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Contents

Module Lesson Vocabulary Structures Reading


la Girl talk - Boy talk p. 8 o Present Simple .s :O'e5er '0- OV ie e:lrone conversations

1
Progre ssi e oe,,~eer eenagers: Say what?
o Stative verbs
lb Who's the best? p. l0 o Conversational English o Comparison of ac~ec-' es o :. c a og e: .\oarn, May and Kelly
and adverbs a- -~c noc_e) :l'-ch
I/) r--...
t:: ci.
Cl)
le At work p.12 o Jobs o Past Simple -a;&.: ~e arc c e: Changing
....
Cl)
o Qualifications o Used to
0_

:c . . 9'~ s
...

-
Cl)
.c
.... id Teen trends p.14 o Clothes and o Some / Any / No =.e . . . I • .! -3;,,-=~e 8":cle: Unisex
Q accessories and their compouncs =::: -
Cl)

....
+i 1 Top Skills Getting along p.16 oAdjectives describing !. - :::s:~::.-- c= a person you
m
~ personality --- - c_ ~7 i{irsten

Revision
2a Places to stay
p.18
p. 20 o Holiday accommodation o Relative pronouns: . -':;':;' ::s::a':5 about un usual

2 "CJ
t::
,..,
0)
2b What will the weather
be like?
o Weather
p. 22 o Conversational English
who/ which/ that/ whose
o Relative adverb : where
o Conditional Sentences
Type 1
oTime Clauses
a
- --
-;: a-s for a trip
r
=:::--~odation

oA:=:;_:: -oa"", May and Kelly


=. . . =
::::s ci.
2~ 2e What's cooking? p.24 oWords related to
I Dresent_- Future)

I
. : ':;': :-es:'" ..... around the
'OD cooking YC' -- - := =;]~ Chef Corner
.5 2d Animals on the move p. 26 oAnimals o All Bo • e er • .! -=;"-=-= =~ c e: Globetrotting

1
j!:
one E -ne'

I
2'- --~ 3

2 Top Skills Going places p.28 o Locations on a map o - :"= :: :;.' 5 :: 8 ) =or a travel
o Adjectives describing -~~;:--e .! s-·08eijing
places of interest
Revision p.30
Culture page 1: The US of A! p. 31 - Song 1: Boys or Girls? p. 32
Listening /
Pronunciation Speaking Writing Functions
• A telephone • Pairwork • Discussing habitual actions and routines
conversation between • Making suggestions
three tee • Discussing future plans
f-.-S-o-u-n-d-s-: -/ -tf"""/,- /-d- 3-/---+-.-p-a-ir-w-o-rk--+-.-A-p-a-r-ag-r-a-p-h-c-o-m-p-a-r-in-g-t-w-o--l • Discussi ng cu rrent activities
sports • Distinguishing between habitual actions and current activities
• Expressing opinion and giving reason
1---- - - -- - ---1-.-p-a-ir-w-o-rk--+-.-A-n-e---m-a-il-i-nt-r-o-du- c-i-ng - O-n-e-se-l---1
f • Agreeing and disagreeing
to a new e-pal • Making comparisons
• Discussing activities in the past
1---- -- - - - -- - 1 - - - - - - + - - - - -- - - ------1. Discussing past habits and situations
• An argument between a • Class Survey • A paragraph about one's • Discussing jobs
brother and a sister favourite clothes and • Introducing oneself
1--_ _ _ _ __ _ _ --II--_ _ _ _-+_ a_c_ce_s_s_o_ri_e_s_ _ __ _ _---1 • Talking about free-time activities
• Three monologues • Pairwork • A description of a person • Discussing clothes and accessories
describing people's • Finding things in common
1---- - - - ' - - - - - - + -- - - - - + - - - - -- - -- -----1. Expressing likes and dislikes
• Describing personality
• A coriversation about • A postcard to a friend while • Defining people, things and places
holiday plans on holiday • Referring to conditions and their results
• Making plans
I-----------+-.-p-a-ir-w-o-rk--+------- - -- - - - I . Making suggestions
• Talking about the future
• Expressing disappointment
• Apologising
I--------a-b-o-u-t--+------+-.-A-r-e-c-ip-e- b-a-s-e-d-o-n- vi-s-u-a-Ia-n-d---1· Talking about food and quantities
verbal prompts • Giving and following instructions
1--- - - " ' - - - - - - - - 1 - - -- --+----'---'------- ------1 . Discussing facts about animals
• A monologue: A TV • Pairwork • Finding thi ngs in common
presenter talking about • Understand ing map symbols
green sea turtles • Understanding recorded messages
f-._S,--o,--u,--n.c.:d.c.:s,--:-,--/::!.
s/-'-'-'-/.=
z'-"...l....L'--------1f--_
/ __ _- I_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _---1 . Describing places/ sights
• A recorded message • Pai rwork • A descri pti on of a place • Describing a holiday
about a cruise on the • Expressing opinion
Thames

• A conversation about a • Pairwork


working holiday

• Sounds: /e/, /1/ • Pairwork

• A radio quiz programme


about the marathon

• Pairwork

a • Three monologues • Pairwork


about sports

• Group work • Talking about past experiences


• A paragraph about an
imaginary event
• Narrating an imaginary event
• Expressing surprise
• Asking for confirmation
r.~I-nt-o-n-a-
ti-
o-n -o-f-q-u-e-
st-io-n-+-.-p-a-ir-w-o-rk--+---------------I· Agreeing and disagreeing
t ags • Exchanging views
• Giving reason
r.-A- T-V-p-ro-g-r-a-m-m-e-a-b-o-ut-l----- --+-.-A-d-ia-r-y-p-a-g-e---------j. Sequencing past actions and events
a kidnapping • Talking about past actions and events
• Describing feelings
f--- - - - - - -- --1-- - -- - - + - - - - - - - - - - - - - - j . Referring to the location of places
• A conversation about an • Narrating a story
unusual event

• A conversation about an • Pairwork .A story


unusual event
Contents
Module Lesson Vocabulary Structures Reading
Sa Leave a message p. 60 • Words and phrases used in ·can / could / may / will / • A comic strip: Where R U

5..Cl) (J)
ca
Ln Sb Sign language
telephone conversations

p. 62 • Expressions with way


would
• must / have to / need (to) /
can't

• can / could / be able to


Dad?

• A dialogue: May teaches


c,) cl. • could / may / might Kelly and Adam sign
"2 • must / can't language
:::s Se Between the lines p. 64 • Full Infinitive • A magazine article: The art
E • Bare Infinitive of hiding a message
E Sd Gestures p.66 • Words related to gestures .-ing form • A magazine article: ActIons
0
c,) speak louder than words
~I/I
S Top Skills • Words related to computers • An essay: The advantages
!i Connecting people p. 68 and disadvantages of using
computers

Revision p.70
Ga A source of life p.72 • The article 'the' • A Q&A column of a

6 0N ~
:c
Gb All aboard

cl. Gc Under the sea


p.74 ·Sailing • so/neither/too/either
magazine: Water

• A dialogue: Adam, May and


Kelly on a sailing boat
p.76 • Words related to the sea • Passive Voice • A magazine article: Wrecks
(Present Simple - Past and reefs
Simple)
Gd Save our planet p.78 • Words related to the • Passive Voice • A science magazine article:
environment (Present Perfect Simple - Water pollution
Future 'will' - Future 'going • An experiment
to' - modal verbs)
G Top Skills • Words related to natural • A newspaper article: Cindy
Natural disasters p. 80 disasters hits Tydestowe
Revision p. 82
Culture page 3: What is the right age to start driving a car? p. 83 - Song 3: Feel the flow p. 84
7a It's an emergency! p. 86 • Emergencies • Subject-Object Questions • An information leaflet: Calling

7 Cl) Ln
E ~Q.
7b Watch out!

7e Teen problems
p. 88 • Injuries and first-aid

p. 90
• Negative Questions

• Reflexive Pronouns
for an ambulance in the UK

.A dialogue: Adam, May and


Kelly in May's basement

• Conditional Sentences • A story: Mysterious


~ Type 2 messages
"0
C 7d I wish ... p. 92 • Phrasal verbs and other ·Wishes • An interview: Make a wish
ca expressions come true
U)
7 Top Skills Helping out p. 94 • A letter to Oxford Animal
Shelter

Revision p. 96
Sa Eccent ric people p. 98 • Word building (derivatives) • Reported Speech • A feature article: Nutty as a

8..1/1 "-
(J)
Sb Can you believe it?

Se Way up high
p.l00 • Expressions with time

p.l02 • Words related to buildings


(statements)
• Reported Speech
(commands, requests)
• Reported Speech
(questions)
fruitcake
• A dialogue: Adam, May and
Kelly at a concert
• A magazine article: Reach for
the skies
~ cl.

0
Z Sd Don't overdo it! p.l04 • A quiz: Are you a shopaholic?

S Top Skills For fu n p.l06 • Words related to festivals • A magazine article: La


and celebrations Tomatina
Revision p.l08
Culture page 4: The Royal Mail p. 109 - Song 4: I'm sorry p. 110
Speaking Section - Pairwork Activities p. 111
Grammar Reference p. 119
Irregular Verbs p. 130
Word List p. 131
Listening /
Pronunciation Speaking Writing Functions
• Pairwork • A short e-ma il asking for information • Asking for a favour
• An SMS message accepting an • Talking on the phone
invitation • Understanding messages
• A note to one's parents asking for • Making polite offers and requests
• Asking for, giving and refusing permission
i-.-P-r-o-n-un-c-i-at-io-n-o-f-g-h-(-/f-/-o-r--+-.-P-a-ir-w-o-rk-+------'-------------....,· Expressing obligation, prohibition, necessity and lack
silent) of necessity
• Leaving a message on an answering machine
r-.-A-co-n-v-e-rs-a-t-io-n-a-b-o-u-t-a--+-----+----------------I. Making hypotheses and deductions
hidden message • Expressing ability in the past, present and future
t - - - - - - - - " " - - - - - + - - - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - .-. - - - - - I . Giving instructions
• Pairwork tha~ vIsitors should • Expressing possibility in the present and future
r--"'--_ _ _ _'---_ _ _ _+-_ _ _-+-______i_I-=_o_ne_s_c_o_u_nt-'ry'--_-I • Agreeing and disagreeing
• Four monologues about • Group • An essay: The advantages and • Asking for one's opinion
the advantages and work disadvantages of having a mobile • Expressing purpose
disadvantages of having a phone • Arguing for and against
t---m_o_b_i_le---'-p_ho_n_e_ _ _ _ _--+____+--_____________---!. Expressing opinion and justifying

• Sounds: /au/, /au/ • A paragraph about one's country • Discussing facts


oA radio programme about a • Making comparisons
country in South America • Describing the geographical features of one's country
• Agreeing and disagreeing
t------ - - - -- ---t-.-G-ro-u-p--+.-A-n-e--m - a-iI-i- - - - --n-f-or-m-a-t-io-n---!· Finding things in common
work and maki • Expressing disappointment
t - - - - - - -- - -- - - - t - - - - - + - - ----"'------'''--- -----....,·Inviting
• Three monologues about • Pairwork • Asking for and giving information
scuba diving • Making arrangements
t - - -- -- - - - - - - t - - - - - + - - -- - - - - - - - - - - . . . . , . Expressing preference
·Pairwork • Understandi ng and following procedures
• Discu ssing problems and suggesting solutions
o Describing situations and their con sequences
oTran sferring from verbal to vi sual information
f - - - - - - - - - - - - j - - - - - + - - - - - - - - - - - - - --1 0 Reporting events
• An interview about a natural • Role play 0A news article about a fire 0Writing a news article
f-d_is_a_s_t_e_
r _ __ _ _ _ _-j-_ _ _-+_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _-10 Simulating a conversation between a reporter and an
eye-witness

• An emergency phone call oRole play • Giving instructions


for an ambulance • Asking for and giving information about an accident
f - - -- - - - - - - - - j - - : : - - - - t - - - - - - - - c - - - - - - - - - - - - l . Simulating a conversation between an emergency call
• Pairwork • An account of an accident handler and a person in distress
• Asking for confirmation and confirming
f-: - - : - - - : - - - - : - - : - - - - - - - t - - - - - t - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - l . Expressing concern
• A radio play: Mysterious • Pairwork • A letter to a friend/relative asking for • Expressing surprise
messages (continued) advice • Describing an accident
• A letter advice • Stating a problem
r-.--:S=--t-re-s-s-e-d:-s-y--:II-a--:b:-Ie-s----+----+-.-A-Ii-st-of--'w"-is-h"'e-s----------l • Describing feel ings
• Asking for and giving advice
r :-::-:-----c----:-:----t--=-:--:---t---,------------------l • Talking about imaginary situations
• A dialogue about a Harvest • Role play • A formal letter asking for information • Making wishes
Festival • Asking for and understanding information
r - -- - -- - - - - - t - - - - - t - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - l · Making a formal phone call
• Distinguishing between formal and informal la
• Sentence stress in reported • Pairwork • Reporting statements, commands , requests and
speech questions
• An account of a true event • Expressing interest and surprise
• Narrating events
r-.-A:--m-o-n-o-Io-g-u-e:-a-to-u-r-g-U-id-e--t-.-p-a-ir-w-o-rk-t--------- - - - - - - - - l • Describing feelings
talking about the Eiffel Tower • Talking about famous buildings and structures
oA conversation with the tour • Asking for information
ide • Talking about measurements
t---'''--:--- : - - - -- - - - t - - - - - t - - - -- - - - - -- - -----l·Transferring information from a text to a table
o Pairwork • A paragraph about one's habits • Discussing habits and giving advice
f--':::--'--- - - - - - - - - t - - - - - t - - -- - - - -- --------l·Transferring from verbal to visua l information
• Pairwork • A description of an event • Describing events, festivals and celebrations
Hi! I'm Kelly and
Hi there! I'm Adam. Welcome these are my friends .
to to the top 3.
~-------

Hello! I'm May.


Let's get started!
_ lSCL!.SS~
Are there certain things that boys are better Where can you find the
at than girls? Or girls better at than boys? following in this module?
Do you think life is easier for boys or girls? Go through the pages
Do you prefer hanging out with boys or girls? and find the pictures.

~ ltli'l'S lLt UtlS llluUL!.l(O-'£'


• Teens: What do they talk about on the
phone?
• Is hockey for boys or girls?
• Men's work or women's work?
• Finding a new e-pal
• Teen fashion
• Class survey: Do you wear, .. ?
• How would you describe your best friend?
• The people in your life

7
w

1a Girl talk - Boy talk
11
. . !.J
Warm-up J
. .•
Answer the following questions .
What do you and your friends talk about on the phone?
• Do girls and boys talk about different things?

A. Read the dialogues and decide if the people A-H are boys or girls.
J-- ---'

Teenagers spend a lot of time chatting


on the phone. But do boys and girls talk
about the same things? Do girls gossip
more? Or is it the other way round?
Read these phone conversations and
decide who's talking ... Boys? Girls?
Or a boy and a girl?
A: .. . and what about her jeans?
B: Oh , I know. They're about twenty years old.
A: You 're right there. And she usually wears that
awful green top with them.
B: Yeab, it's horrible.

C: Are you watching the game tonight?


D: Of COl!lrse. My team is playing. Come on United!
C: Do you really think they're going to win?
D: Yeah!
C: But they've got some terrible players and they
always lose.

E: I'm thinking about going to the cinema tonight.


F: Great! What's on?
E: Love at First Sight. It starts at eight.
IF: Isn't that a boring film?
E: I don't think so.
F: Why don't we watch Teen Cop?
E: That's on next week. We can watch it then.
F: OK.

G: Hi mate. What are you up to?


H: Not much. I'm just playing my new computer game.
G: DCi> you fancy going round to Sheila's house?
H~ No way! I always argue with her.
G: Come on, please.
H: Wait a minute. You just want to see her sister, right?
G: No, I don't.
H: Yes, you do. You like her. I knew it!
G: Don't be ridiculous!
B. Read again and answer the questions.
Dialogue 1: What don't the speakers like about the girl?
5JListen I •
Dialogue 2: What's on TV tonight? A. Listen to a telephone conversation
Dialogue 3: What's on at the cinema next week? between three teenagers and
Dialogue 4: Why does G want to go to Sheila's house? answer the question below.

Listen. What do the verbs in bold mean? Match them with the
definitions a-f.
1. At the start of the lesson, ou r teacher explains what she
wants us to do. of the conversation?
2. My sister spends all of her time chatting to friends on a. clothes
the phone. b. a basketball game
3. Tina held her hand up and yelled , "Taxi!"
4. Why are you whispering? I can 't hear you.
5. My brother and I always argue about what TV programme
to watch .
6. I don't like Julie. All she does is gossip about other people.

a talk very quietly


b a...J talk informally, usually with a friend
B. Listen again. Read the statements and write
~ shout
J for Jenny, M for Mark or W for Wendy in
d --.J speak angrily because you disagree the boxes.
e ~ talk about other people and their private lives 1. I'm having a part y on Saturday. ~
L!.LJ make somebody understand someth ing 2 . I don 't real ly like basketball. ~
3. I don't like Mark's friends . ~
4 . I bought a new top for the party. -'

Present Simple vs Present Progressive 5. I decided to go to the party


~ When my grandparents come to London, they usually stay at a in the end.
hotel. But this week they're staying with us at our new house.
~ A: Are you coming with us to the cinema? The film starts at 9:00.
B: Sorry, I don't want to come.
NOTE: Stative verbs (see, li ke, love, hate, want, need, understand,
know, etc.) are not usually used in the Present Progressive . ru Speak J
Talk in pairs. Imagine you're on the phone with
your partner. Discuss your plans for tonight.
Complete with the Present Simple or the Present Progressive of the Use some of the ideas below or your own.
verbs in brackets.
1. My friends and I rarely _ _ _ __ _ (study) on Saturday • cinem a • footba ll match • party
evenings. We usually (go) out. This Saturday
we (go) to a jazz concert. We _ _ _ __ _
I'm thinking about going to the cinema
(love) that kind of music. tonight. Do you want to come?
2. A: Excuse me, what time _ __ _ _ _ the train to Oxford Of course. Which film ... ? /
No, I don't think so. I'm watching ...
_ _ __ __ (leave)?
B: At 10pm and it _ __ _ _ _ (arrive) at 11:30.
3. A: Hey, Thomas. Can you explain this text to me?
I (not understand) it.
B: Not now, 8eth. I (work).

9

1b

,.
,
.... -

A. Look at the picture and guess. What are Kelly, May and Adam talking about? Listen to the dialogue
and check your answers. Then, read it out in groups.

Adam Hi, girls. Is the game over? Are you ready to Adam Good enough? I'm the best, but I'm tired. I've
go? just finished practice.
May We haven't even started. The coach is late. Kelly Oh, I get it. You're scared that the girls will be
Adam So, you're going to finish later than usual. too good for you.
Kelly Definitely. We 're trying to organise a practice May Yeah, I agree. You're a chicken.
match. Adam You what?
Adam OK, I'll see you tomorrow then. May You heard.
Kelly Hold on a minute. We need a goalkeeper. Will Adam Right, th at's it. Give me the goalkeeper's kit.
you play in goal for the other team? I'll show you two what a real goalkeeper can
Adam Forget it. Hockey is a girls' game. do. Pick up your sticks and let the game begin.
Kelly No, it's not. It's as popular with boys as it is May Now you'll pay for all the times you've told us
with girls. t hat boys play harder and run faster than girls.
May I think Kelly's right. You should play with us. Kelly This is going to be fun.
You play in goal for the school football tea m. Adam Yeah! Just one question before we start. How
I'm sure you'·re good enough . do I hold the stick?

10
B. Look at the words/phrases 1-6 from the dialogue
and match them with the meanings a-f on the right. 4 Gra~arJ
1. Definitely. a. You 're scared . Comparison of adjectives and adverbs
2. Hold on! b. OK, I've had enough. Comparative forms
3. Forget it. c. For sure. ~ I am taller than my brother.
~ Tony can run faster than Jenny.
4. I get it. d. I understand.
~ Geography is more interesting than Maths.
5. You 're a chicken. e. No way!
Superlative forms
6. That's it. f. Wait.
~ That skyscraper is the tallest building in the city.
~ Janet is the most popular girl in my class.
C. Read the dialogue again and write T for True or F for False.
(not) as ... as
1. The girls haven 't finished practice yet. -.J ~ Brad is as good as his sister at Art.

2. The girls need someone to play in goal. -.J ~ My mum doesn 't drive as carefully as my dad.

less ... than I the least ...


3. Adam believes that hockey is more popular ~ I think surfing is less exciting than skiing, but
with boys. .-J swimming is the least exciting sport of all.

4. Adam has just fin ished hockey practice. _I


5. Adam refuses to play at first but in the end
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the
he agrees. ~ adjectives or adverbs in brackets.
6. May bel ieves that boys play harder than girls. ~ 1. Wh ich is t he _ ______ (long) river in

7. Adam has played hockey before. ~ your country?


2. I always wake up _ _ _ _ _ _ (early) than
my brother.

2 Vocabulary J • 3. Kentbridge Hotel has got as _ _ _ _ __


(many) rooms as Summerville Hotel.
Find the opposites of the verbs below. Use th e verbs in the 4. I believe bungee-jumping is _ _ _ _ _ __
box. Then, listen and check your answers.
(dangerous) than rock climbing.
lose finish agree pick up be over forget 5. That castle is the _ _ _ _ _ _ (popular)
sight in my town.
1. start, begin t _______ __ _ _ _ __
6. Sue did _ __ _ _ _ (good) than I did in
2. win t _ _ _ _ __ the dance competition.
3. remember t _ _ _ _ __ 7. The red dress costs _~_____ (little)

t _ _ _ _ __ than the green one.


4. drop

5. disagree t _______

5Jspeak J
~ Pronunciation j · Talk in pairs. What do you
think about basketball and I think mountain biking
Listen and tick (.I) the sound you hear. mountain biking? Compare is more dangerous than
them using the adjectives basketball.
I chat ItSI jea ns Id31 I in the box. I disagree. I definitely
dangerous difficult think that it's a
coach safe sport and in my
safe easy
just opinion it's...
. exciting
boring
popular
tiring
I believe ...
teenager
match
lunch
Il Write a paragraph comparing the
dangerous 6 . . t - - - -. ;J two sports in the speaking activity.
11
1c

Answer the following Questions. A. Listen and read. What did Harry and Julie
• What job would you like to have in the future? use to do and what do they do now?
• Do you think some jobs are for men and others are for women?
• What is a 'non-traditional' job?

Changing careers
Do you th ink women can become construction workers? Can men make great midwives? No?
Well, think again. Nowadays, more and more men and women are choosing 'non-traditional ' jobs
such as these. Harry Carson and Julie Knowles are two good examples.

"I was a lorry driver for eleven years. Then , one Julie Knowles is f luent in French and Spanish, so a
day I decided I needed a change. I was bored! " says degree in Eu ropean languages was the natural choice
Harry Carson. for her. She wanted to become a teacher. Well , at
Harry was always good with young children so least that's what she thought.
he went to university to get a degree in Primary "In my second year I joined a welding class , just for
Education. Then, he found a job as a nursery school a laugh. But I soon started enjoying my new hobby.
teacher but it wasn't easy in the beginning. I used to spend more time welding than studying,"
" Most parents don't want men teaching their young she says .
kids. They think they aren't suitable for the job," says In the end, she gave up university to become a full-
Harry. But he soon became the most popular teacher time welder. "I realised that that was what I wanted
in the school and the kids just love him. to do for a living," she says. "However, working with
"Story time is their favourite," says Harry. "I love men isn 't always easy. They th ink I'm not as good as
reading stories and they love listening. So, everyone's them . But I'm so happy I found a job I really like."
happy."

B. Read again and complete the sentences below.


1. Harry decided to get a different job because he didn't like working as
-------------------
1 2. Most of the par~nts didn't think Harry was ___________________
3. The children's favourite time is when Harry
--------------------
4. In the beginning Julie wanted to become
-------------------
5. Julie took up welding as a _________________ and then made it her full-time
------------------
6. Julie thinks it's sometimes difficu lt to work
--------------------
12
3\Vocabulary •
A. Read the tip. Can you think of some more
Read the job advertisements below and complete the blanks with the
phrases for each part?
words in the box. Then, listen and check your answers.
• Pizza delivery person • Babysitter • Internet cafe waiter/ waitress "'~~ When you're writing an
, informal letterje-mail to a new
penfriendje-pal to introduce
yourself, follow the plan below.
0
CANDIDATES MUST
• be good with children
,e
~

CANDIDATES MUST
GREETING
• Greet the person you're writing to .
~ Dear Paul, ~ Hi Kelly,
• have previous experience
• be fluent in Spanish
-- - • have people skills
OPENING PARAGRAPH
• Give information about how you
e • have computer skills
• be available to work
found the person's name and
address. Use phrases like:
CANDIDATES MUST overtime ~ I found your name and address in ...
• be available to work weekends \.
• have motorbike licence
...
~,.
- ~=-
-- magazine.
~ ... gave me your name and address.
~ I'm happy we will be penfriends/
e-pals.

4JGrammar --~------------~
~ MAIN PART (2-3 PARAGRAPHS)
• Give information about yourself (name,
age, nationality, appearance, family,
Past Simple Used to
friends, where you live, school or
~ A: What did you do last night? ~ Wh en I was young,
work, qualifications, interests).
B: We went to the cinema. We watched a I didn 't use to live here.
science-fiction film but we didn 't like it. I used to live in Ireland. • Ask questions to find out about your
new penfriendje-pal.

~ CLOSING PARAGRAPH
Complete with the Past Simple of the verbs in brackets. • Ask the person to write back. Use
1. When Uncle Fred (be) thirty years old, phrases like:
~ Waiting for your letterje-mail.
he (give) up his job as a reporter and ~ I'm looking forward to hearing from
_ _ _ _ _ _ (become) a chef. you.
2. A: What time _ _ _ _ _ _ you _ _ _ _ _ _ (get) ~ That's all about me for now. Write
back soon.
home last night?
B: At eleven. I _ _ __ _ _ (work) overtime again. SIGNING OFF
444 _____.__m----------------- ,. • Use a signature ending and your first
name below that.
~ Yours, ~ Bye for now,
Betty Mark
~ Best wishes, ~ Take care,
look at the information given I think Roy is more suitable for a... Ted Karen
about Roy Collins below and Why?
the three advertisements in the Because he ... B. Imagine you saw the following
vocabulary activity above. Talk I disagree. I think he ... advertisement in a computer magazine.
in pairs and decide which job Write an e-mail to Anna introducing
Roy is more suitable for. yourself. Follow the plan above.
------------------------
My name is Anna and I'm 15 years old.
I live in London and I'm interested in
computers.
Please write to: anna.b@email.net
------------------------
13
1d
~'" .1J. w~~,,!.upl ~ ." ;, <
J A. 'An~w~r Jhi fOllo~it1g qUe~ions. ;', ~ -~r
..~ '1'
, ~~ Wllat ,kino of clothes oOrYoU, tJsually
• •wear whefl yo~;o out? t I '

• Have you changeu yOU! style lately? ~


..
• How many of your clottfes are unisex?
tI i t"~,

/ r . _ ' ..t,~$ 4 ~ ....


B. Listen'lli'1be dialogue
questions. ~ '( , ,
.
, and answe[ the

"'1. What is 'th~ relationship between the


people?:' \ '
J Z. What is Emma wearing? "
t( 1 I "

,
~

~\ ~\-:: :,
.' \

. ~ VOC~bulary J
', ... "
Match th~ words be,ow with
the items in the"'picture;\ Write
' t '-,.'i
it-

the correct number nex.f to the


. "'\
: t'

·words. Then" listen and che'ck ' J


yourif aaswens:
, ..
-.J belt
-.J ring
---l anklet
~ scarf

Ll hair band
LJ earring
LJ chain
-.J baggy jeans
-.J plain T-shirt
-.J colourful T-shirt
U torn jeans
-1 bracelet
"' *
:' '\
,3}Read ] 0))', , '. : 'I
A. Read th; text quickly and m~tch the headings a-e with th.e paragraphs Some / Any / No / Every
1-4. There is one ~xtra h~~ih9:whiclL you do not need'to us~. Then, and their compounds
listen and check your answer.s. ',
~ I'd like some cherries and something

a J~ b 1101:'--
to wear
to drink.
~ I haven't got any nice belts. Is there
a shop that sells belts anywhere near
here?
~ There are no museums or cinemas in
W~ "~().ns my town. It's boring. There's nothing
to do.
~ Every person in my class likes sports.
Everybody finds time for sports.

Unisex fashion
If there's one word to describe today's fashion, it's 'unisex'. It isn't
Circle the correct words.
1 . A: I've got anything / nothing to
easy to tell what's 'in' for boys or what's 'in' for girls because they
wear to the party. Can I
all wear the same stuff. Here's our guide to unisex fashion.
borrow one of your dresses?
B: Of course. Have a look in my
wardrobe. You 'll find ,
Rings and earrings are great,. something / everything for
2
but remember with accessories,
sure .
less is more . Bracelets and Every teenager loves T-shirts.
anklets are definitely 'in' and They are never out of fashion 2. My sister goes shopping twice a
chains aren't just a 'girl' thing and they're always comfy. You month. Anyone / No one wants
any more. You can even create can even print your own design to go with her because she can
your own accessories using or photo on them. Colourful or shop fo r hours and everything /
/
stones or sea shells. plain, you can wear them just
everywhere she buys is very
about anywhere.
3 expensive.
In the past , only factory 3. A: I'm looking fo r my chain. I'm
workers used to wear these Boots and trainers are always sure it's anywhere /
trousers but now everyone comfy. You can wear them
somewhere in my room.
wears them, any time, any with jeans, skirts, shorts or
B: Well, good luck finding it.
place. Casual, torn, baggy or trousers. Some companies
even formal ones decorated even let you design your own Your room is so messy!
with stones, they're a favourite , trainers. But be careful; always I haven't met nobody /
with boys and girls everywhere. match them with the style and anybody as untidy as you!
.~
colour of your clothes .
."- ':\
-tt.., • ".
"
5 1Speak 1
1. two things you can use to make CLASS SURVEY: DO YOU WEAR...?
your own accessories: Go to page 111.
2. what you can print on T-shirts:
3. four types of jeans:
4. things that only girls used to wear: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
5. what sportswear companies let
-- ~ r
Write a paragraph about your favourite
people do: clothes and accessories.

15
TOP SKILLS

I
1 Getting along


Listen to the adjectives. Then, match them with A. Below is a 1. The things he likes about Kirsten. ~
the definitions. description Paul
2. What he does that annoys her. ~
wrote about his
sister Kirsten. 3. How old Kirsten is. ~
Listen, read and
4. Kirsten 's hobbies. ~
tick the topics
Paul has included. 5. What they do together. ~

~-
,~-

I6 I Iconfident I

IsI
)(}
lactive I
My twin sister's name is Kirsten. Being a twin is great
most of the time, however, it can also be a nightmare.

Kirsten is very calm and she's a good listener. She's


the one I turn to whenever I've got a problem. When
I'm feeling down, she always helps me cheer up. Apart
from being my sister, she's also my best friend.

