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AKA,D,EMlllH HAYKPECnY6nlllKlll MOn,D,OBA

lllHcrnTyr apxeo11orn~

Ba11eHn1H A. AepraYeB

K3P6YHCKlllM

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CARBUNA DEPOSIT

"Tipografia Academiei de 9tiinte"


K1<1W1<1HeB 1999

,I

czu 902 (478.9)


033

COAEP:>KAH Ill E
Pa6om nocBllUleHa no11Ho~ ny511111KaUH111 eHeo11111T11YecKoro Klla,\a 111a c . K3p6yHa.
A,QpecosaHa cneu111an111cmM apxeo11oraM 111 sceM mo6111Te1111M ,apesHocrn~.
The Carbuna deposit was uncovered in autumn 1961. It was introduced into the scientific
circulation oWing to a small, but detailed article by G.P. Sergeev, which was immediately published by him in the first 1963 edition of "The Soviet Archeology".
The numerous and various copper and other pieces of this deposit influenced considerably the general concepts of a rather high economic, social and cultural development of the
carriers of the early agricultural Precucuteni-CUcuteni-Tripolye culture and of Eneolithic on
the whole as a particular historical epoch.
.
Owing to spectrographic and metallographic researches, the articles of this deposit were
virtually the basis of the first complete characteristics of the first metal-working stages in South
eastern and Eastern Europe.
35 years has already passed. The Carbuna deposit entered with right into the treasure of
the world culture and science ..
However, as paradoxical as it may seem, the Carbuna deposit has not been duly and completely elucidated in the literature. As it is known the publication by G.P. Sergeev includes the
summary descriptions of the most representative finds without the detailed description of each
one, without precise graphic representations. The results of the excavations, implemented by
T.S. Passek and E.K. Chernysh on Carbuna settlement properly, which expressive materials
are decisive in determining the cultural attribution and dating of the deposit.
The observed circumstances urged the author to prepare this work. Its aim is the complete complex publication of the deposit with short descriptions and illustrations of its all constituents. The author has considered it to be purposeful to include into his work the extracts
from the field survey report by T.S. Passek and E.K. Chernysh on the 1962 Carbuna excavations (Annex1 ), as well as the short characteristics and illustrations of the most significant materials of these excavations (Annex 2)

BBEAEHlllE ............. : .......................... ... ......................... .... ...... .... 5


lllCTOPlllSI OTKPblTlllSI Ill 1113Y'"IEHlllSI KllAAA ... ~
06CTORTeflbCTBa OTKpblTl4R . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ... . . . . . . . 8
nepBaR H8Y'IH8R 14Hc/JOpM8U14R ...... .. ...................... .. .. ............................. .......... . . .,. ... 8
Mecrn OTKpblTMR Kfla,aa - noceneHl4e Ksp6yHa ... .. " .... " 1
f11Hble 14ccne,aosaHl4R ...................... ..... : ............ .... ............. .. .. . .. .. ........................... 110
06Hapo,aoBaHl4e pe3yflbT8TOB ..... ....................... ......... ....... .................................. . 15
nocne,ayl011.114e C06b/Tl4R ... ' ........ ' ... .. ' .. ' ' .. ' ... . . ' . . ' ................. .. . .. . ... 19

COCTORHUE nP05flEMbl ... ... ... ........

~~r~~ ... : .

!!

METAJlJH'1'-lECKltlE ltl3,D.EJlltl~ ............. ............... .......... ... .. .... .. .............. ........ .. ...... 29
0PYAlllll TPYA3 .. ...... .... ...... ............ ... ....... ............................ ......... ....... ................. . 30
npeAMeTbl KynbTa Ill yKpaweHl/lll ..... .. ................................. ............... ... ............... 30
nnacTl4Hbl-nO,aBeCKl4 ".' .... . .. ... ............. . ........ . ....... ........ .... ...... 39
[!14CKOBl4,QHb/e 6nRWK14-nO,aBeCKl4 .. ........................................................ ... ... ....... .. .

40

~g~~s~~~~~

il

. : : . ..

Merannl4'1eCKl4e 3aroToBKl4 ....... ... .. .. 43


HEMETAJlJlltl'-lECKltlE ltl3,D.EJlltl~ ......................... ..... ...................... .. ... ....... ........... 43

~:;;:;:.::~i~~:;:;

: :: .:: : :. :. : : :.:..: .. . E

YKpaweHl4R 143 paKOBl4H Spondilus ...................... ...... . ............... ... ... .............. .........

47

YKpaweHl4R 143 Ml4Hepanos ....... .......... ..

~:;~~~~~:.eE~K. '-lepHblW. OTYeT 0 pa6oTe Mo11,aaBCKO~ 3Kcne,allll(llllll B 1962 ro,ay Ha 49


noce11eH111e K3p6yHa ............... ........ .. . ..
npl4flO>KeHl4e

2.

Ko1111eKu11111 Marnp111anos c noce11eH11111

M-188

ISBN 9975-62-034-5

K 6yHa .
. ....... ......... .... 54
3p
....

~::::~~~............~. ~:

