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OWNER:M/s.

NIRMALIMITED

Subject

Doc.No.

Rev.

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CHIMNEY

4150954000725

PROJECT:

70MWCOGENERATIONPOWERPLANT

VILLAGE:KALATALAV,BHAVNAGARDISTRICT,GUJARAT

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

TENDERDOCUMENT

FOR

DESIGNANDCONSTRUCTIONOFRCCCHIMNEY

121MHEIGHTWITHTHREEBRICKFLUES

CONTROLLEDCOPY

UNCONTROLLEDCOPY
PREPARED

CHECKED

AVANTGARDEENGINEERS
ANDCONSULTANTS(P)LTD.
R.C.S
S.V

68A,PORURKUNDRATHURHIGHROAD,
PORUR,CHENNAI810116.
DOC.No.4150954000725
PHONE:24828717,18,19,20,
24827843,24828532,

FAX:914424828531
REV.NO.
DATE
EMAIL:ssivakumar@avantgarde.co.in;
24.12.2015
00
WEBSITE:www.avantgardeindia.com

APPROVED
S.V

No.OF
SHEETS

222

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SECTION

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CONTENTS

DESCRIPTION

TENDERNOTICE

NOTICEINVITINGTENDER

TENDERFORM

INSTRUCTIONS TOTHEBIDDER

ARTICLESOF AGREEMENT

SPECIALCONDITIONSOFCONTRACT

SCOPEOFWORK

PROJECTINFORMATION

A1

A2

A3
B
C
D

G1

G2

G3

G4

H1

H2

H3

H4
I

J1

J2

J3

J4

J5

J6

RCCCHIMNEYTECHNICALSPECIFICATION

RCCCHIMNEYELECTRICALANDINSTRUMENTATIONSPECIFICATION

PILESPECIFICATION

GENERALSPECIFICATIONFORCIVILWORKS

GENERALNOTESFORPRICESCHEDULE

LUMPSUMBIDDINGSCHEDULE

PAYMENTTERMS

MISCELLANEOUSUNITPRICESCHEDULE

BIDDRAWINGS

SCHEDULEOFDEVIATIONFROMTECHNICALSPECIFICATION.

SCHEDULEOFDEVIATIONFROMSPECIALCONDITIONS

SCHEDULEOFPRICEIMPLICATIONSONACCOUNTOFDEVIATION

SCHEDULEOFCEMENT

SCHEDULEOFREINFORCEMENT

SCHEDULEOFTECHNICALSTAFFS

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J7

J8

J9

SCHEDULEOFEQUIPMENTS

SCHEDULEOFRATESFORLABOUR

SCHEDULEOFBIDDERSEXPERIENCE

SOILINVESTIGATIONREPORT

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SECTIONA1
TENDERNOTICE

1.0 SealedoffersareinvitedbyM/s.AvantGardeEngineersandConsultants(P)Limitedforthe
proposeddesignandconstructionofRCCChimney121MHeightwiththreebrickfluesfor

M/s.NirmaLimited

a) LocationofSite

M/s. Nirma Limited, Chemical Complex,


Village : Kalatalav, Tal : Bhavnagar,
Dist. Bhavnagar 364 313.

b) TimeofCompletion

c) TenderDocument

13 months

Attached

d) Last
Date
for
Submission

e) ValidityTime

5.01.2016

Tendershallbevalidforacceptancetill
60daysfromthedateofopening.

2.0 One original copy of the un-priced technical bid shall be addressed to Mr. Ajay Kalani of
the PURCHASER at the Head Office address as below. Also the soft copy of the unpriced offer shall be sent to the E-Mail ids : ajaykalani@nirma.co.in and
power_project@nirma.co.in
3.0 One copy of the un-priced technical bid shall be addressed Mr. D. G. Jakhade of the
PURCHASER at the Site Office address given below. Also the soft copy of the un-priced
technical bid offer shall be sent by E-Mail to Mr. Hirenbhai Patel, Mr. G. J. Adroja, Mr. L.
M. Mavani & Mr. D. R. Patel of Nirma Limited in the E-Mail ids as follows:
hirenpatel@nirma.co.in, gjadroja@saukemindia.com, lmmavani@nirma.co.in &
drpatel@nirma.co.in.
4.0 One original copy of the price bid with price details shall be addressed only to
Mr.Hirenbhai Patel, MD of the PURCHASER at the Head Office address given in the
Project Information. Also the soft copy of the price bid with price details shall be sent by
E-Mail, only to Mr. Hirenbhai Patel in the e-mail id hirenpatel@nirma.co.in. If any
BIDDER sends the commercial price bid to any other address / e-mail id, other than to
Mr. Hirenbhai Patel, their bid will be rejected without seeking any clarifications.
OWNER / PURCHASER

: M/s. Nirma Limited

CONSULTANT

: M/s. Avant-Garde Engineers and


Consultant (P) Ltd.,
: 70 MW Cogeneration Power Plant

PROJECT

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Owner address
a.

Mr. Ajay Kalani, Sr. Manager - Project


M/s. Nirma Limited,
Nirma house, Ashram Road, Ahmedabad -380 009.
Mobile no. +91 9978984151, Tel : 079-27549217
E-Mail : ajaykalani@nirma.co.in & power_project@nirma.co.in

b.

Shri. Hirenbhai Patel, MD


M/s. Nirma Limited,
E-Mail : hirenpatel@nirma.co.in

c.

Mr. G. J. Adroja, Vice president


M/s. Saurastra chemicals (Division of Nirma ltd),
Birlasagar, Porbandar - 360576
Tel: 0286-2242479-80-81
Email: gjadroja@saukemindia.com

d.

Mr. D. G. Jakhade,
M/s. Nirma Limited, Kalatalav, Bhavnagar.
Tel : 0278-2885314, 2885301-2-3-4.
E-Mail : dgjakhade@nirma.co.in

e.

Mr. L. M. Mavani,
M/s. Nirma Limited, Kalatalav, Bhavnagar.
Tel : 0278-2885314, 2885301-2-3-4.
E-Mail : lmmavani@nirma.co.in

f.

Mr. D. R. Patel, Technical Services,


M/s. Nirma Limited, Chemical Complex,
Village : Kalatalav, Tal : Bhavnagar,
Dist. Bhavnagar 364 313.
Tel : 0278-2885314, 2885301-2-3-4.
E-Mail : drpatel@nirma.co.in

One copy of only the un-priced technical bid shall be addressed to CONSULTANT
at the address given below. Also the soft copy of the un-priced offer shall be sent by
E- Mail.

Consultant address
Mr. S. Sivakumar / Mr. N. Thilagar lingam,
M/s. Avant-Garde Engineers and Consultants (P) Limited,
68-A, Porur - Kundrathur High Road, Porur, Chennai 600 116.
Tel : 044-24828717 22, fax : 044-24828531
E-mails : ssivakumar@avant-garde.co.in Mobile No.: 0 98400 40600
nthilagarlingam@avant-garde.co.in Mobile No.: 0 99403 65555

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SECTIONA2

NOTICEINVITINGTENDER

1.0

TendersintheprescribedformareherebyinvitedonbehalfofM/s.NirmaLimitedfor
designandconstructionofRCCchimney121MHeightwiththreebrickfluesfortheir
Cogenerationplant.

2.0DocumentsComprisingtheBid

2.1
Thebidshallcompriseofthefollowing:

a)
CompletedBidFormandwithCompletetechnicaldetailsinaccordancewith
therequirementsofthistenderdocument.

b)
DocumentaryevidenceestablishedtotherequirementsoftherelevantClause
thatyouarequalifiedtoperformthecontractiftheBidisaccepted.

2.2
ThepreparedBidshallbeintwo(2)parts.

PartITechnical&UnpricedCommercialBid

PartIIPriceBid

2.3
PARTITECHNICAL&UNPRICEDCOMMERCIALBID

2.3.1TechnicalBidshallinclude/indicatethefollowingtotheextentapplicable:

a)
Confirmation that the goods and ancillary services to be supplied by you
conformtotheBiddingDocuments.

b) Complete scope of supply supported by documents, brochures, standards,


catalogueetc.asapplicable.

c)
Layoutdrawingsandsketcheswithdimensionsofequipmentandindication
oflimitsofsupply

d)
BIDDER shallobtainprior approval for the manufacturers proposed for every
equipment / item and materials, which is not of his own manufacture and
establishthattheBIDDERisdulyauthorisedbythemanufacturertosupplysuch
goods in India. The subvendor's written confirmation that he will supply the
sparesfortheitemsofhismanufacturedirecttosite,ifandwhensucharequest
ismadeshallbeenclosed.

e)
Natureofmaintenanceassistanceavailable/offered.

f)
PlanningforConstruction.

g)
DeliveryScheduleandPlaceofmanufacture/delivery.

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

h)

i)
j)

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Manufacturing schedule with brief statements of the activities and time


estimation leading to quoted delivery separately for each category of
material.
Referencelistofcustomersusingsimilarequipmentandmaterials.
Informationonshippingweightsandcubage(length,widthandheight)with
specialattentiontoheavyandoversizepackages.

k) Statement regarding expiry date of labour contracts at the BIDDER's


manufacturingworks.
l)Currentcertifiedfinancialstatementsandorganizationchart.
m)Deviationfromthespecifications(technicalconditions),ifany.
n)

Confirmationonacceptanceofpartorder;

o)Countryoforiginofgoodsandservices.

For the purpose of this clause origin" means the place where the goods were
produced, or from which the services are supplied. Goods are produced when,
through manufacturing, processing or substantial and major assembling of the
components, a commercially recognized new product results that is substantially
differentinbasiccharacteristicsorinpurposeorutilityfromitscomponents.

Theoriginofgoodsandservicesisdifferentfromthenationalityofthesupplier.

2.4
PARTIIPRICEBID
ShouldcovertheBidpriceandotherrelatedcosts

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TO

SECTIONA3
TENDERFORM

Shri. Hirenbhai Patel, MD


M/s. Nirma Limited,

NirmaHouse,AshramRoad,
Ahmedabad,Gujarat380009
E-Mail : hirenpatel@nirma.co.in

I/Wehavereadandexaminedthefollowingdocumentsrelatingtothedesignandconstruction
of RCC chimney 121 M Height with three brick flues to M/s. Nirma Limited for their
CogenerationPlant.

A1
TENDERNOTICE

A2
NOTICEINVITINGTENDER

A3
TENDERFORM

B
INSTRUCTIONS TOTHEBIDDER

C
ARTICLESOFAGREEMENT

D
SPECIALCONDITIONSOFCONTRACT

E
SCOPEOFWORK
F
G1

G2

G3

G4

H1

H2

H3

H4

PROJECTINFORMATION
RCCCHIMNEYTECHNICALSPECIFICATION

RCCCHIMNEYELECTRICALANDINSTRUMENTATIONSPECIFICATION

PILESPECIFICATION

GENERALSPECIFICATIONFORCIVILWORKS

GENERALNOTESFORPRICESCHEDULE

LUMPSUMBIDDINGSCHEDULE

PAYMENTTERMS

MISCELLANEOUSUNITPRICESCHEDULE

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J1

J2

J3

J4

J5

J6

J7

J8

J9

BIDDRAWINGS

SCHEDULEOFDEVIATIONFROMTECHNICALSPECIFICATION.

SCHEDULEOFDEVIATIONFROMSPECIALCONDITIONS

SCHEDULEOFPRICEIMPLICATIONSONACCOUNTOFDEVIATION

SCHEDULEOFCEMENT

SCHEDULEOFREINFORCEMENT

SCHEDULEOFTECHNICALSTAFFS

SCHEDULEOFEQUIPMENTS

SCHEDULEOFRATESFORLABOUR

SCHEDULEOFBIDDERSEXPERIENCE

SOILINVESTIGATIONREPORT

I / We have inspected, examined the site and its surroundings and have satisfied
myself / ourselves before submitting the tender as to the nature of ground and
subsoil,theform,natureandmeansofaccesstothesite.
I / We hereby tender for the execution of the works referred to in the aforesaid
documents upon the terms and conditions contained or referred to therein and in
accordance in all respects with the specifications, and within the period of
completionasstipulatedintheSectionA1.

In consideration of I / We being invited to tender, I / We agree to keep the tender


uponforacceptanceforaperiodof60daysfromtheduedateofsubmissionthereof
and not to make any modifications in its terms and conditions which are not
acceptabletotheemployer.
If,afterthetenderisaccepted,I/Wefailtocommencetheexecutionoftheworksas
providedintheconditions,I/WeagreethattheEmployershallwithoutprejudiceto
anyoftheirrightorremedy,beatlibertytoforfeitthecontract.

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Signature...................

Inthecapacityof...........

Witness................Dulyauthorisedtosign
theTenderonbehalfof:

Date...........................

..................................................

Address...................

(InBlockLetters)

Date..........................

PostalAddress...........................

TelephoneNo.................

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SECTION B

1.0

INSTRUCTIONS TO THE BIDDER


INFORMATION FURNISHED

1.1

This specification is intended as a general description of quality envisaged for


material, workmanship and of the finished work apart from the basic guideline for
the design. It is not intended to cover minute details. The work shall be executed
in accordance with the best modern practice and to the complete satisfaction of
Owner .Special techniques approved by Engineer shall be used if and where found
necessary.

1.2

The information given in this specification is in good faith and meant to serve as a
guide to the Bidder. It is, therefore, imperative that Bidder shall obtain and examine
for himself all the data, information and particulars required for the satisfactory
execution of the work under this enquiry. The submission of a bid by Bidder implies
that he has fully read the specifications, bid drawing, and general conditions of
contract. Bidder shall make himself aware of the scope and the specifications for the
work to be performed and local conditions and other features which have a
bearing on the cost and execution of the work. Extra charges for any reason
whatsoever will not be entertained by Owner

.
1.3

General Notes (given in Section-H1) shall also be noted before quoting rates
against various items in Section H4 or for the Lumpsum price in Section -H2

1.4

In case of any conflict among clauses of different technical specifications given


under Section-G, the decision of the Owner/Engineer shall be final and binding on the
Contractor.

2.0

INSPECTION OF SITE BY BIDDER

2.1

Bidder shall inspect the site, examine and obtain all information required and
satisfy himself regarding matters such as access to site, communication,
transport, right of way, the type and number of equipment and facilities required for
the satisfactory completion of work, the quantity of various items of the work, the
availability of local labour, availability and rates of material, local working conditions,
uncertainties of weather, obstructions and hindrances that may arise, etc., which may
affect the work or cost thereof, before submission of his Bid. Ignorance of site
conditions shall not be accepted by the Owner as basis for any claim for
compensation. The submission of a bid by the Bidder will be construed as evidence
that such an examination was made and any later claims/ disputes in regard to rates
quoted shall not be entertained or considered by the Owner.

2.2

The rates quoted by Bidder shall be based on his own knowledge and judgement of
the conditions and hazards involved and shall not be based on any representations of
the Engineer.

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

3.0

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VALIDITY OF BID
The Bid shall remain valid for acceptance for 60 days from the due date of receipt of
the Bids and during this period no bidder shall be allowed to withdraw the bid.

4.0

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
On receipt of bidding document, bidder shall acknowledge the receipt and
confirm his intention to bid for the work.
Any addendum issued by Owner/
Consultant shall become part of bidding document and bidder shall submit
Original addendum duly signed and stamped as a token of his acceptance.

5.0

MATERIAL SUPPLY AND FACILITIES BY THE OWNER

5.1

The Owner will provide the following facilities to the Contractor free of cost.
(a) Provision of one permanent benchmark and base line for laying out.
(b) Construction water at one point.

5.2

Construction power at one point will be provided by owner on chargeable basis.

6.0

INFORMATION TO BE SUBMITTED ALONG WITH TENDER


a. Types and details of formwork for wind shield construction proposed to be used.
b. Type of plant and equipment and instruments proposed to be used including the
one for brick laying purpose- for construction, quality check etc.,
c.

Proposal for lifting of men and material to various levels of the chimney during
construction.

d. General arrangement drawing of chimney as per contractors design with key


dimensions, with volume of concrete& reinforcement steel.
e. The total number of specialist formwork and lifts available with the contractor
presently, where they are being deployed currently and when he expects to shift
them to the site.
f.

Bidder shall submit the complete particulars of similar jobs executed by him.

g.

Within 10 days of the award of the Contract, the Contractor will submit a master
programme for completion of the work giving month wise requirement of
materials, particularly mentioning in details the materials which are to be supplied
by the Owner and for the procurement of which the help of the Owner is required
as per the terms and conditions of the Contract.

h. Detailed day-to-day programme may have to be reviewed and updated by the


Contractor before the commencement of the work.

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

7.0

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BID DOCUMENTS

7.1

Under Section-I, list of the bid drawings enclosed is indicated. The drawings are
intended to give the Bidder general idea of the type and extent of work involved. As
such, they are indicative and for bid purpose only. Engineering design and
construction drawings will be prepared by the contractor. Work shall proceed only
after approval of construction drawing by the Consultant/ Owner.

7.2

No alteration or mutilation, other than filling in particulars wherever called for, shall
be made in the bid documents. Any changes/modifications made by the Bidder on
the bid documents itself shall not be taken into consideration.

7.3

In case of conflict regarding interpretation of the intent or meaning of the


specification or drawing, the Engineer shall interpret such intent or meaning,
which will be final and binding on the Contractor.

8.0

SUBMISSION OF BID

8.1

Procedure for Submission


The completed bids shall be submitted on or before the last date of submission
5.1.2016

8.2

Bid shall be sealed and cover shall be super scribed


NIRMA LIMITED- K A L A T A L A V B H A V N A G A R
70MW COGENERATION POWER PLANT
121mHigh Multi flue RCC Chimney

8.5

Each page of the bid document including the bid drawings shall be signed and
dated in ink by the Bidder as a token of having examined the same. English language
and metric units shall only be used. Any corrections in the rates entered in the
Schedule of Quantities shall also be signed and dated by the Bidder in ink, before
submitting the bid. Non-compliance with these conditions will make the bid liable for
rejection.

8.6

The bid prices and rates must be filled only in the Schedule of Quantities. Bidder shall
also fill in the schedule of deviations from technical specifications and special
conditions of contract. If these schedules of deviations are not filled up, it shall be
deemed that the bidder abides by the stipulations as in the bid documents.

8.7

Bid shall be accompanied by a covering letter, in which Bidder may furnish any
information, which he wishes to be considered along with the bid.

8.8

All accompaniments of the bid shall be in duplicate.

8.9

Bidder shall submit along with his bid an attested copy of Income Tax and Sales Tax
Clearance Certificates, audited balance sheet for the last three financial years
and latest solvency certificate from the competent authorities.

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8.10 Details of concurrent commitments of bidder along with list of similar works
executed in last five years and list of Manpower and equipment to be deployed on
this project and schedule of execution to be furnished along with the bid.

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SECTIONC

ARTICLESOFAGREEMENT

1.

2.

3.

Made on this __________________ day of _______________ between M/s. Nirma Limited,


Bhavnagar, Gujarat (hereinafter called "the Owner") of the one part and
M/S._________________________________________ of (or whose registered office is situated
at)________________________________(hereinaftercalled"theContractor")oftheotherpart
WHEREAStheOwnerisdesirousofDESIGNANDCONSTRUCTIONOFRCCCHIMNEY
121 M HEIGHT WITH THREE BRICK FLUES at M/s. Nirma Limited for their
Cogeneration Plant, Gujarat hereinafter called "the Work") and has caused
specificationshowinganddescribingtheworktobedonetobepreparedbyorunder
thedirectionof____________________________________________________________
ANDWHEREAStheContractorhassuppliedtheOwnerwithafullypricedcopyof
the said Bills of Quantities (which copy is hereinafter referred to as "the Contract
Bills") in line with his own engineering design and drawings as per the general
guidance of the technical requirements specified by the consultant/owner AND
WHEREASthesaidDrawings(hereinafterreferredtoas"TheContractDrawings")
andtheContractBillshavebeensignedbyoronbehalfofthepartiesheretowith
theconsultant/ownerforthedueperformanceofthisAgreement.
NOWITISHEREBYASFOLLOWS:
FortheconsiderationhereinaftermentionedtheContractorwilluponandsubjectto
the Conditions annexed carry out & complete the work shown upon the Contract
Drawings & described by or referred to in the Contract Bills and in the said
Conditions.

The
Owner
will
pay
the
Contractor
the
sum
of
Indian
Rupees________________________________________(IndianRs)(hereinafter
referred to as "the Contract Sum") or such other sum as shall become payable
hereunderatthetimesandinthemannerspecifiedinthesaidConditions.
Theterm"the Consultant inthe saidConditions shallmeanthe said ________or in
the event of his death or ceasing to be the Consultant for the purpose of this
Contract, such other person as the Owner shall nominate for that purpose, not
beingapersontowhomtheContractorshallobjectforreasonsconsideredtobe
sufficientbyandarbitratorappointedinaccordancewiththesaidConditions.
Provided always that no person subsequently appointed to be the Consultant
under this Contract shall be entitled to disregard or overrule any certificate or
opinion or decision or approval or instruction given or expressed by the
Consultantforthetimebeing.

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The said condition and appendix thereto shall be read and constructed as
formingpartofthisAgreement,andthepartiesheretoshallrespectivelyabideby,

submit themselves to the Conditions and perform the agreements on their parts
respectivelyinsuchConditionscontained.

ASWITNESSourhandsthisdayof2016

Signedbythesaid

inthepresenceofOwner

Witness

Name:

Address:

Signedbythesaid

InthepresenceofContractor

Witness

Name:

Address:

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SECTION D SPECIAL CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT


1.0

PRICES AND RATES

1.1

Prices and rates quoted shall include cost of all materials , labour, supervision,
setting out, machinery and equipment, transport charges, wastage of material, all
consumables such as, but not limited to petrol, oil, diesel, lubricants, drill bits,
pipes, ropes, etc., construction facilities such as scaffolding, cribbing, tarpaulins, wind
break, etc., taxes, duties, royalties, octroi and any other levies payable on all
transactions, all leads and lifts, etc., overheads/profits of Contractor for due
performance of the work under this contract. The prices & rates shall also include
cost for mobilization/demobilization of equipment.

1.2

Prices and rates quoted shall be deemed to include everything necessary to


satisfactorily complete the work as determined by the Engineer though they may not
have been specifically referred to in these documents.

1.3

Prices and rates quoted shall be firm for the entire duration of the contract and any
agreed extensions thereafter.

1.4

The p r i c e s a n d rates quoted by bidder shall remain unaltered for the use of
any type of cement such as pozzolana, ordinary Portland, sulphate resisting, etc.

1.5

No price escalation on any account shall be allowed during the entire period of
Contract.

1.6

The contract is on Lump sum turnkey basis and this lump sum price shall be filled up
against section H2 Bidding schedule.

1.7

The payment terms suggested by owner are as per section H3.

1.8

Bidder shall also fill up the unit rate price schedule against section H4 taken now for
any future addition/deletion of works. This unit rate should be reasonable and shall not
be considered by owner for bid analysis

2.0

PAYMENT
The mode of submission of bills and payment shall be as indicated below:
Contractor shall submit each of his running Account bills upon successful completion
of respective milestone activities stipulated under section H3.
Payment for such RA bills will be released within 30 days from the date of
submission of bills. Certification of RA Bills will be done by the Consultants
Representative /Owner representative in presence of Contractors Engineer. On the
basis of this certified bills payment will be released.
Final bill certificate along with work completion certificate will be issued within one
month of completion of whole work on the project provided no defects are noticed in

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the work completed and the contractor had reconciliated when applicable to the
satisfaction of the Companys representative the cement, reinforcement steel and
structural steel and all such owner issued materials / facilities.
Income Tax at applicable rates will be deducted at source from all the payments and
necessary certificate will be issued as per prevailing Income Tax Act.
3.0

MOBILIZATION ADVANCE
A non-recoverable mobilization advance of 5% (Five percent) of the contract value will
be paid to the successful bidder on submission of an unconditional Bank
Guarantee for equivalent amount in the standard format given by the owner from
a Nationalized bank.
Mobilization advance will be paid only on completion of
mobilization at site and after the submission of Security deposit.

4.0

RETENTION MONEY
10% of the gross value of each RA bill shall be retained as retention money. The
retention money will be released only after satisfactory completion of all the
works and against a bank guarantee (from a Nationalized bank) of equivalent
amount. This bank guarantee towards retention money shall be valid till completion of
defects liability period of 18 months from date of commissioning of chimney.

5.0

TIME OF COMPLETION AND WORK SCHEDULE

5.1

Time is the essence of this contract. An a n ticip a te d wo rk sch edu le with time
of co mpletion is atta ched under Section E. The Contractor shall, within ten
days of receipt of the Letter of Intent submit to the Owner for his approval, a
detailed work schedule showing how he proposes to carry out the work. It
shall specifically mention time period as well as dates of commencement and
completion of each activity. Contractor must strictly adhere to the approved schedule.
The Owner reserves the right to revise the schedule at his discretion in order to keep
up to the completion date and to suit the project requirement and such alterations
shall not entitle the Contractor to any extra payment.

5.2

The whole works must be proceeded with, within such sections and at such times and
in such order and manner as described in these specifications and as directed by
the Engineer. No extra payment or relaxation in the rates will be permitted on account
of this.

5.3

Contractor shall make all necessary arrangement at site to mobilize and maintain,
machinery, equipment, labour, material and operators to guarantee such
minimum / peak rate of progress of the work as is required by the agreed
schedule for the timely completion of the work,

5.4

The contractor shall make all arrangements for carrying out all possible construction
activities to be taken up simultaneously. Costs for any special arrangement that he
makes towards this shall be included in his quoted price.

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Time is the strict essence of this Contract. So contractor to suggest and adopt after
approval by Avant Garde any means of expediting construction process , (like precast
RCC floors , working simultaneously for all flues construction in 2/3 levels by providing
temporary cut off platforms) but in any case keeping basic parameter of 3 nos Brick
flues unchanged. Quoted price will be inclusive of all costs towards such means.

5.6

The Contractor shall make his own arrangements for providing accommodation for
all their staff and storage space for equipment and consumables such as but not
limited to petrol, diesel, lubricants, oxygen, acetylene, welding rods, etc., together
with sufficient quantity of spare parts for efficient and uninterrupted execution of the
work. The Contractor shall furnish the engineer monthly report describing the
summary of the progress / milestones achieved on each of the major fronts
during the month accompanied with Photographs. Apart from it weekly work charts
shall be submitted.

5.7

Extension of contract period will not be granted by the owner except only under
force majeure conditions equal to the time, force majeure conditions were in
existence. Monsoon or inclement weather shall not be considered as a reason for
extension of time.