Like all best friends, we fight sometimes. Kirsten can


be really stubborn. However, the most annoying thing
about her is that she's a bit bossy. She often treats
me like a ten-year-old! I can't stand it.
a. lively, always busy doing things
Kirsten and I are very active. We're both interested
b. not excited , nervous or upset
in the same sports, so we spend a lot of time
c. not thinking about other people's feelings
together. Kirsten's favourite pastime is clothes
or needs
shopping, but I'm not too keen on that, so we don't
d. being nice to other people, not rude
usually go together. When I need to buy something,
e. often angry
she helps out, of course. She's got a great sense
f. always telling people what to do
of fashion.
g. not changing your opinion easily
h. feeling sure about what you can do I like Kirsten. She isn't the easiest person to get
i. happy and showing it along with but we manage.
j. friendly, enjoying meeting other people

16
5 Write
B. Read again and answer the
A. Read the tip.
questions.
1.. What does Paul do when he's
When you're writing a description of a person , organise
got a problem?
the information according to the plan below.
2. Who is cheerful?
3. What can't Paul stand?
INTRODUCTION
4. Who is keen on sports? • Give some general information about the person (name,
5. Why doesn't Paul go clothes relationship to you).
shopping with Kirsten?
, MAIN PART (3 PARAGRAPHS)
6. What is Paul 's opinion of
Describe:
Kirsten?
1 his/ her good qualities. Use phrases like:
~ He/ She is very/really/quite ...
~ He/ She is the one who ...
~ First of all ...
~ Also/In addition/Apart from that ...

2 his/ her bad qualities. Use phrases like:


Listen and match the people with ~ He/ She is very / a bit ...
the personality/character which best

i_
~ However ...
describes them. There is one extra ~ The worst/ most annoying thing about him/ her is .. .
option which you do not need to use. ~ I can 't stand him/ her ...

• is calm and confident. 3 his/her hobbies and what you do together. Use phrases like:
~ We 're both interested in ...
• is polite and shy.
~ His/Her favourite hobby/pastime is ...
• is outgoing and ~ He/ She is keen on ...
cheerful.
• is rude and selfish. ~ CONCLUSION
• Give your general opinion of this person. .

!J Speak] B. Read the sentences below and decide which paragraph each sentence should

-
Talk in pairs.

What's your brother's /


sister's / best friend's name?
be in. Write I for Introduction, M1/ 2/3 for Main Part: paragraphs 1, 2 or 3
and Cfor Conclusion.

1.. He's friendly and outgoing.

2. I met her at the youth club.


What is he/she like?
Is he/she cheerful, shy, 3. I really like him.
bad-tempered, etc.?
4. I can't stand her because she's so messy.
What's the most annoying
thing about him/her? 5. He lives in my street.

6. He can be very rude sometimes.


What's his/her favourite
pastime? 7. My brother's keen on making model planes.

What do you do together?

C. Write a description of your brother, sister or a friend. Follow the plan above.

17
1
Vo ~k -ary
. Match. Complete with the Past Simple of the verbs in brackets .
1. computer a. driver
1. James (not pick) me up from the
2. hair b. worker
3. lorry c. band airport last night so I (take) a taxi.
4. factory d. person 2. A: How much you _ _ _ __
5. delivery e. skills (pay) for that ring?
SCORE [ /5 ) B: It (not be) very expensive. Only E50.

. Choose the correct words. SCORE ( / 4)


1. It was a really exciting hockey match / stick but
- Complete with the words in the box.
our team didn't win in the end.
2. Julie has got a choice / degree in primary education. somewhere everybody anything no no one
3. Why are you wearing a bracelet / an anklet? Your 1. I can't find _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to wear. All my
jeans are too long and nobody can see it. clothes are out of fashion.
4. I can't stand my sister. She's so bossy / selfish. 2. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ wears baggy jeans
She always tells me what to do.
nowadays. They're in fashion.
5. In my style / opinion that top doesn 't look good on
3. Martha didn't get the job because she had
you.
6. Mr Jefferson , the coach / goalkeeper, told us we _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ previous experience.
have practice on Saturday. 4. Help me look for my concert ticket. I'm sure it's
7. You 've got lots of free time. Why don't you take / around here _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
give up a hobby? 5. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in my class likes football.
SCORE 7 They're all hockey fans.
SCOR E ( / 5)
Complete with the Present Simple or the Present
Progressive of the verbs in brackets.
Complete with the sentences a·d.
1. I can't hear you. Why _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ you
a. They're in fashion. b. Forget it!
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (whisper)?
c. What are you up to? d. She's keen on jewellery.
2. My cousins _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (love) being
Jane Hey, Mark. (1) _ __
active. That's why they _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Mark I'm looking for a present for Mary. Any ideas?
(organise) an adventure holiday for this summer.
Jane (2) Why don't you get her a chain?
3. Cathy (not get along) with
Mark (3) They're too expensive.
Bill. They _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (argue) all the time.
Jane What about anklets? (4) _ _ __
4. What time the library
Mark You're right and they aren't as expensive as
_ _ _ _ _ _ (close)? I _ _ _ _ _ _ __
chains. OK, let's go have a look.
(need) a book to finish my project. SCORE ( / 8)
SCOR E[ / 7)
TOTAL SCOR E r / 40 )
,Complete with the correct form of the words in brackets.
1. Luke is the _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (outgoing)
student in my class. We all enjoy hanging out with him. distinguish between permanent and temporary
2. Keith doesn't wake up as _ _ _ _ _ _ __ situations
(early) as Pam but they both arrive at work at 8:00. refer to past habits and situations
express my opinion
3. I did (bad) tha n John in
make comparisons
the test because I studied _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
talk about clothes and accessories
(little) than him. describe people's personality

18
5 Have you ever travelled abroad?
What's your dream holiday?
Where would you like to go?

• 3 postcards from strange places


• Making plans for a trip
• 2 recipes from 'The Travelling Chef'
• How to make Platanos al forno
• Which animals travel the most?
• Travel diary: A visit to Beijing
• A cruise down the Thames

as
Where can you find
the following in this
module? Go through
the pages and find
the pictures.

19
Places t~ ~ta¥ J
Answer the following questions. Hi Kevin!
• Where do you usually go on holiday? Or should I say high? My dream has finally
• Have you ever stayed anywhere come true! Your dad and I are staying at the
strange? woodpecker Hotel, a tiny hotel that is in the
branches of a tree, 13 metres above the ground.
A. On the right are three The view that you get from the top is fantastic.
postcards. Listen, read and Once you climb the ladder, the staff take it away
match them with the pictures. and leave you with the birds. Last night the staff
brought us our meal in a basket and we had to
pull it up! It's so exciting!
.. a See you soon,
Mum

He,ad GdYliYiI Le"


\ IAP de~9-LSe, fdT »v~ pddT ~IAYilJWTLt,LYil9-
.&ut, Lt, S Yildt, e,IAS~ WTLt,LYiI~ WLt,~ t,Wd pIALT,S
df 9-edVe,s dYil . He,Te, LYiI t,~e, Ice, Hdt,e,e Lt, S
eLt,e,TlAa~ fTe,e,Z LYiI9-. EVe,T~t,~LYil9- IATdUYilJ
»ve, LS »VIAJe, df LCe" e,ve,;" »v~ .&e,J! LuckLe~,
W~e,YiI \ eLe, JdWYiI , \ JdYil t, {te,e,ze, '&UlAuse, t,~e,
~dt,e,e pTdVLJe,S 1A»VIAZLYiI~ See,e,pLYil9- '&1A9- s W~LC~
ke,e, p »ve, WIAT»V . \ St,La ~IAVe, td We,IAT »v~ ~1At"
sC IATf IAYilJ 9-edVe,s LYiI .&e,J, t,~dU9-~ ' Td»vdTTdW
\'»v 9- dLYil 9- SkLLYil9-, sd WLS~ »ve, 9-ddJ euck!

~ c
TlAke,
CIATe"
BTTTTTTLIAYiI

B. Read again and answer the questions.


1. Wh~se parents are staying in an unusual place?
2. Whlc~ ~uil~ing used to be something else?
3 . Why IS It difficult for Brian to write?
4 . Who ~as done something they have always wanted to?
5. Who IS on a backpacking holiday?
6. Where do people at the Ice Hotel sleep?
7. How do the staff at the Woodpecker Hotel serve the
meals?

20
Match the pictures with the words. Then, listen and check your answers. A. Listen to Bob and Linda talking about their
holiday plans. Where do they decide to stay?
B. Listen again and complete the sentences
below.
1. They want to visit _ _ _ _ __ _ _

2. Mrs Smith usually stays in a


'J,

3. They don't want to stay on a yacht


because _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

4. Last year they visited


_ _ __ _ __ _ _ and stayed
in a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

5. The man's cousin has got

--' caravan ~ tent --' yacht


--' farm --' hostel --' cottage

A. Read the tip and find examples of the three


Relative Pronouns: who / which / that! whose tenses in the postcards on page 20.
Relative Adverb: where
THINGS/ANIMALS/IDEAS POSSESSION When you're writing a
- - - - , ----4 which / that ----, whose postcard to someone while
you're on holiday, use:
~ Fred Aston is the student who/that did well in the test.
• a greeting and a signature ending
~ There's the girl (who/that) I invited to my party.
(see page 13)
~ Last summer I stayed in a cottage which/that was by a lake.
• relative pronouns/adverbs
~ The caravan (which/that) my dad bought was very expensive.
~ John is the boy whose father owns the Internet Cafe. • the following tenses:
Present Progressive
~ The hostel where we stayed was really cheap.
/'
~ We're staying in a cottage by a
lake.
~ Tomorrow we're visiting the
Complete the sentences with who, which, that, whose or where. If they
\
National Museum.
can be omitted, put them in brackets.
Present Simple
~ The shop sells great souvenirs.
1. This is the place _ _ _ _ we spent our holiday last year.
~ The hotel provides two meals a
2. The man _ _ _ _ sold us the cottage comes from day.
South America. Past Simple
~ Yesterday we went sightseeing.
3. Yesterday I visited a castle _ __ _ was built in 1285. ~ Last night we had dinner on the

4. This is the cestaurant _ _ _ _ my sister works. yacht.


Ho?

e
5. What's the name of the film _ _ _ _ you saw last
weekend?

6. This is my friend ____ motorbike I borrowed yester~


,
I B. Imagine you're on holiday and that you're
staying at one of the places shown in the
vocabulary activity or somewhere else.
Write a postcard to a friend. Follow the
advice in the tip above.

21
.

In the north it will be


cold and joggy and the
temperature will drop to 7°C.
In the south there'll be clear
skies and the temperature
will rise to 18°C.

A. look at the picture and read the weather forecast. Why do you think May and Kelly are listening to the weather forecast?
Listen to the dialogue and find out. Then, read it out in groups.
May Great! At least we don 't need to worry about May Sorry.
the weather. Adam Anyway, what's the problem?
Kelly Now, what about our other problem? Kelly We must find a way to get there.
Adam Problem? What problem? May Yeah, we haven't got enough money for the
Kelly It's just a small transport problem. bus tickets.
Adam Come on. Let me in on your secret. Adam So, you can't go unless you find the money.
Kelly It's nothing really. Kelly Or a lift.
May And we may not go after all. Adam You know what? My brother can probably
Adam Where? If you tell me, I might find a solution. give you a lift. He never misses events as big
Kelly We want to go to the music festival this as this one. I'll ask him as soon as he gets
weekend but... home.
Adam What? You're going to the biggest event of the Kelly Really? You're the best, Adam!
year without me? Adam It's no big deal!
Kelly The tent's only big enough for two. May So, will you come along if we go? Maybe you
May And you 're not into music festivals anyway. can stay with your brother.
Adam Yeah , but' you didn't even ask. Adam No, thanks, I can't be bothered.

22
B. Read the dialogue again and match the expressions with their meanings.
1. let somebody in on something a. be interested in something
2. be into something b. go somewhere with somebody
3. You know what? c. I don't want to spend time doing something
4. give somebody a lift d. It's not a problem.
5. It's no big deal! e. tell somebody a secret
6. come along f. take somebody to a place by car for free
7. I can't be bothered g. I've got an idea.

C. Read the dialogue again. Find sentences in the dialogue to prove the following.
1. The girls didn't invite Adam on their trip. 4. The girls aren't going to stay at a hotel.
2. Adam doesn't want to go to the music festival. 5. Adam's brother is going to the music festiva l.
3. Adam want s to help the girls. 6. Adam 's brother is going by car.

look at the map and complete the weather forecasts. Then, listen and check your answers.

1. The temperature in Oslo today has dropped to a


freezing -2°C so it will later in the day.
2. In Moscow it's _ _ _ _ today and the temperatu re
is goC.
• 3 . The _ _ __ in Warsaw is 11°C but it's foggy, so
be careful on those roads.
4 . In Budapest the temperature today is °C
but it's so it will feel much colder.
5. Enjoy the clear blue ski es and th e warm, _ _ __
weather in Rome with a temperature of QC.
6. It's a bit in Athens and it might rain later
in the day. Today's temperature will rise to 20°C.

Match the two halves of the sentences.


Conditional Sentences Type 1
~ If you tell Bill your secret, everybody will find out. 1. If it's sunny tomorrow, a. until the rain
~ If Mike wants to go to the concert, he must buy a ticket. stops.
2. We might go surfing
~ Take an umbrella with you if it's cloudy.
~ I may not come to the party if I finish work late.
on Saturday b. if it's windy.

NOTE: unless = if not 3. I haven't got an c. after he has a


~ Unless you give me a lift to the airport, I'll miss my plane. umbrella. I'll wait here shower.
~ If you don 't give me a lift to the airport, I'll miss my plane. 4. Unless Steve calls me d. we'll go to the
tonight, park.
Time Clauses (Present - Future)
~ I'll call you after I finish doing my homework. 5. Charlie will have e. he wi ll send us
~ Jimmy will have dinner before he leaves. breakfast a postcard.
~ When Martha sees Tom, she 'll give him her MP3 player.
6. As soon as Bill gets to f. I ":,on't s~eak tO
~ I won't leave until you tell me your secret.
~ Tina will call us as soon as she arrives at the station.
Brazil, him again.

::a Z!XAI * w
.

we
J
Talk in pairs. Go to page 114.

23
What's cooking?
A. Look at the pictures. What ingredients
do you think you need to prepare what's
in the pictures? Listen, read and check
your answers.
A. Match the items in the picture with the words. Then, listen and
check your answers.
CELEBRITY
CHEFCORNER
Every week we ask a celebrity chef
to tell us his secrets. This week we
have Clive Hardy 'The Travelling
Chef'. Hardy has spent many years
visiting different countries in search
of delicious recipes. He shows us
that you don't have to travel to the
four corners of the globe to try them
,..J plate - ' knife - ' saucepan Here are some easy-to-make recipes
that you can try at home.
- ' bowl - ' teaspoon - ' frying pan
~ fork ~ tablespoon - ' oven dish

B. Match the pictures with the phrases. Then, listen and check your
answers.

Mavan
Chilli Hot
Chocolate
(serves 4)
INGREDIENTS 1. Cut the chilli in half
and remove the
seeds.
2. Pour the milk into a
saucepan and add
the chilli. Cook over
a medium heat for 7 minutes.
3. Remove the saucepan from the heat

-' fry the eggs


-'
~
melt the butter
-' stir the mixture
4.
and leave to cool for 10 minutes.
Break the chocolate into small pieces .

-' add some salt .


boil the water
-' bake the cake 5. Add the chocolate and the cream to
the saucepan and stir over a low heat
-' grate some
cheese -' peel the
potatoes -' pour some
orange juice 6.
until the chocolate has melted.
Remove the chilli and serve.

24
Listen to two dialogues and answer the questions below. Choose a or b.
Dialogue 1
1. What is Ellen going to do? 2. What's the last ingredient
a. Stir the soup. that they will add to the soup?
b. Stir the soup and make a. mushrooms
a salad. b. olive oil

o P og e2
3. What did the chef do with 4. How much sugar did Ted
the apples? add?
a. He fried them . a. half a cup
b. He boiled them . b. half a teaspoon
Japanese Stripv Sushi
(serves 2)
INGREDIENTS 1. Cook some
rice and leave
it to cool.
The pictures below show how you can make Spanish Baked Bananas
2. Grate the
(Platanos al horno). Write the recipe (ingredients and procedure), using
carrots
the prompts given.
and the red
pepper into two different bowls.
3. Cut the top and the bottom off
a small water bottle to make a
tube. Put the tube on a plate
and use a spoon to add layers
of rice, carrot, red pepper and
raisins. 1. peel 2 . cut and put; 3. pour/ orange juice/
4. Remove the tube carefully. oven dish on top

B. Read the recipes again. What do


the words in bold refer to?
1. You need half a cu p of these. 4. add/ brown sugar 5. grate/ skin of an 6. add/ butter
orange and add

2. This ingredient must melt.

3. You grate these ingredients.

4. You heat the milk for this long.

5. You make hot chocolate in this.

6. You add this f~rst to the tube.

7. You remove this before you drink


the hot chocolate .
8. bake/ oven/ 9. serve warm
at 180°C

25
Animals on the move
A. Answer the following questions. B. Listen to a TV presenter talking about green
• Do you know of any animals that travel sea turtles and answer the questions.
great distances? 1. Where is the woman?
• Why do you think they do it? 2. How far did the turtles travel to get there?
11
A. Listen, read and lo~k at the routes on the map. Then, write the names of the animals in the boxes
next to the appropriate colour.

GLOBETROTTING
.-
ANIMALS
.. -
••••••••••• ••••
•••••• ••

••

• ••
... •••• ... . ••~.
•••
••
••

• • •••••• •
•• •• ••• ••• •
•• •••
•• ••
41
••• • •• ••
e•
The animal kingdom is ••• ••••
••
full of amazing stories • •
of long-distance travel.
•• ••
Here are just a few
••• •
examples of animals that ••• ••
really go the distance. • ••• •
••••••••••
11 11 11 11
Arctic Rocky Pacific Polar
Tern Mountain Salmon Bears
Elk Salmon have Many species
This bird
can flyover In the the hardest of bear
36,000 km every year, summer months, Rocky journey. When it's time hibernate during the
from the Arctic circle in Mountain elk live high to breed, they leave the winter to escape the
in the mountains. When ocean and return to the cold weather. Polar bears
the North, all the way
heavy snow falls in river where they were live in the freezing Arctic
down to Antarctica and
the winter, it covers all born. They have to swim but have got no problem
back again. Arctic terns
the vegetation. None upstream, sometimes with the cold. They travel
migrate to the South
of the elk can survive through polluted long distances searching
Pole in the winter to find
these conditions, so waters or up waterfalls. for food. Sometimes
a warmer climate. The
they all move down the Throughout this journey this search can cover
young birds are shown
mountain. In spring, they have to avoid an area twice as big as
the way only once.
Then, they have to make the snow melts and both fishermen and Iceland!
the return trip alone. the elk climb up the predators. However, not
mountain and the cycle all the salmon complete
continues. the journey. And the
ones that do, die soon
after breeding because
they're exhausted.
26
B. Find words in the texts and match them with the
meanings below. The pictures show in which text the
words appear.
All / Both / Neither / None / Either
1.. plants in general: ~ All my classmates went to Peter's party last night but
none of them had a good time. The music and the
s food were awful.
2. go back to a place:
~ Both Steve and Mark had tickets for the football
match but it was raining so neither of them went.
3. spend the winter
~ A: Do you want to find information about polar bears
in a deep sleep: or Arctic terns?
B: Either. I don't mind.
4. produce young ones: , _ __ __ _ _ _

Complete the sentences with all, both, neither, none


5. an animal that kills and
eats other animals:

6. continue to live:
, ------ or either.
1.. _ _ __ _ _ the emu and the ostrich are
birds but _ _ _ _ _ _ of them can fly.
2. _ _ _ _ __ t he people on t he bus saw th e
7. a place where a elk but _ __ _ _ of them took a picture of it.
stream or a river falls 3. of the stud ents in my class
from a high place: , _ _ _ _ __ __ have got pets but I have.
4. A: Which city do you want to vi sit , Paris or Lyon?
8. move from one part of the
B: city. They're _ _ _ _ __
world to another accord ing
beautifu l.
to the season:

C. Read the texts again and the statements below.


Which animal do they refer to? Write Arctic tern, Listen and tick (I') the sound you hear.
Rocky Mountain elk, Pacific salmon or polar bear
in the spaces provided. I salmon /s/ because /z/ fisherman / J/

This animal ... prison


condition
1.. dies after the journey.
cycle
2. travels more than the rest. _ _ _ __ _ _ __
survive

3. travels because of weather rise

conditions . sure
apologise

4. travels to find its

breeding place.

5. doesn't do what other Talk in pairs. Discuss the questions below.


• What animals live in your country?
species of its kind do. • Where do they live?
• Do they migrate/ hibernate?
• What do they eat?

27
Going places
Match the map symbols with the words. Write 1-11 in the boxes.
Then, listen and check your answers.

--.J capital

o -.J town

Appleton ~ village

o o o ~ airport


Langley
o ~ -.J
_I
port
ancient ruins
Hornb~ Cit5'
o --.J beach

@ --.J water sports

~
~
campsite

~ picnic area

.J national park

A. Below is a traveller's diary for a


B. Read again and find information in the text to help
travel magazine. Does the writer like
the tourists below.
Beijing? Listen, read and find out.
Rory: "I want to visit Beijing but I don't know when,"
Fay: "I want to see the old part of the city, "

A vLsLt to rseU L~g Philip: "I'd like to visit some of the sights and get
a feel of Beijing's ancient history,"
-g,e~~V'vg Ls the G{;{'pLtClL of
Fred: "I want to experience Ch inese eating habits."
the pea-pLe's Re-p ubLLG of ChLV'vCl ClV'vci oV've of the w..ost
Lw..-pressLve GLtLes I'Ve ever vLsLteci . MocierV'v cieveLo-pw..eV'vt
Gow..bLV'veci wLth ClV'vGLeV'vt hLstortJ w..Cl~e thLs GLttJ ClV'v C. Read again and find adjectives in the text which are
ClttrClGhVe hoLLciCl tJ ciestLV'vCltLoV'v. similar in meaning to the adjectives below. In some
cases, more than one answer is possible.
There Clre w..ClV'vtJ sLghts t o see LV'v -g,e~LV'vg, SUGh Cl S t he
weLL-~V'vowV'v ForbLcicieV'v c~ttJ , oV've of t he worLci's LClrg est 1. big
-PClLClGe Gow..-pLexes . There's ClLso Cl huge GeV'vtrCl L squClre 2. old
GClLLeci TlClV'v'ClV'vw..eV'v squClre, ClV'vci the Tew..-pLe of t-teClveV'v.
3. famous
The -pClrt of the ~reClt wClLL whkh Ls ~V'v -ge~LV'vg ClLso
ClttrClGts thouSClV'vcis of tourLsts. 4. great

you wLLL V'vever get boreci LV'v thLs GLttJ· If tJou WCiV'vt to 5. beautiful
--------------------------
ex-perLeV'vGe t he 'oLci -g,e~LV'vg', Cl tour OV'v Cl rLG~shCiW Ls
ClV'v eXGeLLeV'vt LcieCl . y ou w..ustV'v't LeClve thLs Clw..ClZLV'vg
GLttJ w~thout ex-pLorLV'vg sow..e of the -pretttJ
teClhouses ClV'vci chLV'vese restClurClV'vts . AV'vother
th~V'vg tJou GClV'v cio Ls e~0tJ Cl -p~GV'v~G LV'v oV've
of the -pCl r~s. As for eV'vtertCl~V'vw..eV'vt, there Cl re
trClci~hoV'vClL -perforw..ClV'vGes, SUGh ClS the -g,e~LV'vg
o-perCl, wh~Gh Clre weLL worth seelV'vg .
The best tLw..e to vLsLt Ls LV'v LClte s-prLV'vg ClV'vci
Clutuw..V'v. T hClt's wheV'v the GLttJ Ls Clt Lts best
ClV'vci -peo-pLe GClV'v e~ 0tJ brLght sUV'vshLV've ClV'vci bLue
s~Les .
I hClci Cl wOV'vcierfuL tLw..e LV'v -g,e~LV'vg ClV'vci I'LL
V'vever forget ~he frLeV'vciLtJ -peo-pLe ClV'vci sw..LLLV'vg
fClGes evertJwhere I weV'vt. I'ci Love to go there
ClgCl~V'v .
A. Somebody is calling a travel agency and is A. Read the tip.
listening to a recorded message about a cruise
on the river Thames in London. Listen and tick
the topics that are mentioned. When you're writing a description of a place ,
organise the information according to the plan
prices --' weather --' Sights --' below and don't forget to use adjectives to make
your description more interesting.
souvenirs --' food --'

B. Listen again and answer the questions. INTRODUCTION


Choose a, b or c. • Give some general information about the place (name,
where it is, if you've been there).

MAIN PART (3 PARAGRAPHS)


Mention:
1. some of the sights. Use phrases like:
~ One of the most interesting places is ...
~ There 's also ...
~ Another place worth visiting is ...
~ ... also attracts many tourists.
1. Which cruise does the person calling want
~ You can also visit ...
information about?
a. Greenwich cruise. 2 what visitors can do there. Use phrases like:
b. London Eye cruise. ~ If you want to ...
c. Tower of London cruise. ~ Don 't leave without ...
~ As for ...
2. Which bridge does the boat go under first?
a. Tower Bridge. 3 the time of year it is best to visit this place and why.
b. London Bridge. Use phrases like:
c. Westminster Bridge. ~ The best time to visit is ...
~ Visit ... when the weather is ...
3. Where does the boat stop first?
a. Westminster Bridge. ~ CONCLUSION
b. Shakespeare's Globe Theatre.
• Give your general opinion of this place.
c. London Eye.
4. How much is a ticket for a child on the B. Read the sentences below and decide which paragraph each
Lunchtime Special? sentence should be in. Write I for Introduction, M1/2/3 for Main
a. £ 6.00 Part: paragraphs 1, 2 or 3 and Cfor Conclusion.
b. £ 11.00
c. £ 20.00 1. I liked Crete and
I would really like
to go back one day. ~
2. You can also
Talk in pairs about the most interesting place
visit the ancient
you've ever visited.
ruins in Knossos. --'

What's the name of the place? 3. One of the nicest places I've visited is Crete,
the biggest island in Greece. --'
When did you go there?
4. Visit this impressive island during the summer
Are there any interesting sights?
months when the weather is excellent for swimming. --.J
What did you do there?
5. Go swimming at some of the amazing beaches and then
What was the weather like? have a meal at a traditional 'taverna'. ~
What did you like the most?
C. Write a description of a place you've visited for a travel magazine.
Follow the plan above.

29
3. When you get to the hotel, the staff _ _ __ _
(show) you around .
4. If you (not let) me in on your secret,
Vocabulary I won't speak to you again!
A. Choose the correct words.
5. Diane (freeze) if she _ _ _ _ _
1. I don't think there's a way / solution to this problem.
(go) out without a jacket in this weather.
2. The tour guide provided / completed us with all the
information we needed. 6. I (wait) here until you _ __ _
3. The prisoners / backpackers stayed at a nice hostel (be) ready.
somewhere in Spain and they had a great time.
4. Could you please peel/grate some cheese?
SCORE [ / 8]
5. Remove / Return the frying pan from the heat. E. Complete with all, both, neither, none or either.
6. When I was young, I used to live on a yacht / farm. 1. My parents visited China last year. _ _ _ of them
I used to wake up early and feed the animals. would like to go again some day.
7. The campsite Mary stayed at was so tiny /
2. I've travelled to many countries. However, _ _ _
impressive that she decided to go back next year.
of them was as nice as my country.
SCORE [ / 7] 3. A: Should I add cream or milk?
B. Complete with the words in the box. B: _ __ . Add whatever you like most.
mixture well-known explore 4. Jean and Rob speak French very well but _ __
performance destination lie of them was born in France.
1. The Caribbean Islands are a very popular holiday 5. Greece is full of ancient ruins. _ _ _ of them are
_ _ _ _ _ for tourists who enjoy sandy beaches. worth seeing. They're beautiful.
2. I think I'm ill. I'll down for a while. SCORE [ / 5]
3. Put the _ _ _ _ _ in a bowl and add a tablespoon
of raisins. Communication
F. Complete the dialogue with the sentences a-d.
4. We went to the theatre last night. The play was amazing
a. We can't go unless it stops. c. It's no big deal.
and the leading actor's _ _ _ __ was excellent. b. I can't be bothered. d. You know what?
5. The tourists wanted to the island
A: Thanks for helping me with my homework, Joey.
before they left.
B: (1) Listen , I'm going skateboarding with
6. Angelina Jolie is a _ _ _ __ actress.
Steve. Why don 't you come along?
SCO RE [ / 6] A: No, thanks. (2),_ _ _

Grammar B: Come on! It'll be fun.


