­ To­ bi sistematurad gamoiyeneboda saxnav-saTesad.. kulturuli fenebis simZlavris gansazRvras. msgavsi qvevrebi aRmoCenilia: mcxeTaSi [boxoCaZe al. III11). 1962:34]. II1-4). brtyeli piri. 2004:tab. saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis oTar lorTqifaniZis arqeologiis centris eqspediciam sveneTis saSualo skolidan samxreT-aRmosavleTiT. Sesaswavl teritoriaze gaWril TerTmetive TxrilSi (tab. 1966:46-48].5 m farTobis Txrilebis saSualebiT Zeglis xasiaTisa da gavrcelebis arealis dadgenas. momaRlo yeli. . Tixa msxvilmarcvlovania. pirveli etapis arqeologiuri samuSaoebis dros am midamoebSi. romlebic Tavis droze sacxovrebeli Tu sameurneo daniSnulebis nage­bo­be­bSi yofila gamoyenebuli. Tavis droze. gamomwvaria moCalisfrod. arqeologiuri samuSaoebi mimdinareobda 2010 wlis 23 seqtembridan 2 oqtombris CaTvliT da miznad isaxavda 3X1. iul. romlebic natexebis saxiTaa Semor­Ce­ni­li. analogiuri formisa da Semkulobis qvevrebi cnobilia adreuli Sua saukuneebis naqa­ laqarebisa Tu nasoflarebidan. sinau­ ri­ Ze m. loWinSi [abramiSvili r. sameurneo daniS- 75 . tani Semkulia amoRaruli koncentruli xazebiT. sufris. sarwyavi arxis marcxena mxares. Ziri farToa (tab. samzareu­lo. qvevrebs axasiaTebs horizontuli. . dergi Ziris fragmentiTaa SemorCenili. samSeneblo da sayofacxovrebo daniSnulebis nawarmad. sveneTTan milsadenis trasaze samSeneblo samuSaoebTan dakavSirebiT. I2) miwis Tanamed­ ro­ ve zedapiridan 20-40 sm siRrmeze gamovlinda Tixis WurWlebis fragmen­ te­ bi da osteologiuri masala.. gagoSiZes. TxrilebSi ver moxerxda uZravi kulturuli fenebis dafiqsireba. 1962:198]. milsadenis axali trasis mSeneblobis zolSi (tab. swored amis gamo.. 1983:129] da dedoflis goris adreuli Sua sau­ kuneebis masalebTan (madlobas movaxseneb prof. sameurneo daniSnu­ le­ bis keramikaSi erTiandeba qvevrebi da dergebi. keci gadanatexSi zogjer muqia (tab. xolo sakuTriv derefnis teritoriaze aikrifa imave periodis Tixis WurWlis fragmentebi. zogierT TxrilSi SeiniSneboda uwesrigod mimofantuli riyis qvebi da kramitebi.. romelic funqciuri TvalsazrisiT SeiZleba daiyos sameurneo.

. 1983:128]. zogierT maTgans SemorCenili aqvs Sesakowi­we­be­li naxvreti (tab. Tumca analogebis mixedviT.. gl­ da­­ nidan [Артилаква В. sinauriZe m. tab. kecis sisqe 0. swori an talRovani xazebiT Semkuli mxrebi. urbnisidan [sinauriZe m.. ufliscixidan [mindoraSvili d. loWinis naso­ fla­rze aRmoCenili nimuSebi IV-VI ss-iT [abramiSv­ i­ li r. IV9-14). forma-moyvanilobiT isini yvelaze axlos dga­nan da zogjer imeoreben kidec dedoflis goris adreuli Sua saukuneebis qoTnebs. 1970:48].. II16. urbnisSi [WilaSvili l. II19-27. isini cnobilia: Tbili­si­dan [gZeliSvili ios.. 1952:sur. 1983:126-127]. Weremis naqalaqarze [mamaiaSvili n. sinauriZe m. . Tixa gamWlevebulia sxvadasxva min­ a­ r­ evebiT (tab. qoT­nebi sxvadasxva zomisaa. 2004:tab.. tab. XCII]. 160. 2008:25]. axal JinvalSi [ramiSvili r. rusTavi [sinauriZe m. 2004:130132].. 1964:112. Ziri farToa. maTi sruli saxiT warmodgena rTuli araa. ovaluri an brtyelganivkveTiania (tab. XIII]. Tixa wmindadaa ganleqili. Semkulobis Ziri- Tadi saxea yelze datanili reliefuri sartylebi da amokawruli koncentruli xazebi. diskoseburi. mkveTrad daqanebuli kalTebiT. 1964:114. msgavsi xeladebi mravladaa gamovlenili dedoflis goris adreuli Sua saukuneebis fenebSi.5 sm). samwuxarod yvela maTgani fragmentuladaa SemorCenili. 1979:tab. piris dm 10 sm. tab. daviwroebul qveda nawi­ lz ­e (fexze) Semouyveba reliefuri `Tokisebri~ ornamenti. romelTa umravlesoba tuCiania. axa­li Jinvalidan [ramiSvili r. sufris WurWlebidan aRsaniSnavia xeladebi. wiTlad gamomwvari e. II13-17. gamomwvari arian wiTlad da moCalisfrod. . IV20). 2004:tab. XCI]. zogjer dakeWnili piri. Калантарян А.. IV15-19).. 1983:125]. 1966:tab. erwo-TianeTSi [jorbenaZe b. 1982:41] da sxv. We­ re ­mis naqalaqaridan [mamaiaSvili n. erwo-TianeTidan [jo­r­­b­e­n­aZe b. yurebi mrgvali. II18.nulebis msgavsi WurWeli araerTia cnobili adreuli Sua saukuneebis ganaTxari Zeglebidan _ urbnisi. 1962:202].. koncentruli. msgavsi Wraqe­bi xSirad gvxvdeba dedoflis goris adreuli Sua saukuneebis arqeo­lo­giur masala- 76 . XXIX5].. loWinis nasoflarze [abramiSvili r. gvxvdeba isini samxreT kavkasiis sxva Zeglebzec [Ка­фа­да­рян К. 1961:tab. romelic #11 Txri­ li­ dan momdinareobs (tab. urbnisSi isini TariRdeba VI-VIII ss-iT [WilaSvili l. LII3] da sxv. 1979:tab. 1966:50].. gldanidan [Артилаква В. 1979:tab. IV1-8). moyrili piri (tab. . 1982:41-42] da sxv. gvxvdeba wiTlad SeRebil-naprialebi WurWlebis gverdis natexebic. 1966:48]. sayofacxovrebo daniSnulebis keramikas ganekuTvneba Wraqi. dabrtyelebuli an momrgvalebuli. LVI]. tab. Wraqis zeda nawili Sebolilia. 1966:56]. odnav kideaweuli. erwo-TianeTi [jorbenaZe b..w. Telavidan [CikoiZe c. badiebs axasiaTebs swori.. 1979:29]. 1982:41]. aqvT gaSlili. barmaqsizTan (TrialeTi) gaTxril samarovanze VVII ss-iT [Куфтин Б. IV19). . 2008:27].. samzareulo daniSnulebis keramikul nawarms ganekuTvneba qoTnebi da badiebi. 1964:114. 21]. axali Jinvalidan [ramiSvili r. msgav­si formis badiebi mravladaa aRmoCeni­li adreuli Sua saukuneebis ga­na­­Txar Zeg­leb­ze. sinauriZe m. msgavsi formisa da Semkulobis xeladebi aRmoCenilia: mcxeTaSi [afxazava n. 1966:53]. 1962:200-201]. II5-12. 1941:22]. ufliscixidan momdinare egzemplarebi VI-VIII ss-iT [mindoraSvili d. dabali yeli da amo­Raruli. `finjniseburi~ Wraqi pirgaSlilia. Weremis naqalaqaridan [ma­ma­i­a­Svili n. msgavsi formis WurWlebi cnobilia: urbnisidan [Wi­ la­ Svili l.. analogiuri Wraqebi kargadaa cnobili adreuli Sua saukuneebis aRmo­sav­l­eT saqarTvelos ganaTxari Zeglebidan. tab. Tixa msxvilmarcvlovania (simaRle 8 sm.

nasoflarze qvevrebisa da xelsafqvavebis sakmao raodenobiT gamovlena (Txri­le­bis garda.Si. ufro konkretulad 77 . mindoraSvili d. amgvari kramitebis erTi jgufi wiTladaa SeRebili (tab. VIII10]. rom sveneTis adreuli Sua saukuneebis mosaxleobis sameurneo saqmi­an­o­b­is mTavar dargebs mevenaxeoba-meRvineoba da marcvleuli kulturebis warmoeba Sea­d­ g­e­n­da. 1964:24-25]. minis nawarmi mravladaa cnobili aRmo­sav­­leT saqarTvelos Tanadrouli Zeglebidan. #5 TxrilSi mikv­ l­e­ul iqna irmis Tavis qala. rogorc Surdu­ l­­is. III16). III15).4). sainteresoa sxvadasxva Txrilebidan momdinare Rarisebri da brtyeli kramitebi. kidev aRmoCnda ori TiTqmis mTliani qvevri) imaze me­ t­ yvelebs.7).5) nimuSebi. rom Senobebis kramitebiT daxurva ufro metad qala­ quri an sof­l­ad ar­se­bu­li gamorCeuli. romelsac rqebi moxerxili hqonda (tab.. loWinis nasoflarze [abramiSvili r. dedo­ f­lis gora da sxv. koSki da sxv. III12). We­r­e­mis naqa­la­qa­r­ze [mamaiaSvili n. 1961:tab.. isini sa­ri­tualo daniSnulebis nivTebadaa miC­neu­li [xaxutaiSvili d. drodadro nanadirev­i­T­ac avseb­da. keramikuli nawarmis garda. Tumca sve­neTisa da zogierTi sxva nasoflaris (mag. gamo­T­q­m­u­­lia mosa­z­­reba. axal JinvalSi [ramiS­vi­li r. 1964:106. amgvari diskoebi mrav­la­daa aRmo­Ce­ni­li TiTqmis yvela arqe­o­­l­ogiur Zeglze.19. samSeneblo derefnis gareT. 1983:129]. qvis nivTebidan aRsaniSnavia bazaltisagan damzadebuli xelsafqvavis qvebi (tab. III1. ise xelsafqvavis qvebs mravlad moepovebaT analogebi aRmosavleT saqarTvelos ad­­reuli Sua saukuneebis Zeglebidan _ urbnisi [WilaSvili l. iqve aR­ mo­C­nd ­ a irmis rqis fragmenti (tab. 2008:27] da sxv. msga­vsi Rarisebri da brtyeli kramitebi aRmoCenilia aRmosavleT saqarTvelos adre­ uli Sua saukuneebis araerT Zeglze: mcxeTaSi. Tumca fragmentulo­ b­ is gamo sveneTis minis WurWlis zusti paralelis moZieba Wirs. Rarisebr kramitebSic gamoi­ rCeva sada. rogorc wesi iRebeboda mxolod kramitis gamosaCeni mxare. III8-10). loWini) monacemebiT ise Cans. III18. sainteresoa Txrilebidan momdinare osteologiuri masala.5 sm) (tab.20). soflis mosaxleoba xorcis marags Sinauri cxovelebis garda (Txri­­lebSi aRmoCnda msxvilfexa saqonlis Zvlebic). sveneTis nasoflarze mikvleuli arqeologiuri masala zemoT moyvanili par­a­ le­le­bis mixedviT zogadad IV-VI ss-iT SeiZleba davaTariRoT. imave TxrilSi gareuli taxis eSvic gam­o­v­ l­i­n­da (tab. 1980:18]. brinjaos xanidan moyolebuli Sua saukuneebis CaTvliT. rom ad­re­uli Sua saukuneebis soflebSic sacxovrebeli Senobebi zogjer kramitiT ixu­re­bo­da. sveneTis nasaxlarze aRmoCnda mwvane feris minis WurWlis gverdis natexi (tab. . 2004:136-137]. keramikul nawarms Soris aRsaniSnavia Tixis WurWlebis gverde­bi­sa­g­an damzade­ bu­l­i diskoebi (tab. yuradRebis areSi myofi nagebobebisTvisaa (mag. ek­le­s­ia. zogadad es daskvna misaRebia.) damaxasiaTebeli [jRamaia j. 1983:124]. III6. iqvea mikvleuli Surdulis qva (dm 6-6. 1966:71-72].. wiTlad an moCalisfrod gamomwvari calebi (tab. sinauriZe m.2. brtyel kramitebs Soris gvxvdeba sada. 1962:198]. Cans. Rarisebri kramitebis nawilic wiTladaa SeRebili (tab. uflis­ci­xe­Si [xaxutaiSvili d. axali Jinvali [ramiSvili r. urbnisSi. 2008:57]. am tipis Wraqebi aRmoCenilia mingeCauris III-VIII ss-is kul­tu­r­ul feneb­S­ic [Ваидов Р. 1964:128]. III17). rusTavSi [WilaSvili l. moCalisfrod da wiTlad gamomwvari (tab. III3. III14). ufli­scixe [min­doraSvili d. III13). 1964:56.

). II. I. migvaCnia.xelsafqvavis qvebi. 1941: Археологические раскопки в Триалети.). 18 . 19-27 . Jinvali I. с. 197-206. 1952: Город Двин и его раскопки. saqarTveloSi 1961 wels Catarebuli arqeologiuri kvleva-Ziebis Sedegebi. sof.qoTnebi. Ереван. WilaSvili l. 20 . jRamaia j. ficxelauri k. 39-90. Tbilisi. tyeSelaSvili oT. Tbilisi. jorbenaZe b. 10-14 . Tbilisi. Иремашвили Ш. samSeneblo derefani da sadazvervo Txrilebi. literatura: abramiSvili r..xeladebi. gazis trasis mSeneblobis zonaSi Catarebuli mcire masStabis arqeologiuri samuSaoebis Sedegad. Калантарян А. 13-14 . aRmosavleT saqarTvelos adreuli Sua saukuneebis arqeologiur rukas Seemata kidev erTi saintereso nasoflari. ganaTxaris mixedviT.Tixis diskoebi. CikoiZe c. tab.). Годзиашвили Н. – О. sveneTTan. 1982: erwo-TianeTi Sua saukuneebSi. Tbilisi. ПАИ в 1976 г. tab. ssmm. mamaiaSvili n. xaxutaiSvili d.minis WurWeli. gv. Куфтин Б. gv. ilustraciebis aRweriloba: tab. 15-19 . TxrilebSi gamovlenili sxvadasxva daniSnulebis Tixis WurWlebis natexebi: 1-9 .Wraqi. Tbilisi. 1980: samSeneblo keramika feodaluri xanis saqarTveloSi. Лордкипанидзе (ред. 1957-1963 ww. 1983: axali Jinvalis samarovani da namosaxlari 1971-1973 ww. 13-17 . gZeliSvili ios. . 1962: mcxeTis arqeologiuri eqspediciis 1961 wlis muSaobis SedegebisaTvis. 15 . 5-12 . TxrilebSi gamovlenili sxvadasxva daniSnulebis Tixis WurWlebis natexebi: 1-4 . arqeologiuri kvleva-Zieba aragvis xeobaSi. t. 1-10 . 1964: naqalaqari urbnisi. 1979: Отчёт о полевой работе глданской археологической экспедиции. 17 . I. 1961: Мингечаур в III-VIII веках. 1979: adreuli Sua saukuneebis aRmosavleT saqarTvelos nivTieri kultura. zemo imereTi adreul Sua saukuneebSi.. Артилаква В. 1. tab. . Тбилиси. .xeladebi. Tbilisi. 12 taxis eSvi. 81-130.qvevrebi. afaqiZe (red. 1961: Tbilisis materialuri kulturis Zeglebi. WilaSvili l. Tbilisi. Tbilisi. Ваидов Р. 16 . sinauriZe m.an. 1966: aRmosavleT saqarTvelos adre feodaluri xanis keramika.r. 1964: ufliscixe I. ramiSvili (red. 1970: Материальная культура Двина IV-VIII вв. Tbilisi.. ramiSvili r.irmis rqa da Tavis qala. Гочалеишвили М. Tbilisi. Tbilisi.. xanTaZe (red. mindoraSvili d.badiebi.. III. Тбилиси. 1962: loWinis nasoflaris arqeologiuri gaTxrebi. Кафадарян К.qoTnebi. 2004: qalaqi Weremi.ki nasoflaris TariRad IV-V ss. XXIIIB. Tbilisi. 78 . 197-204. amrigad. msmki. gv.dergis Ziri. IV.. Ереван.Surdulis qva.)..Wraqi. sveneTis nasoflaris teritoria gaTxrebamde. Tbilisi.TxrilebSi gamovlenili Rariani da brtyeli kramitebi. 28-35. 11 . 2008: ufliscixe Sua saukuneebSi. boxoCaZe al. afxazava n. 18-20 . romelic rigi garemoebebis gamo Cvenamde sakmaod dazianebuli saxiT SemorCa. gv. 1979: qalaqi Telavi. Баку. t. 2.badiebi. kalandaZe al. arqeologiuri kvleva-Ziebis Sedegebi.S.

I 79 .

II 80 .

III 81 .

IV 82 .

mxatvarma . TavaZe medeam. nakveTi (24 X 18 = 432 kv. ix. Zeglze samuSaoebis dawyebisTanave mTeli teritoria gaiwminda. ganaxlda gegma-bade. palinologma – yvavaZe elisom.) cixe-simagre da sarezidencio Senoba-nagebobebi iyo ganTavsebuli. romeli saxelad wmiTaTa mowameTa ormeocTa“ [sabanisZe io.1.m.S. nariyalas ZirSi – `dablacixis~ teritoriaze mdebareobs.merab ZnelaZe.jalaRania irinem. vera CixlaZe arqeologiuri aRmoCenebi Tbilisis wm. restavratorma – TavarTqilaZe ninom. Tbilisis erT-erT uZveles `abanoTubanSi~. angariSebi]. 2011 wlebSi Catarebulma arqeologiurma kvleva-Ziebam eklesiis ramdenime samSeneblo fena da dedaqalaqis warsulis axali da mniSvnelovani monacemebi warmoaCina. adgilobrivi da importuli warmoSobis mravalricxovani da mravalferovani artefaqtebi 83 . XII-XIII ss.. aRmosavleTiT – botanikuri. abano-Terma (I-III ss. numizmatma . arqeologiuri samuSaoebis dawyebis Tavdapirveli mizani 1924 wels bolSevikebis mier dangreuli da miwiT dafaruli eklesiis nangrevebis gamoCena da Seswavla warmoadgenda.). romelzedac qveynis mmarTvelTa (mefe. Zegli ganfenilia 4 nakveTze. marani (IV s. arqeologi – CixlaZe vera. kvleva-Ziebis procesSi eqspediciis saqmianobaSi monawileoba miiRes agre­Tve: dekanozi besarioni (menabde). aRmoCenebma daadastura. awames da Tavi mohkveTes „karTa zeda wmidisa eklesiisaTa. sirbilaZe Sorenam. Дзнеладзе М. gaTxrebi Catarda 32 kvadratSi. ormoc sebastiel mowameTa monastris teritoriaze.. 2006. igi. arqiteqtori – lacabiZe levani.). asistentebi: gvetaZe jemali da anCabaZe irakli. kompiuteruli moms. CrdiloeTiT mas gorgaslis. xelovnebaTmcodne izoria maiam. 2002: 85-89.wm. adre ucnobi galavnis kedeli. 2009: 113-122. qvajvari (V-VIII ss. ise wminda adgils warmoadgenda.) da sxvadasxva droindeli nagebobebis naSTebi. samarxebi (III-IV ss. erisTavi da a. ormoc sebastiel mowameTas monastris teritoriaze. kereseliZe qeTevanma.) dayofilia 12 kvadratad (kvadrati 6X6 m. Zveli Tbilisis im nawils warmoadgenda. rom sakvlevi teritoria. 2003. eklesia md. maT Soris: dedaqalaqobamdeli (I-IV ss. osteologma – benduqiZe olegim.. I-III ss. romelmac 1150 2011 wels. savele arqeologiuri samuSaoebi ivnis-noemberSi Catarda. 1960: 62. iakobaSvilma liam. romelmac dReisaTvis moicva 1200 kv. ganaxlda arqeologiuri sakvlevaZiebo samu­ Saoebi.) esazRvreba. mtkvris marjvena sanapiroze. 1998.lomourma qeTevanma. eqspediciis samuSaoebSi CaerTvnen: ZnelaZe merabi xelmZRvaneli.izoria marikam.). 2001.). – goderZiSvili grigoli. samxreTiT – samRebros quCebi.63]. antropologma .). xolo dasavleTiT – samsarTuliani Senoba (sur. eqspediciisadmi gansakuTrebuli Tanadgoma da yuradReba gamoiCines monastris winamZRvarma arqimandritma lukam (TandilaSvili) da arqimandritma aleqsim (araCemia).) da dedaqalaqobis adreuli etapis (V-VI ss. Tbilisis rogorc mniSvnelovan istoriul. [ZnelaZe m. eklesiis karibWesTan 786 wlis 8 (21) ianvars wmindanad Seracxuli habo tfileli ewama – „mxneTa maT gamoiyvanes igi gareSe karTa ezosa taZrisasa“.m.

7. gaTxrebis teritoriis sigrZe (dasavleT–aRmosavleTiT) – 40 m-ia. 2. adreuli da ufro ganieri (1 m-iT) galavnis kedlis zedapirze mosworebul alizovan Tixnarzea gamarTuli. Sedga Casatarebeli kvlevis winaswaruli proeqti. 5. marniani Senobis gegmarebis nawili. fundamenti. II (kv.leRvTaxevSi momdinare wavkisis wylis marcxena napiris gaswvriv. 4. SemakavSirebeli masala kirxsnaria. mtkvrisken aris mimarTuli. kedlis gareTa mxareebi simaRleze Tarazul-poligonalurad dawyobili qvis wyobiTaa amoyvanili.8 m. gaiwminda I-III ss. Tavis mxriv. kombinirebuli (kramitiani) samarxi da XII-XIII ss. kedlis zeda.3). kedlis msgavs wyobas `ujarmuli wyobiT~ moixseneben. galavnis aRmosavleT mxares aRmoCnda V-VII ss. mkvlevarebi. simaRle (siRrme) SemorCenili nawilisa (fundamentis piridan) samxreT nawilSi . galavnis kedlis Ziri eyrdnoba nayari qvebisagan Semdgar da kirxsnariT Sedgenil fundaments. mravalfeniani Zeglis erT-erT mniSvnelovan nawils adreSuasaukuneebis droindeli (V-VI ss. romlisTvisac oTxkuTxa formisa da daaxloebiT erTi zomis natexi kldovani qvebia gamoyenebuli.0. droindeli abanos hidravlikurxsnariani sami auzi da erTi saTavso..8. Crdilo nawilSi .40 m. anu samxreTi mxare SedarebiT ukeTaa SemorCenili (simaRle – 3 m. 1. zedacixisken) miemarTeba. adreuli galavnis naSTi 2003 wlis arqeologiuri kvlevis dros. Txrilebis gavlebisas dafiqsirda. Zeglis mravalfenianobisa da qalaqis Zveli nariyala-“abanoTubnis~ teritoriis keTilmowyobiTi samuSaoebis gaTvaliswinebiT.XII-XIV ss. galavani (dedaqalaqobamdeli da 84 . sigane – 2.1. igi an galavnis kedlis karibWis fragments.4. moicva.26 m. masalis Semcveli 8 ormo. galavnis kedlis konturi. Ggalavnis kedlis samSeneblo masalad kldovani natexi qvaa gamoyenebuli. aRmoCnda samarxebi: III-IV ss. romlis ZirSic. romelic orive mxares (gareTken) 0. igi samRebros quCaze gadis da ferdis ayolebiT nariyalas zeda nawilisken (maRla. kedlis ukidures CrdiloeT mxares Seqmnilia `safexuri~. 2003 wels. SedarebiT adreuli (I-IV ss.15 m-zea gamoweuli.m. dazustda IV-V ss. 3. sigane (Crdilo–samxreTiT)–30 m. aRmoCnda mravalferovani moWiquli keramika da numizmatikuri masala. akldama.SSW sigrZiv RerZze. gamoCenili kedlis sigrZea .). gaiTxara . an xeobis daxril nawilze kedlisaTvis xelovnurad Seqmnil `safexurs~ warmoadgens (sur.) galavani warmoadgens. galavnis Sesaxeb SedarebiT sruli warmodgenis miReba momavali arqeologiuri gaTxrebis Semdgom iqneba SesaZlebeli. asomTavrulwarweriani qvajvaris fragmenti. ris gamoc SedarebiT metad aris dazianebuli. maT Soris arsebuli sivrce ki sxvadasxva zomisa da formis riyis qvebiT aris Sevsebuli.12) da IV (kv. savaraudod. xolo SemakavSirebel masalad – kirsxnari. sakvlev farTobze srulad gamoikveTa V-VI ss.3 m-ia.kv.12) nakveTebSi mdebareobs . kedlis meore mxare (CrdiloeTi nawili) md. galavnis kedeli (sur. saqarTveloSi.7-0. qveda nawili Tanamedrove zedapirTanaa axlos. mimarTulia . romlis mixedviT monastris teritoriaze Catarebuli samuSaoebis Sedegad: 1. 6..8.) galavnis naSTia dafiqsirebuli (qveda galavani ama wlis gaTxrebis procesSi ar Seswavlila).3) galavani gaTxrebis teritoriis aRmosavleT nawilSi.

siRrmeze nakv. wi­ naswarulad. qvaze kargad ikiTxeba Zveli qarTuli damwerlobis – asomTavruli anbanis ramdenime aso.2. qvevris piri 0 niSnulidan – 4. marani (sur.50 m-ze. Senobis (marnis ?) iatakis donesTan. mxolod. masac etyoba ganzrax dazianebis kvali. qvevris ZirTan. Tumca. cincaZe gorgaslis droindelad miiCnevda [cincaZe. 2. qvas etyoba ganzrax damtvrevis-daCexvis kvali. tanze yovel 8-10 sm-is daSorebiT reliefuri naWdevebiani sartylebi Semosdevs. siRrmeze.40). aqvs sqeli. Ziri brtyeli aqvs.4. qvevri (IV nakveTis. 1.. romelsac Sua nawilSi SedarebiT momcro zomisa da kvadratuli formis niSi hqonda amokveTili. TiTqmis mTel farTobze dafiqsirda Senobis gadaxurvis naSTi (kramityrilis. maRlacixis karibWesTan aRmarTuli oTxkuTxa koSki.3). bakos sigane – 5 sm. igi arabTa mieraa dazianebuli (damtvreuli). Zirisken mkveTrad Seviwrovebuli.5.30 m. arqeologiuri gaTxrebisas aRmoCenil artefaqtebs Soris aRsaniSnavia qvajvaris fragmenti . me5-6 kvadrati) #4 qvevris CrdiloeTiT 120 sm-is daSorebiTaa. damzadebulia wvrilmarcvlovani Tixisagan da sruladaa gamomwvari. qvajvaris dadgma (Cveni mosazrebiT) gorgasliseuli galavnis. igi zRudavda (Cveni azriT) dedacixis qveda nawilSi mdebare saxelisuflo mmarTvelTa rezidencias. #3 da #5 Txelkecian qvevrebs xSiri da dakeWnili reliefuri sartylebi Semouyveba. rogorc Cans.90 m. unda daTariRdes (r. marnis gegmis fragmenti 2003 wlis arqeologiuri kvlevaZiebisas.dedaqalaqobis droindeli) TbilisSi dRemde aRmoCenil ZeglTa Soris uZvelesia. doneze gamoCnda.4. qvevri #3. bakos sisqe – 2 sm. romelsac arqiteqtori v. qvevri sferulmucliania. sami mozrdili qvevri (# 3. winaswaruli mosazrebiT igi V-VIII ss. – 0. 3.w. saqarTvelos teritoriaze mravladaa dadasturebuli. kecis sisqe – 1-1.) aRmoCnda.6. pirze dasaxuri br- 85 . TariRdeba. gviani Suasaukuneebis viTarebas asaxavs da ar emTxveva axlad aRmoCenili galavnis mdebareobas. #4 qvevrs sada reliefuri sartylebi gasdevs. dagegmili proeqtis nawils Senobis e. `marnis~ saTavsos Seswavla warmoadgenda (mexuTe fena qvemodan – zemoTken). igi galavnis kedlis `gareT~.-is siRrmeze. ormoc sebastiel mowameTas eklesiis aSenebasTan unda yofiliyo dakavSirebuli. 0 niSnulidan – 4. nayari qvebis grovaSi aRmoCnda. IV ss. danaxSirebuli da nacecxluri miwis fenebi).aRmosavleT mxares 2-3 metris daSorebiT. nayari qvebis grovaSi aRmoCnda oTxkuTxedis formis mozrdili qviSaqva. 1958: 27]. Ziris done ki . mas SeiZleba mivusadagoT. qvajvari (sur.10 m.30 m.zeda mklavi. 0 niSnulidan . 0 niSnulidan 3 m. dabrtyelebuli piri da mkafiod gamoxatuli yeli. qvajvaris fragmentis aRmoCenis Semdgom.. es TbilisSi qvajvaris aRmoCenis pirveli SemTxvevaa.6 kv-Si gamovlinda. dm. dabzarulia da nawilobriv Caqceuli.5.8 m-ia.5 sm.patariZisa da g. savaraudod. qvevris keci movardisfro-moCalisfroa. vaxuSti batoniSvilis mier 1735 wels Sedgenil da Semdgomi drois Tbilisis rukebze gamosaxuli dedacixisa da Tbilisis galavani rostom mefis droindel da mis Semdgom. an iqve axlos aSenebuli wm.IV. marani artefaqtebisa da stra­ti­gra­ fiuli monacemebis gaTvaliswinebiT. gagoSiZis mosazrebebiT qvaze gamosaxuli asomTavruli IX s-ze gviandeli ar unda iyos). #1 da #2 qvevrebi axali eklesiis mSeneblobis dros (2003 wels) Webis amoRebisas gaiTxara. qvevris SemorCenili simaRlea – 0. es qva buns – qvajvaris sadgams warmoadgens.. daaxloebiT imave monakveTSi.

oTxkuTxa formis filaqvis . tanze. keci damzadebulia sufTa. 1993: Jinvali 1963.3 m. amfora moyviTalo – moTeTroa. agreTve.70 m.4-6 sm. Txelkeciania. droindeli mcxeTis. Zirisken Seviwrovebuli formisaa. yuris simaRle 14 sm. yuris dm. magram stratigrafiuli monacemebi da maTSi aRmoCenili artefaqtebi maT IV saukunes miakuTvnebs. movardisfro-moCalisfrodaa gamomwvari. pir-bako sqeli da dabrtyelebulia. TariRdeba. qvevri sferuli. 3 sm. TariRis qveda sazRvars amagrebs marnis iatakis qveS gamovlenili SedarebiT adreuli samSeneblo da kulturuli fenebi. mxarTan tanis dm.7 sm-is daSorebiT) reliefuri sartylebi Semosdevs. brtyeli Rru qusli.5 sm. marani sxvadasxva droindeli. SedarebiT mogviano.90-1. marnis kedlebi natexi-oTxkuTxa formis qvebiT. SemorCenili simaRlea – 1.5 sm. Jinvalis. zomebi: 42X34X4 sm. qvevri #4. bakos sisqe – 2. dm. piris dm.tyeli .5-6. sisqe bakosi – 2 sm.-1. yeli mkafiod gamoxatuli aqvs.630 m.40 m. gamomwvaria movardisfro-moCalisfrod. kulturuli fenebisganaa dazianebuli. samxreTis mxridan. simaRle – 55 sm. dabzarulia da Camsxvreuli. Ziris done . dm. dm. sruladaa gamomwvari. WilaSvili l.39) aRmoCnda. zomebi: kecis sisqe – 1 sm. didi intensivobiT (2-3-4 sm-is daSorebiT) reliefuri-dakeWnili sartylebi Semosdevs. mrgvali piri Sesqelebulia. quslis dm. auzis kedlebi sxvadasxva zomis qvebiTaa amoyvanili da movardisfro-monacrisfro hidravlikuri xsnariTaa Selesili. ovalur ganivkveTiani ori CaRaruli yuri yelsa da mxarzea miZerwili. ZirSi mkveTrad Seviwrovebuli formisaa. 4-7 sm.30 m. . Txelkeciania. msgavsi qvevrebi dasturdeba III-IV ss. urbnisisa da sxva Tanadroul namosaxlarebze [nikolaiSvili v. Ziri brtyelia. marnis funqcionirebis zeda sazRvars me-5 qvevrSi aRmoCenili importuli (sinopuri) amfora iZleva.m. romelTa Soris sami wylis auzs warmoadgens. kargad ganleqili wvrilmarcvlovani Tixisagan.5 sm. marnis kedlebis sigane 0. 16 sm.6 m-ia. qvevris ZirTan qvis.). droindeli importuli (sinopuri) amfora (sur. tanze xSiri (4.2-6) IV nakveTSi. IV-V ss.sarqveli iyo Cavardnili. sigane – 8 m. sakvlev teritoriaze aRmoCenil Zeglebs Soris gansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobisaa `Terma-abanos~ naSTebi. Terma-abano (sur. aqvs maRali yeli.15. qvevrebi (##1-5). gaiwminda. piri dabrtyelebulia. Crdilo mxaris kedeli. doneze auzi (iataki) gamoCnda. eklesiis fundamentisaTvis gakeTebuli #14 da #23-e `Webis~ gaTxris drosaa dazianebuli. 0 niSnulidan .20 sm. qvevri #5. (zedapiri) da – 7. Cavardnili sarqveli aRmoCnda. simaRle CrdiloeTiT 0. Tavisi formebiTa da ieriT III-V ss. romliTac pirvel auzSi. qvevris (IV nakveTis me-6 kvadrati) piri aRmoCnda 0 niSnulidan 430 m-is siRrmeze. minimaluri – 0. Ziridan yelamde.6. cxeli wyali (gogirdovani?) Caedineboda. me-6 kvadrati) sferuli. keramikuli milebi. qvevris SemorCenili simaRle – 90 sm-ia. qvevri (IV nakveTis. SemakavSirebel masalad sakmaod Zlieri da mkvrivi kirxsnari-du- 86 .2 m-Si meryeobs. gaiTxara 64 kv. SemorCenili nawilis maqs. pir-bako sqeli. bakos sigane – 4. qvevrSi. bakos sigane – 4. mxars qvemoT quslamde amoRauli sartylebi Semosdevs. nawilobriv.5 sm. farTobi (sigrZe – 8 m. ZirTan.70 m. 4. konusuri tani. Tixnari xsnariTaa aSenebuli. -1-1.. 1964]. gamovlinda 4 saTavsos naSTi. mrgvali formisa da SuaSi gaxvretili (sasule xvreli). keci silanarevia.

45 m.12 m). Crdilo-dasavleT kuTxeSi -7. safexuris sigrZea – 0. meore sadinari.55 m. SemorCenili simaRle 1. (dasavleT nawilSi). aRmosavleT nawilSi kedlis Tavze 1 m-is siganis sasiarulo bilikia Seqmnili..1 m. pirveli ganyofilebidan meoreSi wylis gadasasvlelad Tixis milia Cadgmuli. sigane (zeda nawilSi) – 2 m. .20. samxreTi kedels brtyeli zedapiri aqvs.1.6 (ix.2). sigrZe zeda nawilisa – 5. sigane 0. ZirTan 6 m.0.kv. iatakTan – 5. Crdilo kedlis sisqe zedapirTan 50 sm-ia.). I auzi (cxeli ganyofileba .22-0. pirisagan gansxvavebiT. yvela kedels.3 m-ia. Sua nawili Tanamedrove eklesiisaTvis gankuTvnil svets aqvs CaWrili (sur. daqanebis sxvaoba 0. igi naklulia (dazianebuli) da aRmosavleTis kedels ebjineba.6.6 m. Casasvleli. danaxSirebuli xis fragmentebi aRmoCnda.30 m. kedeli nawilobriv dazianebulia.1 m.25 m. unagiriseburi formisaa (dm.5 m.1 m. Crdilo-dasavleT kuTxeSi. etyoba sigrZiv datanili Selesilobis kvali (2 zolad).0. odnav Seviwrovebulia da Crdilo-dasavleTisken mimarTulebiT – meore auzis mxaresaa daqanebuli. kedeli nawilobrivaa damskdari. kedlis piri zeda nawilSi dazianebulia. 5. ZirTan -2. Ziris done samxreT-dasavleT nawilSi -7.-0. ZirTan – 3 m.25 m. es kedeli ebjineba.5.5 m. kedlis sigane zeda nawilSi 0.. garedan ki movardisfro kirxsnariTaa Selesili.2 m. romelic moSandakebis-mozaikis STabeWdilebas tovebs. dasavleT mxares 1 m. siRrme samxreT nawilSi – 1. kv. auzis amowmendisas (nayar fenaSi). unagiriseburi formis wylis gadasasvleli aqvs gakeTebuli (dm.25 m. ZirSi – 5. zedapiris done 0 niSnulidan . pirveli auzis moculoba: iatakis – 7.kaldariumi). – samxreT nawilSi.7 m. safexuris simaRlea – 0.25-0. oTxkuTxedis formisaa. pirvel da meore auzebis gamyofi kedlis pirzea gamoyvanili.15 m. 1 m. W-O (iatakis) mimarTulebiT – 2. kv. rogorc pirvel auzs. qveda nawilSi – 1.0. sigane . igi SedarebiT kargaTaa daculi.7 m-ia. (zedapirTan).75 m.2 m. ise IV ganyofileba-saTavsos (1. Tixis WurWlisa da antikuri xanis kramitebis natexebi.8 m. auzis siRrme –1. ZirSi. sisqe -0.2-0.5 m. kedlis siganea -0. Termis auzebi mimarTuli arian SW-NO NO sigrZiv RerZze. kedlis sigane TavTan – 0.6-0.3 m.5 m. Crdilo da aRmosavleTis kedlebis kuTxeSi oTxsafexuriani kibea gamarTuli. iataki.8 m. karnizis formis Selesiloba Semouyveba (simaRle .) kedlis ZirSi.1 m. Crdilo-aRmosavleT kuTxeSi. dasavleT-CrdiloeTis kedlebis kuTxeSi ZirTan datanilia meore auzisaTvis gankuTvnili wylis sadinari mili (dm..35 m. kedlebs etyoba SekeTeba . sigrZe – 2 m.D kedlebi sxvadasxva saxis uformo qvebisa da keramikul natexebiT kirxsnariTaa Sedgenili. Ziris done (iatakze) samxreT-aRmosavleT kuTxeSi -7. dasavleTis kedlis sigrZea – 5. nakveTi – IV.35 m.2-2. (zedapirTan). II auzi (Tbili ganyofileba .Selesilobis kvali.25 m.kv. karnizi kibesac Semouyveba.1 m-ia. romlis piri momrgvalebulia.Rabia gamoyenebuli ("Opus caemetrikum").1 m.7 m. Sua nawilSi.8 m. Nmiwasa da qvebTan erTad. siRrme .0. qveda nawilSi .0. oTxsafexuriani kibea gamarTuli.tepidariumi). aRmosavleTi kedeli pirvel auzs ebjineba. zedapiris – 9 m.. iataki Riamovardisfroa. gegma).6 m-is sigrZeze). xolo saerToa mesame ganyofilebis samxreTi kedlis.0. . nakveTi IV. masze kargad Cans wvrili kenWebisa da keramikis wvrili fragmentebi. sigane . auzis NN-SS mimarTulebis kedlis sigrZea–3.)iataki daqanebulia 87 .-0. sigane – 0. kedlebi Ria-movardisfro hidravlikuri xsnariTaa Selesili.