5.8

Idle time charges for any reason whatsoever shall not be entertained by the
owner.

6.0

NIGHT WORK

6.1

The time of completion as defined in clause herein above, shall be deemed to


exclude working during night shifts. However, Engineer may consider granting
permission for working during night shifts, if he considers it essential in order to
complete the work in the stipulated time, on specific request by the Contractor.
Where night work is in progress, the Contractor, at his cost, to safeguard the
workmen and the public shall provide sufficient lights, shall take suitable precautions
to prevent accidents. Accident-prone areas shall be barricaded and provided with red
lights as caution to prevent accidental falls. Contractor shall take all necessary
precaution to ensure the quality of work.

7.0

EQUIPMENT

7.1

Contractor shall provide and maintain at the site necessary number and type of
machinery and equipment including survey instruments in good working condition for
proper setting out and timely completion of the various works covered under this
specification. All arrangements for transporting the equipment, men and machinery, to
and from the site shall be done by the Contractor at his own expense. No claim shall
be entertained for mobilizing additional equipment and/or personnel to complete the
work within the stipulated time.

7.2

The Contractor shall ensure a continuous supply of coarse and fine aggregates and
other materials conforming to the specification for the duration of the contract period.

7.3

Contractor shall provide all fuels and lubricants required for the operation and
maintenance of construction machinery and equipment as well as his transport

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vehicles.
7.4

Contractor shall ensure that work shall proceed uninterrupted even in the event of
power failures. As such, adequate number of diesel operated machinery (such as
concrete mixers, vibrators, welding sets, etc.) shall be provided by the Contractor as
an alternative arrangement in case electrically operated machinery are proposed to
be brought to site.

8.0

WORK EXECUTION AND SUPERVISION

8.1

Contractor shall have at the site adequate number of qualified engineers and
supervisors with experience in execution of similar type of works and also sufficient
number of foremen and operators for machinery and equipment, for satisfactory
progress and timely completion of the works. If Owner/Owner representative finds the
caliber /quantum of such deployed men lacking & insists on the contractor for
replacement / Replenishment, Contractor shall do it immediately at no extra cost to
owner.

8.2

In the event of occurrence of any accident at/near the site of work or in


connection with execution of the work, a report shall be made immediately to the
Engineer, giving full details of the accident. He shall also report such accidents to all
the competent authorities.

8.3

The Engineer reserves the right to order in writing from time to time during
progress of the work, removal and re-execution of any work which is not, in the
opinion of the Engineer, in accordance with the specification.

8.4

During inclement weather, rains, Contractor shall suspend grouting/ concreting for
such time as the Engineer may direct and shall protect from damage all works already
in progress or completed just then. All such temporary protective measures shall be
at Contractor's cost and any damage to works shall be made good by the Contractor
at his own expense.

8.5

Should the works be suspended by reason of strike/riots by Contractor's own


employees or any other cause whatsoever, save and except the force majeure
condition, Contractor shall take all precautions necessary for the protection of work
and make good, at his expense, any damage arising from any of these causes.

8.6

Owner reserves the right to split up the work mentioned in the scope of enquiry
among more than one Contractor at the stage of initial award of contract or during
progress of work due to unsatisfactory progress of work at site by the Contractor.
Bidders quoted rates shall remain unaltered even if the work is split up. Owner will
not entertain any claim from the Contractor as a result of such splitting up.

9.0

SURVEYING AND LAYOUT

9.1

Only a base line and one permanent benchmark would be furnished to the
Contractor on site. Surveying and laying out of all works shall be done by the
Contractor at his cost. Contractor shall maintain without disturbance during the
course of execution of the work the reference line and the benchmark. The

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Contractor shall also check the accuracy of positioning of the footings and anchor
bolts for the structural to be erected by him. Any discrepancy shall immediately be
reported to the Owner.
10.0 CONTRACTOR'S RESPONSIBILITIES
10.1 The Contractor will be required to provide at his own cost all facilities for his
office, warehouse, tool room, change room or any other building/structure
required to execute his work.
10.2 Each Contractor shall establish his own office / shed at specified place inside the
plant. The office/shed shall have proper ventilation lighting and sanitary facilities. The
Contractor shall obtain clearance from the Owner before construction of the
office/shed.
10.3 All royalties shall be paid by the Contractor as also all tolls, local and other taxes, etc.
at no extra cost to Owner.
10.4 All materials supplied by the Contractor shall be of the best quality and shall
conform to this specification. Approval in writing shall be obtained from Owner
before any alternative or equivalent material is proposed to be used by the
Contractor.

10.5 Contractor shall furnish manufacturer's test certificates for the materials supplied by
him. Where such certificates are not available, the specimen of the material shall be
got tested at a recognized testing laboratory (approved by Owner) at Contractor's
cost.
10.6 Contractor shall obtain all necessary permits and licenses before commencement of
work at no extra cost to Owner.
10.7 Contractor shall take all necessary insurance coverage as per
requirement at no extra cost to Owner.

the

statutory

11.0 DEMOBILISATION
On completion of work, the Contractor shall promptly demobilise from the site and
leave the place in a manner as directed by the Owner/Engineer, including
cleaning of the area. Contractor shall start demobilization only after the
successful completion of the contract with the permission of Owner.
12.0 OTHER WORKS
During the course of contractors works, other works either by the Owner or by other
Contractors or by both simultaneously will be in progress within the project area.
Contractor shall make his best effort to work in harmony with others in the best overall
interest of the project and towards its speedy completion.
13.0 SECURITY & SAFETY RULES OF OWNER

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13.1 All persons employed or allowed at the site shall at all times conform to all
regulations laid down by the Owner.
13.2 Contractor shall strictly abide by the rules and regulations of security and safety
enforced by the Owner. Contractor shall provide proper identity cards, badges, etc.,
to his employees whenever directed by the Owner.
13.3 Contractor shall be solely
personnel and equipment.

responsible for

the

security and safety of

his

13.4 Contractor, his employees and agents shall not disclose any information or
drawing furnished to them by the Owner / Engineer. All drawings, reports or any
other information prepared by the Owner / Engineer / Contractor, either individually
or jointly for the execution of the contract shall not be disclosed without prior
written approval of the Owner. No photographs of the work or plant within the project
site shall be taken without prior written approval of the Owner.
13.5 Contractor shall a d o p t a ll safety measures/provide necessary protection to
already constructed foundation/structures irrespective of the sequence of
construction.
14.0 PENALTY (Liquidated damages):
If the Contractor fails to maintain the stipulated time of completion specified
under clause 5.0 in this section, he shall be liable to pay penalty at the rate of 0.5 %
per week of delay subject to a maximum of 5% of contract value. It shall be clearly
understood that failure to meet interim completion dates shall also attract penalty.

15.0 DRAWINGS AND DETAILS


15.1 The Contractor shall prepare fabrication drawings for structural steel works based on
his design drawings approved for construction by the Consultant / Owner.
16.0 OWNER RESERVES RIGHT
16.1 The Owner reserves the right to accept any bid irrespective of whether it is the
lowest or otherwise or reject any or all bids without assigning any reasons
whatsoever. Owner reserves the right to split the work and/ or delete or add
some works from the scope of this contract

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SECTIONE
SCOPEOFWORK

1.0

SCOPE

1.1

Scope of Work covered under this specification comprises of


a) Analysis, Design, preparation of Construction drawings and Construction of one
number 121M high multi flue Reinforced Concrete Chimney with all accessories as
per specification.
b) The scope also includes, supply of all materials ( i n c l u d i n g c e m e n t a n d
s t e e l ) and labor along with necessary tools and tackles etc. When there are
owner issued materials, if any, it also includes collection of materials from the
Owners stockyard either at site or from other places, transporting the same to
the site, unloading, storing them in the Contractors own covered storage area.
Storing shall be done in a neat & systematic manner and also providing necessary
fencing and security to ensure proper utilization of such material exclusively for the
project.

1.2

It is not the intent to completely specify herein all details of design, manufacture and
construction. Nevertheless, the structure/equipment shall conform in all respects to
high standards of engineering, design and workmanship, complying with the technical
specifications and shall be capable of performing in continuous commercial operation,
up to VENDORs guarantee, in a manner acceptable to OWNER, who will interpret
the meaning of drawings and specifications and shall have the power to reject any
work or materials which, in his judgment, are not in full accordance therewith.

1.3

The scope of work includes, but is not limited to the following. The VENDOR shall
furnish everything necessary and as required by OWNER although not listed herein,
for the successful operation of the equipment supplied by him as specified above:
i) Design of Chimney its foundation & related civil works
ii) Supply at site of all required materials for the entire scope of work.
iii) Construction of Reinforced Cement Concrete foundation including pile & pile cap
and conducting routine pile load test, supporting the wind shield as well as
staircases, duct support foundation on pile cap etc including excavation,
dewatering, chloride protection layer below ground level, backfilling, etc complete.
iv) Construction of R.C.C wind shield using slip form including provision of openings
of various sizes in the windshield at various levels. If required the wind shield can
be tapered for bottom 35 meters based on design requirement.
v) Construction of internal RCC corbels / leaving openings in the wind shield at
various levels to support P r e c a s t / c a s t a t s i t e RCC beams including their
bearing supports.
vi) Construction of RCC roof slab w i t h w e a t h e r i n g c o u r s e w i t h
w a t e r p r o o f i n g a d m i x t u r e s o v e r wind shield including acid resistant

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tile protection of the roof and drainage arrangement of roof including down pipes till
bottom.
vii)Providing in si d e RCC c o n n e c t i o n platforms ( R C C : C a s t a t s i t e o r
p r e c a s t type including their bearing and proper connections) comprising of roof
supporting platform, flue support platform at various levels ( 10m Maximum
intervals) , with openings for flues, flooring of RCC slab, GI hand rail for safety as
adequate etc .

viii) Providing brick flues ( Fire bricks and Acid Resistant(AR) bricks ) supported on the
RCC platforms.
ix) Structural steel flue gas ducting of rectangular configuration from terminal
points of supply for steam generator vendor, of structural steel up to circular brick
flue including structural steel stiffening arrangement for the ducting.
x) Providing restraint and support arrangement for ducts on the windshield.
xi) Providing lined and insulated RCC ash hoppers and insulated mini shell outside the
brick liners from hopper level to the next floor level for all three flues with minimum
thickness of 150 mm.
xii)Providing G I b a n d i n g , insulation on the outside of all the brick flues and
ducts including protective aluminium sheet with all leak proof arrangements
xiii)Providing above roof slab Mini shells of as many numbers as there are flues with
insulated lining and stainless steel caps ,access ladder etc all complete.
xiv)Providing structural steel work for supporting ducting if any inside windshield.
xv)Provision of G I structural steel stair case inside wind shield from ground floor
level to top platform with interconnection to various platforms and GI cage ladder
from top platform to roof of chimney. Opening latch in the roof to access from
ladder, GI access doors in shell at bottom, GI insulated clean out doors in shell and
flues at appropriate levels
xvi)Inside and outside painting of RCC windshield and structural steel works where
required
xvii)Aviation warning lighting, general lighting inside the chimney and obstruction
lighting and all connected electrical works including embedding conduits, junction
boxes, pull boxes, cabling etc. All reinforcement steel work to be connected to
earthing system during construction.
xviii)Earthing and lightning protection system including all connected works from
top of chimney to terminal point outside chimney at ground level.
xix) Provision of inserts/pipe sleeves for mounting instruments for monitoring air
quality, including conduits, junction, pull boxes, cabling etc.

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xx)Provision of discrete strakes of galvanized structural steel, if required.


xxi) Supply and Use of KP 200(Krishna conchenm) integral admixture or approved
equivalent in all concrete works including piling and FOSROC conplast 430 or
approved equivalent to improve workability of concrete.
2.0

TIME OF COMPLETION

2.1

Time of Completion of Works shall be as follows


Work covered under this tender shall be completed within 13 (thirteen) calendar
months from the date of issue of Letter of Intent or Work Order whichever is
earlier.

PERIODOF
COMPLETIONIN
MONTHSFROMTHE
DATEOFLOI

SL.
NO. DESCRIPTION

Completion of shell and foundation design and getting the


1.
1Month
sameapprovedbyConsultant/Owner

AllfoundationworksincludingPiling,Routinepileloadtest
2.
2.5Months
andPilecapbelowgroundlevelincludingbackfillingetc.,

Completion of remaining design and Getting the same


3
3Months
approvedbyConsultant/Owner

4.
a) SlipformConstructionofStraight/TaperedShell
5Months

b) ConstructionofallRCCinternalplatforms
9Months

c) Completion of lining, insulation, hopper, duct & duct

11.5Months
connectionscompleteinallrespects,forfirstUnit

d) Completion of lining, insulation, hopper, duct & duct

11.5Months
connectionscompleteinallrespects,forsecondUnit

e) Completion of lining, insulation, hopper, duct & duct

11.5Months
connectionscompleteinallrespects,forthirdUnit

AllotheraccessoriessuchasGIstaircase,GI ladders,lighting
including aviation obstruction lights and lightning system,
13Months
5.
port holes including access platform / staircase, doors,
pulleybrackets,wiremeshscreen.

2.2 Bidder shall submit a construction bar chart including all activities keeping in mind
the period of completion time.

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3.0 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS


A detailed report on geotechnical investigation and foundation recommendation for
the plant site is available a n d e n c l o s e d w i t h t h i s s p e c i f i c a t i o n for reference.
The BIDDER should contact Consultant for any clarifications and apprise himself of
the details of the report before submitting his bid. The BIDDER, before submission of
his bid, may conduct soil investigation test as required by him to ascertain the actual
soil condition at site. No claim for extra payment will be entertained if the actual soil
conditions are at variance with the data given in the investigation report or with the
bore log data enclosed as a bid drawing. However, in case the BIDDER by his
investigation, arrives at a higher pile load capacity or more favorable values of soil
parameters, he shall adopt the bearing capacity and parameters as specified and as
given in the bore logs enclosed with this specification.

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SECTION - F
PROJECT INFORMATION
1.0

DIMENSIONS OF CHIMNEY

1.1

(a) Clear inside flue path diameter for


Flue 1 & 2

4000 mm

(b) Clear inside flue path diameter for


Third flue

3200 mm

(c) Maximum Top exit diameter for flue 1 & 2

3400 mm

(d) Maximum Top exit diameter for third flue

2550 mm

(e) Clear inside diameter of concrete shell


Wind shield (Minimum)

14000 mm

(f) Minimum thickness of shell at the top

250 mm

(g) Minimum thickness of mini shell


1.2

(a) Top elevation of concrete shell from FFL (0.0m)


(Wind shield)

EL +114.5.000M

(b) Mini shell above platform From FFL

EL+114.500M to
EL+121.00M

(c) Top Elevation of Chimney from FFL


1.3

1.4

200 mm

EL + 121.000M

Batter of concrete surface


Internal
External

: As per Bidder Design


: As per Bidder Design

External Diameter of Shell


over Foundation top

As per Bidder Design

1.5

Graded level of ground

EL (-) 0.850m

1.6

Chimney grade slab level

EL (+) 0.00 m

1.7

Number of flue duct openings

Three

2.0

FLUE GAS DATA

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215 m3/sec for flue 1 &2.


120 m3/sec for 3rd flue.

Maximum volume of flue gas

2.2

Maximum flue gas temperature at entry


Of chimney

150 0C

2.3

Maximum flue gas quantity for flue 1 & 2

636194 kg/h

2.4

Maximum flue gas quantity for 3rd flue

325521 kg/h

2.5

Quantity of SO2

3.0

DESIGN TEMPERATURES

3.1

Ambient temperature

30 0C

3.2

Maximum Temperature

45 0C

3.3

Minimum Temperature

5 0C

3.4

Relative Humidity

60%

4.0

ANALYSIS

(a)

Wind Load Analysis


:

0.8

50 m/sec.

Terrain category

Class of structure

Topography factor k3

1.00

CD

Drag coefficient

662 kg/h for flue 1& 2


356 kg/h for 3rd flue

(For strake portion additional drag


Coefficient shall be considered as per
Cl.A.7.1 of IS: 4998 (Par-I)).

Consider aerodynamic Interference Effect


(Proximity effect) due to presence of
Other tall structures and stacks in the vicinity
Vb

(b)

Basic Wind Speed

For Seismic Analysis


Seismic Zone =

5.0

DESIGN DATA

III

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5.1

Modular Ratio for stress computation


1975

5.2

Increase in concrete stress permissible


due to ageing

Nil

5.3

Density of ash in hopper

1.12 t/m3

5.4

Maximum coefficient
of thermal
conductivity of glass / mineral
wool insulation at 1500C mean temperature

0.06 kCal/m/hr/0C

11x10 6/0C

5.5

Coefficient of linear thermal expansion of


concrete and reinforcement

6.0

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Method of shell construction

6.2

Provision of strakes

6.3

Provision for separate hoist


Material and passenger
during construction

6.4

7.0

per

IS:4998(Part-1)-

For computation of temperature stress,


the modulus of Elasticity of Concrete to be
used shall be obtained as Es/m where
modular ratio m shall be as per Clause 5.1
above, and Es taken as 210000 N/mm2.

5.6

6.1

As

Provisions for instrumentation

DEFLECTION ON WIND SHIELD

: Slip form a b o v e h o p p e r
ring beam and slip/jump form below
hopper level.
:

If required it shall be provided as


Per the Stipulation of IS
4998 - (Part I)
Yes

Provisions
shall
include
embedment plates, conduits for all
I&C cables and purge air, junction
boxes,
etc. complete as per
Specification. The number of conduits
and size of conduits shall be as
required during detail engineering.
Suitable opening, pipe sleeve, flange,
access platform for working on
analyser etc. shall be provided as
required for purchasers analysers.

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7.2

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The permissible deflection at top of windshield shall not exceed H/500, where
H is the total height of the windshield above top of foundation.
The amplitude of cross wind oscillation shall also be restricted to 80% of the limits laid
down as above.
FLOODING OF CHIMNEY AREA
CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for taking all safety measures necessary for
protecting all materials stored by him against damage by rainwater or flooding from
any other source. If any material is damaged, the CONTRACTOR shall replace the
same at no cost to the OWNER. The OWNER will not entertain any claim of the
CONTRACTOR on this account.

9.0

The bidder shall assume subsoil water table at ground level for chimney
foundation design.

10.0 TESTS
All materials and workmanship shall be of respective kinds described in the
Contract and in accordance with the Engineer instructions and shall be subjected
from time to time to such tests as the Engineer may direct at the place of
manufacture or fabrication or on site or at all or any of such places. For other
structural components like pre-cast slabs bought out materials like bitumen, water
bar, tar felt, acid resistant tiles bricks, fire clay bricks and mortar, aggregates or
any other material whose conformity to requirement of specifications cannot be
authenticated by CONTRACTOR by ISI certificate etc., these materials will be got
tested at approved laboratories. The cost of samples and conducting all such tests as
stated above shall be borne by the CONTRACTOR.

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SECTIONG1
REINFORCEDCONCRETECHIMNEYTECHNICALSPECIFICATION

1.0

SCOPE

1.1

This specification covers the specific requirements for design and construction of
a reinforced concrete chimney including foundations, RCC shell, brick lining,
accessories that includes fixtures, fittings, conduit and embedment , lift only
where specified, etc., all complete. It is not the intent to specify completely
herein all the details of design and construction of the works involved under
this specification. However, the works shall conform, in all respects, to high
standards of engineering, design and workmanship.

1.2

In case drawings submitted by the BIDDER with his bid do not show some of
the work called for in this specification and the attached bid drawings except
when mutually agreed to in writing before contract award the scope of work
shall not be deemed to have changed from what has been defined in this bid
documents. Also the CONTRACTOR shall not be entitled for any extra claim
on account of his having wrongly interpreted or overlooked any aspect called for
in this specification.

2.0

APPLICABLE CODES, SPECIFICATIONS & REFERENCES

Unlessspecificallymentionedotherwise,allapplicablecodesandstandardsintheir
latestadditionsaspublishedbyBureauofIndianStandardsandallothersuchasmay
be directed published by them during currency of the contract, shall govern in
respectofdesign,workmanship,qualityandpropertiesofmaterialsandmethodof
testing. In case of discrepancy between this specification and those standards
referred to herein, the former shall governSomeoftherelevantavailablecodesare
listedhereunder:

2.1

:
IS:6

Moderate heat duty fire clay refractories,Group-A.

IS:158
IS: 195

Ready mixed paint, brushing, bituminous, black, lead free; acid,


alkali and heat resisting.
Fireclay Mortar for laying fireclay refractory bricks-specification.

IS:456

Code of Practice for plain and reinforced concrete.

IS:732

Code of Practice for electrical wiring installations.

IS:800

Code of Practice for general construction in steel.

IS:875

Code of practice for design loads (other than earthquake) for


buildings and structures: Part 1 to 3.

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IS:1526

Sizes and shapes for fire bricks.

IS:1528

Methods of sampling and physical tests for refractory material.

IS:1893

Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures.

IS:1904
IS:2042

Code of Practice for design and construction of foundations in


soils: General requirements.
Insulating bricks.

IS:2062

Steel for general structural purposes. IS:2750

IS:2932

Enamel, synthetic, exterior (a) under coating, (b) finishing. IS:2933


Enamel, exterior (a) under coating, (b) finishing.

IS:3346

Method for the determination of thermal conductivity of thermal


insulation materials (two slab guarded hot-plate method)

IS:3696

Safety code for scaffolds and ladders. (Parts 1 & 2)

IS:4014

Code of practice for steel tubular scaffolding. (Parts 1 & 2)

IS:4289

Flexible cables for lifts and other flexible connections : Part 1


Elastomer insulated cables.

IS:4456

Methods of test for chemical resistant mortars: Part 1 Silicate


type and Resin type.

IS:4687

Gaskets and packings - Gland packing asbestos.

IS:4832

Specification for chemical resistant mortars: Part- 1 silicate type.

IS:4860

Acid resistant bricks.

IS:4998

Criteria for design of reinforced concrete chimneys: Part 1 Design criteria - 1975

IS:4998

Criteria for design of reinforced concrete: Part 1 Assessment


of loads-1992

IS:8112

OPC Cement Grade 43

IS:8183

Bonded Mineral wool.

IS:8500

Steel scaffoldings.

Structural steel - micro alloyed (Medium and high


strength qualities).
IS:13947 Low voltage switchgear and control gear : Part 1 General rules

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ICAO Annex-14 International Standards and Recommended Practices Aerodromes


- International Civil Aviation Organization.

2.2

The following is the list of publications referred to in this specification.


Manohar,S.N Tall Chimneys-Design and
Publishing Co.Ltd., New Delhi, 1985.

Construction",

Tata

McGraw

Hill

Pinfold,G.M "Reinforced Concrete Chimneys and Towers", View Point Publication,


Cement and Concrete Association, U.K., 1975.
ACI 307 88 Standard Practice for the Design and Construction of Cast-in-place
reinforced concrete chimneys
2.3

SI units shall be adopted for all design and drawing work.

3.0

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS

3.1

The basic design parameters to be considered in design of this chimney are indicated in
project information.

3.2

The design and construction of the all components in the chimney including the wind
shield and foundations shall conform to the requirements of all statutory rules and
regulations of local and national authorities and where such requirements are less
conservative than the corresponding requirements of this specification, the latter
shall govern.
It may be noted that only the Working stress method of design shall be followed in the
design of all the components of the chimney including wind shield foundations and
internal platforms.

3.3

The chimney and its foundation shall be designed to resist stresses due to the
most critical combination of any of the following:
(a)

Self Weight of the chimney

i) With lining, platforms, accessories and all other dead loads.


ii) Without the above when deemed critical for the design/stability
(b)
(c)

Wind l o a d s ( both along-wind and across wind) or earthquake forces


whichever is governing.
Eccentric loads from corbels/platforms supporting the lining, ash hopper ring
beams etc.

(d)

Live loads on i n t e r n a l platforms

(e)

weight of equipment and materials and other live loads during construction
including reaction from heavy lifting jacks, brick layers platforms , lifting hoists
etc. Construction loads such as those due to plant and equipment,
stacked materials, live loads due to movement of plant, materials and men.

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(f) Temperature gradient calculated across the liner insulation and then chimney shell.
(g) For t h e shell below grade level as well as foundations, appropriate buoyant
force due to water table / hydro- static forces, earth pressures, , surcharge etc.,
all as applicable.
(h) Local moments due to ovalling.
(i) Loads from flue duct supports, staircase, etc

(j). When applicable as per scope -forces from the lift and operating equipment.

3.5

Design of any cross section shall include all the design stresses d u e t o a l l
secondary effects, namely secondary moments due to p- effect, eccentric loading
due to platforms, corbel effect when corbels are provided etc.

3.6

Stresses in the shell shall be shown to be within permissible limits at 10 metre


intervals along the height of the shell or at every corbel level whichever distance is
less and in addition at the critical locations across openings.

3.7

In no case the total design stress shall exceed the permissible stresses as in clause
7.0 of IS:4998 (Part-1) 1975, H o w e v e r for (DL+WL) case, t he permissible
stress 0.275fcu shall be if the circumferential tensile stress in concrete due to wind
induced ring moment exceeds the value specified in clause 7.1.1 (g) of IS : 4998
Part I, additional reinforcement shall be provided in 2 layers limiting the stress in
reinforcement steel to value specified in clause 7.1.2 (g).

3.8

Under worst combination of loads the Factor of Safety against over-turning, shall not
be less than 1.5 in any direction during construction and 2.0 after construction is
complete.

3.9

Only 90% of the dead loads as calculated from dimensions and densities of
materials, shall be taken into account for the purpose of calculating safety factor
against overturning.