C. Complete using who, which, that, whose or where. If they A: Well , maybe you 're right but look outside.
can be omitted, put them in brackets. B: Oh , no. It's started raining. (3), _ _ __
1. This is the area _ ____ they are going to build A: I don't think it will. I've got an idea . Call Steve and
a campsite. tell him to come over. We can watch the football
2. The ancient ruins we visited were not in match together.
the capital but in a small village just outside it. B: Great idea! (4) You're the best, Tom .
3. The man you met at the airport was the
~~~

SCORE ( / 8]
person gave me a lift last night.
4. Brian is the boy parents have invited TOTAL SCORE
us to spend the holidays at their cottage.
5. These are the ingredients _____ you need
to prepare the dish.
Now I can...
describe places and Sights
SCORE ( / 6] write a postcard
D. Complete with the correct form of the words in brackets. make plans
1. Unless the temperature drops, it (not discuss the weather
snow). understand map symbols
discuss facts about animals
2. As soon as Kelly _ _ _ __ (meet) John, she will
follow a recipe
apologise for losing his mobile phone.

30
CuHure page 1
eret, ~ A. Read and complete the paragraphs 1-6 with the
~ sentences a-1. Then, listen and check your answers.

,
..~
Alaska is the largest state in the USA.
It is bigger than France, Spain, Italy and
;f~ the UK together. U
:hem .,.,/
/.
~
~ I and Stripes' or
sometimes 'Old
r Glory'. n f.
'" IiiiIL...J

Mount Rushmore , in South Chicago is the third


Dakota , is a mountai n with largest city in the US. It
a sculpture of the heads of lies on the shore of Lake
four presidents cut into the Michigan which is one of
are side of it! the 'Great Lakes' and it

al.
at ?

New York City is the


California is on the west country's largest city with
coast of the USA. There are a population of over 8
two main cities, Los Angeles, million. It is very popular
famous for the Hollywood with tourists who come to
film studios and San the theatres, museums
and Francisco, famous for the and sights like the Statue
:Ill Golden Gate Bridge. U of Liberty. U

a. Its nickname is 'the windy city'. B. Read again and write T for True, F for False or NM
for Not Mentioned.
b. From left to right they are George Washington, Thomas
1. 'Old Glory' is another name for the
Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln .
flag of the USA.
c. It's 1,280 metres long and goes from one side 2. California usually has good weather.
of San Fra-ncisco Bay to the other.
3. You can see the heads of four
d. The USA bought this land from Russia in 1867 for $7 million. f presidents at Mount Rushmore.

e. There are fifty stars on' it, one for each state. t
4 . The Golden Gate Bridge is in Los Angeles.

5. 8 million tourists visit New York City


f. The statue was a gift from France in the late 19th century.
every year.

31
song 1
Read the song and put the lines a-d and e-h in the
correct order. Then, listen and check your answers.

~ Boys or Girls?
Girls or boys? Boys or girls?
Who can we trust to run the world?

a Will girls chat the whole night?


Is it for girls that we should look?
If we need someone to cook,
~--.I

Will boys argue and then fight?


Girls or boys? Boys or girls?
Who can we trust to run the world?

. Who gets on with the DIY?


Will boys fight for fame and power?
Should it only be a guy,
Will girls ever come out of the shower?
Girls or boys? Boys or girls?
Who can we trust to run the world?
Do you agree? Are these things true?
Have a look at people around you.
Where can you
find the following
in this module?
Go through the
Do you think people your age are active enough? pages and find
Why do you think it's good to be active? the pictures.

• Working holidays
• Are you a TV addict?
• Record breakers: The marathon
• Quiz: Are you active enough?
• A water polo hero
• Sports equipment
33
Work or play?

Answer the following questions. A. Look at the title and the pictures below.
I
• What sort of things do you usually do when you're on holiday? What do you think the people are doing?
I • What do you think of the idea of working while on holiday? Why? Listen, read and find out.

- - - king holidays
Have you always wanted a holiday in the British countryside?
Have you ever thought about going on a more active holiday?
If the answer is yes, maybe a working holiday is for you.
e run over 400 working holidays Seven days in the beautiful British

W every year with lots of activities countryside can cost as little as .£60.
to choose from. You can try
planting trees, building dry stone walls
Hostel-style accommodation and all
meals are included in the price.
B. Read again. Find
sentences in the
advertisement to prove
that the statements
or even painting a lighthouse. Don't worry if you've never done anything below are wrong.
A working holiday gives you the chance like this before. We provide full training 1. Everybody does the
to learn new skills and meet new as well as all the tools you will need. same activities.
people. It's not all work, work, work, It's a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Just 2. On a working holiday
though. We organise fun activities to fill ask anyone who's been on a working you have to work in
the long summer evenings. holiday! the evenings.
3. A working holiday
costs less than .£60
per week.
4. You must pay extra
for the meals.
5. You must have
previous experience.
6. You must bring all the
necessary equipment.
1IIli.........~ ~ Complete the diary with the verbs in the box. Then, listen and check your answers.

painted

TOv{Cltj we V{LV{ s,oVlt1.-e worf<, LV\., tVle gClrv{eV\., of Cl V\., oLV{ VlOUs,e. FLrs,t, we
cleaned
(1) tVle rubbLs,Vl
~ I . n·~ tVlClt WClS, LV\., tVle gClrv{eV\., ClV\.,v{ -put Lt

fi xed LV\., bClgS,. T VleV\" we (2) . kClte ClV\,v{

LeV\, (3) _ _ ____ tVle gClte wVlLte ClV\,v{ Lt Loof<,s, greClt v\"ow.
built

ClV\,v{ LV\., tVle ClfterV\.,ooV\., we ClLL (5) _ _ _ __ _


collected

wet but Lt WClS, fuV\,. MClrtj ClV\,v{ !l.,V\,Cl (6) s,oVlt1.-e trees,
~ I I I • -4IBI'l~
planted fLowers, . Cl V\,V{ tVle wVloLe -pLClce Loof<,s, Vlt1.-UCVl g reeV\.,er.

A. Listen to Harriet and Giles talking about a working holiday. Did Giles
Present Perfect Simple enjoy his holiday?
(ever, never, before, always, just, B. Listen again and complete the advertisement below.
so far, already, yet, once, twice, etc.)
~ Henry has already bought a present for -

Gd1"f~vtr~ ~t().W().~
Anna but he hasn't given it to her yet.
~ A: Have you ever tried scuba diving?
8 : No, I haven't but I've always wanted to.
A: I've done it twice.

NOTE: Spend time in a (1) by the coast.


~ Dennis has gone to the cinema.
(He's still there.)
Learn to clean a pond and (2)
~ Dennis has been to the cinema twice
this week. (He isn 't there now.)
Accommodation I' Cost of holiday
Holiday only available in -
(3) .................................. (4) .................................. (5) ......................................

Complete the sentences with the Present


Perfect Simple of the verbs in the box.
be go paint see not travel
1. _ _ _ _ _ you _ _ _ _ _ that
wall yet?
2. We never _ _ _ __ Talk in pairs. Discuss some of the activities in the box below.
on a holiday in the British countryside.
• camp in the
3. I already _ _ _ __ countryside Have you ever ...1
that film. Let's see another one. • paint a fence
How many times have you ...1
4. Simon's not here. He _ _ _ __ • sleep in a tent
• build a wall Would you like to try/learn ...1
to the shops.
• clean a pond
5. Diane _--,-_ _ _ by plane. • plant a tree

35
/
,

A. Look at the picture above. What do you think the girls are asking Adam to do? Listen to the
dialogue and find out. Then, read it out in groups.

May Hi, Adam. Adam Are you kidding? I am active. I go to football


Adam Erm ... hi. Hey, don't touch the remote control! practice on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
May I just wanted to turn down the volume. You Kelly And what about practice on Saturdays? You
know, it's just crossed my mind that you've didn't go yesterday.
been in front of the telly all weekend. Why Adam I prefer watching TV at the weekend.
don't you turn it off and do something else? May See? You are a TV addict.
Adam As a matter of fact, I've been really busy. Adam Only at the weekend.
Yesterday I watched the last three Bond films Kelly Oh, come on, let's go out. What about
on DVD. I've watched the entire collection. bowling?
Now, excuse me girls, but I'm trying to watch Adam Bowling! Now you're talking! Do me a favour.
an episode of my favourite soap, Westenders. Go to the supermarket and get some snacks
Kelly You've lost it. and Coke.
Adam Shhh!· May Why?
May Kelly's right. Adam There's a Bowling Championship on satellite
Adam Phew! Commercials! Now, what's wrong with telly. How about watching it together?
you two? Kelly I give up.
May You 've turned into a TV addict. You have to May Me too. If you change your mind, let us know.
become more active! Adam Wait! What did I say?

36
Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.

turn on turn off turn up turn down turn into

1. Don't forget to _ _ _ _ _ the lights _ _ _ _ _ before you leave


the house.
2. Please _ _ _ _ _ the volume _ _ _ _ _ . The music is too loud!
3. _ _ _ _ _ the radio _ _ _ _ _ a bit. I can't hear.
4. The owner of the castle wants to _ _ _ _ it _ _ _ _ a museum.
5. Can you _ __ __ the TV _ _ _ _ _ , please? I want to watch
the news.

Present Perfect Simple vs Past Simple


A: Let 's watch Shrek 2 on DVD tonight.
B: I've seen it twice already.
B. Read the dialogue again. C: I saw it last week.
Find expressions/phrases and
match them with the ones below.
1. I've just thought of something. Complete with the Present Perfect Simple or the Past Simple of the verbs in
brackets.
1. My best friend _ __ _ __ _ (m ove) to a town by t he coast
2. You're crazy.
last year but I (not visit) him yet.
2. A: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Janet _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (return) from her
3. Are you joking?
trip to Iceland?
B: Yes, she _ _ __ _ __ (already / come) back. She
4. That's a good idea. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (come) back last Sunday.
A: When _ _ _ _ _ you (speak) to her?

5. Do something for me. B: About an hour ago.


3. Betty and Tony are working in their back garden this weekend. Tony
_ _ __ _ __ (fix) the fence on Saturday morning but he
_ _ __ _ _ _ (not paint) it yet. Betty_ __ _ _ __
C. Read the dialogue again and write
(already / plant) some flowers but she wants to plant some more.
T for True or F for False.
1. Adam has spent the
weekend watching TV. .J
2. The girls want to watch TV. .-J
Listen and tick (.!) the sound Talk in pairs. Discuss your viewing
you hear. habits. Talk about:
3. Adam goes to football practice
three times a week. ..-J • how often you watch TV
• how many hours you watch TV
entire
4. The girls agreed to go • what kind of programmes you
to the supermarket. ..-J collection prefer watching
• whether you believe that you're
5. Adam wants to watch telly a TV addict or not
a soap opera with the girls. -.J remote • a film you've seen recently
• when you saw it
6. Adam decides to go episode • where you saw it: at the
mow.
bowling with the girls. cinema, at home on DVD, etc .
excuse

37
2. The modern marathon is the same distance as ... 3. When did women first run the
a. Windsor Castle to White City, marathon at the Olympics?
London. a. 1944
b. Marathon to Athens, Greece. b. 1984

A. Read the text quickly and match the paragraphs 1·3 with the headings below. There is one
extra heading which you do not need to use. Then, listen and check your answers.

~ TOUGHEST ~ EASIEST ~ FASTEST ~ SLOWEST


-~---

People have been taking part


in marathons since the first
modern Olympics in 1896.
At 42.195km, it is considered
to be one of the toughest
running races. Today, most
of the world's major cities like
New York, London, Athens
and Berlin hold marathons.
For professional athletes
marathons are hard fought
races but for others they have
become fun events where they
try to complete the distance
for charity. Here are a few
marathon runners who hold
records for different reasons.
B. Read the text again. What do the numbers below refer to?

58 42
2:15:25 7 2:04:55 } A. Read the tip.
~ Ul!I
'" ,
the When you're writing an
article about your favourite
free-time activity, organise
Circle the correct words. the information according
to the plan below.
1. All the champions / athletes in the BOOm final were from Africa.
2. Bob Beamon held / broke the long jump record for 27 years.
3. Do you think Manchester United will win the cup / award this PARAGRAPH 1
year? Mention:
4. Stefano Baldini won the gold prize / medal in the marathon at the • what your favourite activity is
called.
2004 Olympics.
5. My football team trains / performs twice a week. • how long you have been doing it.
6. Tania always wins / beats me at tennis because she's a much • how often you do this activity.
better player. • who you do this activity with.
7. My dad couldn't take part / place in the race because he was ill. • if you have ever entered a
8. My sister is practising / working out for her piano exams these competition, championship, etc.
days. • if you have ever won anything.
9. Which country won the European match / championship last year?
PARAGRAPH 2
• Give your general opinion of this
activity. Use phrases like:
~ I like/enjoy. .. because ...
~ In my opinion it's ...
~ However, I also believe ...
i Present Perfect Progressive (have/has + been + verb-ing) ~ I definitely think .. .
~ They have been waiting for the bus for twenty minutes. ~ Another thing is .. .
~ Ted's tired because he has been training all afternoon.

: Present Perfect Simple - Present Perfect Progressive


B. Below are sentences from different articles.
~ Diane has been painting the house since last week.
Read them and decide which paragraph
~ Diane has painted two rooms so far.
each sentence should be in. Write 1 for
for - since Paragraph 1 and 2 for Paragraph 2.
~ We 've been living in this house for six months.
~ We 've been living in this house since March. 1. I train every day after school. ~
~ We 've had this house since we moved to this city.
2. I enjoy playing volleyball
because it's a team sport
and I've made lots of friends. ~
Circle the correct words and complete the boxes with for or since.
3. I've taken part in three
1. We have travelled / have been travelling around Africa competitions so far, but
_ _ _ _....11 a month, but we haven't visited / haven't I haven't won. ~
been visiting Cairo yet.
4. Most people believe that stamp
2. I have collected / have been collecting postcards from collecting is boring but in my
places around the world 1I was young. opinion it's very interesting. ..-J
3. Betty has taken / has been taking part in seven races 5. Last year I won first prize. ~
_ _ _ _....1the beginning of this year.
4. It has rained / has been raining _ _ _ _...JI an hour!
C. Write an article about your favourite
When is it g9ing to stop? free-time activity (sport, hobby, etc.) for
n..& i; a local magazine. Follow the plan above.

39
Answer the following
Questions.
• Do you think you lead an
active lifestyle?
• How do you think you
could become more
active?

We all know that regular physical activity is important. It gives


you more energy, reduces stress and helps you feel happier
and sleep bette r. It helps to lower high blood pressure, burn off
calories and helps you to lose weight. It also strengthens your
muscles, helps your heart and lungs to work better and as a
result prevents heart disease.

People nowadays lead very busy lives but they are not
necessarily active. Thirty minutes of physical activity most
days of the week is enough
to keep you fit and healthy.
Going to the gym is a great Start walking! Take your dog for a long walk
way to exercise, whether use th.e stairs instead of the lift or carry YOU;
you're doing aerobics or shoPPing home instead of driving.
lifting weights. However, if
Do housework or wash the car. Did you know
that ~alf an hour of hoovering is such good
you don't like going or if
you're so busy that you
exerc.lse that it burns off almost as many
haven't got the time, then
calones as a 30-minute workout? You can
don 't worry. There are
other ways to exercise.
bu~n off that chocolate bar you ate faster by
dOing the housework than by walking for half
an hour.

Danc~, go jogging, go swimming, do


anyth~ng to improve your health! Make
exerCise a habit you can't live without.
Remember:

40
so + adjective/adverb + (that)
B. Read the text again. Find words and ~ It was so hot yesterday that we went to the beach.
match them with the meanings below.
such + (a/an) + (adjective) + noun + (that)
1. make less or sma ller (para 1): ~ It was such a hot day yesterday that we went to the beach.

2. stop something from happening (para 1):


Complete with so or such.
3. strong, healthy and energetic (para 2): 1 . Kelly was tired this morning that she decided not to go
to the gym .
4. clean a carpet or floor with a vacuu m 2. I've got a terrible headache that I'm going to lie down.
cleaner (para 5): 3. It was a boring film that we left the cinema before it
finished.
5. physical exercise (para 5): 4. You're very lucky, Sue! You're _ __ slim that you don't have
to worry about calories .
6. make better (para 6): 5. Jerry can run fast that I'm sure he's going to win the race.

Listen to a TV gymnast describing two exercises.


Put the pictures for each exercise in the correct
order. Write 1-3 in the boxes.
Exercise 1 Exercise 2

Talk in pairs. Write a paragraph about your daily


Go to page 115. routine and how active you are.

41
Sports round-up
A. You will hear Mike, Phoebe and Ross talking about
the sports they play. Write the correct name under
the pictures below. There is one extra picture which
, you do not need to use.
A. Read the table below and complete it using the sports
in the box. Then, listen and check your answers.

water polo football

court
volleyball hockey tennis
. 8 •
pool ball, goal, swimwear, goggles
3 pitch ball, goal, boots, shin pads B. Listen again and choose a or b.
4 pitch ball, goal, stick, shin pads Mike a. has been playing for five years.
5 court ball, net, knee pads b. has won the school championship.
Phoebe a. has taken up this sport recently.
b. was hurt during the match.
B. Label the pictures with the verbs in the box. Then, listen
and check your answers. Ross a. joined the team six months ago.
b. doesn't want to be captain.
head kick throw bounce catch pass hit shoot

A. Below is a letter Bill sent to his friend Mark. Listen


and read. Why did he send the letter?

1. _______________ 2. _______________ I-Jr Mark.


What have !:)ou been up to? Remember I told
!:)ou that m!:) team made it to the water polo
final? Well, here'<;; the lated.
The whole <;;chool wa<;; around the pool
watching the game. It wa<;; a tough game and the
<;;core wa<;; 2-1 to the other team, the Dartford
3. _______________ 4. _______________ Dolphin<;;, with one minute till the end. M!:) friend
pa<;;<;;ed me the ball, I <;;wam to the goal and <;;cored.
~ver!:)one wa<;; reall!:) happ!:) becau<;;e the!:) thought
the game wa<;; going into extra time. gut I had
other plan<;;. The game darted again with jud a
few <;;econd<;; left, I got the ball, threw it toward<;;
the goal and gue<;;<;; what? It went in! We won the
5. _______________ 6. _______________ game and I wa<;; the hero. Can !:)ou believe it? I've
been pla!:)ing water polo for the Oakland Otter<;;
" '~ for four !:)ear<;; but I've never done an!:)thing like
that before. I'm <;;0 happ!:)!
Well, that'<;; all for now. Write back <;;oon.

r Take care,
gill
7. _______________ 8. _______________

42
Talk in pairs. A. Read the tip.

'~
Do you do any exercise at school or When you're writing an informal letter or e-mail
after school?
giving news, follow the plan below.
What exactly and how often?
~ GREETING (see page 13)
Are you in a team? If yes, how long
have you been playing for that team?
~ OPENING PARAGRAPH
Have you had an accident while • Begin your letter/e-mail and say why you're writing.
exercising/practising? Use phrases like:
~ How are you?
Has anything funny ever happened ~ What have you been up to?
during a game/match/PE lesson? ~ I'm writing to ...
~ Sorry I haven't written for so long, but ...
Have you ever been the hero/heroine ~ Well, here's the latest.
of a game/match?
~ MAIN PART
• Give your news. Use phrases like:
~ You won't believe what happened last ...
~ I've also got some bad news.
~ The game started ...
~ It was so funny that ...
~ We won/ lost .. .

~ CLOSING PARAGRAPH
• State anything you want to emphasise and end your
letter/e-mail. Use phrases like:
~ Waiting for your letter/reply.
~ I'm looking forward to hearing from you.
~ Say hello to everyone.
~ I must go now.

~ SIGNING OFF (see page 13)

B. Read the phrases below and decide which paragraph each sentence
should be in. Write 0 for Opening paragraph, M for Main part and C
for Closing paragraph.

1. Write back soon. ~


2. The good news is that I joined a tennis club. ~
3. I hope you're fine. --'
B. Read the letter again and answer
the questions. 4. That's all for now. ~
1. Which team was winning a minute 5. Thanks for your letter. -.J
before the game ended?
2. Who scored the second goal for the
6. It was really nice to hear from you. ~
Oakland Otters? 7. So, as you can see, I'm really excited. ....J
3. Why didn't the game go into extra
time?
C. Think of something that happened during a game/match/PE lesson
4. How long has Bill been in the team? that you took part in or watched. Write a letter to a friend and tell
him/her what happened. Follow the plan above.

43
D. Complete with the Present Perfect Simple or the Present
Perfect Progressive of the verbs in brackets.
1. I'm tired. I _ _ _ _ _ (hoover) all morning!
Vocabulary 2. Kate _ _ __ _ (do) aerobics for six months
A. Complete the sentences with the words in the box. now and she (lose) eight kilos so far.
equipment favour record serious
3. Peter _ _ _ __ (collect) stamps since May
!I fit medal turn on turns into
I but he _ __ _ _ (not show) his collection to
1. Do me a(n) _ _ __ _ and go to the
supermarket. I'm so tired. anyone yet.

2. According to the doctor, Mrs White has got a(n) 4. David Roberts is a marathon runner but he

_ _ _ _ _ health problem. _ __ _ _ (not win) any medals so far.


3. It's important to exercise regularly to keep SCORE ( 76 )
E. Complete the sentences with so or such.
4. You need special to go scuba diving. 1. I'm _ _ energetic I can't sit down for a minute.
5. My friend, Sheila, holds the school _ _ __ _ 2. We had _ _ a lovely time in Venice that we
for the 100 metres. decided to stay for two more days.
6. Unfortunately, Paula Radcliffe didn't win a(n) 3. She runs fast that no one can beat her.
_ _ _ _ _ at the 2004 Olympic Games. 4. It was _ _ an interesting book that I finished it
7. When I get home, I always the TV. in two days.
8. Ice _ __ _ _ water when you heat it. SCORE [ 7 4)
SCORE [ 7 8) Communication
F. Complete the dialogue with the phrases a·d.
B. Circle the correct words.
1. My father wants to plant / build a treehouse. a. This is a once-in-a-lifetime experience!
b. As a matter of fact. no.
2. Exercise helps reduce / prevent heart disease.
c. I hope you change your mind .
3. The ball bounced / kicked a few times before it
d. It never crossed my mind that you like sports so much.
ended up in the river.
4. You need shin pads / goggles to play hockey. A: Hey, Stacey. Where have you been all week? Have
5. Wayne couldn 't fix / improve th e broken rad io. you been studying?
6. The other team is better than us. They always B: (1) _ _ I've been training.
win / beat us. A: For what? Hockey again?
7. I saw a commercial/an episode on TV the other B: Of course. We made it to the final and we've been
day about a new type of coffee and I want to try it. training all week. (2) _ _
SCORE ( 77 ) A: You don't seem to be an active person. (3) _ _
Grammar B: I love hockey, not all sports. Listen. Why don't you
C. Complete with the Present Perfect Simple or the Past come and watch us play tomorrow?
Simple of the verbs in brackets. A: I don't think so.
1. A: So, who's winning? B: It's going to be an exciting game. (4) _ _
B: Liverpool. The score's 1-0, but the match A: We'll see.
_ __ _ _ (not finish) yet. SCORE ( 78 )
A: Peter Crouch _ _ _ __
(score) the goal?
*(.Id ii+h! I 740 )
B: Yep.
2. My father _ _ __ _ (take part) in lots of
Now I cap ...
talk about past experiences
marathons since he (be) a boy. Last
talk about what I like watching on TV
year he (enter) the London Marathon
express preference
but he (not do) very well. say how long I've been doing different activities
3. I _ _ _ _ _ (already / see) that episode of express my opinion
Albion Street. I don't want to see it again. talk about my lifestyle
SCORE ( 77 ) talk about sports and sports equipment

44
!sent

IS

o far.

e.

it

much.

ave

een

you

Where can you


find the following
8 in this module?
Go through the
40
Has anything strange ever happened to you pages and find
that you couldn't explain? the pictures.
Do you know of any famous mysteries?
11 •

• Examining photos of alien spacecraft


• Good luck or bad luck?
• Newspaper article: Art theft mystery
• The Bermuda Triangle: Planes and ships
that just disappear
• Story: Mysterious help during an exam

45
Is there anybody out there?
Answer the following questions.
• Do you believe that aliens exist? Why/Why not?
• Do you believe in ghosts? Why/Why not?

#ti. .e ~ A. Look at the three pictures. Can you explain what they are? Listen, read and find out.

Dear AI, Dear AI, Dear AI,


Last Tuesday I was walking in the Last Saturday I was taking my dog I took this picture while I was
Lake District. All of a sudden, I saw for a walk with my brother. As we travelling in France. Those are my
a bright white object hovering in the were walking near the old airport, friends on the beach. I didn't see
clear sky in the distance. I couldn't a huge metal object flew over our it at the time but when I saw the
believe my eyes! I grabbed my heads. The sound was deafening. picture on my computer at home,
camera and took a picture. I can't A few minutes later, it happened to my surprise, I noticed something
wait to hear your opinion. again and I managed to take this else in the photo. What do you
Yours, photo. Unfortunately, it's blurred. think?
Jack Yours , Emily
Charles
Jack, you sound very excited about This could be a UFO! This could
your 'bright white object'. I hate to This mystery is easily solved. Just be the evidence we need to prove
disappoint you but it's a cloud. It's look at the clues: a) near an old that we are not alone. I will need to
obvious! Anyone can see that! airport, b) flying object, c) loud interview you and your friends for
noise. Do I need to say more? the next issue of the magazine.
Next!

B. Read again and write J for Jack, C for Charles or E for Emily.
1. I heard a loud noise. 5. AI is excited about my picture.
2 . I took a picture of a UFO by accident. S. AI thinks I took a picture of a plane.
3. The picture I took isn't very good. 7. I didn't see or hear anything when taking
4. I was alone when I took my picture. the picture. ~
A. Match the words/phrases in the two columns. Work in groups of three. Imagine each of you took one of the
Then, listen and check your answers. photographs below. In turns, tell the story of what happened when
you took the picture. Answer some of the questions below. You
suddenly ~ ~ in the end
can use the prompts given.
fortunately ~ ~ unluckily
unfortunately ~ ~ to my surprise • Where were you? • What did you do after you
amazingly ~ ~ luckily • What were you doing? took the picture?
then ~ ~ all of a sudden • Who were you with?
finally ~ ~ after that

B. Circle the correct words.


1. There was a lot of traffic on the roads but
fortunately / then I wasn't late for work.
2. We wanted to go on a day trip but
after that / unfortunately it rained.
3. I was lying in bed when amazingly /
suddenly I heard a strange noise.
• old house • lake • forest
4. I was walking in the forest when I saw a • late afternoon • foggy
• dark
bright light. To my surprise, / In the end, • ghost • strange creatu re • monster
it disappeared seconds later.

A. Read the tip and fi nd examples of the tenses, time linkers and
Past Simple - Past Progressive expressions/phrases in the three letters on page 46.
Time clauses (when, while, as, as soon as)
~ Sue was making a salad while Kevin was
cooking. When you're narrating events, use:
~ She was watching TV when the phone rang.
~ As we were walking home, we saw an accident. • the following tenses:
~ As soon as we saw the strange light, we ran Past Simple
away. ~ When I saw the strange creature, I screamed.
~ Sam was scared so he got up and ran away.

Complete the sentences with the Past Simple or the


Past Progressive of the verbs in brackets.
1. ~
~
Past Progressive
It was raining and I was walking by the beach.
While I was looking for my sunglasses, I found an
1. When Fred (arrive) at the , old coin.
party, everyone (dance). • time linkers:
when, while, as, as soon as, before, after that,
2. While I _ _ __ _ _ (jog) in the park, during, later, soon, then, in the beginning, finally, etc.
_ _ _ _ _ _ (notice) a big, black cat • expressions/phrases like:
behind some trees. ~ All of a sudden / Suddenly, ...
~ (Un)fortunately, .. .
3. As Pauline _ _ _ __ _ (drive) to the ~ To my surprise, .. .
gym, she (crash) her car ~ (Un)luckily, ...

into a wall. • ~ I couldn't believe my eyes!


~ The sound was deafening.
4. As soon as Jerry _ _ __ __ (hear) ~ It was so/such ... that ...
the news , he (leave).

5. Wendy --:_ _ __ _ (do) her homework B. Choose one of the pictures in the speaking activity and write
while her parents (sleep). what happened to you. Follow the advice in the tip above.

47
Look at the situations below
and discuss the following
questions.
• Which of them do you
think bring good luck and
which bad luck?
• Do you believe in any of
these superstitions?
• Do you know of any other
superstitions?

~ walking under a ladder

~ finding a four-leaf clover

~ A. Look at the picture. Why do you think May is shocked? Listen to


((~ _~e ~ the dialogue and check your answers. Then, read it out in groups.
' ~ '\-
~ a black cat May Let's go to the video arcade, shall we? May No, but as he was trying to avoid
crossing your path Adam OK. the cat, he crashed into a bus
Kelly Do you feel like a crisp? stop.
u Adam No thanks.
May Whoa! What do you think you're
Adam And you're saying that happened
because of the mirror?

~
r:l
having a horseshoe
above a door
doing?
Kelly Having some crisps.
May Not that. You've just walked under a
ladder!
May Yep.
Kelly That's nonsense! You don't
believe in all that Adam, do you?
Adam Not really.
Kelly So what? May Are you sure? What about your
May That will bring you bad luck, you know. lucky socks?
Kelly I don't believe in all that rubbish. Kelly His what?
Adam You're not superstitious, May, are May He hasn't washed his football
you? socks since his team won the
May Well, after what happened to my dad, cup last year.
~ breaking a mirror yes, I am. Kelly Yuk! That's disgusting!
Kelly What happened? Adam It works! We've won all our
May A couple of years ago, he broke a games this year.
mirror at home by accident. The next Kelly That's because the other team
day he was driving to work when a smell your socks and run in the
black cat ran into the middle of the other direction!
street. May Ha, ha, ha!
~ Friday the 13th Adam He didn't run it over, did he? Adam Hey, give me a break!

48
Question tags
~ You went to the video arcade last night, didn't you?
~ Tony isn't superstitious, is he?
~ Your mother has been to Africa, hasn't she?
~ Your friends won't go to the cinema tonight, will they?
~ There 's a supermarket near here, isn't there?
NOTE
~ Let's play tennis tomorro w, shall we?
~ Pass the salt, will you?
~ I'm good at karate, aren't I ?

Complete the sentences with the correct question tag.


1. Bob hasn't got a bl ack cat, _ __ __ __ _ ?
2. Yo ur parents are travell ing around Europe,

- - - -- - --?
3. Let's put a horseshoe above t he door,

- - -- - - - - ?
4. You didn't break the mirror, _ _ _ _ _ _ __ ?
5. Close the door, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ?
6. Rosie lives next to Ji m, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ?
7. Ta nya fo und a four-leaf clover, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ?

A. Listen and repeat. In which sentence is the speaker not


sure about something and wants to confirm it? In which
sentence is the speaker sure and thinks the listener will
agree?
'-...?I
B. Look at the phrases 1-5 from the dialogue 1. Ken plays in a band, doesn't he?
~
and match them with the meanings a-e on the right. 2. Ken plays in a band, doesn't he?
1. Do you feel like ... ? a. Stop doing that.
B. Listen and draw '-...?I or ~.
2. So what? b. That's a load of rubbish.
1. They went to Venezuela last year, didn't they?
3. That's nonsense! c. Do you want ... ?
you? 2. We're going to see Lionel tomorrow, aren't we?
4. That's disgusting! d. That's horrible.
3. You haven't tried my chocolate cake yet, have you?
5. Give me a break! e. Why is that important?
4. There are ten players in a hockey team, aren't there?
5. You don't believe in ghosts, do you?
C. Read the dialogue again and answer the questions.
6. Anna's got lovely long hair, hasn't she?
1. Where are the children going?
2. What did Kelly do?
A horseshoe should point
3. Why is May superstitious? downwards, shouldn't it?
Talk in pairs. Discuss
I disagree. I think ...
4. Is Kelly superstitious? the statements below.
the 5. What does Adam do for luck? • A horseshoe should point downwards/upwards.
6. Why does Kelly think Adam's team wins all the • Seeing a shooting star is lucky/unlucky.
games? • Finding a penny is lucky/unlucky.
• Seeing a black cat is lucky/unlucky.

49
Whodunnit?

A. Look at the dates and the headlines


Answer the following questions. of the two newspaper articles and
• Have you ever read a crime story or watched a detective film? guess what happened. Then, listen,
• What happened in the end? Were the criminals caught? read and check your answers.
• Did you like it? Why/Why not?

THE DAILY NEWS 19 MARCH 1990

A. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs. Then,
listen and check your answers.

Major
art theft!
In the early hours of yesterday
morning, artwork worth 100
million dollars was stolen from the
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
in Boston.
1. A young man dressed as a police officer _ _ _ _ _ __
Two thieves dressed as police
a seven-year-old girl from the park yesterday evening.
officers and wearing false
2. The man who _ _ _ _ _ _ _ the bank last week was
moustaches entered the museum in
caught yesterday.
the middle of the night. After they
3. The police _ _ _ _ _ _ _ two people last night. All the
had tied up the security guards,
evidence points to them.
they stole thirteen pieces of art,
4. This morning the security guard at the local supermarket some of which were ripped out of
arrested an old man who was _ _ _ _ _ __ their frames. Surprisingly, they did
not take the most valuable painting
B. Complete the table with the words in the box. Then, listen and check
your answers. in the museum, a masterpiece by

robbery thief shoplifter burglary burglar pickpocketing Titian. No one knows why they left
robber kidnapping kidnapper pickpocket shoplifting theft it behind.

By the time the theft was


<R.I ME. I <R.IMIWAL
-- I
I- .......- -
discovered, the thieves had
disappeared. A one million
- dollar reward is offered for any
. - - information that will help with
- ---- their arrest.
-
-.- -

i ill ft¥

I
50
Past Perfect Simple (had + past participle)
~ Charlie had finished his homework by 10 o'clock last night.
THE DAILY NEWS 18 MARCH 2005
dlines ~ By the time the police arrived, the burglar had disappeared.
I and
listen,

STILL Complete with the Past Simple or the Past Perfect Simple of the
verbs in brackets.

MISSING 1. By the time we _ _ _ _ ____ (arrive) at the cinema,


the film _ _ __ _ _ _ _ (finish).

2. After Peter _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (wash) his car, it

I
t is now fifteen years since one of
" th~ bigges~ art thefts in history. The _ __ _ _ _ __ (start) raining.
thIrteen pIeces of art which were
stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner 3. They _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (rob) three banks before the
Museum in 1990 are worth 300 million
police (arrest) them.
dollars today.

I• An international police investigation and a 4. Martha _ __ __ _ _ _ (come)


reward which has risen to 5 million dollars back from work when you (call) her?
have not solved the mystery yet.
5. Karen _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (not tidy) her room by 6 o'clock
If you visit the museum today, you will
see the empty frames from which the yesterday afternoon.
paintings were taken. No changes are
allowed in any of the galleries. That's one
of the rules the owner, Isabella Stewart
Gardner, had left for running the museum
before she died in 1924.
Listen to two TV presenters and complete the sentences below.
e
1. James Coogan was kidnapped _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ago.

2. The kidnappers asked for € _ _ _ __ _ __

3. They kept James Coogan in _ _ _ __ _ _ _ in the circus.

4. _ __ _ _ _ _ _ saved the boy.

5. The police have arrested _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ of the


ki dnappers so far.
inting

B. Read the newspaper articles


ey left again and complete the sentences.
1. The theft took place on _ _ _ __
Imagine you were one of the security guards at the Isabella Stewart
2. The thieves stole _ _ _ __ Gardner Museum on the night the theft took place. Write a diary page
explaining wh at happened. Answer the questions below.
3. The thieves left _ _ __ _ behi nd.
• What were you doing when the two thieves arrived?
4. In 2005 the stolen artwork was worth
any • What did they look like?
-ith • What did they want / ask you to do?
5. In 1990 th e reward was • Had you reali sed that they were thieves
Uilst V'vLgl-it sOViA-etl-iLV'vg
and in 2005 it was before they tied you up?
LV'vc,yed.LbLe I-ilirp-peV'ved. Ii1t
• How did you feel?
6. No on e is allowed to t ake down
• What did the thieves do/take?
_ _ _ _ _ in the museum.
• What happened then?

51
E

'W
A. listen, read and find out if the mystery of the Bermuda Triangle has been solved.

~ seem to be off course ... everything


IS wrong ... strange ... even the ocean
doesn't look as it should ... it looks like
north while sailing through this area. In 1918, the US
ship Cyclops disappeared. The US Navy investigated
the incident, but they could not find an explanation.
we are ..." Those were the last words When asked about what had happened to the ship, US
of Lieutenant Charles C. Taylor. He was the leader President Woodrow Wilson said: "Only God and the
of five aeroplanes that had set out from Florida in sea know." The most recent incident was in 2003 when
good weather conditions on a routine mission on 5th a father and son disappeared from their fishing boat.
December 1945. Hours later the planes disappeared
and nobody knew what had happened. Flight 19, as Up until now, people have suggested many theories to
this mission was called, is one of the most well-known explain this mystery. Some believe that sea monsters or
incidents related to the mysterious Bermuda Triangle. aliens are responsible for the disappearances. Scientists
believe that there are strong currents of air and a
The Bermuda Triangle (also known as Devil's Triangle) is strong magnetic field in the area which cause problems.
a 305,000 km 2 area of ocean which lies between Florida, According to a 1975 report, there are no more incidents
Puerto Rico and Bermuda. in the Bermuda Triangle than in any other part of the
world.
Stories about the Devil's Triangle go back to the late
15th century, whel1 Christopher Columbus noticed What's the truth? Well, like many real-life mysteries, it
that his compass needle pointed northwest instead of depends on what you want to believe.

52
B. Read the text again and write T for True C. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the
or F for False. words in capitals. All the missing words are in the text.
1. Lieutenant Taylor was the leader of 1. Nobody knows anything about Mike. He's so
Flight 19. _______ ! MYSTERY

2. Christopher Columbus thought that the 2. You must leave for the airport. You're going to miss your

Devil's Triangle was a mysterious place. -.J _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . FLY