CONTENT

BBEAEHL'IE

INTRODUCTIONS
.
.
.. ......................... ... ............................................. .. .... .. .... ........ ... 5
HISTO.RY OF DISCOVERY AND STUDY OF THE DEPOSIT .. .. .. ...... ...... 7
Discovery circumstances
First scientific information .. .. .... .. .... .. .... .... .. .. .. ........ 7
Deposit discovery location.:_~~tti~;,~~t ~f c;~ b ' ' 8
Other researches
r: una ...... ... ...... ............................. ........ 8

~~~~~=~~: ~~~~:f
;i~'""" . . .........................................................................................
. "": ::: ::: ::: ::: ::: ::: ::: ::::. . . . . . . . ."""""""""""""""""""""" . "" ::: : :: :: :::: : ::::::::::~ ~
PROBLEM

STATE OF THE

15

~=:~;~;;~i~~;;, .. ........ .... .. . ......;;

Vessels of the deposit

I[

~~:i~:~:~~~ES

......... ... .. .. .. ........ ... ........ ... 28

" " " " " "..............................................................................


." " : : : : : : : : : : :'.:'. '. '. '.'. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. :.:.-::: : : :::: : :" " "';~

Cult articles a~d..d~~~~~ti~~~

29

K3p6yHCKlllill KJlaA 6b1Jl OTKpblT oceHblO

1961

roAa. OH BOWeJl B

Hay4Hblill o6opoT 611aroAap51 He60JlbWOill, HO o6CT051TeJlbHOill CTaTbe


f .n.CepreeBa, onepaTl!IBHO ony6Jll!IKOB3HHOill lllM y:>Ke B ilepBOM HOMepe
:>KypHana "CoseTcKa51 Apxeo11or11151" 3a

1963 roA.

V13Ha4aJlbHO npaBl!IJlbHo aTp1116yrnpoBaHHblill B KYJlbTypHOM 111 xpoHo11 or1114ecKoM OTHOWeH111111, KJlaA cpa3y :>Ke np111s11eK K ce6e sceo6w,ee
BHlll MaH111e cneu111a11111cToB-npe111cTop111KoB. MHoro4111c11eHHOCTb 111 pa3Hoo6pa3111e MeAHblX Ill lllHblX, COAep:>KaBWlllXCSI B 3TOM KJlaAe 1113AeJllllill,
cy~eCTBeHHO noBJ111151Jllll Ha 06~111e npeACT3BJleHl!l51 0 4p e3Bbl4ail!HO

Bbl COKOM ypoBHe pa3BlllTOCTlll 3KOHOMlllKlll, COL\lllaJlbHOill Ill AYXOBHOill )1(1!13Hlll


HOClllTeJleill paHHe3eMJleAeJlb4eCKOill KYJlbTYPbl npeKyKyTeHb-KYKYTeHbTp111n o11be, Aa 111 B ue110M -

06 3Heo11111rn KaK oco6oill 111cTop1114ecKoill 3noxe.

..,.............. ... ......... .... ..... ... ... ... ... .. ............... ... ... ...... 30

611aroAap51 cneKTporpa1114ecKlllM 111 Mern1111orpa1114ecK111M 111cc11e-

............................................ ...... /........... .......... ............ 30

AOBaH111S1M E.H.'-lepHblX 111H.8.PblHAlllHOill, 1113AeJ11!15l 3TOro KJlaAa no cyrn

~~f;f'IIEE ;\\//;\ \\ ;/;;/ !\?; ~~

.11ern111 B OCHOBY nepBblX noJlHblX xapaKTepl!ICTlllK H343JlbHblX 3TanoB

Plate pendants
Disc-shaped plat~..~~~d~~(;

Working tools
.. " .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43
Decorations .. ...... .. ........ .... .. .... .... ...... .. .. .... .. .. .. .. .. .. .... '........ .. .. .... ........ 43
Bone decorati~~; .. .... .. .. .... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... .. .. .. .. .... .. .. .. .. .. ....... 44
Spondi/us shell de;~;~(j~~; ................ ...... .... .... .. .. " .. ..... ...... .. .. .... .... .. .... .... 44
::::a:.decorations ............ '.'.'. '.'. '.'.'.'.'.'. '.'.'.'. '. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.'.'.'.

1~

T.S. Passek, E.K. Chernysh. Report on 1962 Moldavian expedition


on Carbuna settlment ............... ........................ ... .............. ... ....... ... .. ... ...................
49
Annex 2.
Collection of Carbuna settlement materials
.

LITERATURE ................................................................................:::.::::::::::::::::::::::.::::""":""""""""" ::
ABBREVIATIONS

ILLUSTRATIONS .::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: :::::. : : ::::::::::::::::::::::::::~: ~

MeTa1111onpo1113BOACTBa IOro-BocT04Hoill 111 BocT04Hoill Esponbl.


npow110 BOTy:>Ke

35 JleT.

K3p6yHCKl!lill 3HeOJllllTlll4eCKlllill KJ13A no npasy

BOWeJl B COKpOBlllUJ,HlllL\Y MlllpOBOill KYJlbTYPbl Ill HayKlll .


Me:>KAy TeM, KaK He napaAOKCaJlbHO, HeCMOTp51 Ha WlllPOKYIO 1113BeCTHOCTb, K3p6yHci<111ill KJ13A TaK 111 He no11y411111 H3AJ1e:>Ka~ero -

no11Horo

ocs ew,eHl!lfl B 11111TepaType. Hoc51~a51 npeABap111TeJlbHblill xapaKTep


ny611111Kal..\1!15l f.n .Cepreesa, KaK 1113BeCTHO, BKJll04aeT B ce651 rnaBHblM
o6pa3oM cyMMapHoe on111caH111e Ha1116011ee penpe3eHTaTlllBHblX HaXOAOK,
6e3 AeTaJlbHOro on111caHl!l5l Ka)l(Aoill 1113 HlllX, 6e3 I/IX T04HblX rpa1114eCKlllX
1113 06pa:>KeHlllill . 6011ee TOro, B CTaTbe 6b1Jllll AOny~eHbl P51A HeT04HOCTeil!
Kac aTeJlbHO o6~ero 4111CJla HaXOAOK, OTAeJlbHblX I/IX KaTerop111ill 11111111 I/IX
pa3MepOB. npaKT1114eCKlll Helll3BeCTHblMlll OCTalOTC51 pe3yJlbT3Tbl
pa cKonoK, ocy~ecrnneHHblX T.c.nacceK 111 E.K. '-lepHblW Ha caMoM
noce11eH111111 K3p6yHa, Bb1pa3111TeJlbHble MaTep111a11b1 KOToporo 51BJ15llOTC5l

onpeAeJ15llO~lllMlll A1151 KYJlbTypHoill aTp1116yu111111KJlaAa111 ero AaTlllpOBKlll .


0TMe4eHHble o6CT051TeJlbCTBa Ill no6yAlllJllll aBTOpa noAroTOBlllTb
HaCT05l~YIO pa6oTy. Ee ue11b -

non Hoe KOMnneKcHoe 1113AaH111e KJlaAa c

KpaTKlllM on111caH111eM Ill lllJ1JllOCTpau111eill Bcex ero COCTaBJ15llO~lllX. ABTOp

-5-

CYen TaK )Ke u,enecoo6pa3Hb1M BKJ110YL1Tb B pa6oTy, s KaYecrne caMocrosnenbHo np1-111o)l(eH1-1si, Bb1Aep)l(KL11113 nonesoro orYeTa T.C. nacceK 111
E. K. LfepHblW KacareJlbHO pacKonoK noceneHL1S! Kap6yHa, BbmonHeHHblX
B 1962 fOIJ.Y (np1-111o)l(eH1-1e 1), a TaK)l(e KparKytO xapaKTep1-1crnKy 1111111111t0crpau,1111-1 Ha1-16011ee Bbl pa3111TeJ1bHblX MaTep111a11os 1-13 ar1-1x pacKonoK. 3Tor
pa3AeJ1 - np111JlO)l(eH1-1e 2 BblnOJlHeH c yyacrneM C.A. 60AS!H.
HacTOS!ll!L1M asTOp Bbl pa)l(aer cepAeYHYIO npL13HareJ1bHOCTb AlllpeKropy My3esi 3THorpa<f>1111t1 1-1 ecrncrneHHo i-1 L1CTOp1-1111 r-Hy M.Ypcy, 0Ka3asweMy noc11111bHoe c0Aei1crs1-1e np1t1 pa6orn HaA Marnp111a11aM111 KnaAa;
111.B.MaH3ype, HenocpeAcTBeHHo yYacrsosasweMy B npou,ecce 3ap111COBKL1 Marnp1-1a11os KJlaAa; KonneraM n.K.6oraroi1 - 3a Ha6op 111 peAaKU,L1IO TeKcTa, XYAO)l(Hfllu,e E. Lfaposoi-1 - 3a Kponorn111syt0 pa6oTy no o<f>opMneH111t0 rpacf>1t1YeCKL1X L1J1JllOCTpau,1t1i1.

11

.....

l'1CTOPl'1s:I OTKPblTl'1s:l l'1 l'13Y"f EHl'1s:I

KnAAA /

.- -r-

06CTOflTeflbCTBa OTKpblT!llfl

Ceno Kap6yHa HaXOAlllTCS! B IO)l(H00 Yacrn MonAOBbl np1116nlit3111TenbHO


B 35 KM K t0ry no npS!MOH OT CTOJ1L1U,bl pecny611111K111 r.K"1WlllH3Y (P111c.1, 1).
n pe)l(Ae OHO BXOAlllJ10 B pai10H LflllMlllWJlf/IS! . . no HblHeWHeMy aAMlllHlllCTpaTlllBHOMY AeneHL1IO ceno BXOAt-')T B pai1oH K3111Hapb Ill HaXOAlllTCS! B 8
KM K cesepo-3anaAy OT pai1oHHoro u,eHTpa .
Ceno (P1t1c. 1,2) pacnoJlO)l(eHo OTYaCTlll B noi1Me L1 Ha HL13K"1X CKJlOHaX
nesoro 111npasoro6eperos peYKlll Ka111Hapb (MecTHoe Ha3BaH111e Kap6yHa),
npasoro np111T0Ka p.6orna, snaAatOll!ei-1 B AHecrp.
KnaA 6b111 Hai1AeH cnyYai1Ho B ceHrn6pe 1961 roAa yYeHlllKOM
K3p6yHCKOVt WKOJlbl 8JlaAlllM111pOM fopeU,KlllM Ha IOf0-3anaAHOVt~ OKpal!IHe
cen a -(46 42' 29" c .w.; 29 03 ' 35" B.A. ) B npl!IAOPO)l(HOlll KaHaBe
crp oS!W,eHCS! B TO BpeMS! wocceiltHOVt AOPOflll (Piiie. 1,2,3). OH 6blJ1
o6H apy)l(eH B pa3pe3e KaHaBbl, 8 pa3Mb1Toilt AO)l(AS!ML1 3eMne. ~o nocneAYtO W,eMy cBl!IAeTeJlbcTBy HaXOA4111Ka , CL1JlbHO pacTpecKasw1-1111csi cocyA
rpyweB~AHqilt cpopMbl (P1-1c. 2, 1) 3anera11 B cTeHKe KaHaBbl Ha rny6111He
OKOJ10 80 CM OT nosepXHOCTlll 3eMJ1111. CocyA BKJ1I04an B ce6S! see HaXOAKlll
KJlaAa L1 6blJ1 3aKpblT BTOpbiM, ManeHbKlllM, COCYAO_
M (PL1c. 2,2), ycraBJleHHblM B ropnos111Hy nepsoro ycTbeM BHll13.
06Hapy)l(eHHble HaxoAK"1 B.rope~Kflli-1 np1-1Hec B Mecrnyt0 wKony, r.Ae
OHlll speMeHHO xpaHL1J1111Cb y AlllpeKTOpa WKOJlbl n.E. BepcrnKa. B KOHU,e
OKTS!6p5l KJlaA 6blJ1 AOCTaBJleH n.',lJ,. Wrni111epoM B K111WlllH3Y B M3E~
(ro rAawHee Ha3BaH111e - Pecny6n111KaHcK111ilt 111crop111Ko-KpaeBeAYecK111111MY3eilt), B 4eM Ill 6blJ1 cocrasneH AKT N!! 1164 OT 26 OKTS!6psi 1961 r.
CornacHo aToMy aKry, 1-1 cocrasneHHOH HecKonbKO no3)1(e (20 cf>espansi
1962 r) f.n.CepreeBblM o6w,eilt lllHBeHrap1113aU,f/IOHHOVt KapT04Kll1, KJ1a,IJ.
COAep)l(aJl 852 npeAMera, a 111MeHHO: 444 MeAHblX npeAMera, 26
npeAMeTOB 1113 MpaMopa 111 KaMHS!, 127 npeAMeTOB "13 KOCTf/1, 253
npe,IJ.MeTa 1113 MopcK111x paKOBlllH 111 ,IJ.Ba cocyAa (Ceprees, 1963, 135).

- 7-

nepaafl H8Y4Hafl MH</JOpMaU,Mfl

11

1:1
I

0C03HaBaSI lllCKJllOYlllTeJlbHOCTb OTKpblTOro KOMnlleKCa, r.n.CepreeB


BCKope nocne nocTynJJeHlllSI Kna.n,a B My3ei1 Bb1exan s MocKsy, r.n,e
~blCTYl'llllJl CC006ll.leHllleM Ha nneHyMe V1HCTlllTYTa apxeOJJOrllllll AKa.n,eMlllltl
HeY~ CCCP, s pa6orn KoToporo yyacrnosan111 T.C. nacceK, E. K. 'iepHblw 1t1
MHorne .n,pyrne Blll,ll,Hbte cneu111an111cTbl B 06nacT111 aHeon111Ta. 06cy.n,1t1s
lllH<f>0pMaU1t110 r.n.cepreesa Ill OTMeTlllB YHlllKaJlbHOCTb 111 Ype3BblYaHHYIO
HayYHYIO Ba)l{HOCTb OTKpblTOro KOMnJJeKca, c66paH111e nplllHSIJlO peweH1t1e
0 He06XOAlllMOCTlll o6CTOSITeJlbHOro 06cne.n,osaHV1SI MecTa HaXOAKVI KJla.n,a.
oblJJo.n,ocrnrHyTo cornawei-:111e 06 opraH1t13au111111 s cne.n,y10w,elill, 1962 ro.n,y,
Ha 6a3e P.YKOBO,ll,VIMOH T.C.nacceK Mon.n,ascKoi1 apxeonornyecKoi1
aKcne.n.111u111111 AH CCCP cosMecrno c Pecny6n111KaHcK111M 1t1cTopV1KoKpaese.n,YecK111M My3eeM B JllllUe r.n.Cepreesa cneu1t1aJlbHblX noJJeBblX
VICCJle,ll,OBaHltlH yc.Kap6yHa.
0,ll,HlllM 1113 nocJJe,ll,CTBlllH C,ll,eJJaHHOrO r.n.CepreeBblM C006ll.leHlllSI B
MocKse 6b1no KpaTKoe ynoM111HaH111e o Kap6yHcKoM KJJa.n,e (c ell.le He
TOYHblM yKa3aHllleM o6w,ero YlllCJla HaXO,ll,OK - 844), BCTaBJJeHHOro
T.C.nacceK s KOHUe, no BVIAVIMoMy, pe.n,aKTVlposaswerocsi .n,oKna.n,a K VI
Me)l{,ll,yHapo.n,HoMy KoHrpeccy npe111cTopV1KOB 111 npoToV1cTop1t1Kos,
ony6ntitKOBaHHoro B 1962 ro.n,y. HacKOJlbKo Vl3Becrno asrnpy, am nepsoe
111 caMoe paHHee ynoM111HaH111e Kap6yHcKoro KJJa.n,a s HayYHOH JJVITepaType
(Passek, 1962, 16-17).

Mecrn OTKpblTMfl Kf1a,o,a-- noceneHMe Ksp6yHa


BepHyBWlllCb B K111w111Hes, oYeBVIAHO s caMOM KOHUe 1961 r.,
r.n.Ceprees COBMeCTHO C 8.V1.MapKeBVIYeM Bble3)1{alOT B c.Kap6yHa.
0CMOTpOM MecTa HaXO,ll,Klll KJla,ll,a 6b1Jl0 ycTaHOBJleHO, YTO OH Hai1.n,eH
Henocpe.n,cTBeHHo Ha noceneHlllVI TpVlnOJJbcKoi1 KYJJbTYPbl, pacnoJJO)l{eHHOM Ha 10ro-3ana.n,Hoi1 0KpaV1He cena Ha CKJlOHe npasoro 6epera
peYKVI Ka111Hapb. B npouecce ocMoTpa noceneHVISI 6b1JJ co6paH nosepxHOCTHblH MaTeplllaJl, a B cpe3e rpyHTOBOH .n,oporn, Ha MeCTe HaXO,ll,Kltl
Klla,l],a, 6b1Jla 06Hapy)l{eHa B Herny60KOH SIMe neYb c rJJa,ll,KVIM no.n,oM,
06Ma3aHHblM BMeCTe CO CTeHaMlll CJJOeM rJJlllHbl B 1-2 CM TOJlll.lVIHOH. neYb
Kpyrnoi1 opMbl lllMeJla B coxpaHlllBWeHCSI Yacrn ,ll,VlaMeTp OKOJlO 1 M.
OKpblJleHHblH pe3yllbTaTaMlll npe.n,saptilTeJlbHOro OCMOTpa It!, no
Blil,ll,lllMOMY o6ecnOKOeHHblH 60JlbWVIM VIHTepecoM npoSIBJleHHOM co
CTOpOHbl CTOJllilYHblX- MOCKOBCKlllX cneuV1aJJlllCTOB, r. n.Ceprees, He ,1],0)1{,l],aBWlllCb 3Kcne.n.111u111111 T.C. nacceK, r.n,e-To B Mae_:llllOHe Mecsiue 1962 r.
npoBOAlllT caMOCTOSITeJlbHble paCKOnKlll Ha noceJJeHVle.
- 8-

oblJJO "npoKonaHo" MecTo 06Hap~eH1t1S1 KJJa.n,a 111 soKpyr Hero. Cne.n,ysi


cxeMaT111YecK0My nnaHy, cocTasneHHOMY no3)1{e T.C.nacceK (P1t1c. 1.3;
35 , 1), r.n.Cepreesb1M VI B.V1.MapKes111YeM 6b1JJa pacKonaHa nnow.a.n,b
WlllplllHOi1 OKOJlO 6 Ill ,ll,JllllHOH OKOJlO 15 M, op1t1eHrnpoBaHHaS1 c 3ana.n,a Ha
BOCTOK. DblJlO ycTaHOBJleHo, YTO KJla,ll, 3aJJeran B OYeHb nJJOTHOM cyrn1t1HKe
c BKpanneHlllSIMlll YepHo3eMa. Ha 30-40 CM Hlll)l{e ypoBHSI KJJa.n,a nponeran
cnoi1 30Jlbl. YTOYHeHo, YTO KYJJbTYPHblH cnoi1 noceneHlllSI npoxo.n,VIJJ Ha
rn y6111He 80-100 cM, r.n,e pacKonw,1t1K111 Hawn111 "o6JJOMKVI cocy.n,os c
yrny6neHHblM opHaMeHTOM, nnocKy10 pyYKY OT Koswa paHHeTp1t1noJJbCKoro
rnna, KpeMHllleBblH pe3eU, CKpe6JJo Ill KOCTlll )l{lllBOTHblX" (Ceprees, 1963,
135) . KonneKUVISI MaTepVlaJJOB c arnx pacKonoK VI nosepxHocTHblX c6opos
nocTyn111na B M3EV1 (npV1JJO)l{eH111e 2). 'irn )Ke KacaeTcsi nonesoi1 .n,0KyMeHTaU1t1 1t1 - pa60Y111e yepTe)l{lll, noJJeBOH ,l],HeBHVIK lllJllll 0TYeT 0 pacKOnKax, TO OHlll Jllit6o He 6b1Jllll COCTaBJJeHbl, Jllll60 He 6blJ1111 npe.n,cTaBJleHbl
B COOTBeTCTBYIOll.lltle apXlllBbl.
n ocne aT111x no11esb1x pa6oT r.n.Ceprees npV1CTyn1t1n K o6pa6oTKe
MaTepVlaJlOB KJla.n,a Ill K no.n,roTOBKe ny6JJl!lKaUVI OHHOH CTaTbltl.
o OJJee 06CTOSITeJlbHble lllCCJle,ll,OBaHltlSI MeCTa HaXO,ll,KVI KJla,l],a lt1Jllt1
TOYH ee noceJJeH ll1 SI, Ha KOTOpOM HaV!.n,eH KJla,ll,, 6b1Jllt1 BblnOJlHeHbl
PYKOBO,ll,lllMOH T. C. n acceK 3Kcne,ll,llll.Uiteil1BltllOJle1962 ro.n,a.
n p tit 6blBWeH B c. Kap6yHa 3KCne.n,111u111ei1 6b1Jl COCTaBJleH C1t1Tya f..\lt1 0HHblH nnaH Mecra OTKpblTlllSI KJla.n,a Ill OKpy)l{alOll.leH MeCTHOCTlll (P1t1c.
1,3 ; 35, 1 ). oblJJO cocrasJJeHo no.n,po6Hoe on1t1caH111e noce11eH111S1.
Con ocrasnsisi ar111 .n,aHHbte c KapToi1 pe11bea MecTHOCTVI, MO)l{HO onpe,[l,eJl VITb, YTO noce11eH111e pacno11ara11ocb Ha CKJloHe HeBblCOKoro Mb1ca,
o6pa3oBaH Horo npaBblM 6eperoM peYKlll KaV1Hapb VI He6oJJbWOV1 6oKosoil1
AOllVI HOVt sna.n.a10w.ero 8 Hee c t0ra 6e3blMSIHHoro pyYb>I . noce11ett1t1e
3KCnOHVlpOBaHO Ha cesep Ill 3aHll1MaJJO CKJ10Hbl MblCa VI nplllMblKalOll.lllle K
HeMy y4aCTKlll noi1Mbl. np1116J111131!1TeJlbHaSI a6COJllOTHaSI BblCOTa CKJlOHa,
3aH>1 r oro noceneH111eM, 8Q-90 M.
nocKOJlbKY MeCTO HaXO,ll,klll KJJa.n,a paHee 6b1Jl0 "npoKonaHo" r.n .CepreeBblM 111 B.V1.MapKeB111YeM, aKcne.n,111u111111 ocTasanocb orpaH111Y111Tbc>1
1113yYeHllleM xapaKTepa noceJJeHVISI. C 3TOH UeJlblO, 6Jllll3 pacKona r.n .
Cepreesa 111 B.V1.MapKeBV1Ya, 6b111111 3aJJo)l{eHbl .n,se ,ll,JllllHHble B3alllMO- nepeceKalOll.lVleCSI TpaHWelll. nepBaSI 1113 HVIX, WVlpVIHOH 1 M 111 ,[l,JllllHOH
50 M, 6blJ]a qpVleHTVIPOBaHa c cesepa Ha 10r. BTopaSI, Wlllplt1HOH 1 M 111
,ll,JllllHOH 34 M, opV1ei-nV1posaHa c 3ana.n,a Ha BOCTOK (P1t1c.1,3; P1t1c.35, 1).
B npouecce pacKo noK 3TVIX TpaHwei1 6btll onpe.n,eneH xapaKrep
KYllbTYPHblX ocTaTKOB Ha 3HaYV1Te11bHOH n11ow,a.n,V1 noce11eHV1S1 . .B
pa3JJlllYHblX KBa.n,parax 06e111x rpaHweill 6b111111 o6Hapy)l{eHbl ocrarK1t1
-9-

I
11

HeCKOJlbKVIX Ha3eMHblX )l(VIJlVILl..l VI yrny611eHHblX B rpyHT no11y3eMJlSIHOK c


MHo)l(ecTBOM pa311WlHblX MaTepV1a11os. Oco6o o6pal.LlaeT Ha ce6s:i
BHVIMaHVle CKon11eHV1e Vl3 40 UeJlblX VI <f>parMeHTVlpoBaHHblX COCYAOB
o6Hapy)l(eHHblX B KB.33 TpaHWeVl 1 (PVlc. 35,2).
'
Pe3yllbTaTbl 3TVIX VICCJleAOBaHVIVr 6blJlVI Vl3JlO)l(eHbl B KpaTKOM HO

noAp06HOM OTYeTe, COCTaBJleHHOM T.c . nacceK VI E . K.YepHblW, KOTO~blVr


nocTynV111 B AH MOllAOBbl VI KOTOpb1Vi, c He3HaYVITeJlbHblMVI coKpa1.LleHVISlMVI, npVIBOAVITCSl B KOHL.le 3TOVr pa60Tbl (npVIJlO)l(eHVle 1 ). Ko1111eKU,Vls:J
)l(e MaTepV1a11os Vl3 3TVIXpacKonoK OTYacrn nocTynV111V1 BAH MOllAOBbJHbtHe MA I/IA, a OTYacrn 6bJJla nepeAaHa B M3El!I (npVIJlO)l(eHVle 2).
r11aBHblM VITOrOM BblnOJlHeHHblX T.C.nacceK pa6oT 6b1Jl0 OKOHYaTeJlbHOe YTOYHeHVle ABYX OCHOBHblX 06cTos:iTeJlbCTB. Bo-nepBblX, YTo
KJlaA BHe COMHeHVISl CBs:J3aH c noce11eHV1eM, AaBWeM VIAeHTVIYHYIO
COCYAaM KJlaAa KepaMVIKy. BO-BTOpblX, YTO, CJleAYSl KepaMVIKe, VI
noce11eHV1e VI KJlaA onpeAeneHHo AaTV1py10Tcs:i KOHUOM paHHero T pVlnOJlbs:J
11
VIJlVI BpeMeHeM nepeXOAa 0T paHHero TpVlnOJlbSl VI pa3BVITOMy" YTO
Ao6aBVIM, no PYMbtHcKoVI nepVIOAVl3aUVIVI coorneTcrnyeT nepexo~y ;
0
npeKYKYTeHb Ill K KyKyTeHb A.

UHble flfccne,aoaaH/lffl
C11eAyeT OTMeTVJTb, YTO OTKpbJTVle K3p6yHcKoro KllaAa cpa 3 y )l(e npVJBJleK110 K ce6e BHVIMaHVJe VI cneuV1aJlV1CTOB B 0611aCTVI VICTOpVJVJ MeTa11110npOV13BOACTBa. l!lcc11eAOBaHV1Sl MeTaniia KJlaAa npVJ nOMOLl..lVI MeTOAOB
ecTecrneHHblX HayK 6biJlVI HaYaTbl B TOM )l(e 1962 rOAY VI ocyll.(ecrnns:iJlVJCb
no ABYM OCHOBHblM Hanpas11eHV1s:JM. .
.
B ue1151x BblSICHeHVISl XVIMVIYecKoro coqasa MeTa1111a VI onpeAe11eHV1S1 ero
VICTOYHVIKOB, cneKTporpa<f>VIYeCKOMy aHanV13Y6blJl noABeprHYT 101 npeAMeT
Vl3 KJlaAa . 3rn V1cc11eA0BaHV1S1 ocyl.Llecrn11S111V1cb E . H. YepHblX Ha 6a e

3
11a6opaT~PVIV1 lllHCTVITYTa apxeo11ornV1 AH CCCP (YepHbrx, 1966, 53 VI cneA. ).
lllH0111 acneKT - MeTan11orpa111YecKoe 1113yyeHV1e, BKJlt0Yat0U.(ee
MVIKpo- VI MaKpOCTpyKTypHblVr aHaJlVJ3 MeTaJlJlV148CKVIX Vl3A8JlVIVr KJlaAa,
crn11 pa3pa6aTbJBaTbCS1 H.B.PblHAVJHoV.. 3rn V1cc11e;1J,0BaHV1S1, opV1eHTV1poBaHHbre Ha BblS1CH8HVJe OCHOBHblX TeXHV148CKVIX npVleMOB Vl3roTOBJleHVJSl VI o6pa60TKVI MeTaJlJlVJYeCKVIX Vl3AellVIVr KJlaAa, npOBOAVlllVICb B
11a6opaTop111111 Ka<f>eApbr apxeo11orn111 MocKosc.K oro YHVIBepcVJTeTa
(PblHAVIHa, 1971, 51 VI CJleA.).
ClleAyeT OTMeTVITb, YTO no CBVIAeTeJlbCTBy H.B. PblHAVIHOVr ( PblHAlt!Ha
1971, 15), VIMeHHO OTKpbJTVJe K3p6yHCKOro KJlaAa OTYaCTltl VI noc11y)((1t1Jl~
OAHltlM "13 CTltlMYJlSITOpos HaYaBwerOCSl TOrAa WltlpOKOro np111MeHeHV1S1
TOYH.blX MeTOAOB AllSl ltlCCJleAOBaHVISl na11eoMeTaJlJllt!YecK1t1X ltl3AellltlVr.

-10-

06Hapo,aoaaH/lfe pe3ynb TaTOB /lfccne,aoaaH/lffl


KaK y)l(e OTMeYaJlOCb, CTaTbS1 r.n.CepreeBa BbJWJla B nepBOM HOMepe
)l(ypHana "CoseTcKaSl apxeo11orn51" 3a 1963 r. ( c.1.35-151 ). 0Ha BKJllOYana
cyMMapHylO, HO BMeCTe c TeM AOCTaTOYHO no11Hy10 xapaKTepVICTltlKY
OC HOBHblX KaTeropVIVr Vl3AeJlVIVr KJlaAa c AeTaJlbHblM onV1CaHV1eM JlVIWb
Ha V16011ee Bblpa3VITeJlbHblX npeAMeTOB B conpOBO)((AeHltlVI cepltlltl
KaY eCTBeHHO BblnOJlHeHHblX <f>OTO VIJlJllOCTpaUVIVr. no CYTVI CBOeVr - 3TO
YAaYHaSl npeABapV1Te11bHaS1 npe3eHTau1t1s:i KJlaAa, He npeTeHAY10U.(as:1 Ha
CK OJlbKO-HVJ6YAb AeTaJlbHblVr TVlnOJlOrVIYeCKVIVr aHaJlVl3 KJlaAa It! ero
WVlp OKOro KOHTeKCTa. )J,aneKVIVJ OT npo6JleMaTVIKltl 3HeO~lt!Ta, aBTOp
orpa Hltl4VIJlCSl ynoMVJHaHVleM OTAeJlbHblX aHanOrVJVr KepaMVJ4eCKOVJ nocyAe
Vl ll VI lt!HblX Vl3Ael1VIVJ KJla;lJ,a, Vl3BeCTHblX c 3HeOJlVITVl4eCKltlX noceJleHltlVJ VIJlVI
Vl3 KllaAOB MollAOBbl, YKpaVIHbl VlllVI PyMblHVIVI. OcHOBbJBas:Jcb, no

Bltl AVIMOMy, rnaBHblM o6pa3oM Ha KOHcy11bTaUV1S1X T.C.nacceK 1t1 VJHbrx


cn euV1aJ1V1CTOB, r.n .cepreeB CTHec KJlaA B paHHeMy nepVIOAY KYllbTYPbl
TpVl nonbe, BblCKa3aB ps:iA coo6pa)f(eHV1V! o ero B03MO:>KHoM npoV1cXo)((AeH V11t1, couV1aJlbHOVr npV1HaAJ1e)f(HOCTVI VI np. (Ceprees, 1963, 150-151 ).
Cpa3y )Ke nocne OTKpblTVIS1 KJlaAa K ero aHaJlVl3Y VI ocMbrcneHVllO
npV1cTynV111a VI T . C.nacceK . Y)((e B KOHUe 1962 r . , nocne pacKonoK Ha
noc eneHVIVI K3p6yHa, oHa no;1J,roTOBV111a AOKJlaA Ha TeMy "V13Aellltls:J "13
MeTa1111a y Tpvrno11bCK1t1X nneMeH", B KOTopoM copMyllV1posa11a csovr
nepsbre npeACTas11eHV1S1 o K3p6yHcKoM KnaAe VI ero VIHTepnpeTauvr1t1.
)J,oKnM 6bJJ1 npeACTaBJleH Ha CeccVIVI 0TAeJleHVIS1 VICTOpV14ecKVIX HayK
VIHCTlllTYTa apxeoJlOrVJVI VI VIHCTlllTYTa 3THorpa<f>VIV1 AH CCCP It! 0TAeJleHltl51
061.LlecrneHHbtX HayK AH EiCCP, nocBSll.LleHHoll.i VIToraM nonesbJX 1t1cc11eAO BaHV1V! B 1962 r. (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 15). K CO)f(aJleHVllO, Hltl Te31t1Cbl, HVI
caM AOK11M T.c.nacceK He 6b111V1 ony6n1t1KOBaHbt. He pea111t13oBaHHblM
OCTaJlOCb VI ee HaMepeHVle noAroTOBlllTb cneuV1aJlbHYIO pa6oTy, noCBSlU.(eHHYIO K3p6yHcKoMy KJlaAy. 1 Ho oueHKa KJlaAa .1t1 npeAcTasneHVISl
T. C.nacceK 06 3TOM KOMnJleKce HeVl3MeHHO npVICYTC.TBYIOT BO Bcex ee
6 011ee 1t1J11t1 MeHee KpynHbJX pa6oTax, ony6nV1KOBaHHblX Ha nporn)f(eH1t1V1
n epsoV. nonoBV1Hb1-cepeAV1Hbl 60-x roAOB.
0CHOBHble BbJBOAbl T.C. nacceK B oueHKe VI VIHTepnpeTaUltlltl K3p6yHCKOro KJla;lJ,a MO)l(HO CBeCTVI K CJleAYIOLl..lVIM OCHOBHblM nOJlO)f(eHltlSIM.

B HaYa11e 70-x ro.o.os, noc11e cMepn1 T.C. nacceK, as1op 111Me11 B03MO)l(HOCTb
oaHaKoMll1TbC51 s 111HcTmyre Apxeo11orn111 AH CCCP c YacTblO ee apx111sa ell.le. .o.o era
01111..llllaJlbHOiii pernc1paL(111111. Cpe.0,111 3Tll1X Ma1ep111anos 111Me11acb nanKa, co.o,ep)l(aH111e
KOTOpoiii 51BHO CBl!l.O,eTeJlbCTBOBaJlO 0 HaMepeHl!151XT. c. nacceK noCB51Tll1Tb K3p6yHCKOMY
Klla,(J,Y cneL(l!laJlbHYIO pa60TY.
-11 -

MHoro4V1CJ1 9HHbre, pa3HoyHKU,VIOHaJlbHbre Vl3,ll,9JlVl51 KJla,ll,a,

T pVlnOJlbSl c 6051HOVl,ll,HblMVI 4epraMV1 -rnna npeKyKyTeHb (nacceK, 1960;

sonpeKVI npe)l(HVIM npe,1J,cras11eHV15IM, no3so11sit0T OTHecrVI KYllbTYPY

1 961 ); naMSlTHVIKOB KYllbTypbl ryMeJlbHVIL\a Ha tOre MOllAOBbl VI B 0,ll,eCCKOi-1

paHHero TpVlnOJlbSl K 3noxe Mera1111os, ,1J,0KyMeHrnpy10w.y10 reM caMblM

0611acrn (nacceK/LJepHbtW, 1965).


HoBbte HaKon11eHHble VICT04HVIKVI, KaK VI no,1J,ocneswee OTKpbtTVle

Ha4aJlbHble 3Tanbr 3H90JlVITa KaK Ka49CTB9HHO HOBOali VICTOpV149CKOali 3nOXVI

K3p6yHcKoro Klla,ll,a, snepBbte orKpb1sa11V1 nepcneKTVIBbl ,ll,1151 w1t1p0Koro,

Ha reppVITOpVIVI Mo11,1J,0Bbl VI YKpaVIHbl.


lt13,ll,9JlVl51 KJla,ll,a HaXO,ll,SlT MHOro4VICJ19HHbte napa1111e11V1 B paH-

npsiMoro VI o6crosiTellbHOro conocras11eH111si MaTep111a11os Mo11,1J,OBbl 111

H93H90JlVITVl49CKVIX KYllbTypax PyMbtHVIVI, 6onrapVIVI, BeHrpVIVI VI IOro-

YKpa111Hbt c He MeHee ceHcau.1110HHbtM111 oTKpblTVl51Mll1BH111:>KHeM111 CpeAHeM

c11aBV1V1 VI Hapsi,ll,y c VIHblMVI MarepV1artaMV1 nO,ll,TBep)l(,ll,atOT npV14aCTHOCTb

n oAyHaBbe, Ha 6a11KaHaX -

KYllbTypbt TpV1no11be K e,ll,VIHOali 6a11KaHo-,lJ,yHaalicKoali KYllbTypHo-V1cTopV1-

3TO nep1110A cyw.ecTBeHHblX yT04HeHVIVl nepVIOAVl3al..\Vlll1 111 xpoHOJ10rll1VI_

no BCeMy BocT04HOMY CpeAVl39MHOMOpblO.

4ecKoali 06W.HOCTVI, COCTaBJ15151 ee KpaaliHIOIO cesepO-BOCT04HYIO nepV1-

KYllbTYP Heo-3HeOJlVITa IOro-BocT04HOill 111 Bocro4HOali Esponbr; nep1110A

epV1t0.

Ka4 eCTBeHHO HOBOro ypoBHSl ou.eHKll1 npou.ecca HeOJ1VITVl3al..\VIVI Esponellt-

npoVICXO)l(,ll,eHVle Klla,ll,a 06b51CH519TC51 VIHTeHCVIBHblMVI BJ1Vl51HVl51Mlt1

CKOro KOHTll1HeHTa VI xapaKTepll1CTVIK111paHHll1X3TanoB pa3BVITll151 npOV1380-.

VI,

Top,ll,ow, TV1ccano11brap, 81t1H4a VI ,ll,p.). 3TVI Bl11t15IH1t1Sl pea111t130Bb1sanV1cb

A51 W.VIX opM X0351MCTBOBaHll151 co BCeMVI ero COCTaBJ151IOW,111MVI.


0TMe4eHHbl9 o6cT051TeJlbCTBa OT4aCTVI VI o6b51CH51IOT TO, 4TO,

KYllbTYP Kapnaro-noAyHaBbSl 1t1 6a11KaH (ryMeJlbH1t1u,a, KapaHoso

rnaBHblM o6pa30M 4epe3 HVl)l(Hee no,ll,yHaBbe nocpe,1J,cT130M HOCV1Te11eilt

HeCMOTpSl Ha Ka)l(yw.eecsi OTCYTCTBVle BC51KOi1 apryMeHTal..\VIVI, aBTO-

II

KYllbTYPbl rylvteJlbHVIU,a, npoHVIKWVIX B Cesepo-3ana,ll,HOe npV14ep-

pVITeTHOe MHeHVle T.C . nacceK OTHoc111re11bHO K3p6yHcKbro Klla,ll,a 6b1110

HOMOpbe, 4TO OT4aCTlt1 VI o6b51CH51"H JlOKaJ1Vl3al..\VllO KJla,ll,a Ha Kpail!He

no cyTVI socnpll1H51TO noAaBJ15llOW,111M 60JlbW111HCTBOM cneu,V1aJ1VICTOB-

tO)l(HOali nepV1epV1V1 naMSJTHVIKOB paHHero Tp1t1no11bsi, T . e. s 30He


Henocpe,ll,CTBeHHOro conpVIKOCHOBeHVISl TpVlhOllbl..\eB c ryMeJlbHltll..\KVIM

npe111cTOpVIKOB.
B 1966 r. ysV1Ae11a cser KHVlra E.H.LJepHbtX, OAVIH Vl3 pa3Ae11os KOTopo,;;,

Hace11eHV1eM.

no cssiw.eH pe3yllbTaTaM cneKTporpa1114ecKor_o aHa111113a 1113AeJ1Vli1

MHoro41t1c11eHHbte VI pa3Hoo6pa3Hbte 1t13,1J,e111t1si Klla,ll,a xapaK-

K3p 6yHcKoro KllaAa (LJepHbtX, 1966, 53 VI c11eA.). V1cc11eA0BaHV15IMVI

rep1t13YtOT 4pe3Bbt4aaliHO BblCOKltlali ypoBeHb 3KOHOMVIKVI, pa3BVITOCTb

ycraHOBJleHO, 4TO "see Vl3Ae1111151 KJla,ll,a 6btJlVI 1113roTOBJleHbl 1113 4VICTOi1"

npo1t13BOACTBa, cou,1t1aJlbHOilt 1t1 AYXOBHOali KYllbTYPbt paHHeTpV1no11bcKoro

MeAVI. AHal1Vl3111pysi cooTHOWeH1t1e Ha6opa npVIMecei-1 Mera1111a, asrop

o6w.ecrsa, He ycrynaswero B csoeM pa3BVITVIVI nepe,ll,OBbtM ,ll,pesHe-

pa3,ll,eJ1VIJl ero Ha AB9 caMOCTOSlTeJlbHbte rpynnbl, Ka)l(,ll,aSl co CBOVIMVI

3eMJle,ll,eJlb4eCKlt1M ll,lt1BVIJllt13aU,Vl51M 6aJ1KaHo-no,ll,yHaBb51 VI 80CT04HOro

noArpynnaM111.

Cpe,ll,1t13eMHOMOpb51 B u.e110M.
.
Bee 3Tlt1 1t1 ,ll,pyrne npV1HU,V1n1t1a11bHb1e MOMeHTbt, s pa3Jllt14HblX op -

npeAno11araeT "VICT04HVIKVI c pyAaM111 c11o:>KHoro no cocrasy xapaKTepa".

My11V1posKax, B pa3JlVl4HblX KOHTeKCTaX 6btl1VI Vl3JlO)l(eHbl T.C. nacceK B ee

"4VICTOM" MeA111 (LJepHblX, 1966, 58). V1Hrepnpernpysi pe3YllbTaTbl CBOVIX

,ll,OKJla,ll,aX Ha pecny6111t1KaHCKlt1X, COI03HblX VI Me)l(,ll,yHapO,ll,HblX KOH-

111cc11eAOBaHvtill ,

epeHL\Vl51X VI B psi,ll,e crareali (Passek, 1962; nacceK, 1964; 1964a; 1965a;

3a TO, 4TO VIM9IOTC51 OCHOBaHVISl CB513blBaTb M9Ab Tp1t1nOJlbCKll1X naM51THlt1KOB

19656; 1966; nacceK VI AP 1965 VI AP).

"c A951TellbHOCTbtO 6a11KaHo-Kapnarc1<oro Mera1111yprn4ecKoro u,eHrpa

nepsyio rpynny BKJlt049Hbt Vl3Ael1Vl51, MeAb KOTOpbtX

Ko sTopoali rpynne orHeceHbl 1113Ae111r1si, Vl3rorosneHHble Vl3 yc110BHO

E. H. LJepHblX B secbMa ocropmt<Hoill

op Me BblCKa3aJlc51

nepe41t1CJ15151 Bbl We lt13JlO)l(eHHbte_nOJ10)1(9HVl51, He CJ19,ll,yeT 3a6blBaTb,

6011rap111vt, PyMbtHvtvt, 10roc11as111111111 T.A.". Orosap111sasi orcyTcTBvte 5IK06b1

4TO nepBaSl r:io110B1t1Ha-cepe,ll,V1Ha 60-x ro,ll,OB B TOr,ll,all!H9ilt COBeTCKOali

Hen ocpe,ll,cTBeHHoro AOCTyna n11eMeH Tp111no11bcKoi-1 KYllbTYPbl K PYAHblM

apxeo11orn1t1 6bt11a nepVIO,ll,OM ocMbtc11eH1t1Sl u,e11oill sepeH1t1U,bt HOBbtX

VICT 04H111KaM, B9Cb MeTaJlJl 3TOill KYJlbTypbl, BKJll04111T9JlbHO K3p6yHCKlt1ilt,

npV1HU,1t1n1t1a11bHblX oTKpblTvtali, c,1J,e11aHHbtX T.C.nacceK VI ee yYeHV1KaMV1 s

paccrviaTpll1BaJlC51aBTOpOM111CCl19AOBaHVl51 KaK np111B03HOLil (LJepHblX, 1966,

noc11esoeHHOM ,1J,ecsiT1t1JleTV1V1 Ha TeppV1Top1t1V1 Mo11,1J,0Bbl, s tO)l(HbtX VI

86). 8a)l(H0 OAHaKO, 4TO y)l(e Ha 3TOM 3Tane E.H.LJepHblX OKOHTyp1t1Baer

3ana,1J,HbtX 0611acrnx YKpaVIHbt B 0611acT1t1 Heo111t1Ta 1t1 3Heo11V1Ta. 3To nep1t10A

apea11 1<y11brypb1 Tpvtno11bsi KaK orHoc111re11bHO caMocrosireJlbHYIO 30HY

OTKpblTVISl, lt1HTeHClt1BHOro VICCJle,ll,OBaHlt151 lt1 OCMblCJleHVISl naMSlTHVIKOB

pacnpocrpaHeHVISl paHHe3H90Jlll1Tvt4eCKVIX MeAHblX 1113Aelllt1M (LJepHblX,

KYllbTYPbt 11V1HeiliHo-11eHT04HOali KepaM1t1KV1 (nacceKjl-lepHblW, 1963; 1966);

1966, 88. Kapra 3; 92, P111c.26) . 111 11111wb HeCKOJlbKO no3AHee, noc11e

6yro-,lJ,HecTposcKoili KYllbTYPbt (MapKeB1t14, 1965); naMSlTHVIKOB paHHero

AOn011Hll1T9JlbHblX VICCJleAOBaHvtali HOBblX MeTaJ1Jlll149CKVIX 1113AeJ11t1ill

-12-

-13-

'I,

Tpi.mOJJb51, 111 onpeAeJJeHHo noA BJJll151Hll1eM pa6oT H.B.Pb1HA111Hoill, OH


111HTepnpeT111pyeT STY 3oHy B Ka4eeTBe eaMoeT051TeJJbHoro 04qra
MeTaJIJI006pa6oTKll1 (LJepHblX, 1970, 23111 eJJeA.).
Pe3yJJbTaTbl MeTannorpaq>1114eeKoro 111eeJ1eA0BaHll1511113AeJ1111il! KJJaAa,
BblnOJJHeHHblX H.B. Pb1HA111Hoil!, 6b1J11t1 o6HapoAoBaHbl OAH111Mll11113 noeJJeAHll1X. npeABap111TeJ1bHble pe3yJJbTaTbl 6b1Jllt11113JIO:>KeHbl B aBTOpeq>epaTe ee
KaHAlt1AaTeKoil! A111eeepTal..\1111t1 (Pb1HA1t1Ha, 1967), a 3aTeM, B nOJJHOM
06beMe, B KH111re, ony6JJll1KOBaHHOill B 1971 r. (Pb1HA111Ha, 1971 ). 3rnrvi111
111eeJ1eAOBaHll15IMll1 yeTaHOBJleHO, 4TO Bee 1113AeJJll151 KJJaAa 6b1Jllt1 lt13roTOBJleHbl 111eKJ1104111TeJ1bHO KY3He4Hb1M enoeo6oM, 6e3 nnaBKl.'1 MeTaJJJJa, e
np111MeHeH111eM rop5141t1X 111Jllt1 XOJIOAHblX np111eMOB o6pa60TKll1 MeAl.'1. 6b1JI
BblSlBJJeH eJJO:>KHblil! lt1 pa3H006pa3Hblill KOMnJJeKe np111eMOB nnaern4eeKoill
q>opMOBKll1 MeA111, BKJll04alOW,111ill TaK111e onepal..\1'1111, KaK: BblT51:>KKa, BbleaAKa,
nJ110W,eH111e, Tll1eHeH111e, esapKa, npo6111BKa OTBepeT1t1ill, WJ1111ct>osKa 111
MHOrneApyrne. CornaeHO aBTopy 1t1eeJ1eAOBaH1115l, see 3Tlt1 np111eMbl, paBHO
KaK 111 eTporoe eo6J110AeH1t1e TeMnepaTypHblX pe:>Klt1MOB 111X np111MeH8Hll15l,
eB'1t1AeTeJ1beTBy10T 0 BbleOKOM npoecc1110HaJ1bHOM ypoBHe Macrepos 111
4TO y:>Ke Ha paHHeM 3Tane Tp111nOJ1b5l MeTaJJJJ006pa6oTKa coeTaBJ15lJla
eaMOeT051TeJlbHYIO npOll13BOAeTBeHHYIO OTpaeJJb (Pb1HA111Ha, 1971, 4 7 111
CJleA.; 136-137).
1!13y4eH111e 1113AeJ11t1il! KJJaAa 111 111HblX MaTep111aJJOB no3BOJlll1Jllt1 aBTopy
snepBble 4eTKO cq>opMyJ11t1posaTb BblBOA 0 HaJJll141t11t1 y paHHll1X Tp1t1nOJ1bl..\eB
co6crneHHoill MeTaJ1J1006pa60TKll1, pa3s111sasweil!c5l Ha np111B03HOM Cblpbe
(TaM :>Ke. 831.'1 eJJeA; 137).
1!1CTOKlt1 3apo)l(AeHll15l Tp1t1nOJ1bCK_Oil! MeTaJIJI006pa6oTKll1, eornaeHO
H.B. Pb1HA111HOill, 6blJlll1 CB5l3aHbl c 6aJJKaHO- noAyHaBbeM lt1 lt1X eJJe)J.yeT 111eKaTb
B "apeane 06111TaHll15l 605lHCKll1X lt1Jllt1 Blt1H4aHCKll1X f!JleMeH" (TaM :>Ke. 101 ).
KoMMeHT1t1py51 pe3yJJbTaTbl cneKTpaJJbHblX aHaJJll130B 1t1 eaMoeT05lTellbHO
pa3Bll1Ba5l 111_A8100B03MO:>KHblX111CT04Hlt1Kax MeTaJJJJa, aBTOp 111ec11e,ll.OBaHll15l
npll1XO,ll.111T K BblBOAY. 4TO TaKOBble sep05lTHee seero np1t1XO,ll.s'lTe5l Ha
MecT0Haxo:>KAeH1t15l 6aHarn, s apeaJJe KYJJb Typbl B111H4a, aero nocTynneH111e B
apeaJJ KYJJbTypbl Tp111noJ1b5l oeyw.eeTBJ15lJJOCb nyTeM o6MeHa "4epe3
nocpe,ll.CTB.O nneMeH KYJ1bTypb1T111ca-no11brap" (TaM :>Ke. 95.137).
Ba:>KHO no,ll.4epKHYTb, 4TO, 111Me51 B oeHOBe npe111Myw,ecTBeHHO 1113,ll.eJll.151
Ksp6yHcKoro KllaAa, H.B. PblHA1t1Ha snepsb1e cq>opMyn111posana 06cT05lTeJ1bHy10 xapaKTep111eT111Ky Ha4aJJbHblX sTanos pa3Bll1Tlt15l MeTannonpo1113BOACTBa 10ro-3anaAHblX o6naeTeill BocT04Hoill Esponbl B KOHTeKere 111cxoAHoro AJ15l Hero 6ailKaHo-noAYH'.3-Bb5l.

-14-

nocfle,ll,y/011.(Me co6b/TMfl

CsoespeMeHHa5l onepaTll1BHa5l ny6n111Kal..\1t15l KJJa,l].a, pe3ynbTaToB


en eKTpallbHblX 111 no3:>Ke - MeTa11norpaq>1114ecK111x 1i1ceJ1e,ll.0BaH1t1ill ero
npe,ll.MeTOB, ero BbleOKOe n03HaBaTeJlbHOe 3Ha4eH111e ,ll.J15l pacKpblTll15l
eaMblX pa3Jlll14HblX aeneKTOB 111CTOPl1111 MaTep111aJlbHOill, eOL\111aJJbHOill lt1
AYXOBHoill KYJJbTYPbl ,ll.pesHeillw111x o6w.eern, 111cTop1i1111 npo1113BOAeTB,
nocTo5lHHo aKL\eHT1t1posaHHblX B pa6ornx T.C. naceeK, E. H. LJepHblX,
H. 8.Pb1HAll1Hoill, o6eene4111J1111 1t1eKJ1104111TellbHy10 nonyn5lpHoeTb sToro
KJJaAa cpe,ll.111 cneL1111an111eToB B 0611acT111 npe1t1eTop111111111 apxeonorn111.
6onee 111n1t1 MeHee noJJHble cse,ll.eH1115l 06 Ksp6yHCKOM KJJa,ll.e noeTeneHHO 6b1Jllt1 BJll04eHbl BO see oeHOBHble TOr,ll.aWHlt1e pecny6J1111KaHeK1t1e
1113,ll.aH1t15l: B Hay4Ho-nonyn51pHoill 11111TepaType (LJepHblX, 1972, 94111 ene,ll..;
6an arypi, 1978, 12; MapKeBll14, 1985, 14,26,37, Fig.31~33 111 Ap.); B
y4e6H111K111 no apxeonorn1i1 (AsAyc1t1H, 1977, 79-81. P111c.24; MapTblHOB,
1973, 86; 1982, 77-781t1,ll.p.); B 0606w.a10w.111x 1113AaHll15lX no apxeonorn1.1
(Apxeonorn5l CCCP, 1982, 188. Ta6n.LXll, 1-56; Apxeonorn5l YCCP,
1985, 197-1981.'1 ,ll.p.) 111111crnp111111 (1!1cTOpll15l MCCP, 1965, 18-19; 1987,
51 ), s SHL\ll1KJ1oneA1114ecK111e 1113AaH1t15l (6C3 T. 11. 1973. 409; ECM T.3 .
1972. 566, K.3. 1982. 242) .
W111p0Ky10 1t13BeCTHOCTb nony4111JJ sToT KJJaA 111 3a npeAeJ1aM111 Tor,ll.awHero CCCP. 0,ll.Hlt1Mll1 1113 nepBblX, 4TO eeTecrneHHO, 0Tpearnposan111 Ha
orKpb1T111e sToro KJJa,ll.a pyMblHCK111e y4eHble - cneL11t1a11111cTb1 no KY JibType
npeKyKyTeHb-KYKYTeHb. Y:>Ke B nepBOM HOMepe L\eHTpaJJbHOro :>KypHaJJa
1!1HernTyTa Apxeonorn111 AH PyMblHll11t1 3a 1963 ro,ll., T. e. q>aKrn4eCKlt1 ew,e
AO BblXOAa B CBeT pa60Tbl f.n.Cepreesa, noJJb3Y5lCb, 04eBlt1,ll.HO,
111Hct>opMaL11t1eill T.C.naeceK, B.,l1,yM1t1TpeeKy y,ll.eJJ5leT Ksp6yHcKoMy KJJaAy
L1eJ1b1il!. a63al..\, s KoTopoM, OAHaKo, He pacnonara51 ew,e noJJHblMll1
AaHHblMll1, npe,ll.JlaraeT ,ll.arnposaTb KJJMSTanoM KYKYTeHbA2 (Dumitreseu
VI. , 1963. 72).
B nocJ1e,ll.y10w.111e ,ll.ee5lT1t1J1eT1t15l cse,ll.eH1t15l 06 STOM KJJaAe, 4aw,e seero
s ,ll.arnposKe, npe,ll.JJo:>KeHHoill B.,l1,yM1t1TpecKy, noeT05lHHO np111eyTcTByt0T
BO scex OCHOBHblX 0606w.a10w.1i1x pa6oTax no He0-3HeOJlll1TY PyMblHl.1111
(Vulpe Al., 1973. 219; Dumitrescu VI. /Balamey/Mogosanu, 1983. 1.17;
Petrescu-Dimbovita/Daicoviciu /Teodor/ Preda, 1995. 36. 46 . 48; Monah,
1997. 56 si urm.; 137-1391.'1 MHorne,ll.pyrne).
B 3anaAHo-esponeilleKoill apxeonorn111 1113BeeTHOCTb KflaAa 1'13 Ksp6yHbl
