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The application of the principle of expansion and contraction of matter in daily

life.
Mercury in glass thermometer
1. A mercury in glass thermometer works on the expansion and contraction of mercury
in the bulb of the thermometer.
2. When the thermometer is used to measure the temperature of a hot object, the
mercury in the bulb expands and forces the mercury in the glass tube to go up.
3. When the thermometer is used to measure the temperature of a cold object, the
mercury in the bulb contracts and the mercury in the glass tube goes down.

Bimetallic Strip in Fire Alarm
1. A bimetallic strip is made of two different metal strip, such us copper and iron.
2. Copper expands faster than iron when heated and cause the bimetallic
strip to bend.
3. Bimetallic strips are used as automatic switches in fire alarms and as thermostats in
electrical appliances such as iron, air-conditioners, rice cookers and refrigerators to
keep the
temperature in these appliances constant.

Figure 7.20 Pg. 122
Gaps In Railway Tracks
1. Gaps are left in between sections of rails to allow for the expansion of the rails during
very hot weather.
2. Concrete roads are built with expansion gaps to allow for the expansion of the
concrete during hot weather.

Electricty cables and telephone wires 1. The wires expand and sag during hot days. The use of the principle of expansion and contraction of matter in solving simple problems . the wires contract and become shorter.Rollers in concrete and steel bridges Concrete bridges and steel bridges have rollers on one end to allow for expansion on hot days and cold days. Electric cables and telephone wires are fixed loosely to allow for expansion and contraction. During cold nights. 2. 3.