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GREEN BUILDING

By

LAXMI BASNET (68019)


SUB: GREEN BUILDING DESIGN

GREEN BUILDING
Green building (also known as green construction or sustainable building)
refers to both a structure and the using of processes that
are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a
building's life-cycle: from siting to design, construction, operation,
maintenance, renovation, and demolition. In other words, green building
design involves finding the balance between homebuilding and the
sustainable environment. This requires close cooperation of the design
team, the architects, the engineers, and the client at all project
stages. The Green Building practice expands and complements the
classical building design concerns of economy, utility, durability, and
comfort.
Although new technologies are constantly being developed to
complement current practices in creating greener structures, the common
objective is that green buildings are designed to reduce the overall impact
of the built environment on human health and the natural environment by:

Efficiently using energy, water, and other resources


Protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity
Reducing waste, pollution and environmental degradation

CII Sohrabji
Godrej Green
Business
Centre
Location: Hyderabad, India
Developer: The project is a
unique and successful model of
public-private partnership
between the Government of
Andhra Pradesh, Pirojsha Godrej
Foundation, and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), with the
technical support of USAID
Architectural Design: Karan Grover and Associates, India
Size: 4.5 acres (total site area), 1,858 m2 (total built up area), 1,115 m2
(total air-conditioned area)
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Type: Office building


Building details: Office building, Seminar hall Green Technology Centre
displaying the latest and emerging green building materials and
technologies in India Large numbers of visitors are escorted on green
building tour.
Ratings: Awarded the LEED Platinum Rating for New Construction (NC) v
2.0 by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) in November 2003
Hyderabad, the city of architecture & pearls, now boasts of one of the greenest

Wind Towers
Water Body

Roof garden
Solar PV

buildings in the world. CII - Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre (CII Godrej
GBC), cozily nestled close to Shilparamam, is the first LEED Platinum rated green
building in India. The building is a perfect blend of Indias rich architectural
splendour and technological innovations, incorporating traditional concepts into
modern and contemporary architecture. Extensive energy simulation exercises
were undertaken to orient the building in such a way that minimizes the heat
ingress while allowing natural daylight to penetrate abundantly.

The building incorporates several world-class energy and environment friendly


features, including solar PV systems, indoor air quality monitoring, a high
efficiency HVAC system, a passive cooling system using wind towers, high
performance glass, aesthetic roof gardens, rain water harvesting, root zone
treatment system, etc.
The extensive landscape is also home to varieties of trees, most of which are
native and adaptive to local climatic conditions. The green building boasts a 50%
saving in overall energy consumption, 35 % reduction in potable water
consumption and usage of 80% of recycled / recyclable material. Most
importantly, the building has enabled the widespread green building movement
in India.
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GREEN FEATURES AND


SUSTAINABLE
TECHNOLOGIES
Energy Efficiency
State-of-the- art Building Management
Systems (BMS) were installed for realtime monitoring of energy
consumption. The use of aerated
concrete blocks for facades reduces
the load on air-conditioning by 1520%. Double-glazed units with argon gas filling between the glass panes
enhance the thermal properties.

Zero Water Discharge Building


All of the wastewater, including grey and black water, generated in the building
is treated biologically through a process called the Root Zone Treatment System.
The outlet-treated water meets the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) norms.
The treated water is used for landscaping.

Minimum Disturbance to the Site


The building design was conceived to have minimum disturbance to the
surrounding ecological environment. The disturbance to the the construction
phase.
This has preserved the majority of the existing flora and fauna and natural
microbiological organism around the building.

Extensive erosion and sedimentation control measures to prevent topsoil erosion


have also been taken at the site during construction.

Materials and Resources

80% of the materials used in the building are sourced within 500 miles from the
project site. Most of the construction material also uses post-consumer and
industrial waste as a raw material during the manufacturing process.

Fly-ash based bricks, glass, aluminum, and ceramic tiles, which contain
consumer and industrial waste, are used in constructing the building to
encourage the usage of recycled content. Office furniture is made of
bagassebased composite wood.

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More than 50% of the construction waste is recycled within the building or sent
to other sites and diverted from landfills.

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Renewable Energy

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20% of the building energy requirements are catered to by solar photovoltaics.

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20% of the building energy requirements are catered to by solar photovoltaics.

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Reflective glass (mirror)


This material will most significantly reduce penetration of radiation from the
reflecting side to the non-reflecting side (penetration of 11-37% of total striking
radiation).
Such glazing is used in this building where it is desirable to maintain eye contact
with the outside as well as to prevent penetration of radiation and in areas where
it is hot most days of the year.

Courtyards
The
courtyards
act as
"light
wells,"

illuminating adjacent work areas. When this light is not sufficient, sensors trigger
the deployment of efficient electric lights. Dimmers automatically control the
illumination levels, turning the lights off when they're unnecessary. Also,
occupancy sensors prevent a light from being switched on at an unoccupied
workstation.

Wind System
Wind tower with evaporative cooling
A combination of sensible cooling in the ground and evaporative cooling with the
flow of air induced by the wind tower can be achieved by a configuration as
shown. The heat loss from air results in a decreased air temperature, but no
change in the water vapour content of the air.

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Daytime and night time operation of a Wind Tower

The hot ambient air enters the tower through the openings in the tower and is
cooled, when it comes in contact with the cool tower and thus becomes heavier
and sinks down. When an inlet is provided to the rooms with an outlet on the
other side, there is a draft of cool air. After a whole of heat exchange, the wind
towers become warm in the evening.

During night the reverse happens; due to warm surface of wind tower and drop
in temperature of ambient air due to buoyancy effect, warm air rises upwards. As
a result, cooler ambient air is sucked into
the room through the window. As a byeproduct of this process, wind tower loses
the heat that was collected during the day
time and it becomes ready for use in cold
condition up to the morning.

Other Notable Green Features


Fenestration maximized on the north
orientation
Rain water harvesting
Water-less urinals in mens restroom
Water-efficient fixtures: ultra-low and low-flow flush fixtures
Water-cooled scroll chiller
HFC-based refrigerant in chillers
Secondary chilled water pumps installed with variable frequency drives (VFDs)
Energy-efficient lighting systems through compact fluorescent light bulbs
(CFLs)
Roof garden covering 60% of building area

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large vegetative open spaces


Swales for storm water collection
Maximum day lighting
Operable windows and lighting controls for better day lighting and views
Electric vehicle for staff use
Shaded carpark

Cost and Benefits


This was the first green building in the country. Hence, the incremental cost was
18% higher. However, green buildings coming up now are being delivered at an
incremental cost of 6-8%. The initial incremental cost gets paid back in 3 to 4
years.
Benefits achieved so far:

Over 120,000 kWh of energy savings per year as compared to an ASHRAE


90.1 base case

The building achieves a 35 percent reduction of municipally supplied


potable water, in part through the use of low-flush toilets and waterless
urinals.

Thirty percent of users have shifted to alternative modes of transportation:


carpools, bicycles, and cars that run on liquefied petroleum gas, a lowpolluting alternative to conventional gasoline and diesel.

Excellent indoor air quality :100% day lighting (Artificial lights are
switched on just before dusk)

Higher productivity of occupants

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