BO MHOfOM 6b1Jla o6ecne4eHa TeM, 4TO ero xapaKTep111eT1t1Ka e 111JIJJIOeTpal..\111eill OCHOBHblX rnnoB 1113,ll.eJ1111il! 6b1Jla BKJll04eHa x. MIOJJJJepoM-Kapne
Bero o6cT05lTeflbHOill "Handbueh derVorgeschichte" (MOiier-Karpe, 1968.
53 4. N2 571 . Taf.292G). no3,ll.Hee Ksp6yHCK1t1ill KJJa,ll. HenpeMeHHO
-15-

II.,

I'

u111n1posanesi B eaMblX pa3HblX 1113AaH111six, 111 B oeo6eHHoer111 B TOMax IX


eep111111 "Prahistorisehe Bronzefunde" (Novotna, 1970. 21; A.Vulpe, 1975.
20111eneA.;Todorova, 1981).
CneAyeT, OAHaKO, OTM9TlllTb, 4TO BO seex 3TlllX Ill lllHblX pa6orax aBTOpbl '
OeHOBblBaJlllleb Ha HenOJlHOVr npeABapl/ITeJlbHOVr ny6n111KaUllllll l .n .Cep- 1 1
reesa, a 3a4aeryio Ill Ha BTOplll4HblX llleT04HlllKaX. noaTOMY eBeAeHlllSI 0
Kap6yHeKoM KJlaAe B ar111x pa6orax 4aero rpewa'r Hero4HoernM111,
npOTlllBOp94111SIMlll Ill 06bl4HO eonpOBO)f(AalOTeSI seebMa yenOBHblMlll
npop111eOBKaMlll npeAM9TOB KJlaAa. np111MepOM TOMY MoryT eny:>KlllTb
pa6oTbl s. Marineseu-Bileu, KOTopasi, npeAeTaBJlSISI 3TOT KJlaA B eOJllllAHblX
1113AaH111six, xapaKrep1113yer ero - BMeere e KJ1aAaM111 1113 Xa63wewrb 111
Ap111ywA - KaK "ManeHbKllle KllaAbl yKpaweHv,iVI 1113 M9Alll, eonposo>KAalOll..lllleesi HeeKOJlbKlllMlll noABeeKaM111 1113 3y6os oneHsi". Xorn TYT >Ke
nplllBOASITeSI 3alllMeTBOBaHHble, 6e3 yKa3aHlllSI 111eT04Hl/IKa, 1113 pa60Tbl
E. K. 4epHblW ra6n111ub1e111nnioerpau111eVi 6onee 200 KOHKpeTHblX 1113Aen111Vi
(Marineseu-Blleu, 1991. 18. Fig.25. 1-50; Fig.26. 1-6; 1993. 205. Pl.20.
1-50; Pl.21. 1-6). V1 TaKlllX np111Mepos MO>KHO np111seeT111 MHO>Kecrno.
Ba>KHO see >Ke Apyroe. Ksp6yHeKlllVr KflaA no npe>KHeMy ocrancsi B none
3peH111S1 111ccneAOBaTeneVi, npoAOJ1>Kasw111x. ero 6onee yrn y 6neHHoe
ocMb1eneH111e. Xorn raK111x np111Mepos Mano.
OCHOBHOVr Ill Ha1116onee npereHui'1o3HOVr B 3TOM QTHOW9Hllllll 6b1.rla
6eccnopHo w111p0Ko 1113secrnasi pa6ora C. KneV!Ha, 03arnasneHHasi "O
Aare Ksp6yHcKoro KJlaAa" c noA3aronosKoM "Knpo6neMe a6conioTHOVr
AarnpoBKlll paHHeTp111nonbcKoVI KYJibrypb1", ony6n111KoBaHHOVr B 1968 roAy
(KneVIH, 1968). no eyrn, 3TO nepB~SI Ill 9AlllHCTBeHHaSI nciKa pa6oTa,
npeeneAY10ll..laS1 uenb AeTaJlbHoro aHan1113a scero nmonornYecKoro
Ha6opa 1113A9Jl111Vr Ksp6yHcKoro KJlaAa BO scex 111x nposisneH111six: xp0Honor1114ec1<0M, TepplllTOplllaJlbHOM Ill t TOYKlll 3peHlll5l I/IX npOlllCXO)l(AeHltlSI. c
sroVi uenbio aBTOp npopa6oran AaneKo He Ka)l(AoMy noc111nbHY10 ropy .
JlltlTeparypbl, Bbl5lBJl5l5l, Kaprnpysi lt1 lllHTepnpernpysi aHaJlOrlllltl K3p6yHCKlllM .
lt13AeJllt15lM Ha BCeM npOTSl>KeHltllll EsponeVicKoro KOHTltlHeHTa - OT
[;lenaHltlltl AO Bonrn 111 Ypana, a TaK >Ke no BCeVr nepeAH9Vr A3111111 .
CBOltlM ltlCCJleAOBaHllleM n.C.KneVIH CYll..l9CTB9HHO Ill apryMeHTltlpOBaHHO KOHKpeTl/l3111pOBaJl OCHOBHble 30Hbl 6blTOBaHlt15l CXOAHblX
Ksp6yHcKl/IM 1113Aen111Vi. YeTaHosneHo, ~To 111x ocHOBHble KOHUeHTpau111111
np111XOA5lTeSI, rnaBHblM o6pa30M, Ha Hlll>KHee Ill CpeAHee no,[l,yHaBbe:
6onrap111si, PyMblHlllSI, IOrocnas111si, BeHrp111si. KoHcrarnpysi sT111 0YeBlllAHb1e
1113 nplllBeAeHHblX KapT o6CT05lTeJlbCTBa, aBTOp lllHTepnpei'111pyeT 1113AeJ11115l
Ksp6yHeKoro KJlaAa KaK cyry6o 111MnopT111posaHHble, OTAaBasi np111 3TOM
npeAnOYTeH111e Tepp111TOp111111 BeHrp111111. np111 3TOM OH KaTeroplt14eCKltl

n.

-16-

ornepraeT 1t1x B03MO)f(HOe noerynneH111e e iora -:- 1113 6onrap1t1111, 1t1n111 ltlX
1/13rOTOBJleHl/le, BKJll04111T9JlbHO MeTaJ1Jll/l4eeKl/IX npeAMeTOB, Ha Mee:re, B
apeane KYllbTYPbl Tp111nonbe (KJieVIH, 1968. 67-69. P111e.17).
4TO )1(9 KaeaeTeSI rnaBHOVr, orosopeHHOVr B 3arnaB1t1lll I/I B nOA3aroJlOBKe
pa6oTbl uen1t1, r.e. a6conioTHOVr xp0Honor111111 KJlaAa Aa 111 seero paHHero
Tp111nonbsi , TO BblBOAbl asTopa xopowo 1113secTHbl 111 111x nosropeH1t1e
lt13JllllWHe (KneVIH , 1968. 69-74), 11160 OHlll HlllKeM He 6b1Jllll npltlHSITbl
Beepbe3. CneAyeT see )Ke o6paTl/ITb BHlllMaH111e, 4TO HeeMOTP5l Ha BOT y>Ke
30 neT, 111cTeKw111e e MoMeHTa BblXOAa B cser aroro TPYAa, np111 non HOM
lllrHOplllpOBaHllllll OCHOBHblX BblBOAOB, Hiii OAlllH 1113 111eeneAOBaTeileVi,
HaeKOJlbKO MHe 1113BeCTHO, TaK Ill He pew111nesi xorn 6bl B 0611..llllX 4epTaX
onpeAeJllllTb nplll4111Hbl lllX HecoeTOSITeJlbHOCTlll . .
nosTOMy, He B 06111,[l,y MOeMy yBa)f(aeMoMy YYlllTeJllO, no3BOJllO ee6e
JlVIWb HeeKOJlbKO 3an03AaJlblX 3aMe4aHVIVr, KOTOpble CBOAS!TeSI K ABYM
oeHOBHblM MOMeHTaM.
no,[l,06HO lllHblM enyYaSIM, n.C.KfleVrH npOAeMoHeTplllpOBaJl npeApaenoJlO>KeHHOCTb K onpeAeJleHHblM npeAB3SITblM lllAeSIM lllJIVI npeAeTaBneHl/ISIM. B eny4ae paecMaTp111saeMOVr pa6oTbl TaKOVr npeAB3SITOVr lllAeeill
6b1Jla KOHuenu1t1si "KOpOTKOVr xpoHOJlOr111111". HoeTaJlbrltlYeeKoe OTHOWeHltle
aBTOpa K 3TOVr e111ereMe a6eOJllOTHOro AaT111posaHV1SI, nOABeprasweroesi
s 60-x roAaX nepeeMOTPY noA HaT111eKOM see so3paeraswero Y1t1ena
paA111oyrnepoAHblX onpeAeneH111ill, npoene>K111saeTcsi no seeMyreKeTy sroill
o6beMHOVr pa6oTbl. OrnS1AblBaS1eb Ha3aA, Ha eo6erneHHblVr rnopYecK1t1Vr
nyTb, 3TO o6eTOSITeJlbeTBO 6b1Jl0 np1113HaHO eaMVIM aBTOpOM 111cc11eAOBaHV15l (Kneil!H, 1991, 10-11 ).
Bropoill 111 OeHOBHOVr MOMeHT npS!MblM o6pa30M CBSl3aH c TeopeTltl YeCKltlMVI 111ceneAOBaHlllSIMltl n.c.KneVIHa, a lllMeHHO c apxeonornYeeKOVr
r111no11or111eVi 111 ell.le T04Hee - e yenos111siM111 np111MeHeH1t1S1 ee np1t1HUV1nos
nplll peweHVIVI KaKOVr-1111160 KOHKpeTHOlll 3aAa4111. A e11y4ail! e npe,n,nplllHSITOM
n.C.Kneil!HoM nonblTKOVr a6eoniornoro AarnposaH111si Kap6yHcKoro KJlaAa
s aroM ornoweH111111 nonHoeTblO nonaAaeT noA u111rary 1113 0.1.C. KpocpopAa, np111BeAeHHOVr B TOVr )Ke HeAaBHeVr pa6ore c. KneVIHa: "Ec11111 TBOVI
Tlllnbl He BblAep)f(lllBalOT KplllTVIKlll, BeSI TBOSI pa6ora MO)l(eT norepS!Tb BCSIKVIVr
CMb1cn " (KneVIH, 1991, 11).
Yro6b1 He .6b1Tb ronoenOBHblM, oTMe4y mas Hoe
peAKlllMlll ilteKJll04eHVISIMVI, 4TO TaK)l(e VIMeeT esoe 0
ronop e npoyWlllHOVr, KJllllHOBlllAHblM ronop-AOJl
BblAeneHHble n.c.Kneil!HoM T.111nb1, snonHe o6be
Aanee 6b1Jllll aHaJ11113VlpOBaHbl aBTOpOM B KOHTeK
CXOAHblX, 6onee 11111111MeHee6Jllll3KlllX aHaJlOrVIVr.

n.

- 17 -

AHam13 BblAeJJeHHblX nmos KaK eAVIHOL.1 o6W.HOCTVI, BKJlt04at0w,eL.1 s


c.e6s:1 nporoTV1nb1, TV1nb1 VI VIXAepV1BaTbl, nocTOSIHHo orosap1r18at0w,V1ecs:1 s
VlcCJleAOBaHVIVI, npVIBeJl K pa3MblBY TVlnOJJOfl14eCKlr1X rpaHVIU KOHKpernoro,
peaJJbHOro T1r1na. 8 TV1no11orn4~cK1r1e PS!Abl oKa3aJJVICb BKJlt04eHHblMVI
6011ee VIJlVI MeHee CXOAHble Vl3AeJJVISl VI paHHero lr1 n03AHero 3HeOJlVITa l'1
snox1r1 6poH3bl. OcTa11ocb He3aMe4eHHblM, 4TO Vl3AeJJVISl KaK 6yATO 6b1
11
OAHOro VI Toro )Ke TV1na" B OAHVIX c11y4as:1x lr1MetOT OA1r1H, VI AOCTaT04HO
KOpOTKlr1ill, xpOHOJlOrl/l4eCKlr1ill Alr1ana30H 6blTOBaHlr1Sl (Te )Ke MeAHble
ronopbl-MOJJOTbl, KJllr1HOBlr1AHble Tonopbl-AOJJOTa 1r1 Ap.), a APYrlr1e
lr13Aelllr1Sl, VI lr1X 60JlbWlr1HCTBO, lr1MetOT ABa VIJlVI 6011ee XpOHOJlOrlr148CKVIX
Alr1ana3oHa (MeAHble Alr1CKOBlr1AHble 611s:1wK1r1, pa3HOT1r1nHb1e yKpaweHVISl Vl3
paKOBlr1H lr1 KOCT1r1), HO 4TO np1r1Hu1r1nV1aJlbHO - Ha pa3HblX TeppVITOpl'1SlX.
HaKoHeU, Hepacno3HaHHb1Mlr1 ocTa111r1cb co6cTBeHHo TpV1no11bcKV1e opVlrnHaJJbHble rnnbl (K np1r1Mepy, n11ocK1r1e aHTponoMopHble MeAHble
noABeCKlr1 lr1Ap.).
8blCTp01r1B'TaKVIM o6pa30M TVlnOJJOrlr14eCKVle PS!Abl Ill OCHOBblBaSICb, 4TO
VI ecTecrneHHO, Ha xp0Ho11or111V1 HaV16011ee no3AHVIX sew,eill ( cKa:>KeM,
MeAHblX n11aCT111H co csepHYTblMlr1 Kpas:!Mlr1 paHHeill 6pOH3bl BeHrpVllll),
n.c.KJJeillH noc11e HeKoTOporo 3aMeware11bct13a (K11el-1H, 1968, 69. 70),
npeoAoJJeHHoro, OAHaKo, PSIAOM a6cTpaKTHblX paccy)l(AeH111L.1, opMy11V1pyeT OKOH4aTeJlbHblill BblBOA - 2150 (OKOJJO) AO H.3. - 11 3TO Ill eCTb
HaV16011ee sepomHaSl AaTa 3aKpb1TVISl KJJaAa" (TaM )Ke. 72). EcrecTseHHo,
4TO TaKaSl AaTlr1pOBKa He 6b1Jla VI He Morna 6b1Tb nplr1HSITa HVIKeM Vl3
cneu1r1a111r1cTos.
!II see )Ke, sonpeK1r1 3TVIM 06cTOS1TeJlbCTBaM, pa6oTa n.c. K11el-1Ha "O AaTVlpOBKe Ksp6yHcKoro KJlaAa" no YPOBHIO nocTaHOBKVI npo611eMbl lr1
npoueAype aHa111r13a, HecMoTpSl Ha HeonpasAaBwV1ecs:1 pe3y11bTaTbl,
OCTaeTCSl o6pa3UOM CKpyny11e3HOro, Vl3Hyplr1TeJlbHOro Hay4HOro nol/ICKa.
npo6JJeMa Ksp6yHCKOro KJlaAa - ero MeTaJJJla - BHOBb 6b1Jla no,IJ,HSITa
E. H. LJepHblX- s css:131r1 c ocMb1c11eH1r1eM pe3yJJbTaTOB 111cc11e,IJ,osaH1r1L.1
MeTa1111a 5011rapV1V1 (LJepHblX, 1978). CpaBHlllTellbHbll-1 aHa111113 Mera1111a
Ksp6yHbl, MeTa1111V14eCKlr1X Ko1111eKu1r1ill PyMblHVIVI, IOroc11as111111 VI 8eHrp111111,
Vl3y4eHHblX WTyrrapTcKol-1 111cTopV1KO-MeTa1111yprn4ecKol-1 rpynnoil! ,
3HeOJll/ITl/l4eCKl/IX KOJJJleKUlllill MeTaJJJla VI MeAHOPYAHblX M8CTpHaX0>KieH111L.1
5011rap1r1V1, no3BOJJVIJJVI E.H.LJepHblX OT4acrn nepecMOTpeTb 1r1 yT04HlllTb
sonpoc 06111cT04HVIKax npo111cXO:>KAeH111s:1 MeTa1111a Ksp6yHbl (TaM )Ke. 8486) . 8 pe3y11bTaTe srnx ccinocras11eHV1L.16b1110 KOHKpern3111posaHo, 4TO "111
Me,IJ,b Ksp6111HcKoro KllaAa, VI Mera1111 c noceneH111ill T p1r1no11bcKol-1 KYJJb Typb1
(sTanbl A VI 6) 06s:13aHbl cBOVIM nos:1s11eH1r1eM ... npe)l(Ae scero CBSl3HM c
Hace11eHV1eM pyceHcKoill rpynnbl naMSITHVIKOB KYJJbTYPbl KapaHoso VI-18-

r yMeJlbHlr1Ua-KOA>KaAepMeH". 8Meci:e C TeM, 6b1Jla 06Hapy:>1<eHa VI


on peAeneHHaSl cBSl3b c MeAbtO 8eHrpV11r1 lll TpaHCVIJlbBaH1r11r1. CneAosaTeJJbHO, 3 aK11t0 4aeT asTop, "6011rapcK1r1e PYAHble VICT04HVIKVI 6b111V1
rn aBHblMVI, HO He eAVIHCTBeHHblMlr1 np1r1 CH36)1(eHVllr1 TpVlnOJlbCKOro
11
Mera1111006pa6aTblBat0w.ero 04ara .MeAbt0 (TaM >Ke. 88).
noMVIMO 3Tlr1X yT04HeHVlill He06XOAVIMO OTMeTVITb, 4TO AaHHble 0
Kap6yHcKoM KJJaAe HenpeMeHHO Y41r1Tb1Ba111r1cb npaKTV14eCKVI so scex
OCHOBHblX pa3pa6oTK3X no lr1CT0plr1VI B03HVIKHOB8HVISI VI pa3BVITVISl
MeTa1111onpOV13BOACTBa s IOro-BocT04HOill VI BocT04HOilt Esponbl,
ony6nVIKOBaHHblX E.H. LJepHblX VI H.8.PblHAVIHOilt s nocneAHVle AeCHTVIJJeTVIH
(LJepHblX, 1978, 262 VI cneA.; Cernych VI APr 1991 , 593 VI cneA.; PblH,IJ,l/IHa,
1993; 1994 VI AP).

COCTOffH/llE nP05flEMbl
KaK CJleAyeT Vl3 paHee lr13JlO>KeHHoro, HeCMOTpSl Ha VICTeKWVle
,IJ,ecs:1TV1JJeTV1H, npo6neMa Ksp6yHcKoro KnaAa npaKTV148CKVI ocTaeT~
OTKpblTOill no sceM ee OCHOBHblM acneKTaM. !llCKJll04eHVle, no:>1<a11y111,
COCT38JlSleT JlVIWb sonpoc 0 KYJlbTYPHOL-1 npVIHaAJJe)l(HOCTVI KJlaAa VI ero
OTHOCVITeJlbHOVt A3TVlpOBKVI, rAe AeTepMV1Hlr1pyt0W.V1Mlr1 o6cTOSITeJlbCTBaMVI
ocTaeTcSl cpaKT ero npoV1cxo)l(AeH1r1s:1 c noceneHVISl VI TO, 4TO cocyAbl KJJa,IJ,a
KaK VI KepaMlr1Ka noceneHVISl HeocnopVIMO OTHOCSITCSI K cpVIHaJJbHblM sranaM
paHHero Tp~,mo11bs:1 11111111 K KOHUY nep1r10Aa npeKYKYTeHb Ill no pyMblHCKoilt
nep VIOAVl 3 aUVIVI. 3To o6cTOHTeJlbCTBO AononHVITeJJbHO no:i-KpennHeTcH
npaKTVl4eCKVI noJJHblM OTCYTCTBl/leM B npeACTaBlr1TeJlbHOVI KOJ1Jl8KUVIVI
KepaMVIKl/I noce11eHlr1Sl pacnlllCHOVt nocyAbl (CM. npVIJJO)l(eH1r1e 2).
6o11ee Toro, oTMe4eHHoe xpoHonornYecKoe no11o)l(eHV1e KJJa,IJ,a 1113
Ksp 6yHbl caMOCTOSITeJJbHO noATBep)l(AaeTcSl 1r1 lr13 ero conocTasneHVIH c
1113AeJJlllSIMVI KJJaAa V13.Xs6swewTb c noceneHVIH nep1r10Aa KyKyTeHb A2-3
( Dumitrescu VI., 1954. 453 . Fig .41), KOTopbtilt, KaK cnpaseAJJVIBO 06paT11111
BHVIMaHVle A. By11ne, OTHOCVITeJlbHO 6onee no3AHlllL-1, 4eM KJlaA 1113 Ksp6yHbl
(Vul pe Al., 1973. 219). no,IJ,o6Hoe onpeAeJJeHVle B 4aCTHOCTVI BblTe~aeT Ill
1113 TOro, 4TO, HeCMOTpSl Ha Ka)l(YW.YtOCSl VIAeHTV14HOCTb, Ksp6yHCKVIVI KJlaA
BKJlt04aeT B ce6Sl 6011ee paHHl/le no TeXHVIKe 1r1cno11HeHVISl L-1HA111BVIAyaJlbHO
Vl 3roToBJJeHHble KOBaHble 6ycbl. Me)l(Ay TeM KaK B KJJaAe 1113 Xs6sweWTb
(KyKyTeHb A 2-3), 6ycbl 1113rornsneHbl B 6onee cosepweHHOill TeXHVIKe
nyTeM pacn11111a npeABap1r1TeJJbHO csepHyroilt B Tpy6Ky nnacrnHbl. 3ra
rexHVIKa (Dumitrescu VI., 1954. 436. Fig. 41, 5. 6) WVlpoKo npeAcrasneHa
B KJlaAe Vl3 5paA (Ursachi, 1991. 351. Pl. IV, 2. 6)' B MeTaJJJle MOrlr1JlbHVIKa
A)l(YAP)l(YJJeWTb (Haheu/Kurciatov, 1993. Pl. 5, 14, 17; Pl. 8,7) VI MHor111x
-19-

VIHblX KOMnJleKeax, OTHoevrreJlbHasi 6011ee n03,l1.HSISI .n.arvrpOBKa KOTOpblX


BHe o6ey)f(,ll,eHvrsi.
.
noaroMy Vl3Ha4aJlbHO ,lJ.aHHOe T.C. naeeeKXpOHOJ10r1114eeKoe onpe,[1,eJleHvre speMeHvr Kap6yHeKoro K11a,1J,a no11Hoerbt0 eoxpaHsieT csoe
3Ha4eHvre. V1 3TO MHeHvre, B noe11e,1J,HV1e fO,lJ.bl, KaK 6y,1J,TO 6bl HaXO,lJ.fllT
np1t1Bep)l(eHuesvrepe,1J,111pyM~HeK1t1Xeneu1t1a111t1eros , 1t1MeBWfllXB03M0)1(
HOeTb 111114Ho 03HaKOMVITbesi e MaTepvra11aMV1 KJla,[1,a ( Petreseu-Dlmbovita/
Daieovieiu /Teodor/ Preda, 1995. 36,48)
'
Yro )Ke KaeaeTesi a6eo11t0THoiii ,n.aTV1pOBKV1 Kap6yHcKoro Klla,1J,a, To OHa
ue11111KOM 6y,n.eT 3aBvreerb OT np1t1H1t1MaeMoiii eltlCTeMbl pa,1J,1t1oyrnepo,[1,HOro
,1J,aTV1poBaHV1Sl naMSITHfllKOB KYllbTYPbl npeKyKyTeHb-KyKyTeHb-Tpvrno11be:
6e3 Ka111t16pOBKVI, e Ka111t16pOBKOiii VlllVI c nonpasKoiii Ha ,lJ.eH,n.poxpoHOJlOrltllO
VI KOTOpble B,[l,aHHOM e11y4ae He np1t1HUV1n1t1aJlbHbl.
V1Hoe .n.e110 npo611eMa VleT04Hlt1KOB MeTa1111a 1t111111 T1t1no11orvr4eeK1t1X
eep1t1au1t1iii 1t13,1J,e11111iii KllaAa.
KaK Vl3BeerHo, E. H. LJepHblX B eso1t1x aHa111t1TV1YeeKV1X 1t1ec11e,n.osaHV15IX
ocHOBb1sa11csi Ha conocTas11eHV11t1 eoeTasa Mera1111a Kap6yHcKi:.ix Vl3,IJ,e 11111 iii
e Mera11110M 6011rap111111, eaMoeT051TellbHO o6pa6oraHHOM VIM 111 Ha yposHe
apxeo11orvr4eeKvrx Ko1111eKUVIV1, vr Ha yposHe 111exo,n.Hb1x - Me,1J,Hopy,1J,HblX
HaXO)f(,ll,eH111iii. Ho OH He VIMeJl ,lJ.OeTyna K vrec11e,1J,0BaHV110 Hiii KOJlJleKUVIVI
Marep111~11os, Hiii Me,n.Hopy,n.HblX MeeroHaxo)f(,ll,eHvriii PyMblHVIVI, IOroenaBVIVI
11111111 BeHrpvrvr. V1MeHHO no:3ToMy, B noe11e,n.HeM e11y4ae asrop 6b1n
BblHy)f(,ll,eH orpaHV14VITe51 conoeras11eHV15IMVI eo6CTBeHHblX pe3y1lbTaTOB
cneKTpo-aHa111113a e pe3y11bTaTaMV1 WTyTrapTeKoiii vreTop1t1Ko-MeTan11yprvr4ecKoiii rpynnbl, vrce11e,n.0BaHV1Sl KOTOpoiii 6blJlVI BblnOJlHeHbl B VIHOiii
M9TO,lJ.VIKe, Ha VIHOM YPOBHe (LJepHblX 1978, 14 VI CJle,[1,. ). Me)f(,ll,y TeM, ,l1.Jl51
OKOH4a~eJlbHoro peweHV151 Bonpoca 06 VICT04HV1Kax Mera1111a K3p6yHCKVIX
Vl3,[1,ellVIVI, npV1HUVlnV1aJlbHOe 3Ha4eHVle, Ha Haw 83fll51,[1,, VIM9IOT VICCJle,lJ.OBaHVl51 4pe3Bbl4aiiiHO 6oraTblX M9,l1.bl0 - BKJll04VITeJlbHO VI CaMopo,n.Hoiii I
- MeeToHaxo)f(,ll,eHvriii B BoeT04HblX Kapnarax. Pe4b 111,n.eT o Me,n.Hopy,n.HblX
MeCTOHaXO)f(,ll,eHVl51X <t>yH,IJ,y MoJJ,[l,OBeiii - B BepXOBb51X p. Mon,n.osa; newy
Ypeynyiii - B sepxoBb51X p. 6V1eTpvrua; 6anoH -'- s sepxoBb51X p . Om ,
(Radulescu/Dimirteseu 1966, 119 ff.; Danila P./Danila M . 1982, 106 ff.).
6011ee Toro, M9,IJ,VleTble nec4aHVIKVI e BblCOKVIM npoueHTOM M9,IJ,VI, B TOM
4vr ene VI eaMopo,n.Hoiii, xopowo Vl3BeeTHbl vr s BepxHeM nonpyrbe 111 no
BCeMy BepxHeMy VI OT4aeTvr Cpe,!J,HeMy no,[l,HeeTpOBblO B paMKax
pa3JJ Vl4Hb1X, Bb1,n.eneHHblX,lJ.JlS1 TepplilTopvrvr YKpavrHbl MeTannoreHV14eCKVIX
nposvrHuvriii, 30H, o6naeTeiii 111 paiiioHoB (MerannoreHVl51 .. , 33 VI cne,1J,.).
8a)l(H6 06paTV1Tb BHV1MaH111e, 4TO see arvr MeeroHaxo)f(,ll,eHVl51 Haxo,n.51TC5I
Henoepe,n.eTBeHHblM o6pa30M B npe,n.enax apeana KYllbTYPbl npeKyKyTeHb
-20-

111-KyKyTeHb A-Tp1t1no11be A,6 1. np1114eM, KaK noKa,3blBaer Kaprorpa 111poBaHV1e MeTal111Vl4eCKVIX i-13,n.envriii 3Toro speMeHVI, oeHOBHble VIX
KOHUeHTpaUVIVI npV1ypo4eHbl VIMeHHO B 30Hax MeCTOHaxo)f(,ll,eHVliii Me,[1,111 (Ha
norpaHVl4be BepxHero VI Cpe,n.Hero ,/J.HecTpa) VIJJVI 6JJVl3 HVIX (Cpe,LJ,Hee
noceperbe, HVl30Bb51 p.Mon,1J,0Ba VI 6V1cTpV1Ua). V1MeHHO noaroMy, ecTb
see OCHOBaHVl51 no11araTb, 4TO nOMVIMO npVIB03HOro-6anKaHCKOro,
MHorvre, eenVI He 6011bWVIHCTBO, Vl3,1J,e11111111 Kap6yHeKoro KJJa,LJ,a, noene
COOTBeTCTBYIOLUVIX V1eene,n.0BaHV1iii, OKa)l(yTC51 Vl3fOTOBJleHHblMVI ~13
MecrHoro - soeT04HOKapnaTcKoro MeTa1111a.
HaKoHeu s cepbe3Hoiii KoppeKrvrpoBKe Hy)f(,ll,aerc51 TaK)l(e VI sonpoc o
KYl1bTypHo-TV1nonor1114eeKoM csoeo6pa3VIVI Vl3,lJ.eJJVliii Kap6yHbl .
KaK Vl3Becrno, H.8.PblH,IJ,VIHa o6ocHOBblBasi csoiiicrneHHoe KYl1bType
paHHero TpV1nonb5I- MecrHyt0 Meran11006pa6orKy, pyKoso.n.crsosa11acb
rn aBHblM o6pa30M TeXHVIKO-TeXHOJl0r11148CKVIMVI noKa3aTel151MVI VI B
4aCTHOCTVI BblCOKO npoeccV10Hal1bHblMVI npVleMaMVI "TeKyLUero"
peMOHTa MHOrVIX M9TaJ111Vl49eKVIX Vl3,lJ.9JlVliii KJlaAa, KOTOpbllii eeTeeTBeHHee
scero BblnOJJH5111C51 Ha MeeTe MeeTHblMVI MacTepaMVI. YTo )Ke KacaeTc51
rn no11or111YeeKoro esoeo6pa311151 - O,IJ,Horo Vl3 nepsoereneHHblX noKa3are11eiii Meernoiii MeTannoo6pa6oTKVI, TO B paHHeTpV1non1;>cKoiii npo,LJ,yKLi,VIVI
(no,LJ,pa3yMeBa51 no,IJ, 3TVIM npeVIMyw,ecrneHHO Vl3,lJ.eJJVl51 Kap6yHbl), Ha
B3 rll51,IJ, Toro )1(9 asropa, OHO 11 Bblpa)l(eHO 04eHb c11a60" (PblH,IJ,VIHa 1971 ,
93 VI CJle,!J,.) . V1 no,LJ,06Hoe sne4ar11eHV1e, Ha ypoBHe ,1113B9CTHOMy K
TOr,[l,aWHeMy speMeHVI oH,IJ,y VICT04HVIKOB, 6b1Jl0 BnOJJHe onpaB,[l,aHHblM.
Me)l(,Ll,y TeM, c11e,1J,y5I cospeMeHHOMy ypoBHIO 3HaHVliii, MerannV14ecK111e
Vl 3,LJ,el1Vl51 Kap6yHbl ,IJ,OBOJJbHO onpe,n.eneHHO MO)l(HO pa36VITb Ha TpVI
caMOCT051TeJJbHble TV1nonorvr4eeKvre rpynnbl.
nepsy10 rpynny eoerasn5lt0T Tvrno11or1114eeK111 xopowo Bb1,1J,ep)l(aHHb1e
VI BMeere e TeM - cneuV1cj>V14Hble cj>opMbl Vl3,Ll,9JlVIVI e 49TKO Bblpa)l(eHHblM
apea110M, nep1t1epvriiiHO 3aXO,Ll,SIW,VIM VI B apean KYllbTypbl npeKyKyTeHbKyKyTeHb-Tpvrno11be A, 61. V13 1113,n.enVliii Kap6yHbl K TaKOBblM MO)l(HO
OTHecTVI Tonopb1-rec11a Tvrna KornHa VI Tonopbl-MOJJOTbl TVlna nno4HVIK.
n epBbllii 1113 HVIX KaK ceiii4ac V13B9CTHO JlOKaJJVl3yeTC51 npevrMylD,eCTB9HHO B
HVl30Bb51X ,IJ.yHaSj VI Ha TeppVITOpVIVI 6onrapvrVI, r,LJ,e OHVI COOTHOC51TC51
rnaBHblM o6pa3oM c apea110M KYllbTypbl fyMeJJbHVIUa - Ko,[l,)l(a,LJ,epMeHKapaHOBo VI (Vulpe Al. 1975, 56 ff.; Todorova 1981,27ff. ). V1 JJVIWb .n.sa
ro nopa-ree11a :noro Tvrna Vl3BeeTHo Ha KpaiiiHe IO)l(Hoiii nepV1cj>epV1V1 apeana
KYJlbTypbl npeKyKyTeHb-KyKyTeHb-TpVlnOJlbe. 3TO HaXO,LJ,Ka Vl3 Kap6yHbl
(PVlc . 3,4) VI c11y4aiiiHas:i Haxo,LJ,Ka Vl3 KV1pacj>reiii (Vulpe Al. 1975. 57 N2 253).
no,LJ,o6HblM )Ke o6pa30M se,LJ,yT ce651 VI ronopb1-Mo110Tbl rnna nno4HVIK.
Cne,LJ,y51 ,LJ,aneKO He nonHoiii CBO,[l,Ke X, napUVIHrepa 3TVI Vl3,Ll,811Vl51

'

l<OHUeHTp111py10TCS1 np111op111reTHO B 30He t0roc11aBCKOro no,J,yHaBbS1 Ill


LteHrpallbHOlll TpaHClrlllbBaH111111, r,D,e OHlll co ornocs:ircs:i c apeanaM111 KYllbryp
B111HYa-n110YHlllK-Typ,J,aw 111 orYacrn T111cano11brap (Parzinger 1993. 385. ,
Taf. 228 ). Ho lllrlWb B e,D,lllHlllYHblX c11yYas:ix 3Tl'1 ronopbl-MOllOTbl BCTpeYaIOTCS1 B apea11e KYllbTypbl npeKy1<yreHb-KYKYTeHb-Tp111no11be. noMlllMO
Kap6yHbl (Pirie. 3,3) 3TO HaXO,ll,Klrl 1113 npo6ora Ill ,lJ,paroM111peWTb - B
BepXOBbS1X C111pera (Vulpe Al. 1975. 19ff. NQNQ 1,8). Hosas:i - c11yYall1Has:i
Haxo,D,Ka ronopa ;::noro rnna (P111c. 34,3) He,D,aBHO 3apernerp111posaHa Ha
eesepe Mo11,J,OBbl- 5opoeeHb(Seipaehin 1998).
C11e,J,yS1 OTMeYeHHOMY eOOTHOWeHllllO B paenpocrpaHeHlrlltl 3Tlt1X
lr13,D,em11ill, o6a Tltlna np111MeH111TellbHO K apea11y npeKyKyTeHb-KyKyTeHbTp111no11be Moryr 6b1Tb paecMorpeHHbl B 1<aYecrse.1t1MnopTHblX 1t13,J,e111t1!11.
CooTBeTCTBeHHO: Tltln KornHa - e Hlt130BbeB ,[lyHas:i, a Tlrln n110YH1t1K- lt13
5aHare1<oill 30Hbl ,lJ,yHas:i 1t111111, sepo5lTHee scero, 1t13 LteHrpa11bH0!11
TpaHelrlllbBaHltlltl . noe11e,J,Hee 0,lJ,HaKO, He ltleKlllOYaer B03MO)!(HOe ltlX
M.eCTHOe 1113roTOBlleHlrle, HO no o6pa3UaM lr13 OTMeYeHHblX 30H.
__ Bropa5l rpynna BKlllOYaer TaK)!(e YerKo Bblpa)!(eHHble r1t1nb1, 1<oropb1e
OAHaKo, B e1t111y yH111sepca11bHoer1t1 111 npoerorb1 BblnOllHS1Moill 111M1t1 YHKU1t11t1,
OTJllr1YalOTe5l Ype3Bbl4aViHO WlrlpOKlrlM xpOHOllOrlrlYeeKlllM Ill repp111rop1t1aJJbHblM
.!J,1t1ana3oHOM 6blTOBaHll15l Ill KOTOpble, ~e B c11111y 3Toro 06eTOS1Te11beTBa,
paeeMorpeHHble eaMoeTOS1TellbHO, He Moryrorpa31r1Tb eneu1111r1Ky roil! lrlllll!
lllHor/1 KYllbrypb1. B ,D,aHHYIO rpynny nona,D,a10r eereerneHHO )!(e -y1<paweH1r15l:
en111paneBlll,lJ,Hb1e 6pae11erb1, npoHll131r1, pa3HOTlrlnHble 6yeb1. YH111BepcanbHOCTb,
npoerora opM ar1r1x lr13,D,e111t1Vi, eonyrerny10w.111e 6011bw111Herny KYllbTYPHblX
o6pa30BaH1r1111 nopbl paHHlrlX Mera1111os (or lllenaH111111 AO Ypana, 1r1 He TOllbKo)
HaY1r1Cro 06e3111r1y111saer 111x e KyllbrypHoill T04Klr13peH1115l. BHe r111no11ornYee1<oro
KOHTeKcra, 6e3 Koppell5ll\lr11rl coerasa lrlX Meran11a c eooTBeTCTBYIOW.lllMltl
eep1t15lMlll 1113,J,e11111Vi 11111111 npe,J,no11araeMblMlll 111eroY'H111KaM111 Cblpb5l, 111x
B03MO)J(HOe Meero npOll13BO,ll,CTBa oeraeTC5l He,D,erepMlllHOpyeMblM.
noe11e,D,HIOIO - rpeTblO rpynny Mera1111111yee1<111x 1113,D,e11111il! Kap6yHbl
eoeras115lt0T r111no11ornYee1<111 Bbl,D,ep)J(aHHble r111n, eneu111111YHb1e o,D,HaKo
lrlCKlllOYlllTellbHO ,ll,Jl5l KYllbTypbl npeKyKyTeHb-KyKyTeHb-Tp111no11be. B
KaYeerne np111Mepa MO)J(HO Ha3sarb n11oe1<111e aHrponoMopHb1e no,J,sec1<1r1
Ill ,ll,lllCKOBlll,ll,Hble nO,D,BeCKlll. 06e 3Tlrl Karerop111~ onpe,D,elleHHO eBS13aHbl e
KaK1r1M111 ro p111ryanaM111, esoil!erneHHblMlll ,D,pesHe3eM11e,J,ellbYec1<111M
Ky,'lbrypaM Heo- 3Heo11111ra 111 paHHeill 6pQH3bl 5a111<aHo-no,J,yHaBb5l 111/ 11111111
Cpe,D,Heill Esponbl (AlllCKOBlllAHble no,J,sec1<111). Ho B "y3KOM" rnno11orn4ee1<0M
OTHOWeHll!lrl K3p6yHCKlrle 1113,D,elllrlSl He ll!MelOT ee6eT04HblX aHa11orn111 B ltlHblX
KYllbTypax Ill Berpe4al0Te5l TOllbKO B apea11e KYJlbTYPbl npeKyKyTeHbKyKyTeHb-Tp111no11be. A 111x esoeo6pa3111e 111 op111rnHallbHoerb no,D,Kpen115l- 22 -

resi K TOMY )J(e MeCTHblMlli npororvmaMll!, BblnOllHeHHblMlll B rJllrlHe 11111111


KOeTll!.
K HaCTOS1W.eMy speMeHlll asropoM 3aperncrp111posaHo nmb MeeroHaxo)!(,ll,eH111ill n11aeTlllH - no,D,seeoK c 6011ee 11111111 MeHe~ Bblpa)J(eHHblMlll
OHTpOnOMOp111yeeKll!Mlrl nplr13HaKaMlll K3p6yHeKoro rnna. noMlr1MO Klla,D,a
lr13 Kap6yHbl (Pvie.4-6), aro OAlr1HOYHas:i, xopowo lt13Beerna5l, no,D,seeKa e
noee11eH1115l Pycewrnill Hor/1(Map1<es1r141970.68, P1r1e. 15.1) 111 no,D,seeKa c
11oee11eH1r15l paHHero Tp1r1no11b5l A11e1<caH,J,p6sKa, Koropa5l O,D,HaKo oeraere5l
Ma1101r13seerHoill eneu111a11111eraM. 0Ha 6b111a Haill,D,eHa K.B. 3illHbKOBCKlr1M B
11poueeee paeKonoK Ha3BaHHoro noce11eH1r15l B 1973 r. (3111HbKose1<1r1il! K./
31r1H bKose1<a5l H. 1974. 279) . no op Me no,D,seeKa 111,D,eHTlllYHa Kap6yHcK111M
110,D,seeKaM, 11!3o6pa)!(eHHblM Ha P111eyH1<ax 4,6; 5, 7, HO 1r1Me11a HeCKOllbKO
MeHbWvte pa3Mepb1. K eo)J(a11eH11110, oHa xpaH11111aeb y asropa pacKOnoK,
11e6b111a ony611111KOBaHa Ill noe11e eMepr1r1 K.B. 31r1HbKOBeKoro Meero ee
xpaH eHlr15l oeraeTe5l Helr13BeeTHblM. npaKTll14eeKlll Helr13BeCTHOlll ocraeres:i
Me,J,Ha5l yellOBHO-aHTponoMopHa5l n11aCTlr1Ha-nO,J,BeeKa, npo1r1exo,D,s:1w,as:i,
110- Blrl,ll,lllMOMY lr13 e11os:i npeKyKyreHb, noee11eHlr15l TpasiH-,lJ,5lllYll cDblHTblHlr111op (P111e. 34, 1). 0Ha npo1r1exo,J,1r1r lr13 pae1<ono1< B.,lJ,yM1r1rpee1<y 111 snepBble
6b111a ony6111111<osaHa B pa6orax WryrrapreKoill 1r1erop1r1Ko-Mera1111yprn'1ee1<0Vi rpynnbl (SAM. 2.2. Tabel 30, 8754). HblHe 3TO no,D,BeCKa BXO,ll,lr1T B
KOllll eKUllllO lt1erop1114ee1<oro My3e5l r. n5lrpa HS1MU (PyMblH1115l). Ew,e O,ll,Ha
CXO,D,Ha5l no,D,BeeKa npoll!eXO,lJ,lr1T, TaK)!(e lr13 ellOS1 neplrlO,lJ,a npeKyKyTeHb
11oee11eH1115l lt13Boape (Vulpe R. 1937. 138. Fig. 3d; 0H)!(e. 1957. 110. Fig.
85,5). HeeKOllbKO csoeo6pa3Ha 1r1 6onee no3,J,HS15l no apeMeH1r1, nnoeKa5l
11naer111Ha- no,D,seeKa e n'oeeneH1r15l nep1r10,J,a KyKyTeHb A TpywewrbLJ,yr yera (Dumitreseu H. 1961. 85. Fig . 6, 10), 1113rorosneHHa5l KaK 6y,J,ro
6b1 lr13 eepe6pa (Monah. 1978-1979.166).
TaKvtM o6pa30M, ,D,a)J(e ecn111 He e4111TaTb noeJleAHIOIO HaXOAKY .
(TpyweWTb), Ha n5lTb lr13BeeTHblX MeeTOHaXO)!(,ll,eHlr11r1 nplr1XOAS1Te5l B o6w,eVi
CJlO)J(HOeTlll 31 nJlOCKlr1X Me,D,HblX nnaeTlr1H no,D,BeeoK c 5lBHblMlr1 lr1Jllt1
cxeMan13111posaHHblMlr1 aHrponoMop1r14ec1<1r1M1r1 npvt3HaKaM111. Bee OHltl
npolrlCXO,lJ,5lT c naM5lTHlllKOB KYJlbTYPbl npeKyKyTeHb-Tp1r1nonbe. Vl ,
HeeMOTp5l Ha lr1HTeHClr1BHble noneBble 1r1ecJle,J,OBaHlr15l noene,J,Hlr1X ,J,ees:iT1r1JleT111ill, Hiii O,ll,HO!li no,D,06Hoill HaXO,lJ,Klr1 aa npe,D,eJlaMlr1 3TOlll KYJlbTYPbl AO
c1r1x nop He o6Hapy)J(eHo . 5onee roro, 1t1MeH_Ho B apeane Ha3BaHHoVi
KYJlbTypb1 3Tlrl no,J,see1<111 HaXOA5lT nps:iMble napannen1r1 BblnOJlHeHHble B
l!lHblX Marep111anax: rn1r1He, 1<oer111, 1113 ernopoK paKOBlllH Unio. Cep1r11r11r1n1t1
8,lJ,lr1 Hlr1YHble cxeMaTll131r1pOBaHHble KOernHble no,J,BeCKlr1 o6Hapy)!(eHbl Ha
noeeneHll15lX nep1r10,J,a npe1<y1<yreHb-Ky1<yreHb-Tp111nonbe A cDnopeWTb
(naeeeK 1960. 56. P1r1c. 5, 8-10), Poro)J(eHb ( Map1<es1114 1974. 41 .
-23-

P1t1c.6, 1,3), Ca6arnHOBKa (MaKapesw~ 1952. 20. Ta6JL 1,4). noABeCKl-11113


rJlll1Hbl 111Jlll1 CTBOpOK paKOBll1H npo111CXOA51T c noceneHVISI Toro )l(e BpeMeHVI
5epHawosKa (36eHosw-11989. 111. P111c. 73,9, 14), a TaK)l(e c noceneH1t1si
nep1110Aa TpVlnOJlbe 61 6epe30BCKOe rsc (Ub16ecKOB 1971 . 191. P111c.
5,31 ). Oco6eHHo 4acTo peanV1cTV14ecK1t1e nnocKVle rnV1HS1Hb1e noAsecKVI
BcTpe4alOTCSI Ha naMSITHVIKax nepV10Aa KyKyreHb As PyMblHll11t1. MHoro4.111cneHHb1e VIJlVI eAVIHV14Hble 3K3eMnnsipbl co6paHbl Ha noceneH111six
Xs6swewTb(DumitrescuVI. 1954. 411. Pl. CXXll,9-17; Fig. 36, 1-16),
,lJ,psryweHb (Cri)imaru 1977, Fig. 44, 10-11 ), TpywewTb (Dumitrescu H.
1961. 77. Fig. 6,9;.Petrescu-Dimbovita 1962. 23. Fig. 5, 3; Monah 19781979. 167. Fig. 2, 3,7,9), KyKyTeHb-b3ill4eHb (Schmidt 1932. 65. Pl. 33,6),
lr'lreWTb (PopU)iOi 1987. 263 ff.) 111 AP (Monah 1978-1979. 163. Fig. 2,8;
Fig. 3,9).
npoCJle)l(ll18aSI BCTpe4aeMOCTb pac;CMOTpeHHblX HeMeTaJlJlll14eCKVIX
nllOCKVIX nOABeCOK Ha noceneHll1SIX, onpeAeJleHHO MO)l(HO 3aMeTlt1Tb, 4TO
CXeMaTVl4eCKVle nOABeCKVI nOSIBJlSllOTCSI ew,e Ha 3Tane npeKyKyTeHb llTpll1nOJlbe A (<t>nopewTb, Poro)l(eHb, 6epHaWOBKa) 111 Tepp111TopV1aJlbHo
npeo6JlaAalOT B BOCT04HOH 4aCTVI apeana KYJlbTYPbl. B OTJllt14Vle OT HVIX
ycnOBHO peaJlVICT"14eCKVle nnocK1t1e noABeCKl1 xapaKTepHbl AJlSI nepVIOAa
KyKyTeHb A-Tp111nonbe 5 1 VI TeppVITOpVlaJlbHO rnroTelOT K 3anaAHOH np111KapnaTCKOH 4acrn apeana KYJlb Typbl .
lr13-3a peAKOCTll1 HaXOAOK TPYAHO CYAVITb B KaKoi1 Mepe OTMe4eHHb1e
Ha6Jl10AeH1t1Sl xapaKTepHbl 111 AJlSI MeiaJlJlV14eCKVIX aHTponoMopcpHblX
nnaCTVIH-nOABeCOK, eAVIHll14Hble BapVlaHTbl KOTOpblX BCTpe4alOTCSI lt1 B
3anaAHOH, VI B BOCT04HOH 4acrnx apeana KYJlb Typbl. Ho cosepweHHO SICHO,
4TO B u,enoM OHVI OTHOClt1TeJlbHO n03)1(e no BpeMeHVI, 4eM HeMeTanJllt14eCKVle, VI MO)f(eT 6b1Tb, 3a VICKJll04eHVleM 3K3eMnnsipa "13 TpywyWTbUyryern, AarnpylOTCSI TO JlVI nepVIOAOM npeKyKyTeHb 111-TpVlnOJlbe A, TO
n111 nepexoAHblM srnnoM K nepVIOAY KyKyTeHbA-Tp111nonbe 61.
0TMe4eHHble o6CTOSITeJlbCTBa no3BOJlSllOT paccMaTpll1BaTb aHTpo- '
noMopcpHble MeTann1114ecK~e nnacrnHb1-noABecK111 TVlna K::ip6yHa t<a K
803HVIKWV1e B noApa)l(aH111e CXOAHblM 111M HeMeTaJlJlV14eCKVIM nOABeCKaM,
Ha 4TO, K CTaTVI rosopsi, BnepBble o6paTll1Jl BHV1MaH111e B.r. 36eHOB1114
(36eHOBVl4 1989. 119). 3TOT BblBOA, KaK 111 op111r111HaJlbHOCTb cpopM 3TVIX
nnacT111H-nOABecoK, cosepweHHo HeV13BeCTHblX 3a npeAenaMVI apeana
KYJlbTYPbl npeKyKyTeHb-KyKyTeHb-Tp111nOJlbe AalOT see OCHOBaHll1Sl
C4111TaTb VIX B Ka4eCTBe npOAYKTa MeCTHoro Vl3rOTOBJleHlt1Sl.
CXOAHYIO CV1Tyau,V110 06Hapy)l(V1Ba10T 111 A111CKOB111AHble noABecK111
K::ip6yHbl. OrnocV1TeJlbHO CXOAHb1e -1113Aen111si, BbmonHeHHbJe s pa3JlM4HblX
MaTep111anax (MeAb, 30Jl0TO, 6pOH3a) HblHe 1113BeCTHbl OT IOrnaHAVlll1
-24-

(Lomborg 1962) Ha cesepe AO 5onrap11u.1 (lr'IBaHOB 1978. 93. Fig. 1O;


Fig. 16) Ha 10re 1t1 OT MonAoBbl Ha socrnKe AO BepxosbeB Pei1Ha 111 03epa
6oAeH (Dieckman 1987) Ha 3anaAe. 0AHO speMSI, HeCMOTpSI Ha SIBHble VIX
pa3Jlll14111Sl, see 1113BeCTHble AVICKOBVIAHble FlOABeCKVI paccMaTp111san111cb KaK
COCTa8JlSllOW,111e eAVIHYIO rnnOJlOrli14eCKYIO COBOKynHOCTb (KneHH 1968. 33
fl1 CJleA.) 0AHaKO, Jlll1Wb c HaKonneHVleM HOBblX HaXOAOK, nocne pa60T
K.PaHc6opra (Ransborg 1970), lr1.nasen4111Ka (Pavelcik 1979), M.MeHKe
(Menke 1989), X. napu,111Hrepa (Parzinger 1992) VI AP CTaJlO 04eB111AHblM,
lfTO A111CKOB111AHble nOABeCKll1 o6pa3ylOT HeCKOJlbKO COBOKynHOCTeH,
pa3Jlll14alOW,111XCSI KaK xpoHOJlOrl!14eCKf..1, TaK 111 TeppVITOpVlaJlbHO. 0AHY Vl3
raKll1X caMOCTOSITeJlbHblX COBOKynHOCTeH 6eccnopHo COCTaBJlSllOT
,UfllCKOBf..1AHble nOABeCKltl 1113BeCTHble AJlSI KYJlbTYP.bl npeKyKyTeHbKyKyreHb-Tp1t1nOJlbSI.
HanoMHIO, 4TO noMltlMO Ksp6yHbl (Pltlc.11, 40; 12, 41-42) 111 KJlaAa 1113
X::i63wewTb (Dumitrescu VI. 1954. 436. Fig. 41, 1), OAHocrnpoHHe sorttyrollblnYKJlble noAsecKltl c ABYMSI ornepcT111S1M1t1 AJlSI noAsew1t1saHV1S1 c opHaMeHTOM, BblnOJlHeHHblM B nyaHCOHHOH TeXH111Ke, cei14aC ltl3BeCTHbl ew,e no
,Jly4aHHOH HaXOAKe 1113 c. Psyu,en paHOH <t>nopeWTb 8 MOJlAOBe. no
cseAeHll1SIM B.lr1.MapKeB1t14a, noABecKa 6b111a HaillAeHa ew,e s 1968 r.
11. n.rp1t1u,eHKO Ha noceneHltl~ nepV10Aa Tp111nonbe 61. 0Ha 1t1MeeT Kpyrny10
<j>opMy (A111aMeTp 11,0-12,0 CM) c 60JlbWll1M u,eHTpallbHblM 111 ABYMSI
MeHbW1t1M1t1nepV1cpep111il1HblMll10TsepcrnsiM1t1. Kpai-1 AHCKa pa3pyweH, Ho, CYASI
110 3a3y6p1t1HaM' B npOWJlOM 6b1Jl opHaMeHTll1pOBaH TeCHeHHblM opHaMeHTOM
(Pfllc. 34, 2). Heony6n111KoBaH, xpaH111Tcsi s MA lr'IA. ,lJ,BaApyrvixsK3eMnnsipa,
Vl3roTOBJleHHblX OAHaKO Vl3 30JlOTa, BXOA51T 8 COCTaB KJlaAa KOHLJ,a nepVIOAa
KyKyreHbAVl3 6paA (Ursachi 1991. 339,373. Pl. II, 1-2). lr1Hoi1sapVlaHT3TVIX
llOABeCOK - OAHOCTOpOHHe BblnYKJlO-BOrHYTble, 6e3 opHaMeHTa, c ABYMSI
OTBepCTVISIMVI Ha npOTVIBOnOJlO)l(HblX KOHLJ,ax AJlVIHHOH OCVI - Vl3BeCTHbl no
ABYM 3K3eMnnsipaM Vl3 cnosi KyKyreHbA noceneHVISI Tb1pneWTb (MarinescuBilcu 1981 Fig. 199,3, 13), a TpVI Apyrnx (OAVIH Vl3 HVIX 6e3 ornepcrni1)
npoll1CXOASIT c noceneHVISI 6paA 1116blJlll1 o6Hap~eHbl 8 HenocpeACTBeHHOH
6JlVl30CTVI OT OAHOll1MeHHOro KJlaAa (Ursachi 1992. 341. Pl. XIV, 1-3).
n oA06HO BblWe paCCMOTpeHHblM aHTpOnOMOpcpHblM FlOABeCKaM,
AVICKOB111AHble noABeCKll1 HaXOA51T MHOro4111CJleHHble napannen111 B rllVIHSIHblX
fl13AeJ1111SIX. 0Hll1 VIMelOT CXOAHble cpopMbl (nnocK111e 111JlVI OAHOCTOpOHHe
BblnYKJlO-BOrHyrble) c ornepCTVISIMll1 AJlSI nOABeWll1BaHll1Sl VI 4aCTO yKpaweHbl
OpHaMeHTOM, BblnOJlHeHHblM B TOH )l(e MaHepe, 4TO 111 Ha MeTaJlJlll14eCKlt1X.
OHVI Vl3BeCTHbl KaKAJlSI naMSITHVIKOB nepVIOAa npeKyKyTeHb-TpVlnOJlbeA,
raK VI AJlSI naMSITHll1KOB nep1110Aa KyKyTeHb A-TpVlnonbe 61. EA111HV14Hble
noA06Hb1e rn111HS1Hble noAsecKltl npo111cxoA51T c noceneHVIH Pycewrni1 Hoill
-25-

1970. 59. PVIC. 12, 13), nyrnHeWTb (paCKOnKVI B.111.CopOKVIHa) B


1953. 363. Ta6n.
5epHawosKa (36eHOBVIY 1989. 121. PV1c. 77,9) Ha YKpaV1He. Ho

(MapKeBVIY

MoJJAOBe; c noceneHVlill nyKa- Bpy6neseL1,Ka5l (5V16V1KOB

71

B,A),

oco6eHHO MHOroYVICJleHHbl HaXOAKVI fJlVIH51HblXAVICKOBVIAHblX nOABeCOK c


nyaHCOHHblM opHaMeHTOM VIJJVI 6e3 Hero Ha naM51THVIKax PyMblH1t1V1:

1981 . Fig. 193,17, 18,20), Xs6swewrb


VI. 1954. 461. Fig. 45, 1-13), ,D,psryweHb (Crismaru 1977.
Fig. 44, 1-9), 5paA(Ursachi 1991. 375. Pl. IV, 1), PY>KVIHoaca (Dumitrescu H .
1933. 66. Fig. 101) VI AP KaK VI B cny1.1ae c aHrponoMopcpHblMVI noABecKaMVI,

KJ1AA

Tb1pnewrb (Marinescu-Bilcu
(Dumitrescu

o6paw,aer Ha ce651 BHVIMaH!lle TO, YTO rflVIH51Hble A!llCKOB!llAHble nOABeCKVI

fl1CT0'1HMK/11

Ksp6yHCKVli1 KnaA xpaHVITC51 B My3ee 3THorpacpVIVI VI ecrecrneHHOill

11-111-

VICTOp VIVI r.KVIWVIH3y. B nocJJeAHVl8 rDAbl KnaA BXOAVIT B noCTQ51HHYIO

T pVlnonbe A ( 5epHaWOBKa, nyKa-Bpy6JJeBeLl,Ka51, Tb1pneWTb), M8>KAY TeM

aKcno3VIU,VllO My3e51. OH BblCTasneH B OTAeJJbHOill cneL1,V1aJ1bHoi1 BVITpVIHe,

KaK M8TaJJJ1VIY8CKVle -