7 m.12 m) auzi amovsebuli iyo nayari miwiT.7. IV ganyofileba (savaraudod samasaJo saTavso . zeda done samxreTi kedlis pirisa . maTSi. auzi SedarebiT momcro zomisaa. gamovlenili sigrZe – 1. igi. danarCeni nawili Crdilo mxares gauTxrel farTobSi Sedis. iatakis sisqe 0. aRmosavleTis kedlis pirze sasiarulo biliki-baqania Seqmnili. SesaZloa.1 m) wylis zeda nawilSi zedmeti siTxis dasaclelad (dasaregulireblad). kedlebis zeda nawili dazianebulia.2-0.6 m. auzis siRrme – 1 m.6.41 sm.45X0.95 m-ia. pirveli safexuris simaRle – 0. dasavleTis kedeli samxreTidan CrdiloeTis mxaris mimarTulebiT 2. Sida nawilis siganea – 1.1-0. TavTan SedarebiT viwrovdeba.23 m. sigane dasavleTis kedlisa – 30 sm. kedeli. . SemorCenili simaRle – 0.6 m-is sigrZezea gamoCenili.5 m. igi SedarebiT kargadaa daculi. samxreTi kedeli meore auzis kedelsac warmoadgens (gamyofia). zeda nawili naklulia. rogorc gverdiTi mxare.95 m. aRmosavleTi kedlis piri naklulia.6.5 X 0. kedeli meore auzsa da nawilobriv mesame auzs ebjineba..4 m.4 m. sigane – 0.– 3. 1. kedeli pirvel auzsac esazRvreba. oTxive ganyofileba Sevsebuli iyo nayari miwiTa da qvebiT.).65 m. sigrZe .5 X 0.5 m-ia. SemorCenilia 2 safexuris fragmenti: sigane – 0. gamovlenil nawilSi.7...8 m. daaxloebiT Sua nawilSi-dasavleTiT kuTxes qmnida. SeiZleba aRiniSnos lamazad gamoyvanili xis svetis qvis baza.2 m.1 m-iT. OW mx.35 m.0. iatakis doneze.45 m-ia. simaRle Sida mxridan 0. droindeli) natexebiT.6 m.8 m. III auzi nakveTi IV.41.2 m. Sida zomebia: samxreT mx. done 0 niSnulidan: iatakisa . maqs.samxreTidan – CrdiloeTisaken (daaxloebiT 0. misi zedapiri dazianebulia.95 m.6 m. dasavleTisa da aRmosavleTis kedlebis gamovlenili nawilis sigrZea – 1. zedapiris done 0 niSnulidan . kedels etyoba gadakeTebis kvali. simaRle .6 m-ia. Crdilo da aRmosavleTis kuTxeSi kibea gamarTuli.8 m. SemorCenili simaRle – 0. zeTebis cxeba da a. 2. S. qvis gamoyvanili svetis Ziri – baza aRmoCnda. qvebiT. perpendikularulad Cadebulia Tixis mili (dm. ise zeda-sasiarulo nawili Selesili unda yofiliyo. tanis masaJi. samxreT-dasavleTis mimarTulebiT sami safexuria SemorCenili.0. igi #87–e ormos mieraa dazianebuli. . mesame auzTan 1. aRmosavleT da dasavleT kuTxeebi dazianebulia. sigane – 0. rogorc Cans. gamovlenili sigrZe – 1. gawmendilia nawilobriv.45. gverdze. samive mxridan karnizuli Selesiloba Semouyveba. misi. IV ganyofileba „damxmare saTavsos“ warmoadgens.6 X 0..2.5 m.6 m. . mag. zedapiri momrgvalebuli formisaa. iataki hidravlikuri xsnariTaa Selesili. ZirTan wylis gasasvleli xvreli aris datanili (dm. amave kedelSi.ailepteria?) nakveTi IV. ZirSi farTovdeba. kedels zedapirTan wylis sadinari aqvs gakeTebuli.05 m-is sigrZeze grZeldeba.2. kedlis aRmosavleT kuTxeSi midgmulia safexuri (simaRle – 0. kv. sisqe – 0. keramikuli WurWlisa da kramitebis natexebiT. sigrZe kedlisa Crdilo-samxreTis mimarTulebiT – 3. xvrelis zeda sisworeze. ZirTan karnizismagvari Selesiloba gasdevs. kv.25 m. Crdilo nawilis kedeli Seuswavlel farTobSi Sedis. igi moicavs samive auzs da. iatakis .40 m. safexuric aqvea gakeTebuli: simaRle – 0. romelic meore 88 . Camosajdomi iyos. centralur nawilSi.0. sisqe – 0. banaobis wina da Semdgom procesebTan unda yofiliyo dakavSirebuli. Ziris zoma: 0. Tixis WurWlisa da kramitebis (IIII ss.

75-0. SedarebiT qveda doneze (0. agreTve. samarxi #5 (sur.80.30-34).70 m-is simaRleze.6 m. gaTxrebisas ori samarxi aRmoCnda: #5 da #6. siRrmeze) maTSi Tixis WurWlebis natexebi da wvrilfexa saqonlisa da frinvelis Zvlis framentebi dafiqsirda. jami.12. misi. Ziridan daaxloebiT 1. 2). aRmoCnda samarxis sxva­ dasxva nawilebSi iatakTan sxvadasxva doneze. 89 . 5. xolo taniT dasavleT-aRmosavleT sigrZiv RerZze daukrZalavT. iataki Tixis filebiT yofila gamarTuli. siRrme–maqs.7 m. mcxeTasa da aRmosavleT saqarTvelos antikuri xanis kramitebis analizis mixedviT. 2011 wlis gaTxrebis procesSi antikuri xanis abanos (Termis) gamokvleva ar dasrulebula. amdagvari gadaxurva micvalebuls samarxis TaRis gakeTebis dros samSeneblo narCenebis dayrisagan daicavda. Sida zomebi: sigrZe–1. xoxobis gamosaxulebiT. axalgazrda individis ConCxi da TanCatanebuli inventaric. sxvadasxvaferad moWiquli jamebi (aRdgenilia). samarxSi micvalebulis Zvlis daSlili wvrili fragmentebi da xelis mtevnis ramdenime falanga iqna dafiqsirebuli.– grZeli auzis iatakis doneze aRmoCnda Cavardnili (sur.5 m. orive samarxi sxvadasxva qronologiur periods ganekuTvneba. zeda centraluri nawili Tixis filebiTa (`qarTuli~ agurebiT) da kirxsnariani SeerTebiTaa Sedgenili. sigane–0. samarxi wagrZelebuli oTxkuTxedis formis. igi dasavleT – aRmosavleTis sigrZiv RerZzea damxrobili. samarxis grZiv kedlebze. moWiquli. momcro zomis.3) 2011 wlis 8 ivliss II nakveTis me-8 kvadratSi aRmoCnda. samarxi gaZarculi unda iyos.4 m-is siRrmeze. romlebzedac xis gadaxurva (SesaZloa lasti) unda daedoT.2.7 m. siRrmeze) aRmoCnda 22 nivTi: 1. 0 niSnulidan . kedelTan. akldamas warmoadgens. micvalebuli zurgze gaSotili. 4. 26-29). 2001 wels eklesiis win – dasavleT kedelTan aRmoCenili eklesiis Tanadrouli 4 samarxic (XIII-XIV ss. mx. das. xolo saxuravad Tixis brtyeli da oTxkuTxa formis agurebia gamoyenebuli.7-9. nawilobriv oTxkuTxa formis qvebi. TaviT samarxis dasavleT nawilSi. aRmoCnda centralur nawilSi (dazianebulia) 3. kramitebi orive saxisaa: wiTlad SeRebili brtyeli da morgvze damzadebuli qimiani kramitebi. rogorc micvalebulisaTvis Seqmnili aRapiani saxuravi. saxuravis TaRis Caqcevis (savaraudoa mZarcvelebis mier) Sedegad dazianda. moneta (?) brinjaosi.4-1. 5-9. jami.17-24. romelTa mixedviTac samarxSi dakrZaluli individi 9-11 ww. amave droiT TariRdeba. TaRovani saxuraviT ixureboda.43. gverdebze qvis samagrebia Seqmnili. Sevsebuli aRmoCnda miwiTa da brtyeli agurebis natexebiT. moWiquli. Tixis WurWelic (sur. sigane – 1.w. samarxis ormos zomebia: sigrZe . beWedi brinjaosi. Sua nawilSi. aRmoCnda TavdaRma Camxobili samarxis centrSi. mozard qals unda ganekuTvnebodes.60. aRmoCnda samarxis Crd.-1. samarxSi (1. I-III ss-iT. romelsac oTxive mxriv gverdebze xis Zelebi Semofarglavda. romelTa nawilze aso-niSnebia datanili (sur. gverdiTi kedlebi qvisa daY Tixnari xsnariTaa aSenebuli. samarxis dasavleT nawilSi xelis falangze 2. sabolood is `aRapisaTvis~ gankuTvnili jam-WurWlis dasalageblad aris gamoyenebuli. samarxis gverdebis gasamarTavad sxvadasxva zomis kldovani-natexi.3 m.3). samarxebi (nax. TariRdeba.A auzebSi Cacvenili kramitebi ax. akldama. gansxvavebul dros ekuTvnis. aRm.13.).

siRrme-0.5 m.4 m. wagrZelebuli msxlisebri formisaa.3). #89 –nakv. dm.IV. ormoc sebastiel mowameTa naeklesiarze Catarebuli gaTxrebisas miRebulma monacemebma mniSvnelovani sakiTxebis dasmisa da axsnis winapirobebi Seqmna: 1. dm – 1. samarxis zomebia: 0.25 X 0.II. marjvena gverdze. #81 –nakv.50 X 0. kv..8 m. artefaqtebisa da stratigrafiuli monacemebiT.11-3..3. #82 –nakv.50 m siRrmeze aRmoCnda.11 dm..12-4.26 m. TariRdeba. Tbilisis wm. dm-0. ormoebi. siRrme –0. dm. Wraqebi.II. samarxi Tavisi konstruqciiT.11.II. dm-1 m.8 m. siRrme –2.35 m. rom „Tbilisi pirveli saukuneebis mi- 90 . mimdinare wlis arqeologi- uri gaTxrebisas dafiqsirda da nawilobriv gaiTxara 14 (#78-91) ormo.IIIV. ZiriTadaT. kv.8 m. maT Sorisaa – qarTuli. aRmosavleTis kedeli natexi qvisa da brtyeli kramitisagan iyo Sedgenili. IV. IV.12. dasavleTisa – aguris filisagan.2. ormoebi (sur..-1. maTi diametri meryeobs 0. ormoc sebastiel mowameTas monastris teritoriaze arqeologiuri kvleva-Ziebis dawyebidan (1998 w.1. dadasturda sasaxlis iatakis doneze.-1.6. kramitebiTa da monetebiT. mkvlevarebi erTxmad aRniSnavdnen. #88 –nakv..) 2011 wlis CaTvliT aRmoCenili da Seswavlili iqna 91 ormo (winaswarulad: 1. kv. kv. qufuri felsebi VIII-IX ss. erTi cali XVII s.5 m. dm. numizmatika 2011 wlis arqeologiuri gaTxrebisas 80 cali spilenZis moneta aRmoCnda. samarxi.3 m. II. samarxi #6. kv.IV. 2 moneta daviT VIII–es (1310 w.22 m.IV. moWiquli.. evropuli sevilia. maT Soris moWiquli jamebiT. siRrme-1. 6.–1. jamebi da qilebi..50 X 0.. 2. kv. kv. #83 –nakv. aRmoCnda samarxis dasavleT nawilSi iatakis doneze. dm. damxrobilia samxreTidan – CrdiloeTisaken. XII-XIII ss. 7. mkveTrad xel-fexmokecil pozaSi. TaviT samxreTiT. Tbilisis wm. #86 –nakv.) ekuTvnis. kv. 0 niSnulidan – 5. dakrZalulisaTvis inventari ar CautanebiaT.5 m. sparsuli da monRoluri. XVI-XVIII ss.-1. dm. 15-22. #84 –nakv. siRrme –1. nayar fenebSi rusuli da sabWoTa droindeli monetebic fiqsirdeba.70 X 0. kv.1 m. yvelaze adreuli.7 m. #80 –nakv. ormoebis ZiriTadi nawili Sevsebuli iyo XII-XIII ss.. #79 –nakv. kv.. dm. #85 –nakv. ganisazRvra e. XII-XIII ss. nawilSi `aRapis~ naSTi (frinvelis Zvlebi) iyo ganTavsebuli. 3. siRrme –1.2.1. aRmoCnda samarxis samxreT kedelTan iatakis doneze. „sasaxlis“ iatakis doneze da ormoebSi aRmoCenili monetebis nawili. xolo samxreTisaTvis – gverdebakecili brtyeli kramiti. samarxis Sida zomebi: 0. TariRdeba. moWiquli jamebi. dakrZalvis wesiTa da stratigrafiuli monacemebiT III-IV ss-iT. maTgan mxolod mcire nawilis gansazRvra iqna SesaZlebeli.. #78 –nakv. 14. II-IV.II.4 m-s Soris.10.7 – 1..12. samarxSi mcirewlovani (2 wlamde) bavSvia dakrZaluli. VI-IX ss.5 m. Wraqi. IV nakveTis me-5 kvadratSi.-2 m. CrdiloeTisaTvis – Tavkedlad Txeli filaqvaa gamoyenebuli. ormoebSi aRmoCenili monetebi ZiriTadaT XII-XIII saukuneebisaa. kv. vaza faiansisa (natexebi)..-1. kv. mexuTe samarxSi aRmoCenili monetebi ver ganisazRvra. gadaxurulia erTi brtyeli kramitiT.10-11.). sasmisi da sanelsacxeble minisa (natexebi). keramikuli masaliT. #87 –nakv.7 m.w.. kombinirebuli – kramitiani samarxi 2011 wlis 26 ivliss. sxva keramika `Tbilisuri~ nawarmia. dm..-1..40 m. Tumca ramdenime cilindrulia. 12-13. aRmoCnda iatakTan.

).. igi gamagrebul cixes–dasaxlebas warmoadgenda. 91 . ixsenieba: „da movida qram xuarborzad. rom Tbilisi. axal dedaqalaqs – Tbiliss unda mieRo.368 w. axali welTaRricxvis pirveli saukuneebidan moyolebuli. amaveze metyvelebs werilobiTi wyaros . istoriuli monacemebi adastureben mefe vaxtang gorgaslis mier am gadawyvetilebis marTebulobas. 1957: 382-383]. ris argumentadac SemTxveviT aRmoCenili berZnuli (Zv. pirvel saukuneebidan Tbilisis dRevandeli istoriuli „abanoTubani“. Zeglis mkvlevarebs afiqrebinebT. 6 c. mdebareobda ra indoeTidan fasidisaken erTiani didi savaWro satranzito e. rogorc „qalaqi –cixe“ ax. ormoc sebastiel mowameTas Tavdapirveli eklesia mefe vaxtang gorgaslis mier V-VI ss. da somxiTi da sivnieTi da guaspuragani [moqcevai qarTlisai.w. 3. am adgilTanaa dakavSirebuli Tbilisis SeqmnasTan dakavSirebuli vaxtang gorgaslis legendebic (xoxobze da iremze).ormoc sebastiel mowameTa monastris teritoriaze warmoebuli arqeologiuri gaTxrebi dekembris TveSi damTavrda.„moqcevai qarTlisai“-s cnoba.ZnelaZe) legenda xoxobze ganviTarebul SuasaukuneebSi (Tamaris epoqaSi) unda Seqmniliyora.) naSTebis aRmoCena. saxis monetis arseboba mohyavdaT [Лорткипанидзе М. istoriuli kvlevebi da axali arqeologiuri Sedegebi) analizi gvafiqrebinebs. gansakuTrebulad mimzidveli bu­ nebrivi pirobebi da axlad aRmoCenili romauli samSeneblo xelovnebis maRal doneze Seqmnili STambeWdavi abanosa (Termis) da dedaqalaqobamdeli cixis galavnis kedlis aRmoCena. saqalaqo cxovrebis mniSvnelovan elementebs Seicavs. „abreSumis gzis“ monakveTze [lorTqifaniZe o. aA maze mowmobs ax.). ax. 4.) da sxv. „qalaquri tfilisi“. IV s-is cnobili romaeli geografis kastoriusis sagzao ruka.wavkisis wylis midamoebis samefo –„cixis baRebiT“.III-I ss. rom SesaZloa. Tbilisis wm.w.w. arsebuli monacemebis (wyaroebi. razedac mravlad dadasturebul moWiqul WurWlebze xoxbis gamosaxulebebi unda metyvelebdes. 1961: 5]. fraati IVis (Zv. mtris pirveli gamanadgurebeli dartyma Tavis Tavze. da qarTli missa xarksa Sedga. tye nadiriTa da wyalTevziT savse. cixed.w. axali mosazrebiT (n. gogirdovani wylebiT. 5. tfilisad qalaqad. izoria.III-II ss. unda iyos aSenebuli.w. 1975: 325] sayuradReboa is mosazrebebic romlis mixedviTac „ Tbilisi qarTlis dedaqalaq – mcxeTis aRmosavleT karibWes warmoadgenda“ da „. Sesabamisad. I-III ss) galavnis kedlebisa da abanos (ax. baqtriuli (Zv.VI-III ss. ukve elinisturi xanidan Tbilisis Tanamedrove teritoriaze mcxovrebi mosaxleoba intensiurad iyo Cabmuli msoflio vaWrobis sferoSi“ [grZeliSvili i. rom mcxeTidan TbilisSi dedaqalaqis gadmotanis mTavari mizezi sveticxovelSi davanebuli qristes kvarTis dacvaSi unda veZioT. `mcxeTis aRmosavleT karibWesTan“ er­Tad am adgils saxelisuflebo (samefo. I s. leRvTaxevisa da md.w. Tbilisis wm. sparsTa mefisa pitiaxSi. abanoTubanSi axalma arqeologiurma aRmoCenebma maT mosazrebebs damatebiTi myari safuZveli SesZines. magram Zeglis Seswavla ar dasrulebula. 2. 1991: 3]. saerismTavro) dasasvenebeli (samkurnalosareabilitacio) rezidenciis funqciac hqonoda miniWebuli.) lisimaxes minabaZi (Zv. 2011 wels.w. „walkotis“ idilias qmnida. romelzedac Tbilisi aRniSnulia rogorc Zlieri gamagrebul punqti -F `Filado“-s („filado“-s) saxeliT da adreuli (ax.w.w.jnaze sayuradRebo savaWro-saxelosno dasaxleba unda yofiliyo“. m.I-III ss..w.

4.) 92 . 39.). 1960: abo Tbilelis martviloba.). naqalaqari urbnisi. abano. cincaZe v. Тбилиси. 3. 2007: Археологические раскопки на территории Тбилисской церкви св. Tbilisi. Tbilisi. gaTxrebis saerTo gegma. qristianuli kvlevebi.). ilustraciebis aRweriloba: 1. 1958: Tbilisi. 1964: arqeologiuri kvlevaZieba aragvis xeobaSi.XIX. Satberdis krebuli X saukunisa. 15. Зеест И. Jinvali. #3. Этнология.). lorTqifaniZe o. xedi CrdiloeTidan. #1 da #2 qvevri (III-IV ss. Tbilisi. 40. 18-36. Археология. 1975: `moqcevai qarTlisai~. xoxobaSvili T. Tbilisi. qvajvari (V-VIII ss. Tbilisi.ormoc sebastiel mowameTa eklesiis SeswavlisaTvis. Tbilisi.начало XII вв. sabanisZe ioane. amfora #5 qvevridan (IV s. I. 16. #1 da #2 qvevri (III-IV ss. 2009: Tbilisis wm. gegma. Тбидиси.). Cs. Фолклористика Кавказа. ormoc sebastiel mowameTas monasteri.). t. abano. Москва. 17 – abanoSi aRmoCenili keramika (I-III ss. abano – Terma (I-III ss.). 2. WilaSvili l. abanoSi aRmoCenili keramika (I-III ss. Wrilebi. saeTo xedi metexidan. tyeSelaSvili o. smam. 1993: karsnisxevis meTune-xelosanTa dasaxleba. II. 7-14.Gliteratura: grZeliSvili i. ZnelaZe m. 1961: Tbilisis materialuri kulturis Zeglebi. Tbilisis wm.6. 1964: Tbilisi. Tbilisi. 37-38. Дзнеладзе М. 1957: indoeTidan Savi zRvisaken mimavali satranzito-savaWro gzis Sesaxeb.). Tsu.. 1991: Тбилиси (IV . Лорткипанидзе М. Сорока Себастийских Мучеников. Tbilisi. 1960: Керамическая тара Боспора. nikolaiSvili v. 5. amfora #5 qvevridan (IV s.

I 93 .

II 94 .

III 95 .

IV 96 .

V 97 .

qr. XV-XVIII saukuneebSi ki sajavaxosa da sacicianos SemadgenlobaSi Sedioda [gvasalia Hj. meore rukaze ki sayavre. 1983:120. agara.qr. yaraRaji da grakali. V s. 1997:30. xeobas aRmosavleTidan da CrdiloeTidan TeZami da misi xeobis soflebi. xeobaze gadis TrialeT-Sida qarTlis. II . agara .vaxtang SatberaSvili xevxmelas xeoba antikur xanaSi mtkvris marjvana Senakadi. V . amave eqspediciam gaTxara qr. sadac 8 stratigrafiuli horizonti (VIII-VII _ qr. amJamad xovles (xevxmelas) xeobis arsebuli soflebia: sayavre. xovle. modis Crdilodam. iscixe. vaxuSti bagrationi md.74]. 1954-61 wlebSi iv.w.. xovlegoras samxreTiT. VII-VI. ja­vaxiSvilis saxelobis istoriis. I .w. romlis centri xovlegora unda yofiliyo [musxeliSvili d. kaspis raionSi. 1977:192-193].~ [qc 1973:342]. XV-XIV ss. saniore qedis boloSi Seiswavla mravalfeniani.w.w.w. agreTve TeZam‑xevxmelas wyalgamyofi qedi. 500 metrSi. xevxmelas marcxena napirze. V-IV saukuneebis saxelosno ubnebi da qr. samxreTiT ki mtkvris xeobis gaswvriv mdebare gzaa. XIV-IV saukuneebis namosaxlari `xovlegora~ [musxeliSvili d. doesi. xovle. XV saukuneSi es mxare sajavaxos. soflis Crdilo–dasavleTiT. xevxmelas moixseniebs rogorc xovles xevs da gadmogvcems: `Tezmis dasavliT ars xevi xovlesi.1986:31]. xevxmelas (xovles) xeoba gvianbrinjaos xanidan Cans dasaxlebuli. IX-VIII. dasavleTidan ki atenis xeobis wyalgamyofi qedi sazRvravs. saxelosno ubnis samxreTiT 100 m-Si aRmoCnda elinisturi xanis dasasrulis sakulto nagebobis 98 . xolo gvian antikuri xanis masalebis mixedviT aq mniSvnelovani dasaxleba unda yofiliyo. ioane bagrationi Tavis naSromSi `qarTl-kaxeTis aRwera~ xovles xevSi CamoTvlis Semdeg soflebs: `mduRris xevi aw xovlis xevad wodebuli: xovle. 126].qr. qr. md. iscixe. grakali. XIV-VI saukuneebis samarovani [s i k Z a 1990:225]. arqe­ ologiisa da eTnografiis institutis eqspediciam md. Teliani (Zveli yaraRaji) da grakali. xevxmela mdebareobs Sida qarTlSi. ars venaxovani.~ [bagrationi i. agreTve TeZmisa da tanas xeobebis damakavSirebeli gzebi.w. adre SuasaukuneebSi xovles xevi. romelTa na­ wilic Seswavlilia. abano. IV s. xeobaSi sxvadasxva periodis araerTi arqeologiuri Zeglia. rogorc Cans.w. is saTaves iRebs TrialeTis qedis Crdilo ganStoebaze mdebare razmiTis mTidan da mtkvars sofel grakalTan uerTdeba. doesi da grakali [bagrationi v. erTvis mtkvars samxridam. gamosdis razmiTis mTas. IX-VII ss.w.w. atenis xeobis administraciul erTeulSi (romelic mTel gaRmamxars moicavda) [musxeliSvili d. III . ficesi. xovles xevis samxreTi nawili intensiurad Cans aTvisebuli elinistur xanaSi. abano. XII-X ss. xiliani da nayofieri.qr. akeTi (avkveTi).qr. xeobis siRrmeSi ainacvla. 121. vaxuSti bagrationis rukebze xovles xevSi erTgan miTiTebulia sayavre. IV .w. zesi. dafiq- sirebulia Aam periodis sami goranamosaxlari. xovle.) dadasturda. doesi. zenadrisi (dacarielebulia). 41]. 1978]. zesi. VI s. 1977:40. IV saukunidan xovlegoraze cxovreba Sewyda da mosaxleobam samxreTiT. XIII s. VI –Q qr. romelic antikuri xanisa da Suasaukuneebis ganmavlobaSi mdinaris marjvena napirs miuyveboda. doesi...

1977:40. 1998:148-150.. Mmisi teritoria daaxloebiT 2 ha iyo. gvasalias azriT.1979:117130]. doesTan gaTxrili adrebrinjaos xanis yorRanic [Шатберашвили З. sof. adgil zesurebze awarmoa arqeologiuri dazvervebi. Tumca. romelic kaspis muzeumis TanamSromlebma gawmindes da Semdeg misi dacvis mizniT miwiT dafares [Shatberashvili V. qr. 1976 wels kavTisxevis arqeologiurma eqspediciam sof. v. 1991:66]. . zeda. Cndeba miliani da samtuCa doqebi. iq soflis ganviTareba da misi goris farglebs gareT gasvla ar Cans [musxeliSvili d. VI s. damwvar fenaSi aRmoCenili nivTebis nawils cecxlSi yofnis kvali etyoboda.) SeimCneva garkveuli siaxleebi: goras TxrilTan erTad qvis didi galavani Semoavles. Zeluri nageboba ki. 2 km-Si) da avkeTis goraze (xovles dasavleTiT.. am nivTebs Soris aRsaniSnavia oqros ornamentirebuli garsakravi. xevxmelas xeobaSi. orjonikiZe al.5 km-Si). `xatis~ (`jvris~) nagebobis naSTi 99 . erT saTavsoSi dadasturda kedlebisa da iatakis WilofiT mogebis faqti.. kedlis gaswvriv skami. sadazvervo Txrilebi gaavles kidev or gora-namosaxlarze: kenWiyarasa (mdebareobs xovles samxreTiT. agreTve gaTxara 2004 wels SemTxveviT mikvleuli gvianantikuri samarxis mimdebare teritoria (dawvrilebiT ix. brinjaos sxvadasxva formis zarakebi. III aTaswleulis Suaxanebis yorRani [grigolia 1958:41]. 1960 wels Catarebuli gaTxrebisas aRmoCnda qvis kedlebisa da TixiT Selesili Zeluri nagebobis naSTebi. adgil dubeSi. amave wlebSi gaiTxara soflis Crdilo-dasavleTiT mdebare.. sadac xovlegoras sinqronuli fenebi dadasturda. 2011-2012 wlebSi ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo uni- versitetis eqspediciam (xelm. 1976]. gaCnda interieris axali elementebi _ Sua cecxli. 2008 wels saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis arqeologiis centris eqspediciam soflis midamoebSi arqeologiuri dazvervebi awarmoa. grZeltaniani qilebi. 2002:23. liCeli) xovlegoraze mciremasStabiani samuSaoebi Caatara: gaiwminda Zeglis adre gaTxrili nawili da ramdenime Zveli Txrili gafarTovda. . xovleSi. nagebobas xanZris kvali emCneoda. qvemoT).. 41]. kavTisxevis eqspediciis mier. xovlegoras III horizontze (qr. antikuri xanis arqeologiur Zeglebs. qvemoT Cven mimovixilavT xovles (xevxmelas) xeobaSi arsebul.. xovles samosaxlos borcvidan samxreT-dasavleTiT. nawils ki ara. 1978:57-59.w.WurWlis SeRebva wiTeli saRebaviT. samarovanze warmodgenili iyo gvianbrinjaodan adreSuasaukuneebamde periodebis samarxebi [Цкитишвили Г. 2004 wels miwis samuSaoebisas dazianda didi zomis akldama. 2009]. romelic j. 500-600 metrSi mdebare mindorze. Кахиани К. vercxlisagan damzadebuli adamianis xelisa da fexis stilizebuli gamosaxulebebi. 1972:42-50].w. s i k Z a 1990:224-225]. aseve mniSvnelovania 1974 wels.naSTi [gvasalia j. sadac plantaJis dros dazianda samarovani. xaris gamosaxulebas unda warmoadgendes da ritualuri droSis nawilebi unda iyos. II da I horizontebSi wiTlad gamomwvari da wernaqiT SeRebili keramika Savad gamomwvars mniSvnelovnad aRemateba [musxeliSvili d. gaCnda keramikis Semkobis axali wesi . minisa da sardionis mZivebi da mZivsakidebi. RumelTan axlos qvis magida. 3. agreTve vercxlis firfitebis natexebi. romlis masalac qarTlSi Seswavlil sxva ramdenime ZeglTan erTad umniSvnelovanesia adreuli yorRanuli kulturis bedenuri da martyofuli etapebis monacvleobis (Tu Tanaarsebobis) sakiTxis garkvevisaTvis [jafariZe o.

doqi. avgustusis. 3. wiTlad gamomwvari. CrdiloeTi ubani. yelze reliefuri zoliT. beWedi. fiala. 2009]. mZivebi (96 c. aqvs sferuli tani da dabali yeli. I2) da adgilobrivi mosaxlis. iq mopovebuli keramikis nawili nakluli iyo da axali gadanatexebis kvali emCneoda.w. romelTagan erTerTi. fiala. 2004 wels zesurebis samarxebis Crdilo-aRmosavleTiT. Savad gamomwvari. . 9. doqi. xolo vercxlis ritoni ki kaspis municipalur muzeumSia daculi. rogorc Cans.. 1976 wels kavTisxevis arqeologiurma eqspediciam sof. sadac daaxloebiT 1 m-is siRrmeze savaraudo Zeglebi unda yofiliyo [jaxutaSvili m. ori micvalebuli esvena. III saukunis mdidruli akldama [SatberaSvili v. samarxi # 1) midamoebSi saZiebo Txrilebis gakeTebas savaraudo samarovnis misakvlevad da misi farTobis dasadgenad.. 8. gemiani. II–I saukuneebis nakeTobebs emsgavseba. samarxi # 2 mcire zomis. II). ezos mosworebas sxva samarxebic Seewira _ ormosamarxebi deformirebuli iyo. msxliseburi. mSrali xevis. 2. samarxi II-III saukuneebiT TariRdeba [Цкитишвили Г. 5. # 1 samarxSi erTmaneTTan zurgSeqceviT. tab.). 2008]. 1972:47-49]. 1979:117-130].w. maRalqusliani. ris Sedegadac gamoikveTa ramdenime anomaluri ubani. Sesabamisad.M masalis nawili saqarTvelos erovnul muzeumSi inaxeba.. radgan #1 2004 wels SemTxveviT mikvleul mdidrul akldamas ewoda. # 1 keramikuli filebiT nagebi mdidruli samarxi iyo. vercxlis (tab VII 3). 4. 0. gamoyofili saxsrebis gaTvaliswinebiT. arqeologiur gaTxrebs win uZRoda topografiuli da geofizikuri samuSaoebi (ix. 6. sainteresoa samarxis inventaric: 1. I2). xovleSi saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis eqspediciam Caatara arqeologiuri kvleva-Zieba (ix. 7. 2008 wels amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis saelCos finansuri daxmarebiT sof. sferultaniani. erTmaneTis mezoblad arsebuli nakveTiT: saxelmwifos kuTvnili 1325 m2 (samxreTiU ubani – akldamis aRmoCenis adgili.. samarxSi aRmoCenili doqi ezos patronma kaspis muzeums gadasca. xovleSi. Savad gamomwvari. masiuri. gotarzesi.5-07 m-is siRrmeze gamoikveTa ori QqvayuTi da sami ormosamarxi (tab. . 11. aRmoCenili masala elinisturi xaniTaa daTariRebuli. vercxlis. wyalsadeni milis gayvanisas dazianda qr. SeniSvna 2).. sferultaniani. doqi. wiTlad gamomwvari. zedapiridan 0.. mepatronis mier ezos traqtoriT mosworebisas. wriulpiriania. Ooqrosi. danarCeni samarxebi ki qvis filebiT iyo aSenebuli. Mmoneta. riTac qr. ivaraudeboda.5 metrSi dazianda qvis samarxi. rogorc zemoT iTqva. aq erTi samarxi buldozers dauzianebia. 10. momrgvalebuli formis. I6) gaTxara gvianantikuri xanis oTxi samarxi. 12. samuSao teritoria. wiTlad gamomwvari. mMoneta. I1). ganisazRvra gaTxrebis gegma: anomalur ubnebze unda gavlebuliyo sakontrolo Txrilebi. romelic iTvaliswinebda zesxevze 2004 wels SemTxveviT mikvleuli mdidruli akldamis (qvemoT. maRalqusliani. samxreT–dasavleTidan 100 . rom axlomaxlos nasaxlaric unda yofiliyo. Semoifargla ori. ritoni. rkalgaxsnili. amave nakveTze aSenebuli saxlis sardafis kedlis WrilSi kulturuli fenis naSTia SemorCenili. beWedi. vercxlis.unda iyos [gvasalia j. SeniSvna 1). Txrilis dasavleT nawilSi. pavle jananaSvilis ezo (3724 m2. samarxebis numeracia daviwyeT 2-dan. doqi wiTeli angobiTaa dafaruli. sayure. dabalyeliani. tab. zesxevis piras (tab. CrdiloeT ubanze. adgil zesurebze (tab. sadac 2003 wels.

romelsac dasavleTidan da CrdiloeTidan SemorCenili hqonda qvis zRudeebi. III2). TeTri minis. 3.45 m) da ramdenime nawilad daSlili erTi filiT iyo gadaxuruli. III16). sami fragmenti (tab. samajuri. brinjaosi. 1 c. p. miliseburi. 2. III – II saukuneebisa unda iyos. savaraudod. (tab. III15). rkinis. 10. samarxSi Zvlebi daSlili da fqvilad qceuli iyo. masiuri. III3). TeTri minis. 5. odnav aweuli yuri pirsa da mxarzea miZerwili.w. brinjaosi. rgoli. masiuri. II – I saukuneebi unda iyos. doqi. zurgSezneqili. II #@2). III8). brinjaosi.4X0. romlebic gaprialebisas unda warmoqmniliyo. 5. 7. TeTri. II5) ormosamarxia. 5 c. II4) Crdilo ubanze yvelaze kargad iyo daculi. mowyobili iyo saaRape. beWedi. wvrili. wvrili. igi Sekruli da gadaxuruli iyo kirqvis filebiT. wiTeli angobiT dafaruli. TavebSi odnav Semsxvilebuli. inventari: (tab. rkinis. maSin samarxis savaraudo TariRi qr. jananaSvilis mier kaspis muzeumisaTvis gadacemuli wiTlad SeRebili doqi (tab. axalgazda qalisaa. III11). III9). farakiani. mrgvali. mZivebi. fragmentebi (tab.6 m.) (tab. Tuki davuSvebT. muceli momrgvalebuli. dazianebuli ormosamarxi iyo (zomebi -0. romelic damxrobili iyo samxreT-dasavleTidan Crdilo-aRmosavleTiT. rac preparaciisas dadasturda da Zvlis aReba SeuZlebeli gaxda. kalTa grZelia da Zirisaken mkveTrad viwrovdeba. vercxlis. 4. am samarxis kompleqsSi Sedioda.5 m.M molurjo-mocisfro minis. samajuri. nakluli (tab. III7). moxreSil da mosworebul niadagze dakrZaluli iyo 5-7 wlis bavSvi. 2.5 m). wvrili. 4. keramikis usaxo fragmentebi (rogorc Cans. 8. 26 cali. samarxSi gvianaa moxvedrili). rkinis. misi Crdilo-dasavleTi mxare ki gadaweuli iyo. samarxis samxreTi kedlis gareT.Crdilo-aRmosavleTiT damxrobili. rkinis.3X0. mrgvali formis. rkinis. Tumca masSi mainc dafiqsirda ramdenime nivTi: 1.w. samarxSi. farakiani (tab.N nagebi iyo kirqvis filebiT: kedlebi oTxi filisagan iyo Sekruli. daSlili da korozirebuli (tab. samarxi # 3 (tab. h . (tab. rkinis. SemorCenili iyo qveda ybis fragmenti SenarCunebuli kbilebiT da wvivis Zvlis dazianebuli fragmenti. samarxSi erTi micvalebuli esvena. Zvlebi. misive TqmiT. swored am samarxidan unda momdinareobdes nakveTis patronis. samxreTiT ki erTi qva sazRvravda. mZivebi. Zvlebi Zlier dazianebuli iyo. III 1) 1. sakinZi. piri wriulia. II3) dazianebuli qvayuTia (zomebi . saWeqi qvebiT gamagrebuli (zomebi – 1.9 m. rom wiTlad SeRebili doqi. vercxlis (tab. samajuri. sam nawilad gatexili (tab. 3. samarxi # 5 (tab. romelic kaspis muzeums gadaeca. gamomwvari movardisfrod. TavebSi odnav Semsxvilebuli. rgoli. samarxi samSeneblo nagviT iyo amovsebuli. 4 cali. 3. fragmentebi (tab. samarxi # 4 (tab. III14). gadaxurvis fila ramdenime nawilad damtvreuli dagvxvda. beWedi. Qmis qveS ki wvrilfexa saqonlis fexis Zvlebi iyo.1X0. dafiqsirda qveda ybis Zvali. III10). rogorc Cans. romelzedac brtyeli qva ido. Zvlebi areuli da daSlili iyo. kbilebi da neknebi. III4). igi damxrobili iyo Crdilo-aRmosavleTidan samxreT-dasavleTisaken. III6). mZivi. farakiani (tab. rgoli. igi 101 . masiuri. brinjaosi (tab. III13). 2. ovalurganivkveTiani. Sindis kurkis formis. III12). mZivebi. xatisuReli. zurgSezneqili (tab. samarxi qr. beWedi. 6. ovalurganivkveTiani. kedlebi yvela mxridan saWeqi qvebiT iyo gamagrebuli. h-0. samajuri.0. fragmenti (tab. III5). fragmentebi. inventari: 1. zedapirze emCneva Savi horizontaluri da vertikaluri zolebi. 9.

