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THE ROLES OF THE

PRESIDENT

Two Term President


Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933 1945)
President Roosevelt (FDR) was the only President that
was elected for more than 2 terms.
FDR led the nation through WWII and the Great
Depression.
President George Washington set the precident of a two
term presidency, which lasted until President
Roosevelt.
In 1951, the 22nd Amendment set the 2 term
presidential limit.

The President: Some Facts


The President is elected through
electoral votes for a four year term.
Must be 35 years of age, 14 year
resident, and a natural born citizen.
The 22nd Amendment places a term
limit on the Presidency.
The 25th Amendment lays out the
Presidential succession.

Roles of the president


Chief of
State
Legislative Leader

Chief Executive
Judicial Leader

Commander-in-Chief
Chief Diplomat

Party Leader

Economic Leader

Role: Chief of state


Living symbol of the United States.
Represents the United States at
special ceremonies and occasions.
Examples of this role are
speechmaking and awarding medals.

Role: Chief executive


Execute or enforce laws.
Acting leader of 15 Executive Departments.
These departments assist the President to carry
out, enforce, and execute laws.
The President selects the cabinet members to
assist and advise him.
Examples of this role are holding cabinet
meetings and appointing federal officials.

Role: legislative leader


Approve or veto bills.
Influences the passage of many bills by
suggesting bills.
Calls special sessions of Congress.
Gives the State of the Union Address.
Examples of this role are calling special sessions
and giving the State of the Union Address.

Role: JUDICIAL leader


The President appoints judges to the Supreme Court
and other federal courts.
Given the power to grant pardons by the
Constitution. (forgiveness). Example: President
Nixon
Given the power to grant reprieves by the
Constitution. (delay)
Given the power to grant amnesty for federal crimes
by the Constitution. Example: amnesty for those not
reporting for the draft for the Vietnam War.

Role: Commander-in-chief
The President is in charge of all branches of the
Armed Forces.
ONLY the President may send troops into
troubled areas.
ONLY the President can make the final decisions
during wartime.
ONLY CONGRESS CAN DECLARE WAR.

Role: Chief diplomat


Negotiates treaties.
Establishes foreign policy.
Decides how the U.S. will react to actions
of other countries.
The Constitution gives the President the
power to:
Appoint ambassadors
Make treaties

Role: Party leader


The President is the leader of his political party.
May appoint party members to government jobs.
When making a decision, the President considers
both the goals of the nation and the goals of his
party.
Campaigns for members of his party.

Role: economic leader


Creates a national budget.
Carries out national spending
Promotes national, economic growth.

The president
Why do you think the President is the most
visible position in the American political
system?
Does the President really ALWAYS put the
needs of the American people first when
making decisions?
How does the President actually help the
citizens of the United States?

Man of many hats


Make a hat placing adornments or medals
representing the many roles of the President.
The hat must have 8 medals; one for each of the
roles. (2 pts. each)
The medals must represent each role. (2 pts.
each)
A written description of each role must be with
each role. (2 pts. each)
Creativity counts!