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DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN ENGLISH 10

I. Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to:
1. define antecedent and referent
2. identify antecedent and referent in a sentence
2. construct sentences following the pronoun-antecedent agreement rules

II. Subject Matter:


A. Topic: Pronoun Antecedent
B. Reference: Valdez, Juner Windel M. Lets Go back to the Basics.
Intramuros,
Manila. Mindshapers,Co.Inc.
C. Materials: manila paper, chalkboard
III. Teaching Procedure:
Teachers Activity

Learners Activity

A. Preliminary Activities
Greetings
Prayers
Checking of Attendance
Classroom Management
B. Review
Before we proceed to our lesson, Sir! Last meeting, we discussed
lets have a recap from what we about kinds of pronouns.
have discussed last meeting.
Sir! Personal pronouns.
Very good! What are the kinds of
pronouns?
Sir! Demonstrative pronouns.
Sir! Interrogative pronouns.
Sir! Indefinite pronouns.
Sir! Relative pronouns
Sir! Reflexive pronouns.
Sir! Intensive pronouns.
Sir! Reciprocal pronouns.
Very good!
C. Motivation
Consider the following sentences:
When Daniel arrived in Daniels
house,
Daniel
immediately
proceeded to Daniels room and
changed Daniels clothes before
Daniel joined Daniels peers in

playing basketball.

When Daniel arrived in his house,


he immediately proceeded to his
room and changed his clothes
before he joined his peers in
playing basketball.
Which sentence is better?

Sir! The second sentence is better


than the first sentence.
Sir! The second sentence sounds
better than the first sentence because
it uses pronouns to take the place of
the noun (Daniel).

Exactly! The second sentence


sounds better than the first Sir! Daniel.
sentence
because_________________________.
Sir! his and he
Very good! Who is the subject
used in the sentence?
Sir! They form an agreement.
Exactly! And what are the
pronouns used in the second
sentence?
Daniel and the pronouns his and
he conforms to each other.
Therefore,
they
form
an
__________________.
Youre right!
D. Presentation

Sir! Pronouns are used to take the


place of nouns in sentences.

We will be discussing today about


pronoun-antecedent agreement
E. Developmental Activities
Lets review first the definition of
pronoun. What are pronouns?
Exactly! They may refer to a person,
place, thing, idea or feeling.
So why is it that there is a need to take
the place of a noun in a sentence?
What do you call the noun that comes
before the pronoun?

Sir! In order to avoid repetition.


Sir! Antecedents.
Sir! Before.

Sir! Referent.

Very good! Ante means ________. It is


the word, phrase, or clause to which a
pronoun refers, understood by the
context.
What do you call the pronouns that
refer back to nouns?

I get worried when the neighbors let


their dog out.

Now, consider this sentence.


I get worried when the neighbors let
their dog out.

I get worried when the neighbors let


their dog out.
Sir! Plural.

Kindly go to the board and underline


once the antecedent.
Definitely! How about the referent?
Kindly underline twice the referent.

Sir! Plural
Sir! Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Neighbors. Is it singular or plural?


Very good! And theirs is ________.

A phrase or clause between the


subject and verb does not change the
number of the antecedent.

They agree because both are plural.


So the agreement of the referent and
the antecedent is what we called
as________________.

The can of mongo beans sits on its


shelf.
Sir! Can.

Please bring out your handouts.


Kindly read the first rule and the given
example.

Sir! Sits.
(Student volunteered to give an
example)

In the sentence, what is the subject?


Youre right! And how about the verb?
In the subject-verb agreement, we said
that the subject and the verb must
agree in number. That is to make sure
that both are singulars and plurals.
Aside from the example given in the
hand out, kindly give an example
following this rule.

Next is, Indefinite pronouns as


antecedents.

Singular indefinite pronoun


antecedents take singular pronoun
referents.
Ex: Each of the employees does a
good deal of work around his or her
office.
Plural indefinite pronoun antecedents
require plural referents.
Ex: Both do a good job in their office.
Sir! Both.

What is the indefinite pronoun in the


given example?
Very good! Both, many and several are
always take the plural.
PRONOUNS THAT ARE ALWAYS
PLURAL
Many
few
others
Both
several

(Student volunteered to give an


example)
Some indefinite pronouns that are
modified by a prepositional phrase
maybe either singular or plural

Kindly give an example, following this


rule.

All, any, each, everyone, few, many,


neither, none, nothing, several, some

Next agreement is
__________________________.

(Student volunteered to give an


example)

Kindly give examples of indefinite


pronouns.
Kindly give an example following this
rule.
PRONOUNS THAT ARE ALWAYS
SINGULAR
Anybody
everybody
neither
Anyone
everyone
one
Another
nobody
no one
Each
someone
somebody
Either
other

When the object of preposition is


uncountable, use a singular referent
pronoun.
Ex. Some of the sugar fell out of its
bag
Sir! Mass noun.

