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CHAPTER 12;13: ATOM AND NUCLEI

1. Compare the radii of two nuclei with mass number 1 and 27 respectively.
2. The ground state energy of hydrogen atom is -13.6 ev. What is the kinetic and potential
energies of the electron in this state?
3. A radioactive isotope has a half life of T years. How long will it take the activity to reduce (i)
3.125% (ii) 1% of its original value?.
The ground state energy of H-atom is -13.6 ev.What are the kinetic and potential energies of
electron in this state?
4.The energy levels of an atom of element are shown in the following diagram. Which one of the
level transitions will result in the emission of photons of wavelength 620 nm ?
Support your answer with mathematical calculations.

5.(a) Draw a graph showing the variation of potential energy of a pair of nucleons as a function
of their separation. Indicate the region in which nuclear force is
(i) Attractive and (ii) Repulsive
(b) Write two characteristic features of nuclear force which distinguish it from the Coulomb
force.
6. Define the term decay constant of a radio active nucleus.
Two nuclei P, Q have equal no. of atoms at t = 0. Their half lives are 3 hours and 9 hours
respectively. Compare their rates of disintegration, after 18 hours from the start.
Identify D2
235

β

D

α
D1

D2

92
7. Identify D1, D2, D3 and D4
235
D
92

D1
α

D2
β

D3
α

D4
β

8. The half-life of a radioactive sample is 30 seconds. Calculates (i) the decay constant, and (ii)
time taken for the sample to decay to 3/4th of its initial value. (2 marks)

962589u Mass of a neutron = 1. Using de-Broglie hypothesis.007825u. Given: m (20Ca40) = 39. 10.008665u and mp =1.27 MeV 3 11. Mark the region where the nuclei are most stable. (5 marks) . Draw a labeled diagram of a nuclear reactor and write the function of each part. How long can an electric lamp of 100W be kept glowing by fusion of 2. Explain the process of release of energy in a nuclear reactor.007825u. Calculate the binding energy per nucleon of 20Ca40 nucleus.9.934939u.008665u and mass of a proton = 1. 13. Draw a graph showing the variation of binding energy per nucleon with mass number of different nuclei. 1u = 931MeV 12. mn=1. explain with the help of a suitable diagram. Bohr’s second postulate of quantization of energy levels in a hydrogen atom.0 kg of deuterium? Take the fusion reaction as 2 2 4 1H + 1H  2He + n + 3. (2 marks) Obtain the binding energy of the nuclei 26Fe56 in units of eV from the following data:mfe=55.