3. Don't lie to me! Tell me the _______ . TRUE


3. Wood row Wilson knew what had happened
to the Cyclops. -.J 4. The police are investigating the _______ of a
young child. DISAPPEAR
4. Scientists think aliens may be responsible
5. The _______ of the climbing team told everyone
for the incidents in the Bermuda Triangle. -.J to return to base camp. A snowstorm was coming. LEAD
5. The Bermuda Triangle has more incidents 6. What was John's _______ for being late?
. than anywhere else in the world. -.J EXPLAIN

Prepositions of Time A. Listen to a boy and a girl talking about an


~ The climbers started climbing down the mountain at noon. unusual event. Answer the following questions.
~ We're leaving on 11th February. 1. What couldn't the people in the story find?
~ Christopher Columbus discovered America in the 15th century. 2. Did they find it in the end?
~ The police arrived after the thieves had left.
~ We might visit Florida during the summer holidays. B. Read the paragraph below. The words in bold
~ My parents work from nine till five. are wrong. Listen to the dialogue again and
correct them.
Prepositions of Place
~ Melissa was born in Italy.
~ They're staying at a hotel near the city centre.
~ Someone was standing behind the door. The boy's parents were on holiday in
~ We were on a country road when suddenly we saw a fire in the
forest. France. One morning they decided to go

Prepositions of Movement to a street market. When they arrived ,


~ I usually travel to London by train.
~ The strange creature was coming towards me, but then it they parked their car and went to do their
turned around and jumped into the lake.
~ The robber ran out of the bank and disappeared. shopping. However, when they returned, half

an hour later, the car wasn't there. They

Circle the correct words. searched for it but couldn't find it, so they
1. On / In Sunday morning, Jack was riding his horse along / asked a policewoman for help. In the end,
through the forest. Suddenly, there was a loud noise. His
they found it in a car park.
horse stopped and he fell from / off it!
2. Sally moved to / in Spain in / at April. She lives on / in
a beautiful neighbourhood at / in Madrid. Her house is
between / next to a nice park. She doesn't live far from /
to her work so she usually walks to / for her office.
3. A: Where have you been? I've been here for / since 7:00.
B: What are you talking about? I arrived at / during 6:30.
I was at / into that bookshop over there, in front /
opposite the post office.
A: Right, and how did you expect me to see you?
That's spooky!

A. Read the sentences below. What's the


difference between the adjectives in bold?
.
~ It was Monday
moming and
. I was sitting
The party last night was really boring.
in the exam hall. The
We were all so bored. teacher was handinK
ouUhe Maths tests .
B. Circle the correct words. . I felt very confident
because I had studied hard the day before and I had gone to
1. Andrew was very excited / exciting
bed early to make sme I gqt ~nQugh ?leeR and wasn 't tired,
about taking part in the competition.
2. I' don't think I can go on a roller coaster
Assoon as the' teacher gave me my test, ,I wrote my name on
the.front. However, when I turnedtre page, I was shocked .
again . It was a frightened / frightening :r:he numbers and symbols didn't seem to make any sense. ~
experience. I couldn't believe my eyes! I looked around the hall and, to
3. Angela looked surprised / surprising my surprise, everyone else was writing away with no problem.
It was really disappointing. I had worked so hard but my mind
when she heard the news.
was· a complete blank. What was wrong w ith me?
4. She's an excellent actress but
l\IL of a sudden , a voice from behind gave me the answer to
her performance tonight was very the first question. Everything started to become clear and I
disappointed / disappointing. easilyfinished the rest of the test.
5. The climbers were so exhausted / After the test, Lwas really excited and turned to thank my
exhausting that they couldn't climb mate who was . sitti ng
.
behind me. However she swore she .

down the mountain. hadn't saio a thing. So, who did?

6. When the children saw the monster,


they were so shocked / shocking they
couldn't move.

Listen to John narrating what happened to him


and write T for True or F for False.
1. After John had had a shower,
he went to the cinema. --'

2. Someone called John asking for help. ~


3 . The boy was hiding in the old house
because the police were looking
for him.

4. John found the boy in the house


next door.

5. As he was going back home,


he slipped and hurt his knee.

6. When John woke up, his coat was wet. .-J


54
Talk in pairs. Student A go to page 112. Student B go to page 116.
B. Read the story again and
answer the questions.
1. Why did the writer go to
bed early the night before A. Read the tip.
the test?
When you're writing a story, try to narrate the events according
2. How did the writer feel
to the plan below. Don't forget to use Past Tenses (Past Simple,
before the teacher handed Past Progressive, Past Perfect) and expressions/phrases (see
her the test? page 47) to make your story more exciting.

3. Why was the writer


~ INTRODUCTION
surprised when she saw
• Describe the setting of the story (time, place, weather, etc.) and
the test? introduce the main character(s).
4. How did the writer feel
~ MAIN PART (2-3 PARAGRAPHS)
when she saw the others
Mention:
writing? • what happened and what the main character(s) did. Use linking
5. How did the writer manage words/phrases to join your sentences.
........................................................................................................................................................
:0 TIME when , while, as, as soon as, before,
to do the test in the end?
after that, during, later, soon , then ,
6. Who did the writer think .........................................................?~ ..~.h.?~.. ~~.~~.~~! .. i.n.. ~~.~.. ~~.~i.n.~.i~.~! .. ~i~.?!.Iy .......
told her the answer to the CONTRAST but, however
RESULT -CONSEQUENCE so ... that, such ... that, so, for t.Qis
first question?
reason, as a result
CAUSE - REASON because, because of + noun
................................................................... .....................................................................................
• how the main character(s) felt. Use adjectives.
~ I was frightened because ...
~ Kate was so surprised that ...

~ CONCLUSION
• Describe what happened in the end and make a short comment.

B. Join the pairs of sentences using the linking words/phrases in the box. More
than one answer may be correct.
but / when / while / as soon as / because / so ... that / so / as
1. I heard someone screaming in the street. I ran outside.

2. Her leg hurt very much. She started crying.

3. Terry got lost in the forest. He wasn't scared.

4. We were exploring the attic. We found an old map.

C. Look at the two stories on pages 112 and 116, choose one and write it out.
Follow the plan above.

55
E. Complete with question tags.
1. Let's explore the haunted house, _ _ _ _ __ ?
2. Dennis saw the burglar, _ _ _ _ __ ?
Vocabulary
3. Angela doesn't believe in ghosts, _ _ _ _ _ __ ?
A.Circle the correct words. 4. Tell me the truth, _______ ?
1. Nobody can find an explanation / investigation for
5. You will hand out the tests now, _ _ _ _ _ __ ?
the disappearance of the valuable painting.
2. I don't understand this sentence. It doesn't make SCORE r Zs )
sure / sense.
F. Choose a, b or c.
3. Not many people believe that aliens examine / exist.
4. We must go to the airport now! We're going to miss 1. I went to the cinema last week but I couldn't see .
our flight / mission. well because the woman _ _ _ _ me was wearing
5. Did the police catch the theft / thief? a huge hat!
6. A: Who is responsib le in / for breaking the window? a. behind b. in front of c. next to
B: Me, sir. I broke it by / with accident. I'm sorry!
2. If you walk the city centre, you'll find the
SCORE ( 77 ) art gallery you 're looking for.
B. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words a. down b. towards c. along
in capitals. 3. John reported his father's disappearance _ _ __
1. We didn't have a good time at the party. We were the night.
really . DISAPPOINT a. during b. at

was arrested before really exhausted.


a. from b. at c. around
SCORE r

It was a _ _ _ _ __ experience. FRIGHTEN


Communication
G. Complete the dialogue with the sentences a-c.
SCORE (~-Z--'---s-) a. That's b. It's a load of c. My mind is a
Grammar nonsense ! rubbish! complete blank.
C. Complete with the Past Simple or the Past Progressive of Ted That new horror film is on. Why don 't we go and
the verbs in brackets. watch it?
1. As soon as the children _ _ _ __ ___ (hear) Ben Which film do you mean?
the spooky voice, they started screaming. Ted I can't remember the name. (1) _ __
2. While I (get) on the bus, a Ben Do you mean Spooky Ghosr? No way. (2) _ __
pickpocket _ _ __ _ _ _ _ (stea l) my wallet. Ted How do you know? You haven't seen it.
3. As the police (investigate) the Ben What's there to like in a ghost story? It's for kids.
crime, they (discover) that the Ted (3) Films with ghosts and monsters can
security guard had done it. be very interesting.
4. The robber _ _ _ _ __ _ _ (run) out of the Ben For girls maybe.
bank when the police (arrive). SCORE [ Z6:
SCORE ( 77 ) TOTAL SCORE
D. Complete with the Past Simple or the Past Perfect Simple
of the verbs in brackets.
1. We _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (notice) that the pictures were
blurred after we _ _ __ _ _ _ (develop) the film. Now I cap ...
2. By the time the detective _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (arrive), narrate events
we (solve) the mystery. talk about superstitions
3. Yesterday, I _ _ _ _ __ _ (go) to a fast food express surprise
restaurant to get something for lunch but I couldn't describe feelings
find my wa llet. I (leave) it at home. talk about crime and criminals
write a story
SCOR E ( 76 )
56
Culture page 2
~ listen, read and answer the questions.

Fancy a game
f f ' ,tball?
In different parts of the world the word football is used
to describe some very different games. The only things
they have in common is that they are all team games,
they are played with a ball and they are related to
games played in medieval times .
Most people think that football got its name from the
fact that the players kick the ball, but that's not true.
Different medieval games became known as football
I'm
because the peasants played on foot and not on
horseback as the noblemen did.
The game the British know as football is officially
4
called Association Football. People in Australia and the
USA call it soccer. In this game, players can only use
their feet, except for the goal keeper who can use his
sa hands, too.
blank. In the USA, football is something different. In
American Football, players mostly use their hands.
Players can score points by carrying the ball to score
a touchdown or they can kick a field goal through the
upright posts.
Football for Australians is Australian Rules Football or
Aussie Rules and players use their hands and feet to
kick, pass and shoot. Aussie Rules began as a way for
kids.
cricket players to keep fit during the winter. It is played
can
on cricket fields, which are round and much bigger
than those used for other types of football.
The one thing that all football games have in common
is the passion shown by the fans. In England in
1349, King Edward III banned football because it
40
was distracting people from practising archery. Just
imagine if someone tried to ban football today!

1. Who were the first people to play a game


called football?
2. What do people from the USA call Association
Football?
3. How do you score a field goal?
4. What do Australians mean by football?
5. Where do Australians play Aussie Rules?
6. What happened in 1349?

57
~ Give me a break
ships voices objects monsters haunted eyes

Bright (1) _ _ _ _ _ in the skies


Little green men with glowing (2) _ _ _ __
Don't waste my time, give me a break.
I don't believe a word they say.

Creepy (3) _ _ _ _ _ and scary faces


Spooky ghosts in (4) places.
Don't waste my time, give me a break.
I don't believe a word they say.

(5) disappearing without a trace


You think it's (6) we should chase.
Don't waste my time, give me a break.
"Where's the evidence?" That's what I say.
----~-"--
et's communicate

Where can you


find the following
in this module?
Go through the
pages and find
How many ways of communicating do
the pictures.
you know of?
What's the best way of communicating?

• A comic strip
• Messages: e-mails, notes and SMS
• Sign language
• Secret messages from ancient times to
the present
• Gestures from around the world
• Computers: good and bad points
59
Leave a message
Answer the following questions .
• How important is the telephone in your life?
• Have you got a mobile phone? If yes, what do you use it for?

A. Read the comic strip. What do you think Stan's message means? Listen and check your answers.

Jane Good afternoon.. Mr Webster's


office. How may I h.elp you?
Stan Hello Jan.e, could I speak to
my dad, please?
'\;---'- Jane I'm afraid h.e's out of th.e office
at th.e momen.t, Stan.. Would
you like to leave a message?
Stan Will you tell h.im th.at I n.eed
to speak to h.im righ.t away?
Jane Of course. Have you tried h.is
mobile?
Stan He's n.ot pickin.g up. Th.an.ks for
your h.elp.
Jane Bye.

Brrring! Brrring! Click.


Hi. This is the Webster Family. We 're
not in at the moment. Please leave
a message after the beep. Beeeep.
Start Dad, are you th.ere? Is an.yon.e
th.ere? It's Stan. h.ere. I h.ave
to talk to Dad. He's n.ot
an.swerin.g h.is ph.on.e an.d h.e
isn.'t in. th.e office. Th.ere's
been. a ch.an.ge of plan..
I'll keep tryin.g.

Start Dad, wh.at took


you so lon.g?
Dad I've just come
out of a meetin.g. B. Read again and answer the
Wh.at's wron.g? questions.
Start Didn.'t you read 1. What is Stan's surname?
my message? 2. Where did Stan call first?
Dad Th.ere's someth.in.g
wron.g with. my 3. Who is Jane?
ph.on.e. Some of 4. Why couldn't Stan find his
th.e letters are dad all day?
missin.g.
5. Why did Stan's dad think his
Start Get with. it Dad!
phone wasn't working?

60
BSI.rOOitm61n ~
Complete using the words in the box. Then, listen and check your answers. Talk in pairs.
broken up hold message use text
Student A go to page 112. Student B go to
number out card call pick rang page 116.

1. A: Hello?
ers. B: Hello, is Tina there?
A: I'm not sure. (1) _ _ _ _ _ on, I'll check. Tina! Tina! No,
A. Read the tip.
she's not here. Do you want to leave a (2) ?
B: Well, it's strange. I (3) her earlier on her mobile An e-mail
and she just hung (4) . I tried again but she didn't When you're writing an
(5) up. She's not usually rude like that. e-mail, write a greeting and
A: I think she said something about taking her mobile back to the sign off, just like you do in letters.
shop. Write full sentences and organise
your information in paragraphs.
B: Oh, maybe it's (6) _ _ _ _ _ ,
A: Yeah. Why don't you (7) _ _ _ _ _ back in an hour or A note
(8) her later? When you're writing a note, greet
B: OK, thanks. and sign off just by writing names.
2. A: Can you show me how to (9), _ _ _ _ _ the pay phone? Keep the text short and give the
important information. Don't write
B: Sure. Have you got a phone (10) ?
full sentences.
A: Yes, here it is.
B: OK, it's very easy. Oops, this phone is (11) _ _ _ _ _ of An SMS message
order. Let's try that one. OK, just put the card in the slot and When you 're texting someone,
dial the (12) _ _ _ __ you don't need to write a greeting
or to sign off. You only give the
A: That's it? Thanks. important information and often
you shorten words (e.g. 2NITE).
See page 118 for ideas.

B. Read the note below. Can you make full


sentences?
can/could/may/willjwould must/have to/need {to)/can't
~ Can/Could/May I help you? ~ I must/have to leave now.
~ Can/Could/May I use the
~ I need to speak to Jane before she
phone? leaves.
~ You mustn't/can't use your mobile in
~ Can/Could/May I have a cup
of tea? a hospital.
~ Can/Could/WilVWould you do
~ You needn't/don't need to/don't

the washing-up? have to cook tonight. We're going out.

C. Read the invitation below and write:


Circle the correct words. 1. a short e-mail asking for more information
1. A: Excuse me. Is the lift out of order? (What time? Where? Wearing costumes?)
8: Yes. I'm afraid you 'll have to / must take the stairs. 2. an SMS message accepting the invitation.
A: With all this shopping? 3. a note to your parents asking for money to
8: Would / Could I help you with it? buy a Halloween costume.
A: No, it's OK. You don't need / needn't to do that.
2. A: Dad, will"; can I go to a fast food restaurant with my friends
tonight?
B: Again? You don't have to / mustn't eat so much fast food,
you know. It's bad for you. At your age, you need / must to
have lots of healthy food.
A: You needn't / can't worry, Dad. I'll have a salad.

61
Answer the following questions.
• How can sign language be
useful?
• Do you know anyone who
uses sign language?

~ A. Look at the picture above. May, Kelly and Adam are signing. Who is saying I'm hungry, Thank
~ you and Hello? Listen to the dialogue and check your answers. Then, read it out in groups.
Adam Where 's your cousin then, May? We've been Kelly It can 't be that easy, surely.
waiting here for so long! May It is. The signs for Please and Thank you
Kelly Oh , stop complaining. We've only been here are really easy, too. For Please, you touch
for ten minutes. He might be lost. your chin and move your hand forward a
May No, he knows his way around town. He bit.
must be stuck in traffic. Kelly OK and Thank you?
Kelly By the way, will we be able to communicate May It's the same but you move you r hand
with him? further away.
May Don't worry. I can teach you some sign Adam That's great but it's not really enough for a
language while we wait. conversation .
Adam Great! What's the sign for hungry? May Don't worry. Lee is deaf but he's very good
May You draw a circle on your stomach with your at reading lips and his speech is nice and
fist. clear. He'll be able to understand you as
Adam Like this? long as you look at him when you speak.
May That's right. You look very hungry, Adam. Kelly Oh dear. Lee's going to have a problem
Adam I'm starving. with Adam in the restaurant.
May Be patient. Lee is on his way. Adam Why?
Kelly What about Hello? Kelly You always speak with your mouth full.
May Well, YQu move your open right hand slightly Adam No, I don 't!
to the right. That's good, Kelly. May Stop it you two. Here comes Lee now.
62
B. Read the dialogue again. Find
sentences to prove the following.
1. May, Kelly and Adam are waiting for
can/could/be able to
May's cousin.
~ I can/am able to understand sign language.
2. Lee isn't lost. ~ Billy couldn't/wasn't able to go the party last night.
~ If you start taking Italian lessons, you will be able to speak Italian
3. May knows a bit of sign language.
in a few months.
4. Adam is very hungry.
could/may/might
5. The signs for Please and Thank you
~ Diane called me an hour ago. She could/may/might still be at home.
are similar.
6. They will be able to communicate must/can't
~ You have been working all day. You must be exhausted.
with Lee.
~ Fred can't have a pet. He hates animals.

Circle the correct words.


1. If you keep eating so much, you won't be able to / can't get
A. Match the expressions 1-6 with the into your clothes in a few months.
definitions a-f. 2. Tony has already eaten. He must / can't be hungry.
1. know one's way around 3. My cousin's working overtime so she may / may not be a bit
2. by the way late.
3. be on one's way 4. Marion's car isn't here. She must / can't be out.
4. be in one's way 5. I went to bed at lam last night but I couldn 't / wasn't able
5. lose one's way sleep.
6. the other way round

become or get lost


stop someone from moving or
doing something Listen and circle the words which contain gh as If!.
II~ be able to get around a place enough might laugh cough
ILJ the opposite situation slightly bought tough right
now that I think of it
going to a place

B. Complete the sentences below.


1. A: I'm ___ my way to the library. Do
Talk in pairs. Look
you want me to return any books?
at the pictures and
B: No, thanks. Oh, ___ the way, try to guess what
these signs mean.
if you see Betty there, tell her to
Use must/can't
ring me. and the prompts
2. Could you please move those boxes? given. Discuss your
answers with your
They're my way. teacher.
3. Jack didn't call Miranda. It was the
___ way round .
Picture 1 must
4. Fortunately, the children didn't _ _ _ mean fly. What
their way in the forest. do you think?
I disagree.
5. Ted, please show Mr Barton where It must
room 2Bis. He doesn't ___ his way mean swim.
around the school.

63
Between the lines
Answer the following questions. f unicating with your friends? What was it?
• Have you ever invented a secret language or other ways to ~~~a~es are used? What do you remember
• Have you seen any films where code language or secre m
about them?

People hc~ve
been trYlng
A. Listen, read and choose to keep
the best title for the text. messages
secret for
thousands
Communication of years.
in ancient times Codes have
helped to
hide the
meaning of
Inventing messages,
new codes but what
about
hiding
The art of the actual Even as early as the 5th century BC,
message? the ancient Greek historian, Herodotus,
hiding a message tells the story of a secret message
someone sent on a man's head. They
shaved his hair off and tattooed the
message on his head. When his hair grew
. world back, nobody could read the message.
tury durlng
In the 20th cen 'wanted to The man travelled to his destination,
h Germans h y shaved his hair off again and the
War 11, t e d cuments so t e
h 'de important 0 . e and shape
message was revealed.
l to the SlZ
reduced them tiny messages .
t
of a d o. These' d o t s an d l't lS
are known as mlcroh m in a f u 11
hide t e e
possible to f the lower-cas
t he dot 0 lt Nowadays, computers have brought
stop or " '" As a resu , ,
letters "i" or J . d to hide thelr about many changes in the art of
s manage d
the German d or printe hiding a message. Computers can
messages in type body could read store huge amounts of information in
documents and no d a microscope. one file. It is Possible to change
them unless they use there are 1 0 ts some of the information without
, t e xt alone, could hl'd e a
In thls anyone noticing. For example, it
of places where you
is easy to hide a short music clip
micro dote or several pages of text in a
digital photo. To the naked eye, the
difference is invisible but the right
computer program can make it appear.
B. Read the text again and write T for True or F C. Complete the sentences with the words in the box.
for False. possible reveal invisible shave full stop several
1. In ancient times everybody had 1. Don't my secret to anyone, please.
a secret message tattooed on
2. Jack isn't ready yet. He needs to _ _ _ _ __ _
their head.
3. A: Is it _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to get free tickets to the concert?
2. Herodotus was the first person
B: I don't think so.
who sent a secret message
on a man 's head. 4. I've seen this James Bond film _ _ _ _ __ _ times. I
don't want to see it again.
3 . You can only hide messages
in the letters " i" and "j". 5. A: Did Alexander G. Bell _ _ _ _ _ _ _ the telephone?
B: Yes, he did.
4. You need a microscope to read
the message in a microdot. 6. I couldn't see anything on the paper but there was a message
on it which was written in _ _ _ _ __ _ ink.
5. You can see the changes made to
a eomputer file with the naked eye. - ' 7. Always put a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ at the end of a sentence.

8'bfwiUfii Listen to a teenage boy, Kevin , talking to his


Full infinitive Bare infinitive mum and choose the correct answer a, b or c.
(to + base form of verb) (base form of verb without to)
~ Jerry went to the park ~ Young children shouldn 't watch TV
to meet his friends. all day. 1 . The iron is ...
~ I've planned to go on a trip ~ My dad doesn't let me take the car
a. in the basement.
next week. every evening.
~ I was happy to get an e-mail ~ The coach made us train for an b. in a cupboard .
from Jim. extra half hour. c. in Kevin's ward robe.
~ It isn't easy to learn Chinese.
~ This Maths problem is too NOTE: Jack helped me fix/to fix my
difficult to solve. broken radio. 2. Kevin's friend wrote the message
~ This Maths problem isn 't
using ...
easy enough for me to solve.
a. an invisible ink pen.
b. a pen with white ink.
Circle the correct words. c. milk.

1. Whenever I'm too tired go / to go out, I stay at home and


3. To be able to read the message, Kevin
read magazines.
needs to ...
2. I was surprised see / to see Cherry at the cinema last night.
a. heat the paper.
3. Steven left his project at home and Mr Mi les made him go / b. write on the paper.
to go home get / to get it. c. colour the paper brown.
4. We arranged visit / to visit the National Gallery in the
afternoon, but we didn't have enough time see / to see 4. Kevin 's mum want s to help him with
everything. ,It closed early. the ironing because ...

5. It's very relaxing listen / to listen to the radio while driving. a. she wants to read the message.
You must try / to try it. b. she doesn't want him to destroy the
iron.
6. I want watch / to watch the news see / to see the weather
c. she's scared that he might have an
forecast. -
accident.

65
A. Listen to two friends talking about Max's B. Answer the following questions.
trip to Japan and answer the questions. • What are some common gestures
1. What did Max go and watch? that you use?
2. What gesture did he make? • What do they mean?
3. What does it mean?

........ ~ A. Listen, read and match the tips 1-5 with the pictures a-e.

W
hen we move a Avoid putting your hands on your
part of our body
- II.-...J
- "'"- .... You're in Puerto Rico and you
hips when you 're talking to people in want to ask 'What 's going on? ' Well , just
to communicate
a particular meaning, we Indonesia. This gesture shows that you wiggle your nose. That should do the trick!
are making gestures. We
use gestures all the time,
sometimes without even
are angry with them.

- II.-...J
Raising your eyebrows is a sign of -- .... In most parts of Europe and in
some Latin American countries, moving
realising it. Examples of su rprise in a lot of countries. However, in your finger in a circle around your ear is like
common gestures include Tonga , it means 'Yes ' or 'I agree' and in telling someone they're crazy. This gesture
waving, smiling and
Peru it means 'money' or 'pay me'. So, is often used on German motorways,
shaking hands. However,
there are gestures that if someone from Peru owes you money, when someone wants to criticise another
mean different things remember to raise your eyebrows. driver. Stop to think before using it though
in different parts of the If you tap your head in Argentina,
-~..J because it's against the law! In the
world. So, if you love
travelling abroad and you it means 'I 'm thinking' or 'Think '. In other Netherlands, this gesture means something
don't want to make a fool countries , however, it means 'You 're out completely different. Dutch people use it to
of yourself, here are a of your mind!' say, 'You've got a phone call.'
few tips.

66
B. Read the text again and match the three columns.
putting your hands on your hips • Indonesia
What's up? • Peru
raising your eyebrows --'"
You've got a phone call. • Argentina
tapping~your head

wiggling your nose


I agree. • Puerto Rico
~-~

I'm angry with you. • the Netherlands


moving your finger in
a circle around your ear I'm thinking. • Tonga

Listen. What do the verbs in bold mean? Match -ingform


them with the pictures a-h . ~ Skating is very exciting.
1. Dorothy waved goodbye to Gordon. ~ Can you buy a newspaper before coming home?
~ I don't mind walking to work but I prefer driving.
2. My grandmother hugs me whenever she
~ Let's go sightseeing. The museums in this city are worth seeing.
sees me.
3. Do people in your country shake hands NOTE:
when they greet each other? ~ Anne stopped drinking coffee.
(=She doesn't drink coffee any more.)
4. Maria met Carla at the bus stop and they
~ Anne stopped to drink coffee. (=She stopped th e action she
kissed each other on the cheek. was doing in order to drink some coffee.)
5. Harry nodded to show that he agreed with ~ I remember turning off the computer.
Violet. (=refers to an action which happened in the past)
6. The king entered the room and everyone ~ Remember to turn off the computer before you leave.
(=don't forget to do something)
bowed.
7. "There's Ben," said Janet and pointed to a
boy who was walking past.
8. 'Smile! I want to take your picture :
enmplete with the infinitive or -ing form of the verbs in brackets.
~

1. I stopped at t he supermarket (buy) some


mushrooms. I'm thinking of (make) pizza tontght.
2. It's rude (talk) with your mouth full so
stop (do) it!
3. A: Don't forget (send) Em e-mail to Rita .
B: I'll do it as soon as I finish _ _ __ (write) this article.
4. I hate (work) all day. I'd like (spend)
some time ____ (do) other things like exercising or
going (shop).

Talk in pairs. Discuss which gestures you often use with your family,
friends, teacher and strangers.

• kiss • look at When I meet my


• hug someone friends, I usually ...
• shake hands in the eyes When I'm talking
• bow when talking to ...

Write tips about gestures that visitors


should know before visiting your country.

67
THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
OF USING COMPUTERS
Computers are becoming more and more On the other hand, there are lots of
popular as years go by. Some people disadvantages, too. Children, teenagers and
cannot live without them while others even adults can easily become addicted to
believe they can be quite harmful. computers . This can cause many problems.
Sitting in front of a computer screen for
Using a computer has many advantages.
hours can damage your eyes and give you
Firstly, computers help users organise
back problems. Lastly, computers that are
their work so they are able to work faster.
connected to the Internet could be at risk.
Secondly, users can store songs on their
They can get viruses that can destroy all
computer and listen to music while working.
the programs or delete information.
In addition, fun-learning programs can help
younger users become computer literate. To sum up, using a computer has many
What is more, those who have access to advantages but we must not forget
the Internet, can download information and the disadvantages. In my opinion, the
keep in touch with family and friends with computer is useful. However, people
e-mails. should use it wisely.

B. Read the text again. Are the statements below true, false or not mentioned in the text at all?

1. Using a computer for many hours can cause health problems.


2. It is easier for children to learn how to use a computer than for adults.
3. The writer believes that it would be better if people didn't use computers at all.
4 . Adults can become computer addicts.
5. Only Internet users can send and receive e-mails.
6. Computer users can also watch DVDs.
C. Read the text again. Find words/phrases and match
them with the meanings below.
1. a person who uses something
A. Read the tip.
(para 2):
g
2. keep information in a computer
(para 2):
"C::>it'When you're writing an essay
discussing advantages and
3. also (para 2): disadvantages, organise your
ideas according to the plan below. Write
in a formal style. Do not use short forms
4. knowing how to use a computer
or abbreviations.
(para 2):
5. communicate (para 2): ~ INTRODUCTION
6. a fully-grown person (para 3): • Introduce the subject of the essay
7. in danger (para 3): and both sides of the topic.
8 .. damage something so badly ~ MAIN PART (2 PARAGRAPHS)
that it doesn't work (para 3):
• Present the advantages in one
paragraph and the disadvantages
in another paragraph. Cover both
sides of the topic equally. Use
linking words/phrases:
...................................................................................
TO LIST firstly, first of all ,
Listen to four people talking about mobile phones and POINTS to begin with,
match the names with the statements. There is one extra secondly, also, in
statement which you do not need to use. addition, what is

Ill"" • The use of mobiles is ......................................~.?~.~!..~~~.~.1.~y.! ..I?~.tl.~ ...


especially harmful for children. TO EXPRESS however, on the

.",.
C"W.
ct M•
• Mobiles are very useful if you are in danger.
• Children don't use mobiles more than
adults.
• There are more disadvantages th an
advantages to using mobile phones .
~
CONTRAST

CONCLUSION
• Make a general statement. Use
one hand , on the
other hand

• Mobile phones can be annoying. ph rases like:


~ In conclusion, ...
~ To sum up . .. .
• State your opinion if you want to.
Use phrases like:
Talk in groups of four. Discuss the TALK ABOUT: ~ In my opinion ...
advantages and disadvantages of • size ~ Personally, I believe ...
having a mobile phone using the • cost
ideas on the right. Write notes in • what they're used for
the table below. Then, use your • people's health B. The phrases in bold are written in an informal
notes to present your arguments to • if they can become an addiction style. Rewrite them in a formal style. Use
the class. Justify your answers. • if they can be annoying ideas from the tip.
1. Oh, and something else, students
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES I do not need to write their homework by
hand if they have got a computer. They
can type it up.

2. But, it is not a good idea to let children


use the Internet alone.

3. Now, thinking about all these things, I


believe that computers are useful.

In my opinion one of the (dis)advantages of mobile C. Write an essay discussing the advantages
phones is that they're ... and disadvantages of having a mobile phone.
Another (dis)advantage is •.. Use the ideas in the speaking activity and
Also, mobiles are (not) useful when ... follow the plan above.

69
Revision I
3. John might / must come over later so I'm going to
prepare some snacks.
4. I have to / don't have to buy flowers because Mike
has already bought some.
5. May / Would I go out, please?
1. computer a. hands 6. You mustn't / needn't take that book out of the
2. keep in b. language
library. It's not allowed.
3. shake c. literate
4. pay d. phone SCORE ( 76 )
5. sign e. touch SCORE ( 7 5) F. Complete with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
1. Tina was very hungry, so she stopped _ _ _ __
B. Complete with the words in the box.
(get) a sandwich.
change patient invented
waved 2. I can't stand _____ (text). I prefer _ _ __
complain message
(call) my friends.
1. My parents always _____ about the traffic on
the roads. 3. I was surprised (see) Sylvia in my
neighbourhood. She's moved to another town.
2. There's a _____ of plan. We're meeting at 8
not at 9. 4. Deaf people can (understand) what
you are saying by (read) lips.
3. Be _____ , Mary. The cake needs another
twenty minutes in the oven. 5. Avoid (sit) in front of the computer all
4. Mr Barton's not in his office at the moment. Would the time. You may (damage) your eyes.
you like to leave a - - - - - ? 6. I remember _____ (put) my wallet in my bag
5. The children got on the train and _ _ _ __ but I can't find it now.
goodbye. 7. It's easy (lose) your way in this area
6. Guglielmo Marconi _____ the radio. because there are lots of streets with the same
SCORE ( 76) name.
C. Circle the correct words. SCORE ( 710)
1. We couldn't see the message on the piece of Communication
paper. It was harmful/invisible. G. Match.
2. Give Mummy a kiss / hug on the cheek. 1. What took you so long? a. Great. I'm starving.
3. You mustn't shoplift. It's against / out of the law. 2. Could you show me the b. Are you out of your
4. The fire deleted / destroyed the building completely. way to the post office? mind?
3. How about getting c. I was stuck in
SCORE ( 74) something to eat? traffic.
Grammar 4. I need to use the d. Sorry, it's out of
D. Complete with must or can't. phone. order.
1. That be Neil's car. He has gone to 5. I'd like to try bungee- e. Sure. I'm on my
jumping. way there now.
Kent for the weekend.
2. Let's ask John's mum where he is. She _ _ __ SCORE ( 75 )
know.
3. A: I called Jennifer but she hung up. 'i.ihiig.h!' 740)
B: She be upset because you forgot
Now I cap ...
her birthday. make a phone call
4. Linda _____ be at home. I just called her make requests and offer to help
house and no one answered. ask for, give and refuse permission
express possibility
SCORE [ 74) talk about what I must, mustn't, have to,
E. Circle the correct words. don't have to, need to and don't need to do
1. Would / Could you like me to help you with your make deductions
bags? talk about the advantages and disadvantages
of something
2. I was able to / will be able to get a car next year.

70
ling to

ie Mike

he

ckets.

hat

er all
r eyes.
bag

rea
me

10

Where can you


find the fol/owing
in this module?
Go through the
pages and find
What does H2 0 stand for? the pictures.
How important is water in people's lives?

• Water facts
• A sailing trip
• Learn about underwater life
• Water pollution: What needs to be done?
• Experiment: cleaning up polluted water
• Newspaper article: Cindy hits Tydestowe
• Amazing natural disaster stories
71
Asource of life
A. Read and match the questions with the answers. Then, listen and check your answers.

true?
Mike, Dorchester
_ ___..J
Is it true that the Earth and Mars are the only planets in our
solar system with water?
Bob, Leeds

Where's the deepest point in the sea?


Angie, St Ives

A boy at school said that he could survive without water for more
-~ than a month. Is this possible?
Mary, Plymouth

a It's in the Pacific Ocean ,


which is the largest ocean ,
containing 30% of all the water
on the Earth. The deepest point
is called the Marianas Trench and
C Well, it's not quite that
much. The human body is
50-65% water. This means that
it's 10,918m deep. By comparison , someone weighing 70 kg contains
Mt Everest is 8,848m high. You around 40 litres of water.
would need to put 29 Empire State
Buildings one on top of the other to
get from the bottom of the Marianas
Trench to the surface!
d Well, a person can survive
without food for more than
a month but you can only live
without water for approximately

b Well, there's no water on the


surface of the Red Planet
at the moment, but scientists
one week. To stay healthy you
should drink 8 glasses of water a
day or even more if you live in a
examining Mars have found ice hot country or do lots of exercise.
under the north and south poles. Remember that when your mouth
So, the Earth is the only planet in feels dry, it means that you've
our solar system with water on the lost between 6-10% of the water
surface. Actually, 72% of its surface in your body. That's enough
is covered by water. to make you dizzy or give you
blurred vision.
B. Read again and write T for True or F for False.
1. A person who weighs 40kg contains 70 litres of water.
tiJJW',jUmj,s)[,jii @
Listen and tick (.I') the sound you hear.
2. Mars is also called the Red Planet.

3. Mt Everest is as high as 29 Empire State Buildings one


without
on top of the other,
down
4. The Marianas Trench is in the Pacific Ocean . ocean
5. When your mouth feels dry, you can get dizzy or have moment
t
blUrred vision. south
'/'jester broken
C. Read the text again. Find words and match them with the meanings
r below.

Leeds 1 . the sun and all the planets that


move around it (question 2): A. Listen to a radio presenter giving some
St Ives 2. the top part of an area of sea information about a country in South
or land (answer b): America. Which country is she talking
, more about? Circle the correct name on the map.
3. looking at SO~hing
or someone
mouth very carefully (answer b):

4. almost, about (answer d):

5. the opposite of wet (answer d):

6. the ability to see (answer d):


It
dy is
th at
ontains
yeEiwhfili ------~--~----------~
B, Listen again and complete the sentences.

rvive The article 'the' 1. The Orinoco is a _ __ __ __


e t han ~ There is a new building in my neighbourhood. The building has got 2 . Maracaibo is South America 's largest
ive 20 floors.
ately ~ The Earth looks beautiful from the moon,
you ~ The Rocky Mountains are in the USA. The highest peak is Mount 3 . Nature lovers can visit the waterfal ls and
ater a Elbert. the _ _ _ _ _ __