3 . 1 0 For the purposes of analysis/design, Shell shall be assumed fixed to foundation I n the
foundation, diagonal tensile stresses and bending stresses about two orthogonal axis
shall be checked at critical sections.
3.11 The modulus of elasticity of concrete shall be as per the mean value specified in clause
A-3.1 of IS:4998 (Part-1) for estimating the deflections of the chimney in lined and
unlined conditions
3.12

Air inlet and Outlets :


Air inlets shall be provided near the base as indicated in tender drawings. , So as
to prevent pests or heavy airborne dusts entering the access void through the
opening the openings shall be provided with a GI wire mesh on the outside mounted
on a GI frame These openings also will have an Aluminium louver behind the mesh

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,sloping downward .Calculation of air inlet opening area shall be as per IS:4998(Part1)-1975.
Similarly air outlets shall be provided near the top as indicated in the tender
drawings with proper stainless steel wire mesh mounted on stainless steel frame at
the outside, apart from Aluminium framed lovers sloping upwards Area of air outlet
opening shall be same as area for air inlet opening.
3.13 At the base or anywhere along the height of the shell Temporary openings, if any,
required by the CONTRACTOR, for the purpose of placement of concrete, access of
material and personnel, to provide support platforms for material, etc., shall be
indicated during bid stage and finalised before the award of the contract. Only these
openings finalised and shown in the released for construction drawings
approved by the OWNER/ CONSULATANT shall be a l l o w e d t o b e provided
during construction. These openings up after use shall be closed by providing extra
reinforcement and with the grade of concrete same as that of the shell around the
opening and as appropriately with approval by CONSULTANT for the design and
methodology , at no extra cost to the OWNER by the contractor

3.14 The maximum width of the openings shall be limited to less than 60 angle
subtended at the centre of the concrete shell. When the extent of shell left between
two openings is limited with the subtended angle less than 45, that part of shell
shall be designed as column.
3.15 Corbels, if required, shall be designed to take the load of platforms, lining,
insulation, hopper, etc., supported on them
3.16 The analysis of the windshield for wind and earthquake forces shall be done as per the
requirements of clause 13 and 14 of this specification.
3.17 The foundation shall be designed as a rigid member. Stiffness of shell shall not
be considered for design of the foundation The thickness of the foundation below
the shell shall not be less than 0.40 times the overhang of the foundation beyond the
shell, or 0.09 times the foundation diameter whichever is more.Foundation design
shall be based on the foundation criteria as indicated in Project information. For
foundation design, no increase in permissible material stresses will be
permitted for wind load combination. Permissible increase in material stresses
shall be 33-1/3 % under seismic load condition However the Permissible increase in
safe bearing capacity of soil shall be 25% under seismic load condition. Such
increase shall be only on the net bearing pressure of soil. No such increase in safe
bearing capacity of soil will be permitted for wind load combination.

4.0

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CHIMNEY CONCRETE

4.1

The minimum thickness of the concrete shell shall be 250 mm.

4.2

Degree of environmental exposure of concrete as per Table 3 of IS 456 shall be


taken as very severe for foundation ( being concrete in contact with or buried
under aggressive sub-soil / ground water) and severe for all superstructure

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including wind shield and all other concrete elements in the chimney ( being concrete
exposed to coastal environment) Based on which the clear concrete cover (over all
reinforcements including the circumferential steel ) in the shell shall not be less than 50
mm. In foundations, the clear concrete cover over all reinforcements including ties shall
be 75 mm.
4.3

Maximum grade of concrete shall be M40 for all the concrete works.
Minimum grade of concrete f or foundation including piles and pile raft shall be M35
For chimney w i n d s h i e l d shell including mini shell, p l a t f o r m s , slab, beams,
corbels when provided, hopper, ring beams and other structural work minimum grade
of concrete shall b e M30.
Minimum grade of Plain cement concrete used shall be M20.
All concrete work shall be carried out strictly in accordance with the specification,
except as otherwise specified hereunder.

4.4

Cement, aggregates, water and approved admixtures, if any, shall have unchanged
source and type throughout the construction of the chimney.

4.5

The maximum size of coarse aggregates, unless specified otherwise, shall not be
larger than 1/8th the narrowest dimension between forms nor larger than one-half the
minimum clear distance between reinforcing bars nor more than 20 mm.

4.6

Natural gravel and rounded aggregates of acceptable quality shall be preferred to


broken stone with sharp angular corners for slipform work, in particular

4.7

When slip forming is adopted, the slump shall be between 100 mm and 150 mm at
the point of placement. However, precise requirements in this regard shall be
established from field tests and shall be subject to ENGINEERS approval.

4.8

Where necessary, to maintain the workability only approved admixtures such as


retarders/ plasticizers identified after preliminary tests to prove their satisfactory
performance and compatibility with the particular type of cement envisaged to be
used shall be used a n d t h a t t o o with the prior consent of the
ENGINEER. Based on dosage over all weather conditions, the total quantity of
admixture for the complete work shall be estimated and procured . The procurement
however shall be in batches to ensure that the same is utilized before expiry of its
shelf life. No additional payment shall
be
made
to
CONTRACTOR
for
providing and using retarders/plasticizers.

4.9

The minimum cement content and maximum water cement ratio shall be as given in
Table 5 of IS:456-2000 corresponding to very severe exposure condition for
foundations including piles and severe exposure condition for the superstructure.
Maximum cement content shall be limited to 450 kg/cum.

4.10 While concreting shell at corbels( when provided) and platform levels, care shall be
taken to ensure that the dowels for corbels and platforms when cast at site are

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initially bent within the wall thickness and concrete of specified grade for shell at that
level is placed and well compacted. The dowels may be later exposed by chipping the
shell surface only after the concrete is well set. On no account will the method by
packing the area with sand or any other material be allowed for the purpose of
exposing dowels at a later date.
5.0

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CHIMENY REINFORCEMENT

5.1

The minimum vertical reinforcement on each face with deformed bars a n d M i l d


s t e e l b a r s shall be 0.125% a n d 0.15% resp e ctive ly of the concrete area of
the section under consideration.

5.2

The minimum diameter of vertical reinforcing bars shall be 12 mm and they shall not
be spaced at more than 300 mm centres.

5.3

Laps for the vertical reinforcement shall be staggered with not more than one-third of
the bars being lapped at any one level. Which again should be distributed around the
perimeter and not concentrated in only one part of the perimeter of the shell.

5.4

Above openings where vertical reinforcement is required to be lapped, lap shall be


allowed only after a height of B/2 above the opening for the whole section, where B =
width of opening.While curtailing reinforcement above openings, care shall be
taken to ensure proper transfer of tensile forces if present in the section to the
subsequent section by provision of adequate reinforcement. The bars shall not be
curtailed abruptly and an adequate development length shall be provided.

5.5

The circumferential reinforcement on each face of shell, for deformed bars and mild
steel bars respectively shall not be less than 0.1% and 0.125 % of the concrete area
of the section.

5.6

The minimum diameter of the circumferential reinforcing bars shall be 10 mm and


they shall be spaced at a centre to centre distance not exceeding 300 mm or the
shell thickness whichever is less.

5.7

Circumferential reinforcement shall be placed around the exterior of and securely


wired or welded to the vertical bars at an interval of not more than 600 mm.

5.8

Circumferential reinforcement shall be evaluated so as to satisfy the minimum


requirements as mentioned above and to safely withstand the circumferential
forces and moments. However, for a height from the top equal to half the shell
outer diameter or 3 metres whichever is more, the quantity of circumferential
reinforcement shall be twice that arrived at as stated above. This is applicable for mini
shell also.

5.9

Particular attention shall be paid to placing and securing the circumferential


reinforcement so that it cannot bulge or get displaced during the placing and working
of the concrete.

5.10 The reinforcement for corbels w h e n p r o v i d e d and dowels for platform


reinforcement shall be of mild steel and of size not larger than 12 mm diameter.

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5.11 In general dowels, wherever provided, shall extend on either side of the construction
joint by a length equal to the full development length of the bars in tension.
5.12 Extra reinforcement shall be provided around and at corners of openings. In addition
to the reinforcement determined from structural considerations as well as to meet
temperature and other stresses,
5.13 The extra reinforcement shall be placed near the outside surface of the chimney shell
as close to the opening as proper detailing of reinforcement will
permit.
Unless
otherwise specified, all such extra reinforcement shall extend past the opening
to a length equal to its development length in tension.
5.14 At each side of the openings, the extra vertical reinforcement shall have a total
area equal to the design reinforcement for one-half of the width of the opening.
This steel shall be placed on each side of the opening within a distance not
exceeding 1.5 times the shell thickness wherever column design procedure specified
above is not applicable. The extra reinforcement shall extend past the opening by a
length equal to 1/2 the width of opening plus its development length in tension.

5.15 Extra horizontal reinforcement shall be placed at both top and bottom of each
opening, T h e s e s h a l l b e having an area at least equal to one-half of the design
circumferential reinforcement interrupted by the openings but the area 'As' of this
extra reinforcement shall not be less than that given by the following :
As (mm2) = fck.t.s/c
Where,
fck
t
s
c

=
=
=
=

characteristic strength of concrete in N/mm2,


shell thickness at opening in mm,
width of opening in mm,
16000 and 13000 for high yield strength deformed bars
and mild steel bars, respectively.

5.16 One half of this extra reinforcement as stipulated above, shall extend completely
around the circumference of the chimney and the other half shall extend beyond
the opening to a length equal to the development length of the bars in tension. This
steel shall be placed within a height not exceeding the thickness of the shell.
5.17 For shell thickness greater than 250mm, diagonal reinforcement with a total cross
sectional area in sq.mm of not less than 5 times the shell thickness (in mm) shall be
placed at each corner of an opening. These bars shall also extend on either side
of the corner a distance equal to the development length of the bars in tension.
5.18 For the shell of thickness less than 250 mm additional steel of a total cross
sectional area in sq. mm of not less than 3.5 times the shell thickness (in mm) shall be
placed horizontally/vertically. These bars which shall extend to a distance equal to the
development length in tension on either side shall be in addition to the entire steel
already provided as per clauses above.

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5.19 Foundation of chimney shall be provided with a minimum layer of reinforcement at


top and same shall not be less than 12 mm deformed bars at 250 mm centres
placed orthogonally.
5.20 Temporary openings, if any, required by the CONTRACTOR along the height of
shell, for the purposes of access to material and personnel, placement of concrete, for
supporting temporary platforms while laying of bricks, etc. shall be allowed only on the
approval of the ENGINEER.
5.21 These openings shall be designed as permanent openings with provision of extra
reinforcement as per the requirements of clauses above. The edges of openings
shall be provided with suitable MS rods as dowels which shall be bent and exposed
.Additional bars if required, shall be tied to the dowels to form a reinforcement
mesh work within the opening and the opening later filled with concrete of same
grade as of the surrounding shell.

6.0 BRICK LINING


6.1

Fluesoffirebricks/acidresistantbricksasspecifiedhereundershallbeinstalledinthe
chimney as flue gas exhaust system .Unless otherwise specified the flues shall be
constructedwithfirebricks,exceptintop/hopperportions,whereitshallbeofacid
resistantbricks
The lining distribution as Fire brick / AR brick shall be as specified in the bid drawing.
The locations where Fire bricks and Acid resistant bricks are to be used are given
only as guidance in the Bid Drawings and it is the sole responsibility of the EPC
contractor to tune the locations of such distribution between fire bricks and acid
resistant bricks in line with the flue gas composition g i v e n i n t h i s b i d d o c u me n t .

6.2

Thelining shall be supported on concrete platforms at intervals of not more than 10


metres unless otherwise shown in the tender drawing and shall be of material suitable
to withstand the service conditions. Lining bricks shall be uniformly well burnt, strong,
, uniform in colour, of correct shape and size, homogenous in texture and free from
cracks, voids and other flaws All bricks shall be clearly marked with the
MANUFACTURERS name and trade mark
In case where the inner diameter of the lining is less than 4500 millimetres, shaped
bricks shall be used to maintain the thickness of joints
Broken bricks shall not be allowed to be used except for closing the course..

6.3

The sizes and shapes of fire clay bricks shall conform to IS :1526 and shall be of
Group-A Type 1 conforming to IS:6. The mortar for laying fireclay refractory bricks
shall be of grade-2 conforming to IS:195.These bricks shall be laid in these air
setting mortar and cured as per MANUFACTURERS specification.
Prior to dispatch of mortar material from MANUFACTURER, at least five (5)
samples of the lot to be dispatched shall be tested for bond strength as specified

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in relevant standards and the test reports submitted to OWNER/CONSULTANT for


approval and permission for dispatch of material. Similarly, five (5) samples of the lot
to be dispatched shall also be tested for chemical resistance as per IS:4456
(Part-1) and loss in weight and loss in compressive strength of the test specimen
shall not exceed 5 %. The test reports on chemical resistance shall be reported as
per clauses 10.11.2 and 10.11.3 of IS:4456 (Part-1).
6.4

The acid resistant bricks shall conform to Class I of IS:4860 and the mortar for acid
resistant brickwork shall conform to IS:4832 (Part 1) - Silica type with potassium
silicate liquid binder.

6.5

The mortar joints for all the Acid resistant Brick lining, shall be cured with 25% dilute
HCl for a minimum period of 3 days and as per MANUFACTURERS specification
after which exposed face shall be thoroughly cleaned with water.
Prior to dispatch of bricks from MANUFACTURER at least five (5) samples of the lot
to be dispatched shall be tested for K-value at an approved laboratory and test
reports submitted to ENGINEER for approval and permission for dispatch of material.
While testing, the hot-face temperature of the bricks shall be 300C. Similarly, test
certificates for acid resisting properties shall also be furnished for acid resisting
bricks.

6.6.

Thebricksshallalsosatisfythefollowingrequirements.

a.
Firebricks

Thermalconductivity
:
1to1.25kcal/m/hr/OC
(It shall be considered as K =1.25 Kcal/m/hr/C for the purpose of
design of shell for temperature effects)

18002000kg/m3

Crushingstrength(min)

140kg/m3

Waterabsorption(max)

15%

Coefficientofexpansion

11X106/OC

b.

Acidresistantbricks

ThermalConductivity
:
1to1.25kcal/m/hr/OC
(It shall be considered as K =1.25 Kcal/m/hr/C for the purpose of

Bulkdensity

design of shell for temperature effects)

Bulkdensity

2000kg/m3

Compressivestrength

500kg/cm2(min)

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6.7

6.8

FlexuralStrength(min)

70kg/cm2

Waterabsorption(max)

4%

Resistancetoacid
:
Lossofweightshallnot

exceed4%

Provision shall be made for differential vertical expansion at the lining support
The thickness of lining shall be as shown on the bid drawings. TheEPCcontractor

shall also submit a design calculation justifying the thickness of the brick wall and
insulationusedincludingtheirgrades/densitiestosuitthetemperaturedropacross
the liner system according to the maximum flue gas temperature and minimum
ambienttemperature.

The radial joints shall be broken in each course. Lining shall be strapped with
circumferential and vertical galvanised mild steel bands
These circumferential and vertical steel bands shall be having a minimum dimension
of 75x6 mm and 50x6 mm respectively, both spaced at one metre centres, on the
exterior of the brickwork throughout the full height of the lining.
6.8.1 The circumferential bands shall be laid immediately touching the brickwork to take up
the hoop stress and the vertical bands shall be laid outside.The vertical and
horizontal bands shall be joined together by either suitable spot welding in which
case all weld joints shall be painted with 2 coats of zinc rich aluminium paint over a
coat of compatible primer as per the requirement of the MANUFACTURER, or they
shall be fixed by bolting arrangement, with counter sunk GI bolts with slotted holes.
6.9

Special care shall be taken to ensure proper laying of bricks to cover the RCC
inside platforms so as to protect the platforms from the action of gases.
Glass/mineral wool insulation of 25 mm thick shall be provided between the face of
the platform and brick lining with a sealing by 2 Nos. 25 mm dia asbestos chords
conforming to Grade 3 of IS: 4687. Bricks shall be laid on corbels w h e n u s e d
on 12 mm thick asbestos sheet.

6.10 Mortar for lining shall be used within the initial setting time and no re-tempering
shall be permitted. Joints shall be properly filled and at a given cross section, the
thickness of the joint shall not be more than 2 mm along the inner periphery of the
lining and not more than 12mm along the outer periphery.

7.0
7.1

INSULATION & CLADDING


All insulation shall be of dimensions specified in the drawing.

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The materials for insulation and packing shall be mineral/glass wool, asbestos
rope, asbestos mill boards, insulation bricks, etc., of approved quality.

7.3

The mineral/glass wool shall be of resin bonded type conforming to IS:8183 or


equivalent
with a minimum density of 0.80 kN/m3..

7.4

The maximum coefficient of thermal conductivity of mineral wool/glass


wool shall be 0.060 Kcal/m/hr/C at a mean temperature of 150C.

7.5

1.0mm thick aluminium foil shall be provided all around


c l a d d i n g , wrapping around the lining of flues and ducts. The
three segments with all necessary fixing arrangements with GI
overlapping and work shall be executed as per drawings and
ENGINEER

the insulation a s
sheeting shall be in
bolts/pins including
as directed by the

7.6

The diameter of the asbestos rope conforming to Grade 3 of IS:4687 shall be 25


mm unless otherwise specified on the drawing. The rope of approved quality shall
alone be used and shall be firmly packed so as to prevent gas leakage at all locations
where the lining overlaps.

7.7

The strands of asbestos rope shall be long, well twisted They shall be stranded well
with no torn fiber sticking out.

7.8

Asbestos mill board w h e r e p r o v i d e d


otherwise specified on the drawing.

shall be 12 mm thick, unless

Such boards shall be without cracks, flaws or any other manufacturing defect and
shall be plain, dense and have a homogenous texture,. They shall be laid directly
over the concrete after removing all loose materials but without any mortar/plaster
bedding

7.9

The base for acid resistant brick lining in hopper portion shall be either cellular
concrete or insulating bricks of Grade 'C' conforming to IS:2042 or equivalent
unless otherwise specified on the drawing.

8.0

CHIMNEY ACCESSORIES

8.1

STAINLESS STEEL CAP


To prevent the chimney top from chemical attack of flue gases and to prevent gasentrained matter from falling into the annular space between the liner and the mini
shell a sectional stainless steel cap of minimum 12 mm thickness shall be provided
This shall be provided over 25 mm thick asbestos board, unless otherwise specified
on the drawing. The cap shall cover the concrete shell, brick lining and a n n u la r air
space o r i n su lation between them. The cap shall slope towards the inside of the
chimney at approximately 30 to the horizontal. All sections of the cap shall be
anchored in place with bronze bolts and bronze rag bolts respectively.

8.3

CAGED GI LADDER

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8.3.1 The chimney shall be provided with a hot dip galvanised steel ladder as shown in bid
drawing between the last platform and the roof and between roof and each of the
mini-shell top
8.3.2 The ladder and its connection shall be designed to support a concentrated load of
175 kg at any location with the following sizes as minimum.
8.3.3 The ladder shall consist of 75 x 12 mm stringers and 75 x 8 mm cage rings and
cage verticals. Each ladder section shall be bolted together with the next section.
8.3.4 The stringers shall be spaced 400 mm clear inside width with 25 mm diameter
rungs. The rungs shall be spaced 300 mm on centres and shall be at least 230 mm
away from the chimney surface.
8.3.5 In order to enhance the safety the rungs shall also be fixed to the verticals after
drilling through the verticals and inserting them through and welding them on both
sides of the verticals.
8.3.6 The ladder shall be provided with stays of same section as the stringers
spaced1000 mm on centres. These shall be bolted to the stringers and fixed to the
chimney shell with 22 mm dia GI rag bolts/dash bolts 150 mm long. The ladder
shall have straight sides and its construction shall conform to all state and local
laws and regulations governing such installations. The ladder shall be provided
with a safety cage made up of hot dip galvanised steel flats as shown on the bid
drawings. All inserts shall also be hot dip galvanised.
8.4

DOORS
The number and size of doors to be provided shall be as specified herein. These
doors shall be fabricated from mild steel sections with steel plates. The minimum
thickness of mild steel shall be 3 mm for sheets and 6 mm for rolled sections. In all
cases, the surface preparation and painting thereafter shall be as per paint
MANUFACTURERS requirement and shall be subject to ENGINEERS approval.

8.4.1 Access Door


One access door of size 1000 x 2100 mm size shall be provided at ground
level,300 mm above grade elevation. The door shall be hinged and provided with
an aldrop. It shall be painted with acid and heat resistant paint conforming to IS: 158
Type-1 to give a dry film thickness of 75 microns in three coats.
8.4.2 Clean Out Doors
8.4.2.1 Three nos of doors of size 750 x 900 mm shall be provided in the lining with
corresponding opening in the butting concrete shell (laid immediately next to the
bottom layer of lining) for cleaning the bottom ash hoppers and for access to inside
of the flue.
8.4.2.2 Additionally three numbers of doors of size 750 x 900 mm shall also be provided in
the lining at about mid height of each flue , coinciding with nearest inside platform

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level.
8.4.2.3 All Doors shall properly seal the escape of flue gases by suitable construction and
same shall be acceptable to the ENGINEER. These doors that get exposed to the flue
gas shall be painted with high heat resistant bitumen paint to give a dry film thickness
of 75 microns in three coats.
8.4.2.4 The doors shall be hinged and provided with a locking device in addition to swivel
studs with wing nuts on the remaining three edges at spacings not more than 500
mm.
8.4.2.5 Suitable castable refractory lining 230 mm thick, covering the shell, air gap and
lining shall be provided all round the doors.
8.4.2.6 One no. mechanically operated GI rolling shutter of 4000mm x 5000mm size shall
be provide at ground level. Complete details of rolling shutter shall be as per IS:6248.
8.4.3: Flue Gas Sampling Ports: They shall be as per separate detail and numbers as per
the instrumentation requirements and as given in the respective bid drawings

8.5

BOTTOM ASH HOPPER

8.5.1 There shall be three ash hoppers one for each flue
8.5.2 Hopper shall be of reinforced concrete and shall be made to rest on the
platform beams through a ring beam
8.5.3 Hopper concrete shall be lined with acid resistant brickwork laid in acid resistant
mortar. Only shaped acid resistant bricks shall be used in the hopper portion. The
bricks, mortar and details of laying and joining shall conform to the requirements
laid down for acid resistant brick lining.

8.5.4 Between the reinforced concrete hopper and acid resistant brick lining, 75 mm
thick (unless otherwise specified on the drawing) insulation bricks of Grade C
conforming to IS:2042 or equivalent cellular concrete shall be provided.
8.5.5 At the bottom of the hopper, GI flanged pipe with puddle flange of specified diameter
and length shall be embedded as shown on the drawing. Inside of this pipe sleeve
shall be coated with sodium silicate.
8.6

CASTABLE REFRACTORY LINING

8.6.1 The concrete surfaces around the flue duct opening around door s etc. hall be
lined with approved Castable refractory concrete MANUFACTURERS
certificates shall be submitted to OWNER/ CONSULTANT for approval prior to
use of these castable refractories in the works
8.6.2 These refractory lining material shall have the Grain size of 5mm down graded

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and Porosity of 20% when hand applied and 16% when gunnited

8.6.3 The refractory concrete should also be capable of setting at ambient temperature when
cast and should also have Thermal conductivity of 0.8 Kcal/m/h/C
8.7

INTERIOR PLATFORMS

8.7.1 The platforms for the brick flue chimney shall with RCC slab and RCC beam
arrangement ( precast or cast insitu).
8.7.2 The minimum grade of concrete shall be M30.Concrete exposure condition has to
be treated as severefor the sake of design and detailing
8.7.3 The platforms beams shall be seated / supported on the wind shield by means of
pockets.
8.7.4 The platform shall be designed for its self weight, liner loads and live load
of 5.0kN/m2.
8.7.5

When pre-casting is used the pre-casting work of all RCC beams shall be
completed by the CONTRACTOR well before the completion of the wind shield
at that level so that beams could be erected. No extra cost shall be payable to
the CONTRACTOR for design, supply, pre-casting and erection of beams for
internal platforms immediately.

8.7.6 The RCC beams shall be designed to carry self weight of platform slab, live load
of 5 kN/m2, self weight and liner loads. It shall also be designed for movement
due to temperature. The complete workmanship for these beams shall be as
per specification.
8 .7 .8 W h er e Structural steel inserts / angle iron cleats are used for interconnecting
the precast beams they shall be painted with 2 coats of zinc rich red oxide paint
and 3 coats of synthetic enamel paint.
8.7.9 Elastomer bearing pads w h e n p r o vi d ed below the beams, to transfer the
loads to shell shall be designed for all the loads it is subjected to and the design
shall conform to IRC:83(Part-II).
8.8

HAND RAILING
The hand railing shall be of GI angle 65 x65x6 in 3 rows with railing post of 90
x 90 x 6 mm GI angles spaced at approximately 1200 centre to centre. Hand
railings shall be provided at locations as shown on drawings and for all
platforms.

8.9 FLUE OPENINGS

8.9.1 The number, size and location of flue openings in shell shall be as shown on
the drawing.

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8.9.2 The size of duct, number and type of bolts/inserts for connecting the duct
outside the chimney including the mating flange shall be as per the requirement
of boiler vendor.
8.9.3

The concrete shell at the flue entries and at openings shall be adequately
protected against high temperature by brick lining/ castable refractory lining.
Adequate arrangement shall be made to seal the air gap between the shell and
lining against ingress of flue gases

8.9.4 All inserts in concrete shall be hot dip galvanised.


8.10 DUCT WORK
8.10.1 The connection between MS flue duct and chimney flue shall be suitably
designed and shown in design drawings for approval from Boiler vendor. Gap
between the MS duct and chimney shell shall be properly sealed to prevent
ingress of water.
8.10.2 The CONTRACTOR shall a l s o be responsible for furnishing, design,
fabricating, shop painting and delivery of ducting which shall run from the
chimney liner to the flange of the boiler vendors duct including all necessary
auxiliary ducting.
8.10.3 The ducting material inclusive of stiffeners, flanges, bolts, suspension
elements shall be of mild steel confirming IS:2062 (Grade A).
8.10.4 The duct shall include all necessary stiffeners, flanges, sealing materials, bolts,
suspension elements, temperature and pressure measuring points, test ports for
flue gas analysers, supports and access doors.
Baffle or bellow type
expansion joints may be provided to cater for expansion and slip type joints
made by lapping will not be permitted.
8.10.5 The ducts shall be constructed in such a manner that they are true to the
tolerance levels indicated.
8.10.6 The duct work shall be insulated as per the requirement of clause 7.0 but with
100 thick insulation ( 2 layers of 50 thick sheets) and provided with aluminium
foil of minimum 1 mm thickness as indicated in relevant bid drawing and access
doors shall be provided for the ducting as per the requirement of clause 8.4
where required for inspection and cleaning.
8.10.7
All brackets, projections, insert plates required to be provided from the
outside of the shell to support ID duct of boiler supplier, shall be provided to the
CONTRACTOR b y t h e c l i e n t . But, the supply, fabrication and erection of the ID
duct piece connecting the flue to the main ducts at the face of the wind shield is in the
scope of the CONTRACTOR up to the match point.

