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Unit 5 - Trigonometrie Ratios Date: 5.1 Trigonometric Ratios of Acute Angles Homework Practice Questions & Page 280-282: 5-7 {every other}, 9-17, 18, 20 Learning Objectives/Success Criteria: At the end of this lesson I will be able to: + Define the primary trig ratios (sin, cos, and tan) and the secondary trig ratios (csc, sec and cot) + Use the inverse trig functions (sin, cos* and tan) to find the angle associated with a given ratio Recall: Acute Angles = less than 90° 1. Similar Triangles: Length of the sides are the same ratio. Angles are the same. Condinoas Ge AAO Lequal BS . remains 374A must be eat a Pp zt ® AABC VAPOR i 2 4B, 86, A x ae Pe : rH e Rg Pa OR RR 2, Naming parts of a right triangle: Right triangle must have a 90° angle. hy ope. aP SoH CAH TOR aay Defining Primary Trig Ratios: sine @ ep. cosine 8 tangent @ gin @ = ae aby - BE hye cas & Top dan & aay Practice 1: Find the primary ratios for h hyp 82424 sm@ = copes 8 tan ead + MP hgp>= At 48 Wie His 8 hypt= >. a hyp = We 4, Inverse of the Primary Trig Ratios: The inverse of the trig ratios are used to determine the angle associated with a given primary ratio aresine @ arceosine @ arctangent @ = 5 : = sin” 6 = cos! & 2 tan! # OL sin’@ +o the xp Tot the Yeciprocat Practice 2: Find 6 to the nearest tenth of a degree. es oe 6+ SB 2 ‘ a) tanO== 0G = fan! (2 b) ¥ 3 @) 4 ia & “(8 5 33,3¢ O= cos Ge) bh? 5._Defining Secondary Trig Ratios (Reciprocal Ratios) * Note: We CANNOT write the reciprocal ratios with an negative exponent of the primary ratios, This notation is reserved for the inverse of the primary trig ratios. The reciprocal ratios are given new names: cosecant © secant @ cotangent 8 ( asc = ote : eet ie in Sentences: aia - 4 = hue = ih ope ae = adi %3 2p Practice 3: a) Find the 6 trig ratios fora right triangle with sides 3, 4 and 5. b) Which ratios are equivalent? ©) What is the relationship between the angles for this to be true? smh = Cos B & ow & et sin B : eee 3 cana wRa s fan Rs or B ‘ RB tanast dang 2 csc a = see8B ; cea § eee seen rs toes when A+B = 90° Cor Aa Sd cot B ia Practice 4: Give the following trig ratios, make a diagram and find the other five ratios. Find @ to the nearest tenth ofa degree. 13 6) Ifsec0=23 and 20 is acute. a) If sind=2 and £0 is acute. d) If tan@=2 and £0 isacute. and 20 is acute. b) If cos! 6.Notation: Recall that (x)(x)=x7. Similarly (sin6)(sin)~ (sin) or sin?@ BUT NOT sing*. sin6* means sin(@x6) and NOT (sin#){sin®) Practice: actice: ©. In SABC, £O-= 90%,8 = 5,0 = VE . . . waved ie af | 5 é e A a ¢ (2) Given ABO with sides having lengths ‘a,b, c as shown, find the six trigonometric ratios of 28 and ZC in terms of e, b, and, (0) Noting that 2B + 2C = 90°, find {)) @ ratio of 2B equal to sin ©. (i) a ratio of ZB equal to cos C. (li) a ratio of 2B equal to tan C. (a) Find the six trigonometric ratios of each ot the acute angies A and B. (0) Prove the following. ()) sink A + cos? A= 1 G) she B + cost B= 1 oA ota in A = cos B cos A 2819 B tan = cotB occurs when A+B = Jo* sa 8s g ames § ay sm @ > CoB we B= S tw C2 b oy cee ssn B if 7 aw fan c scot B cece wan 62 € 6 esc B= & era 7 tse see Be B see = & a cs eee cope = b b ze ® bse sin*h + cos*h Roz] = (Ba fy ey + Ge) = 2844 Zea eb ze ae Ls=as ay LS= sin*B ecos*B Rsel Liye Hee = + (oS) Ga)** (Fe) > a 25, we Et oar 2b (