~ in a ~ Lake Victoria and the River Nile are both in Africa,
lXercise, 4. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ of the exotic
r mouth Caribbean Islands belong to this country.

Complete the sentences with the or -. 5. Pabellon is made up of black beans,


_ _ _ _ _ _ _ , meat and fried
1. I go to _ _ school early in _ _ morning.
2. _ _ Lake Superior is to _ _ north-east of _ _
Minnesota.
3. We went to Rome and visited Colosseum,
4. Arctic Ocean is smallest ocean in world .
Write a paragraph about your country. Use
5. I read an interview of my favourite singer in __ Pop Weekly. some of the ideas below.
6. _ _ Himalayas are _ _ longest mountain range in _ _
MENTION:
Asia, • where it is
7. Everybody knows that _ _ people can't live without _ _ • some of the most important
geographical features (seas, rivers,
food and _ _ water for long.
lakes, mountains, etc.)

73
A. Look at the picture. Who do you think likes sailing? Listen to the dialogue and find out. Then, read it out in groups.

Adam Oh, I can't tie this knot. Where's Kelly Sea legs? Now hold on a minute.
Mr Stone? The weather's not that bad.
B. Find sentences in
the dialogue to
May He went to get a replacement for May The sea looks a bit rough, though.
prove the following.
one of the sails. Kelly Oh no! I get seasick easily.
Adam This is really hard work. Adam So do I. I'm not sure about sailing 1. May has been
May Come on, it's great fun. any more. sailing before.
Kelly A whole water sports resort and Kelly Neither am I. 2. Mr Stone is a sailing
what do we choose? Sailing! May Listen, you'll change your mind
instructor.
May Stop moaning. You're going to when we get out to sea. Mr Stone
love it, trust me. 3. There are lots of
will tell us all about the yacht and
Adam How do you know? we can ask him to let us steer a activities to do at
May I spent two weeks sailing around bit. At lunchtime, we could sit on the water sports
the Mediterranean with my uncle the deck and have our packed resort.
last summer. It was fun. lunches. 4. May thinks the
Adam So, that's why you were so Kelly Packed lunch? I didn't bring one.
others will like
enthusiastic about sailing. Adam I didn't either. Isn't there any food
sailing.
Kelly Maybe we should try waterskiing on board?
instead. May Not to worry. If you get seasick, it 5. Adam hasn't got a
Adam Or jet skiing! probably won't stay down for long packed lunch.
May No, we're going sailing and that's anyway! 6. May thinks the
it. Don't worry you two. As soon Kelly Yuk! others will get
as you find your sea legs, you'll Adam Thanks May. Now, I really don't
seasick.
be fine. want to go sailing.

74
Match the words below with the items in the A. Read the tip.
picture. Write the correc!(1 mber next to the
~
words. The~hek your answers. ...~ When you're writing an informal letter or e-man
" , of invitation, follow the plan below.

I , GREETING (see page :13)

j, ~ OPENING PARAGRAPH
• Begin your letter and say why you're writing. Use
phrases like:
~ I'm writing to invite you to ...
~ Would you like to come to ... ?

, MAIN PART
• Give all the necessary information/details (place,
-.I cabin ~ life jacket ~ rope date, time, cost, activities, etc.).
-.I deck ~ sail ~ steering
wheel
• Make your suggestions or any arrangements.
~ Why don 't we go ... ?
\ ~ We can/could go .. ,
~ How about going ... ?
~ I think it would be a good idea to ...
~ Let's go ...
sojneitherjtoojeither ~ What do you think about ... ?
~ A: I went waterskiing ~ A: I've never been , CLOSING PARAGRAPH
on my holiday. sailing before. • State anything you want to emphasise and end your
B: So did I. B: Neither have I.
letter. Use phrases like:
c: I did too. C: I haven 't either.
~ Please, don 't say no.
~ I hope you can come.
~ Pack your bags and come. We 'll have a great time!
Complete using so, neither, loo, eilher and an
auxiliary verb. , SIGNING OFF (see page 1.3)

1. A: I love scuba diving.


B: 1 ________________ B. Imagine that you want to suggest the following to a friend . What
would you say?
2. A: My parents have been to Ch ina.
B: mine. • take canoeing lessons • try scuba diving
• go to the beach on Sunday • meet at the bus station at 9am
3. A: Roger got seasick on the yacht.
B: my brother. C. Look at the advertisement below. Imagine you've decided to go with
4. A: Sandra never drinks coffee. your cousin by car. Write an e-mail to a friend inviting him/her to
B: Ken ________________ come along, giving the necessary information (where it is, price) and
making arrangements (when to go, what to do there, where to meet).
5. A: I can't put on my life jacket.
B: I.

Talk in groups of three. Choose from the ideas


given below or your own and discuss as in the waterskiing, surfing
example. windsurfing, canoeing
a
• like sailing I don't like sailing. Sat-Sun 9am-1pm sailing, scuba diving
• get seasick Neither do I. 1pm-6pm jet skiing, windsurfing
• do water sports I get seasick. ADULTS €20 for a one-hour session
• can tie knots I do too. / I don't.
• try water"skiing UNDER :16s €15 for a one-hour session

75
Under the sea
gU.tfH1!1ijiij ~ Match the words below with the it.ems in the picture. Write the correct
~ number next to the words. Then, listen and check your answers .
Answer the following
questions .
~ rock .-J cave
• Have you ever
watched a
documentary about ~ reef ~ wreck
underwater life?
Was it interesting?
• Have you ever
tried scuba diving?
Would you like to? ~ sand

....... ~ A. Listen and read. What is an artificial reef?

76
4 Grammar
B. Find words in the text and match
them with the meanings below. Passive Voice (Present Simple - Past Simple)
Irrect ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
Present ~ Thousands of divers visit old ~ Old wrecks are visited by
1. a place where a particular
Simple wrecks every year. thousands of divers every year.
lVe type of animal lives
~ Does the hotel serve ~ Is breakfast served after lOam?
(para 1):
breakfast after lOam?
~ They don't include meals in ~ Meals aren't included in the
2. a place where a creature can hide the price. price.
eck (para 2): Past ~ They built this castle in the ~ This castle was built in the 16th
Simple 16th century. century.
3. a careful study of a ~ Did they take Charlie to ~ Was Charlie taken to hospital?
subject (para 3): _ __ __ _ hospital?
~ They didn't make these ~ These earrings weren't made in
earrings in China. China.
4. go down below the surface of the
water (para 4): ~"" '"

5. man-made, not natural


Complete with the Present Simple Passive or the Past Simple Passive of the
- (para 4): verbs in brackets.
1. The wreck of the Titanic _ _ _ __ __ _ (discover) on 1st
-----
6. make (para 4): September 1985.
2. English _ _ _ __ _ __ (speak) both in Austral ia and in Irel and .
3. Billy had a party last month but we _ _ _ _ _ __ _ (not invite).
4. Music _ _ _ __ __ _ (not teach) at my school.
C. Read the text again and choose
a, b or c. 5. Oranges (produce) in Mediterranean countrie s.
6. One of the paintings in the art gallery (sold) for
1. A natural reef is created ... 05,000 last week.
a. deep in the sea.
b. near the surface of the sea.
c. by sea creatures and fish .

2. The shipwrecks from WWII .. . A. listen to three people talking about scuba diving and match the names
a. became a habitat for sea with the phrases.
creatures.
b. helped reefs grow bigger. l;tliffliJ • has been scuba diving only once.

c. became a shelter for predators . lID • is a scuba diving instructor.

3. Tourists find coastal areas


,.mM' • travels a lot to enjoy scuba diving.

attractive when ... B. listen again and answer the questions. Write R for Ralph, L for liam and D
a. there are lots of fishermen for Danny.
and divers there. 1. Who took up scuba diving as a way to keep fit? -.J
b. they can spend money there. 2. Who has explored a wreck? -.J and -.J
c. there are wrecks there.
3. Who travels because of his job? -.J
4. Who has explored an underwater cave? -.J
4. Spiegel Grove...
a. was built in Florida in 2002.
5. Who has taken pictures of what he's seen underwater? ..-J
b. is the largest transport ship.
c. became an artificial reef in Talk in pairs.
2002. Student A go to page 113. Student B go to page 117.

77
Save our planet

Water·
Water is essential for life. Without it,
life on Earth would not exist. However,
although we know this for a fact, we
keep polluting the water on our planet.

P0 11 UtI0 n
One of the main causes of water
pollution is waste which is pumped
into rivers, lakes and seas. The waste
comes from homes, factories and
farms. Some of this waste can harm people, animals and plants while other
waste causes disease. Scientists predict that most of the world's rivers will
be polluted in twenty years' time and they say that some rivers are already so
polluted that they are bi ologically dead.
Anothe r main cause of wate r pol lution is oil spills. Oil spills are caused by leaks
in ships or by accidents involving oil tankers. Thousands of tons of oil spread
over t he surface of the sea, and as a result destroy marine life, life on beaches,
kill sea birds, etc.
A lot of measures have been taken by governments to stop water pollution. For .
example, the people responsible are fined. However, the problem is very serious
and something must be done to prevent water pollution. Cleaning up rivers or oil
spills can be extremely difficult, expensive and time-consuming.

1. Rub the unpolluted water between your fingers.


Remember what this feels like.
You will need: 2. Add a few drops of car engine oil to the water. This is
~ a glass of your 'water pollution'.
water (half full) 3. Use the cotton wool to try arid get the oil out of the
~ a few drops of water. This is your 'clean-up' operation.
car engine oil 4. Rub the water between your fingers again. Notice that
~ some cotton the water is still oily. Not all the oil can be removed.
wool Just imagine what it's like in the sea with waves!
~ some washing-
5. Add washing-up liquid until the water doesn't feel oily.
up liquid
You will need to add quite a lot! Now the water isn't
very oily but it's full of soap, which is also harmful.

What did you learn?

B. Read the text again and answer the questions.


1. How does waste get into rivers? 4. What causes oil spills?
2 . Why is this waste dangerous? 5. How do oil spills harm the environment?
3. What do scientists predict? 6. Why is it better to prevent water pollution than to clean it up?

78
C. Read the experiment again and tick the correct pictures.

Match the words below with the pictures a-d and the definitions 1-4. Talk in pairs. Discuss the problems
below and say what should/can/must
~ 1. a layer of oil on the be done. Use the ideas in the box.
smog ~
surface of the water which
comes from ships
~ 2. a mixture of smoke and
fog caused by car fumes , ~, -
~ ~
acid rain ~
• "1
There is too
and factory gases much smog
~ 3. rain containing acids which ~ ,
:; -- -:: in cities.
are harmful especially to
trees and forests
~ 4. materials containing
chemicals which are
no longer used and are Factories and
pumped into rivers , lakes farms pollute
toxic waste ~ and seas rivers.

oil
Oil spills harm
Passive Voice (Present Perfect Simple - Future 'will' - sea birds.
, Future 'be going to' - modal verbs)
ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
Present Perfect ~Factories have polluted many ~ Many rivers have been
is
Simple rivers. polluted by factories.
Future 'will' ~ They will clean up the beach. ~ The beach will be cleaned up. People
Future 'be going ~ The government is going to ~ More measures are going to produce too
to' take more measures in the be taken in the future. much rubbish.
future .
Modal verbs ~ People can save the ~ The environment can be There is too much smog in
(can, could, may, environment. saved.
lmight,' must,
should, have to)
~ They shouldn't cut down ~ Trees shouldn't be cut
cities. What do you think should
be done?
trees. down. I think cars should be used
f! less.

Rewrite the sentences using the Passive Voice. Start with the words given.
1. They will plant more trees in my neighbourhood. • higher fines / give
• cars / use / less
More trees _ _ __ __ _ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ _ __
• glass / paper / recycle
2. People shouldn't throw rubbish in the sea. • money / give / organisations
Rubbish _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ • factories / move away / from
cities
3. The government has fined lots of factories for polluting rivers. • environment / protect / by
Lots of factories _ _ __ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ __ governments
• cars / not allow / in city centres
4. People must use cars less in the city centre to reduce smog.
• oil/remove / from feathers /
Cars _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __ _ _ _ __ _ __ __
with washing-up liquid

79
Natural disasters

~ Read and match t~e sentences with the pictures. Listen and check your answers. Then try
2.
3,
to guess the meaning of the words in bold. '

IlJ The fire broke out this morning and the


firefighters are still trying to put it out.
5.

Last Wednesday many buildings collapsed


because of the earthquake. The earth was
shaking for a whole minute.

The whole area was covered by water because


of the flood but luckily no one drowned.

It was the worst tsunami of the last 50 years.


The huge wave caused serious damage in the
village!

The strong winds and heavy storms destroyed


lots of houses. Many people were trapped
and others were left homeless. This was a
category two hurricane.

All the people were asked to evacuate the


hotel after it was struck by lightning. 5
6
A. look at the title of the text and the picture. What do you think Cindy is? Listen read and check
your answers. '

WEDNESDAY 18 2005

Cindy hits Tydestowe


esterday our neighbouring town, The local authorities weren't able to

Y Tydestowe, was hit by one of


the strongest hurricanes of the
last 20 years. Cindy has caused major
unblock the drainage system in time
and as a result the town flooded. Lots of
families are still trapped in their homes
damage already, leaving people homeless and the rescue teams have been trying to
and injured and it's only the start of the save them. Luckily no one has drowned.
hurricane season. Unfortunately, two people were killed
when the roof of their house collapsed
People were asked to evacuate the town
and hundreds have been injured by falling
a couple of days ago but most of them
trees. Our town has provided shelters for
decided to stay and protect their homes.
the victims of the hurricane.
The towns south 9f Tydestowe were struck
first. Cindy, a category three hurricane, The people of Tydestowe are terrified
brought strong winds, heavy storms but they are trying not to panic. "You
and rain which quickly moved on to can't fight against nature. Let's just hope
Tydestowe. another hurricane doesn't strike," one of
the residents said.

80
B. Read the news article again and answer the
questions.
1. When was Tydestowe hit by the hurricane? ROLE PLAY Go to page 118.
2. What were the people of Tydestowe asked to do?
3. Why did the area flood?
4. How many people died?
5. Where can the victims of the hurricane go?
6. What are the people of Tydestowe afraid of? A. Read the tip.

~if'~' When you're writing a news article,


follow the plan below. Don't forget to use
the Passive Voice to make your article
impersonal and relative pronouns and
A. Andrew is being interviewed about an experience he had
time linkers to link your ideas.
while on holiday. Listen and tick the natural disasters
that he mentions.
~ HEADLINE
III
Write an interesting headline.
~ INTRODUCTION
B. Listen again and write T for True or F for False in the boxes.
The introduction is the summary of the
1. At the cafe, Andrew's chair broke. ~ article. Mention only the most important
2. All the people left the beach. -.J facts (place, time, people involved and their
condition, damage).
3. Andrew and his wife went up the mountain. ~
~ MAIN PART (2-3 PARAGRAPHS)
4. Several buildings were destroyed. ~ Describe the event in detail.
5. The shelters were only for the homeless. -.1 (why it happened, injuries, damage. etc.)
6. Andrew and his wife weren't hurt. ~ CONCLUSION
7. Hundreds of people died. ~ Mention comments of the people involved
using direct speech and what will be done in
the future. Do not express your own feelings
and opinion.

B. Read the note below and correct the headlines 1-4.


NOTE: Headlines should be short and interesting.
• Use the Present Simple or Past Participles
• Do not include:
~ articles (e.g. )(20-YEAR-OLD WOMAN DIES IN X CAR
ACCIDENT)
~ possessives (e.g. GIRL SAVES ~DOG FROM FIRE)
~ auxiliary verbs (e.g. 100 ~ KILLED IN PLANE CRASH)
~ unnecessary words (e.g. 2 ~ CAUGHT WITH
STOLEN PAINTING~T)
~ full stops or commas

1. A STUDENT HAS BEEN ARRESTED FOR SHOPLIFTING

2. A HURRICANE HITS A COASTAL TOWN


3. 20 YOUNG CHILDREN HAVE BEEN TRAPPED IN
THEIR SCHOOL AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE
4. THE NATIONAL MUSEUM IN RIVERDALE STREET
WAS DESTROYED BY THE FIRE LAST NIGHT

C. Imagine that a local newspaper has asked you to write


a news article about the fire discussed in the speaking
activity (page 118). Write the news article following the
plan above.

81
E. Change the sentences from the Active to the Passive Voice.
1. Divers found a wreck near the coast.

Vocabulary 2. They will build two new schools in my area.


A. Circle the correct words.
1. The sea is a bit dizzy / rough today. I don't want to
go canoeing. 3. The government should help the homeless.
2. Lots of buildings collapsed / flooded during the
earthquake. They were very old.
3. Smog is caused / polluted by factory gases.
4. They have taken the injured to hospital.
4. Janet was very enthusiastic for / about waterskiing
but when she tried it, she didn't like it.
. 5. The art gallery has formed / attracted hundreds of
visitors. --- SCORE ( / 8)
6. The residents / victims of the town did all they Communication
could to put out the fire. F. Choose a, b or c.
7. I never travel by boat. I get panic / seasick. 1. I didn't finish that book in the end.

SCORE ( / 7J a. I did too. b. I haven't either.


2. Lee and Kerry both live in Gilbert Road.
c. Neither did I.

B. Match. a. I do too. b. So have I. c. I don't either.


1. life a. disaster
3. Kim won 't come to the party on Saturday.
2. steering b. team
a. Neither b. Ray will too. c. So will Ray.
3. natural c. spill wil l Ray.
4. car d. jacket
4. My daughte r can swim fifty metres.
5. oil e. fumes
a. Mi ne can 't b. Neither can mine. c. So can mine .
6. rescue f. wheel
either.
7. solar g. system SCOR E : 7 )
5. I have never seen a Shakespeare play.
a. I have too. b. I haven't either. c. Neither did I.
Grammar
C. Complete the sentences with the or -. 6. My brother is going to try scuba diving.
1. _ _ giraffes live in _ _ Africa . Did you know that a. Neither b. Diane is too. c. Diane isn't
they are _ _ tallest animals on _ _ planet? is Diane. either.
2. _ _ Miltons went skiing in _ _ Alps last year. SCORE [ / 6)
SCORE ( / 6J -NhiiMdl / 40)
D. Circle the correct words.
1. Millions of people will watch / will be watched the
World Cup Final tomorrow afternoon.
2. Lots of toxic waste has pumped / has been pumped
into the river since 2001.
.. .... ............
Now I can
~~ ~~'~"~
talk about the geographical features of my
country
3. These drinks are produced / produce in Germany.
agree and disagree
4. My grandfather grows / is grown lots of oranges.
invite and make arrangements
5. After the earthquake the building evacuated / was
use the Passive Voice
evacuated immediately.
talk about environmental problems and
6. The fire didn't put out / wasn't put out until 2am suggest solutions
last night. describe a natural disaster
write a news article
SCORE [ / 6)
82
ice.
~ Listen, read and complete
the sentences.
Culture page 3

did I.

either.

Ray.

n New Zealand children as young as 15 are

I
Something has to be do ne to reduce
mine.
allowed to get behind the whee l. The reason the number of young people who
for this is that many years ago young workers are killed and injured on our roads.
needed to be able to get to farms where they I believe that the driving age should
did I. worked. Today, not many 15-year-olds work on be 18 so that new drivers are more
farms but the law has never changed. mature. It will also mean that all
drivers are adults in the eyes of the
In the USA the minimum driving age in most
isn't law.
states is 16. Many people feel this is too young Robert Hood, Philadelphia, USA
and should be raised a year at least. In the UK
you have to wait until you are 17 years old before
you are allowed to drive but some people still I agree that we need to do something
think this is too young. to make our roads safer. However, I
believe that we need to improve the
Young drivers are considered to be inexperienced way we teach all new drivers, not just
and dangerous. However, some parents say the young ones. The minimum age
their children are safer driving than using public could be lowered to 16 but drivers
transport. So, is there a right age to start would have to complete at least a
driving? year of lessons before taking their
test and being allowed to drive alone.
What's the minimum driving age in your country?
Vera Cotter, Wolverhampton, UK
Should it be changed?

1. In you can become a driver if you are fifteen years old.


2. In the USA you can drive at the age of 16 in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
3. You can drive a car in the UK at the age of _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
4. Robert Hood thinks people should be allowed to drive at the age of _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
5. Vera Cotter thinks new drivers should only take their test after _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

83
song 3
• Read the song and choose the correct words .
Then, listen and check your answers.

H2 0 feel the flow, splish, splash, splosh and here we go!


On and on the water runs
Do you know from where it comes?
From the seven (1) seas / oceans to what fills your sink
The (2) snow / rain and the clouds and the stuff you drink.
Hp feel the flow, splish, splash, splosh and here we go!
Plip and plip the water drips
As it (3) goes / continues on its trip
From the kettle's (4) steam / water to all that rain
Just (5) remember / think it's all the same.
H2 0 feel the flow, splish, splash, splosh and here we go!
Round and round the water flows
Keep in mind just where it goes.
We need to find a (6) good / better solution
To stop the world's (7) air / water pollution.
Where can you find
Are there any people in your life you the following in this
couldn't live without? module? Go through
How important do you think it is to the pages and find the
help people in need? pictures.

• 999: How to call the emergency


services in the UK
• Fire, police or ambulance?
• Accidents will happen
• How to stop a nosebleed
• Teenage problems
• Interview: A volunteer for the Wish-
Come-True Foundation
• Helping out at an animal shelter
85
It's an emergency!

A. Answer the following questions .


• Do you know the emergency
services number(s) in your
country?
• Have you ever had to call the
emergency services?
B. Listen to a boy calling for an
ambulance and choose the
correct picture.

~ A. What information do you think you have to give when you ring for an ambulance? Listen, read
~ and find out.

Before dialling
The first thing to remember is to STAY CALM. Most
delays are caused because the caller is panicking

30~AJU8MA
and can't give an address. Secondly, think for a
moment about exactly where you are. It's very
important.

Dialling
The number to call for an ambulance is 999 or
The average person rings for an 112. The call is free from any phone and you can
ambulance every seven years. dial these numbers on mobiles even if they are
locked.
That's not very often but it's
important to know what to say. The call
An operator will ask you: "Which service do you
need?" and then connect you to a call handler.
First, you will be asked: "Where would you like the
ambulance to be sent?" This is more important than
what is wrong with the patient because an ambulance
is sent to an address not to an injury. Secondly, you
will be asked: "What is wrong with the person?"
Don't give too many details. The call handler doesn't
need to know the patient's complete medical history.
If it has nothing to do with what's wrong with the
patient now, then it's not important. The most
important information is whether the person is
conscious and talking.

It sounds like a lot to


remember but the average
call lasts less than three
~==,"~~ minutes. Just remember to
stay calm.
B. Read the text again and answer the questions.
1. How often do people ring for an ambulance in the UK?

2. What number do you dial for an ambu lance? I Subject - Object questions
~ A: Who saw the accident?
3 . How much does the call cost from a mobile? B: Ron (saw the accident).
4. Who do you speak to first when you ring for an ~ A: Who did you see at the party?
B: (I saw) Susan and Terry.
ambulance?

5. Who takes all the information about the patient?

6. How long does a call usually last? Write questions. The words in bold are the .
answers.
1. A: What _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ ?
B: Lilly had pasta for lunch yesterday. 'I
1

2. A: Who _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ?
B: Marion and Fred called the police.

3. A: Which _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _?
Read the dialogues and complete them with the words in the box. B: I bought the black bag.
Then, listen and check your answers.
4.A:Who _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ?
fire brigade calm down alarm emergency B: My cousin is having dinner with us.
hurry engine ambulance shortly

: Negative questions
1. Operator Which service? Fire, police or _ __ __ ?
~ A: Haven't I seen you before?
Mrs Miggins Police, please. B: Yes, you have. We met at Laura's party.
Call handler Metropolitan Police . Where are yo u call ing ~ A: Why didn 't you answer my calls?
B: I was busy.
from?
Mrs Miggins You must _ _ _ __ , It's an
_ _ _ __ , The burglar is getting away Match.
and my husband is chasing him.
1. Isn't John Italian?
Call handler _ _ _ __ , madam. What's your address?
2. Can't you speak Italian?
Mrs Miggins 99 Pogsville Avenue, near Lindon Park and
my name's Mary Miggins. 3. Aren't you going to do your
homework?
Call handler OK, wait for the police car. It's on its way.
4. Didn't you buy two computer
games last month?
2. Operator Which service? Fire, police or ambulance? 5. Hasn't Mary come back from
Donna _ _ _ _ _ , please. work yet?
Call handler Fire emergency. Where do you need the fire a. No. I can only speak English .
_ _ _ _ _ to be sent? b. In a minute. I've got lots of time.
Donna 32 Briset Street. c. Yes. He's from Florence.
Call handler Where's the fire? d. No. There's a lot of traffic on the roads.
Donna In our flat. It's flat 9. The curtains caught fire e. Yes, but this one is different.
but we can 't put it out. And the
_ _ _ _ _ didn't go off. We've evacuated
the building and notified the other residents
as well. ROLE PLAY
Call handler OK, stay away from the building. Talk in pairs. Student A go to page 113.
The firefighters will be there _ _ _ __ Student B go to page 117.

87
~ A. Look at the picture. What do you think happened to Adam? Listen to the dialogue and find out.
___ ~ Then, read it out in groups.

Kelly So, where are the costumes? Adam I tried to hold onto something and I've cut
May They're in a box somewhere in the basement. myself.
Adam What? You haven't found them yet? Kelly Adam , sit still. Oh, May, where's that light
May Look, if you want a costume for the fancy-dress switch?
party, you 'll have to help me carry the box May Here it is ... Oh, Adam, your nose is bleeding!
upstairs. I can't do it by myself. Kelly Your hand is bleeding, too!
Kelly OK, let's go find it. Adam That's just a scratch, but my nose hurts ...
May Careful, guys. It's dark down here. Ouch! Now, I banged my head, too!
Adam Haven't you got another torch? May Why did you do that? Just stay put.
May Don't worry. I'll find the light switch . It's just that Adam Well, the bleeding won't stop by itself. Don't
I haven't been down here for ages and I don't they say that you should hold your head back
remember where it is. for a while?
Adam Arghh! May That's wrong. You obviously don't know how to
May What happened, Adam? Have you hurt yourself? take care of yourself. I've been on a first-aid
Adam Yeah, I banged my nose. course. Hold your head slightly forward and
Kelly Are you OK? pinch your nose for about ten minutes.
Adam I suppose so. Shine the torch over here. Kelly Oh, now there's blood on his T-shirt!
May Coming. May I've got an idea. One of us can dress up as a
Adam Ouch! nurse tonight and Adam can be the patient.
Kelly Now what? Adam Don't make fun of me, May!

88
fldt' hli ,Ni Complete the sentences with the
correct reflexive pronouns.
PERSONAL PRONOUNsl REFLEXIVE
1. Be careful or you'll hurt

~
Ubject Object PRONOUNS
I me myself
you you yourself 2. They stayed at home by
he him himself
she her herself 3. I think she's crazy. She's
it it itself
talking to _ _ __ _ _
we us ourselves
you you yourselves 4. A cat can clean
they them themselves _ _ __ __ . It doesn't
~ I burnt myself. need a bath!
~ He did it by himself. 5. Well done, kids. Did you do
that all by ?

4 Speak
Listen to the words. What's the best way to treat Talk in pairs. Think of
the injuries? an accident you have
B. Read the dialogue again. Find INJURIES had. Then, ask each
expressions / phrases and match other questions about

r: ~
them with the ones below. your accident.
1. on my own
When did the
accident happen?
2. for a long time
Where were you?
~ burn ~ sunburn ~ cut
What happened?
3. I think so.
Were you alone?

4. Don't move! Were you injured?

5. Stop laughing at me!


@ ~ scratch
What did you do?

Did anybody help


~ sprain
you?

FIRST AID
C. Read the dialogue again. Find
sentences to prove the following.
1. May, Kelly and Adam are going
to a party tonight.
2. May doesn't know where the
light switch is. Write about the
accident you described
3. Adam had three accidents.
in the speaking activity.
4. Adam doesn't mind about the
cut on his hand.
5. May knows how to stop a painkiller;
nosebleed. ice

89
Teen problems
A. look at the pictures and read the title of the story. What do you think Chloe's problem is?
listen, read and check your answers.

MysterioUs everyone would think she was a 'cry baby'. The


same would happen if she complained to one of
her teachers. She felt helpless.

messages
Hey four eyes. If yoU keep stUdying,
yoU'll tUrn into a bookworm.

Later that day, Chloe and Mandy were walking


past the school noticeboard. Suddenly, Mandy
Chloe kept looking at the message she had stopped.
found on her desk. "Not another one," she "Look!" she said. She was looking at a notice
thought. that said: Please return library books on time.
"Who's sending you those messages, Chloe?" "I haven't got any books to return, " said Chloe.
asked Mandy, her best friend. "No, look at the 'u'. It's slightly above the other
"If I knew, I would tell them to stop," said letters, just like your messages," said Mandy.
Chloe. "I'm new here, I don't know many It was all becoming clear. The school librarian,
students and I've never hurt or teased anyone. Mrs Granger, was an old woman and she never
Oh , what should I do?" used computers. She wasn't fond of them. She
Mandy knew exactly how Chloe felt. She had preferred to type everything. Her old typewriter
been through the same thing when she had obviously had a problem with the letter 'u'.
moved house and changed schools. "This is "So Mrs Granger sent the messages?" asked
bullying, Chloe. You haven't done anything wrong Chloe.
but these things happen . Maybe if you ignore "I doubt it," said Mandy. "But whoever did,
them, they'll stop," said Mandy. used her typewriter to write them."
That wasn't good enough for Chloe. She was They were getting closer to solving the mystery.
fed up with it but she didn't know how to deal Mandy turned to Chloe and said , "Don't worry,
with the situation. If she told her parents, they we're going to find that bully and I think I know
would come to school to sort things out and then just how to do it." And they both headed towards
the library.

B. Find phrases in the story which mean the


same as the following:
C. Read the story again and complete the summary.
Chloe is receiving (1) _ _ _ _ _ and doesn't know what to do.
L
1. This had happened to her as well.
Her friend, (2) , used to have the same problem. Chloe
doesn't want to ask her (3) _ _ _ _ _ or (4) _ _ _ _ _ for
2. She couldn't stand it any longer.
help because she's worried about what the other students will think.
One afternoon, the girls see a (5) from the librarian
3. She couldn't solve the problem.
on the (6) . The letter (7) in the notice

4. She didn 't like them. is slightly raised , just like in Chloe's messages. The girls realise that
the messages were typed on Mrs Granger's old (8) _ _ _ __

5. I don't think so. Mandy has got a plan. So, they decide to go to the (9) _ _ __ _
and catch the (10) _ _ __ _
90~~~~~~~~~-=~~~~~~~------~--~~·
A. You will hear part of a radio play which is the continuation A. Read the tip. Can you think of some more phrases for
of the story on page 90. Who has been bullying Chloe? each part of the letters?
B. Listen again and answer the following questions.
1. How long have Chloe and Mandy been in the library? ~it'~ When you're writing a letter to a friend
, asking for or giving advice, follow the
plans below.
2. What is Mrs Granger doing at the moment?

3. What does Jamie get from Mrs Granger's office? ~ GREETING

~ OPENING PARAGRAPH
4. Who goes into the office after Jamie? Begin your letter and say why you're
writing. Use phrases like:
5. What had the bully typed? GIVING ADVICE
ASKING FOR ADVICE
~ I was sorry to hear
~ I've got a problem and
6. What did the girls decide to do in the end? I'd like your advice. that you 've got
~ I hope you can help me problems.
~ I hope the following
with a problem.
~ I need your advice advice will help you.
~ I've thought about
because I don't know
what to do. your problem quite
a lot.
Conditional Sentences Type 2
~ If he lived with his parents, he would save more money. ~ MAIN PART
~ If I had a car, I could drive to work every day.
ASKING FOR ADVICE GIVING ADVICE
NOTE: We use If I were you, to give advice or to Give your advice and
Explain the problem and
express an opinion. make suggestions.
how you feel and ask
~ If I were you, I'd go on a diet.
for advice. Use phrases Use phrases like:
like: ~
I think you should /
~ What should I do? shouldn't ...
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the ~ I feel helpless and ~ If I were you, I'd ...
verbs in brackets to form Conditional Sentences Type 2. don't know what to do. ~ I believe it would be
~ If you were me, what a good idea to ....
1. If you (have) a problem at school,
would you do? . ~ One thing you can
who (you/talk) to? ~ What do you suggest? do is ...
2. If I (be) you, I (not go) ~ How/What about ... ?

to the party tonight. ~ CLOSING PARAGRAPH


3. I (scream) if I _ _ ___ (find) a State anything you want to emphasise and
end your letter. Use phrases like:
spider in my bed.
4. If Harry (borrow) my car, he ASKING FOR ADVICE GIVING ADVICE
~ I hope I haven't ~ I hope everything
_ _ __ (crash) it.
troubled you too much. goes well.
~ Let me know how
~ Let me know what
you think as soon as everything goes.
~ There's no need to
possible.
~ I look forward to panic.
Talk in pairs. ~ Everything will be
hearing from you.
Student A: Think of a problem, just fine.
I've got a problem
describe it to Student B, tell him/ with ... I feel ... What
her how you feel and ask him/her should I do? ~ SIGNING OFF
for advice. I think you should ...
Student B: Listen to Student A's If I were you, I'd ... B. Write a letter to a friend or relative asking for advice on
problem and give him/her advice. a problem you've got. Follow the plan above.

91
~~I!II!II.. Answer the following questions.
• Do you know of any charities or foundations that help people?
• How do they help people? .
• Would you like to be a volunteer for a charity? Why/ Why not?

......1iIIIi. ~ A. Look at the pictures, read the title and the introductory
_ pa~agraph. What does the Wish-Come-True Foundation do for
c~lldren? What kind of things do you think children wish for?
Listen, read and check your answers. .

Make a wish
come true
Phoebe Willis interviews Stuart Rushmore, 17,
a volunteer for the Wish-Come-True Foundation.
As head of his school committee, Stuart and his
classmates raised 7,000 euros in 3 months and helped
some kids make their dreams come true.
P,W. When did you decide to become a volunteer for the Wish-Come-True
Foundation?
S.R. Some years back my friend Emma was diagnosed with a life-
threatening disease. She was really depressed and I wanted to cheer
her up. Her biggest dream was to meet SpongeBob SquarePants but
of course I didn't have the money to take her to Universal Studios in
the USA. While I was surfing the Net one night, I typed in the word
'wish' and came across the Wish-Come-True Foundation. I sent an
e-mail telling them about Emma's condition and her wish , and three
months later she went to Universal Studios - all expenses paid.
P.W. How did you feel?
S.R. Fantastic! I soon realised I wanted to help out other seriously ill kids
too, so I became a volunteer.
P.W. How did your school manage to raise 7,000 euros in three months?
S.R. Well, we organised different events, for instance a basketball game
between students and teachers. We raised a lot of money by selling
tickets to this event. We also met with local businessmen to ask
for their help and donations. I wish I had enough money to pay for
everything myself but I don't. Everyone must help out.
P.W. What are the most popular wishes?
S.R. Some.. kids wish they were someone else for a day, like a reporter
or a police officer. Others wish they could meet a famous person.
And others wish they could visit a place or attend a major event and
others ask for a special gift.
P.W. That sounds great. Can you make my wish come true?
S.R. I'm' going to have to let you down. You have to be under 18. Don't worry
though, I'm sure there are other foundations that deal with adults.
92
B. Read the interview again. Find words/ C. Read the interview again. What do the words in bold refer to?
expressions and match them with the 1. Stuart is a volunteer for
meanings below.
this organisation.
1. make somebody feel better and happier
2. Stuart's friend had always wanted
for to meet this character.
?
2. meet or find something by chance 3. Stuart's school managed
to do this in three months. _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _

4. They sold tickets


to this event.

5. Businessmen were asked


to do these two things.

6. Some kids wish they could


meet such people.

7. The Wish-Come-True Foundation


5. disappoint somebody
makes wishes come true
only for this age group.

A. Listen and repeat. How many


wish + Past Simple syllables are stressed in each
~ / wish / had more free time. word?
~ He/en wishes she didn't live in a city.
Ch i n a
wish + could + infinitive Chinese
~ / wish / could drive a car.

B. Read the following words.


Underline the stressed syllable
or syllables in each word. Then,
Read the situations below and write sentences using wish. listen and check your answers.
1. My friends are going to Italy next week. charity
I'd love to go with them but I can't. volunteer
businessman
reporter
2. My school is organising a dance competition, but organisation
unfortunately I don't know how to dance. disappointed
depressed
competition
3. I want to watch a film at the cinema but
you have to be over eighteen. I'm sixteen.

Write a list of wishes.

I WLSVl I c,OlALcL
I WLSVl I VlClCL

93
Helping out
........ ~ A. Below is a.letter Steven Jenkins sent to the Oxford Animal Shelter
to ask for Information. There are four sentences missing Read the
I~tter and complete the blanks 1-4 with the sentences a-"d Then
Look at the advertisement listen and check your answers. . ,
below and answer the
following questions. a I look forward to hearing from you soon. l·
• If you were interested in b Cld ~ ,,~,
ou yo~ please inform me what looking
becoming a volunteer
what else would you like __~after
______anlmals at the shelter'=n.v
~~~~~--~~----~~l ~ o 1ves? 104 Norham Road
~~"~~sk ,~v,
to know?
• How would you contact
this organisation?
c Iam writing
inf'
ormatlon about
~~
you f
becoming
or more
______~~a:~v~olunteer.
1.
oxford
OX2 6py