VI1-9). IV14). brtyeli saxeluri miZerwilia piris qveda mxares. mSrali xevis. ezos mosworebisas bulldozers es samarxic dauzianebia.. samarxi # 6 (tab. sferuli. brinjaosi. nawilSi. brinjaosi. doqebisa da qoTnebis fragmentebi (tab. (tab. dafiqsirda 4-5 wlis bavSvis kbilebi. savaraudod lekiTosisa. aRmoCnda zedapiridan 0. brinjaosi (tab.60. I@2). radgan aq mopovebuli keramikul masalas axali gadanatexebi etyoba da fragmentulia. II-I saukuneebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli.. magram aq arc nagebobisa da arc samarxis kvali ar Cans. 8. VI9). TxrilSi mopovebuli keramika ZiriTadad qr. (tab. quslis fragmenti dabali da wriulia (tab. Calisfrad gamomwvari da wiTlad moxatuli. naxevarsferuli (tab.dazianebuli iyo. geofizikosebis miTiTebul anomalur ubnebze gaiWra 3 (## 2. rkinis eniani (5 c. 10 mZivebi. erTmaneTSi areuli moyviTalo Tixnari da qviSanarevi miwa gvxvdeboda. V) mdebareobs samxreTi ubnis ukidures. III-II saukunisa unda iyos. sakinZi. wyalsadeni milis gayvanisas aRmoCnda. 2 c. samajuri. VI 18-21). qvis yrilebi da rigebi ufro Rrmad. siRrme . qr. 6.K WurWlis fragmentebi. romelic 4.) (tab. IV13). zaraki. qr.. WurWlis tani dakargulia. romelic ferdobidan 1.w. 2. vercxlis (tab. sasafeTqle rgoli. mravalwaxnaga (tab. IV6). cilindruli. samarxi qr. Txrili gaiWra 2004 wels SemTxveviT aRmoCenili akldamis (romelic misi dacvis mizniT maSinve miwiT daifara) mosaZieblad. 4. rogorc Cans. rac zogadad. IV2). samxreT ubanze (tab. (fragmentebi) (tab. samarxSi SemorCenili iyo postkranialuri nawilis – wina mxris Zvlis ori Zlier dazianebuli fragmenti. IV5). mdidruli akldama ferdobisa da gzis mijnaze.5 metrSi iyo. dazianebuli da deformirebuli. agreTve sxvadasxva WurWlis – qvevrebis. rkinis. Txrili # 2 (tab. 9. wiTlad gamomwvari da Savlakiani.gamoCnda usistemod gafantuli qvebi da qvayrilebi. TxrilSi aRmoCenili keramikidan ramdenime fragmentze SemorCenilia wiTeli saRebaviT datanili ornamenti (tab. 2009]. SesaZloa. marTalia zogierTi qva damuSavebuli iyo.F ferdobi aRmosavleTisakenaa daqanebuli. samxreT–aR- mosavleT. 3. Rariani da gverdebakecili kramitebis (tab.5X5 m-is farTobisa unda yofiliyo [jaxutaSvili m. Txrilis mTel siRrmeze.8 metrSi sagulvebeli iyo anomalia. rkinis (fragmentebi) (tab. qvayriliani ormosamarxia. 0.6–2 m). qalcedonis. II6) CrdiloeTidan samxreTisaken damxrobili. mZiv-sakidi. zedapiridan daxloebiT 0. dergebis. romelTa funqciis gansazRvrac ver moxerxda. IV1). 5. es adgili mdidruli akldamis mSeneblobis dros iqna dazianebuli da areuli.w. 7.10X9 m.w. mniSvnelovania TxrilSi aRmoCenili wiTlad SeRebili. samarxis iataki Tixatkepnili iyo. IV-III saukuneebisaTvisaa damaxasiaTebeli. 0. 4) Txrili. agreTve keramikis usaxo fragmentebi da brinjaos rgoli. zarakebi. zesxevis piras. geofizikosebis daskvnis Tanaxmad. IV): 1. 3.M misi CrdiloeTi kedeli # 3 samarxidan samxreTiT. IV12). IV7-11).5 metris siRrmeze. maT Soris aRsaniSnavia erTi WurWlis natexze arsebuli samkuTxedebi (tab. Zabriseburi piri da viwro yeli. sasafeTqle rgoli.2. inventari (tab. 2 metris siRrmemde Cndeboda. xevis piras gzaa gaWrili. … . SemorCenilia farTo.w. osteologiuri 102 . IV4). sardionis. III-I saukuneebs miekuTvneba. jamis fragmentebi. aq.A nayari fenis qveviT.5 metriT dablaa. VI10-17). romlis samxreTi kuTxe Semofargluli iyo kirqvis Txeli filebiT.6 m-is siRrmeze geofizikosebis mier mowodebuli informacia dadasturda . IV3). (zomebi .

2004 wlis SemTxveviTi aRmoCenis Semswre adgilobrivi mosaxleobis gamokiTxvis Sedegad moxerxda dakrZalulis pozis gansazRvra (samarxi 2004 wels gawmindes da micvalebulis Zvlebi amoiRes kaspis muzeumis TanamSromlebma. romlebic grZivi kedlebis gasamagreblad iyo gankuTvnili. samarxic yofiliyo – 2 metris siRrmeze. filebis zeda sibrtyeebi da gverdebi kargadaa damuSavebuli. Qqvis mopovebis am teqnikaze miuTiTebs iatakisa da samxreTis vertikaluri filis Zirze SemorCenili fosoebis rigiF [favleniSvili l. 2009]. meore ki mozrdili adamianis lulovani Zvlis fragmentia. TiTqos samarxi Crdilo-Crdilo dasavleT – samxreTsamxreT-aRmosavleT RerZze iyo damxrobili (tab. Cndeboda sasurveli mimarTulebis naprali da fila advilad cildeboda ZiriTad qans.15 m). anda dazianebuli samarxis naSTs warmoadgens. sigrZe 3. paleozoologiuri masalidan aRsaniSnavia cxvris. md. kirqvis filisagan Sekrul marTkuTxa formis qvayuTs (grZivi filebis zoma 252 sm. kedlebis agebis Semdeg iyo Cadgmuli samarxSi. mdgradobisaTvis sigrZiv filebSi amokveTilia sagangebo trapeciuli formis Rarebi (naribandebi). filebis aRebis Semdeg gamoikveTa akldamis zomebi da misi damxroba. Txrilis centralur nawilSi adamianis Zvlebi dafiqsirda: erTi mozardis. Txis. qveda sibrtyeebi ki daumuSavebelia. rogorc Cans. xolo zemodan asxamdnen wyals. romelic aRmosavleTidan dasavleTisakenaa damxrobili. VII1). rom fila Tavdapirvelad sxva. xexmelas xeobis mopirdapire ferdze. rac misi mopovebis processac aadvilebs. filis sisqe 0. samarxi nagebobisaTvis gamoyenebulia adgilobrivi jiSis qva. romelic Zvel samyaroSi sayovelTaod iyo cnobili. romlebSic Casmulia ganivi filebi. konstruqciis simtkicisaTvis grZivi kedlebis gaswvriv gareTa mxridan miwaSi vertikaluradaa CaSvebuli sami `saWeqi qva~ (zomebi: 25X18X20 sm). Aakldamis iatakze ido qvis brtyeli fila (zomebi: 140X90X16 sm). ganivi filebisa . rom aq SesaZlebelia. isini an Camorecxili unda iyos. filis sisqe 0. ufro mcire zomis akldamisTvis iyo gankuTvnili. xe farTovdeboda. sigane 2. 2008:87]). Txrilis samxreT-dasavleT nawilSi Cvens mier Seswavlil iqna 2004 wels SemTxveviT aRmoCenili akldama (tab. damuSavebis dros igi advilad iSleba 20-10 sm-ian fenebad. SesaZloa. 2009]. maTve Seagroves adgilobrivi mosaxleobis mier samarxidan amoRebuli nivTebi [dawvrilebiT ix. maqs.9 m. romelTagan erTs oTxkuTxa forma qonda da zedapiri kargad iyo damuSavebuli (zomebi: 3X0. radgan mas SerCenili aqvs 18-20 mm-is Svidi foso da maTgan gaCenili bzari. romelic. rac imaze miuTiTebs. Zroxis. ZaRlisa da irmis Zvlebi [benduqiZe ol. VII1. meore ki araswori formis. saxuravis filebi samarxis zomebs bevrad aRemateboda da iseTi mimarTulebiT ido. qvis filis iatakad dageba akldamis konstruqciis Sekvris dros gadawyda.3 m.masala migvaniSnebs. samarxi gadaxuruli iyo kirqvis didi zomis ori filiT. dedaqanidan samSeneblo blokebis gamosacalkeveblad aq gamoyenebulia qvis damuSavebis xerxi.160 sm).2). igi iwva gaSotili. romelic mravlad moipoveba xovles samxreTiT. SedarebiT uxeSad damuSavebuli iyo (zomebi: maqs. SatberaSvili v. TaviT dasav- 103 . igi warmoadgens oTxi vertikalurad dayenebuli.1 m. igi qvayuTis mTel farTobs ver avsebs da darCenili sicariele mcire zomis filebiTaa Sevsebuli. rom STabeWdileba iqmneboda. qvis masivSi arWobdnen xis solebs. rogorc Cans.15 m). misTvis damaxasiaTebelia fenovani struqtura. Aaseve.

. movardisfro. 3c. moneta.). aq keramikuli filebiT mogebuli samarxi unda yofiliyo. es Txrili.. 5) firfita . garda misi konstruqciis garkvevisa. Semdeg ki dadginda.. 9) abzindebi . Mmarjvena beWis areSi Canda mWreli iaraRiT miyenebuli naiarevi. rom igi elagabalusis mieraa moWrili [ix. akldamis kuTxeebSi. imperator elagabalusis aureusi (Tavdapirvelad igi ganisazRvra. 4) sura . 28) monetebi – vercxlis. 11) miliseburi sagani – vercxlis. MTxrilis dasavleT kideSi. Zowis. SatberaSvili v.vercxlis.gaumWvirvale TeTri minis.Zvlis.7 m-is siRrmeze. 6 c. individis rogorc kranianul.leTisaken. romelTa umetesi nawili usaxo iyo da TariRis gansazRvris 104 .rkinis.) da Sindis kurkis formis (4 c. samarxis CrdiloeT nawilSi. samfexa.vercxli. 2. Charkviani M. 18 c. fragmentebi. ornamentirebuli. 29) monetebi . 17) lampari rkinis.5 m-is farTobis qviTa da keramikuli filebiT mogebuli `moedani~. 26) M mZivebi . bikonusuri (3 c. 2009]. 25) mZivebi – sardionis. moxatuli. orad gadakecili.). romelic mogvianebiT dazianebula da misi mxolod mcire nawiliRaa SemorCenili. oqrosi. 22) firfita .6X0.Tixis. lurjxalebiani. 8) sareclis fexebi . Oor yuriani (2 cali).8 m. 19) samsWvalebi – rkinis. naiarevis nawili dafaruli iyo Zvlis Txeli. Ggairkva. 3 c. vercxlis. imperator avgustusis denarebi. 1) koWobi . mZivi.L individs Wrilobis miRebidan garkveuli dro. 1. Txrili # 3 mdebareobs samxreTi ubnis Sua nawilSi. 9 c. gamWvirvale. 13) firfitebi – vercxlis. sakompensacio firfitiT. inventari mis garSemo ise iyo ganlagebuli.. 12) WurWlis fragmenti – vercxlis.Ees dazianeba gardacvalebis mizezi SeiZleboda yofiliyo. 2008:8796.oqrosi. 2008:134-135]). 24) xis daSlili sareclis (?) fragmentebi. 4 cali metnaklebad SemorCenilia. 15) saxeluri – WurWlis. ise postkranianul nawilze dazianebebi koncentrirebuli iyo marjvena mxares..xis tariani. tab.mTis brolis. oqrofenili (2 c. momwvano feris. samarxis gawmendisas. mZivebi.V]. 21) dana . Mmisi zomebia: 8X3 m maqs. e.vercxli. 7) jami . 12 waxnaga. brinjaosi. ise rogorc sxvebi gavlebul iqna geofizikosebis mier rekomendirebul teritoriaze da Suaze kveTs maT mier miTiTebuli I ubnis anomalur zonas. 2009 wels moxerxda misi anTropologiuri Seswavla. miRebuli parametrebiTa da morfologiuri niSnebiT individi ufro ixreba samxreT evropuli tipisaken. sustad gamoxatuli mcireaziuri niSnebiT [lomouri q.. . 40 c. miwiT amovsebul sivrceSi aRmoCnda ramdenime nivTi: 1. 64 metris simaRle qali. rom samarxSi dakrZaluli iyo 25-30 wlis. xe. 2) WurWeli . 16) samsWvalebi – brinjaosi. 6) langari . imperator avgustusis denari. 23) sadgari . 30) moneta – oqrosi.A dazianebuli iyo neknebi.momwvano minis. 6 c. 14) sarke – brinjaosi. qvemoT mokled aRvwerT samarxSi 2004 wels aRmoCenil inventars [dawvrilebiT ix..vercxlis. Txrilis mTel farTobze antikuri xanisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli keramikis fragmentebi amodioda.w. 3) sanelsacxebleebi – minis (5 cali). 2 c. zedapiridan 0. xevis piras. iatakis qvebs Soris darCenil. rogorc karakalas aureusi. aris aseve usaxo fragmentebic. rac nawilobrivi Sexorcebis procesze miuTiTebs. nawilobriv mooqrovebuli. romelzedac Zroxis Zvlis fragmentebi ewyo. savaraudod. 20) danebi – rkinis. parTiis mefe gotarzes draqmebi 2 c. h – 1. aRmoCnda 0. savaraudod 2-3 Tve unda ecocxla. I ..vercxlis. minis WurWlis fragmenti. 27) mZivebi TeTri minis. rom samarxis samxreTi nawilSi adgili kidev erTi adamianis dasakrZalavad rCeboda.

2008 wlis arqeologiuri samuSaoebis gegma iTvaliswinebda Zeglis sazRvrebis dadgenas. # 1 akldamis garSemo gavlebuli Txrilis masalam gvafiqrebina. SesaZlebeli gaxda Zeglis gavrcelebis miaxloebiTi arealis gansazRvra. Crdilo ubani). aq qr. rom SesaZloa III saukunis akldamis adgilas. arqeologiuri gaTxrebisa da dazvervebis Sedegad gairkva. minimum. 15 metris siRrmeSi (tab. an mis siaxloves. II-III saukuneebis samarxebic dafisirda). rom 1976 wels gaTxrili samarovani. damaTariRebelia agreTve wiTlad moxatuli jami. qr. 50 metrSi. kerZod.. romlis Crdilo-dasavleTiT. III-I.w. 2004 wlis SemTxveviTi aRmoCenisas III saukunis akldama gamoCnda.saSualebas ar iZleoda. adgilobrivi macxovreblebis monayolis mixed- viT. romelic akldamis mSeneblobisas diangra.w. romelic gvianbrinjaos xanidan adre Suasaukuneebamde funqcionirebda (rogorc zemoT aRiniSna. 2008 wels mimdinareobda sadazvervo samuSao.w. I6). jananaSvilis ezoSi mikvleuli samarxebis bude unda grZeldebodes dasavleTisakenac.. III–I saukuneebiT TariRdeba. # 4 TxrilSi mcire raodenobiT aRmoCnda antikuri xanis keramikis usaxo fragmentebi. romlis drosac araerTi Zegli dafiqsirda.w. romelic qr. 300 metrSi. daaxloebiT 400-500 metrSi unda iyos (tab. I. patrons aRmouCenia oTxi samarxi. geofizikosebis daskvnis mixedviT. erTgan. IV–III saukuneebs unda ekuTvnodes. Cvens mier gaTxrili teritoriis dasavleTiT. 2008 wlis gaTxrebisas dafiqsirda samarovnis kidev erTi bude (e. rac aq Zeglis arsebobaze migviTiTebs. am ubanze mikvleuli arqeologiuri masalidan aRsaniSnavia # 5 samarxSi mopovebuli Savlakiani lekiTosi.S II da III saukuneebis masala: rogorc zemoT ukve iTqva. saSualeba mogveca gvenaxa erTi doqi. I3). antikuri xanis samarovani (da savaraudod. aq fiqsirdeba qr. 1974 wlis gaTxrebma zesurebSi gvian antikuri da adreSuasaukuneebis samarxebi gamoavlina. romlis paraleli moiZebneba olbiis elinisturi xanis samarovanze da qr. w. dakarguli da gatexilia. I4) inventaris nawili. …. adgilobrivi mosaxleobis mier mowodebuli informaciisa da samarovnis garSemo teritoriis daTvalierebis Sedegad nawilobriv moxerxda. 1974:74-75]. romlebSiac micvalebulebi mokrunCxul mdgomareobaSi iyvnen dakrZalulebi (tab. romlis gadaRma sofeli iwyeba. SesaZloa gamoiyos CrdiloeTi sazRvaric. dasavleTi sazRvrebis garkvevisaTvis mniSvnelovania kidev or nakveTze dafiqsirebuli arqeologiuri masala. # 5 samarxis samkauli. akldamidan samxreTdasavleTiT.w. romelic e. maT Soris antikuri xanis 105 . saxlis saZirkvlis mSeneblobisas. ufro Zveli samarovanic yofiliyo. 2002:57-59] emsgavseba da III-II saukuneebiT TariRdeba. Cvens mier Seswavlili teritoriis siaxloves. savaraudod qvayuTebi. 2007:97-108]. kerZod ki brinjaos cilindruli da naxevarsferosebri zarakebic amave TariRs adastureben [WaniSvili T. I1). amgvarad. rac gaTxrebis. IV. aseve kerZo nakveTze (tab. namosaxlaric) arsebobda.. misi TqmiT. samadlouri stilis keramikas [narimaniSvili g. romelic pavle jananaSvilis ezoSi Cvens mier mikvleuli samarxebi unda iyos (tab. samarovnis aRmosavleTiT gavrcelebis areali mSrali xeviT – zesxeviT Semoifargleba. romelic qr.5) aikrifa gvian antikuri xanis qvevrebis fragmentebi. aRsaniSnavia. zesxevis da mis mezoblad. rom mSrali xevis.S. adgil zesurebze. arqeologiuri gaTxrebis paralelurad. III saukuniT TariRdeba [ПаровичПешикан М.

aRweris mixedviT. rogorc qr. aq mravlad gvxvdeba adreantikuri da elinisturi xanis keramika da ar Cans gvian antikuri xanis masala. tyeSi dominirebda wiwvovnebi: fiWvi. rom xovles akldamaSi dakrZaluli qalis inventari (miuxedavad imisa.4 kilometrSi. Tu ra mdgomareoba ekavaT xovlel didebulebs qarTlis samefoSi (antikuri xanis aristokratTa samarxebis Sesaxeb gamoTqmuli mosazrebebi ix. xovlegoras. zurab ilarions upovia wiTlad gaprialebuli. qr.sxva Zeglebic. antikuri xanisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli keramika ikrifeba soflis samxreTiT mdebare ferdobzedac. romelic mogvianebiT damtvreula. rogoricaa zRuderis [braun- 106 . III saukunis mdidruli akldamis aq aRmoCena imaze migviTiTebs. xovlegoras midamoebi am droisaTvis sruliad mitovebulia. mniSvnelovnad metia ezos sarevelebis mtvris marcvlebis Semcveloba. ris mixedviTac. 1979:tab. soflis samxreT-dasavleTiT. rac Seexeba gvian antikur xanas. gvianbrinjaos xanidan aTvisebuli Cans dRevandeli sof. rac Seexeba xovlegoras midamoebs. antikuri xanis qvayuTebi Cans. am droisaTvis mosaxleobam ufro zemoT. xevxmelas xeoba mTeli antikuri xanis ganmavlobaSi intensiurad iyo aTvisebuli. magram xazgasmiT unda aRiniSnos. III]. dReisaTvis Zalze Znelia imsjelo imaze. adgilobriv mosaxles.w IV saukunisaTvis unda Sewyvetiliyo [musxeliSvili d. moyavdaT xorbali.w. adgil TeTruaxevze.w. zesurebi-zesxevis teritoriaze gadainacvla. rogorc Cans. am droisaTvis mosaxleoba memarcvleobasa da mebaReobas eweoda da ar Cans mevenaxeobis kvali. 1988:3549 da iqve miTiTebuli literatura]). zenadrisisaken mimavali gzis WrilSi. dRevandeli soflis teritoriis garkveuli nawili Waobis mcenareulobiT iyo dafaruli. soflis samxreTiT da dasavleTiT aRmoCnda adreSuasaukunebis samarovnebi da namosaxlarebic. razedac zesurebis samarovnis monacemebi metyvelebs [Цкитишвили Г. romelic im droisaTvis mdinaris marjvena napirs miuyveboda. igi waagavs samadloSi aRmoCenil doqis fragments [Гагошидзе И. xovlegoraze cxovreba qr. . III saukuneSi klimati dRevandelTan SedarebiT grili da teniani iyo.. III saukuneSi. wamyvani roli mecxoveleobas eWira. …1979:117-130]. III saukuneSi mosaxleoba dRevandelze ufro mravalricxovani iyo [Kvavadze E. rom xovles teritoraze qr. 1977:49]. rogorc vnaxeT. [marRiSvili s. antikur xanaSic. qr. 1. kargad iyo ganviTarebuli mecxoveleobac. avkeTisa da kenWiyaras nasaxlarebis garda. xovles samxreTi nawili.. amave adgilas.S.S. Suasaukuneebsa da savaraudod.. qr. III saukuneSi xovlelebi eweodnen intensiur miwaTmoqmedebas. sayuradReboa 2008 wlis gaTxrebisas xovleSi Catarebuli palinologiuri gamokvlevebis Sedegebi. xovleze Sida qarTlisa da TrialeTis damakavSirebeli gzebi gadioda. Tumca elinistur xanaSi goris Semogareni jer kidev aTvisebuli Cans. mebaReobisa da mevenaxeobis CaTvliT. zoomorful yuriani WurWeli. meores mxriv ki dasaxleba Zalian axlos iyo mtkvris gaswvriv mdebare gzasTan. rom misi erTi nawili dakargulia) arafriT CamorCeba gvianantikuri xanis iseTi samarxebis masalas..S. naZvi da kedari. rac SesaZloa imaze migvaniSnebdes. rom am midamoebSi adgilobrivi aristokratiis warmomadgeneli cxovrobda. Tumca mindvrebis farTobi ise didi ar iyo. II saukuneSi ki ufro metad acivda. 2010: 54-74]. Tanamedrove palinologiur speqtrebTan SedarebiT. dRevandeli soflis teritoriis samxreT-dasavleTiT. 2008 wlis dazvervebisas.

musxeliSvili d. literatura: bagrationi v. Ee. SatberaSvili. lomouri. xovledan. TuSabramiSvili . gvasalia j. xevxmelas xeobis mmarTvelis rezidenciac. qoriZe. SatberaSvili – xelmZRvaneli.masalebi saqarTvelos eTnografiisaTvis. musxeliSvili d. marRiSvili s. aRapiSvili da e. Tbilisi. 1957:161-190] monapovari. -^ Ziebani # 9. 107 . 1978: xovles namosaxlaris arqeologiuri masala. 1986: qarTl-kaxeTis aRwera Tbilisi. kerZod ki gvian antikur xanaSi aq qarTlis erTerTi didebulis sacxovrebeli da savaraudod. SatberaSvili. saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis arqeologiuri kvlevis centris Jurnali. axali Jinvalis [ramiSvili r. amgvarad. lomTaTiZe g.. wivwivaZe. 2002: Zv. TuSabramiSvili.. 2002: mtkvar-araqsuli tradiciebi adreuli yorRanebis gavrcelebis xanaSi. jaxutaSvili. kakabaZe. 2009: anTropologiuri masala xovledan (v. t. anTropologi – q. zardaliSvili. qronologia). 2009: xovles paleozoologiuri masala (v. nemsaZe g. SatberaSvili. SatberaSvili v. TevzaZe.. gv. Carkviani. kldeeTis [lomTaTiZe g.J. lomouri q. 2. 57-70. m. m. 23-28. . arqeologiuri gaTxrebi xovleSi 2008 wels (angariSis danarTi). narimaniSvili g. T. Tbilisi. aRapiSvili. saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis vaxuSti bagrationis saxelobis geografiis instituti. T. 1958: yorRani sof. 2009: saganZuri zRuderidan. mcire administraciuli mxaris (xevxmelas xeobis) centri unda yofiliyo. xovlesTan. z. javaxiSvili q. Ll.sadazvervo jgufis xelmZRvaneli. 1977: saqarTvelos istoriuli geografiis ZiriTadi sakiTxebi. xevxmelas xeobaSi wlebis ganmavlobaSi Catarebulma kvlevebma gvaCvena. 42-50. aRapiSvili. Tbilisis sax. 2009]. eqspediciis muSaobaSi monawileobas iRebdnen: v. V-I ss-is wiTlad moxatuli keramika qarTlidan (stilisturi analizi. benduqiZe ol. qoriZe. arqiteqtori – l. gv. yvavaZe. m. Nn. elitaruli samarxebi kavkasiis iberiidan romaul xanaSi (axali welTaRricxvis 200-250). Carkviani. braundi d. SatberaSvili. 35-49. favleniSvili. arqeologebi – z. 1972: elinisturi xanis sakulto xasiaTis arqeologiuri masala sof. 1983:82-86. fotografi – g. 1988: antikuri xanis aRmosavleT saqarTvelos mdidrul samarxTa socialuri diferenciisaTvis. zogierT periodSi. bagrationi i. 1. palinologi – el. T. 119-121]. qoriZe.w. Tbilisi. saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis arqeologiuri kvlevis centris Jurnali. rom: is intensiurad iyo dasaxlebuli gvianbrinjaos xanidan Sua saukuneebis CaTvliT. geofizikosebi m..di d. grigolia g.L l. orjonikiZe al. 1997: saqarTvelos atlasi ( XVIII saukune).E e.. 1957: kldeeTis samarovani. favleniSvili arqeologiuri gaTxrebi xovleSi 2008 wels (angariSis danarTi). n. TuSabramiSvili. universitetis aspirantTa da axalgazrda mecnier-muSakTa IX samecniero konferencia. .A SeniSvnebi: 1. XVI-XVII gv. d. topografiul da geofizikur samuSaoebSi monawileobas iRebdnen: topografi al. rom aqve unda yofiliyo sul mcire. favleniSvili. T. Tbilisi. mZRoli . kitovani. erwos [ramiSvili r. Tbilisi. gv.Nn. 1979:30-37].Ziebani # 9. Carkviani. smam. z. I.. SatberaSvili. . xovleSi aseTi samarxis arseboba gvafiqrebinebs.

yauxCiSvilis mier. SatberaSvili v. tab. VII – 1. 117-130. III – 1. m. qoriZe.. Nn. Nn. 2010: Results of palynological study of organic remains from Khovle burials. Цкитишвили Г. II _ xovle. I – zesurebi – zesxevis ruka. Tbilisi sikZa 1990: saqarTvelos istoriisa da kulturis ZeglTa aRweriloba. Ee.xovle. Charkviani M. tab. 2008: mdidruli samarxi xovledan. Carkviani. Archaeological Site preservation in Post Soviet States. 1983: axali Jinvalis samarovani da namosaxlari 1971-73 wlebis ganaTxaris mixedviT. tab. jaxutaSvili m. Цквитинидзе З. 2009: Saving and Situating Roman Tomb in Georgia. T. Antwerp.).. Ee... SatberaSvili. 2. tabaRua 2009: arqeogeofizikuri kvlevebi sof. TuSabramiSvili.#5 samarxis masala. kitovani d.. gv. aRapiSvili. samxreTi ubani. Tsu gamomcemloba. Рамишвили А. TuSabramiSvili. kreb. aRapiSvili. 87-96. jafariZe oT. T. ПАИ в 1976 г. Лордкипанидзе. 1974: Некрополь Ольвии Эллинистического времени. Нуцубидзе А.. . inaxeba saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis arqeologiis centrSi. SatberaSvili. . 1979: erwos veli gvianarmazul xanaSi. Ред. Гветадзе Д. xovles teritoriaze (v. m. 3. # 3 samarxis masala. qc 1973: batoniSvili vaxuSti. Archaeological Institute of America. Shatberashvili V. Iberia-Colchis # 4. 108 . Crdilo ubani. t IV. AIA Colloquium. aRwera samefosa saqarTvelosa. m. с. Гагошидзе Ю. Глигвашвили Э. 7-16. tab.ramiSvili r. pp.. SatberaSvili v. 1998: qarTveli tomebis eTno-kulturuli istoriisaTvis Zveli welTaRricxvis mesame aTaswleulSi. -  saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis macne: sabunebismetyvelo da preistoriuli seqcia #2. qoriZe. Каландадзе Г. akldama # 1. Иремашвили Ш. 1976: Раскопки курганов Доеси и Охера. Tbilisi. ПАИ в 1974 г. 2008 wlis gaTxrebi. Тб. z. Ll. teqsti dadgenilia yvela ZiriTadi xelnaweris mixedviT s.. 2008: Coins from Richly Furnished Burial of the Village of Khovle.. TuSabramiSvili. Тбилиси. 5. Шатберашвили З. favleniSvili arqeologiuri gaTxrebi xovleSi 2008 wels (angariSis danarTi). Накаидзе Н. 2009: xovles akldamis arqiteqtura (v. Shatberashvili.. Philadelphia. Парович-Пешикан М. Annual Meeting. qoriZe. z. . Берадзе Э. Tbilisi.. tab. V.... О. 1991: О работе экспедиции Машаверского ущелья в 1987 г. 2008: Two Painted Glass Jugs from the Village Khovle (Georgia). Кахиани К. SatberaSvili. ilustraciebis aRweriloba: tab. zesurebis samarxSi mopovebuli ritoni. # 2 samarxis masala. Belgium. VI _ masala # 2 Txrilidan. # 4 samarxis masala. Shatberashvili V. 62-69.iberia-kolxeTi #4. T. Annales of the 17th congress of the International Association tor the history of Glass. gv 54-74. 2008. SatberaSvili. SatberaSvili. z. Txrili # 2.ПАИ в 1987 г. favleniSvili arqeologiuri gaTxrebi xovleSi 2008 wels (angariSis danarTi). Tbilisi. археологические раскопки. pp.. Tbilisi. 2-6. 2009: v. Квиташвили Р. 217-221. Nn. qarTlis cxovreba. aRapiSvili. Kvavadze E. favleniSvili l. Jinvali I. Москва.. Carkviani. Тбилиси. 1979: Самадло. Ll. Ee. favleniSvili arqeologiuri gaTxrebi xovleSi 2008 wels (angariSi) (xelnabeWdi.. SatberaSvili. IV . Tbilisi. zardaliSvili g. ramiSvili r. с. V .134-135. 2008 wlis gaTxrebi. tab. Челидзе Л. Carkviani. 1979: Итоги Работ Кавтисхевской Археологической Экспедиции. Ll.

I 109 .

II 110 .

III 111 .

IV 112 .

V 113 .

VI 114 .

VII 115 .

damzadebulia Txeli firfitisgan da cilindris forma aqvT. II-1-2 _ kasrisebri (tab. I. narimaniSvili g. I.. baSqov-sus marcxena napirze. IV-1 jgufis TeTri pastis mZivebi formis mixedviT iyofa eqvs tipad: IV-1-1 tipis mZivs vardulis forma aqvs (tab. brinjaos mZivebSi gamoiyo 2 qvetipi: I-1-1 . sardionisa da II2. I. III . II-2-4 _ asimetriuli formis samkuTxaganivkveTiani (tab. aqatis jgufad.narimaniSvili). sof.12). I-1-1-1 qvetipi. III-5 _ rgolisebri formis mZivebi yviTeli da muqi lurji feris minisganaa damzadebuli (tab. g. I-11-1-a varianti).9). 2004.qvis.1) da I-1-2 .14) cisferi da lurji ferisaa. I.7-11): II-2-1 _ mrgvali (tab. I. I.6).11) formis. II-2 jgufi warmodgenilia 5 tipiT (tab. xolo kideebi naWdevebiTaa daRaruli. III-4 _ cilindruli mZivebi wiTeli da lurji feris iotebs warmoadgens (tab. brinjaosa da rkinis iaraRisa da samkaulis garda aRmoCnda ramdenime aTasi mZivi. I. minis mZivebi xuTi jgufadaa warmodgenili (tab.marine kvaWaZe mZivebi eli-babas samarovnidan eli-babas samarovani mdebareobs walkis municipalitetis teritoriaze. IV-1-2 tipSi erTiandeba samkuTxa mZivebi. romlebSic Tixis WurWlis. IV-2. . samarovanze gaiTxara 127 samarxi.2). I. I.or rigad.15).liTonis.. I. am jgufis mZivebi ZiriTadad damzadebulia or da samferovani aqatisgan. II-1-3 _ daxeTqili (tab.sada zedapiriani (tab. mocisfro feris.. romelTagan zogierTs aqvs Savi feris laqebi. samarovanze mopovebuli mZivebi masalis mixedviT oTx jgufad iyofa: I . romlebic damzadebulia Savi.16). qvis mZivebi mineralis saxeobis mixedviT iyofa – II-1.13). I. I. baqoTbilisi-jeihanis energokoridoris mSe­ neblobasTan dakavSirebiT.minisa da IV .5 sm-is simaRlis cilindrs.5) da II-1-4 _ cilindruli (tab. murvaniZe 2005]. mZivs diametrze erTi naxvreti aqvs. II-2-2 _ cilindruli (tab. liTonis mZivebi brinjaos artefaqtebis saxiTaa warmodgenili. Zeglze samuSaoebi Catarda 2002-2003 wlebSi (eqspediciis xelmZRv. I. I.ATeTri feris. IV.10) da II-2-5 _ brtyeli (tab.1).3). II-2-3 _ kasrisebri (tab. III. I. I-1 – jgufi. xolo meore variants . I. cilindris orive sibrtyeze 7-7 mcire zomis wrea datanili. II. is warmoadgens 0. romlebic Semkulobis mixedviT or qvetipad iyofa: IV-1-2-1 qvetipSi Se- 116 . II.12-16): III-1 _ sferuli (tab. I. II-1 jgufSi gamoiyo 4 tipi: II-1-1 _ mrgvali (tab. bareTis samxreTiT mdebare mTis Crdilo-aRmosavleT kalTaze. I.ganivad daRaruli (tab. lurji da Ria mwvane feris minisgan. III-3 _ figuruli mZivebi (tab. I-1-1 _ tipi. 2003. III-2 _ lurji feris kopebiani mZivebi (tab. II . minisebri pastis mZivebi or jgufad iyofa: IV-1.4). romelsac Suawelze Rari Semosdevs. sardionis mZivebi damzadebulia mowiTalo-moyavisfro da moyviTalo mineralisgan. I. romlebic samarovanze ori variantiTaa warmodgenili: erT variants kopebi ganlagebuli aqvs erT rigad.minisebri pastis mZivebi (romauli da arabuli ricxvebis rigi warmoadgens artefaqtis tipis aRniSvnas: I – saxeoba.8).7). md. romlebic didi mravalferovnebiT gamoirCeva [narimaniSvili g.

amave dros is eqvskuTxaa (tab.dis erTi mZivi. romlebic erTmaneTigan gansxvavdeba gverdebze naWdevebisa da naxvretebis raodenobiT. romelTa orive zedapirze or-ori wrea amokveTili (tab. xolo zedapirze sxvadasxva raodenobiTaa datanili koncentruli wreebi (tab. xolo gverdebi sworad CamoTlili aqvs (tab. IV-1-3-4 qvetipSi warmodgenilia mZivebi. gamoiyo 7 varianti.3). III. b _ grZiv gverdebze aqvs TiTo Rari. c _ erT zedapirze 2 wre aqvs.8).13). IV-1-3-2 qvetipSi erTiandeba mZivebi. am qvetipSi gamoiyo rva varianti. aq erTiandeba oTxi varianti: a _ orive zedapirze 2-2 koncentruli wrea datanili. warmodgenilia 3 variantiT. maT paralelepipedis forma da ori ganivi naxvreti aqvs. II. IV-1-4-6 sada zedapiriani rombia (tab. IV-1-5-4 . c . romlebsac zedapiri sada aqvs (tab. magram damzade- 117 . II. Ees qvetipi warmodgenilia sami variantiT: a – orive grZiv gverdze aqvs TiTo Rari. II.10). IV-1-4-5 qvetipis zedapirs erTi wre amkobs. IV-1-5-2 – milakebs orive bolosTan TiTo Rari Semosdevs (tab. meoreze _ 2. II.1). II. IV-1-3-3 qvetipSi erTiandeba mZivebi. IV-1-2-2 qvetipis mZivebs sada zedapiri aqvs (tab. warmodgenilia 3 variantis saxiT.erTi grZivi. IV-1-3 tipis mZivebSi erTiandeba marTkuTxa formis e. IV-1-5 tipSi cilindruli milakebi iyofa 4 qvetipad: IV-1-5-1 sada milakebia (tab.9).14). romlebsac kuTxeebi momrgvalebuli aqvs. romelTac orive zedapirze TiTo wre aqvs (tab.3).2). b . romlebic erTmaneTisgan gansxvavdebian ganiv gverdebze ganlagebuli naWdevebis raodenobiT. xolo ganiv gverdebze 2-2 Rari. II. erT ganiv gverdze 2. romlebic erTmaneTisgan samkuTxedis formiTa da naWdevebis raodenobiT gansxvavdebian.12). II. II.w. IV-1-4-2 qvetipis orive zedapirze 2-2 wre aqvs (tab.4). II. gverdebi sworad CamoTlili aqvs. II. romlebic erTmaneTigan gansxvavdeba gverdebze naWdevebis raodenobiT. romlebic erTmaneTisgan gansxvavdebian naxvretTa raodenobiTa da ganlagebiT: a . IV-1-4-4 qvetipis zedapirs erTi wre amkobs. am qvetipSi gamoiyo cxra varianti.5). romlebic erTmaneTisgan gansxvavdebian grZiv da ganiv gverdebze ganlagebuli naWdevebis raodenobiT. IV-1-3-6 qvetipSi warmodgenilia mZivebi. am qvetipSi gamoiyo 3 varianti: erT. warmodgenilia 6 qvetipiT: IV-1-4-1 qvetipi Semkulia TiTo koncentruli wriT orive zedapirze (tab.4).erTi grZivi da erTi ganivi. IV-1-4-3 sadazedapiriania (tab. II.erTi grZivi da ori ganivi arxiT. meoreze _ 3. romlebsac orive zedapirze 2-2 koncentruli wre da grZiv gverdebze TiTo Rari aqvs (tab. III. romlebsac sada zedapiri aqvT (tab. III.11). or da sam rigad ganlagebuli gverdiTa milakebis mixedviT.7). dominosebri mZivebi. xolo meoreze 3 Rari. II. romlis sami sibrtye Semkulia koncentruli wreebiT – or-ori wrea gverdebze da sam-sami . am qvetipSi Sedis agreTve iotebi. II.1). II. aseTi forma miRebulia rombis 2 mopirdapire kuTxis CamoWriT.6). IV-1-3-7 qvetipSi Sedis zemoTaRwerili formis mZivebi.samkuTxa zedapirebze (tab.2). IV-15-3 mrgvalganivkveTian milakebze 4 mxridan daZerwili aqvs mcire zomis milakebi (tab. II. romlebsac orive zedapirze TiTo koncentruli wre da mxolod grZiv gverdebze aqvs TiTo Rari (tab.15). isini warmodgenilia ori variantiT. IV-1-4 rombisebri tipis mZivebi. b _ erT zedapirze 1 wre aqvs. IV-1-3-5 qvetipSi warmodgenilia mZivebi. mas vizualurad yvavilis forma aqvs. c _ grZiv da ganiv gverdebze aqvs 2-2 Rari.figuruli cilindria (tab. am tipis mZivebi Semkulobisa mixedviT 7 qvetipad iyofa: IV-1-3-1 qvetipSi erTiandeba mZivebi. III.

