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Tissue Structure and

Function
Chapter 9 in Textbook
Chapter 4 in Lab Book

Tissue
An aggregation of cells and cell
products of similar structure and
embryonic origin that perform a
common function

Histology
The study of tissues, especially
their structure and arrangement

Basic Tissue Types

Epithelial
Connective
Muscle
Nervous

Organ
An aggregation of tissues
organized into a functional unit

System
Organs working together as
functional units

Epithelial Tissue

Sheet-like layer of cells


Cover surfaces or line cavities
Often has glandular cells for fluid
secretion
Endothelium

Epithelium that lines heart, blood


vessels and lymphatic vessels

Epithelial Types

Simple Epithelium

Simple squamous inside blood vessels


Simple cuboidal lines ducts, ex. Kidney
tubules, mucous glands
Simple columnar lining of small
intestine
Pseudostratified Columnar trachea,
bronchi

Figure 09.9a

Figure 09.9b

Pseudostratified Columnar

Epithelial Types

Stratified Epithelium

Stratified squamous - skin


Transitional urinary tract and bladder

Connective Tissue

Tissue that connects

Loose connective tissue

Dense connective tissue

adipose (fat)
cartilage
Bone

Vascular tissue

Erythrocytes: Red Blood Cells carry oxygen


Leucocytes: White Blood Cells part of the immune
system
Platelets - clotting

Adipose

Figure 09.11c

Figure 09.11d

Erythrocytes:
Red Blood Cells

Leucocytes: White Blood Cel

Platelets

Muscle Tissue Types

Smooth Muscle (=Involuntary


Muscle)

Skeletal Muscel (=Voluntary Muscle)

Ex. Small intestine


Ex. Large muscles of body

Cardiac Muscle

Skeletal

Smooth

Cardiac

Nervous Tissue

Includes Nerves, Spinal Cord, Brain


Cells are called neurons

Neuron