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8.11 CHIMNEY ROOF


8.11.1 The chimney roof shall be of a RCC slab suitably supported on a grillage of
concrete beams for the brick flue chimney. CONTRACTOR shall ensure that
the roof is built conforming strictly to the tolerance limits as required in this
specification It shall be adequately sloped towards rain water down take pipes
to provide positive draining. .
8.11.2 The roof slab shall be lined with acid proof / chemical resistant tiles bedded on acid
proof / chemical resistant mortar. The mortar which shall be laid to the full height of
the tiles shall have the same properties of the tiles with regard to acid proof /
chemical
properties; fixing shall be
done in
accordance
with
the
MANUFACTURERS requirements and /or as approved by the ENGINEER.
8.11.3 The tiles shall be unglazed and conform to IS:4457 and be of vitreous ware
and free from deleterious substances. They shall be of I class quality and
free from manufacturing defects and be true to size. The tiles shall be of size
198.5 sq x 40 mm with grooves not exceeding 3 mm deep provided at the
underside. The tiles shall be tested for square warpage, water absorption,
compressive strength, flexural strength, resistance to acid and abrasion as per
requirements and methods specified in IS : 4457
8.11.4. The cement should be acid-proof, chemical resistant and water-proof. It shall
be in particular resistant to sulphuric acid and hydrochloric acid and shall have
the properties listed out hereinafter. The bedding mortar and phenolic based
resin mortar should be acid proof, chemical resistant and water proof.
They shall, in particular, be resistant to sulphuric acid and hydrochloric acid.
The bedding mortar shall be laid to slope to suit the flow of rain water and shall
conform to the requirements of IS:4832 (part-I) and be of potassium silicate base
having a minimum flexural strength of 4 N/mm2 and compressive strength of 15
N/mm2 both at 7 days. The mortar shall have a minimum bond strength of 0.5
N/mm2. The mortar shall be tested for the above requirements, in accordance
with IS:4456, Part-I.
8.11.5 The tiles shall be pointed using a phenolic based resin cement conforming to IS
:4832 (Part 2) having a minimum flexural strength of 7.5 N/sq.mm and
compressive strength of 35 N/sq.mm both at 7 days . The mortar shall have a
minimum load strength of 1 N/mm2. Apart from the above, the mortar shall be
tested for working time and absorption in accordance with the requirements of IS
:4832 (Part 2) and IS : 4456 ( Part 1).
8.11.6 R O O F H A T C H : The roof shall be provided with a hatch for access from the
flue support platform.The hatch shall have a single leaf door with a minimum
thickness of 8 mm to cover a clear opening of 750 mm x 1000 mm. The hatch
shall include the door, metal curb, draft seal, spring latch, hold open device and all
hardware. All joints shall be welded and ground smooth. The curb shall be 300 mm
in height with a suitable lip which shall include a continuous neoprene seal strip to
make the hatch air tight when the cover is closed.
The hatch shall be
operable from both inside and outside and shall be provided with automatic
hold open arm, easy one hand release and spring latch

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8.11.7 CI/HDPE rain water pipes shall be provided within the interior of the shell to
remove rain water collected on the roof cap. Rain water inlet into the pipes at roof
slab level shall be provided with CI grating and connected to the CI/HDPE
down take pipe along with wall/any other permanent structure by providing suitable
bend at roof level.

8.11.8MountingforLiftingMaterials

At 16 locations on the top of RCC parapet part of the roof platform and in line
with them on the respective mini shells outside surface sets of GI plates of
suitable size flush with the top of finished concrete surface and suitably
anchored to the concrete and designed to take a load of a lifting system ( pay
load of 1000 kg )with structural lifting beams/ frame along with a steel
maintenance trolley used for outside painting of the wind shield shell shall be
provided.
Each plate shall have four tapped holes with nuts welded to the back of each
hole for fixing bolts later. The drilled holes and nuts shall be suitable for
minimum 20mm dia bolts.
Care shall be taken to prevent entry to concrete into the nut and
trapped hole.This arrangement shall be used to support a pulley bracket.
Matching GI cover plates to those specified above shall be provided to fix
base plate of the pulley bracket supports.

The contractor shall supply the lifting frame arrangement, pulleys and
maintenance trolley that can work with it along with wire ropes for operation.

8.12 LOUVRES
8.12.1 Air inlet and outlet louvers shall be of Z- shape in cross section and made from
anodised aluminium plates of a minimum thickness of 5 mm and shall be
provided as per the requirement of this specification and as indicated in relevant
drawings. The louvers shall be mounted in the form of panels. All panels must
be approved by the ENGINEER before installation.
8.12.2 The frame work supporting the louver fins shall be made from extruded
aluminium sections of minimum thickness 6 mm. The fins shall be closely
spaced to cut off any driving rain entering the chimney wind shield.
8.13 FITTINGS FOR AVIATION LIGHTS, AND LIGHTING
8.13.1 Aviation warning lamps shall be mounted to protrude outside the wind shield
through hatches provided in the wind shield. Hatches of size and location as
indicated in bid drawings shall be provided in the shell at appropriate platform
level for this purpose. The light fittings shall be mounted on GI brackets
welded to GI doors of minimum thickness 3 mm. The inner face of door frame
shall be provided with adequate stiffeners comprising of structural members of

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minimum thickness 6 mm. The door frame shall be side hinged and have a
locking system easily accessible and operable. The door and fittings shall
withstand the prevailing wind and access void pressure.
8.13.2 Light fittings for the staircase shall be suitably clamped to the staircase column
as indicated in bid drawings and platform light fittings shall be suitably fixed
to the hand railing at each level. All brackets, embedded parts, bolts, nuts,
washers etc. used for the purpose of fixing of lighting units shall be hot dipped
galvanised.
8.14 STAIRCASE
A steel staircase with bolted/ welded connections shall be provided internally within
the shell from the bottom to the top to provide access to all platforms. It shall be
fabricated from MS rolled I or channel section stringers. Treads shall be of
galvanized steel grating designed for self weight and a live load of 5 kN/m2. Treads
shall be provided with an approved antislip nosing set flush with the stairs tread.
Only angle iron hand railing shall be provided for the stairs for the whole height. The
staircase shall be of a steel frame work supported from each platform independently
with all members connected only with suitable GI bolted/ welded connections. The
supporting structure shall be painted as below :
a) Surface finish should be Sa 2.5
b) Epoxy based zinc phosphate primer 1coat at shop with 75 micron DFT
c) Intermediate coat of micaceous iron oxide paint 1 coat at shop with 70 micron
DFT
d) One finish coat of polyurethane paint 1 coat at shop with 25 micron DFT
e) One finish coat of polyurethane paint 1 coat at site with 25 micron DFT

9.0
9.1

The steel treads shall be hot dip galvanised.


The fabrication work of staircase
shall be completed by the CONTRACTOR well before the completion of the
intermediate plat forms. Minimum clear width of each flight shall be 750mm as
indicated in the bid drawing
PAINTING
INSIDE SURFACE PAINTING :The inside surface includes corbels (if provided),
platforms, hopper, ring beams apart from the inside surface of the main windshield
shell .Inside surface of concrete shell hall be provided with four coats of acid
and heat resisting paint. The paint shall conform to the requirement of IS:158
and the work shall be done as per MANUFACTURERS recommendations :

9.2 OUTSIDE SURFACE PAINTING:


9.2.1 External
painting
shall
commence
immediately
after
the
shell
construction/platform is completed and the concrete is well cured. The
painting shall preferably be started from the top. This is to ensure visibility of
stack to low flying aircraft at day time even during the period of construction of
the internals of the chimney.

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9.2.2 Top 15mts or two-thirds of diameter of shell at top most level whichever is higher
of the external portion of the chimney, external platform, handrails,
embedments etc shall be painted in alternate bands (with a band width of
2.5mts) of colors signal red and pure/bright white. Painting system shall be
acid and heat resistant and shall comprise of two primer coats of clear epoxy
paint and minimum two finish coats of acrylic polyurethane paint.
9.2.3 Remaining portion of external surface of chimney shell shall be painted with
single pack polyurethane enamel paint in a colour / shade / pattern as per the
prevailing norms specified by Aviation authorities. This painting system will
comprise of two coats of single pack acrylic polyurethane enamel paint over two
coats of primer as per manufacturers requirements.

10.0 STRAKES
10.1 Strakes shall be provided based on design requirement.
10.2 The strakes shall be designed for a pressure three times the maximum
wind pressure expected at top of chimney. Fixing arrangement of strakes to the
chimney shell shall ensure full fixity for the design load..
10.3 A minimum gap of 500 mm between the top of strake and the bottom of
external platform/landing, shall be ensured.
10.4 Strakes,shall be made up of hot double dipped galvanized (with 700 gms/sqm)
mild steel plates and rolled sections All embedded parts, bolts, nuts, washers,
etc., u se d i n fi xi n g t h e st r a ke s shall a l so be hot dip galvanised The
thickness of members used shall not be less than 6 mm. A corrosion allowance
of 1.5 mm in the structural members shall be provided for, beyond the design
values.
11.0 DESIGN AND DRAWINGS
11.1.0 All design calculations and drawings shall be in English and shall be in SI units.
11.1.1 All modification suggested by the OWNER to meet specification requirements and
sound engineering practice shall be incorporated by the CONTRACTOR at no
extra cost to the OWNER. In this respect, the decision of the Owner shall be
binding on the contractor.
11.1.2 Should there be a requirement for preparation of separate drawings to show
enlarged details to facilitate construction / erection, then such drawings shall also
be prepared by the CONTRACTOR at no extra cost.
11.1.3 Design drawings showing typical connections and details conforming to design
assumptions shall be submitted for approval of the OWNER by the
CONTRACTOR. The CONTRACTOR shall submit his DESIGN BASIS
REPORT giving the method of analysis, design parameters, allowable
stresses, method and sequence of construction including staging, details of

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proposed site testing facilities, etc., strictly as per specifications for the
CONSULTANTS review and approval within 10 days from the date of issue
of Letter of Intent or Purchaser Order, whichever is earlier.
11.1.4 Design drawings for steel structures shall indicate structural arrangement, member
size, member forces, splice location, details of base plate, anchor bolts, typical
connection details etc. so that the drawing indicates clearly all the necessary
information brought out in relevant design calculations. Proposed bracing patterns
shall be subject to approval by OWNER duly considering system requirement
point of view. Changes in structural sections on approved drawings shall be got
ratified with necessary supporting calculations and reason for the change.
11.1.5 CONTRACTOR shall note that all values / dimensions / elevations etc. without
supporting break up of data adopted / assumed in his calculations / drawings shall
be taken by OWNER to be correct unless these have been specifically indicated in
the specification. Any problems later met in this regard shall be made good by the
CONTRACTOR at his own cost and no extension of time on this ground shall be
granted by the OWNER.
11.1.6 The designs shall clearly spell out the erection scheme for various structures
envisaged by the Contractor and resulting additional loadings, if any, shall be duly
accounted for. Before taking up actual erection work, detailed erection scheme
proposed to be followed by the CONTRACTOR shall be submitted for Engineers
approval.
11.1.7 Approval / comments conveyed by the OWNER/CONSULTANT neither relieves
the CONTRACTOR of his contractual obligations and his total responsibility for
correctness of dimensions, materials of constructions, loadings, quantities, design
details assembly fits, performance particulars, safety and stability of the chimney
works including foundations / appurtenances, and conformity of supplies with the
statutory laws as may be applicable, nor does it limit the OWNERs right under this
contract. No change in the approved designs / drawings shall be permitted without
prior written approval of the OWNER.
11.1.8 Preparation of structural steel fabrication drawings if any is entirely the
responsibility of the CONTRACTOR.
11.1.9 Detailed civil construction drawings including bar bending schedule and BOQ for
all concrete works shall be prepared by the CONTRACTOR and all the drawings
shall be submitted for approval.
11.1.10 For framed structures, computer analysis shall be adopted and the computer output
listing should include all input data covering the design loads and other particulars
as specified.
11.1.11 Computer programs when used for the analysis and design will be accepted only
when the trust worthiness of the program used is established to the satisfaction of
the CONSULTANT Also only validated computer programs shall be allowed to be
used. The CONTRACTOR shall submit typical manual calculations in order to
validate the computer program / Spread sheets used for analysis / design. The

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computer output listing should include all input data covering the loads and load
combinations.
11.1.12 CONTRACTOR shall also submit typical hand calculations for a few important
structural elements to be chosen by the CONSULTANT to validate the computer
programme used for the designs.
11.1.13 The CONTRACTOR shall submit along with his design calculations legible copies
of all relevant vendor technical specifications for materials like insulation, acid
resistant brick, AR mortar, fire brick, fire clay mortar etc used by him in his design,
for /consultant review. .

11.2 The CONTRACTOR shall submit his design/drawing submission schedule and
a construction schedule within 10 days from the date of award of work
Immediately after the approval of the major designs the CONTRACTOR also will
submit his total requirement of major material involved in the construction and
will give the month wise requirement of materials to be used whether
supplied by the or not ;.
11.3 The CONTRACTOR shall submit, detailed working drawings/design for
the foundation first (with dowels for the shell), complete and detailed general
arrangement drawing for the CONSULTANTS approval within 25 days from the
date of issue of Letter of Intent or award of contract whichever is earlier. The
remaining design calculations and drawings shall be submitted in a
progressive manner within m a x i m u m o f three months from the date of
award of
contract ; but to suit his overall construction schedule These
design/drawings will
be
returned
after
the CONSULTANTS review
within about 10 days from the date of receipt by CONSULTANT. No claims
shall be entertained due to delay in review of the CONTRACTORS drawings.
11.4 All drawings shall accompany with bar bending schedule & Bill of materials.
.
11.5 Timely submission of design/drawings to the CONSULTANT for review is the
sole responsibility of the CONTRACTOR and postal or other delays will not be
entertained as reasons for late/non-submission of design/drawings.
11.6 All
modifications
suggested
by
the
CONSULTANT
to
meet
specification requirements and sound engineering practice, shall be
incorporated by the CONTRACTOR at no extra cost to the OWNER. In this
respect, the decision of the OWNER shall be binding on the CONTRACTOR.
The CONSULTANT will accord his approval only after the CONTRACTOR has
incorporated in his design/drawings all modifications required by the
CONSULTANT.
11.7 Any modifications/change in subsequent revisions of design/drawings shall
be clearly marked and identified with a revision for the ENGINEERS
review/approval.

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11.8 Construction of work shall commence only after the written approval of drawings
by the CONSULTANT.
11.9 The CONTRACTOR may have to support ce r t a i n flue duct supporting columns
from the chimney foundation. The design / drawings for these columns shall be
provided by the CONSULTANT. However the CONTRACTOR may have to consider
additional loads if any on their foundations due to the effect of such duct supports

11.10 T h e
CONTRACTOR shall
distribute soft
/
hard
copies
of
drawings/schedules, etc., prepared by him in accordance with the schedule to be
discussed during kick off meeting with the successful contractor However for the
sake of pricing they can consider the following :
PRELIMINARY
SCHEDULES DESIGN DWG

COMMENTED
DESIGN DWG

FINAL
SCHEDULES DESIGN DWG

OWNER
SM
(HEAD
OFFICE)
OWNER
SM
(SITEOFFICE)

1P+SM 1P+SM

1P+SM 2P+SM

1P+SM 3P+SM+1C

1P+SM

2P+SM 2P+SM

1P+SM+C

CONSULTANT SM

SM

SM

SM

SM+1C

SM

LEGND
P Prints
S Source as soft copy through mail
SM Soft copy through mail
C Soft copy in CD
The CONTRACTOR shall send one copy of all correspondence to OWNERS
head office and site office. The cost of these and that due to
design/drawings submission as per distribution schedule specified above is
deemed to have been included in his quoted rates.

12.0 CONSTRUCTION
12.1 GENERAL
12.1.1 CONTRACTOR shall ensure that the excavation and sub- structures are free from
water during construction and shall take all necessary precautions and measures to
prevent ground water, storm water, etc., from entering the excavation so as to carry
out the work in reasonably dry conditions in accordance with the
construction schedule.

12.1.2 The CONTRACTOR shall dewater and maintain reasonably dry, the excavation

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for structures and all other areas of the site, where build up of water (in the
opinion of ENGINEER) is likely to obstruct the progress of work, or lead to
insanitary conditions by stagnation, or retard the speed of construction, or is
detrimental to the safety of men, materials and equipment or is undesirable
due to any other reasons.
12.2 STAGING
12.2.1 Design and erection of staging shall conform to the requirements of all relevant
IS Codes and National safety standards/regulations.
12.2.2 CONTRACTOR, at his own cost, shall prepare a detailed erection scheme. If
called upon, he shall submit to the CONSULTANT detailed drawings with
supporting calculations showing all details of formwork, staging, scaffolding,
member sizes, connection details and other arrangements for slipforming and
for the concreting work and submit the same for review. Any suggestions/
comments on the scheme/details conveyed to the CONTRACTOR shall be
carried out by the CONTRACTOR at no extra cost. Scheme submitted for
approval shall incorporate separate provision of material hoists and a passenger
hoist.
12.2.3 As the staging serves a dual purpose, viz., as an access tower and as a
bearing structure to support construction loads, it shall be designed for all
possible loads that could be imposed on it such as self-weight, weight of ladder
and timber platforms at all levels, weight of men, weight of construction
materials and equipment, wind loads, seismic loads, etc.
12.2.4 Minimum live load on staging due to labour and personnel movement shall be
considered at 300 kg/m2. It may be taken as 150 kg/m2 when earthquake loads
are also taken into account. No increase in stresses shall be considered for
wind and seismic conditions.
12.2.5 Special inspection hoist of approved make shall be provided by the
CONTRACTOR for regular inspection, checking of scaffolding members,
joints, etc.
Fortnightly detailed inspection record shall be maintained by the
CONTRACTOR and shall be produced to the ENGINEER whenever required
for his verification.
12.2.6 Notwithstanding the approval from the ENGINEER, the CONTRACTOR will be
solely responsible for the safety, security and proper functioning of the
staging and formwork.
12.2.7 Where conventional/jumpform shuttering is provided, minimum stripping time
of formwork shall not be less than 12 hours for sides of RCC shell. However,
the stripping time to be adopted on the works shall be subject to the
ENGINEERS approval. The CONTRACTOR shall not be permitted any increase
in construction period if the stripping time for shell exceeds 12 hours.

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12.3 SHELL CONSTRUCTION

12.3.1 The CONTRACTOR shall prepare and submit a detailed quality assurance
plan within three weeks of award of work. This plan shall include the following :
a) Design criteria
The CONTRACTOR shall give the criteria to be adopted for design of various
temporary works and the slipforms. The following requirements shall be met.
i)

Staging materials shall conform to IS:2062.

ii) Minimum design live load from personnel shall be 500 kg/sq.m. To this shall
be added the self- weight and weight of construction materials and
equipment, etc.
iii)

The staging shall be designed as per the requirements of IS:800 (for


conventional type) and IS:4014 (for tubular scaffolding type).

The CONTRACTORS design calculations shall be based on normally accepted


calculation techniques for the structural forms which the CONTRACTOR adopts
for staging.
b) Statement of detailed 'Construction Method'
This shall include atleast the following :
i)

Structural analysis providing adequacy of jacks, slipforms, and their


supports and staging.

ii)

Planned interruptions. Also the operations during planned interruptions


such as retrieval of jack rods, resetting of form panels, etc., shall be
stipulated.

iii)

Method of preparing, transporting, pouring, vibrating and finishing


concrete.

iv)

Quantity of various materials required during each stage of construction


including inserts, cutouts, reinforcement, dowels, etc., for procurement and
timely supply.

v)

Properties of concrete such as w/c ratio, strength, workability, etc

vi)

Rate of slipping which shall be adopted.

vii)

Treatment at construction joints during unplanned interruptions.

c) Construction Equipment

The CONTRACTOR shall furnish a detailed description of the following:

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i)

The type and number of equipment and facilities to be used for


slipforming such as jacks, working platforms at various levels, yokes,
walers, etc. There shall be atleast a 50% standby capacity of jacks, jack
rods, hydraulic pump, hose pipes, etc.

ii) Provision, including standby, of concrete mixing units and pumps to cater to
the planned rate of progress of slipping.
ii) Material hoists and buckets for transport of concrete, reinforcement,
scaffolding components, etc.
iv) Curing arrangements consisting of pumps, pipelines, etc. There shall be
atleast 50% standby pumps
v)

Provision of precision survey instruments including lasers for


verticality check. The laser instrument shall emit a long range visible laser
which has a self-leveling platform which electronically levels the instrument
and has a fail-safe system that shuts off the beam when out of level. There
shall be a standby.

vi) Stipulation
of
power
requirement
for
operation
and
the
CONTRACTOR shall provide adequate standby diesel generating sets.
Details of night lighting shall also be specified.
vii) Communication arrangements between ground and working deck.

12.3.2 Concreting

Concrete in the shell shall be poured in about 200 mm layers uniformly.


The
concrete in each lift (where jump form is used) shall be laid in one continuous
operation for the full circumference of the shell so that there will be no vertical or
inclined construction joints. Horizontal construction joints shall be maintained at
uniform spacing throughout the height of the chimney when jump form is used. In
case of slip-form, the horizontal joints shall be only at the planned stoppage locations
and at locations approved by the Engineer for unplanned stoppages due to
exigencies. Discontinuance of concreting in shell during slip-form has to be only with
the written approval of the Engineer.

It shall be ensured by the Contractor that work shall proceed uninterrupted even in
the event of power failures. As such, adequate number of diesel operated equipment
(such as concrete mixers, vibrators, etc.) shall be provided by the Contractor, as an
alternative arrangement, in case, electrically operated equipments are proposed to
be brought to site. The provision and use of suitable capacity Diesel Generator set
during the entire slip-form operation will have to be studied and agreed with the
client/consultant when uninterrupted power supply is not envisaged at the prevailing
site conditions. The contractor has to get this point technically and commercially
clarified from client/consultant before start of the work.

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The vibrator needle size should normally be 62 mm dia, however the size shall be
restricted to 37 mm dia for sections wherein the use of 62 mm dia needle size
vibrators are not amenable to use. Standby vibrator units shall be maintained on top
of the working deck at all times during the slipforming operation
The vibrator poker shall only be lowered into the concrete to a depth corresponding
to the height of the last placed layer of concrete.
In case of continuance of concrete after a stoppage and before the form work for the
following pour starts the horizontal surface of the chimney shell shall be chipped,
cleaned and washed with water. When the form work is complete, the surface shall
be cleaned and washed with compressed air and water jet.
To achieve good bond between the foundation and the first lift of the shell, or at
horizontal joints caused by interruptions to sliding, an initial 50 mm layer of high
strength cement grout with 1:2 cement sand shall be placed. During the first pouring,
when the forms are empty, vibration should be avoided or carried out with utmost
care in order to prevent bending of the yokes. The horizontal construction joints when
permitted shall be so arranged and made that they are regular and neat.
The slipping rate of the forms shall be such that the concrete, when exposed has
already achieved enough strength to support the vertical pressure from the concrete
still in the forms as well as to withstand lateral pressure caused by wind, inclination of
walls, etc. The minimum compressive strength of concrete immediately below the
bottom of the form panel shall under no circumstances be less than 15 kg/sq.cm.
It shall be ensured that no dragging of concrete occurs with the upward movement of
the slip-form. Twisting in the horizontal plane of slip-form assembly and tilting in the
vertical plane of the slip-form assembly shall not be permitted. In case of such
occurrences, the Contractor shall rectify the same to the satisfaction of the Engineer
at no extra cost.
12.3.3 Chimney Foundation
The chimney shall have a suitable foundation system depending upon soil
characteristics based on Soil Investigation Report. Concreting of the foundation (raft
or pile cap as the case may be) shall be carried out in single pour only after the steel
reinforcement for the entire foundation has been placed and tied in position. Only
vertical construction joints with joggles shall be permitted between any two
segments. Horizontal construction joints shall not be permitted.
The foundation raft or pile cap shall be constructed in a maximum of four pours
or as per the directions of the ENGINEER. The CONTRACTOR shall not be
paid any extra amounts in case the foundation has to be constructed in less
than four pours as per project requirement.
The foundation sections shall be sized / designed and reinforced adequately
for circumferential and radial moments and shear stresses.There should be no
uplift under any portion of the foundation for any loading condition.

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The exterior faces of foundation when specified in the soil investigation report or
elsewhere in this bid specification shall be protected from adverse effect of
soil/underground water by using rubber/bitumen emulsion protective coating or
tanking sheeting of approved manufacturer.
In case any ID duct supports are coming within the chimney foundation, the
CONTRACTOR shall be given the design/ drawing of the same for construction
of them over his foundation.
The CONTRACTOR shall include in his lumpsum price, the construction of
these supporting pedestals complete in all respects. Also the CONTRACTOR
if required shall supply and use templates to hold any anchor bolts for ID duct
supports on foundation.

12.3.4 Chimney Shell


The Chimney shell shall be constructed using slip-form shuttering and the norms,
precautionary and remedial measures with respect to the rates of sliding, delay in
sliding, discontinuous (of stop start) sliding, curing, protection, finishing,providing for
opening and embedment and maintaining true verticality shall be strictly adhered to.
Vertical joints shall not be permitted in the chimney shell and horizontal construction
joints when unavoidable and occurrence of which has been as defined elsewhere in
this specification shall be maintained at approximately uniform spacing throughout
the height of the chimney as approved by the Engineer.
During the first pouring, when the forms are empty, vibration should be avoided or
carried out with utmost care in order to prevent bending of the yokes.To achieve
good bond between the foundation and the first lift of the shell, or at horizontal joints
caused by interruptions to sliding, an initial layer of rich mix cement/sand slurry of 1:1
proportion shall be placed
Small openings and pockets less than 600 x 300 mm can be formed by inserting
blocks. Larger openings shall be formed using frames which shall be formed well
in advance of the sliding. All frames, blocks, bolts, tubes, etc., must be 12-15
mm narrower than the nominal wall thickness to allow for form taper. When
jacking rods unavoidably have to pass through openings more than 600 mm
high, the jacking rods must be braced laterally against buckling.

