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Mock MTAP Math Challenge Year 4

Individual Written Competition Set 2


Part I: Solve each problem and write the answer on the answer sheet provided. Give lines as ax + by + c = 0. Leave
answers in simplified radicals and use base 10 unless otherwise stated. [2 points each]
1. Evaluate 1 2 + 3 4 + 5 6 + 2012 + 2013.
r
3x
2. Find the domain of the function f (x) =
.
x
3. Find the value of k so that the lines 2x + 3y 4 = 0 and 4x + ky + 5 = 0 are perpendicular.
1
and cos < 0, find tan .
3
x+1 x2
5. Solve for x:
+
= 3.
x1 x+2
4. If sin =

6. Let log2 3 = a and log2 5 = b. Find the value of log90 2 in terms of a and b.
7. Two cards are chosen from a set of 15 cards numbered 1, 2, , 15. What is the probability that the sum of the
two cards is 15?
8. Let ABCD be a trapezoid with AB k CD. Let P be the point of intersection of the diagonals. If the area of
4ABP is 9 and the area of 4CDP is 16, find the area of ABCD.
9. Determine all real numbers k so that the quadratic equation (x k)(x 2) + (x + k)(x + 3) = 0 has two distinct
real roots.
10. Solve for x: 6(2x 7)3 19(2x 7)2 + 2x 1 = 0.
11. Determine a so that a, a2 5, 2a are consecutive terms of a harmonic progression.
12. Find all ordered pairs (m, n) of integers such that 4m 4n = 255.
(
3x 2y = 5
13. Solve for the ordered pairs of real numbers (x, y):
x2 xy + 2y = 7

s
r
+
.
14. Let r and s be the roots of the equation x2 20x 8 = 0. Find the value of
3
3
s
r
15. A cubic polynomial P (x) satisfies P (1) = 3, P (2) = 4, P (3) = 5 and P (4) = 15. Find P (5).
Part II: Solve the following problems on a scratch paper, then write a neat and complete solution on the answer sheet
provided. Draw any necessary diagrams; give details and any necessary reasons/explanations to get full points. [3
points each]
1. Let f be a polynomial function such that for all real x, f (x2 + 1) = x4 + 5x2 + 3. Find f (x2 1).
2. Let f (x) = 3x + 2 and g(x) = x2 + 3x + 7. Find the value(s) of x for which f (g(x)) = g(f (x)).
3. Solve for all real numbers x: 5log2 x + 2xlog2 5 = 15.
4. Two cards are chosen from a deck of 50 cards numbered 1, 2, 3, , 50. What is the probability that the product
of the numbers on these cards is divisible by 7?
5. Find the equation of the line perpendicular to x + y + 3 = 0 and tangent to the ellipse 16x2 + 9y 2 = 144.
Part III: Solve the following problems on a scratch paper, then write a neat and complete solution on the answer
sheet provided. Draw any necessary diagrams; give details and any necessary reasons/explanations to get full points.
[5 points each]
1. Suppose that circles 1 and 2 of radii 4 and 9, respectively, are externally tangent. A third circle 3 is externally
tangent to 1 and 2 and to the common external tangent of 1 and 2 . Find the radius of 3 .
2. Find all positive integers k such that the roots of the cubic equation x3 + (k + 17)x2 + (38 k)x 56 = 0 are
all integers.
3. Let ABCD be a rectangle with DAC = 60 , and let P be the intersection point of the diagonals. The angle
bisector of DAC meets DC at E and lines AD and P E intersect at F . BF intersects diagonal AC at G. Prove
that EG k CF .