You are on page 1of 138

Contents

02 Corporate Information

65 Electronic Delay Detonators

02
03
04
05
06

66
68
70
72
73
74
75

Introduction
About AEL
Glossary of Abbreviations and Units
AEL Contact Details
Leadtimes

09 Explosives
10
12
13
15
16
18
19

 urface Bulk Emulsions


S
Emulsion Offerings
S100 Range
S200 Eco Range
S200 Plus Range
S300 Range
S300 Eco Range

21 Underground Bulk Emulsions


22
24
25
26

 eneral Specifications
G
UG100 Range
UG200 Range
Compatibility Matrix

29 Packaged Explosives
30
34
36
38
40
44
46
48

 agnum Watergel and Drygels


M
Magnum Buster
Magnum PB Control
Splitex
InstaStem
Anfex
Bulk Anfex
Compatibility Matrix Packaged
and Specialised Explosives

 eneral Specifications
G
DigiShot
DigiShot Plus
NetShock
CE 4 Tagger
ViewShot
BlastWeb

77 Electric Initiators
78
80
81

Instantaneous Electric Detonator (IED)


Fusehead Assembly
Electric Shock Tube Starter

85 Accessories
86
87
90
92
93
94
96
97

General Specifications
Detonating Cords
Pentolite Primers
Blast Initiation Timer
Detonating Cord Cutter
Compatibility Matrix Initiating Systems
Mantis
Hot Hole Monitor

99 Industrial Products
100
102
103
104
105
106
107

Industrial Products
 mmonium Nitrate Anfo Grade (ANA)
A
Ammonium Nitrate Emulsion Grade (ANE)
Ammonium Nitrate Solution (ANS)
Nitric Acid
Aqueous Ammonia
Ammonia 100-I, Ammonia 100-R

51 Initiating Systems

109 Services

52
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62

110
111
112
113
115
116
121

 on-Electric Assemblies Shock Tube


N
Uni-Delay LP
Splitter
Multi SPD
Multi LPD
Uni-Delay SP
Trunkline
Cluster
Lead-In
Extender

Product Catalogue 2015

 ining Optimisation
M
Blasting Science and Software Development
Expert Technical and Blasting Science Training
Explosives Engineers Course
Product Services
Research and Development
Analytical Services

127 Equipment Services


128
129
131
132
134
136

 eneral Specifications
G
Mobile Manufacturing Unit (MMU)
Rapid Re-loading System
Mobile Charging Unit (MCU)
Portable Charging Unit (PCU)
Vertical Drop System

INTRO

AELs product
range and beyond

We are proud to present our latest product


catalogue showcasing our wide range of
products.
As a value add service provider, we strive to optimise
your mining operations by bringing you a comprehensive
range of services to complement our cutting-edge
product offering.
Being an international leader and innovator in
commercial explosives and blasting solutions, AEL
has continuously demonstrated its understanding of
the industrys needs and challenges, as well as the
importance of extracting valuable minerals from the
earth responsibly. Our suite of products are tailored
to fulfil our customers expectations of streamlining
operations and increasing productivity as well
as efficiencies, by optimally conditioning rock
for further beneficiation.
To remain relevant, our R&D department plays a vital
role in keeping our global operations on the frontier
of technology with the delivery of ground-breaking
innovations. The R&D team is actively involved in
assisting AEL engineers and our Mining Optimisation
team to develop solutions, tailored for specific mining
applications.
This new product catalogue has been compiled with
care to ensure that it is an invaluable reference tool
for you. On behalf of the AEL management team I would
like to wish you greater productivity and a safe mining
environment.

LIESEL DE VILLIERS
Executive-Technology
02

AEL Mining Services Limited

ABOUT
AEL

A proud member
of the AECI Group

AEL Mining Services is a proud member of the


JSE-listed AECI Group in South Africa. AEL is
a leading developer, producer and supplier of
commercial explosives, initiating systems and
blasting services for mining, quarrying and
construction markets in Africa and selected
international markets. AEL is the largest
supplier of explosives technology and initiating
systems in Africa.
With its head office in Johannesburg, South Africa, AEL
was established in 1896 and has over the years become
one of the worlds leading suppliers of explosives and
initiating systems. With 15 companies in AEL, the group
has production facilities and offices in South Africa,
Egypt, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Tanzania, Ethiopia,
Zambia, DRC, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Mozambique,
Chile, Indonesia and Australia.
Using world-class technologies, AEL unearths wealth
in the countries in which it operates, providing world
class mining solutions in all key mining, quarrying
and construction applications such as open pit, open
cast, underground massive, underground narrow reef,
dimensional stone and aggregate stone quarrying.
AEL offers the latest generation of products and services
for blasting operations. These include bulk explosives,
packaged explosives, initiating systems, accessories,
delivery systems as well as technical services via
Mining Optimisation.

AEL produces and supplies ammonium nitrate and


ammonium nitrate solution from its own manufacturing
plants. AELs scalable bulk manufacturing plants,
provide the group with the ability to produce a wide
range of Emulsions within high volume regions. AEL also
supplies a comprehensive range of packaged explosives.
AEL provides in-house engineering competency to
design and build Mobile Manufacturing Units (MMUs)
for surface and underground mining, bulk emulsion
manufacturing plants and modular initiating systems
assembly plants. In addition, AEL offers underground
mobile and fixed emulsion pumping systems.
AEL deploys blasting services that extract optimum
value from any blasting operation, with its blend of
products, services and solutions. These include Downthe-Hole, Prime Load Tie and/or Shoot (PLTS), and Rockon-Ground contracting.
AELs Mining Optimisation team has competencies
extending from blast monitoring, design, timing,
fragmentation analysis, technology conversion, i-Mining
productivity programmes and blasting consulting
services to providing training in basic blasting principles.
Through its modular operations, AEL has the ability to
deploy, set up and mobilise infrastructure in remote
regions throughout the world in a quick turnaround time.
AEL partners, invests and contributes to economies in
regions where it operates, by meticulously caring for
both people and the environment to unearth wealth for
current and future generations.

Glossary of Abbreviations and Units

04

ampere

MJ

Megajoule

ac

alternating current

NEQ

Net Explosives Quantity

ADC

Ardeer Double Cartridge (test)

PETN

pentaerythritol tetranitrate

AN

ammonium nitrate

pF

pico FARAD

ANFO

ammonium nitrate fuel-oil

RBEE

relative bulk effective energy

CN

calcium nitrate

RBS

Relative Bulk Strength

dc

direct current

REE

relative effective energy

FO

fuel-oil

RWS

Relative Weight Strength

gram

second

g/cm

gram per cubic centimetre

s/m

seconds per metre

g/m

grams per metre

SPD

short period delay

GPa

gigapascal

tonne (metric)

IED

instantaneous electric detonator

TNT

trinitrotoluene

kg

kilogram

VOD

velocity of detonation

kg/m

kilogram per metre

VIXEN-i

the AEL international detonating code

kPa

kilopascal

>

greater than

kV

kilo Voltsv

greater than or equal to

LPD

long period delay

<

less than

mJ/ohm

millijoule per ohm

less than or equal to

mm

millimeter

equals

m/m

mass to mass

approximate

ms

millisecond

m/s

metres per second

AEL Mining Services Limited

AEL Contact Details


(T)

Southern Africa

Africa and International

Cape Town

+27 21 842 3901

Asia Pacific

+6221 7592 4498

East London

+27 43 745 2169

Australia

+617 3221 0168

Gauteng Quarry Services

+27 11 606 3523

Botswana

+267 393 8133

Johannesburg (Head Office)

+27 11 606 0000

Burkina Faso

+226 50 360329

Kimberley

+27 53 802 6352

DRC

+243 997 027 878

Klerksdorp

+27 18 477 1062

Egypt

+20 22461 8609

Kuruman

+27 53 712 3035/2958

Europe

+27 82 553 9080

Kwa-Zulu Natal

+27 31 266 4303

Ghana

+233 302 762 633

Mankwe

+27 14 558 2800

Indonesia

+6221 7592 4498

Mokopane

+27 15 491 1373

Mauritius

+230 269 1650

Mogalakwena

+27 15 418 2189

Mozambique

+258 841 995866

Nelspruit

+27 13 747 2278

Namibia

+264 64 403 463

Northern Province

+27 15 491 1328

South America

+562 928 1300

OKiep

+27 27 713 8597

Tanzania

+255 22 277 1055

Rustenburg Bushveld

+27 14 594 9300

Zambia

+260 966 990 945/9

Steelpoort

+27 13 230 8020

Zimbabwe

+263 479 0846

Venetia Mine

+27 15 575 2335

Welkom

+27 57 217 1252

West Wits Sales

+27 18 788 3390

Witbank / Emalahleni

+27 13 690 1242

Product Catalogue 2015

05

Leadtimes
LEAD TIMES FOR STANDARD
AND NON-STANDARD PRODUCTS

there is a written guarantee that the product will have


constant sales of reasonable volume. Please contact
your local AEL representative for arrangements.

Definitions
Standard products are those products that are carried
in stock by AEL based on historic sales out of any
individual AEL distribution site. Please contact your
local AEL representative to enquire what is, or could
be made available.
Non-standard products are either made-to-order
or are not standard sales out of a particular AEL
distribution site. No stocks are held.
Made-to-order products are defined in the product
range as those products that AEL would manufacture
on receipt of a confirmed order. This category
of products is subject to a longer lead-time, but
arrangements can be made to carry the product as
a stock item at any AEL distribution site as long as

Lead times
Standard products for shafthead deliveries 36 hours
(The lead-time for shafthead deliveries does not
include weekends or public holidays)
Made-to-order and Export products lead times are
as per schedule below. Note this is the total lead time
from order placement to delivery to AEL subsidiaries
or in some circumstances the direct customers.
Please contact your local AEL representative to
enquire the additional lead time to customer site
delivery.
AEL will endeavour to negotiate in good faith to meet
customers requirements, but always reserves the right
to evoke the lead-time requirements as stated above.

AEL MINING SERVICES LEADTIME GUIDELINES


Make
to Order

Shipping

International
Deep Sea
& Africa

Africa

Road

Air Freight International


Electronics

South Africa
MTO only

Road

Country

Manufacturing,
Packaging &
Overland Logistics
Leadtime (Days)

Approx.
Shipping
Leadtimes
(Days)

Total
Leadtime
(Days)

Total
Leadtime
(Weeks)

West Africa

70

16

86

13

Asia Pacific

70

18

88

13

Latin America

70

40

110

16

UK

70

16

86

13

East Africa

70

20

90

13

Zimbabwe

35

37

Botswana

19

21

Zambia

35

10

45

Tanzania

35

10

45

DRC

35

28

63

Mozambique

35

37

Latin America

37

39

West Africa

37

39

Australia

37

41

Asia Pacific

37

41

Europe

37

39

13

14

Notes: Any adhoc or new customers will be treated as exceptional requests and therefore the above leadtimes do not apply.
The leadtime will be advised after reviewing the requirements.
Egypt depending on route that will be allocated to shipment (East or West sailing) above leadtimes will apply.

06

AEL Mining Services Limited

Notes

Product Catalogue 2015

07

Notes

08

AEL Mining Services Limited

EXPLOSIVES
AEL provides a range of explosives in both
underground and surface mining.
AEL's range of Surface Bulk Explosives is amongst
the best researched and developed formulations
currently in the market. The Eco range of products
has been specifically developed to optimise surface
mining, by the use of recycled oils in the formulation.
This provides an environmentally friendly range of
products while retaining high shock energy and stability.
AEL's highly skilled team, its vast range of products,
solutions, equipment and technical resources have
made the company an acknowledged leader in the
explosives field globally.
Underground Bulk emulsion and its respective pumping
and delivery systems are continuously evolving within
AEL's Research & Development department. New and
improved emulsion formulations, delivery systems
and value-add services, targeted to this industry, are
constantly being realised. One such example is AELs
range of specially formulated products that can be
effectively placed in vertical up-holes appropriately
named sticky formulation. This product offers
customers a competitive edge in cost effective up-hole
and development blasting, and is changing the blasting
landscape by simplifying previously difficult deployment.

The cap-sensitive UG100 emulsion continues to impress


customers in the narrow reef environment, as a costeffective replacement for packaged explosives. This in
conjunction with industry leading delivery systems such
as the vertical drop and potable charging units, enhances
the efficiency and safety of explosives underground.
The emulsion technologies and AEL's initiating systems
combine, to optimise safety while improving blasting
efficiencies in a variety of surface and underground
mining applications. Even under the most trying blasting
conditions, AEL's proven technologies deliver tangible
benefits to its customers across the entire mining
operation.
Through its strategically placed network of regional
depots and manufacturing facilities, AEL is able to
provide a full range of explosives and services to the
most remote customers in the African and International
markets. This includes a wide range of specifically
formulated Emulsions, Water gels, Dry gels, Anfex
and Non-Detonating solutions.

EXPLOSIVES

Surface Bulk Emulsions

AEL's Surface Bulk Explosives is one of the


best researched and developed formulations
currently in the market. The Eco range of
products has been developed to optimise blast
results delivering value throughout the surface
mining sector. The substitution of recycled
oil for diesel in the emulsion results in an
environmentally friendly range of products.
With a solution to suit almost every application
including surface, massive operations and quarries,
AEL's highly skilled team, its vast range of products
and solutions, equipment and technical resources
have made the company an acknowledged leader
by providing sector solutions in South Africa,
African regions and the International business.

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS OF SURFACE


BULK EMULSIONS

Easy to handle bulk delivery


On the bench blending and sensitising
Choice of various blend ratio on the bench

Features
Eco emulsions incorporate used oil in the fuel phase
A non-detonable emulsion before sensitising, only
becoming an explosive once sensitised

BENEFITS AND FEATURES


Benefits
Environmentally friendly Eco product variations

Charged using a pump or an auger, depending


on the ANA/Emulsion ratio
Mixed with ANA (ANPP-Ammonium Nitrate Porous
Prill) or ANFO (Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil) in
various ratios depending on energy requirement

Safe to handle non-detonable

10

AEL Mining Services Limited

Explosives

Recommendations for use

Storage sites must be secure

The product should be sensitised on the bench using


AELs recommended equipment and procedures.

Primers and Detonators should not be allowed


in storage sites

Mining Method

Transport (UN Classification)

Surface

Do not transport primers and/or detonators with base


emulsion

Opencast; Open Pit; Quarrying

Storage and Expiry

Base emulsion
Class 5.1, UN No. 3375, AMMONIUM NITRATE EMULSION

Base emulsion has a shelf life of 2 months


Silos and Isotainers are the recommended
storage facilities

Product Catalogue 2015

11

EXPLOSIVES

Emulsion Offerings
SURFACE BULK PRODUCTS

Our base emulsions are non-detonable,


with the virgin oil emulsions having a honey
coloured appearance and the Eco emulsions
being brown to black in colour. Base emulsions
(S100, S200, and S300) are handled and
transported as an unsensitized product
to mines and/or operational sites.
The product is sensitised as it is charged into the blast
hole and can be:
Pure
Blended with ANA

Virgin Oil or Eco (used oil) Variations


|
S100 / S100 Eco; S200 / S200 Eco; S300 / S300 Eco
|
Premium: SP200 / SP200 Eco;
Hot Holes: SH200 / SH200 Eco;
Coal: SC200 / SC200 Eco

and/or sensitised with ANFO mixed to various ratios.

The emulsions water resistance is excellent, depending


on emulsion to ANFO ratio. The typical in-hole density
of our emulsions are 1.25g/cm, but density varies
with depth. Please contact your regional sales office
for finding the best product and initiating system
suited to your application.

Doped (mixed with ANA and sensitised)


or Blend (sensitised with ANFO)

The diagram alongside shows the various product


options available to the market. The table gives
a general technical overview of the three main
product ranges, as base emulsions.

12

SURFACE BULK EMULSIONS

|
Doped:
20%, 30% or 35% ANA
Minimum hole diameter: 75-100mm
|
Blend:
54%, 57%, 60%, 64% or 74% ANFO
Minimum hole diameter: 150-250mm
Water resistance is good @ 54%)
Water resistance is poor @ 57%, 60%, 64% and 74%

AEL Mining Services Limited

EXPLOSIVES

S100 Range
TECHNICAL PROPERTIES SURFACE BULK PRODUCTS
AN ONLY PRODUCT

PRODUCT RANGE

S100

S100 ECO

Application

Surface: Open cast, quarrying, open pit.

Surface: Open cast, quarrying, open pit.

Colour

Base Emulsion Honey


Sensitised Emulsion Cream

Base Emulsion Brown to Black


Sensitised Emulsion Brown to Black

S100

S120

S130

S135

S100 Eco

S120 Eco

S130 Eco

S135 Eco

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.225

2.406

2.523

2.581

2.233

2.422

2.530

2.581

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

98

106

112

114

99

107

112

114

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

85

93

97

100

85

93

98

100

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

154

166

174

178

154

167

175

178

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

132

144

152

156

133

146

153

156

Density (in g/cc)**

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.34


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Booster sizes per hole

Refer to 'Booster sizes per hole' table on page 91

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)***

3500-6000 m/s

Best Practices

Use blended product in heavy friable or jointed ground


Ensure that toe loading occurs in wet holes in order to displace water
Do not use in hot holes that are in excess of 80C

Special Precautions

Do not store for longer than 2 months from date of manufacture.


