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SECTION 1
1.

## In the following non planar graph number of

independent loop equations are

Explanation:
Distortion less
a=

RG and Z0 =

RG

A
8
B.12
.
C.7
D.5

Forum
3.
A certain 8 bit uniform quantization PCM
system can accommodate a signal ranging
from - 1 V to + V. The rms value of the signal

## is V . The signal to quantization noise ratio

is:

Explanation:
Number of independent loop equations are
given by,

A
30 dB
.
B.46.91 dB
C.40 dB
D
49.92 dB
.

L=B-N+1
where L : No. of loop equations
B : No. of branches = 12

N : No. of nodes = 8
Explanation:
L = 12 - 8 + 1 = 5.
(SNR)dB = 1.76 + 6.02n
Forum

n=8

2.

## A transmission line has a characteristic

impedance of 50 and a resistance of 0.1
/m, if the line is distortion less, the
attenuation constant (in Np/m) is

Forum
4.

A
500
.
C.0.014

B.5
D.0.002

## A rectangular waveguide, in dominant TE

mode, has dimensions 10 cm x 15 cm. The cut

off frequency is
A.10 GHz
B.1 GHz
C.15 GHz
D.25 GHz
A.i(t) = 0.5 - 0.125e-1000t A
B.i(t) = 1.5 - 0.125e-1000t A
C.i(t) = 0.5 - 0.5e-1000t A
D.i(t) = 0.375e-1000t A

Explanation:
For TE10 mode

Explanation:
i(f) = 0.5, i(i) = 0.75
i(t) = Vr + (ii - ij)e-1/p = 0.5 - 0.125e-1000t .
Forum
5.
300 K having a bandwidth of 2.5 MHz. The
minimum power it can receive is
A
3.45 x 10-15 W
.
B.1.38 x 10-15 W
C.7.5 x 10-15 W
D
93.15 x 10-15 W
.

7.
In a semiconductor material. The hole
concentration is found to be 2 x 2.5 x 1015 cm3
. If mobility of carriers is 0.13 m2/ v-s. Then
find the current density if electric field
intensity is 3.62 x 10-19
A
7.6237 x 10-4 A/cm2
.
B.7.6237 x 10-5 A/cm2
C.7.6237 x 10-3 A/cm2
D
none of these
.

Explanation:
Pm = kT0f(F - 1) = 93.15 x 10

Forum

-15

W.

Explanation:
Current density J = E

6.
In the circuit shown, in switch S is open for a
long time and is closed at t = 0. The current
i(t) for t 0+ is

Where = conductivity
Given -> = 0.13 m2/v-s = 0.13 x 104 cm2/V

## Only p = 0 and q = 0 result in

controllability
The system is uncontrollable for all values
C.
of p and q
D We cannot conclude about controllability
. from the given data
B.

sec
P = 2.25 x 1015/cm3
We have, ni = 1.5 x 1010
Also n.p. =
n=

Explanation:

/p

Forum
9.

## = (0.468) (4.5 x 1015)

= 2.106 x 1015 /cm
J = E
Current density = 2.106 x 1015 x 3.620 x 10-

## A MOSFET has a threshold voltage of 1 V

and oxide thickness of 500 x 10-8 [r = 3.9; 0
= 8.85 x 10-14 F/cm, q = 1.6 x 10-19 c]. The
region under the gate is ion implanted for
threshold voltage tailoring. The base and type
of impant required to shift threshold voltage
to - 1 V are __________ .
A
8.6 x 1011/cm2, p-type
.
B.8.6 x 1011/cm2, n-type
C.0.86 x 109/cm2, p-type
D
1.02 x 1012/cm2, n-type
.

19

-4

= 7.6237 x 10 A/m .

Explanation:

Forum
VT(new) = VT(odd) +

8.
Consider the system

with

and
where p and q are
arbitrary real numbers. Which of the
of the system is true?
A The system is completely state controllable
. for any non zero values p and q

= 6.903 x 10-8

A
9
.
B.11.11
C.data not sufficient
D
10
.

fB = - 8.6 x 1011

Explanation:

## The threshold voltage is always negative for

p-channel and hence implant is of p-type.

Efficiency of antenna

Forum
Power gain = 10

10.
What is the propagation constant for air
filled wave guide with dimensions a = 1.59"
and b = 0.795" at 4.95 GHz?
A
0.6698
.

Thus directivity

Forum

B.0.7698

D
0.6598
.

12.

C.0.503

## If the power spectral density of stationary

random process is a sine-squared function of
frequency, the shape of its autocorrelation is

Explanation:

A
.

Here,
a = 1.59'' = 40.386 mm = 4.04 cm

B.

.
C.

11.
Radiation resistance of an antenna is 54
and loss resistance is 6 . If antenna has
power gain of 10, then directivity is:

14.
Consider the amplitude modulated (AM)
signal Ac cos ct + 2 cos mt cos ct For
demodulating the signal using envelope
detector, the minimum value of Ac should be

D
.

A
2
.

B.1

D
0
.
C.0.5

Explanation:
Since autocorrelation function and power
spectral density bears a Fourier transform
relation, then since required in frequency
domain will five rectangular convolutions in
time domain thus it is triangular function.

Explanation:
AC cos ct + 2 cos mt cos ct

Forum

AC cosct

13.
The inverse of given Laplace transform is

A
sin t
.
B.cos t
C.et
D 2t
e
.
Explanation:

## for envelope detection < 1

should be at least-2.

< 1 Ac

Forum
15.
In a 4 bit weighted resistor D/A converter,
the resistor value corresponding to LSB is
32 k. The resistor value corresponding to
MSB will be
A
32 K
.
B.16 K
C.8 K
D
4 K
.

s = x2 - ex
Explanation:
x(t) = cos t.

2n - 1 R = 32 K&Omeg;

Forum

n=4

8R = 32

modulation?

R = 4 K.

A
x(t) = Acm(t)cos(2pfct)
.
B.x(t) = Ac [1 + m(t)]cos (2pfct)
C.
D x(t) = Accos(2pfmt)cos(2pfct) +
. Acsin(2pfmt)sin(2pfct)

16.
Find 'X' in the circuit below :

Explanation:
f1(A, B, C, D) = (6, 7, 13, 14);
f2(A, B, C, D) = (3, 6, 7);
f3(A, B, C, D) = (5, 6, 7, 14, 15)
A p(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,
. 15)
B.0
C.(14)
D
1
.
Explanation:
f1(A, B, C, D) = (6, 7, 13, 14)
f2(A, B, C, D) = (3, 6, 7)
f1 f2 = (3, 13, 14)
f3 x (f1 f2) = (14) = y
X = f1 x y 14.

## (C) is without over modulation.

Forum
18.
What are the values of Emax and Emin
displayed on the oscilloscope, when a 1 kV
P-P carries is modulated to 50%?
A
2 kV, 0.5 kV
.
B.1 kV, 0.5 kV
C.0.75 kV, 0.25 kV
D
0.5 kV, 1.5 kV
.
Explanation:

Forum
17.
Suppose that the modulating signal is m(t) =
2cos (2pfmt) and the carrier signal is xC(t) =
AC cos(2pfct), which one of the following is
a conventional AM signal without over

Explanation:
Zs = Rs + (RB || Brs)
rc = 2.475 = 1.258 kV

## Emax - Emin = 0.5 x 1 kV = 0.5 kV

2Emax = 1.5 kVi, Emax = 0.75 kV
Emin = 0.25 kV.
Forum

Forum
20.

19.

## As the temperature increases the mobility of

electrons __________ .

## Consider the common emitter amplifier

shown below with the following circuit
parameters: = 100, gm = 0.3861 A/V, r0 =
rp = 259 , Rs = 1 k, RB = 93 k, RC = 250
, RL = 1 kW, C1 = and C2 = 4.7mF.

## A decreases because the number of carries

. increases with increased collisions
increases because the number of carries
B.
decreases with decreased collisions
C.remains same
D
none of the above
.
Explanation:

Mobility of electrons
m = 2.5 for electrons and 2.7 for holes in Si.
The resistance seen by the source Vs is
A
258
.
B.1258
C.93 k
D

.

21.
Consider the following
1. Maximum energy of electrons
liberated photoelectrically is
independent of light intensity

D
Decreased, Decreased, Decreased
.

## 2. Maximum energy of electrons

liberated photoelectrically varies
nonlinearly with frequency of
incident light.

## A.(1) is true and (2) is false

B.(1) and (2) both are true
C.(1) is false and (2) is true
D.(1) and (2) both are false

Explanation:
Phase lag is delay between a correcting
signal of control system and response to it.
Forum

Explanation:

23.
The equivalent form of the logical
expression ABC + A BC + ABC + ABC +
AB C is

## Statement (ii) is false because maximum

energy of photons varies linearly with
frequency of incident light. It can be shown
as follows :

A
C + (A B)
.
B.(A + B + C)(A + B + C)
C.(A + B + C)(A + B + C)(A + B + C)
D
(A + B + C)(A + B + C)(A + B + C)
.

F1 > F2 > F3

Explanation:

## This can be solve by using Boolean identity

but using k map it will be more easy

## Photocurrent Vs Anode voltage with

frequency and incident light as a parameter.
The light intensity is constant.
Forum

(A + B + C) (A + B + C) (A + B + C).

22.
When phase-lag compensation is used in a
system, then gain cross over frequency,
bandwidth and undamped frequency are
respectively
A
Increased, Increased, Increased
.
B.Increased, Increased, Decreased
C.Increased, Decreased, Decreased

Forum
24.
The gradient of any scalar field always
yields __________ .
A
a solenoidal field
.

## B.a conservative field

C.an irrotational field
D
none of these
.

A
.

Explanation:

B.

## Dot product is conservative. Gradient is

nothing but dot product.

C.

Forum

D
.

## In a flash type ADC, employing 15

comparators resolution with 10 volts
reference; is expected to be :

A
0.625 V
.
B.0.666 V
C.0.525 V
D
insufficient data
.

P1 = abcd

25.

Explanation:

L1 = be, L2 = cf, L3 = dg
1 = 1

Explanation:

.
n

Forum

27.

## During transmission over a communicate

channel, bit errors occur independently with

Resolution

## probability . If a block of 3 bits are

transmitted, the probability of at most one
bit error is equal to

26.
Consider the signal flow graph shown in
figure below. The gain

is :

A
.
B.
C.
D
none
.

Then ROC for x1(n) + x2(n)
R1 R2(R1 < R2)
Explanation:
Probability of no-error + probability one
error

.
Forum

Forum
29.

28.
If x1[n]

## Consider a unity feedback control system

with open-loop transfer function

## x1(z) with ROC = R1 and

x2[n]
x2(z) with ROC = R2 then ROC
for x1[n] + x2[n] will be __________ (where
Ri Region of convergence and x1[n] and
x2[n] are causal).