2) sakidebi (IV-2-1-2). IV-2-4 tipSi vaerTianebT bikonusuri formis mZivebs. IV. IV-2-6 tipi warmoadgens mrgvali formis mZivebis jgufs.11). IV-2-3 tipSi Sedis Semkrebi mZivebi: es aris marTkuTxa formis brtyeli mZivebi. mZivebze arsebuli naWdevebis raodenoba oridan Svidamdea. IV.10). III. IV-1-6-2 – orive bolosTan TiTo Rari Semosdevs (tab. IV. aq gamoiyo 3 varianti: a . warmodgenilia sami qvetipiT: IV-2-4-1 . IV-2-63 . c erTi grZivi da ori ganivi naxvretiT. IV-1-6-3 – boloebTan or-ori Rari aqvs. IV-2-2 tipSi erTiandeba rombisebri mZivebi.wveTisebri sakidebi badisebri naRari ornamentiT (tab.8). IV-2-1-1 .9). IV-2-9 tipSi erTiandeba marTkuTxaganivkveTiani milakebi. IV-1-6-6 qvetipis milakebi wiboebze datanili mokle iribi naWdevebiTaa Semkuli (tab.6). IV-2-5-3 . IV-2-5 tipSi warmoadgenilia kasrisebri formis mZivebi. IV. IV. romelTac boloebTan TiTo lilvaki (tab. IV-1-6-4 – ganivad daRaruli mZivebi or variantSi erTiandeba: oTx da xuTnawilad daRaruli calebi (tab.orive zedapiri dafarulia mokle iribi xazebiT (tab. IV-2 saxeobis mocisfro minisebri pastis mZivebi gansakuTrebuli mravalferovnebiT xasiaTdeba. IV-2-3-2 – samnaxvretian mZivebs aqvT sada an iribad daStrixuli zedapiri (tab. IV-1-6-8 – marTkuTxa mZivebi. ris safuZvelzec gamovyaviT 11 varianti.iribad daStrixuli egzemplarebi (tab. IV. IV. V. zedapiri daRaruli aqvT badisebri an paraleluri xazebiT. V.5). romlebic zedapiris Semkulobis mixedviT iyofa 3 qvetipad: IV-2-5-1 . IV-1-6-7 . maT aqvT sada zedapiri (tab.gverdiT waxnagebze urTierTgadamkveTi Rarebi aqvs datanili (tab. romlebic 3 qvetipiTaa warmodgenili: IV-2-3-1 . IV-2-6-2 qvetipis mZivebi sigrZeze oTxnawiladaa daRaruli da TiToeuli segmenti iribadaa daStrixuli (tab. IV-2-4-3 . III.erTi grZivi. Agamoiyo 11 tipi: IV-2-1 tipi moicavs sakidebs. romelTac daRaruli aqvs mxolod ori gverdi (tab.5).1).14). III.10). b . IV.vertikalurad daStrixuli mZivebi.sadazedapiriani calebi (tab.1) da falosisebri (tab.oTxnaxvretiani egzemplarebi. romelSic sami qvetipi gamoiyofa: IV-2-6-1 . IV-1-6-5 – marTkuTxa milakebi. xSir SemTxvevaSi ganivi arxebi grZivs uerTdeba da gamWoli ar aris (tab. III.13). III. III.12). IV-2-5-2 . IV. romlebic erTi qvetipiTaa warmodgenili (tab. IV-2-7 tipSi Sedis asimetriuli formis brtyeli mZivebi. romlebic Semkulia sxvadasxva mimarTulebiT datanili xazebiT (tab. romelTa Soris 2 qvetipia warmodgenili. IV.11). IV. naWdevebisa da naxvretebis ganlagebis mixedviT am qvetipSi gamoiyo 5 varianti.boloebTan 3-3 Rari Semouyveba (tab. IV-2-8 tipis kubisebri mZivebis yvela gverdze datanilia urTierTgadamkveTi ganieri Rarebi (tab.6). aseve iribi xazebi.4). III.3). romelTa zedapiri Semkulia badisebri ornamentiT an iribi StrixebiT (tab.7). IV.9). IV-1-6 tipis marTkuTxaganivkveTiani milakebi 8 qvetipiTaa warmodgenili: IV1-6-1 erTRariani mZivia (tab. IV. IV-2-4-2 -boloebTan 2-2 amoRaruli sartyeli aqvs (tab.8).2).15).7).12). urTierTgadamkveTi arxebiT (tab.3).erTi grZivi da erTi ganivi. gvxvdeba sada zedapiriani egzemplarebic (tab.sadazedapiriani calebi (tab. am qvetipSic 3 varianti gamoiyo arxebis ganlagebis mixedviT. IV-2-10 tipSi warmodgenilia cilin- 118 . V. IV.bulia cilindruli mZivis gverdebze naWdevebis dataniT. IV. IV-2-3-3 – ornaxvretian Semkreb mZivebze datanilia rogorc badisebri. III.horizontaluri RarebiT Semkuli mZivebi (tab.

119 .w. 2006: табл. 421. TariRdeba Zv. pirvelad dominosebri mZivebi aRwera b. keti [Петросян Л. ramdenime dominosebri mZivi aRmoCnda dasavleT saqarTvelos teritoriaze... romlebic ZiriTadad aRmoCenilia samxreT kavkasiis centralur regionSi.5).13). VII-VI ss-iT (narimaniSvili g..9).. IV-210-2 horizontalurad daStrixuli (tab.. . mZivi yvelaze viwro nawilSi oTxi mxridanaa gaxvretili (tab. IV-3-2 milaki SuaSi lilvakisebri danaZerwiT (tab. XI s-is meore naxevari – Zv. eli-babaze mopovebuli dominosebri mZivebi samarovnis arqeologiuri masalis gaTvaliswinebiT TariRdeba Zv. gamoiyo 4 qvetipi: IV-2-10-1 sadazedapiriani (tab. TariRdeba Zv.w.1954: 84]. mZivis erT zedapirze ori wertilia daWdeuli. IV2-11-1 qvetipSi Sevida samkuTxaganivkveTiani asimetriuli formis mogrZo mZivi (tab.10). noratusis # 11 samarxi [Мартиросян А. V. V.w. VI-V ss-iT (davlianiZe c. eli-babas samarovanze aRmoCenili samkaulis es saxeoba formaTa mravalferovnebiT da damuSavebis maRali doniT gamoirCeva. rom dominosebri mZivebi ZiriTadad gavrcelebuli iyo samxreT kavkasiis centralur regionSi.4). Zv. knoles samarovanze aRmoCenili analogiuri tipis mZivebi. IV-3 jgufSi erTiandeba yviTeli feris minisebri pastis mZivebi. Talinis # 20 samarxi [Аветисян А. V.druli formis mZivebi.. am saxeobis mZivebi warmoadgens milaks. V. 1979: 223.7).12). 4].84). IX-VI ss TariRdeba: oSakani [Есаян С. V. . 2010: tab III. caiSis samarovanis koleqtiur samarxSi. 73/15]. . Aamrigad SeiZleba iTqvas.1989: таб. Semdgomi kvlevis Sedegad winwyaros samarovanze mopovebuli dominosebri mZivebis Semcveli kompleqsebis TariRi dazustda da Zv. rogorc zemoT warmodgenili mZivebis tipologiidan Cans. IV-211-3 qvetipSi Sesuli brtyeli mZivi Sua nawilSi Seviwrovebulia da gaormagebul ovals emsgavseba (tab. dominosebri mZivebi aRmoCenilia somxeTis teritoriaze gaTxril Semdeg Zeglebze: Zv.6). 539].11). IV-2-11 tipSi Sedis figuruli mZivebi. IV-4 jgufis mZivi poliqromulia: ori moyviTalo feris mrgvali burTula erTmaneTTan dakavSirebulia texilxazovnad daxveuli Savi feris pastis ZafiT (tab. dominosebri mZivebi agreTve mopovebulia beSTaSensa da avranloSi. man vanis epoqiT daaTariRa winwyaros. VIII s-is pirveli naxevriT daTariRda (menabde m. V. 2004: 125-126). VII pirveli naxevariT TariRdeba (papuaSvili r. XI saukunidan Zv..w. IV-2-10-4 qvetipSi Sedis danaZerwebiani mZivebi (tab. 1964: таб. V. 1983:104-107). 1988:LXXV/10].w. maralin-deresisa da Taq-qilisas samarovnebze mopovebuli am saxeobis mZivebis Semcveli kompleqsebi [Куфтин Б. VIIVI ss-iT. V saukunemde arsebul periodis moicavda. XX/1].w. 15. . aRniSnuli kompleqsi Zv.8). VIII s-is meore naxevari – Zv.w. XI-IX ss TariRdeba _ artikis III jgufis samarxebi [Хачатрян Т... 1968:5-21). xrtanoci [Мартиросян А.w. aq gvaqvs 2 tipi: IV-3-1 milaki SuaSi Seviwrovebuli. V.. maT Soris gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia e.. 1941:56-57]. xolo meore zedapiri sadaa. dominosebri mZivebi (IV-1-3). рис. V.w. romelzec erT an or rigad kopebia daZerwili.. kuftinma.w.70/8. V. romelic SuaSi gavlebuli Rrma RariT or nawiladaa gayofili (tab. romlebic eli-babas samarovanze TiTo egzemplaris saxiTaa warmodgenili.w. IV-2-10-3 horizontalurad daRaruli (tab. maTi qronologiuri CarCo Zv. IV-2-11-2 qvetipSi gvaqvs aseve samkuTxaganivkveTiani mogrZo mZivi. erTi grZivi naxvretiT.w.

dominosebri sadazedapiriani (IV-1-3-7).. 1954: Раскопки в Головино. 4). 8). 2006: Культура Араратской равнины XI – VI вв. 1975: Древняя культура Ширака. gv. 3). dominosebri erTwriani. cilindruli (II-1-4). asimetriuli formis samkuTxaganivkveTiani (II-2-4). 8). 5) daxeTqili (II-1-3). marTkuTxa ganivad daRaruli mZivebi (IV1-6-4). Tbilisi. Ереван. tab. 2005: eli-babas samarovani – Ziebani saqarTvelos arqeologiaSi. 32-43. meliqiZe S. 6). 1964: Армения в эпоху бронзы и раннего железа.. narimaniSvili g. xelnaweri (inaxeba arqeologiis centris savele dokumentaciis arqivSi). tab. Хачатрян Т. Ереван... Ереван. Тбилиси. Ереван. mrgvali (II-1-1). rgolisebri (III-5). dominosebri orwriani. 3). 1941: Археологические раскопки в Триалети. maxaraZe z. 2010: kolxur samarovanTa absoluturi qronologiisaTvis – arqeologiuri Jurnali. kuTxeebmomrgvalebuli (IV-1-3-6). rombisebri sadazedapiriani. gv. naWdevebiani (IV-1-4-3). 2). menabde m. 14). marTkuTxaganivkveTiani milakebi. 5). 11). 6). V. 1988: Ошакан. Мартиросян А. figuruli mZivebi (III-3). cilindruli (II-2-2). 15).э. 1983: qvemo qarTlis (TrialeTis) kultura Zv. Ереван. 2003: walka-TrialeTis arqeologiuri eqspediciis mier eli-babas (sabeWdavis) samarovanze 2003 wels Catarebuli savele kvleva-Ziebis winaswaruli angariSi. varduli (IV-1-1). minis mZivebi: 12). 12). rombisebri erTi koncentruli wriT. kasrisebri (II-2-3).. III – TeTri minisebri pastis mZivebi: 1). Аветисян П. b B rtyeli (II-2-5). 6). 5). romelTac 120 . erTRariani (IV-1-6-1). 2). rombisebri sadazedapiriT (IV-14-6). sardionis mZivebi: 3). 1968: TrialeTis samarovnebi. 11). marTkuTxaganivkveTiani milakebi. naWdevebiani (IV-1-4-1). I aTaswleulis meore naxevarSi. tab. Tbilisi. figuruli cilindria (IV-1-5-4). milakebi orive bolosTan TiTo RariT (IV1-5-2). gv. Tbilisi. Калантарян А.w. I – brinjaos mZivebi: 1). dominosebri orwriani (IV-1-3-5).literatura: ilustraciebis aRwera: davlianiZe c. Tbilisi. sferuli (III-1). 9). sada zedapiriani (IV-1-3-3). Петросян Л. rombisebri TiTo koncentruli wriT. 13). до н. cilindrebi oTxi mxridan daZerwili mcire zomis milakebiT (IV-1-5-3). dominosebri orwriani. Tbilisi. naWdevebiani (IV-1-42). cilindruli mZivebi (III4). naWdevebiani (IV-1-3-1). sada cilindrebi (IV-1-5-1). 4). d D aRarulzedapiriani. narimaniSvili g. papuaSvili r. 8). naWdevebiani (IV-1-3-2). # 15-16. Ереван. kopebiani mZivebi (III-2). 10). kasrisebri (II-1-2). boloebTan or-ori RariT (IV-1-6-3). 16). 9). rombisebri ori koncentruli wriT. 14). eqvskuTxa (IV-14-5). 13). 4). aqatis mZivebi: 7). 7). marTkuTxaganivkveTiani milakebi. 16). 15). marTkuTxa milakebi. 7). murvaniZe b. Куфтин Б. Аветисян А. (на арм. 2004: walkis eqspedicia 1990-1992 wlebSi – savele arqeologiuri kvleva-Zieba 1989-1992 wlebSi. II – TeTri minisebri pastis mZivebi: 1). davlianiZe c. 2). orive bolosTan TiTo RariT (IV1-6-2). SanSaSvili n. wreebiT Semkuli samkuTxedi (IV-1-2-1). sadazedapiriani (I-1-1). dominosebri erTwriani (IV-1-3-4). 9). I. 123-128. 147-163. языке). Мартиросян А. rombisebri erTi koncentruli wriT (IV-1-4-4). mrgvali (II-2-1). sadazedapiriani samkuTxedebi (IV-1-2-2). 10). 1989: Раскопки памятников Кети и Воскеаска. Есаян С.

10). milaki lilvakisebri danaZerwiT (IV-3-2). marTkuTxa milakebi. (IV-2-10-3). milaki SuaSi Seviwrovebuli (IV-3-1). marTkuTxa mZivi waxnagebze urTierTgadamkveTi RarebiT (IV-1-6-7). tab. 2). 3). 11). 121 . kasrisebri formis horizontaluri RarebiT (IV-2-5-2). kasrisebri formis sadazedapiriani mZivebi (IV-2-5-1). 9). bikonusuri mZivebi boloebTan 3-3 RariT (IV-2-4-1). 3). rombisebri mZivi (IV-2-2-1). 6). yviTeli feris minisebri pastis mZivebi. 15). cilindruli mZivebi. oTxarxiani (IV-2-3-1). 6). samarxiani (IV-2-3-2). 10). sakidi falosisebri (IV-2-1-2). gaormagebuli ovalisebri mZivi (IV-2-11-3). sakidi wveTisebri (IV-2-1-1) 2). Semkrebi mZivi.daRaruli aqvs mxolod ori gverdi (IV-16-5). 4). 12). cilindruli mZivebi. Semkrebi mZivi. ornawiliani mZivi (IV-2-11-2). oTxnawilad daRaruli da iribad daStrixuli mZivebi (IV-2-6-2). boloebTan TiTo lilvakiT (IV-26-3). sadazedapiriani (IV-2-10-1). 14). IV – mocisfro minisebri pastis mZivebi: 1). orarxiani (IV-2-3-3). 12). 8). 7). danaZerwebiT (IV-2-10-4). Semkrebi mZivi. sada zedapiriT (IV-2-9). poliqromuli mZivi (IV-4). bikonusuri mZivebi boloebTan 2-2 RariT (IV2-4-2). V – mocisfro minisebri pastis mZivebi: 1). asimetriuli formis brtyeli mZivebi (IV-2-7). cilindruli mZivebi. 11). vertikalurad daStrixuli mZivebi. samkuTxaganivkveTiani. urTierTgadamkveTi arxebiT (IV-1-6-8). 10). 13). 7). 5). marTkuTxa milakebi wiboebze datanili mokle iribi naWdevebiT (IV-1-6-6). tab. 4). asimetriuli formis samkuTxaganivkveTiani mZivi (IV-2-11-1). kasrisebri formis iribad daStrixuli (IV-2-5-3). mrgvali formis. marTkuTxa mZivebi. bikonusuri mZivebi daStrixuli zedapiriT (IV-2-4-3). 9). mrgvali. 5). horizontalurad daStrixuli (IV-2-10-2). 12). mrgvali sadazedapiriani mZivebi (IV-2-6-1). kubisebri mZivebi (IV-28). 13). iribad daRaruli. 8). cilindruli formis mZivebi. 11).

I 122 .

II 123 .

III 124 .

IV 125 .

V 126 .

rom kolxeTis sxva Tanadrouli Zeglebisagan gansxvavebiT. naoxvamu. rogorc aRvniSneT. mopovebuli arqeologiuri masala samecniero wreebisaTvis cnobili iyo mxolod ПАИ-Si gamoqveynebuli zogadi angariSebiT da ramdenime samecniero statiis saSualebiT da ver xerxdeboda anaklia II-is sruli publikacia. monografiis I Tavi Sedgeba ori paragrafisgan. rac gamowveuli iyo kolxeTis dablobis aramyari gruntiT da xdeboda niadagis amaRleba-mozvinva. yulevi da sxv.bibliografia da recenziebi anaklia II. aq gamovlenili jargvaluri nagebobebi kolxeTis dablobze mikvleuli brinjao-adre rkinis xanis namosaxlarebis identuria (fiCoris centraluri borcvi. moicavs 5 paragrafs. keramikac arafriT gansxvavdeba dasavleT 127 . avtorebis mier gamoyofilia goranamosaxlaris ganviTarebis 6 qronologiuri etapi elinisturi xanidan Sua brinjaos CaTvliT. avtorebis azriT. revaz papuaSvili.). ergeta IV fena. nana papuaSvili arqeologiuri Zegli anaklia II 19721978 wlebSi gaTxara kolxeTis arqeologiuri eqspediciis (xelmZRvaneli T. daskvnisa da inglisurenovani reziumesgan. iseve rogorc kolxeTis araerT namosaxlarze. arqeologiuri gaTxrebis mimdinareobis process da stratigrafias.miqelaZe) anakliis razma (d. wigni Sedgeba Sesavlis. aq xanZris kvali SemorCenili ar aris. SemoklebaTa ganmarteba da 59 tabula. monografias wamZRvarebuli aqvs akad. leri jiblaZe. 2010. anaklia II-is jargvaluri nagebobebis zeda nawili gadamwvari unda iyos. naSroms erTvis gamoyenebuli literaturis sia. winareantikuri da klasikuri xanis keramika. naSromis II Tavi. mxolod 2010 wels saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa erovnuli akademiis istoriisa da eTnologiis komisiam samecniero sazogadoebas warudgina zemoTxsenebuli avtorebis mier momzadebuli monografia anaklia II. anaklia II-zec. Tb. Zeglze warmodgenilia Zveli kolxeTis istoriis ramdenime etapi da Sesabamisad. pirveli eZRvneba Zeglis zogad daxasiaTebas. pirvel paragrafSi Seswavlila Tunis nawarmi. sami Tavis. avtorebic yvelaze did adgils uTmoben swored aRniSnuli epoqis artefaqtebis ganxilvas da mravalricxovan masalaSi funqcionaluri daniSnulebis mixedviT gamoyofen sam jgufs. meoreSi ganxilulia anaklia II-ze dafiqsirebuli Zelur nage- bobaTa sistema. daviT musxeliSvili.musxeliSvilis winasityvaoba. calkcalke. gvianbrinjaos.. d. avtorebis varaudiT. musxeliSvili). anaklia I-is I-II fena. periodebis mixedviTaa ganxiluli Sua brinjaos. tabulebis aRweriloba. jargvaluri nagebobis gamarTvas win uZRvoda mTeli rigi mosamzadebeli samuSaoebi. procentulad yvelaze didi raodenobiT warmodgenilia Sua brinjaos xanis Tixis WurWlebi da Sesabamisad. romlis saxelwodebaa anaklia II-is nivTieri masala. romelSic mokledaa mimoxiluli anaklia II-is gaTxrebis istoria da Zeglis mniSvneloba saqarTvelos Zveli istoriis Seswavlis saqmisTvis. miuxedavad imisa.

monografiis III Tavi Seicavs avtorTa daskvnebs anaklia II-is qronologiis garSemo. avtorTa damsaxurebad unda CaiTvalos. gela gamyreliZe didi xania ikvlevs qarTuli arqeologiis istorias. sadac yvelaze maRal borcvze `ijda saTemo dasaxlebaTa meTauri. g. mas darTuli hqonoda tabulebis aRwerilobis inglisurenovani versiac. gamyreliZe prof. sagangebo paragrafi eZRvneba anaklia II-is meurneobis dargebis Seswavlas. Tanamgzavri borcvebi. yovelive amis fonze aSkarad ukmarisobis gancdas tovebs mxolod erT gverdiani inglisurenovani reziume.lorTqifaniZis arqeologiis centris mier gamocemuli da sarecenziod warmodgenili naSromi am mxrivac sayuradRebo narkvevia. rom arqeologiis istoriis kvleva-Ziebas jer-jerobiT mainc ar eqceva saTanado yuradReba da erovnuli arqeologiis Casaxva-ganviTarebisa Tu qarTuli arqeologiis pionerebis moRvaweobis Sesaxeb gamokvlevaTa raodenoba erTob mwiria. mZiv-samkaulis. rom borcvze mosaxle sazogadoebis mTavari saqmianoba iyo miwaTmoqmedeba da mecxoveleoba da aseve eTanxmebian samecniero literaturaSi ukve gamoTqmul varauds (l. ZiZiguri) ukve am periodidan kolxeTis dablobze vazis moSinaurebisa da mevenaxeobis CasaxvaganviTarebis Sesaxeb. anaklia II gaxda gansakuTrebuli statusis matarebeli. rodesac mis irgvliv momravlda dasaxlebaTa raodenoba da gaCnda e. 128 . monografiis avtorebis mier detaluradaa ganxiluli TiToeuli epoqisTvis damaxasiaTebeli Tunis nawarmi da maT Soris klasikuri xanis berZnuli importis (sinopuri da qiosuri amforebis fragmentebi) nimuSebi. arqeologiis ganviTareba mWidrod ukavSirdeba samuzeumo saqmis istorias. Zeglis zogadi stratigrafiuli suraTisa da arqeologiuri masalis dawvrilebiTi analizis safuZvelze naSromis daskvniT TavSi avtorebi varaudoben. monografia bevrad moigebda ufro vrceli reziumes SemTxvevaSi da aseve sasurveli iqneboda.w. rom monografia dawerilia gamarTuli qarTuli eniT da sakmaod kargad ikiTxeba. amitom saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis oT. aseve _ radiokarbonuli meTodis gamoyenebiT. rogorc vxedavT. konkretuli TariRebi dadgenilia rogorc masalis SedarebiTi analizis. qvisa da Zvlis masalis analizi. damakmayofilebelia arqeologiuri situaciisa da masalis amsaxveli tabulebis xarisxic. aqve isic aucileblad aRsaniSnavia. samecniero literaturaSi kargad aris cnobili am mimarTulebiT Seqmnili misi naSromebi. xolo adreantikur xanaSi. zurab bragvaZe qarTuli arqeologiis kvaldakval. rom Sua brinjaos xa- naSi borcvi warmoadgenda ganmxoloebiT mdebare dixa-guZubas.saqarTvelos zRvispireTis paraleluri masalisgan. ris safuZvelzec avtorebi daaskvnian. naSromis II TavSi sakmaod dawvrilebiTaa warmodgenili anaklia II-ze aRmoCenili brinjaos nivTebis. romelic warmarTavda mTeli rigi samuSaoebis Catarebas~. misi gamocemiT kidev ufro gamdidrda Cveni codna kolxuri goranamosaxlebis Sesaxeb. anaklia II warmoadgens Zveli kolxeTis istoriis Seswavlis TvalsazrisiT mniSvnelovan arqeologiur Zegls.

aseve saTanadodaa aRniSnuli didi mecnierisa da mamuliSvilis eqvTime TayaiSvilis arqeologiuri moRvaweoba.radgan mefis ruseTis droindel saqarTveloSi swored muzeumi. rom kavkasiis muzeumis Camoyalibebamde bevrad adre saqarTveloSi yofila Zveli nivTebis erTad Tavmoyris mcdeloba. romelic idga qarTuli arqeologiis saTaveebTan da mis ganviTarebaSi Seitana Tundac umniSvnelo wvlili. narkvevSi saubaria statistikuri komitetis Sesaxeb. miuxedavad imisa. rom avtorma yvelas Tavisi miago. rom CvenSi samuzeumo cxovrebis Casaxva vaxtang VI-is droidan unda iRebdes saTaves. am SemTxvevaSi kavkasiis muzeumi. romelsac arqeologis weraqvi Seexo. romelic exeba qarTul arqeologias. aqve xazgasmulia geografiuli sazogadoebis kavkasiis ganyofilebis roli siZveleTa moZiebis. SeiZleba iTqvas. amas mkiTxveli naSromis wakiTxvisas Seityobs. meore msoflio omamde da arqeologia meore msoflio omis Semdeg da 129 . rom es saqmianoba ar Sedioda aRniSnuli sazogadoebis funqciebSi. magram pirobiTad is SeiZleba or nawilad gaiyos: qarTuli arqeologiis Casaxva-ganviTareba XX saukunis meore naxevramde. xolo pirveli Zegli. avtoris mier saTanadodaa warmodgenili XIX saukunis gamoCenili mecnierisa da sazogado moRvawis platon ioselianis roli qarTuli arqeologiis ganvi- Tarebis saqmeSi. narkvevi avtoris mier Tavebad ar aris dayofili. Santris mier da samarTlianadaa aRniSnuli. romelmac Seadgina pirveli saxelmZRvanelo instruqcia arqeologiuri Zeglebis gamovlenisa da aRricxvis Sesaxeb. 1852 wels saqarTveloSi safuZveli Caeyara gaTxriT arqeologias da pirveli arqeologi. iyo ufliscixe. rom am gaTxrebma didad Seuywo xeli TbilisSi `kavkasiis arqeologiuri komitetisa~ da `kavkasiis arqeologiis moyvarulTa sazogadoebis~ daarsebas. romelmac qarTuli arqeologia Tvisobrivad axal simaRleze aiyvana da daiwyo zrunva arqeologiis. bunebrivia. naSromidan irkveva. narkvevSi didi adgili eTmoba d. rom yuradRebis miRma araa datovebuli XIX_XX saukunis pirveli naxevris yvela met-naklebad mniSvnelovani movlena. romelic Catarda XIX saukunis 70-ian wlebSi fr. mas ar gamorCenia am periodSi Catarebuli arc erTi arqeologiuri gaTxrebi da Rvawlis saTanado dafasebis gareSe ar dautovebia arc erTi pirovneba. marTalia. magram avtoris mier isic garkveulia. radgan sagangebo `salaroSi~ samefo xazinasTan erTad inaxeboda miwaSi napovni nivTebic.meRvineTuxucesiSvilis saqminobas da avtori maqsimalurad iyebs qarTuli arqeologiis pioneris cxovrebisa da moRvaweobis Sesaxeb arsebul mwir cnobebs. sarecenziod warmodgenili naSromis Rirsebaa. rogorc profesiad CamoyalibebisaTvis axlad daarsebul qarTul universitetSi. dacvisa da aRricxvis saqmeSi. warmoadgenda erTaderT institucias. ra bedi ewia aRniSnul sacavs. vinc es samuSao Seasrula iyo dimitri meRvineTuxucesiSvili. ufro zustad. yuradRebis miRma ar aris datovebuli samTavros velis gaTxrebic. g. saidanac xorcieldeba arqeologiuri samuSaoebi da inaxeboda arqeologiuri masala. naSromSi warmodgenilia gamoCenili mkvlevaris dimitri baqraZis arqeologiuri moRvaweoba da misi didi roli arqeologiuri da samuzeumo cxovrebis ganviTarebis saqmeSi.gamyreliZis narkvevSi Seswavlilia kavkasiis muzeumis arqeologiuri saqmianoba. baiernisa da e.

romelic gasagebi iqneba nebismieri mkiTxvelisaTvis. I saukunis kolxeTisa da iberiis Sidapolitikuri situaciis analizs. sakvlevi Temis Seswavla iwyeba Zveli saqarTvelos garSemo ganviTarebuli saerTaSoriso movlenebis gaTvaliswinebiT (parTiis samefos warmoqmna. igi maRal poligrafiul donezea gamocemuli da darTuli aqvs feradi tabulebi. cota ar iyos.. tabulebis aRqeriloba. gamyreliZe. aRniSnulia. martivi eniT moeTxro qarTuli arqeologiis mTavari `Tavgadasavali. I-ax. naSromSi Tanmimdevruladaa ganxi- 130 .~ g. es ver moaxerxa verc aristarqes. radgan igi unda warmoadgendes mecnierul gamokvlevas. rom Zv. rac xels Seuwyobs qveynis farglebs gareT qarTuli arqeologiis popularizacias. II saukunis situacia iberia-kolxeTSi. politikuri viTareba romSi. pontos samefosa da armeniaSi). Cveni azriT. 2006. SemoklebaTa ganmarteba.Toduas monografia `romis samxedro-politikuri eqspansia saqarTveloSi~. `umaduri~ saqmea. radgan saqarTveloSi intensiuri arqeologiuri saqmianoba iwyeba swored XX saukunis 50-60-iani wlebidan da aRniSnul saqmeSi progresi TvalsaCino iyo akad. `qarTuli arqeologiis kvaldakval~ miekuTvneba samecniero-popularul publikaciaTa rigs da SemecnebiTi xasiaTisaa. saistorio wyaroebis mimoxilva. naSromis struqtura warmodgenilia Semdegnarad: winasityvaoba. romauli samxedro terminebis ganmartebiTi leqsikoni. rom Zlevamosilebis miuxedavad. zurab bragvaZe romis samxedro-politikuri eqspansia saqarTveloSi. g. T. unda vaRiaroT.w. rom avtorma SeZlo gasagebi. sadac erTmaneTs Seejaxa aRmosavlurelinisturi da romaul-evropuli ideologiebis interesebi da amis fonze didi adgili eTmoba Zv. Zv. swored am xarvezis Sevsebas emsaxureba 2006 wels gamoqveynebuli g.lorTqifaniZisa da misi Tanamoazreebis mier specialuri instituciis. aseTi saxis naSromis dawera ki. romis imperatorebis oficialuri saxelebis qronologiuri nusxa. Todua romis samxedro-politikuri eqspansiis calkeuli sakiTxebi qarTul araerTxel gaSuqebula qarTul istoriografiaSi. verc miTridate pergamonelisa da verc polemonis xeliT. naSromSi dawvrilebiT aris ganxiluli sakiTxis Sesaxeb arsebuli berZnul-romauli naratiuli da epigrafikuli wyaroebis cnobebi. magram monografiuli saxiT es problema Seswavlili ar yofila. III-IV saukuneebis situacia iberia-kolxeTSi.w.w.w. calke aRniSvnis Rirsia inglisurenovani paraleluri teqsti. romauli nawarmi aRmosavleT SavizRvispireTSi. arqeologiuri kvlevis centris daarsebis Semdeg. XIII tabula da vrceli inglisurenovani reziume.dRes. romma mainc ver SeZlo Sida kolxeTis sruli damorCileba. gamoyenebuli literaturis sia.gamyreliZis narkvevi zogadad qarTuli mecnierebis istoriis Seswavlis kuTxiTac saintereso naSromia. Tb.w. romis legionebis nomrebi da saxelwodeba. oT. avtorebi sruliad samarTlianad aRniSnaven. ax.gamyreliZisa da T. I saukuneSi romisa da pontos mwvave urTierTdapirispirebam uayofiTi Zvrebi gamoiwvia maxlobel aRmosavleTsa da kavkasiaSi. romauli sabrZolo iaraRi. arqeologiuri artefaqtebi da iberia-kolxeTis biogeografiuli garemo.

