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DeepLines

Training Course
OIL & GAS, GREEN ENERGY, NUCLEAR
INCLUDING MARINE ACTIVITIES

Objectives
Discover DeepLines capabilities
Acquire fundamental bases required to run the
program
Short practice session with the GUI

Identify possible applications for your projects


Discuss on your present/future engineering needs

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Introduction
OIL & GAS, GREEN ENERGY, NUCLEAR
INCLUDING MARINE ACTIVITIES

Introduction to DeepLines
A software used to design offshore risers systems, flowlines and mooring lines
DeepLines combines FE solver & user friendly GUI
Solution based on non-linear finite elements method
Types of analysis include : static, quasi-static, modal,
time-domain and frequency domain dynamic analyses
Jointly developed by Principia and IFP Energies Nouvelles

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Applications

FPSO,
Barge ...

Tanker
Drillin
g
Riser

Jumper

Flexible,
Steep-S

Mooring
lines

Catenary,
Free
Hanging

DeepLines Training Course - Main

TLP

Risers
Arrays
Catenary,
Lazy-wave

CVAR

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Applications
Flexible risers, umbilical and hose configurations
Rigid production and drilling risers
Hybrid riser concepts
Mooring lines and multi-components offshore systems
Pipeline and flow-line laying and on-bottom stability

Subsea equipment installation


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Types of analyses
Static and quasi-static analyses
Preliminary design of drilling risers to API RP 16Q
Time-domain & frequency domain dynamic analyses
Modal analyses
VIV prediction models

Coupled analyses of vessels, risers and moorings


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Graphical User Interface


Allows to define complex models
Uses simple components (lines, vessels, waves,
offsets) and customized components (drilling riser,)
Analyses setup (load cases matrices)
Runs the solver either in interactive mode or batch
mode

Post-processes all your results including fatigue &


clearance between lines
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Graphical User Interface

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Graphical User Interface


Intuitive and user-friendly GUI used to define models
and post-process results
Project-oriented model files gathering multiple analyses
Results export facilities to Excel

Batch commands can be used to run post-processing


instructions
On-line help system
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Main technical features


FE method including bending/torsion coupling effects

Wide range of boundary conditions


Anisotropic seabed contact with friction
Interference between lines : wake effect, clashing
Modeling of sliding devices : J-tubes, keel joints
Contact with user-defined surfaces and modeling of sliding
devices : J-tubes, keel joints

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Main technical features


Specific elements to model synthetic ropes
Multi-linear stiffness laws and non-linear bending
stiffness for unbounded flexible pipes
Fully coupled multi-components analyses with vessels,
risers, moorings...
Interference between lines, wake effect, clashing

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Validation and references


Certified by Bureau Veritas
Comparison with general theoretical
analytical solutions for beams & cables
behavior
Comparison with in-situ measurement and
full scale model test (flexible)

Continuously validated against


In - situ Measurements (Girassol CALM
buoy 6 d.o.f motions)
Model tests trough projects or JIPs
(STRIDE JIP for VIV, High Compliant Riser JIP
(Bechtel), CALM buoy JIP)

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Validation and references


DeepLines users include (>80 licenses)
TECHNIP group worldwide
SAIPEM
SUBSEA7
DORIS Engineering (Paris & Rio)
TOTAL (Paris)
FMC SOFEC (Houston)
ABB Global Lummus (Houston)
BLUEWATER (NetherLand)
Bureau Veritas
TRELLEBORG
Single Buoy Mooring (Monaco)

Several technical articles presenting validation and


comparisons are available on request (DOT 2003, OMAE
2003, OTC 2002)
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Hotline and development team