If uncertain, contact your regional sales office.
Do not sleep for longer than 3 weeks
Store bulk emulsion and sensitizer separately
Apply First in First out principle

Delivery

Bulk delivery by tankers

Sensitising Agent

Sodium Nitrite Solution

Sleep Time

3 weeks

3 weeks

Water Resistance

Excellent

Excellent

Re-Pumpability

Six stages

Six Stages

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.34


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Bulk delivery by tankers

REE and RBS (relative effective energy and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3
using the VIXEN-I detonation code

** In-hole densities of emulsion may vary with hole depth. Please contact your regional sales office for assistance
*** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

Product Catalogue 2015

13

EXPLOSIVES

S100

FOR AUSTRALIA ONLY

PRODUCT RANGE

S100

Application

Surface: Reactive ground, Open, (Hard Rock)

Colour

Base Emulsion Honey


Sensitised Emulsion Cream
S100

S120

S130

S135

S150

S154

S157

S160

S164

S171

S174

S180

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.183

2.381

2.474

2.544

2.639

2.834

2.780

2.727

2.687

2.570

2.502

2.474

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

97

105

109

113

117

125

123

121

119

114

111

109

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

83

91

95

98

102

107

107

106

106

104

103

103

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

151

165

171

176

182

212

200

188

178

156

145

137

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

130

143

149

153

160

181

174

166

159

143

135

129

Density (in g/cc)**

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.34


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Booster sizes per hole

Refer to 'Booster sizes per hole' table on page 91

Velocity of Detonation (VoD) ***

3500-6000 m/s

Best Practices

Use blended product in heavy friable or jointed ground


Ensure that toe loading occurs in wet holes in order to displace water
Do not use in hot holes that are in excess of 80C

Special Precautions

Do not store for longer than 2 months from date of manufacture.


If uncertain, contact your regional sales office.
Store bulk emulsion and sensitizer separately
Apply First in First out principle

Delivery

Bulk delivery by tankers

Sensitising Agent

Sodium Nitrite gassing solution

Sleep Time

3 weeks

Water Resistance

Excellent

Re-Pumpability

Six stages

REE and RBS (relative effective energy and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3
using the VIXEN-i detonation code

** In-hole densities of emulsion may vary with hole depth. Please contact your regional sales office for assistance
*** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

14

AEL Mining Services Limited

EXPLOSIVES

S200 Eco Range

PRODUCT RANGE

SC200 ECO

SH200 ECO

Application

Surface: Open cast coal and quarry mining

Surface: Coal (Hot Holes)

Colour

Base Emulsion Brown to Black


Sensitised Emulsion Brown to Black

Base Emulsion Brown to Black


Sensitised Emulsion Brown to Black

SC200
Eco

SC220
Eco

SC230
Eco

SC235
Eco

SH200
Eco

SH220
Eco

SH230
Eco

SH235
Eco

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.021

2.248

2.372

2.440

1.947

2.172

2.294

2.361

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

89

99

105

108

86

96

101

104

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

77

87

92

95

76

85

90

93

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

140

155

164

169

129

144

152

157

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

121

136

144

148

114

128

135

139

Density (in g/cc)**

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.34


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Booster sizes per hole

Refer to 'Booster sizes per hole' table on page 91

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)***

3500-6000 m/s

Best Practices

Use blended product in heavy friable or jointed ground


Ensure that toe loading occurs in wet holes in order to displace water
SH200 Eco can be used in holes that are up to 280C for up to 8 hours

Special Precautions

Do not store for longer than 2 months from date of manufacture.


If uncertain, contact your regional sales office.
Do not sleep for longer than 3 weeks.
Hot hole blasts must be initiated immediately after charging.
Store bulk emulsion and sensitizer separately
Apply First in First out principle

Delivery

Bulk delivery by tankers

Sensitising Agent

Sodium Nitrite gassing solution

Sleep Time

3 weeks

Not Recommended due to safety requirements

Water Resistance

Excellent

Excellent

Re-Pumpability

Six stages

Six Stages

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.34


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Bulk delivery by tankers

RWS and RBS (relative weight strength and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3
using the VIXEN-i detonation code

** In-hole densities of emulsion may vary with hole depth. Please contact your regional sales office for assistance
*** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

Product Catalogue 2015

15

EXPLOSIVES

S200 Plus Range

PRODUCT RANGE

S200 PLUS

Application

Surface: All surface applications except for hot holes

Colour

Base Emulsion Honey


Sensitised Emulsion Cream
S200 Plus

S220 Plus

S230 Plus

S235 Plus

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.149

2.347

2.464

2.526

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

95

104

109

112

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

86

91

96

98

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

149

162

170

175

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

130

143

150

154

Density (in g/cc)**

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.34


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Booster sizes per hole

Refer to 'Booster sizes per hole' table on page 91

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)***

3500-6000 m/s

Best Practices

Use blended product in heavy friable or jointed ground


Ensure that toe loading occurs in wet holes in order to displace water

Special Precautions

Do not store for longer than 2 months from date of manufacture.


If uncertain, contact your regional sales office.
Store bulk emulsion and sensitizer separately
Apply First in First out principle

Delivery

Bulk delivery by tankers

Sensitising Agent

Sodium Nitrite Gassing Solution

Sleep Time

10 days

Water Resistance

Excellent

Re-Pumpability

Six stages

RWS and RBS (relative weight strength and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3
using the VIXEN-i detonation code

** In-hole densities of emulsion may vary with hole depth. Please contact your regional sales office for assistance
*** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

16

AEL Mining Services Limited

EXPLOSIVES

PRODUCT RANGE

S200

SP200 ECO

Application

Surface: All surface applications except


for hot holes

Surface: Open and Quarries (Hard rock mining)

Colour

Base Emulsion Honey


Sensitised Emulsion Cream

Base Emulsion Brown to Black


Sensitised Emulsion Brown to Black

S200

S220

S230

S235

SP200
Eco

SP220
Eco

SP230
Eco

SP235
Eco

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.149

2.347

2.464

2.526

2.157

2.347

2.464

2.526

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

95

104

109

112

95

104

109

112

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

86

91

96

98

83

92

96

99

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

149

162

170

175

149

163

171

175

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

130

143

150

154

130

143

150

154

Density (in g/cc)**

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.34


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Booster sizes per hole

Refer to 'Booster sizes per hole' table on page 91

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)***

3500-6000 m/s

Best Practices

Use blended product in heavy friable or jointed ground


Ensure that toe loading occurs in wet holes in order to displace water
Do not use in hot holes that are in excess of 80C

Special Precautions

Do not store for longer than 2 months from date of manufacture.


If uncertain, contact your regional sales office.
Store bulk emulsion and sensitizer separately
Apply First in First out principle

Delivery

Bulk delivery by tankers

Sensitising Agent

Sodium Nitrite Gassing solution

Sleep Time

3 weeks

3 weeks

Water Resistance

Excellent

Excellent

Re-Pumpability

Six stages

Six Stages

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.34


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Bulk delivery by tankers

RWS and RBS (relative weight strength and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3
using the VIXEN-i detonation code

** In-hole densities of emulsion may vary with hole depth. Please contact your regional sales office for assistance
*** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

Product Catalogue 2015

17

EXPLOSIVES

S300 Range

FOR AUSTRALIA
AND INDONESIA ONLY

PRODUCT RANGE

S300

Application

Surface: Reactive ground, Open, (Hard Rock)

Colour

Base Emulsion Honey


Sensitised Emulsion Cream
S300

S320

S330

S335

S350

S354

S3357

S360

S364

S371

S374

S380

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.183

2.381

2.474

2.544

2.639

2.834

2.780

2.727

2.687

2.570

2.502

2.474

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

97

105

109

113

117

125

123

121

119

114

111

109

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

83

91

95

98

102

107

107

106

106

104

103

103

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

151

165

171

176

182

212

200

188

178

156

145

137

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

130

143

149

153

160

181

174

166

159

143

135

129

Density (in g/cc)**

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.35


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Booster sizes per hole

Refer to 'Booster sizes per hole' table on page 91

Velocity of Detonation (VoD) ***

3500-6000 m/s

Best Practices

Use blended product in heavy friable or jointed ground


Ensure that toe loading occurs in wet holes in order to displace water
Do not use in hot holes that are in excess of 80C

Special Precautions

Do not store for longer than 2 months from date of manufacture.


If uncertain, contact your regional sales office.
Store bulk emulsion and sensitizer separately
Apply First in First out principle

Delivery

Bulk delivery by tankers

Sensitising Agent

Sodium Nitrite gassing solution

Sleep Time

Not Recommended due to Safety requirements

Water Resistance

Excellent

Re-Pumpability

Six stages

RWS and RBS (relative weight strength and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3
using the VIXEN-i detonation code

** In-hole densities of emulsion may vary with hole depth. Please contact your regional sales office for assistance
*** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

18

AEL Mining Services Limited

EXPLOSIVES

S300 Eco Range


FOR INDONESIA ONLY

PRODUCT RANGE

S300 ECO

Application

Surface: Reactive ground, Open, (Hard Rock)

Colour

Base Emulsion Brown to Black


Sensitised Emulsion Brown to Black
S300
Eco

S320
Eco

S330
Eco

S335
Eco

S350
Eco

S3357
Eco

S360
Eco

S364
Eco

S374
Eco

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.151

2.353

2.454

2.521

2.693

2.628

2.580

2.534

2.376

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

95

104

109

112

119

116

114

112

105

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

81

90

95

97

103

102

102

101

99

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

149

163

169

174

194

181

171

161

131

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

127

141

147

152

168

159

153

146

124

Density (in g/cc)**

Base Emulsion: 1.30-1.35


Sensitized: 1.00-1.25

Booster sizes per hole

Refer to 'Booster sizes per hole' table on page 91

Velocity of Detonation (VoD) ***

3500-6000 m/s

Best Practices

Use blended product in heavy friable or jointed ground


Ensure that toe loading occurs in wet holes in order to displace water
Do not use in hot holes that are in excess of 80C

Special Precautions

Do not store for longer than 2 months from date of manufacture.


If uncertain, contact your regional sales office.
Store bulk emulsion and sensitizer separately
Apply First in First out principle

Delivery

Bulk delivery by tankers

Sensitising Agent

Sodium Nitrite gassing solution

Sleep Time

Not Recommended due to safety requirements

Water Resistance

Excellent

Re-Pumpability

Six stages

REE and RBS (relative effective energy and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3
using the VIXEN-i detonation code

** In-hole densities of emulsion may vary with hole depth. Please contact your regional sales office for assistance
*** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

Product Catalogue 2015

19

EXPLOSIVES

Notes

20

AEL Mining Services Limited

UNDERGROUND
BULK
EMULSIONS
One of the companys on-going success stories
is its Underground Bulk Systems. While
widely accepted as the industry standard for
underground mining, it is continuously evolving
by introducing new emulsion formulations and
pumping/delivery systems.

UNDERGROUND BULK EMULSIONS

General Specifications of
Underground Bulk Emulsions
CLASSIFICATION

Improved logistics

Underground bulk emulsion explosives consist of a


base emulsion and sensitiser, which are classified
as non-detonable and non-explosive, respectively.

Easier adherence to explosives legislation

APPEARANCE

Features

The base emulsion is a honey coloured mixture of two


immiscible liquids and an emulsifier. The sensitiser is an
aqueous or emulsified liquid, which, when added to the
base emulsion and mixed/sheared, creates an explosive
in the blast-hole.

BENEFITS AND FEATURES


Benefits

Improved Fragmentation

High safety standards


High strength
High VOD
Water resistance
Low fume emissions

Improved safety
Ease of use
Less labour intensive

22

AEL Mining Services Limited

Underground Bulk Emulsions

Mining Method

Equipment Services

Underground

AEL Manufactures all the necessary mobile charging


equipment for these products.

Narrow Reef, massive mining

Transport (UN Classification)

Surface
Open pit, quarrying, trenching and civil blasting operations

Base emulsion

Application

Class 5.1, UN No. 3375, OXIDIZING MATERIAL

Sensitiser

Tunnelling, stoping, up-hole ring blasting, open cast


tabular deposit, pre-split, trenching and civil

Class 5.1, UN No. 3099, OXIDIZING LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.

Underground Bulk Emulsion


UG100

Range

UG200

Products
Emulsion

UG100

UG101S

UG200

UG201S

Sensitiser

GS15(green)

GS15(green)

GS15(pink)

GS15(pink)

GE50(green)

GS30(blue)

GS30(blue)

GE50(green)

GE50(green)

Cap sensitive
Minimum hole diameter

Product Catalogue 2015

Yes

No

No

No

28mm

45mm

45mm

45mm

23

UNDERGROUND BULK EMULSIONS

UG100 Range
These products are characterised as high
strength denoted by the 100 in the name.

PRODUCT RANGE

UG100

UG101S

Application

Underground: Development and stoping. Used


extensively in bord and pillar workings
Surface: Tabular deposit, pre-split, trenching
and civil blasting operations.

Up-holes/ring blasting and development

Countries where available

South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana,


Swaziland, Lesotho, Mozambique, Egypt

South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana,


Swaziland, Lesotho, Mozambique

Colour

Base Emulsion Honey


Sensitised Emulsion Green

Base Emulsion Honey


Sensitised Emulsion Green or blue depending
on the sensitiser used

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.5

2.2

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

89

79

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

127

112

Density (in g/cc)

Base Emulsion: 1.41-1.47


Sensitised: 1.10-1.15
(Sensitised density can be lower if dual density
in use)

Base Emulsion: 1.36-1.42


Sensitised: 1.00-1.10
(Sensitised density can be lower if dual density
in use)

Minimum Initiator

8D in a 25mm diameter hole

15g booster in a 45mm diameter hole

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)

Best Practices

Special Precautions

4000-5000
At a density of 1.10-1.15 g/cc
Generally, priming not required.
The product can be used in short up-holes
where the diameter is less than 50mm
Base emulsion and sensitiser must be
stored separately
Avoid horizontal pumping

Boosters are used in up-holes.


Generally, priming is required.
Base emulsion and sensitiser must be
stored separately.
Avoid horizontal pumping.

Use in conjunction with equipment manufactured by AEL

Delivery

Bulk delivery in tankers or bagged product

Bulk delivery by tankers

Sensitising Agent

GE50 (Green) emulsified Sensitiser or


GS15 (Green) aqueous sensitiser

GE50 (Green) emulsified Sensitiser or


GS15 (Green) aqueous sensitiser or
GS30** (blue) aqueous sensitiser

Sleep Time
Water Resistance
Gap Sensitivity
Re-Pumpability***

7 days maximum
Excellent
0
Six stages

Any product with a suffix C means that the formulation is site specific. *As calculated by Vixen-i **GS30 (Blue) used exclusively in up-holes
***Any horizontal pumping can potentially shear the product and the allowable pumping stages will be reduced.
Storage and Expiry
Storage Conditions Avoid high/low temperatures
Product Shelf Life 3 months for base emulsion and emulsified sensitiser, 6 months for aqueous sensitiser

24

AEL Mining Services Limited

UNDERGROUND BULK EMULSIONS

UG200 Range
These products are characterised as high stability
and suitable for use in remote areas and/or where
large temperature gradients are anticipated, as is
denoted by the 200 in the name.

PRODUCT RANGE

UG200

UG201S

Application

Underground: Development and stoping.


Surface: Tabular deposit, pre-split, trenching
and civil blasting operations.

Up-holes/ring blasting and development

Countries where available

Zambia, DRC, Ghana, Mali, Guinea,


Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Tanzania

Zambia, DRC, Ghana, Mali, Guinea,


Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Tanzania

Colour

Base Emulsion Honey


Sensitised Emulsion Pink

Base Emulsion Honey


Sensitised Emulsion Green, Pink or Blue
depending on the sensitiser used

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.3

2.2

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

82

77

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

117

110

Density (in g/cc)

Base Emulsion: 1.41-1.47


Sensitized: 1.00-1.15
(Sensitised density can be lower if dual density
in use)

Base Emulsion: 1.41-1.47


Sensitized: 1.00-1.15
(Sensitised density can be lower if dual density
in use)

Minimum Initiator

8D in a 45mm diameter hole

15g booster in a 45mm diameter hole


3700-5000
At a density of 1.10-1.15 g/cc

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)

Best Practices

Special Precautions

Use in conjunction with equipment manufactured by AEL

Delivery

Sensitising Agent

Sleep Time
Water Resistance

Boosters are used in up-holes.


Priming is required in development
Base emulsion and sensitiser must be
stored separately.
Avoid horizontal pumping.

Priming is required in development


Base emulsion and sensitiser must be
stored separately
Avoid horizontal pumping

Bulk delivery by tankers


GE50 (Green) emulsified Sensitiser or
GS15 (Green) aqueous sensitiser or
GS15 (Pink) aqueous sensitiser or
GS30** (Blue) aqueous sensitiser

GS15 (Pink) aqueous sensitiser

7 days maximum
Excellent

Gap Sensitivity
Repumpability***

0
Six stages

Any product with a suffix C means that the formulation is site specific. *As calculated by Vixen-i, **GS30 (Blue) used exclusively in up-holes
***Any horizontal pumping can potentially shear the product and the allowable pumping stages will be reduced.
Storage and Expiry
Storage Conditions Suitable for use in remote areas with large temperature gradients
Product Shelf Life 3 emulsified sensitizer, 6 months for emulsion and aqueous sensitiser

Product Catalogue 2015

25

UNDERGROUND BULK EMULSIONS

Compatibility Matrix

DONOR

UG100

UG101S

*UG200

UG201S

Magnum Buster Gel

Magnum 365 Gel

Magnum Control

Magnum Frag

Magnum Plus

Shock Tube Uni-Delay LP

Shock Tube Multi LPD

Shock Tube Multi SPD

**Electronic Delay Detonators - Digishot

Electric Initiators - Statsafe Detonators

Instantaneous Electric Detonator (IED)

Pentolite Primers

UG200 can be manufactured as a permitted product (requiring PE Permitted and Statsafe Detonators as a donor only)

** All variants

26

AEL Mining Services Limited

UNDERGROUND BULK EMULSIONS

Notes

Product Catalogue 2015

27

UNDERGROUND BULK EMULSIONS

Notes

28

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED
EXPLOSIVES
Through its strategically placed network
of regional depots, AEL is able to provide
a full range of explosives and services
to the most remote customers in African
and international markets. This includes
a wide range of specifically formulated
Emulsions, Water gels, Dry gels, Anfex
and Non-detonating solutions.
As with all AEL products, these solutions are supported
by a reliable range of initiation systems and blasting
services, as well as skilled technical support staff
who are on hand to manage customer needs.

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

Magnum Watergels and Drygels

The Magnum range of watergel explosives


have become an industry standard and are
known for their reliability, high energy and
excellent blasting results.
The product range consists of the classic
watergel configurations as well as the dry
gel configurations (high loading of ammonium
nitrate prill). The dry gel explosives are
characterized by a stiffer rheology for improved
handling in long cartridges. Both types are
offered in different energy grades
to suit the blasting requirements or application.