Special attention shall be given to proper curing of the chimney shell so that the shell
wall does not remain dry for long periods. Concrete curing shall be carried out either
by moist curing or by membrane curing to be decided by the Engineer based on the
site conditions.
If the ENGINEER so requires, the CONTRACTOR shall make immediate
arrangements, through an approved agency, to undertake ultrasonic tests to prove
the quality of concrete. The quality of concrete shall be considered as satisfactory if it

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meets specification requirements and the sonic velocity is atleast 4000 m/s. If the
tests prove that the quality of concrete is not satisfactory, then all costs associated
with the tests and any rectification shall be borne by the CONTRACTOR
12.3.5 Slip-form Shuttering
The form work system selected by the Contractor shall be of a proven make and
shall ensure that adequate control can be maintained on setting out concrete quality
finish and fixing of all pockets chases and block outs and providing of corbels etc.
Forms for the exterior of the shell, shall produce surface having a smooth uniform
appearance. Curved forms shall be used for the shell construction to ensure true
circularity.
Type of slip-form proposed is to be indicated in the offer with the sketches, drawings
and construction statement. Number, type and capacities of jack, the control system
and achievable rate of progress in mm/hour should also be indicated. A certified
performance record of the scheme should be submitted with the offer to guarantee
workability of the scheme both from execution time and safety point of view.
The Tenderer should furnish a brief but comprehensive statement indicating the
planning & programme and method of work to be followed, for the approval of Owner
at the time of submitting Tender. This statement shall include the following items:
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)
v)
vi)
vii)
viii)
ix)
x)
xi)
xii)
xiii)
xiv)
xv)

Type and description of Slip-form equipment and its accessories


Design of scaffolding and staging.
Description of materials & admixtures to be used for construction.
Manpower planning, construction spaces standby arrangement.
Rate of Slip-forming.
Proposed workability requirement of concrete & type of cement &
admixture to be used.
Quality assurance programme.
Method of Transportation of material
Method of curing and rectification of defects.
Planned interruption, if proposed and activities during planned
interruption. Treatment of construction joint.
Contingency solution for unplanned interruptions.
Time of completion,
Hoisting arrangement for personnel.
Access staircase during construction
Safety norms proposed for the work of this nature.

While selecting the Contractor, due consideration will be given to the merit of the
above mentioned statement proposed by the Tenderer and minimum time of
completion, apart from his past experience in such types of work as also technical
and financial resources of the Tenderer.
Laser alignment system shall be used when insisted Otherwise use of heavy
(minimum 25 kg) plumb bob dampened at the bottom through viscous liquid shall be
used for plumb control.

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Both internal and external hanging walkways, safety netting and adequate access
ladders shall be provided below the level of the shutter to allow for inspection, curing
and finishing of the shell. The slip-form shuttering shall have independent controls to
counteract any tendency of the structure to travel out of plumb or to skew, twist rock
or float.
12.3.6 Workmanship
The contractor shall provide all necessary standby equipment for weigh-batching of
materials, mixing, fixing, finishing, placing and vibrating of concrete and has to
ensure that all the materials are stockpiled on site in sufficient quantities for the site
to proceed uninterrupted. When sliding, the Contractor has to take all necessary
steps to ensure that the slide proceeds in continuous uninterrupted operation,
stopping only for the planned halts, or when instructed by Owner/Engineer.
If a slip-form has to stop due to bad weather, plant breakdown, or reasons to
aforesaid, the form must continue to be lifted until stage is reached when concrete
will no longer form a bond to the form panels, normally achieved when 20 to 25 cms
of concrete is still left in the forms. Before recommencement the form panels must be
cleaned. The first layer should have on overdose of cement.
The Contractor shall ensure that the rate of movement of sliding formworks is such
that the concrete at the bottom of the sliding formwork should have attained sufficient
strength so that it can support itself and all loads that may be imposed on it.
The initial setting and hardening of the concrete together with the chosen height of
the forms shall determine the sliding speed. No stoppage of duration more than 15
minutes will be permitted during sliding. The shutter shall be kept full of concrete as
much as possible with the surface of concrete maintained level.
The maximum rate of slide should be limited by the rate for which the forms are
designed. In addition both the maximum and minimum rates of slide must be
determined to meet changes in weather, concrete slump and workability and any
exigencies that may arise during a slide which cannot be predicted beforehand. An
Engineer experienced in slip-form construction with necessary supervisory staff of
the Contractor must be present on the deck at all times during the sliding operation.
The concrete shall not remain uncured for a period longer than 12 hours. For
temporary curing, a skirting of wet hessian sheathing attached to the slide may be
used. The hessian shall be wet at the bottom and shall be kept damp at all times.
All the structural members of the scaffold shall be designed for the following load
combinations.
i) Self weight plus super imposed loads (based on a minimum working load of 3.5
KN/ Sq.m. on the total working platform areas at various levels)
ii) Self weight plus 50% of the super imposed loads plus earthquake loads.
iii) Self weight plus super imposed loads plus wind loads.

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12.3.7 Monitoring of slip-form


The Contractor shall measure as a minimum the following dimensions and positions
and shall record these immediately in tabular form and on graphs as frequently as
the work warrants
i) Progress height
ii) Center line in relation to the center at the base.
iii) Internal wall faces in relation to the concrete at the base
iv) Wall thickness
v) Twist
vi) Verticality with the help of users (once in 4 hours)
vii) Verticality of the chimney shall be checked at first height every morning to
minimize any differential thermal effects and reported to the Owner/Engineer and
also additionally as required to ensure that all specified tolerances are maintained.
viii) Curing of the exterior concrete face should be either spraying the surface with a
mist of water by having a perforated hose fixed to the underside of the outside
suspended scaffold or alternatively covering the freshly exposed concrete with a thin
layer of a curing compound.
12.3.8 Guide lines for slip-form method of construction:
Not withstanding what have been specified in earlier clauses, following guide
lines are being presented which should be kept in view by intending Tenderer,
while quoting for Slip-form method of construction:
1. Care to be taken to prevent dragging of concrete along with upward movement of
the shuttering. For this purpose following steps are advisable:
a) Shutter plates have to be smooth and clean. Before fixing them in position all
the surfaces which will be coming in contact with concrete to have a coat of
epoxy paint.
b) In areas where concrete thickness is 750 mm or more rate of pouring should
be such that minimum slipping of shuttering is 100 mm per hour.
c) Mix design should be so done that it will be self-lubricant at the contact face
of shutter and concrete to reduce friction.
d) Suitable cement of approved manufacturer (conforming to Indian Standard)
may be used for the purpose. An optimum ratio of coarse/fine aggregate
should be established to suit the purpose depending on availability of
aggregates.
e) Mix design also should be so done that it has a minimum slump of 50 mm at
the point where concrete is placed under an ambient temperature of around
40 C. This will also keep vibration by needle vibrators to required minimum.
Slump should not drop down to zero in less than 45 minutes. Suitable
retarding agent or plasticizer of approved manufacturer may be added in mix
to achieve this purpose. These admixtures to be properly identified by

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preliminary tests both for performance and for compatibility with particular
type of cement proposed to be used.
Additional steps like spraying of water over the shutters and keeping down
the temperature of coarse aggregates by continuous spraying of water
over those may be resorted to if ambient temperature is more than 40C.
When use of ice is envisaged to keep the temperature of the concrete about
32C during extreme ambient conditions, the water cement ratio of the mix of
concrete will have to engineered prior accordingly.
2. Care must be taken to prevent twist, which predominantly occurs in the initial
stages because of low slipping rate, in the horizontal plane of Slip-form assembly. A
thorough check on this aspect must be kept at every 15 minutes interval. One person
should exclusively be assigned this work together with rectifying any defect.
3. Every endeavor has to be made to prevent any tilt from occurring in the shutter
assembly. To achieve these following steps need be taken:
a)Performance of jacks has to be closely observed and any defective one
needs immediate replacement. Difference in levels of opposite jacks at any instant of
time should not exceed 5 mm.
b) Loading on Slip-form truss/yokes has to be fairly equal.
c) Sleeve through which jacking rod passes has to be of sufficient length so that later
gets an uniform clearance and does not get any chance to tilt. Sleeve should have a
minimum wall thickness of 3.25 mm and should be such that jacking rod gets a
maximum clearance of 1 mm to 1.5 mm around.
4. For taper walled chimneys overlapping of shutters which are kept to effect the
tapering, needs careful attention otherwise these may be filled with concrete slurry.
5. In designing the mix, following aspects should be borne in mind:
a) Cement used should have an initial setting time of not less than 50 minutes and
preferably should have a specific surface around 3810 Sq.Cm. per gram. The use of
Portland pozzolana Cement (PPC) for the shell concrete shall be preferably avoided
in order that the shell quality is not affected by use of certain type of slip-form
shutters and workmanship prone to cause very porous or poor quality of concrete
shell.
b) Coarse and fine aggregates should be well graded and rounded aggregates offer
better performance in Slip-form technique. These help to keep down water/cement
ratio and also offer better lubrication between concrete and shutter surface. 40 mm
down size of coarse aggregates should preferably be used unless reinforcement
detailing calls for lesser size aggregates.
c) From the point of view of creep, shrinkage as well as initial setting property of
concrete, cement content should not preferably be more than 400 Kg. per Cu.m. of
concrete.

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d) Minimum compressive strength (after 4 to 6 hours of mixing) of concrete


immediately below the shutter as slip-form proceeds should be between 0.1 and 0.2
Newton/ Sq.mm.
e) It is advisable to use cement and aggregates (coarse and fine) from a single
source during the entire operation of slip-form technique since once the system
starts, there might not be any time left for conducting trial mixes if the source of
procurement of cement changes.
6. In thin walled sections large diameter vibrator needles should not be used for
vibrating concrete. Unless specified otherwise Sizes of these needles should
preferably be restricted to 25 mm diameter and to 40 mm diameter - only in
exceptional cases. At least two nos. standby vibrator units should always be
maintained on top of working deck at all time during the entire period of slip-form
operation.
7. The interior and exterior surfaces of the shell shall be kept moist for 14 days after
exposure from the forms as the chimney construction progresses upwards. For
this purpose, circumferential perforated pipes shall be hung from immediately
below the forms and raised along with them.It is preferable to have membrane
curing compounds sprayed on fresh surfaces emerging out of shutter panels for
ensuring proper curing at great heights. In case such spraying is not envisaged
then elaborate arrangement has to be made for adequate supply of water both
on inside and outside vertical surfaces with spraying arrangement, necessary
length of pipelines and pump of adequate head to serve the purpose. It is
always advisable to have a stand-by pump for effective utilisation of the system.
8. If Slip-forming is carried out in summer, rate of slipping should be around 400 mm
per hour. If lesser value is contemplated appropriate retarders should be specified.
9. Exact number and capacity of jacks as well as spacing of yoke frames are to be
determined taking into account various loadings including self weight of the system,
dead and live loads on working and other platforms, horizontal load on formwork,
wind load etc.
It is desirable that jacking system, based on which the entire slip-form system works,
should consist of jacks 3 Tonne/6 Tonne capacity and a hydraulic pump with
necessary pipe connections.
Spacing of yoke legs should preferably be kept within 2 metres to prevent
overloading on jacks and consequent failure resulting in twist of the formwork.
Jacking rods should be of 25 mm diameter for 3 Tonne Jacks and 32 mm diameter
for 6 Tonne Jacks.
10. At least 30% spare jacks and jacking rods should be kept ready during the entire
operation. It is obligatory to maintain spare hydraulic pump along with a set of loose
pipes in perfect working condition on top of working deck.

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11. In sections where thickness is 500 mm or more it is prudent to go in for two nos.
of jacks for each slip-form yoke.
12.For effective utility of this technique following areas need careful attentions
at the very conceptual stage:
a) Detailed quality assurance programme.
b) Advance Planning and preparations.
c) Arrangement for onsite supervision and adequate access facilities.
13. Construction methods including description and types of different equipment
proposed to be used, structural arrangement and analysis of the system, description
and type of different materials, planned interruptions, description and frequency of
various checks and tests for Slip-form technique as well as for material, method
of preparing, transporting and pouring of concrete, solution for probable defects
during slipping, sequence of operations during planned interruptions etc. should be
prepared beforehand by executing agency and to be approved by Owner before
starting the actual work. A going chart indicating as a minimum: the levels,
diameter, wall thickness, grade of concrete, reinforcement sizes and quantity,
openings, presence of dowel bars for corbels/platforms, presence of openings, pipe
sleeves and insert steels, planned stoppage etc., has to be prepared well in advance
by the contractor and discussed with the Engineer before the start of the slip form
operation.
14. Placing and binding of reinforcement is also a very critical item and needs special
attention. From practical considerations not more than two or three layers of
horizontal steel can be tied at a time and this causes a definite limitation in placement
of reinforcement.
Vertical reinforcements should be kept vertical by providing suitable holders within
the slip-form system.
15. It is desirable to have a break of at least one day for every two weeks of
continuous operation. Such break should be utilised for various maintenance
activities, removal of jack rods etc.
16. Numbers and locations of hoists for lifting concrete, reinforcement and other
materials have to be planned well in advance. Capacity of hoists should be such as
to match with hourly requirement of concrete and reinforcement. If felt necessary,
one hoist may be exclusively earmarked for transporting concrete. For movement of
personnel supervising the work, a separate hoist must be arranged for.
17. The system being operative round the clock, it is obligatory to have adequate
lighting arrangement both on various platform levels as well as on ground below.
Arrangement has to be made for facilitating continuous upward movement of the
entire system along with slip-form.

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18. Winches for lifting men and material and mixers, if located within unsafe area
around chimney, should be protected by adequate shelter from possible damage.
19. Proper tele-communication system has to be established between the personnel
working on top of Chimney and control room below.
20. A small laboratory should be maintained at site for testing different materials like
cement, coarse and fine aggregates. A cube testing machine may also be installed
at site for getting quick feedback results. Apart from using plumb bobs, level and
Theodolite instruments for survey purpose, arrangement should also be kept for
lasers.
21. In case of interruption in the course of slipping of formwork following measures
should be taken:
a) Provision of a key and additional reinforcement at the junction of new and old
concrete.
b) Slip-form system should be brought up freely to have a minimum overlap of 100
mm or so over previously cast concrete.
c) Washing of old concrete surface with compressed air and water jet and thereafter
pouring a layer of neat cement grout.
d) Clearing of shuttering panels of loose materials, concrete etc. by compressed air
and applying a coat of epoxy paint, if felt necessary by Owner.
e) Neatly finishing the interface of old or new concrete as soon as it comes out of
shutter panel.
22. It is preferable to suspend the construction work under high wind condition.
23. It is of utmost importance that for effective implementation of this system an
Engineer fully conversant with Slip-form technique with enough experience in
planning and control of formwork should be in overall command of the site and he
should be ably supported by well trained mid level supervisory staff, skilled workers
and operators made available round the clock during slip for forming process.
24. Operation of slip-form method of construction is a continuous one and it demands
continuous/intermediate inspection of accuracies in line, level, dimensions and
position and immediate rectification of any noticed deviation. All these ask for
personnel of high quality having constant vigilance over the construction activity.

12.3.9 SAFETY :
While all the activities in effective implementation of the work needs utmost care
keeping safety of men and material in mind it is obligatory that all activities should be
carried out under the guidance of a qualified and trained safety engineer.

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If the sequence of work recommended by the ENGINEER so requires that the


Bidder shall have to carry out work simultaneously at different levels, the Bidder
shall provide all safety measures required to ensure the safety of the personnel
working at lower levels.
The CONTRACTOR shall take a comprehensive insurance policy including third
party risks at his own cost before start of the work. The OWNER shall not make any
such payments.
Safety measures as listed below as a minimum must be adhered to but should not be
limited to only these:
a) Safety helmets and belts to be provided to all supervising staff and workers.
b) Safety nets to be provided below both inside and outside platforms as instructed
by Owner.
c) Hand railing and toe guard to be provided around all openings and platforms.
d) Regular maintenance of equipment, checking of hoists, scaffoldings etc.
e) Passenger hoist must have multiple ropes.
f)

Emergency lights, coloured lamps to be provided in accordance with Indian


Standard and as supplemented in the Specification and to be operative in case of
sudden power failure. Emergency standby generator must be kept ready during
the entire period of slip-form method of construction.

g) Emergency vehicles, first aid facilities must be kept ready during the entire period
of work.

12.3.10ExpertSupervision

Care must be taken to prevent twist, which predominantly occurs in the initial stages
because of low slipping rate, in the horizontal plane of Slip-form assembly. A
thorough check on this aspect must be kept at every 15 minutes interval. The
Contractor shall have supervisors in attendance at all times while sliding is in
progress. Such supervisors shall be experienced in the control of slides, twist and
rectify any defects. They shall be approved by the Engineer.

12.3.11Tolerances

Forms shall be designed to produce hardened concrete having true to shape, lines,

levels, plumb and dimensions as shown on the drawings subject to the following
tolerances unless otherwise specified in this specification or drawings or directed by
the Engineer.
The tolerance given in the following Table are specified for local aberrations in the
finished concrete surface & should not be taken as tolerances for the entire structure

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taken as a whole or for the setting and alignment of formwork, which should be as
accurate as possible to the entire satisfaction of the Engineer. Accurate alignment
shall include maintaining uniform taper, round cross section and plumbness of
concrete shell. Forms shall maintain vertical alignment of form seam marks. Any
error, within the below tolerance limits or any other as may be specially set up by the
Engineer, if noticed in any lift of the structure after stripping of forms shall be
corrected as advised by the ENGINEER, at the cost of the contractor before in the
subsequent commences, work to bring back the surface of the structure to its true
alignment.
Should the limitations specified below exceed, the Contractor shall, if directed by the
client/ consultant, demolish that portion of work and recast at his own cost, to the
complete satisfaction of the client/ consultant. No tolerance shall be allowed
between the two consecutive plates of the formwork either radially or vertically
placed.
Chimney shell shall be constructed within the tolerance limits listed below:
Description
1.

Permissible Tolerance

Verticality
a) Deviation of shell horizontal centre 0.001 times the height of the shell at the
from plumb at any section.
time of measurement, or 50 mm,
whichever is greater.
b) Deviation of shell horizontal centre of 20mm
any shell section in any 10.0 m high from
plumb.

2. Shell Diameter
Variation of shell from true circular cross () 25 mm
section and the specified diameter.
3. Shell thickness
The measured wall thickness shall not () 5 mm to (+) 12.5 mm for walls 250
vary from the specified wall thickness by mm thick or less and () 5 mm to (+)
more than.
25 mm for walls greater than 250 mm
thick.
4. Deviation in openings in Shell
Top elevation

0 mm to (+) 15 mm.

Bottom elevation

(-) 15 mm to 0 mm.

Sides

() 25 mm (each way), but width of


opening () 0 mm (+) 10
mm.

5. Cover
Concrete cover

Shall not be reduced by more than 1/3

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of specified cover or 5 mm whichever is


less or shall not be more than (+) 15
mm.
6. Rate of Spiraling (Skew) of forms
Circumferential rotation at the outer face Not greater than 10 mm.
of the concrete per meter of vertical travel.
7. Variation of sections (Beams & Slabs)
a) Variation of cross sectional dimensions (-) 5 mm to (+) 5 mm
(beams, slabs etc. (for other concrete
works other than shell)
b) Deviations from plumb of walls and 1 horizontal to 500 vertical
other
vertical surfaces (beam, slabs
etc.) (for other concrete works other than
shell)
8. Levels
Levels

3 mm before any deflection has


taken place

12.3.12Physical Checks
Some of the mandatory physical checks to ensure that construction tolerances
are met with shall be carried out by the CONTRACTOR, as under :
a) The twist or rotation of the slipform every 60 minutes.
b) Level of top of jacks every thirty minutes.
c) Verticality with the help of lasers at least once in four hours.
d) Inside and outside diameters/dimensions and wall thickness, once in each shift
of 8 hours.
e) Level of top of form panels once initially and subsequently after each
interruption.
f)

Level of working platforms once initially and subsequently after each


interruption.

g) Batter of the form panels and yoke legs once on erection and subsequently
after each interruption.
h) Condition of jack rods for ovality, indentation, buckling, moving out of
alignment, etc., before fixing each rod.
i) Bracing of jack rods passing through openings.
j) Live load on working deck to avoid accidental overloads.

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k) Workability of concrete at mixer& at point of placement, once an hour


l)

Temperature of concrete, once in 4 hours

12.3.13 Dismantling of slip form


Contractor shall adopt safe practices to dismantle the slip form that had climbed up to
the top of the chimney shell during its casting. The left out construction to be done to
complete the chimney in its entirety shall be kept in mind before dismantling the slipform and the service hoist / access ladders.
12.4 CONSTRUCTION TOOLS AND MATERIALS
12.4.1 CONTRACTOR shall provide and maintain at the site necessary number and
type of machinery and equipment including survey instruments in good
working condition for proper setting out and timely completion of the works
covered under this specification.
All arrangements for transporting the
equipment to and from the site shall be done by the CONTRACTOR at his own
expense.
12.4.2 It shall be ensured by the CONTRACOR that work shall proceed
uninterrupted even in the event of power failures. As such, adequate number of
diesel generator sets and diesel operated equipment (such as concrete mixers,
vibrators, etc.) shall be provided by the CONTRACTOR, as an alternative
arrangement.
12.4.3 All materials supplied by the CONTRACTOR shall be of the best quality and
shall conform to this specification.
Approval in writing shall be
obtained from ENGINEER, before any alternative or equivalent material is
proposed to be used by the CONTRACTOR.
12.4.4 CONTRACTOR shall furnish MANUFACTURERS test certificate for the
materials supplied by him. Where such certificates are not available, the
specimen of the material shall be got tested at a recognized testing laboratory
at CONTRACTORS cost.
12.4.5 Climbing or slip-forms shall be controlled by linked hydraulically operated jacks that
are reversible, driven by an electrically operated pump and with provision for
manual operation in the event of a break down.

12.4.6 CONTRACTOR shall provide all fuels and lubricants required for the operation
and maintenance of construction machinery and equipment as well as for his
transport vehicles.
12.4.7 CONTRACTOR shall, at his cost, arrange for all his requirements of materials
such as, but not limited to, oxygen, acetylene, welding electrodes, ropes, form
ties, turn- buckles, clamps, wiping rags, sand paper, etc., which are required to
satisfactorily perform his work.

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12.5 WORK EXECUTION AND SUPERVISION


12.5.1 CONTRACTOR shall have at the site accredited and qualified engineers and
foremen/supervisors with adequate number of years of experience in execution
of similar works and operators of machinery and equipment, for satisfactory
progress and timely completion of the works. The number, qualification and
experience of such staff shall be subject to OWNERS approval.
12.5.2 All temporary electrical installation shall be supervised by a qualified electrical
supervisor of the CONTRACTOR.
12.5.3 CONTRACTOR shall be fully responsible for the correctness and accuracy of
the works, which shall be executed in a professional manner.
12.5.4 The OWNER reserves the right to order from time to time, during progress of
the work, removal and re-execution of any work which is not, in the opinion
of the ENGINEER, in accordance with the specification.
12.5.5 During inclement weather, rains, etc., CONTRACTOR shall suspend concreting
for such time as the ENGINEER may direct and shall protect from damage all
work already in progress or completed just then.
All such temporary
protective measures shall be at CONTRACTORS cost and any damage to
works shall be made good by the CONTRACTOR at his own expense.
12.5.6 Should the work be suspended by reason of strikes/riots by CONTRACTORS
own employees or any other cause whatsoever, save and except the force
majeure condition, CONTRACTOR shall take all precautions necessary for the
protection of works and make good, at his own expense, any damage arising
from any of these causes.
12.5.7 In the event of occurrence of any accidents at/or near the site of the work
or in connection with execution of the work, a report shall be made within 24
hours to the ENGINEER, giving full details of the accident. He shall also
report promptly such accidents to all the competent authorities wherever such
reports are required by them.
12.5.8 One hoist for passengers/supervisory staff and one for transport of goods shall be
provided by the CONTRACTOR. These hoists shall be operational not later than
the time when construction first reaches 10 m and should be available throughout
the construction period. Access between various working levels shall be provided
by an approved system of ladders.
Under no circumstances shall staging or
scaffolding be relied upon to provide such access. The CONTRACTOR shall give
enough notice to ENGINEER of his intention to remove access to the various areas
of work as construction proceeds which would therefore be rendered inaccessible,
to allow final inspection by ENGINEER.

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13.0 WIND LOAD ANALYSIS


WIND SPEED
For the location of the project the basic wind speed (Vb) to be considered in
design shall be as indicated in project information from which wind
speed/pressures shall b e e s t i m a t e d conforming to the requirements of
IS:875 (Part-3).
The design wind speed shall be as below
Vz = Vb K1 K2 K3
where, K1 = a probability factor as obtained from Table-1 of the Code.
K1 corresponding to the mean probable design life of the structure may be taken
as coinciding with 25 years of design life for shell alone condition;
and 100 years of design life for completed chimney condition
K2 = Terrain category factor obtained from Table-2 of the Code when 3 sec
gust wind calculations are made and Table 33 when mean-hourly wind
calculations are made.
In either case the terrain category for the project and class of the structure as
well as K3 the Topography factor shall be as indicated in Project information.
WIND PRESSURE

In either case Pz the wind pressure shall be calculated as below


Pz = 0.60 V z 2
ALONG WIND RESPONSE
This response will be evaluated as below:
For 3-sec gust wind Analysis
Fz = 0.60 Cd Dz V z 2 where Cd = Coefficient of drag and DZ = Diameter of chimney at
height Z
For mean hourly wind analysis with Gust factor
the Gust factor Approach as outlined in clause A.5 IS:4998 (Part 1)-1992 shall be
followed.
Deflections, moments and shears shall be evaluated for lateral loads Fz
acting on the chimney as a cantilever.

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ACROSS WIND RESPONSE


The across wind response shall be evaluated for the first two modes as per
requirement of clause A.5.3 a) of IS:4998 (Part 1)-1992
COMBINATION OF RESPONSE This shall be checked as under :
The critical wind velocity Vcc for across wind response shall be
evaluated first as given below and the height at which this Vcc acts is
interpolated and the respective K2 factor from table 33 for the given terrain class
and category is then used to calculate Vb and Vz as explained below.

Vcc = -------S

niDc

Where,
Vcc = Critical wind speed
ni = Natural frequency of chimney in the ith mode of vibration
Dc = Effective diameter of chimney
S = Strohal number

V '=
b

V '=

Vcc
---------K1 K2 K3
V b .K2 K3

Then, Fz will be evaluated substituting V ' z for Vz


To get a combined response the Fz evaluated as above will be vectorially combined
with that obtained for the particular condition.
Design Wind Response:
The response under wind load at any level to be used for design shall be the
highest of that obtained for 3-sec gust wind or mean hourly wind, or combination
of response as per clauses above

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14.0 SEISMIC ANALYSIS


14.1

Seismic design data shall be as per Project Information

14.2 Seismic analysis shall be done as per the procedure outlined in IS: 1893(Part 4).
An importance factor of 1.75 and damping coefficient of 5% shall be considered
for analysis.
14.3 Model analysis shall be used and seismic acceleration spectra as give in
IS:1893- Part 4 shall be utilized. The analysis shall be furnished for a minimum of
five modes.