Technical support is generally provided by email at
deeplines@principia.fr or by phone
On-line help is provided with the GUI
Hotline support provided by a team of experienced
engineers aware of projects needs
Development team include engineers from Principia,
researchers from IFP and computer scientists from Open
Cascade (subsidiary of Principia)
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Development milestones
1980: FLEXAN In house program developed by IFP
(cable element - regular waves)
1985 : FLEXAN - Beam development at CISI Ptrole
service (FLOSYS - CISI - FLEXAN -F /IFP)
1991 : FLEXAN-F 1st Certification by Bureau Veritas
beam element - irregular waves
1995 : FLEXAN-G - Tested in Coflexip Stena Offshore
new beam element and new dynamic algorithm (E.C.P)
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Development milestones
1998 : DeepLines v1r1 - Based on ISYMOST GUI
2000 : DeepLines v2r2 Certified by Bureau Veritas
2002 : DeepLines v3r1 - New GUI & New features (rigid
line,contact, fatigue module, VIV module)
2003 : DeepLines v3r2 - Minor release (wave sets)
2004 : DeepLines v4r1 - Fatigue fully integrated to the
GUI, drilling risers, non-linear bending laws, floating
hoses, on-line help redesign...
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Riser systems applications

OIL & GAS, GREEN ENERGY, NUCLEAR


INCLUDING MARINE ACTIVITIES

Riser systems applications


Flexible risers system

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Riser systems applications


Flexible risers system

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Riser systems applications


Flexible & steel risers system

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Riser systems applications


Riser tower

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Riser systems applications


Riser tower

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Riser systems applications


Riser tower & spools

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Riser systems applications


Drilling risers

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Riser systems applications


Drilling risers

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Riser systems applications


Loading hoses

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Riser systems applications


Loading hoses

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Riser systems applications


Loading terminal

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Mooring systems applications

OIL & GAS, GREEN ENERGY, NUCLEAR


INCLUDING MARINE ACTIVITIES

Mooring systems applications


Spread moored FPSO

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Mooring systems applications


Conventional buoy mooring system

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Mooring systems applications


CALM buoy system

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Pipelines & installation applications

OIL & GAS, GREEN ENERGY, NUCLEAR


INCLUDING MARINE ACTIVITIES

Pipelines & installation applications


Lateral buckling & pipe walking

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Pipelines & installation applications


Lateral buckling & pipe walking
Pressure and temperature cycles
> cumulative displacement of Tees and FLET

FLET
ITA1
ITA2
ITA3
ITA4
ITA5
ITA6
ITA7
ITA8
ITA9
ITA10

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Pipelines & installation applications


Lateral buckling & pipe walking
80
70

Force (kN)

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0

100

200

300

400

500

400

500

Tim e

Temperature (C)

180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0

100

200

300
Time

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Pipelines & installation applications


Pipeline S-lay

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Pipelines & installation applications


PLEM dynamic laying and landing

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Pipelines & installation applications


PLEM dynamic laying and landing

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Pipelines & installation applications


Dynamic bundle towing

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Pipelines & installation applications


Jacket U-pending analysis

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Pipelines & installation applications


Floatover operation

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Pipelines & installation applications


Rigid pipe spooling

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Pipelines & installation applications


Rigid pipe spooling

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Pipelines & installation applications


Pipeline pull from shore

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Pipelines & installation applications


Pipeline pull from shore

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Towed systems applications

OIL & GAS, GREEN ENERGY, NUCLEAR


INCLUDING MARINE ACTIVITIES

Towed systems applications

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Towed systems applications

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Towed systems applications

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Towed systems applications

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Wind turbines applications

OIL & GAS, GREEN ENERGY, NUCLEAR


INCLUDING MARINE ACTIVITIES

Renewable energy
Fixed wind turbine

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Renewable energy
Floating wind turbine