30

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

FEATURES

Appearance

Can be initiated by 6D detonator or 8g/m


detonating cord

All products are packaged in printed, sausage shaped


cartridges. The explosives appear silver/grey in colour.

High coupling ratio

The drygel range contains visible ammonium


nitrate prills.

High VOD

BENEFITS & FEATURES

Watergels have excellent fragmentation


characteristics

Benefits

PRODUCT RANGE

Appropriate energy grades


Can be used in wide range of applications
Can be used in wet holes

AEL offers cartridges from 25mm to 110mm in


diameter and stock the following diameters and
lengths as standard:
Diameters: 25mm, 28mm, 32mm, 38mm, 50mm
& 65mm.
Lengths (nominal): 200mm, 270mm, 300mm & 560mm

PACKAGING
25 Kg gross mass in cardboard boxes with a base and lid.

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1D UN No. 0241, EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, Type E
Name: Magnum only applies to Africa and its offshore
islands (all PEX).

Product Catalogue 2015

31

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

Magnum Watergel Range

PRODUCT RANGE

MAGNUM BUSTER GEL

MAGNUM 365 GEL

Application

Underground: Development, Stoping


Surface: Tabular Deposit, Pre-Split, Trenching

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE) MJ/


kg (at 100MPa)*

2.644

2.839

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

117

126

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

106

117

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

183

196

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

166

183

Density (in g/cc)

1.18-1.25 g/cc

Initiator

6D detonator or 8g/m det cord

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)**

2900-4000 m/s

Use with AEL 8D strength detonators


Best Practices

Always embed detonator charge firmly into at least one-third of the cartridge
When using det cord, a knot in intimate contact with the cartridge is recommended
Always handle with care
Keep detonators stored away from explosives
Store in a specially licenced, cool and dry area

Special Precautions

Maximum storage time is 12 months from date of manufacture, Legal*** storage is 6 months
in customers magazine

Keep away from flames, sparks and other sources of ignition


Consult with AEL explosives representative before destroying old/unwanted products

Water Resistance

Excellent

Gap Sensitivity

Touch

Excellent

RWS and RBS (relative weight strength and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3 using the VIXEN-i
detonation code

** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

32

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

Magnum Drygel Range

PRODUCT RANGE

MAGNUM CONTROL

MAGNUM FRAG

MAGNUM PLUS

Application

Underground: Overbreak
control, ledging, undercutting,
blasting of cubbies, low energy
applications

Underground: Narrow reef


stoping, good advance, good
fragmentation required

Underground: hard ground


conditions tunnelling,
UG2 stoping and other
tough breaking conditions

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.640

2.801

2.913

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

117

124

129

Relative effective energy (REE)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

106

116

124

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

175

186

193

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

159

175

186

Density (in g/cc)

1.13-1.20

Initiator

6D detonator or 8g/m det cord

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)**

2800 - 3900

Best Practices

Use with AEL 8D strength detonators


Always embed detonator charge firmly into at least one-third of the cartridge
When using det cord, a knot in intimate contact with the cartridge is recommended

2900-4000 m/s

Special Precautions

Always handle with care


Keep detonators stored away from explosives
Store in a specially licenced, cool and dry area
Maximum storage time is 12 months from date of manufacture, Legal** storage is 6 months
in customers magazine
Keep away from flames, sparks and other sources of ignition
Consult with AEL explosives representative before destroying old/unwanted products

Water Resistance

Excellent

Gap Sensitivity

Touch

RWS and RBS (relative weight strength and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3 using the VIXEN-i
detonation code

** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

Product Catalogue 2015

33

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

Magnum Buster
ZAMBIA ONLY

Magnum Buster is a premium emulsion


explosive that is used in commercial blasting
operations. The product is used in demanding
blasting operations where high VOD and high
energy is required. The explosive is packed
into plastic sleeves of variable dimensions.
The Magnum Buster range is only available
to customers purchasing from the Zambia
operations.

APPEARANCE
The product is packaged in printed sausageshaped cartridges with a firm, putty-like
consistency. The explosive appears white
in colour.

34

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

PRODUCT RANGE

MAGNUM BUSTER ZAMBIA

Application

Surface: General surface blasting applications


Underground: Development, Stoping, Shaft Deepening

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.265

Relative effective energy


(REE) (% ANFO at 100MPa)*

100

Relative effective energy


(REE) (% ANFO at 20MPa)*

93

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

144

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

133

Density (in g/cc)

1.12-1.18

Initiator

6D detonator or 8g/m det cord

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)**

3500-6000 m/s
Use with AEL 8D strength detonators
Always embed detonator charge firmly into at least one-third of the cartridge

Best Practices

When using det cord, a knot in intimate contact with the cartridge is recommended
When using for secondary blasting, ensure that a minimum product layer of 25mm
is maintained
Always handle with care
Keep detonators stored away from explosives
Store in a specially licenced, cool and dry area

Special Precautions

Maximum storage time is 12 months from date of manufacture, Legal** storage


is 6 months in customers magazine
Keep away from flames, sparks and other sources of ignition
Consult with AEL explosives representative before destroying old/unwanted products

Water Resistance

Excellent

Gap Sensitivity

40 mm

RWS and RBS (relative weight strength and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3 using the VIXEN-i
detonation code

** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1D UN No. 0241, EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, Type E
Name: Magnum only applies to Africa and its offshore islands (all PEX).
Product Catalogue 2015

35

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

SPECIALISED EXPLOSIVES

Magnum PB Control
Magnum Control PB 40/60 was designed for
tunnelling application in perimeter control.
The cartridge is used in conjunction with the
cartridge connector in order to create a firmer
unit for loading into blast holes. Due to the
rigid nature of the unit after the clip is added,
it is easy to load and presents more resistance
during the blast to ensure that the unit remains
in the hole for execution of its purpose, which is
to remove the last bit of rock without damaging
the side walls. Dry gel explosives do not contain
nitro glycerine

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
The product is packaged in printed sausageshaped cartridges with a firm, putty-like
consistency. The explosive appears white
in colour.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Safe to use
Easy loading
High performance
Suitable for use in wet holes

Features
Stiffness of Magnum Control PB does
not lend itself to compaction in the hole
Ideal for fragmentation control
Waterproof

36

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

PRODUCT RANGE

MAGNUM PB CONTROL 40

MAGNUM PB CONTROL 60

Application

Underground: Perimeter Blasting

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)

3.39

3.58

Relative effective energy


(REE) (% ANFO at 100MPa)

85

90

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)

128

136

Density (in g/cc)

1.13-1.20

Initiator

6D detonator or 8g/m det cord

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)*

>3000 m/s
Always prime with Largest initiator possible

Best Practices

Pneumatically loaded ANFO can be primed with a high strength detonator, booster
or an explosive charge
Always handle with care and store in dry conditions
Do not use with detonating cord

Special Precautions

Maximum storage time is 12 months from date of manufacture, Legal** storage


is 6 months in customers magazine
Keep away from sources of heat and extreme impact, as well as static and friction

Water Resistance

Excellent

Gap Sensisitivity

Touch

Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1D UN No. 0241, EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, Type E

Product Catalogue 2015

37

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

Splitex

SPLITEX is a factory-prepared cartridge


explosive for pre-split blasting in opencast
mines and quarries. It consists of a continuous
string of water gel explosives cartridges, with
an internal line of detonating cord and an
external strainer cord. A water gel formulation
is used as the main explosives charge in
SPLITEX
and is available in diameters ranging from
25 to 50mm. SPLITEX does not contain
nitro glycerine.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
The product is packaged in printed sausageshaped cartridges with a firm, putty-like
consistency. The explosive appears white
in colour.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Safe to use
Suitable for use in wet holes

Features
High velocity detonation
Cap sensitive explosive cartridge in a continuous
length around a centre cord of detonating cord.
A strainer line is crimped on the outside to support
the weight of the cartridge.

38

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

PRODUCT RANGE

SPLITEX

Application

Surface: Pre-splitting in open cast and quarry environment for high wall stability
Underground: Development, Stoping, Shaft Deepening

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

3.53

Relative effective energy


(REE) (% ANFO at 100MPa)*

93

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

138

Density (in g/cc)

1.18-1.25

Initiator

6D detonator or 5g/m det cord

Velocity of Detonation (VoD)**

Approximately 7000 m/s


Use with AEL 8D strength detonators
Always embed detonator charge firmly into at least one-third of the cartridge

Best Practices

When using det cord, a knot in intimate contact with the cartridge is recommended
When using for secondary blasting, ensure that a minimum product layer of 25mm
is maintained
Always handle with care
Keep detonators stored away from explosives
Store in a specially licenced, cool and dry area

Special Precautions

Maximum storage time is 12 months from date of manufacture, Legal** storage


is 6 months in customers magazine
Keep away from flames, sparks and other sources of ignition
Consult with AEL explosives representative before destroying old/unwanted products
Use a sharp, smooth blade for cutting detonating cord

Water Resistance

Excellent

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1D UN No. 0241, EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, Type E
Product Catalogue 2015

39

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

InstaStem

InstaStem is a non-detonating, self-stemming


rock breaking cartridge that is suitable for
both soft and hard rock and concrete breaking.
InstaStem cartridges are classified as UN:
0323 cartridges, power Device, Class1.4S; thus
for quantities less than 250kg, South African
legislation does not require InstaStem
products to be transported by an explosive
truck. InstaStem products can be delivered
to the shaft at any time and conventional
high explosive magazines are not required
for storage of product on site. It is however
emphasized that these cartridges are to be
locked up at all times as per normal explosives
legislation and modifying or tampering with the
cartridge can result in serious injury to the user.

40

InstaStem Cartridges, by virtue of its non-detonating


performance characteristic offer numerous benefits in
support of conventional explosives in certain applications.
In this regard, InstaStem products do not create a
shockwave, and hence are suitable for use in vibration
sensitive areas and in areas of low ventilation.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
A rigid plastic tube that is colour coded for easy
identification

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

OVERSIZE MANAGEMENT,
SLIPING AND CIVILS
BLASTING CARTRIDGE

CIVILS BLASTING
CARTRIDGE

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

The Civils Blasting Cartridge is a non-detonating blasting


cartridge that creates no shockwave vibration. The
product is widely used for perimeter blasting on building
sites and in residential areas. It is also well designed for
road side trenching, blasting near HV lines and for laying
of water pipes and other utilities. This cartridge is highly
effective in breaking concrete and for use in multiplestory building demolition. No stemming or explosives
accessories required.

The Oversize Management and sliping Blasting


Cartridge enables drilling and blasting continuously
without clearing the area beyond 50m using appropriate
cover. It does not produce excessive flyrock and is not
detonator dependant for initiation. This device reduces
crusher maintenance, has no shockwave hazard to
equipment or people and no stemming is required.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

PRODUCT PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS


Density

1.582g/cm3

Speed of deflagration

320360 m/s

Maximum pressure

360mPa

Specific energy

5121 joules/g

Vibration (peak particle velocity)

<2mm/s@6m

water resistant

Yes

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

Product Catalogue 2015

Diameter

32mm

Required borehole diameter

34mm

Net weight per case

20kg

Box dimension

315x508x320mm

41

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

POWER BOOSTER
CARTRIDGE

PRODUCT PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS


Density

1.582g/cm3

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

Speed of deflagration

380 m/s

Power Booster Cartridges can be used in conjunction


with any cartridge, to augment the power charge
delivered to the rock. Multiple Power Booster Cartridges
can be used in the same borehole, with a singel primary
cartidge to increase energy hen required. Especially
useful for longer blasting in hard rock environments.

Maximum pressure

360mPa

Specific energy

5121 joules/g

Vibration (peak particle velocity)

<2mm/s@6m

water resistant

Yes

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

42

Diameter

32mm

Required borehole diameter

34mm

Net weight per case

20kg

Box dimension

315x508x320mm

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

HIGH ENERGY ROCK


BREAKING CARTRIDGE:
GENERATION 2
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

BENEFITS & FEATURES

Suitable for use in very hard rock mining


environments, particularly in underground environments.
The Generation 2 cartridge ontains a dual-stemming
mechanism, whereby the product created a gas seal
around itself. This ensures maximum energy delivery
to rock and eliminates any energy loss concerns in
fractured ground. The product is available in 150g, 200g
and 300g charges.

Benefits
No potential for operator error in charging holes
Hangingwall preservation, evident through visible
barrels after a blast
Complete drop and go solution
Immediate remedy in the event of a misfire

PRODUCT PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS


Density

1.582g/cm

Speed of deflagration

360 m/s

Maximum pressure

460mPa

Specific energy

5121 joules/g

Vibration (peak particle velocity)

<6mm/s@6m

water resistant

Yes

Ease-of-use with timesaving and training advantage

Non explosive classification


Emission of harmless gasses

Features
Accelerates loading time by eliminating the need
for stemming
Allows for continuous operations
Significant improvement in commodity recovery
and yields

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)

Diameter

43mm

Required borehole diameter

45mm

Net weight per case

20kg

Box dimension

315x508x320mm

Product Catalogue 2015

Class 1.4 S UN No. 0323, Cartridge, power device

43

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

Anfex

Anfex is a free flowing Ammonium Nitrate and


fuel oil blasting agent for use in commercial
blasting operations.
The ANA used in the manufacture of Anfex, with its
world leading friability rate (less than 2%) is a guarantee
of the structural integrity of the prill during blast holes
loading operations.
Anfex fuel ratios are carefully controlled and provide
the optimum chemical balance for good post detonation
fume characteristics.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
The product is packaged in a 25kg plastic bag,
which contains four 6.25kg multibags.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Cost effective blasting solution
Can be pour- or blow-loaded
Misfired holes can safely be washed out with water

Features
Comparatively safe when handling due to low
sensitivity to shock, friction and impact
Long storage life if stored correctly

Technical Properties
AEL Anfex does not contain any micro spheres
which may be harmful if inhaled during pneumatic
loading operations.

44

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

PRODUCT RANGE

ANFO PNEUMATICALLY LOADED

ANFO POUR LOADED

Application

Underground: Narrow reef, Massive

Colour

White to off-white and may appear grey if recycled oil is used for fuelling

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE)


MJ/kg (at 100MPa)*

2.608

2.261

Relative effective energy


(REE) (% ANFO at 100MPa)*

115

100

Relative effective energy


(REE) (% ANFO at 20MPa)*

109

100

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

144

100

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

136

100

Density (in g/cc)**

0.90-1.05

0.78-0.82

Initiator

8D detonator

Minimum 150g Pentolite Primer

Velocity of Detonation
(VoD)***

2500-3500 m/s
Always prime with Largest initiator possible

Best Practices

Pneumatically loaded ANFO can be primed with a high strength detonator, booster
or an explosive charge
Do not use in wet mining conditions as Anfex is water soluble

Special Precautions

Do not use with detonating cord

Sleep time

<48 hours

<48 hours

Water Resistance

Poor

Poor

RWS and RBS (relative weight strength and bulk strength) values relative to ANFO (=100%) at a density of 0.8g/cm3 using the VIXEN-i
detonation code

** In-hole densities of emulsion may vary with hole depth. Please contact your regional sales office for assistance
*** Range of VODs dependent on hole diameter and confinement (rock properties)

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1D UN No. 0082, EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, Type B

Product Catalogue 2015

45

packaged explosives

Bulk Anfex
Ammonium Nitrate Prill-Based

Bulk Anfex is a Porous Prill Ammonium Nitrate


and fuel oil blasting agent for use in commercial
blasting operations.
The prill characteristics are optimised to provide
excellent resistance to friability. The prills are mixed insitu with fuel oil in Mobile Manufacturing Units (MMUs) or
ANFO Loaders.

Benefits & Features


Benefits
Cost effective blasting solution
Easy to charge using auger loading
Misfired holes can safely be washed out with water

Technical Specifications

On-site manufacturing in MMU

Appearance

Features

Bulk Anfex comprises prills that are white or off-white


in colour.

Safe to handle due to low sensitivity to shock,


friction and impact
Attains full coupling

46

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

PRODUCT RANGE

BULK ANFEX

Application

Surface: Open cast, open pit, quarrying, construction

Colour

White to off-white and may appear grey if recycled oil is used for fuelling

Ideal Delivered Energy (IDE) MJ/kg


(at 100MPa)*

2.261

Relative effective energy (REE) (%


ANFO at 100MPa)*

100

Relative effective energy (REE) (%


ANFO at 20MPa)*

100

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 100MPa)*

100

Relative Bulk Strength (RBS)


(% ANFO at 20MPa)*

100

Density (in g/cc)**

0.78-0.82
150g Pentolite Primer in 76-127 diameter hole

Initiator
400g Pentolite Primer in 140-215 and 251-311 diameter holes
Velocity of Detonation (VoD)***

2000-3500 m/s
Use in dry blast holes

Best Practices

Sleeping charged Bulk Anfex is not recommended


Do not use in wet mining conditions as Anfex is water soluble

Special Precautions

Do not store ANFO

Sleep Time

Not recommended

Water Resistance

Poor

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1D UN No. 0082, EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, Type B N

Product Catalogue 2015

47

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

Compatibility Matrix

Buster

Control

Frag

Plus

Magnum Buster Gel

Magnum 365 Gel

Anfex

Magnum PB Control

Splitex

PACKAGED & SPECIALISED EXPLOSIVES

Magnum Buster (Zambia Only)

Magnum Control

Magnum Frag

Magnum Plus

Magnum Buster Gel

Magnum 365 Gel

Anfex

Magnum PB Control

Splitex

Shock Tube Uni-Delay LP

BLD*

Shock Tube Multi LPD

BLD*

Shock Tube Multi SPD

BLD*

Electronic Delay Detonators DigiShot

BLD*

Instantaneous Electric Detonator (IED)

Powercord 8

Powercord 10

Pentolite Primers

DONOR

48

BLD = Blow Loaded

AEL Mining Services Limited

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

Notes

Product Catalogue 2015

49

PACKAGED EXPLOSIVES

Notes

50

AEL Mining Services Limited

INITIATING
SYSTEMS
As a holistic provider of a comprehensive range
of commercial explosives and services, AELs
extensive portfolio of initiating systems and
global manufacturing capability, offers world
class solutions for all mining applications.

