You are on page 1of 1

Emergency Medicine Journal Club

Literature Critique Guide


Background/Introduction:
1.
What was the research question? What was the purpose of the study?
2.
Did the authors provide sufficient justification for this study?
3.
Why is this topic relevant and/or important to emergency medicine?

Methods:
1.
Was the primary hypothesis in this study clearly stated?
2.
What type of study was conducted (study design)?
a.
Prospective, retrospective, cross-sectional, case series?
b.
Was there a comparison group or was the study descriptive in nature?
3.
Describe the study sample:
a.
Who participated?
b.
Who did not participate?
c.
To what population are these results generalizable?
4.
Measurement of independent/exposure variable(s):
a.
What was the independent variable?
b.
How was it measured? Do you think it was accurately measured?
5.
Measurement of dependent/outcome variable(s):
a.
What was the dependent variable?
b.
How was it measured? Do you think it was it accurately measured?
6.
Describe the main statistical analysis method used to address the hypothesis and/or
estimate the association of interest.

Results:
1.
What were the primary results of the study?
2.
Were there any additional analysis you would like to see?

Discussion and Conclusions:


1.
What was the others conclusion? Do you agree with the authors conclusion(s)?
2.
Will this influence your clinical practice in any way? If so, how?