I saukunidan ganlagebis Sesaxeb. I-II saukuneebi iberiis samefos aRmavlobis epoqaa. ax. rom SesaZlebelia alanTa Semosevebis Sekavebis mizniT. romlebmac amis Sedegad aaoxres kapadokia da aA rmenia. rom legionebi ZiriTadad dislocirebuli unda yofiliyo afsarosSi. rom darialis cixeze mikvleuli samarxebi aSkarad ukavSirdeba romaul samyaros. avtorebi ar gamoricxaven. xolo is faqti. xolo III saukunis Sua xanebSi ki man saerTod Sewyvita arseboba.w. ponto-kavkasiis sasazRvro xazis Camoyalibeba dasrulda II saukunis Sua xanebisaTvis pitiuntSi garnizonebis CayenebiT. maSin isic unda aixsnas.luli iberiis politikuri mdgomareoba pompeusis okupaciidan ax.w. rogor SeZlo farsman II-m darialis gaxsna alanebisTvis. savsebiT misaRebia avtorTa daskvna. Cveni azriT. arqeologiuri masalisa da werilobiTi wyaroebis analizis safuZvelze misaRebad unda gamoiyurebodes avtorebis mosazreba romauli garnizonebis saqarTvelos zRvispireTSi ax. Cven savsebiT misaRebad migvaCnia avtorTa es mosazreba. romsa da parTias Soris gauTavebeli qiSpi da omi. myar argumentad ver gamodgeba.w. amas garkveulwilad xels uwyobda axali xelsayreli geopolitikuri situacia. Tu avtorebi am mosazrebas ubralod mainc aRniSnavdnen sakuTar naSromSi. fasisi.w. werilobiTi cnobebisa da arqeologiuri viTarebis urTierTSejerebis safuZvelze avtorebi askvnian. magram IV saukuneSi es sistema kvlav dasustebas ganicdis. romlis mixedviTac. romlis Tanaxmadac Zv. ra Tqma unda. aRniSnuli mosazreba ufro met daxvewas saWiroebs. ponto-kavkasiis sasazRvro sistemaSi Semavali afsarosi. saSuri saqmea darialis cixis srulfasovani arqeologiuri Seswavla. magram pliniusis cnobaze dayrdnobiT. es viTareba sakmaod kargadaa asaxuli naSromSi romTan urTierTobis konteqstSi. fazissa da sebastopolisSi. swored am periodSi unda gaefarToebina iberias sakuTari sazRvrebi da daebrunebina dakarguli teritoriebi da TiTqmis Sav zRvaze gasuliyo. sebastopolisi da pitiunti warmoadgendnen militaristuli xasiaTis cixe-qalaqebs da aRmosavleT SavizRvispireTSi romauli dasaxlebebis warmoqmnis procesi warimarTa gansxvavebuli 131 . istoriografiaSi gansxvavebuli azric arsebobs. farsman I-isa da gansakuTrebiT farsman II-is dros qveyanam arnaxul Zlierebas miaRwia da kavkasiis masStabiT iqca lider qveynad.I saukunis CaTvliT. cnobili faqtia. rom aq romauli legionebis dgomis kvali jer-jerobiT ar fiqsirdeba. Tumca. misi ganaxleba moxda III-IV saukuneTa mijnaze. am mxriv TiTqmis Tavisufali Cans iberiis teritoria. I saukune ar SeiZleba CaiTvalos iberiis samefos aRmavlobis periodis dasawyisad. romlis Tanaxmadac. aravis mosvlia azrad. yovelSemTxvevaSi. kerZod. aRmosavleT saqarTvelos teritoriaze romauli garnizonebis problema damatebiT kvleva-Ziebas saWiroebs da am kuTxiT albaT. isic sarwmunoa. es realoba ki iberiis xelisufalT saSualebas aZlevda am ori didi saxelmwifos urTierTdapirispireba Tavis sasargeblod gamoeyenebinaT. rom iberiis samefos aRmavlobis da Zlierebis xana Zv. I saukunis miwurulidan daiwyo. radgan Tu marTla idga romauli garnizoni darialis xeobaSi. romauli SenaerTebi ganlagebuli yofiliyo darialis xeobaSi da aRniSnul avtorTan moxseniebuli ‘kastelium kumania~ warmoadgendes darialis cixes. albaT. sasurveli iqneboda.w. yoveli maTganis aRmoCenis adgili mieCnia romauli SenaerTebis dislokaciad. monografiaSi vrceli adgili eTmoba dasavleT saqarTvelos zRvispira zolis kastelumebis analizs da avtorebTa msjeloba am mimarTulebiT damajerebeli da argumentirebulia. savsebiT gasaziarebelia mosazreba. radgan gvianantikuri xanis ibera-kolxeTis araerT samarxSia dafiqsirebuli romauli yofisTvis damaxasiaTebeli calkeuli artefaqtebi da.

xeobebi. misi mTavari Rirseba isaa. `omi da SeiaraReba iberia-kolxeTSi~ samecniero-popularuli nawarmoebia da gankuTvnilia mkiTxvelTa farTo wrisaTvis. g. maxlobel aRmosavleTSi. g. SesaZlebelia wyaroTa monacemebisa da arqeologiuri masalis urTierTSejerebis fonze antikuri epoqis saqarTvelos samxedro viTarebis amsaxveli suraTis met-naklebad warmoCena. uReltexilebi. diodore sicilieli.) werilobiTi wyaroebis cnobebi iberiisa da kolxeTis sasimagro-safortifikacio nagebobebis. ZiriTadi mdinareebi. memnoni da sxv. rom specialist-istorikosebisa da arqeologebis garda. miZRvnilia werilobiTi wyaroebisa da arqeologiuri Zeglebis zogadi analizisadmi. straboni. amave TavSi mimoxilulia antikuri xanis epigrafikuli Zeglebic. sakiTxis Sesaxeb mcirea wyaro-monacemTa baza. miT umetes. Toduas monografia mravalmxriv saintereso naSromia. igi ramdenime Tavisgan Sedgeba. rogorc iTqva. romauli samxedro ganmartebiTi leqsikoni. mocemulia aRmosavleT SavizRvispireTSi aRmoCenili romauli arqeologiuri masalis katalogi. igi gamoadgeba saqarTvelos antikuri xanis istooriiT dainteresebul mkiTxvelTa farTo wresac. Tumca. romelTa interpretaciasac eyrdnoba iberiulkolxuri xanis saqarTvelos samxedropolitikuri istoriis rekonstruqcia. dion kasiosi. zurab bragvaZe omi da SeiaraReba iberia-kolxeTSi. tacitusi. rom dawerilia gamarTuli qarTuli eniT da advilad ikiTxeba. daxasiaTebulia romauli sa- brZolo iaraRis calkeuli saxeobebi. Tb. 2010. wignis Semdegi Tavis saxelwodebaa `saomar moqmedebaTa sarbieli~. gamyreliZe 2010 wels bakur sulakauris gamomcemlobam gamosca gela gamyreliZis samecniero-popularuli naSromi `omi da SeiaraReba iberia-kolxeTSi~. am viTarebaSic. moqcevai qarTlisai) da ucxoenovani (qsenofonti. ariane. gamyreliZis da T. apiane. daxasiaTebulia iberiakolxeTis bunebrivi pirobebi da ekosistema. ganxilulia qarTuli (qarTlis cxovreba. mkvlevaris daskvniT.. avtoris analizis amosavals warmoadgens berZnul-romauli werilobiTi cnobebis 132 . aRniSnuliT sruldeba monografiis kvleviTi mxare. aRniSnuli dasaxlebebis arseboba ganpirobebuli iyo romis aRmosavleTi provinciebis usafrTxoebis mizniT da emsaxureboda romis geopolitikuri interesebis ganmtkicebas kavkasiasa da zogadad. SeiaraRebisa da saomar moqmedebaTa Sesaxeb. romelTac Semonaxuli aqvT cnobebi iberia-kolxeTSi mimdinare sabrZolo moqmedebebis Sesaxeb. wignis danarCeni nawili sacnobaro xasiaTisaa. avtoriseul winaTqmaSi mokled mimoixileba wignis struqtura da aRniSnulia antikuri xanis is avtorebi. warmodgenilia imperatorTa sruli nusxa da romis legionebis nomrebi. radgan aq ar fiqsirdeba klasikuri romauli kanabebi. savaWro-satranzito gzebi. Tavi `saidan viciT iberiul-kolxuri periodis saqarTvelos samxedro-politikuri viTarebis istoria~. masSi mimoxilulia geografiuli garemos roli konkretulad samxedro saqmis ganviTarebisaTvis. wigni eZRvneba 2008 wlis agvistos omSi gmirulad daRupuli 167 meomris naTel xsovnas.gziT. saxelwodeba da formirebis dro. plutarqe.

401 wels berZenTa da kolxTa dapirispirebis Taobaze. aseve xsenebuli epoqis zogad istoriis. rom avtoriseuli daskvnebi mravalwliani mecnieruli moRvaweobis produqtia da Znelia. farnakes damangrevel laSqrobebs kolxeTSi. romelTa dakavSireba iberiakolxeTis garemo pirobebTan iZleva myar safuZvels. amave TavSi mocemulia mTisZiris koSkis rekonstuqcia. II-I saukuneebis viTarebaa gadmocemuli TavSi `miTridate evpatori da kolxeTi~. avtori zedmiwevniT kargad icnobs werilobiTi wyaroebsa da arqeologiur masalas. rac mas saSualebas aZlevs zustad gansazRvros iberiakolxeTis strategiuli mniSvneloba didi saxelmwifoebis (pontos. igi Seswavlilia zogadkolxur konteqstSi da aRniSnulia. mxolod aRvniSnavT. romauli garnizonebis Cayenebas SavizRvispira zolSi. sakmaod sainteresodaa dawerili naSromis Semdegi Tavi `iberia-kolxeTSi romaelebis eqspansia~. warmoadgenda naTesaur Temebs. III saukunis wina periodSi gavrcelebuli iyo borcvebze da bunebriv gorebze gamarTuli Zelur-baTqaSiani. naSromis am TavSi mimoxilulia ibera-kolxeTis samxedro da politikuri istoria winare antikuri xanidan elinisturi epoqis CaTvliT. pontos limesis problemas da kidev araerT sakiTxs. qarTveluri mosaxleobiT dasaxlebul aRmosavleT SavizRvispireTSi Zv. adeiSvilebis goris msgavsi gamagrebuli borcvebi avtoris azriT. romlebic avtoris 133 . koSkebCarTuli kompleqsebi. naSromis Semdeg TavSi `xis TavdacviTi samosaxloebi kolxeTSi~ ganxilulia sofel mTisZirSi. romelic arqeologiuri situaciis garda aRdgenilia Zveli berZeni avtorebis mier Semonaxuli cnobebis gaTvaliswinebiT. sadac xdeboda dasavluri da aRmosavluri civilizaciebis Tanxvedra da Sejaxeba.w. aq saqme exeba sayovelTaod cnobil movlenebs: pompeusis sardlobiT romaeli legionebis pirvel gamoCenas saqarTveloSi. romlis saTaveSic idga berZnuli wyaroebiT cnobili basilevsi. e. ar iqnes gaziarebuli da miRebuli. arqeologiuri masalisa da Zveli werilobiTi wyaroebis Sejerebis safuZvelze miRebulia daskvna.w. rom TavdacviTi miznebisaTvis kolxeTSi moxerxebulad iyenebdnen fizikur-geografiul pirobebs da bunebriv gorebs. armeniis. yuradReba gamaxvilebulia qsenofontes cnobaze Zv. romlis Tanaxmadac. rac Cveni azriTac.w. es brZola mniSvnelovani iyo im TvalsazrisiTac. romlebsac ewodeboda mosuini. rom werilobiT wyaroebSi pirvelad gaCnda cnoba kolxeTis jaris taqtikisa da omis dros manevrirebis Sesaxeb. cnobili mosazrebisTvis. adeiSvilebis goraze avtorisave mier aRmoCenili da Seswavlili sasimagro nageboba.monacemebi. romis) politikur da ekonomikur interesebSi. sruliad SesaZlebelia. aqve avtori dasaSvebad miiCnevs mTisZiris mdidruli samarxis mikuTvnebas adgilobrivi xelisuflisadmi. Zelebiani meseriT SemozRuduli.w. `samxedro-politikuri viTareba farnavaz-qujis droindel iberia-kolxeTSi~. rom kolxeTs da iberias ekavaT geopolitikuri TvalsazrisiT erT-erTi sakvanZo teritoria. detalurad ar SevudgebiT yvela niuansis ganxilvas. amave TavSi mocemulia saintereso cnobebi sxvadasxva qveynis jarebSi daqiravebul Tu nebiT myof qarTvel meomrebze. didi adgili eTmoba azosa da farnavazs Soris mimdinare brZolebis aRweras da iberia-kolxeTis cixe-simagreebis mniSvnelobas qveynis Tavdacvisunarianobis ganmtkicebis saqmeSi. Zv.

struqturisa da raodenobis Sesaxeb. sabrZolo xomaldis da sxv. boloTqmaSi aRniSnulia. werilobiT wyaroebze dayrdnobiT aRniSnulia. gadajgufeba. rogoricaa: partizanuli brZolebi. sasurvelia. monografiis calkeuli Tavebi eZRvneba avtoris mier dasaxuli probleme- 134 . rom iberiis samxedro Zalebi kargad flobdnen maSindeli saomari saqmis ZiriTad elementebs da gaTvicnobierebuli iyvnen iseT niuansebSi. es Tavi uxvad Seicavs cnobebs iberiis sasimagro sistemebis. g.gamyreliZis `omi da SeiaraReba iberia-kolxeTSi~ Zveli saqarTvelos istoriis mniSvnelovan problematikaze Seqmnili erT-erTi pirveli samecniero-popularuli narkvevia. aRWurvilobaze. radgan aseTi saxis wignebi xels uwyobs momavali Taobis patriotuli suliskveTebiT aRzrdas. `aRWurviloba. ganxilulia farsman II-is droindeli epoqis samxedropolitikuri viTareba. zurab bragvaZe samnaviani bazilikis arqiteqturuli tipi saqarTveloSi. Tb. 2009.mier Cveuli pedantobiTaa Seswavlili da gadmocemuli. avtoriseul yovel msjelobas safuZvlad udevs saqarTvelos sxvadasxva arqeologiur Zeglebze mopovebuli Sesabamisi masalisa da werilobiTi wyaroebis cnobebis urTierTSejereba. avtoris mizans aseve warmoadgens qarTuli samnaviani bazilikebis Seswavla qristianuli samyarosa da saqarTvelos sxva arqiteqturul tipebTan mimarTebaSi. Zveli saqarTvelos samxedro saqmiT dainteresebuli mkiTxveli bevr siaxles Seityobs wignis im TavSi. rac msjelobas damajerebels xdis. jaris saxeobebis. sasurveli iqneboda mas darTuli hqonoda feradi ilustraciebi. wigni popularuli xasiaTisaa da swored amis gamo albaT. sxvadasxva sabrZolo iaraRze. meomris TavdacviT saSualebebze. rekonstruqcia. rogorc vnaxeT. saartilerio saqmeze da sabrZolo xomaldebze. kolxi meSurdulis. daadginos saqarTveloSi samnaviani bazilikis arqiteqturuli tipis tipologiuri Taviseburebani. sabrZolo etlebis. rom antikuri xanis qarTuli jari agebuli iyo samobilizacio principze da warmoadgenda seriozul samxedro Zalas.~ winasityvaobaSi avtori mkiTxvels acnobs sakuTar mizans. yumbarsatyorcni balastebis. reliefis moxerxebulad gamoyeneba da sxv. naSromi aseve moigebda iberia_ kolxeTis ZiriTadi brZolebis amsaxveli qronologiuri cxrilis calke danarTis saxiT arsebobis SemTxvevaSic. swrafi ieriSi. n. gavrcelebis terito- riuli da qronologiuri farglebi da saqarTvelos samnaviani bazilikebis arsebobis etapobrivi sqema. naSromi uxvadaa ilustrirebuli da es viTareba mowodebuli masalis kargad gaazrebis xelisSemwyobia. aqve mocemulia iberieli meomris. rogorc aRviSneT. rac mowodebuli teqstis ukeT aRqmisaTvis kargi TvalsaCino nimuSia. jabua 2009 wels gamoica xelovnebaTmcodne naTela jabuas monografia `samnaviani bazilikis arqiteqturuli tipi saqarTveloSi. yuradReba gamaxvilebulia Zveli qarTveli meomris arsenalze. artileria da sazRvao saqme iberia-kolxeTSi~.. igi bevrma axalgazrdam waikiTxos. Cveni azriT. naSromis bolo Tavi iberiis samefos aRmavlobas eZRvneba. romelsac ewodeba.

aRniSnuli sakiTxebis kvlevas mosdevs 14 cxrili. naSromis momdevno TavSi `bazilikis arqiteqturuli tipi qristianul samyarosa da saqarTveloSi~ warmodgenilia is ZiriTadi komponentebi da tendenciebi. somxur da bizantiur nimuSebs da aseve naCvenebia maT Soris arsebuli Tvisobrivi gansxvavebulobani. darbazuli eklesiis. sayrdenebi da TaRebi. garsSemosavleli. gadakeTeba-SekeTebis dro da xasiaTi. Cans. sakuTriv qarTul arqiteqturul tipebTan samnaviani bazilikis mimarTebis problemas exeba monografiis Tavi `samnaviani bazilikis arqiteqturul tipebTan urTierTmimarTebis sakiTxi qarTul xuroTmoZRvrebaSi. impostebi. VIII-IX da X-XI saukuneebi da daxasiaTebulia TiToeuli maTgani. karibWe. qronologiuri monacemebi. interieris ganaTebis intensivoba da xasiaTi. samSeneblod gamoyenebuli masala. riTac qarTuli Zeglebi emsgavseba siriul. XX_XXI saukuneebis restavraciebi. samSeneblo periodebi. afsidis amaRleba. Sida sivrcis gadawyveta. pastoforiumebi. interieris morTulobis elementebi. monografiis Semdegi Tavis saxelwodebaa `saqarTvelos samnaviani bazilikebis SedarebiTi daxasiaTeba statistikur-tipologiuri aRricxvis safuZvelze~.bis gadaWris gzebis Ziebas. aRWurvili gegmiT da saTanado bibliografiiT. navebis gadaxurva. ZeglTa zomebi. bazilikaSi Sesasvleli. romelic ukavSirdeba aRniSnul problemas. kamarebi. Zeglis simaRlisa da sigrZe-siganis Sefardeba. mTavari Sesasvleli. rac avtoris msjelobas aniWebs myar argumentacias. maTSi warmodgenilia saqarTvelos samnaviani bazilikebis (V-XVIII saukuneebi) dawvrilebiTi monacemebi. gumbaTiani arqiteqturisa da gurjaanis yvelawmindis SedarebiTi daxasiaTeba da am fonze warmoCenilia saqarTvelos saeklesio xuroTmoZRvrebis calkeul arqiteqturul tipebs Soris arsebuli msgavseba-gansxvavebebi. trapezi. monografiis bolos warmodgenilia saqarTvelos yvela samnaviani bazilika (42 Zegli). niSebis raodenoba. sigrZe-siganis Sefardeba eqsteriersa da interierSi. mocemulia werilobiTi wyaroebis analizi da ganxilulia yvela mTavari mosazreba. monografiis Semdeg TavSi `samnaviani bazilikis arqiteqturuli tipis arsebobis etapebi saqarTveloSi~ ganxilulia qronologiis sakiTxebi. satriumfo TaRis formebi da zomebi. ornaviani eklesiis. naSromis TavSi `qristianuli bazilikis arqiteqturuli tipis Sesaxeb~ Seswavlilia samecniero literaturaSi qristianuli bazilikebis warmoSobisa da formirebis sakiTxebis istoriografia. ZeglTa daculoba. naSromis amave Tavs erTvis saqarTvelos samnaviani bazilikebis gavrcelebis ruka da dawvrilebiTaa daxasiaTebuli 42 Zeglis adgilmdebareoba regionebis miTiTebiT. narteqsi. naSroms calke erT- 135 . sakurTxevlis afsida. rom avtors sakmao Sroma gauwevia bazilikebis Sesaxeb arsebuli masalis statistikur-tipologiuri meTodiT kvlevis garSemo. gambrjeni TaRebi.~ aq mocemulia samnaviani bazilikisa da sameklesiani bazilikis. svetisTavebi. galerea. interierisa da eqsterieris urTierTdamokidebuleba. meore sarTulebis saTavsebi. naSromis dasknaSi zogadad reziumirebulia kvlevis Sedegebi. arqiteqturuli Zeglebis analizis safuZvelze gamoyofilia sami qronologiuri etapi: V-VII. SesasvlelTa raodenoba. sarkmelebi. safexurebis raodenoba. Sua da gverdiTi navebis urTierTdamokidebuleba. kedlebis sisqe. samRvdeloebis Camosajdomi qvis rigebi.

. Sesavlis. zurab bragvaZe quTaisis arqeologia. omar lanCava 2007 wels saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis oT. II Tavi quTaisis Zv. savaWro urTierTobebis gaaqtiurebiT. radgan am drois amsaxveli artefaqtebi gamovlenili ar iyo. rom avtori zedmiwevniT flobs sakvlevi problemis Sesaxeb arsebul qarTul da ucxoenovan specialur literaturas. vardisubani. farnali). gasuli saukunis 80-iani wlebidan quTaisSi mimdinareobs intensiuri arqeologiuri samuSaoebi da warmodgenili naSromi am gaTxrebis Sedegad mopovebuli arqeologiuri masalis erTad Tavmoyrisa da quTaisis sami aTaswlovani istoriis calkeuli etapebis monografiulad Seswavlis pirveli seriozuli mcdelobaa. werilobiTi wyaroebis cnobebi da istoriografia. monografiis III TavSi Seswavlilia quTaisis antikuri xanis (Zv. rac marTalia.w.w. ara sakmarisi. farcxanayanevi. stratigrafiuli Wrilebi. arqeologiuri Zeglebis istoria. VI-I saukuneebis) arqeologiuri Zeglebi.w. rodesac gavrcelebas iwyebs kolxuri kulturis elementebi da Cndeba sasoflo tipis pirveli samosaxloebi (arqielis gora. patrikeTis gora. suraTebis aRweriloba (qarTul da inglisur enebze).w. cacxvebis ubani. grafikuli tabulebi. am epoqis mZlavri kulturuli fenis arseboba mkvlevars safuZvels aZlevs ivaraudos.w. mwvaneyvavila. VIII-VII saukuneebidan quTaisi yalibdeba rogorc qalaquri dasaxleba. godogani.w. situaciuri gegmebi da feradi ilustraciebi. VI saukunidan qalaqi icvlis adgilmdebareobas da arqielis goridan gadadis Tanamedrove quTaisis vake nawilSi. Zv.lorTqifaniZis arqeologiis centrma gamosca profesor om.w. aRniSnulia. I Tavi exeba quTaisis istoriul-arqeologiur viTarebas uZvelesi droidan Zv. monografiaSi gadmocemuli avtoriseuli ZiriTadi daskvnebi da debulebebi warmodgenilia inglisur enaze vrceli reziumes saxiT. Zv. lanCavas monografia `quTaisis arqeologia~. raTa es saintereso gamokvleva xelmisawvdomi gaxdes araqarTulenovani mkiTxvelisaTvis. xolo am teritoriebis intensiuri aTviseba xdeba Zv. saidanac irkveva.vis gamoyenebuli literaturis sakmaod grZeli sia. IV-III saukuneebidan vidre ax. III-IV saukuneebamde adre quTaisis istoriaSi uwodebdnen `bnel periods~. gabaSvilis gora. rva Tavisa da qarTul da inglisurenovani reziumeebisgan. rom Zv. 2007. rom quTaisis midamoebSi cxovreba iwyeba musties epoqidan. VIII saukunemde. es adgilmonacvleoba gamowveulia geopolitikuri viTarebiT. Tb. ukanaskneli wlebis kvleva-ZiebiT es lakuna aRmofx- 136 .w. monografia gamocemulia maRal poligrafiul doneze. aRniSnulia. TeTramiwa. XV-XIII saukuneebidan.w. VIII saukunidan quTaisSi SeiniSneba mZlavri demografiuli afeTqeba. VIII-VI saukuneebis viTarebisadmia miZRvnili. rom epoqas Zv. SesavalSi mimoxilulia quTaisis geografiuli garemo. magram aucilebeli pirobaa. romelic xdeba saero da religiuri mmarTvelobis centri. wigns erTvis SemoklebaTa ganmarteba. kerZod. avtoris azriT. naSromi Sedgeba winaTqmis.

VI saukunidan quTaisi aRar aris egrisis samefos administraciul-politikuri centri. ra Tqma unda. sasimagro sistema. yovelTvis ar aris dakavSirebuli eTnikur cvlilebebTan. naSromis VI Tavi Seexeba quTaisis VIVII saukuneebis istorias. samlocvelo saxli.vrilia qalaqis vake nawilSi fiqsirebuli adreantikuri xanis fenebis Seswavlis Sedegad. avtoris es mosazreba SesaZlebelia iqces mecnieruli diskusiis sagnad. sakulto da saero arqiteqtura. wyalmomarageba. arqeologiuri aRmoCenebi adastureben. romelsac Sedegad mosdevs saqalaqo cxovrebis aRmavloba da farTo aRmSeneblobiTi samuSaoebi. rom quTaisis axali aRmavlobis procesi saTaves iRebs III-IV saukuneebidan da es periodi calke etapadaa gamoyofili qalaqis istoriaSi da swored am droidan quTaisi gvevlineba rogorc egrisis samefos erT-erTi dawinaurebuli cixe-qalaqi da am procesSi gadamwyveti roli Seasrula egrisis samefos gaZlierebam. radgan saqme exeba saqarTvelos istoriis umniSvnelovanes problemas. romlis Tanaxmadac. rom quTaisi kvlav didi 137 . monografiis am TavSi avtori garkveulad imeorebs missave adre gamoTqmul Sexedulebebs. ris Sedegadac avtori midis metad seriozul daskvnamde. elinisturi xanis samarovnis gaCena eTnokulturuli cvlilebebis Sedegi unda yofiliyo. radgan am droidan dawinaurda cixe-goji-arqeopolisi. aq zogadad aris mimoxiluli egris-lazikis sasimagro sistemebisa da egrisis zRvispira da Sida qalaqebis problematika. romlis saxlwodebaa `quTaisi VII-VIII saukuneebSi~. e. rionze igeba axali xidi. riTac qveda qalaqi da citadeli erTmaneTs ukavSirdeba. lanCavas es mosazreba SeiZleba garkveulwilad sakamaTo iyos. xdeba citadelis gadakeTeba. prof. monografiis VII TavSi. am moklevadian movlenas ar gamouwvevia qalaqis dacema-ganadgureba da ukve V-VI saukuneebis mijnidan iwyeba ganaxlebis periodi. avtori samarTlianad varaudobs. xolo citadelis SigniT samlocvelo saxlis adgilze Sendeba axali samafsidiani bazilika. iwyeba IV saukunis Sua xanebidan da aRniSnuli periodis kvlevas eTmoba monografiis V Tavi. rom am dros qalaqi gare agresiis msverpli xdeba. werilobiT wyaroebze da arqeologiur masalaze dayrdnobiT. dadgenilia. radgan kulturis transfornmacia. samefo sasaxle. cixe-qalaqis ganviTarebis meore etapi avtoris azriT. om. IV-V saukuneebSi.w. romlebic Camoyalibebulia sadoqtoro disertaciasa da monografiaSi `quTaisi egris-lazikis cixe-qalaqTa sistemaSi~ da am kuTxiT kvleva-Zieba aSkarad nayofieria. vfiqrobT. rom elinistur periodSi aRniSnul teritoriaze funqcionirebda samarovani. Aam periodis quTaisis aRmavlobaze miuTiTebs mdidari da mravalferovani arqeologiuri masalac. Aamis miuxedavad. ris gamoc ingreva sasimagro sistema da sxvadasxva nagebobebi. arqeologiur da stratigrafiul viTarebaze dayrdnobiT Seswavlilia cixe-qalaqis dagegmareba. savsebiT samarTlianad aris SeniSnuli. IV Tavi miZRvnilia egris-lazikis cixe-qalaqebisa da dasavleT saqarTveloSi iran-bizantiis geopolitikuri interesebisadmi. magram quTaisi kvlav aqtiur rols asrulebda qveynis politikur da kulturul cxovrebaSi da qalaqma sakuTar Tavze iwvnia egrisis didi omianobis Sedegebi. avtoris varaudiT. Tumca. Sendeba godolebiani kedlebi. karibWeebi da koSkebi. SesaZlebelia quTaisi egrisis samefos politikur centrsac warmoadgenda. cixe-gojis dawinaurebamde.

sasurveli iqneboda Semdgomi gamocemebisas arqeologiuri masala (gansakuTrebiT Sav-TeTri da feradi fotoebi) mowodebuli iyos masStabiT. metic. TiTqmis samas gverdiani monografia ver iqneba dazRveuli xarvezebisagan. ilustrirebul nawilze da keTili rCeva mivceT pativcemul kolegas da megobars. lanCavas monografia `quTaisis arqeologia~ mravalmxrivi naSromia.m. zurab bragvaZe 138 . rogorc afxazTa samefos sataxto qalaqi.da dawinaurebuli qalaqi unda yofiliyo. romelic avtoris mixedviT. gamoTqmuli SeniSvnebi araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar akninebs monografiis mecnierul mniSvnelobas da quTaisis warsulis aRiarebuli mkvlevaris es naSromi did daxmarebas gauwevs saqarTvelos istoriiTa da arqeologiiT dainteresebul specialistebs. aRsaniSnavia. romelTa kompleqsuri analizis safuZvelze gamoyofilia quTaisis istoriis calkeuli periodebi. arqeologiuri masalis analizis safuZvelze miRebulia bunebrivi daskvna. mwvaneyvavila da mowameTa. ra Tqma unda. rogorc vnaxeT. bunebrivia. geguTis cixe-darbazi. VIII saukunidan igi gvevlineba. rom Semdgomi gamocemebis dros ufro meti yuradReba miaqcios ilustraciebis xarisxs. rom erTiani saqarTvelos dedaqalaqobis periodis quTaisis ganuyofeli nawilebi iyo gelaTis samonastro komleqsi. avtoris zogierTi mosazrebac sakamaTo an Znelad gasaziarebeli iyos. funqcionirebda VIII saukunis bolodan X saukunis meore naxevramde. SesaZlebelia. om. naSromis VIII TavSi ganxilulia IX-XI saukuneebis quTaisi da misi gareubnebi. radgan sakmaod maRal poligrafiul doneze gamocemul wigns vizualur mxares ukargavs absoluturad uxarisxo fotomasala. farTobis aguriT nagebi samefo sasaxle. magram amjerad gvsurs yuradReba gavamaxviloT monografiis teqnikur. arqeologiuri masalis garda masSi gamoyenebulia araerTi qarTuli Tu ucxoenovani werilobiTi wyaro. kaxianouris ufliswulis sasaxle. 400 kv. amasTan. am epoqis quTaisSi warmoebuli farTo samSeneblo samuSaoebi dakavSirebulia leon II-is moRvaweobasTan.

In this period excavations began Georgian State Museum named 139 . on a place to work with her were G. Javakhishvili. Nokalakevi site. and G. Donated culture finds directly parallels in Ancient Greek world (we also agree with this opinion). to ascertain in essence of denoted culture. Gozalishvili and L. by the way of archaeological excavations almost equally. In 1971 territory was again serviced by the same expedition. Signalized expedition made works from December of 1930 till January of 1931 years. In commission staff were G.1. which probably includes 17-hectare territory. pic. M. Muskhelishvili. S. minerals. Represented work performs experiment.M. It includes the Northeast stretch of Colchis lowland and Egrisi ridge. Lortqipanidze. In 1968 Nokalakevi site and its suburbs were serviced by search archaeological expedition of west Georgia. Chubinashvili. on specially arranged cult squares were displayed dozes of copies of double-protoma zoomorphic ceramic sculptures. Ian Colvin NOKALAKEVI IN THE VIIIth-VIIth centuries B. which defined almost continuity of various vital ages during 15th cc.C. Shnaider. Nokalakevi was serviced by archaeological expedition of Georgian history institute named Iv. Wealth of region with building materials. kaukchishvili and others. Grigolia. is divided into three parts: Citadeli. Nokalakevi site is disposed in the down part of river Tekhuri.) As it’s clearing up exactly concrete Bio-Geographical environment was the main factor. Nioradze. Nino Kebuladze. Khoshtaria. which have not analogue in throughout Caucasian area. History of archaeological researches Archaeological study of Nokalakevi site began since 1930 year. mountain slope adjoining from North and settlement that is situated on the plain place (PL. when there in order to work came German Byzantines archaeology A. I. The main point of scientific problem is that by cause not Colchis and at the same time local productive outruns forward to the period of Greek colonization. diversity of fau- na. It is urbaned in the gorge of river Tekhuri in the ridge and root of mountain named Unagira. Fkhakadze. Tsitsishvili and I. (The 1st period of development) Short summary In 1980 years. In February of 1946. which started in 1973. into three stages: I stage – from 1973 till 1990. G. acropolis or Jikha. which was running from process of society and state organization. in the west Georgia on the sites of Nokalakevi and Vani. by leadership of N. G. It’s possible to disjoin archaeological expeditions on Nokalakevi site. Wealth of natural minerals was determining the positive upheavals in development of production and trade.PAPERS IN ENGLISH David Lomitashvili. 16 km far from Senaki. was an important basis for exist of settlement for a long time and for traditionally development of agricultural industries. Physical-geographical area Nokalakevi site is located in the west Georgia in Samegrelo region. precious metals. Baramidze. Grdzelishvili. In the staff were G. In staff also were I. also in epoch and social-political situation. Ana Tvaradze. Common leadership of archaeological work was imposed to commission.

This kind of stones in scientific literature are named as "Lydian stones" and were used for sampling of gold and other precious metals. This stone was known for Plinius (Gaius Plinius Secundus (23 AD – August 25. Its known. Stratigraphic Matrix Nokalakevi is multi-layered archaeological complex. But from Early Iron Age their getting wears massive character. it is exactly this united chronological frame that allowed us to date respective layer of Nokalakevi to the 8-7th cc B. because of politic events developed in country III stage – joint Anglo-Georgian expeditions from 2001 till nowadays. Chemical and geological analyses confirmed.156]. 2) was discovered enough scaled bead making workshop of various precious and semiprecious stones and natural minerals. p. territory between fortification walls built in 5th and 6th cc. As for the minerals. These kinds of touchstones are made from different race of stone. and still nowadays the only parallel of cultic funeral platform is Vani. from village Bandza. a small metallurgical workshop and cult square. from that were made bead-polishing stones. in village Mukhura and 16 km away in Chkhorotsku district. including late Bronze Age. the second group from specific sparking black colored stone. Janashia. top attention was focused on parallel. 3 km away.C.S. and also one unknown monument from Martvili district. p. A.C. in Mtskhetajvari grave № 82). It seems that in Colchis similar material was made cult things too (penetrationable amulet with seven incisions. 17]. While working on stone things. similar findings were fixed in the south-east. II stage – from 1990 till 2001 were really terrible years for expedition. Test stones were found with metal tap ceramic ladle and with blowing pipes. p. Mukhurcha. [2. that indeed the stone belongs to group of "Lydian stones" (stone is stable to words acids. 51].D. p. tastes gold and silver). and their number is defined by units. One part of touchstones are made from cobble (river stone). River Tekhura and its sewage do a very interesting material revealing in term of raw materials. 79) too and mentions as stone of Heraklea [4. at the same time when was displayed balances of workshop in Nokalakevi. also in one of the graves of Vani and etc. in village Ochkhumuri. There has been revealed larger-sized bead-polishing stone. synchronous sites. a large number is available on watershed of Tekhura. As we have already marked one of the discoveries is bead-making workshop. 18]. In the same layer was found a large number of peaces of semiprecious minerals. in the Crimea. which begin to appear in early Bronze Age. B. I pic. Due to the fact that on this stones are not observed the trace of whet it became doubtful to admit them as touchstones. During archaeological excavations 3 meters in deep were fixed bead-polishing stones. So far the earliest chronology is determined by 8-7th cc. Zakaraia. Consequent from Nokalakevi these products were studied in many respects.C.C. On territory "between fortification walls" (the eastern sector of lower terrace of former city site. there was chosen separate group of touchstones. In terms of enterprise settlements. [2. Typological diagram of "Nokalakevi type" settlements of VIII-VII cc. In one of valley’s sewage was displayed a large number of that race of stones. Touchstone made from black colored stone is penetrated into luxury barrow dated by 500-450 B.) (PL. The location should favor existence of beadmaking workshop in Nokalakevi. under the leadership of P. In addition. Exceptionally interesting monuments (artifacts) were displayed of this period. [4. that 140 . Both copies perform samples made with whitish color sandstone. In drawing up a chronological scheme. that were got by the way of excavations on Nokalakevi site. On the same territory in various times and places are displayed very polished tusks. Time of appearance of test stones fits well to the next beginning metalwork development. parallel monuments of Nokalakevi are Ochkhomuri. mainly in the form of new materials. B.