~ Have you ever written


or read a formal letter? -w~~~~~ ____------~~----------~,-----------J 10
d Would you consider that as work experience?
January 2006
What was it like?
oxford An imal Shelter
27 Iffley Road
Oxford
OX4 lEA

Dear Sir/Madam,
I saw your advertisement in a local newspaper. 1~
First of all, I would like to ask if there is a minimum
age for volunteers at the shelter. I am a sixteen-year-old
Help us take student. I love animals and I would like to get involved
care of unwanted in animal care. ~ Furthermore, I would like to know if
animals previous work experience is necessary. I live in a house
full of pets and I always look after them. ~ Finally,
Volunteer for: I would like to inform you that I am able to work only at
* Animal Care weekends. I hope that is not a problem. Could you please let
* Administration me know how many hours I have to work at the shelter?
* Campaign Work I would like to thank you in advance for your time and
* Fundraising ~
* Web assistant
assistance.

Yours faithfully,

J~
Write to:
27 Iffley Road, Oxford,
OX4 lEA
Steven Jenkins

B. Read the letter again and write T for True C. Find indirect questions in the letter and match them with the ones
or F for False. below. What do you notice about the formation of indirect questions....?....;;...-....
1. Steven is writing to someone
1. Is previous work experience necessary?
he knows.
2. Someone who helps out at the
shelter gave Steven the advertisement. ..J 2. Is there a minimum age for volunteers at the shelter?
3. Steven does!1't know exactly what
they mean by animal care. ...J 3. What does looking after animals at the shelter involve?
4. Steven has worked at an animal
shelter before. ~
5. Steven can work on Saturdays 4. How many hours do I have to work at the shelter?

_
___
an_d__
S_u_
nd_a_y_s_. __ ~~~~~~~~;.~;~~~~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::.~
94
ROLE PLAY A. Read the tip.
er Look at the smudged advertisement below
he about a fund raising event. ,,~ When you're writing a formal letter asking for information,
Student A: You are the receptionist at ' " follow the plan below. Do not use short forms or abbreviations.
Fairview Community Centre
and you have the misSing t~ GREETING
information about the event. ~ Dear Sir/Madam,
Student B: You want to attend the event ~ Dear Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms + surname,
so you call Student A to ask
for information. Use the notes ~ OPENING PARAGRAPH
written on the advertisement Begin your letter and say why you're writing. Use phrases like:
and indirect questions. A-. ~ I saw your advertisement in ... and I was interested in ...
~ I am writing to ask if you could inform me about...
6
Fairview Community Centre.
Hello. I'm calling to ask for some ~ MAIN PART (1-3 PARAGRAPHS)
information about the fundraising event. Ask for information in a formal and polite manner. Remember:
Of course. How may I help you? • to use linking words/phrases to list your questions:
I'd like to know •.. firstly, first of all, secondly, furthermore, also, in addition ,
what is more, finally, etc.
• not to use direct questions too often. It is more polite to use
indirect questions.

FAIRVIEW ~
~
I would like to know/ask ...
Could/Would you please inform me / let me know ... ?
~d COMMUNITY CENTRE
ed 32 Princeton Rd, Fairview ~ CLOSING PARAGRAPH
=-f FRS 9HD Use set phrases to end your letter.
se ~ I would like to thank you in advance.
y, fundraising event ~ Thank you for your time and assistance.
at". for ~WVlO?
~ SIGNING OFF
et DATE: ~WV1eV\..? Use a formal signature ending.
VENUB:· ~Cl~ ceV\..tre or V1 re? ~ Yours faithfully, (when you don't know the name of the person
TICKET PRICE: ~ eL~ew e .
nd you are writing to)
!-tow VVtl..{ch? ~ Yours sincerely, (when you know the name of the person you
are writing to)
Sign underneath and write your full name below your signature.

B. Below are parts of a formal letter. Not all the words/phrases are
appropriate. Rewrite them in an appropriate style.
Read the notes below. The words in bold are 1. Dear Mr Stanley King,
wrong. Listen to a dialogue between a teacher
2. I saw your ad in a mag
and her students about the school's Harvest
s? and I'd like some info.
Festival and correct the mistakes.
3. Oh, and lastly, send me
some photos. OK?
Ht{rveist feistiVt{e 4. Write back soon.

* Br~»g tntLt rmJ v~6~s (;{}Vd Yours,


efJ 0. vfJ i ~fJ"hv ~» classro'O?7I.. Lyn Mayfield

* Co.» ~rl»g trd"hv Md»do.~ id friJal(. C. Look at the advertisement in the speaking activity and write a letter to
* 0» frldo.~ ~»f glVfJ id f,~ss. Fairview Community Centre to ask for information about the fundraising
event. Follow the plan above.

95
4. Why does Godfrey always let me / myself down?
5. We are all tired so let's give ourselves / us a break.
Vocabulary S. Linda rang the travel agency and they informed
A. Circle the correct words. her / herself of trips abroad.
1. Gareth fell off his bike and sprained / pinched his SCORE ( / S )

ankle.
E. Complete with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
2. I think my cousin will like this pop CD because
1. If I had a computer, I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (not use)
she's quite fed up with / fond of classical music.
my typewriter any more.
3. Come on, watch out / hurry! We're going to miss
the beginning of the film. 2. Would you visit Kim in Spain if she
4. Oh, no! I've cut my finger and now there's blood / _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (pay) for your plane ticket?
bleed all over the floor! 3. Brian _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (buy) a car if he
5. As I was looking through my things, I came _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (know) how to drive.
across / along an old photo of mine.
4. If I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (be) you, 1 _ _ _ _ ___
S.There's been an accident and one of the drivers is
(explain) the problem to my parents. (
injured. Call for an operator / ambulance!
7. Lots of people make gifts / donations to charity
SCORE / S]
organisations. F. Read the situations below and write sentences using wish.
1. I've got a scratch on my arm but I haven't got any
B. Complete the sentences with the words in the box. antiseptic cream.
conscious depressed life threatening
involved shortly
2. All my friends are in a band but I can't play a
1. I think we should take Bob out one night because
musical instrument.
he's been quite lately.
2. The man the firefighters pulled out of the fire was
3. I'm exhausted. I'd love to go on holiday, but I can't.
alive but he wasn't _ _ _ _ _ __
3. Shirley had an accident last night but her injuries
aren't _ _ _ _ _ __
SCORE ( / 3]
4. Wait here and the doctor will be with you Communication
G. Complete the dialogue with the phrases a-d.
5. Kevin needs to get more _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in the a. Just calm down. c. I doubt it.
b. It's an emergency! d. I suppose so.
games otherwise the coach won't pick him. ~-,-~
A: Hello?
SCORE ( / 5)
B: Mike! I need your help. (1) _' ___
Grammar
A: OK, OK. (2) ____ What's wrong?
C. Write questions. The words in bold are the answers.
B: Something's wrong with my car again.
1. A: ?
A: Is there a garage near you or something?
B: The mirror fell on the floor.
2.A: __________________ ? B: (3) ____ I'm in the middle of the country. Can you

B: Nelly works at an animal shelter. come and pick me up?


3.A: __________________ ? A: (4) ____ Just tell me exactly where you are.

B: The woman tried on the green dress. sco RE (~-/'-8-)


4.A: __________________ ?
B: Jack took a painkiller.
'i.idi1¥l;Ii /40 )
5.A: __________________ ? Now I cap ...
B: Oliver made fun of Lenny. call the emergency services
SCORE ( / 5)
talk about injuries and first aid
D. Circle the correct words. ask for and give advice
1. The cats were hungry so I gave them / themselves say what I would do in imaginary situations
some food. express wishes
2. Norman, did xou cut yourself / you? write a formal letter asking for information
3. My cousin, Tony, lives by him / himself.

96
u
Where can you
find the following
in this module?
Go through the
pages and find
What's the craziest thing you've ever the pictures.
done?
Is there anything crazy that you'd like to
try?
,. .
• Crazy people doing crazy things
• I got Automagic's autograph!
• Record·breaking skyscrapers
• Quiz: Find out your shopping habits
• La Tomatina
97
Eccentric people

Answer the following qUestions~ f


• Do you know or have/ou hear 0
any eccentric people, tric?
• What makes them eccen ,

., , tures What do
A. Look at the PlC I' do that
you Ihink Ihe peop e read and
is eccenlric? llSlen, "as 1>0"" n\e

find
I
DU . tt~ _
ss\e co07he cou"tt~ fo
I~'

nUaS )e tch\"g
sea
whoaree
. crazy or
ccentflc, When I first saw Dale
Swail wearing his goggles,

fruitca~e
just plain nuts. Let's ~ee thought he was blind. But it turns out
what you think of this he can see perfectly well. He just likes to
see things in a different way, upside ,down ,to
Week·s pa;,. be exact. Dale's goggles are his own Inve~t'o~.
They've got a camera which records everything In
front of him. However, these pictures are shown
upside down inside the goggles. Naturally, ~ thought
he was dOing an experiment or sOmething, but
no he told me he just prefers to see things that
";ay. He finds it very enjoyable and relaxing.
He told me that I'd love it if I tried it, but I
replied that I prefer things the way
they are.

I met Charlotte
Chees eman at a cafe. At first,
I Couldn't see her face because it Was
hidden behind a huge pink bUbble. We both
sat in silence and I waited as her bUbble grew
and grew. When it bUrst, she apologised and
eXPlained that she Was practising for the bUbble
blOwing World record. The current record is 58.4 cm
and she's not quite there yet. Charlotte gets through
about two to three packs of gUm a day and the only
time she stops cheWing gUm is when she eats or
sleeps. This may seem foolish but if you Want to be
a successful bubble blower, that's what you have to
do. Charlotte told me that she had cOunted every
single one of the bUbbles she had blown since
January. a total of 421, 362! She hopes to reach
a million by some time next year. GOOd luck
with that.
B. Read the text Dale Swail has invented (1) which show everything (2) using a special
again and (3) . He enjoys wearing his goggles and he finds that they help him (4)_ _ _ __
complete the
summaries about Charlotte Cheeseman loves blowing (5) _ _ _ __ and tries to make them as big as
the two people. possible. She chews about (6) _ _ _ _ _ packs of gum a day. She wants to be a successful
bubble blower and beat the current (7). _ __ _ _ , which is 58.4cm. Since the beginning of the
year, she has blown (8) bubbles!

C. Complete the 1. I think the telephone is a brilliant _ __ _ _ INVENT


sentences with
2. The audience sat in the theatre in _ _ _ __ SILENT
the correct form
of the words in 3. My parents spent a very _ _ _ __ weekend in t he mount ains. E'NJOY
capitals. All the 4. Spending all your money on magazines was a idea. FOOL
missing words 5. Alan wanted to get the main role in the play but he wasn't _ _ _ __ SUCCESS
are in the text.
6. Jenny is outgoing so _ _ __ _ she likes meeting new people. NATURE

Work in pairs. Imagine that you


Reported Speech (Statements)
Direct speech Reported speech
interviewed one of the two people
on page 98. Write answers to the
~ "I made a fool of myself at the cinema," ~ Peggy told Lee (that) she had made a
Peggy said to Lee. fool of herself at the cinema.
questions below. They can be as
eccentric as you like. Then report
Tenses, modal verbs, time expressions, etc. usually change as follows:
your answers to the class.
DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH
Present ~ Past this ~ that
Past ~ Past Perfect today ~ that day Name:
Present Perfect ~ Past Perfect yesterday ~ th e previous day
will ~ would last week ~ the week before
can ~ could tomorrow ~ the next day
may ~ might next year ~ the foll owing year Where do you live?
must ~ had to
NOTE:
Direct speech Reported speech What's your favourite food/
~ "I'm having a great time," says Phil. ~ Phil says (that) he's having a great time. dessert/drink?

Rewrite the sentences using Reported Speech.


1. "I enjoy watching DVDs," Frank said. Have you got any pets?
Frank said that he _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __
2. "I'll visit Europe next summer," Mr Adams said . Where did you go on
Mr Adams said that he _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ holiday last year?
3. "My brother can't go to t he concert tomorrow," Sam said.
Sam to ld me that his brother_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
What are you r plans for
4 . "I have read t his book," Joanna said.
next summer?
Joanna said that she _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ _

Listen to the sentences and underline the words that are stressed.
r
1. Tom said he would try to win . Charlotte told us she lives in
2 . They told me I shouldn't go. a house made of bubble gum.
3. Lou said he wanted to change his job.
4. Robert said, he had recorded my favourite programme for me. Dale told us that his favourite
dessert is upside-down cake.
5 . Sheila told me she hated fast food.

99
Answer the following questions.
• Who's .your favourite singer/band?
• What would you be willing to do to
meet your favourite singer/band?

A. listen to the dialogue. Then, read it out in groups. Why don't Kelly, Adam and May have to join the queue?

Kelly Hey, guys. Check this out! Adam What did you do then? Did you leave?
May Wow! A tattoo! Kelly No way! I had spent so much time waiting that
Adam Don't be silly, May. It says Mick, Melanie and I didn't want to give up that easily. Fortunately,
Pete. Don't tell me Automagic signed your arm? the band heard me and they told the security
How did you manage that? guard not to send me away. Then, they asked
Kelly Well, I've been here since eight this morning me to go backstage and watch them rehearse.
waiting for them. Can you believe it?
May You must be crazy, Kelly. It's after seven. You've May That's so cool! Do you think you could get them
been here for more than eleven hours! to sign my poster?
Kelly I'm crazy about Automagic. Whatever I went Kelly Sure. They're my friends now.
through to get an autograph was definitely worth it. Adam Hey, guys. I think we should join the queue to
Adam What do you 'mean? What happened? get in.
Kelly Well, the Automagic tour bus arrived at about Kelly We don't have to. I've got three Access All
midday. I was standing close by waiting to see the Areas passes. We can even go backstage and I
band when a security guard walked up to me and can introduce you to Automagic.
ordered me, to leave. I begged him to let me stay May Let's not waste any time.
but he wouldn't. He really gave me a hard time. Adam Automagic, here we come.

100
B. Read the dialogue again and answer the
questions.
1. What did Automagic sign on Kelly's arm? Reported Speech (Commands, Requests)
Direct speech Reported speech
2. How many hours did Kelly have to wait ~ "Clean your room! Don't watch ~ My mother told me to clean my
for the band to arrive? TV!" my mother said. room and not to watch TV.
~ "Neil, please pick up John from ~ Nora asked Neil to pick up John
3. Why does Kelly say that the security
work, " Nora said. from work.
guard gave her 'a hard time'?

4. What did Kelly do after the security


guard let her stay?
Rewrite the sentences using Reported Speech and the verbs given.
1. "Don't waste your time," my mother said.
5. What does May want Automagic to do?
tell
2. "Sign my poster, please," Penny said to the singer.
ask
3. "Please, please help me," the woman said to the firefighter.
beg _______________________________________
4. "Don't move," the police officer said to the criminal.
Listen. What do the expressions in bold order _________________________________________
mean? Match them with the definitions a-h.

1. I'm really busy but I must make time to


clean the attic.
2. Don't waste your time watching TV!
Read a book.
3. I had time to kill before going to the When you 're writing an account of a true event.
interview so I had a cup of coffee in a remember to use the fi rst person singular or plural
cafe. (I, We).
4. Carry your bag with you at all times.
~ INTRODUCTION
If you leave it somewhere, someone
• Give some information about the setting of the event (when
might steal it. and where it happened, who you were with, etc.)
5. Jack spends his free time writing
~ MAIN PART (2-3 PARAGRAPHS)
stories.
• Describe what happened. Remember to use Past Tenses,
6. I usually go to work by bus, but from linking words/phrases and expressions (see pages 47 and 55).
time to time, my mum lets me borrow
~ CONCLUSION
her car.
• Describe how the event ended and make a short comment
7. You've got an hour to finish the test, on your experience.
so take your time.
S. My history teacher gave me a hard B. Think of a true event that has happened to you or imagine you're Kelly
from the dialogue on page 100. Complete the notes below, making up
time because I hadn't studied well.
any information you need.

INTRODUCTION
EI-.J always When did it happen? ________________________
em
IllJ find the time to do something Where did it happen? __________________________
U sometimes Who were you with?

1iI~ pass the time


CONCLUSION
U make somebody's life difficult What happened in the end?
'1 d I 0 _1 don't hurry How did you feel?
U not use your time wisely C. Write an account of a true event or imagine you're Kelly and write
IllJ h~ve nothing to do what happened. Follow the plan above.

101
Did
> Once ayou
year theknoW?
Empire State Building hOlds the world's most

that~
famous stair climb. CompetitorS race up the building's 1,576 steps
in under ten minutes! But wby would someone want to do
We asked one of the competitorS wby he had entered the race and
he told us that he just wanted to knOW if he could do it.
> The Empire State Building has featured in over 100 films, most
fa:rnOusly the 1930 and 2005 versions of King Kong.
> Fren Alain Robert has climbed the exterior of many of the
chlUan
worlcYs tallest buildings. In 2004, he climbed Taipei 101 as part
of the building's opening cere:rnony.
> Taipei 101 has got the worlcYs fastest lifts. These double-decker
lifts move at up to 60kph and can travel from the ground floor to
the 89th in only 39 seconds!
B. Read the text again and complete the table. C. Read the text again and answer the
STRUCTURE BUILDING HEIGHT questions.
The yreClt 'Pl1rClVVl~d of y~ZCl
_ _ _ _ _ _~_ __ _~_ _ _ _ _ _L_~_ _~---------
1. When was Lincoln Cathedral built?
UI/\,CoLV\, CCltVledrClL 2. Which building was built in 1930?
--------------------------~---------
31..3 VVl 3. For how long were the Petronas Towers
--Th
---e-5
--ViI\;-
,;p-i~Yi-e-S
--t-
Clt
-e-1S
--u-~-
Ld-~-~
--+----"""'--- the tallest buildings in the world?
4. How many steps has the Empire State
442VVl
Building got?
'PetroV\,C!$ Towers
5. Which building has got the world's
fastest lifts?