With a long history and proven track record, AEL is


strategically positioned to offer a range of products and
solutions, to suit market requirements for underground,
surface and construction applications. Our initiating
systems and components are highly adaptable, designed
with the user in mind and are available as Standard and
Made-To-Order products.
The suite of initiating systems includes electronic-,
non-electric (Shock Tube)- and electric detonators, as
well as a comprehensive range of boosters, detonating
cords and starters - all of which fully compliment the
companys entire range of explosive solutions.
Reinforcing our position as a value add solutions
provider, AEL is fully equipped to offer technical
support and services globally , providing customers
a turnkey solution and complete peace of mind.

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Non-Electric Assemblies
SHOCK TUBE

AEL offers its customers in the mining and construction industry a full range of non-electric shock tube initiating products.
Certain custom delays are available if required, liaise with the relevant AEL representative.

Sleep time

2 weeks

8 strength

N/A

2 weeks

VOD of
shock tubing

nominal 2000m/s

Outside
diameter of
shock tubing

~3mm

Packaging
(cases):
Dimensions
(LxBxH)
Gross weight

Excellent

4 strength

Extender

Lead-in

Cluster

Multi LPD

Multi SPD

Trunkline
2
strength

nominal 15mg/m

Minimum
Initiator

52

48 hours

2
strength

Core load
of tubing

Water
resistance

8 strength in-hole
2 strength out-hole

Splitter

Detonator
strength

Uni-Delay
SP

Technical
properties

Uni-Delay
LP

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS OF SHOCK TUBE

N/A

N/A

Sealer
Cap
required

3.6g/m detonating cord


2 strength out-hole connector
Shock Tube starter device
Instantaneous Electric detonator

565x295x270mm
25kg

(reels)
510x270x250mm
9kg

Sleep time capability is dependent on aromatic fuels used, diesoline is used as the baseline at 40C as per SANS 551 for Uni-Delay LP series

AEL Mining Services Limited

INITIATING SYSTEMS

BENEFITS
Immune to hazards of radio frequency radiation,
stray currents and electro-static discharge
The shock tube has a 18kg minimum break load
Rugged, abrasion-resistant tubing
Ergonomically designed connectors facilitate ease
of coupling while ensuring positive retention during
handling and upon initiation

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


AVAILABILITY
Class 1.1B UN No 0360, DETONATOR ASSEMBLIES,
NON-ELECTRIC
Class 1.4S UN No 0455, DETONATOR ASSEMBLIES,
NON-ELECTRIC

STORAGE & EXPIRY

Storage conditions

Moderate temperatures
and dry conditions
in a well-ventilated,
approved magazine

SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

Product shelf life

36 months

Handle with care - detonators are explosive

Legal storage*

27 months

Temperatures >90C may result in spontaneous


explosion

Expiry Date#

6 months

Where applicable, coloured connectors are used


for specific delays ensuring easy identification
and verifying coupling sequences at a glance

Severe impact on the detonator or tubing can


result in accidental initiation and explosion

Product Catalogue 2015

Subject to ideal storage conditions, inclusive of extension period

Ideal storage conditions may vary upon region or country


of operation

From issue date following delivery/collection from the


AEL magazines (within the 36 month storage window)

53

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Uni-Delay LP
SHOCK TUBE

A Uni-Delay LP (long period) is a non-electric


initiation system which is designed for use
in underground mines. The unit consists of
both out-hole and an in-hole delay detonator.
Assembled with clear or brilliant yellow shock
tube, the latter for the Vivid product series
where improve visibility characteristics are
required. The Vivid series is assembled
with neon orange connectors to maximise
the product visibility in the dark, dusty and
muddy underground conditions. The Vivid
series is also suitable for surface mining
and civil operations where a long burning
front is required i.e. trenching.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
A length of shock tubing, which incorporates a 4000ms
in-hole delay detonator that is crimped onto one end
and a 200ms short delay out-hole detonator crimped
onto the other end. Both detonators include a rubber
plug which the shock tube is threaded through. The outhole detonator is located in a specially designed plastic
connector body. There are two variants available, the
Uni-Delay LP (6) or (3) which hold a maximum of six
or three lengths of shock tube respectively, the latter
is ideally suited to narrow reef mining conditions.
Both variants are available in the highly visible
Vivid product offering.

Features
All in-hole detonators have the same delay
20 hole burning front

Clear or brilliant yellow (Vivid) shock tubing


96% Reduction in lead compounds compared
to conventional lead drawn detonators

Application
Narrow Reef; Bord & Pillar; Tunnelling; Stoping;
Trenching

PRODUCT RANGE
Out-hole

In-hole

Nominal delay
periods (ms)

200ms

4000ms

Colour code

Clear(6) or
Neon Orange (6)

n/a

Orange (3)

n/a

UNITS PER CASE/BAG


Length (m)

Units per case

NEQ (kg)

2.0, 2.5 & 3.0m

300

0.45

3.5 & 4.0m

250

0.38

4.5 & 5.0m

200

0.30

6.0 & 7.0m

150

0.23

Clear plastic connector body (6) or an orange


connector body (3), Vivid product (6) series
use a neon orange connector
54

AEL Mining Services Limited

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Splitter
SHOCK TUBE

A Splitter is a non-electric initiation system


which is designed for splitting the blast
timing in multiple directions, in underground
mines. The unit consists of two out-hole
delay detonators in the desired colour
coded connector body.

Application
Narrow Reef; Bord & Pillar; Tunnelling and Stoping

PRODUCT RANGE
Connector block

Brown

White

Nominal delay
periods (ms)

100/100ms

200/200ms

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
A length of shock tubing, which incorporates an out-hole
delay detonator crimped onto each end. Both detonators
include either a rubber plug or sleeve. Both detonators
are located in a plastic connector body. The plastic body
is colour-coded according to the delay of the out-hole
detonators.

Features
The unit will initiate one or more Uni-Delay and/or
Trunkline assemblies

UNITS PER CASE/BAG


Length (m)

Units per case

NEQ (kg)

200

0.1

1.5

200

0.1

200

0.1

Delay timing system: 100ms; 200ms or a 100/200ms


combination
Green coloured shock tubing

Product Catalogue 2015

55

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Multi SPD
SHOCK TUBE

A Multi SPD (short period delay) is a nonelectric initiation system which is designed
for use in underground and surface mines.
The unit contains an in-hole delay detonator.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

PRODUCT RANGE
Colour code

Fern Green

Silver

Light Pink

Nominal
delay (ms)

350

450

500

Appearance
A length of yellow shock tubing, which includes a short
period delay in-hole detonator. The detonator includes
either a rubber plug or sleeve that is crimped on one end.
The detonator delay period is printed along the length
of the detonator shell. The free end of the shock tube is
sealed and incorporates a colour-coded connector clip,
which indicates the delay period. A tag may be attached
behind the connector clip which indicates the length of
tubing, as well as the delay time.

Length (m)

Units per case

NEQ (kg)

4&5

200

0.2

6&7

180

0.18

150

0.15

Connector clip connects assembly to detonating cord

130

0.13

Yellow coloured shock tubing

10 & 12

100

0.1

Application

15 & 18

90

0.09

Tunnelling, Massive mining; Trenching; Open Pit;


Quarrying; Construction

20 & 25

60

0.06

30

50

0.05

35, 40 & 45

25

0.025

Features

56

UNITS PER CASE/BAG

AEL Mining Services Limited

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Multi LPD
SHOCK TUBE
A Multi LPD (long period delay) is a nonelectric initiation system which is designed
for use in underground and surface mines.
The unit contains an in-hole long period
delay detonator.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
A length of green shock tubing, which incorporates a long
period in-hole delay detonator. The detonator includes
either a rubber plug or sleeve that is crimped on one
end. The detonator delay period is printed along the
length of the shell. The free end of the shock tube is
sealed and incorporates a colour coded connector
clip indicating the delay period and a round sticker
indicating the delay number.

Application
Massive mining, Construction; Tunnelling; Stoping;
Trenching

UNITS PER CASE/BAG

Features
23 different long period delays
Multiple delay combinations to facilitate even the most
complex blast designs
Connector clip connects assembly to detonating cord

Length (m)

Units per case

NEQ (kg)

2&3

250

0.25

3.5; 4.0; 4.5;


5.0 & 5.5

200

0.2

175

0.175

Green coloured shock tubing

PRODUCT RANGE
Delay number

Nominal delay (ms)

100

200

300

400

500

Colour code

Turquoise

Brown

Clear

Curry

Pearl Violet

Light pink

Delay number

10

11

Nominal delay (ms)

600

700

800

1000

1250

1500

Colour code

Dark blue

Powder blue

Lime green

Light brown

Light grey

Burnt orange

Delay number

12

13

14

15

16

17

Nominal delay (ms)

1750

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

Colour code

Amber

Agate

Rose quartz

Emerald

Coral

Aqua Marine

Delay number

18

19

20

21

22

Nominal delay (ms)

5000

6000

7000

8000

9000

Colour code

Amethyst

Stone

Tanzanite

Ruby

Jade

Product Catalogue 2015

57

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Uni-Delay SP
SHOCK TUBE

A Uni-Delay SP (short period) variant


is a non-electric initiation system which is
designed for use in underground and surface
mines. The unit consists of an in-hole and an
out-hole delay, each with a selection of delay
time combinations.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

PRODUCT RANGE SURFACE DELAY


Nominal
delay
(ms)

17

25

42

75

Colour
code

Blue

Orange

Yellow

Red

350

450

500

Appearance
A length of yellow shock tubing, which incorporates an
in-hole delay detonator crimped onto one end and a short
delay out-hole delay detonator crimped onto the other
end. Both detonators incorporate either a rubber plug
or sleeve. The out-hole detonator is located in a plastic
Rhino connector body, which is colour-coded according to
the delay of the out-hole detonator. The in-hole detonator
delay is printed along the length of the detonator shell.

IN-HOLE DELAY
Nominal delay (ms)

UNITS PER CASE/BAG


Length (m)

Units per case

NEQ (kg)

35

175

0.3

7&8

125

0.2

9 & 10

100

0.2

Reduced noise levels as compared with


detonating cord

12 18

75

0.2

Various surface and in-hole delays

21, 25 & 30

50

0.1

Contains optimally charged detonator for shock


tube initiation in both directions

35 40

25

0.1

Features
Accurate delay sequence
Eliminates the requirement for detonating cord
and relays

Yellow coloured shock tubing

Application
All applications
58

AEL Mining Services Limited

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Trunkline
SHOCK TUBE

A Trunkline is a non-electric initiation system


which is designed for use in underground and
surface mines. The unit consists of an out-hole
detonator. For Surface mining applications,
the new Rhino connector is used to ensure
positive shock tube retention during handling
and initiation providing improved reliability of
initiation and ease of use.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
A length of green shock tubing, which includes a short
period delay detonator and a rubber sleeve or plug
that has been crimped on one end. The free end of the
shock tube is sealed and incorporates a colour-coded
connector clip which indicates the delay period. The outhole detonator is located in a plastic six tube connector
block, which is colour-coded according to the delay of
the detonator. The underground 0ms Trunkline will
remain on the original turquoise connector block.

Features
Combined Trunkline and delay
Can be used in underground or surface applications
The Rhino connector block has a six tube capacity
Green coloured shock tubing

PRODUCT RANGE
Nominal
delay (ms)

17

25

Colour code Turquoise

Blue

Orange

Nominal
delay (ms)

75

100

Red

Brown

42

Colour code Yellow

UNITS PER CASE/BAG


Length (m)

Units per case

NEQ (kg)

250

0.2

3&5

200

0.2

175

0.1

7&8

150

0.1

10

120

0.1

Application
All applications

Product Catalogue 2015

59

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Cluster
SHOCK TUBE

A Cluster is a non-electric initiation system


which is designed for use in a multitude of
applications. The unit consists of a trunk line
delay detonator housed in a cluster connector
block. Used for initiating shock tube assemblies
or detonating cord. Ideal for civil applications,
line blasting where simultaneous initiation is
advantageous, replaces the detonating relay.

PRODUCT RANGE
Nominal
delay (ms)

17

Colour code Blue

25

42

Orange

Yellow

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance

UNITS PER CASE/BAG

A length of green shock tubing that incorporates a short


period delay detonator. The detonator includes a sleeve
that has been crimped on one end with a given length
of shock tubing. The free end of the shock tube is sealed
and incorporates a colour coded connector clip. The delay
period is also printed along the length of the detonator.
The detonator is fitted into a colour-coded cluster
connector block.

Length (m)

Units per case

NEQ (kg)

250

0.2

200

0.2

4&5

175

0.2

Features

150

0.1

Three different delays

10 & 15

75

0.1

Colour-coded connector clip and cluster connector


block indicates delay time
Green coloured shock tubing

Application
Open Pit; Quarrying; Construction; Trenching; Civil

60

AEL Mining Services Limited

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Lead-in
SHOCK TUBE

A reel of shock tube with a detonator encased


in a cluster connector block, used to extend
the blast to a safe initiation point.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

PRODUCT RANGE
Nominal delay (ms)

25

Colour code

Orange

Appearance
A length of shock tubing spooled onto a reel. One end of
the tubing is crimped into a short period delay detonator.
The detonator includes a rubber sleeve that has been
crimped on one end. The free end of the shock tube
is sealed and incorporates a colour coded cobra clip.
The delay period is also printed along the length of the
detonator. The detonator is fitted into a colour-coded
cluster connector block. A tag attached to the shock tube
indicates the length of tubing, as well as the delay period.

UNITS PER CASE/BAG


Length (m)

Units per case

NEQ (kg)

200

10 reels

0.1

500

2 reels

0.1

Features
Reduced noise versus detonating cord
Positive initiation control
Tubing is spooled, for easy off-reeling
The cluster connector block has a positive
locking cover
Green coloured shock tubing

Application
Quarrying; Construction; Trenching; Open Pit; Civil

Product Catalogue 2015

61

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Extender
SHOCK TUBE

A reel of shock tubing with a separate 10cm


length of clear plastic joiner tubing, which
can be used to join shock tube ends in order
to extend the initiation point to a safe distance
from the blast.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
Green coloured shock tube coiled on a hard board or
plastic reel to ensure ease of unreeling.
A black end cap is used to seal both ends of the tubing
as to prevent powder loss and/or moisture ingression.

Features
Green coloured shock tubing
Joiner tube enables easy extension to required length
Easy to use

Application
Used in conjunction with a lead-in line or a Trunkline
assembly.
Open Pit; Quarrying; Construction; Tunnelling; Stoping;
Ring Blasting; Trenching

PRODUCT RANGE
500m
3000m (International only)

Units per case/bag


500m length with 2 reels per case
3000m length with 1 reel per case

62

AEL Mining Services Limited

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Notes

Product Catalogue 2015

63

INITIATING SYSTEMS

Notes

64

AEL Mining Services Limited

ELECTRONIC
DELAY
DETONATORS
Initiating
Systems

AEL, in conjunction with high-tech electronic


initiating system developers, DetNet have
pioneered and spearheaded the development
and production of electronic detonators since
the early 1990s.

Electronic Delay Detonators

General Specifications

Electronic initiation systems enable functions


that traditional pyrotechnic systems lack.
Besides the immediately obvious benefits of
improved environmental blasting conditions
such as reduced blast vibration and air blast;
the system's increased timing control allows for
accurate blast modelling and optimisation of the
initiation sequence, before triggering the blast.

This functionality affords the advanced user the


opportunity to utilise accurate blast timing to
optimise the blasting process outcome. As a result the
downstream mining processes benefit hugely making
the entire mining cycle much more cost efficient. Leading
mining companies across the globe have come to realise
the massive cost benefit which AEL electronic detonators
provide where they are applied in this manner. AEL
Mining Services have extensive experience in providing
the electronic detonator solution for your specific mining
need and can assist in optimising your blast designs to
enhance value through precision blasting.
The AEL range of electronic initiating systems is safe
and robust. All of our electronic detonator systems are
designed to be immune to accidental initiation. The
systems use safety keys with encrypted codes which
ensure that only authorized personnel can initiate the
systems. The detonator- and control equipment designs
are subjected to stringent, internationally recognised
safety tests before release to the market
To cope with the mining industry's varied mining
environments, AEL's electronic detonator systems are
extremely diverse, making them ideal to use in the
simplest and the toughest situations. From tunnelling,
shaft sinking, underground stoping and all forms of
surface mining environments.

66

AEL Mining Services Limited

Electronic Delay Detonators

General specifications of Electronic Delay Detonators


Technical properties

DigiShot

DigiShot Plus

Maximum dets

300 per blaster

1800 per blaster

Maximum blasters

2 and 1 with RF

Typical use

Quarrying & civils

Large open pit

Delay Time

Programmable -
range is 1 to 20 000ms

Programmable -
range is 1 to 20 000ms

Detonator strength

8D

8D

Water resistance

Excellent

Excellent

Downline wire type

Steel 2-wire Red

Steel 2-wire Green

Special Precautions
Handle with care detonators are explosive
Temperatures 90 may result in spontaneous explosion

Storage & Expiry


Storage conditions
Moderate temperatures and dry conditions in a wellventilated, approved magazine

Product shelf life


36 months (3 years)

Product Catalogue 2015

67

Electronic Delay Detonators

DigiShot

DigiShot is an easy-to use, reliable electronic


initiating system for use primarily in smaller
blasting operations that demand accurate
timing. Examples include environmentally
sensitive operations such as quarrying,
tunnelling operations and smaller civil blasts.

Automatic or programmable delay timing


Fully functionality testing

Features

The DigiShot electronic initiation system represents an


innovative advance in technology, which enables users
to achieve the accurate timing benefits of electronic
initiation systems with robust all-weather wire-leads
and surface connectors. As an added benefit, the ability to
blast wirelessly will be included from 2015 in this system.

