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Torian Knowles
English III
7 December 2015
South Sudans Violent Civil War
Mass burials, public human burnings and cannibalism are all among the many atrocities
occurring right now in South Sudan. Brutal violence and food scarcity has caused treacherous
times in the new young nation of South Sudan. On December 15 2013 at a meeting of the
National Liberation Council in Nyakuron, Juba a slight conflict between the president of South
Sudan and his deputy turned from a simple argument in to a nationwide civil war. The two main
parties involved are the Dinka and Nuer ethnic groups. These two groups have been rivals for
many decades and this simple dispute has rekindled a long awaited fight. Previously the main
conflict between the two were for resource and territory but now its politics. So, in order to stop
the impending famine and constant violence a form of peace must first be established between
the Dinka and Nuer forces. But, if this fighting doesnt stop soon the new nation of only 4 years
will soon collapse.
The African union has released a report on various human rights violations and
acts of violence being forced upon the citizens of south Sudan like cannibalism and child
soldier usage by rebel forces. The conflict started after Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit fired Mr. Riek
Machar his right hand deputy after a long term suspicion of him planning a coup dtat. This
sudden accusation quickly reopened deep ethnic fault lines and shouldve been handled then and
there to avoid the escalation but instead boiled over. Commissioner Mahmood Mamdani of south
Sudan reports the amount of violence and hardships being faced right now some of these consist
of mass burials, women of all ages being viciously raped multiple times, places of worship and

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hospitals being burnt down and worst of all... Some of the people captured by the rebel forces
(Dinka and Nuer) are tortured for hours upon hours and then eventually compelled to jump into a
lit fire. A recent report from the African union and Security Council said that I have seen people
being forced to eat other humans!! The truly sad part about this is that these arent even the
worst punishments being used.
South Sudanese citizens are losing their way and dont even know where they can settle
safely without being a product of war crimes. In a news article by Susannah Cullinane of CNN
she cited that The United Nations estimates that more than 2.2 million people have been
displaced all over North and south Sudan and in conjunction with the violence intensifying food
shortages and disease has rapidly spread (Cullaine N.p.). Tens of thousands of people are being
cut off from medical care as the rebel forces of both sides deny any outside interferences (ex.
Medical personnel, government officials (UN)). Disease is the least of the south Sudanese
problems, most of the random acts of violence carried out upon the citizens are for no reason.
The south Sudanese citizens have nothing to do with the conflict and to add insult to injury the
means that they are being attacked by are child soldiers with large numbers and heavy artillery.
Imagine seeing your family and friends being brutally attacked by children with big guns while
your neighbors lay helpless with untreated illness and injuries. Nicholas Kristof of New York
Times had a first-hand encounter with the abundant famine that is troubling the newborn country.
He took note of all the people he encountered and the gruesome scenery. He also recorded the
personal encounters he had with the various people he encountered over the course of his trip,
while most of them talked about the normal daily struggle to get a meal. In one instance he had
met a women who said she hasnt eaten in three days and she had two small children to feed.

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These terrible circumstances are being forced upon the citizens of south Sudan every day and
should be stop immediately.
This civil war ravishing the new country must be stopped as soon as possible to avoid
further casualties and political discombobulation, but this can only be done with outside
influence. Although there are some countries out there who are willing to help in the war and
others like Sudan, south Sudans neighbors to the north are not willing to help. Ever since the
south broke off from the rest of the country and gained its independence in 2011 the two
countries have not been on good terms. Sudan has not cared at all for south Sudan for probable
causes though, in 2012 both of the countries almost went to war over the Heglig oil fields. The
two countries have competed over the dominion of the oil industry in their specific region on a
multiple occasions. This statement made by Peter Dorrie saying that Sudan could also feel
threatened by Ugandas increasing influence in South Sudan, and decide to prop up Machars
rebels as a counterweight (Dorrie N.p.) is explaining how south Sudan could endanger the
power and influence they have in that region by gaining attention for first breaking away in 2011
and now a brutal civil war. But, if Sudan helped end the war and avoid further confrontation they
could be allies and unite in the oil industry and Sudan would get and keep the attention its
looking for. Certain problems in this situation could be avoided or ended if everyone could band
together to help each other out instead of fighting and being greedy keeping the pointless cycle
going.
Global Peace organizations such as the United Nations have spoken out on the impending
famine and violence in south Sudan and have been contemplating on how to come up with a
reasonable solution to end the war and keep both sides happy and still together if possible. Local
countries such as Uganda, Ethiopian and have tried to get the two ethnic groups to reach a

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compromise or at least a ceasefire agreement. World leaders such as President Obama have
conversed as to what should happen if there is not an end to the fighting soon and an immediate
dead line will be set. They (UN members i.e. Secretary General) have decided to make sanctions
and embargos against the country until the fighting stops. These embargos will cut of the
government and rebels supply of weaponry, militia aid and imports at least from the embargo
supporting countries. Also regional military force will be used if need be, countries like Ethiopia
has already talked about the fighting quickly approaching their borders, but any closer and
theres going to be a problem. Although recently in an attempt to end the war, a temporary 30
month government will be set in to place and soon followed up by an election. Government
troops & rebels will be one army again, the capital of Juba will be demilitarized and a peace
committee will be set out to resolve all issues and return the new-born nation to its original state.
This is not the first time a cease-fire has happened in this war so the real question here is, how
long will it last? So, finally it looks like the war is subsiding and hopefully the new country can
return to normal and begin embracing its new nation reborn.
I chose this topic because when I was first researching I was looking for important global
news topic on CNN and there are pictures scrolling through and then there was this one that
caught my eye. It was a refugee camp with about 300 people standing in the mud with no shoes
and little tents set up. What really got me when in the bottom left hand corner there was a group
of about 30-40 kids tipping over a jug trying to get water. I knew automatically knew this was
the story I was going to choose cause obviously there was a major problem going on in that part
of the world that need to be addressed. One of the hardest things about this project was for my
specific topic it was hard finding an opposition. Its civil war so why would anyone not want the
fighting to stop. But eventually with further research I found an opposition it was a bit weak in

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my opinion but it was an opposing force who had a tension with the war torn country. The only
other hardship I encountered was incorporating quotes in the paper and using devices that we use
in class like in our ACE paragraphs and annotating selected passages (Analogy, idiom).

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Works Cited
"African Union Announces South Sudan War Crimes Court." Pachodo.org. Web. 28 Nov.
2015.
"Destroying itself from within; South Sudan." The Economist 4 Jan. 2014: 35(US). Global
Issues in Context. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.
Get your act together; South Sudan and America." The Economist 1 Aug. 2015: 45(US).
Global Issues in Context. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.
Kristof, Nicholas. "Starvation as a Product of War." The New York Times. The New York
Times, 22 July 2015. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.
"Leaders Sign Deal to End South Sudan's Civil War, but Challenges Loom." Washington
Post. The Washington Post. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.
"South Sudan Profile - Timeline - BBC News." BBC News. Web. 21 Nov. 2015.
"South Sudan Report Details Cannibalism, Rapes - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network.
Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

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