Cleaned figures were dried well on the room temperature. and if not these arrangement. III. etc. for their join. pic. Mukhurcha. (8. consideration about exist of cultic square on this territory. pic. on the territory of industrial. 10. from the parts of the same figures. The only analogue for these in the Caucasus is so far known only from Vani (3. On the both site figures have pasted two pairs of limbs. was possible again disintegrating of these restored figures [7.3. By the way of excavations were found hundreds of fragments of smashed ceramic sculptures. in 70 km away to the east together with bones of sacrificed cattle. 153]. Conservation of restored figures was made with PVB. Using indicated paper did testing of water’s pH. p. Then was washed in running water. Missing places were supplemented with parisian plaster.11. That’s why at first they were very carefully cleaned with cotton tampons of hidrochloride. PL. which is possible to move away.5). Lomitashvili’s initiative. etc. except glue was necessary to embed additional constructions (non-corrosive wires. Restoration-conservation Part of archaeological materials. PL III). IV. that were excavated in Nokalakevi in 1983-83 years. tusks should be considered with metalwork. pots. Parts of fragments were covered with salt and scurf of ground. with the jewels workshop. settlement was displayed the largest cultic complex. Ceramic sculptures are zoomorphic in character. Inside smallness of crucible abdominal. stems) in joints.) local stratigraphy and other auxiliary technical means (method C14) have been dated to the 8th7th cent. 60]. 3. On one of the authors of this article. D. The fragments were heavy enough. pic 5). if it is needful whenever. after it overpasses in torso and is ended with animal head-on. Double-protoma zoomorphic sculptures In 1983-85 years. suggests that it was used for smeltory of precious metals.1. After search of conformable fragments. These are double-protoma ceramic sculptures with various images of animals (PL II. V. dergis. Ochkhumuri.2. p. especially then. prof. and was placed in distilled water for several days.). We were changing water till neutral reaction. correlates with synchronous sites (Vani. p. The cultic complex displayed in Nokalakevi. blowing pipes. Process of restoration was labor-intensive enough. II pic. Small metallurgical workshop is also dated by 8th7th cent. Principle of reversibility is one of the main principles in the case of modern restoration-conservation. 4. in it’s chemical-restoration laboratory. were placed on exhibition and in storage of Nokalakevi archaeological museum. B. in "Chaqvinja-Gudava-Nokalakevi" fund of the middle age department. It is comparatively conditional to ascribe the figures to any animal. Janashia. but the main part was placed in Georgian State Museum named S.with this was performed technological process of treatment of golden surface. PVA was used as a connecting material. with associated massproduction ceramic ware. different parts and details of few figure’s 141 .V1). remains of antler and a large quantity of specially broken household utensils (large-sized jars. For some months restoration work has been restored: Wholly – three units of double-protoma zoomorphic figurins (PL. was taken with silicon. p. pic. Janashia . 46-47). Golden test stones. Partly . horn and muzzle. Shape moldings of missing leg. pp. 78). PL. 2. and were used such methods and materials. PL. stalks.one hole torso figure (PL. During all working process we were leading with this principle. At last plaster (gyps) was featured and colored with coloring of acrylic. which are connected with elongated stomach to each other.C. one figure of sucking pig (PL. II. in 1999 year fragments of figures were placed in Georgian State Museum named S. pic. This fact steadies. when the case concerns to a museum objects [9. It was impossible to analys color and material. tap ladle. 1.

but as prof. 7]. Clays belong to one of the main and prevalent group of sedimentary rocks. Because plastic masses lose a big ability (drying) of sensibility. Also because of its main property.5. unknown culture. strength 2. also permanent components are K2O. In this direction for starting researches. among still known Colchian zoomorphic images. by iconographic image they represent belonging to the absolutely new. True. Chemically the clay is aluminum silicate. we are dealing with a full fledged clear iconographic type.5-1%). its reappearance is assigned to the Late Geometric period. B. from several district of village Nokalakevi (Legague. From the beginning clay was processed primitively. In some composition of clay minerals include MgO. but scholarly discussion under way. This kind of clays are fireproof. CaO. Athens [5. H2O (5-15%) and TiO2 (0. Hygromical (K2O ∙ MgO ∙ 4Al2O3 ∙ 7SiO2 ∙ 2H2O) exist of minerals in clay cause shortening of forces of binding particles and because of this also cause deformation and break of product. plasticity. p. Al2O3 (10-35%). Mg.C. 4. 5. 10. Outcome of clay is on the surface of the groundand conformably is easily acessible. H2O [6. Different chemical composition of clay ingoing minerals qualifies different qualities of their inclusive clays: Mineral kaolinit (Al2O3 ∙ 2SiO2 ∙ 2H2O) enteres in all kind composition of clay. Through kaolinit clay debunks property of plastic. they add to clay non plastic materials. Density 2. double-protoma four footed figures [5. 11. It is really necessary to find out if figures were made locally. p. Delphos. double-protoma images of animals and birds are known in the Ancient East and the Mediterrarean area back to the 3-2 millennia. Chemical composition Al2O3. pic. On account of this it ttracted humans attention from time immemorial. Insignificant size of crystals. (PL II. III. Lebagaturie. Tekhura riverside) was searched outcome of clay (or a way out of clay) and was taken research samples.body. At the same time such images were widespread in the Greek world. was shaped and dryed. Different chemical and physical attributes of clay defend exactly on their quantity. 7] Restored figures roused interest for scientific sphere. carbonate of Ca and organic substance [6. grinded charcoal.5-2. or we have case with import of ready products. very often is Fe2O3 (0-7%). SiO2. 2). In general clay contains as organic so inorganic admixtures. pic. Definite views in connection with this are already to be found in the literature. PL. Research Double-protoma four-footed ceramic figurins are absolutely unaccustomed. 142 . This kind of clays are known with binding property. theirs form like scaly and form like plate. 2. Otar Lordkipanidze notes. 6]. in order to compare theirs to the clay of figures. and was stored up burned productions too. Specimen of the 8th –7th cent. that only parallel is found in Vani by the way of excavations. In clay may be montmorilonit ((Ca Mg)O ∙ Al2O3 ∙ 4-5SiO2 ∙ H2O). Part of scientists’ thinks that it has connection with oriental world and are moving to the culture of Luristan (though the absolute majority of Luristanian bronze hangings are without passport and conformably therefore it is impossible to do any conclusion). is known from Olympus. Typical common marks for constituent clay minerals are: 1. conformably productive was very rude. 6. For this they use sand. sawdust and other minerals. Following the Crete and Micenaean period. Na2O (1-5%). where some ions of aluminum is replacemented with other metal. Mainly clay performes exhaust product of quartz contained rock.59. 12 15. 3. A large number of these kind sand are on the Tekhuri riverside. as it was already mentioned. In the form of admixture often found in silicates of iron and magnesium. 9. shamot (baked fireproof grinded clay). p. it is easy to give optative form. 6] It is known that the main and necessary constituents of clay minerals are SiO2 (40-70%).

X-rays deteqtor and multicanel analyzer. or on the contrary adds new terigenal mass with various proportion (1:1. Analyses were conducted in 35 samples. Yb. Cu. In 1970 years by T. 3 samples were materials from outcome of clay. Deteqtor performs semiconductor Si-pin-diod. Ga. Mn. Visual survey of invoice showed. On this and other basis of analysis were ascertained. Cd. that clay making technology passed difficult way of development off durring millennia. In nowadays XRF represents important analyzing method around the world in different research. From these 32 were various fragments of figures.17. Name ceramic comes from Grecian word "Keramon”clay. In several samples were fixed: Ar (samples # 6. Cd. Co. in contrast with clays of Kartli. are fixed several microelements: Ar. Nb. For this stage we show clay samples and data of microelements existed in sculptures.23). Rb. Nb. Cu. Metekhi and Ksani. it is slightly dissoluble. Ni. which gives more fireproof and strength to productive. Ga. Yb. In clays of Ksani were fixed: Y.9KeV. Production of analyses with spectral apparatus for determining elemental composition of museum exponents. A lot number of discoveries and results of researches made by scientists of different countries durring decades displayed. Spectral studies Qualitative composition of microelements in found raw materials and in research figures were ascertained with spectral analyses. Morchadze. to release from extra admixture materials. Ni. Research of Nokalakevi figures and searched clays are still in progress. Mixing clay with water produces plastic mass. Cr. We were making analyses on 40 kv. Ay. From that time many interesting information was invoked. Ib. by minister of scientific fund was acuired `ElvaX”.Baked clay products are called ceramic.13. found by the way of excavation and in obtained samples from outcome of clay. 1:2). Majority of samples are baked till light-red color. Zr. that in Nokalakevi samples. on the basis of spectral research is given comparative analyses between microelements existed in ceramic.18. in Georgia began from 1950 years. Mn. Nb. that her research ceramic was made from local clay. 5. In this period clay already bolts. although for prepering analyzing sample was necessary to take test from exponent. which are given as a result of spectral analysis. Ga in 9 samples. Ga. Mn.17] If we compare results given by us. Tharefore thing was spoiling visually and structurally. chemical and spectral. Co. Zr. Co. we will see. As. Elements Cr was not fixed in 13 samples. 100 second in the living conditions of time . Cu. 200eV resolution. and is not fixed V. which advantage is production of analysis by non-destructive way. that clay is not baked well till the end in depth. Research was conducted by using `ElvaX~ spectometer. on 5.5 mm2 area. and Ay. Zn. Contain of element Fe is interesting. Sr. is increased Mn [6 . Ay. 143 . Ti. It is planed to use various methods for search: microscopical. Y. in some cases from light gray till black. Form vindicates after getting dry and consolidates while bake. The subject of our study. Zn. Cu. which is high enough in samples of figures and in contain of № 1 and № 2 clay samples. Ti. are technologically comparatively developed ceramic types. rontgenstructural. Apparatus consists of: X-rays generator. As. In clays of Mtskheta is also Zn and Mn is increased six times in comparison with Metekhi. zoomorphic figures. with thermo-electrical cooling.27. In the clays of Mtskheta and Metekhi were fixed V. fixed on Nokalakevi territory.32) and V (samples # 17. of Mtskheta. Sr. In 2009 by Georgian National Museum. Cr. whatwhich possibly can give desired form. Qualitative composition of microelements got by the way of research are given in table: In every sample were fixed following microelements: Ti. Rb.

144 . which in future will allow us to make more well-founded conclusion. IV. with idolize of this figures and with execution of religious ritual his life would have been provided materially.15-19. One of the snake. = p. which is imaged on the neck of the figure. and other are questions. all of them in pagan religions are reputed as productivity deities. reproduction.w VI ss /cixegojiarqeopolisi-noqalaqevi/. 1. doqtoris samecniero xarisxis mosapoveblad.w VIII – ax. though if we direct with this stage results and with technique (surface of figures are polished vertically) which is typical for local massive productive discovered in Nokalakevi. Conclusion In represented work we tried to find out one of the most important discoveries of Colchis archaeology (connected with artifacts of Vani site). Tbilisi. disertacia ist. Tbilisi. lomitaSvili d. that is pet with size. List of literature: gvinCiZe g. bull.2). II. PL. augmentation of animal products and other. By awareness of Colchis ethnicity. which due search will give very important information in research case of intererrelation of Colchis and the Mediterranean sea civilizations. qebulaZe n. which solve needs much more arguments till we have at present. we can suppose. some of them as sculpture and some of them as decor implemented on the squlptures. Tbilisi. If this opinion is right the fact that this squlptures have double head on the both side of it. It should be noted. in precolonization epoch. snake and fish. and massive torso figures performe male god. 1988: elinisturi xanis kolxeTis mosaxleobis istoriisaTvis. which was the main concern for them. In findings of noklakevi are fixed several species of animals. the ways to get to Colchis. By our group on the figures is going other kind of research too. this is the main goal of ritual – divine act of impregnation. But one thing is obvious. #4(107). lomitaSvili d. Semantics of figures As we have already mentioned. with fertilization or with wide spreeded tradition of quantity. Tbilisi. whereon was dependent future existence of Colchis population. Consequent from Nokalakevi finds is deemed.zaqaraia (red). that figures might be local producte.167-177. Clear confirmation of this are zoomorphic images as a function of simbols. III). II) items. 1993: stratigrafia noqalaqevis naqalaqarze (VII ubnis mixedviT). III) and massive torso (PL. 3).. which are represented in pairs. Denoted question requires research and conformably its very premature to conclude.Composition of microelements in research figures and in clay samples. semantics. Theirs lineage. that peak of ritual development might be break process of figures. We think. terra-cottal figures from Nokalakevi are represented with hundred of fragments. Their total number is almost equally distributed on hole(PL. 2003: centraluri kolxeTi Zv. should be explained with simbols of death andi birth.mecn. 1995: „vani. horse. gv. found on territory of Nokalakevi are almost identical. Research of doneted scientific problem only begins. that hole torso is represented as female god. torsos. noqalaqevi–arqeopolisi III. Explanation of doneted scientific problem will create much clear idea about Ancient Colchis civilization of late bronze-early iron age. lorTqifaniZe oT. the figure of dear. figure is surrounding with image of seven snakes (PL. lomitaSvili d. 1999: salesebi Tu Zvirfasi liTonebis sasinji qvebi. particularly with limbs. pic. In findings of cult square is confirmed dear. heads and other formless fragments (PL. gv. `Zeglis megobari~. as female and male copy. on traingle modal head has imagine of life tree (PL IV. habitats. pic.

PL. I. Pic. 1-2. Seven snakes decoration – extantion PL. Figure of a deer with seven snakes decoration. Lordkipanidse Ot.59-61. до н. Pic. ceramic figure of a wolf-dog. 3. Hole-torso zoomorphic figure. 42. 2-3. cc -72-79. Detail of fish figure. 2. Pic. II.III. Sonderdruck aus. 2004: О реставрации и конскрвации двухпротомных зооморфных фигур из ЦихегоджиАрхеополисаю . Water de Gruyter. /по материалам Нокалакевского городища/ . V.M. сс.„oqromravali“ kolxeTis uZvelesi religiuri centri“. Баку. Pic. славянский университет. Pic. Berline-New York. Pic. Pic. Pic. 1979: Sida qarTlis antikuri periodis keramika. 1. (Ukrainian ceramological journal). Pic. Deutsches Archäologisches Institut. The east fortification walls from the north.Консервацiя i реставрацiя керамiки. 5-35 Details of various zoomorphic figures. Archäologischer Anzeiger. Pic. Месхидзе Э. Draw 3. 1995: Űber Zwei Funde aus Vani. 2004: The Elements of Archaeological Conservation. Nokalakevi site. Ломиташвили Д. Tbilisi. 1-14.Актуальные проблемы изучения гуманитарных наук. Detail of zoomorphic figure. 1. 2. Draw.э. Iahrgang. Кебуладзе Н. Mains. plan. 4. III. Description of plates: PL. IV. 2000: Златокузнечное дело в Колхиде VIII-VIIвв. 1-3 dauble-protoma zoomorphic figures of deer. 41-52. Опiшне. morCaZe T. Cronyn J. вып. PL. Кебуладзе Н. Украiнський Керамологичний журнал. partially reconstructed. 145 . Hole-torso double-protoma figures. London. Details of the hole-torso zoomorphic figures. Iahrbuch des Romisch – Germanischen zentralmuseums. PL. 4-7.

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Itkhvisi. Bichvinta. It took place at a relatively accelerated rate in the western provinces of the Empire than in the Eastern countries.G. Shukhuti. through the Phasis (resp. on the other. from the Caspian Sea. occurring in the annexed countries under the aegis of Pax Romana. Here. Tsikhisdziri.Gela Gamkrelidze THE PROCESS OF GLOBALISTIC ROMANIZATION AND ANCIENT GEORGIA (An overview) In its essence Romanization was a globalistic process. Vani. Individual artefacts attested at the sites just listed are important. Armaziskhevi. Dedoplisgora. It was basically the economic and strategic advantage that attracted the Romans in the Caucasus. For example. Todua. was the arena of the exercise of military and political-economic power – the scene of hostilities of countries of Iranian orientation. on whose place and basis a single state – Georgia – was formed. led by Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus. carried on for years. have resulted in the accumulation of fairly diverse evidence from the following sites: Kldeeti. implying the spread and establishment of Roman political-economic norms and culture in the provinces of the Empire and neighboring countries. on the one hand. Dighomi. Uplistsikhe. Inkiti. Matthew. communication and East-West contacts. Especially noteworthy for them was the road that came from Central Asia. Shelton. gaining possession of new trade routes and markets for selling their goods. Ureki.T. At the same time the Caucasus Range was a 183 . Tsebelda. for written sources on this period are few. Zhinvali. Kamarakhevi. In a number of provinces of the Roman Empire Romanization was attended by the development of technological. Dzalisa.. D. etc. Later. Poti. 5-24.G. 2006:97]. Todua. 97-116].). Tbilisi. 2003:4-9. as they allow us to trace the Romanization process throughout Iberia-Colchis [Gamkrelidze. Urbnisi. bringing new countries within the sphere of her influence. crossing the Likhi range. Sokhumi. The archaeological excavations. This road acquired particular significance after the strengthened Parthian state placed under its control the southern transit highways running from China and India. the Roman Empire was distinguished for an unheard of scale of the process of globalism. Shorapani. BC . Ghartiskari). Gonio. Zghuderi. 1998:21-30. Study of the history of the relations of IberiaColchis and Rome is largely feasible on the basis of archaeological material. Ghebi. on the river Mtkvari(resp. lying at the junction of Asia and Europe. Tsitsamuri. Iberia-Colchis. the state of Achaemenid Iran or the Empire of Alexander the Great performed the function of globalization.T. The process of Romanization differed in tempo and scale in the boundless space of the Roman Empire. Kura). Garland. Processes of globalization did occur in various forms and scale before the period of the Roman Empire as well. 2005:134]. Rioni) river to the Black Sea. AD – political hegemony was gained by the kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia. a process of assimilation and cultural syncretization of peoples. In 65 BC the legionaries of the Roman Republic appeared in Transcaucasia. A peculiar process of historical development took place for millennia on the territory of ancient Georgia. in the Classical period – the 6thc. Tagiloni. J. (ed. L. A. Sarkine.. The gist of Romanization lay in involving the peoples subject to Rome and under its influence in a single system and establishment of a way of life governed from a single centre and based on common standards [see Hopkins. Mtskheta (Armaztsikhe. Mukhatgverdi. which was due to the non-uniform socio-economic and political structure here [see Gamkrelidze. Vashnari. and that of Classical orientation.4thc.

Iberia-Colchis must have been a hard nut to crack. Mithradates of Pergamum or Polemon. AD. new economic and culture.G. The Romans managed to establish a definite control in which. Asia Minor and the Bosporus [see Braund. 2006:25-57].. Rome – a state highly developed by that time – played a somewhat positive role. whose area of activity was limited to a concrete coastal zone. In the Eastern policy of Rome the Black Sea area communications were indispensible in her rivalry with such powerful a state as Parthia [see Bokshanin. Lucullus. Roman classical type canabees did not rise here. 1956]. Puturidze. Darial and Derbent. 1991:35-52]. M. Transportation of this manufacture was largely carried on by sea.D.G.M.. 14). with its gorges. Whoever held these roads he could control the movements of the NorthCaucasian warlike tribes [see Gamkrelidze.A.K.. 2009:175-194].G. In particular. traditionally.G. Along with the setting up of the Pontus – Caucasus border system and the numerical growth of garrisons.. which proved negative. military tactical and technical innovations.D. The process of setting up and development of Roman settlements in the eastern Black Sea area took a peculiarly different path. Lordkipanidze.. Geopolitically. 1992:30-48. 1980]. 1956:54-94] and Pitiunt (Bichvinta) [see Lordkipanidze. Berdzenishvili.Sh.T. The Colchian littoral was a strategic region that was indispensable for Rome to establish her influence in the Caucasus.M. It was mainly directed at supplying Roman military units. on a centralized basis from Trapezus [see Maksimova. Its principal task lay in strengthening Rome’s geopolitical positions and control in the Caucasus.T. from Antioch. 1975]. Kakhidze... 1991. wares of Asia Minor centers prevailed. PPE. 11]. Roman capital appeared in coastal cities.. Among the items. Lucullus’s prediction that subjugation of this region would prove very difficult turned out to have been correct to a certain extent (see Plutarch. This was a definite meeting-place of Eastern and Western civilizations. The involvement of 184 ..O. Khalvashi. subsequently in the formation of principalities semi-dependent on Rome [see Arrian. Todua.. of Colchis and then of Iberia. involved in this system.R. Khalvashi. turned into city-fortresses of militaristic character. Some peoples settled along the entire perimeter of the empire were governed by kings. 2002.. Rome failed to subordinate inner Colchis. The Roman garrisons were supplied in the 2nd – 3rdc. retaining a measure of independence. The littoral came under Rome’s political influence. Phasis (Poti) [see Gamkrelidze. At the castellums of Dioscurias – Sebastopolis. Pitiunt and Phasis there existed vicus type small trade and artisan settlements. the Caucasus held one of the key territories. Apsarus. at the initial stage. Roman manufacture – pottery. Rome had a definite impact on the process of development – first. 1992:3048. glassware and metal items – spread in the eastern Black Sea area. Khakhutaishvili. and in the 4thc.. This failed to be done either by the hand of Aristarchus...R. rapid. The Romans expanded the boundaries of the empire not only by military force but by flexible diplomatic stratagems as well. while in some regions the flexible policy of the Romans resulted in an unstable situation. The so-called Pontus-Caucasian border system took shape in the eastern Black Sea region towards the end of the 1st c. for the successes of the empire occasionally depended on them.. In this respect especially noteworthy are the passes of Mamisoni.good obstacle for regulating the inroads of North Caucasian aggression nomadic tribes into Transcaucasia and Roman Asia Minor. Apsarus (Gonio)[see Mamuladze. the Classical economic and cultural influence was stronger.E.G. Sebastopolis (Sokhumi) [see Puturidze. 1966]. Rome spared no diplomatic effort to establish friendly relations with these rulers. Mikeladze.. Gamkrelidze. unlike hinterland Colchis.. Notwithstanding her power. 2009:107-130. the local population became acquainted with the advanced Roman culture.. hard-to-cross rivers and dense forests. Gamkrelidze.

declaration of an Empire. AD. Iberia attained especial power in the 140s AD. Let us recall the rich burials of the Iberian royal family and nobles. The residence of Iberian Kings was at Armaztsikhe in Mtskheta. determined by bilateral economic and political interests.2ndc. etc. Excavations here have revealed a palace complex and necropolis of the 2nd – 4th c. et V non amplius dierum terreno itinere ad Phasim in Pontum Indicas posse devehi merces…" (see Pliny. geopolitical interests in the Caucasus and eastern Asia Minor. a silver cup. According to Dion Cassius. Iberian kings successfully used Rome for the consolidation of the political power in their struggle against Parthia. Here is a Roman type bath of the palace. The residence of the high officials of the Iberian Kingdom was situated on the right bank of the Mtkvari. wine cellar. Among the items found here there is toreutics of Roman provenance. Pompey was known to have taken special interest in the potentialities of carrying on trade relations along this road. in Armaziskhevi. BC. (ed). The trade route that linked Eastern countries with the Western world via Georgia was in Rome’s economic and political interests. The Iberian authorities controlled the major trade and strategic routes and passes. reaching the Black Sea. This event is reported as well in an inscription discovered at Ostia. In the 1st -2nd c. the Emperor Antoninus Pius invited Parsman. Its architecture is basically of Roman type. in the reign of King Parsman II. and tiles were used for roofing. The might of the Iberian Kingdom in the opening centuries of the new era found graphic reflection in material culture too. Apakidze. During his reign the territory of Iberia expanded appreciably. 1955.A. AD came to light here. By this time Iberia was completely free from political dependence on Rome.A. At this time some North-Caucasian tribes found themselves under the influence of Iberia. In the 1st. coins [see Apakidze. This relationship was expressed in a peculiar alliance. The Roman historians Tacitus and Dion Cassius have supplied detailed evidence on this.the coastal zone of the eastern Black Sea area in the border system of the Roman Empire ensured to a certain extent the security of the approaches to Rome’s eastern provinces and the strengthening of the Romans. et ex eo per Caspium[Caspian sea] in Cyrum[Kura river] subvectos. relief cornices. and extreme aggravation of relations with the powerful state of Parthia. v. Roman political influence on the kingdom of Iberia (resp. discovered as a result of archaeological excavations. AD. I. Mtskheta vols II-XI]. NH. The structures are adorned with relief representations. in the construction of which lime mortar was widely used. emerging as her ally in the Near East. Mtskheta. the kingdom of Iberia played an active part in Rome’s foreign policy.3rdc. cultic structures. 52). A whole set of structures of the 1st . VI. The architectural adornment of the palace is attested to by the palmetto capitals. ladle. 2). Kartli) did not last long. water conduits. diversified artisan manufacture and intensive trade and economic relations. phiale. A gable roof stone sarcophagus. economic facilities. AD the relations between Rome and the Iberian kingdom were largely of good-neighborly character. as well as cities with advanced. The Roman Empire was interested in having the strengthened Iberia as her ally. et al. bathhouse. at the foot of the Kartli mountain with a tile gable roof. lavishing honors on him (see Roman History. spoon. the king of Kartli.. to Rome. According to Varro: "Adicit idem Pompei ductum exploratum in Bactros septem diebus ex India perveniri ad Bactrum flumen quod in Oxum influat. near Rome. Here too the stone walls of the structures were bound with lime mortar. The necropolis of the nobles was in an area adjoining 185 . A mausoleum-type stone crypt was discovered near Armaziskhevi. that ended in the overthrow of the Republic. standing out for its rich grave goods was found in Armaziskhevi. The rulers of Iberia were quick to take advantage of the intestine political strife in Rome in the second half of the 1st c. These are: the palace. XX.

The "Dedoplisgora" settlement site was discovered near the Mtkvari(Kura) river. cold bath (frigidarium). baths of the Roman thermae type were built here. Another graphic example of this is a bath complex of the palace. warm bath (tepidarium). buckles. The archaeological materials brought to light on Georgian territory attest to the existence 186 . hot bath (calderium) and furnace room. etc. sewage. heating system. collector and water supply. cultic and dwelling houses. in cities of the Roman period and the Early Middle Ages – Mtskheta. silver vessels adorned with representations. as evidenced by the discovery in these cities of baths. It was comprised of ten parts. The city held 50 ha. Urbnisi. A 2nd. 2009] and in the Aragvi valley. it was designed rather to cater the public. three baths were discovered in Armaziskhevi – also of Roman type. They too are built of stone and plastered with hydraulic solution. Bichvinta.Tsikhisdziri baths were also of the same purpose. Mtskheta district. The Bichvinta and v. It should be noted also that synchronous rich burials of Iberian nobles have also been discovered in Bori(Kharagauli district). Dzalisa. bath was brought to light at Armaziskhevi. iron weapons. mosaic was uncovered at the Bichvinta city site as well. Gonio – appropriate attention was paid to the observation of sanitary and hygienic standards. necklaces. water supply. Tsikhisdziri. Aradeti. at v. Thus. Nemsadze.items of luxury but in the way of life as well.4th c. a swimming pool. public. Among these are gold insignia. resembling that of Armaziskhevi in the village of Dzalisa. Mtskheta district. The floor evokes special interest with its Roman style mosaic. The baths built in the early middle Ages continue Roman traditions. mentioned in Ptolmy’s work (2nd century). bracelets. The Armaziskhevi baths belonged to the Iberian royal family. baths and sewage systems. being fairly complex structures from the engineeringarchitectural standpoint. built of ceramic pipes and lime mortar.6thc. The lower storey of the bath was occupied by the hypocaust systems. brought to light in the modern village of Dzalisa. Nokalakevi. as evidenced by an inscription found here. daggers. Apart from the baths of Armaziskhevi and Dzalisa. fingerings. A. One of the first complexes of a 2nd c.. BC palace was excavated. The grave goods of the necropolis are exceedingly rich and diverse. the nobles of Mtskheta in the period imitated the Romans not only with rich appliances -. Archaeological excavations indicate that Roman-type baths were widespread in Georgia in the 2nd . I.. 2008]. Part of the artefacts found here evince closeness to Roman culture [see Furtwängler. streets paved with brick slabs and squares. Kareli district. The bulk of these artefacts are Roman or Roman imitations. This bath too has cold.the palace. with a citadel in the north-western part. in Kutaisi. calorifier (air heater) columns made of circular and square clay slabs. it was comprised of five sections: changing-room. AD settlement. is proof of the influence of Roman culture. As evidenced by archaeological excavations. This bath belonged to the elite of Iberia. with a rather complex system of water regulation. The floor of the Shukhuti bath is adorned with mosaic. At the bottom of the bath basin clay pipes were laid by which dirty water was drained into the collector.. Significant in this respect is the bath complex traced in the area adjoining the Bagrat church. Here a 1st c. Zhghuderi(Kareli district) [see Braund.G. Gagoshidze. A bath complex adorned with a 3rd c. Javakhishvili.. bells. water pipes and sewage systems. warm and hot sections. comprised of gold and silver items adorned with precious stones. Unlike the baths of Mtskheta and Dzalisa. mosaics.. similarly to those of Dzalisa and Bichvinta.K. Excavations here have attested to traces of monumental buildings with tiled roofs. Kutaisi. diadems. As a result of intensive political and economic relations between Rome and Iberia-Colchis. Similar baths have been discovered in the villages of Urbnisi and Shukhuti.D. Water entered the bath by lead pipes. being identified with the city of "Dzalisa”..

the caisson treatment of the ceiling. Maxentius. It is worth noting that. semantically reflective of Roman mythological themes. developing them on local soil. unearthed here. as attested to by a church and stele on the grave of a Christian Roman legionary. The participation of Iberia and Colchis in international trade is graphically illustrated by numismatic material as well. Interest attaches also to some changes in wall bricklaying that occurred in Roman architecture back in the 1stc. At the same time. XI. 110-122]. ladles. Asclepius and Mithra. Fortuna-Isis. Machabeli.. Armazi. local workshops for the production of gems are likely to have existed. Apollo. as attested to by the archaeological finds from Nichbisi.O. Separate elements of Roman architecture began to spread on a wider scale from the 2ndc. From the 1st c AD Roman aurei entered the country. 2006.. a brave legionary. 1) (see The Loeb Classical Library. The stele bears the inscription: "Christ powerful.g. The active trade and economic contacts of the population with the Roman world appear to have been followed by cultural relations too. These items were taken to Mtskheta. Regular trade and economic relations with the outer world is evidenced by the fact that in Iberia and Colchis the coins of nearly all Roman emperors have been discovered. Caracalla’s therme). inkstands [see Lordkipanidze. as attested to by the discovery here of finger- 187 . Helios. Gatsi. Dighomi. Most of them were imported from Greco-Roman. London. It mentions the Mtskhetan "principal artist-architect Aurelius Acholis”. The spread of the Classical Roman architectural system is indicated by the capitals.K. Apsarus. Zemoavchala. BC gems embedded in ornaments began to spread in Iberia and Colchis. AD. III." (Strabo. cornices and the character of their decor. Particularly widespread are representations of Tyche and Fortuna. From the 1st c. pateras. Mars. namely. Zghuderi. Lilo. the capital of the kingdom and from there they found their way to various regions of the country.. From the opening centuries of the new era Christianity spread in Iberia-Colchis. Such vessels are discovered fairly often on the territory of Iberia and Colchis. south Italian cities were centers of the manufacture of such items. There was a bishopric at Pitiunt and a Christian commune in Sebastopolis. Representations made on glyptic and toreutic items. Italic and Asia Minor artisan centers. This clearly points to the participation of the population of Iberia and Colchis in international trade and in particular to the activity of the trade and artisan centers of the Roman world.g. along with cities. Victoria. Some elements of the adornment of the rock-cut halls of Uplistsikhe. This is reflected well on the monuments of material culture of Roman period Iberia and Colchis.T. which finds analogies in Roman architecture (see. This is seen clearly from a 4thc epitaph found at Mtskheta. Here lies Orestes. Pluto. Dundua. AD population of Iberia-Colchis. the greater part of Iberia is so well built up in respect to cities and farmsteads that their roofs are tiled. coexisting with local gods (e. Zemokhandaki. and their houses as well as their market-places and other public buildings are constructed with architectural skill. e. A new variety of buildings – baths – appear in the cities. Gaim.G. 1954-56].. which – along with Augustus denarii soon became the principal tender. Mercury. please come.M.here of a local architectural school that was wellacquainted with the main principles of GrecoRoman architecture. e. pointing to the import here of Italic production. AD. Even Strabo noted: "Furthermore.g. beginning with Nero down to Valerian [Dundua. BC. Capua. villages too were involved in this. Constantine’s basilicas." Christianity appears to have spread to Gonio. In the 1st-2ndc. point to definite changes in the 1st . etc. 1983]. Zaden).. 1957). Ornaments of various types hold a significant place among the items imported in the opening centuries of the new era. in whose manufacture there occur quite a few items done on the Roman pattern [Lortkipanidze. Minerva. Among the numerous foreign items bronze and silver vessels of different purpose stand out – pitchers.3rdc. Jupiter. 1964. Atotsi.

1957]. especially in Gaul. metal and glass wares characteristic of the entire Roman world. Khakhutaishvili. The 3rd . Sebastopolis (Sokhumi).G. Rome spared no diplomatic effort to establish friendly relations with these rulers. Interest attaches to the greenish incense burners brought to light at the cemetery of the Bichvinta city site. cups. amphoras. 1970]. a silver armband with an image of Tyche-Fortuna. an iron dagger with a gem on the hilt. AD the manufacture of the coastal centers of the Roman provinces of Asia Minor entered the Georgian littoral centers intensively. The bulk of metalware and adornments also came from the eastern provinces of Rome. this region became actively involved in the system of the Roman world. The contingent of the Roman military units on the Colchian Black Sea littoral largely consisted of warriors from Greek and Asia Minor provinces and locals. Phasis and Sebastopolis. 1947. Among the diverse archaeological material found on the territory of the Gonio-Apsarus city site the statuette of Serapis is of interest. most items of the Tsikhisdziri and Gonio hoards.A. In the 2nd . as evidenced by numerous artefacts. Apsarus (Gonio). For example. For example. found in burial 3 of Kldeeti. Rome became the only ally of the Iberian kingdom in its struggle with the Sassanid state. Apakidze.. 128. for the successes of the Empire were occasionally dependent on them. by their art-and-style features. In addition. As a result of the stationing of Roman military units in littoral Colchis.D. Lordkipanidze. 1993.. The peoples settled along the entire frontier perimeter of the Roman Empire were traditionally governed by local kings.N. In the imperial period falerae were awarded not only to individual legionaries and military units but mercenary fighters and local governors of pro-Roman orientation as well. From the 1st c.. fall within the circle of culture of Roman provinces [Inaishvili. preserving independence. This process was primarily reflected in the diffusion of Roman manufacture. It is significant that a whole number of components of the material culture of the city-fortresses 188 . made in the glassworks of Cologne. After the aggrandizement of Sassanian Iran.. Mikeladze. AD the cult of Serapis was popular in the entire Roman Empire. separate elements of Roman culture spread in hinterland Colchis through the Romans. discovered in burial 345 of Bichvinta. This is evidenced by the inscriptions found at the city sites of Sebastopolis and Pitiunt. Apart from Colchis early Christian symbolism is attested to in the necropolis discovered in the Mtkvari and Aragvi valleys. BC is characterized by a fresh flood of Roman manufacture. 1980]. red-gloss pottery. Dacia...O. e. Falerae basically involved: fingerrings with gems. Coins of Augustus. In particular.3rdc. Among the imported items found at the city sites glassware of Roman provinces is prominent.rings with Christian symbols. Similar products found their way into Central Europe [see Kropotkin. Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius were unearthed in Kldeeti burials [Lomtatidze. Spain.g. amphoras of Sinopean provenance are attested to in large numbers at the city sites of Pitiunt. For their part.T.3rdc AD more import from the Roman world is attested to at the Black Sea strongholds: Pitiunt (Bichvinta). In the cited period the littoral centers had lose contacts with Trapezus as well. This meant the ultimate siding of the Iberian kingdom with the Romans.4th c. daggers. a gold casing from Gonio. Phasis (Poti). etc. Christianity appears to have spread intensively from the Roman Asia Minor provinces to Iberia as well.V. drinking-vessels. as confirmed by numismatic material.. The intensity of Sinopean import is suggested also by monetarii. In the 2nd . new products began to arrive in coastal Colchis from various centers of the Roman world: Italic fibulae. buckles. West-Georgian archaeological material features such interesting specimens of Roman manufacture as gold and silver falerae – awards. Roman military units played a certain stabilizing role in their surrounding world. which was probably instrumental in the proclamation of Christianity as the state religion in Iberia. bracelets.

Tactics. One group of montarii also belongs to the category of clayware made under the influence of Roman pottery. Besides ceramic manufacture.. Romanization or the spread of elements of Roman culture in the eastern Black Sea region occurred in a specific way. The native population constituted a guarantee of the economic and political stability of the city-fortresses. Logistic provision of these garrisons was effected from Trapezus. being the source of supplementing the labor force to the latter. AD and the great demand for them. The latter gave an impetus to the manufacture of local pottery. Brilliant specimens of Georgian goldsmithery of the Roman period are created in this style: fingerrings adorned with colored stones. a new. Zghuderi and Mtskheta.1stc. etc have been attested [see Gamkrelidze. The urbanistic character of the cities of this period Iberia and 189 . Nokalakevi.. 2002:39]. as well as the source of supply with farming produce. G. The local indigenous population and their rulers must have been on loyal terms with the administration of Roman city-fortresses. e. represented abundantly on the territory of Pitiunt.. as reported by Greco-Roman authors (Ptolemy. From the same period. The native population had to perform certain military duties as well. Ceramic handled lamps with a tube for the wick also belong to local imitations. Procopius) local indigenous population lived at coastal centers as well. Sebastopolis and Apsarus. The bulk of Roman import was designed for supplying Roman garrisons. spread in the Colchian littoral from the 3rd c. the influence of Roman culture is seen in another sphere of artisanship. Here imitations of jugs widespread throughout the Roman world were also made. Furthermore. the so-called twopiece. buckles. which are. following the deployment of Roman garrisons. Colchians and Rize spearmen. from the 3rdc. AD and from the 4th c in the hinterland areas. This union was based on principles of mutual cooperation and mutual benefit. made of local clay. here at the time of Roman presence. We find analogous masonry at city Sites of the northern Black Sea area: Olbia. fired bricks and circular ceramic slabs came into use – absolutely unknown in construction in the previ- ous period. business contacts were gradually established with the locals.4th c. In particular. Ureki. Square bricks were used in building the corners of structures. pendants. 7). `Let the allied troops be deployed next to the hoplites.g. Roman influence is clearly visible in ceramic manufacture. Roman type hydraulic solution used in the construction of fortifications. Its role was especially enhanced after the SamosataSatala-Trapezus highway was built in Domitian’s time. Thus. lay and cultic structures.. As to the square ceramic slabs. Kutaisi. Tsikhisdziri. braces of double and triple brick masonry are evidenced in the 4th c fortifications of Tsebelda. Roman type. square scutum shields. Here the Romans found demographically fairly dense settlements. From the mid .. etc from Gonio. The city-fortresses of the eastern Roman provinces were built of mixed masonry of bricks and stones. AD. Tir. The latter vessels differ from their Roman counterparts in clay composition. The influence of Roman culture is noticeable in some varieties of arms as well. quantitatively exceeding their imported counterparts. the Trapezuntines. Kldeeti.of the eastern Black Sea coast are identical with the culture of Roman Asia Minor. as is evident from Arrian’s treatise "Against the Alans”. Roman type flattish square. Along with the continuation and preservation of traditions of goldsmithery. fibulae. Traditional varieties of local pottery coexisted along with imitations of Roman ceramics. and cruciform of roman culture were made locally from the 3rd c. Tagiloni. so-called cloisonné polychrome style spread in the jeweler’s art of Georgia. gladium type daggers. they were used for laying floors. the latter being the chief base of the Roman Black Sea navy.~ (Arrian. Khersonesus. In connection with the wide spread of Roman type bow-shaped pins in the eastern Black Sea area from the 1stc. Arrian. primarily reflected in the 2nd .