## The steady state error of the

system due to a unity step input is :
A
zero
.

A.R1 R2
B.R1 R2
C.(R1 R2) (R1)
D.(R1 R2) (R1)

B.K

D
infinite
.
C.1/K

Explanation:

Explanation:
.

## R1 R2, Suppose R1 for x1(n) be

Forum
30.
The analog signal given below is sampled at
1200 samples per second. m(t) = 2 sin 120
pt + 3 sin 240 pt + 4 sin 360 pt + 5 sin 480
pt + 6 sin 600 pt + 7 sin 720 pt. The folding
(maximum) frequency is __________ .
Then ROC for x1(n) + x2(n)
R1 R2 (R1 < R2)

A
300 Hz
.
B.360 Hz
C.600 Hz

D
480 Hz
.

x(t) + 4x(t)

Explanation:

+2

+5

+6=

+ 4x

## This is required differential equation.

Folding frequency (max.) =
600 Hz.

Forum
32.
In the circuit below, delay of the EXOR and
AND

31.
If the system T.F. is
The differential
equation representing the system is
A
.
B.
C.
D
none of these
.

## Logic gates are 20 s and 10 s respectively,

then the wave y' and y (with initial condition
y = 1) will be :

Explanation:
A
.

## (s3 + 2s2 + 5s + 6)y(s) = (s2 + 4) x (s)

s3y(s) + 2s2y(s) + 5sy(s) + 6y(s) = s2 x (s) + 4
x (s)
B.
Replacing s by
by x(t) we get

y(t) + 2

## and y(s) by y(t) and x(s)

y(t) + 5

y(t) + 6y(t)

Explanation:
Ic = 8 A

C.

m = 0.8

D
.

= 8 x 1.149 = 9.19 A.

Forum

Explanation:
Since y is at logic '1' initially, y' must be at
logic '1'.
Also, one input of the EXOR gate is tied to
zero therefore 'f' will be directly transferred
to the output.
The logic gates will introduce gate delays
Forum

34.
A noiseless 3 KHz channel can transmit
binary at the rate __________ .
A
12000 bps
.
B.10000 bps
C.6000 bps
D
3000 bps
.
Explanation:

33.
The antenna current of an AM transmitter is
8 A, when only the carrier is sent, but it
increases to 8.93 A when the carrier is
modulated by a single sine wave. Determine
the antenna current when the percent of
modulation changes to 0.8
A
9.19 A
.
B.9.91 A
C.10.56 A
D
8.61 A
.

## Maximum data rate for noiseless channel is

given by Nyquist Theorem
= 2H log2 V bits/sec
V - discrete levels (Here Binary i.e. 2)
H - Bandwidth
Maximum data rate = 2H log2 V
= 2(3 KHz) log2 2 = 2 x 3 x 103 x 1
= 6 x 103 = 6000 bps.

Forum
Vz = 3 V.

35.
Find Vx Vy Vz
36.

If x[n]

## then the sequence x[n] is

A
non-periodic
.
B.periodic
C.depends on n
D
none of these
.

A
V = -6 Vy = 3 Vz = -3
. x
B.Vx = -6 Vy = -3 Vz = 1
C.Vx = 6 Vy = 3 Vz = 3
D
V = 6 Vy = 1 Vz = 3
. x

Explanation:

Explanation:

Consider

## Number of samples per period = 10p

This is not a rational number. Hence signal
is non periodic.
Forum
37.

-2 + Vy + 1 = 0

## The impulse response and the excitation

function of a linear time invariant causal
system are shown in figure (a) and (b)
respectively. The output of the system at t =
2 sec is equal to

Vy = 1
Apply KVL to mesh 1
-8 + Vx + 2 = 0
Vx = 6 V
Apply KVL to mesh 3
-1 + Vz -2 = 0

A.0
B.2
C.
D.

. say

Explanation:

Explanation:
Statement 1 is false, since f{h(t)e3t}
corresponds to the value of the Laplace
transform of h(t) at s = 3.
If this converges, it implies that s = - 3 is in
the ROC.
A casual and stable system must always
have its ROC to the right of all its poles.
However, s = - 3 is not to the right of the
pole at s = - 2.

## Statement 2 is false, because it is equivalent

to stating that H(0) = 0. This contradicts the
fact that H(s) does not have a zero at the
origin.

.
Forum

## Statement 3 is false. If h(t) is of finite

duration, then if its Laplace transform has
any points in its ROC, ROC must be the
entire s-plane.

38.
Consider a stable and causal system with
impulse response h(t) and system function
H(S). Suppose H(S) is rational, contains a
pole at S = - 2, and does not have a zero at
the origin. The location of all other poles
and zero is unknown for each of the
following statements. Let us determine
whether statement is true or false.

## However, this is not consistent with H(s)

having a pole at s = - 2.
Statement 4 is false. If it were true, then
H(s) has a pole at s = - 2, it must also have a
pole at s = 2.
This is inconsistent with the fact that all the
poles of a causal and stable system must be
in the left half of the s-plane.

2.

Forum

## 3. h(t) has finite duration

4. H(s) = H(- s)
Choose correct option.
A
1 - True, 2 - False, 3 - True, 4 - False
.
B.1 - False, 2 - False, 3 - False, 4 - True
C.1 - False, 2 - False, 3 - False, 4 - False
D 1 - True, 2 - can't say, 3 - True, 4 - can't

39.
The specific gravity of tungsten is 13.8 and
its atomic weight is 184.0 Assume that there
are two free elements per atom. Then the
Fermi level or characteristic energy for the
crystal in eV will be
A
8.95 eV
.

B.-8.95 eV
C.7.326 eV
D
-7.326 eV
.

A
1.5 x 108 m/s
.
B.5.5 x 108 m/s
C.3.46 x 108 m/s
D
0.18 x 107 m/s
.

Explanation:

## A quantity of any substance equal to its

molecular weight in grams is a mole of that
substance contains the same number of
molecules as one mole of any other
equals 6.02 x 1023 molecules per mole. Thus

Explanation:

## VP = 3.46 x 108 m/s.

41.
For a = - 1, find the value of V2

## = 9.03 x 1028 electrons/m3

Since for tungsten the atomic and the
molecular weights are the same. Therefore
for tungsten
EF = 3.64 x 10-19()2/3
= 3.64 x 10- 19(9.03 x 1028)2/3
EF = 7.326 eV.
Forum
40.
An air-filled rectangular waveguide has
dimensions 8cm x 10cm . The phase velocity
of guided wave at frequency of 3 GHz for
TE10 mode is

.
B.0
C.V1
D
none of the above
.
Explanation:
V1 = i1R1 + i2R2

i1 + ai1 = i2
.
V2 = i2R2
Forum
43.
For a given voltage, four heating coils will
produce maximum heat when connected
A
all in parallel
.
B.all in series
C.with two parallel pairs in series
D one pair in parallel with the other two in
. series

Putting a = - 1

Explanation:
= 0 V.
Forum
42.
A unity-feedback control system has the
open loop transfer function
. If the input system is a unit ramp, the
A
0
.

B.0.5

D
infinity
.
C.2

Forum

Explanation:
44.

## Denominator polynomial of a transfer

function of certain network is:
s3 + s2 + 2s + 24
Then the network is:

A
stable
.
B.oscillatory
C.unstable
D
depends on numerator polynomial
.
C = 6 x 106 x 12 = 72 Mbps.

Explanation:
Routh array
46.

## The ratio of the diffusion coefficient in a

semiconductor has the units
A -1
V
.

B.em.V-1

D
V.s
.
C.V.cm-1
There is negative number present in first
column. Thus network is unstable.

Explanation:

Forum
45.

## A TV picture is to be transmitted over a

channel of 6 MHz bandwidth at a 35 dB S/N
ratio. The capacity of the channel is
A
50 Mbps
.
B.100 Mbps
C.36 Mbps
D
72 Mbps
.
Explanation:

Forum
47.
Consider the probability density f(x) = ae-b|x|
where x is a random variable whose
allowable values range from x = - to x = +
. P(1 x 2)
A
.
B.
C.
D -b -2b
(e - e )
.

W = B = Bandwidth

Explanation:

P(x) =

ae-b|x|dx

to get

apply

aebxdx +

ae-bxdx,

we get = .
Forum
48.
The amplitude of a pair of composite
sinusoidal signal y(n) = x1(n) + x2(n) with
x1(n) = sin (5pn) x2(n) = 3 sin (5pn) is
__________ .
A
2
.

## The input resistance Ri increases and the

magnitude of voltage gain Av decreases
The input resistance Ri decreases and the
B.
magnitude of voltage gain Av decreases
Both input resistance Ri and the
C.
magnitude of voltage gain Av decrease
Both input resistance Ri and the
D.
magnitude of voltage gain Av increase
A.

B.3

D
1
.
C.4

Explanation:
Amplitude =

Explanation:
Given circuit after removing CE will behave
as current-series feedback.

Forum

## Overall voltage gain will decrease as

feedback signal comes into picture and since
it is current-series feedback, input
impedance increases.

49.
The amplifier circuit shown below uses a
silicon transistor. The capacitors Cc and CE
can be assumed to be short at signal
frequency and the effect of output resistance
r0 can be ignored. If CE is disconnected from
the circuit, which one of the following
statements is TRUE?

Forum
50.
A n-channel JFET has IDSS = 2 mA, Gate to
source voltage VGS = - 2 V and transconductance is 0.5 mW then pinch-off
voltage is __________ .
A-2V

.
B.2 V
C.- 4 V
D
4V
.

SECTION 2
1.
If we manage to __________ our natural
resources, we would leave a better planet for
our children.

Explanation:

A
uphold
B.restrain
.
C.Cherish
D.conserve
Explanation:
The clue in this sentence is 'If we manage to
__________ our natural resources' and 'better
planet'.

= - 8VP - 16
This implies that the blank should be filled by
a word which means 'preserve' or 'keep for
long time'.

+ 8VP + 16 = 0

(VP + 4)2 = 0

## Therefore the word 'conserve' is the right

VP = -4 V.

Forum
2.
(2)3 + (3)4 = (?)5
A
4
.
B.11
C.none of these
D
not possible
.
Explanation:
(2)3 + (3)4 = 2 + 3 = 5 and (10)5 = 51 + 0 = 5

.

## (2)3 + (3)4 = (10)5 .

Forum

Explanation:

3.
If g(t) = e- p t2 then G(0) is __________ (where
g(t) G(f)
A
.
B.unity
C.
D
impulse at f = 0
.

Apply R-H.
Forum
5.
A discrete time linear shift-invariant system
has an impulse response h[n] with h[0] = 1,
h[1] = - 1, h[2] - 2, and zero otherwise. The
system is given an input sequence x[n] with
x[0] - x[2] - 1, and zero otherwise. The
number of nonzero samples in the output
sequence y[n], and the value of y[2] are,
respectively

Explanation:

A
5, 2
.
B.6, 2
C.6, 1
D
5, 3
.

