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Name: ___________________

Class: __________

Date: _______
Mrs. Shacalo
Review Sheet
From Bacteria to Plants: 1.1; Cells and Heredity: 1.1-1.2

From Bacteria to Plants: Chapter One Section One (pg. 6-14)
1. Unicellular- _______________________________________________________________________________
2. Multicellular- _____________________________________________________________________________
3. The six characteristics all living things share are:
a. _____________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________
c. _____________________________________________________
d. _____________________________________________________
e. _____________________________________________________
f. _____________________________________________________
4. Stimulus- __________________________________________________________________________________
5. Response- _________________________________________________________________________________
6. Growth- __________________________________________________________________________________
7. Development- ______________________________________________________________________________
8. Spontaneous generation- _____________________________________________________________________
9. If spontaneous generation was true, then:
a. Redi would have seen _____________________________________________________________
b. Pasteur would have seen ___________________________________________________________
10. Autotroph/producer- _______________________________________________________________________
11. Heterotroph/consumer- _____________________________________________________________________
12. The four needs of all living things are:
a.
b.
c.
d.

________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________

13. Homeostasis- ______________________________________________________________________________
14. ‘Universal solvent’ - _________________________________________________________________________
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____________________________________________________________________ 9. _________________________________________________________________________ c.________________________________________________________________________ 7. Theodor Schwann. Rudolf Virchow.Cells and Heredity: Chapter One Section One (pg. _________________________________________________________________________ 12. Two properties of microscopes are : a.________________________________________________________________ 8._____________________________________________________________ 5. 6-13) 1. Anton van Leeuwenhoek. Compound light microscope._______ 6. under low power._______ b.________ c.____________________________________________________________________ a. Total magnification. Convex lens. under high power. Compare and contrast: Light microscope Electron Microscope 2 . Robert Hooke._________________________________________________________________________ 13. cell.________________________________________________________________ 4. _________________________________________________________________________ b._____________________________________________________________________ 10. under middle power. Matthias Schleiden. Resolution: ____________________________________________________________________ 3.________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Magnification: __________________________________________________________________ b. Three parts to the cell theory: a._______________________________________________________________________ 11. Simple light microscope.

______________________ c. photosynthesis– ____________________________________________________________________________ 6. _______________________ b. organ system._________________________________________________________________________________ 2. organelle.________________________________________________________________________________ 7. _______________________ They do not have a nucleus or other organelles.________________________________________________________________________________ 5. cellulose. 16-24) 1. They have four structures: a.______________________________________________________________________________ 10. Bacterial cells are smaller than animal and plant cells.__________________________________________________________________________________ 4. tissue. respiration. cholesterol. 3 . organ.____________________________________________________________________________________ 9. ______________________ d.__________________________________________________________________________________ 3.____________________________________________________________________________________ 8. Their DNA is found in the cytoplasm.Cells and Heredity: Chapter One Section Two (pg. pigment.

has a rod-like shape n. ____ nucleus j. 10. made of two subunits and is found either floating in the 9. lipid bilayer that surrounds the nucleus k. choose the correct structure from the list on the right. a tubular passageway found throughout the cell m. ____cell membrane 8. small round organelles containing enzymes 14. surrounded by two membranes and it has a green pigment 5. non-membrane bound structure in the nucleus 4 . ____ cell wall c. ____ lysosomes h. 1. ____ chloroplasts called chlorophyll d. a non-living rigid structure. ____ ER chromatin. composed of cellulose 13.Matching Organelles Directions: For each of the words on the left. and nucleolus e. ____ golgi bodies f. 7. ____ mitochondria a. ____ vacuoles b. ____ nuclear membrane membrane and nucleus 3. scattered with proteins 11. has an outer membrane and folded inner membrane. ____ cytoplasm cytoplasm or attached to ER. l. fluid filled structure. Lipid bilayer. a gel-like fluid that occupies the space between the cell 2. Write the corresponding letter next to the word. a round structure that contains a nuclear envelope. ____ chromatin i. plant cells have one large one and animal cells have many small ones. ____ nucleolus g. stacks of flattened structures 12. long strands of DNA. found in the nucleus 4. ____ ribosomes 6.

____ ribosomes 6. provides protection for a plant cell and together with the vacuole. site of protein synthesis. n. selectively permeable boundary (allows some things in and out of the cell) and separates the cell from its environment. a protective membrane that surrounds the nucleus and controls the passage of material into 14. 1. site of cellular respiration k. it makes lipids. and ships materials from ER and distributes them to other organelles or out of cell. ‘protein factory’. breaks down materials in the cell and digests dead/injured cells.Directions: For each of the words on the left. Write the corresponding letter next to the word. a constantly moving fluid that holds all the organelles. ____ golgi bodies 11. provides skeletal support. j. ____ nucleus and out of the nucleus through small openings h. ____ cell wall 5. ‘brain’ of cell. temporary storage of nutrients. m. ____cell membrane b. site of ribosome production and RNA production c. ____ vacuoles 4. ____ ER 9. waste. ____ chloroplasts 7. choose the correct function from the list on the right. receives. ____ lysosomes 13. l. ____ nucleolus 12. packages. d. breaks down substances. 5 . controls the cell’s activities. ____ chromatin e. g. contains instructions that control the cell’s function 8. contains the green pigment chlorophyll and is the site of photosynthesis 3. processes. ‘powerhouse’ of cell. converts energy from food into usable energy for cell. ____ nuclear membrane a. i. f. and packages proteins for Golgi bodies. and water. ____ cytoplasm 10. ____ mitochondria 2.

In what ways are animal cells similar to bacterial cells? __________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 4.Review Questions: 1. What is the total magnification of a compound light microscope that has an eyepiece of 15 and an objective lens of 50? _______________________________ 8. What organelle do all three types of cells have in common? ____________________________ 6. and waste? __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ 6 . Name two ways animal and plant cells differ from bacterial cells. Use the table to show the differences between an animal. plant. Animal Cell Plant Cell Bacterial Cell 2. In what ways are plant and bacterial cells alike? __________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. and bacterial cell. __________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. What additional function does the large vacuole have in plant cells besides temporarily storing food. Why is the fact that blood is primarily water important? __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 7. water.

function. Chloroplasts Mitochondria Structure Function Location Animal Cell Plant Cell 7 .9. Describe the similarities and differences (in structure. and location) between the chloroplasts and mitochondria by completing the chart.