ycraH oBneHHoill s OAHOM Vl3 L1,eHTpanbHblX 3anos My3e51. KnaA 6b1n

xpoHOJlOrll!YeCK!ll no51BJ151IOTC51 ew,e B ropV130HTaX npeKyKyTeHb

no51BJ151IOTC51 JlVIWb B caMOM KOHLl,8 3Toro nepVIOAa

(Ksp6yHa). nosroMy, AYMaeTC51, YTO nOA06HO aHTponoMopcpHblM,

o6pa6oraH asropoM cosMecrno c 111. B. MaH3ypoi1 B

B03HVIKHoBeHVle MeranJJVIYeCKVIX AVICKOBVIAHblX noABecoK TVlna Ksp6yHbl

AOno nHVITenbHbtMVI yro1.1HeHV15lMVI B 1998 r .


KnaA wperncrpVlposaH B KonneKLl,VIVI 3a N2 78/

CB513aHO c Mecrnoill KYJlbTYPHOill cpeAoill nepVIOAa npeKyKyTeHb-Tp111noJlb8

A;

OHVI 51BJ151IOTC51 BTOpVIYHblMVI no OTHOW8HVllO K rJJVIH51HblM, VI B CBOIO

1993

roAy, c

1-852. ll13Ae11V15l KnaAa

B Ll, 8JlOM xopoweill coxpaHHOCTVI c OTYeTJlVIBO npOYVITblBalOW,VIMVIC51

01.1epeAb nocny)l(.VIJJVI o6pa3L1,aMV1 AJJ51 Vl3rorosneHVl51 6onee no3AHVIX-

KOJ1Jl8~Ll,VIOHHblMVI HOMepaMVI. KJJaA CHa6)1(eH KOJ1Jl8KLl,VIOHHOil1 Kapro-

30JlOTblX. OHVI npeACTaBJ151IOT npOAYKT Mecrnoro OYara Merannoo6pa6oTKVI,

TeKoill , COCTaBJ18HHOH

VI, OY8BVIAHO, COCTaBJ151IOT OAHY Vl3 HaV160JJee paHHVIX COBOKynHocreill cpe.ciVI

KapTOYKVI c KpaTKVIM onV1caHV18M VI

MerannV11.1ecKV1X noABecoK VIHblX KYllb rypHblX pernoHoB.

Ka)l(Aoill HaXOAKVI B OTAeJJbHOCTVI. 0AHaKO, VIHAVIBVIAY3JlbHbl8 KapTOYKVI

npVIB8A8HHbl8 3A8Cb npVIMepbl C aHTponoMopcpHblMVI VI AVICKOBVIA-

I. n.CepreeBblM. 0Ha BKJllOYaeT VIHAVIBVIAyanbHbl8


6onee

VIJlVI MeHee TOYHblM pVICYHKOM

6blJl VI COCTaBJ18HHbl JlVIWb Ha HaV16onee Bblpa3VIT8JlbHbl8 npeAM8Tbl.

HblMVI nnacTV1HaMV1-nOAB8CKaMV1, a TaK)l(e paHee CKa3aHHOe 06 COCT051HVIVI .

11oBTOp5110W,Vl8C51, MaCCOBble HaXOAKVI: MeTaJlJlVIY9CKVl8 6ycbl, npoHV13VI,

V1ccneAOBaHV1V1 Meranna :3HeOJJVITV1YecKV1X KYJJbTYP KapnarcKoill 30Hbl VI

llOABeCKVI Vl3 KOCTVI, nnaCTVIHbl Vl3 paKOBVIH VI np.' 6blJlVI 3aHeceHbl B 06w,V1e

noAyHaBb51, VI COOTBeTCTBYIOll.U'1X VIM M8AHOPYAHblX M8CTOHaXO>t<AeHVli1,

KapT OYKVI, COA8p)l(all.l,Vl8 TOJlbKO cyMMapHble onV1caHVJ5l. Ha MHOrVIX

no HaweMy rny6oKOMY y6e)l(AeHVllO Tpe6yt0T KaYecTBeHHO HOBOro 3Tana

111HAVI BAYaflbHblX VIJlVI KOJlJ18KTVIBHblX KapTOYKaX VIM8IOTC51 OTA8JlbHbl8

aHaJ1Vl3a VI OCMblCJ18HVl51 Ksp6yHcKoro KJlaAa. 111 VIM8HHO no3TOMy ,

11 oMeTK1'1 , sHeceHHbte B npoL1,ecce nocneAyt0w,1i1x pe1i1HBeHrap1i13aL1,V1i1


KOJ1Jl8KLl,1'11'1.
CO)l(aJJ8Hl'18M npl'1XOA1'1TC51 KOHCTaTl'1pOBaTb, YTO B KJlaA8 y)l(e

npeAnaraeMa51 nonHa51 ny6nV1KaL1,1t15l Vl3AeJJVIVI sroro 3aMeYarenbHoro


KnaAa, oL1,eHV1Baerc51 asropoM KaK csoero poAa npV1rnaweHV1e K noAo6HOMY KOMnneKCHOMY era VICCJ18AOBaHVllO.

He xsaraeT 3H3YVITeJlbHOro 4VICJla HaXOAOK, KOTpb18 6yAYT orosapVIBaTbC51


110 Mepe VIX onV1caHll15l.
npVI onV1CaHl'1VI MaTepVlaJlOB, noMVIMO Vl3A8J1Vli1 KJlaAa VI KOJ1Jl8KLJ,VIOHHOi1 KapTOT8KVI, 6blJlVI 1i1cnoJlb30BaHbl TaK)l(e ynoM51HyTa51 y)l(e CTaTb51
r.n.Cepreesa (CepreeB,

1963),

pa60Tbl E.H.YepHblX VI H.B.PblHAVIHOill,

l10CB51W,8HHbl8 cneKTpallbHOMY (YepHblX,


JlOrpa1i11.1ecKOMY (PblHAVIHa

1971, 48

1966, 53-58)

111 M8TaJl-

VI cneA.) VICCJ18AOBaHVllO M8TaJl-

JlV14eCKl'1X 1'13A8Jll'1i1.
K co)l(a11eH1i1t0, no cyry6o rexH1i11.1ecKV1M npl'14VIHaM, asrop He cMor
6ecneYVITb npoeccV10HaJlbHOe onpeAe11eH1i1e MVIHepanos, Vl3 KoTopblX
1113roros11eHbt p51A yKpal1;1eHV1i1.

-27-

Cocraa Kna.[(a

nepBOHal.JaJlbHOe - TOl.JHOe l.Jll1CJ10 BXOA111BWltiX B COCTaB KJlaAa


npeAMetos He 1113sectHo. Kai< y)f(e otMel.JaJlocb, s 111HBeHtap1113au,1110HHo
KaptOl.JKe, COCTaBJleHHOill 20 espam1 1962 r., npll1HS1BWll1M :not KJla,IJ.
r.n.CepreeBblM, 6b1Jl0 3a<f>111Kc111posaHo 852 npeAMeta. <PaKTll11.JeCKll1 )l(e
B My3eill nocryn111no 853 npe,IJ.Meta. Ow1116Ka npo1113owna 1113-3a roro, 1.Jto
np111 HyMepau,111111 1113AeJ1111ill KJlaAa ABa pa3Jlll11.JHblX npe,IJ.Meta 1113 nepnaMytpa
(no HaweMy cn111cKy N2N2 840 111842) 6b1Jl111 3aw111posaHb1 noA o,IJ.Hll1M
HOMepoM - N2 78/846. 8ra ow1116Ka orpa3111nacb 111 s ny611111Kau,111111
r.n.Cepreesa, KOTOpblill, XapaKtep1113YS1 KJla,IJ., Ha3b1Baet 852 npe,IJ.Meta,
a B nepel!He 1113,a,en111ill, npll1BOAll1MOM Ha roil! )f(e ctpaH111u,e, noKa3brsaer
853 npeAMeta, a 111MeHHO: 444 Me,D,HblX npe,a,Meta, 26 npe,D,MeTOB 1113
MpaMopa 111 KaMHS1, 127 npe,D,MeTOB 1113 KOCTll1, 254 npe,a,Meta 1113 MOpCKll1X
. paKOBll1H 111 .a.ea cocy,a,a (Ceprees, 1963, 135)2.
v

CocyAbt Kna.[(a
I

1. Cacy.a., 3aKJllOl.JalOLl.1111ill KJla,D, (P111c.2, 1). "13roTOBJleH 1113 MaCCbl c


np111Mecb10 waMota 111 necKa, 111Meet pa3,D,ytoe, yn11ow,eHHo-cep1111.JecKoe
rynoso 111 BblCOKYIO yce1.JeHHO-KOHll11.JecKy10 np111,a,0HHY10 1.Jactb. Ha rynose
111MelOTCS1 1.Jetb1pe Cll1MMetpll11.JHO pacnoJlO)l(eHHblX nonycep1111.JeCKll1X
HaJlena-ynopa C sept111KaJlbHblMll1 OTBepCTll1S1Mll1. nosepXHOCTb OpHaMeHTll1pOBaHa cn111panbHO-,D,yroBll1,D,HblMll1Jl8HTaMll11113 ,D,Byx yrny6JleHHblX Jlll1Hll1ill,
npocrpaHCTBO Me)f(,D,y KOTOpblMll1 3anoJ1HeHO KOpOTKll1Mll1, KOCO HaHeceHHblMll1 napannenbHblMll1 yrny6neHll1S1Mll1. Cacy.a. 111Meer )l(eJlto-po3osy10
OKpacKy c TeMHO cepb1Mll1 nS1THaMll1. BblCOta - 23,5 CM, MaKC.,D,111aMetp 31,5 CM, ,D,111aMetp yctbS1 - 12,5 CM, ,D,111aMetp,D,Ha 12,3 CM (NQ 78/851 ).
2. Cocy,a,, 111cnoJlb30BaHHblill B Ka1.Jecrne KpblWKll1 (P111c. 2,2). "13rorosneH 1113 MaCCbl c np111MeCb10 waMota. tt!Meer oKpyrnoe, ynnoL1.1eHHOcep1111.JecKoe rynoso 111 BblCOKYIO u.111n111H,a,p1111.JecKy10 ropnos111Hy c.
Bbl,D,eJleHHblM seH1.Jll1KOM. Ha rynose 111Me10TCS1 1.Jetb1pe c111MMetp1111.JHo
pacnoJlo)f(eHHblX ynopa-Hanena c 1.JetblpbMS1 Kpecros111,a,Ho pacnoJlO)l(eHHblMll1 yrny6neHll1S1Mll1. OpHaMeHt cocy,a,a cocro1111' 1113 ropll130HtaJlbHblX (no ropJlOBll1He) 111 KOCblX (no rynosy) KaHHeJllOp, ,a,onoJlHeHHblX
OKpyrnblM111 HaKOJlaMll1 111 yrny611eHHblMll1 Jlll1Hll1S1Mll1. 06e nosepXHOCTll1
cocy,a,a TW,ateJlbHO crna)f(eHbl, no,D,JloW,eHbl, )f(eJlTOBaTo-ceporo u.sera.
BblCOta-10,5 CM, MaKC.,D,111aMeTp-13,4cM, ,D,111aMeTp YCTbSl-11,3 CM,
,D,111aMeTp ,D,OHblWKa - 4,3 CM (NQ 78/852).
2 Oco6oe MHeH111e o o.mcneHHocrn HaXOAOK Klla,na BblCKaaan E.H.'-lepHblX ('-lepHblX, 196.6, 54.
np111Me4aHll1e 10).

-28-

npe,D,cTaBJleHbl 444 npe,a,MetaMll1. Cpe,D,111 Hll1X: ,a,sa TS1)1(eJlblX opy,D,11151


rpy,a,a N2N2 3-4, ,a,se no11ocK111 Metanna N2N2 445-446. B ocTaJlbHOM
sro npe,a,MeTbl KYJlbTa111 yKpaweHll1S1N2N25-444.

tt!MeeTCS1 O,D,111H npoyWHblill TOnop-M.OJlOT Tll1na nnol.JHll1K 111 KJ1111HOB111,D,Hblill tonop-MOJlOT T1ima KoTS1Ha.
3. npoyWHblill Tonop-MOJlOT (P111c. 3, 3) KJ1111HOB111,D,HOlll opMbl Ve
Hall160JlbWll1M pacw111peH111eM y oTBepcTll1S1. tt!MeeT no,a,npS1Moyro11bHblV1,
cna6o111 3ornyTblill npo11111b, cnerKa pacw111pS110W.111illcS1 K ,a,yros111,a,H0My
11 e3 s11110. B ce1.JeH111111 npS1Moyro11bHblill c 3aMeTHO BblnYKllblMll1 6oKOBblM111
n110CKOCTS1Mll1. 06ywoK no,D,KBa,a,paTHOH opMbl, cnerKa np111MS1T OT
111 cnonb 3 osaHll1S1. Otsepct111e npoyw111Hbl Kpyrnoe, u,11111111H,a,p1111.JecKoe, co
c11a60 BblCTynalOW,111M c TblJ1bHOill CTOpOHbl 6opT111KOM. "13roTOBJ1eH 1113
Meta1111ypr1114ecK111 4111ctoill Me,a,111 (AH. 336) 3 Cneu,111aJlbHblMll1 111cc11e,a,osaHll1S1Mll1 ll1 3KCnep111MeHTaJlbHO ycTaHOBJleHO, 4TO Tonop-MOJlOT 1113rOTOBJ1eH KY3He4HblM cnoco6oM c BblCOKOTeMnepaTypHblM HarpeBOM, a
npoyw111Ha Bbl6111Ta BTOp1114HO TBep,D,blM opy,a,111eM (PblH,D,111Ha, 1971, 55111
cne,a,.). nepe,D,HS1S1 nnocKOCTb tonopa cn11111eHa ,D,1151 Meta1111orpa1114ecKoro aHa111113a 4 A11111Ha - 13,2 cM 5 , w111p111Ha ne3Bll1S1 - 3,2 CM~
ce4eHll1e - 2, 1x4,2 CM, ,a,111aMeTp oTBepCTll1S1 - 2,4 CM. Bee - 523 rp.
(N2 78/442).
.
.
4. Tonop-,a,0110To (P111c. 3,4). Y,IJ.11111HeHHo-no,IJ.Tpaneu,111es111,a,Ho111 opMbl, pacWpS110Ll.1111illCS1 K,IJ.yroBl-1,D,HOMY Jle3Bll1IO. K111>1HOBll1,D,Hblill B npo11111e..
Ce4eH1>1e npS1Moyro11bHOe co cna6o BblnYKllblMll1 w111poK111M1>1 n11ocKocrnM111.
06ywoK n11ocK1>1ill, KBa,IJ.paTHOill opMbl, 1>13roTos11eH KY3He4HblM cnoco6oM 1113 n11as11eHHOill Me,IJ.1-1 c ecTecTBeHHblMl-1 np1-1MeCS1Mll1 (AH. 279) c
HarpeBOM np111 TeMnepaType BblWe 300 (PblH,D,1>1Ha, 1971, 61 ). 0,a,Ha
6oKoBaS1 ctopoHa tonopa cn1-111eHa AJ1S1 Meta1111orpa1114ecKoro 111cc11eAOBaH1>1S1. A11111Ha- 14,6 cM, MaKc.ce4eH1>1e2,0 x 2,3 cM, w1-1p111Ha ne3Bl-1S1
3,2 CM. Bee - 555 rp. (NQ 78/443).
3,o.ecb 111 ,o.anee HOMepa cne~panbHblX aHan111aos ,o.aHbl no pa6oTe E.H.'-lepHblX - '-lepHblX,
1966. Ta6n. 5-6.
"
Ha Haw 111 x p 111 cyHKax cn111nb1 111 oTKYCbl npe,o.MeTOB, c,o.enaHHble H.B.PblHA111HOll1 A/111
Merannorpacp1114ecKoro 111ccne,o.osaH11111, noKaaaHbl np11MblMll1 Jlli1Hll111Mll1.
r. B pa6orax r.n .cepreesa ( 1963.138) 111 H.B.PblHA111HOVt ( 1971.55) AJ1111Ha :noro rnnopa

yKa3aHa He T04HO.

r. cne,o.yer yYecTb, 4TO sec MHornx npe,o.MeToB 6b1Jl cHl1T nocne 111x 4aCTll14HOro nospe)l(AeH111s:i

np111 cHs:irn111 o6paauos Afls:I cneKTpa/lbHoro 111 Merannorpacjl1114ecKoro 111ccne,o.osaH111s:i.

-29-

---

npeACTas11eHbl HeCK011bKlllMlll pa3HOBlllAHOCT5lMlll 6e3 4eTKO onpeAe111/1MblX <l>YHKL\lllOHal1bHblX rpaHlllU. MoryT 6b1Tb noApa3Ae11eHbl Ha
n11aCTlllHbl-nOABeCKlll - 35 WT. (NQNQ 5-39); AlllCKOBlllAHble 6mlWKlllnoABeCKlll - 3 WT. (NQNQ 40-42); HaWl/IBHble nnaCTl/IHbl - 2 WT. (NQNQ
43-44); cn111panbHble 6pac11eTbl - 4 WT. (NQNQ 45-48) Ill OAlllH COCTaBHOVi
1113 8 OTAe11bHblX n11aCTlllH (NQNQ 49-56); npOHlll3111 - 11 WT. (NQNQ 5767) 111 6ycb1 - 377 (NQNQ 68-444).
nnaCTI.1HbJ-nO,D.BeCKl1

CpeA11135ue11b1x11111111 c:j>parMeHrnposaHHblX n11acrnH-noABecoK MO>KHO


Bb1Ae111/1Tb nl1aCTlllHbl CS!BHblMlll aHTponoMopc:j>HblMlll np1113HaKaM111-13 WT.,
. NQNQ 5-17; nl1aCTlllHbl c c11111bHO cxeMaT1113111posaHHblMlll 11111111 yc11osHoaHTponoMopc:j>HblMlll np1113HaKaM111 - 14 WT. NQNQ 18-31 111 n11aCT111Hb1noAsecK111 npocTblX Q:>opM 6e3 onpeAe11eHHblX aHTponoMopc:j>HblX np1113HaKoB -8 WT., NQNQ 32-39.
AHTponoMop<l>Hble nnacn1Hbl-nOAB0CKlll. npeACTaB11eHbl 12
ue11b1M111111 OAHOill c:j>paMeHT111posaHH0Vi noAseci<oVi. Orn1114a10TcS1 rnM, 4TO
no o6w,eill KOHc:j>111rypau111111 s yc11osH0Vi MaHepe OHi/i 111M111rnpy10T 4e110seYecKy10 c:j>111rypy. XapaKTep1113YIOTCS1 3aMeTHO pacw111peHHOH Hl/l)f(HeVi
4aCTblO, OKpyrnoill, OBal1bHOH 11111111 nOAKBaApaTHOill c:j>opMbl, lllMlllTlllpy10w,111e
cTeaTon111r11110. BepXHS!Sl 4aCTb 3TlllX n11aCTlllHOK-noAsecoK cy>KeHa, c
xapaKTepHblMlll ClllMMeTplll4HO pacn0110)f(eHHblMlll no 6oKOBblM KpaS!M
Tpaneu111eBlllAHblMlll 11111111 cerMeHTOBlllAHblMlll BblCTynaMlll, nepeAalOW,lllMll1
s yc11osH0Vi MaHepe pyK111, rpyA11111111111111Hb1e opraHbl 4e11ose4ecKoro Tena.
3asepwalOTCS1 3Tll1 nOABeCKll1 o6b14HO xopowo BblAeneHHblM OBaJlbHblM,
nonyKpyrnblM 11111111 noATpeyronbHblM BblcTynoM, ycnosl-io 111306pa>Ka10w,111M
4enose4ecKy10 ronosy. 3T111 sepxH111e - ronoBHble BblcTynbl KaK npas111no
cHa6)f(eHbl ornepcT111eM A11S1 noABew111saHV1S1. B PS!Ae cnyYaes, noM1t1Mo
3TOro OTBepCTll1S1, Ha HVl)f(Heill - pacw111peHHOVi 4aCTll1 CTaTy3TOK lllMelOTCS!
ew,e no OAHOMy, a 4aw,e Tplll OTBepCTll1S1, Cll1MMeTplll4HO pacnono>KeHHblX
no HVl)f(HeMy VI 60KOBblM KpaS!M nnaCTlllH. nnaCTlllHbl OTJ11114alOTCS1 no
OTAeJlbHblM AeTaJlS!M, pa3MepaM (BblCOTa OT 3,5 AO 12,8 CM) Ill secy (OT
3,7AO136 rp.).
BH111MaTenbHoe 111ccneAo_
BaH111e ornepcT111Vi 3TlllX 1113Aen111Vi no3sonS1eT
3aKJll04111Tb, 4TO OHi/i HOClllJll/ICb 8 nOABeweHHOM COCTOS!Hllllll, 3a sepxHee
OTBepCTl/le B ronosKe. 06 3TOM , B 4aCTHOCTVI, CBlllAeTeJlbCTByeT 3aMeTHaS1
Ha MHOrlllX 1113 AY>KeK OTBepCTlllH CVIJlbHaS! npoTepTOCTb MeTanna OT
AJllllTeJlbHOro HOWeHVIS! B CB060AHOM nOABeWeHHOM BltlAe. OrnepCTll1S1 )f(e
-30-

Ha Hltl)f(HltlX 4acrnx noABeCOK He 06Hapy)f(V1Ba10T 3TlllX npoTepTOCTeVi 111, n~


0111AVI MOMy, HOCVIJllll TO 11111 AeKopaTVIBHblVi, TO 11ltl KaKOH-TO CVIMBOJ1ltl4eCKltllt1
xapaKTep.
5. MaccltlBHaS! nnocKaS! noAsecKa c xopowo Bb1pa)KeHHbtMV1 aHTponoMopc:j>HblMVI np 1113 HaKaMVI (P111c. 4,5). H111>KHS1S1 ee 4acTb 111MeeT CVIJlbHO
pacwlllpeHHYIO noAoBaJlbHYIO c:j>opMy c ManbiM osanbHbl~ ornepcrneM B
lt111)t(HeVi 4aCTVI VI OKpyrnoVi BblnYKJlOCTblO B UeHTpaJlbHOlll 4aCTVI , BblnOJ11teHHOH 8 nyaHCOHHOVi TexH111Ke. BepXHS!Sl YaCTb noA~PS!MoyronbHblX
t>4epTaHVIH c xapaKTepHblMll1 BblCTynaMll1 no 60KOBblM KpaS!M (ceMb c
11 pasoVi 111 soceMb c 11esoill cTopoHbl). nnacT111Ha 3asepwaeTcS1 noAoll <ll1bHOill ronoBKOH c OTBepcTVleM AJ1S1 noABew111saHVIS1 B ueHTpe.
V1 3roTOB11eHa 1113 ABYX npeABap111TeJ1bHO csapeHHblX 111 vcnn10w,eHHblX
(I blHAlllHa, 1971, 80) KYCKOB MeAll1 (AH. 313). Csapo4Hbllll WOB xopo~o
iin6ntoAaeTcS1 Ha o6e111x nnocKocrnx noAsecKll1 Ha CTblKe ee sepxHe1t1 111
11111)t(HeVi 4acrnill. BblCOTa 12,6 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 6, 1 C!"'I, TOJ1W,111Ha 0, 15 CM .

11 c-46rp.(NQ78/437).
6. MacclllBHaS1 n11ocKaS1 noABecKa c Bblpa>KeHHblMVI aHTponoMopc:j>l lhlMll1 np1113HaKaMlll (Piiie. 4,6). V1MeeT noApOM60BlllAHO-OKpyrny10
I lll1)KHIOIO 4aGTb c TpeMS1 ornepcTll1S1Mlt1 Ha fieVi. BepXHS!Sl, cy)f(eHHaS!, YaCTb
nc~opMneHa 8 BVIAe ABYX cll1MMeTp1114HO pacnono)f(eHHblX no 6oKaM
llhlCTynoB VI 3asepwaeTCS1 osaJlbHOH roJlOBKOVi c OTBepcTll18M AJ151
llOABeWVIBaHVIS!. V13roTOBJ1eHa 1113 paCKOBaHHOr~ KycKa M8AVI (AH. 356)~
I la OAHOill 1113 nnocKocTeVi noABecKll1, see Hll1)f(He111 4acTltl (P111c. 4,611esb11t1
plllcyHoK) xopowo 3 aMeTHbl cneAbl csapKVI AononH111TeJ1bHblX KYCKOB
M TaJ1l1a AJ1S1<!>opMOBKV1eeH111)t(HeroKpaS1. Bb1c0Ta 12,5cM, MaKc.w111p111Ha
10,2 CM, TOJlW,VIHa 0,3 CM . Bee - 141 rp. (NQ 78/432).
v
7 nnocKaS! aHTponoMopc:j>HaS! noAB8CKa C Kpyrnoill noApOM60B111AHOlt1
lllll)K~eVi 4acTblO, c TpeMS! ornepcrns:iMVI no yrnaM (P111c.5,7). BepxHs:iS!
qiicTb, c ABYMS! xapaKTepHblMll1, c111MMeTpll14HO pacno11o~eHHblMll1 ~o
I IOKOBblM KpaS1M BblCTynaMVI, 3asepwaeTCS1 noATpeyrol1bHOll1 ronOBK0111 c
111 epCTllleM AflS1 nOAB8Wll1BaHll1S1. V13roTOBJ1eHa 1113 MeAll1 c ecTeCTB8HHblMll1
11p111MeCS1Mlll (AH. 310) nyTeM rops:i4eill OTKOBKVI. Ha 06e111x nosepXHOCTS!X
llOABeCKVI xopowo 3aMeTHbl TpeW,VIHbl 111 Hanl1b1Bbl, 06pa3osasw111ecs:i np111
y11noTHeHlllVI Mern11na (PblHAlllHa, 1971, 77). OAlllH 1113 6oKOBblX Kpaes
! IOABeCKll1 cn 111 neH AJ1S1MeTannorpac:j>1114ecKoro111ccneA0BaH111S1. BbtCOTa 9,8
1.M, MaKc.w111p111Ha 8,4 CM, TOJlW,VIHa 0,25 CM. Bee -118 rp. (NQ 78/431 }~
8. nnocKaS! aHTponoMopc:j>Ha5l noAsecKa (P111c. 5, 8) c 6011bwov111
pyrn
o-noApOM60BVIAHOVi H111)f(Heill 4aCTblO C TpeMS! OTBepCTll151Mlll Ha H8lt1.
11
I It pXHS!Sl 4acTb lllMeeT no ABa Cll1MMeTpll14HO pacn0110)1(8HHblX no KpaS!M
111 ,1cTyna 1113 asepwaeTCS1 nonyosanbHOill ronosKoill c ornepcT111eM B ueHTpe.
-31-

lifarOTO~JleHa 1113 MeAlll c ecTeCTBeHHblMlll np111MeC5IMlll (AH.357) nyreM


rop514e111 OTKOBKlll (PblHAlllHa, 1971, 77). Ha 06e111x nosepxHocrnx xopowo
3aMeTHbl TPeLUlllHbl, 06pa3osasw111ec51 s pe3y11bTare ynnorneHlll5I Meranna
np111 ero o6pa60TKe (PblHAlllHa~ 1971, 77). Ha OAHOll! 1113 nJJOCKOCTeil!, P51AOM
c OTBepCTl/leM AJ151 nOABeWl/IBaHlll51, 111rvieeTC5I OBaJlbHa51 yrny6JJeHHa51
JllllHlll51, B03~0)1<HO MeTKa nepBOHa4aJlbHO o603Ha4eHHoro OTBepCTlll51 (Piiie.
5,8, npaBbllll p111cyHoK). 0AlllH 1113 6oKOBblX Kpaes Hlll)l<Heil! 4acrn nOABeCKlll
cn11111eH AJ151 MeTan11orpa1114ecKoro aHa111113a. Bb1cora 11,4 CM, MaKc.
'
WlllPlllHa 8,9 CM, TOJlll..\lllHa 0,2 CM. Bee - 136 rp. (NQ 78/430).
9. n11~CKa5I afi~ponoMopHa51 nOABeCKa (Piiie. 6, 9) c pacw111peHHOi1
osaJJbH0111 H11t)l<He111 4aCTblO. BepXH5151 4acTb 111MeeT no ABa BblCTyna,
ClllMMeT~lll4HO pacnOJlO)l<eHHblX no Kpa51M, Ill 3asepwaeTC51 nOAOBaJlbHOi1
roJlOBKOlll c ueHTpaJlbHblM OTBepCTllleM All51 nOABew111saH1115I. Ltl3roTOBJleHa
1113 MeAlll (AH.293) c noBblWeHHblM COAep)l<aH111eM CBlllHUa Ill Mb1Wb51Ka, 1113
npeABap111TeJlbHO CBapeHHblX, a 3aTeM pacnJllOLUeHHblX KYCKOB MeTaJJJJa
np111 TeMnepaTypHOM pe)l<"1Me B lllHTepBaJle 350-450' (PblHAlllHa 1971
80). Csapo4Hble WBbl xopowo 3aMeTHbl s1113yaJJbHO Ha 06e111x n~sepx~
HOCrnX nOABeCOK. no Kpa51M OAHOCTOpOHHe npo6"1TOro OTBepCTl-151
3aMeTeH c11erKa BblcTynalOLUlllVJ 6opT111K. BepxH111i1 Kpalli ronoBKlll cmrneH
A1151 MeTan11orpa1-14ecKoro aHa111-13a. 8b1cora- 8~8 cM, MaKc.w111plllHa 4,5 CM, TOJlLUlllHa - 0, 1 CM . Bee- 37 rp. (N2 78/429).
10. n11ocKa5I aHTponoMopHa51 nOABeCKa (PHC. 6, 10) c OTHOC"1TeJlbHO
Y3KOi1 OBaJlbHOVJ Hlll)l<Heil! 4aCTblO, c Tp8M51 OTBepCTlll51Mlll Ha HeV! Ill c Tp8M51
ClllMMeTp"14HO pacnoJlO)l<eHHblMlll no ee sepXHlllM Kpa51M cerMeHTOBlllAHblMl-1 BblCTynaM1-1. 3asepwaeTC51 OBaJlbHOVJ roJJOBKOlll c OTBepcrneM
All51 nOABeWHBaH!-151. Ltl3rOTOBJleHa "13 MeAH c pa3Jl"14HblM"1 ecTeCTBeHHblMlll nplllM8C51Mlll (AH.314) "1 COCTOlllT 1113 ABYX npeABap111TeJlbHO
CBapeHHblX KYCKOB M8TaJ1Jla c nocJJeAYIOLUelli VIX pacKOBKOVJ (PblHAlllHa
1971,v 80). Csap04Hbl~ WBbl xopowo npOCJ18)1<111BalOTC51 Ill Blll3yaJlbHO n~
OAHOlll ,1113 n11ocKOCTe111 nnaCTlllHbl. BepxH111i1 KpaVi oTBepcT1115I s ronosKe
' ClllJlbHO npoTepTOT AfllllTeJlbHOro HOWeHlll51 B cso'60AHOM nOABeWeHHOM
COCT051Hllllll. Hlll)l<HlllVJ Kpalli nOABeCKlll cn111JJeH AJ151 Mera1111orpa11148CKOro
111cc11eA0BaH1115I. B cn11111e xopowo 3aMeTHbl paccno111sw111ec51 csapeHHble
Me)l<Ay co6oVi 4acrn Mera1111a. BblCOTa 7,9 CM, MaKC.WlllplllHa 3,6 CM
TOJlLUlllHa 0,2 CM. Bee - 32 rp. (N2 78/ 428).
'
11. n 11ocKa5I aHTponoMopHa51 nOAB8CKa (Plllc.6, 11) c OBaJlbHOi1
Hlll)l<HeVJ 4aCTblQ. no ee Hlll)l<HeMy 11160KOBblM Kpa51M lllM8IOTC51 nonyKpyrnb1e
na3bl. C03AaeTC51 Bne4aTJleH111e, 4TO OHa 6b1Jla nepepa6oTaHa 113 6onee
KpynHoil! nOAB8CKlll c TpeM51 OTBepCT11151Ml1 Ha H11)1<H8VJ 4acrn. Ha H11)1<H8M
KOHUe, HaA nonyKpyrnblM na30M, 11MeeTC51 OTBepcT11e. -BepXH5151 4aCTb
-32 -

0 opM11eHa B BlllAe ABYX ClllMMeTplll4HO pacnoJlO)l<eHHblX no Kpa51M


cerMeHTOBlllAHblX BblCTynoB. 3asepwaeTC51 nOABeCKa OKpyrnoVi roJJOBKOll!
c oTBepcT111eM AJJ51 noAsew111saH1115I. BepxH111i1 Kpalli oTBepcTlll51 onpeAeJJ eHHO CTepT OT AfllllTeJlbHOro HOWeHl151 B CB060AHOM nOABeweHHOM
COCT051Hl1111. Ltl3roTOBJleHa 1113 paCKOBaHHOro KYCKa MeAlll c noBblWeHHblM
COAep)l<aHl1eM CBlllHUa (1,40%) , UlllHKa lt1 lllHblX np111MeceVi (AH.267). BblCOTa
'1 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 3,4 CM, TOJlLUlllHa 0,2 CM. Bee - 18 rp. (N2 78/ 414).
12. nnocKa51 aHTponoMopHa51 noAsecKa (P111c. 6, 12) c osaJlbHOV!
11 vDKH eVi 4aCTblO, c ABYM51 cerMeHTOBlllAHblMlll Cl1MMeTplll4Ho pacnoll O:>KeHHblMlll no Kpa51M sepxHelli 4aCTlll BblCTynaMlll 111 OKpyrnoVi roJlOBKOVJ .
l<paVi nepBOHa4aJlbHOro OTBepCTlll51 B roJlOBKe noJlHOCTblO CTepC51 OT
1 ~n11TeJlbHOro HOW8Hlll51 B CB060AHOM nOABeweHHOM B11Ae 11 Hl1:>Ke Hero
llTOpl14HO 6b1Jl0 npo61!fTO BTOpoe OTBepCTl/le. Ltl3rOTOBJleHa 113 048Hb
IOHKOlll Ill HepaBHOMepHO paCKOBaHHOlll MeAHOVJ n11aCTlllHbl (Pb1HA11Ha,
1971, 76). Ha Hl1:>KHei1 4aCTlll n11acTl1Hbl 3aMeTeH WOB OT AOnOJJHl1T8JlbHO
1,sapeHHOro KYCKa MeAlll 111n11 ynnoTHeHlll51 MeTan11a. OAlllH 1113 6oKoBblX
Kpae s Hlll:>KHeVI 4ac"r111 noABeCKlll lllMeeT ABa cn11111a AJ151 MeTannorpa1!n14ecKoro aHam13a. BblCOTa 2,9 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 2,3 CM, T0Jlll..\11Ha 1\00,1 CM. Bee - 4 rp. (NQ 78/412).
13. n11ocKa5I aHTponoMopHa51 neAsecKa (P111c. 7, 13) c pacw11peHHoV!
t BaJl bHOVl Hlll:>KHelli 4aCTblO c OTBepCTl/leM no Hl1:>KHeMy KpalO. Lt!MeeT
ll OAOBaJlbHYIO roJlOBKYC OTBepCTl/leM B UeHTpe. noA rDJlOBKOlll lllM8IOTC51
/ (Ba Cl1MM8Tplll4HO pacnOJlO:>KeHHble no Kp351M cerMeHTOBlllAHble BblCTynbl.
V1 3roros11eHa 113 ABYX csapeHHblX 111 pacKoBaHHblX KYCKOB MeAlll (AH.360;
I 1blHA11Ha, 1971, 80). BepxH11i1 Kpalli ro11osK111 cn11111eH AJ151 Mera111101pa11 4ecKoro 111cc11eA0BaH1115I . B cn1111e xopowo npoc11e:>K111saerc51
pacc11oeH11e csapeHHoro MeTa1111a. Bb1c0Ta 5,3 CM, MaKc.w11p11Ha 4,8 CM,
IOnLUlllHa 0, 1-0,2 CM. Bec-24 rp. (NQ 78/420).
14. n11ocKa5I aHTponoMopHa51 nOABeCKa (Plllc.7, 14) OKpyrnoll O,D,pOM60B11AHOi1 opMbl, c TpeM51 ClllMMeTplll4HO pacno11o:>KeHHblMl1 no
pa51M sepxHeVJ 4aCTlll cerMeHTOBlllAHblMl1 BblCTynaMlll Ill no11yKpyrnoVi
I OJlO BKOVl C OTBepCTl/leM B UeHTpe. Ltl3roTOBJleHa 1113 TOHKO paCKOBaHHOlll
Me,D,111 c pa3Jll14HblMlll ecrecrneHHb1M11 np11Mec5IMlll (AH.271 ). Ha OAHOVJ 113
11no cKOCTei1 3aMeTHa TpeLUlllHa OT csapo4Horo wsa 111n111 Han11b1sa
ynJJOTHeHHOro MeTaJlJla. BblCOTa 5,2 CM , MaKC. w11p111Ha 4, 1 CM, TOJlLUlllHa
MeHee 0, 1 CM. Bee - 12 rp. (N2 78/413).
15 . n11ocKa5I aHTponoMopHa51 nOABeCKa (P11c.7, 15) OKpyrno
110,D,poM60BlllAHOVJ opMbl c xapaKTepHblMlll cerMeHTOBlllAHblMl1oBblCTYll Ml1 no KpalO sepxHeVJ 4aCTlll. Ltl3roTOBJleHa 1113 MeA11 c noBblW8HHblM
f10,D,ep:>KaH111eM CBlllHUa - 1,4% (AH.270) nyreM OTKOBKlll B XOJlOAHYIO

(PblHAl/IHa, 1971, 77). fl1Meer AYroBl/IAHblVl npo1/1Jlb, c 60pTlllKOM Ha


npOTlllBOnOJlo:>KHOVl cropoHe 1113-33 OAHOCTOpOHHe rpy6o npo61-1roro
orsepcrn51. OAlllH 1113 6oKOBblX Kpaes noABeCKl-1 o6noMaH. KpaV! ronoBKl-1111
Hl-1)f(HeV! 4acr111 cn111neHbl AJ151 Merannorpa1-14ecKoro 1-1ccneA0BaH1-15I .
Bb1cora 3, 7 CM, MaKc. w111p111Ha 2,8 cM, ronw,111Ha-Ao 0, 1 CM. Bee- MeHee
4 rp . (NQ 78/406).
16. nnoCK351 aHTponoMopcpHa51 nOABecKa (Piiie. 7, 16) c pacw1-1peHHOi11
Hl/l)f(HeV! 4aCTblO, OB3JlbHOVl opMbl, c rpeM51 OTBepCTl-151Ml-1 Ha Heil!.
lOJlOBKa nOATpeyroJlbHOill opMbl c BM51Tl-1HOVl OT HeAonpo6111roro
OTBepCTl/151. f.t13rOTOBJleHa 1/13 TOHKopaCKOB3HHOro KYCKa MeAl/I (AH.323;
PblHAl/IHa, 1971, 76). 06a 6oKOBblX OTBepCTl/151 Bbl61/1Tbl B OAHOill nnocKOCTlll, a Hlll)f(Hee 111 sepxHee (HeAonpo6111roe) - c npor111sonono)f(Hoil1
CTOpOHbl. no BepXHeMy KpatO roJlOBKl/I l/IMeeTC51 BepTlllK3JlbH351 W,9Jlb OT
HeAOCOeAl/IHeHHOro MeTaJlJla. 0AlllH 1/13 sepXHl/IX KpaeB nOABeCKl/I OTKyWeH
AJ151Merannorpa1114ecKoro111ccneA0BaH1t15I. Bb1eora 3,5 cM, MaKc.w111p111Ha
3,5 CM, TOJlW,l/IHa - MeHee 0, 1 CM. Bee - 5 rp. (NQ 78/409).
17. nnocKa51 aHTponoMopHa51 nOABeCKa (Pl/le. 7' 17) c pacw111peHHOi11
Hl/l)f(Heill 4aCTblO, OBaJlbHOVl opMbl, c TpeM51 OTBepCTl/l51Ml/I. BepXH5151,
cy)f(eHHa51, 43CTb nOABeCKl/I c roJlOBKOVl, 04981/JAHO, o6JlOMaHa B
AP9BHOCTlll. KpaV! cnoMa cnerKa cnnt0w,eH . fl13.rorosneHa 1113 pacKoBaHHoill
MeAlll (AH.324). OAlllH 1113 Kpaes cn1t1neH AJ151 Merannorpa1114ecKoro
aHaJll/13a. CoxpaHl/IBWa51C51BblCOTa2,9 CM, M3KC.Wl/lj)l/1Ha 3, 1 CM, TOJlW,l/IHa
0, 15 CM. Bee - 6 rp . (NQ 78/410).
YcnoeHo - aHrponoMop<l>Hble nnacn1Hb1 - noABeCKH. fl1MeeTC51 13
TaKl/IX nnacn1HoK, NQNQ 18-30. B orn1114111e or Bb1weon1t1caHHblX xapaKTep1113yt0TC5I MeHee 51BHblMl/I aHTponoMopcpHblMl/I nplll3HaKaMl/I. noABeCKl/I
o6bl4HO l/IMetOT noAnp5IMOyroJlbHO-OKpyrnyt0, BblT5lHYTO-OBaJlbHYIO l/IJll/I
lllHble npocTble opMbl, c xapaKrepHblMlll 6onee 1t1n111 MeHee 4eTKO
BblAeJleHHblMl/I cerMeHTOBl/IAHblMl/I BblCTynaMl/I no 06e111M 6oKOBblM Kpa51M.
Bapb1t1pyt0T no opMaM, pa3MepaM (BblCOTa OT 3, 0 AO 8, 1 CM) I/I secy (OT
2,0 AO 34,8 rp.). 3a OAHlllM 111cKnt04eH111eM - N2 19 - cHa6>KeHbl
eAlllHCTBeHHblM orsepcrneM. CyA51 no 111x np0Teprocr111, onpeAeneHHo
MO)i(HO yrsep)f(,ll,aTb, 4TO OHi/i HOCl/IJll/ICb B CB060AHOM noABeWeHHOM
COCT051Hl/ll/I.
18. nnocKa51 noAnp51MoyronbHa51 noAsecKa (P111c. 8, 18) c 3aKpyrneHHblMlll yrnaMl/I, c Cl/IMMeTplll4HO pacnoJlo:>KeHHblMl/I no 6oKOBblM Kpa51M
noATpanel\1/19Bl/IAHblMlll Bb1crynaM111. B sepxHeV! 4acr111 noABeCKl/I npo61t1ro
OTBepcrne AJ151 nOAB9Wl/IBaHl/l51. fl13roTOBJleHa 1/13 M9Alll (AH.269), 1113 ABYX
csapeHHblX 111 pacKoBaHHblX KYcKoB Meranna (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 80).
Csapo4Hble WBbl xopowo 3aMeTHbl Ha 06e111x nJlOCKOCT5lX noAB9CKl/I. BblCOTa
4,9 CM, w111p111Ha 2,3 CM, TOJlW,l/IHa 0, 1 CM. Bee - 9 rp. (NQ 78/421 ).
-34-

19. nnocKa51 noAOB3JlbHa51 nOABeCKa (P111c.8, 19) c Cl/IMM9Tp1114HO


pac noJlO)f(eHHblMlll no Kpa51M, cna6o Bb1pa)f(eHHblMl/I BblCTynaM111. B
nepxHeV! 4acT111, Ha ronosKe nnacr111i-lb1, npo6111Tbl ABa ornepcTl/l51.
lt1 3rorosneHa 1113 pacKoBaHHoro KycKa MeAl/I (AH.318) c nocneAyt0w,111M
HOn OJlHl/ITeJlbHblM npoWl/IB3Hl/leM MeTaJlJla B Mecrax Cl/IJlbHblX nporeprocreill nnacTlllHbl (PblHAlllHa, 1971, 80). 8r111 cneAbl peMoHra xopowo
11 pocJle)l(l/IBat0TC5l I/I Bl/13yaJlbHO no OAHOMY 1113 60KOBblX KpaeB nOABeCKl/I.
I blCOTa 5,3 CM, w111pi..!Ha 2,5 CM, TOJlW,l/IHa 0, 1 CM. Bee - MeHee 11 rp.
(N2 78/422).
20 . nnocKa51 noAOBaJlbH351 nOABeCKa (Pl/IC. 8,20) CO CJla6o Bblpa>KeHHblMl/I Bb1crynaM111 no 6oKOBblM Kpa51M. B sepxHeV! 4acr1111t1Meerc5I
orsepcr111e AJ151 noABew111saH1t15l. fl13rorosneHa 1113 pacKosaHHoro KycKa
MeAlll (AH.358). BblCOTa 5,6 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 2,4 CM, TOJlW,l/IHa 0,2 CM.
13ec - 16 rp. (N2 78/423).
2 1. nnocKa51 noABecKa (P111c.8,21) noAnp51MoyroJlbHo-osanbHOil1
ij>opMbl, co cna6o Bblpa)l(eHHblMl/l 60KOBblMl/I BblCTynaMl/I. f.t13roTOBJleHa 1/13
pacKOBaHHOro KYCKa M9Al/I (AH.268) c nocJleAytOW,l/IM HapaW,l/IBaHl/leM
Meranna Ha ee Hlll)l(HeVi, creproV! or AJll/ITeJlbHOro 111cnoJlb30BaHl/l51 4acT111,
I )J,e noAB9CKa l/IMeeT 3aMeTHO 60JlbWYIO TOJlW,lllHY (PblHAl/IHa, 1971, 80).
IJ 1-1)1(H lllil1 KpaV! nnacTl/IHbl cn111neH AJ151 Merannorpa1114ecKoro 1t1ccnegosaH1115I. BblCOTa5,2 CM, MaKC.WlllplllHa 2, 1 CM, TOJlW,l/IHa- MeHee 0, 1 CM
(no sepxHeMy Kpat0} 111 0,3 cM (B Hl/J)f(Hei114acrn). Bec-14 rp. (N2 78/424).
22 . nnocKa51 noAsecKa YAJ1111HeHHo-osaJlbHoil1 opMbl (P111c.8,22) c
xapal<repHblMlll Bb1crynaMl/I no 6oi<oBblM Kpa51M 111 ornepcrneM AJ151
llOAB eWl/IBaHl/151. 1!13roTOBJleHa 1113 TOHKOpaCKOBaHHOill MeAl/I (AH.266).
I blCOTa 7,8 CM, MaKC.WlllplllHa 2,4 CM, TOJlW,l/IHa - MeHee 0, 1 CM. Bee MeHee 10 rp. (N2 78/425).
23. nnocKa51 YAJll/IHeHHO-OBaJlbHa51 nOAB9CKa (P111c.8,23) c xapaKepHblMllt cerMeHTOBl/IAHblMl/I BblCTynaMl/I no 6oKqBblM Kpa51M Ill OTBeprne M AJ151 nOABeWl/IBaHlll51. f113roTOBJleHa 1113 HepaBHOMepHO paCKOllaHHOro KYCKa MeAl/I (AH.294). BepXHlllVl KpaV! ornepcTl/151 Cl/IJlbHO crepT
T,ll,Jl l/ITeJlbHO~O HOWeHl/151. BblCOTa 6,2 CM, MaKC.WlllplllHa 1,9 CM, TOJlW,l/IHa
- 0, 1-0, 15 CM. Bee- 8 rp. (NQ 78/426).
24. nnocKa51 noAOBaJlbH.a51 noABecKa (P111c.9,24) co cna6o Bblpa>KeHHblMlll BblCTynaMlll no 60KOBblM Kpa51M, c ornepcr111eM AJ151 nOABeILil-1B aHlll51. f113roTOBJleHa 1113 TOHKO paCKOB3HHOf"O KYCKa Me,D:l/I (AH.320).
AH OCTOpOHHe Bb161tfTOe orsepcr111e l/IMeeT c OAHOVl CTOpOHb~ CJla6o
ub1pa)l(eHHb1V! 6opT111K. Hlll)l(Hl/lill KpaV! noABeCKlll cn111neH AJ151 MeTan11orpa1114ecKoro 111ccneAOBaH1115I. Bb1cora 3,2 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 1,2 CM,
l'OJl W,l/IHa 0, 1 CM. Bee - 2 rp. (NQ 78/415).
- 35-

25. nnocKaSI ywn1HeHHo-osaJ1bHaS1 noAsecKa (P111c.9,25) co cna6o


Bblpa)l(eHHblMlll BblCTynaMl/I no KpaSIM Ill OTBepCTl/leM AJJSI nOABeWl/IBaHl/ISI.
1-faroTOBJJeHa 1113 pacKoBaHHoro KycKa MeAlll (AH.359), c AonoJJHlllTeJJbHoill
csapKoill KYCKOB MeTaJJJJaAJJ51 oopMJJeHl/ISI ee sepxHeill lfaCTl/I (PblHAl/IHa,
1971, 76, 77). BepXHlllill Kpaill OTBepCTlllSI 3aMeTHO CTepT OT AJJl/ITeJlbHOro
HOWeHl/ISI. BblCOTa 4,4 CM, MaKC.WlllPlllHa 1,3 CM, TOJIW,l/IHa- 0,2-0,3 CM.
Bee - MeHee 8 rp. (N2 78/419).
26. nnocKasi noAOBaJJbHasi nnacrnHa (P111c.9,26) t lfYTb ynasJ1111saeMblMlll BblCTynaMl/I no 60KOBblM KpaSIM, c OTBepcrneM AJJ51 nOABeWlllBaHl/ISI. ll13roTOBJleHa 1113 TOHKO paCKOBaHHOVt MeAl/I (AH.362). OrnepCTl/le nOABeCKlll 6blJIO Cl/IJlbHO CTepTO OT AJllllTeJlbHOro HOWeHlllSI, Ill no ee
KpaSIM 6blJI HasapeH AOnOJIHlllTeJlbHblVt KYCOK MeTaJJJla (PblHAlllHa, 1971,
73). Ha OAHOV! nosepxHocrn noABeCKlll, B ee Hlll)l(HeVi l.facrn, 3aMeTHa
Tpew,111Ha OT ynnoTHeHlllSI MeTaJJJJa np111 o6pa6orKe 111n111 csapK111 AOnonHlllTeJJbHoro MaTep111aJ1a. BblCOTa 3,9 CM, MaKC.WlllplllHa 1,3 CM, TOJIW.lllHa
0, 1 CM. Bee - MeHee 3 rp . (N2 78/445).
27. nnocKa51 noABOCbMepKoo6pa3Ha51 noAsecKa (P111c. 9,27) c
ornepcT111eM AJJS! noABew111saH111S1. ll13roTOBJJeHa 1113 pacKoBaHHoro KycKa
MeAlll (AH.295). BepxHlllVt KpaVi OTBepCTlll513aMeTHO CTepT OT AJllllTeJlbHOro
HOWeH111S1 : Ha nosepXHOCTlll 3a.MeTHbl OTAeJlbHble TpeW.lllHbl OT AOnonHlllTeJlbHOVt HaCaAKlll Mernnna lllJllll pacKOBKl/I. BblCOTa 3,0 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha
1,7CM, TOJIW.lllHa0,1 CM. Bec-2rp. (N278/444) .
28. nnocKaSI noABSCKa (Plllc.9,28) HenOJJHOill nOABOCbMepK006pa3HOilJ
opMbl, c OTBepCTl/leM AJ151 nOABeWl/IBaHl/ISI. ll13roTOBJleHa 1113 TOHKO
paCKOBaHHOro KYCKa M8At4 (AH.330) c AOnOJIHlllTeJlbHOV! HaBapKoill
KyCOlfKOB MeTaJJJla (PblHAlllHa, 1971, 73) y npoTepTOro ornepCTlllSI .
BepXHlllVt Kpaill OTBepCTlllSI 3aMeTHO CTepT OT AJllllTeJlbHOro HOWeHlllSI.
Bb1c0Ta 3,5 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 2,0 cM, Tonw,111Ha 0, 1 CM. Bee - 3 rp.
(N2 78/416).
29. nnocKaSI nOABecKa (Plllc.9,29) c nOATpaneu111eBl/IAHOill Hlll:>KHeVi
'laCTblO Ill nOAOBaJlbHOVt BblAeJJeHHOill roJJOBKOill, c OTBepCTl/leM AJ151
noAsew111saH111S1 . ll13roTosneHa 1113 pacKoBaHHoro KycKa MeAlll (AH.322).
BepxH111ill Kpaill ornepcT111S13aMeTHO crnpT OT AJJlllTeJJbHoro Howe HI/ISi . KpaVi
roJJOBKlll nOABeCKlll cn111neH AJJ51 MeTaJ1J10rpa111 'l eCKOro lllCCJleAOBaHl/ISI.
Bb1corn 5, 1 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 3,8 CM, TOJJW.lllHa 0,3 CM. Bee~ MeHee 35 rp .
(N2 78/427).
30. 06JJOMOK nJJOCKOVt, no BlllAlllMOMy, CXOAHOill BblWeon111caHHblM
nOABeCKlll c OTBepcrneM B ueHTpe (P111c. 9, 30) . 06JJOMaHa B ApeBHOCTlll.
6b1J1a 1113roTOBJJeHa 1113 pacKoBaHHoro KycKa MeAlll (AH.337; PblHAlllHa,
1971, 72). 06JJOMaH HblVt Kpaill cn111neH AJISI MeTaJIJ10rpa111'leCKOro
-36-

aHan1113a. Bb1c0Ta coxpaH111swerocsi o6noMKa 1,9 CM, w111p111Ha 3,2 CM,


TOJI W.lllHa 2,5 CM. Bee- 5 rp. (N2 78/418).
n nacT1r1Ha-noAsecKa oco6oiii <t>opMbl
31. Bb1AeJ1S1eTcS1 eAlllHCTBeHHa51 B csoeM poAe nnacT111Ha-noABecKa B
BVIAeTplll!llllCTHl/IKa (P111c. 10,31). 8TOTpllleAl/IHa51 nnacrnHa, COCTOSIW.a51
1113 sepxHeVI yKopoYeHHoill 111 ABYX HecKOJlbKO YAJJlllHeHHblX, c111MMeTp111YHo
pacnoJJO)l(eHHblX no OTHOWeHllllO K sepxHeVI noA 45nJ1aCTlllH. Ka)l(JJ.aSI 1113
HI/IX 3asepwaeTCSI noATpeyroJlbHOVt roJJOBKOVI c OTBepCTl/leM B ueHTpe. Bee
Tplll 6oKOBblX Kpa51 3TOVI nnacTl/IHbl oopMJJeHbl B BlllAe cerMeHTOBlllAHblX
BblcTynos, noA06Ho paHee on111caHHblM a1;1TponoMopHblM 111n111 ycnoBHO~
aHTponoMopHblM noABeCKaM. nnacTl/IHa, no BlllAlllMOMy, ti3roTOBJleHa
1113 eA111Horo KycKa MeAlll (AH.315)7, Ha nosepxHocT111 nnacTlllHbl 3aMeTHbl
oTAeJJbHble Tpew,lllHbl, a no sepxHeMy Kpa10 roJJOBKlll SIBHO npocne>KlllBaeTCSI AOnoJJHlllTeJJbHa51 HasapKa MernnnaAJJROopMneHlllRKpa51. Bee
Tplll ornepCTlllSI Bbl6111Tbl B OAHOVt nnocKOCTlll c xapaKTepHblM 6opTlllKOM
111n111 3ayceHuaM111 HaApyroVi ee crnpoHe. Bb1corn 6,0 cM, w111p111Ha 7,6 cM,
TOJlll.l,l/IHa - MeHee 0, 1 CM . Bee - 14 rp. (N2 78/433).
n nacTl.1Hbl-nOABeCKlr1 npoCTblX <t>opM. 1!1rv\elOTC51 BOCeMb TaKVIX
nnacTlllH - N2N2 32-39. 0TJJlll'lalOTCSI npocTOV! npS1MoyroJ1bH0Vi, noATpaneu111eBlllAHOV! 111J1111 noApOM60BlllAHOV! opMo1716e3 KaKlllX-!111160 SIBHblX lllJllll
ycJJOBHblX aHTponoMopHblX nplll3HaKOB . 3a 8AlllHl/llfHblMlll l/ICKJllOlfeHVl51Mlll
He opHaMeHTlllPOBaHbl 111111Me10T eAl/IHCTBeHHOe ornepCTl/le. 06bllfHO l/IM8IOT
MaJJbte pa3Mepbl BbtcoToVl 2,8-4, 1 CM np111sece1,5-6 rp.
32. rinocKaSI nOABeCKa (P111c.10,32) B opMe BblCOKOV! Tpaneu111111, c
orn epcTl/leM AJJSI noAsew111saH111S1. f113roTOBJ1eHa 1113 pacKoBaHHoro KycKa
M8Alll (AH.329)(Pb1HAlllHa, 1971, 72). 0AHOCTOpOHHe npo6111TOe ornepcrne
VIMeeT Ha npoTlllBOnOJlO)l(HOH CTOpOHe BblCTynalOW,lllH 6opTlllK. Hlll)l{Hl/IVl