Rugged reliability

Technical Specifications

Mining Method

Appearance

Underground

The detonator shell is copper with very robust steel down


line wire covered in a red polymer. The coil is housed in
a clear plastic shrink sleeve which deploys the wire in a
convenient manner

Massive; Tunnelling

Benefits & Features


Benefits
Easy-to-use
68

Minimal on-bench components to simplify use

Immune to stray currents


Designed to be initiated by firing equipment
specifically designed for the DigiShot system

Surface
Opencast; Open Pit; Quarrying; Construction

Application
Smaller blasts in Tunnelling; Ring Blasting; Trenching;
Open Pit; Quarrying; Civils

AEL Mining Services Limited

ELECTRONIC DELAY DETONATORS

PACKAGING
Case Box dimensions (LxBxH) 455x305x215mm
Detonators currently produced in the following lengths:

DIGISHOT

1.1B

1.4S

Length(m)

Units/case

Units/case

1.8

120

3.0

102

4.2

78

54

66

50

9
10

48
60

12

42
36

15

42

36

20

30

30

25

30

24

30

24

24

35

24

40

18

50

12

Note Specific length requirements can be discussed for high volume orders

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1B, UN No. 0030, Product Group 2, DETONATORS, ELECTRIC
Class 1.4S, UN No 0456, Product Group 2, DETONATORS, ELECTRIC
Product Catalogue 2015

69

ELECTRONIC DELAY DETONATORS

DigiShot Plus

DigiShot Plus is the Flagship system in


Electronic Detonators. It is an easy-to use,
reliable electronic initiating system with
remote firing capability and can be extended
to fire very large blasts.
The user can link several systems together through an
RF link to fire multiple large benches in a synchronised
or offset manner. The detonator connector system has
been improved over several years of continuous use and
offers a truly reliable and robust connection mechanism.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
The detonator shell is copper with 2 -steel wires
covered in a robust green polymer with an extremely
high breaking strain. Deployment is via the proven heatshrink coil deployment system.

BENEFITS & FEATURES

MINING METHOD
Surface
Opencast; Open Pit Large scale blasting

Application
Open Pit

PACKAGING
Case Box dimensions (LxBxH) 455x305x215mm
Detonators currently produced in the following lengths:

DIGISHOT PLUS

1.1B

1.4S

Length(m)

Units/case

Units/case

3.0

102

4.2

78

54

66

50

Benefits

High accuracy

10

Minimal on-bench components to simplify use

12

Automatic or programmable delay timing


Full functionality testing at safe voltage
Electronic logs of every interaction on the equipment
is kept, which provides a useful tool to the manager
to monitor and investigate blast history.

Features
Rugged reliability

36
36

20

30

30

25

30

24

30

24

24

35

18

40

18

45

12

50

12

Designed to be initiated by firing equipment


specifically designed for the DigiShot Plus system

60

Synchronization capability

42

42

55

Multiple blast capability

60

15

Immune to stray currents

Remote firing capability

48

80

18

12
12

12
10

Note Specific length requirements can be discussed for high


volume orders

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1B, UN No. 0030, Product Group 2, DETONATORS,
ELECTRIC
Class 1.4S, UN No 0456, Product Group 2, DETONATORS,
ELECTRIC

70

AEL Mining Services Limited

Electronic Delay Detonators

Product Catalogue 2015

71

ELECTRONIC DELAY DETONATORS

NetShock
ELECTRONIC INITIATORS

NetShock is a purpose designed device


that links the cost benefits of traditional
shock tube systems with those of electronic
blasting systems without the need to switch
to electronic detonators.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
An aluminium tube which contains an electronic
detonator assembly with an integrally moulded
clip allowing easy connection to shock tubes.

MINING METHOD
Underground
Narrow Reef; Massive

Application
Tunnelling; Stoping

PACKAGING
Description

Case

BENEFITS & FEATURES

Dimensions (LxBxH)

260 x 215 x 147mm

Benefits

Gross weight (kg)

1.9

Conveys real time in-stope intelligence and reports


to the central management workstation

Units per case

25

Safety benefits of NetShock initiators include


protection to over voltages, electrostatic discharge
and unauthorised use as the detonator requires a
specific coded signal to fire.

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1B, UN No. 0030, Product Group 2, DETONATORS,
ELECTRIC

Features
Provides the mines with computer-driven
centralised blasting functionality for conventional
shock tube systems
Designed to be used with the AEL centralised
blasting system
72

AEL Mining Services Limited

ELECTRONIC DELAY DETONATORS

CE 4 Tagger
ELECTRONIC DELAY DETONATOR EQUIPMENT

The CE4 Tagger is an upgraded replacement for the


existing V8 electronic delay detonator tagging device.
It provides the user with several updated features and is
housed in an improved robust casing that stands up well
to the harsh user environment. The power management
system has been improved giving extended battery life.
The upgraded LCD display is easier to read and can
display more information at once. The touch pad has
been upgraded from a flat pad to raised silicon buttons
with backlighting, providing improved tactile feedback
to the user when inputting information especially when
wearing gloves. A vibration user feedback has been
added along with a variable tone audio speaker which
improves user error communications vastly. The IP
rating has been improved to the point that it can
be immersed under 1m of water and remains fully
functional afterwards.
GPS capability has been added as well as other features
useful to blasting personnel. The CE4 Tagger is loaded
with the appropriate software for the product being used
so that the user interface between different products
remains familiar.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
The CE4 tagger is housed in a rugged yellow and black
casing rubberised in certain areas to help absorb impact
during handling. It contains a high detail LCD display
screen and a rubberised and backlit raised silicone
keypad. The unit weighs about 600g.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Unique electronic ID assists with control and tracking
of units
Next generation of control equipment with enhanced
features

Features
Vastly improved user interface
Scratch resistant screen
Toughened device for use in harsh environments
Ease of use

APPLICATION METHOD
Surface and Underground
All areas of Electronic detonator use

Application
Applicable to all AEL ranges of electronic detonators

SOFTWARE VERSIONS
Software is loaded at manufacture and can be
upgraded via USB dongle.

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


N/A
Product Catalogue 2015

73

Electronic Delay Detonators

ViewShot
Electronic Detonator blast timing software

ViewShot is a software package designed for


interfacing blast designs with DigiShotTM and
DigiShot PlusTM firing equipment. It provides
the user with the ability to design complex
and detailed blast designs and interrogate
the timing design before the blast takes place.
When using ViewShot the blast timing does not have to
be uploaded manually which saves time. The user can
apply the timing design to the detonators right up to the
point where it becomes necessary to blast. This means
that last minute changes to the timing can be done
without the need to re-visit the detonators deployed
in the blast area.
The ViewShot blast design software package allows
blasting plans to be designed and simulated on a
computer that can be directly downloaded into the
control equipment. This enables the user to save
substantial time during the blasting process

Benefits & Features


Benefits
Allows fast and convenient upload of detonator timing
to your pre-loaded blast.
Allows viewing of the blast firing sequence on a
PC and changing of blast timing to optimise blast
outcomes

Features
Provides the user with the ability to change detonator
timing to the moment before the actual blast
programming starts.
Provides the ability to ensure single hole firing and
minimise maximum instantaneous charge firing per
blast

Mining Method
All

74

AEL Mining Services Limited

Electronic Delay Detonators

BlastWeb
Electronic Detonator Centralised
Blasting System

The BlastWeb electronic initiation system


is designed for underground environments
where there is a requirement for ease-ofuse, limited user interaction and centralised
blasting. The BlastWeb electronic initiation
system is capable of initiating specific AEL
electronic detonators. The main requirement
is filled by NetShock which is used to
initiate underground shock tube rounds.

Benefits & Features

The system is deployed internationally


with a solid performance track record.

The lost blast rate is significantly reduced using


this system thereby minimising production losses.

Benefits
Pre-blast diagnosis and communication of potential
safety hazards and production problems.
The scale, location and extent of the planned blasts
are known before panels are centrally initiated from
the surface.

Features
Provides pre- and post-blast diagnostics.
Includes an on-board diagnostic system for safe
testing.
Timing offset between sections can be introduced
for mining areas that require reduced seismicity.
The use of high security blast keys and passwords
ensure that total blast safety is always under the
control of the responsible person.

Mining Method
All

Product Catalogue 2015

75

ELECTRONIC DELAY DETONATORS

Notes

76

AEL Mining Services Limited

ELECTRIC
INITIATORS

ELECTRIC INITIATORS

Instantaneous Electric Detonator (IED)

An instantaneous electric detonator (IED),


which nominally detonates without delay
on application of the electric firing current.
The copper detonator is fitted with a Type S
fusehead to which two insulated leg wires of
diameter 0.5 mm are welded. The wires pass
through a moulded plug which is crimped into
the open end of a copper detonator tube. The
colour of the insulated wires are usually white
and red and bared at the ends.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
A copper detonator with red and white PVC leg wires
wound in a figure eight coil.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Lead wire insulation is stripped on ends for
quick connection
Lead wires are easy to deploy and handle
Low cost, yet reliable and predictable initiation
of blasts
Excellent water resistance

Features
Standard type S fusehead
Bridge-wire resistance: 1.2 to 1.6
Firing impulse
No fire 0.8mj/
All fire 3.0mj/
No fire current
0.2 amps for 50ms
Available with short tangle-free, copper lead wires
630mg explosive PETN base charge
Detonator (High Strength)

78

AEL Mining Services Limited

ELECTRIC INITIATORS

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE


Always keep lead wires shorted until ready to fire.
Handle with care. Damage to the wires could
lead to misfires
Never carry IED assemblies by holding onto
the detonator
Always keep detonators pointing away from you
Severe impact on the detonator can result in
an explosion

PACKAGING
DESCRIPTION

CASE

Box Dimensions
(L x B X H)

555x412x242 mm

Gross weight (kg)

16 kg

COPPER WIRE

Avoid all possible sources of ignition (friction,


impact, static and heat)

Wire length (m)

Units per case

Never pull the lead wires off the assemblies

2.0

800

Never connect the blast until all the charging


operations have been completed

3.5

800

Temperatures above 90C may result in


spontaneous explosion

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1B, UN No. 0030, DETONATORS, ELECTRIC

MINING METHOD
Underground
Narrow Reef

Surface
Opencast; Open Pit; Quarrying; Construction

Application
Stoping; Secondary Blasting

Product Catalogue 2015

79

ELECTRIC INITIATORS

Fusehead Assembly

A length of PVC covered copper wire which


has a standard Fusehead attached onto one
end, with the other wire end stripped from
PVC. Wire lengths are standardised to 2,0
and 3,5m lengths.
The fusehead ignites when sufficient current is
passed though the bridgewire. Fusehead assemblies
are mainly used to initiate black powder in dimensional
stone quarries.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

Figure eight wire winding


Tin plated copper wires with PVC insulation, diameter
0,6/1,3mm

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE


Fuseheads assemblies are initiated by a shot exploder
or a centralised blasting system.

MINING METHOD
Surface

Appearance

Quarrying

A length of white PVC covered copper wire wound in


a figure of eight. A standard Vulcan fusehead attached
to one end, with the other wire end stripped from PVC.

Application

BENEFITS & FEATURES

PACKAGING

Benefits

Case Gross weight 12kg

Quarrying

Circuit can be easily tested

LEADING
WIRE (M)

UNITS PER
CASE

LXBXH
(MM)

Lead wire insulation is stripped on ends for quick


connections

1000

535 x 185 x 192

Ease of deployment

3.5

500

455 x 372 x 177

Stripped lead wire ends allow for quick connections

Features
Available with short tangle-free wire
Standard wire lengths of 2,0 and 3,5 m

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.4S UN No 0454, IGNITERS

Standard type 0 fusehead or equivalent


Resistance 1.40 (0.20)

80

AEL Mining Services Limited

ELECTRIC INITIATORS

Electric Shock Tube Starter

An instantaneous electric detonator (IED),


which nominally detonates without delay
on application of the electric firing current.
The aluminium detonator is partially filled
with an initiating charge of lead azide and
Pentaerythritoltetranitrate (PETN). The unit
is fitted with a fuse head (HiFIRE Type F) to
which two insulated copper wires of 1.3 mm
diameter are welded. The wires pass through a
plug which is crimped into the open end of the
tube. The colour of the insulated wires is white
and yellow. The wires are 1,0m long and
are bared at the ends. The detonator is fitted
into a green REEFMASTER connector.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
An electrically initiated aluminium detonator contained in
a green plastic connector body. It has white & yellow PVC
coated leg wires 1m in length.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Easy to use, versatile and reliable method of initiating
shock tubing
Initiates all shock tube initiating system assemblies
REEFMASTER does not create shrapnel that could
cut off shock tube in the vicinity
Excellent water resistance provided by moulded plugs
and crimp
Lead wire insulation is stripped on ends for quick
connection
Reliable and predictable initiation of blasts

Features
Uses Statsafe type 1 fusehead
1,0m tangle-free copper leading wires
Connector block to facilitate connection of up to six
shock tube lines
450mg base charge
Low explosives charges, 150mg lead azide and
40mg PETN

Product Catalogue 2015

81

ELECTRIC INITIATORS

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE

MINING METHOD

Handle with care. Damage to the block or wires


could lead to misfires

Underground

Never carry a Shock Tube Starter assembly by


holding onto the detonator block
Always keep detonators pointing away from you
Severe impact on the detonator can result in an
explosion
Keep away from sources of heat and other forms
of ignition (e.g. RF transmitters)
Never pull the wires
Never connect the blast until all the charging
operations have been completed
Ensure that the shock tube lines are properly
inserted in the block for reliable application

82

Narrow Reef

Surface
Opencast; Open Pit; Quarrying; Construction

Application
Tunnelling; Stoping; Open Pit; Quarrying

PACKAGING
DESCRIPTION

CASE

Dimensions (LxBxH)

360 x 360 x 190 mm

Gross weight (kg)

7 kg

Units per case

240

Handle with care - detonators are explosive

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)

Do not attempt to initiate detonating cord


with this product

Class 1.1B UN No 0030, DETONATORS, ELECTRIC

AEL Mining Services Limited

ELECTRIC INITIATORS

Notes

Product Catalogue 2015

83

ELECTRIC INITIATORS

Notes

84

AEL Mining Services Limited

ACCESSORIES

ACCESSORIES

General Specifications

TECHNICAL PROPERTIES

DETONATING
CORDS

PENTOLITE
PRIMERS

Velocity of Detonation

6000m/s

7500 m/s

Water resistance

Good

Good

Sleep time

2 weeks

2 weeks

SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
Detonating & Waterproof Cords

Pentolite Primers

Handle with care damage to the product could lead


to misfires

Handle with care damage to the product may


lead to misfires

Keep away from all sources of ignition

Keep away from all sources of ignition

Avoid all forms of shock

Temperatures in excess of 90C may result


in spontaneous explosion

Never connect the blast until all charging operations


are completed

Avoid all possible sources of heat

Keep free ends short to avoid excessive noise,


shrapnel & cut-offs

Never connect the blast until all charging operations


have been completed

STORAGE & EXPIRY

86

Detonating & Waterproof Cords

Pentolite Primers

5 years from date of manufacture

5 years from date of manufacture

AEL Mining Services Limited

ACCESSORIES

Detonating Cords

6g

High velocity flexible cords, which detonate at


6 000 m per second, of the following
construction: A continuous column of waterresistant pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN),
containing one or two centre yarns and enclosed
in a carrier tape bound by two layers of
yarns. This 'semi-cord' is waterproofed with a
continuous covering of orange, blue, yellow or
red plastic.

8g

10g

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
The detonating cord product range is supplied under the
trade name of Powercord. Three products Powercord
6, Powercord 8 and Powercord 10 are distinguished
from each other by colour and by the mass of core load.
Powercord 6 is orange in colour and has an explosive core
load of 6g/m. Powercord 8 is blue and has an explosive
core load of 8g/m and Powercord 10 is yellow and has
an explosive core load of 10g/m.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Relatively insensitive to detonation by heat,
electrostatic discharge or other forms of electricity
Excellent resistance to side penetration by oil or water
High tensile strength
Easy to handle and to tie into knots
Flexible

Features
VOD: 6 000m/s
Reliably initiated with a 6D strength detonator
Easy to connect branch lines
Easy to initiate and can be extended with knots

Product Catalogue 2015

87

ACCESSORIES

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE


Detonating cords are used to detonate explosive
charges, in various blasting and mining applications.
They can be used as down lines or surface lines in
shock tube blasts.

MINING METHOD
Underground
Narrow Reef; Massive

Surface
Opencast; Open Pit; Quarrying; Construction

Application
Tunnelling; Stoping; Massive (uphole); Ring Blasting;
Trenching; Open Pit; Quarrying; Civils

PRODUCT RANGE

88

PRODUCT

PETN CORE
LOAD (g/m)

COLOUR

TENSILE
STRENGTH (kg)

EXTERNAL
DIAMETER (mm)

Powercord 6

Orange

80

3.4 - 3.9

Powercord 8

Blue

80

3.2 5.0

Powercord 10

10

Yellow

80

3.2 5.0

PowercordR 8
Premium

Red/Black stripe

80

3.2 5.0

AEL Mining Services Limited

ACCESSORIES

PACKAGING
PRODUCT

LENGTH PER CASE (m)

BOX DIMENSIONS (mm)

Powercord 6

2 x 500

500x260x235

Powercord 8

2 x 350

500x260x235

Powercord 8

10 x 30

500x260x235

Powercord 10

2 x 350

500x260x235

Powercord 10

10 x 30

500x260x235

PowercordR 8 Premium

2 x 350

500x260x235

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1D UN No 0065, DETONATING CORD

Product Catalogue 2015

89

ACCESSORIES

Pentolite Primers

Primers are plastic cylinders filled with a very


energetic explosive, comprising of a mixture
of pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) and
trinitrotoluene (TNT).
The primers incorporate circular detonator channels
for easy insertion of a detonator or detonating cord. The
channel intended for the detonator is stepped to prevent
the detonator from protruding from the primer, thus
ensuring proper location inside the primer.

The primer is impervious to wet conditions


A range of primers that can be initiated by electronic,
shock tube and plain detonators, and detonating cords
with core load of 8g/m
Detonation pressure of > 21Gpa
Virgin grade TNT used

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE

Appearance

Pentolite Primers are used to initiate non-cap sensitive


explosives in cartridged or bulk form. Detonating
cords with core load 8g/m are recommended
for effective initiation of the pentolite primer.