## The signal g(t) given above is a Gaussian

pulse, and it satisfies the relation.

## Therefore, its fourier transform is same as the

signal itself in frequency domain.

Explanation:

## Hence G(f)|f = 0 = e-p(0) = 1.

Forum
4.
The open loop transfer function of a unity
feedback system is:
The range of K for
which the system is stable is
A
.
B.13 > K > 0
C.
D -6 < K <

## Use convolution to get the result.

6.
For a series resonant circuit at low frequency
circuit impedance is __________ and at high
frequency circuit impedance is __________
Fill in the blanks respectively
A
capacitive, inductive
.
B.inductive, capacitive
C.resistive, inductive
D
capacitive, resistive
.

Explanation:

Characteristic equation:
So system is second order system of the two
poles are

## From this curve; we can select option (a) as

Forum
8.
A signal with 10 V ranged and 1 KHz band
width is being digitized using a sample and
hold circuit and a 10 bit quantizer. The
minimum sampling rate is :

Forum
7.
The network is

A
.

A
62831.9 V/sec
.
B.125663.8 V/sec
C.31415.95 V/sec
D
None
.

## First order system and the pole

Explanation:
Maximum sampling rate = 2pfmax V.

B.

Forum

## Second order system of the poles is

C.
D
none of the above
.
Explanation:
System T.F. =

9.
The circuit below represents function X(A, B,
C, D) as:

A.
A
(5, 8, 13, 14)
.
B.(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12)
C.(5, 9, 13, 14)
D
(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15)
.

B.

Explanation:
X = A B C(0. D + 0.D) + A B C(0.D + 0.D) +
A B C(0.D + 1.D) + A B C(0.D + 0.D)

C.

## + A B C(0.D + 0.D) + A B C(0.D + 1.D) +

ABC(1.D + 0.D)
= (5, 9, 13, 14).
Forum

D.

10.
The truth table corresponding to the given
input digital gate :

Explanation:
The circuit behaves like NAND gate.

A
over damped
.

## 11 The z-transform of a signal

.

converges if

B
critically damped
.
C
under damped
.

and only if
A
.

D
undamped
.

B
.

C
.

Explanation:

D
.

1 + G(s) H(s) = 0

s2 + 2s + 2 = 0

Explanation:
< 1, under damped.
Discuss in Forum

## 13 Given digits 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4 how many

. distinct 4 digit numbers greater than 3000

can be formed?

A
50
.

B
51
.

C
52
.

D
54
.

< 1;

< 1.

Discuss in Forum

## 12 If the characteristic equation of a closed loop

Explanation:
The given digits are 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4
we have to find the numbers that are greater

than 300

Discuss in Forum

## The first digit can be 3 or 4 but not 2.

Now, let us fix the first, second and third
digits as 3, 2, 2, then the fourth place can be
filled in 3 ways.

## The number of ways is 3 similarly, we fix

first third and fourth place as 3, 2 and 2
respectively (4) so the second place can be
filled in 3 ways again,

. Now:
1. f1 =

2. f2 =

(2, 5, 14)

3.

## The number of ways is 3

Now, we fix first, second and fourth,
previous cases and we obtain the same
result.
The number of ways is 3 so, the total
number of ways is 9 similarly this can done
by fixing the numbers as 3 and 4 (instead of
2) and thereby we obtain the a ways each
The number of numbers starting with 3 is 27
Similarly by taking 4 as the first digit we get
27 numbers
The number of numbers that are greater
than 3000 is 27 + 27 = 54

A
only 1 and 3 are correct
.
B
only 1 is correct
.
C
only 2 is correct
.
D
2 and 3 are correct
.

## But, 3222, 4222, is not possible as there are

only two 2's, 3333 is not possible as there are
only three 3's

## The total number of numbers that are

greater than 3000 is 54 - 3 = 51.

f1 = y2 + y6 + y11 + y12

Explanation:

f1(m, n, o, p) =

(3, 4, 9, 13)

B
f(A, B, C) =
.

f2(m, n, o, p) =

(2, 5, 14)

C
(A B)C
.

## = (2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 13, 14).

(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)

D
C
.

Discuss in Forum

15
.

Explanation:
The value of the integral

is

A
.
B
.
C
.

Discuss in Forum

D
.

Explanation:

## 17 A two port network is described by the

. relation

V1 = 2I1 + 3V2
I2 = - I1 + 2V2
Then Z-parameter of such network is

A
.

where s = 3.

.

B
.
C
.
D
.

A
C
.

Explanation:

Discuss in Forum

Discuss in Forum

## 18 Find Y in the circuit below :

. f1(E, F) = (0, 1, 2, 3)

f2(A, B, E, F) = (0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9)
f3(A, B, E, F) = (4, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14,
15)

## 19 Calculate the stability factor and change in Ic

. from 25C to 100C for, = 50, RB/RE =

## 250, ICO = 19.9 nA for emitter bias

configuration
A
42.553, 0.85 F
.
B
40.91, 0.58 F
.
C
38.53, 0.85 F
.
D
41.10, 0.39 F
.

A
f2
.

B
f2
.

Explanation:

C
0
.
D
(0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9)
.

Explanation:

Discuss in Forum

## 20 The star equivalent C1 C2, C3 of the delta

network is respectively

## frequency R2 = 8f1 would be __________

[Neglect effect of 1 on the Beam width.]
A
R2 = R 1
.
B
R2 = 4R1
.
C
. R2 = 2

A
.

R1

D
. R2 =

B
.

C
.

Explanation:

D
.

## The range of the radar is directly

proportional to the square root of the
frequency.

Explanation:

R1
and R2

Discuss in Forum

## 22 With a line charge along z-axis the field

intensity is E =
; which of the
following figure shows an exact field
distribution?

Explanation:

A
.

## The given figure fails to show the symmetry

with respect to .

B
.

C
.

## The figure shows symmetry with respect to f,

also the length of arrow is decreasing away
from the charge shows that magnitude E is
decreasing away from line charge.
But problem with this figure is longest lines
must be shown in most crowded region.

D
.

## different thickness. But this attempt also

makes the region crowded near origin.

C
1, 3 only
.
D
1, 2 and 3
.

Explanation:

## This figure shows compromise. A

symmetrical distribution of lines (at every
45) shows azimuthal symmetry and
Discuss in Forum

## 23 The logic function f(A, B, C) =

. 5, 6) can be represented by :

m(0, 2, 4,
Now the Variable Entered Map (VEM) is:

1.

2.

Discuss in Forum

3.
A
1 only
.
B
1, 2 only
.

## 24 In amplitude modulation, carrier signals A

. cos t has its amplitude A modulated in

## proportion with message bearing (low

frequency) signal m(t). The magnitude of

## m(t) is chosen to be __________ .

A
less than 1
.
B
less than or equal to 1
.

Minimum f(x) = e0 + e0 = 2.

## 26 The logic realized by the circuit shown in

. figure below is

C
more than 1
.
D
none of these
.

Explanation:
For proper recovery of signal |m(t)| 1.

A
F=A-C
.

Discuss in Forum

B
F=A+C
.

## 25 For real values of x, the minimum value of

. the function f(x) exp (x) + exp (- x) is
A
2
.

B
1
.

C
0.5
.

D
0
.

C
F=BC
.
D
F=BC
.

Explanation:

F = A BC + ABC + A B C + ABC

Explanation:

## = B(AC + AC) + B(AC + AC)

f(x) = ex + e-x

B(A C) + B(A C)

f(x) = ex - ex

(A C) (B B)

f(x) = 0 ex - e-x = 0

A C.

Discuss in Forum

Thus minimum.

## 27 An image uses 512 x 512 picture elements.

. Each of the picture elements can take any of

Explanation:

## the 8 distinguishable intensity levels. The

maximum entropy in the above image will
be

4 V/100 rpm =

A
2097152 bits
.

B
648 bits
.

Discuss in Forum

C
786432 bits
.
D
144 bits
.

29
.

## Consider the signal x(n) = 1 + sin

n+3

Explanation:
Each picture element can be represented by 3
bits. Thus total entropy = 512 x 512 x 3 =
786432.
Discuss in Forum

## 28 A tachometer has a sensitivity of 4 V/1000

. rpm. Express the gain constant of the

## tachometer in the units volts/(rad/sec).

A
0.0489
.
B
0.0381
.
C
2
.
D
none of these
.

cos
n + cos
. Then Fourier
series coefficients are __________ .
A
. 1,

B
. 1,

+ j,

C
. 1, 3 -

j,

j,

- j, -

j, 3 +

j, -

j,+

j,

j, -

D
1, 3 + j, 3 - j, - j, + j
.

Explanation:

+ cos

n 3 cos

n + cos

## is periodic with period N, and we can expand

x[n] directly in terms of complex
exponentials to obtain

## A The closed loop system in never

. stable for any value of a a

## For some positive values of a, the

B
closed loop system is stable, but not
.
for all positive values
C For all positive values of a, the closed
. loop system is stable
The closed loop system is stable for
D
all values of a, both positive and
.
negative

example are

a0 = 1,

Explanation:
a1 =

- j,

a-1 =

+ j,

a2 =

j,

a-2 = - j.
Discuss in Forum

## 30 A certain system has transfer function

.

a is a parameter. Consider
the standard negative unity feedback
configuration as shown below.

stable.

## 31 If a signal f(t) has energy E, the energy of the

. signal f(2t) is equal to __________ .
A
E
.

B
E/2
.

C
E/4
.

D
2E
.

Which of the following statements is true?

Explanation:

## Energy content of a signal x(t), E =

dt

|f(t)|2
gm = 2pfT(C + Cp) = 2 x p x 1.47 x 1010
= (10-14 + 4 x 10-13)

Now, E' =

## |f(2t)|2 dz for signal f(2t)

Putting 2t = z, we get

E' =

|f(t)|2 dz =

gm= 38 m.
Discuss in Forum

Discuss in Forum

## 32 For a npn BJT transistor f is 1.64 x 108 Hz.

. C = 10-14 F; Cp = 4 x 10-13 F and DC current

## gain is 90. Find fT and gm (f = cut off

frequency, C = capacitance, Cp = parasitic
capacitance, gm = transconductance, fT = gain
BW product)
A fT = 1.47 x 1010 Hz ; gm = 38 milli
. mho
B
fT = 1.64 x 108 Hz ; gm = 30 milli mho
.