KpaVi noABeCKlll cn111neH AllSI MeTannorpa111l.fecKoro aHaJ11113a. B_
b1c0Ta
3, 1 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 1,6 CM, TOJlll.l,l/IHa 0, 1 CM. Bee- 2 rp. {NQ 78/401 ).
33. nnocKa51 nOABecKa (Plllc.10,33) np51MOyroJlbHOH opMbl c
3aKpyrneHHblMlll yrnaMlll, c nonyKpyrnblM OTBepcrneM AJJSI noABeWlllB3HVl51 .
l!1 3r OTOBJleHa 1113 TOHKOpacKOBaHHOro KYCKa M8Alll (AH.331 ). 0AHOCTOp OHHenpo6111roe oTBepcTl/le l/IMeeT Ha npoTlllBOnOJlO)l(HOVl nllOCKOCTlll
Bbl CTyna10W.ii1V! 6opTlllK. no KpaS!M OTBepCTl/151 3a<fil/IKClllpOBaH AOnOJlHl/IT8JlbHblH HaBap MeTaJJJJa 8 MeCTaX ero npoTepTOCTlll OT AJJl/ITeJlbHOro
HOW SHlllSI (PblHAlllHa, 1971, 73). BblCOTa 3,3 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 1,8 CM,
TOJI W.lllHa - MeHee 0, 1 CM. Bee - MeHee 3 rp. (NQ78/403).
1

B pa6orn E.H."lepHblX KonneKUll10HHblL1 HOMep 3TOL1 no,1J,secK111 yKa3aH ow11160YHO ("lepHblX,


1966, 117, Ta6n . 6) .

-37-

34. n11ocKast noABecKa (P111c.10,34) noAnpmilloyro11bHolll cpopMbl c


3aKpyrneHHblMlll yrnaM111. OAlllH Kpalll c11erKa cornyr 111 06pa3yeT c11a60
Bb1pa)l(eHHbllll 6opTlllK. B sepxHelll 4acT111 111MeeTcst ornepcn1e Allst
nOABeWlllBaHlllSl. PstAOM c HlllM - BMSITlllHa, a Ha Apyrolll CTOpOHe BbtnYKllOCTb OT HeAonpo6111Toro OTBepCTlllSl . 1-faroTOBlleHa 1113 paCKOBaHHOlll
MeAlll (AH.328) c xopowo 3aMeTHolll. Tpew;111Holll OT Hecsap111swerocst
Mern1111a B sepxHelll Yacrn (PblHAlllHa, 1971, 72). Hlll)l(Hllllll Kpalll cn11111.eH Allst
MeTa1111orpacp1114ecKoro 111cc11eAOBaH111st. BbtcoTa 2,7 CM, MaKc. w111p.111Ha
2,0 CM, TOllW,lllHa 0,25 CM. Bee- 6 rp . (N2 78/404) .
35. n11ocKast noABecKa (P111c.10,35) noATpaneL1111eBV1AHOlll cpopMbl c
ornepcT111eM Allst noABew111saH111st. lll3roTos11eHa 1113 pacKoBaHHoro KycKa
MeAlll (AH.296), c 3aMeTHblMlll Tpew,111HaMlll OT ynllOTHeHlllSl MeTa1111a.
0AHOCTOpOHHe npo6111Toe ornepCTllle C03AaeT Ha npOTlllBOnOllO)l(HOlll
CTOpOHe c11a6y10 BbtnYKllOCTb. PstAOM c HlllM 3aMeTHO yrny611eH111e OT
HaMe4eHHOro, HO He npo6111Toro OTBepCTlllSl. BblCOTa 3, 1 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha
2,8 CM, TOllW,lllHa 0,2 CM. Bee - 5 rp. (N2 78/405).
36 . n11ocKast nOABeCKa (Plllc.11,36) npocTOlll noApOM60BlllAHOlll
cpopMbl c ornepcTllleM Allst noABew111saH111st . lll3roTos11eHa 1113 pacKo saHHoro KYCKa MeAlll (AH.333) (PblHAlllHa, 1971 . 72). BblCOTa 3,0 CM,
MaKc.w111p111Ha 3,2 CM, TOllW,lllHa 0,32 CM. (N2 78/407) 8
37. n11ocKast OBallbHO-nOAPOM60BlllAHast nOABeCKa (Piiie. 11,37). Ha
OAHOM 1113 ee KOHL\OB lllMeeTCSl ornepCTllle AJlSl nOABeWlllBaHlllSl co CTepTolll
OT AlllllTellbHoro HoweH111st AY)l(Kolll. Q4es111.AHO no3)1(e 6b1110 npo6111To
BTopoe ornepcT111e. Ha OAHOlll 1113 n11ocKocTelll lllMeeTcst pstA 0Kpyrnb1x
yrny611eH111ill. 0Hlll 6bllllll Bbl6111Tbl c 111cnollb30BaH111eM rnepAOlll OCHOBbl, 6e3
o6pa30BaHlllSl Ha 'Apyrolll CTOpoHe xapaKTepHblX BbtnYKllOCTelll. lll3roTOBlleHa 1113 TOHKO paCKOBaHHOro KYCKa MeAlll (AH .327) 9 BblCOTa 4,2 CM,
MaKc.w111p111Ha 3, 1 CM, TOllli.\lllHa 0, 1 CM. Bee- MeHee 6 rp. (NQ 78/411 ).
38. n11ocKast noAsecKa osanbHo-noATpeyro11bHolll cpopMbl (P111c.11,38)
c ornepcrneM AJlst noABew111saH111st. Ha sepxHelll 4acT111, no KpastM, 111Me10TC5l
c11a60 Bbtpmt<eHHbte cerMeHTOBlllAHble BblCTynbl. 1113roTOBlleHa 1113 TOH KO
paCKOBaHHOro t<yct<a MeAlll (AH.273) (PblHAlllHa, 1971, 76). 0.(;l,HOCTOpOHHe
Bbt6111TOe ornepCTllle lllMeeT Ha BTOpolll CTOpOHe xapaKTepHbllll BblCTYnaK>w,111111 6oprnK. BbtCOTa 3,4 M, MaKC.WlllplllHa 2,5 CM, TOllli.\lllHa 1 M.
Bee - 6011ee 4 rp. (N2 78/408).
39. n11oc1<ast nOAB8CKa (Plllc.11,39) HenpaBlllllbHO nOATpaneL\1118BlllAHOlll cpopMbl c OCHOBHblM ornepCTl/leM AJlSl nOAB8Wl/IBaHl/l51 Ill ABYM51

9,

s OrcyrcTByeT s KOJmeKL\111111. Ee p111cyHoK 111 paaMepbl aa111McTBosaHbl 1113 KOJmeKL\1110HHOi1


KapTOYKll1
9 B pa6ore E.H.4epHblX p111cyHOK 111 HOMep aHan1113a 3TOi1 nOABeCKll1 AaHbl He TOYHO (LlepHblX,
1966. P111c. 31.387).

-38-

MlllH lllaTIOpHbtMlll nep111ep111lllHblMlll ornepcrnstMill. OcTaTKlll APYrlllX


orn epcrnlll npoc11e)l(111Ba10TCst no Hlll)l(HeMy 111 sepxHeMy KpastM. Bno11He
04eBlllAHO, 4TO nOABecKa HOClllT BTOp1114Hbllll xapaKTep 1116b111a 1/13roTOBlleHa
1/13 KaKoro-TO Apyroro npeAMeTa. ll13fOTOBlleHa 1113 paCKOBaHHOlll MeAl/I
(AH .332). BblCOTa 3,2 CM, Mac.w111p111Ha 2,0 CM, TOllW,lllHa- MeHee 0, 1 CM .
Bee - MeHee 2 rp. (N2 78/417).
A lllCKOBMAHble 6nS1wK1o1 - noAeecKlll

n peACTaBlleHbl ABYMSI L\ellbiMlll Ill OAHOlll cpparMeHTlllpOBaHHOlll. no


cpop Me noApa3AellstlOTCSl Ha ABa pa3111114HblX Tl/Ina: OBallbHOe BblriYKllOaornyrne - N2 40 111 0Kpyrno-n11oc1<111e - N2N2 41-42 .
4 0 . OBallbHast BOrHYTO-BblnYKllast 611stxa (Plllc.11,40) c ABYM51
ornepcrnstMlll no t<pastM AJll/IHHolll oc111. no nep111MeTpy osa11a, c BHyrpeHHelll
- BOrHYTOlll CTOpOHbl TlllCHeHllleM 11111111 B nyaHCOHHOlll TeXHl/IKe Bbl61/1T
BbtnYKllbllll opHaMeHT. B TOlll )Ke TeXHl/IKe c TOlll )Ke BOrHyTOlll CTOpOHbl
Bbl6111Tbl Tplll BbtnYKllOCTlll, ClllMMeTp1114HO pacnOllO)l(eHHble B L\eHTpallbHOlll
1.1acT111611stw1<111, 1<0Topb1e Kat< 6b1111M111r111py10T rna3a 111 poT. TaKl/IM o6pa3oM,
6llstWKa KaK 6bl 1/1306pa)l(aeTaHTpOnOMOpcpHylO 111114111Hy. no 3aKJll04eHl/llO
H.B. PblHAlllHOlll, 1113rorns11eHa 1113 ABYX csapeHHblX 1<yc1<os MeAlll (AH .316),
c noc11eAy10w,elll OTKOBKOlll Ha 6011saHKe Allst nplllAaHl/ISl Tpe6yeMolll
BbtnYKllOCTl/I. 3aTeM B XOllOAHYIO 6bllllll npo6111Tbl OTBepCTl/ISl Ill BblTeCH8Hbl
BbtnYKllOCTlll (PblHAl/IHa, 1971, 80, 81 ). BblCOTa 8,5 CM, w111p111Ha 6,8 CM,
TOllli.\lllHa 0,2 CM. Bee - 64 rp. (NQ 78/436).
4 1. Kpyrnast n11ocKast 611stw1<a-noABecKa .( P111c. 12,41) c L\8HTpa11bHblM
ornepcrneM. OpHaMeHrnposaHa rncHeHblM, KpecTOBlllAHO pacno11o)l(eHHblM
e ABa pstAa opHaMeHTOM c 4YTb 3aMeTHblMlll Ha ApyroVi cTopoHe BbtnyKJ1ocrnM111 . no BepxHeMy t<palO l/IMelOTCSl ABa ornepcrn5l. np111 npo6111BKe AByx
,o,pyr111x ornepcrnlll, HaMepeHHO 11111111 c11y4ai1Ho, Kpalll AVICKa 6b111 o6opsaH. B
pe3 y11bTaTe :noro 06pa3osa11c5l He6011bwolll BblcTyn, HanoM111Ha10w;111ill
fOllO BKlll HeKOTOpblX aHTponoMopcpHblX noABeCOK. ll13roTOBlleHa 1113
pacKOBaHHOro KycKa M8Alll (AH.317) c noc11eAy10w,elll npOWl/IBKOlll ornepcrnill
Ill Tl/ICHeHl/leM opHaMeHTa B XOllOAHYIO (PblHAlllHa, 1971, 82) . )J.111aMeTp
8,7x8 ,9 CM, TOllli.\l/IHa 0, 15 CM. Bec-56 rp. (N2 78/434).
42. )J.sa 06110MKa OT t<pyrnolll n11ocKolll 611stx111-noABec1<111 (P111c.12,42),
no BlllAlllMOMy , 111A8HTlll4Holll npeAwecrny10w,elll. OpHaMeHr111posaHa
recH eHHblM, pacno11o)l(eHHblM B ABa p5lAa y3opoM, c11a60 BblcTyna10w;111M
1ta Apyrolll CTOpOHe . ll13roTOBlleHa 1113 M8Alll (AH.319) no TOlll )f(e cxeMe,
'ffO Ill BblWeon111caHHa5l (PblHAlllHa, 1971, 82). np111611V131/1TellbHbllll AlllaMeTp
7,0 CM , TOllli.\lllHa 0, 1 CM . Bee 4,0 r p . Ill 7,5 rp. (N2 78/435).

-39-

Haw1t1BHb1e nnacTMHbl
npeACTaBJ10Hbl ABYMSl 3K3eMn11sipaM111 npocTblX noAnpSlMoyroJlbHblX cpopM
c OTBepCTlllSlMlll no yrnaM. CyASl no CTepTOCTlll OTBepCTlllH, n11acTV1Hbl
CWVIBaJlVICb Me)l(,[l,y co6oH 11111111 HaWV1BaJ1V1Cb Ha OAS)l(,[l,Y Yepe3 see '-10Tblpe
OTBepCTVISl.
43. n11ocKasi n11acrnHa ( P111c. 13,43) noAnpsiMoyro11bHOH cpopMbl c
'-10TblpbMSl OTBepCTVISlMVI, pacno11o)l<eHHblMVI no yrnaM. l!13roTOBJ10Ha 1113
paCKOBaHHoro KycKa MSAVI (AH.361 ). Ha OAHOH 1113 n110CKOCTeH xopowo
33M0THbl CJ10Abl TOH KOH OTKOBKVI, a no ee KpaSlM - KYCO'-IKVI AOnOJlHVITeJlbHO HaBapeHHoro MeTa1111a Ha MSCTaX CTepTOCTeH OT AJ1VIT0JlbHOro
ynoTpe611eHV1Sl (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 74). Pa3Mepbl : 1,8x3,1 CM, TOJlll\VIHa
0, 1 CM. Bee - 5 rp. (NQ 78/400).
44. nnocKasi nnacrnHa (P111c.13,44) noAnpsiMoyro11bHOH cpopMbl c
3aKpyrneHHblMVI yrnaMVI c ornepCTVISlMVI Ha HVIX. l!13roTOBJ10Ha 1113 M0Alt1 c
noBblWSHHblM COA0P)l(aHlt10M CBVIHL\a, Blt1CMYTa VI VIHblX np111MeCeH (AH.272).
0TKOBaHa B ropsiYyro 1113 ABYX csapeHHblX KYCKOB Mern1111a c noc11eAY10ll\eH
npoWVIBKOH OTBepCTVIH B XOJlOAHYIO . (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 7 4). Pa3M0pbr:
1, 7 x 3,2 CM, TOJlLUVIHa- MeHee 0, 1 CM. Bee- MeHee 5 rp. (NQ 78/402).

5pacneTbJ
npeACTaBJ10Hbl nSlTblO 3K30Mn11sipaM1t1 . LJeTblpe 1113 HI/IX - 3TO L\0Jlbl0
cn111paneBV1AHblS 6paCJ10Tbl, CKpyYeHHble B 2,5 - AO 5 BVITKOB . nsiTblH
6pac11eT COCTaBHOH, BKJllO'-lalOLL\VIH BOC0Mb AYroBlt1AHblX n11aCTVIH c
corHyTblM1t1 KpasiMVI AJlSl cKpen11eH111Sl APYr c ApyroM.
45, CnVlpallbHblH 6~ac11eT(P1t1c. 13,45) 1113 MeAHOro (AH.276) BblKOBaHHOro
npyrn, HaKpyYeHHOro Ha Kpyrnyro onpasy B nSlTb BVITKOB, c nocneAYIOLL\lilM
06)1(111roM (PblHAVIHa, 1971 , 69-70). CeYeH111e npyTanoAOBaJlbHOe. A1t1aMeTp
-8,0cM, ceYeH111e npyTa0,4x0,6cM. Bec-266 rp. (NQ 78/440).
46. AHa11or111YHblH 6pac11eT (P111c. 13,46), 1113rorns11eHHblH 1113 MeA111
(AH.311) no TOH )1(0 TeXHOJlOrVl'-ISCKOH cxeMe (Pb1HA111Ha, 1971, 69-70) B
nsiTb BVITKOB. A1t1aMeTp 8,5 CM, ceYeH111e npyTa 0,4 x 0,6 CM. Bee- 243 rp.
(N!! 78/441 ).
47. CXOAHblH 6pacneT (P1t1c.14,47), li13rOTOBJ10HHblH 1113 M0Ali1
(AH.265) 10 no TOH )l(e TeXHOJ10rVl'-10CKOH cxeMe (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 69-70)
B Tp1t1 BVITKa. A1t1aMeTp 6,0 CM, ceYeH1t1e npyTa 0,3 x 0,6 CM. Bee - Me Hee
91 rp. (N!! 78/438).
10

B pa6orn E.H.4epHblX KonneKU.1'10HHbll1 HOMep 6pacnem yKaaaH HeT04HO (4epHblX, 1966,


115. Ta6n. 5).

-40-

48. CXOAHblH 6pacneT (PVlc.14,48), lt13roTOBJ1eHHblH 1113 M0Ali1 (AH.312)


no_TOH )l(e TeXHOJlOrVl'-ISCKOH cxeMe (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 69-70) B 2,5 BVITKa . .
A1t1aMeTp-5,6cM, ceYeH111e npyrn0,25x0,6cM. Bec-45 rp. (N!! 78/439).
49-56. BoceMb noAnpsiMoyro11bHblX, gyroBlllAHO-Vl3orHyTblX n11acrnH
(Piiie. 14,49-56) OT COCTaBHOro 6pac11ern (Piiie. 14, 49A). Kpasi n11aCTV1H
3arHyTbl Tpy60'-IKOH BHyTpbAJ1Sl CKpen11eHV1Sl Me)l(,[l,y co6oH WHypKaMVI. B
CKpen11eHHOM Me)l(,[l,y co60H COCTOSlHVIVI OHVI o6pa3ylOT JleHTy AJlVIHOH
OKOJ10 22 CM Villi/I Kpyr AVlaMeTpOM OKOJlO 8-9 CM. 8TO BnOJlHe AonycTVIMO
/J,JlSl cocrasHoro PYYHoro 6pac11ern 111 AOno11H111TeJ1bHO noArnep)f(Aaer
npaB VIJlbHyro, nepBOHa'-laJlbHO np0AJ10)1(0HHYIO r .n .CepreeBblM, VIHTep 11peTal...\V1IO. n11aCTVIHbl Vl3roTOBJ10Hbl 1113 paCKOBaH HblX KYCKOB MSAlll c
I IOCJ10AYIOLI..\8H npVIAa'-leH He06XOAVIMOH cpopMbl (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 7071 ). n naCTVIHbl N!! 49 VI 50 lllMSIOT no OAHOMy OTBepCTVllO VI, O'-leBVIAHO,
li13roT0011eHbl 1113 nepe111cno11b30BaHHblX n11ocK111x noAsecoK. Pa3Mepb1: 49
- BblCOTa 2, 1 CM, WVlpVIHa 1,8 CM, TOJlll.\VIHa nJJaCTVIHbl 0, 1 CM . Bee Gonee 6 rp. (NQ 78/396); 50 - BblCOTa 1,9 CM, WVlpVIHa.2,3 CM, TOJlll\VIHa
0, 1 CM. Bee - 3 rp. (N!! 78/397); 51 - BblCOTa 1,9 CM, WVlpVIHa 2,3 CM,
fOJlll\VI Ha 0, 1 CM. Bee - MeHee 9 rp . (NQ 78/394); 52 - BblCOTa 3,5 CM,
IUVlpVIHa 4,3 CM, TOJlll\lllHa 0,2 CM. Bee- 26 rp . (NQ 78/390); 53 - BblCOTa
;:.8 CM , WlllpVIHa 3,9 CM, TOllll.\l!IHa 0, 1 CM . Bee - MeHee 8 rp. (N!! 78/391 );
4 - BblCOTa 2, 7 CM, WVlpVIHa 2,6 CM , TOJlll\VIHa 0,2 CM . Bee - 10 rp. (NQ
18/392); 55 - BblCOTa 2,0 CM, WVlpVIHa 2, 1 CM, TOJlll.\VIHa 0, 1 CM. Bee on ee 8 rp. (N!! 78/393); 56 - BblCOTa 1,5 CM, w111p111Ha 1,9 CM, TOJlll.\VIHa
0, 1 CM. Bee - MeHee 5 rp. (N!! 78/395).
np0Hlt13ft1

n peACTaBJ10Hbl 11 3K30MnnsipaMl!I, CpSAVI K~TOpblX OAHa cn111pallb11asi -NQ 57; ABS Tpy64aTbl0 c TVICHSHblM KOJlbl...\0BblM opHaMeHTOM NQNQ58-59 111 soceMb npocTblX Tpy64aTblX - N!!N!! 60-67.
57. Cn111pa11eBV1AHasi npOHVl3b (P111c. 15,57), csepHyrnsi 1113 noAnpsiMoyronbHOH B C0'-10HVIVI MSAHOH npOBOJlOKVI, HaKpyYeHHOH Ha OKpyrnyro
npasy (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 67) B YeTblpe o6oporn. An111Ha 1,2 cM, AVlaMerp
0, 6 CM, C0'-10HVle npoBOJlOKlll 0, 1x0,2 CM. Bee- MeHee 2 rp. (NQ 78/378).
58. Tpy6YaTaSl npOHVl3b (PVlc.15, 58), CBepHyTaSl 1113 TOHKOH MSAHOH
1IJl3CTVIHbl WBOM BCTblK, c nocJleAYIOll.\VIM TVICHSHVISM Ha ee nosepxHOCTlll
KOJlbl.ISBOro opHaMeHTa (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 67). OAlllH KpaH npOHVl3111 cn11111eH
/(JlSl MSTaJlllOrpacp111YecKoro aHaJlVl3a. )J.JlV!Ha 2, 1 CM (VICXOAHaSl AJlVIHa AO
1,n11111a 3,0 CM), AlllaMeTp 0,5 CM, TOJlll.\VIHa nnaCTVIHb.1- MeHee 0, 1 CM.
Il ee (n ocne cn11111a) - MeHee 1 rp. (NQ 78/381 ).
-41-

59. CXOAHas:i Tpy64aTas:i npOHVl3b (Piiie. 15,59) 1113 M8AHOll1 n11aCT111Hbl


(AH.340), 1113roTOBJ18HHas:i B TOi/1 )Ke TeXHVIKe (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 67), c
TVICHeHblM KOllbUeBblM opHaMeHTOM . A11111Ha 3, 1 CM, AlllaMeTp 0,6 CM,
TOllll..\VIHa n11aCT111Hbl - MeHee 0, 1 CM. Bee - MeHee 3 rp. (NQ 78/382).
60-67. BoceMb npoCTblX npOHVl3elll (Piiie. 15, 60-67) 1113 TOHKVIX
MeAHblX (AH.338, 300, 364) n11acT111H, CKpy4eHHblX Ha Kpyrnolll OCHOBe
(PblHAVIHa, 1971, 67) B rops:14YIO WBaMVI B HaxnecT. Pa3Mepbl: 60-AJJVIHa
1,6 CM, AlllaMeTp 0,5 CM, sec - 6011ee 2 rp. (NQ 78/379); 61 -AllVIHa 1,5
CM, AlllaMeTp 0,7 CM, Bee 2 rp. (NQ 78/380) (CVIJlbHO AeopMV1poBaHa VI
nospe)KJJ.eHa np111 MeTa1111orpa1114ecKOM VICCJleAOBaHVIVI); 62 -AJlVIHa 3,5
CM, AlllaMeTp 0,6CM, sec2,5 rp. (NQ 78/383); 63-AJ1VIHa4,4cM, AlllaMeTp
0,8 CM, Bee 6 rp. (NQ 78/385); 64 - AllVIHa 3, 1 CM, AlllaMeTp 0,9 CM, sec
4,5 rp. (NQ 78/386); 65 -AJlVIHa 2, 1 CM, A1113M8Tp 0, 7 CM, sec 3 rp. (N2 78/
384); 66 -AJlVIHa 1,5 CM, AVl3MeTp 1,0 CM, sec 5 rp. (N2 78/387 (4aCTll14HO
cn11111eHa Alls:! Mern1111orpa1114ecKoro aHa111113a); 67 - AllVIHa 0,8 CM,
AlllaMeTp 0,5 CM, sec-1,0 rp . (N2 78/388).
5ycb1

npeACTaBJleHbl 3771113Ae11Vls:IMVI (Piiie. 15-21 , 68-444) 11 KaKyCTaHOBneHO cneKTpallbHblM aHaJ111130M, 40 VICCJleAOBaHHblX 6yc (AH.274, 275, 280292, 301-309 , 341-355, 363) Vl3roTOBJleHbl 1113 MeAVI c pa3111114HblMVI
eCTeCTB8HHblMVI np111MeCs:IMVI. no opMe noApa3A811s:llOTCs:I Ha U11111VIHAP11148CKVl8 (Piiie. 15, 68-76, 79-85111 MHOrne-MHOrllleApyrne), cep1114ecK111e 11111111
ynllOl.J...!eHHO-cep1114ecK111e (Piiie. 15, 77, 86, 89, 109-113111 Ap.), 604K006pa3Hble 111 AP xorn 3a4acTy10 111x 4eTKoe pa3AeneH111e no opMe Bbl3b!BaeT
3aTPYAHeHVle. Bee 6e3 VICKJll04eHV1s:! 6ycb1VIHAVIBlllAYallbHOro1113roTOBJleHVls:I,
4TO VI OTJ111143eT VIX OT VIHblX, COAep)l(al.J...!VIX 6ycbl , KOMnlleKCOB nepVIOAa
sHeo11111rn (Haba?e?ti, Brad, Giurgiule?ti, Kp111solll Por VIAp.) . .Ka)KJJ.as:i 1113 6yc111H
V13roTas11111sa11acb OTAellbHO. ,[l.ns:i sToro 111cno11b30Ba11111cb no11ocK111 MeTanna
- nOA06HO Ha_><OAKaM N2N2 445-446. 1!13 HVIX opM111p'osa11111cb KOpOTKVle
Y3K111e nnacTVIHbl . 11111111 npyrnK111 noAnps:iMoyronbHoro 11111111 noAosanbHoro
ce4eH111s:i. 3aroTOBKVI 3arn6an111 Ha onpase H~Horo AlllaMeTpa 111 B pa3111114HblX
TeMnepaTypHblX pe)l(VIMax VIX KOH Ubl csap111sa11111 BCTblK 11111111 BHaxnecT. 3aTeM
Kpas:i VI nosepXHOCTb AOnOllHVITellbHO npoKaTblBalllll, npVIA3B3s:I 6ycv1HaM
HY)l(Hble 04eprnH111s:i (PblHAVIHa, 1971, 65-67).

11

B lllJ1JllOCTpau111111 He BKJll04eHbl p111cyHKlll 'leTbtpex 6yc, OTCYTCTBYIOllll!IX B KOJlJleKLllillll: NQNQ


78/1-2; 78/78-79. c LleJlblO B03MOlKHOtii 1t1AeHrn1t1Kall1t11!1 Hepacw111posaHHblX B TeKCTe
KOJlJleKLll!IOHHblX HOMepoB, p111cyHKlll 6yc AaHbl B TOH nocneAOBaTeJlbHOCTlll, B KaKotii OHlll

73 no 147 COOTBeTCTBYIOT KOJl. NQNQ


78/3 no 78/77, a c NQ 148 no 445 - Kon. NQNQ c 78/80 no 78/377.

npoHyMeposaHbl B KOJlJleKLlllllil. 6ycbl noA HOMepaMl!I c


c

-42-

noAaBJls:llOl.J...!ee 60JlbWVIHCTBO 6yc VIMelOT WlllplllHY B npeAenax OT 0,2


AO 0,8 CM np111 AlllaMeTpe OT 0,4AO 1,0 CM VI Bece OT MeHee 1AO3 rp. Ho
VIMeeTCs:I He6011bwas:i cep111s:i npe111Myl.J...!eCTBeHHO nOACep1114eCKVIX 6yc
WlllpVIHOillAO 1,4cM VIAVlaMeTpOM AO 1, 7 CM np111BeCeAO14 rp. 0TAellbHble
6yc111Hbl cn11111eHbl AJ151 MeTa1111orpa1114ecKoro VICCJ1eAOB3Hllls:I (Plllc.16,
132, 133, 147; 17, 221). 06pa1.J...!aeT Ha ce6s:i BHlllM3Hllle, 4TO HeKOTOpble
6ycVIHbl cneKJlVICb Me:>KAy co6oiii "B tpy604KY" no ABe-Tplll (Piiie. 15,8385 , 97-98, 103-104; 17, 189-190; 20, 387-388 ). Vlx no11o)f(eH111e
roso pVIT 0 TOM, 4TO np111 33Kpb1TVIVI KJ13Aa no KpaillHeill Mepe 43CTb 6yc111H
6b111 a HaHVl3aHa Ha WHYP 11111111 sepeB04KVI.
MeraJTJTV1'-lecK111e 3aroTOBKV1

445 -446. Ase no11ocK111 MeTa1111a (P111c. 21, 445,446) YAllVIHeHHoill


opMbl, Cll~VIBWlll8, 04eBlllAHO, B Ka4eCTBe 3aroTOBOKAJ1s:! Vl3roTOBJleHVls:I
6yc111H. 06e nollOCKVI cn11111eHbl Alls:! M8TaJ1llOrpa1114eCKOro VICCJleAOBaHWl.
nepBOHa4allbHa51 AlllllHa nonocoK 4, 7 CM VI 7,5 CM, w111p111Ha - 1,2 CM VI
1,0 CM, TOlll.J...!VIHa - 0,2 CM VI 0,4 CM. Bee B ype3aHHOM COCTOs:IHVIVI - 5 rp.
VI 9 r p.
KaK noKa3an cneKTpa11bHb111l aHa111113, o6e no11ocK111111Me10T 111AeHTlll4Hblill
cocrns fv1ern1111a (AH.325,326) 111 E.H.LJepHblX paccMaTp111saeT 111x KaKABa
06JlOMKa OAHOro 111 Toro )f(e npeAMeTa (LJepHblX, 1966, 53. np111Me4aHV1e
1O)(N2N2 78/ 399 11178/398) .
HEMETAJ1nlt14ECKV1E 1!13,[J.Enlt15l
HeMeTa11111114ecK111e 1113Ae11111s:i KllaAa npeAcTasneHbl 407 npeAMeTaM111.
OHVI BKlll04alOT ABa OPYA11151 TPYAa, a B ocTallbHOM sTo yKpaweH111s:i 1113
pa3J11114HblX MaTep111a110B.

npeACTaBJ18Hbl ABYMs:! npoyWHblMVI KaM8HHblMVI TonopaMVl-MOJlOTaMVI.


4 47. npoyWHblH ronop-MOJlOT (Piiie. 22,447) 1113 6e11oro M8JlK03epH VICTOro MpaMopa.Yce4eHl-i0-6VIKOHVl4eCKOill opMbl c HaV160JlbWVIM
pacw 111peHV18M Ha ypoBHe npoyWVIHbl. noAOB311bHblH B ce4eHV1lll, C
noAnps:iMoyronbHblM npo11111eM 111AYroBlllAH0-3aKpyrneHHblM11e3s111eM.
npoyw')iHa pOBHas:i, U11111LtlHAP11148CKa51. nosepXHOCTb rnnopa n,aTellbHO
an o11111posaHa. Bb1corn 20,5 CM, Ha1116011bwas:i w111p111Ha y npoyw111Hbl r.: ,6 CM, TOlll.J...!VIHa 3,5 CM, AlllaMeTp npoyWVIHbl 2,0 CM (N2 78/446).
448 . npoyWHblill TOnop-MOJlOT 1113 3eJleHOBaTOi/1 CJlaHuesoi/1 nopOAbl
_,i".l_

(P111c. 22, 448). "1MeeT 11ciAK006pa3HYIO cpopMy c Ha1116011bW1t1M pacw111peH1t1eM Ha ypoBHe npoyw111Hbl. B npo11111e noAnpsiMoyro11bHb1VI, c11erKa
pacw111psit0w.111Vicsi KAyroB1t1AHOMY 11e3B1t1t0. Ce4eH111e noAnpsiMoyro11bHoe,
co c11erKa 3aKpyrneHHblMll160KaM111. OTBepcT111e poBHoe, u111111t1HAp1t14ecKoe.
nosepXHOCTb OTWlllllcpOBaHa. BblCOTa 11,0 CM, Hal!160llbWa51 LillllplllHa
4,0 CM, T011W.111Ha Ha ypoBHe npoyWlllHbl 2,4 CM. )J.111aMeTp npOWlllHbl
1,8 CM (N2 78/447).

482 ; 24; 25) 13 Bee noAB0CKll1 coxpaH11111111 ecTeCTBeHHYIO cpopMy Ill, KaK
npaBlllJlO, 3ano1111lpOBaHbl. l!ICKJll040Hlll0 COCT3BJ1510T OAHa nOAB0CKa
(Piil e. 575, N2 78/724), KOTOpa51 B Hlll>KHeill 4acrn 111M00T noAnlllll,
nplllAatOW.lllill el/i Kpl04K006pa3HYIO cpopMy. npaKTlt140CKll1 BO BCeX CJly4a5lX
oTB epcT1t15I Bbmo11HeHbl B TeXHlllKe ABYCTOpOHHero csep11eHlll5I. 8b1c0Ta
L\01lblX 3K30Mnll5lpOB OT 1,9 AO 2,8 CM (N2N2 78/613-724).
YKpaweHMfl M3 paKOBMH Spondilus

YKpaweH111S1

npeACT3Bll0Hbl 405 npeAM0TaMll1. CpeAl!l Hlr1X lll3A01111151 1113 KOCTltl 127, N2N2 449-575; yKpaweH1t15I lll3 paKoB1t1H Spondilus-270, N2N2 576845; 1111113A011111511113 MlllHepallOB - 8 WT., N2N2 846-853.
YKpaweHMfl M3 KOCTM

iI
I

I
I

npeACTaB110Hbl OAHOVl npOHlt13blO - N2 449; nOAB0CKOii1 1113 3y6a


Ye11oseKa - N2 450; noABecKolil "a11111114ecKolil" cpopMbl - N2 45; 12
KOCTSlHblMl!l lllM lllTaUll151Mlr1 3y60B 0110H51 - N2N2 . 452-463; 111 112 noAB0CKaMlt11113 3y60B 611aropoAHOro 011eH5I - N2N2 464-575.
449. n p o H ll13 b YAlllllH0HHO-Ult111111HAP11140CKOlll cpopMbl (P111c. 23, 449) ,
1113rOTOBlleHa, no BlllAlllMOMy, 1113 KOCTl!l nT111Ubl. )J.lllllHa 2, 1 CM, AlllaMeTp
0,8 CM, Al!laMeTp OTBepCTll151 0,3 CM (N2 78/389) .
450 . n o A B0CKa lll3 KopeHHOro 40110B040CKOro 3y6a (Piile. 23, 450), C
OAHlllM CKB03HblM Ill BTOpblM H0AOCB0pll0HHblM OTBepcTl!151Mlll. BblCOTa 2,0
CM (N2 78/737) .
451 . " <!>a nn111 L1ecK a S1 " n o AeecKa (P111c. 23, 45 1) B BlllAe noAnpsiMoyro11bHoro cTep>KeHbKa c oTBepcT1t1eM, 3asepwat0w.asicsi B Hlll>KHeill
4acTlll ABYM51 ClllMMeTplr14HblMll1 wapoo6pa3Hb1Mlr1 BblCTynaMlll. lll3roToB11eHa lll3 06110MKa KpynHolil Tpy64aTolil. KOCTltl. BblCOTa 2,2 CM, MaKc .
WlllplllHa B Hlr1>KHelil 4acrn 1,5 CM (N2 78/738).
.
452-463. 12 KO CTSI Hbl X n OAB 0COK - lt1Mlr1TaUllllr1 M01104HblX 3y60B
611aropOAHOro 011eH5I (Piile. 23, 452- 462) 12 BepxH5151 111x YaCTb yn110w.eHHa5I, c ornepcTllleM AJ151 noAsew111saH111si, Hlll>KH5151- Kan11eBlllAHas:i.
lt13roTOBll0Hbl 1113 OCKOllKOB KpynHblX Tpy643TblX KOCT0Vl. nosepXHOCTb lllX
3ano11111poBaHa. BblCOTa OT 2,0 AO 2,9 CM (N2N2 78/725-736).
464:--575. 112 n OA B e CO K lll3 M01104HblX 3y60B 611aropOAHOro OJ10H91
c npocsep1111lHaMlll B sepxHeill 4acrn AJ151 noABeWlllB3Hlll51(Plllc. 23, 465B KOJlJleKU,1111 OTcyrcTByeT OAHa, He npo11nmocTp11poBaHHaf!, nOABeCKa - N2 463 (NQ 788/
. 736) .

12

n peACTaBlleHbl 270 1113,l].0Jllr151Mlr1. CpeAll1 Hlr1X: 6ycbl -N2N2 576-585;


npoHlll3111 - N2N2 586-733; HaW1t1BHb1e n11acn1Hbl - N2N2 735-835 ;
pa3HOTlllnHble nOAB0CKlll -NQNQ 836-841; cerMeHTbl OT COCTaBHblX
6pac11eTOB - N2N2 842-845 111 ,a.p.
6 ycbl 111 npoHll13111. 06W.111M 4111CJ10M 158 WT. ~Piil KOppe1151Ullllll MeTplll48CKlllX noKa3aTe11eill 40TKO Bb1A0115llOTC51 10 Hlll3KO-UlllJllllHAP11140CKlllX
6yc111H 111148 YAJ11t1HeHHblX npoHlll3eill.
.
576-585. 10 6yc111H Hlr13KOU11111111HAP11140CKll1X 04epraH1t1VI (Piile . 26,
576-585) 14 l.t13roros11eHbl 1113 cn11111eHHblX oTpocTKOB paKOBlllH Spondilus.
lilx w lllplllHa 0,2-0,4 crvi np111,a.111aMeTpe0,5-1, 1 CM (NQNQ 78/ 448, 492494 , 521, 544-546, 598, 600).
586-733. 148 YAJllllH0HHO-UllllllllHAPlll4ecKlllX npoH1t13eill c oKpyrnblM ,
no,a.osallbHblM, pe>Ke no,a.Ksa,a.paTHblM ce4eH1t1eM (Piile. 26, 586-631; 27;
28 , 695-733) 15 "13roTOBJleHbl 1113 oTpocTKOB paKOBlllH Spondilus c
npo cseplllllHaMl!l AJ151 npo,[!.eBaHl!151 HlllTKlll. nlllWb Ha pe,[J.KlllX 3K3eMnlls:ipaX
npoc11e>KlllBaeTc5I ecTecTBeHHa51 so11H1t1cTa5I nosepxHoCTb. B 6011bWlllHCTBe
)1(9 c11y4aes lllX nosepxHoCTb 3ano1111lposaHa OT4acn1 npe,[J.HaMepeHHO,
OT4acrn OT AJ111lT0JlbHOro HOW0Hlll51. l.tlx ,[l.lllllHa o6bl4HO BapblllpyeT OT 0, 70,8 AO 3,0-3,2 CM np111 ,l].lllaMeTpe OT 0,4-0,5 AO 1,2-1,3 CM (NQNQ 78/
449 - 491, 495-520, 522-543, 547-597, 601-606) .
734. 06110MoK orpocTKa paKOBll1Hbl Spondilus 6e3 Blr1AlllMblX c11e,1J,0B
o6pa60TKlll (Piile. 28, 734), npe,a.Ha3Ha49HHb1Vl ,[J.J15l lll3roTOB119Hlll5l 6yc llllllll
npOHl!13elll. )J.lllllHa 2,9 CM, MaKC. ,[],l!laMeTp 0,8 CM (NQ 78/ 739) .
H a w111 BH b1 e nn acTll1 Hbl. 06W.lllM 411lCllOM 101 WT. (Piile. 29; 30; 31)
!i13ror os11eHbl lll3 paKOBlllH Spondilus. l!IMetOT npsiMoyro11bHyio, osa11bHYt0
B KonneKu,1111 oTCyrcTBye'r 17 noABecoK - N2N2 78/613 , 625. 334, 640 , 649, 651-652,
663, 674- 675, 678, 682, 689, 705-606, 717, 720 . Ha Haw11x 11nn10cTpau,11flx noAsecK11
pacnono)l(eHbl s rn~ nocneAosarnnbHocrn, B KaKo~ OHl1 npoHyMeposaHbl s KonneKu,1111,
sa nponycKOM OTCYfCTBYIOUJ,11X 3K3eMnnflp08.
14 B KOnneKU,1111 OTCYfCTByeT 4 6yc11Hbl N2NQ 78/ 448, 492, 54411 536.
15 Ha p11cyHKax 26-28. npoHl1311 AaHbl 8 TO~ nocneAOBaTellbHOCTl1, 8 KaKO~ OH_'.'1
npoHyMeposaHbl 8 KOJlJleKU,1111 c COOTBeTCTBYIOUJ,11M nponycKOM 11HOTl1nHblX 113Aen1111,
orosopeHHblX np11 on11caH1111 nocneAHl1X .

13

lllJllll nOAKBap,paTHylO <f>opMy C OKpyrnblMlll yrnaMlll. n111wb OAHa 1113 HI/IX


ClllJlbHo 1113ornyrn B npo111ne (P111c. 29, 759). Ce4eH111e nnacrnH noAOBanbHoe, OAHOcTopoHHe-BbtnyKnoe 111n111 noATpaneu111eBV1AHOe. Bee nnacTlllHbl
CHa6)1(eHbl OTBepCTlll5lMlll, BblCBepneHHblMlll c BHyTpeHHeill noBepXHOCTlll,
a 111x n111ueBa5l nnocKOCTb nponow,eHa. Ha MHornx nnacT111Hax y ornepcT111ill
3aMeTHbl npoTepTOCTlll OT CKpenJ15llOW.lllX VIX HlllTeill. CyAS! no HanpaBJleHllllO
npoTepTOCTeill, MO)l(HO npeAnOJlO)l(lllTb, 4TO nnaCTlllHbl CWlllBaJllllCb Me)l(Ay
co6oill B caMblX pa3Jllll4HblX KOM6111HaUlll5lX 111, Bepo5lTHee Bcero, 111cnonb30Ban111cb AJ15l 1113roTOBJ10Hlll5l COCTaBHblX 6pacneTOB. ,lJ,JllllHa nnaCTlllH
KOJle6neTC5l OT 1,7-1,9 AO 3,5-3,7 CM, a VIX w111p111Ha - OT 0,7-0,8 AO
1,5-1,6CM.
'
no KOJ111140CTBY OTBepCTlllill Ill VIX pacnOJ10)1(0HllllO BblA0J15llOTC5l Tplll
pa3HOBlllAHOCTlll.
735-761. HaWlllBHble nnacTVIHbl c ABYM5l OTBepcTlll5lMlll, pacnoJlO)l(eHHbtMlll Ha VIX npOTlllBOnOJlO)l(HblX KOHUax. V1MelOTC5l 27TaKlllX nnaCTlllH
(P111c. 29,735-761) (NQNQ 78/741:-764, 766-767, 805).
762-773. HaWlllBHble nnaCTlllHbl c TpeM5l OTBepCTlll5lMlll- 12 WT. (Piiie.
30, 762-773). np111YeM , B AeB5lTlll cny4a51x 0H111111Me10T no ABa ornepcrn51
no JleBOMY KpalO nnaCTlllHbl (Piiie. 30, 762- 770) Ill no OAHOMY no npaBOMY
KpalO (cooTBeTCTB0HHO NQNQ 78/ 768-774, 776, 813), Ill TOJlbKO B Tpex
cny4a51x- no ABa ornepcTlll51 no npaBoMy KpalO (P111c. 30, 771-773) 111 no
OAHOMyno JleBOMy(cooTBeTCTBeHHO NQNQ 78/775, 777, 784).
774-834. Haw111BHb1e nnacTlllHbl c 4eTblpbM5l OTBepcT1115lMlll, no ABa
no Ka)l(AOMY KpalO ( Piiie. 30, 774-800; 31) 16 ( COOTBeTCTBeHHO NQNQ 78/
778-783, 785-790 ,792-804, 806-812, 814-841 ).
835. 0AHa nnacrnHa 111MeeT noATpaneu111eBV1AHY10 op My c oKpyfJlbtMlll
yrnaMlll (Piiie. 32, 835. noAOBaJlbHa5l B Ce4eHllllll, CO CKB03HblM np51MblM
npoAOJlbHblM ornepcrneM Ha o6opornoill cTopoHe. Pa3Mepbt- 2,2 x 2,9
CM, TOJlll.llllHa 0,8 CM (NQ 78/ 844).
nnacn1Hbl-nOAB0CKVI. V13rOTOBJ10Hbl 1113 KYCKOB paKOBlllH Spondilus
VI lllM0IOT pa3Hble KOHV1rypau111V1.
836. He6onbwa5l noABecKa npocTOlll noAOBaJlbHoill opMbt (P111c.32,
836) c npocBepneHHbtM c ABYX cTOpoH ornepcTV1eM. 8b1corn 2,0 CM,
WlllpVIHa 0,9 CM, TOJlW.lllHa 0,5 CM (NQ 78/740).
837. Y,a,nV1He.HHo-noAOBaJlbHa5l nnacTlllHa- noAsecKa c AYroBVIAHbtM
npo111neM c .QBycrnpoHHe npocBepneHHblM ornepcrneM,a,n5l noABeWV1BaHV15l
(P111c. 32, 837). Bbtcorn 3,2 CM, w111p111Ha 0,8 CM, TOJlW.lllHa 0,6 crJi (NQ 78/ 765).
838. nnacrnHa-no.QBecKa noAoBanbHoill opMbl (P111c. 32, 838). VlMeeT ABa
OT8epCTlll51, no OAHOMY Ha Ka)KAOM KOHUe. nepBOHa4aJlbHO, AO 06JlOMa OAHOro
16

0AHa noAo6HaSl n11acrnHa yrep11Ha -

NQ 78/791.

yrna, no BVIAVIMOMy, VICnOJlb30BaJlaCb B Ka4eCTBe HaWVIBHOill nnacTlllHbl.


Bbtcorn 3 4cM MaKc. w111pV1Ha 2,0 CM, Tonw,111Ha 0,6 CM (NQ 78/ 845).
839. flnac~VIHa-no,a,BeCKa no,a,TpeyroJlbHOill <f>opMbl (PVIC. 32, 839) C
orn epcT111eM gn5l no,a,BeWV1BaHV15l. Bbtcorn 4,6 CM, MaKc. w111p111Ha 3,0 CM,
TOJlll.lVIHa-.a.o 0,6 CM (NQ 78/ 843).
.
840. 8btnyKno-BorHyTa5l no,a,BecKa oBaJlbHOill opMbl (PVlc.32, 840).
V1MeeT Tplll pa3Jllll4HblX ornepcTVl51: 0,0,HO no 60KOBOMY KpalO VI ,a.Ba ,a,pyrnx
ClllMMeTp1114HO pacnoJlO)l(0Hbl no KOHUaM ,[],nVIHHOill OClll. Cy,a,5! no HlllM, no
Blll.O.VIMOMY 111 cnonb3oBanacb ,a,n5l no,a,Bew111BaHlll5l B pa3JlV14HblX nono:>KeHlll5lX.
,O,n111Ha 5,7 ~M, w111pV1Ha 4,3 CM, TOJlW.VIHa __:_ ,0,0 0,8 CM (NQ 78/ 846).
M51
841. no,a,BeCKa no,a,poM60Blll,O,HOill <f>opMbl (PlllC. 32,841) C .O.BY
orn epCTlll5lMlll no Kpa5lM ,[],nVIHOill OClll . 0T4aCTlll HanoMlllHaeT nJlOCKVle
MeTaJlJllllYeCKllle no,a,BecKlll no,a,poM60Blll.O.HOill opMbl. Bbtcorn 7,9 CM,
w111 p 111 Ha 6,4 crvi, TOJlW.lllHa -.a.o 0, 7 cM (NQ 78/ 847}.
AyroBlllAHbl0 nnacTlllHbl. npe,a,cTaBJ10Hbl 40TblpbM5l 3K3eMnJ151paMlll.
V1MelOT no 0,0,HOMY ornepcTllllO Ha npOTlllBOnOJlO)KHblX KOHUax Ill, 040Blll,0,HO,
npo111cxo,a,5lT oT cocTaBHblX 6pacneToB.
842. ,[l,yroBlll,O,Ha5l y,a,n111HeHHa5l nnaCTlllHa (Piiie. 32,842) c .O.BYM51
ornepCTVl5lMlll Ha npoTlllBOnOJlO)l(HblX KOHUaX, c oBaJlbHblM ce4eHllleM.
nocJle CJlOMa 0,0,HOrO KOHUa BTOpV14HO 6b1Jl0 BblCBepJleHO H01~0e
ornepcTllle. MaKC. ,[],nVIHa 5,3 CM, ce40HVl0 0,3 x 0,5 CM (NQ 78/846A} .
843 ,[l,yroBlll,O,Ha5l nnacT111Ha (P111c. 32, 843} c yTonw.eHHbtM no,a,osaJlbH bl~ Ce4eHlll0M, c .O.BYM5l ornepCTV15lMlll Ha npoTlllBOnOJlO)KHblX KOHUaX.
MaKc. ,a,n111Ha 7,2 cM, ceYeH111e 2, 1 x 1,4 CM (NQ 78/ 843}.
844. ,[l,yroBVl,O,Ha5l nnacTV1Ha (P111c. 33, 844) c no,a,np51MOyronbHblM
ceYeHVleM 111 ABYM5l ornepcTlll5lMlll Ha npoT111Bonono:>KHblX KoHuax. MaKc.
AJllllHa 5 5 CM ce4eHVle 0,6 x 1,4 CM (NQ 78/ 849}.
2
845.' nna~TlllHa CX0,0,HblX <f>opM (Piiie. 33, 845). MaKC. ,0,JlVIHa 7, CM,
ce4e H111e 0,3 x 1,0 cM (NQ 78/ 850).
YKpaweHlllfl 1113 MJl/Hepanoa

n pe,a,cTaBJ10Hbl BOCeMblO V13,0,0Jllll5lMVI,

KOTOpblX ,O,Ba 1113 MpaMopa

- NQNQ 848-853.

}
si
846. HaWlllBHa51, yTonll.leHHasi nnacTV1Ha (P111c. 33, 846 no,a,np MoyroJlbHOill opMbl _c 3aKpyrneHHblMVI yrnaMVI, y,a,n111HeHHO-no,a,o17

Ko1111eKU,ll10HHbl~ HOMep :no~ n11acrnHbl Av611111pyeTCSl c


~

(P"C 32
OBaJlbH0111 nOABeCKll1
.. ' . '

840)

'

HOMepoM paHee paccMO~peHHO~


no:3TOMY 3a He~ MO:>KHO 3aKpenll1Tb yc110BHblll1 HOMep

78/846A.
-47-

-46-

V13

_ NQNQ 846-847 111 wecTblO 6yc111HaMV11113 Tpex pa3Jllll4HblX caMouseTOB

BaJlbHoro CeYeHll'15!. no ee yrnaM, c ABYX CTOpOH BblCBep11eHo no OAHOMY


orsepcrmo. 0All'1H 11'13 yrnos n11acr1t1Hbl or61t1r. f,faroros11eHa 1t1 3 MellK03epH1t1croro 6e11oro MpaMopa, CXOAHoro no crpyKrype c MpaMopHblM
ronopoM-Mo11oroM. nosepxHocrb n11acr1t1Hb1 xopowo crna)f(eHa
Mepb1: 3,6 x 4,5 CM np1t1 MaKc.

TOJ1~11'1He

1,2 CM

(NQ

78/ 842).

Pa 3

847. KpynHa5! 6oYKoo6pa3Ha5! 6yc1t1Ha (P1t1c. 33, 847) 11'1 3 roro )f(e
Marep1t1a11a, c KpyrnblM B ceYeHll'111'1 npoAOllbHblM orsepcrneM An1t1Ha 3 3

np1111o)l(eH11e 1

CM, MaKc. All'laMerp 1,8 CM, All'laMerp ornepcrn 51 0,5 CM (f)IQ 7B/ 599).
'
848-850. Tp1t1Hll'13KOL.lll'11111'1HAP11'1YecK1t1e6yc1t1Hbl (P1t1c. 33, 848-850)

T.C . nacceK, E. K. LfepHblW

11'13 3eJleHoBaTO-Cll'1Hero Mll'1Hepana (B03MO)f(HO, 61t1pt03a?). An1t1Ha 0 3-0 4


CM, All'laMerp 0,6-0,8 CM (NQNQ COOTBeTCTBeHHO 78/ 607-609) J
J

OTLfE T
o pa6oTe MonAaBcKOM aKcneAM4i.nt e 1962 roAy Ha noceneHMM
Kap6yHa 1

851. 6oYKoo6pa3Ha516yc1t1Ha (P1t1c. 33, 851) 11'13 p


aro- Mall~Hosoro
Mll'1Hepa11a (?). A111t1Ha 0 , 8 CM, All'laMerp 0,6 CM (NQ 78/ 61 O).

0308

852~853. Ase KpynHble yn11o~eHHo-cep1t1YeCK1t1e 6yc1t1Hbl (P1t1c. 33,

852-853) 11'13 npo3paYHoro KBapl..la . ,D.111t1Ha 1.4 11'1 1 5 CM All'laMerp 2


2, 1 CM (NQNQ 78/ 852, 853).
I
J
I
TaKOBbl 11'13Aellll'15! K3p6yHcKoro Kll3Aa.

o 11'1

P a6orb1 3KcneAl!1l..lll'111'1 B c. K3p6yHa Hoc1t1111t1 xapaKrep pa3BeAK11'1. Ko


speM eHll'l np1t1e3Aa Mo11AaBcKotlt 3KcneA11'1Ll11'111'1 s c. K3p6yHa r.n.cepreeB blM 6b1Jl pacKonaH yYaCTOK, Ha KOTOpOM HaWJlll'l Tpll'lnOJlbCKl!lH COCYA
c Kll3AOM sew,etlt. no3TOMY M011AaBCKa5! 3KCneA11'1Ll"l5! caMO Mecro H3XOAKl!l
He 0 6CJ18AOBa11a, aAJ15! BblSICHeHl!15! xapaKrepa naM5!THll'1Ka 3aJlO)f(l!1Jla ABS
pa3 BeAb1BaTellbHble rpaHwe1t1 (Pl!lc . 1, 3; 35, 1 ).
,

NQ 1 npoxoAl!llla c cesepa Ha t0r, Allll'1Ha ee oc1t1 ,- 50 M.


NQ 2, Allll'lHOtit 34 M, npoxoA1t111a c 3anaAa Ha socroK, nepeceKa5!
e KBa Apare 24 TpaHwet0 NQ 1 (TpaHWe5! NQ 2 5!Bllf!Jlacb npoAOJl)f(8Hll'1eM
T paHwe5!

TpaH We5!

IO)f(H Otit CTeHKll'l pacKona f.n.Cepreesa, B KOTOpOM HaXOAll'1JlaCb 5!Ma C


COC YA OM, COA8p)f(aBWll'1M KJlaA sew,etlt). 06e rpaHW811'1 3aJlO)f(eHbl
11 en ocpeACTB8HHO 861111'1311'1 Mecra HaXOAKll'l KJlaAa y BOCTOYHOtit CTOpOHbl
pacKO na r. n .Cepreesa (P1t1c. 35, 1 ).
Tp aHWe5!

NQ

(pa3M epoM 1 x

2 wna or pacKona Ha notltMy. HyMepal..lll'15! KBaAparos

1 M) AaHa c

3anaAa Ha BOCTOK. Pa3pe3 noYBeHHblX CJ108B B

rpaH wee c11eAyt0w,1t1ill: AepHOBblill

cnoill

14-20 CM, ryMyc, COAep)f(a~ll'lill

KYllbTYPHble OCTaTKll'l Tpll'lnOJlbCKOro BpeMeHll'l, 11'1MeJl TOJ1W,11'1HY 40-50 CM


1 Mon,L\aBcKas:t

apxeonorn4ecKas:t 3KcneAll!Lllils:t 11'1Hcrnryrn apxeonorn111 AH CCCP ,


IWHCTBOBaswas:t no,[\ PYKOBO,[\CTBOM T .c. nacceK, B 1962 r. 6btna opraHlll30BilHa COBM6CTHO
