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OECD Biotechnology Statistics GM CORN(06)157pp

OECD Biotechnology Statistics GM CORN(06)157pp

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Who are the OECD? Do they "really" care about bribery? What's GM Corn?
Who are the OECD? Do they "really" care about bribery? What's GM Corn?

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Published by: pearsch on Apr 06, 2010
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10/25/2011

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• Data on the number of firms active in each
application are available for 19 countries plus
China (Shanghai).

• Firms can be active in more than one
application field. For 11 countries each firm
was assigned to a primary application, for 7
countries firms could report activity in more
than one field, and for 2 countries the
application field was based on the firm’s
sector. For the seven countries where firms
report activity in more than one application, the
results are the percentage of the total number
of ‘reports’ in each application field.
• The majority of firms, 51%, are active in
health, followed by 19% of firms active in
agro-food, 16% active in the other category,
and 15% active in industry-environmental
applications.
• Germany and the United States have the
highest activity rate for health applications
(65%), followed by China (63%) and Denmark
(58%). Only 19% of activity is in health in
New Zealand.
• Conversely, New Zealand leads all other
countries in the activity rate for firms in agro-
food applications, at 53%. The activity rate for
agro-food applications is less than 10% in
Sweden, the United States, the United
Kingdom, Switzerland, and Denmark.
• Industry-environmental activity is highest in
Korea (41%). The activity rate for firms is
under 10% in the United States, Canada,
Switzerland, Norway, and Denmark.

OECD Biotechnology Statistics - 2006

© OECD 2006

27

Biotechnology applications: firm counts

Percent of biotechnology firms active in health applications, 2003

19

30

31

33

34

38

41

46

47

48

49

52

52

53

53

54

58

63

65

65

0

20

40

60

80

New Zealand (2005) (1)

Korea (2004) (2)

Iceland (1)

Belgium (3,5)

South Africa (2002) (1)

Poland (2004) (2)

France (3)

Ireland (2,4)

Australia (1)

Switzerland (2,4)

Israel (2002) (1)

Sweden (2)

Finland (1)

United Kingdom (2,4)

Norway (2,4)

Canada (2)

Denmark (2,4)

China (Shanghai) (2)

United States (2001) (1)

Germany (2004) (1,6)

%

1. Firms can be active in more than one application field.
2. Main application field of the firm.
3. Application field based on NACE sector of activity, underestimating firms active in health as many of these are in R&D
services, assigned to 'other'.
4. Data from Critical I report to the UK DTI, 2005, based on core biotechnology firms.
5. Health services included under 'other'.
6. Health may include platform technologies and services.

OECD Biotechnology Statistics - 2006

© OECD 2006

28

Biotechnology applications: firm counts

Percent of biotechnology firms active in agro-food applications, 2003

4

6

7

8

10

12

15

15

17

17

18

19

21

23

23

25

25

28

29

53

0

20

40

60

80

Denmark (2,4)

Switzerland (2,4)

United Kingdom (2,4)

Sweden (2)

Ireland (2,4)

United States (2001) (1,5)

Belgium (3)

Poland (2004) (2)

China (Shanghai) (2)

France (3)

Finland (1)

Norway (2,4)

Germany (2004) (1)

Australia (1)

Israel (2002) (1)

Korea (2004) (2)

Iceland (1)

Canada (2)

South Africa (2002) (1)

New Zealand (2005) (1)

%%

1. Firms can be active in more than one application field.
2. Main application field of the firm.
3. Application field based on NACE sector of activity.
4. Data from Critical I report to the UK DTI, 2005, based on core biotechnology firms.
5. Agriculture-derived processing assigned to industrial-environmental applications.

OECD Biotechnology Statistics - 2006

© OECD 2006

29

Biotechnology applications: firm counts

Percent of biotechnology firms active in industrial-environmental applications, 2003

3

3

6

8

10

12

12

14

14

14

15

16

17

20

21

24

31

41

0

20

40

60

80

Denmark (2,4)

Norway (2,4)

Switzerland (2,4)

Canada (2)

United Kingdom (2,4)

United States (2001) (1,5)

Sweden (2)

Finland (1)

Germany (2004) (1)

Iceland (1)

China (Shanghai) (2)

Israel (2002) (1)

Ireland (2,4)

New Zealand (2005) (1)

South Africa (2002) (1)

Australia (1)

Poland (2004) (2)

Korea (2004) (2)

%

1. Firms can be active in more than one application field.
2. Main application field of the firm.
3. Application field based on NACE sector of activity.
4. Data from Critical I report to the UK DTI, 2005, based on core biotechnology firms.
5. Agriculture-derived processing assigned to industrial-environmental applications.

OECD Biotechnology Statistics - 2006

© OECD 2006

30

BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS

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