Gaul) [Golubtcsova. the architecture and principles of planning obeyed the general laws of city building that were accepted generally in the Classical world and Romanized East. it must have occurred from the sea-littoral and Anatolia. Drastic Romanization of the native population and the rise of the so-called complex culture – mass spread of artisan products made in the Roman world – the impact here of Roman culture. Following the cessation of hostilities in Iberia and Colchis by the Romans. the political centre of the Iberian kingdom. RomanEuropean type culture did not emerge here. 190 . written and epigraphic evidence – facts confirming the Romanization influence on Iberia and Colchis – shows that the achievements of Roman culture were manifested most graphically in the economy. These processes acquire a more intensive character from 2ndc. By its historical destiny.Colchis. Later. Instead. A study of the archeological sites. the influence of Roman . contacts. ceramic production and in a whole number of components of material culture. AD. This is clearly illustrated by the trade routes from the Classical world to countries of the Iranian world running through the territory of Iberia and Colchis. Germany. In the period of Romanization of Iberia and Colchis the ratio of foreign trade shows an increase. Britain. the establishment of trade and economic contacts was facilitated by the favorable geopolitical situation of Transcaucasia in regard to the Classical world. These impulses are especially noticeable in the art of construction. The use of these roads is attested to by archeological – numismatic discoveries. (ed. the influence of Roman-Early-Byzantine culture found more reflection in architecture. Within a short period of the advent of the Romans here definite changes are primarily manifested in Iberia and Colchis in the sphere of trade. manufacture of pottery. Eastern Anatolia was for centuries closely linked to the Transcaucasian countries. commodity production expands.Early Byzantine culture is felt clearly in the coastal zone – in the city fortresses. hence radiation of Roman culture reached these regions with difficulty. the opus mixtum masonry of the walls. separate elements of Roman civilization appear to have occurred more or less intensively in the lowland and mountain regions of Georgia. The impact of Roman culture became especially strong in Iberia and Colchis in the 2nd . in the eastern Black Sea area we do not find such features that are characteristic of countries of the West European provinces of the Roman Empire (e. different course.4thc. rounded arches. various lines of artisanship. foreign coins circulate in large numbers. In terms of cultural as well as socio-economic development the society of the plain of Iberia and Colchis was at a higher level than that of the mountain zone. as well as in the Eastern provinces of the empire appears to have been rather superficial here. in particular in architecture. This is graphically illustrated by the fortresses built by the technique of opus mixtum. as the roots and influence of the so-called EasternHellenistic culture were strong here. Subsequently the influence of Roman culture on Iberia and Colchis is manifested clearer in various fields of local life. 1985:167-302]. the diffusion of Hellenistic culture and its technical achievements in Colchis paved the way for the advent of the Romans in the Caucasus and the start of Romanization. In particular the so-called Roman concrete. and trade and artisan centers develop – primarily in the Roman fortified cities in the Black Sea region. The process of Romanization in early Georgia took a peculiar. peculiar capitals. In the mountain regions local traditions were very firm. Generally speaking. Earlier. AD.).g. Thus. As to the path of spread of Roman culture.E. the impact of the process of Romanization was felt more in the coastal cities and in Mtskheta.

. Kruglikova. Lomtatidze.akad.. Мос. Lordkipanidze. Gamkrelidze. 1975: biWvinTis. K. Puturidze. gv. V... т... Мос. 2005: Ancient Rome: From the Early Republic to the Assassination of Julius Caesar. Tb. 36-43. gv.85-112. O.. – Zeglis megobari.G. Golubtcsova. 2002: gonio-. Tb. G. Tb. 1973: arq. с.175-194. D. K. Kakhidze. Мос.1. 1959: gvianantikuri. T. mecn.. D.2006: romis samxedro-politi. 2003: romauli samyaro da kolxeTi.. 4. ( ред.. Tb... G. 1935. Gobejishvili. I-VI ss... Garland. 2009: The land of Colchis.9. 2006: qarTuli numizmatika. II.I.w.D. Tb. Mamuladze. Boston.). – ВДИ..^ 191 . gv.91-97. I-II.. Tb..) 1985: Культура Древнего Рима.... Machabeli. VIII. saq.T. Tb. 1956: Античные города юго-восточного Причерноморья. muzeumis moambe.. Ranovich. Ингури.. Mainz. M.G.. (In Athenian Agora). Braund.. IaTasw... Shelton J. 4. 2009: The Treasures of Zghuderi.aRmoCenebi liaSi. 2009: afsarosi Zv. 1989: miTridate..XIV.Tb. Inaishvili. (red. Khalvashi. 1992: К археологии долины Фасиса.. 1974: Greek and Roman sculpture in gold and silver. afaqiZe an.w. A. Gamkrelidze G. G.33-43. gonio-afsarosi. Сов. Gagoshidze I. Mtskheta (mcxeTa).. II. ^ Lordkipanidze.P. saq. pp. Мос. Apakidze. gv.. Journal Iberia-Colchis.134-46. 1991: Римское присустствие в Колхиде и Иберии. Gamkrelidze. 1966.^ Tb. «Мецниереба». masalebi saq. E. Мос. 1962: biWvinTis. K. 1959: Pottery of the Roman period.-Petersbourg. Matthew.D. gv. Javakhishvili.. 20-31. 1966: Парфия и Рим.. eqspansia saqarT. _ gonio-afsarosi. Princeton. 1991: biWvinTis naqalaqari. Latyshev B..34-52.^ Tb.231-255.didi pitiunti.. вы­пуск Д1-27.. A. Puturidze. Tb. Tb... Hopkins A.. M.G. Apakidze. N.References: Amiranashvili. Tb.. Löhr H. III.54-94. 33. O. Zaqaraia. O. I..э. 1957: kldeeTis samarovani.82-87. 1904-1906: Scythica et Caucasica. G. 2003: Globalization in World History. Bokshanin.Todua.G. с.L.. II – XI... M.. 1935: Новая находка в низовьях р. Braund. Mikeladze. 1986: Боспор в позднеантичное время. A.L.. New York. Tb. Lordkipanidze. Khakhutaishvili.pp. Lordkipanidze. D. mecn.. 2008: Iberia and Rome. #5. Мос.. Maksimova.23-28. Мос.. Ludwig N. pp. Robinson H. 1. 1949: Восточные провинции Римской империи I-III вв.T.. Dundua. moambe.. 1954-56: saqarTvelos saxelmwifo muzeumis gemebi. 1955: mcxeTa I. `macne~. 1947: gvianantikuri. St.gv. V. Тбилиси. Свод арх. 1970: Римские…. A. Gamkrelidze... Tb.. с... T. изд.Oxford University.с.. Todua. Тб.. 1993: cixisZiris ax.. Tsitlanadze. A.н. 107-130. Kropotkin.. baTumi. A. R. Kapanadze... New York. 4. Tbi.)... M. Sh.gv... gv.. pp.^ Lordkipanidze. kreb. Berdzenishvili...^ Vermeule C.... 1980: gonios ganZi. 1998: As The Romans Did: A Sourcebook in Roman Social History. 1983: Zveli saqarTvelos vercxli. ч. археология. Kalandadze.59-69.. источников.II. I-III. 1981: Римляне в Северном Причерноморье воII в. New York . 1991: cixegoji_arqeopolisis^ xuroTmoZRvreba Tb. Furtwängler A. T. Nemsadze. akad....G.. Shelov. saq. ВДИ. #2. arqeologiuri Zeglebi. Dundua. Khalvashi.. 1964: Италийские…. R.... Tb. Lomtatidze. (ed. E. da kavkasiis ist.

mTisZiris. rogoricaa iberia-kolxeTis arqeologiuri Zeglebis topoarqeologia da tipologiur-funqcionaluri klasifikacia.w. q.w. romlebic mravalferovani arqeologiuri monacemebis da werilobiTi wyaroebis zedmiwevniT analizzs efuZneba. sakralur gamosaxulebaTa ikonografia. pirvelad man arqeologiur gaTxrebSi monawileoba miiRo 1969 wels biWvinTis naqalaqarze. biWvinTis naqalaqaris. gamyreliZem 1979 wels daicva istoriis mecn. mTisZiridan~). sof. kolxeT-iberiis droindeli istoriis urTulesi problemebi. CamoTv­ lil problemebze saqarTveloSi da sazRvargareT gamoqveynebuli aqvs 100-mde naSromi aqedan _ 14 wigni. TbilisSi daibada. man 1975-1979 wlebSi aRmoaCina da arqeo­ lo­ giurad 192 . am droidan moyolebuli.VII _ ax.saqarTvelos Zveli istoriis mkvlevars gela gamyreliZes samoci weli Seusrulda winamdebare seriuli Jurnalis dama­ arsebels da mTavar redaqtors. aq igi wlebis ganmavlobaSi xelmZRvanelobda antikuri xanis arqeologiis ganyofilebas.Vss. romelic sadReisod saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis SemadgenlobaSia.V_ax. samSvildis da sxv. istoriis mecnierebaTa doqtors. batoni gela monawileobda vanis naqalaqaris. ramac saqveynod gauTqva saxeli vanis naqalaqars.w. aRsaniSnavia. amJamad igi arqeologiis centris samecniero sabWos Tavmjdomarea. romlebis kvleva-Ziebasac man araerTi gamokvleva miuZRvna. batoni gela warmatebiT ikvlevs antikuri periodis da adreuli Sua saukuneebis saqarTvelos istoriisa da arqeologiis iseT sa­ kiTxebs.w. Semdgom ki. g. igi ukve ormoci welia erTgulad emsaxureba mis mier jer kidev axalgazdobaSi arCeuli saqmianobis sferos _ saqarTvelos istoria-arqeologias. walkis. gela gamyreliZis samecniero kvleva-Ziebis speqtri sakmaod farTo da mravalmxrivia. fiCoris. urTierTobebi antikur da iranul samya­rosTan. arqeologiuri eqspediciebis kvlevebSi. quTaisis. samxedro arqeologia (SeiaraReba. batoni gelas samecniero saqmianobaSi mniSvnelovani adgili uWiravs savelearqeologiur kvlevebs. xolo 1993 wels istoriis mecnierebaTa Dsadoqtoro disertacia Temaze _ `Zv. namaxvamis.-is kolxeTis istoria-topoarqeologia“. g. xaSuris. upirvelesad es aris saqarTvelos Zveli epoqis. foTis. gamyreliZe 1951 wels. originaluri modeli. wlebis manZilze akademikos oTar lorTqifaniZis xelmZRvanelobiT vanis naqalaqarze muSaobda da Tanaziari iyo im didi aRmoCenebisa. vales. rom man SeimuSava biogeogaremos da istoriuli ganviTarebis procesis axali. biogeogaremos gavlena Zveli saqarTvelos sazogadoebis isto­ riuli ganviTarebis procesze. cnobil qarTvel arqeolog-istorikoss. fortifika­cia). arqeologiis da eTnografiis institutSi. igi warmatebiT amTavrebs Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis istoriis fakultets saqarTvelos arqeologiis ganxriT da muSaobas iwyebs saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis istoriis.VII ss-is namosaxlari sof. profesors gela gamyreliZes 60 weli Seusrulda. 1973 w. kandidatis (Temaze _ `rionis auzis Zv. umcrosidan mTavar mecnier TanamSromlamde yvela safexuri gaiara da dRemde warmatebiT moRvaweobs arqeologiuri kvlevis centrSi.

mniSvnelovania agreTve md. mTisZiris Zv. fari. romelSic Zveli saqarTvelos da romis samxedro-politikuri urTierTobebis istoriaa ganxiluli axali arqeologiuri monacemebis safuZvelze. yulevTan. samxedro-sabrZolo saqmis istoriaa Seswavlili. enciklopediuri xa- 193 . gamyreliZis uSualo iniciativiT 1983w. sabrZolo etli.w. amave Tematikas eZRvneba agreTve wigni _ `romis samxedro-politikuri eqspansia saqarTveloSi~. Semajamebel naSromSi. ukve wlebia. mTisZirSi avtoris mier aRmoCenili axali arqeologiuri masalebi.V_ax. ariane. dasaxlebis da damarxvis wesis. g. Surdulis qva. sayuradReboa g. apiane. am kvlevis mizani saqarTvelos hidroarqeologiuri rukis Sedgena iyo. culi. rionis Sua welze sof. Zveli saqarTvelos magaliTze. gamyreliZis iniciativa arqeologiuri leqsikonebis Seqmis mimarTulebiT. VII – ax. namosaxlaris Seswavlis Sedegebi: Zveli kolxeTis am samosaxlos ganviTarebis qronologiuri etapebis dadgena. amasTan dakavSirebiT man. amomwuravi arqeologiuri da istoriul-wyaroTmcodneobiTi informaciis Semcveli naSromis. gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia. rogoricaa biogeogaremos rolis gavlenis Seswavla sazogadoebis istoriuli ganviTarebis procesze. herodote. mTisZiris Zv.VII ss. jaWv-javSani. urnali. rac `qarTlis cxovrebaSi~ moxseniebuli toponimebis.Seiswavla vanis naqalaqarTan mdebare sof. hidroarqeologiurad pirvelma Seiswavla zRvis Selfi _ biWvin­TasTan. muzaradi. satevari. karibWe da sxva TavdacviTi nagebobebi Seswavlilia statistikur-tipologiurad.VII saukuneebis namo­sax­lari. isari. axla erTxmadaa gaziarebuli samecniero wreebSi. qvis yumbara.w. rom batoni gelas mier aq gamoTqmuli bevri mosazreba. anakliasTan. leonti mroveli da sxv. biogeogaremos da istoriuli ganviTarebis saerTo modelis novaciuri axali sqema warmoadgina. straboni. samxedropolitikuri istoriis Sesaxeb arsebuli werilobiTi wyaroebis (ix. foTTan. galavani. rac jamSi saSualebas iZleva antikuri xanis saqarTveloSi mimdinare samxedro-politikur peripetiebs istoriul-SedarebiTi ganviTarebis WrilSi davakvirdeT. Seiqmna saqarTveloSi pirveli hidroarqeologiuri eqspedicia. is eZRvneba Sida kolxeTis Seswavlas da safuZvlad udevs sof. iberia-kolxeTis kulturul-istoriuli ganviTarebis konteqstSi. ix. tba palias­tomTan aRmoaCina da arqeologiurad Seiswavla adrebizantiuri periodis qalaq fasisis naSTebi. Tanamedrove donis Sesabamisi. cixisZirTan. koSki. soflebis. monografia – „centraluri kolxeTis Zveli namosaxlarebi“. qsenefonti. wignSi saqarTvelos arqeologiuri Zeglebidan momdinare masala _ SeiaraReba: Subi. meurneobisa da savaWro urTierTobebis Seswavlis Sedegebi. rom batonma gelam istoriografiaSi pirvelma monografiulad Seiswavla saqarTvelos antikuri xanis samxedro istoriis sakiTxebi.). batoni gelas mravalwliani nayofieri savele da samecniero saqmianobis Sedegebi mis gamokvlevebSia Tavmoyrili. tacitusi.w. aRsaniSnavia. cixe-simagreebis _ Sesaxeb topoarqeologiuri.w. zRvis fskerze moqceuli kulturuli memkvidreobis Zeglebis kvlevis mizniT g. punqtebis _ qalaqebis. gamyreliZe araerTxel Seexo iseT fundamenturi xasiaTis samecniero problemas. fortifikacia _ cixe-qalaqi. sabrZolo SeiaraRebis da fortifikaciis Sesaxeb arsebuli arqeologiuri masalis kvlevis safuZvelze. romelsac xelmZRvanelobda igi ori aTeuli wlis manZilze.

g.: sof. gamyreliZes didi wvlili miuZRvis qarTuli arqeologiis istoriis SeswavlaSi. versia brZolis siuJetiani ritonis Sesaxeb zemo raWis sof. amJamad samecniero wreebSi ukve farTod cnobili samecniero seriuli Jurnali „iberia-kolxeTi“ (saqarTvelos klasikuri da adremedievuri periodis arqeologiur-istoriuli kvlevani). rac Jur. am axali monacemebis samecniero mimoqcevaSi Setana-publikacia mniSvnelovania. gamyreliZis samecniero saqmianoba yuradRebas imsaxurebs ramdenime aspeqtiT. kulturuli memkvidreobis arqeologiuri Zieba saqarTvelos mTel teritoriaze mimdinareobs da aRmoCenilia mravali axali Zegli. „iberia-kolxeTis“ ZiriTadi mizania. masSi ibeWdeba gamokvlevebi klasikuri da adremedievuri periodis saqarTvelos arqeologiis. seriuli almanaxi _  «aia-arqeologia». Jurnali ibeWdeba qarTul da inglisur enaze. arqeologiis popularizaciis mizniT g. batoni gelas mier aris daarsebuli. friad mniSvnelovania aseve g. torevtikis Sesaxeb. amavdroulad.siaTis cnobaris. TanaavtorobiT. gliptikis. romlebic arqeologiuri artefaqtebis interpretacias exeba. romlis pirvel etapze saqarTvelos erovnul muzeumSi daarsda da gamoicema samecniero-popularuli. Jurnali xels uwyobs saqarTvelos samecniero potencialis integrirebas msoflios Tanamedrove samecniero sivrceSi da. numizmatikis. mTisZiris yanw-ritonis ikonografiisaTvis. gamyreliZem monawileoba miiRo da samecniero moxsenebebi waikiTxa sxvadasxva konferenciebze Tu simpoziumebze. gamyreliZis is naSromebis cikli. maTSi ganxiluli da Seswavlilia torevtikis nimuSebi. romliTac amJamadac mimdinareobs saqarTvelos skolebSi swavleba. aseve arqeologiuri artefaqtebis maRalprofesiul doneze Seswavlisa da interpretaciis mimarTulebiT. (mag. gamoyofilia qarTuli arqeologiis ganviTarebis ZiriTadi etapebi. rogorc zogad-Teoriuli kvlevebis. ucxoeli mkvlevarebis dainteresebis xelSewyobas saqarTvelos antikuri da adremedievuri periodis TematikiT. magistrantebs da doqorantebs. kolxi medeas saxe soxumis steladan. mis am Tematikis statiebSi mocemulia da ganxiluli saqarTvelos arqeologiis organizaciuli ganviTarebis ZiriTadi gza. Zveli saqarTvelos istoriisa da arqeologiis safuZvlianma codnam baton gelas saSualeba misca. navTobis transportirebis Sesaxeb fasisSi. misi Sromebi uaRresad mniSvnelovania. «muxirisis» Sesaxeb. STambeWdavia g. gamyreliZe iyo 30-mde sakandidato da sadoqtoro disertaciis oficialuri oponenti. axali xedvisa da samomavlo sakvlevi perspeqtivebis dasaxvis kuTxiT. berZnuli grafitoebi foTSi aRmoCenil amforebze. saqarTvelos sajaro skolebis me-9 klasis moswavleebisaTvis Seeqmna `saqarTvelos istoriis~ Tvisobrivad axali saxelmZRvanelo. Seqmna mimdinareobs. gamyreliZis samecniero naSromTa citirebis indeqsic. g.). anepigrafikuli jvriandamRiani kolxuri amfora foTifasisidan. igi xelmZRvanelobs aspirantebsa. gamosaxulebaTa ikonografiis sakiTxebi da sxv. g. g. sanaTi adeiSvilebis goris nagebobidan da sxv. gamyreliZem SeimuSava axali proeqti. batoni gela arqeologiuri masalis 194 . gomidan. wyaroTmcodneobis. RvTaebis qandakeba vanidan. xelmZRvaneli da erT-erTi Semsrulebeli batoni gelaa. ebrauli menoras gamosaxuleba. am ideis avtori. mosuinikuri koSki qsenofontis mixedviT.

da werilobiTi wyaroebis sistemuri
analizis safuZvelze kargad iyenebs istoriuli rekonstruqciebis Teoriul
safuZvlebs da meTodikas. saqarTvelos
istoriis problemuri sakiTxebis kvlevisas miseuli interpretaciebi da daskvnebi efuZneba myar mecnierul argumenta-

cias. ramac ganapiroba b-n g.gamyreliZis
samecniero aRiareba.
kolegebis da Jurnalis saredaqcio
sabWos saxeliT
ist. doqtori vaxtang SatberaSvili.

The Researcher of Ancient History of Georgia
Gela Gamkrelidze
Is 60 years old.
The editor in chief and founder of the present
journal, our honorable colleague, the researcher
of ancient history of Georgia, Dr. Prof. Gela Gamkrelidze became 60 years old. He was born in
Tbilisi, in 1951. In 1973 he successfully graduated
from Tbilisi State University Faculty of History in
the field of archaeology and began to work at the
institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography
of Academy of Sciences of Georgia. From these
times he succeeded from junior scientist to Major
scientist and now is successfully working in the
Center of Archaeology, which is a part of Georgian
National Museum. He was leading the laboratory
of Classical Archaeology and now he is a head of
scientific council of the Center of Archaeology. His
Ph.D. dissertation "The settlement of 7thc BC – 7thc
AD Mtisdziri from Rioni-Kvirila basin" was defended
in 1979, and the second degree – Doctor of History he received after the thesis "History and Topoarchaeology of Colchis in 5thc BC- 5thc AD" in 1993.
The sphere of scientific interests of Gela Gamkrelidze is wide. He faithfully works in the field of
ancient history and archaeology of Georgia for forty years. His works deal with various problematic
aspects of Classical period and Early Medieval history and archaeology of Colchis and Iberia, which
are based on scrupulous researches of archaeological data and written sources. G. Gamkrelidze
is an author of nearly 100 works (among them 14

monographs) which are published in Georgia and
abroad. Among the issues of his studies are: topoarchaeology and typological- functional classification of archaeological sites of Iberia and Colchis;
relationships with Classical and Iranian world; the
iconography of sacral images; military archaeology (weapons, fortifications); the impact of Bio-Geo
environment on the process of historical development.
Gela Gamkrelidze got his first field archaeological experience in 1969, in Bichvinta City –site
archaeological expedition, being a student of the
University. After graduating from the University
he participated in field researches of Vani, Mtriisdziri, Poti, Pichori, Bichvinta, Kutaisi, Tsalka, Samshvilde, Vale expeditions. During the years of work
in Vani expedition under the leadership of Acad.
Otar Lordkipanidze he was a participant of interesting and fascinating discoveries, which made
Vani famous in the scientific circles of the world.
In 1975-79 he excavated Mtisdziri settlement near
Vani. He was a first researcher who hydroarchaeologically studied Black sea offshore area near (5thc
BC – 7thc AD.) Bichvinta, Kulevi, Anaklia, Poti and
Tsikisdziri. He also studied the Early Byzantine period settlement near the lake Paliastomi.
With the inicative of G. Gamkrelidze the researches of underwater Cultural Heritage monuments started from 1983 and the hydroarchaeo-

195

logical expedition under his leadership was working for twenty years. The goal of the expedition
was to create the hydroarchaeological map of
Georgia.
Another problematic aspect – the military
history of Classical period of Georgia is the sphere
of interest of Gela Gamkrelidze. He is the first
Georgian scientist who published monographs
about this issue. In the work, "War and Armament
in Iberia-Colchis (Georgia)" the military history is
studied in the context of cultural and historical
development. The research is based on the analysis of written sources (Herodotus, Xenophon, Tacitus, Appian, Arrian, Leonti Mroveliand etc.), and
archaeological data (fortifications, weapons). The
statistical and typological analysis of archaeological material from Georgia (weapons, spears, arrows, daggers, battle-axes, stone grenades, slings,
coat-of-arms, shields, helmets, battle chariots; fortification: fortresses, towers, gateway, and other
defensive constructions) is an important part of
this book too.
Gela Gamkrelidze has researched the problems of the impact of Bio-Geo environment on
the process of historical development of society.
In his book, "Historical and Topo-archaeological Researches" he worked out the new, original model
of the impact of Bio-Geo environment on the process of historical development.
The monograph "Ancient Settlements of Central Colchis" of G. Gamkrelidze deals with the problems of the chronology, burial ritual, settlement
type, lifestyle of the society, and trade relations of
central Colchis on the basis of archaeological data
from Mtisdziri settlement excavated by the author
(5thc BC – 7thc AD).
Gela Gamkrelidze is the initiator of creating
of archaeological dictionaries: for years the group
under his leadership is working on the Topo-archaeological dictionary of toponyms mentioned
in "Kartlis Tskhovreba”, which will include the
comprehensive archaeological and source study
information.
The articles written by G. Gamkrelidze which

deal with the interpretation of artifacts are also
important. Toreutics, iconography of depictions
on the artifacts, typological and statistical analysis of archaeological material, trade relationships
are the themes of his articles (e.g. "Two silver rhythons from west Georgia”, "The sculpture of deity
from Vani”, ”The depiction of Jewish Menorah”, ”The
depiction of Colchian Medea from Sokhumi”, "Greek
graffiti on the amphorae found in Poti”, " About petroleum transportation of in Phasis”, "On the evolution of Colchian amphorae”, "The lamp from Adeishvilis Gora" and etc.). In the articles dealing with the
history of archaeology the author discusses the
development of archaeology of Georgia, the main
stages of its progress, etc.
Gela Gamkrelidze is the founder and editor
in chief of the annual journal "Iberia-Colchis (researches on the archaeology and history of Georgia in the Classical and Early Medieval period)”,
which is well known in the scientific circles. The
archaeological researches of the Cultural Heritage
throughout the territory of Georgia give new, rich
material each year and the publication of new data
is one of the main goals of the Journal. The articles
about the archaeology of Classical and Early Medieval period Georgia, source study, numismatics,
glyptics, and toreutics are published here in Georgian, also in English language. The journal supports the cooperation of Georgian scientists with
international scientific circle and involving foreign
archaeologists in the process of researching of the
archaeology of Classical and Early Medieval period Georgia.
Gela Gamkrelidze is a participant of national
and international conferences and workshops
which refer to the problems of history and archaeology of Georgia and Classical world.
G. Gamkrelidze is also the active participant
of educational process of Georgia. He was the opponent of 30 dissertation theses, and he is also a
tutor of Master and PhD students. The profound
knowledge of Georgian history and archaeology
helped him to write the 9th class schoolbook (with
co-authors) of Georgian History, which is an offi-

196

cial manual for the schools. He is the author of new
project for popularization of Archaeology, and on
the first stage of this project the scientific-popular,
serial almanac "Aia-Archaeology" was published in
the National Museum of Georgia.
The scientific works of Gela Gamkrelidze are
very important for general-theoretic researches
and interpretation of archaeological artifacts,
identifying and solution of the problems of Georgian archaeology. G. Gamkrelidze is a scholarly intelligent and very productive scientist. His works
are important for Georgian historical science and

for foreign experts interested in Georgian history.
His researches are always based on system
analysis of archaeological data and written sources, theoretic principles of historical reconstruction. His interpretations of problematic issues of
Georgian history are always based on strong scientific arguments. That’s why he gained high authority and general acceptance of scientific circles
in Georgia and abroad.
On behalf of colleagues an Editorial board
Dr. Vakhtang Shatberashvili

gela gamyreliZis Sromebis sia 2012 wlamde.
List of works by Gela Gamkrelidze (1976 - 2012).
wignebi; Monographs (Books):
1) centraluri kolxeTis Zveli namosaxlarebi, mec. akad. gamomc. “mecniereba”, Tb., 1982,
176gv. 15tab. UDC.M.607(06).10602.902. (Ancient Settlements of Central Colchis. Published by Georgian
Academy of Sciences, Tbilisi, 1982, 176p. 15pl. (in Georgian).
2) istoriul-topoarqeologiuri Ziebani, mec. akad. gamomc. “mecniereba”, Tb., 1993, 98gv.
2tab. ISBN.5520014833. (Historical and Topo-archaeological Researches, Published by Georgian Academy of
Sciences, Tb., 1993, 98 p. 2pl. (in Georgian).
3) К археологии долины Фасиса, изд. Акад. наук Груз. «Мецниереба», Тбилиси, 1992, 240 стр. 52 таб. ISBN
5520014639. (On The Archaeology of Phasis Valley. Published by Georgian Academy of Sciences, 1992, 240p. 52
pl. (in Russian).
4) kolxologia (kulturul-istoriuli narkvevi), Tbilisis sax. universitetis gamomc.
“logosi” Tb., 2002, 264 gverdi, (Colchology - Researches on the culture and history of West Georgia,
Published by Tbilisi State University - “Logos“, Tb.,2002, 264pages. ISBN.99928-65-86-5. http://www.nplg.gov.ge/
dlibrary/coll/0001/001122/
5) Zveli saqarTvelos samxedro istoriis sakiTxebi (antikuri periodi). gamomc. “artanuji”,
Tb.,2005, 231gverdi, 37tab. ISBN.99940-11-40-5. (Tanaavtor. m. fircxalava, g. yifiani), (On the
military history of ancient Georgia in the 5th с. ВС – 2nd с. AD., Published by “Artanuji”, Tbilisi, 2005, 231pages.
37pl. (in Georgian).
6) romis samxedro-politikuri eqspansia saqarTveloSi, sauniversiteto gamomc., Tb., 2006.
191gverdi, 13tab., ISBN, 99940-58-63-0. (Tanaavtor. T. Todua) (Military-Political Expansion of Rome in
Georgia – Written and Archaeological Sources, Stamps, Military-Political History (the 1-th cent.BC-4th cent. AD),
Published by University G.T, Tb.,2006. 191pages. 13pl. (in Georgian).

197

7) maswavleblis wigni, saqarTvelos istoriaSi, gamomc. “logos presi”, (Tanaavtor. e.
sumbaTaSvili, g. anCabaZe), Tb., 2008, 120gv. ISBN978-99940-64-49-6. (The Book for Teacher of Georgian
History, Published by “Logos Press”, (co-authors: E. Sumbatashvili, G. Anchabadze), Tb., 2008, 120pages. (in
Georgian).
8) saqarTvelos istoria, IX klasis saxelmZRvanelo, gamomc. “logos presi”, (Tanaavtor. g.
anCabaZe, z. kiknaZe, m. sulgulaZe). Tb., 2008, 505gverdi. ISBN.978-99940-64-47-2. (History of Georgia,
The book for IX class, Published by “Logos Press”, (co-authors: G. Anchabadze, Z. Kiknadze, M. Surguladze), Tbilisi,
2008, 505 pages. (in Georgian).
9) In the path of Georgian archaeology, Published by Georgian National Museum, Tb., 2009, 145 pages, ISBN 97899940-080-9-5.(in English).
10) История Грузии (учебник), изд. «Логос прес», (соавторы – Сургуладзе М., Анчабадзе Г., Кикнадзе З.), 2009,
Тб., 585 стр. ISBN 978-99940-64-82-3. (History of Georgia, Published by “Logos Press”, (co-authors: M. Surguladze,
G. Anchabadze, Z. Kiknadze), Tbilisi, 2008, 585 pages. (in Russian).
11) omi da SeiaraReba iberia-kolxeTSi, gamomcemloba – “bakur sulakauri”, 2010, Tb. 214
gverdi. (WAR AND ARMAMENT IN IBERIA-COLCHIS (GEORGIA), Published by “Bakur Sulakauri” Tbilisi, 2010, ISBN
978-99941-15-242-9, 214 pages. (in Georgian).
12) Gürcüstan tarixi, “Logos press”, Tbilisi, 2010, (Z. Kiknadze, G. Ançabadze). 575p. (History of Georgia,
Published by Logos Press, (co-authors: Z. Kiknadze, G. Anchabadze), Tbilisi, 2008, 575 pages). (in Azerbaijanian).
13) I Romani nella Terra del Vello d’Oro (La Colchide e l’Iberia in età romana), „Rubbettino“. 2012. (coauthors: Livio Zerbini, Temu Todu) pages. 145. (in Italian).
14) Researches in Iberia-Colchology, Published by Georgian National Museum, Tb., 2012, ISBN978.9941-0-4565.3,
277pages. (in English). http://ftp.nplg.gov.ge/dlibrary/coll/0001/001186/

statiebi; Articles & Essays:
15) mTisZiris yanw-ritonis ikonografiisaTvis, Jur. Zeglis megobari, #41, Tbilisi, 1976,
gv.17-27. 1tab. UDC,07330.
16) Итоги работ Ванской археологической экспедиции 1974г. Сб. Полевые археологические
исследования, (соавторы О. Лордкипанидзе, Р. Путуридзе и др.). Тб.1976, с.41-49, 5таб. UDC.902.7(47.922).
17) mTisZiris arqeologiuri Zeglebi, saq. mecn. akad. gamomc. “mecniereba”, kreb. vani III,
Tbilisi, 1977, gv. 58-78, 15 tab. UDC. M 607(03).10602.187. (Mtisdziri Archaeological Sites, Vani, vol. III,
Published by Georgian Academy of Sciences – “Metsniereba”, Tbilisi, 1977, pp. 58-78,15pl, (in Georgian, summary in
Russian).
18) masalebi XIX s-is meore naxevris arqeologiis istoriisaTvis saqarTveloSi, saq, mec.
akad. gamomc. “mecniereba”, ist.... institutis saistorio krebuliVIII, Tb.,1977, gv.288-309,
UDC.M.607(03).10604.
19)arqeologiuri gaTxrebi sof. mTisZiris midamoebSi, saq. mecn.akad. gamomc.”mecniereba”,
arqeologiuri kvlevis centris kreb. arqeologiuri Ziebani, Tb.,1977, gv.74-88. UDC.M
608(08).10602.
20) К изучению древнеколхидских оборонительных сооружений, Сообщения Акад. наук Груз. «Моамбе»,
Тб. 1977, №2(88), с.501-509, (Анг. рез.) ISSN0132.1447.76181. (For the Study of Colchian Fortifications, Journal
of Georgian Academy of Sciences – Moambe, Tbilisi 1977 #2 (88), pp 501-509 (in Russian with English summary).

198

(Underwater Archaeological Researches in the Vicinity of Pot. 3pl.28-38. akad.59-69.). summary in Russian). 1979. “macne”. III. I. исследования. Archaeological Discoveries. gamomc. vol. 23) Итоги работ Ванской археологической экспедиции 1976г. с.Metsniereba.. #3. Nebieridze.al. Archaeological Discoveries.05070. summary in Russian). UDC. saq. с... I. #3.. arq. “mecniereba”. Tb. ISSN0132. 1991.. fuTuriZe.02.109-128. Tb. 29) saqarTvelos arqeologia(rva tomad). gv. ( co-authors: M... Tb. seria. UDC.. III. (Classical (Greek) Import in Vani and It’s Vicinity. arqeologiuri kvlevis centris kreb.21) vanis mTisZiris axalaRmoCenili adreuli Sua saukuneebis nageboba. ISSN0132. 24) Работы Ванской археологической экспедиции 1977г.1987. 30) azo-farnavazis droindeli kolxeTis istoriisaTvis.(in Georgian. ( in Russian)).). sxv.…gv. (Works of Hydro archaeological Expedition. kreb. Мос.6058.05070. pp12-45. Сб. Patterns of Georgian Archaeology. saq. vol. 115-128. 62tab. Puturidze et. akad. с.137-149. pp 86-99. 135 tab. vol. с. Тб.. ISSN01326058. Тб. (Tanaavtorebi m.523529. Tbilisi. Tb. Р. 1989.60-67. akad. foTis midamoebSi. 1986. UDC. arqeologiuri Ziebani. с. “macne”. . ist. 37) miTridate evpatori da kolxeT-iberiis istoriis zogirTi sakiTxi.M 607(06).seria. ist. 1987.10602. 1982.626-629.626-629. R.Тб. pp..607(03). №3 (122). saq. gv. 1979.. с. saq. M. Tbilisi 1991. Путуридзе и др. Тб. UDC.M607(06).). Tb. 32) wyalqveSa arqeologiuri eqspediciis kvleva-Zeieba q. Published by Georgian Academy of Sciences – Matsne. 25) adreSuasaukuneebis samSeneblo keramika adeiSvilebis goridan. Vani. .. 1988.10602. Tbilisi.Археологические открытия.042(02). pp. Путуридзе и др. vaniVII. Tb. 156gv. Tbilisi 1985.. 1985. 271 gv.M608(06).#4.10602. (in Russian).123129. Сб. 1980. Тб. arqeologiuri kvlevis centris kreb.009406. L. ..Палеостоми.M607(06). 1tab. ist.#2. 35) Работы гидроархеологической экспедиции. 1983. mec. Р.10602..). (Georgian Archaeology. (соавторы О.VII.YE09019 (соавторы О. saq. Zeglis megobari.M.87.. 271 p. 28) antikuri (berZnuli) importi vansa da mis midamoebSi.39. Полевые археол. . Tb. mec.. gv. gv.II. oT. (соавторы О. “mecniereba”. Published by Georgian Academy of Sciences . # 2. arq. 3 таб. Путуридзе и др.. 1988. 1987 #1. ISBN5520004730. 31) Вопросы развития подводной археологии в Грузии. UDC. gamomc.. 1987. 34) Экспедиция на оз. mec. 135 pl...seria. (co-authors: O.…gv.akad. t. Сб. #1. UDC. Сб. (Mithridates Eupator and the Some Patterns of History of Colchis-Iberia. Барамидзе). Полевые археологические исследования. наук Груз. mec. Лордкипанидзе.050700. saqarTvelos arqeologiis sakiTxebi.). Р. nebieriZe. Лордкипанидзе. . 27) antikuri xana Tu iberiul-kolxuri xana. arq. pp. Tb. mec.. 1985. “macne”. с. UDC. akad. Nioradze.12-45. Сообщения Акад. Tbilisi. Lordkipanidze. saq. UDC. (in Georgian. 657-664. Tb. pp 97-119.4. ISBN5. mec. (8 volumes).…gv. (in Georgian summary in Russian). saq. ISSN01326058. Сб. gamomc. Тб. saq. 33) Работы причерноморской подводно-археологической экспедиции в 1985г. Published by Georgian Academy of Sciences. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgia – “Matsne”..). 146-159.“Metsniereba”. 6таб.97-119. #3. al. “macne”.Matsne. m. Полевые археологические исследования.).Археологические открытия. ISSN0132. (Antique or Iberian-Colchian Period?. (Tanaavtorebi. nioraZe. 1987. Jur. 156 p. 1985. gabunia.6058. da sxv. lorTqifaniZe. (соавт.1447. (For the History of Colchis of Azo-Parnavaz Period. 67-78. 26) Основные итоги работ археологической экспедиции Абхазии в 1981г. Полевые археологические исследования. 36) wyalqveS moqceuli arqeologiuri Zeglebi. akad. 86-99. 1983. Сб. UDC. «Моамбе». UDC. “mecniereba”. Мос.. 4 таб. mecn. ist. mec. 1988.. 123-129. 1978..seria. akad. 199 . Полевые археологические исследования.06869.A. Published by Georgian Academy of Sciences . r. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgia . М.. Mos. summary in Russian).44-57. (in Georgian. „mecniereba“ Tb. et.M607(06)255. Лордкипанидзе.Metsniereba.. (Expedition on the Lake Paliastomi.. 7 таб. 22) Итоги работ Ванской археологической экспедиции 1975г. gv. Сб. 1984. l. 1989.M607(06). akad. gamomc.