A. listen to a tour guide talking about the Eiffel Tower and


Reported Speech (Questions) complete the table below.
Direct speech Reported speech
~ "When will we visit the ~ I asked the tour guide
Eiffel Tower? " I asked when we would visit the
the tour guide. Eiffel Tower.
~ "Do you want to take ~ The tour guide asked us No. of steps: .... ... ... ... ..... .... .... ..... .
the lift to the top?" the if/whether we wanted to
tour guide asked us. take the lift to the top. No. of y-estClIAYClvU:s: ... .. .. .... ......... .
eCl y- co~;pLetecL ............ .......... .. .

Rewrite the questions using Reported Speech. ~~


B. listen to the continuation of the tour and answer the
1. "Have you ever visited the Empire State Building? "
questions below.
my cousin asked me.
1. How many people visit the Eiffel Tower every year?
My cousin asked me ___________________

2. How often is the Eiffel Tower painted?


2. "How tall are you?" asked the doctor.
The doctor asked me ____________________ 3. How much does the Eiffel Tower weigh?

4. How far can you see from the top?


3. "What will you do next summer, Jill?" Peter
wanted to know.
s Peter wanted to know ____________________

Imagine you are going to meet an architect who is planning


to design the tallest building in the world. Think of four
4. "Did you enjoy your trip?" my mum asked .
questions you want to ask him/her and report them to the
My mum asked me _____________________ class. Choose from the ideas in the box or think of your own.

• location • No. of floors • year


• height • No. of completed
5. "Can you play the guitar?" Ben asked me.
• lifts restaurants • future plans
to Ben asked me ___ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ ~

,~~
-----'-~~~--
__ _ ___ __ 1
~=~-_~ _=_,~= "'~ £._~~~
__&~_C~
I want to ask him/her how tall the building will be.
I'd like to know if ....

103
Your grandparents give you some money

Are yo 3 for your birthday. What do you do?


a. You treat your friends.

shopa
b. You give the money to an organisation
which helps the poor.
c. You go shopping and spend it all on
things you don't really need. They might
be useful one day.

Do you feel that


your pocket
1
a.
When the latest fashionable accessory
comes out, how do you react?
You've already got it, so you try to get
4 What's in your wardrobe?
a. Lots of clothes and accessories with
money is never something else because everyone will soon their price tags still on. You haven't had
enough? Do shop have it. the chance to wear them all yet.
assistants in your b. You arrange to buy it with a friend and share b. Clothes and accessories you've worn
neighbourhood the cost. You don't want to spend money over and over again. You haven't been
know you by your on something that won't be fashionable in a shopping for ages.
first name? Is the few weeks. c. Your favourite clothes and accessories
c. You know this 'trendy' accessory has which you've had for quite some time
shopping centre
been around before, so you go to your and some new items.
the only place
grandmother's to look for it. You see an advertisement for a new
where someone
can find you? If 2 You're trying on a pair of trousers in a
shop. You check yourself out in the mirror
5 expensive mobile you really like.
What do you do?
the answer is and realise that they don't suit you. What a. You don't need it. The one you've got is
yes, has it ever do you do? fine.
crossed your mind a. You don't buy them and leave the shop. b. You can't afford it so you ask your
that you might be They're not worth it. brother to lend you money in order to
a shopaholic? b. You buy them. You have to have them buy it. You must have it.
Do the quiz and because all your friends do. c. You don't think it's worth spending so
find out. c. You ask the shop assistant to show you much money on a mobile, so you wait
something that suits you instead. for the sales.

104
Now add up your
score and find out
Complete the sentences with the words in the box.
the truth about
yourself. arranged suit carried again lend afford order
1 a 2 b 1 cO 1. That car is too expensive. I can't _ _ _ _ it.
2 a 0 b2 c1 2. I don't like Mary's new jacket. It doesn't _ _ _ _ her.
3 a 1 bO c2
3. I've told Kate over and over that I don't like pizza but she keeps
4 a 2 bO
forgetting.
4. Ted got _ _ _ _ away and started shouting in the cinema.
5. I don't want to _ _ _ _ my new mobile to my brother because he always loses
my things.
6 . Harry arrived at the theatre an hour earlier in _ _ _ _ to get a front seat.
7. I've _ _ _ _ to meet my friends outside the bank in Lincoln Avenue.

~ Listen to four short dialogues and answer the questions by choosing


~ the correct picture a, b or c.
1. How many hours
does Larry
0-3 usually work a
day?
It's great that you
always try to use
your money in 2. Where did Danny
a sensible way, get the money to
but don't be so buy the computer
tough on yourself. game?
Shopping once in a
while is OK!
on 3. Why did Penny
miss the bus?
4-7
You are a well-
ght
balanced shopper.
You can enjoy
life without going 4. How many bars
shopping every of chocolate
'lad second day and you does Carol eat
every day?
don't get carried
away. Good on you!

8-10 Talk in pairs. Is there something that your partner


How often do
You're a shopaholic! does too much? For example, if he/she eats too many
you ...?
You just don't know chocolate bars/crisps, he/she could be a chocoholic/
when to stop. Your crispaholic. Or if he/she spends too many hours playing How many ...?
room is full of computer games/watching TV, he/she could be a
computer/TV addict. Prepare questions for him/her to
clothes and useless
find out. Then, report the results to the class.
things. Don't overdo
it! You must realise
......IIl'li"-... Use the answers your partner gave you in the speaking activity to write a
that there's more
paragraph about him/her. Give your partner some advice if necessary.
to life than just
shopping. Stop
ait before it's too late! I tVlLvd", ... Ls lil C,VlOC,OVlOLLc,. f-te/ S Vle slilLc;! tVllilt Vle/sVle elilts tVlree blilrs
of c,Vloc,oLlilte lil c;!lilij . f-te/SVle SVlOIALc;!V\,'t elilt 50 ilVLlilv\'ij bec,lillASe ...
105
B. Read the text again and complete the fact file below.

LeA. To V1.AeA.t~VveA.
I
A. Read the tip.
pLC1Ge: ...... .. ........ ... .. .... ... .. ....... ......

DC1te: ............... ..... .. .......... ... .. .... ... ...... .... ..... ... .. .... ..... .... .... .... ........ . . ~it'~ When you're writing a description
, of an event, organise the
LC1sts for: ............... .. .. ............. . information according to the
plan below.
Pre'PC1rC1t~oVl-s : ........ ... . ....... .................. .... .. ..... ............ ............... .
~ INTRODUCTION
Ac,t~v~t~es c:lIAX~Vl-g tVie eveVl-t: ................ ... ...... ........... . ......... ........
Give some general information
Ac,hvlhes C1fter tVie eveVl-t: .... ............ .. ........... ......... ....... .......... .... . about the event:
• name
• when and where it takes place
• who takes part in it (could also be
~ A. Listen to three people talking about an eating included in the main part)
~ competition and decide who each speaker is. • what people celebrate (could also
There is one extra option you do not need to use. be included in the main part)

• competitor ~ MAIN PART (2-3 PARAGRAPHS)


Mention:
• restaurant owner
l,iiIi§M. • preparations for the event
• waiter • what happens during the event
-meuM- • spectator • what people do afterwards
~ CONCLUSION
B. Listen again and write S for Sand ra, L for Laurence and M for Marcel. Give your opinion of this event or
make a general statement.
1. This person felt sick. -.J
2. This person wil l enter the 10th competition. -.J B. Read the sentences below, which are part
3. This person has taken part in a similar competition. ~ of a description of an event, and decide
which paragraph each sentence should be
4. This person believes the competition is becoming in. Write I for Introduction, M for Main Part
more popular. -.J and C for Conclusion.
5. This person is friends with the restaurant owner. -.J 1. Every year more
6. This person has changed his/her opinion about than 100 bulldogs
meat pies. take part in The
Bulldog Beauty
Contest. -.J
2. The owners of the bulldogs dress
Talk in pairs about a celebration/festival/event you know about. them in funny clothes and get them
ready for the big event. .~
When/Where does it take place? 3. It's funny seeing ugly animals trying to

How long does it last? be cute. But is it right to treat animals


that way? ~
What preparations do people make before the event?
4. The beauty contest lasts all day, so
What happens during/after the event? people have the time to walk arou nd
and meet the contestants and their
Have you ever taken part in it? Did you like it? owners. ~
If not, would you like to?
C. Write a description of an event. Follow the
plan above.

107
5. "Is your class rehearsing for the play next week? "
my dad asked.
My dad wanted to know _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Vocabulary 6. "Sign at the bottom of this page, please," the man
A. Complete the sentences with the words in the box. said .
parade skyscraper ground latest The man asked me _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
cute increased lend
SCORE ( 712)
1. Mr Smith 's office is on the _ _ _ _ _ floor.
D. Choose a, b or c.
2. This magazine is great because you can read about
1. She asked us ____ we knew the singer's
all the computer games. name.
3. The will go down Albert Street a. where b. whether c. did
instead of Kent Road this year. 2. Tony said that he had bought a bulldog _ _ __
4. This is the tallest in the city. a. the previous b. the following c. the last
5. Barry, can you ______ me some money to week week week
go to the cinema? 3. The woman ordered us _ _ __

6.-The number of children who own mobile phones a. leave b. to not leave c. to leave
4. My uncle asked me when them.
has lately.
a. will I visit b. would I visit c. I would visit
7. Have you seen Linda? She's got such a(n)
5. I told Alex that I was going to London _ _ __
_ _ _ _ _ dog!
a. the following b. yesterday c. the previous
SCORE r
day day
B. Choose the correct words.
SCORE ( 75 )
1. You're spending / wasting your time with Ted. He'll
never understand. Communication
2. Don't overdo / arrange it with that cake. You'll feel
E. Complete the dialogue with the phrases a-d.
sick later. a. I keep trying over and over again.
b. Don't be so tough on yourself!
3. On New Year's Eve the preparations / fireworks lit c. Take your time.
up the sky over London. d. Good on you!
4. There were thousands of shoppers / spectators at
Brian: I give up! I'm useless at Art.
the stadium last night.
Emily: (1),_ _ _ Landscapes can be quite difficult.
5. The students sat in silent / silence and waited for
Brian: I just can't draw trees, look!
the teacher to hand out the tests.
Emily: (2)_ _ _ There's no need to hurry.
6. I went to the bank and I had to wait in the queue /
block for half an hour. Brian: Maybe there's something wrong with my pencil.
7. Excuse me, how much is this T-shirt? There's no Emily: Don 't be silly! You're using the same one
price tag / title on it. as me. When I can't draw something, (3) _ _
8. I'd like to buy a computer but I can't afford / So, don 't give up!
reach it. Brian: There! How about that?
SCORE ( 78 ) Emily: That's much better. (4), _ __
Grammar SCORE ( 78 )
C. Rewrite the sentences using Reported Speech.
1. "I can't get backstage," Gordon said to us.
Gordon told us _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
2. "Which film did you see last night, Tom?" Tina asked. Now I cap ...
Tina asked Tom _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
report what other people have said
3. "Mike has never seen Star Wars," Rick said. narrate a true account
Rick told us _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ describe a building/structure
4. "Don't chew gum in class!" the teacher told Mary. talk about my shopping habits
The teacher told Mary _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ describe a festival or celebration

108
?"
~ Listen, read and complete the sentences. Culture page 4
an

The Royal Mail is the


national postal service of
12 the United Kingdom. It was
created in 1516 by Henry
VIII. However, it was not
until 1635 that Charles 1
made the service available
to the public. The major

problem with this early system was that postage was paid by the
person receiving the letter and sometimes the receiver couldn't pay
or refused to accept the letter. It was only in the 19th century that a

solution was found.


1840 saw the introduction of the world's first stamp, the Penny Black.
postage was now paid in advance by the person sending the letter. This
was not the only change. Before this, the amount paid to deliver a letter
s depended on the distance it travelled. With stamps, the cost was the
same whether you were sending a letter around the corner or to the other

5 end of the country.


nn~
If you compare a stamp from the UK with those from other countries, you
u u will notice that UK stamps are the only ones that do not name the country
vlf'S I
4~
they are from. Instead, they have a portrait of the king or queen as they
have done ever since Queen Victoria appeared on the Penny Black.
Today the Royal Mail collects and delivers 82 million letters and parcels
to 27 million addresses every day. The Royal Mail has around 14,500
post offices across the UK. Ninety four per cent of the UK population
live within a mile of a post office and 28 million customers visit a post

office every week.

40 1. The postal service was made available to the public by


2. Before the introduction of stamps , postage was paid
. by-
the-person
--- -
who
_ _ _ _ _ _ the letter.

3. The first stamp was called ------


5 United Kingdom is. not written anywhere on - - - - -- .
4.
. . Items of mail are delivered every day by the Royal M '1
6. Post offices serve _ _ _ _ _ _ per week. al .

109
song 4

three sad wish hang smile head


I try to call but you (1) up.
When I ring back, you don't (2) ____ up.
I didn't mean the words I said
I still hear them in my (3) _ _ __

It's been (4) _ _ __ days and still no sign.


I'd like to know if you are fine.
I didn't want to make you (5) _ _ __
Just call me (6) and I'll be glad.
Sorry, sorry, sorry, I'm so sorry.

You're the only friend I've had.


You made me (7) when I was sad.
I (8) you were here right now
Can we be friends again somehow?
Speaking ~~
A. Work in groups of four. Ask each other questions and complete the table below.
Do you wear T-shirts with
your photo on them?
Yes, I do./No, I don't.
I do too./I don't either.
I don't./I do.

Do you...?
Student 1 Student _3_a ..._ You

wear / T-shirts
with a photo on
them

like / torn jeans

wear / anklets

create / own /
accessories

wear/
casual clothes

wear / trainers

B. Report your answers to the class.

No one in my group wears ...


Two students ...

111
It was a cold Saturday afternoon.
A. The pictures below tell a story. Tell Student 8 what happened in the first three
Angela was in the kitchen. While
pictures and let him/her guess what happened at the end of the story. Compare the she was cooking ...
fourth picture with Student 8's ending. Use the prompts given and start like this:

• cook • listen to music • noise • go to living room • see nothing

®
• go back • shocked • see brother behind door • eat chicken • mystery solve

8. Listen to Student 8's story and guess the ending. Then, compare your ending with Student 8's.

You want to ring Student 8 and talk • You need help with your • You haven't got enough
about one of the topics on the right. Maths homework. money to buy tickets for a
However, Student 8 is out at the • You're trying to find someone concert.
moment. leave a message on his/her to go to a party with. • Your mobile is broken and
answering machine and wait for him/ • You want to go shopping on you want to take it to the
her to call you back. Saturday. shop with your friend.

112
I
A. Ask Student B questions about the Titanic and complete
the notes below. I
~C
WVlevc, I TLtClvc,Lc, IstClrt ~olA.rvc,etf: ....................... ... ........... .
WVlevc, ITLtClvc,Lc, I VlLt I Lc,eberg?: ........... ...... ........... .... ........ .
!-tow V'v\-Clvc,t) lpeo-pLe I slA.rvLve?: ......................................... .
WVlevc, Iwrec,V<, IdLswver?: .. .. .. ...... .......................... ............. .
WVlLc,Vl I-pClrt of I TLtClvc,Lc, IdLswver IfLrst?: ...................... .

B. Read the text below about the Mary Rose and answer Student B's questions.
The Mary Rose was built between 1509 and 1511. It was King Henry VIII's favourite
ship. On 19 July 1545 the King watched his ship sink during a battle against the
French. Only 40 of the 700 crew members survived. The Mary Rose was lifted and
taken to Portsmouth Dockyard in 1982. About 60 million people watched this live
on TV. Today, visitors to the Mary Rose Museum in Portsmouth can see the ship
through glass screens.

Look at the map on the right. Choose


a location and imagine something
happened. You can choose from the
ideas in the box. Call the emergency
services by either using your mobile
or a pay phone. Student B is an
operator and a call handler. Answer
olve his/her questions.

• there was a car accident


• someone was hit by a car
• someone is trying to steal
a car ALDRIN ROAD
• someone fell into the river
I lake and ~can't get out
• a tree/shop is on fire
• someone is robbing a
bank
• a kid fell off his bike and
is unconscious

113
What will the weather be like
at the weekend?
Talk in pairs. Discuss I'm not sure. It may be
the weather and make sunny.
plans for the weekend. What will we do if it's sunny?
You can use the ideas Well, if it's sunny, we can
shown below. go... but if it isn't sunny,
we can go ...

114
Talk in pairs. Look at Tom's and Ann's daily I think Ann is ... because she ...
schedules and discuss how active they are. I agree but she should ...
• Who do you think is more active? Why?
• How can they become more active?

115
A. listen to Student A's story and guess the ending. Then, compare your ending with
Student A's.
B. The pictures below tell a story. Tell Student A what happened in the first three pictures It was a hot evening.
and let him/her guess what happened at the end of the story. Compare the fourth The boys were walking ...
picture with Student A's ending. Use the prompts given and start like this:

• boys wal k in forest • get dark • see bright light behind trees

• walk closer • hear strange sounds • frightened • see people dancing and singing around fire
• mystery solve

M)iill'Uiil:.
Think of an answering machine message for your home phone. When Student A
rings you, say you,r message and listen to him/her as he/she leaves a message.
Then, ring Student A and discuss the message he/she left.

116
A. Read the text below about the Titanic and answer Student A's B. Ask Student A questions about the Mary Rose and
questions. complete the notes below.

..... .. ....... .... ..... .... .. .. ... ...... ... ......... ............. .... ...

... . . . ......... . .... . .................. .. . .. . .................... . . .... .

............. . ............ . . . . . ............ . .. . ...... ........... ........

People thought that the Titanic would never sink because


of its special design. On 10 April 1912 the ship left
Southampton , England , fo r a long journey to New York. At ................ . ...... . . .. . .. .. . .. . ..... .. ....... . .............. . . . ....

11.40pm on 14 April 1912, the Titanic hit an iceberg and


sank. Unfortunately, only 706 people out of the 2,223 on
board survived. The wreck of the Titanic was discovered ....... .... ...... ...... ... ..... .. .. ......... .. .. ... ... ...... ............
on 1st September 1985 by a team of scientists. The front
part of it was discovered first.

Which service do you


need?
Imagine you are an operator and
then a call handler for the emergency Ambulance/Fire/
services. Student A calls you and asks Remember to: Police emergency.
for help. Look at the prompts below. What's the problem?
• ask for a name
Ask Student A questions and give
• ask for an address
him/her instructions.
• ask what the problem is
• tell the caller not to panic

Remember to: • ask for an address


r an address
• ask fo "tll • ask where exactly the fire is and
wn at is wrong WI
• ask what caused it
tile person • tell the caller to evacuate the
• ask if ne/sne is " building and tell others to do so
"ouS and talkIng
co nsCI calm too
• tell tile caller to stay • tell the caller to stay away

117
Talk in pairs. Look at the pictures below.
Student A: Imagine you are a reporter. Interview Student B about a fire that broke out in a building. Use the prompts below.

• What / happen? • Where / be / you? • Who / come / to the rescue?


• When / happen? • anybody / injure? • What / you / do?

• lightning • rescue • trapped


Student B: Imagine you were near a building
• strike • fire brigade • injured
where a fire broke out. Tell Student A what
• fire • firefighter • burning building
happened. Use the words/phrases in the box.
• break out • put out • collapse

@ = at B4 = before M8 = mate
2 DAY = today BCOZ = because PLS = please
2MORO tomorrow CING = seeing R = are
2NITE = tonight CU = see you THX thanks
4EVER = forever GR8 great U you
4 = for H8 hate W8 wait
ASAP = as s90n as possible L8 = late XLNT = excellent
B = be L8R = later Y why

118
Grammar Reference MW 42 2 QC

' xa& &


ruED Z Me & g:gg& mm: 2-$),% # 4t
g;;g:zas.t W

Module 1
* Present Simple vs Present Progressive * Stative Verbs
The following verbs are not normally used in the Present
PRESENT SIMPLE
Affirmative Negative Progressive. They are called stative verbs.
I work don't work
• see, hear, smell, etc. • think, understand,
He/She/It works He/ She/ It doesn't work
• like, love, hate, want, know, etc.
We/You/They work We/ You/ They don't work
need, etc._ _ _~_~ • be, have, cost, etc.
Questions
Do I work?
Does
Do
he/ she/it
we/ you/they
work?
work?
r NOTE: Some of the stative verbs can be used in 'I
progressive tenses, but with a different meaning.
see
I'm seeing my doctor tomorrow.
PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
think of/about
Affirmative Negative
I'm thinking of buying a car.
I am working 'm not working
have (with words like lunch, breakfast, sh ower, party)
He/She/It is working He/She/It isn't working
She 's having a shower at the moment.
We/You/They are working We/You/They aren't working
Questions
Am
Is
I
he/she/it
working?
working?
* Comparatives and superlatives
of adjectives and adverbs
Are we/you/they working?
--------..
NOTE:
Adjectives
Adjectives define nouns. They come before nouns in
We use the We use the Present
a sentence and they have no plural form. When they
Present Simple: Progressive:
are not followed by a noun , they don 't take an article
• for permanent states. • for temporary states.
before them.
Ben lives in London. I'm taking driving
She's a beautiful girl.
• for habits or actions that lessons this month.
This bike is green.
happen regularly. • for actions happening at
We always have breakfast the moment of speaking. I Adverbs of manner
at eight. Lucy is sleeping now. Adverbs of manner describe how something happens.
• for general truths. • for future arrangements. We form most adverbs of manner quiet ... quietly
The earth goes round the We're flying to Zanzibar by adding -Iy to the adjective. careful ... carefully
s~. 0n~t. Adjectives ending in a consonant + easy ... easily
• for an action that takes -y, drop the -y and take -~
place according to a
schedule.
I Adjectives ending in -le, drop the -e terrible ... terribly
and take -y.
The train leaves at 9
o'clock.
I Irregular adverbs good ... well
fast ... fast

L
hard ... hard
late ... late
early... early
TIME EXPRESSIONS
Present Simple Present Progressive
usually, always, often, etc. now, at the moment, • We use the comparative of adjectives and adverbs
every day/week, etc. today, these days, when we compare two people, animals or things.
in the morning/spring, etc. this week/year, etc. Adjectives and adverbs are usually followed by than.
on Mondays/Monday tonight, tomorrow, etc. • We use the superlative of adjectives and adverbs
morning, etc. next week/year, etc.
when we compare one person, animal or thing with
at the weekend, etc.
several of the same kind. Adjectives and adverbs
once/twice/three times, etc.
always take the definite article the and are usually
a week/day, etc,
followed by the prepositions of or in.

119
All one-syllable and most short - shorter - shortest • for habitual or repeated actions in the past.
two-syllable adjectives take happy - happier - happiest I always went to bed early when I lived with my parents.
-er/ -est big - bigger - biggest • for completed actions that happened one after the
Adjectives with three or interesting - other in the past.
more syllables and some more interesting - Yesterday I got up at 8:00, had breakfast and left for
two-syllable adjectives most interesting
school.
take: more + adjective /
most + adjective TIME EXPRESSIONS
yesterday, in 1980, etc .
All one-syllable adverbs fast - faster - fastest two hours ago, five years ago , etc.
and early take -er/ -est early - earlier - earliest last night/week/ Sunday/ March , etc.
Adverbs with two or more carefully -
syllables take: more + more carefully -
adverb / most + adverb most carefully
* Used to
Irregular Comparative and Superlative Forms Affirmative
POSITIVE FORM COMPARATIVE FORM SUPERLATIVE FORM IjHe/ She/ lt used to play
good/ well better best We/ You/ They
bad/ badly worse worst .....
-~---
Negative
little less least
far farther/ further farthest/furthest I/ He/ She/ lt didn 't use to play
many/ much more most We/ You/ They
Questions

* Other forms of comparison


• less + adjective/adverb + than
Did I/he/she/it use to play?
we/you/they

Kelly is less beautiful than Sheila. We use used to to talk about something that happened
Fiona drives less carefully than her sister. regularly in th e past, but no longer does .
• the least + adjective/adverb + of/in We used to go skateboarding every afternoon when we
Geography is less interesting than History, but Maths is were young.
the least interesting subject of all.
• as + adjective/adverb + as
Kelly is as beautiful as Sheila. SomejAnyjNojEvery and their compounds
Fiona dances as terribly as her sister. • some + uncountable / plural countable nouns in
• not as + adjective/adverb + as affirmative sentences and in questions when we offer
Kelly isn't as tall as Sheila.
something or ask for something pol itely.
Fiona doesn 't dance as terribly as her sister.
There is some orange juice in the fridge.

* Past Simple
Would you like some chips?
Could I have some coffee?
Affirmative • any + uncountable / plural countable nouns in
-----~~~
questions and negative sentences.
He/ She/ It worked/went Is there any orange juice in the fridge?
We/You/They
There aren 't any chips on the table.
Negative
• no (= not any) + uncountable / plural countable nouns
in affirmative sentences to give a negative meaning.
He/ She/ It didn 't work/ go
We/ You/ They There is no cheese in the fridge. = There isn 't any cheese
_ --:>
Q=uestions _ _ __ in the fridge.
I • every + singular countable nouns in affirmative
Did he/ she/ it work/ go? sentences.
we/ you / they Every family in this town has got a car.
~------------ -------------~
CNOTE: For a li~t of irregular verbs go to page 130. J PEOPLE someone
some any
anyone
no
no one
every
everyone
We use the Past Simple: , somebody anybody nobody everybody
• for actions that started and were completed at a
THINGS something anything
,
I nothing everything
specific time in the past. -------<

We bought our house five years ago. PLACE somewhere anywhere nowhere everywhere

120
• These compounds are used in the same way as some,
any, no, every but they are not followed by a noun.
* Time Clauses (Present - Future)
• Time clauses begin with when, after, before, as soon
They always go with singular verbs. as, until, etc.
Everybody here works very hard. • When the sentence refers to the future, we usually
I can't find my glasses anywhere. use the Present Simple in the time clause and the
Future will in the main clause.
Time clause Main clause
As soon as I know, I'll tell you.
Module 2 Before I leave, I'll help you with your project.

* Relative pronouns/adverbs
The relative pronouns who, which, that, whose and the
NOTE:
• When the time clause comes before the main
adverb where introduce relative clauses.
clause, the two clauses are separated by a comma.

PEOPLE who/that
The woman who/that is
driving that sports car is my
aunt.
* All/Both/Neither/None/Either
• Both is used for two people or things. It is used in
The teacher (who/that) I like affirmative sentences and takes a plural verb.
the most is Mrs Robbins. Pablo and Kim are my friends. Both of them are
THINGS which/that The bag which/that is on the students. / They are both students.
ANIMALS table is mine. • All is used for more than two people or things. It is
IDEAS The film (which/that) I watched used in affirmative sentences and takes a plural verb.
last night was terrible. Kim, Emma, Pablo and Mike are going to travel all over
POSSESSION whose The man whose wallet you Europe. They are all happy. / All of them are happy.
• Neither is used for two people or things. It is used
in affirmative sentences and gives them a negative
PLACE The place where I live is meaning. It takes a singular or plural verb.
beautiful. Emma and Kim want to go to Rome. Neither of them
has/have been to Italy.
NOTE: • None is used for more than two people or things. It
• Who, which and that can be omitted when they is used in affirmative sentences and gives them a
refer to the object. negative meaning. It takes a singular or plural verb.
• Whose and where can never be omitted or replaced Rozita, Robert and Clara are from Italy.
with that. None of them speaks/speak English.
• Either is used for two people or things. It means one
* Conditional Sentences Type 1
We use Conditional Sentences Type 1 for something
or the other (it doesn't matter which of the two).
Would you like cherries or strawberries?
Either. I don't mind.
which is possible to happen in the present or future.
if-clause jl Main clause
r
*Module 3
I Future will .
If+Present Simplel Modal Verbs (can, may, might, must)
I
Imperative Present Perfect Simple
If I like the car, I'll buy it. Affirmative
have
If you want to get into the museum, you must buy a ticket.
He/She/It has worked/brought
If you don't feel well, go to bed.
We/You/They have
NOTE: Negative
• We can use unless instead of if... not. haven't
We'll go shopping unless it rains. He/She/It hasn't worked/brought
(=We'II go shopping if it doesn't rain.) We/You/They haven't
• When the if-clause comes before the main clause, Questions
the two clauses are separated by a comma. Have
Zero conditionals (If+Present Simple Present Simple) Has he/she/it worked/brought?
• Zero conditionals express general truths. Instead of Have we/you/they
if we can use when.
If/When you mix red and yellow, you get orange. ) NOTE: For a list of irregular verbs go to page 130.

121
We use the Present Perfect Simple: • We form the Present Perfect Progressive with
• for actions which happened in the past, but we don't have/has + been + the main verb with the ending -ing.
mention when exactly.
I've visited the National History Museum, so I don't We use the Present Perfect Progressive:
want to go there again. • for actions which started in the past and continue up
• for actions that happened in the past and their to the present.
results are obvious in the present. They have been surfing the Net for more than two
Look! Jerry has broken his leg! hours.
• for actions which were completed a short time ago • for actions which were happening for a period of time
(usually with just). in the past and may have finished, but their results
I'm tired! I've just finished my homework. are obvious in the present.
He's very tired. He's been working all day.

r NOTE :
• have/has gone means that someone has gone
somewhere and is still there.
* Present Perfect Simple -
Present Perfect Progressive
Beth has gone to the supermarket.
(She's still there). We use the We use the
Present Perfect Simple: Present Perfect Progressive:
• have/has been means that someone has visited a
I place but has come back.
• to emphasise the • to emphasise the duration
\...!!.:!..h has been to Barcelona. (Now she's back). ) result of an action.
Lucy has typed eight
of an action.
Lucy has been typing
letters since 10:30. letters since 10:30.

* Present Perfect Simple vs Past Simple


We use the
Present Perfect Sim le:
We use the
Past Sim le:
* since/for
• We use the Present Perfect with for and since for
• for actions that happened • for actions that
in the past, but we don't happened at a definite actions that started in the past and continue up to
say when exactly. time in the past. We say the present.
I have visited Rome. when. since + a point in time I've had this collection
I visited Rome last year. It refers to the time when since 1999.
• with the time • with the t ime the action started.
expressions: ever, never, expressions: yesterday, for + a period of time I've had this collection for
before, so far, just, yet, in 1995, ago , last It refers to the duration of six years.
already, always, for, week/month, etc . the action.
since , etc.
Present Perfect Simple + Anna has starred in four
since + Past Simple films since she became

* Present Perfect Progressive


To indicate when an action an actress.
which started in the past
and continues up to the
Affirmative
have been working present started.
He/She/It has been working
We/You/They have been working
Negative
* Clauses of Result
We use Clauses of Result to express the result of an
haven't been working
He/She/It hasn't been working action or a conclusion.
We/You/They haven't been working • so + adjective/adverb + (that)
Questions He was so bored (that) he left before the end of the
Have film.
Has he/she/it been working? • such + (a/an) + (adjective) + noun + (that)
Have we/you/they It was such a hot day that we all went swimming.

122
Module 4 NOTE:

* Past Progressive
• Be careful with the following question tags:
I am a very good actor, aren't I?
Let's go to the cinema, shall we?
Open that door, will you?
IjHe/She/lt was working
were working

IjHe/ She/ lt wasn't working


* Past Perfect Simple
weren't working Affirmative
Full Forms Short Forms
IjHe/ She/ lt IjHe/ She/ lt
Was Ijhe/ she/ it working? had written 'd written
We/ You/They We/ You/They
Were we/ you/ they working?
Ne ative
Full Forms Short Forms
We use the Past Progressive:
I/He/She/lt I/ He/ She/ lt
• for actions that were happening at a specific point of had not written hadn 't written
time in the past. We/ You/ They WejYou jThey
I was watching TV at 7 0 'clock yesterday evening. Questions

• to describe background scenes to a story. Ijhe/ she/ it


Had written?
Jill was walking in the forest and it was raining. we/ you/ they
• for actions that were happening at the same time in the We form the Past Perfect Simple with had and the past
past. In this case we usually use while. participle of the verb.
While I was watching TV, my father was cooking.

