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B777

AntiIce&Rain
DONOTUSEFORFLIGHT

Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Anti-Ice & Rain]

Anti-Ice Panel
ANTI-ICE

OFF

WING
AUTO

ON

OFF

L
AUTO

ENGINE
ON

OFF

R
AUTO

ON

OVERHEAD PANEL
1

WING ANTIICE Selector

OFF both wing antiice valves are commanded closed.


AUTO in flight, both wing antiice valves are commanded opened or closed
automatically by the ice detection system.
ON in flight, both wing antiice valves are commanded open.
2

ENGINE ANTIICE Selectors

OFF the engine antiice valve is commanded closed.


AUTO in flight, the engine antiice valve is opened or closed automatically by
the ice detection system.
ON the engine anti-ice valve is commanded open.
Note: If the ENGINE ANTI-ICE selector is in AUTO and the anti-ice valve is
commanded open, or if the selector is in ON, then:
[Options PW Engines]
approach idle is selected by the EEC and continuous ignition is
automatically turned on.
[Option RR, GE Engines]
approach idle is selected by the EEC.

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Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Anti-Ice & Rain]

Window Heat and Wiper Panels


Window Heat Panel

SIDE

WINDOW HEAT

FWD

FWD

ON

ON

ON

ON

INOP

INOP

INOP

INOP

SIDE

OVERHEAD PANEL
1

WINDOW HEAT Switches

ON window heat is applied to the selected windows.


INOP (inoperative) illuminated (amber)
the switch is OFF
an overheat is detected, or
a system fault has occurred.

Wiper Panels
L WIPER

R WIPER

OFF

OFF

INT
LOW

HIGH

WIPER Selectors

OFF the wiper is stowed at the base of the window.


INT (intermittent) the wiper operates intermittently.
LOW the wiper operates at low speed.
HIGH the wiper operates at high speed.

3.10.2

LOW
HIGH

OVERHEAD PANEL
1

INT

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Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Anti-Ice & Rain]


3.20 Anti-Ice, Rain-System Description

Introduction

The antiice and rain systems include:


automatic ice detection
engine antiice
wing antiice

flight deck window heat


windshield wipers
probe heat.

Automatic Ice Detection System


The automatic ice detection system detects airplane icing in flight. The system
consists of two ice detector probes on the forward fuselage. The system provides
signals to control the engine and wing antiice systems when those systems are in
the automatic mode.
Automatic ice detection is inhibited on the ground.

Engine AntiIce System


The engine antiice system uses engine bleed air to provide engine cowl inlet ice
protection. Engine antiice can be operated in flight or on the ground. The engine
antiice indication EAI is displayed above the EICAS N1 indication when an
engine antiice valve is open. The left and right engines have identical,
independent antiice systems. This allows the remaining system to operate if one
engine is shutdown.

Engine AntiIce System Automatic Operation


In flight, when the ENGINE ANTIICE selector is in AUTO, engine antiice
system operation is automatic. When ice is detected, the engine antiice valves
open and bleed air is supplied to the engine inlet cowl.
When ice is no longer detected, the engine antiice valves close and bleed air is
no longer supplied to the engine inlet cowl.

Engine AntiIce System Manual Operation


On the ground or in flight, when the ENGINE ANTIICE selector is ON, engine
bleed air opens the engine anti-ice valve and bleed air is supplied to the engine
inlet cowl.

Engine AntiIce Leak Detection System


Each engine has an antiice system duct leak detection system. If an antiice duct
leak is detected, the respective engine antiice valve closes.

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Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Anti-Ice & Rain]

Wing AntiIce System


The wing antiice system provides bleed air to three midwing leading edge slats
on each wing. Wing antiice is inhibited on the ground. When TAT is above 10
degrees C, wing anti-ice is inhibited for five minutes after takeoff.
The wing antiice annunciation WAI is displayed below the EICAS N1 indication
when a wing antiice valve is open. If a bleed source is unavailable and bleed duct
isolation has not occurred, the isolation valves open automatically to maintain
antiicing to both wings.