The 60g, 150g, 250g, and 400g pentolite primers are


coloured orange, red, purple and blue respectively.
Apart from colour, they are also distinguishable by size.
The size in the product name describes the approximate
mass of Pentolite in each respective primer.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Relatively insensitive to detonation by impact,
friction, heat, electrostatic discharge or other
forms of electricity
PETN-rich composition for pick-up reliability
and high VOD
Fully protected detonator
Optimum diameter-to-length ratio for effective
loading and initiation of explosives

90

Features

MINING METHOD
Underground
Narrow Reef; Massive

Surface
Opencast; Open Pit; Quarrying; Construction

Application
Tunnelling; Stoping; Massive (uphole); Ring Blasting;
Trenching; Open Pit; Quarrying; Civils

RECOMMENDED BOOSTER SIZES PER HOLE


The following table shows the recommended booster
sizes for optimal explosive performance in various hole
diameters.

AEL Mining Services Limited

ACCESSORIES

INCREASING HOLE DEPTH

HOLE IN DIAMETER (mm)


64

<5m

76

89

102

115

150

200

300

60g
100g<100mm
250g<127mm

>15m

400g<100mm

>35m

800g

PRODUCT RANGE

COLOUR

OD
W (mm)

STRAIGHT
CHANNEL
DIAMETER
0.2mm

STEPPED
CHANNEL
DIAMETER
0.2mm

60g Pentolite Primer

Orange

35

8.4

7.9-6.2

150g Pentolite hybrid Primer

Red

38

9.4

9.4-7.9-6.2

250g Pentolite Primer

Purple

46

8.4

7.8-6.2

400g Pentolite Primer

Blue

53

8.4

7.8-6.2

800g Pentolite Primer

Orange

Special order

PENTOLITE MASS
(g)

PACKAGING
PENTOLITE MASS
(g)

UNITS
PER CASE

BOX DIMENSIONS
(mm)

GROSS WEIGHT
(kg)

60g Pentolite Primer

240

435 x 360 x 295

23

150g Pentolite hybrid Primer

120

420 x 235 x 325

26

250g Pentolite Primer

80

430 x 235 x 235

26

400g Pentolite Primer

60

348 x 277 x 334

26

400g Pentolite Primer ( pack)

45

490 x 290 x 195

20

800g Pentolite Primer

30

460 x 310 x 270

25

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)


Class 1.1D UN No 0042, BOOSTERS WITHOUT DETONATOR

Product Catalogue 2015

91

ACCESSORIES

Blast Initiation Timer (BIT)

The BIT-Delay is designed to initiate Electric


Shock Tube Starters connected in series, where
the total circuit resistance does not exceed 55.

Application

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

PRODUCT RANGE

Tunnelling; Stoping; Massive (uphole); Ring Blasting;


Trenching; Open Pit; Quarrying; Civils

Appearance
A red unit for specific minute timing activation.
A yellow unit for fixed day time activation.

BENEFITS & FEATURES

PENTOLITE
MASS (g)

COLOUR

RANGE
(MINUTES)

BIT Delay Time

Red*

15 / 30 / 45 /
60 / 120

Yellow*

Will be activated
in the window
period as
specified
on the unit

Benefits
Approved for use in fiery mines.

Safety Features

BIT Fixed-time

Operation is by means of a key switch and fires at a


specific time as indicated.
A continuity tester is included which indicates that a
blast circuit is connected. Should no blast circuit be
connected, a timing light will flash six times and the
unit will switch off.

Colour can vary per mine preference

PACKAGING

An indicator light flashes at 2s intervals during the


timing cycle and then at 0.4s during the last hour
before initiation time. The light turns on at the end of
the delay timing cycle and 5-10s later the unit fires.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE


The unit is powered by a rechargeable battery, which
must be recharged when the timing light double
flashes at the start of the timing cycle.

MINING METHOD
Underground
Narrow Reef; Massive

Surface

UNITS
PER
CASE

DIMENSIONS
(mm)

MASS

BIT Delay
Time

25

120mm x
82mm x
40mm.

0.55kg

BIT Fixedtime

25

120mm x
82mm x
40mm.

0.55kg

TRANSPORT (IA CERTIFICATE)


The units are transported as per Government approved
Inspection Authority certificates.

Opencast; Open Pit; Quarrying; Construction


92

AEL Mining Services Limited

ACCESSORIES

Detonating Cord Cutter

A purpose manufactured detonating cord cutter


designed to be employed for the safe cutting of
detonating cords
Safety is the main reason for the development of this
item. The device has an internal blade that reduces the
risk of operator self-injury. The cutter is also approved
by the South African Chief Inspector of Explosives

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Appearance
A red plastic safety cutting device containing a nonremovable blade, designed to safely cut detonating
cord to the required lengths

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Prevents the use of unauthorised cutters such as
scissors, side cutters and improvised blades that
may cause accidental detonation of the detonating
cord when cut
Safety benefit, as no exposed blades carried
by blasters
Due to the captured blade, the potential for cut injuries
is significantly reduced
No need to replace the blade which lowers cut injuries
As the device is of low cost, its replacement value
is low

Features

Attachment ring provided to help prevent loss of device


The head of the cutter is in a chisel point, which can be
used to open packaging

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE


Always cut away from your body
Although the blade is captured it remains a sharp
cutting instrument, handle with care
Do not use the cutter to cut anything other than
detonating cord
When cutting of detonating cord becomes difficult, the
blade is blunt and the cutter should be replaced

MINING METHOD
Underground
Narrow Reef; Massive; Open cast; Open Pit; Quarrying;
Construction

Application
All detonating cord applications

STORAGE AND EXPIRY


STORAGE
CONDITIONS

Product is non-explosive
and can be stored in any
storage location

PRODUCT SHELF
LIFE

Infinite keep dry to


prevent rusting of blade

Ergonomic design
Easy to use
Detonating Cord can be cut easily and with minimum
input effort

Product Catalogue 2015

STORAGE AND EXPIRY


Loose units

93

ACCESSORIES

Compatibility Matrix
INITIATING SYSTEMS

94

AEL Mining Services Limited

AEL Detonating Cord Powercord 8

AEL Detonating Cord Powercord 10

AEL Primers

Shock Tube Uni-Delay LP

Shock Tube Splitter

Shock Tube Multi LPD

Shock Tube Multi SPD

Shock Tube Uni-Delay SP

Shock Tube Trunkline

Shock Tube Cluster

Shock Tube Lead-In

AEL Shock Tube

DONOR

AEL Detonating Cord

Shock Tube Extender

Shock Tube Lead-In

Shock Tube Cluster

Shock Tube Trunkline

Shock Tube Uni-Delay SP

Shock Tube Multi SPD

Shock Tube Multi LPD

Shock Tube Splitter

Shock Tube Uni-Delay LP

AEL Detonating Cord Powercord 6

ACCESSORIES

AEL Shock Tube

Shock Tube Extender


AEL Electronic Detonators
Electronic Delay Detonators QuickShot

Electronic Delay Detonators Smartdet

Electronic Delay Detonators SmartShot

Electronic Delay Detonators DigiShot

Electronic Delay Detonators DigiShot Plus

Electronic Delay Detonators HotShot

Electric Initiators Statsafe Detonators

Instantaneous Electric Detonator (IED)

AEL Detonating Cord Powercord 6

AEL Detonating Cord Powercord 8

AEL Detonating Cord Powercord 10

AEL Electric Initiators

Electric Initiators Fusehead Assembly


Capped Fuse Systems - Shock Tube Starter
AEL Electronic Initiators
AEL Electronic Initiators NetStart
AEL Electronic Initiators NetShock
AEL Detonating Cord

AEL Primers

Tape Plastic connector provided


x Use joiner only to extend ST
Product Catalogue 2015

Recommended
x Compatible

Inhole det only


95

Accessories

Mantis

Is a specifically designed device to which AEL detonators


are clipped. After clipping the detonator into the device
it is inserted into the end of the lance/blowpipe for
emulsions and ANFO respectively. The lance/hose
is gently pushed to the bottom of the blasthole, where
the detonator is now centralised at the toe. The hole is
then filled with emulsion/ANFO in the normal fashion.

Technical Specifications
Appearance
A plastic device for mounting a detonator.

Benefits & Features


Benefits
Ease of use
Centralises a detonator in the blast hole
Ensures retention of the detonator at the toe of the
blast hole
Prevents the detonator from jamming in the hole
Easily removable if hole misfires
Replaces an explosive cartridge as a primer

96

Features
Detonator mounted to ensure full coupling
with the explosive
Soft plastic body for ease of use
Clip to securely fasten the detonator
Symmetrical, preventing error in installation

Application
For use in blast holes up to 45mm in diameter in stoping
and development in conjunction with emulsion or ANFO.
The device can be used in inclined holes up to 20 degrees.

Packaging
Description: Plastic bags
Units per case: 200units per bag. Five(5) bags per 1000
unit outer bag

Storage and Expiry


Storage conditions: Product can be stored in any location
Product shelf life: Infinite

AEL Mining Services Limited

ACCESSORIES

Hot Hole Monitor

The Hot Hole Monitor is a device which monitors


temperature changes in hot holes and reduces
the risk posed by premature detonation in
surface coal mining where hot hole conditions
may befound.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

MINING METHOD

Appearance

Surface

A red plastic device containing various lengths


of wire with thermocouple on the end of the wire.

Opencast

Benefits
Monitors blast hole temperatures to warn operators
of temperature changes in the blast hole

Application
Coal mining where hot holes are found

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE

Alerts operators of increasing temperatures and the


risk of premature detonation of a charged blast hole

Ensure plastic strip is intact and secured before


use to ensure that the battery is charged.

Early warning safety device to improve on-bench


safety in hot holes

Single use only as the battery life cannot be


guaranteed after the first use

BENEFITS & FEATURES

PACKAGING

Features

Description Case

Sounds an intermittent alarm at 60C indicating


the presence of hot hole

Units per case 30 units per case

Sounds an continuous alarm at 80C indicating


that operators should evacuate the blasting area
Easy to use wire deployment system

STORAGE AND EXPIRY


Storage Conditions Product is non-explosive and can be
stored in any storage location
Product Shelf Life Dependant of battery life and storage
temperature (12-18 months)

Product Catalogue 2015

97

ACCESSORIES

Notes

98

AEL Mining Services Limited

INDUSTRIAL
PRODUCTS
AELs industrial product range is supplied
into South African, African and selected
international markets. With direct access to
AEL's large team of leading engineers and
scientists, the industrial products division
is in a position to offer a broader range of
highly versatile industrial solutions, which
perform well against strict quality parameters.
Innovations such as curing before bagging,
allow for the structural integrity of the porous
prill which ensures its superior performance
from the point of production to where the
product is used down the hole.

Our products includes solid and liquid Ammonium


Nitrate (AN), nitric acid, 25% ammonia solution as
well as anhydrous ammonia, all of which are
conveniently sourced from AEL's industrial hub
in Gauteng. Our industrial products are known for
their consistency when it comes to exceeding quality
standards and carry the technical support of a team
of highly skilled employees.
The reliable supply of high quality industrial products
forms an integral part to any mining or chemical
process operation. AEL has positioned itself as the
leading supplier in this space by having a proven
track record of security of supply due to various
dual redundancy initiatives.
The industrial product range compliments AELs value
proposition of unearthing wealth for our customers
through meticulous care.
Our dedicated cross-functional team supporting AEL's
industrial products range has vast experience and
is prepared for virtually any eventuality. In doing so,
we endeavour to effectively address our customers
requirements in the industrial solutions arena.

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS

Industrial Products

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS


Ammonium
Nitrate
Emulsion
Grade (ANE)

Ammonium
Nitrate 88%
Solution (ANS)

Nitric Acid
60%

Aqueous
Ammonia 25%

Ammonia
100-I,
Ammonia
100-R

Appearance

Coarse,
porous,
hardened
spherical
particles

Glossy-white
spherical
particles

ANS is a
clear liquid,
free from
suspended
matter
and visible
impurities.

Clear
colourless to
pale yellow

Colourless
liquid, pungent
odour

Clear,
colourless
liquid

Concentration

Not less than


99.5% (m/m)
as ammonium
nitrate (when
packed)

Not less than


94.2% (m/m)
as ammonium
nitrate (when
packed)

To lie within
the range
87.5% to
89.5% (m/m)
as NH4NO3

Nitric acid
59 to 61%,
balance water

Not less than


25% ammonia
content

Ammonia ca.
100%

Nitrogen
Content (%N)

35%

35%

30%

N.A

20%

N.A

Oil absorption

Not less than


6.0% (m/m)

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

Bulk Density

To lie within
the range 0.69
to 0.77g/cm

To lie within
the range 0.80
to 0.97 g/cm

At 120C:
~1.36g/cm

At 20C:
1.367g/cm

Not more than


0.88g/cm

0.61g/cm
at 20C

Moisture

Less than 0.2%

less than 2%

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

less than
0.05%

Tested for pH

50% solution
at 60C, pH to
N.A.
lie within the
range 3.3 to 3.9

N.A.

N.A.

Technical
properties

Ammonium
Nitrate Anfo
Grade (ANA)

Reaction

100

Tested for pH

AEL Mining Services Limited

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS

STORAGE & EXPIRY

Product

Ammonium
Nitrate Anfo
Grade (ANA)

Ammonium
Nitrate
Emulsion
Grade (ANE)

Ammonium
Nitrate 88%
Solution (ANS)

Nitric Acid
60%

Aqueous
Ammonia 25%

Ammonia
100-I,
Ammonia
100-R

The pH
must remain
above 2.

Storage

Must be stored
in a cool, dry
and unconfined
space avoid
contamination
and direct
sunlight

Must be stored
in a cool, dry
and unconfined
space avoid
contamination
and direct
sunlight

Cooling to
below 110C
must be
avoided, else
the product
starts to
crystallise.

60% Nitric
acid - stainless
steel tanks

Heating
the product
above 170C
could lead to
detonation.

Shelf life

Bulk product
can be stored
in silos for
up to a week
but should
ideally be
used as soon
as possible.

Six months
for bagged
product

Recommended
that ANS be
used as soon
as possible.

Five years

Storage tanks
must be
earthed

Stored in high
pressure tank
or at low temp
to remain in
liquid form

Tanks to be in
well-ventilated
Storage
area, no direct
tanks must
sunlight & heat
be earthed

Six months

N.A.

Six months
for bagged
product

Product Catalogue 2015

101

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS

Ammonium Nitrate
ANFO GRADE (ANA)

This is essentially ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3)


presented in the form of coarse, porous,
hardened spherical particles, obtained
by spraying ammonium nitrate solution.
The material is treated with internal
additives for hardening and an external
anti-caking agent.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
The material is presented in the form of free-flowing,
white to cream-coloured, spherical particles. The product
is free from grit, visible impurities and foreign matter.

Application
Bulk Anfo explosives

SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

Benefits

ANA is moderately toxic and may decompose at


high temperatures and may explode under certain
conditions. Avoid confinement. Under extreme
conditions an explosion may occur.

Reduced caking and improved flowability


minimises waste

PACKAGING

BENEFITS & FEATURES

High level of oil absorption improves borehole


loading speeds and blasting
Storage and handling benefits of prill (longer
shelf life, ease of handling)
Consistent product quality improves handling
and bore-hole loading rates
Reduced dust and fines during handling,
minimises health and environmental concerns

Bags (Packed in robust


woven polypropylene
bags with inner
polyethylene liners
to minimise moisture
ingress. All bags have
UN certification and
conform to international
requirements)

The tight product density and particle size


variation maximises in-process controls

Features
Topan prilling process

25kg
50kg
1,000kg (containerised
for exports)
1,200kg

Bulk tanker
Bulk

Rapid Reloading System


(RRS)
Rail

Prill curing
Superior hard and strong prill with reduced
friability and moisture content

TRANSPORT (UN CLASSIFICATION)

High porosity

Class 5.1 UN No 1942 OXIDISING AGENT

Various packaging sizes


102

AEL Mining Services Limited

Industrial Products

Ammonium Nitrate
Emulsion Grade (ANE)

ANE comprises dense ammonium nitrate


particles obtained by spraying the ammonium
nitrate solution which contains a small
quantity of magnesium nitrate. Once dissolved,
the solution can be used to manufacture base
emulsion or used for other chemical processes.

Technical Specifications
The material is presented in the form of glossy white
spherical particles and does not contain any visible
impurities or foreign matter.

Benefits & Features


Benefits
Reduced caking and improved flowability
The material remains reasonably free flowing
after transportation and storage
No flocculation required after melting, prior
to emulsion manufacture

Features
Superior hard prill with reduced friability
and moisture characteristics

Application
Manufacture of base emulsion and use in chemical
processes

Special Precautions
ANE is moderately toxic and may decompose at
high temperatures. Avoid confinement. Under
extreme conditions an explosion may occur.

Packaging
Packed in robust woven polypropylene bags with
inner polyethylene liners to minimise moisture
ingress. All bags have UN certification and conform to
international requirements. Bags: 1,050kg (containerised
for exports); 1,200kg

Transport (UN Classification)


Class 5.1 UN No 2067 OXIDISING AGENT

High packing density

Product Catalogue 2015

103

Industrial Products

Ammonium Nitrate Solution (ANS)

This is a hot concentrated 88% solution of


ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) used in the
manufacture of base emulsion or can be
used in other chemical processes (diluted or
otherwise).

Technical Specifications
A concentrated 88% solution of ammonium nitrate
(NH4NO3).

Benefits & Features


Benefits
Consistent concentration and purity provides
consistent process control and end product quality
Convenient temperature range for transportation
over long distances

Features
Strict process control resulting in superior pH and
purity control

Special Precautions
ANS may become explosive when the concentration
increases due to water evaporation under elevated
temperature conditions. It is critically important to
use equipment which meets engineering requirements.
Such compliance minimises explosion risk since
the transfer of Ammonium Nitrate Solution (ANS)
by mechanical means is hazardous and can lead
to an explosion if not properly done.
Furthermore, it is important to keep the material
in solution at a pH of greater than 2 since a low pH
can lead to fume-off of NOX gasses, which may lead
to an explosion.