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SECTIONG2
REINFORCEDCONCRETECHIMNEYELECTRICAL&INSTRUMENTATION

1.0

GENERAL
This specification lays down broad nature of work to be executed. The Bidder shall however
include all such items of work whether specifically mentioned here or not but are essential to
make the individual equipment / system complete in all respects for satisfactory completion of
the proposed scheme.

This specification shall be read in conjunction with the bid drawings and other particulars
covered in general conditions of contract.
The make of all items shall be as per the list of approved makes and shall have to be
approved by the purchaser / consultant and fixture of one type shall be identical and of
one make.
All equipment / fittings shall be easily approachable for maintenance / replacement.
All equipment and accessories covered under this specification shall conform to Technical
specification given in this document.
All safety measures as required to be adopted as per the statutory regulations and the
safety rules of the plant shall be strictly followed by the Bidder during execution of the
contract.
The Bidder will be provided 415V construction power supply at only one point. Complete
downstream distribution from this point shall be in BIDDER scope.

2.0

Supply laying & termination of incoming cable to Normal Lighting Distribution Board and
Emergency lighting Distribution Board shall be under PURCHASERs scope. Size of cable and
MCCB/ switch fuse unit shall be decided by the Bidder based on his requirement.

SCOPE AND BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF WORK


The scope of work includes design, detail engineering, procurement of items, shop testing,
packing, transportation, loading and unloading, delivery at site, storage, handling, erection
and commissioning.
The Bidders scope of work shall include: Earthing & Lightning protection of RCC Chimney
Aviation warning system of RCC chimney

General illumination of RCC Chimney


The lighting system for chimney shall comprise the following categories.
a) Normal lighting system

b) Emergency lighting system

c) Aviation warning lighting system.

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NORMAL LIGHTING SYSTEM:

In this system, the lighting circuits shall be fed by the 3 phase, 4 wire normal AC supply
from the normal lighting Panel. All the lighting fixtures connected to this system shall be
available as long as supply is available from normal source. The 63A receptacles located
at each platform shall also be fed from the LDB. The normal lighting distribution board
shall be fed from Purchasers LT Switchgear located in TG Building room. Supply, laying
and termination of incoming cable is also excluded from Bidders scope.

EMERGENCY LIGHTING SYSTEM:

In this system, the lighting circuits shall be fed by the 3 phase, 4 wire AC supply from the
emergency lighting distribution boards. The lighting fixtures indicated in the drawing shall
be connected to this system. The emergency lighting distribution board shall be fed from
Purchasers Emergency lighting distribution board located in STG building. Supply, laying
and termination of incoming cable is also excluded from Bidders scope.

AVIATION WARNING LIGHTING SYSTEM:

The aviation warning lights shall be fed by the 3 phase, 4 wire AC supply from the
Emergency lighting distribution board.

Required number of lighting panels/JBs for staircase and platform lighting shall be
provided.

The incoming cable from TG building till the emergency Distribution board shall be in the
PURCHASERs scope.

For installation of fixtures etc, the Bidder shall have to arrange tools, tackles, welding sets,
pipe bending machine, cable crimping tools etc.

The Bidder shall be responsible for supply and fixing of all accessories required for
installation of earthing & lightning protection equipment, aviation lighting system
equipment, normal & emergency lighting system, distribution panel etc. on required places
even though every individual item necessarily may not have been detailed out explicitly in
the specification.

The main items shall be as follows.

Normal Lighting distribution board


Emergency Lighting distribution board
Lighting panels/JBs for staircase and platform lighting
Cables
Air termination rods
GI strips - 75x 10 mm, 50X6mm, 25X6 mm, 25X3 mm, 8 SWG GI wire, 12 SWG GI wire
Earthing electrodes 100 mm dia, 3m long.CI pipe

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Aviation warning lights with control system


42Watts, Well Glass LED light fittings.
63 A power receptacles,
15/5A single phase power receptacles for I&C requirements
Bidder shall supply approved type danger boards in English and local language.
Bidder shall supply fixing accessories such as nut bolts, check nuts, bushes, clips, nails,
hoppers, clamps, screws, conduits, etc.
Bidder shall have to take approval on following data / drawing
-

GA drawing of LDB/Emergency LDB

Lighting calculations and lighting layout

Earthing and lightning protection layout

Single line diagram of the power distribution network

Incoming cable route layout with sections

Make of the items

Bidder shall be responsible to maintain all fittings/ equipment till handing over the chimney
and shall change free of cost any fitting /equipment / accessories if found not in working
condition.
Bidder shall be responsible for taking approval of the installation and permission to
energies the system from statutory authority.

Bidder shall be responsible for storage and safety of equipment at site.

Bidder shall supply and install GI pipe conduit risers of 38 NB diameter or larger as
required, cleated on inner face of the concrete shell. Following minimum number of
conduit risers shall be provided. One conduit riser to carry the cables to the aviation
warning lights to be provided at the platforms, the tentative levels of which are specified in
the drawing.

Another conduit riser to carry the power supply cable to lighting fixtures to be provided on
platforms. The third set of two conduit risers shall be provided for power supply to
receptacles. The fourth set of conduit riser shall be for lift cables. Three more conduit
risers shall be provided, two for I&C and one spare.
GI pull boxes, provided on inner face of the concrete wall by suitable anchor fasteners
shall be installed at 2.5 metre intervals vertically, unless specified elsewhere. The lowest
pull box shall be located 450 mm above grade. Each conduit riser shall run from the
lowest pull box to the highest junction box. The conduit risers shall run adjacent to the
stair case such that pull boxes are easily accessible. Suitable surface cleated pipe /

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conduits shall also be provided from the lowest pull box to a suitable outlet point at the
base of the chimney to receive cables.
Each conduit riser other than those provided for instrumentation and lift shall be
connected to a circumferential conduit at each platform level. The circumferential conduit
at each level for the platforms shall be provided with necessary GI junction boxes, equally
spaced, at the location of the aviation warning lights or lighting fixtures as the case may
be. Suitable surface cleated conduits shall also be provided from the junction box to the
respective light point. The GI pull boxes and junction boxes shall be fabricated from 16
SWG sheet steel and shall be of size 200X200X100. The pull boxes shall be provided on
the concrete shell over the inner face. The supply and installation of cable from pull boxes
to junction boxes near the fixture shall be included in Bidders scope.

Bidder shall provide two numbers of embedded conduit for instrument air to respective
analyzer. Purchasers terminal point for instrument air shall be at the ground level at one
point. Further distribution till the analyzer shall be included in Bidders scope.
For lightning protection, Bidder's scope of work shall include supply and installation of the
complete system up to and including the earth electrodes / mat and air termination rods.
The Bidder shall furnish a detailed drawing of the lightning protection system
and earthing system and execution of work shall be commenced only after
obtaining approval to this from the owner.

Additional corrosion protection for grounding material, underground piping and


other equipment shall be provided.

For aviation warning system Bidder's scope of work shall include supply and
installation, testing & commissioning of the complete aviation warning system
including power receptacles and cabling between main board / switch and
aviation warning beacons.

Aviation lighting system shall be test operated by the Bidder for not less than
60 days. Equipment and work which fails during the test period shall be
repaired or replaced at the option of the owner. Upon any failure in this
system during the test period, a new test period shall be required after repair
or replacement of the equipment which failed.

The scope shall also include the civil works associated with aviation lighting.
The Bidder shall furnish a detailed drawing of aviation warning system and
associated control system scheme, power distribution scheme and execution
of work shall be commenced only after obtaining approval to this from the
owner/consultant.

For general illumination of RCC Chimney, scope of work includes supply and
installation of complete illumination system including power receptacles and

cabling.

The Bidder shall also furnish a detailed drawing of illumination system and
associated power distribution net work.

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3.0

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION DETAILS OF EQUIPMENT AND INSTALLATION

3.1

EARTHING SYSTEM

Separate earthing conductors of 75 x 10 G.I shall be run in the outer side of RC shell,
supported at 2500mm interval. Only risers shall be brought out at all platforms for
equipment earthing.
A circular earth mat of 36mm dia MS round bar shall be provided at 600mm below the
ground.
The earth mat shall be connected to the earth electrodes and shall be connected to plants
earth grid through Test pits.
The Earth electrode shall be of 100mm dia, 3M long GI round bar.

The earthing resistance of earthing system shall be less than 1 Ohm. If the earth
resistance is found as more than one ohm, Bidder shall provide additional earth electrodes
or mat to bring down the earth resistance to avalue of less than one ohm.

All welded joints shall be protected against corrosion. The joint portions shall be
thoroughly cleaned before welding.

All metallic parts, lighting fixtures, JBs , Lift motor, Handrail etc., shall be earthed to the
nearest earthing grid by using suitable earth conductor at two points.

JBs,
lighting fixtures, handrail ---- 8 SWG & 12 SWG GI wire

DB, LP & metallic structure ---------25x6 GI flat

3.2 AVIATION WARNING SYSTEM


Bidder shall supply and install, including wiring, Medium intensity aviation warning lights
with all associated accessories such as sockets, special cables, electrical controllers and
necessary mounting brackets/supports.
The aviation warning lights shall be provided at the locations shown in the drawing.
Aviation lighting fixtures securely mounted at the top of the chimney shall be within the
zone of protection of vertical air terminations.

The aviation warning lights shall meet the recommendations of ICAO, FAA and Director
General of Civil Aviation, India. The arrangement of lights shall be marked such that the
object is indicated from every angle in azimuth. The aviation warning lighting system shall
also confirm to the latest Indian standard, IS 4998.

All the aviation light fixtures shall be weatherproof and outdoor type suitable

Wiring of aviation warning lights and other light fixtures shall be carried out using 1100V
grade, copper/Aluminum conductor, XLPE insulated and overall HR PVC-FRLS sheathed
cables. The cable shall be clamped by the side of the ladder at 750 mm centres by means
of GI clamps. Weather proof terminal boxes with cable glands made of double

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compressed nickel, tin plate shall be provided at the location of each of the aviation
warning lights for termination of cables
Normal lighting distribution board shall consist of an incoming MCCB/ switch-Fuse unit of
415V, 100A, TPN and required number of outlets of 63A, 32A & 16 A TPN MCBs shall be
supplied, installed and commissioned at a height of 1.5 meter from grade level on a
supporting structure with proper grouting. In addition to the feeders required for lighting
circuits and receptacles, minimum 3 nos. 10 A SPN MCB for instrument supply shall be
provided in LDB. At least 20% of outgoing feeders for each type and rating with minimum
of one number shall be provided as spare. The distribution board shall be supplied with
tinned brass glands and tinned crimping type cable lugs for termination of cables. The
panel shall have two distinct earthing terminals and shall be earthed at both points.
The distribution boards shall confirm to IP: 55 class of enclosure and provided with
suitable rain canopy over the top. Sheet steel thickness of distribution board shall not be
less than 2mm for load bearing structures and 1.6 mm for others.
The board shall be painted with one coat of zinc chromats primer (yellow) and two coats of
synthetic enamel paint of approved shade.
The switches shall be of heavy duty type conforming to the requirements of IS: 13947.
The fuses shall be HRC link type.

Aviation lights supports etc. shall be fitted to the chimney by GI nuts on to GI inserts
projecting from concrete surface. All bolts clamps etc used shall be hot dip galvanised. For
the top platform for fixing aviation warning lights suitable mounting arrangement shall be
provided as shown in the drawing.
Aviation lighting system shall be fed from separate distribution board which shall be fed
from emergency LDB. The aviation light circuits shall be distributed among R.Y and B
phase of 3 phase, 4 wire supply.
The Bidder shall install weatherproof terminal boxes with MCBs and cable glands on each
platform of the chimney at location close to the aviation warning beacons. The maximum
conduit fill shall not exceed 60%. Suitable pull boxes shall be provided at convenient
locations. All aviation light fixtures, conduits and junction boxes (stainless steel) etc, shall
be properly earthed. Earth wire shall run inside along the entire length of conduit between
the fixtures and distribution board where it shall be connected to earth.
For aviation warning during daytime the external surface of the top of the chimney shall be
painted with special paints as approved by the owner. The depth of the painting and type
to be used (chequered or stripe) shall meet the aviation requirements of civil aviation
department and owners approval.
Temporary warning lights shall be installed during construction to meet the requirement of
civil aviation department. The temporary warning lights installed during construction shall
be shifted up as the construction progresses. These lights need be installed only after the
level of obstruction is greater than 40 m above the grade level. Lightning protection and
earthing required during the construction stage of the chimney shall also be provided by
the Bidder.
Temporary warning lights shall be four fixtures (Low intensity type A) each with not less
than 10 candelas of red light. Power for operation of the temporary lights shall be obtained
from the construction power system. Supply circuits for these lights shall be furnished,

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3.3

installed and maintained by the Bidder. These lights shall be operated right from sunset to
sunrise. The Bidder shall provide sufficient hand railing ladders platforms to attend any
maintenance work.
GENERAL ILLUMINATION
Each landing of the staircase shall be provided with 42Watts, Well Glass LED, light fixture.
The Bidder shall provide suitable mounting arrangement for the above fixtures capable of
withstanding high wind pressure.
General lighting system of chimney shall be fed from a separate feeder of distribution
board mentioned above.

The cables for wiring all lighting fixtures and power receptacles shall be sized considering
the voltage drop. The cables shall be clamped by the side of the ladder at 750 mm centres
by means of GI clamps.
Lighting fixtures, conduits junction boxes (stainless steel) etc. shall be properly earthed
using galvanised steel wire of 12 SWG. Earth wire shall run inside along the entire length
of conduit between the fixtures and distribution panel where it shall be connected to the
earth.
One number of 63A, 3 Phase, 4 pin industrial type power receptacle with controlling switch
and loose matching plug mounted in weather proof and dust tight box shall be supplied
and installed at each of the platform near access doors. The box shall be fabricated of
galvanised sheet steel having suitable hinged door properly gasketed to make it dust
proof.
The 400V, 3ph, power cables will be 1100V grade, single / multi-core, stranded aluminium
conductor grade H4 Class 2, XLPE insulated, with extruded PVC inner sheath Type ST2,
armored and outer sheath made of specially formulated FRLS extruded PVC Type ST2
compound. Minimum cabling requirement shall be as follows. For cabling of aviation lights,
LPSV lamps and receptacles, armored cables shall be laid on vertical FRP trays.

One run of 4C x 10 sqmm Al cable for receptacles for each platform. One run of 4C x
10Sqmm Al cable for each of the two Aviation lights circuits and further distribution to each
platform by 2C x 2.5 sqmm cables. One run each of 2C x 2.5 sqmm cable for HPSV lights
on each platform.
Photoelectric light detectors shall be furnished and installed at bottom of the chimney and
above the distribution board to monitor the light intensity. The detector shall cause the
control unit to energize the lighting system when the illuminance on a vertical surface
decreases to less than 35 candela. Lights shall be de-energised when the illuminance on
a vertical surface increases to more than 58 candelas. The lighting system may be
energized during short periods of decreasing illumination due to abrupt periods of shadow
during day light hours, but shall not be de-energized as the result of short periods of
increasing illumination levels due to lightning flashes or stray light sources when overall
illumination level is such that the system has to operate. In case of malfunction of
photoelectric circuit, manual bypass arrangement through bypass switch shall be
provided.
The lighting fixtures and receptacles shall be fed such that loading of all the three phases
is balanced. The lamp on the same vertical line shall be fed from different phases, so that
failure any one phase shall not cause total block out on one side.

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INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL REQUIREMENT


1. For each flue six (6) number sampling ports for measurement of NOx, SOx and opacity (SPM)
of flue gas through openings (SS pipes with flanges with necessary fittings) will be installed in
liners at height as required during detailed engineering/design. Suitable operating platform
shall be provided. FRP cable trays as suitable shall be provided for routing the sample
probe/tube, cables from chimney sampling height to stack analyzer room.

2. Bidder shall provide for the purposes of instrumentation other than the sampling ports
mentioned in clause 2 above, required number of 38 NB conduits including pull wires,
junction boxes and pull boxes, all securely tacked / anchored to internal of shell and SS
316 L plates below each pipe insert for fixing of measuring instruments.
3.5

LIGHTNING PROTECTION
Air terminals of 20 mm dia, 2000mm long, lead coated copper rod with dome and spike,
projecting not less than 750 mm above the highest part of the chimney and securely
anchored and braced with at least two lead covered copper alloy anchors spaced not
more than 750mm shall be provided. A terminal shall be equally spaced at a maximum of
2500 mm centres around the outside circumference. Air terminals shall be mechanically
and electrical connected by the use of pressure type fittings to the Chimney shell
periphery and to a continuous circumferential conductor. The installation work shall
conform to IS:2309. The ohmic resistance of the lightning conductor system complete with
air termination, but without the earth connection, shall be fraction of an ohm.
The circumferential conductor shall be 75 x 10 mm GI flat lead covered forming closed
loop at 600mm below the top of the shell.
Each segment of cap of the chimney shall be connected to the circumferential band by
means of tightly bolted connections.
The joints in the lightning / ground conductors shall be kept to a minimum an there shall
be no joint in the underground portions of conductors. Overlapping conductors at straight
joints shall not be less than 150mm.
Brass rods shall be used for brazing.

The down comers of 75 x 10 mm GI flat shall be run on outer side of the concrete shell.
Down conductors shall be connected to the circumferential conductor at the top of the
chimney and to the testing point at the chimney bas Lapping of down conductor by bolting
is not acceptable.
The circumferential band shall be supported at intervals of 600mm and down comers shall
be supported at interval of 2500mm.
The down comers shall come out from the shell to facilitate connection with the test link.
The down conductors shall be spaced at least 2000 mm away from the vertical conduit
risers as well as the ladder.

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Lightning system grounding shall be distinct from the plant grounding system Lightning
down conductors shall be separately ground through earth electrode rods.
The connection between Earth electrode and Earth mat shall be of 100mm dia CI pipe pit
The conductor from earth electrode to a height of about 250mm above ground level shall
be of 36 mm dia MS round bar and thereafter 75x 10 GI flat.
All vertical reinforcing bars at the top and at the bottom of the chimney shell shall be
electrically connected to the nearest horizontal reinforcing rods and these rods shall in
turn be connected to the down conductors. Where vertical reinforcing bars are spliced,
each spliced bar shall be electrically connected to a least one horizontal reinforcing bar
which in turn shall be electrically connected to each of the down conductors.
All the metallic parts such as platform, railings, pull boxes, junction boxes et shall be
grounded using 8 SWG GI wire to the nearest 75X10 mm GI flat provided by Bidder.
During construction, temporary lightning protection should be maintained b connecting the
concrete reinforcement to two permanent electrical grounding conductors. After the top lift
of the chimney shell has been completed, temporary air terminals which may consist of
reinforcing bars, should be installed at the top to serve as a temporary protection until the
lining and cap are completed an permanent air terminals are installed.

Chimney staircase / Ladder shall be electrically connected to the down conductors both at top
and bottom. For this, the two lower pairs of insert supporting the Staircase / ladder shall be
adequately connected to the grounding system and the top pair of inserts shall be connected
to the circumferential conductor connecting the down conductor. All intermediate breaks in the
ladder should be electrically bonded to form a continuous support from top to bottom.

Each down conductor shall be provided with a testing point around 1500 m above ground
level but inaccessible in order to avoid interference. Test link shall be enclosed in
200X200X100 GI box fabricated out of 16 SWG sheet steel. A bolt-nuts and washers in
the test link shall be electroplated.
Incoming and outgoing portion of the lightning down conductor from the test link shall be
galvanised to length of atleast 500mm.
All connections, clamps, anchors, etc., of the lightning protection system shall be made of
GI and shall conform IS-2309. All electrical connections or joints, unless otherwise
specified, shall be clamped or bolted by high-pressure contact to for a connection of
adequate current carrying capacity and mechanical strength Soldered connections shall
not be permitted.
Air terminals, connections, conductors, clamps, fixtures, anchors, etc., expose within
25000 mm of the top of the chimney shall have a continuous lead covering of a sheath of
commercially pure lead not less than 2mm in thickness extrude the ends being covered by
soldering or pudding. Where lead covering i specified, after the joints have been made,
they shall be again covered with solder or lead either by wiping or casting.

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4.0 INSPECTION TESTING AND COMMISSIONING


4.1 After completion of erection / installation, such piece of equipment shall b thoroughly
inspected in presence of the owner for correctness and completeness of erection and
acceptability
A checklist shall be furnished for owner/consultants approval wherein all detail to be
checked and necessary instruction shall be listed. The inspection an checking shall strictly
follow the checklist.
On completion of the inspection two copies of the checklist dully filled in shall b handed
over to the owner.
The checklist shall be jointly signed by the Bidder and the owner. Such endorsement,
however shall not relive the Bidder of his obligation under the contract.
The Bidder shall provide all tools, materials, labour and supervisory person for carrying out
field tests on equipment and materials under his scope of work.

The tests shall be conducted in presence of the owner and according to his directions.
All temporary arrangements, rigging and connections required for the tests shall be
provided by the Bidder.
The Bidder shall record the test results on approved Performa and furnish six (6
copies of the results to the owner for approval within a week of the date of test
completed.
On successful inspection and testing the equipment shall be commissioned and put
on service in a manner mutually agreed upon.

4.2

RECTIFICATION
The Bidder shall carry out all rectifications, repairs or adjustment work found
necessary during testing, commissioning at his own cost

4.3

TAKING OVER
On commissioning and on carrying out necessary rectification work, the owner shall
take over the installation either wholly or in parts, as the case may be.

4.4

DEFECTS FOUND AFTER TAKING OVER


If any defects of design, workmanship and materials are observed within one year
from the date of completion of work as certified by the Engineer, it shall b corrected
by the Bidder, entirely at his risk and cost. If the work of repairs o replacement is
carried out by the owner, actual cost shall be recovered from th Bidder.

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ANNEXURE I
LIST OF SPARES FOR 3 YEARS OF OPERATION & MAINTENANCE

1
2
3
4
5

Photoelectricdevice
Stainlesssteeljunctionbox
Terminationbox
Aviation lamp (Led type Medium intensity &
lowintensity)
MCB/SFU

1set
4nosofeachtype
4nosofeachtype
3nosofeachtype
4nosofeachtype

ANNEXURE II
The installation of electrical system shall be in strict accordance with the latest
editions of relevant Indian standards, Codes of practice and regulations existing in the
locality where the system is installed . in particular , the following standards shall be
applicable
LIST OF APPLICABLE CODES FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

1
2
3
4
5
6

Protectionagainstlighting
Earthing
Aviationwarninglight
Dustproofelectriclightfittings
Switches
Indianelectricityrules

IS2309
IS3043
IS4998
IS4012
IS13947

ANNEXURE III
APPROVED MAKES OF EQUIPMENT

Distributionpanel

Switch
outlet/powerreceptacle
APAR/KEI/KEC/HAVELS/POLYCAB
Cables
light
fittings/Aviation BAJAJ / CROMPTON / PHILIPS / HAVELLS /
obstructionluminaries
WIPRO

3
4
5

MCBs

HAVELLS / HENSEL / IKE / LEGRAND /


SHRENIK
socket HENSEL / LEGRAND /SHRENIK / SCHNEIDER

ABB / HAVELLS
SCHNEIDER

L&T

LEGRAND

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Note :
Similar items shall be of one make only.
For items not indicated above, the Bidder shall obtain approval from the purchaser.

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1.1

1.2

1.3

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SECTIONG3
BOREDCASTINSITUCONCRETEPILESSPECIFICATION

SCOPE

Thisspecificationcoversthetechnicalrequirementsforboredcastinsitu
concretepiles.Datasheetcontainsthespecificrequirementsfortheprojectin
thissection.Thesetwodocumentsaremutuallydependentandessentialforthe
correctinterpretationofthecontract.Iftherequirementsofthesetwodocuments
conflict,thoseofDatasheetbelowwillgovern.
This specification also covers the furnishing of all materials, plant, labour, equipment,
tools and services for complete and proper installation of board castinsitu concrete
piles, as shown on the drawings or specified, including all surveying and setting out
necessary for correct location of piles, furnishing everything necessary for forming
workingpiles,testpilesandanchorpiles,excavations(ifrequired)forpilecutoff,cut
offofallpilestoatrueplaneatelevationsspecified,loadtestofsinglepilesandforpile
groups as specified and designated for the purpose or as directed by the ENGINEER
duringtheprogressoftheworkandcleanupoftheworkingarea.
Scopeofthisspecificationcoversboredcastinsitupileswhoseboresareformedbyany
ofthefollowingtechniques:
a. Usingpercussiontypeofboringtechniqueandbentoniteslurrytostabilisethehole,
withtemporaryguidecasingthroughunstablestrataonlyuptoamaximumof5m
belowworkinggroundlevel.

1.4

1.5

a. Using direct Mud circulation or reverse mud circulation method with bentonite
slurryasdrillingmudandappropriateequipment,andwithtemporaryguidecasing
throughunstablestrataonlyuptoamaximumof5mbelowworkinggroundlevel.

b. Concretepilesformedshallbefreeofanyneckingandexcessivebulging.

Thescopeofthisspecificationexcludesunderreamedpiles.
It shall be clearly understood that the specifications given are brief and do not cover
minutedetails.However,allworksshallhavetobecarriedoutinaccordancewiththe
relevantstandardsandcodesofpracticeorintheirabsence,inaccordancewiththebest
accepted current engineering practices or as directed by the ENGINEER from time to
time.

Items for which separate specifications have not been included shall be carried out in
consultation with and as directed / approved by the engineer. The decision of the
ENGINEER as regards the specification to be adopted and their interpretation and the
modeofexecutionofworkshallbefinalandbindingontheCONTRACTORandnoclaim
whatsoeverwillbeentertainedonthisaccount.