*
NOTE: For a list of irregular verbs go to page 130.
Past Simple - Past Progressive We use the Past Perfect Simple:
Time clauses (when, while, as, as soon as)
• for actions which took place before a specific point of
• We use the Past Progressive and the Past Simple in ti me or another act ion in the past.
the same sentence when one action interrupted another She had finished her homework by 8 o 'clock.
in the past. We use the Past Progressive for the longer The train had left by the time we arrived at the station.
action and the Past Simple for the shorter action. In
this case we usually use while, when or as. TIME EXPRESSIONS
before + point in time
As/ While I was driving, I saw a cat in the street.
by + point in time
I was sleeping when the telephone rang.
before, after, when, by the time
{NOTE: --------,

IWe use as soon as with Past Simple. NOTE:


As soon as they left, we started cleaning up the • When, after, before and by the time are used to
~s_e_. ______________________________~ link two past actions, one of which happened earlier
than the other. We often use the Past Perfect fo r the

* Question Tags
Question tags are short questions at the end of
action which happened earlier.
She had already called him before she left the hOUS:.;

statements. We use them:


• when we are not sure about something.
• when we want the other person to agree with us . *
at
Prepositions of Time
at six o 'clock/ at half past two
We form question tags with the auxiliary or modal verb
at noon/ at night/at midnight/at midday
of the sentence and a personal pronoun in the same
at the weekend
person as the subject.
at breakfast/ lunch/ dinner
You couldn't see her, could you?
at fifteen/ at the age of twenty
Tom believed him, didn't he?
at the moment
• When the statement is affirmative, we use a negative
in in the morning/afternoon/ evening
question tag.
in April
The boys are at school, aren 't they?
• When the statement is negative , we use a positive in spring/ winter/ autumn/ summer
question tag. in 2006/ in the 20th century
She hasn't seen the doctor yet, has she? in my free time

123
on on Friday
Module 5
on Friday morning/afternoon, etc.
on weekdays
on his birthday/on 15th May
* can/could/may/willjwould
• We use Can I..?, Could I .. ?, May I..? to ask for, give
during I met him during my trip to Venice. and refuse permission .
after She left after lunch. Can/Could/May I go to the party?
before He arrived before midnight. Yes, you can/may.
from ... till/until/to We usually work from nine till/ No, you can't/may not.
until/to five. • We use Can I .. ?, Could I .. ?, May I .. ? to offer help
for I've been waiting for two hours. and make requests.
since He's lived there since 2002. Can/Could/May I help you?
by I will be home by eleven o'clock. Can/Could/May I have some more cake?

*
in
Prepositions of Place
The clothes are in the wardrobe.
• We use Can/Could/WilI/Would you .. ? to make
polite requests and ask for a favour. Could and
Would are more polite.
on The mirror is on the wall. Can/Could/Will/Would you help me with my
at Mary is standing at the bus stop. homework?
under
near
behind
The cat is sleeping under the kitchen table.
Is there a post office near here?
There is a boy behind that tree.
* must/have to/need (to}/can't
• We use must and have to to express obligation.
over There 's a colourful poster over my bed. I must buy Sam a present for his birthday.
opposite The library is opposite the bank. You have to be at work by 8:30.
next to Fay sat next to Charlie at the cinema. • We use need to to express necessity.
in front of John sits in front of me in class. I need to talk to you.
between The bookshop is between the theatre and • We use don't have to, don't need to and needn't to
the shopping centre. express lack of necessity/obligation.
,.-- - -- You don 't have to go out with her if you don't like her.
NOTE:
You don 't need to give me back the money.
• The prepositions on, in and at are used in various
She needn 't buy me a present.
other expressions.
on: with the expressions: on the left, on the right
• We use mustn't and can't to express prohibition.
in: with names of continents, countries, cities, You mustn 'tjcan 't speak during the lesson.
T. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . .
villages: in Africa, in Argentina, in Los Angeles, in NOTE:
Wivenhoe Need means that something is necessary. It is used:
at: with confined areas: at the cinema, at the airport,
• as a main verb in all tenses, in the affirmative,
at the station, etc.
negative and question form. It is followed by a full
with addresses: He lives at 58 Park Lane.

L -
with the expressions: at work, at home,
at school, etc. I
infinitive and forms the negative and question form
with auxiliary verbs .
• as a modal verb only in the negative and question

*
to
Prepositions of Movement
Are you going to the supermarket?
form of the Present Simple. It is followed by a bare
infinitive and forms the negative and question form
without auxiliary verbs.
up Walk up this road.
down Go down Elm Street. Affirmative
into Don't come into the house with that dog! need to go
He/She/It needs to go
out of Brian walked out of the room.
We/You/They need to go
through This road goes through the park.
Negative
across Walk across the street.
don't need to go
along Walk along King Street and then turn right. He/She/It doesn't need to go He/She/It needn't go
from Maria comes from work at 5 o'clock every day. We/YoujThey don't need to go We/YoujThey
around Stop running around the garden! Questions
towards The children came towards me. Do
off Penny jumped off the bridge. Does he/she/it need to go? Need he/she/it go? I
over The cat jumped over the chair. Do we/you/they we/you/they
past He walked past me but he didn't see me.
~----------------------- ------------)
124
* can/could/be able to
----------------------------------~--~,
NOTE:
• We use can to express ability in the present.
The baby can speak.
• We use could to express ability in the past.
IWe can use the verb help with a bare or full infinitive.
I always help my brother do his homework.
~ I always help my brother to do his homework. ~
I could climb trees when I was young.
• Be able to expresses ability and forms all tenses. It is
mainly used in tenses where we cannot use can.
* -ing form
We use the -ing form (base form of the verb + -inff) as a
He'll be able to play football on Saturday. noun. We use -ing forms:

*
• as subjects.
Exercising is good for your health.
may/might/could
• after certain verbs: like, love, hate, enjoy, prefer,
• We use may, might and could to express possibility in
continue, stop, finish, start, keep, avoid, begin,
the present or future. Might expresses slight possibility.
imagine, practise, suggest, risk, spend (time).
We may/might/could go to the Summer Festival next Keep going and you'll find the post office.
weekend. • after certain expressions: don't mind, can't stand, be

r
;~:~~
interested in, it's worth, how about, can 't help, feel like.
may not/might not to express lack of I can't stand being ill.
possibility in the present or future. • after prepositions.
We use a toothbrush for brushing our teeth.
Henry may not/ might not be able to join us.
'--- - - - - ---- • after the verb go to indicate activities.
I go swimming every weekend.
* must/can't
Must and can't express a logical deduction and refer to
NOTE:
• The verbs like, dislike, love, hate, start, begin are
the present. followed by a full infinitive or an -ing form without
• We use must to express a positive deduction. any significant difference in meaning.
John has been working all day. He must be tired. I like having/to have lunch in the garden.
• We use can't to express a negative deduction. • The verbs stop and remember are followed either by
Sue can't be at home. I saw her at the bus stop five a full infinitive or an -ing form , but with a different
minutes ago. meaning.
Dan stopped watching TV. (=Dan no longer watches TV.)

* Infinitive
We use the full infinitive (to + base form of the verb):
Dan stopped to watch TV. (=Dan stopped what he
was doing in order to watch TV.)
I remember locking the door. (=llocked the door. I
• to express purpose. remember the action.)
She went to the supermarket to buy some orange juice. I remembered to lock the door. (=I didn't forget to
• after certain verbs: want, would like, would love, decide, lock the door.)
forget, learn, teach, need, plan, promise, try, hope,
manage, arrange, choose, offer, refuse, expect.
I decided to buy a house near the sea.
• with too and enough . Module 6
This coffee is too hot to drink.
• After the structure it + be + adjective.
* The article 'the'
'the' is used:
It's difficult to understand this text.
• for somebody or something specific or already mentioned.
• After certain adjectives: afraid, surprised, free, happy,
A: There's a new car in the street.
ready, sorry.
8: Yes, it's the car I bought yesterday.
James was happy to see his best friend after all those
• for things that are unique.
years.
the Earth, the Pyramids
• with the superlative of adjectives/adverbs.
We use the bare infinitive (base form of verb without to): Joan is the best dancer of all.
• after modal verbs (can, could, will, would, should, may, My canary sings the most beautifully of all.
might, must). • before names of seas, rivers, oceans and deserts .
Will you stop talking? the Black Sea, the Thames, the Indian Ocean, the
You must visit the doctor today. Kalahari Desert
? • after the verbs let and make. • before groups of islands, mountain ranges and
She makes me study all the time. countries in the plural.
Mum, let me go to the party, please! the Azores, the Alps, the Netherlands

125
• before nationalities, when we refer to the whole nation. NOTE:
The Chinese invented paper thousands of years ago.
To express disagreement
• before people's surnames , when we refer to the whole
• We use subject + affirmative auxiliary verb when
family.
we disagree with a negative statement, but we
The Simpsons came to see us last night.
• before names of hotels, restaurants, theatres, don't want to repeat it.
cinemas and newspapers. A: I can't play the guitar.
the Ritz, the National Theatre, the Guardian B: I can.
• before musical instruments. • We use subject + negative auxiliary verb when
My son plays the drums. we disagree with an affirmative statement, but we
• before the cardinal points. don't want to repeat it.
Sussex is to the south of London. A: I've been to Madrid twice.
B: I haven't.
\.
'the' is not used:
• before names of people, streets, islands, mountains,
cities, countries and continents.
Joe Black, Oxford Street, Corsica, Everest, Rome,
*
Use
Passive Voice

Turkey, Africa We use the Passive Voice to emphasise the action


• before names of days and months.
rather than who or what is responsible for it.
on Monday / in July
• before plural countable nouns or uncountable nouns Formation
when we are talking about something in general. The Passive Voice is formed with the verb be in the
Tigers are wild animals. appropriate form and the past participle of the verb of the
My brother likes chocolate. sentence. The person who causes or carries out the action
• before abstract nouns (love, hope , beauty etc.) .
is called an agent and is preceded by the preposition by.
You mustn't lose hope.
• before names of magazines , sports, games, colours ( NOTE:
and languages (when they are not followed by the word
We usually omit the agent:
language).
• when the action interests us more than the agent.
I buy J17 every week.
• when we don't know the agent.
I like playing tennis.
• when it is easy to figure out who the agent is.
Mike's favourite colour is green.
They speak French. My bag was found! (by someone who we do not
• before names of squares, parks and lakes . know)
Trafalgar Square, Central Park, Lake Winnipeg BMW cars are made in Germany. (by factory workers)
• before the words hospital, school, work, home, bed,
church, prison and university when they are used for
the purpose for which they exist. ",MI MC_ ",fiN
Mary wrote a letter.

I"'Mi§~.tifu.
Steve was tired and went to bed.
• before the words breakfast, lunch and dinner.
We went to grandma 's for lunch.

* so/neither/too/either
A letter was written by Mary.

r - - - - - - To express agreement
• We use So + affirmative auxiliary verb + subject or
subject + affirmative auxiliary verb + too when we
* Present Simple Passive

agree with an affirmative statement, but we don't want Affirmative


to repeat it. am
A: I play the guitar. A: Sandra has already seen this film. He/She/ It is called/given
B: So do I. / B: So have I. / We/You/They are
I do too. I have too. Negative
• We use Neither + affirmative auxiliary verb + subject am not
or subject + negative auxiliary verb + either when we He/She/It isn't called/given
agree with a negative statement, but we don't want to We/You/ They aren't
repeat it. Questions
A: Paul can't swim. A: Tina won 't go to the party.
Am
B: Neither can I. / B: Neither will I. /
Is he/she/it called/given?
I can 't either. I won't either.
Are we/you/they

126
* Past Simple Passive * Passive Voice of modal verbs
• In the Passive Voice the verbs can, could, may, might,
should, must and have to are followed by be and the
past participle of the main verb.
They may build A new factory
a new factory. may be built.

We have to clean The office


the office. has to be cleaned.
Was Ijhe/she/it called/given?
Were we/you/they

* Present Perfect Simple Passive


Module
* 7
Subject Questions - Object Questions
• Subject Questions: When we use the question words
who, which and what to ask about the subject of
the verb, we form the question without auxiliary verbs
(who/which/what + verb in the affirmative form).
Who saw the accident? Tom (saw the accident).
What happened outside? An accident (happened).

• Object Questions: When we use the question words


who, which and what to ask about the object of the
he/she/it verb, we form the question with auxiliary verbs (who/
which/what + verb in the question form).

* Future 'be going to' Passive


Who did you see at the
restaurant?
What are you eating?
(I saw) Tom and June.
(I'm eating) Chinese food.
A(fi r!11ative

He/She/It
am going to be
is going to be called/ given
* Negative Questions
Negative questions are formed with:
We/You/They are going to be
Negative Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb.
Negative
We use negative questions:
am not going to be
• to express surprise.
He/She/It isn't going to be called/given
Haven't you been to the city centre before?
We/You/They aren't going to be
• when we expect the listener to agree with us.
Questions Don't you want to come to the theatre with us?
Am going to be
Is
Are
he/she/it
we/you/they
going to be
going to be
called/given?
* Reflexive pronouns
myself We use reflexive pronouns:
yourself • as objects of verbs when the subject

* Future 'will' Passive


himself
herself
itself
and the object of the verb are the same.
I bought myself an expensive pair of
Affirmative shoes.
ourselves
IjHe/She/lt • after certain verbs with prepositions (talk
will be called/given yourselves
We/You/They about/to, take care of, say to, etc.).
themselves
He never talks about himself.
, Negative
IjHe/She/lt
won't be called/given
(NOTE-: - ~
We/You/They • We use by + reflexive pronoun to show tha~" "~I~
someone does something alone, without any help
I
Questions
from anyone else.
Will I/he/she/it
we/you/they
be called/given?
I always pack my suitcases by myself.
__J
127
* Conditional Sentences Type 2
We use Conditional Sentences Type 2 for unreal or
NOTE:
• We use say when there is no indirect object.
imaginary situations which are unlikely to happen in the
"I'll be there, " he said.
present or the future .
He said that he would be there.
• We use tell when there is an indirect object.
"I'll call you, Mark," she said.
She told Mark she would call him. j
If I had enough money, I would buy a bigger flat.
You could get that job if you took my advice.
-----
• When we change a sentence from Direct to Reported
( NOTE:- . Speech, pronouns and possessive adjectives change
• In Conditional Sentences Type 2 were IS often according to the meaning of the sentence.
used instead of was in the if-clause in all persons. "You look great in your new dress," said David.
If Mary were older, she could take driving lessons. David said that I looked great in my new dress.
·We use If I were you to express an opinion or give
advice. • When the reporting verb (say or tell) is in the Past
If I were you, I'd take it easy. Tense, we usually make the following changes:
Present Simple -+ Past Simple
Sue said, "I want to go to the cinema. "
Sue said (that) she wanted to go to the cinema.

* Wishes
We use:
Present Progressive -+ Past Progressive
Andy said, "J'm reading a novel."
Andy said he was reading a novel.
• wish + Past Simple: Past Simple -+ Past Perfect Simple
to make a wish about a present situation which we Pete said, "Mum made some sandwiches."
would like to be different. Pete said his mum had made some sandwiches.
I wish I didn 't have to take any more exams. Present Perfect -+ Past Perfect

• wish + could + infinitive: Jo said, "I've worked hard today. "


Jo said she had worked hard that day.
to express regret about something we cannot do at
will -+ would
present.
Se an said, "J'II be there soon. "
I wish I could help you!
Sean said he would be there soon.

t:E~sUaIlY
can -+ could
Jane said, "I can help you later. "
use were after all persons in wishes.
Jane said she could help me later.
I wish this course were easier.
--------------~ may -+ might
Frank said, "I may buy her a pair of shoes. "
Frank said he might buy her a pair of shoes.
must -+ had to
Mum said, "You must be home early. "
Module 8 Mum said I had to be home early.
* Reported Speech (Statements) today -+ that day
Martha said, "We're having pizza for lunch today."
In Direct Speech, we repeat the exact words that
Martha said they were having pizza for lunch that day.
someone said. We usually use the verb say and the
yesterday -+ the previous day / the day before
words of the speaker are put in quotation marks.
Dad said, "I visited the doctor yesterday."
Henry said, "Alex has bought a new car. "
Dad said he had visited the doctor the previous day.

-
In Reported Speech, we report the meaning of what
this morning/year, etc. -+ that morning/year, etc.
Beth said, "I haven't bought anything this year."
someone said, without using their exact words. We use Beth said she hadn't bought anything that year.
a reporting verb, usually say or tell, followed by that tomorrow -+ the next day / the following day
(which can be omitted) and the reported statement. Lynn said, "J'm flying to London tomorrow. "
Henry said that Alex had bought a new car. Lynn said she was flying to London the following day.

128
last week/month, etc. -+ the previous week/month etc.,
the week/month, etc. before
Colin said, "I met her last year. "
~Colin said he had met her the previous year.
next week / month, etc. -+ the following week/
month, etc.
Bob said, "I'll finish my project next week. "
Bob said he would finish his project the following week.

NOTE:
• These changes cannot be made when the sentence
expresses a general truth or the reporting verb is in
the Present, Future or Present Perfect Simple.
"I enjoy watching adventure films," Susan said.
Susan said (that) she enjoys watching adventure
films .
"I will study English next year," David says.
David says he will study English next year.
• The Past Perfect and the verbs could, might,
should, would and used to do not change in
Reported Speech .

* Reported Speech (Commands and Requests)


• We commonly use tell or order when we report
commands and ask when we report requests .
• The Imperative changes to full infinitive or not + full
infinitive.
"Stay there, " said the man.
The man told me to stay there.
"Don't take this away, please, " she said.
She asked me not to take that away.

* Reported Speech (Questions)


• We usually introduce reported questions with the
reporting verb ask and the expression want to know.
• Reported questions follow the word order of affirmative
sentences.
"Why did he come back?" she asked.
She asked me why he had come back.
• If the direct question begins with a question word, the
reported question also begins with the same question
word.
"What are you doing?" she asked.
'. She asked me what I was doing.
• If the direct question does not begin with a question
word, the reported question begins with if or whether.
"Did you enjoy the party?" he asked.
He asked me if/whether I had enjoyed the party.
• When we change questions from Direct to Reported
Speech, pronouns, tenses, adverbs, etc. change in the
same way as when we report statements.

129
IRREGULAR VERBS

Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle
be was/were been let let let
beat beat beaten lie lay lain
become became become lose lost lost
begin began begun make made made
bleed bled bled mean meant meant
break broke broken meet met met
breed bred bred pay paid paid
bring brought brought put put put
build built built read read read
burn burnt/burned burnt/burned ride rode ridden
buy , bought bought ring rang rung
catch caught caught rise rose risen
choose chose chosen run ran run
come came come say said said
cost cost cost see saw seen
cut cut cut sell sold sold
deal dealt dealt send sent sent
dig dug dug set set set
do did done shake shook shaken
draw drew drawn shine shone shone
drink drank drunk show showed shown
drive drove driven sing sang sung
eat ate eaten sink sank sunk
fall fell fallen sit sat sat
feel felt felt sleep slept slept
fight fought fought speak spoke spoken
find found found spend spent spent
fly flew flown spread spread spread
forget forgot forgotten stand stood stood
freeze froze frozen steal stole stolen
get got got sting stung stung
give gave given strike struck struck
go went gone swear swore sworn
grow grew grown swell swelled swollen
hang hung hung swim swam swum
have had had take took taken
hear heard heard teach taught taught
hide hid hidden tell told told
hit hit hit think thought thought
hold held held throw threw thrown
hurt hurt hurt understand understood understood
keep - kept kept wake woke woken
know knew known wear wore worn
lead led led win won won
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned write wrote written
leave left left

130
Module 1
1"
argue
tiring
That's it.
You're a chicken.
casual
chain
colourful
Word list
~;tL,Jk144,;;::;&t . . =4 QC I ,!",,_'D.!!!!' ! -"Jo
at first sight comfy = comfortable
lively serve
awful 1c company
manage sightseeing
chat at least create
nightmare staff
decide available decorated with
outgoing still
disagree babysitter describe
pastime take away
Don't be ridiculous! be fluent in design (n)
polite tent
explain be good with sb earring
selfish though
fancy doing sth Best wishes factory worker
sense of fashion tiny
go round to sb's candidate footwear
house stubborn tunnel
career formal
gossip treat (v) unusual
change (vjn) guide
Not much. turn to view
choice hair band
twin wish
phone conversation computer skills have a look
spend time doing sth whenever yacht
construction worker in fashion
What are you up to? degree 'in'
What's on? Module 2 2b
delivery person jewellery
whisper 2a after all
do sth for a living match (v)
yell a dream comes true be into (sth)
experience (n) out of fashion
You're right there. above clear
full-time job plain
apologise cloudy
give up print (v)
1b backpacker come along
however relationship
agree basket drop (v)
in the beginning ring (n)
all the times branch event
interest (n) scarf
at first bring foggy
join sea shells
be over caravan give sb a lift
licence sportswear
begin cell I can't be bothered.
look forward to stones
believe cottage It's no big deal.
lorry driver stuff
coach (person) dig let sb in on sth
midwife style
definitely experience (v) maybe
natural teen trends
drop (sth) farm minus
nowadays torn
even freeze miss
overtime unisex
Forget it! freezing probably
part-time job
goalkeeper ground rain (v)
people skills 1 TOIJ Skills
hockey handwriting rise
previous active
hold hostel secret
realise annoy
Hold on! keep warm sky
such as annoying
I get it. ladder snow (v)
su itable apart from
in my opinion lie down solution
take care bad-tempered
in the end life behind bars sunny
take up a hobby bossy
kit literally temperature
traditional calm
let made of transport
university cheer up
match (n) meal unless
welder cheerful
organise metre way
welding confident
pay Nothing to worry What's the weather
description about. like?
pick up 1d feel down Once you ... windy
play in goal accessories fight (v) poor without
practice anklet get along (with) prison You know what?
refuse baggy in addition prisoner
safe belt keen on
stick (hockey)
provide 2c
bracelet listener pull add

131
Word list part
performance
picnic area
do sb a favour
entire
episode
train (v)
truly
underwater
I-

port Now you're talking! work out k


bake complete
pretty Phew! k
boil condition
bottom continue
rickshaw prefer 3d r
sunshine remote control as a result r
bowl distance
tour (n) satellite blood pressure ~
chilli elk
village Shhh! burn off ~
cook over a medium escape
heat water sport soap opera calories ,-r
exhausted
cool (v) well-known telly carpet ~
fisherman
cover (v) wonderful touch disease r,
globetrotti ng
cream turn into do aerobics s
hibernate
dish journey (n)
Module 3 turn on / off do housework s
fork kill (v)
3a turn up / down energetic s
fry accommodation TV addict energy s
kind (n)
frying pan activity volume exercise (n) s
migrate
g=gram as well as You've lost it. flu T
polar bear
grate build (v) habit tJ
polluted (adj)
heat (v) predator
chance 3c heart V
in half coast achieve hoover
produce
ingredient collect athlete improve VI
return
knife countryside award instead of VI
salmon
layer equipment beat keep fit
sea turtle
low search (v/n)
extra (adv) break a record lead a busy life n
melt fence champion lifestyle ~
species
mixture fill championship lift (n) a
stream
ml=millilitre fix continent lift weights a
survive
oven fu ll training cross (v) lower (v) a
the rest
oven dish gate cup lungs a
throughout
peel include enter (eg. a muscles b
vegetation
plate necessary competition) necessarily b
waterfall
pour once in a lifetime final physical activity c
raisin over (prep) finish line prevent c
2 Top Skills
recipe per (week) gold reduce d
ancient ruins
remove plant (v) hold a record regular d
as for ...
saucepan pond hold an event serious e
attract
seed rubbish incredible stairs e
attractive
simple run (manage) It takes ... strengthen e
be at one's best
skin (n) tool keep on stress e
be worth seeing
stir wet long jump vacuum cleaner f(
bright
tablespoon wooden major whether ... or ~
campsite
teaspoon marathon workout (n) m
capital
3b medal hi
combined with
2d Are you joking? Olympics 3 Top Skills I
cruise
Arctic tern Are you kidding? perform as you can see
entertainment
area as a matter of fact practise bounce
excellent
avoid bowling prize catch
explore is
be born change one's mind professional court
holiday destination lu
breed collection race extra time
huge rr
breeding place commercial runner goal
impressive IT
circle crazy take part goggles
modern rr
climate cross one 's mind take place head (v)
national park I'll
tough
132
Here's the latest.
hero
hit
I heroine
object
obvious
prove
kidnapper
kidnapping
leave sth behind
Word list
'-. MUg MS ££22

kick solve local


theory text (v)
knee pad sound (v/n) masterpiece
truth
make it to the final to my surprise million
up until now 5b
net UFO missing (adj)
as long as
pass unfortunately moustache
4 Top Skills be stuck in
pitch unluckily offer
disappointed by the way
plan (n) pickpocket
disappointing chin
pool 4b pickpocketing
exam hall communicate
racquet a couple of piece of art
exhausting complain
score (n/v) bring luck reward
for this reason deaf
shin pad crash into rip out
frightened fist
shoot direction rob
frightening forward
so long feel like robber
hand out I'm starving!
swimwear four-leaf clover robbery
haunted in one's way
That's all for now. Give me a break. rule (n)
hurt know one's way
throw horseshoe security guard around
make sense
Waiting for your I don't believe in all shoplift lose one's way
reply. make sure
that. shoplifter
My mind is a on one's way
water polo mirror shoplifting complete blank. patient (adj)
whole path steal shocked read lips
run over surprisingly shocking sign (v/n)
Module 4 So what? theft slip sign language
4a sock thief spooky similar
alien superstition tie up surprised situation
all of a sudden superstitious valuable surprising slightly
amazingly That's a load of
swear speech
at the time rubbish.
4d symbol the other way round
blurred That's disgusting.
according to voice traffic
by accident That's nonsense.
cause (v)
clue the middle of
depend on Module 5 Se
creature Yep!
disappearance Sa actual
deafening sound Yuk!
explanation a change of plan . amount
develop a film video arcade
fact or fiction answer the phone ancient t imes
evidence Whoa!
flight answering machine appear
examine god broken (adj) basement
exist 4e incident call back BC (Before Christ)
expert arrest (vIn)
investigate dial code
fortunately artwork
leader Get with it! communication
ghost be allowed
mission hang up cupboard
grab burglar
mysterious I'm afraid ... digital photo
hover burglary
real-life mystery leave a message document
I couldn't believe my by the time
recent meeting dot
eyes! crime
related to note file (n)
I hate to disappoint criminal
report (n) Oops! full stop
you . detective
responsible for out of order ink
issue dollar
sail (v) pay phone invent
luckily dress (v)
seem phone card invisible
metal empty
set out pick up (phone) iron
monster false
suggest right away keep a secret
mystery investigation
the late 15th century ring (v) lower case
notice kidnap

133
Word list 6b
All aboard!
material
natural
smog
smoke (n)
cabin reef soap
meaning canoeing research spread (v)
5 Top Skills
microscope deck researcher take measures
access (n)
music clip enthusiastic (about) rock time-consuming
addicted
possible jet skiing sand ton
adult
printed (adj) knot shelter toxic
advantage
reveal life jacket sink (v) unpolluted
as years go by
several lunchtime sponge waste (n)
be at risk
shape (n) Not to worry stable wave (n)
computer literate
shave on board tropical
connect
size pack bags tyre 6 Top Skills
connected
store (v) packed lunch wreck authorities
damage (v)
tattoo (v/ n) resort break out
delete
the naked eye rope 6d category
destroy
typed (adj) rough acid rain collapse
disadvantage
World War 11 sail (n) afterwards damage (n)
download
sailing instructor allow drown
firstly
5d scuba diving car fumes earthquake
harmful
abroad sea legs cause (n) evacuate
in conclusion
action seasick chemicals fight against sth
keep in touch
against the law steer (v) cotton wool fire
lastly
be out of one's mind steering wheel drop (n) flood (n/ v)
On the one/other
bow (v) hand Stop moaning! dry (v) homeless
cheek personally tie environmental hope
Trust me! problem hurricane
common receive
waterskiing essential in time
completely screen
experiment injured
criticise secondly
eyebrows 6c extremely lightning
to begin with
finger a number of factory gases natural disaster
to sum up
gesture aircraft feather nature
useful
artificial fine (v) neighbouring
greet user
hip bamboo fog news article
virus
hug below government panic (v)
What is more ...
kiss cave half full put out
wisely
coastal area harm (v) rescue team
make a fool of
oneself colourful in twenty years' time resident
Module 6
motorway coral involve roof
6a
nod deliberately leak (n) shake
approximately
owe diver main strike (v)
blurred vision
particular documentary marine life terrified
contain
point (v) environmentally safe no longer trapped
deep (adj)
raise form (v) oil spill tsunami
dizzy
shake hands grow oil tanker victim
dry (adj)
smile habitat oily
human
tap (v) in fact organisation Module 7
per cent
That should do the in this way pollute 7a
planet
trick. lack of pollution alarm
point (n)
tip (n) lead predict ambulance
solar system
wave (v) line protect average
surface
wiggle location pump sth into sth call for (an
weigh
man-made recycle ambulance)
rub (v) caller
134
calm down
catch fire
complete (adj)
Sit still!
sprain
Stay put!
raise money
some years back
under 18
Word list ~ "
'"
I .I!~ 11
conscious sunburn volunteer
delay (n) torch wish (n) autograph Good on you!
detail Watch out! backstage in order to
emergency services 7 Top Skills beg item
even if 7c animal care Check this out! know sb by his/her
exactly advice animal shelter close by first name
fire brigade bookworm assistance Don't be silly. latest
fire engine bullying consider from time to time lend
get away bully fundraising give sb a hard time once in a while
go off (alarm) deal with furthermore have time to kill over and over again
have nothing to do fed up with get involved in introduce overdo
with feel helpless make time pocket money
in advance
hurry (v) fond of inform order price tag
injury head towards pass (n) react
minimum (age)
It's an emergency! I doubt it. unwanted pass the time sales
last (v) I hope everything queue sensible
Yours faithfully
locked (adj) goes well. rehearse shopaholic
Yours sincerely
medical history I hope I haven't send sb away shopper
notify troubled you. take your time suit (v)
Module 8
operator I've been through waste time treat (sb)
8a
patient (n) the same thing. trendy
a total of whatever
shortly ignore try on
blind
sounds like librarian
blow 8c useless
stay away notice (n) well-balanced
bubble block
noticeboard workaholic
burst cathedra l
7b on time
chew change hands
Argh! sort out 8 Top Skills
count competitor
antiseptic cream tease beauty contest
current (adj) double-decker
bandage There's no need to bul ldog
eccentric ground floor
panic.
bang (v) height celebration
type enjoyable
bleed increase (n/v) come to life
typewriter every Single one
blood number = No. cute
whoever foolish
burn race (v) feel sick
gum
course remain festival
7d in silence
elastic bandage skyscraper fireworks
attend invention
first aid step (n) food fight
businessman naturally
for a while structure go to war
by chance nuts
for ages take one's place make a mess
charity pack (n)
forward title parade
come across reach
hold onto various preparation
condition record (v)
I suppose so. version put in place
depressed reply (v)
light switch shopkeeper
diagnose silent
make fun of 8d spectator
donation success
obviously afford squash
expenses successful
Ouch! arrange ugly
for instance to be exact
painkiller be around weapon
gift turn out
pinch (v) be tough on oneself
let sb down upside down
plaster chocoholic
life-threatening
scissors come out
make a wish come 8b
scratch fashionable
true at all times
shine get carried away

135