c 11'1HcrnryrnM 111crnp111111 AH MCCP 111 O,L\eccKll!M rocy,L\apcrneHHbtM apxeonorn4ecK111M
MY366M. 3Kcne,L\111Llll1s:t pa6orana B Te46Hll1e ,L\Byx Mecs:iues - 11110Hb-11110nb. nepBOHa4anbHO
Cibtn lil npoBe,[\eHbl apxeonorn4eCKll1e pa3B6,[\Klil B np111,L\yHai1CKlllX pai1oHaX YKpall!Hbl 111
pacKonKlll noceneH111s:t KynbTYPbl ryMenbHll!Lla yr. 6onrpa,L\. Pac;KOnK111 rp111nonbcKoro
11oceneHll!s:t y c. K3p6yHa npOBO,L\111nll1Cb Ha BTOPOM 3Tane - B 111t0ne M6C5llle.
nonHbli1 OT4eT c o6cros:irenbHblM anb60MOM rpacjm4ecK111x 111 cj:>orn-111nnt0crpau111111 o
pa6orax Mon,L\aBcKoi1 3KcneAll1Lllilll1 xpaH111Tc5l B Apx111se My3es:t apxeonor111111 11'1HcrnTyTa
11pxeonor111111 AKa,L\eM111111 HayK Mon,L\OBbl(,[\eno NQ 19).
TeKcT nocBs:tllleHHbti1 111ccne,L\0BaH111s:tM noceneH111s:t K3p6yHa 3aH111MaE.T s 0T4eTe
OTpaHll1Llbl 27-33 111 npll1B0,[\111TCs:t 3A6Cb uen111KOM. nponytlleHbl nll1Wb a63allbl' nocBs:ttll6HHble
1-1crnp111111 OTKpbn111S! Kna,L\a 111 on111caH111e Mecra pacnono)l(eH111s:t noceneHll!s:t, ocBs:ttlleHHbte
11aM111 paHee .

-49-

B nepBblX KBa.n,parnx 111 AOXOAll1J1 AO 90 CM - B nOCJ1SAH111X; rny6:>Ke 3a11eraer


cyrn111HoK KOpll14HeBoro l..lBeTa. Ha4111Has:i c KB . 15 Ha noillMe TPYAHO 6blJ1o
ycraHOBll1Tb nocneAOBaTeJlbHOCTb n04BSHHblX ropll130HTOB B CB513111 c
BblCOKll1M cros:i~111eM rpyHTOBblX BOA. Or Aonroro npe6b1BaH111s:i B BOAe
HaXOAK111Ha3T01114aCTll1 TpaHwe111 Cll1JlbHO noBpe)l(AeHbl.
B cyxoM rpyHre nepBblX KBaAparoB coBepweHHO or4ern111Bo YAallOCb
npoc11eAll1Tb B CBerno-Kop1114HeBoM cyrn111HKe KOHTypb1 111 npocf:> 111 nb
no11y3eMJ151HK111 (P111c. 37). C 3ana.n,a Ha BOCTOK AJ1111Ha :>K11111111w,a B rpaHwee
- 4,0 M. B ueHrpe ee npocne:>KeHa 6011ee rny6oKas:i s:iMa c 0Kpyrnb1M111
Kpa~Mlll. 0Ha 3aXOA111Jla B TpaHWelO Ha w111p111Hy 0,4 M, noSTOMy KYJlbTYPHblill
c110111 1113 Hee Bb16pan111 He Ha Bceill rny6111He, 4To6b1 He pa3pyw111rb ee 111
111MSTb B03MO:>KHOCTb B 6YAYW.SM BCKpblTb )l(l!IJ1111W.e LlSJ1111KOM. lny6111Ha
no11y3eMJ151HKlll 0, 7-1,2 MOT COBpeMeHHOill noBepXHOCTVI. s:!My B LlSHTpe
Bbl6pa11111 AO rny6111Hbl 1,6 M.
no11y3eMJ151HKa 6b1Jla 3anonHeHa KYllbTYPHblM CJlOeM, Bb1ASJ15110W.111MCS1 no
l..lBery. B Heil! o6HapY:>KeHbl: He6011bw111e KYC04Kll1 rn111Hs:1Hoill o6Ma3Kll1, 46 Kocreill
:>Kll1BOTHblX, 83 cf:>parMeHTa KepaMl!IK111, OTW,enbl KpeMH51 111 OA111H CKpe6oK. Ha
n11ow.a.n.111, npll1MblKat0w,eill K )1(111J1111W.y, KaK 06bl4HO, 6blJ10 cocpeAOT04SHO
HSMaJlO HaxOAOK. TaK, B KB.21113 Ha rny6111He 0,55-0,6 M HaillAeHo: 14 KOcreill
:>Kll1BOTHblX, 3 KpeMHll1SBble nnacrnHKll1Ill64 cf:>parMeHTa KepaMlllKlll; a CApyroill
CTOpOHbl :>KlllJllllW,a, B KB. 9 Ha rny611lHe 0,6-1 M Hail!AeHo: 4 06JlOMKa rJ1111HS1HOill
06Ma3Klll, 69 Kocreill, 30 cf:>parMeHTOB KepaMlllKlll.
, Hacb1W,eHHOCTb HaXOAKaMlll c11os:i 3a npeAeflaM111 :>KllllllllW.a pe 3 Ko
na.n.aeT. Hanp111Mep, B KB. 10 Ha rny611lHe 1 M o6Hapy:>KeHo Bcero 8 Kocreill
Ill 7 cf:>parMeHTOB KepaMlllKlll; B KB.11 -4 KOCTlll Ill 9 cf:>parMeHTOB KepaMlllK111.
noMlllMO no11y3eMJ151HKlll B TpaHwee 2 YAaJlOCb npOCJlSAlllTb OCTaTK111
nonoB, xapaKrepHblX Al151 Ha3eMHblX :>KllllllllW,. C KB.12 no 17 npoc11e:>K111Banacbxopowo o6o)l()l(eHHas:i rnlllHs:iHas:i o6Ma3Ka. Ha.n. Heill 111 cpeA 111
BaJlbKOB 06Ma3Klll HaXOA111JllllCb pa3H006pa3Hble KYJlbTYPHble OCTaTKll1.
Hanp111Mep, B KB.12 Ha rny611lHe OT 0,6 MAO 1 M HaillAeHO 4 KOCTVI, 1 orw.en
111 42 cf:>parMeHra KepaMlllKll1; 8 KB .16 Ha rny6111He OT 0,9 AO 1,6 M - 28
KOCTeill 11125 cf:>parMeHTOB KepaMlllKlll.
KyflbTYPHblill CJlOill B TpaHwee 2 (Piile. 37) c 3anaAa Ha BOCTOK 111AST c
noHlll:>KeHllleM Ill, Ha4111Has:i c KB. 16-17, rAe oH onycKaercs:i AO 1, 7 M, no
l..lBery 111 crpyKType ClllJlbHO OTJ111l4aercs:i OT y4aCTKOB, Jle:>KaBWlllX BblWe
coBpeMeHHoill noillMbl peK111. B nocneAHlllX KBa.n,pa-rnx rpaHwe111 2 no,LJ,
11onaroill Bee BpeMs:i 6b111a 4epHas:i JllllnKas:i 3eM11s:i, npon111raHHas:i rpyHTOBblMlll BOAaMlll; y KepaMll1Klll lll3 3Tll1X KBaApaTOB COBepweHHO 111cnop4eHa
noBepXHOCTb. 04eBll1AHO, 4TO nplll pacKOnKax noce11eH111s:i B 3TOill 4aCTl!I
noillMbl OCTaTKlll :>Kll1Jllllll.J, 6YAYT 04eHb n11oxoill coxpaHHOCTll1.

TpaHwes:i N2 1, npoBeAeHHas:i c ceBepa Ha ior, He 3aTpoHyna noillMbl


(P111c.1 ,3; 35, 1; 36). HanpornB, oHa nepeceKJla ycTyn oT Hlll311lHbl K cK110Hy
111 AaJla B03MO:>KHOCTb COCTaBlllTb npeACTaBJ1SHll1e 0 6011ee nnaBHOM
pellbecf:>e APSBHeill noBepXHOCTll1.
nepBble KBa.n,paTbl TpaHWelll HaXOAlllJllllCb y AOporn. B 3TOill 4acrn
rpaH we111 npocne:>KeHbl c11eAyt0w,llle cnolll no4Bb1; yn11orHeHHb1ill cnoill
ryMyca YAO'POrlll -1-0 CM (KB.1-2); B OCTaJlbHblX KBaApaTaX-AepHOBblill
cno ill TOJ1W.111HOill 12-14 CM; Hlll:>Ke - ryMyc c KYJlbTYPHblMlll OCTaTKaMll1
rp111n o11bcKoro BpeMeH111- 16-30 cM; noA HlllM cBerno-cepas:i cynecb 12-16 cM; Hll1:>Ke -:>Kemblill cyrnlllHOK MaTeplllKa. B KB .20 cBerno-:>Kemas:i
cyn ecb BblKJ1111Hll1BaeTcs:i, a TOJlW,lllHa ryMyclllpoBaHHoro c1105I c KYflbTypHblMlll ocTaTKaMlll AenaeTcs:i ronw,e. B IO:>KHoill 4acr111 rpaHwe111 (P111c. 36)
:nor cnoill AOCTlllraeT TOJlW,lllHbl 1, 7 M Ill Jle:>KlllT Ha KOplll4HeBOM cyrn111HKe.
KynbTYPHblill cnoill Tp111no11bcKoro BpeMeH111 HaXOAlllTcs:i Ha rny6111He 0,81,6 M. MecraMlll OH HapyweH coopy:>KeHlll51Mll1 6011ee no3,LJ,Hero BpeMeH111.
TaK, B KB. 7-9 o6Hapy:>KeHa cpe,LJ,HeBeKoBas:i 51Ma. B 3anonHeH111111 ee
Haill,LJ,eHO 4 KOCT04Klt1 Ill 23 MeJlKlllX o6JlOMKa nocyAbl. W111pV1Ha 51Mbl 2 M,
rny6 111Ha 1, 1 M. B KB.18 HaxO,LJ,lllJ1aCb04eHb rny6oKa51 (1 ,8 M) 51Ma n03AHero
epeMeH111. B Heil! npocne:>KeHo HeCKOJlbKO c11oeB 30flbl 111 yrns:i. HaillAeHo 5
KOCTeill 11114 MSJlKlllX cf:>parMeHTOB Kpy:>KaJlbHOill KepaMll1Klll.
Tp111nonbcK111ill KYflbTypHblill cnoill xopowo Bblpa:>KeH TOJlbKO Ha4111Has:i c
KB.22. B HeM y:>Ke orcyTcrnyeT cBerno-cepa51 KOMKOBa51 cynecb, a:>Kemb1ill
cyrn 111HoK nepeXOAlllT B KOplll4HeBblill. KaK Ill B rpaHwee 2, B HeM 3aneraer
rp111n onbcK111ill cnoill.
Ha nepece4eH111111 rpaHweill, B KB.23-25 TpaHwe111 N2 1, Haxo,LJ,111rcs:i
yrny611eHHa5I 4aCTb :>Kll1JllllW,a, orMe4eHHoro B TpaHwee N2 2. XapaKTep
KYllbT)lpHblX ocrarKoB raKoill :>Ke, KaK Ill B TpaHwee N2 2. B KB.22 y :>K111n111w.a
HaillAeHO Ha rny6111He 0.3-0.6 M: 8 06J10MKOB rnlllHS1HOill o6Ma3Kll1, 14
KOCTeill, 15 cf:>parMeHTOB KepaMlllKlll, 1 OTW,en, 1 o6J10MOK KpeMHll1eBoro
csepna. B KB.23 Haill,LJ,eHo: 5 cf:>parMeHTOB o6Ma3Kll1, 46 KOCTeill, 16
cf:>par MeHTOB KepaMll1Klll. B caMoill S1Me B KB.24 (COOTB8TCTByer KB.5
TpaH we111 N2 2) Haxo,LJ,11111ocb: 38 Kocreill, 1 orw.en, 69 cf:>parMeHTOB
KepaMll1Kll1, B TOM 411lCJ1e 3 PY4Klll KOBWeill Ill 1 U,SJlblill KOBWlllK c cf:>lllrypHoill
py4Koill (P111c. 43,8). B np111neraiow,lllx c iora KBa.n,parax raK:>Ke Ha6Jlt0Aanacb
60JlbWa51 HaCblW.8HHOCTb c11051 Haxo,LJ,KaMlll . TaM o6Hapy:>KeHo: 98 Kocreill,
171 cf:> parMeHT KepaMlllKll1, 4 orw,ena, 2 nnacrnHbl, 3 cKpe6Ka, 3epHorepKa,
KaMH 111. ,lJ.a11ee K iory OT no11y3eMJ151HKlll lllAST 04eHb HaC.blW.SHHblill
KYflb rypHblMlll ocrarKaM111 cnoill AO KBa,LJ,para 4 1.
CoBepweHHO H806bl4HOe CKOnJleH111e nocy,LJ,bl 6blJ10 OTKpblTO B KB.33
Ha rny611lHe 0,6 M (Piile. 35,2). nocyAa 6b111a np111Kpb1ra orpoMHoill rn111H5IHOill

-50-

-51-

KpblWKO~, oKaH4V1Bat0~e~c51 xapaKrepHo~ AJ151 Tor o BpeMeHVI py4KO~ (KaK

B 3TO BpeM51 o6b14HO HaXO,lJ,VITC51 ,lJ,OBOJlbHO 60JlbWO~ npoueHT KOCTe~

Ha coBpeMeHHOM 4a~HV1Ke AJ1513aBapKVI 4a51), KpblWKa c11enneHa 1113 rn1t1Hbl

,D,VIKVIX :>t<VIBOTHblX, TO B K3p6yHe -

c paCTVITeJlbHO~ np1r1MeCbl0, TOHKa51 (2-3 CM), rna.aKa51. 0Ha pa3Ban1r111acb

Ha ~.a.eHbl KOCTVI OT

Ha KYCKVI VI ue11V1KOM He no.a.61r1paeTC51, TaK KaK 4aCTb ee pacKpOWVIJlaCb B

poraToro. CKOTa,

-c cBVIHe~.

3TO pe.a.Ka51 Haxo,n,Ka. B TpaHwes:ix

oco6e~ KpynHoro poraToro cKoTa, 2 -

2-

MenKoro

11owa,n,e~ 111 Bcero 1 KOCTb 6naro-

aeM11e. 6onee 10 cocy.a.oB ne:>t<ano B 6oJlbWOM rpyweBVl,D,HOM ropwKe Toro

po,n,Horo oneH51 VI

:>Ke TVlna, 4TO VI cocy.a. c KJlaAOM Me,D,HblX Be~e~. B HeM VI p51,D,OM Jle:>KaJlVI

OTHOWeHVl51 c t0roM yKa3blBaeT VI TOT aKT, 4TO MHOrVle Me,D,Hble aMy-

KOCT04KVI 0,lJ,HOro Ka6aHa. Ha KaKVle-TO B3aVIMO-

KOBWVI. KpynHble VI MeJlKVle COCYAbl 6b1m1 yno:>KeHbl nnoTHO O,D,VIH B03Jle

neTbl K3p6yHCKOro KJla,D,a (nepe,D,alO~Vle CTVIJlVl30BaHHOe Vl306pa:>KeHVle

,n,pyroro 111 ,n,pyr Ha ,n,pyre . Paa Ban 3aH51Jl Ton ll(VI HY Bcero B 15 CM. 6onbwas:i

4en oBe4eCKO~ 1r1rypbl) MoryT 6b1Tb noH51Tbl B CVIJlY CBOe~ Heo6bl4HOCTVI

4aCTb nocy,D,bl noJlHOCTblO CKJleVIBaeTC51. LJaCTb cocy.a.oB ell(e OCTaJlaCb B

opMbl TOJlbKO B CB513VI c no,n,o6HblMVI Vl3,D,eJlVl51MVI 1113 KOCTVI B KYJlbType

aeMne 3a npe.a.enaMVI TpaHwe1r1. TpaHwet0 Ha 3TOM y4acTKe He pacw1r1-

lyMeJlbHVIL\a VI KYJlbType 6o51H.

p51n1r1, TaK KaK TaKoe He06bl4HOe CKon11eHV1e KepaMVIKVI Tpe60Ba110


aaKJlaAKVI Ha 3TOM MecTe 6011bworo pacKona. Bcero B KB.33 o6Hapy:>t<eHbl
L\0JlblMVI VI B 06110MKax 40 cocy,D,oB. YacTb 1113 HVIX y:>t<e pecrnBpVlpoBaHa
(P1r1c. 40, 10;42, 18;43,

6, 9;

44,

6, 7).

Cy.a.51 no xapaKTepy KYJlbTypHoro c11051, 3TO cKon11eH1r1e KepaMVIKVI


,D,OJl:>t<HO 6b1Tb CB513aHo c

:>t<VIJlVl~eM. Aa11bHe~w1r1e 1r1cc11e,n,0BaH~51 cne,n,yeT

npoBO,D,VITb 3aKJla,D,blBa51 60JlbWO~ pacKon Ha MeCTe CKonneHVl51 HaXO,D,OK,


BKJlt04a51 y4acToK nepece4eHVl51 TpaHwe~ .
PaaBe,D,04Hble TpaHwe1r1 n0Kaaa111r1, 4TO B K3p6yHe OTKpblTO HoBoe
noce11eHV1e TpVlnOJlbCKO~ KYJlbTypbl. no KepaMVIKe OHO OTHOCVITC51 KO
BpeMeHVI, nepexo,n,HoMy OT paHHero Tp1r1nonb5l K pa3BVITOMy. KepaMVJKa
npe.a.crnBJleHa: rpynno~ KYXOHHO~ n ocy,D,bl, rpynno~ nocy,D,bl c yrny611eHHblM opHaMeHTOM, He60JlbWVIM KOJ1Vl40CTB'OM KaHHe111r1poBaHHblX
cocy.a.oB VI ABYM51 parMeHTaMVI, Ha KOTOpblX coxpaHVIJlVICb CJle,D,bl OKpaCKVI
6eno~ KpacKo~ no KpacHoMy oHy. Haxo.a.Ka 3TVIX 4epenKoB VI no3Bons:ieT

OTHOCVITb naM51THVIK K 4VICJ1Y Ha1r16onee no3,D,HVIX cpe,D,VI paHHeTpVlnOJlbCKVIX


noceneHVI~ .

n pe.a.BapVITeJlbHble pa60Tbl, npoBe,D,eHHble B K3p6yHe, yKa3blBa10T1Ha


6011bwyt0 c11o:>t<HOCTb VI Heo6b14HOCTb o6cTaHOBKVI pacKonoK. B ,n,a11bHe~
weM Heo6XO,D,VIMO c noMO~blO reo11oroB VICCJle,D,oBaTb,D,peBHVI~ pe11be
MeCTHOCTVI VI xapaKTep no~Mbl, ycTaHOBVITb KaKOBa 6b1Jla nJloll(a,D,b
noce11eHV151 VI xapaKTep )t(VIJlVI~ (oco6eHHO Ha3eMHblX); o6b51CHllJTb
npV14VIHy, no KOTOpo~ 6b1Jl 3a6poweH noceJlOK, a L\eHHble Be~VI He 6blJlVI
B351Tbl JllO,lJ,bMVI.
"'
noceJleHVle B K3p6yHe ,lJ,OJl:>KHO VIMeTb CBOVI cneu1r11t14eCKVle 4epTbl,
TaK KaK HaXO,lJ,VITC51 Ha nep1r1ep1r11r1 BJla,D,eHVI~ TpVlnOJlbCKVIX nneMeH.
IO:>t<Hble BJ1Vl51HVl51 ,n,on:>t<Hbl 6b1111r1 cKa3blBaTbC51 a,n,ecb CVIJlbHee. 04eHb
Jlt06onblTHO, 4TO, KaK VI y coce,D,HVIX IO)t(HblX n11eMeH lyMeJlbHVIL\bl,
:>KVITeJlVI K3p6yHCKOro noce11Ka BOCH OB HOM 3aHVIMaJlVICb 3eMne.a.e111r1eM

VI pa3Be,D,eHVleM CKOTa. EcnVI B Tplt)nOJlbCKVIX noceneHVl51X no,n,HeCTpOBb51

-52-

np111noJKeH/lle 2.

KonneKL.1,11rn MaTepManoB c noceneHMSI Kap6yHa


061..U111llt o6beM KOJl!leKL.J,111111 MaTep111anos c nO"ceneHlll51 Ksp6yHa
OCTaeTC51 He1113BeCTHblM. 0Ha pa36111Ta Ha ASe 4aCTlll . LJacTb KOJlJleKL.J,111111
xpaHlllTC51 B M3El!1, Apyras:i s MA 1!1A.
KonneKL.J,11151 M3El!1cocTOlllT1113 ASYX pa3Jllll4HblX nocTynneH111llt: MaTep111anos, nocTyn111sw111x 1113 pacKonoK r.n. Cepreesa Ha MecTe o6Hapy)J<eHlll51K!laAa1111113 MaTep111anos, pacKonaHHblX 3KcneA111L.1,111ellt noA pyKoBOACTsoM T.C. nacceK.
K co)f(aJleH111t0, MaTep111anb1 1113 3TlllX nocTynneH111111 Aonroe speMs:i
OCTaSaJllllCb Heo6pa60TaHHblMlll ' 6b1Jllll CMewaHbl SMecTe Ill VIX 4aCTlll4Ha51
lllHBeHTap1113aL.1,111s:i 6b1Jla nposeAeHa JllllWb no.cne pecTaspaL.1,111111 Kepa Mlll4ecKollt nocyAbl. PecTaspaL.1,11151 KepaMlllKlll 6b1na BblnOJlHeHa s Ha4ane
70-x rr. B.C . 5elltneK4111. Me)J<AY TeM, s npouecce peCTaspaL.1,111111 B
60JlbWlllHCTBe cny4aes 6b1Jllll CTepTbl lllCXOAHble noneSble w111pbl Ha
MaTep111anax 1113 pacKonoK T.C. nacceK. nosToMy pa3rpaHlll4eHl/le MaTep111anos 1113 OTMe4eHHblX pa3HblX nocTyrn1eHlllH, 3a peAKlllMlll lllCKJll04eHlll51Mlll,
npaKTlll4eCKlll He S03MO)f(H0.
nocJle peCTaBpaL.J,111111 KepaMlllKlll CMeWaHHble MaTeplllaJlbl 6b1Jllll
3alllHBeHTaplll3111posaHbl r. n. CepreeSblM s TOH )Ke KOJlJleKL.J,111111, 4TO Ill KJlaA.
Bcero 6blllO 3a111HBeHrnp1113111posaHo 85 npeAMeTos 1113 pa3Jllll4HblX
MaTeplllaJlOS, KOTOpblM 6b1Jllll nplllCBOeHbi HOMepa, npOAOJl)J<alOL.Ullle
HyMepaL.J,llllO 1113Ae!l111Vt KJlaAa-N2N2 78/853-937. Ha see 3Tlll npeAMeTbl
6b1Jllll COCTaSJleHbl lllHAlllSlllAYallbHble KapT04Klll c KpaTKlllMlll lllX on111caHV15IMlll
Ill VIX 6onee i.1Jllll MeHee Bblpa3111TeJlbHblMlll cxeMaTlll4eCKlllMlll p111cyH KaM111.
0AHaKO, 4aCTb MaTepll!aJlOB onpeAeJleHO OCTaJlaCb He 3aJHBeHTaplll3111posaHHOH. CpeAlll 3aper111cTp111posaHHb1x OTAe!lbHble cocyAbl He noAAat0Tcs:i V1AeHT111111KaL.1,111111, eAlllHlll4Hble 1113 HlllX yrnp51Hbl. Me)J<AyTeM, ecn111
CJleAOSaTb KapaHAaWHOH 3an111c111 Ha OAHOH 1113 lllHSeHTapHblX KapT04eK, B
KonneKL.J,111111 N2 78 -"Ksp6yHa" HaC4111TblBanocb -1845 npeAMeTos, T.e
3a Sbl4111TOM 852 npeAMeTOS KJlaAa, Ha KOJlJleKL.J,llllO c noceneHlll51
nplllXOAlllJlOCb 993 npeAMeTa.
1!13 KOJl!leKL.1,111111 M3El!1 B HaCT051L.Uellt pa6orn 3aAoKyMeHrnposaHHbl see

CKOJlbKO-Hlll6yAb Bblpa3111TeJlbHble AOCTynHble MaTeplllaJlbl. OHl/1 SKJll04alOT


-54 -

5 3 L.J,eJlblX 11111111 parMeHTlllposaHHblX cocyAa, 6 parMeHTlllpOBaHHblX


aHTponoMopHblX CTaTy3TOK Ill eAlllHlll4Hble KOCT51Hble Villi/I KaMeHHble
1113Aelllll51.
r
Brnpa51 4aCTb KOJlJleKL.J,111111 1113 pacKonoK T.C. nacceK xpaHlllTC51 B MA
1!1A. 0Ha SKiltOYaeT 0Ko110 500 eAlllHlllL.J, xpaHeHlll51. KaK 111 s nepsoM cny4ae,
OHa SKJll04aeT rnaSHblM o6pa30M Kepl.Mlll~y, KOTOpa51 6bJJla OTpecrnsp111 posaHa ew,e s nonesblX ycnos111s:ix, a 6T4aCTlll noc[le ee nocTyn11eH111s:i B
AH MollAOSbl. 3a peAKlllM 111cKJlt0YeH111eM, see MaTep111a.rtb13Tollt KonneKL.1,111111
coxpaHlllJllll 1t1cxoAHb1e nonesb1e HOMepa 111 w111pb1. Ha Yacrn Bb1pa3111TellbHblX MaTep111aJlOB 3aBeAeHa lllHAlllSlllAYaJlbHa51 KapTOTeKa, OXBaTblBalOW,a51 KOJlJleKL.J,lllOHHble N2N2 2920 -2244,4826 . .
1!13 3TOH KOJlJleKL.J,111111 s pa6oTe 3a)J,oKyMeHTlllPOSaHHO 42 L.J,eJlblX Ill
parMeHTlllposaHHblX cocyAa Ill OAHa parMeHTlllP.OSaHHa51 CJaTy3TKa.
KepaMlllKa
B npouecce 1113y4eH111s:i KonneKL.J,lllH MaTep111anos c noceneH111s:i Ksp6yHa,
B o'6w,ellt CJlO)KHOCTlll 6b1no yYTeHo 67 L.J,e!lblX cocyAa 111 639 parMeHrn.
no TeXHlllKO-TeXHOJ10r1114eCK~M Ill CTlllJllllCTlll4eCKlllM np1113HaKaM OHa
noApa3AeJ151eTC51 Ha Tplll KaTerop111111.

KepaM111Ka I-ft Karnrop111111


npeACTaBJleHa S KOJlJleKL.J,111111 n51Tbl0 L.J,eJlblMlll cocyAaMlll Ill 166
parMeHTaM111. MoAen111posaHa 1113 nacTbl c np111Mecbt0 KpynHoTOJ14eHoro
waMOTa Ill necKa. 06)J<lllf HepasHoMepHblH. U,seT COCYAOS sapblllpyeT OT
CBeTJlO-KOplll4Hesoro AO TeMHO-ceporo Ill 4epHOro. nosepXHOCTb COCYAOB
wepoxosarns:i (P111c.38, 1-3,5), noKpblTa 6ap60T111HOM (P111c.39,4, 7) 111n111
crn a)J<eHa (P111c.38,6,8,9). OpHaMeHT COCTOlllT 1113 P51Aa HOrTeBblX
BAaBJleHlllH no OCHOSaHllllO seH4111Ka ( P111c.38, 1-3, 7) Ill HanenHblX 6yropKOS
Ha Tynose (P111c.38,4).
1. 06JlOMOK 60JlbWOfO KOTJlOBlllAHOro cocyAa c n04Tlll np51MblM
CrJla)J<eHHblM BeH4111KOM. no OCHOSaHllllO BeH4111Ka npOXOAlllT rop11130HTallbHblH p51A HOrTeSblX SAaBJleHlllH (P111c.38, 1 ). ,lJ.111aMeTp YCTb5140 CM. MA
lt1A. 5e3 HOMepa.
2 . ct>parMeHT cxo,il,Horo cocyAa c CXOAHblM opHaMeHTOM s C04eTaHllllll c
<j)lllrypHblM HaJlenoM (Plllc.38,2). ,[J.111aMeTp ycTb514.5 CM. MA 1!1A. Tp.I, KB.25.
3. CocyA c oKpyrnblM TynosoM. BeHYlllK npo111n111posaH, no ocH0BaH111t0
lt!MeeTC51 p51A HorresblX BAaSJleHlllH (Plllc.38,3). ,lJ.111aMeTp ycTb5118,5 CM,
Bb1corn 12,8 CM. M3 El!1. >KeprneHHlllK 1.

-55 -

4. KornoBlllAHblill cocyA c np51MblM seH4111KOM c HorreBblMlll BAas11eHlll5IMll1 no OCHOBaHllllO. Ty11oso noKpblTO 6ap60Tll1HOM, c rpeM51 KOHl/l4ecKll1Mlll ynopaM111-Ha11enaMV1 (Plllc.38,4). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSI 28,0 CM, BblCOTa
21,6 CM. M3 El!1. NQ 78/ 881 . .>KeprneHHlllK 1.
5. BepXHSISI YacTb ropwKa-ueAlllflKlll no.a.KoH111YecKoill opMbl c
ornepcrnS1M111 (P111c.38,5). ,[J,111aMerp ycTb5128,0 CM . M3 1!1E. N2 78/ 875 .
6. ct:>parMeHT COCy,LJ,a OKpyrnblX cpopM. no OCHOBaHllllO BeH4111Ka
l/IMelOTCSI HOrTeBble B,LJ,aBJleHi/151 (P111c. 38,6). ,lJ,111aMeTp ycTbSI 12,0 CM .
MA 1!1A. Tp. I, KB.31, - 1, 15 M.
7. KornoBlllAHblill cocyA c np51Mb1M seH4111KOM. OcH0BaH111e seHYlllKa
opHaMeHTlllpOBaHO pellbecpHblM BaJllllKOM c HOrTeBblMl/I BAaBJleHl/ISIMl/I
(P111c. 38, 7). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTb5120,0-22,0 CM, BblCOTa 17,6 CM. M3 El!1 .
NQ 78/ 853.
8. noA,LJ,OH OT 4aw111-"pyKTOBHlllL\bl 11 B creHKax noA,LJ,OHa lllMelOTCSI
YeTblpe osa11bHblX ornepcnrn (P111c.38,8). Bb1cora parMeHra 13,2-14, 6
CM, .a.111aMeTp,LJ,Ha 15,6 CM. M3 El/1. NQ 78/903. PaCKOIJKlll r.n.Cepreesa,
Hai1.a.eH 6111113 Kna.a.a.
9. LJawa-"pyKTOBHll1L\a" Ha BblCOKOM noJlOM noA,LJ,OHe c 48TblpbMSI
OBaJlbHblMlll OTBepcTll151Mlll (P111c. 38, 9). ,lJ,lllaMeTp. ycTb51 37 CM, BblCOTa
25,4 CM, AlllaMeTp AHa 14,8 CM. M3 El!1. N2 78/904. PacKonKlll l.n.Cepreesa, HaillAeHa 6JJlll3 K11a.a.a.
KepaMvtKa

11-ilt Karnropvtvt

BKillOYaer soceMb cocyAOB 111 240 parMeHTOB. l/13roros11eHa 1113 rn111Hbl


c MeJlKOTOJl4eHHblM waMOTOM 111 necKOM. KepaM111Ka 3Toi1 KaTerop111111
xopowo o6o)J()l(eHa, 4epenoK nJJOTHbli1. Ll,BeT nosepxHoCTlll cocy.a.os
KOplll4HeBblill, ceposaTbli1, pe:>t<e 4epHb1i1. CHapy:>t<111 cocy.a.b1 YacTo
aHro6111posaHbl, BHYTPlll 3arna:>t<eHbl. OpHaMeHTlllposaHbl KaHHe1110paM111
(P111c.39, 1,2), rpe6eH4aTblM WTaMnOM (P111c.39,3,8), yrny6JJeHHblMl/I
Jll/IHlllSIMlll (Plllc.39,4) Ill Herny60Kl/iMlll 51MKaMlll (Plllc.39, 7).
10. 06110MOK cocyAa c oKpyrnbJMlll n11eY111KaM111, opHaMeHTlllposaHHblMlll WlllpOKJtlMlll KaHHelllOpaMlll. no OCHOBaHl/llO BeH41/1Ka l/IMelOTCSI
OKpyrnble HaKOJlbl ( P111c.39, 1). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTb5110 CM, BblCOTa parMeHra
4 CM. MA 1!1A. Tp.I, KB.31, - 1, 15 M.
11. 06JlOMOK CXOAHOro Cacy.a.a (Plllc.39,2). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSI 11,3 CM,
BblCOTa parMeHTa 3,0 CM. MA 1!1A. 5e3 HOMepa.
12. ct:>parMeHT cTeHKlll cocy.a.a c oKpyrnblM ry11osoM, opHaMeHT111posaHHb1ill KOCblMl/I KaHHeJllOpaMl/I B C04eTaHl/ll/I c OTH1CKaMl/I rpe6eH4aTo ro
wraMna (P111c.39,3). Bb1cora parMeHra 5,2 CM, w111p111Ha 7,5 CM. MA 1!1A.
5e3 HOMepa.
- 56-

13. ct:>parMeHT 43WKlll c OTOrHYTblM BeH4111KOM Ill yrny611eHHblM


cn111pa11eBV1AHbJM opHaMeHTOM Ha ry11ose (P111c.39,4). ,lJ,111aMerp ycrbsi
10,3 CM, BblCOTa parMeHra4, 1 CM. MA 1!1A. 6e3 HOMepa.
14. Mll1Hll13TIOpHblH COCYA-43WKa c OKpyrnbJM TYllOBOM (P111c.39,5).
,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSl 4,4-4,6 CM, BblCOTa 2,9 CM. M3Elt1. N2 78/867.
15. ct:>parMeHT 4aWKlll c, no BlllAlllMOMy, OKpyrnbJM AHOM (P111c.39,6).
,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSI 8,6 CM, BblCOTa4,0 CM. M3El!1. N2 78/856.
16. L.Jawe4Ka c npo11111111posaHHblM B9H4111KOM Ill OKpyrnblM AHOM. Ha
n11eY111Kax 111MeeTcS1 p51A Herny60K111x 51MOK (P111c. 39, 7). ,lJ,111aMeTp ycTbSI
7,2cM, BbJcora4,3cM. M3El!1. NQ78/859.
17. no11yccpepV149CKa51 4aW94K3 CO CJJa6onpocpllllllllpOBaHHblM
seH4111KOM. OcH0BaH111e seH4111Ka 111 rynoso opHaMeHT111posaHbl orn1cKaM111
rpe6eH4aroro wrnMna (P111c.39,8). ,lJ,111aMerp ycTb518,9-9,2 CM, BbJcora
5,0 CM. M3El!1. N2 78/ 888.
.
18 . L.Jawe4Ka yce4eHHO-KOHlll49CKOH opMbl (Plllc.39,9). ,lJ,111aMeTp
ycTbSl 10 CM., BblCOTa4,5 CM. M3El!1N278/ 864.
19. KoTJlOBl/l,lJ,Hblill COCYA c c11a60 OTOrHYTblM BeH4111KOM (Plllc.39, 10).
,ll,111aMeTp ycTbSl 16-17 cM., Bb1cora 11,4-12,0cM. M3El!1 N278/885.
20. Cocyp, c oKpyrnblM ry11osoM, KopoTKlllM c11a6osb1pa:>t<eHHbJM
B9H4111KOM (P111c.39, 11 ). ,lJ,111aMeTp ycTb51 26,0 CM., BblCOTa 20 CM., MaKC.
AJ1V1Hary11bsa28,0cM. M3El!1 N278/877.
21. M111cKa-ueA11111Ka, no11ycep1114ecKoill opMbl (P111c.39, 12).
,lJ,111aMeTp YCTb5119 CM., BblCOTa OKOJlO 10,0 CM. M3El!1N278/876.
22. BepxH51Sl YacTb wapoBlllAHoro cocy.a.a c BbJCOKoi1 Y3Koill rop110s111Hoill (P111c.39, 13). ,ll,111aMeTp YCTb519,8 CM., M3KC. AJ11/1Ha ry11osa 29,5 CM.,
BblCOTa OKOJlO 28,0 CM. M3El!1N278/ 874.
KepaMMKa

111-ilt Karerop1111

8Kfll04aeT 52 cocyh,a 111 233 parMeHra. MoAe11111posaHa 1113 nacTbl c


nplllMSCblO M9JlKOTOJl48HHOro waMOTa VI necKa. 06:>t<111r paBHOMepHblill,
cKB03Hoill. LJepenoK n11ornb1ill, OAHOPOAHblill. Ll,ser cocyAoB o6bJ4HO
CBeTJ10-KOplll4H9Bblill, KpaCHOBaTblill, pe:>t<e cepblill. 60JlbWll1HCTBO cocy.a.os
aHro6111posaHbJ, HeKOTOpb1e co c11e.a.aM111 11ow.eH111S1. CocyAaM np111cyw,
pa3Hoo6pa3HblH opHaMeHT, COCTOSIW.lllH 1113 KaHH81110p, yrny611eHHblX
JllllHlllill, OTTlllCKOB rpe6eH4aroro WTaMna, Hace4eK, Herny6oK111X SIMOK,
Ha11enHblX 6yropKoB. PeAKYIO HaXOAKY npeACTaBJl51eT parMeHT pacn111cHoro cocyAa - KOplll4Hesaro-KpacHasi oKpacKa 6b111a HaHeceHa w111p0Koill
KlllCTblO Ha cepy.0 nosepxHOCTb cocyAaAO 06:>t<111ra. 1
1 He

o6HapY?KeH s Ko1111eKu111111 . CM. - "lepHblW 1976.98.

- 57-

23. Ky6oK c oKpyrnblM Ty11osoM 1t1 HeBblCOKoi1 yce4eHHO-KOHlt14ecKoi1


ropllOBltlHOH. ropllOBltlHa OpHaMeHTltlpOBaHHa roplt130HTaJlbHblMlt1
KaHHe111opaM1t1, Ty11oso - cn1t1pa11eB1t1AHblM1t1yrny611eHHblM1t1111t1Hll15!M111.
Ha n11e4111Kax cocyAa 111 Ha MaKc111MaJlbHOM A111aMeTpe pacno11o:>KeHb1 no
Tpll16yropKa-Ha11ena(P111c.40,1 ). A111aMeTp ycTb517,2 CM, MaKc. A111aMeTp
8,0 CM, Bblcorn 6,4 CM. MA 111A. NQ 4826. Ony611111KoBaH. - LJepHblW.
1981. 22. P111c .6,7.
24. Ky6oK cxoAHOi1 cpopMbl c TpeM51 6yropKaM111-Ha11enaM111 Ha MaKc111MaJlbHOM A111aMeTpe (P111c.40,2). A111aMeTp ycTb51 7,4 CM, MaKc. A111aMeTp
TYllOBa 8,5 CM, BblCOTa 6,8 CM. MA 1!1A. NQ 2939. Tp.I, KB.33, -0,7 M.
25. Ky6oK, CXOAHblill no cpopMe 111 OpHaMeHTal...\111111 (P111c. 40,3). ,lJ,111aMeTp
ycTb517,3 CM, MaKC.All1aMeTpTy11osa 9,0cM, BblCOTa 7,7 cM. MA 111A. NQ 2942
(no no11esoi1 AOKyMeHTal...\111111 T.C.nacceK NQ 27). Tp.I, KB.33, -0,68 M.
26. CocyA, 6111113Kll1i1 no cpopMe, Hoc 6011ee BblnYK1lblMll1 n11e4111KaM111.
Ty11oso opHaMeHT111posaHo KaHHe111opaM111 B co4eTaH111111 c np51MblMll1 111
AYrDB111AHblMll1 yrny611eHHblMll1 11111H1115!M111. Ha Ty11ose 111Me10TC5! wecTb
Cll1MMeTpll14HO pacnOJlO)l(eHHblX 6yropKa-Ha11ena, Tp111 - no Jlll1Hlt1111
MaKCll1MaJlbHOro A111aMeTpa 111 Tpll1 - Ha n11e4111Kax (P111c.40,4). ,lJ,111aMeTp
YCTb51 11,8 CM, MaKC.A111aMeTp TYJlOBa 14,0 CM, Bf:>ICOTa 9,0-10,0 CM.
M3El!1. NQ 78/871.
.
27. 06110MoK cTeHKll1 cocyAa, B03MO)l(HO, cxoAHOi1 cpopMbl, opHaMeH T111posaHHbli1 BepTll1KaJlbHblMll1 KaHHe1110paMll1, OTTll1CKaMll1 rpe6eH4aToro
WTaMna 1116yropKOM-l-ia11enoM c sepTll1KaJlbHblM OTBepcTl!leM (P111c.40,5) ,
BblCOTa cpparMeHTa 4,5 CM, w111p111Ha 4,3 CM. MAll1A. 6e3 HOMepa.
28. Ky6oK c yce4eHHO-KOHll14ecKoi1 rop11os111Hoi1. Kpai1 BeH4111Ka
opHaMeHTll1pOBaH HaCe4KaMll1. rop110Bll1Ha 111 TYJlOBO noKpblTbl KaHHe 1110paM111, Ha Ty11ose OHll1 co4eTalOTC51 c pe3HblMll111111Hll151Mll1 111 4eTblpbM51
c111MMeTp1114HO pacno11o:>KeHHb1M111 6yropKaM111-Ha11enaM111 (P111c.40,6).
,lJ,111aMeTp YCTb519,0 CM, MaKC.A111aMeTp TYJlOBll1W,a 10,5 CM, BblCOTa 7,8 CM .
M3Ell1. NQ 78/886.
,
29. Heno11Hb1i1 cocyA CXOAHOVI cpopMbl. TyJJoso c 4eTblpbM51 c1t1MMeTpV14HblMVI 6yropKaMV1-Ha11enaMV1, opHaMeHTVlpOBaHO pe3HblMVI JlVIHVl51MVI.
no OCHOBaHVllO ropllOBVIHbl npOXOAVIT p51A HaKOJlOB (PVlc.40, 7). ,lJ,VlaMeTp
ycTb51 OKOJlO 8,4 CM, MaKC. AVlaMeTp TYJlOBa 10,0 CM, BblCOTa OKOJlO 7,2
CM. M3Ell1. NQ 78/858.
30. CocyACXOAHOi1 cpopMbl c KaHHe11V1posaHHoi1 rop110BV1Hoi1. Ty11oso
opHaMeHTVlposaHo np51MblMVI VI AYrDBVIAHO-cnV1pa11eBV1AHblMV1 yrny611eHHblMV1 JlVIHVl51MVI B C04eTaHVIVI c 4eTblpbM51 6yropKaMV1-Ha11enaM1t1
(PVlc.40,8). ,lJ,VlaMeTp YCTb519,6 CM, MaKC.AV1aMeTpTy11osa 11,3 CM, BblCOTa
9,5 CM. MAll1A. NQ 2940. Tp.I, KB.33, - 0,7 M.
-58-

31. Ky6oK, CXO,ll,HblH no cpopMe VI OpHaMeHTal...\VIVI (PVlc.40,9). ,lJ,VlaMeTp


ycTb518,3 CM, MaKC.AVlaMeTp TYllOBVIW,a 10,2 CM, BblCOTa 8,6 cM. MA 1!1A. NQ
2943 (no no11esoi1 AOKyMeHTal...\VIVI T.c.nacceK NQ 23). Tp.I, KB.33, -0, 72 M.
32. CbCYA, CXOAHblH no cpopMe VI opHaMeHTal.\VIVI, HO 6011ee KpynHblX
pa3Mepos (P1t1c.40, 10). AV1aMeTp 'ycTb5! 11,9 CM, MaKC.AVlaMeTp Ty11osa
14,5 CM, BblCOTa 12,8 CM. MA 1!1A. NQ 2941. Tp.I, KB.33, - 0,7 M.
Ony611V1KoBaH.--..:. LJepHblW. 1981 . 22. PV1c.6, 1.
33. KyBWVIH c BblCOKVIM KaHHellVIPOBaHHblM ropllOM. no OCHOBaHVllO
seH4!11Ka VI rop11a V1Me10TC5! no OAHOMY p51AY HaK011os. Ty11oso opHaMeHn1posaHo nOACnV1pa11eBV1AHblMVI KaHHe1110paMV1, pe3HblMVI JlVIHVl51MVI Ill
4eTblpbM51 CVIMMeTp1!14HO pacnOJlO)l(eHHblMVI 6yropKaMl!l-Ha11enaM111
(PVl c.40, 11 ). ,lJ,111aMeTp ycTb51 9,5 CM, MaKC.AVlaMeTp Ty11osa 13,5 CM,
BblCOTa 14,0 CM. M3El!1. NQ 78/880. )f(eprneHHVIK 1.
34. ct>parMeHTl!lpOBaHHbl'i1 COCYA CXOAHOV! cpopMbl. ropllOBll!Ha
opHaMeHT111posaHa KaHHen10paM111, a Ty11oso-pe3HblMVI 11111H1115!Mlll Ill TpeM51
VIJlVI 4eTblpbM516yropKaMV1-Ha11enaM111(PVlc.41, 1). ,lJ,VlaMeTp ycTb5118,0 cM,
BblCOTa cpparMeHTa 23,0 CM. MA 111A. 6e3 HOMepa.
35. ct>parMeHT ropllOBVIHbl KYBWVIHa (PVIC.41,2). ,lJ,VlaMeTp YCTb5110,0 CM,
BblCOTa cpparMeHTa 5,5 CM. MA 111A. 6e3 HOMepa.
36. 06JlOMOK cocyAa c OKpyrnblM TYJlOBOM VI OTOrHYTblM BeH4VIKOM.
.nne4VIKVI OpHaMeHTVlpOBaHbl KaHHe1110paMV1, CTeHKVI - yrny611eHHblMVI
JIVIHVl51MVI (PVlc.41,3). ,lJ,VlaMeTp YCTb51 24,0 CM, MaKC.AVlaMeTp TYJlOBa 25,5
CM, BblCOTa cpparMeHTa 10,2 CM. MA 111A. 6e3 HOMepa.
37. CocyA c oKpyrnblM Ty11osoM, opHaMeHTV1poBaHHb1i7t ropV130HTallbH blMVI KaHHe1110paM111, pe3HblMVI J1VIHV151MVI VI Herny6oKVIMVI 51MKaMVI
(PVlc.41,4) . /J.VlaMeTp Y<Hb519, 7 CM, MaKC.AVlaMeTp TYllOBa 11, 1 CM, BblCOTa
9,0 CM. MA 111A. NQ 2923. 6e3 HOMepa.
38. ct>parMeHT cocyAa, CXOAHblill no cpopMe VI opHaMeHTY (PVlc.41,5).
,lJ,111a MeTp ycTb51 13,0 CM, MaKC.AVlaMeTp Tynosa 14,5 CM, Bb1corn
cpparM eHrn 5,5 CM ,-M3Ell1. NQ 78/878. )f(eprneHHVIK NQ 1.
39. np1t13eMltlCTa51 4aWKa COKpyrnblM TYJlOBOM It! OTOrHYTblM KOpOTKVIM
seH 4VIKOM. OpHaMeHn1poBaHa cnV1pa11eBV1,ll,HblMV1 pe3Hb1Mltl 11 1t1HV15!MVI s
C04eTciHVIVI c 4eTblpbM51 CVIMMeTpV14HO pacnOJlO)l(eHHblMVI 6yropKaM111Ha11enaMV1 (PVlc.41,6). ,lJ,VlaMeTpyCTb5110,3cM, MaKC.AlllaMeTpTyJlOB\3.10,6
CM, BblCOTa 6,5 CM. M3El/1. NQ 78/857.
40. 06JlOMOK 60JlbWOro KYBWVIHa c KOpOTKOi1 yce4eHHO-KOHlt14eCKOi1
ropllOBVIHOi1. ropllOBVIHa noKpblTa KaHHe1110paM1t1 B C04eTaHVIVI c Ha11enoM .
CTeHKVI yKpaweHbl yrny611eHHbtMlt1 J1VIHVl51MVI (PVlc.41, 7) . ,lJ,V1aMeTp ycTbs:l
36, 0 CM, MaKC.AlllaMeTp TYJlOBa 41,6 CM, BblCOTa cpparMeHTa 12,4 CM. MA
111A. 6e3 HOMepa.

41. YawKa c OTOrHYTblM B0H4111KOM Ill np11130MlllCTblM, OKpyrllblM


ry11oaoM. OpHaMeHrnpoaaHa pe3HblMlll 11111H111siM111 (P111c.41,8). ,lJ,111aMerp
ycTbSI 13,) CM, BblCOTa 7,4 CM. M3B1. N!! 78/869.
42. YawKa co c11a60 OTOrHYTblM B0H4111KOM Ill KOHlll40CKlll cy)l{atoW,111MlllCSI Ko AHY creHKaM111. Ty11oao opHaMeHr111poaaHo pe3HblMlll JllllHlllSIMlll Ill
40"fblpbMSI nonapHo pacno11o)l{eHHblMlll 6yropKaM111-Ha11enaM111 c seprnKaJlbHblMlll orsepcrnSIMlll (P111c.41,9). ,lJ,lllaMerp YCTbSI 13,4 CM, BblCOTa 7,2
CM. M3Elll. N!! 78/870.
43. ropWOK C OKpyrllblM ryllOBOM Ill KOpOTKOVt OTKpblTOVt ropllOBl!lHOVt.
no KpalO aeH4111Ka 111 ero ocHosaHl!llO npoxoASIT no OAHOMY PSIAY Hace4eK.
n11e4111Klll KaHHe11111poBaHbl. Ha ry11ose - 40Tblpe BblnYKJlOCTlll, OKpy)l{eHHble
OKpyrnblMlll KaHH01110paMlll c pe3HblMl!l cn111pa11eBlllAHblMlll Jll!lHl!lSIMlll Ill
3awrp111xosaHHblMl!l rpeyro11bH111KaM111 (P111c.41, 10). ,lJ,111aMerp ycrbsi 17,6
CM, MaKC.AlllaMerp ry11osa 19,0 CM, BblCOra 13,6 CM. M3Elll. N!! 78/882.
)KepTBeHHl!lK 1, K.32.
44. 06110MoK Ml!lH111ar10pHoro cocyAa-ryryca co CJll!lBHblM orsepcrneM
(P111c.42, 1). ,lJ,111aMerp ycTbSI 5,3 CM, BblCOTa OKOJlO 3,8 CM. M3Elll. N!! 78/866.
45. ct>parMeHT 4awe4Klll c orornyrblM seH41!1KOM. Ty11oso opHaMeHrnposaHo no11ocKaM111 rpe6eH4aroro wraMna (P111c.42,2). ,lJ,111aMerp ycrbsi
7,5 CM, BblCOTa cpparMe,Hra 3,6 CM. M3Elll. 5e3 HOMepa.
46. 06JlOMOK4aWKlll c rop11130HTaJlbHblMlll Ill KOCblMlll KaHHelltopaMl!I Ha
ry11ose (P111c.42,3). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSI 6,5 CM, BblCOTa cpparMeHra 2,8 CM.
M3Elll. N!! 78/861.
47. ct>parMeHT 4aWe4Klll c OKpyrnblM TYJlOBOM Ill OTOrHYTblM B8H41!1KOM.
no OCHOBaHMIO B0H4111Ka lllM00TCSI PSIA HaKOJlOB, Ha TYJlOBe - BepTlllKaJlbHble
KaHH01110pb1 (P111c.42,4). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSI 6,0 CM, MaKC. Al!laMeTp ry11osa
6,4 CM, BblCOTa cpparMeHra 3,2 CM. MA lllA. Tp.11, KB.7,- 0,3-1 M.
48. ct>parMeHT 4aWKlll c KOPOTKlllM, OTOrHYTblM Hapy)l{y B0H4111KOM Ill
0Kpyrnb1M ry11oaoM (P111c.42,5). Ha n11e4111Kax pacnoJlO)l(eHbl rop11130H-
TaJlbHble KaHH01110pb1, Ha ry11ose - PSIA, COCTOSIW,lllVt 1113 Herny60KlllX SIMOK.
,lJ,111aMerp YCTbS18,0CM, MaKC.AlllaMerp ry11osa8,6 CM, BblCOra cpparMeHra
4,0 CM. MA lllA. Tp.11, KB.4, - 0,55 M.
49. YawKa c yrnosaTblM ry11osoM 111 orornyTblM BeH41!1KOM. Ty11oso
yKpaweHO rpeMS1 c11a60Bblpa)l{eHHblMlll KOCblMlll KaHH01ltopaMlll (P111c.42,6).
,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSI 7,2 CM, AlllaMerp AHa 3,0 CM, BblCOTa 4, 1 CM. M3lt1E.
N!! 78/860.
50. YawKa OKpyrnoV! cpopMbl c KOpOTKlllM, c11a60 OTOrHYTblM B0H41!1KOM.
nplllAOHHas:i 4aCTb Ill B0H4111K Bb1A0Jl0Hbl yrny611eHHblMlll Jll!lHl!lS1Mlll. Ha
n11e4111Kax 111 Ha ry11oae 111Me10rcs:i pacno11o)l{eHHb1e B AB a rop1!130HTa
ClllMMeTp1114HO pacnoJ10)1(0HHble KOMn03111Ullllll 1113 3-4 H'a ce4eK. ,lJ,Ho

cocyAa yKpaweHo Kpecroo6pa3HblM111 nepeceKa10w,111M111cs:i spe3HblMl!l


JllllHlllS1Mll1(P111c.42,7). ,lJ,111aMerp YCTbS1 7,2 CM, MaKC. A111aMerp ry11osa 7,4 CM,
BblCOTa 5,0 CM. M3Elt1. N!! 78/887.
51. YawKa, 6Jllll3KO CXOAHas:i no cpopMe Ill opHaMeHTY (Plllc.42,8).
,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbS1 7,3 CM, MaKC.AlllaMerp ry11osa 7,5 CM. MA lllA. N!! 2924.
52. YawKa c 6011ee oKpyrnblM ry11osoM 111 111AeHrn4HblM opHaMeHTOM
(P111c.42,9). ,lJ,111aMerpycTbS1 7,4 CM, MaKC.glllaMerp TYJlOBO 7,8 CM, BblCOTa
5,0 CM. M3Elll. 5e3 w111pa, K.32.
53. YawKa, 111geHT1114Has:i no cpopMe 111 opHaMeHry (P111c.42, 10). ,lJ,111aMerp
YCTbS1 6,7 CM, MaKc.g111aMerp ry11osa 7,2 CM, BblCOTa 5,0 CM. M3Elt1. N!!
78/868.
54. 06JlOMOK 4aWKlll 6011ee BblTS1HYTblX nponopu111Vi (Plllc.42, 11 ).
,lJ,lllaMerp ycTbSI OKOJlO 6,0 CM, MaKC.AlllaMeTp ry11osa 6,8 CM, BblCOTa 5,6
CM. M3Elt1. N!! 78/862.
55. YawKa c yrnosaTblM ry11osoM, opHaMeHr111posaHHasi no ocH0BaH111to
B0H4111Ka peAKlllMlll HaKOJlaMlll, a Ha ry11ose rpynnaMll1, GOCTOSIW,111Mll11113 rpex
HaCe4eK (P111c.42, 12). ,lJ,111aMerp ycTbS18,1 CM, BblCOTa 5,0 CM. M3Elt1. N!!
78/865.
56. YawKa c oKpyrnblM rynosoM. BeH4111K Bb1ge11eH pe3HOVI 11111H111eV!.
Ty11oso yKpaweHo KOMno3111u111s:iM111 1113 40Tblpex napa1111e11bHblX Hace4eK
(P111c.42, 13). ,lJ,111aMep ycTbS1 7,5 CM, MaKC.AlllaMerp TYJlOBa 7,9 CM, BblCOTa
4,8 CM. M3Elll. N!! 78/900.
57. YawKa, CXOAHaSI no cpopMe 111 OpHaMeHTY (P111c.42, 14). ,lJ,111aMeTp
ycTbS17,5 CM, BblCOTa 4,8 CM. MA lllA. N!! 2928. Tp.I, ne4b, KB.33.
58. YawKa, cxogHas:i no cpopMe 111 opHaMeHTY (P111c.42, 15). ,lJ,111aMerp
ycrbs:i 7,5 CM, MaKc.g111aMerp ry11osa 7,6 CM, Bb1cora 5,3 CM. MA lllA. N2