Packaging
Bulk Tanker approximately 30 tons

Transport (UN Classification)


Class 5.1 UN No 2426 Elevated temperature
OXIDISING AGENT

Application
Manufacture of base emulsion
Fertiliser raw material
Other chemical processes
104

AEL Mining Services Limited

Industrial Products

Nitric Acid

This is a 60% solution of nitric acid (HNO3) in the


form of a clear colourless to pale yellow,
fuming, corrosive liquid with a pungent
odour. It is used mainly in the production
of ANS and in chemical processes.

Application

Technical Specifications

Full protective clothing and a face shield


should be worn when handling Nitric Acid

The material is a clear, colourless to pale yellow,


fuming liquid, free from visible impurities and
sediments. A chemically pure form is also available.

Benefits & Features


Benefits
Consistent product quality
A chemically pure nitric acid is available for some
chemical processes

Features
Clarity of solution with low impurities

Manufacture of ammonium nitrate products


and other industrial chemicals

Special Precautions

It is highly corrosive and attacks most metals


vigorously
It is also a powerful oxidising agent that can
react violently with organic substances.

Packaging
Bulk road tankers

Transport (UN Classification)


Class 8, UN No 2031 (60%);
Corrosive Material OXIDISING AGENT

Demineralised water used in the production process

Product Catalogue 2015

105

Industrial Products

Aqueous Ammonia

This is an aqueous solution of ammonia


(ammonium hydroxide, NH4OH) in the form of a
clear, colourless to slightly yellowish liquid with
a pungent, suffocating odour.

Technical Specifications
Concentration of solution not less than 25% and
with a density of not more than 0.907 g/cm3
Meets SANS 52122:2007 requirements

Liquid fertiliser
Manufacture of industrial and fine chemicals
Metal recovery processes

Benefits & Features

Neutralising agent for acids

Benefits

Water purification

Manufacturing facility conveniently situated


in the industrial hub of Gauteng, South Africa.

Special Precautions

Consistent product quality

Avoid ingestion, inhalation, contact with the skin


and eyes

Complies with the requirements of FEMA GRAS


(Flavour and Extract Manufacturers Association,
Generally Recognised as Safe list).

Wear full protective clothing when handling


the material and ensure adequate ventilation

Complies with SANS 51122:2007

Avoid sources of ignition and heat

Features

Care must be exercised when opening the valves

Demineralised water used in the production process

Packaging

Consistent product quality


Easy to handle and store

Safety Handling
Avoid contact with skin/eyes
Do not inhale vapour
Avoid ingestion
106

Application

Bulk Road Tankers

Transport (UN Classification)


Hazchem Code: 2P, UN No. 2672, Packing Group 111,
IMDG Class 8,
Shipping name AMMONIA SOLUTION (10 35 %
ammonia)

AEL Mining Services Limited

Industrial Products

Ammonia 100-I, Ammonia 100-R

Anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a colourless


gas or when stored under pressure, is a
clear water-white liquid. Both forms have
a sharp suffocating or intensely irritating
odour. Ammonia 100-I is industrial grade
and Ammonia 100-R is refrigerant grade.

Technical Specifications
Purity: c.a. 100 percent
Boiling Point at atmospheric pressure: -33.5C
Density: 0.61g/cm3 at 20C
The refrigerant grade contaminants: water less
than 0.05% m/m and oil less than 0.001% (m/m).

Application
Ammonia 100-I
Manufacture of Nitric Acid
Manufacture of ANS
Manufacture of other chemicals
Ammonia 100-R

Benefits & Features

Refrigeration liquid

Benefits

Special Precautions

Manufacturing facility conveniently situated


in the industrial hub of Gauteng, South Africa
Consistent product quality

Engineering standards must be met for storage


and handling to ensure that ammonia is not
released into the atmosphere

Features

The boiling point at atmospheric pressure is


-33.34C, at which the product evaporates
take care during handling!

Commodity product

Avoid sources of ignition and heat

Infinitesimal water content

Care must be exercised when opening the valves

Unique logistics solution

Safety Handling

Do not confine without adequate vapour space


or pressure relief valve with discharge piped to
a safe place

Avoid contact with skin/eyes

Packaging

Do not inhale vapour

Sold in bulk tankers or ISO Containers

Avoid ingestion

Transport (UN Classification)

Reduced corrosiveness

Hazchem Code: 2PE, UN No. 1005 - IMDG Class: 2(2.3),


Shipping Name: AMMONIA, ANHYDROUS, LIQUEFIED
Product Catalogue 2015

107

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS

Notes

108

AEL Mining Services Limited

SERVICES

Services

Mining Optimisation

AEL's Mining Optimisation is a division of highly


skilled engineers who assist mines to ensure
that blasting is conducted efficiently and cost
effectively. Mining Optimisation delivers data,
expertise, systems, software and support in a
way that will help customers meet and exceed
their production targets.

The team constantly researches latest technologies and


links these with continuous education around how best to
design blasting solutions for optimal results.

AEL is acutely aware that the sustainability of any mining


operation is reliant on its social and environmental
responsibility. The Mining Optimisation team therefore
takes utmost care in designing blasting solutions that are
not detrimental to people or the environment.

Blasting Science

The blast monitoring and blast enhancement offerings


provide customers with information and alternate design
approaches needed for productive operations and good
neighbourly conduct in communities.

AEL Mining Optimisation has adopted a four-pronged


approach to satisfy customer needs:
Blast Optimisation

Software Development
Expert Technical & Blasting Science Training
Blast Optimisation specifically focuses on our customers
requirements and the impact blasting would have on
the environment. Safety, as always, is our primary
objective! In order to optimise blasting, AEL has a
number of tools and methodologies specifically designed
to make scientific and informed decisions around blast
performance assessment.
Data collection and benchmarking
Rock characterisation
Blast and timing design
Blast hole assessment
Vibration and airblast monitoring
Velocity of detonation measurement
A wide range of tools are used to quantify, predict and
improve the mine processes. AEL have been part of the
development of specific tools and methods to measure
the blast result and remain at the forefront of developing
proactive tools for the future mining operations.

110

AEL Mining Services Limited

Services

Blasting Science and Software


Development

Blasting Science and Software Development look at the


mining operation holistically to ensure that the benefits
are derived from improved efficiency in equipment, plant
and beneficiation. AEL will conduct various checks to
ensure that blasted rock suits and complements the
design of equipment and plant:
Face velocity measurement
3D blast face survey
High speed videography
Rock mass motion study
Muck profile study
Fragmentation analysis
Blast modelling
Efficiency measurement and monitoring
This is supported by AELs sophisticated blasting
software:
Winprof AEL
Survey and Blast layout software

Product Catalogue 2015

AEL Tie_Up
Blast timing design for electronic and pyrotechnic
initiating systems, analysis of the timing sequence,
direction of movement, scatter, control of ground
vibration and single hole firing
AEL Tunnel
Software to assist with the design and optimisation
of tunnel layouts in mining and civil applications
AEL Ring
Software to assist with the design, basic timing and
optimisation of stope ring layouts in mining and civil
applications
Hybrid Stress Blasting Model (HSBM)
HSBM is a high level blast modeling research tool
AEL Designer (SABREX)
Predictive blast modelling, fragmentation (Kuz-Ram),
Blast damage, Muckpile profile (Throw) software
AELs Active Loading system
Enables real time information pertaining to blasting
parameters, i.e.: condition of blast hole, types of
explosives loaded, quantity of explosives loaded, etc.
This information is stored in a database for future
analysis, comparison and fine tuning of blast inputs
and results.

111

Services

Expert Technical and


Blasting Science Training
The Mining Optimisation team consists of a large number
of site and regional based technical professionals
supported by a central pool of specialists.
AEL continuously develops training and best
practice material for the various blasting applications
encountered at the various customer sites that AEL
services. In addition to the extensive internal training
offered, AELs blasting professionals undergo expert
training on equipment, blasting techniques and technical
issues which are also provided to Customers.
The AEL best practice material revolves around a
continuous improvement process. Examples of such
training courses for blasters and supervisors offered by
the Mining Optimisation team include:
The Blasting Competency Program - offered for
surface as well as underground operations.
The Explosives Handler, Blast Assistant and Rock
Breaking courses - which enable the qualification of
personnel through the appropriate industry bodies
and regulators.
The What every blaster should know
Surface and Underground Handbooks and apps
Technical bulletins, for example; "Mitigating the risk
of flyrock"

112

AEL Mining Services Limited

SERVICES

Explosives Engineers Course

The Explosives Engineers course is a graduate level


course to train technical blasting and field staff. It focuses
on advanced blasting applications and productivity
improvement and equips AEL staff with
the relevant knowledge to provide customers with
value add recommendations.
AEL actively participates in Local and International
professional organisations, conferences and workshops
to share learning, measure and develop the best
practices. In 2014 AEL presented; three papers at the
International Society of Explosive Engineers, (ISSEE), two
papers at the Institute of Quarrying South Africa, (IOQSA)
and Coaltech.

BLAST DESIGN: PRINCIPLES:

Product Catalogue 2015

113

SERVICES

AEL APPS:
HOW TO DOWNLOAD THE SURFACE BLASTER APPLICATION
1. Go to the store of your choice

2. Search for "AEL Surface blaster handbook"


3. Install from store
4. Complete the registration form with your corporate email and details
5. Wait for registration message
6. Enjoy the application

114

AEL Mining Services Limited

Services

Product Services

In applying meticulous care to the deployment


of its range of products, AEL offers a range of
on-site services to ensure that customers
achieve optimum blast performance by
selecting from one of the options below,
namely:

Down the Hole Services


AEL assists mine staff on-site in measuring
conformance to plans and standards with the
necessary quality checks during the preparation
of the blast. Application-specific explosives produced
at the customer's operation is extremely cost efficient,
as it allows for total flexibility, as well as last minute
changes on the bench to suit the different mine's
blasting requirements.

Prime, Load, Tie and/or Shoot


(PLT or PLTS)
Taking the above one step further AEL offers its
customers the Prime, Load, Tie and/or Shoot (PLTS)
service, which addresses the requirements of customers
that face resource and construction constraints and
therefore require a solution to these problems without
the need to hire more or up-skill existing members
of staff.
Opting for either the Fixed or Per Blasted Unit service,
customers have access to AEL expertise on site for the
duration of individual blasts.

Rock on Ground (underground


and surface)
For customers who wish to hand over the reins of
particularly taxing blasting environments, AEL offers
its Rock on Ground service, which sees a shift in
responsibility (in both drilling and secondary break
scenarios) and costs to the AEL team. Customers can
feel assured that they will receive a comprehensively
planned and designed solution when they opt for the
full blasting service.
In return for a cost per unit (using measurements
of choice - cubes, metres, etc.) price, customers
deploying AEL's Rock on Ground solution are assured of:
Effective blast preparation;
Thorough charging and timing of operations;
Stock control and security of supply (including
ordering, control, storage and stock management);
Labour supply (only accredited and skill staffers)
to manage charging and timing of operations;
Zero tolerance where safety is concerned; and
Dedicated and experienced AEL staff who adapt their
skill sets to suit the environment while enhancing it
with these services.

Deploying AEL's PLTS service empowers customers with


higher levels of convenience as AEL's technical teams
of experts become an integral part of the production,
planning and blasting operations.
Using AEL's full PLTS service means customers
have access to hands on involvement on AEL's part in
managing the stemming of blast holes, timing and firing
of the blasts with full legal accountability in addition to
the services offered in its PLT offering.

Product Catalogue 2015

115

Services

Research and Development

The R&D Team


AELs Research and Development ensures
that the company remains at the forefront
of technology in its field whilst pursuing
sustainable profitability and growth for our
customers in all markets where we operate.

R&D Services
The R&D department offers a range of analytical
services to the mining and general industry at large,
detailed below;

Housing a dedicated team of scientists and technicians


who all offer vast and varied backgrounds in chemistry,
physics, chemical and mechanical engineering, the R&D
team covers a growing spectrum of scientific approaches
to explosives and initiating systems.

Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)

The department exists to explore cutting edge research


while offering field and plant support on all new and
existing developed technologies. The team also ensures
that the group maintains a firm grasp on the anticipated
changes and developments in the world of explosives.
To further its efforts, the team attends many conferences
across all disciplines including the National Institute
of Explosives Technology, the South African Society
of Rheology, the International Society of Explosives
Engineers, the International Pyrotechnics Society, SAFEX
and the European Federation of Explosives Engineers.

Determination of functional groups in organic


materials

General Uses
Identification of all types of organic and many types of
inorganic compounds

Determination of the molecular composition of


surfaces
Quantitative determination of compounds in mixtures
Nondestructive method
Determination of molecular conformation (structural
isomers) and stereochemistry (geometrical isomers)
Determination of molecular orientation (polymers
and solutions)

Common Applications
Identification of compounds by matching spectrum
of unknown compound with reference spectrum
(fingerprinting)
Identification of functional groups in unknown

116

AEL Mining Services Limited

Services

Identification of reaction components and kinetic


studies of reactions
Identification of molecular orientation in polymer films
Detection of molecular impurities or additives present
in amounts of 1% and in some cases as low as 0.01%
Identification of polymers, plastics, and resins

Accelerating Rate Calorimetry (ARC)

These measurements can be used to help determine


the overall kinetics of a decomposition reaction.
The technique can also provide information on the
various steps in the thermal decomposition of an
energetic material.

Differential Scanning Calorimetry


(DSC)
Differential scanning calorimetry is used to measure the
onset temperature and energetics of phase transitions,
to estimate sample purity, to determine heat capacities,
and to measure the enthalpy change (H) and kinetic
parameters of the decomposition process.

Rheology
Rheology is defined as the flow of fluids and deformation
of solids under applied stresses or strains.

This is one of the methods used to investigate the


thermal properties of energetic materials. ARC is mostly
used to evaluate the thermal hazards and accordingly
set the safe limits for process, storage and transport
temperatures. This information is determined by finding
the onset temperature for thermal run-away reactions.

Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA)

The measurement of rheological properties is applicable


to all material types from fluids to semi-solids and
even solid systems such as polymers and composites.
Understanding the rheological properties of materials
can help to develop a better product since these
physical properties often link material formulation and
processing stages with the ultimate end use and product
performance in the hands of customers and consumers.
The rheology of suspensions, colloidal dispersions and
emulsions provide critical information for product and
process performance in many industrial applications and
in order for them to give proper product performance,
or to process efficiently, they must be stable. But these
are often complex formulations of solvents (or fluids),
suspended particles of varying size and shape, and
various additives used to affect stability.
Many factors affect stability, such as: hydrodynamic
forces, Brownian motion, strength of interparticle
interactions, volume fraction, electrostatic forces,
steric repulsion, size and shape of particles, to name
a few. Measuring the rheology of a formulation gives
an indication of the colloidal state and interactions that
are occurring.

Thermogravimetry is a technique in which the mass


of a sample is monitored against time or temperature
while the temperature of the sample, in a specified
atmosphere, is programmed. The thermobalances
used in TG experiments are very sensitive, with
mass resolution as small as 1 g (1.0106 g).

Product Catalogue 2015

Rheology based measurements can help predict which


formulations might exhibit flocculation, coagulation
or coalescence, resulting in undesired effects such
as settling, creaming, separation, etc.

117

Services

Some common rheology measurements and parameters


include:
Flow behavior of non-Newtonian materials, which
helps indicate degree of dispersion and/or flocculation
as well as shear thinning or thickening which often
helps determine processing behavior.
G (storage modulus) and G (loss modulus) as a
function of frequency which determines viscoelastic
behavior as a function of time (inverse of frequency),
and can help determine the degree of stability
of a formulation under at rest conditions or
during transport.
Creep/recovery tests to determine zero shear viscosity
or the maximum viscosity of the fluid phase that must
be sufficiently high to prevent sedimentation.

Powder rheology
Our team uses the Freeman Technologies FT4 powder
rheometer.
With the FT4 one can determine the following:
Study the flowability of conditioned, consolidated
and aerated powders
Measure bulk density, permeability and
compressibility
Generate high precision shear strength data

Particle size analysis (PSA)


Particle size analysis and measurement is an important
parameter across many industries. The stability,
chemical reactivity, opacity, flowability and material
strength of many materials are affected by the size
and characteristics of the particles within them.
Getting things right at every stage of production,
from R & D through to manufacture and quality
control of the finished product is vital.

Surface area analysis (BET)


BET surface area analysis is a technique used to
determine the specific surface area of powders,
solids and granules, the values are expressed in
meter square per gram.
Clean solid surfaces adsorb surrounding gas molecules
and Brunauer, Emmett and Teller theory (BET) provides
a mathematical model for the process of gas sorption.
This physical adsorption of a gas over the entire exposed
surface of a material and the filling of pores is called
physisorption and is used to measure total surface area
and pore size analysis of nanopores, micropores and
mesopores.
The BET surface area measurement is crucial in
understanding the behaviour of a material, as material
reacts with its surroundings via its surface, a higher
surface area material is more likely to react faster,
dissolve faster and adsorb more gas than a similar
material with a lower surface area.

Quantify the impact of flowability of many variables


such as moisture, segregation and attrition
Optimise formulations
Construct a database of powder characteristics
for all your powders
Predict processabillty
Analyse abnormal process behavior
Establish QC criteria for raw materials, intermediates
and final product
Determine optimum powder characteristics for each
item of plant

118

AEL Mining Services Limited

SERVICES

EXPLOSIVES SERVICES
Minimum burning pressure (MBP)

It is known that, following local ignition in water-based


explosives, there is a minimum pressure required for
combustion to propagate. The latter is usually referred
to as the Minimum Burning Pressure (MBP). The MBP
is a very important and useful safety parameter as, if
an explosives is maintained below its MBP, accidental
ignition and propagation should not be possible.

Koenen test
This test is used to determine the sensitivity of a
candidate ammonium nitrate emulsion or suspension
or gel intermediate for blasting explosives, to the effect
of intense heat under high confinement

Product Catalogue 2015

Gap test
This test is used to determine the sensitivity of a
candidate ammonium nitrate emulsion or suspension
or gel intermediate for blasting explosives, to a specific
shock level, i.e. to a specific donor charge and gap.