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1.7

1.8

1.9

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Notwithstandingwhatiscontainedinthisdocument,theCONTRACTORshallexecuteall
theworkinaprofessionalmanner,exhibitingworkmanshipofthebestquality.Priorto
mobilisation, theCONTRACTOR shallsubmit to the OWNER / ENGINEER for approval,
hisprogramforQualityAssuranceandQualityControlthathewilladoptforthework,
alongwiththreecopiesofdocumentationformatforenablingenforcementofhisQAQC
program.
Priortosubmittinghisproposal,theCONTRACTORshallacquainthimselffullyinregard
to the scope of the work in accordance with the intent and meaning of the subsurface
dataasindicatedbythegeotechnicalinvestigationreportandotherdatagivenbythe
OWNER,andthedrawingsandspecifications.Heisdeemedtohaveexaminedthesite
and premises sufficiently to compare them with the drawings and specifications and
satisfy himself in regard to the condition of the site, obstructions, accessibility, etc.
requiredinconnectionwiththework.Failuretocomplywiththisrequirementshallin
nowayrelievetheCONTRACTORofhisresponsibilitytoperformtheworkcompletein
accordance with the specification. The information given in the geotechnical
investigation report has been made available to the CONTRACTOR in good faith. The
OWNER willnotbeheldresponsibleforanyinaccuraciesordiscrepanciesthereinand
noclaimwhatsoeverfromtheCONTRACTORonthisaccountwillbeentertainedbythe
OWNER.
Nothing contained in the Contract documents will relieve the CONTRACTOR from the
responsibilityofobtainingapprovalfromtheENGINEERforalltheinstallationcriteria.
Accesstotheworkareasshallbekeptunobstructedandclearatalltimessoasnotto
hampertheworkofothercontractors.

1.10 If indicated in DATA SHEET and / or the Schedule of Quantities and Rates, the
CONTRACTOR shall remove overhead, surface and underground obstructions as
directed by the ENGINEER and backfill the voids in the ground with suitable material
throughwhichsoundpilescanbereadilyboredandconstructed.

2.0
APPLICABLECODESANDSPECIFICATIONS

2.1
All applicable documents, including standards, codes, rules, laws, regulations of
regulatory bodies referred to herein shall be of latest issue or edition and shall be
consideredpartofthisspecification,exceptasmayotherwisebestatedherein.

2.2
Unless otherwise stated herein and in DATA SHEET, the design, materials and
workmanship shall conform to the following standards. All standards and codes
referred shall be the latest revision (including all amendments issued thereto) as on
dateofoffermadebybidder.

IS:2911

CodeofPracticeforDesignandConstructionofPile

Foundations.

a)Part1

ConcretePiles,Sections2BoredCastinsituPiles

Sec.2

b)Part4

LoadTestonPiles

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4.0

4.1

4.2

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IS:2131

MethodofStandardPenetrationTestforSoils

IS:456

CodeofPracticeforPlainandReinforcedconcrete.

IS:1489

PortlandPozzolanaCement

IS:8112

HighStrengthOrdinaryPortlandCement

IS:383

Specificationsforcoarseandfineaggregatesfromnatural

sourcesforconcrete.

IS:2386

IS:432

SpecificationforMildSteelandMediumTensileSteelBars

andHandDrawnSteelWireforConcreteReinforcement.

IS:1786

SpecificationforColdTwistedSteelBarsforConcrete

Reinforcement.

IS:3764

SafetyCodeforExcavationWork.

IS:1200

MethodofMeasurementofBuildingWorksPartXXIII.

IS:12330

SulphateResistingPortlandCement

MethodsofTestforAggregatesforConcrete

GEOTECHNICALINVESTIGATIONS
Geo technical investigations have already been carried out in chimney area and Soil
investigationreportsareattachedalongwiththetenderdocument.TheCONTRACTOR
shallnotethatalltheaboveinformationhasbeengiveningoodfaithandnoclaimfrom
theCONTRACTORwillbeentertainedforanyaccuracyordiscrepancyinthesame.
TYPEOFPILES
Thisspecificationcoversboredcastinsituconcretepilesofcircularcrosssectiononly.
Thesepilesshallbeformedbyboringtothespecifieddepthasshownandcalledforon
thedrawingsorasdirectedatsitebytheENGINEER.Executionofthepileboreshallbe
byanyofthemethodsoutlinedinClause1.3above.
Thetemporarycasingandthepileboreshallbeofdiameteradequateenoughtogivethe
necessary nominal finished diameter of the concrete piles. The inner diameter of the
upperguidecasingshallnotbelessthanthespecifiednominaldiameterofthepile.
Theboredholeshallexcludeanysubsoilordetrimentalmaterialbeforereinforcement
andconcreteisplacedinsidethecasing/borehole.TheCONTRACTORshall,inhisBid,
fullyoutlinethemethodsthattheproposestoadopttoaccomplishthis.

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TRIALBOREHOLESFORLOCATINGFOUNDINGSTRATUM
To ascertain the subsurface strata and their characteristics, the CONTRACTOR may be
permittedtoconductafewboreholes.
ThelocationsofboreholesshallbesubjecttoapprovalbytheENGINEER/OWNER.
Oncompletionoftheinvestigations,alltrialboreholesshallbebackfiledupto1mbelow
cut off level of the piles in that area by sand and subsequent filling shall be done by
excavatedclayorcementbentonitegroutunlessdirectedotherwisebytheENGINEER.
The ENGINEERs approval shall be obtained prior to commencement of back filling of
thetrialboreholes.

6.0SETTINGOUT

The CONTRACTOR will be furnished will one reference benchmark and with two
mutually perpendicular reference axes. The CONTRACTOR shall locate accurately the
positionofpilesandinstallstakesasdirectedorasrequiredbydrawings,withreference
tothereferencebenchmarkandaxesfurnished.TheCONTRACTORshallmakegoodto
thesatisfactionoftheENGINEER,defectiveorinfructuousworkarisingoutoferrorin
filedlayout, notwithstandingthatsuchlayoutandstakingmayhave beencheckedand
approvedbytheENGINEER.

The CONTRACTOR shall check the coordinates of initial guide casing for each pile
duringandimmediately afterplacingthecasingonthegroundpriortoitsdrivingand
confirmthesamewiththecoordinatesofthatpileasshownonthedrawing.

7.0CONTINUITYOFCONSTRUCTION

Anypilethatistakenupforexecutionfromboringtofinalconcretingshallbeexecuted
atacontinuousstretchwithoutinterruption.Stoppageofworkinbetweenshiftswillbe
permitted only during boring stage of the pile execution if further boring is pending.
Thereafter right from boring or chiseling of the final portion of the length of the pile,
through subsequent activities of flushing, lowering of reinforcement cage, lowering of
tremie,preconcreteflushinganduptoconcreting,nohaltwhatsoeverintheexecution
ofthepilewillbepermitted.

In case there is a halt of work during any of these activities except concreting, the
CONTRACTOR shall take steps to bore an extended length of further 300 mm or as
decidedbytheENGINEER,oradoptanyothermeasureasdecidedbytheENGINEER.

7.3
If there is any stoppage of work during concreting, this pile shall be abandoned
altogether.

7.4
CostsofremedialmeasuresandtheirconsequencesshallbebornebytheCONTRACTOR
ifthestoppageisduetotheCONTRACTORsactofcommissionoromission.

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MATERIALS
CONCRETE
General
Allmaterialsisinthescopeofcontractor.Thecontractorshoulddothemixdesignfor
various grades of concrete and get tested at site by casting the cubes before the
commencementofconcretework.

8.1.2 Atleastoneseriesoftestsforcubestrengthofconcreteshallbeconductedforevery20
pilesconstructed,or50cubicmetersofconcrete,whicheverisleast,and notlessthan
onesetoftestsshallbeconductedforanyoneshiftsconcretingoperations.Eachsetof
testsshallconsistofnineworktestcubes,fieldcured.Threecubesshallbetestedat7
daysandthreeat28days.Thebalancethreecubesshallbekeptfortestingat14daysin
casethe7daystestresultsarenotsatisfactory.Recordsofallcubetestresultsshallbe
communicatedtotheENGINEER,identifyingthepilebeingconcretedwhilemakingthe
cubes.

8.1.3 The CONTRACTOR shall provide at his own cost all labor, materials and equipment
necessaryforroutinesitetestsslumptestsonconcrete,cubetestsandallothertests.

8.2
REINFORCEMENT

8.2.1 Allreinforcementshallbeasperthe drawings. Thereinforcementshallbeassembled


and tied together and made up into cages sufficiently rigid to withstand handling
withoutdamageanddistortion.Afterfabricationofthecageallsurfaceswhichbecome
exposed due to scrapping, welding etc. shall be recoated. All tie wires, stiffener bars,
spreaderforks,lacingsetc.usedtofabricatethecageshallalsobecoatedsimilarly.

8.2.2 Wherethenumberanddiametersofreinforcementbarschangeasperthedrawing,laps
ofreinforcementbarsshallbeasindicatedonthedrawing.Jointsinlongitudinalbars,if
unavoidable,shallbemadebylapping.Lapsshallbetrackweldedasapprovedbythe
ENGINEER to prevent distortion of the reinforcing cage. The number of joints in
longitudinal steel bars shall be kept to a minimum and staggered. Joints in
reinforcementshallbesuchthatthefullstrengthofeachbariseffectiveacrossthejoint
andshallbemadesuchthatthereisnodetrimentaldisplacementofthereinforcement
during the construction of the pile. Mechanical splices if and as approved by the
ENGINEERmaybeusedforjointingreinforcementbarsofsamediameters.

8.2.3 The projecting lengths of the longitudinal bars beyond the pile cutoff level shall be
equal to a minimum of 24 times bar diameter or such other length as shown on the
drawings.

8.2.4 Thelaterallinksorhelicalreinforcementshallfitcloselyaroundthe mainlongitudinal


bars and be fixed to them by soft annealed 16 gauge black iron wire, the free ends of
whichshallbeturnedtowardsthecentre.

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8.2.5 Concretecoveroverallreinforcementincluding laterallinks orhelicalshallbe50mm


unless shown otherwise on the drawing. Suitable and adequate cover blocks shall be
provided.Thecoverblocksshallbecircularwithaconcentricholeofadequatesizeto
allow lateral reinforcement to pass through and allow free rotation. The cover blocks
shallbemanufacturedofconcreteofgradehigherthanthatofconcretedesignatedfor
thepile,usingthesamegradeandtypeofcement.Alternately,thecoverblockshallbe
ofmoredurablematerialapprovedbytheENGINEER,whichwillnotleadtocorrosionof
thereinforcementorspallingoftheconcretecover.Thecoverblocksshallbeplacedall
alongthelengthofthereinforcementcagewithadequatenumberintheupperportion
overthelengthofthetemporarycasing.Thecoverblocksshallbealignedforsmooth
lowering of the cage into the pile bore and for lifting of the temporary casing without
displacingthereinforcementcagefromitsseatedposition.

8.2.6 Stiffener bars, spreader forks and lacings within the reinforcement cage shall be
providedtopreventtwistingoranytypeofdistortionofthereinforcementcageduring
itslifting,handlingandloweringintothepilebore.Theseshallbeplacedinamanner
andpatternsuchthattheinsidedimensionofthetremiepipeanditsoperationwithout
disturbingthecageduringconcreting.

8.3
TEMPORARYSTEELGUIDECASINGS

8.3.1 Temporarysteelguidecasingsforboredcastinsituconcretepilesshallhaveaninternal
diameterequaltothenominaldiameterofthepile.Thethicknessshallbeadequatefor
strengthtowithstanddrivingwithoutdamage.Lengthofeachcasingcomponentshall
bemaximumpossible.Jointsshallbewelded,lockseamedorscrewed.

8.3.2 Guide casings shall be free from any distortion and buckling and of uniform cross
section throughout. The insideof theguidecasingsshall befreefromprojectionsand
encrustedconcrete.

8.4
PERMANENTLINERS

8.4.1 Notenvisaged.

8.5
BENTONITEDRILLINGMUD

8.5.1 Bentonite power and bentonite suspension fluid shall conform to requirements
specified in IS : 2911 ( Part 1 / Sec. 2). The CONTRACTOR is advised to obtain
Manufacturerstestcertificateforeachconsignmentdeliveredtothesitetoensurethe
conformity of the material delivered. However each batch of bentonite powder
deliveredandthesuspensionfluidmadetherefromshallbetestedbytheCONTRACTOR
and results presented to the ENGINEER. Any batch not conforming to required
specificationsshallberejected.

8.5.2 The bentonite powder shall be mixed thoroughly with clean, potable water to make a
suspension ofdensity asspecified.Thetemperature ofthewaterusedandthatofthe
bentonite fluid supplied to the pile bore shall not be lower than 5C. Where saline or
chemically contaminated ground water occurs, special precautions shall be taken as
approved by the ENGINEER to modify the bentonite suspension or pre hydrate the

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bentonitewithfresh,potablewatersoastorenderthefluidsuitableforconstructionof
piles. The pH of the fluid shall range from 9.5 to 12. The bentonite suspension fluid
shall be continuously circulated and agitated using circulating pumps to prevent
depositionofsuspensionandcoagulation.

8.5.3 Thesuspensionfluidshallberegularlytestedtoensureitssuitabilityforuseasdrilling
mud.Thefrequencyoftestingthefluidandthemethodofsamplingshallbeproposed
by the CONTRACTOR for approval prior to the commencement of the work. The
frequency may subsequently be varied as deemed necessary by the ENGINEER. These
testsshallensureconsistencyofthefluidproperties,afterthemixingprocess,blending
of freshly mixed bentonite suspension and previously used bentonite suspension and
any process which may be adopted to remove impurities from previously used
bentonitesuspension.

9.0
PILEBORING

9.1
FORMATIONOFPILEBORES

9.1.1 Pileboresforboredcastinsituconcretepilesshallbeexecuteduptoaminimumdepth
specifiedontheDrawingsorasmodifiedbytheENGINEERinwritingduringprogressof
boring.Thepileshallachieveitsrequiredcapacitytotakedownwardandupwardforce
andhorizontalforcesincombinationasspecified.

9.1.2 Pileboresshallbeexecutedbyanyofthefollowingmethods:

a.
Using the Direct Mud Circulation or Reverse Mud circulation Methods with bentonite
slurryasdrillingmudandappropriateequipment.

b.
Usingpercussiontypeofdrillingandbentoniteslurrytostabilizethehole.

c.
UsingpermanentrigidlinersofsteeloranyothermaterialapprovedbytheENGINEER
andboringthroughtheliners.

TheBIDDERshallindicatealongwithhisBidwhichoftheabovemethodsheproposes
toadoptforthiswork.HoweverthedecisionoftheENGINEERregardingthemethodto
beadoptedforexecutingtheboresshallbebindingontheCONTRACTOR.

9.1.3 Useoftemporaryguidecasingsthroughunstablestrataispermitted.

9.1.4 TheCONTRACTORshallensurethatboresformedaretruetoacylindricalshapetothe
extentpossibleandovercuttingisminimized.TheCONTRACTORshallalsoensurethat
watercavitiesbehindtemporarycasingsarealtogetheravoidedsoastoensurequality
concreteforthepileshaft.

9.1.5 Boring shall not be carried out within a distance of five times the diameter of the pile
fromapilewhichhasbeenfreshlyconcretedwithinthepastfortyeighthours.

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9.2 STANDARDPENETRATIONTESTS

9.2.1 TheCONTRACTORshallconductStandardPenetrationTests(SPT)withinthepilebore
at pile locations and at depths as indicated on the Drawing or as directed by the
ENGINEERifrequired.TheproceduresforconductingtheseSPTsinsoilandrockshall
beasperIS:2131.

9.3
BORELOGSANDEXTRACTEDMATERIALSAMPLES

9.3.1 Acompletelogofthesubsurfaceprofileshallbemaintainedduringexecutionofboring
foreachandeverypileshaft.AcopyofsuchlogshallbesubmittedtotheOWNERforhis
scrutinypriortocommencementofreinforcementcagelowering.

9.3.2 All through the boring operations, the subsurface material (soil or rock cuttings) as
extractedthroughtheflapvalvebailersorwashofcirculatingmudshallbepreservedin
polythenebagsatregular0.5mto1mintervalsofdepth.Thesamplesshallbelabeled,
indicating the unique pile number and depth. The labeled sample will be placed in
anotherpolythenebag.AllthesesamplesshallbehandedovertotheENGINEER.

9.4 DIRECTMUDCIRCULATIONMETHOD

9.4.1 Theinitialboringofabout1.5mshallbedonebybailerandtheguidecasingshallthen
be lowered into the borehole. The bore shall be filled with bentonite slurry fed from
bentoniteinstallation.

9.4.2 Thecentrelineoftheguidecasingshallbecheckedwithrespecttothereferencepoints
before proceeding with further boring. Further boring shall proceed with the use of
directmudcirculationchiseluptothefoundingstrata.

9.4.3 The chisel used to bore the hole, shall be of diameter appropriate for the specified
nominaldiameteroftheholetobebored.ThechiselshallbeconnectedtoAPIrodsof
adequatediameterandthicknessthroughwhichbentoniteslurryshallbepumped.

9.4.4 Bentonite slurry shall be pumped through the chisel rods by means of high pressure
pumps.Thechiselshallhavesuitableportsforthebentoniteslurrytoflowoutathigh
pressure.Thebentoniteslurryandthecuttings,whicharecarriedtothesurfacebythe
rising flow of slurry, shall pass through a settling tank of adequate size to remove the
cuttingsandspoilsfromtheslurrybeforetheslurryisrecirculatedtothepilebore.A
suitablebentoniteslurrymixingandrecirculationplantshallbedesignedandinstalled.

9.5
REVERSEMUDCIRCULATIONMETHOD

9.5.1 The CONTRACTOR shall adopt reverse mud circulation method only where strata
encountered are such that there is no danger of loosening of the sub soil during the
boring operations and the subsoil gradually becomes denser and more compact with
progressive depth, or where bedrock is being penetrated at shallow depths. This
methodshallbeadoptedonlyifapprovedbytheENGINEER.

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9.5.2 Themethodisessentiallythesameasthedirectmudcirculationmethodexceptthat,the
bentoniteslurryshallbesuckedthroughthechiselinsteadofbeingpumpedthroughit.
Exceptforthis,thespecificationsfordirectmudcirculationmethodapplyherealso.

9.6
BAILERBORINGUSINGBENTONITESLURRY

9.6.1 Thisprocessisessentiallythesameasthemudcirculationmethodexceptthatallboring
shall be done by flap valve bailer or flap valve bailer and chisel up to the founding
stratum,usingbentoniteslurry.Bentoniteslurryshallbeallowedtoflowintotheguide
casing through pipes or channels, so that the guide casing is always kept filled with
bentonite. The material extracted by the bailer shall be left alongside slurry shall be
allowedtoflowintothecasingsothatthetoplevelofthebentoniteiskeptthesameat
alltimes.

9.6.2 Except as modified hereinabove, the specification for direct mud circulation method
shallapplytobailerboringalso.

9.7
BORINGFORPILESWITHPERMANENTLINERS

9.7.1 Notenvisaged.

9.8
LOSSOFDRILLINGMUDWHILEBORING

9.8.1 In the event of a rapid loss of drilling mud in a pile bore, the CONTRACTOR shall
immediatelydrawtheattentionoftheENGINEERandtakenecessaryactionasapproved
bytheENGINEER.

9.9
FINALPOSTBOREFLUSHINGANDCLEANING

9.9.1 Oncompletionofthetotallengthofthepilebore,theboreshallbethoroughlycleaned
andflushed.

9.9.2 If the pile bore has been executed by either of the mud circulation methods, fresh
bentonite slurry shall be pumped through the chisel resting at the base of the bore to
completely remove all cuttings and other loose material from the base. During the
flushing the speed of the bentonite circulation pump shall be raised to maintain high
pressure. Such flushing shall be continued for at least 20 minutes while occasionally
agitatingthechisel.Flushingshallbecontinuedbeyond20minutesifthereturnslurry
indicatespresenceofcuttingsstillwithinthebore.

9.9.3 Incasethepileborehasbeenexecutedbybailerboringwithbentoniteslurry,thebore
shall be initially cleaned of loose material by light tamping of the flapvalve bailer.
ThereafterthebailershallbewithdrawnandastringofAPIrodsshallbeloweredupto
thebaseoftheboreandbentoniteslurryshallbepumpedthroughunderhighpressure
as in the case of the Mud circulation method. Agitation shall be effected by circular
movementofthestringofrodsaroundthepilebore.Flushingshallbethuscontinued
foratleast20minutes.Flushingshallcontinuebeyond20minutestillthereturnwash
indicatesthattheboreiscleantothesatisfactionoftheENGINEER.

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10.2

10.3

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PLACEMENTOFREINFORCEMENTCAGE
Immediately after successful completion of final postbore flushing and cleaning, the
reinforcement cage shall be lowered into the pile bore. All care shall be taken during
transporting,liftingandloweringofthecagethatthecagedoesnottwistordistortout
ofalignment.
Thecageshallbeloweredintothepileborebygravityandshallnotbeforcedintothe
bore.Careshallbeexercisedthatnocollapseofanyportionoftheunlinedborewhile
lowering.Incasethetotallengthofthepileissuchthathandlingoftheentirelengthof
thecagebecomesunwieldy,thecageshallbefabricatedintwolengths.Thelocationof
suchjointingshallhoweverbegotapprovedbytheENGINEERinwriting.Afterthefirst
sectionofthecageisloweredandheldwiththetopofthebarsadequatelyoutsidethe
bore,theuppercagesectionshallbelifted,heldverticalandgraduallyloweredoverthe
lower cage section so that, the main longitudinal reinforcement bars of the two cage
sectionsarealignedbarforbar.Jointingoftherespectivebarsofthetwocagesshallbe
effectedasperclause8.2.2above.Theintegralcageshallthenbeloweredintothepile
boreandintofinalpositionandheldinplacebyslingsorsuitabledevicesapprovedby
theENGINEER.
Longitudinal reinforcement above the ground level shall not be arbitrarily bent for
seating the concrete tremie hopper. If the reinforcement cage has been fabricated
longer than that required on the drawing (in view of a shorter pile bore than that
envisagedearlier),theexcesslengthsshallbecut.Outwardexceed5degreeswiththe
vertical to avoid breaking of the bars while rebending the reinforcement back into
positionaftertheconcreting.Inanycase,theinternalradiusofthebendshallnotbeless
thanfivetimesthebardiameter.Whileflayingthereinforcementcageoutwards,itshall
be ensured that the cover to reinforcement within the pile bore to be concreted is
maintained.
FINALPRECONCRETINGFLUSHING
Immediately after the reinforcement cage is positioned, the concrete tremie pipe shall
be lowered into the pile bore concentrically within the reinforcement cage, with the
bottomofthetremiepipejustabovethebottomofthebore.Thetopofthetremiepipe
shall be connected to a high speed bentonite pump and flushing with bentonite slurry
shallberesumed.Ifconcretingofthepileboreistobedonebyconcretepump,flushing
shall be done through a string of API rods lowered into the pile bore concentrically
within the reinforcement cage with the bottom of the string of rods just above the
bottomofthepilebore.
Theprocedureforflushingshallbethesameasthatindicatedinclause9.9above.Atthe
endofsuchflushingtheCONTRACTORshallensurethatheavycontaminatedbentonite
suspension, which could impair free flow of the concrete from the tremie pipe or
concrete pump trunk has not accumulated in the bottom of the pile bore. The
suspensionshallbesampledfromthepileborebottombyasuitabledeviceapprovedby
the ENGINEER and the density of the suspension checked by a calibrated hydrometer.

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Thedensityofthesampledsuspensionshallnotexceed1.2gm/cc.Incasethisvalueis
exceeded, flushing shall be resumed as per clause 9.9 till the suspension is within the
desireddensityrange.

12.0 PILECONCRETING

12.1 GENERAL

12.1.1 Concreting of pile bores shall be executed only through a tremie system or concrete
from ground level or above into the pile bore is prohibited even if the pile bore is
prohibitedevenifthepileboreisdry(asmayperhapsbethecaseforpileboreswith
permanentliners).

12.1.2 Only freshly mixed concrete shall be used. Placement of the concrete shall be a
continuousoperation.TheCONTRACTORshallensurethatconcretemixersofadequate
capacity are provided at the site with standby. If concrete pump is to be used for
concretingastandbypumpshallbeprovided.Thepileshallbeabandonedifconcreting
operationsaresuspendedduetoanyreasonbymorethan20minutes.Itshallalsobe
ensuredthattherearenoairpocketscreatedwithintheconcreteshaft.

12.2 TREMIECONCRETINGSYSTEM

12.2.1 Tremie pipe concreting shall be done as per IS:456 and IS:2911 (Part:1/Sec.2). The
minimumdiameterofthetremiepipeshallbe200mm.Thesteelhopperatthetopof
the tremie pipe shall have a volume in excess of the total volume of the tremie pipe
below. The neck of the hopper shall be fitted with a steel plate covering the entire
opening.Suitablearrangementsshallbemadetoremovethesteelplateanduncoverthe
hopper neck aperture when the hopper is full of concrete. The hopper and the entire
lengthofthetremiepipeshallbethoroughlycleanandfreeofanyencrustedconcreteor
internalprotrusionssuchassleeves,collarsetcoranysoilordebris.Theentiretremie
pipehoppersystemshallbewatertight.

12.2.2 After the final preconcreting flushing has been successfully executed, the tremie pipe
shall not be extracted but shall continue to remain up to the bottom of the pile bore.
Suitablerampsorstagingshallbeprovidedtofacilitateeasyandsmoothfeedingofthe
hopper with concrete either manually or by mechanized means. Te ramps or staging
shall be flexible enough to allow concrete feeding if the hopper is raised during
concreting.

12.2.3 Aslidingplugofpolystyrene(orsimilarmateriallighterthanwaterandapprovedbythe
ENGINEER)shallbeplacedinthetremiepipetopreventdirectcontactbetweenthefirst
charge of concrete in the tremie and the bentonite slurry. At the commencement of
concreting, the steel plate shall first cover the hopper neck while the hopper is
completelyfilledwithconcrete.Thesteelplateshallthenberemovedandtheconcrete
inthehopperallowedtoflowintothetremiepipe.Subsequentchargesofconcreteshall
bemaintainedascontinuousaspossibleuntilthepileboreisconcretedasspecifiedin
clause12.5below.Thetremiepipeshallatalltimespenetratetheconcretebyminimum
two metres after placing of the concrete has commenced, and shall not be withdrawn
from within the concrete until completion of concreting. Particular care shall be

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exercisedwhenverticalmovementisimpartedonthetremiepipetoforcetheconcrete
downthetremiepipe.Suchmovementsshallbelimited.TheCONTRACTORshallnote
that the pile shall be abandoned if in the opinion of the ENGINEER, the tremie pipe
bottomhasbeenraisedabovetheconcretelevelwithinthepilebore.Whileraisingthe
tremiepipe,careshallbeexercisedthatthereinforcementcageisnotdisturbedfromits
position.

