You are on page 1of 19

Elements and Principles of Design Proje

Katie McDaniels

Line
Line is any outline of a
shape to define what it is.
Some examples of lines
are horizontal, vertical,
diagonal, curved, or zig
zag.

Michael Ryan Hines

Shape
Geometric
(mechanical)A classic shape that can
be measured. Such as a
circle, rectangle, or
triangle.

Bruce Gray

OrganicAn abstract shape that can be found in nature


and cannot be measured.

James Roper

Form
Geometric
(mechanical)A three dimensional
figure that is a classical
shape that can be
measured. Such as a
prism, pyramid, or
sphere.

Diana Wallaceart

OrganicA three dimensional figure that is found in nature


and is not able to be measured.

Rachel
Wintemberg

Space

Space is the area


surrounding the focal
point of the artwork, or
the open places in an
artwork. There can be
both positive and
negative space.

Robert Henri

Texture

Texture is when you can


imagine how a piece of art
feels without having to
touch it. Texture can also
be how a form physically
feels when you touch it.

Kathy Cuif

Color
The Color WheelThe color wheel is where you can find all of the
primary colors and all of the color combinations that
can come from them.

Color
Primary ColorsPrimary colors are the three basic colors; red, yellow,
and blue.

Tien Chiu

Color
Monochromatic Color
SchemeA monochromatic color scheme
is when an artwork only uses
one color and then uses white
and black to tint their base
color, creating different shades
in the work.

Ammie Bunni

Value
Value is how light or dark a color is. Value can be
changed by tinting a color with lighter and darker
colors.

Karen Margulis

Unity/Harmony
Unity is when the piece looks complete and put
together. It doesnt look sloppy or all over the place,
but looks finished and like it flows.

Leonid Afremov

Movement/Rhythm
Movement and rhythm are when the artwork looks like
it is moving because of the way it was created. It is also
when your eye can follow a certain pattern of the work,
almost like reading it.

Heidi Nilsen

Pattern/Repetition
Pattern and repetition are when there is something
that appears multiple times in an image, creating a
pattern.

Andy Warhol

Scale/Proportion
Scale and proportion are
how large or small
something is compared to
the rest of the image. It is
also when they are
realistically sized so that
objects look the size they
would in real life.

Alice Whyley

Balance
Symmetrical ImageWhen both sides of an
image are exactly alike.
The image could be cut
down the middle, and each
side would be exactly the
same.

Hakon Soreide

Balance
Asymmetrical ImageWhen neither side of the
picture is the same as the
other, but it is balanced
and looks complete
because of other colors
and shapes in the artwork.

Claude Monet

Balance
Radical ImageWhen there is not really
a pattern to an artwork,
but it still looks unified.

Paul Ford

Emphasis
When stress is put on a certain point in the artwork,
drawing attention to it.

Claude Monet

Contrast
When colors are
opposites of each other,
and stand out against the
other. An example of this
is black and white.

Caitlin Binkhorst