Thermal Stability Test


This test is used to determine how stable a candidate
(ammonium nitrate emulsions, suspensions or gels)
is when subjected to elevated temperatures so as to
assess if the candidate is not too dangerous for transport

119

Services

Reactive ground

3D Printer

Reactive ground may be a condition specific to individual


sites. The reaction of nitrates with sulphide containing
minerals is an auto-catalytic process that can, after
some induction time, lead to a runaway exothermic
decomposition even if the starting temperature of the
mixture is at an ambient temperature. Typical nitrates
used in the mining industry are ammonium nitrate,
calcium nitrate and sodium nitrate.

Design services

Velocity of detonation (VoD)


The velocity of detonation is an important indicator for
overall energy or power of detonation, and in particular
for the brisance or shattering effect of an explosives.

Impact
Impact sensitivity is one of the most important
characteristics of energetic materials defining their
safety in handling. Its determination is a necessary
part of characterization of new explosives, modified
formulations or manufacturing conditions, as well as
defining influences of impurities or ageing.

Friction
Friction of explosives between hard surfaces is one
of the most frequent causes of accidental explosions.
Determination of friction sensitivity is thus a necessary
part of characterization of new explosives, modified
formulations or manufacturing conditions, as well as for
defining influences of impurities or ageing.

Other services

Explosives manufacture
Explosives testing
Spray drying
Surfactant evaluation
Prill analysis
Vertical drop analysis and design

Innovations
Renowned for introducing several new approaches to
explosives within mining, the R&D team is credited with
the development and introduction of many innovations
that add value to mine modernisation techniques
throughout the world. The team uses the experience of
the past to develop innovations of today while at the
same time brainstorming the products and technologies
of the future.
Some of our recent innovations include:

Used & Recycled Oil Explosives Formulation


AEL has been recognised for optimisation of recycled
oils in bulk formulations to reduce carbon footprint
AEL Indonesia Goes Green using Used Oil for Bulk
Emulsion Explosives showcasing our achievements
in international markets
AEL designs and develop site specific New Generation
E-20T Mobile Manufacturing Units

120

AEL Mining Services Limited

SERVICES

Analytical Services

The Central Analytical Services laboratory took over the


responsibility for the analytical services for AEL in January
2014. The laboratory has its roots in R&D but was expanded
significantly in 2013 to enable it to render this service to
AEL. The laboratory is responsible for the testing of all raw
materials, used within the operations, to ensure that they
conform to the raw material specifications.

Building T5

Various in-process samples and all final products are also


analysed to ensure that the quality of the products produced
within AEL are maintained or improved. The laboratory
is furthermore responsible for the analysis of all effluent
samples to ensure that AEL complies with legislative
environmental requirements. Approximately 2000 samples
are analysed on a monthly basis by the laboratory.

Product Catalogue 2015

121

SERVICES

Analytical Services

Explosive Building RL1

The Central Analytical Services has two licenced


laboratories where work is focussed on the analysis
of explosive materials.

122

AEL Mining Services Limited

SERVICES

To provide you with an idea of the capability of the laboratory the equipment used within the facility is listed below:

SUMMARY OF EQUIPMENT
Equipment

Types of tests

ICP, AA

Metals in solution e.g. Fe, Al, Pb etc.

GC, GC-MS

Organic material

Discreet analyser

Anions and Cations e.g. NH4, SO4, Cl etc.

BET

Specific surface area

TOC,TON

Total organic content

Auto titrator

pH and potentiometric titrations

Karl Fischer

Moisture determination

FTIR

Infra-Red spectroscopy

SEM

Scanning electron Microscope

Rheometer

Rheology of oils, slurries and emulsions

Malvern Mastersizer

Particle size distribution

DCS

Differential Scanning Calorimeter

TGA

Thermo gravimetric analysis

Product Catalogue 2015

123

SERVICES

Instrument laboratory at T5

SEM located in RL1

124

Additional analytical equipment in RL1

AEL Mining Services Limited

Services

A summary of the staff complement together with their qualifications is provided in the table below:

Personnel at the Central Analytical Services


Name

Qualification

Samir Mukhopadhyay

PhD

Hester Sophia Bezuidenhout

BSc(Hon)

Ndivhuho Victor Khumela

BSc

Tlawe Piet Molapo

BSc

Kgothatso Ntsaoana

BSc

Gerda Berga

BCom(Hon)

Melesha Gopi Mangaroo

BTech

Tshelang Sylvia Maloka

BBA

Gernot Wurm

MSc

Mmamadingwane Annah Phiri

HND

Vusi Regardino Ricardo Nkuna

HND

Timothy Nell

Trade

Thomas Frederick Du Plessis

Trade

Bengerdt Bothma

Trade

Product Catalogue 2015

125

SERVICES

Notes

126

AEL Mining Services Limited

EQUIPMENT
SERVICES
AEL Equipment Services is an international-level
supplier of original equipment and aftermarket
parts with services tailored to the needs of the blasting
professional in both underground and surface mining.
Due to its long standing relationships with component
manufacturers across the globe, AEL Equipment
Services holds impressive buying power and can
offer its customers the best possible lead times
on equipment and the best pricing available.
The division understands that their customers work
in environments that leave no room for error and that
they cannot afford to speculate on the consistency
and safety of their equipment. It is for these reasons
that each machine component is exhaustively tested
with all possible risk factors in mind before and after
the equipment is actually assembled.
Proper functioning of equipment is mission critical
for successful operation on customer sites and is
significantly important to the safety of the mine staff
and the surrounding public. AEL Equipment Services
offers extensive equipment evaluations and the
division's strict testing criteria not only determines
observance of applicable standards, but offers greater
assurance in the reliability of the equipment provided.
The equipment supplied by AEL Equipment Services is
designed to specification and can be customised for use
on any utility vehicle provided by the customer. It further
operates in the robust environments typically associated
with mining. Once the machines are assembled, they are

commissioned and calibrated by a team of professionals


with a keen eye for detail. Only once each and every
member of the team has signed off on the machine
will it be licensed to manufacture explosives and be
delivered to the site.
Safety and effectiveness are KEY within the AEL
Equipment Services division.
The Equipment Services Division offers a range of
state-of-the-art Mobile Manufacturing Units (MMUs),
underground mobile charging units (MCUs), portable
charging units (PCUs) and a full range of ancillary
equipment for use in charging.
AEL Specialises in the manufacture and deployment of
self-sufficient modular emulsion manufacturing plants.
The Equipment Services Division has the capacity to
erect and commission a complete emulsion plant at
any green fields site globally.
With local and international level access, the team is
renowned for:
Technical support
Training
Overall after-sales service
Turnaround time on support or service related queries
has been vastly shortened and the division is confident
that it can offer its customers the peace of mind
in knowing that their equipment will be reliably
supported in the field.

EQUIPMENT SERVICES

General Specifications
of Equipment Services

MOBILE
MANUFACTURING
UNITS (MMUS)

MOBILE CHARGING
UNITS (MCUS)

PORTABLE CHARGING EMULSION PLANT


10T, 20T AND 60T
UNITS (PCUS)

Fully automatic
Hydraulic system

Custom build to fit any


prime mover

Pneumatic and
hydropower drivers

Independent pump
safety control system

Hydraulic system
supplied from utility
vehicle ranged from
20100 litres per
minute at 160 bar

Pertinent safety devices

Maximum pumping
rate of 500kg/min
Maximum augering rate
of 750kg/min on blend
and ANFO products
Siemens PLC Control
User-friendly touchscreen operator
interface in cab

Independent pump
safety control system
Pumping rates for the
different MCUs range
between 30 and 80kg
per minute

Modular design
Pumping rate of between
15 and 30kg per minute
Robust
Easily maintainable
in-situ

User-friendly control
panel - operator
interface

Fully automated
hydraulic or variable
speed drives
Independent pump
safety control system
Production rate of
between 180kg/min
and 350 Kg/min
In plant electrical
control panel
User friendly touchscreen operator
interface
Siemens PLC Control
Proven reliability

Fully automated hose


handling system (MCU
Jumbo) for up-hole
charging
PLC controlled system
operating from 12 or
24 volt DC

128

Application

Application

Application

Application

Surface mining operations


with a requirement for all
bulk explosives products

Underground mining
operations with a
requirement for all bulk
explosives products in
any application in any
environment

Underground narrow reef


mining, development and
civil blasting operations
with a requirement for all
bulk explosives products.

Opencast and Underground


mining operations with
a requirement for bulk
explosives products.

AEL Mining Services Limited

EQUIPMENT SERVICES

Mobile Manufacturing Units (MMU)

AEL provides a range of Mobile Manufacturing


Units (MMUs), which cater for all surface mining
applications. MMUs are capable of pumping
and auguring the full range of AEL's bulk
explosives. All MMUs are designed to operate
in the demanding environments encountered
during normal mining operations. Design
parameters include all necessary safety
control systems, as well as ease of operation,
maintenance and reliability.

Emergency stops situated at easy to access locations


Hydraulically operated positive locking handrails
provide safe operation when access to top of truck
is required

AEL's MMUs comply with ADR requirements and meet


all transportation of hazardous goods legislation.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Proven on-bench reliability
Integrated control systems, which guarantee constant
delivery of requested product quality and quantity
A range of products can be applied on one bench
depending on conditions
Varying pumping and auguring rates to suit bench
hole diameters and conditions
Minimal on-bench product spills during start-up/
shut-down operations

Features

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
MMU RANGE

E Series

A blend MMU capable


of pumping or auguring
the full range of AEL's
bulk explosives products

R Series

A repump MMU capable


of pumping bulk emulsion
products

H Series

A heavy ANFO MMU


capable of auguring
ANFO and the full range
of AEL's blended
explosives products

A Series

An MMU capable
of auguring ANFO

Pump protection-guarding against dead-heading


and dry-running scenarios
Strainers on the bin to prevent ingress of foreign
objects
Closed loop hydraulic control system guarantees
product quality
In-cab touch-screen user interface
Suitable chassis with all standard safety devices
selected for rugged on-bench conditions

Safety Features
Independent electronic pump protection system
monitoring and controlling operating pressures
and temperatures on critical pumps
Mechanical pump protection devices installed
on all critical pumps
Product Catalogue 2015

129

130

MMU TYPE
EMULSION BIN CAPACITY (T)
PRILL BIN CAPACITY (T)
PRODUCT PUMPING RAT
A E (KG/MIN)
AT
PRODUCT AUGERING RAT
A E (KG/MIN)
AT
PRODUCT AUGERING ANFO
PRILL BLEND PERCENTAGE
T
TAGE
BY PUMP
(0% TO 35%)
PRILL BLEND PERCENTAGE
T
TAGE
BY AUGER
(20% TO 70%)
PUMP HOSE LENGTH & DIAMETER
(40M X 32MM)
PUMP HOSE LENGTH & DIAMETER
(50M X 50MM)
SAFETY DEVICES (HIGH / LOW PRESSURE)
SAFETY DEVICES (HIGH / LOW TEMPERATU
PERA RE)
PERATU
SAFETY DEVICES (HIGH PRESSURE
BURSTING DISC)
NO OF EMERGENCY STOP LOCAT
A IONS
AT

EQUIPMENT SERVICES

E 20T
13
7
250 /
500
750
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
3

E 15T

10

250 /
500

750

R 6T

180 /
250

R 10T

10

180 /
250

H 20T

13

A 15T

250 /
500 /
750

15

250 /
500 /
750

AEL Mining Services Limited

Equipment Services

Rapid Re-loading System

To enhance the AEL offering, use is made of a


rapid re-loading system whereby tankers of
prill and emulsion are parked at strategically
sited re-loading bays between the storage silos
and the bench. MMUs requiring refilling make
use of either the prill tanker, the emulsion
tanker or both to refill and hence reduce the
turnaround time of the MMU returning to the
bench for further charging.

Product Catalogue 2015

131

Equipment Services

Mobile Charging Units (MCU)

AEL provides a range of Mobile Charging Units


(MCUs), which cater for all underground mining
applications. MCUs are capable of pumping the
full range of AEL's bulk explosives products.

All MCUs are designed to operate in the


demanding environments encountered
during normal mining operations.

Benefits & Features

Features

Benefits

Pump protection-guarding against dead-heading


and dry-running scenarios

Proven reliability in all charging applications


Integrated control systems, which guarantee constant
delivery of requested product quality and quantity
A range of products can be applied depending
on conditions
Product pumping rates reduce face/panel charging
times
Minimal product spills during start-up/shut-down
operations

132

Design parameters include all necessary safety


control systems, as well as ease of operation,
maintenance and reliability. Units are of a modular
design and are able to be mounted on all utility
vehicles supplied or preferred by the customer.

Strainers on the bin to prevent ingress of foreign


objects
Remote control by pendant
Unit capable of pumping at elevated heights.
Charging units can be mounted on all utility vehicles.
Charging large diameter up-holes
Optional: 1. Variable density, 2. Auto flushing,
3. Electronic data capture
AEL Mining Services Limited

EQUIPMENT SERVICES

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
MCU RANGE
MCU TYPE

EMULSION TANK MASS

DRIVER

APPLICATION
Development

Landcruiser

0.9t

Hydraulic

Hydraulic
MCU

0.75t, 1.5t, 2t, 2.5t & 3t


Electric-hydraulic

Hydraulic
MCU Jumbo

2t, 3t & 4t
Electric Power Pack

Can be used for short


up-holes if piston pump
replaced with PC pump
Development and
up-holes (up-hole
charging is a manual
operation)
Automated up-hole charging
unit. Can also be used for
development.

MCU Shaft Sinking

1.5t

Pneumatic-hydraulic

Shaft-sinking
with 1 or 2 hoses

*MCU Hang-up rig

0.3t

Hydraulic

Blasting blockages
in draw points

* Only available with Aard equipment

OPTIONAL EXTRAS INCLUDE:

SAFETY FEATURES

Dual density for perimeter blasting

Independent electronic pump protection system


monitoring and controlling operating pressures
on critical pumps

Electronic data capture


Auto flushing

NB
The optional extras are not applicable
to all units in the range

Mechanical pump protection devices installed


on all critical pumps
Emergency stops situated at critical locations
Up-hole charging from a safe distance via remote
control pendant (MCU Jumbo)
Units have a meltable sight-glass on emulsion tank,
which ruptures when exposed to excessive heat

Product Catalogue 2015

133

EQUIPMENT SERVICES

Portable Charging Units (PCU)

AEL provides the portable charging units


(PCUs) for charging in narrow reef mining
environments as well as development and shaft
sinking for small shaft applications. The pumps
have been specifically designed to pump the
UG100 and UG200 non-sticky range of AEL's
bulk explosives products in conjunction with
a sensitiser in stoping and development
blast holes.
The PCUs are robust and reliable and designed to
operate in the demanding environments usually
encountered in underground mining operations.
Three different pumps are available for standard
and low compressed air pressure as well as hydropower.

BENEFITS & FEATURES


Benefits
Robust and reliable
Allows the application of emulsion explosives
in a narrow reef development and shaft sinking
environment
Suitable for application of emulsion explosives
in short, small diameter holes of any inclination
(Eliminating the necessity to use packaged explosives)
No longer a requirement for a primer in short
blast-holes (<2m in lenght)
Product in hose is non-detonable
Flexible hose / lance for use in confined spaces
(optional)

Features
Hydropower and pneumatic driven pumps
Removable cover for ease of maintenance
Fixed ratio of emulsion to sensitiser creating
constant delivery of requested quality/quantity
Flexible hose/lance for use in confined spaces
(5, 10 & 15m lengths depending on pump selection)
Fixed delivery mass
Easy to use and maintain. Equipment maintained
in-situ.
134

AEL Mining Services Limited

EQUIPMENT SERVICES

Application
Used for charging bulk emulsion in underground narrow
reef and shaft sinking environments. The focus area
for the PCUs is narrow reef stoping. However, the
pumps can also be used in standard development up to
four metres in height and width. The pumps are generally
used in conjunction with bagged emulsion, however, the
source of the emulsion can be bulk or bagged.
The shaft sinking unit consists of multiple portable
pumps mounted under a 2 ton emulsion tank. The unit is
lowered below the kibble and is placed at shaft
bottom during charging.

SAFETY FEATURES
Bursting disc
Pump will stall under high pressure conditions
Components contained within sealed lid

Bagged emulsion product used in conjunction with the Portable


Charging Unit (PCU)

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
DESCRIPTION

DETAILS

Dry weight

~43kg

Emulsion tank capacity

19kg

Sensitiser tank capacity

2kg

Flow rate (5m hose)

27kg/min

Final density

1.05g/cc

Compressed
air requirement
(where applicable)

Standard 4 Bar
Low pressure 2.5 Bar

Hydropower requirement
(where applicable)

18MPa

Product Catalogue 2015

135

Equipment Services

Vertical Drop System

A Vertical Drop emulsion reticulation system


has been developed by AEL to enable emulsion
and sensitiser to be delivered through piping to
underground storage facilities adjacent to the
workings.
AEL have recently partnered with ELB Engineering
Services to provide a full turnkey solution for a vertical
drop installation for its customers.

Benefits & Features


Benefits
An underground bulk emulsion delivery system offers.
Significant safety enhancement by reducing logistic
flow in main arteries to the mine.
Seamless inventory control.
High level of security and control of products used
to manufacture explosives.
Reduced interface with explosives which is
manufactured at the working face during charging.
Reduced risk of explosives theft due to the streamlined
delivery channel.
Significant increase in the lifecycle of assets used
for charging.
Significant saving in maintenance, fuel and asset
wear on assets used for charging.
Reduction in time and labour resources.
Reduced infrastructure requirement on surface.
Bulk emulsion deliveries at any time.

Features
Surface delivery point for the transfer of bulk
emulsion and sensitiser
Reticulation piping of suitable diameter to ensure
adequate flow-rate at the outlet
Underground storage tanks
Control of emulsion mass at delivery and point of use

136

AEL Mining Services Limited

EQUIPMENT SERVICES

Notes

Product Catalogue 2015

137

EQUIPMENT SERVICES

Notes

138

AEL Mining Services Limited