33 The impulse response h(t) of a linear time. invariant continuous time system is

## described by h(t) = exp (at) u(t) + exp (t) u

(- t), where u(t) denotes the unit step
function, and a and are constants. This
system is stable if
A
a is positive and is positive
.
B
a is negative and is negative
.
C
a is positive and is negative
.
D
a is negative and is positive
.

C
fT = 1.47 x 109 Hz ; gm = 38 mho
.

D
fT = 1.33 x 1012 Hz; gm = 0.37 m-mho
.

Explanation:

## h(t) = e+atu(t) + etu(- t)

For h(t) to be stable h(t) dt <

Explanation:

## It will happen when a is negative and is

positive.

fT = 90 x 1.64 x 10 = 1.47 x 10 Hz
8

10

Discuss in Forum

.
34 The probability density function of a random
. variable x is as shown.

B 4
.
C 2
.
D
.

## The value of A is:

A
.

Explanation:

B
.
C
.

R1 = (10 + 10) = 20 k

D
.

Explanation:

## 36 An 8 level encoding scheme is used in a

. PCM system of 10 kHz channel BW. The

channel capacity is

=1

A
80 kbps
.

=1
Solve this to get value of A = 1/5.
Discuss in Forum

B
60 kbps
.
C
30 kbps
.
D
18 kbps
.

35
.

Explanation:
L =

C = 2B log2 M;
8

## M = 8 = 23, log2 M = 3 bits

= 2 x 10 x 103 x 3 = 60 kbps.
Discuss in Forum

## 37 For the power amplifier circuit shown below,

. the maximum power dissipated by both

output transistor is

Discuss in Forum

## 38 For static electric and magnetic fields in an

. homogenous source-free medium, which of

## the following represents the correct form of

Maxwell's equations?
A .E = 0
. xB=0
B .E = 0
. .B = 0
C x E = 0
. xB=0
D x E = 0
. .B = 0

Explanation:
A
9.66 W
.
B
30.11 W
.

## Curl of electric field is zero. Divergence of

magnetic field is zero.
Discuss in Forum

C
31.66 W
.
D
33.66 W
.

Explanation:
The maximum power dissipated by both
output transistor is maximum

## 39 A periodic rectangular signal, x(t) has the

. waveform shown in the given figure.

## Frequency of the fifth harmonic of its

spectrum is __________

.
D
all pass
.

Explanation:
A
200 Hz
.
B
250 Hz
.
C
400 Hz
.
D
1250 Hz
.

## Consider an anti-symmetric filter response

with order 5.
h(n) = [h(2), h(1), h(0), - h(1), - h(2)]
We know, H(0) = addition of all component
values.
Hence H(0) = h(0)

## Similarly H(p) = addition of all component

values with alternate negative sign.

Explanation:

## The fundamental frequency

41 A material has conductivity of 105 mho/m
. and permeability of 4p x 10-7 H/m. The skin

depth at 9 GHz is
Frequency of the 5th harmonic
= 250 x 5 = 1250 Hz.
Discuss in Forum

## 40 An antisymmetric filter having odd number

. of coefficient may have a performance as
A
low pass
.
B
high pass
.
C band pass

A
1.678 m
.
B
26 m
.
C
17 m
.
D
32.32 m
.

Explanation:

B
.
C

.
D
.
Discuss in Forum

Explanation:

## 42 A fair coin is tossed independently four

. times. The probability of the event "the

## number of time heads shown up is more than

the number of times tails shown up" is

.
Discuss in Forum

A
.
B
.

## 44 Find RTH across the terminals A and B

.

C
.
D
.

Explanation:

A
52.28
.

B
58.28
.

.
Discuss in Forum

C
52.82
.
D
58.82
.

43 The steady state error of a stable type 0 unity
. feedback system for a unit step function is :
A
0
.

Explanation:
There are not independent source in the
circuit.

## The Thevenin and Norton equivalent will

have 0 A and 0 V sources.

A
.

B
.

## Writing a nodal equations at n,

C
.
D
None of these
.

Explanation:
Apply Nodal Analysis

## 0.01Vx + 0.003Vx + 0.0067Vx = 1

0.017Vx = 1
Vx = 58.82 V
At node V

Discuss in Forum

45 Find Y- parameters
.

...(i)
At node V2

...(ii)
At node V3

## loop transfer function

The
settling time for 2-percent band, in seconds,
is :

A
1.5
.

B
2.0
.

C
3.0
.

D
4.0
.

Explanation:

.
Discuss in Forum

## 47 An open loop transfer function is given by

.

has
A
one zero at
.
B
two zeros at
.
C
three zeros at
.

D
four zeros at
.

Explanation:

Explanation:
The root locus is given below.

Discuss in Forum

## 49 The cut off voltage for JFET is 5 V. The

. pinch off voltage is __________ .
A
(5.0)l/2 V
.
B
2.5 V
.

zeros at .
Discuss in Forum

C
.

D
5V
.

## 48 The current i(t) through a 10 resistor in

. series with an inductance is given by i(t) = 3

## + 4 sin (100t + 45) + 4 sin (300t + 60)

Amperes. The RMS value of the current and
the power dissipated in the circuit are

Explanation:

A
41 A, 410 W respectively
.

ID = IDSS (1 - VGS/Vp)2

B
35 A, 350 W respectively
.
C
5 A, 250 W respectively
.
D
11 A, 1210 W respectively
.

For JFET

0 = (1 - VGS/Vp)2
VGS = VP
Vp = 5 V.
Discuss in Forum

50 Assertion (A): Conductors do not permit

## propagation of waves more than a short

distance into the conductor at microwave
frequencies.

SECTION 3

## Reason (R): The relaxation time constant

for conductors is much small than the period
of centimetric EM wave.
A Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is
. the correct explanation of (A)
B Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is
. not the correct explanation of (A)
C
(A) is true but (R) is false
.

A
Band stop filter
.

D
(A) is false but (R) is true
.

B
Band pass filter
.

C
Oscillator circuit
.

Explanation:

D
All pass filter
.

Depth of penetration =

, where

= relaxation time.
would be small, if is large, which itself
depends upon relaxation time.

Explanation:
The given circuit is Band pass filter

## t for conductors is of the order of 10-14 s, for

= 3 x 10-2 cm
period of centimetric EM waves

.
in Forum

## Therefore, even though t is much smaller

than period of centimetric waves but it is not
the correct reason for the assertion given.
A
3
.

B
2
.

C1

D4

A
1011
.

B
1101
.

Explanation:

C
1100
.

D
1110
.

## The given matrix is equivalent to

Explanation:
,
Thus rank is 1.

Resolution =

in Forum

= 0.5

2n = 14 = (1110)
3.His rather casual remarks on politics

## __________ his lack of seriousness about the

subject.
A
.

B
belied
.

C
cherish
.

D
conserve
.

Explanation:
The key words in the statement are 'casual
remarks' and 'lack of seriousness'.
The blank should be filled with a word
meaning 'showed' or 'revealed'. Hence,
in Forum

n = 4 bits.
in Forum

## the maximum power dissipated by both output

transistor is

C
57.61%
.

D
15.24%
.

Explanation:
From the transient response characteristics,
Maximum percentage overshoot (MPO) is
given as

A
9.66 W
.

system.

B
30.11 W
.

in Forum

C
31.66 W
.
D
33.66 W
.

## 7.Find Vo(t) for the following circuit.

Data: L = 1 H, C = 1 F, R1 = R2 = 1 and
zero initial conditions.

Explanation:
The max. power dissipated by both output

transistor is max. P2 =
31.66 W.

## 6 The maximum percent overshoot with

. maximum value of first overshoot as 3.5 V

## and steady state value as 2.575 V is

A
35.92%
.

B
26.43%
.

A
0V
.
B
5V
.
C
3V
.

D
2V
.

Explanation:

.

Explanation:
E(s) = L[e(t)] = L[5 sin 3t]

in Forum

## a constant current source across the load

resistor. The of transistor is 50. What is the

and
V2(s) = Voltage across R2

in Forum

## 8.An XOR gate with 8 variable is as follows:

A BC D E FGH
The number of minterms in the Boolean
expression is

A
1.96 mA
.
B
2 mA
.
C
2.04 mA
.

A
255
.

B
127
.

D
None
.

C
128
.

D
256
.

Explanation:

Voltage at base = 12 - 5 = 7 v
Voltage at emitter = 7 + 0.7 = 7.7 v
Current through R1 = 2 mA

1.96 mA.

in Forum

, is

A
.
B
.

## 10 For a given magnetic material operating in

. linear mode B = 0.06 T. Assume

A
44836 A/m
.

C
.
D
.

B
46834 A/m
.

C
946 A/m
.

Explanation:

D
936 A/m
.

Explanation:

.
Discuss in Forum

## 12 Let f(A, B) = A B; then the simplified

. form of the function f(f(x y, z)w) is

= mH,
m = ( - 1) = 51 - 1 = 50

A
(x y z)w
.

= 50 x H

B
xyzw
.

46834.

## 11 The circuit is shown in figure.

C
(x y z) + w
.
D
none of these
.

C
5
.

Explanation:

D
does not exist
.

f(A, B) = A B
f(x y, z) = (x y z) = M
But f(MW) is undefined.
Discuss in Forum

Explanation:
x2 = 2x + 1 = 16
x2 + 2x - 15 = 0, (x - 3)(x + 5) = 0, x = 3, - 5

## 13 A system has 12 poles or 2 zeros. Its high

. frequency asymptote in its magnitude plot

has slope of
A
.
B
.

Thus x = 3.
Discuss in Forum

## 15 For the network shown below, the Thevenin

. voltage and RTH is equal to __________

C
.
D
.

Explanation:
High frequency asymptotes = - 20(12) +
Discuss in Forum

.
A
2
.
B3

A
0 V, 58.82
.
B
0 V, 96.774
.
C
0 V, 3 K
.
D
None of these
.

Explanation:

## Since there is no independent source in the

network; VTH = 0. To find RTH apply 1 A
current source across A and B.

B
.
C
.
D
2s + 3
.

Apply KCL at node Vx
Explanation:

as

Solving Vx = 58.82 V

Discuss in Forum

## 16 Impedance function for the network shown

. below is:

17 The function f = A B A D E C
. DEFGFGCEA

DBEEBBBBD
can be written as
A
A BD
.
B
A BE
.
C
AE
.

A
(3s + 1)
.

D
AE
.

Explanation:

## Cos (x3) will have even powers

AAB B C D D E E F G

## Cos (x2) will have even powers.

21332314122

Discuss in Forum

0 AB B 0 D D 0 E 0 0
f =A B B D D E
= A 1 1 E

= A 0 E = A E.
Discuss in Forum

## 18 Which of the following functions would

. have only odd powers of x in its Taylor

A
sin (x3)
.
B
sin (x2)
.
C
cos (x3)
.
D
cos (x2)
.