2929. Tp.I, KB.33, - 0,7 M.
59. Yaw Ka c yrnosaTblM ry11osoM (P111c._4 2, 16). ,lJ,111aMerp ycrbs:i 7,4 cM,
MaKC.gl/laMeTp ry11osa 7,5 CM, BblCOTa5,0 CM. M3E~. N!! 78/899 .
60. YawKa c OKpyrnblM TYJlOBOM (P111c.42, 17). ,lJ,111alillerp YCTbSI 7, 7 CM,
MaKc.g111aMerp ry11osa 7,8 CM, Bb1cora 5,4-5,9 CM. MA lllA. Tp.I, KB.33, 0,7 M. N!! 2926 (no no11esoV! goKyMeHrau111111 T.C.nacceK N2 30).
61. YawKa, CXOAHaSI no cpopMe Ill opHaMeHTy, HO 60JlbWl/IX pa3Mepos
(P111c.42, 18). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTb51 9,2-9,5 CM, MaKC.gl/laMeTp ry11osa 9,9 CM ,
BblCOTa 6,6 CM. MA ltlA. N!! 2927. Tp.I, KB.33, - 0,7 M.
62. 06110MoK aHrponoMopcpHoVI py4Klll or JlO)l(Klll (P111c.43, 1). ,lJ,11111Ha
cpparMeHra 3,8 CM, MaKc. w111p111Ha 2, 3 CM. M3Elll. 5e3 HOMepa.
63. ct>parMeHT py4Klll JlO)l(Klll c osaJlbHblM ce4eHl/leM 111 yrny611eHHblMlll
HaCe4KaMl!I no 60KOBblM Kpas:iM (P111c.43,2). ,lJ,11111Ha cpparMeHra 6,0 CM,
MaKC.Wl!lpl!IHa 2,0 CM. M3Elll. N!! 78/907.

-60-

-61-

64. 06noMOK py4Klt1 JlO)f(Kl..1, opHaMeHrnposaHHoill Herny60 K1t1M111


51MKaMll1 (P1t1c.43,3). ,lJ,Jlll1Ha parMeHTa 4,5 CM, MaKC. Wlt1p1t1Ha 2,7 CM .
MA I/IA. 6e3 HOMepa.
65. LJawKa nonycep1t14eCKOil1 opMbl OT JlO)f(Kl..1 c 06JlOMaHHOill
. py4Koil1. Tynoso noKpblTO KOCblMl..1 KaHHemopaM1t1 (P1..1c.43,4). ,lJ,111aMeTp
YCTb517,4 CM, BblCOTa 4,2 CM. MA I/IA. 6e3 HOMepa.
66. no~Ka CXOAH0!'.1 opMbl 111 OpHaMeHTa C OT4aCT1!1 06JlOMaHHOill
py4Koil1. Ha py4Ke 1t1Met0Tcs:i opHaMeHTaJlbHble KOMno31..1u.111111 1113 Tpex4eTblpex KOpOTKll1X HaCe4eK (P1..1c.43,5). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSl 7,4 CM, BblCOTa
4aWKll1 4,3 cM, AJ1111Ha parMeHTa py4Kll1 3,5 CM. MA I/IA. NQ 2935. Tp .I,
KB.34, - 0,64 M.
67. no)f(Ka C nonycep1t14eCKll1M BMeCTlt1Jl111W.eM 111 KOpOTKOill W111pOKOill
1..1rypHoill py4Koil1 (P1..1c.43,6) . ,lJ,1..1aMeTp ycTbs:i 7,7 CM, Bbtcora 4awK1t14,7
CM, AJ1111Ha 1..1 w1..1p111Ha py4Klt14,51113,2 CM. MaKc.Wi111HaJlO)f(K11111,7 CM. MA
I/IA. NQ 2934. Tp.I, KB.35, - 0,7 M.
68. no)f(Ka c nonycep1114ecKoi11 YawKoill 111 wecrnrpaHHoill B ce4eH111111
PY4KOill (P111c.43, 7). ,lJ,111aMeTp ycTbSl 4aWe4Kll1 7,5 CM, BblCOTa 4, 3 CM . ,lJ,Jl111Ha
py4Kll1 8,2 CM, MaKc.w111p111Ha 2,4 CM, MaKC.AJllt1Ha JlO)f(Kll115,2 CM . M3El!I.
NQ 78/905 . Hail1geHa B pa3sane ne4Klt1.
69. Kosw1..1K c nonycep1..14ecK111M BMecrnn1..1w.eM 1..1 KopoTKoill 111ryp Hoill PY4KOill (P111c.43,8). ,lJ,111aMeTp ycTbSl BMeCTlt1Jl111W.a 8,0 CM, BblCOTa 4,9
CM. ,lJ,Jl1t1Ha PY4Kll1 3,8 CM, MaKC.AJlll1Ha KOBWa 11,9 CM. MA I/IA. NQ 2933.
Tp. I, KB .24, B s:iMe. Ony6Jl1t1KosaH. - LJepHblW. 1976. 97. P111c.3; 0Ha )f(e.
1982. 280. Ta6n.LXlll. 34.
70. no)f(Ka c nonycep1114ecKoil1 YawKoill 111 YAJ1111HeHHoil1 111rypHoi11
py4Koill . Tynoso 4awK111 n0Kpb1To KOCblMll1 KaHHeJlt0paM111. Ha PY4Ke
111Met0Tcs:i opHaMeHTaJlbHble rpynnbt 1..13 Tpex-4eTbtpex napannenbHblX
Hace4eK (P1..1c.43,9). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSl 43WKl..17,0 CM, BblCOTa4,6 CM. ,lJ,Jlll1Ha
py4K111 8,3 CM, w111p111Ha ronoBKl..1 2,9 CM. MaKc.gn111Ha JlO)f(Kl..115,2 CM . MA
I/IA. NQ 2936.
71. no)f(Ka (parMeHTllipOBaHH3Sl), CXOAH3Sl no opMe 111 OpHaMeHTy
(P111c.43, 10). ,lJ,1t1aMeTp ycTb517,0 CM, Bbtcorn 4awK1114,3 CM. W111p111Ha py4Klll
y OCHOBaHll1Sl 2,8 CM. MaKC.AJ1111Ha JlO)f(Kl..1 12,2 CM. MA I/IA. NQ 2925 (no
nonesoi'.1 AOKyMeHrnu.1111..1 T.C.nacceK NQ 10). Tp.I, Ks.33, - 0, 7 M.
72. no)f(Ka CXOAHOill opMbl 1t1 OpHaMeHTa (P111c.43, 11). ,lJ,lllaMeTp YCTbSl
7,4 CM, BblCOTa 4aWKll1 4,3 CM. ,lJ,Jlll1H3 PY4Kll1 9,5 CM, M3KC.Wll1pll1Ha y
ronoBKl..12,5cM. MaKC.AJ11t1HaJlO)f(K1t116,0 CM. MA I/IA. NQ 2937. Tp.I, KB.33,
-0,7M.
73. no)f(Ka CXOAHOill opMbl C HeOpHaMeHrnpoBaHHblM BMeCTJl1Jl111ll\eM
(P111c.43, 12). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSl 7,0 CM, BblCOTa 4aWKll1_4,3 CM. ,lJ,Jlll1Ha PY4Kll1

10,2 CM, w111p1t1Ha ee fOJlOBKl..12,7 CM. MaKC.AJ1111HaJlO)f(Klt116,9 CM. M3El!I.


NQ78/ 891. Hai'.1.a,eHa B pa3sane ne41t1.
74. Kosw c o6noMaHHoill py4Koil1 1..1 0Kpyrnb1M BMecT1t1 Jl ll1ll\eM.
Ororn yTbti'.1 seH4111K 111 AHO 4aWKlt1 BbtgeneHbl pe3Hoil1 Jl1t1H111ei11. Tynoso
opHaMeHTll1pOBaHO cn111paJleBll1AHblMlt1, .a,yroBlt1AHblMlt1Jllt1Hlt1SlMll1111 Herny60Kll1Mlt1 5IMKaM111 . YocH0BaH111s:i py4Klt1111Met0rcs:i Bbtcrynbt co cKB03HblMll1
OTBepCTli1SlMll1 (P111c.44, 1 ). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSl 9,0 CM, BblCOTa 43WK111 4, 5
CM. MA I/IA. NQ 2921.
75. <t>parMeHT Koswa c yrnosaTblM rynosoM BMecT1t1Jlll1ll\a. OpHaMeHrn posaH pe3HblMl1 n11H111s:iM111 (P111c.44,2). Bbtcorn parMeHTa 5 ,0 CM.
M3El!I. NQ 78/ 897.
76. 06noMOK 111rypHoill py4Kl1 Koswa c pe3HblMll1 Jlll1Hl1SlMl1 11
Herny60Kl1Mll1 SlMKaMll1 (P111c.44,3). BblCOTa parMeHTa 4,4 CM, MaKC .
w 11p111Ha 5, 1 CM. M3El!I . 6e3 HOMepa.
77. <t>111rypHaSl PY4Ka KOBWa c npope3bl0 y OCHOBaHl..151 (P11c.44,4).
Bbtcorn parMeHrn 9,5 CM, MaKc.w1..1p111Ha4,8 CM. M3El!I. NQ 78/908.
78. BepxHs:i514aCTb 111rypHoill JlO)f(Kl1 Koswa c pe3HblM opHaMeHTOM 11
np ope3bl0 s Hl1)f(Heill 4acrn (P111c .44,5). Bbtcora parMeHrn 5,7 CM,
Wlt1p1t1Ha fOJlOBKl12,5 CM. M3El!I. 6e3 HOMepa.
79. Kosw c BMeCTlt1Jll1U:J,eM OKpyrnoill opMbl lt1 OTOrHYTblM BeH411KOM.
Tynoso yKpaweHo pe3HblMl1 cn11paneB1t1AHbtM11 Jl1t1H1t1s:iM1111 He6oJlbWl1Ml1
sgasneH111s:iM1t1. Py4Ka B ce4eH1111 nnocKas:i, 11MeeT nocepeg11He no.a,np51MoyronbHYIO npope3b, a Ha Ji11u.esoill nosepxHocrn - pe3Hbte KopoTK111e
n11H11111. Ha ocH0BaH111111 py4Kll1 1..1 Ha nogpoM6os11.a,Hoill ronosKe c11MMeTp1114HO pacnoJlO)f(eHbl CKB03Hble OTBepCTll1Sl (P111c.44,6). ,lJ,111aMeTp YCTbSl
11,4 cM, w111p11Ha ronoBKl..1 3,9 cM, Bbtcora 4awK116,4 CM. ,lJ,n111Ha PY4Kl1 8,5
CM, MaKC.AJ1111Ha KOBWa 18,5 CM. MA I/IA. NQ 2938. Tp.I, KB.33, - 0,6 M.
Ony6n11KosaH-LJepHbtW. 198.2. 266. Ta6n. Llll,7; Petrescu-Dlmbovi1a11
AP 1995. 49. Fig.10,3.
80. Kosw, cxoAHblill no opMe 111 6Jll13Kl1ill no opHaMeHTy, c o6noMaHHoill PY4KOill (P11c.44,7) . ,lJ,11aMeTp ycTbSl 11,8 CM, BblCOTa 4aWKll1 6,0 CM.
MA I/IA. NQ 2920.
81. Kosw c oKpyrnbtM TynosoM 1..1 oTorHyTblM s.an1t1KOM. BeH411K 111
np11.a,oHHas:i 4acTb Bb1.a,eneHbl OTT1t1cKaM111 rpe6eH4aroro wraMna. Tynoso
yKpaweHo KOCblMl..1 KaHHeJlt0paM111 . Py4Ka (B sepxHeill Yacrn o6noMaHa)
opHaMeHTl1pOBaHa KOpOTKlt1Mlt1 pe3HblMl1 Jll1Hl1SlMll1. y ee OCHOBaHl151
11M eeTcs:i KanneB111AHa51 npope3b (P11c.44,8). ,lJ,11aMeTp ycTb51 11,7 CM,
Bbtcorn sMecTl1Jll1ll\a 6,5 CM. ,lJ,n11Ha parMeHTa py4Klt16,0 CM, MaKC.Afll1Ha
KOBWa 17,5 CM. MA I/IA. NQ 2932. Tp.I, KB.32, - 0,4 M.

-63-

- 62-

a2r: Maccl/IBHaSl PY4Ka KOBWa, HeopHaMeHTlllPOE!aHa, c OBa11bHblM


C848Hlll8M (P111c.44,9). ,D.m1Ha 10,5 CM, MaKC.Wlllp111Ha4,2 CM, T011ll..\111Ha 2,8
CM. M3Ell1. 6e3 HOMepa.
83. Kosw c OTKpb1TOl7! 4awKoill, AeopM111posaHHoill np11106)1(111re. 8eH4111K
OTOrHYT. no ero OCHOBaHllllO npoXOAlllT PSlA KPYrflblX HaK0110B. Ha n11e41/1Kax
pacno110)1(8Hbl ABe rop11130HTa11bHble KaHH81110pbl. nplllAOHHaSl 4aCTb
Bb1Ae11eHa PSlAOM KpyrnblX HaK011os 111 opHaMeHrnposaHa KaHHe11t0paM111.
Py4Ka c osanbHoill npope3btO, opHaMeHT111posaHa Herny60K111M111 SlMKaM111111
KOpOTKlllMlll Hace4KaMlll no KpaSlM (P111c.44, 10). ,D.111aMeTp YCTbSl 13,5 CM,
Bblcorn 4aWKlll 6,4-7,2 CM. ,D.11111Ha py4Klll 8,5 CM, w111p111Ha ro11osK1115,6 CM.
MaKC.Afll!IHa KOBWa 20,5 CM. MA lt1A. NQ 2931. Tp. I, KB.33, - 0, 7 M.
84. 6011bWOill rpyweBlllAHblill COCYA c yn110ll..\8HH0-cep1114ecKoii1
cpeAHelii 4aCTblO Ill BblCOKOill yce4eHHO-KOHlll48CKOii1 Hlll)l(Heill 4aCTblO.
OpHaMeHT111posaH pe3HblMlll cn111pa11eBlllAHO pacno11o)KeHHblMlll 11eHTaM111
1113AByx11111H111ill, BHYTPlll KOTOpblX 111Met0TCS} KopoTKllle napa1111e11bHb1e 11111H111111.
Ha Ty11ose 111Met0Tcsi 4eTblpe c111MMeTp1114HO pacno11o)KeHHblX 6yropKa
Ha11ena, u,eHTp111pyt0ll.\llle cn111pa11bHb1e 11eHTbl (P111c.45, 1). 8b1corn 26,2 CM,
MaKC.AlllaMeTp TY110Ba 37,4 CM, AlllaMeTp YCTbSl 15,3 CM, AlllaMeTp AHa
13,5 CM. MA lt1A. NQ 2944. Tp.I, KB.33, - 0,7 M. CocyA COA8p)Ka11 6011ee
10 KOBWelii Ill lllHblX Ma11blX COCYAOB (CM. np111J10)K8Hllle 1 ). Cocy,ll,
ony611111KOBaH - LJepHblW . 1981. 22. P111c.,6,4.
85. CocyA, 6111113KO cxoAHbllii no opMe Bb1weon111caHH0My. Orn1114aeTcSl opHaMeHTau,111eill, COCTOSlll.\elii 1113 pe3HblX 11111Hllllll, 3aKpy4eHHblX B
cn111pa11b. Ha Ty11ose 111Met0TCSl ABa ClllMMeTplll4HblX 6yropKa-Ha11ena c
sepT111Ka11bHblMlll ornepcrnsiMlll ( P111c.45, 3). Bb1c0Ta 13, 7 CM, MaKc.
AlllaMeTp 18, 0 CM' AlllaMeTp YCTbSl 7 ,5 CM. M3H1. 6e3 w111pa. Beposirnee
scero 1113 pacKonoK r. n. Cepreesa 6111113 K11aAa.
86. no11ycep1114ecKaSl KpblWKa c rp11160BlllAHOl7! PY4KOii1 K BblWeon111caHHOMY cocyAy. lt1MeeT ABa ywKa-Ha11ena c cKB03HblMlll ornepcrnsiM111. Pe3Hble 11111H111111 o6pa3yt0T KOHL..1,eHTp1114ecK111e Kpyrn 11111111 no11yKPY)KbSl (P111c.45,2). 8blCOTa 5,5 CM, AlllaMeTp 10,5 CM. M3Elt1. 6e3 w111pa.
Beposirnee scero 1113 pacKonoK r.n.Cepreesa 6111113 KJlaAa.
87. CocyA rpyweBlllAHOill opMbl c yn11oll.\eHHo-cep1114ecK111M
Ty110BoM 111 noAU.11111111HAPlll4ecKoii1 Hlll)l(Heill 4acTbt0. Ty11oso opHaMeHT111poBaHo 48TblpbMSl ClllMM8Tp1114HO pacn0110)1(8HHblMlll 6yropKaM111Ha11enaM111, KOTOpble u,eHTp111pyt0T cn111pa11eBlllAHbl8 118HTbl 1113 pe3HblX
11111Hlllii1 (P111c.45,4). BblCOTa 12,2 CM, MaKC.AlllaMeTp 14, 7 CM, ,iJ,l!laMeTp
ycTbSl 7,8-8,0 CM. M3Elt1. NQ 78/872. PacKonKlll r. n. Cepreesa 6111113
K11aAa. C11eAysi Ko1111eKu,1110HHOill KapT04Ke, cocyA c0Aep)Ka11 25 Me11K111x
pe4HblX ra11eK KpacHoro Ill 6e11oro u.seTa, 1113 KOTOpblX 10 6bl11111 paCK0110Tbl.
-64-

a.a.

LJ,11111_111HAPlll48CKlll171 nOJlblill nOAAOH OT Ltaw111-"pyKTOBHlllLl,bl" Ha


KOTOpOM lllM8IOTCSl '-18Tblpe OBaJlbHble npope3111. nosepxHOCTb noKpblTa
cn111pallbHblMlll Jl8HTaMlll 1113 pe3HblX 11111Hlllill, yrny611eHHblX HaKOJlOB Ill
OTTlllCKaMlll rpe6eHYaTOro WTaMna (Plllc.45,5). BblCOTa parMeHTa 9,8 CM,
AlllaMeTp AHa 9,6 CM. MA lt1A. N2 2930. lt13 nosepxHoCTHblX c6opo 8.
89. 06JlOMOK 60l1bWOll1 no11ycep111YeCKOll1 KpblWKlll c ywKaM111Ha11enaM111 c sepT111KallbHbtM111 OTBepcTlll51Mlll. OpHaMeHT111posaHa cn111pa11eBlllAHb1M111 11eHTaM111 1113 pe3HblX 11111Hlllll1, npocTpaHCTBO Me)l(Ay KOTOpblMlll
3anonHeHO rpe6eH4aTblM WTaMnOM (P111c.46, 1). BblCOTa parMeHTa 6,0 CM,
MaKC.WlllplllHa 17,5 CM. M3Elt1. N2 78/902.
.
90. 06110MOK no11ycep1114eCKOll1 KpblWKlll c ywKaM111-Ha11enaM111 co
CKB03HblMlll ornepcTlll51Mlll. OpHaMeHn1posaHa AYrDBlllAHblMlll 11eHTaM1111113
pe3HblX 11111HllllA (P111c.46,2). BblCOTa parMeHTa 4,5 CM, MaKC.AlllaMeTp
20,0-22,0 CM. M3Elt1. N2 78/883.
91. 0611bMOK "crn11111Ka-amap111Ka" (?} oKpyrnoill s n11aHe cpopMbl c
HeBblCOKlllM 6opTlllKOM, c OCTaTKaMlll Tpex 11111111 YeTblpex HO)l(eK. CTeHbl
6opT111Ka opHaMeHTlllpOBaHbl pe3HblMlll no11yKpy)l(b5IMlll c paCXOA51ll.\lllMlllC51
OT HlllX napa1111e11bHblM111 11111H1115IMlll (P111c.46,3}. 8b1c0Ta 6opT111Ka 4,0 CM,
MaKC.AlllaMeTp 34,4 CM. M3Elt1. N2 78/879. PacKOnKlll r.n.Cepreesa
(:>KeprneHHlllK 1).
.
92. ctJparMeHT CTeHKlll 60JlbWOro cocyAa, opHaMeHTlllpOBaHHbllll
pe3HblMlll 11111Hlll51Mlll Ill rpe6eHYaTblM WTaMnOM. ltlMeeT CJleAbl BTOp1114HOro
06)1(111ra (P111c.46,6}. BblCOTa parMeHTa 7,6 CM, w111p111Ha 6,0 CM. M3Elt1.
6e3 w111pa.
93. 60JlbWaSl YaWa C OTOfHYTblM BeHYlllKOM 111 OKpyrnblM TYl10BOM. no
OCHOBaHllllO BeHYlllKa lllMelOTC51 YeTblpe ywKa-Ha11ena c rop11130HTaJlbHblMlll
ornepcT1115IM111. Ha Ty11ose pacno11o)l(eHbl 11eTb1pe 6yropKa-Hanena, ABa 1113
KOTOpblX c ornepCTlll51Mlll, a ABa - 6e3 HlllX. Tynoso opHaMeHTlllPOBaHO
pe3Hb1Mlll 11111H1115IM111, o6pa3YIOll.\lllMlll cn111pa11b, KPY)KOYKlll 11111111 osa11b1 s
pa3HblX COYeTaHlll51X (Plllc.46,7). BblCOTa 21,8 CM, AlllaMeTp. Ty11osa
39,5 CM, AlllaMeTp YCTb5141,0-43,0 CM. M3Elt1, N2 78/884. Bep051THO, 1113
pacKOnOK r.n.Cepreesa. CornaCHO K011JleKLJ,lllOHHOill KapT04Ke, B COCYAe
V!Mel1111Cb, no BlllAlllMOMy, Kap60Hlll3111pOBaHHble ropOWlllHbl 8111Klll 3pB11111111111
(Vicia ervilia Willd.}.
noMlllMO cyry6o paHHeTplllnOJlbCKOill KepaMlllKlll, B KOl111eKLJ,111111111MelOTC5!
ABa cocyAa, KOTOpble no COCTaByTeCTa, opMaM Ill opHaMeHTy, OYeBlllAHO,
npeACTaBJ151IOT 111MnopT KYllbTypHolll rpynnb1 6011rpaA-A11AeHb.
94. Heno11Hb1!11 cocyA YaweBlllAHOVI opMbl c np51MblM BblCOKlllM
seHYlllKOM 111 3aKpyrneHHblM TynosoM. lt13roTos11eH 1113 n110THOill Maccb1 c
np111MeCb10 waMoTa, xopowo 060)K)l(eH. nosepxHOCTb 3a11oll.\eHa,
I

-65-

cepOBaTOfO U,BeTa. no OCHOBaHll1IO ropnOBll1Hbl npOXOA111T penbecj:>Hbllii


san111K. Tynoso opHaMeHT111poBaHo yrny6neHHblMll1 cn111paneBll1AHblMV1
n111Hll1flMll1, 3ano11HeHHb1M1116enoill nacrnill (P111c.46,4). Bb1cora cj:>parMeHTa
10,6 CM , A111aMeTp YCTbfl 21,0 CM. M3B1. NQ 78/873.
95. Ky6KOB111AHblill cocyg c BblCOKoill u,11111111Hgpw-1ecKoill rop11os111Hoiii V1
cy)l(V1Ba19w,eiiicfl nag KOHyc Hll1)1(Heiii YaCTblO. YcTbe 111MeeT osaJlbHYJO B
n11aHe cj:>opMy. 0pHaMeHT111pOBaH KaHHe1110paM111 B C04eTaHV1111 c HaceYKaMVl
111 KOCblMll1 HaK011aM111 (PV!c.46,5). Bb1C0Ta 7,8 CM, MaKc.g111aMeTp Ty11osa
11,3 CM, A111aMeTp YCTbfl 8,6 x 11,0 CM. M3Eltl. 6e3 w111cj:>pa. - CopOKVlH.
1997. 148.

'

B Ko1111eKu,111111 MA ltlA 111Me10TCfl 30 KpeMHeBblX 1113ge1111111i. B M3EVI Mbl


V1Me11111 B03MO)l(HOCTb 03HaKOMV1TbCfl c 9 npegMeTaMVl. CpegVl YYTeHHblX
Marnp111a110B: KpeMHeBble raJlbKll1 - 3; nplt13MaTll14eCKll1e HyK11eyCbl - 2;
cj:>parMeHTbl HyK11eycoB - 3; OT60iiiHll1Kll1 H!l HyKneycax - 1; cj:>parMeHTbl
OT60iiiHll1KOB - 1; HyKneB111AHble o6JlOMKll1 - 1; MeJlKll1e OTW,enbl - 5; cpegH111e
0Tw,enb1 - 8; KpynHble 0Tw,enb1 - 1; cpegH111e n11a~Tll1Hbl - 1; KpynHble
n11acT111Hbl - 3; cKpe6K111 Ha oTw,enax - 4; csep110-npoi<o11Ka - 1; n11acT111Ha
co CKOWeHHblM peTyWbfO KOHU,OM - 1; n11acT111Ha c peTyWbfO - 1.
ltlHTepec npegcTaBllfllOT "111MnopTb1", 0YeB111AHO, 1113 apea11a KYllbTypHoiii rpynnb1 6011rpag-AngeHb. B OAHOM c11yYae :no CKpe6K-cepn (?) Ha
n11acrnHe (MaKc.w111p111Ha 2,2 CM, gm1Ha 14, 1 CM), c KpynHoiii peTyWbfO no
OAHOMY KpalO 111 xapaKTepHoiii 3ano11111poBKOiii, 1113 YepHoro no11ynpo 3paYHOro KpeMHfl. Bo BTOpM c11y4ae - cj:>parMeHT cpegHeiii n11acTll1Hb1 1113
go6pyg)l(CKOr6 KpeMHSl c KpynHoiii peTyWbfO no 06e111M KpaSlM.
VJ3ge1111151 1113 KaMHSl 1113BeCTHbl no 3epHOTepKe 111 pacT111pallbHll1Ky,
xpaHSlw,111ec51 B Ko1111eKu,111111 MA ltlA .
lt13ge1111151 1113 para 111 KOCTll1
V13 1113gen111iii 1113 para 111 KOCTll1 B cj:>OHAaX 06e111x My3eeB xpaHflTCSl:
npOKOJlKll1 - 2; cj:>parMeHTbl npoKOJlOK- 1; M0Tblrll1 c nepneHA111KY11SlpHblM
11e3s111eM - 1; cj:>parMeHTbl MOTblr - 2; o6pa6oraHHbllii par - 1.
VIHTepec npegcTaBHfleT KOCTflHaSJ nogsecKa - 111M111Tau,11151 3y6a
611aropOAHOro oneHfl. lt13roTOBJleHa 1113 OCKOJlKa Tpy64aToiii KOCTll1 c
npocsep11111Hoiii B sepxHeiii Yacrn. YwKo 06110MaHo (P111c. 47, 1 ). Bb1corn
2, 1 CM. M3EV1 NQ 78/-929.

- 66 -

AHrponoMopcj:>Hast n11acrnKa
n11acrnKa Kap6yHCKOro noceJleHlllSl npeACTaBJleHa B KOJlJleKU,111111 M3EV1
nst TblO opHaMeHT111poBaHHblMlll (T111n A no A.n.noro)l(eBoill) 111 ABYMfl
HeopHaMeHrnposaHHblMlll crarysTKaM111 (rnn C). no csegeH111stM A.n.noro)!(esoill (noro)l(eBa 1983.35), c Ksp6yHcKoro noce11eH111st npo111cxogstT 11
crarysTOK, 1113 KoropblX gecstTb np111HaAJle)!(aT rnny A.
3agoKyMeHTlllpOBaHbl c11egy10w,111e Ha1116011ee Bb1pa3111re11bHb1e
craTysTKlll. Bee cTarysrK111 1113roTos11eHbl 1113 roHKoill nacrb1 c np111Mecb10
MeJlKOTOJ14eHHOro waMOTa 11111111 necKa. 06)!(1!1r paBHOMepHblill . Ll,BeT
TeMHO-KOpV14H8Bblill, cepblill VIJlVI 4epHbli1.
1. r OJlOBKa HeOpHaMeHTlllpOBaHHOiii CTaTY3TKVI (P111c.4 7/2). r11a3a, POT
111 nynoK nepegaHbl yrny611eHV1SlMVI. BblCOTa 2,5 CM, HaV160JlbWaSl WlllPVIHa
1,3 CM. M3EV1. 6e3 Wlllcj:>pa.
2. HeopHaMeHrnposaHHafl crarysrKa c Bblpa)!(eHHoiii crearon111rnei1.
Yrn y611eHHast 11111HV1st pa3ge11SJeT Tope Ha ABe YacT111. ,D,se 11111H111111 B
C04eTaHVllll c rpeyroJlbHVIKOM pa3gem:110r 6egpa OT Hor. BblCOTa 4, 1 CM.
M3EV1 NQ 78/936.
3. <t>parMeHTlllpOBaHHast .crarysTKa c yrny611eHHblM opHaMeHTOM
(P111 c.47/3). 8b1coTacj:>parMeHra4cM. M3EVI NQ 78/ 912.
4. OpHaMeHrn.posaHHast craTysrKa B no11yc111g514ei1 no3e (P111c.47 /4).
8b1cora4,3 CM. M3EV1NQ78/911.
5. <t>parMeHr craTysTKVI c pe3HblM opHaMeHTOM (P111c.47 /5). 8b1cora
cj:>parMeHTa 3,3 CM. M3EV1NQ78/914.
6. CraTy3TKa c yrny6neHHblM OpHaMeHTOM ( P111c.47/6). r OJlOBa Ill 4aCTb
To pca CJlOMaHa B gpeBHOCTlll. rpyglll nepegaHbl He60JlbWVIMlll HaJlenaMl!i.
8b1 cora 7 cM. M3B1 NQ 78/937.
7. <t>parMeHT craTysTKVI c pe3HblM opHaMeHTOM. 8b1c0Ta cj:>parMeHra

4,5 CM. M3EV1 NQ 78/916.

JU1TEPATYPA
ABAYCl'1H 1977 = /J,.A. ABAYCl'1H. Apxeonormi CCCP. M. 1977
ApxeonornSl CCCP = Apxeonorn51 CCCP. 3HeOJl1'1T CCCP. M. 1982
ApxeonornSl YCCP = Apxeonro1151 YKpaHHCKOH CCP. T .1. K11es. 1985
6anarypi!6iA3illSl/neHSlK 1978 = E.A. 6anarypi /B.1.6iA3illSl /C .1.neHSlK . /J,asHi Meranyprn
YKpa1HCKbKl'1X Kapnar. }')l(ropoA. 1978.
611611Kos 1953 =C.H. 611611Kos. noceneH11e JlyKa-Bpy6neseuKaSl. Ml-1A. 38. 1953
36eHoBl'14 1989 = B .r . 36eHOBl'14. PaHHHi-1 3Tan rp11nonbcKoi-1 KYllbTypb1 Ha repp 11rop 1111
YKpal'1Hbl. K11es. 1989
31'1HbKOBCKl'1i-1 K./31'1HbKOBcKaSl H. = K.B. 31'1HbKOBCKl'1i-1, H.6. 31'1HbKOBcKaSl . noceneHHe
AlleKCaHAPOBKa. AO 3a 1973. 1974. 278

l-1BaHos 1978 = 1-1. l-1BaHoB .CbKpos1111.1ara Ha BapHeHCKl'1Sl xanKOlll'1TeH HeKponon. 0 c:p


1151 .
1978

l-1crnp11S1 MCCP 1965 = ll1crnp1151 MOllAaBcKoi-1 CCP. T. 1. K11w11Hes. 1965


l-1crnp11S1 MCCP 1987 = l-1crnp1151 MonAaBcKoi-1 CCP. Y.1 . K11w11Hes. 1987.
Knei-IH 1968 = 11 .C. Knei-IH. 0 Aare Kap6yHcKoro KllaAa (K npo6neMe AarnpoBKl'1
paHHeTpHnOllbCKOi-1 KyllbTypbl) . npo6neMbl apxeonorn11. Bbm.1". JlrY. 1968. 5
Kllei-IH 1991 = 11.C.Knei-IH. Apxeonorn4eCKaSl rnnonornSl. JleH11HrpaA. 1991
MaKapeB l'1 4 1952 = M.Jl. MaKapes114. CpeAHe6yrcKaSl 3KcneA1'1Ul'1Sl no 11ccneAOBaHl'110
naMSlTHHKos rp11nonbcKoi-1 KYllbTypb1 (yKp. 513.). An YPCP . IV. 1952. 89
MapKes114 1965 = B.l-1. MapKeBl'14 . 111ccneAoBaHl'1Sl Heon11ra Ha CpeAHeM /J.Hecrpe. KCll1A.
105. 1965. 85
.
MapKes114 1970 =: B.l-1. MapKeBl'14. MHorocnoi-IHoe noceneH11e HOBble PycewTbl I. KC111A.
123. 1970. 56
I
MapKeBl'14 1974 = B.111. MapKeBl'14. l-1ccneAoBaHMSl MonAaBcKOi-1 Heon11r114ecKoi-1 3KcneA1'1Ul'11'1. All1M 3a 1972 r. 1974. 26
MapKeBl'14 1985 = B.l-1. MapKeBl-14. /J,aneKoe-6nl'13Koe . K11w11He0 . 1985
MapTblHOB 1973 = A.l-1. MapTblHOB . ApxeonornSl CCCP. M., 1973.
MapTblHOB 1982 = A.l-1. MapTblHOB. ApxeonornSl CCCP. M., 1982.
MerannoreHl'1Sl . ., = MerannoreHMSl YKpaHHbl 11 MonAa01111. K11e0. 1974
nacceK 1960 = T.C. nacceK. Pe3yllbTaTbl apxeonorn4ecK11x pacKOnoK y c. <PnopewTbl 8
MonAa01111 . Marep11anb1 11 11ccneAOBaH11S1 no apxeonorn11 IOro-3anaAa CCCP 11
PyMblHCKoi-1 HapoAHoi-1 Pecny6n11K11. K11w11He0 . 1960. 49
nacceK 1961 = T.C. nacceK. PacKonK11 Ha noceneH11e y c . <PnopewTbl s 1958 r . KCll1A. 84.
1961. 69
.
nacceK 1964 = T.C. nacceK. Hosoe 1'13 11crop1111 nneMeH /J,Henpo-/J,HecrposcKOro
MeJKAype4bSl. VII Me)l(AYHapoAHbli-1 KOHrpecc apxeonorn4eCKl'1X 11 3THorpacp114ecK1-1x
HayK B MOCKBe. M. 1964. 1
nacceK 1964a = T.C . nacceK. l-1crnp1151 nneMeH V-111 TblCSl41'1JleT11i-1 AO H..3 . Ha repp11rnpm1
MOllAaBCKOi-1 CCCP. Te31'1Cbl AOK!laAOB nepsoro C1'1Mn031'1yMa no apxeonorn11 11
3THorpacp1111 IOro-3anaAa CCCP. K1'1Wl'1HeB. 1964. 7

-68-

n acceK 1965a= T.C. nacceK. ll1crnp11S1 nneMeH B V-111 TblCSl41'1llernSlxAo H.3. Ha repp11rnp1111
MOllAa01111.KCll1A. 105. 1965. 3
n acceK 19656 = T.C. nacceK. KocrnHble aMyneTbl 1'13 <Pnopewr. Hosoe B apxeonorn11.
Mll1A. 130. 1965. 77
nacceK 1966 =r.c .nacceK. Heon11T noAHecrpoBbSl (V-111 TblC . AO H.3.) . VII Congres International des Sciences Prehistoriques et Protohistoriques. M. 1966. 88
nacceK 11 AP 1965 = T.C. nacceK/E.K.YepHblW/B.111 .. MapKeBM4/T.A.nono0a/E.B.6eccpaM11JlbHaS1. Hosoe B 11crop1111 APeBHe-3eM!leAellb4ecKl'1X nneMeH CesepHoro
np114epH0MopbS1. Marep11anb1 cecc1111, nocBSlll.leHHoi-1 11TOraM apxeonorn4ecK11x 11
3THorpacp114ecK11x 11cc!leA0BaH11i-1 1964 roAa B CCCP (Te31'1Cbl). 6aKy. 1965. 71
n acceK /4epHblW, 1963 = T.C. nacceK/E.K .4epHblW. naMS1TH11rn KYllbTypb1 n11Hei-1HoneHT04Hoi-1 KepaMl!IKl!I Ha Teppl!ITOpl'11'1 CCCP. CAll1. 6 1-11. 1963.
n acceK/4epHblW 1965 = T.C.nacceK/E.K. YepHblW. 0TKpb1rne KYllbTYPbl ryMellbHl!ll(a B
.CCCP. KCll1A . B.100. 1965. 6
n oro)l(esa 1983 = A.n.noro)l(esa. AHrponoMopcj>HaSl nnacrnKa Tp11nollbSl .
Ho0oc1161i1pCK. 1983
PblHAl!IHa 1967 =H.B . PblHAl!IHa. /J,pesHei-lwee Merannoo6pa6arb1Ba1011.1ee npol'13BOACTBO
Bocrn4Hoi-1 Esponbl. Asrnpecpepar ... KaHA. Al!ICC. MocKsa. 1967
PblHAMHa 1971 = H.8.PblHAHHa. /J,pesHei-lwee Merannoo6pa6arb1sa1011.1ee npo1!13BOACTBO
80CT04HOH Esponbl. MrY. 1971
PbtHAl!IHa 1993 = H.B.PblHAHHa. /J,pesHei-lwee Merannoo6pa6arb1Ba10U.1ee npol'13BOACTBO
IOro-BocT04Hoi-1 Esponbl. Hay4HblH AOKllaA ... .. AHcc ... AOKTopa 11crop114eCKl!IX HayK.
MOCKBa. 1993
PblHAl!IHa 1994 = H.B.Pb1HA1'1Ha. /J,se cpa3bl B pa3011rn11 6anKaHo- KapnarcKoi-1 Merannyprn4ecKoi-1 np081'1Hl(lillil. C6. npo6neMl'1 Hai-lpaHHaTa MeTanyprnSl. Cocj>l!ISl 1994. 139
Ceprees 1963 r.n.Ceprees. PaHHeTpl'1nOllbCKl'1H KllaA y c. Kap6yHa. CA . 1.
1963. 135
CopOKl!IH 1987 = 8.5l.CopOKl'1H.K npo6JleMe KyllbTypHblX CBSl3ei-1 npeKyKyTeHCKO-paHHeTpl!lnOllbCKl'1X nneMeH c 06U.1ecTBaMl'1 KyllbTyp 6anKaHo-/J,yHai-1cKOro pernoHa. Vestigii
arheologice din Moldova. Chi!?inau 1987. 138
l..lb16ecKOB 1971 = B.n.l..lb16ecKOB . HeKOTOpb1e 11rnrn 11ccneA0BaHl'1Sl 6epe3oBcKoro
noceneHl!ISl . MACn. 7. 1971. 187
4epHblX 1966 = E.H.YepHblX. ll1crnp11S1 APeBHei-lwei-1 Merannyprn11 BocT04HOi-1 E0ponb1.
Mll1A. 132. 1966
Ye pHblX 1970 = E.H.4epHblX. 0 Ape0Hei-1w11x oYarax Merannoo6pa6orrn IOro-3anaAa
CCCP. KCll1A. 123. 1970. 23
YepHblX 1972 E.H.YepHblX. Merann -4elloBeK - speMSl . M. 1972
4 epHblX 1978 = E.H.4epHblX. ropHoe AellO l'1 MeTanllyprnSl B APeBHei-lwei-1 6onraplillil.
Cocj>11S1. 1978
.
YepHblW 1976 = E.K.YepHblW . OcHOBHble HanpasneHHSl nyrei-1 pacceneHl!ISl nneMeH
KyllbTYPbl KyKyTeH11-Tp11nonbe B paHHHi-1 nepl!IOA. BocT04HaSl Espana B 3noxy KaMHSl"'
6poH3bl. MocKBa. 1976. 98.
Ye pHblW "1982 = E.K. YepHblW. 3HeOJl l'1 T npaso6epe)l(HOH YKpal!IHbl l'1 MOllAaBl!llil .
ApxeonrnSl CCCP. 3HeOJll'1T CCCP. M.1982. 165
Cernych/ Avi I ova/Barceva/Orl ovskaj a/Te ne jsvi Ii 1991 = E. N: Cernych/ L. U .A vi I ova/
T.B.Barceva/L.B.Orlovskaja/T.O.Tenejsvili. The Circumpont1c metallurgical Province
as a .System. Die kupferrzeit Als Historische Epoche. T.2. Saarbrncker Beitrage zur
Altertumskunde. 8.55. Bonn. 1991 . 593.
Cri!?maru 1977 = A. Cri!?maru. Dragu!?eni. Contributii la o monografie arheologica.Boto!?ani. 1977

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Danila P./Danila M. = P.Danila, M.Danila, Cuprul. 1982


Dieckmann 1987 = B. Dieckmann. Ein bemerkeswerter Kupferfund aus der jungneolithischer.i
Seenfersiedlung Hornstaad- Horne! I - am westlichen Bodensee. Archaologische
Nachrichten aus Boden. Heft 38/39. 1987. 28

Dumitrescu H. 1933 = H.Dumitrescu. La station prehistorique de Ruginoasa. Dacia 111-IV.


(1927- 1932). 1933. 56
.
Dumitrescu H.1961 = H. Dumitrescu . Connections between the Cucuteni-Tripolie cultural
complex and the neighbouring eneolithic cultures in the light of the utilization of golden
pendants. Dacia N.S. V. 1961. 69
Dumitrescu Vl.1954 = Vl.Dumitrescu. Haba?e?ti . Bucure?ti. 1954.
Dumitrescu Vl.1963 =VI. Dumitrescu. Originea ?i evolutia culturii Cucuteni-Tripolie. SCIV
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Dumitrescu/Bolomey/Mogo?anu 1983 =VI. Dumitrescu/A. Bolomey/F.Mogosanu. Esquisse
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Haheu/Kurciatov 1993 = V.Haheu/S.Kurciatov. Cimitirul plan eneolitic de linga satul


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Marinescu-Bllcu 1981 = S. Marinescu-Bilcu. Tirpe?ti . From Prehistory to History in Eastern
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Marinescu-BTlcu 1993 = S. Marinescu-Bilcu. Les Carpates Orientales et la Moldavie . Atlas
du Neolithique Europeen. Vol.I. Liege. 1993. 191

Menke 1989 = M. Menke. Zu den fruhen kupferfunden des Nordens. A.A. Kob. 1989. 15
Monah 1978-1979 = D. Monah. ldoli "en violon"din cultura Cucuteni. Cerc . 1st. IX-X.
1978-1979. 163
Monah 1997 = D. Monah. Plastica antropomorfa a culturii Cucuteni-Tripolie. Piatra Neamt.
1997
'
Muller-Karpe 1968 = H.Muller-Karpe. Handbuch der Vorgeschichte. II. Munchen. 1968.
Novotna 1970 = M. Novotna. Die Axte unde Beile in der Slowakei. PBF. IX.3. 1970.
Parzinger 1992 = H.Parzinger. Hornstaad - Hlinsko -Stollhof. Germania. 70/2 Frankfurt
a. M. 1992. 241
Parzinger 1993 = H.ParziAger. Studien zur Chronologie und Kulturgeschichte der JungsteinKupfer-und Fruhbronzezeit zwischen Karpaten und Mittlerem Taurus. T. 1-2. Romicsh,
Germanische Forschungen. ~.52 . Mainz am Rein. 1993
Passek 1962 = T. Passek. Relations entre !'Europe occidentale et !'Europe oriental a
l'epoque neolithique. VI Congres International des Sciences Prehistoriques et
Protohistoriques. Moscou . 1962. 3.
Pavelcik 1979 J. Pavelcik. Depot medenych spercu z Hlinska u lipniku n . Bee. Pam. Arch .
2. 1979. 319
Petrescu-Dimbovita 111 AP 1962 =.M. Petrescu-DTmbovita/ A. Florescu/M.Florescu. $antierul
arheologic Tru?e?ti. Materiale VIII. Bucure?ti.1962. 227
Petrescu-DTmbovita/Daicoviciu/Teodor/Preda 1995 = M.Petrescu-DTmbovita/H.Daicoviciu
/D .Teodor/C. Preda. lstoria Romaniei de la inceputuri pan a Tn secolul VII I-lea. Bucure?ti.
1995.
Popu?oi 1987 = E. Popu?oi. La plastique de type cucuteni de lge?ti. La civilisation de Cucuteni
en contexte Europeen. la?i. 1987. 263
Radulescu/Dimitrescu = D.Radulescu/R. Dimitrescu. Mineralogia topografica a Ro maniei. 1966

-70-

Randsborg 1970 = K. Randsborg. Eine kupferne Schmuckscheibe aus eine Dolmen in Jutland. A.A.K121p. XLI . 1970. 181
SAM = S. Junghans/E.Sangmeister/ M. Schroder. Kupfer und Bronze in der fruhen
Metallzeit Europas. Studien zu den Anfangen der Metallurgie II. 1-111. Berlin. 1968
Scipachin 1998 = 0. Scipachin. Un toper de arama din fondurile Muzeului National de lstorie
a Moldovei. Tyragetia VI-VII. Chi?inau 1998. 69
Schmidt 1932 = H. Schmidt. Cucuteni in der oberen Moldau. Rumanien . Berlin-Leipzig.
1932
.
To dorova 1981 = H.Todorova. Die kupferzeitlichen Axte und Beile in Bulgarien .
PBF.Xl, 14.1981
Vulpe Al. 1973 = Al.Vulpe. lnceputurile metalurgiei aramei Tn spatiul Carpato-Dunarean.
SCIV. 24/2. 1973. 217
Vulpe Al. 1974 = Al.Vulpe. Probleme actuale privind metalurgia aramei ?i bronzului in epoca
bronzului Tn Romania. Revista pentru istorie, arheologie ?i tilologie. 27/2. Bucure?ti.
1974. 243
Vulpe Al. 1975 = Al.Vulpe. Die Axte und Beil,e in Rumanien. II. BPF.IX.5.
Vulpe R. 1937 = R.Vulpe . Civilisation precucutenienienne recemment decouverte a lzvoare
en Moldavie. ESA. II. 1937. 134
Vulpe R. 1957 = R. Vulpe. lzvoare. Bucure?ti. 1957
.
Ursachi 1991 = V.Ursachi. Le depot d'objets de parure eneolithiques de Brad com .Negri,
dep. de Bacau. Le paleolithique et le neolithique de la Roumaine en contexte Europeen.
. la?i. (1990) 1991. 335.
Ursachi 1992 = V.Ursachi. Depozitul de obiecte de podoabe neolitice de la Brad comuna
Negri, judetul Bacau . Carpica. 23. Bacau.1992. 51

"1J1JHO CTPAU."1 "1

COKPAW.EH"1s:I
AHM
An YPCP

- Apxeonorul/eCKMe uccne.aosaHMfl B Mon,aaBMM. KuwuHeB


- Apxeonoril/Hi naMflTKM YPCP. KMiB

AO

- Apxeonorul/ecKMe oTKpbJTMfl. MocKBa

6C3

ECM

- EHl/MJ010ne,n.Mfl CoseTMKS Mon.aoseHflCKs. KuwuHeB

KCHA
K.3.

JlrY

M.
MA HA
MACn

- MocKBa
- My3eVI apxeonoruM /11HCTMT}IT8 apxeonorMM AH Mon,aoBbl
- MaTepMaflb/ no apxeonornu CesepHO/O npul/epHOMOpbfl. o.aecca-Kuea.

MrY

- MocKOBCKMVI /ocy,aapcrneHHblVt yHuaepcMTeT

MHA
M3EH
CA
CAH

- Marnpuanbl no apxeonornu CCCP


- My3eVI srnorpac:fmu M ecrncrneHHOVt ucmplliM' KuwuHsy
- CoBeTcKafl apxeonomfl M.
- Cao.a apxeonornl/eCKMX ucTOl/HMKOB. Apxeonomfl CCCP. M.

A.A. K0b .

- Acta archaeologica K0benhavn.K0benhavn

BAR
Cerc. 1st.
ESA
Pam. Arch.
PBF
SCIV

6onbW8fl CoseTcKafl sHUMKJ10ne,aMfl. M.


KpaTKMe coo611.1eHMfl /11HCTMT}IT8 apxeonornM AH CCCP. M.
KpaTKafl SH/..lMK!IOne,aufl. CoBeTcKafl Mon,aaBMfl. KMWMHeB. 1982
fleHMHrpa,acKMVt /ocy.aapcTBeHHb/Vt yHMBepCMTeT

British Arcaeo/ogical Reports. Oxford


Cercetari istorice. falji
Eurasia septentionalis Antiqua. Helsinki
Pamatky Archeologicke. Praga
Prahistorische Bronzefunde. Manchen
Studii lji cercetari de lstorie Veche. Bucure11ti

X-MEC:TD HAXDllHIA
MACA

3
Puc.~ reo-rnnorpacf>11YecKasi cmyau11si.

-:--

e110 K::ip6yHa 11

1 - Mecrnpacno11oll<eHl1e cena K::ip6yHa 2- 3

M~CTO .o6H~pyll<eHl1Sl K!laJJ.a (3 -

no T.C.nacceK 11 E.K.4epHb;W).

'.Jg. 1. Geo-topographical s1tuat1on . 1- Location of the village of Carbuna 2-3 _The


village of Carbuna and the deposit discovery location (3 - according to T.S. Passek and
E.K. Chernysh)

- 73-

-...!

.j>.

5cm

1
I

Pvrc.2. K3p6yHCKML-i KJla,IJ,. 1 -- Cocy.o., B KOTOpOM HaJ<O,IJ,Mncsi K!la,IJ,; 2 - cocy.o. , Mcnonb30BaHHbli-'i B Ka4eCTBe KPblWKM.

Fig.2 Carbuna deposit. 1 - Vessel , where a treasure wg.s found; 2 -,, vessel, which was used as a cover'.

[JJ

'

'

Jc?...

-...!

en

Ifc:i>

.\-r:.- ..

r:..
11:

I
I

5cm
I

3
Pvrc.3. K3p6yHcKML-i K!la,IJ,. Me,1J,Hb1e rnnopbl.

Fig.3. Carbuna deposit . Copper axes.

:'::

;.

i(~I>.
' <::{. . .

P/11c.4. K3p6yHCKl'1H KJla,n. MeAHble aHTponoMop<f>Hble nOABeCKl'1.

P/11c ..5 . K3p6yHcK11'1 Klla,n. MeAHble aHTponoMop<f>Hble noAsecK11.

Fig.4. Carbuna deposit. Copper anthropomorphous pendants.

Fig.5. Carbuna deposit. Copper anthropomorphous pendants.

-76-

-77-

13
(.::..

'1

11

5cm

17

16

P111c.6. K3p6yHCKHi1

Kfla,D,.

MeAHble alirponoMopQ>Hble noAsecKH.

5cm
I

P111c. 7. K3p6yHCKHi1

Kfla,D,.

MeAHble aHrponoMopQ>Hble noABecrn.

Fig.6. Carbuna deposit. Copper anthropomorphous pendants.

Fig. 7. Carbuna deposit. Copper anthropomorphous pendants.

-78-

-79-

24

25.

l9

18

27

26

21

20

29

-~m
~
I

23
I

5cm
I

Pvic.8. K3p6yHcK11i1 KJla,n,. MeAHble noABeCK11 c aHrponoMopHblM np11aHaKaM11.


Fig.8. Carbuna deposit. Copper pendants with anthropomorphous attributes.

-80-

Pvic.9. K3p6yHcK11i1 KJlaA. MeAHble n.oABeCKl1 c aHrponoMopHblMl1 np11aHaKaMl1


Fig. 9. Car bun a deposit. Copper pendants with anthropomorphous attributes.

- 81-

36

39

38

5cm
I

40

Puc.10. Kap6yHCK"1H

KJla,L\.

31 - MeAHa5l noABecKa oco6ol1 opMb1; 32-35 - noABec-

Puc. 11. K3p6yHCK"111

KJla,L\.

Scm
I

36-39 -Mep,HbJe noABeCK"1 npocTbJX opM; 40 - Mep,Ha5l

K"1 npoCTblX opM.

6115lWKa-nOABeCKa.

Fig.10. Carbuna deposit. 31 - Copper pendant of a particular form; 32-35 - pendants


of simple forms.

Fig. 11. Carbuna deposit. 36-39 - Copper pendants of simple forms; 40 - a copper
plate pendant.

-82-

-83-

~--0~
49A

~.7tzt:::'
..,... . ...... !#. ..:~-o
: . -

i
48

CD
(J)

~ ~~~~~~~

-ii m~r': 1D II~.~~~


...'f,,!,

PMc. 14. K3p6yHcK1<1i.1 Klla)J.. 47-48 Fig. 14. Carbuna deposit. 47-48 -

Me)J.Hble cn1<1panbHb1e 6pacneTbl ; 49-56 - nnacTMHbl or cocTaBHoro 6pacnera (49A peKOHCTPYKL\MH COCTaBHOro 6pacnera).

Copper spiral bracelets; 49-56 - plates of.a sectional bracelets .(49A - reconstruction of a
section_al bracelet) .

0 ..

tm-J au.uwmm wummim


I

59

57 -