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Modeling capabilities

OIL & GAS, GREEN ENERGY, NUCLEAR


INCLUDING MARINE ACTIVITIES

Types of analyses
Static and quasi-static : Newton-Raphson algorithm
Time domain : implicit Newmark integration scheme
with adaptative time step
Modal analysis including floaters inertia contribution
Fatigue analysis : Spectral and RFC for moorings and
steel risers
VIV fatigue using a modal superposition approach
Frequency domain analysis including coupling with
vessels (available in v4r2)
VIV in time domain using Van der Pol oscillator theory
(available in v4r2)
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Model components
Lines
Vessels (FPSO, Semi, Spar, CALM buoy)
Subsea arches and buoys
Bend stiffeners and tapered sections
Flexible joints - multi-linear or non-linear
Drilling riser model including pressure in auxiliary lines
Simple definition of tensioning systems for TTRs
Floating hoses
Effect of initial curvature and torsion along lines
Effect of internal fluid (slugs)
Advanced pipe-soil interaction including suction effects
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Line models
Spring : multi-linear stiffness for translation or rotation
Bars : multi-linear stiffness straight elastic truss (3dofs
par node)
Beams : 6dofs per node
Linear (2-nodes) or Quadratic (3-nodes)
Large displacement formulation
Rayleigh material damping or damping by mechanism
Accurate FE formulation for low bending/high torsion stiffness
Multi-Linear axial/bending/torsion stiffness
Variable Shear Coefficient (from Mindlin to Bernouilli theory)
Non linear hysteresis laws for curvature/bending moment
Thermal expansion

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Line models
Boundary conditions
In global or local axis for the 6 d.o.f. at each node
Definition of built-in angles at connection
Riser foundation (P-Y, T-Z curve) features for drilling risers
Can be changed during the simulation (QCDC disconnect)

Other technical features


Any combination of objects is possible
Easy to use automatic cable interface for beams
With unlimited size of the model (hardware limitations only)
Generic floater shape easy definition (Buoy, semi, FPSO, SPAR, ..)

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Environmental loads
Current profiles with time varying speed and heading
Multi-directional regular and irregular waves features
are available
Regular waves theories : Airy, Stokes 5th order
Wave spectra : JONSWAP, Pierson-Moskowitz, OchiHuble, Gaussian, user defined wave spectrum
Analytical wind spectra for floating bodies (Harris,
Davenport, API ..), wind loads history
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Other loads
Concentrated loads : incremental and time evolution,
concentrated mass, drag, lift, added mass
Imposed displacement : motion RAO, time series, nodal
disconnection, LF motions
Weight, buoyancy, Morisons drag and inertia forces

Wake effect between risers (Huses formulation for static)


Temperature and internal pressure loads (ex pipe walking
phenomena)
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Other Technical Features

OIL & GAS, GREEN ENERGY, NUCLEAR


INCLUDING MARINE ACTIVITIES

Mooring lines
Automatic adjustment for pretension
Automatic modification of top length with match target top tension or top angle

Riser/Mooring line axial stiffness


Automatic generation of overall system stiffness matrices

Synthetic lines
Specific static,
quasi-static and
dynamic axial stiffness
Default values calibrated
on MBL tensile tests

Mooring analysis of
multiple bodies

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Coupled analyses
Fully coupled multi-components analyses with vessels,
risers, moorings...
Wind, current and wave loads act on the floating body
Low-frequency motions based on Newmans equation
Wave frequency coupled analysis with regular and
irregular waves

Hydrodynamic properties defined through a simple


ASCII file
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Coupled analyses
Multi-body Low Frequency Analyses
With dynamic restoring force of mooring & risers
Super-impose WF motions through RAO

Multi-body Wave Frequency Analyses


With dynamic restoring force of mooring & risers
Constant radiation loads or convolution
LF motion for attached vessels
Takes into account LF damping

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Coupled analyses
Low Frequency Coupled Analysis
Split motions: low frequency (coupled) + wave frequency (uncoupled)
At low frequency
LF
M Ma(0)XLF(t)BX LF(t)Khyd X LF(t)FLF(2)(t)FMooring
(t, X)Fwind(t, X)Fcur(t, X)FDrag(t)

B: additional LF damping (drag on line, drift motion, friction)