A
0.025 W
.
B
2.5 W
.
C
2.5 W
.
D
0.25 W
.

Explanation:

Explanation:

PL = I2R =

x R (i)

## where zS = 100 + j50

zL = 100 - j50
Thus sin(x3) will have odd powers

PL =

Discuss in Forum

## 20 For a integrator circuit, Ri = 100 K, CF =

. 10 F. The input is a step dc voltage as

D
.

Explanation:

A
.

## 21 The distance between target and radar is

. reduced to half. Power received increases by

B
.

A
1/16
.
B
1/4
.
C
4 times
.
D
16 times
.

C
.

Explanation:
.

Discuss in Forum

. __________

A
maximum phase
.
B
minimum phase
.

## All the zeroes lies inside the unit circle, it

is a min. phase system.

C
mixed phase
.

Discuss in Forum

D
none of these
.

Explanation:

23
.

Given potential
sin cos , find
flux density D at (2, 2p, 0)

Minimum phase

A
22.12 pC/m2
.

## H(z) = 6 + z-1 - z-1

B
2.212 pC/m2
.
C
22.12 nC/m2
.
D
2.212 nC/m2
.

6z2 + z - 1 = 0

Explanation:

Now E = -V
E = V

A
(i) only
.

At r = 2, = p/2; = 0 we have

B
(iii) only
.
C
(ii) only
.
D
(i) and (ii)
.

D = 22.12 PC/m .
2

Discuss in Forum

## 24 The following circuit is implementation of

.
3. Difference of full subtractor

Explanation:

A
1
.
B
.
C
.
D
.

Explanation:
For finding Thevenin equivalent
Short voltage source
Open circuit source
Now Thevenin equivalent

.
Now it is evident from the truth tables that
sum and differennce are same.
Discuss in Forum

## 25 The Thevenin impedance Zth between the

. nodes P and Q in the following circuit is

## 26 If the memory chip size is 256 x 1 bits, then

. the number of chips required to make up 1

A
32
.

B
24
.

C
12
.

D
8
.

Explanation:

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## 27 A coil has a designed for high Q

. performance at a rated voltage and a

## specified frequency. If the frequency of

operation is doubled, and the coil is operated
at the same rated voltage, then the Q factor
and the active power P consumed by the coil
will be affected as follows.
A
P is doubled, Q is halved
.
B
P is halved, Q is doubled
.
C
P remains constant, Q is doubled
.
D
P decreases 4 times, Q is doubled
.

## 28 The number of variables in a function is odd

. and the number of minterms with even

## number of 0's are same as the number of

minterms with odd number at 1 's, the
expression formed can be represented in
__________ as well as __________ form.
A
exclusive - OR, NOR
.
B
equivalence, exclusive - OR
.
C
AND, coincidence
.
D
OR, exclusive - OR
.

Explanation:
Explanation:
2L = 21L, R remains constant

Q2 =

## With odd number of variables (n) terms with

even number of 0's and terms with odd
number of 1 's are the same.
Thus the k-map for the above condition with
minterms represented by terms with even
number of 0's is

for n = 3

## The expression can be represented by

equivalence (EX NOR) or (EX OR)
expressions.

Discuss in Forum

## The total number of trees possible

T = NN - 2 = 88 - 2 = 262144.

## 29 Find the number of loop equation and

. number of possible trees for the given graph.

Discuss in Forum

## 30 The number of open right half plane poles of

.

is
A
0
.

B
1
.

C
2
.

D
3
.

A
7, 2097152
.
B
7, 262144
.
C
7.5764801
.

Explanation:
Use Routh criteria.

.

D
6, 823543
.

## The h-parameter of this model are:

A
.

Explanation:
In any graph, Number of loop equations L =
B-N+1
where B = Number of branches, N =
Number of nodes.

B
.
C
.
D
.

Given B = 14, N = 8
L=B-N+1=7

Explanation:

Explanation:
During +ve part of Vi
D1 will be forward biased

h parameter
V1 = (3 + 5)I1 + V2

## Zener diode is reverse biased

Thus net voltage = 6.8 + 0.7 = 4.5 V

.
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## During -ve part of Vi

D2 will be forward biased
D1 will be reversed biased

## 32 In the following limiter circuit, an input

. voltage V1 = 10 sin 100pt applied. Assume

## that the diode drop is 0.7 V when it is

forward biased. The zener breakdown
voltage is 6.8 V

Discuss in Forum

33 Four signals
.

## m1 = cos (0t), m2(t) = cos (0t), m3(t) = 2

cos (0t) and m4(t) = cos (4 0t) are
multiplexed by Time Division Multiplexing
system. The commutator speed in rps is
The maximum and minimum values of the
output voltage respectively are
A
6.1 V, -0.7 V
.
B
0.7 V, -7.5 V
.
C
7.5 V, -0.7 V
.
D
7.5 V, -7.5 V
.

A
2f0
.

B
3f0
.

C
4f0
.

D
8f0
.

Explanation:
Apply Nyquist criteria.
Maximum angular speed is 40

80 .

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## 34 The feedback control system shown in figure

. is stable for what values of K and T?

B
.
C
.
D
.

Explanation:
A
K < 0, T > - 1
.

B
K > 0, T > 0
.

C
K > 0, T > - 1
.

## V1 = Z11I1 + Z12I2 ...(a)

V2 = Z21I1 + Z22I2 ...(b)

D
K < 0, T > 0
.

Explanation:
Apply Routh Hurwitz criteria.
Discuss in Forum

## Apply KVL to mesh 1

V1 = 3I1 - 2I3 ...(i)
Apply KVL to mesh 2
V2 = 2I2 + 2I3 ...(ii)

.

## Apply KVL to mesh 3

5I3 + 2I2 -2I1 =0 ...(iii)
5I3 = 2I1 - 2I2

A
.

## Put I3 in eq. (i)

Explanation:
Using Mesh analysis
...(iv)
Put in (ii)

Similarly,

...(v)

(v) to (b)

## Loop 1 : 6 = 9i1 - 3i4 ...(i)

.

Loop 2: 6 + 6 = - 6i2
i2 = - 2A ...(ii)

## 36 Find the value of ix if each resistance is of 3

. and each battery is of 6 V.

## Loop 3: 6 = 9i3 - 3i4 ...(iii)

Loop 4: 6 = 9i4 - 3i3 - 3i1 ...(iv)
Solving the above equations simultaneously
i1 = i3 = 1.1428 A
i4 = 1.432 A
ix = i4 - i3 = 0.2892 A.

A
1.1428 V
.
B
1.432 A
.
C
0.2892 A
.
D
OA
.

Discuss in Forum

## 37 An image uses 512 x 512 picture elements.

. Each of the picture elements can take any of

## the 8 distinguishable intensity levels. The

maximum entropy in the above image will
be
A 2097152 bits

.
B
786432 bits
.
C
648 bits
.
D
144 bits
.

Explanation:
Picture elements (pixel) = 512 x 512 =
262144
Information per picture element N = log2 M
M = 2N

B
0
.
C
400
.
D
None of these
.

Explanation:
Since there is no independent source in the
network
VTH = O V
To find RTh apply : A current source of 1 A
across A and B.

8 = 2N
N=3
Information for 262144 pixels = 262144 x 3
= 786432 bits
Entropy is same as average information per
message.

Discuss in Forum

38 Find RTH
.

## Vn1 = 2Vx put in (i)

A
200
.

Vn2 = 4vx
put in (ii)

= ei2pft

h(t) . e- j2pft . dt

100 + Vx = 2Vx

100 = Vx

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.

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39
. If

## then for this to be true x(t) is

__________ .
A
exp (j2pf/t)
.

A
.

B
exp (-j2pf/t)
.
C
exp (j2pft)
.

B
.

D
exp (-j2pft)
.

C
.

Explanation:
Consider x(t) = ej2pft

D
none of the above
.

## y(t) = h(t) * x (t)

y(t) =

h(t). ej2pf(t - t) . dt

Explanation:

## 42 Find the power absorbed or delivered by

. each source:

Dual of R G

A
a = -32 b = - 12 c = -80 d = -60
.
41 A /4 long high frequency transmission line
. is terminated into one impedance ZR. If Z0 be

## the characteristic impedance of the line, then

input impedance Zin is

B
a = -32 b = - 12 c = 80 d = 60
.
C
a = 32 b = 12 c = -80 d = 60
.
D
a = -32 b = 12 c = 80 d = -60
.

A
ZoZR
.

B 2
Z R/Zo
.

C 2
Z 0/ZR
.

Explanation:

D
Infinity
.

## Source a : Power : 8 x (4) = - 32 W. Source

A has delivered the power as it is. - ve.

## Source b: Source B has absorbed power of +

12 W as power is positive

Explanation:

x 16 = 80 W
, here

and

## Source d: Delivers power of 3 x ix x (5) = 3 x

4 x (- 5) = -60 W
Total power of the network is - 32 + 12 + 80
- 60 = 0 Watts.

[Here ZL = ZR].

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__________

network is

## The value of the load resistance RL is

A
A = 1/4
.
B
A = 1/6
.

A
R/4
.

B
R/2
.

C
R
.

D
2R
.

C
A = 1/9
.

Explanation:

D
A = 1/2
.

Explanation:
The condition for the probability density
function d(x) is
and is always
non negative or the area under the curve
f(x)is unity.
.
=> A x 6 +

x 2 x 3A = 1

or 9A = 1 or A =

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## 45 A bipolar differential amplifier uses a

. transistor having 0 = 200, ICQ = 100 mA, |

## Adm| = 500 and CMRR = 80 dB. The value of

Rc and RE will be respectively __________ .

A
1.25 k, 1.25 M
.

A
.

B
125 k, 1.25 M
.

B
.

C
1.25 M, 1.25 k
.

C
.

D
3.25 k, 3.25 M
.

D
.

Explanation:

80 = 20 log CMRR

Explanation:

CMRR = 10000

KCL at node V

## But CMRR = 2gmRE

= 1.25
Natural response from s + 2, is Ae-2t

For Vs = sin 2t, s = 2j

= 1.25 K.

## 46 System is at rest for t < 0. Vs = sin 2t.

. Determine v(t) for t greater than zero.

Discuss in Forum

## 47 A 300 MHz plane EM wave is propagating

. in free space. The wave is incident normally

## on an infinite copper slap. The antenuation

constant for the wave is (copper = 5.8 x 107
mho/ m). The skin depth is
A
0.005 x 10-3 m
.

A
AND
.

B
OR
.

C
NAND
.

D
NOT
.

Explanation:

B
0.0038 x 10-3m
.
C
0.0028 x 10-3 m
.
D
0.0024 x 10-3 m
.