. 92. Причерноморье в VII-Vвв. Tb.5th c AD). Тб.. 1 таб. наук Груз. (The Depiction of Jewish Menorah from Georgia. 54) qarTuli arqeologiis istoriidan (organizaciuli ganviTarebis gza) mec. 40) О работе причерноморской гидроархеологической экспедиции.ax. 13pages. Published by Centre for Archaeological Studies.. 4tab. akad. Акад. Zeglis megobari. Tb. Tb. 1990.. Tb. 58) biogeogaremos zegavlenis Sesaxeb Zveli kolxeTis istoriaze. Tb. Zeglis megobari. 1991. 51) Underwater archaeology in the Colchian littoral. 1995. 42) Указатель археологических памятников.75006068. 39) Гидроархеологические работы в зоне предпологаемого расположения древнего Фасиса. 215-227. kvlevis centris kreb. 1991. Полевые археологические исследования.(broSura). Миндиашвили).Полевые археологические исследования в 1988г.22). 7 Fig. 46) Travaux hydroarcheologiques de localisation de l’ancienne Phasis. Tb. gv. Journal . The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology.06860. 4 pl. #1-3. раскопанных на территории Грузии в 1952-1986гг. изд. Published by Academy of Sciences of the Georgia – “Metsniereba”.00475. 427. Jur. pp. # 2. Полевые археологические исследования.2414.114-128. Band 30. S.52-58. ( 5th c BC. UDC.25-29.06010. 56) foTi-fasisis topoarqeologiisaTvis. 52) Древние поселения в среднем течении р.. 12 pages.1996.. 1pl. Tb. 1990. Paris. с. 50 gv. Black Sea Littoral in 7th-5th cc BC. Г. 1997. Le Pont-Euxin vu par les Crecs.Vss.w.. (in Georgian).223-229.н. Zeglis megobari. 2tab. gv. дисертации). 20 ст. Published by Centre for Archaeological Studies.Symposium in Vani.. 31gv. 57) Ein Rhyton mit Götterdarstellung aus der Kolchis.00478. 200 . kreb. „mecniereba“. UDC. 55) О работе причерноморской археологической экспедиции. (An Attempt on Reconstruction of Colchis-Mosuinic Towers. Г. Jur. Тб. 1998. #1-3. 1997. #1. 92. mec. mec. akad. 53) kolxeTis istoria-topoarqeologiis sakiTxebi(Zv. 43) Hydroarchaeology in the Georgian Republic (the Colchian littoral). UD. gamomc.. V симп.)..“Khelovneba”. ISSN. Tbilisi..05040. ISBN. 4tab. 1998.akad. (Problems of History and Topoarchaeology of Colchis. ISSN1434. в Вани. guria. (broSura). akad. Сб. arqeologiuri kvlevis centris gamocema.. 1tab. 1993. Tbilisi 1993. (in Georgian. 49) On the history of the inception and development of archaeology in Georgia. (broSura).148-159. Тб.akad. Сб.112119. ISSN1512-3952.Полевые археологические исследования в 1986 г. 50 pages. 35gv. изд.2758.. Annales Litteraires de l’Universite de Besançon.. 38) RvTaebis qandakeba vanidan.79-87. Jur. 1pl. д. с. 3 таб.7. ISBN5. mec.э. Berlin. pp125-129.(broSura). сб.520. Tb. Jur.00475. gv. Tb. 1998. gv. Published by Centre for Archaeological Studies.125-129.3-19. 1996. ISBN5. Сб. Риони (автореферат канд.1307.63.902(479. UDC2Г.067(06).). 1990. Tb. 1979. ISBN5. New-York.pp. 2 Abb. 47) hidroarqeologiuri kvleva paliastomis tbasa da Sav zRvaSi. xelovneba. pp215-227. Tb. #4. 48) kolxi medeas saxe soxumis steladan. 1990.4. 1991. 21. Тбилиси.0686-1. Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran und Turan.7. с. 44) ebrauli menoras gamosaxuleba saqarTvelodan. 13 pages.02008. sadoqtoros sadisertacio macne. 5th .520. #1. 1990. 211-219. gamomc. UDC. (in Russian). saq. Published by Centre for Archaeological Studies. #1. „mecniereba“. Тб. (On The Topoarchaeology of Poti-Phasis. UDC. ISSN1057.M 607(06).520. Tbilisi. Акад. p. 1990. saq. 2 pl. (Hydro archaeological Works in the Zone of Supposed Localization of Ancient Phasis. 50) From Colchian mythology (Ochopintre a Pan – type god).520. 1tab.0132. arq. Tbilisi. mec. с. summary in Russian).(соавт. mxaris kvleva-Ziebis Sedegebi. 5таб. (соавт.00475. (in Georgian).. saq. Сб.101-119. #1. arqeologiuri kvlevis centris gamocema. vol. Миндиашвили). 1990.w.7. Тб. ISBN 5. gv.. 31 p. 41) Рекомендации по составлению отчетов.V. Tb.59-69. 1996. 45) kolxur-mosuinikuri koSkis rekonstruirebis cda. «Мецниереба». с. 1992..77-79. 1996. 1995. pp. наук Груз. Journal – “Dzeglis Megobari”.25-29. «Мецниереба». Published by Academy of Sciences of the Georgia.

ISBN99928. IV.samegrelo-kolxeTi (arq. (Model of Historical Development of Society (Bio-Geo and Social Habitat). #4. Tb.54-59. arqeologouri kvlevis centris Jur. 65) Zur Identifikation der Kolcherin Medea auf einem Stelenrelief von Suchumi. Tb. Tb.12-29. 2005. gv. gv. 69) On the History of Archaeology in Georgia (Part I). 2006. vol. mec.Amira.1512. IV. 1999. 67) antikuri xanis arqeologiis ganyofilebis mokle istoria. 2003. Published by “Guria” vol.9198.1526. mec. (Towards the History of Navigation of the Classical Period Eastern Black Sea Littoral. Tbilisi. ISSN1512. #2.kreb. arqeologouri kvlevis centris Jur. Tbilisi. (Xenophon about Colchian. ISSN. 2tab. 2001. Ziebani.1512. Zveli istoria. 3 pl.55. 2000. akad.. arqeologouri kvlevis centris Jur.5. gv. Tbilisis universitetis Zveli istoriis kaTedris kreb. 2006. 1999 (axalaRmoCenili suraTiT). ISSN1512. arqeologouri kvlevis centris Jur. gv.0597 (On the Transportation of Oil to PhasisPoti . pp 225-238. 73) sazogadoebis istoriuli ganviTarebis modeli (biogeogaremo da sociogaremo). (On the Influence of Bio-Geo Environment on the History of Ancient Colchis. mec. samegrelo-kolxeTi (arq. saq.26-39. summary in English). akad. Zveli istoria. VI. ISSN1512. ISSN1512. (Co-author T. gv. akad. 1999. 2006. pp.Iberia-Colchis. Mitteilungsbatt des Internationalen Kaukasiologischen Forschungsinstisutes . “guria” _ mxaris kvleva-Ziebis Sedegebi.181-189. ISSN1512-1526. mec.. akad. The Journal of the Centre for Archaeological Studies Georgian Academy of Sciences .). Published by Centre for Archaeological Studies. ISSN1512.0597 (Towards the location and definition of the city of Phasis. 2003. The Journal of the Centre for Archaeological Studies Georgian Academy of Sciences . . 20-37. iberia-kolxeTi. gv. arqeologouri kvlevis centris Jur. mec. IV. akc-s gamocema. ist. Tb.39-49. 72) Stamps of Roman Military Units from the Eastern Black Sea Littoral (Colchis). vol. pp. 61) arqeologiis istoriidan. Ancient History. Tbilisi. Book. dimitri meRvineTuxucesiSvili (1815-1878). gv. Todu) ISBN90.. (in Georgian. summary in English). gomidan.91. Tb.168. gv. gv.Mosuiniq Military Traditions. akad. Tb.96-99. Ziebani. 2565. 62) erTi keramikuli nivTis interpretaciisaTvis adeiSvilebis goris nagebobidan (sanaTi). pp 12-29 (in Georgian).1. 60) q. p. pp. 2tab. Tbilisi. 2000. Tb.. akad. 1 Taf. saq. akad. Tab. Published by Georgian Academy of Sciences . S.. Tbilisi.. pp 78-99. of Ancient World History. The Journal of the Centre of Archaeological Studies of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. ISSN. Tbilisis universitetis Zveli istoriis kaTedris kreb. 66) qalaq fasisis adgilmdebareobis da definiciis sakiTxisaTvis.0597.. 3tab..0597. ISSN1512-3952. 1999. ISSN1512.. gv.170-189. #1. dep. Tb. 59) ufliscixis pirveli gaTxrebi. Ancient West and East.04.. IV. gv.According to Archaeological Materials. Tb. Essays on the Archaeology of Colchis in the Classical Period. pp.5. 63) navTobis transportirebis Sesaxeb fasis-foTSi (arqeologiuri monacemebis mixedviT). Tb. Leiden-Boston. arqeologouri kvlevis centris Jur. (in Georgian. ISSN15120597. Ziebani. #1. 2005.78-99.Samegrelo-Kolkheti.0597. ISSN1512-0597.6.145. VI. Tb.0597.Iberia-Colchis #1.2002.).91. #10. arqeologouri kvlevis centris _ Ziebani. summary in English).122129.. summary in English). 2002... saq. dimitri baqraZe (1826-1890) _ saq.. 201 .. gv.6. mec. Ziebani. Tb. Tb. 170-180. 68) iberiul-kolxuri xanis saqarTvelos samxedro saqmis istoriis wyaroebi. arqeologouri kvlevis centris Jur. V. (in Georgian. #2 Tb. mec. 2001. . #5.208-218. ISBN99928. Tbilisi. 70) naosnobis istoriisaTvis antikuri periodis aRmosavleT SavizRvispireTSi. foTis istoriisaTvis. Brill. # 1. iberia-kolxeTi. ISSN1512.2004.. iberia-kolxeTi. kreb.3-7. 3tab. mec.26-39. (in Georgian. Supplement. akad. 64) versia brZolis siuJetiani vercxlis ritonis Sesaxeb zemo raWis sof. damatebani.13781. 170-189. 2003. 71) qsenofonti kolxur-mosinikuri saomari tradiciebis Sesaxeb (falanga: mosuini). ist. 2005.55. VI. Published by Tbilisi State University.0449. Journal of Georgian Archaeology. 2004.. #2. 2tab.50-79. Montreal-Tb. gv.. antikuri xanis kolxeTis sakiTxebi. #6. 2005.

gv.175-194. 83) ОБОРОНИТЕЛЬНОЕ СООРУЖЕНИЕ IV В. Тбилиси. 87) xis kolxuri arqiteqtura da misi socialuri arsis Sesaxeb.(Tanaavt. 25gverdi 3sur. gv. 2011. pp.. Археология Кавказа. 2006. 2010. ISSN1512. pp. pp. Archaeology of Caucasus. (in Georgian. pp.Researches on the culture and history of Georgia.4207. ISSN1512. 2011.Tb. 79) About the military-political situation in Georgia in the 4th cent. 75) saqarTvelos arqeologiis istoriidan..15-51.IV.4207. 2007. 85) The Development Archaeology in Georgia.4207 (Problems and Prospects of Georgia’s Classical and Early Medieval archaeology.. Jur.165-179. Tb. summary in English). #20. 2009. 90) Sinopean Amphoras with Greek Graffiti in the Context of the Town of Phasis. 2009.C. iberia-kolxeTi. BC – 2ndcent. Published by TSU. `diogene~.Researches on the Archaeology and History of Georgia in the Classical and early Medieval Period. d. ТГУ. Ziebani saqarTvelos arqeologiaSi. (in English). ДО Н. ISBN99940-866-7-7. ИЗ С.. mxaris kvlevis Sedegebi. с. 81) ON THE EVOLUTION THE COLCHIAN AMPHORAE (the 4th cent.. summary in English). 2009. 2006.. Tb. (in Georgian. Tb. erovnuli muzeumis gamocema. iberia-kolxeTi. ISBN. #4. gv. Tb. #19. (in Russian summary in English). Tb. vol.№1. 2007#3.3529. ISSN1512. Jur. ISSN1512. 80) THE LAND OF COLCHIS AND THE CITY OF PHASIS (Towards a historical-archaelogical study of western Georgia in the Classical period). ISSN1512. gv. ISSN1512. 77) saqarTvelos klasikuri da adremedievuri periodis arqeologiis problematika da perspeqtivebi.130-139.4207. 2010.195-203. saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis moambe. Tbilisi.. ISSN1512. Tb. c. baazovis sax. Tbilisi. Tb. Published by National Museum of Georgia. 186-198. pp. gv. pp. Baazov Museum of Jews in Georgia. МТИСДЗИРИ В КОНТЕКСТЕ СВЕДЕНИЙ КСЕНОФОНТА И ВИТРУВИЯ. Tb.. saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis gamocema.176189. Tb. guria VII. pp.Э. 204-214. summary in English). (in English).0597.. 2008. AD (Written Sources and Archaeological evidence).Iberia-Colchis (Researches on the Archaeology and History of Georgia in the Classical and early Medieval Period). 2011.144-158. 2006. 84) anepigrafikuli jvriandamRiani kolxuri amfora foTi-fasisidan. Rescue Archaeology in Georgia: The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan and South Caucasian Pipelines. Journal Iberia-Colchis. 74) versia protoebraelebisa da kidev erTi diasporis Sesaxeb saqarTveloSi. 82) TWO SILVER RHYTONS FROM WEST GEORGIA – COLCHIS (Mtisdziri and Gomi).. saq. pp. dunduas wigze “qarTuli numizmatika”. (in English). сс.4207. 86) COLCHIAN AMPHORA WITH STAMP FROM POTI-PHASIS. 78) recenzia g. #4. 175-194. IV. AD). 5-18. ISSN1512.65-79. Сб. 89) romanizaciis globalisturi procesi da iberia-kolxeTi. RvaberiZe). pp. Journal Iberia-Colchis #5. gv.145-168. ISBN99940-16-41-5. Tb. Tb. saqarTvelos ebraelTa muzeumis Sromebi. Published by National Museum of Georgia Tb.(2). #5. 88) berZnul grafitoiani sinopuri da kolxuri amforebi qalaq foTi-fasisis konteqstSi.4207. #7. 76) К историко-археологическому изучению Западной Грузии в эпоху античности. Journal . (THE FORTIFING BUILDING IN MTISDZIRI DURING THE 4TH C. t.Iberia-Colchis. Jur. Works of D. #6. Journal Iberia-Colchis.76.5-18. pp. #3.26-37. Jur. B. Ziebani saqarTvelos arqeologiaSi.172-181. (in English). Journal Iberia-Colchis . (Version About Proto Jews and One More Diaspora in Georgia. 2004.(in English)..978-99940-980-4-0. gv.91. kreb. Сб. gamomc.. IN THE CONTEXT OF EVIDENCE BY XENOPHON AND VITRUVIUS) . t. Published by National Museum of Georgia Tb. Journal Iberia-Colchis (Researches on the Archaeology of Georgia). 202 . Tb. 2011.. 2010. 2010. Journal . #5.53-81. (broSura). (Towards the Historical and Archaeological Study of Western Georgia in the Classical Period (Colchis). BC to the 3rd cent. 2008. pp 26-37 (in Georgian. #1. Tbilisi. (in English).4207. 2006. ISSN1512.165-179 (in Russian summary in English). 53-81.

1986. “lit. 98) wyalqveSa arqeologia da fasisis saidumlo. Tb. 2008. Tbilisi. gv. 2008. “qarTuli sabW. #1. Jur.gv. 1981. (Wine Vessels from Archaeological Material of Georgia. 2008. pp 14-16 (in Georgian). X. 2008. #1. II. saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis samecniero-popularuli almanaxi _ aia. 8. 672.12. #8. mTisZiris arqeologiuri Zeglebi. saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis samecnieropopularuli almanaxi _ aia . Tb. enciklopedia”. 96) saqarTvelos arqeologiis nakvalevze. 92) pirveli qarTveli arqeologi.5208 Tb. 137-145. Tb.14.#1. gv. saqarTvelo”. VII. Scientific-Popular Almanach of National Museum of Georgia .1982.samecniero-popularuli statiebi (Scientific-Popular Essays & Articles): 91) sof.“ciskari”.4-16. gv.. Tb. 27. 95) wyalqveSa arqeologiuri eqspedicia. gv. Tb.10. 94) wyalqveSa arqeologiis perspeqtivebi saqarTveloSi. ISSN1822. #1. 1983. 97) Rvinis sasmisebi saqarTvelos arqeologiuri masalidan. saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumis samecnieropopularuli almanaxi _ aia.. 93) saqarTveloSi arqeologiuri kvleva-Ziebis istoriidan. gv. 7. 1983. gv.AIA. “literaturuli saqarTvelo”. Tb. gv.22-29. “literaturuli saqarTvelo”. Tb...14-16. 203 .

SUMMARIES .

central terrace. and melted pieces of gold. central terrace. 17. gold – 31 cm. gold. casual find. 7.thick golden rod. The golden adornments found in Vani on the one hand and the remains of goldsmith’s workshop on the other hand proofs that ancient city of Vani was an advanced center of artistic handicraft – goldsmithery. 60). 205 . Offcut of plate. 14. On the central terrace of Vani City-site the remains of the building (so called white building) which is believed to be a goldsmith’s workshop was excavated. gold. gold – 23. central terrace. casual find.5 mm. Ingot. These examples are classified in three groups: 1. casual find. #16. gold – 19 mm. central terrace.the goldsmith near the anvil. gr. Ingot. crude product -45 mm. 1956. Ear-rings ( 2). Near the walls of this feature coal. 3. casual find. 22. 24. lower terrace. Stranded wire. central terrace. gold – 56 mm. 23. # 6. bones of ox and cow were found. Vani. lower terrace. 11. Damaged or fragmented adornment for secondary treatment. Thus. Vani. Vani. Pendants. crude product-157 mm. Vani. Vani. gold. casual find. gold – 9 mm. gold – 7 mm. Vani. plot 118. 2. Vani. central terrace. Vani. Vani. gr. casual find. gold – 9 mm. (according to Pernot M.ingots. offcuts of plates. Rod. Ingot. gold – 23 mm. 8. 5. 1st c . Offcut of plate. upper terrace. 3. Vani. preserved in Vatican Museum (according to Coche de la Ferte E. what indicates that gold artifacts were made on the site itself. casual find. crude product -15 mm. where the pottery of 4th c BC.goldsmith Amors at work. upper terrace. decorated with incisions. 20. 2. gr. plot 118. crude product -10 mm. Wire (2 fragments) . plot 102 ( cultural layer of 4th -3rd cc BC). 19. Pompey. Vani. the remains of "white building”. crude product -15 mm. ash. gold. Vani. 26. gold. Fragments of wire ( 3). gr. crude product –diameter -4 mm. thick plate. Vani. Vani. 16. # 19. 13. 21. 10. 18. Vani. Marble stele. Vani. lower terrace. reworked. the remains of ritual pit near the "white building”. decorated with incisions. gold. Vani. central terrace. plot 146. Wire. casual find. plot 118. Vani. Ingot. plot 188 ( near the goldsmith/s workshop). small pieces of slag (they don’t include metal) were found. pottery for the ritual pit near the "white building”. pl I). gold.Anna Chonia The Remains of Goldsmith’s Workshop from Vani City-site. # 11. 25.repaired or reworked adornments. gold. 50-79 AD. 2011. central terrace. gold. The most noticeable items found here are: crude product . 4. Ingot. Vani. fig. Next to the workshop there was a ritual pit. Wire. gold – 15. plot 165. Narrow plate. melted pieces of gold. Vani. plot 188. crude product -30 mm. gold. casual find. Rod. 9. Vani. Among the numerous examples of golden artifacts from Vani there is a group of remains of feature processing of gold. the archaeological context of the feature seems to be a good argument to say that this was a goldsmith’s workshop. crude product-49 mm. 12. Wire. Vani. Description of plates: 1. Ingot. damaged or fragmented adornments for secondary treatment. plot 142. crude product. repaired. central terrace. 6. central terrace. The feature is dated to the 4th c BC. Vani. gold. Wall painting . Round. 15. Vani. (cultural layer of 3rd-1st cc BC). crude product 138 mm.5 mm. damaged and fragmented adornments which should be used for secondary treatment. casual find. gold.

It is well known. 6th and 7th centuries was a period of revival of the site. It is possible that such strategically important place could be a residence of Ruler of the region. This is not confirmed yet for Early medieval period and this assumption still is disputed. The archaeological data of Upper Imereti indicates that the Region had the status of some political unit. The Article discusses the tradition of construction of one of the earliest type of graves.Ketevan Javakhishvili The Rare Artifacts Decorated with Golden Sheet from Takhtidziri. Description of plate: 1. Berdzenishvili considered that Chikha could be the same a Sachkhere of later times.On the flat surface of one of medalions the Gryphon with big.Glass medallion with the depiction of Gryphon. Tinatin Tchanishvili The Tradition of Cenotaph in Georgia. and on the second there is a image of a women sitting on the rock and holding a vessel. The discoveries of Itska fortress are important also.3rd cc BC and could be originated from Egypt. Nino Mindadze. Thats why it is difficult to understand how these items were used. N. expanded wings is depicted. At the cemeteries excavated in Georgia the earliest graves of this type are dated to the Middle Bronze Age. Nana Kapanadze.Glass medallion with the depiction of the women sitting on the rock. that during the Advanced Medieval period Upper Imereti was a part of Argveti Saeristavo and the residence of Eristavi was located in this region. Zurab Bragvadze Upper Imereti in Early Medieval Period. Along with other extraordinary artifacts of grave # 8. they dont have a metal frame as the artfifacts from Pavlov kurgan and Tarento have. This means that the Upper Imereti was a part of Kartli. The „Chikha“ Saeristavo is mentioned in the Georgian written source „ Matiane Kartlisa“ where it is included in Kartli region. cenotaph in Georgia on the basis of archaeological and Ethnographical data. We think that these items can be dated to the 4th. According to archaeological data. From this period this burial ritual is 206 . The medalions are not pierced. The depictions are not deep. In 1996 the archaeological expedition of National Museum of Georgia excavated the cemetery of 4th. Kvirila and was controling the roads to Shida qartli mountains and lowlands. It is considered that during this period Itska fortress was the main fortress of upper side of r. two medalionintaglios were found in the chest area of the deceased. Theyare not covered with the protective layer of glass as it is usual for the artifacts manufactured with this technique. Alexandria. One surface of each medalion is flat and another is slightly bulged. The materials of Modinakhe cemetery can support this assumption. 2. Thin golden sheet is impressed in depictions andi seems that they are attached with adhesive.3rd cc BC in the village Takhtidziri.

BC in Senaki "Kalandarishvili Gora". The number of cenotaph is increasing from the Late Bronze Age. The construction of under earth and surface cenotaphs is common for Georgian tradition. The ability of life of ancient mytho. 16. 36. Leri Jibladze. the presence of this custom may be assumed at other burial grounds as well (jar burial 14 of the "Dachrilebi" burial ground. In the Early Medieval period archaeological data they don’t exist.). The custom appears to have been characteristic of pit-burials and jar-burials. According to the assortment of items in the boxes and their placement in the area of the palms. further thorough study may reveal this custom in other types of burials as well. 18. B. animal burials. and are an illustration of coexistence of various period traditions in one synchronic and diachronic space. jar-burial 31 of Dapnari. Description of plates: Pl. Nana Papuashvili Archaeological Works on the Area of Tskaltubo . burial 9 of Sairkhe.Menji Transmission Line. 207 . 20. inventory). In 14 of the 25 burials of the Takhtidziri burial ground children’s osseous remains were found (burials Nos.Menji 60 km length transmission line the expedition of the National Museum of Georgia revealed the archaeological sites in the v. erecting the cross or some memorial etc. Revaz Papuashvili.C. the jar burial 49 of the Shavsaqdara. 7. 1. Cenotaph has many common features with burials where inhumation or cremation ritual is revealed (grave type. The chronological range of the spread of the cited custom does not probably go beyond the 4th c. The author’s attention was claimed by an interesting regularity. 6. 5. 35?. pit graves. After the works conducted in August. Senaki (at "Kalandarishvili Gora") and in Tskaltubo region near the confluence of the r. Gubistskali and Tslaltubostskali. 41): occasionally they were buried with adults.Religious beliefs and rituals. 37. I. yet they are largely individual graves. 9. marking the symbolic grave (and not digging the grave). the skeleton of sheep or bones of animal are buried on the place of a deceased man. Sakraveli burial ground.September of 2011 on the area of Tskaltubo . later it is very rare. Varsimaantkari burial). not attested to at synchronous archaeological sites. These rituals are preserved in modern times too. At the same time it has some specific features – the pottery is placed very close to each other. their functioning and coexistence in socio-cultural system causes the syncretic type of the system and can be explained on the basis of collective memory. Satellite map.revealed in all types of typical graves (kurgans. The local and Greek pottery was found in cultural layers. Sometimes there is an obsidian knife. 12. There are various types of cenotaphs: symbolic images of deceased. Nana Gogiberidze One group of child burials from the 4th-3rd century Takhtidziri burial ground. Topographical map. etc. However. 10. 8. Especially interesting is the settlement and cemetery of 5th-3rd cc. 2. namely placement of a box or pouch filled with small items in the child’s hand. Menji.

Bronze chain with a stylized representation of an animal. according to the analyses of the grave-goods and the other different objects discovered on the territory of the Great Mtskheta as a whole. Jar. II.8. Colchian pottery from Classical period settlement. 1-8. Tombs # 215 and # 735 are dated to the Early Classical period. Burial # 735 – 1. somehow. They point to the heredity which was (continuity) among the monuments of these two Ages. 7. Spearhead. II. silver torque. Bronze buckles. Vakhtang Nikolaishvili. 1. Nukri Maisurashvili.10.11. Pl. The fragments of stone hand mills. The study of the grave-goods allows defining more precisely the date of some early excavated tombs.Pl. Greek pottery. Pl. fill in the gaps which existed among Iron Age pit-tombs and the following Classical Age monuments. Description of the plates: Pl. Imported pottery. I. Bronze buckle. Pl. Giorgi Manjgaladze. Bowl. 2. The bulk of the grave goods of the burial complex was dated to the 3rd-4th c AD. 1-9. Silver bracelet. Ketevan Javakhishvili. 2. 1. 3. The article represents a description of two stone graves (cists) discovered at the well-known Samtavro cemetery. I. 3. V. 4. a burial was damaged on the right bank of the river Sagami. 4. 6. The local pottery. VI. figural. Bowl. Neck hoop ring. 2 Bronze finger-rings with gem-intaglio. Rosette. Silver bracelet. Jar. Beads of blue Egyptian paste. on the side of the motorway between the villages of Chabano and Chiaura. 5. 1-10. 1-6. 1. spring-like bronze spirals and a large quantity of various by shaped beads. III.9. Gem-intaglio. Nukri Glonti Newly-Discovered Burial from Tianeti In August 2009. Pl. These cists. 12. 3. 1. Local pottery. two finger-rings with cameos. 2. Pot. Pl. Burial # 215 – 1. the deceased belonging to the advanced stratum of society. Goderdzi Narimanishvili Samtavro Early Classical Period Stone Graves. 2. III. Description of plates: Pl. II. Anzor Sikharulidze. 4. Pl.VII. Pl. The burial found in Tianeti seems to have been arranged in the same period. Jar. fragments of bronze cymbals. 3. 208 . 13. Vera Chikhladze. Pointed tool. Bronze bracelet. 3-6. Italic. 4. three bracelets: two of silver and one of bronze. General View of "Kalandarishvili Gora" and its vicinity. The artifacts from the pythos burial. part of a bronze belt. and chronological gaps. IV. Pl. 2. which existed to the present. Knife. a bronze-chained buckle for dress. The following items were found in the burial: silver torque.

Thus. VI. a fragment of a green color glass vessel came to light at the Sveneti site (Pl III16). Gori municipality (pl. III14). ladles.growing and wine . 4. grooved and flat tiles.Pl. – 6-6. II. The territory of the Sveneti village site prior to the excavations. 209 . lamp. Glass beads. The construction corridor and exploratory trenches. 2). In some trenches scattered cobblestones and tiles were noticed. Pl. 17 – sling stone. Silver button. 19.The village population appears to have occasionally supplemented the stock of meat of domestic animals (cattle bones were also found in the trenches) with hunted game. 3. Trench 5 yielded a deer’s skull. David Mindorashvili An Early Medieval Village Site Near v. used in the past in dwelling or economic purpose structures. surviving in rather damaged state. 19-20 – pitchers. and IV). with its antlers sawn off (pl. has been added to the archaeological map of Eastern Georgian Early Middle Ages. 1317 – bowls. 1. Sveneti The former village site of Sveneti lies on the right side of the irrigation canal. 2. 12 – tusk of a boar. 16 – glassware. Interest attaches to the osteological material from the trenches. 2. Paste beads. Sveneti. Beads of various types. IV. At the same place a fragment of the antler of a deer was found (pl. 20). 1. 1. with rough. The discovery of wine jars and hand mills at the site (apart from the trenches. gilded. kitchen. I. I1. 3. III12). 1-10 – Grooved and flat tiles found in the trenches. Among the ceramic ware notable are discs made from sides of clayware (pls. 5-12 – pots. gilded. These are: wine jars. 18-20 – querns. 15 – clay disks. is pottery that from the functional standpoint may be divided into household. Fragments of various purpose clay wares brought to light in the trenches: 1-9 –pots. Of stone items note should be taken of querns made of basalt stone (pl. 11 – bottom of a mug. 16-20 – bowls. one more village settlement site. The bulk of the archaeological material. III18. Inlaid beads of vitreous paste. pots. 10-15 – pitchers. 18 – lamp. III. Fragments of various purpose pottery found in the trenches: 1-4 – wine jars.making and cereal growing as the principal branches of the early medieval Sveneti residents. Blue glass beads. as well as the tusk of a wild boar (pl. gilded. II. V. Sveneti secondary school. 1. Pl. Glass beads. two almost whole wine jars were found outside the construction corridor) points to vine . 3. The village site was studied in connection with the laying of a new gas pipeline at this place. IV. Parts of cymbal and bronze handles. III17). The site was poorly preserved because of damage done in building the old gas pipeline in the past century. brought to light in the trenches. Apart from pottery. 4. Glass beads. to the south-east of v. III. III13). 13-14 –antler and skull of deer.and tableware and constructional. A sling stone was brought to light (diam. 2. Paste beads. Pl. Bronze parts of a belt. Pl. 2. Stationary habitation layers failed to be recorded in the trenches. pitchers. Description of plates: Pl. as a result of the small-scale archeological excavations carried out in the zone of gas pipeline construction near v. Bronze spiral. Pl.5 cm) (pl.

3rd cc). at the foot of Tbilisi fortress of Narikala. where the cultural layer of 3rd 2nd cc BC was found. In March 2004 a large quadrangular tomb with rich inventory was accidentally discovered during earthworks. Tedzami and watersheds of mountain ridges. 16. fortified town from the first centuries AD. More than 50 medieval monuments . The archaeological excavations of 1998. Bath (1st. This small territory was inhabited from Early Bronze Age. BC. Amphora from the pythos # 5 (4th century). Pythoses ## 1 and 2 ( 3rd-4th cc. Pottery found in the bath (1st. The church and the monastery are located on the right bank of r. 7-14. Between 1954 and 1961 a multilayered settlement with Bronze Age and Iron Age levels. Bath. Abanotubani. 13th-14th centuries).I. 2. which was situated along the Silk Road. 12th -13th.6.3rd centuries). the archaeological excavations were renewed. wine cellar . Vakhtang Shatberashvili Khevkhmela Gorge in Classical period The Kevkhmela gorge is located in Shida Kartli (central Georgia) in Kaspi district. Other trenches gave the material of 4th –1st centuries. The gorge begins from Trialeti Mountains and is clearly outlined by the r. the remains of features of various periods. Bath. Some of them were dated to the Hellenistic and Roman periods and were located near the territory of our excavation. and aqueduct are located on this territory. sections. 3. View from Metekhi. In 2008 the Archaeological expedition of the Georgian National Museum excavated the area of casual find. in January 8 of 786. The monastery of Forty Sebastian Martyr’s in Tbilisi. place Zesurebi. stone Cross (5th-8th cc. 39. on the Territory of Forty Sebastian Martyr’s Monastery. In 2011. The area of the Tomb revealed in 2004 was cleaned. The surface archaeological survey in the gorge defined new archaeological sites of various periods. Stone cross. Some more sites of various 210 . towers. In 1976 the part of the cemetery of Roman period was excavated to the west of the village Khovle. Habo was tortured and killed. St. 4."Marani" ( 3rd-4th centuries). which needs further research.3rd cc). bath (1st. 18-36. 17. 2006 and 2011 revealed several construction levels of various periods: the part of city fortress (Ist – 5th and 5th-8th centuries). This place has a significant historical and religious role for Tbilisi. plan view from N.Drawings of pottery found in the bath (1st. Kura.). 2001. 15. Here. 40. General plan of excavations. They and the excavated territory may be parts of big site. 5. plan. 1.). in the historical part of Tbilisi. on the right side of the river Mtkvari (Kura). which was governed by local aristocracy during the Classical period and Middle Ages.churches.Merab Dzneladze. It can be noted that this part of town had a governmental function from the first centuries AD. Description of plates: Pl.3rd cc). Vera Chikhladze Archaeological Discoveries on the Territory of Tbilisi Forty Sebastian Martyr’s Monastery. graves (3rd -4th. Amphora from the pythos # 5 (4th century). also Early Bronze Age kurgans were excavated. local and imported pottery. 2003. According to written sources and archaeological data it was a micro region (“Khevi”). The researches confirmed that Tbilisi was the important.

municipal territory of Tsalka. Sabechdavi) cemetery is located in S Georgia. White glass paste beads. excavations of 2008. 4. I.Archaeological material from grave #5. Pl. excavations of 2008. Pl. on Trialeti plateau. The rython from Zesurebi grave. Marine Kvachadze The Beads from Eli Baba Cemetery Eli Baba (resp. AD. I – The map of Zesurebi – Zeskhevi. 2 Grave # 1. So. on the right bank of Mtkvari River. near the v.glass.Khovle. Polichromic glass paste beads. According to the Georgian written sources. Narimanishvili). The beads of Eli Baba cemetery have many analogies in S Caucasus. II. Classical period. V . S plot. Pl. In 127 graves excavated at the cemetery 6000 beads and bead-pendants were found. Blue glass paste beads. This could happen in Roman period also. Archaeological material from grave # 2. Bareti. Agate beads. IV. All settlements of this period are too big. glass paste. 3. 11. VI .. 211 . N plot. Bronze beads. The results of surface surveys provide archaeologists with information that Khovle and its vicinity were intensively inhabited in the Classical period. Pl. 2.6th cc BC. VII – 1. The Cemetery is dated to the 7th. Pl.2003. Middle Ages) were identified on the territory of the village and in the vicinity. 7-1. III – 1.12.2. II . Another road runs near the village. In each Group.stone.13. Bronze.Khovle.1-15. Yellow glass paste beads. The beads were classified into 4 groups according to the material from which they were made: 1. Trench # 2. Description of plates: Pl. Archaeological material from grave # 3. Blue glass paste beads. Here the archaeological excavations were conducted in 2002. V-1-10. Numerous settlements of middle Ages in this area show us a big population in this period.1. Pl. during the construction of South Caucasian Pipeline (head of expedition G. III-1-12. Description of plates: Pl. IV . Pl. 3. what can be a good reason for us to suppose that this village could be the residence of the aristocratic family who was controlling these roads. The fact is that the representative of a High aristocracy was buried here in the 3rd c. Pl. in this period one of main roads was crossing the village and was going to the Trialeti region.1-16. Pl. White glass paste beads. according to shape and decoration the types and subtypes were defined. 3-6. Cornelian beads. 12-16. 3-16 Archaeological material from grave # 4. Glass beads. Pl.periods (Late Bronze Age.Archaeological material from trench # 2. 2-6. Khovle was on the crossroad and could be a centre of small region – Khekhmela gorge.

sdsZ – samxreT-dasavleT saqarTvelos Zeglebi. sakZ – savele arqeologiuri kvleva-Zieba. kae Sromebi – kaxeTis arqeologiuri eqspediciis Sromebi. istoriis. qc . ВДИ – Вестник древней истории. МАК. Ziebani – Ziebani saqarTvelos arqeologiaSi. saqarTvelos klasikuri da adremedievuri periodis arqeologiur-istoriuli kvlevani. mska _ masalebi saqarTvelosa da kavkasiis arqeologiaSi. Römische Abteilung AGSM – Annual of Georgian State Museum . enimki – enis.Материалы по археологии России.Материалы по археологии Кавказа. ssmm _ saqarTvelos saxelmwifo muzeumis moambe. AA – Archäologischer Anzeiger. МАР . mski _ masalebi saqarTvelosa da kavkasiis istoriisaTvis. LIMC – Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae RM – Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts . _ gliptikis kabineti. aZ – arqeologiuri Ziebani. eTnografiis da xelovnebis istoriis seria. kaZ .SemoklebaTa ganmarteba A breviations akc – arqeologiuri kvlevis centri. sin _ saqarTvelos istoriis narkvevebi. g. sikZa – saqarTvelos istoriisa da kulturis ZeglTa aRweriloba. arqeologiis. Zm – Zeglis megobari. smam _ saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis macne.k. iberia-kolxeTi – saqarTvelos erovnuli muzeumi. АО – Археологические Открытия. СА – Советская археология. МИА – Материалы и исследования по археологии СССР.qarTlis cxovreba. ПАИ – Полевые археологические исследования. materialuri kulturisa da istoriis institute. ssmae _ saqarTvelos saxelmwifo muzeumis arqeologiuri eqspediciebi.kavTisxevis arqeologiuri Zeglebi.