Fdrag+Fwind: viscous efforts due to wind / water relative velocity
Ma(0) asymptotic added mass for large periods
Wave frequency motion superimposed (non coupled from RAO)
Typically for system with large natural Period (>>100s)
LF loads using Newman assumption

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Coupled analyses
Wave Frequency Fully Coupled Analysis
Radiation loads depend on wave period (retardation function)
Hydrodynamic damping is non-linear
t

M M a ()X HF (t ) R(t ) X ( )d K hyd (t , X ) X HF (t )


0
( 2)
Fwind (t , X ) Fcur (t , X ) FDrag (t , X ) F (1)Wave (t , X ) FMooring (t , X ) FIncidentWa
ve
M a ()

FWave deduced from exciting loads


(Froude-Krilov+diffraction)
asymptotic for T=0s
Fdrag+Fwind+Fcur:
viscous efforts due to wind / water relative velocity
M a ()
Fmooring restoring mooring/risers forces
2nd LF incident wave loads
Linear hydrostatic stiffness

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Coupled analyses
Hydrodynamic database file
Example 1 : Hydrodynamic database with interpolated RAOs only
[SOFT]
DIODORE
If DIODORE is mentioned, phases are automatically adjusted
[VERSION]
VERSION 3 - REV 2
Optional. Quality Assurance (QA) requirements
[Date]
17:45:53 Wed Oct 23 2002 Optional (QA)
[INPUT_FILE] Fpso.inp
Optional (QA)
[Locally_At] E:\path\
Optional (QA)
[UNIT]
SI units except headings in degrees and RAOs in degrees/m. No other system defined so far.
[FORWARD_SPEED]
0.00 Optional. Not used so far
[HYDRO_PARA]
N
Hydrodynamic parameters not available in this file (see coupled analysis)
[RAO]
Y
Interpolated RAOs available in this file
[DRIFT_FORCE]
N
Drift forces not available (see coupled analysis)
[QTF]
N
See coupled analysis (not used so far)
[PERIODS_NUMBER]
0
number of periods for hydro. parameters for coupled analysis
[INTER_PERIODS_NB] 4
number of periods for interpolated RAOs
[HEADINGS_NUMBER]
3
number of periods for RAOs and/or hydro. parameters
[STRUCTURES_NUMBER]
1
number of floaters defined in this file
[LOWEST_HEADING]
0.00
Optional
[HIGHEST_HEADING] 45.00
Optional
[List_calculated_headings]
0.000
22.500
45.000
[STRUCTURE_01] FPSO
identification name of the floating Unit
[INTER_RAO]
[INCIDENCE_INTER_RAO_MOD_001]
0.000
6.00 2.3446683E-02 4.1485784E-08 7.0650107E-04 4.2799027E-08 3.7976492E-06 5.4014021E-10
9.00 9.8472126E-02 3.4292123E-06 1.6578026E-02 2.4377860E-06 1.8771103E-04 2.1949557E-08
12.06 1.9645120E-01 6.8046727E-05 2.0746502E-01 4.8832171E-05 2.9451540E-03 2.0829373E-07
30.00 1.0545828E+00 2.6692358E-05 9.2455292E-01 3.0501360E-05 4.0863189E-03 4.2626729E-07

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Fatigue analysis
Spectral approach based on stress RAO

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Fatigue analysis
Rain-Flow counting approach

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Floating hoses
Simulation of tandem offloading operations

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Floating hoses
1
0,9

Moment/weight in water

0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1

2,5E+03

0
0

20

40

80

Pitch (deg)

2,0E+03
Diodore

Moment (N/m)

60

DeepLines_20elts_3ptns

DeepLines_20elts_10pnt

1,5E+03

1,0E+03

5,0E+02

0,0E+00
0

20

40

60

80

100

-5,0E+02
Pitch (deg)

H/R=0.5

H/R=0.707

DeepLines Training Course - Main

H/R=1

H/R=2

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Stability criteria :