Explanation:
.
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both 1.
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## 49 For parallel RLC circuit, which one of the

. following statements is NOT correct?
A The bandwidth of the circuit
. deceases if R is increased
B The bandwidth of the circuit remains
. same if L is increased
C At resonance, input impedance is a
. real quantity

## At resonance, the magnitude of input

D
impedance attains its minimum
.
value

Explanation:

Rationalising,

Bandwidth =
Thus it is maximum at resonance.
Equating imaginary parts of numerator to 0,
Discuss in Forum

.
50 The practical resonant circuit is shown in
. above figure. Find the expression for the

resonant frequency o

SECTION 4
A
.
B
.
C
.
D
None of these
.

## system results in 5% steady state error. The

type number and zero frequency gain of the
system are respectively.
A
1 and 20
.
B
0 and 20
.
C
0 and 1/20
.

D
1 and 1/20
.

Explanation:

Explanation:

ess = 5% .05
A
no real or complex solution
.

B
exactly two distinct complex solutions
.

in Forum

C
a unique solution
.

. solutions

A
.

Explanation:

B
.

## Since value lies between - 1 and + 1.

Therefore no real or complex solution exists.

C
.

in Forum

D
.

4.

Given

If
, then the value of K is

Explanation:
Use ncr, (p)r (q)n-r [for any two losses yield

A
1
.

B
2
.

C
3
.

D
4
.

## But in present case it is required case it is

only for first two tosses. Thus in this case

Explanation:

10 times.
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.
3.The equation sin (z) = 10 has

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, 7.5 to - 7.5 .

## 6.i1(t) for t > 0 is given by

below. A triangular wave which goes from 12 V to 12 V is applied to the inverting input
of the op-amp. Assume that the output of the
op-amp moves from +15 V to -15 V. The
voltage at the non-inverting switches between

A
2.5 - 2.5e-2t
.
B
2.5 - 1.25e-2t
.
C
1.25 - 1.25e-2t
.
D
None of these
.
A
-12 V and +12 V
.

B
-7.5 V and +7.5 V
.

Explanation:

C
-5 V and +5 V
.

## The time constant t is given by

D
0 V and 5 V
.

As Req = 4 || 4 = 2

Explanation:
ifinal =

= 2.5 A

## V0 is switching between + 15 to - 150

i1(t) = 2.5 - (2.5 - 1.25)e-t/1/2
Thus voltage at non-inverting input switches
between

## i1(t) = 2.5 - 1.25e-2t.

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i1 = 2 A, (4 + R) - 2 X 2 -1 = 0
R=1

7.Find I in 4 resistor.

## Using Nodal analysis for loop 2

At node A,
VA - 20 + VA + VA - VB = 0
3VA - VB - 20 = 0
3VA - VB = 20 ...(i)

At node B,
A
1A
.

B
0.5 A
.

C
0.75 A
.

## Multiplying (i) by 2 and (ii) by 3

D
0.95 A
.

6VA - 2VB = 40
- 6VA - 15VB = 0
13VB = 40
VB 3 V

Explanation:
Apply KVL to first to first loop

6i1 - 2i2 = 10

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## (4 + R)i2 - 2i1 - 2i3 = 0

4i3 - 2i2 = 0
but i3 = 0.5 A
2 - 2i2 = 0
i2 = 1 A, 6i1 - 2 = 10

## correctly represents the relation between P, Q,

R and M1?

A
M1 = (P OR Q) XOR R
.
B
M1 = (P AND Q) XOR R
.
C
M1 = (P NOR Q) XOR R
.

A
8 kHz
.

D
M1 = (P XOR Q) XOR R
.

B
50 kHz
.

C
20 kHz
.

Explanation:
M1 = Z XOR R
M1 = (X, Y) XOR R
= M1 = [P.Q.(P + Q)]XOR R
= (PQ + PQ) XOR R = (P XOR Q) XOR R.
in Forum

D
10 kHz
.

Explanation:
Minimum clock freq. = 2fm
Where fm is highest freq. component = 2 x 10
kHz = 10 kHz.
in Forum

## shown in figure. Each time the multiplexer

receives the clock, it switches to the next
channel from 6 to 1. If the input signals are :
A = 10 cos 2p(4 x 103t)
B = 15 cos 2p(5 x 103t)
C = 20 cos 2p(6 x 103t)
D = 10 cos 2p(10 x 103t)
The minimum clock frequency should be
__________ kHz.

## 10 The Boolean function realized by the logic

circuit shown is

1.

A
F = m(0, 1, 3, 5, 9, 10, 14)
.
B
F = m(2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 13)
.

A
1
.

C
F = m(1, 2, 4, 5, 11, 14, 15)
.

B
.

D
F = m(2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 12)
.

C
.

D
2
.

Explanation:

Explanation:
By solving

F = m (2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 15).

1 Find RAB

Explanation:
Equivalent is
in Forum

## 1 For the network shown below, determine fHi

2.and fHO, if, r0 = , Cbe = 36 Pf, Cbc = 4 Pf, Cce

## = 1 Pf, Cwo = 8 Pf, Cwi = 6 Pf

RTi = RS || R1 || R2 || Ri = 0.531 K
Ci = Cwi + Cbe + (1 + AV)Cbc
= 6pf + 36pf + (1 - c - 90) 4 pf = 460 pf

## RT2 = RC || RL = 4 K || 2.2 K = 1.419 KW

C0 = Cwo + Cce + CMO

## where Cwo = wiring capacitance at output side,

Cwi = wiring capacitance at input side
A
738.24 KHz, 8.6 MHz
.
B
781.2 KHz, 10.6 MHz
.
C
838.32 KHz, 9.2 MHz
.
D
938.24 KHz, 8.2 MHz
.

in Forum

## This is the pole diagram for __________ .

Explanation:
In TDM minimum bandwidth is twice the
maximum frequency present. Thus, 6W is
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A
Decaying sinusoidal sequence
.
B
Growing sinusoidal sequence
.
C
Decaying non sinusoidal sequence
.
D
Growing non sinusoidal sequence
.

. equivalent?
1. A B C
2. A B C
3. A B C

4. A B C
A
1 and 4; 2 and 3
.

Explanation:

B
1 and 3
.

C
2 and 3
.

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D
1, 2 and 4
.

## 14 Four messages band limited to W, W, 2W

. and 3W respectively are to be multiplex

## using Time Division Multiplexing (TDM).

The minimum bandwidth required for
transmission of this TDM signal is

Explanation:

A
W
.

B
3W
.

= A(B C) + A (B C) = A B C

C
6W
.

D
7W
.

A B C = A (B C) + A(B C)

A B C = A (B C) + A(B C)
= A(B C) + A(B C)
= A B C.

## Using the same logic, we have

16 If 137 + 276 = 435 how much is 731 + 672?
.
A
B
534
1403
.
.
C
1623
.

D
1513
.

Explanation:

## i.e., 10 - 2 and + 1 carry forward Hundreds

digits sum = 1 + 7 + 6 = 14

## Adding units digits i.e., 7 + 6 = 13, but given

as 5, which is 13 - 8 and also 1 is carry
forwarded to the tens digit.
i.e., + 1

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## 17 An astable multivibrator circuit using IC 555

. timer is shown below. Assume that the

Here, 7 + 3 + 1 = 1 i.e., 11 - 8 = 3 and 1 is
carry forwarded to hundred digits

1+1+2=4
ie.,

between

A
3 V to 5 V
.

Explanation:

B
3 V to 6 V
.

## Consider general expression

C
3.6 V to 6 V
.

X(j) =

D
3.6 V to 5 V
.

ea|t| e- jt dt

eat e-jt dt +

e-ate-jt dt

Explanation:
Charging and discharging level of capacitor
will be the voltage across it.

This is equal to

Vcc and

X(j) =

e(a - j)t dt +

e -(a + j)t dt

Vcc.

capacitor.
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## 18 The fourier transform of a double sided

. exponential function

is

Since

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## 19 The number of product terms in the

. minimized sum of product expression

A
.

## obtained through the following k map is

(where "d" denotes don't care states)

B
.

A
2
.

B
3
.

C
.

C
4
.

D
5
.

D
.

Explanation:

A - I =

|A - I| =

=0

Y = A B D + A B D + A C D.

1=

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f(A) = An = 0I + 1A

Replace A by 1, I by 1
20
.

f() = n = 0 + 1
then |A50| will be

If A =
A
.
B
.
C
.
D
.

(1 - 1002)

Differentiate w.r.t. nn - 1 = 1

1 =
0 = n - x

(1 - 502)

1 =
(1 - 1002)

0 =

[1 - n]

(1 - 50 )

An =

Explanation:
An = ?
Every n x n matrix satisfy its characteristic
equation |A - I| = 0 -> eigen vector
An =

[1 - n]

. 2n

## of to be 25mV at 300K. Compared to

undoped silicon, the Fermi level of doped
silicon

A
goes down by 0.13 eV
.

A50 =

B
goes up by 0.13 eV
.

|A50| =

(1 - 502).

## 21 A uniform plane magnetic wave incident

. normally on a plane surface of a dielectric

## material is reflected and the percentage of

reflected power is 75% What is VSWR?
A
14
.

B
1.4
.

C
15
.

D
13
.

Explanation:

C
goes down by 0.427 eV
.
D
goes up by 0.427 eV
.

Explanation:

Use EF - Ev =
Since it is doped with acceptor impurity,
Fermi level will shift down.
Discuss in Forum

## 23 The Fourier series of a real periodic function

. has only
1. Cosine terms if it is even
2. Sine terms if it is even
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## 22 Silicon is doped with boron to a

. concentration of 4 x 1017 atoms/cm3.

## Assuming the intrinsic carrier concentration

of silicon to be 1.5 x 1010/cm3 and the value

## 3. Cosine terms if it is odd

4. Sine terms if it is odd
Which of the above statements are
correct?
A
(1) and (4)
.

B
(1) and (2)
.
C
(2) and (4)
.
D
(2) and (3)
.

C' = C1 + B.
Discuss in Forum

## 25 Power gain of antenna equals directive gain

. in VHF and UHF range if and only if

## efficiency of the antenna is __________ .

Explanation:
, then it has 0 and
HZ frequency component.
Discuss in Forum

## 24 A communication channel with AWGN

. operating at a signal to noise ratio SNR >> 1

## and bandwidth B has capacity C1. If the SNR

is doubled keeping B constant, the resulting
capacity C2 is given by
A
C2 2C1
.
B
C2 C 1 + B
.
C
C2 C1 + 2B
.
D
C2 C1 + 0.3B
.

Explanation:
C = B log2[1 + SNR]
C = B log2[SNR]

A
0.25
.

B
0.5
.

C
0.75
.

D
1
.

Explanation:
Directive gain and power gain are identical
except that power gain takes into account the
antenna losses. It may be written as
Gp = Gd => efficiency
If = 1 , GP = Gd .