Wing AntiIce System Automatic Operation


In flight, when the WING ANTIICE selector is in AUTO, wing antiice system
operation is automatic. When ice is detected, the wing antiice valves open and
bleed air is supplied to the leading edge slats. When ice is no longer detected, the
wing antiice valves close and bleed air is no longer supplied to the slats. If one
wing antiice valve fails closed, the wing antiice system automatically closes the
other valve to prevent asymmetrical wing antiicing.
Automatic wing antiice operation is also inhibited for 10 minutes after takeoff.

Wing AntiIce System Manual Operation


In flight, when the WING ANTIICE selector is ON the wing antiice valve in
each wing opens and bleed air is supplied to the leading edge slats.

Wing AntiIce System Leak Detection System


The bleed duct leak and overheat detection system provides wing anti-ice leak
detection.

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Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Anti-Ice & Rain]

AntiIce System Schematic


ANTI-ICE

OFF

WING
AUTO

ON

OFF

L PACK

DUCT PRESS

28

WAI

L
AUTO

ENGINE
ON

OFF

R
AUTO

ON

R PACK

TRIM
AIR

ISLN

ISLN

DUCT PRESS

28

AIR C2
HYD

AIR C1
HYD

WAI

APU

EAI
START

L ENG START

APU

START

R ENG

Wing AntiIce Valve

Engine AntiIce Valve

Flight Deck Window Heat


All flight deck windows are electrically heated. The forward windows have
exterior surface antiicing, and interior surface antifogging protection. The side
windows have interior surface antifogging protection only.
The WINDOW HEAT switches control heating for all flight deck windows.
A backup antifogging system for the forward windows operates automatically if
the primary window heat system fails.

Windshield Wipers
The forward windows are equipped with independently controlled, twospeed
wipers. When the WIPER selector in OFF, the respective wiper is off and stowed.
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Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Anti-Ice & Rain]

Probe Heat
Three pitot probes and two angle of attack probes are electrically heated for
anti-ice protection when either engine is operating.
The total air temperature probe is electrically heated for anti-ice protection in
flight.

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Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Anti-Ice & Rain]

3.30 Anti-Ice, Rain-EICAS Messages

Anti-Ice, Rain System EICAS Messages

The following EICAS messages can be displayed.


Message

Level

Aural

Condition

ANTIICE ENG L, R

Advisory

Engine antiice valve remains closed


when commanded open.

ANTIICE LEAK
ENG L, R

Caution

ANTIICE LOSS ENG


L, R

Advisory

Antiice bleed air for the affected


engine is no longer available.

ANTIICE ON

Advisory

Any antiice selector is ON, air


temperature is above 10 degrees C,
and ice is not detected.

ANTIICE WING

Advisory

One or both wing antiice valves


remain closed when commanded open.

HEAT PITOT C

Advisory

Center pitot probe heat is inoperative.

HEAT PITOT L

Advisory

Left pitot probe heat is inoperative.

HEAT PITOT L+C+R

Advisory

All pitot probe heats are inoperative.

HEAT PITOT R

Advisory

Right pitot probe heat is inoperative.

ICE DETECTORS

Advisory

Ice detection has failed.

ICING ENG

Caution

ICING WING

Advisory

Ice is detected and wing antiice


selector is OFF, or ice is detected and
wing anti-ice takeoff inhibit is active.

WINDOW HEAT

Advisory

Two or more window heats are off.

WINDOW HEAT L, R
FWD

Advisory

Primary window heat for the affected


forward window is off.

WINDOW HEAT L, R
SIDE

Advisory

Window heat for the affected side


window is off.

Beeper

Beeper

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High temperature antiice bleed air


leak is detected in the affected engine.

Ice is detected and one or both engine


antiice selectors are OFF.