Next rule is ____________?

Sir! Singular.

Sugar is what kind of a noun?

When the object of preposition is


countable, use a plural referent
pronoun.
Ex. Some of the marbles fell out
their bag.

So, is it singular or plural?

(Student volunteered to give an


example)

Very good! What is the next rule under


pronoun-antecedent agreement?

Give me other examples aside from the


examples in your handout.
PRONOUNS THAT MAYBE EITHER
SINGULAR OR PLURAL
The pronouns all, any, some and none
are plural or singular according to the
meaning of the sentence.
When they refer to number, they
regarded as plural. When they refer to
quantity or mass, they regarded as
singular.
Kindly read the next agreement.

Give me a sentence following this rule.

Sir! Compound subjects joined by and


and always take a plural referent.
Margarette and Jordan made their
presentation.

(Student volunteered to give an


example)

Take note that if both of these


antecedents are singular and refer to
different persons or things, the
antecedent is plural.
However, if the antecedent refers to
one person who fulfills two functions,
the pronoun that takes the place of the
antecedent is singular.
The cook and house keeper did not like
his duties.
The housekeeper were another
individual, the word the would be
placed before the word housekeeper.
Whats the next agreement?

Give me another example following this


rule.
Kindly read the next agreement.

In the first sentence actors is closer to


the referent, that is why the referent is
their, which is in plural form.
What is next agreement?

In the first sentence notice that jury is


taken as one, so the referent is it, which
is singular in form. The second
sentence, jury acts as individuals
because it is joined by the word
members.
The next agreement is, title of single
entities take singular referent. Kindly
read the given example.
Give me another example.

Sir! Singular antecedents joined by or/nor


are referred to by singular pronoun.
John nor director find his jacket.

(Student volunteered to give an


example)
With compound subjects joined by
or/nor, the referent pronouns agree
with the antecedent close to the
pronoun.
Neither the director nor actors did
their jobs.
Neither the actors nor the director did
his jobs.

Collective nouns may be singular or


plural, depending on meaning.
The jury reads its verdict.
The jury members gave their
individual opinions.

Sir! The Grapes of Wrath made its


character seem real.

(Student volunteered to give an


example)
Sir! Plural form subjects with singular
meaning take singular referent.
Sir! Physics, measles, mumps.

Next agreement is__________

Kindly give me examples which are


plural form subject but singular in
meaning.
The news has lost much of its sting two
days ago.
So the referent of the sentence is in
what form?
What is the next agreement?

Sir! Singular.
Sir! Every or many before a noun or
series of nouns requires a singular
referent.
Every cow, pig, and horse had lost its
life in the fire.
Many a girl wishes she could sing like
Tina Turner.

Kindly read the give examples.

The next agreement is, The number of


vs. a number before a subject.
When you use the number, it takes a
singular referent. On the other hand, a
number takes a plural referent.

The number of volunteers increases


its rank daily.
A number of volunteer are offering
their help.

Read the first example.


That is the difference between the use
of the number and a number.

F. Application
(Group the students into four)
List down ten (10) pieces of
advice you want to give to
challenged students who would
like to have high grades. Write in
a crosswise. I will give you 5
minutes to do the task then
present it in front of your
classmates.
G. Generalization
Who can sum up our discussion
today?
Very good! Kindly differentiate
referents from antecedents.

Sir! Today we discussed about


pronouns, referents, antecedents and
pronoun-antecedent agreement rules.
Sir! Referents are pronouns that refer
back to the noun while antecedent
are words for which pronouns stand.

IV. Evaluation
In a crosswise, underline the antecedent and encircle the correct referent of the
following sentences.
1. Science, as well as other modern languages, should have (its, their) place in the
curricula.
2. The committee has submitted recommendations in (its, their) report.
3. Several members of the class indicated (its, their) desire to attend mass.
4. Each member of the committee must submit (their, his) response in writing.
5. The girl just had (her, their)monthly period.
6. Anybody who has a complaint against (his/her) teacher should let the principal know
of such complaint.
Key Answers:
1. Science, as well as other modern languages, should have (its, their) place in the
curricula.
2. The committee has submitted recommendations in (its, their) report.
3. Several members of the class indicated (its, their) desire to attend mass.
4. Each member of the committee must submit (their, his) response in writing.
5. The girl just had (her, their)monthly period.
6. Anybody who has a complaint against (his/her) teacher should let the principal know
of such complaint.
V. Assignment
Research on the tenses of verb. Write it in your notebooks..

Prepared by:
LESTER E. ORPILLA
Student Teacher
Checked by:
MS. MARIA ELAINE D. PINAY-AN
Cooperating Teacher, English 10