You are on page 1of 2

How do they connect with each other?

nerve impulses are carried by neurons that transmit the signals to

other nerve cells


The junctions are called synapse
If there is a gap between nerve cells, neurotransmitters will help

carry the signals between gaps


This alters the way a message is passed on
Neurons communicate in many different ways
What is a synapse?
The end of a neuron, and the impulse cannot pass to the next
neuron
They trigger neurotransmitter
When it passes through the gap
it fits into a receptor on the surface of the target
neuron (lock and key)
converts the chemical signal back into the nerve
impulse
Why use a Neurotransmitters?
There are over 50 different neurotransmitter chemicals that our
brains use
Neurotransmitters are more versatile than neuron to neuron contact.
Neurotransmitters excite the target cells
What are nerve impulses?
Blatchford, Ian. "Who Am I?" How Do Nerves Connect with Each Other? Wellcome Trust, n.d.
Web. 16 Dec. 2015.
Reattachment
First the bone must be attached with pins and wire
Blood flow must be established so the bone cells wont die
Tendons, muscle tissue and nerves are then attached
This must be done 24 hours after amputation for most limb

function to return
Reattachment can happen up the four days after amputation, but the
limb that needs to be attached must stay refrigerated.

No guarantee for functional use

Scheve, Tom. "Can Body Parts Be Reattached after Accidental


Amputation?"HowStuffWorks. N.p., 17 July 2011. Web. 17 Dec. 2015.
What are the most common neurotransmitters?
Acetylcholine
Used for motor nerves, i.e. controlling the movement

of muscles
Epinephrine
Also known as Adrenaline
Dopamine
Important in reward-motivated behavior
Responsible for learning, mood, and sleep functions.

Mandal, Ananya. "Dopamine Functions." News-Medical.net. 10 Jan. 2010. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.
Nervous Tissue
senses stimuli and transmits information from one part of the body

to another
A neutron is a nerve cell
specialized to conduct electrical nerve impulses
Nervous tissue contains more supporting cells than neurons
Axons-promote faster transmission signals

Campbell, Neil A. "Animal Structure and Function." Biology: Concepts and Connections. 6th ed.
San Francisco, CA: Pearson Education, 2005. 418-19. Print.