## 26 For the asymptotic Bode magnitude plot

. shown below, the system transfer function

can be

A
.
B
.
C
.
D
.

Mid-band gain =

A
100
.

Explanation:

B
- 100
.

.
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C
50
.
D
- 50
.

## 27 A square in which each (i, j) element of

. matrix is equal to the negative of the
th

## conjugate complex of (j, i)th element, is

called

Explanation:

A
Hermitian matrix
.
B
Skew symmetric matrix
.
C
Conjugate anti-symmetric matrix
.
D
Skew-Hermitian matrix
.

.
Discuss in Forum

29 The characteristic equation of a feedback
. control system is given by s3 + 5s2 + (K +

Explanation:
When aij = -

## This matrix is called skew hermitian matrix.

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6)s + K = 0
where K > 0 is a scalar variable parameter.
In the root-loci diagram of the system the
asymptotes of the root-locus for large values
of K meet at a point in the s-plane, whose
coordinates are :
A
(- 3, 0)
.

28
.

B
(- 2, 0)
.
C
(- 1, 0)
.

D
(2, 0)
.

Explanation:
Apply R-H, and find by auxiliary
equation.
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__________ .
A
H(ej) = 0 for some
.
B
.
C g[n] = {n[h[n * h[n]} is the impulse
. response of a stable system
D
h[n] has a finite duration
.

30 The input 3-dB frequency is :
.
A
100 Hz
.
B
148 Hz
.
C
100 kHz
.
D
None
.

Explanation:
Input 3 dB frequency
C = 0.40 F.

## 31 Consider a stable and causal system with

. impulse response h[n] and rational system

## function H(z). Suppose it is known that H(z)

contains a pole at z = 1/2 and a zero some
where on the unit circle. The precise number
and locations of all of the other poles is
unknown.
The following statement which is false is

Explanation:
Statement (d) is false because a finiteduration sequence must have an ROC that
includes the entire z-plane, except possible z
= 0 and/or z =
This is not consistent with having a pole at z
= 1/2.

## Statement (b) is true

corresponds
to the value of the z-transform of h[n] at z =
2.
Thus, its convergence is equivalent to the
point z = 2 being in the ROC.
Since the system is stable and causal, all of
the poles of H(z) are inside the unit circle,
and the ROC includes all the points outside
the unit circle, including z = 2.
Statement (c) is true. Since the system is
causal, h[n] = 0 for n < 0.
Consequently, h[n] * h[n] = 0 for n < 0; i.e.,
system with h[n] * h[n] as its impulse
response is causal.

Explanation:

## Furthermore, by the convolution property the

system function corresponding to the
impulse response h[n] * h[n] is H2(z), and by
the differentiation property the system
function corresponding to g[n] is

## When improvement in transient state

response is required Lead compensator is
used.

## From above equation we can conclude that

the poles of G(z) are at the same locations as
those of H(z), with the possible exception of
the origin.
Therefore, since H(z) has all its poles inside
the unit circle, so must G(z).
It follows that g[n] is the impulse response
of a causal and stable system.

## When improvement in steady state response

is required lag compensator is used.
Use of lag-lead compensator increases the
low frequency gain which improves the
steady state while at the same time it
increases bandwidth of the system making
the system response very fast.
Discuss in Forum

## 33 For the collector-feedback amplifier shown

. below the voltage gain Av will be

__________ .

## Statement (a) is true because there is a zero

on the unit circle.
Discuss in Forum

## 32 When transient and steady state response

. require improvement; a __________ is used.
A
.
B
.
C
Lag compensator
.

A
-113.07
.

B
-103.07
.

C
-107.07
.

D
-93
.

D
Integrator
.

Explanation:

B
1
.
C
32, 767
.

= - 103.07
RF -> feedback resistor.
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D
65, 535
.

Explanation:

## 34 Narrow band FM signal can be represented

. as
A A cos (2pfct) - A sin (2pfct) sin
. (2pfmt)
B A cos (2pfmt) - A sin (2pfct) sin
. (2pfmt)

## First bit is sign bit, hence its magnitude its

2s complement
Sign bit is part of magnitude, so it may be
1.

## C A cos (2pfct) + A sin (2pfct) sin

. (2pfmt)
D A cos (2pfmt) + A sin (2pfmt) sin
. (2pfct)

## 36 In the following transistor circuit VBE = 0. 7

. V, rc = 25mV/IE, and and the capacitance

## are very large

Explanation:
General expression for narrowband FM is
A cos (2pfct) - A sin (2pfct) sin (2pfmt).
Discuss in Forum

## 35 2's complement representation of a 16 bit

. number (one sign bit and 15 magnitude bits)

## is FFFF. Its magnitude in decimal

representation is
A
0
.

A
1 mA
.
B
2 mA
.
C 5 mA

n = 8.

D
10 mA
.

Discuss in Forum

## 38 A second-order system has a transfer

.

Explanation:
Design is independent of IB as is very high
IB 0

function is given by
. If
the system, initially at rest is subjected to a
unit step input at t = 0, the second peak in
response will occur at :
A
p sec
.

emitter, we get.
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## 37 A certain JK FF has tpd = 12 nsec. The largest

. MOD counter that can be constructed from

A
any
.

B
8
.

C
256
.

D
10
.

B
p/3 sec
.
C
p/6 sec
.
D
p/2 sec
.

Explanation:

Peak time

Explanation:
.
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f0 = 107 Hz

8.33

## 39 Value of ZL for maximum power transfer is

.
D
none of these
.

A
R
.

Explanation:
Mean value of V2 =

B
R + jL
.
C
R - jL
.

= 965 V

D
None of these
.

rms value =

Explanation:

31 V.

## 41 The magnitude plot of a rational transfer

. function G(s) with real coefficients is shown

## below. Which of the following compensators

has such a magnitude plot?

## The value of load for maximum power

transfer is given by complex conjugate of
ZAB. ZAB = R + jXL = R + jL.
ZL for maximum power transfer is given
by, ZL = R - jL.
Discuss in Forum

## 40 A periodic voltage has following values for

. equal time intervals changing suddenly from

## one value to next : 0, 5, 10, 20, 50, 60, 50,

20, 10, 5, 0, - 5, - 10 etc.
RMS value of the waveform is :
A
31 v
.
B
32 v
.
C insufficient data

A
.
B
Lag compensator
.
C
PID compensator
.
D
.

y2 = x2 x1 1 1 = 0

Explanation:

y3 = x3 x2 = 0 0 = 0

## Since magnitude plot shows both increasing

as well as decreasing plot, it is lead-lag
compensator.

y4 = x4 x3 = 1 0 = 1

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.

## 43 Using 4-bit numbers (n = 4) if k = (0011)2

. how is k expressed in 2's complement.
A
(1011)2
.

B
(1101)2
.

C
(1100)2
.

D
(0101)2
.

A
BCD to Binary code
.

Explanation:
In 2's complement

B
Binary to excess - 3 code
.

## Simply find 2s complement

C
Excess - 3 to Gray
.

## (0011)2 1100 + 1 (1101)2 .

D
Gray to Binary
.

Discuss in Forum

Explanation:
Let input is 1 1 0 1
y1 = x1

## 44 Which of the following options is the closest

. in meaning to the world below:

Circuitous
A
cyclic
.

B
indirect
.

C
confusing
.

D
crooked
.

Explanation:
Circuitous means round about or not direct.
Therefore the closest in meaning will be
indirect.
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## 46 A sphere with charge Q was placed in, but

. not touching a larger hollow sphere. If there

## is any charge initially on the outer sphere; to

remove it the outer sphere was earthed
momentarily, and then the inner sphere was
removed. The charge remaining on the outer
sphere was then measured. This charge was
found to be __________ to the charge on the
inner sphere.
A
equal and of same again
.

45 System is :
.

B
equal and of opposite sign
.
C
unequal and of same sign
.
D
unequal and of opposite sign
.

Explanation:
A
causal
.
B
stable
.
C
non causal
.
D
anticausal
.

## This is true for all sizes of the spheres and

for all types of dielectric media between the
spheres.
Discuss in Forum

## 47 At t = ; VR2 and VC will be

.

Explanation:
ROC is towards infinity hence the signal is
causal. Now the ROC does not contain the
unit circle hence the system is unstable.

A
4, 4
.
B
2, 4
.
C 0, 2

.
II.

D
2, 0
.

Explanation:
When steady state is reached again; then C is
open
Now VR2 = 2V

## If segments a to g are considered as

functions of P1 and P2, then which of
the following is correct?
A
g = P1 + P2, d = c + e
.
B
g = P1 + P2, d = c + e
.
C
g = P1 + P2, e = b + c
.

.
Discuss in Forum

## 48 Two products are sold from a vending

. machine, which has two push buttons P1 and

## P2. When a button is pressed, the price of the

corresponding product is displayed in a 7segment display. If no buttons are pressed, '0'
is displayed, signifying 'Rs' .0'. If only P1 is
pressed, '2' is displayed, signifying 'Rs. 2'.
If only P2 is pressed, '5' is displayed,
signifying 'Rs. 5'.
If both P1 and P2 are pressed, 'E' is displayed,
signifying 'Error'. The names of the
segments in the 7-segment display, and the
glow of the display for '0', '2', '5' and 'E', are
shown below.

Consider
I.

## a segment a to g are considered

as functions of P1 and P2, then
which of the respectively.

## push button pressed/not

pressed is equivalent to logic 1/
0 respectively

D
g = P1 + P2, e = b + c
.

Explanation:
From the figure

Discuss in Forum

.
A
.
B
.
C
.

Explanation:

D
.

Explanation:
x(t)

x(s)
.

Discuss in Forum

## 50 The following series RLC circuit with zero

. initial conditions is excited by a unit impulse

function (t).

SECTION 5

A
.
B
.
C
.
D
.

A
40 V
.
B
60 V
.
C
25 V
.
D
75 V
.

Explanation:

in Forum

## so that the maximum overshoot in the unit

step response is 0.2 and the peak time is 1 sec.

## 2 = 0.259(1 - 2) = 0.259 - 0.2592

1.2592 = 0.259
2 = 0.206
= 0.45

A
12.37, 0.175
.
B
12.86, 2.175
.
C
11.36, 1.175
.

2n = K
n = K and 2n = 1 + KKv

D
1.86, 0.175
.

n = K

Explanation:
K = 2n
K = 12.37

Kv = 0.175 .

## at t = 0- and the sampling starts from t = 0.

The sampling frequency is 10Hz.

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## 3.The transfer function of a discrete time LTI

system is given by

## The expression and the region of convergence

of the z-transform of the sampled signal are
A
.