~~~f/!J

60'-67

II

IJ

"F'

@-!J

<?

-8 @O @Q @6

@0

@9

@-9

@)-~

c;:.

@S
70

Cl
CD

-...j

@)'o
=

c:;:r

i
@
0

@~ C
0

@-e @-rm@

@-g @-(J

-@

-G

@-0 @-Q

-si

s2- 93

' Q

@ -() @0 @-Ca-@
2i

@-9

@-Q

C)

@i
0

@~

Ci

@Q

Cl
@Cl

@-t;

@@

"
a

C)

@-CJ Cl. 5cm


L

_1

---i

Cl

@tm@ @;

94-105

106 - 115

PMc.15. K3p6yHCKMi.1 Klla)J. . 57- 67 - Me)J.Hble npOHM3M; 68-115 - Me)J.Hble 6ycMHbl (N2N2 68- 69 nponyw,eHbl 3a OTCYTCTBMeM
8 KOnneKL(MM).
Fig.15. Carbuna deposit . 57-67 - Copper pronizi; 68-115 -copper beads (N2N2 68-69 are omitted due to the absence in the
collection).

Cl

c;:i

-~

@-0

Cl

@i

@Q

-l}

@"liiJ

(16 -125

@CJ

@-Q

@HJ

@-0

>.;l

c;:i

e -0. GJ

-EJ

@}"

C)

~,

~)@

@-~

-~
126--134

@a

@i

@
~(:"\: fl-\' @e:.''..
- - :us: II 0

.:::;~

G Cl
.

0~

q
,/ _

. CJ

- .::kf

@9

-~ @-o
0

I
())
())

_g

:.;:t-1'"~

. 143

144

@- ~--:>:.
.
:.:::;,;:;J

g'.>_

/,. , - k~-:~

"'""""

~ ~ . ...

@a. . @9-g

@. (frj
~

rFY:i. GZ7?l

\J~

C:J

c:::J

14 7 -150

0
r;:::::J (3\

?:L.:,;:,)'

:I..

~ @tJ
135-142

C)

~-~

...

..@ a:, @.e

...
...

,,

.::i.

::~.:frr-

~-d~;

.;~

151-157

0
@1:;
.
@~
. .:::-.
:.~.

CJ

~Cf;\
u-~

..-.~.
.

@-CJ

@-fj @{l
,

0
I

@ qj5cm@S
I

@mt

158-166

Puc. 16. K3p6yHCKl1~ Kfla,D.. Me,D.Hble 6yc11Hbl (N2N2 145- 146 nponyw,eHbl 3a 0TcyrcTs11eM B KonneKu,1111).
Fig. 16. Carbuna deposit. Copper beads (N2N2 145- 146 are omitted due to the absence in the collection).

CJ

@ .A
w @-Im
~ - @I'A
wg
Q

@l)
,
. .:.':'
IQ
.. 0

0
o:
:::.
:,;. :.

D
o
@CJ --Qa @Ci0 @~
@(J @~

@o.
0
...
;c.;

C)

~-,-.,

@ G)
-:.-:_;.
@CJ
-.,
~t,_
-.'.-.

co

@S

Cl

@~

@c
c::i

. @&

@-m
0

@6

=
@Iii @9
=

c:;,

. c::i

Cl

@u

'ftN,

c:JJ

\.WV

0"1n

=
@I]

@Q

-~
@Q

. -

@-o
0

@-0

@-WI

195:'.""'204

Cl

@fJ

CJ

ti @a

@[}

2_05--_214

CJ

@!JI

.. .,::'

185'-l.9 4
0

@-~
0

@fJ

@ra

@-~

CJ

@-o

-9

'
- g-.

@a

@-0

@-0 @-fj @() El


CJ

.Q

C)

() . ~--,
,_,,_;; @
.
-

I
Cl

167-17l)

176-184

o.0

. .

@fl @O -CJ -fZJ Qfl@


o

'

&
<:::r

@fil

ff}

@7
=

@llJ

c::::>

6 @t:J lill
I

Puc. 17. K3p6yHcK11~ Kfla,n. . Me,D.Hble 6yc11Hbl.


Fig. 17. Carbuna deposit. Copper beads.

@-0 ~ @~ @O -

=
@GI

<==!

5cm

. L

215-226

@!J

227,_ 23
. 8

LJ

@~

@(;]

@IJ

=
@O

CJ

c:i

@D D . @@

fj

Cl

@ G1

@Ll]

@ ::;

239~248

Cl

EJ

=
~ @g @O @~

c:::>

c;>

@~

c:J

CJ

c::::l

O @0

@l:J

24~-259
0

o IJ'=;'

<=>

Cl

la

ra

@-~

g ;

rJ

Cl

c::i

@ b.1

260- 270

1.
~

c::>

@o

ora

c::.

.o

@~

@CJ @CJJ

!la

.
271 ~- 281

I
o

c:i

@0

@r;)

@D @~ 13 @O @Cl

@Q

CJ

@~

r:J

_ o

@fl

@fJ

. 282-291
0

c:::i

@ ~

@0
CJ

=
0 @1:1 @CJ
a

@0

.:~.

0 Q

2.92

--soi

Q5cm@ (J @tj @Q

@ CTJ
1

c:::>

tiJ

0
0

i:::i

@ ~

CJ

302 -311

Pfl1c. 18. K3p6yHcKviei KJlaA. MeAHbJe 6ycV1Hbl.


Fig. 18. Carbuna deposit. Copper beads.

@a

@o

CJ

JJ @fJ tJJ

@rJ

GJ

c5

@~

@@

312 '- 321


D

~g
@M
~w
~

0~
w~

CJ

CJ

@
.n
@ ~
~
~
rg ~rBl
~td/J
~

@ '}@ff>
~
.-~
322...-330

~o
I

~~

,~,,

@(I
.

.:. .:;.

-~ :.~=~~

\}'!'-'

@rt
:{":

.
:
I
0

,~,.

;,g;;~
.;:.~

0
;
rs:
' o.. !:::.
; '

331 -336

@o t;

@~
=.;,:.

'-':'>

~~.-~~

. ;.:~~

)::~:~f""

;-~

. -;,

@(j ~~
- -'.: -;~

~c;-~

337'""'.342

~Fl
~

l;ilJ

D
!::

@(J)
.:::/
,.

@~

@~
I

@@)scm@O
I
t

P/11c. 19. K3p6yHcKV1Ci KJlclA. MeAHble 6ycV1Hbl.


Fig. 19. Carbuna deposit. Copper beads.

a
f3
~

c::i

@~
(). ~

343-350

Cl

@li

@~

@~

@J) @CJ

ta

@)~

@(j
351-359~

ll
'>
~

- :.:

.0

@ GJ:~..

: ..
r;j::;>

;~;.

@ i''-'

@ (.)'..'.

..1
@~

.,..
Q

@ ij:'

. .
fa':

.;

3U.0

@~

c::i

@ fj

@~

@bi

@~

@ Vil

Cl

Cl

@(.::\)
\V

368
CJ

@ii@@
369- 3-7.8 ,

o .

@~ @~

c::i

c::i

c:::io

I @I tJ

@O @VJ

c::i

~@

@~
379'~389'

51 @Ea

@ti

@Q

r:::i

@l'J

@~

@O

C>

CJ

i:} @(i

390-40Q

@WI

@~

=
D
II Ii .

CJ

@ fi
I
!

_I

CJ

Klscil g
l

c::?.

tJ @ {ii
'401 ~410

P111c.20. K3p6yHcK1-1ili KllaJJ.. Me,D,Hble 6yc"1Hbl.


Fig.20. Carbuna deposit. Copper beads.

fJ

@~

CJ

Cl

i:::i

@n~

@Q

t::J

@VJ

51 @G Ii
411-419

@~

t:::J

c::::>

I @Gi

t'.3

@Q

a
@~.

(Q)Q

@rJ
420-428

@9

'C7

@~

CJ

e Q

@o

@ti
429-437

I
(0
(,)

c::r

A~
~~

GI

@O

@(;J

@Gl @!iJ

;.;-:::,

==

z:::::::::o

IRi c::::;:;i

~~

3-=:=J

'
~.
~~---446 .
::~-;.-:: .."'..:~:--_~:~ ::::- .

438 -

-. ~s...... :. ::~

P111c.21. K3p6yHcK1-1ili KllaJJ.. 411-444 - Me,D,Hble 6yc1-1Hb1; 445-446 - Me,D,Hble 3arornsK1-1.


Fig.21. Carbuna deposit. 411 - 414 - Copper beads; 445- 446 - copper blanks.

444

Ji

~
.

<?i'
l\J
!\)

()
Ill
....
CT

c:

"O
0\
'<
::C
0

:::l
Ill

"'
:s:

(1l
"O

"'
:::,

a.

:S:<

-..J

s:

Ill
....
CT

co
~
I

(ii

-..J
-..J

.i:.

'"-l

4iii~~BJ~'.t,t\I~~&~i1i1Zll:.,2it,~~~

s:

"O
Ill
O :!::
:::, 0

-::;- ~"O
.i:: il'
3 ?' s;,
3(1l
-1
0
Ill

....

0
"O

(1l

'

l::

g0

CX>

Cl\
....
.

:1

en

-::;-

-o
~-

::i

'

CX>

Ill

(ii
-::;-

ll>o

-1
0
::i

Ill

3
3

""co

.g

(1l
....
'
~

l::'

0
:::,
0

(1l

-1

:s:
w

.
Iij. .
ii fl
- ,.. 5 - ~j

~;jl)-@

..

~~
.

_,..

-J~
,:.:::

. ~~~)

{ :;-

. ::

'-~-~-

..

: ..

b
!~; ;;

._

.'~ ~--~.
451

~~

~.:.::,.

~~

452- 458

A 1\

ffli_f}

~;..::

~ ~~: -~-~

: ..

-a ~ -:

..

.~~

.~:'\ ~~.

-~-~
..: ti~(~:
- ;- t:.\~

co
CJ1

450

449

- ''
'.::

" -H

ICJ

\JU

~u

:459-462

d-D tJ-d '~ &J


"' ~~ d)-.~ ~f ~ ~:,:,-~ . ~-d
46~5~- 47&3,_ ~ I ~'-~ ~i
~.,
, ~ 8f'('.
~";, J;
,/tJ, -.~-.
.':" J.
- , ~
~~.. : J
.? ."
.;:.'. .. ::"

-1:

~.:.

474 .

<:-
.. ' ~
475

8,_';'

"~: . '

4.77 -

> -.

\'._:? ' -~ :

48'2

(g"'
,

:~

-r r

'

5ctn

~ :_-0 ;~~~:.'

:~ '~-.?

. ~:

PMc.23. K3p6yHCK11H Kfla,D,. KocmHb1e 1113,nem1s:i: 449 - npoH1113b; 450-noABeCKa 1113 3y6a YenoseKa; 451 - noABecKa; 452-463 - noA13ecK111,
lllMlllTll!pyiotl.lllle 3y6b1 aneHSl; 464-482 - noA13eCK111113 3YOOB OJleHSl (N2N2 463,464,476 n~eHbl 1113-3a OTcyTCTBlllSl B KOJlJleKUllllll),
Fig. 23. Garbuoa deposit Bone articles; 449 - proniz; 450 - a human tooth pendant; 451 - a pendant; 452-463 - pendants, imitating
reindeer teeth; 464-482 - reindeer teeth pendants (N2NQ 463,464,476 omitted due to the absence iri the collection).

&~.
~h 8b 8~ ~~~ -~-. :~ ~.- ~ ~~
y-~ l V-r:J 0td-~. :,. ~~ ~
.. / ~.'l N11
\JiPGI

.: -~.. ~~'~.....01d
-: ~
'f~;;..
i};~:,
;,; d~..'.L~-: I d
:f,.);.<9. (3""' ~,_.., . ~
~; . ., ~-~~f~:~j~:. ;_'~ :. :::.:, .J -~'~/ ::) ~:... J _
:'./'? -~.:}

!!"

- : .

..

."-}. .:.:

. ,:'C" -

- ..

-_y~()

49'2 -

5.%~~

-~~ft.;

.-. ::_:.

.. ~... ;!.

'-:. ... : '

498

~~~

gs

~.All

499'

:~'/ /~

sos

504 -

501

~~- .

filtt--

14 ~ ~.~ ~ A ~ I ~ n A.a JD\-/l


vru \1-o OCI \Jti t:1-a Cf o \Ji lJ GI u
s.odg. - Sal=~
,),: ,.~ '.-Ji516 -~st:!)' ~-~-~
: ;' -~:. ~L
"'-"'' -~- ~.i~J -~, ,;a;:

f"?ij

I\

&
::

518 -

-3 ;-.{

524

8
/

)0

:"'~,{

>_. :)

,;} >''

~
'vJ
(}

1l

,'u,<r

..-~~- ./,.

'

5cm

~~. -~:

.''. -:.'

:'_.

527

Puc.24. K::ip6yHCKl'1i1 KllaJJ.. noABeCKl'1 1'13 3y600 oneH5l (N2N2 485, 491,500,502-503,514,525-526 nponyll.\eHbl 3a OTCYTCTBl'1eM
a KonneKu,1111).

Fig.24. Carbuna deposit. Reindeer teeth pendants. (N2N2 485, 491, 500,502-503, 513 , 525-526 omitted due to the absence in
the collection).

a ~~-':,' ~~
:

ft_ fi . ~-A ~-n ffti-11 I


rJ f) 1\;)CJ ~ \) \BP
530 - . 532

_ _ .528

1f:,_ -

IJ_ -

:.

J\

(Jj c.;:

)? j::

534 - S37

CJ

U
~&
6~
~0 OJ!) 0~ ~d ~-() ~-d .cyj~ ~~I

~-f\ 1- ~.~> fi p,.~ ~ -. rt&-!! ~ -J1


\JlJ CJ(J .;. :__., OU tJ CJ

- :. .
"

5.38

539

(ff~ 4
\JI l>

~ -~
~

-A
'J

541 - 547

548 - 555

,,.a

~-o ~-~

~
~-/l
V \J

558

56S

Puc.25.

56.5

.~: :.:~ -~;.


4'-:"

4~
-\1!?::

.. ~

f\~tfl 1 ~-A ~ -Jl


\3 ~ VJ \) \;JI \J
567.

569

.. 0 {j

~"
-...':.:-:::.~

>~
. _:.:'-

:~.

:.:;."{

__:.

lrfi-A .

ai

v.u

~-

IJA!-:h ~-(\_
:,{r:: - , ;-_~,:
V U . Y ~ \ii V 5cm .: .~ "

I L-M

572 ~ 575

$70 .

K::ip6yHCKl'1~ Klla,IJ,. noABecrn. 1'13 3y600 oneH5l (N2N2

529,533, 540, 556-557,568,571 nponyll.\eHbl 3a OTCYTCTBl'1eM B

KonneKL.(1'11'1).

Fig. 25. Carbuna deposit. Reindeer teeth pendants. (N2N2 529, 533, 540, 556-557, 568, 571 omitted due to the absence in the
collection).

I fJ
577

@c;:J
~~

578

"'.:';:--.
. .:.:.:
@~

Q,:~ . .:'Ii~

581

579

@GZ;J

@[,,::J

{r:;\~

~ ~@Ql@Cj 1@

@Q

~~

c::.~;:;1

Ci

58.5

~
@~

~~

@ [.,:,,,,;:#

@~$}

0 e:tSl @~

@c:,;.1~:.;,.~,~

583

593-59g

@~

@c;~,;,,::~~:; Li> ~i::.r~i~~ra


599 - 604

.:-:'; \l
vc:.. c:
; .:. ~0~-iic

<D

CJ)

C/
\Ja
;~~;i-

c:-.~
\::)~~
m~
LJ
~

fol~
~~-

:-.:;~t

Q
~
~~

@ ~ scm @ ~

lWJ
I

0~
~~

Q~
0~
6ll-616

c;:u

ec::\

6QS-'609

@~
o ~ ,

@ Cid'J

(,:;)~
~~

~
611-623

J l

i24 -63{

P111c.26. Kap6yHcK1-1rli KllaJl. V13Aell"11'1 "13 paKOB"1H Spondilus; 576-585- 6yc1-1Hb1 ; 586-631 - npOHL-13"1 ( N2N2 576,580,582,584
nponyll(eHbl 3a OTCYTCTB"1eM 8 KOJlJleKL.("1"1).
Fig.26. Carbunadeposit. Spondilus shell articles: 576-585 - beads; 586-631 - pronizi (N2N2 576, 580, 582, 584 omitted due
to the absence .

! @

@ ~

@ G;;J

(ZJJ

@~

@t;;,;;e

@ CQ

c,.,G

@ ~

632 -=641

lfi') ~

c::;:::i

C;J

~~

@~

c::~#

@ V:.;tl

'f1-m4

........_,,
~;;~:;;w

6'42 -650

@ (.;,~;:;)

@ t:;;~

c,.::J

i;;:J

~~~1-...~

re.:~

~ ~

1.W~

Q
'..::;J

c:.;;~
......

6151-659

~~

\:!!) ~

~
~

rr;.,~

@~

c::.

@
~
o~

~~

\:::;I ~

@Q

@ CJi)
660 -667

c;J

@~

@d

@Q

Cl~

~~

@Q
66S- 676

<D
<D

@ r;;;;J

;;;;;J @ ~ .

@~

@ {.:~:~

@~

!?\!~
~~

@ ~

tY.11 -.684

@c;:~;~1J

@~
~
~a~

@ e_:,;:;,~;;;

@~
o~

@
1

g :;.

~. . ~-=~-: ~.-~::
j

~
~

.
!

@~
o~

cg~-;
-.'.":."'\~ . ::_:
l

SJ!;U

692 -694

P111c.27. K3p6yHCK"1rli KllaA. npoHL-13"1 "13 paKOB"1H Spondilus.


Fig.27. Carbuna deposit. Spondilus shell"pronizi.

'

t::zJ
6.S5-69J

....

.....
.. ,
. .. . .

(2) C;J @ <:,.:..;.;~.,;,;;;


~ 71
..... .

,..,-~.(.'..,! ~~

@~

. . .

:.-.:

: ...;...,:.. r.~-J..i' .. .. -

:.::

@~
-:~. _; :::=.. ~.;~--~:..;~.

695-699

@ a~;ii~i4J
tr::\ r.::.:7
~~

c;~;kJ ~ . @ cz~;711
:;:;;

~~
~

c:;;:;

~)

Fr;\~

r;;:;;;

@ r;;::J @

~~

c:r:?J.

700-705

@~
706-712

@C:. ;.~

@ c:;:,c;~.~

fr:/..~

0
0

lf::JO

@Q

@iit*I

v~
I

Q , 0J (;";J ~;;:<;~}

@~
~

@ @i;ij

C\:@

~~

~
~

713 -

720

72J -

728

. ,.
@c:;J
\'-~,;-~:.:
@~
~
!:... .

..:;.:

A~

@)@;,,;.;

' 'lJ)~

.'>cm
I

IQ\~
~~

734

729 - 733

P111c.28. Ksp6yHCKll1~ KJla,D,. npoHll13111 1113 paKOBll1H Spondilus (734 - OTpOCTOK paKOBll1Hb!) .
Fig. 28. Carbuna deposit. Spondilus shell pronizi. (734 - shell sprout).

~!>.
~w
.

~f\
~
f7 ~;::.b
I .
I
I

l~'
~0
I

IWLZJ~
\

~~

~p,,

~t/
I

735 -741
I

is~:&I~.

illtt?il~
.. ;'.'~-:;.:::f' l

~Pt
~~
742- 747

=-~
~

~\3

~~~B
~D
~\j

~fe;
\

,.

~~
'

~fb
I

\~

748 -752

.. o .
~-_;~jj~
.,,::,.,<<;
~

7.53 I

@:=:;;,r,~'& ~!J@ 1s9~1~

~~
I

~-

5cm

~.~1111

P111c.29.

Ksp6yHcK111~

Klla,D,. Haw111BHb1e nnacr111Hbt 1113 paKOBll1H Spondilus.

Fig.29. Carbuna deposit. Sewn-on plates made of Spondilus shell.

758

B~

~~t.:,~ & (~;fill{Q;B) @


.

m~ a~

' C\.
13.
"
~~ ~11.~
.t&;z:::J~

-~ -~

..............:1

~~ ~~~

0
N

-~
I

762-766

'

~!-~

781 - 785

787

:mi@

ti:J:rta lt:U~

iii~
774-780

'

767 -n3

IJlil~ IE,~

~~

~~
I

\in:~~

~~

~@
I ..

788 -794

Q l~~5cm~@

q~ c::;:z~
\

795-800

Pvic.30. K3p6yHcK111L;i Kfla,D,. Haw111BHp1e nnacrnHbl 1113 paKOBlllH Spondilus (N2 786 nponyllleHa 3a oTCyrcrs111eM B KonneKu111111).
Fig.30 . Carbuna deposit. Sewn-on plates made of Spondilus shell(N2 786 omitted due to the absence in the collection.

~
~

~~ ~/.;~

B
I

~~.~~~
I

~t?..

~~
11
0

~JIQ

"

ctf;;;:;.,_~i ~ Lihj;;jj ~
I

~~ 8'21-82a
r-
~

~~

8 ~~

808 _.,. 814

8.15 - 820

-~
~~

~~a~ @~

=.

~L~ij~

~~

so1-so1

jfa~~;~~~
~8~
I

1;!

1!~

~
I

1 ,,

'CJ 5cm
I

8'31 -

'

Pvic.31. K3p6yHcK111l1 KJla,D,. Haw111BHb1e nnacrnHbl 1113 paKOBlllH Spondilus.


Fig.31. Carbuna deposit. Sewn-on plates made of Spondilus shell.

8,34

':::.:':';: / ' -

11

e ~<</iJB
~~~~~;!:

i:.;;'.:j.:t

~~

fid:~i\~ ~ ~
-.----....,

: ::.::.. :::.>ft

1r

826-830

GI

e
.

8137

8138

.
.

840
839

846

CJ

o-m
84S -851

842
5cm

8"53

852

5crn
I

Pvtc.32. K3p6yHcK111i:1 Kna.D.. lt13Aenm1 1113 paKOBll1H Spondilus: 835 - nnacrnHa-nyros111u,a;


836-841 - nOABeCKll1; 842-843 - nnacrnHbl OT COCTaBHblX 6pacnerns.

Pvtc;33. K3p6yHcK111i:1 Kna.D.. 844-845 - ,1J,yros111AHb1e nnacTll1Hbl OT cocraBHblX 6pacneTOB 1113 paKOBll1H Spondilus; 846 - Haw111sHa5l nnacrnHa 111 847 - 6yc111Ha 1113 MpaMopa;
848-853 - 6yCll1Hbl 1113 caMOLJ,BeTOB.

Fig.32. Carbuna deposit. Sewn-on plates made of Spondilus shell: 835 - a button plate;
836-843 - plates of sectional bracelets.

Fig.33. Carbuna deposit. 844-845 - Bow-shaped plates of; sectional bracelets, made
of Spondilus shell; 846- a sewn-on plate and 847 - a marble bead; 848-853 - gem beads.

- 104 -

-105-

. tu'
: :i

:i:

., ~

I
I

,':>!r--LJ-r--~-7-1'

I--

PlfCHOn

' ' ' ,.

CIIJ
.

TPllNUJC fl

u.,.,

)41

...
...
...
....

1'
TPAHWE9

~.-:,-:-,-:-,-: :,.-, ., ., ., ., ., ., u''" '~,. .,=,.-,-,~..-.--,~-w-.-,v3?it., -; -,.

JI - MECTO tt~XD41fot
KRAllA

;:

Hll,33

c-----==

-'-

I
i
!

OO>IA>KA Mtlilll tlJCY.lAllK

2
j

MKkPOA~l

P111c. 35. noceneH11e K3p6yHa. 1- MeCTO HaxOAK11 KnaAa c pacKOnOM r.n.Cepreesa 11


P111c. 34. Mano1130ecTHb1e 113Aeniilsi Kap6yHcKoro rnna. 1- TpasiH - )J.sinyn C!)b1HTblHl1nop (no S. Junghans,E.Sangmeister, M. Schroder); 2 -

P3yuen; 3-6opoceHb.

Fig. 34. Little known .Carbuna type articles. 1 - Traian-Dealul Fintinilor (acco~ding to S .
Junghans, E. Sangmeister, M. Schroder); 2 - Rautel; 3 - Borosen1.

-106-

B.111.MapKeswia 11 TpaHwesiM11, 11ccneAOBaHHblMl1T.C.nacceK11 E.K. '-lepHb1w; 2~


KOHUeHTpau11si MaJep11ano0 0 KB. 33 TpaHwe51 1 (no T.c.nacceK 11 E.K.'-lepHblW).

Fig. 35. Settlement of Carbuna. 1 - Deposit discovery location with a pit, made by G.P.
Sergeev and V.I. Markevich and trenches, surveyed by T.S. Passek and E.K. Chernysh;
2 - materials concentration in sq. 33 Trench I (according to T.S. Passek and E.K. chernysh).

-107-

TPtiHWEr;I

M,q3- o2

Hl1DfiYM'1

_.

. a

,.

,.

CD
I

t>

/""'7

. _::--=:.
;-.--;

(!!] IJIMrilfFtll
@:] ,,,_..

~""-"'

llCNINIWW

'""'

~2J lltllfaTH!trHt>,,:, era# r11M:JCll

tJ

t/OPOrJI

E[~~~::.~~DCTR""1Nflt

(BlfllCTN

~r~9DO#tfll~

~c.MtHA C!ill't!.:tf

E!:slJIU/
E:::::J,,,--

G11Mtf1'blH
I

Olf'IV41'Hlo'i"

m,,,.,,,,,,.-~"""
,..,,,..,.,

Pf!lc. 36. noceneHVle K3p6yHa. npocpVlnb TpaHweVI 1 (no T .C.nacceK VI E.K.'-lepHblW).


Fig. 36. Settlement of Carbuna. Profile of Trench I (according to T.S. Passek and E.K. Chernysh).

Ma3-m:

T P ll N W E ~

11 /:ill fi Y tHI

ii

Wki6
g
I

,,

..

--c.i

~ nliK c: MSl't'C ~Cl-

[;;;:J ,_wi: t.S--.


E] ......

0 ......

.. .. ~::=-'<:_t-;_J-:-:~~~~;-si-!;-~ -~-~~"~ ~ -;_ ~ -j_-:: .:-..: ~-.:~ .. ..:


.
P/llC.

)or-

.........

~WIM~T'*I~

37. noceneHVle K3p6yHa. npocjJVIJlb TpaHWeVI 11 (no T.c.nacceK VI E.K.'-lepHblW).

Fig. 37. Settlement of Carbuna. Profile of Trench 11 (according to T.S. Passek and
E.K. Chernysh).

~.

[-

r---

--~

F
I

}
,

,,
J

LJ...LLLi

I ' I

r--~,:~:i:.':.~q

. . .

I
1'

I
\

;:-- ';~~> :..(;ill~~

',

/
''i.,

13

.1-L..1--L-....

' ',,

_______ /

P111c. 38. noceneH1-1e K:ip6yHa. KepaM1-1Ka 1-oi1 Kareropi-11-1.


Fig. 38. Settlement of Carbuna. Ceramics of the I-st category.

P111c'.' 39. noceneH1-1e K:ip6yHa. Kep3M"1Ka 11-oi1 Kareropi-11-1.


Fig. 39. Settlement of Carbuna. Ceramics of the 11-nd category.

-110-

~L.-J.___.._,__.1 18

'
\

'\~:::\..: ::
I

Puc. 42. noceneH111e Ksp6yHa. KepaMIAKa 111-eVi Karerop111111.

Puc. 43. noceneH111e Ksp6yHa. KepaM111Ka 111-eVi Karerop111111 .

Fig. 42. Settlement of Carbyna. Ceramics of the 111-d category.

Fig. 43. Settlement of Carbuna. Ceramics of the 111-d category.


I

- 114-

-115-

L 1

P111c. 44. noceneHl!le K3p6yHa. KepaMl!IKa 111-eH KaTerop111111.


Fig. 44. Settlement of Carbuna. Ceramics of the 111-d category.
-116-

1...J

P111c. _45. noceneH111e K3p6yHa. KepaM111Ka 111 !eH>Karerop111111 .


Fig. 45. Settlement of Carbuna. Ceramics of the 111 -d category.
-117-

I
I

Ll.L!..L.I

I
\

I
I

~~

v.

I
/

\
\

~~

\
\

'
I

f=-

,/

"'

'

P1t1c. 46. noceneH1-1e K3p6yHa. 1-3,6,7 - KepaM1-1Ka 111-ei-1 KaTerop1-11-1: 4-5 -cocy,ub1
rnna 6onrpa,u-An,ueHb,

Fig. 46. Settlement of CartJuna. 1-3, 6,7- Ceramics of the 111-d cate,gory; 4-5 -

P1t1c. 47. noceneH1-1e K3p6yHa. 1- KocrnHaR no,usecKa "1M"1T"1PYIO'"an


- aHTponoMopcj>Hble rn1-1HRHb1e cTaTy3TK"1.

3y 6 oneHR : 2-6

Fig. 47. Settlement of Carbuna. 1 - Bone pendants imitating a reindeer tooth _

Bolgrad-Aldeni type vessels.

anthropomorphous clay figurines.

- 118 -

-119-

.,...

'