H
1

R
2

100

Floating hoses

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Floating hoses

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Non-linear bending laws


Modeling of unbounded flexible pipes
Non linear relationship between bending and curvature

Elasto-plastic behavior with nonlinear hardening rule


Fit of the parameters with respect to experimental data

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Non-linear bending laws

.
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Non-linear bending laws


Validation tests
Test 2 : Non-linear hardening
200000

150000

Bending moment (Nm)

100000

50000

-0,06

-0,04

-0,02

0
-50000

-100000

-150000

-200000

Curvature (1/m)

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0,02

0,04

0,06

Abscissa 0.21
abscissa 0.72m

Frequency domain analysis


Equation of motion writes :

Kx Bx Mx F
Assuming nodes position at time t is
X (t ) X stat

Nbfreq

i 1

Nimp
j it
Re aimp i ximp x f i e

imp1

Static equilibrium

K stat xstat Fstat

Imposed motions

Kstat ximp 0

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Frequency domain analysis


Dynamic part should satisfy

K jBBa M Ma()X F()


2

Drag force linearization


Regular wave

Irregular wave

v rel v rel ( v rel ) v rel

8 A
3
2 2

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(Vrel norm)

(Vrel Std Dev)

Frequency domain analysis


Calculation example with OOL, moorings & CALM buoy
1.8
1.6
1.4

RAOs (deg/m)

1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

10

15

20

Period (s)
dyn reg H=1m

freq reg H=1m

dyn irreg H=2m

freq irreg H=2m

Pitch
2.0
1.6

1.4

1.2

RAOs (m/m)

RAOs (m/m)

1.5

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.5

0.2

0.0
0

10

12

14

16

18

20

dyn reg H=1m

dyn reg H=1m

freq reg H=1m

dyn irreg H=2m

Surge

DeepLines Training Course - Main

10

12

14

16

Period (s)

Period (s)

freq reg H=1m

freq irreg H=2m

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Heave

dyn irreg H=2m

freq irreg H=2m

18

20

Drilling risers
Marine riser, surface stack riser
Throughbore 15K Wellhead

15m

Tensioning System
Lower Deck

12m
0m

Sea Level
(datum)

97m

Template
Mudline

100m

Pre-Installed 30 Conductor

~150m

Supplemental Hangers
~600m

22

~1200m

18 3/8

16 Contingency

~4500m
~6200m
~7000m

13 3/8
11 3/4 contingency
10 3/4 (-> 9 7/8 )
7 (-> 6 3/8-> 5 1/2)

References : Total, Shell, Pride, Sedco, IFP, Technip


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Drilling risers

Auxiliary lines

Tensioner

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Drilling risers
Analysis o hydrodynamic loads on a surface BOP
Drillship and SBOP panel mesh

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Drilling risers
Analysis of hydrodynamic loads on a surface BOP
Impact on dynamic riser design
DeepLines model
Tensionner
system
Water level

SBOP

Upper
Transition joint
Casing joint

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Drilling risers
Analysis of hydrodynamic loads on a surface BOP

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Drilling risers
Coupled analysis of drilling riser and mooring lines

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Drilling risers
Analysis of drilling riser in disconnected mode

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Drilling risers
Analysis of drilling riser and casing
Water depth : 4000ft
WOB : 2000, 5000, and 10,000lbs
RPM : between 20 to 60rpm,
Bit torque : 10,000 ft.lbs.
Imposed
Offset : 200ft
rotation
at top

Connection
riser/hang-off
with a spring

Soil with py curve


Imposed
moment
at bottom

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Drilling risers
Configuration with 28 casing

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Drilling risers
Bending modes with & w/O contact

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Winch models

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Winch models
Cable
Head sea and current

Crane
Vessel

X-mas Tree

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Effect of slugs

Y-displacement (m)

SHRewd, Saipem

0,4
0,2
0
-0,2 0
-0,4
-0,6
-0,8

100

200

300

400

Time(s)

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