## Consider the following statements:

S1: The system is stable and causal for ROC: |
z| > 1/2
S2: The system is stable but not causal for
ROC: |z| < 1/4
S3: The system is neither stable nor causal for
ROC: 1/4 < |z| < 1/2
Which one of the following statements is
valid?
A
Both S1 and S2 are true
.

B
.
C
.
D
.

## |z| < e-5

|z| < e-0.05
|z| < e-0.05
|z| > e-5

Explanation:

B
Both S2 and S3 are true
.
C
Both S1 and S3 are true
.

X(Z) =

5.e-0.05n.Z-n

D
S1, S2 and S3 are all true
.

Explanation:
S1 true, S2 False (meter stable nor causal) S3
True.

.
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## figure. For slight variation in G, the ratio of

open loop sensitivity to closed loop sensitivity
will be given by

A
P NOR Q
.
B
P NAND Q
.
C
P OR Q
.

A
1 : (1 + GH)
.

D
P AND Q
.

B
1 : (1 + GH)- 1
.

C
1 : (1 - GH)
.

D
1 : (1 - GH)- 1
.

Explanation:

AND gate.

6.In a transmission line terminated with a load

Explanation:

## equal to the characteristic impedance, the

reflection coefficient is

A
0
.

B
+1
.

C
-1
.

D
Infinity
.

Explanation:

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.
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## 9.The logic function f(A B, C) = m(0, 2, 4, 5,

6) represented by

the interval
A
8
.

B
12
.

C
16
.

D
18
.

A
i
.
B
i, ii
.

C
i, iii
.

Explanation:

D
i, ii, iii
.

Explanation:

## The output of this will be convolution of S(t)

with match filter.

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## 10 An electrical system and its signal-flow

. graph representation are shown in figure (a)

I2 = I1G2

Hence,

...(iii)

## From SFG ...(iv)

From (ii), (iii), (iv) we get H.

## 11 Consider the circuit shown below of 2 : 1

. MUX is given by the function g = ac + bc

A
.
B
.
C
.
D
.

Then f is
A
X
.

B
XY + E X Y
.

C
XE + XY
.

Explanation:

D
None of these
.

V0(s) = Z4I2

Explanation:

## From signal flow graph

g = ac + bc
min c = 0, g = b and c = 1, g = a

So f = y + ya y x + yg ...(i)
g = x b + x.a = x E + X.o x E
from (i) f = y x + y x E.
Discuss in Forum

## 12 For the given phase lead network, the

. maximum possible phase lead is

Hence sin m =
Hence m = 30.
Discuss in Forum

13 Given (224)r =
.

The
value of the radix 'r' is :

A
. sin-1

A
5
.

B
6
.

C
7
.

D
10
.

B
30
.

Explanation:

C
45
.

(224)r =

D
60
.

= (13)r x (13)r

2r2 + 2r + 4 = (r + 3) (r + 3) = r2 + 6r + 9

Explanation:

r2 - 4r - 5 = 0

## The maximum phase lead is given by,

(r - 5) (r + 1) = 0
r = - 1 or r = 5

sin m =
Negative base is not possible. Therefore base
of the equation is 5.
Where

Discuss in Forum

## 14 Which factor determines whether the

. medium is free space, lossless dielectric,

## lossy dielectric or good conductor?

A
Attenuation constant
.
B
Constitutive parameters (, , )
.
C
Loss tangent
.

A
2
.
B
1.5
.
C
3
.
D
None of the above
.

D
Reflection coefficient
.

Explanation:

Reduced Diagram :

Explanation:

Loss tangent
(i) for lossless dielectric, tan 1
(ii) for good conductor, tan >> 1
(iii) for lossy dielectric, tan = 1.
RAB = 3 || 6 = 2
Discuss in Forum

15 Find RAB
.

## 16 In the following circuit, the switch S is

. closed at t = 0 The rate of change of current

(0 +) is given by

## B A = 2 sin[sin tana r + sina +

. a ]
C A = 2 sin[sin tana r - sina - a
. ]
D
none of these
.

A
0
.

B
.

Explanation:

C
.

Spherical :

Ar = A. a r =

.sin.sin =

Explanation:

A = A. a =

.cossin

= 2 sin2

We know
open circuit

A = Aa =

cos = 2 sin

A=
2sina

Thus

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17
.

## convert into spherical coordinates.

A A = 2 sin[sin tana r + sina + a
. ]

a r + 2sin2a +

## 18 Consider the following program segment

. written for 8085 based system
LXI SP, FFFFH
MVI A, FFH
MOV BB, A
K: DCR B
PUSH HL
JNZ K
INR A
LXI H, FFCEH

CPI 20H
LHLD

Explanation:

## The contents of accumulator is :

A
CE
.
B
20
.
C
indeterminate
.

Y = (A + D + E + F)(A + C + D + E).

D
none of these
.

Discuss in Forum

Explanation:
Since contents of HL register pair are
unknown and are continuously ''PUSH''ed on
the stack; retrieval of the same will result in
''Indeterminate'' data.
Discuss in Forum

## 20 A 1000 kHz carrier wave modulated 40% at

. 4000 Hz is applied to a resonant circuit tuned

## to a carrier frequency and having Q = 140.

What is the degree of modulation after
transmission through this circuit?
A
0.40
.

B
0.20
.

C
0.27
.

D
0.54
.

19 The reduced form of the function
. Y(A, B, C, D, E, F) = m(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7,

8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23,
24, 25, 28, 30, 31) is given by:
A
A(C D + E F + D E) + D E
.
B
(A + C + D + E)(D + E + F)
.
C
(C + D + E + A)(A + D + E + F)
.
D
A C D + A E F + A(D E)
.

Explanation:
Resulting depth of modulation

Explanation:

## Replacing current and voltage by their

phasors I and 10ejp/b, resp. and
by j =
j1000, we obtain the phasor equation
I + 10-3(j1000I) = 10ejp/6
or I(1 + j1) = 10ejp/6

## 21 For the circuit, let us assume that R = 1 , L

. = 10-3 H, and V(t) = 10 cos (1000t + 30)V

by

## Having determined the value of I, we now

find the required solution to be
I(t) = Rc [I ejt] = Rc[7.07e -jp/2 ej1000t]
= 7.07 cos (1000t - 15)A.
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## 22 Find equivalent capacitance if each

. capacitance is 1 F.
A
7.07 cos (1000t + 15) A
.
B
70.7 cos (1000t - 30) A
.
C
7.07 cos (1000t - 15) A
.
D
7.07 cos (1000t + 15) A
.

A
56 F
.

B
6/5 F
.

C
unit ramp
.

C
6/10 F
.

D
unit parabola
.

D
5/12 F
.

Explanation:

Explanation:
Use similar method. But for capacitor take
inverse of value of capacitance and then
apply procedure same as in resistance case.
After getting the final answer take inverse of
result to get Ceq

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In Cuboid case,

.

For resistance
For inductance
For capacitance

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.

A
.
B
.
C
.
D
.

A
unit step
.
B
unit impulse
.

Explanation:

RMS value

Discuss in Forum

## 25 Use block diagram reduction methods to

. obtain the equivalent T.F from R to C.

A
.
B
.
C
.

## 26 Find E at P(1, 1, 1) caused by four identical

. 3 nC point charges located at P1(1, 1, 0), P2(-

D
.

## 1, 1, 0), P3(- 1, - 1, 0) P4(1, - 1, 0)

A
21.58ax + 21.58ay + 12az V/m
.

Explanation:

B
6.82ax + 6.82ay + 32.89az V/m
.
C
-6.82ax - 6.82ay - 32.89az V/m
.
D -21.58ax - 21.58ay - 12az V/m
.

Explanation:

## Which of the following can be the value of

the current source?
E = 6.82ax + 6.82ay + 32.89az V/m
r = ax + ay + az
r1 = ax + ay
r2 = - ax + ay

A
10 A
.
B
13 A
.
C
15 A
.

r3 = - ax - ay

D
18 A
.

and r4 = ax - ay

r - r1 = az;

r - r2 = 2ax + az;

Explanation:

r - r3 = 2ax + 2ay + az

## Since 12A current is coming from one

source and it is also known that 60V source
is absorbing power i.e. current is flowing
inside 60V source.

r - r4 = 2ay + az

12 = x + 1 => I = 12 - x.
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## 27 In the interconnection of ideal sources

. shown in the figure, it is known that the 60V

A
minimum phase
.
B
maximum phase
.
C
mixed phase
.

A
13.35 k
.

D
none of these
.

B
3.35 k
.

C
33.31 k
.

Explanation:

D
3.95 k
.

Explanation:

## It has only zeros at origin. Hence it is

minimum phase system.
VGS = VG - IDRS

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RS = 3.35 K.

.

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## 29 The causal system given below is

__________
A3

.
B
1.125
.
C
4.1785
.

A
.

D
None of these
.

Explanation:

B
.

Use Y - transformation

C
.

## 31 The probability density function (PDF) of a

. random variable X is as shown below

D
.

## The corresponding cumulative distribution

function (CDF) has the form

Explanation:

(Pdf) dx

## Then when we integrate the line from (-1, 0)

to (0, 1) we get a parabolic curve.
The maximum value of Pdf can be 1.
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. __________

## Degree of numerator > degree of

denominator. Also ROC is not defined.
Hence response of the system cannot be
determined.
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## 33 For the waveform shown below, the slew

. rate and full power bandwidth with respect to
A
Causal
.

## op-amp will be respectively

B
Anti-causal
.
C
Both sided
.
D
Cannot be determined
.

Explanation:
Z transform for the pole zero plot will be

A
0.02 V/sec, 1.59 KHz
.
B
0.04 V/sec, 1.59 KHz
.
C
0.02 V/sec, 3.58 KHz
.
D
0.02 V/sec, 1.59 KHz
.

Explanation:

. conditions.

Explanation:

.
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## 35 The impulse response h(t) of a linear

. invariant continuous time system is given by

## h(t) = exp (- 2t) u(t), where u(t) denotes the

unit step function. The output of this system
to the sinusoidal input x(t) = 2cos(2t) for all
time t, is
Full power bandwidth

Discuss in Forum

## 34 In the derivation of expression for peak

.

percent overshoot,
,
Which one the following conditions is NOT
required?
A
System is linear and time invariant
.
The system transfer function has a
B
pair of complex conjugate poles and
.
no zeros.
C There is no transportation delay in
. the system.

A
0
.
B -0.25
2
cos (2t - 0.125p)
.
C -0.5
2 cos (2t - 0.125p)
.
D -0.5
2 cos (2t - 0.25p)
.

Explanation:
When input is sinusoidal then output is also
sinusoidal with same frequency but
amplitude and phase changes. Thus
amplitude is

Phase is tan-1

= 0.25 p

A.

0.2

B.

0.3

C.

0.5

D.

1.0