12.3 CONCRETEPUMP

12.3.1 If the concrete pump is used to feed the hopper of a tremie concreting system, clause
12.2shallapply.

12.3.2 Iftheconcretepumpisusedforplacingconcretedirectlyintothepilebore,thetrunkof
thepumpshallbeplaceduptothebottomofthepileboreimmediatelyafterthestringof
API rods used for final preconcreting flushing have been removed after successful
flushing. The trunk shall at all times penetrate the concrete after commencement of
concretingbyatleasttwometersandshallnotbewithdrawnfromwithintheconcrete
unit the completion of concreting. The CONTRACTOR shall note that, the pile shall be
abandoned if in the opinion of the ENGINEER, the truck has been raised above the
concretelevelwithinthepilebore.Whileraisingthetrunk,careshallbeexercisedthat
thereinforcementcageisnotdisturbedfromitsposition.

12.4 LIFTINGOFTEMPORARYCASING

12.4.1 Thetemporarycasingshallbecarefullywithdrawnonlyaftertheconcretesurfaceinthe
pileborehasrisentonotlessthanthreemetresabovethebottomofthecasingornot
less than one metre above the level of ground water whichever is higher. The casing
shallbeliftedonlytotheextentthatthereisminimumonemetreofconcreteabovethe
casing bottom. The level of concrete shall be checked vis a vis the casing bottom and
groundwaterlevelbysuitablemethodsasapprovedbytheENGINEER.

12.4.2 Whilewithdrawingthetemporarycasing,careshallbeexercisedthatthereinforcement
cage is not pulled out along with the casing. It shall also be ensured that no voids or
ground water pockets are formed around the pile shaft during withdrawal. Adequate
precautionsshallbeexercisedtoensurethattheconcreteisnotliftedupalongwiththe
casing and that no necking or wasting occurs in the pile shaft. Special care shall be
exercisedwhenthegroundwaterlevelishigh.Duringwithdrawal,themovementofthe
temporarycasingshallbemaintainedinaaxialdirectionrelativetothepile.

12.5 COMPLETIONOFCONCRETING

12.5.1 Irrespectiveofthespecifiedpilecutofflevel,concreteshallbepouredintothepilebore
untilallthecontaminatedconcreteatthetopoftheboreoverflowsthetopofthepile
bore and neat concrete appears continuously as overflow. Concreting shall then be
terminatedafterpermissionoftheENGINEER.

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13.2

13.3

13.4

13.5

13.6

13.7

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PILECUTOFFANDEXTENSION
PilecutofftospecifiedlevelsshownonthedrawingshallbedonebytheCONTRACTOR
for all piles at no extracost to the OWNER. TheCONTRACTOR shall station atsitean
adequateworkforceforthesame.
When cutting off and trimming piles to the specified cutoff level, the contractor shall
takecaretoavoidshatteringorotherwisedamagingtherestofthepile.Anycrackedor
defective concrete shall be cut away and the pile repaired in an approved manner to
provideafullandsoundsectionatthecutofflevel.
Minimum chipping of the pile shall be 700 mm or till sound concrete is met with or
specifiedcutofflevel,whicheverisgreater.Whilechippingtheconcrete,careshallbe
takentoensurethatthereinforcementisnotdamagedinanyway.Ifthereinforcement
isdamagedwhilechippingorbendingback,theCONTRACTORshallrectifythesameas
directedbytheENGINEERatnoextracosttotheOWNER.Ifthespecifiedcutofflevelis
lessthan700mmbelowthegroundlevel(whichistheconcreteoverflowlevelafterall
temporary casing are withdrawn) or if the cutoff level is above the ground level, the
concreteshaftshallbechippedbyminimum600mmortillsoundconcreteismetwith,
whichever is greater. Thereafter, if found necessary additional reinforcement shall be
jointedasspecifiedearlierinclause8.2.2above.Thepileshallthenbebuiltuptothe
specifiedcutofflevelusingsuitablecircularformworkandconcreteofgradespecified
forthepileshaft.
Ifduetoanydefectiveconcreting,honeycombing,exposureofreinforcement,snapping
of reinforcement bars etc., stripping of pile concrete is required to be done to a level
lowerthanthespecificcutoffleveltoobtaindenseandsoundconcrete,thepileshallbe
builtupwiththegoodconcreteofspecifiedgradeforthepileshaftuptothespecified
cutoff level by the CONTRACTOR at no extra cost to the OWNER. Such building up
including excavation, concreting, formwork and compacted backfiring shall be at the
CONTRACTORscost.
Oncompletingpilecutoffforanypile,allexposedreinforcementsurfaceshallbecoated
withcementwashatnoextracosttotheOWNER.
The CONTRACTOR shall backfill all excavation done by him for pile cutoff to levels
specified by the ENGINEER or as shown on the drawing. These levels shall be lower
thanoratleastequaltotheoriginalworkinglevel.
Anyoverexcavationandbackfiringofthesamewithcompactionshallbeatnoextracost
totheOWNER.
TOLERANCES
POSITIONAL

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14.1.1 Forapilecutoffatorabovegroundlevel,themaximumpermitteddeviationofthepile
centrefromthecentrepointshownonthedrawingshallbe75mminanydirection.An
additional tolerance for the pile head cutoff below ground level will be permitted in
accordancewiththeclauses14.2and14.3below.

14.2 VERTICAL

14.2.1 Toleranceofverticalityshallbewithin1in75forthecompletedpileshaft.

14.3 RAKE

Notenvisaged.
14.4 CORRECTIVEMEASURES

14.4.1 No forcible corrections to piles to overcome errors of position or alignment shall be


attempted.

14.4.2 If after excavation for pile cut off, any pile or piles are found to exceed the specified
positionaland/oralignmenttolerances,theseshallbereplacedorsupplementedbythe
CONTRACTORbyadditionalpile(s)asdirectedbytheENGINEERatnoextracosttothe
OWNER. Also if as a result of pile(s), exceeding the specified permissible positional
deviations,and/ortheconsequentadditionofanyreplacementpile(s),anypilecapis
required to be enlarged, the extra cost of such pile cap enlargement shall be to the
CONTRACTORsaccount.

15.0 ABANDONEDPILEBORESANDREJECTEDPILES

15.1 Abandonedpileboresshallbefilledwithsand,whichconstitutesfineaggregateusedfor
makingconcrete.

15.2 Noattemptshallbemadetoforciblyextractarejectedpileshaft.Rejectedpileshallbe
cutoffasdirectedbytheENGINEER.TheCONTRACTORshallinstallreplacementpile
orpilesinlieofrejectedpilesasdirectedbytheENGINEER.

15.3 TheCONTRACTORshallnotbepaidanyadditionalamountforfillingupabandonedpile
boresorcuttingoffrejectedpiles,provisionofextrapiles,enlargementofpilecapetc.
necessitatedduetofaultyworkoftheCONTRACTOR.

16.0 PILECAPACITIES

16.1 Safestructuralcapacityofthepileshallbetakenastheloadcalculatedonthebasisof
permissibleconcretestressesandpermissiblesteelstressesasperIS:456.

16.2 Thenegativeskinfrictionshallbedeterminedusingresultsofthepullouttestofshort
piles. Skin friction component of total load carrying capacity shall be determined by
conductinginitialcyclicpileloadtestsonpilesinstalledtofulllength.Alsothecapacity
ofpilestoresistupliftforcesshallbedeterminedbyconductingpullouttestsonpiles
installedtofulllength.

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Maximum estimated safe axial loads, both downward and upward that the piles are
required to take size wise are listed in soil investigation report. The maximum
estimated lateral capacities of the piles size wise are also listed in soil investigation
report.Pileloadtestonbothinitialpilesaswellasworkingpilesshallbecarriedoutto
establishandprovethesecapacities.
NONDISTRUCTIVETESTSONPILES(NDT)
Notenvisaged.
PILELOADTESTS
GENERAL
Anynumberoftestpilesandworkingpilesasspecifiedinthescheduleofitemsoratthe
discretion of the ENGINEER shall be subjected to load tests. The CONTRACTOR shall
provideeverythingnecessaryincludingequipment,measuringdevices,jacks,structural
framework,kentledgesetc.Thisincludesinstallationoftestpilesalsoandconcretingof
pilecapeithertemporaryorpermanentoversingleorgroupofpilesfortestingthepiles.
Thepilecapconcretingwillnotbepaidforseparately.

18.1.2 Load tests shall in general be carried out as per IS:2911 (Part IV) except as modified
hereinordirectedotherwisebytheENGINEER.

18.1.3 Piles to be load tested shall either be so designated on the drawings or specified /
selectedbyENGINEERinthefield.

18.1.4 Test load shall be applied to the piles by any suitable means preferably by a properly
calibratedhydraulicjackwitharemotecontrolpump.Testloadappliedtothepilesshall
besuchthataconstantloadismaintainedunderincreasingsettlement.

18.1.5 The required reaction may be derived from either a loaded platform or anchor piles.
Anchorpilesshallnotbecloserthan6timesthepilediameteroneitherside.Working
piles shall not be used as anchor piles. Anchor piles, if provided, shall be at
CONTRACTORscost.

18.1.6 Load tests shall in general be carried out not earlier than 28 days from the time of
castingthepileandmaybeperformedconcurrentlywiththepileinstallationoperations
ifpermittedbytheENGINEER.

18.1.7 Thedesignandarrangementofapplicationofloadingetcforalltypesofloadtests,shall
besubmittedtotheENGINEERforapproval.

18.1.8 All load tests shall be conducted under the supervision of the ENGINEER. All
responsibilities for conducting the tests safely and properly shall rest with the
CONTRACTOR.

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CALIBRATIONOFEQUIPMENT
The CONTRACTOR shall ensure, that all the equipment / instruments are properly
calibrated,atthestartofthetests,toreflectthecorrectvalues.Ifsodemandedbythe
ENGINEER, the CONTRACTOR cost and the test report shall be submitted to the
ENGINEER.IftheENGINEERdesirestowitness/inspectsuchtests,theCONTRACTOR
shall arrange for this and also provide such access and facilities for inspection as are
required.

18.3

18.4

18.4.1

INITIALLOADTESTS
NotEnvisaged
LOADTESTSONWORKINGPILES
ThesetestsshallbecarriedoutonpilesselectedbytheENGINEERaftertheyhavebeen
cast.Teststobecarriedoutonworkingpilesshallessentiallybeordinarycompression
type.Thetestwillbesimilartothatconductedoninitialtestpiles,exceptthatthetest
loadonpileshallbelimitedto1.5timesthesafepilecapacity.Themaximumsettlement
duringtestloadingshallnotexceed12mm.

18.4.2 The working pile shall be considered to have stood the test satisfactorily if total
settlementunderfinaltestloadisnotmorethan12mmandnet(residual)settlement
afterremovaloftestloadnotmorethan6mm.

18.4.3 Ifthepiledoesnotsatisfytheserequirementsandifthiscanbeattributedtodefective
workmanshipornegligenceonthepart oftheCONTRACTOR,allcostsoftheloadtest,
the cost of providing and installing additional piles, cost of additional or enlarged pile
capsandotherworknecessitatedbecauseofthedefectivepile,shallbeatthecostofthe
CONTRACTOR.

18.5 RECORDSOFLOADTESTRESULTS

18.5.1 Within48hoursofcompletionofeachtest,theCONTRACTORshallfurnishacopyofall
recorded test data to the ENGINEER. Upon completion of pile load tests, the
CONTRACTOR shall furnish the ENGINEER at no extra cost with a pile test report in
triplicateandthisshallincludethefollowinginformationwhereapplicable.

a)
Identificationofworkingpile/testpileasperdrawing.
b)
Coordinateaxesofpile,elevationofbottomofpile,cutofflevelofpile,typeofpile,pile
size.
c)
Pileborelogrecords.
d)
SPTresults
e)
Deviationfromdesignatedlocation/alignment.
f)
Jackgaugecalibrationcurvesfromapprovedtesthouse.
g)
Tabulation of loads and settlement readings during the loading and unloading of the
pile.

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h)
i)
j)

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Graphicrepresentationsofthetestresultsintheformoftimeloadsettlementcurves.
Graphicanalysisofinitialcyclictestresultstoseparateskinfrictionandendbearingas
setoutinIS:2911(PartIV).
Remarks concerning any unusual occurrence during installation or test loading of the
workingpiles/testpiles.
INDIRECTINTEGRITYTESTSFORPILES
The ENGINEER may desire to get bored cast in situ piles subject to integrity tests by
indirect methods through another agency. The CONTRACTOR shall give all co
operationsingettingsuchtestsconducted.TheENGINEERreservestherighttogivedue
weightage andconsideration to results ofthese testswhich will affect theintegrity of
theinstalledpiles.
INSTALLATIONRECORDS
The CONTRACTOR shall submit each working day, detailed pile installation records in
duplicate for each pile installed in the enclosed formats. The ENGINEERs piling plans
willshowallpilesseriallynumberedasperthepilinglayoutplans.Thecostofalllabour,
materials and services called for herein shall be included in the CONTRACTORs unit
rates.
Thedetailsoftherecordshallincludebutnotbelimitedtothelistbelow:
PILEINSTALLATIONRECORD

A.
BASICDATA

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

13.

PilingLayoutDrawingNo.
PileNumber
LocationCoordinates
System/Structure
Pilelocationvisvispilegroup(Drawdimensionedsketchwithreferenceaxes
andshadethepile)
Piletype:Vertical
Pilenominaldiameter
Piletipelevation
Pilecutoffelevation
Groundlevelatpilelocation
Gradeofconcretespecified
Reinforcementdetails
(Drawsketchifcomplex)
Safecapacityofpilespecified

B.

PILEBOREDATA

1.
2.
3.

Dateandtimeofstart
Dateandtimeofcompletion
MethodofBoring

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4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

Innernominaldiameteroftemporarycasing/permanentliner
Lengthoftemporarycasing/permanentliner
Materialofpermanentliner
Methodofjointingtemporarycasing/permanentliner
Treatmenttopermanentliner
LengthBoredinSoil
Lengthboredinrock
(TherockshallbeasdefinedinDATASHEETornotestoscheduleofquantities
forpurposeofmeasurement).
Borelog(Drawsketchorrefertoseparatesheet)
Detailsofstandardpenetrationtests.
Numberofsubsoilsamples/rockcuttingscollected
Groundwaterelevation
Anyartesianconditions
Anyborecollapseanddetails
Anylossofdrillingmudanddetails
Anyotherdetailsorphenomenaobserved

C.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

FLUSHINGRECORD
Dateandtimeofstartoffinalpostboreflushing
Dateandtimeofcompletionoffinalpostboreflushing.
Remarksoninspectionofwashofpostboreflushing.
Dateandtimeofstartoffinalpreconcretingflushing
Dateandtimeofcompletionoffinalpreconcretingflushing
Remarksoninspectionofwashofpreconcretingflushing.

D.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

11.

12.

13.
14.
15.

CONCRETINGRECORD
Dateandtimeofstartofconcreting
Dateandtimeofcompletionofconcreting
Gradeofcementandnameofmanufacturer
Dateofmanufactureofcement
Gradeofconcreteasmixed
Gradeofconcretespecified
Slumpofmixedconcreteatpilehead
Cubetestresults
Methodofconcreteplacementinpilebore
Theoreticalvolumeofconcrete
(Piletiptotopofpileascast)
Actualvolumeofconcrete:
(Piletiptotopofpileascast)
Ratioofactualvolumetotheoreticalvolumeofconcrete
(Expressaspercentage)
Anydelaysduringconcretingandreasons
Overflowquantity
Anyotherdetails

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21.1

21.2

21.3

21.4

21.5

22.0

22.1

22.2

a)

b)

c)

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CLEANUP
All throughout the work, the CONTRACTOR shall take all steps to prevent spillage of
bentoniteslurryonthesiteinareasoutsidetheimmediatevicinityofboring.Theslurry
shall not be allowed to flow into any water courses, nallas, site drains or any public
drains.
Any discarded and / or used bentonite shall be removed from the site without any
unduedelay.
Upon completion of piling work, all casings, equipment, construction tools, protective
coveringsandanydebrisresultingfromtheworkshallberemovedfromthepremises.
All debris, empty containers, scrap timber etc. shall be removed as directed by the
ENGINEER/OWNER.
Exposed and finished concrete and dowel surfaces shall be left in a clean condition
satisfactorytotheENGINEER.
MEASUREMENTSANDRATES
Rates shall be quoted as indicated for respective items of schedule of quantities and
rates.
Forthepurposeofpaymentandmeasurementforverticalpiles,alllengthsreferredtoin
thescheduleofquantitiesandrateselsewhereshallbemeasuredasfollows:
Forpileboringinsoil,thelengthforboringinsoilshallbemeasuredalongthepileaxis
from the working ground level to the top of rock, if rock is encountered. For payment
purpose, rock with core recoveryof20 percent and more will be considered as rock,
which shall be reflected in the pile installation record sheets and endorsed by the
OWNER / ENGINEER. If rock is not encountered, the length for boring in soil shall be
measuredalongthepileaxisfromworkinggroundleveltothetipofthepileasrecorded
inthepileinstallationrecordsheetsandendorsedbytheOWNER/ENGINEER.
For pile boring in rock alone, the length of chiseling into the rock shall be measured
along the pile axis from top of rock (as defined above) upto the tip of the pile, all as
recorded in the pile installation record sheets and endorsed by the OWNER /
ENGINEER.
Forconcretingof pile shaft,the lengthsof concretingshall bemeasured along thepile
axis from pile cutoff level as specified to the tip of the pile as recorded in the pile
installationrecordsheetsandendorsedbytheOWNER/ENGINEER.Nothingextrawill
bepaidformandatoryconcretingabovepilecutoff,concreteoverflow,chippingtocut
off level and building up of pile to cutoff level unless indicated otherwise in DATA
SHEETornotestoscheduleofquantities.
The rates for boring in soil and chiseling in rock shall also include for removing
excavatedmuckfromtheboresandusedand/ordiscardedbentonitefromwithinthe

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areaofoperationuptoamaximumdistanceof1000manddisposedoffwithoutcreating
anyenvironmentalproblems.

22.4

Rates for all types of pile load tests shall also account for excavation, back filling and
continuous dewatering to keep the excavated observation area dry throughout the
settingupandtestperiod.

DATASHEETA

TypeofpileBoredcastinsituconcretepiles.

Diameterofpile450mm/600mm/750mm

ExceptiondepthofpileAspertheattachedSoilInvestigation

MinimumGradeofconcreteM35

ReinforcementFe500D

Typeofcement&gradeOPC,43Grade

Watercementratio0.45(or)Aspermixdesign

Report

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SECTIONG4

GENERALSPECIFICATIONFORCIVILWORKS

1.0.0 SCOPE

This section covers plain and reinforced cement concrete work, lining and insulation
work, miscellaneous steel and metal work, painting and protective treatment work,
lightning protection system and aviation obstruction lighting system connected with
constructionofRCCChimneytobeconstructedwithslipformtechnique.

1.1.0 CodesandStandards

Unless specifically mentioned otherwise, all applicable codes and standards in their
latestadditionsaspublishedbyIndianStandardandallothersuchasmaybepublished
bythemduringcurrencyofthecontract,shallgoverninrespectofdesign,workmanship,
qualityandpropertiesofmaterialsandmethodoftesting.Incaseanyparticularaspect
of work is not covered by Indian Standard, other standard specification as may be
specifiedbytheengineer,shallbefollowed.

1.1.1 General

a. WorktobeprovidedbytheContractor,unlessotherwisespecified,shallincludebut
shallnotbelimitedtothefollowing:

b. Furnish all labour, supervision(regular and expert), services including facilities as


may be required under statutory labour regulations, materials, power, fuel, forms,
templates, supports, scaffolding, construction approaches, aids, construction
equipmenttoolsandplants,transportations,etc.requiredfortheentirework.

c. Contractor shall provide and maintain at the site necessary number and type of
machinery and equipment including survey instruments in good and safe working
condition for proper setting out and timely completion of the works. All
arrangements for transporting, loading and unloading the equipment to and from
thesiteshallbedonebytheContractorathisownexpense.

d. All materials supplied by the Contractor shall be of the best quality and shall
conformtotherelevantIndianStandardsandtheSpecification.Approvalinwriting
shall be obtained from Engineer, before any alternative or equivalent material is
proposedtobeusedbytheContractor.

e. ContractorshallfurnishManufacturerstestcertificateforthematerialssuppliedby
him. Where such certificates are not available, and where the Engineer so desires
thespecimenfromthematerialssuppliedtositeshallbegottestedatarecognised
andapprovedtestinglaboratoryatContractorscost.

f. Climbingorslipformsshallbecontrolledbylinkedhydraulicallyoperatedjacksthat
are reversible, driven by an electrically operated pump and with provision for
manualoperationintheeventofabreakdown.

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g. Forslipformoperationtwolevelplatformsshallbeprovidedontheinneraswellas
outerside.Allsafety requirementsshallbemetbyprovisionofhandrails,lighting
etc.Safetynetsshallalsobeprovidedbelowtheplatformsfromtopdecktobottom
deck.

h. Onehoistforpassengers/supervisorstaffandonefortransportofgoodsshallbe
provided by the Contractor. These hoists shall be operational not later than the
timewhenconstructionfirst reaches10mandshouldbeavailablethroughoutthe
constructionperiod.Accessbetweenvariousworkinglevelsshallbeprovidedbyan
approvedsystemofladders.Undernocircumstancesshallstagingorscaffoldingbe
reliedupontoprovidesuchaccess.

i.

Prepare andsubmit for approval thedetailedschemes for operations like material


handling, placement of concrete planned stoppages and likely incidents that may
lead to unplanned stoppages during continuous shell concreting work etc. and for
itemslikeapproaches,servicesetc.

j.

Designandsubmitforapprovalthemixproportionsforconcretetobeadoptedon
job.

k. Furnishsamplesandsubmitforapprovaltheresultsoftestsforvariousproperties
ofthefollowingmaterials:

i)Ingredientsof concrete, ii)Concrete,iii) Metal workcomponents,(iv) acidproof


bricks,(v)firebricks,(vi)Castablerefractories,vii)insulationmaterial,(viii)Paints,
(ix)Electricalitems.

1.1.2 Workbyothers

No work under this specification shall be provided for by agency other than the
ContractorforthisContractunlessspecified/mentionedotherwiseintheContract.

2.0.0 EARTHWORKINSITEGRADING

2.1.0 Scope

This specification covers the requirement in respect of materials, workmanship and


quality for clearing, grubbing, grading, forming embankments and compacting of the
areasinallkindsofsoil.

2.2.0 CodesandStandards

Unless specifically mentioned otherwise, all applicable codes and standards in their
latest editions as published by the Indian Standard shall govern in respect of design,
workmanship,qualityandpropertiesofmaterialsandmethodoftesting.

2.3.0 Materials

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As far as possible excavated earth from excavation for foundations within the project
area shall be used for filling. All clods of earth shall be broken or removed. The
Contractorshallindicateinhisofferthelocationofborrowareasandtypeofsoilthathe
proposes to use. Soil having plasticity index less than 20 and maximum proctor
laboratory dry density more than 1.5 gm/cc shall only be used. Adequate dewatering
facilitieslikedewateringpumps,pipesetc.shallalsobeprovidedbytheContractorfor
thisworkincludingforexcavationinborrowareasathisowncost.

2.4.0 InitialLevels

TheContractorshallcarryoutthesurveyofthesitebeforestartinganyworkbytaking
accuratecrosssectionoftheareasperpendiculartoestablishedgrid/referencelinesat
10 m interval or other intervals chosen by the Engineer based on the ground profile.
TheseshallbecheckedbytheEngineerandthereafterproperlyrecorded.

2.5.0 Clearing

Theareatobegradedshallbeclearedofplants,logs,stumps,bushvegetation,rubbish
slush etc. If any roots of stumps of trees are met they shall also be removed. The
materialsoremovedshallbedisposedofasdirectedbytheEngineerincludingburning
ifnecessary.TreestobecutshallbemarkedandtheEngineer'sapprovaltakenbefore
fellingthem.Afterthetreeiscutandrootstakenout,thepotholesformedshallbefilled
with good earth in 250 mm layers and compacted. The tree shall be cut in suitable
piecesasinstructedbytheEngineer,stackedanddeliveredtotheOwner.Afterthearea
isclearedofplants,logs,vegetationetc.,thefillingareashallbecompactedwithpower
rollerof810tonnecapacitytoobtain95%ofmaximumproctorlaboratorydrydensity
oftopsoilasperrelevantIndianStandard.Initiallevelshallbetakenagainasdescribed
intheaboveclause.Theseinitiallevelsshallbeconsideredforcalculationofcompacted
volumeoffillsubsequently.

2.6.0 Grading

Thegradingshallbecarriedoutsoastoobtainthelevelsindicatedinthedrawingafter
compaction. Generally such grading includes cutting and filling. The Contractor may
employ any suitable means, mechanical, manual or a combination of both. The area
shallbenormallyfilledwithselectedearthinlayersof250mm(inlooseconditionun
compactedthickness)andcompactedusingrollerssoastoobtainadensitydesiredby
theEngineer,normallyminimumof95%ofProctordrydensityatOptimumMoisture
Content(OMC)forcohesivesoilsand85%ofRelativeDensityfornoncohesivesoils.

2.7.0 TestingandAcceptanceCriteria

ThedegreeofcompactionshallbeasspecifiedaboveorasdecidedbytheEngineeras
persiteconditions.TheContractorshallcarryoutathisowncosttherequiredteststo
provethatthesoilhasbeencompactedtothedesireddrydensity.Thesetestsshallbe
carried out at different stages of filling and also after entire fill height has been
completed. Generally the moisture content shall be brought to within plus 2% of

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optimummoisturecontentpriortorolling.Thequalitycontroloperationsshallinclude
butnotlimitedtothefollowingitemsofwork.

2.7.1

2.7.2

Lines,levelsandgrades
a)

Periodicsurveys

b)

Establishmentofmarkers,boardsetc.

Grading

a)

Checkingthequalityoffillmaterial

b)

Checkingmoisturecontentoffillmaterial

c)

Checkingdegreeofcompaction

Ifalayerfailstomeettherequireddensity,itshallbereworkedorthematerialshallbe
replaced andmethod ofcompaction/equipment altered as directed bythe Engineerto
obtainthedesireddensity.

3.0.0 EARTHWORKINEXCAVATION&BACKFILLING

3.1.0 Scope

Thisspecificationcoverstherequirementofsiteclearing,excavation&backfillinginall
typesofsoilforfoundations,drainsetc.

3.2.0 CodesandStandards

Unless specifically mentioned otherwise, all applicable codes and standards in their
latesteditionsaspublishedbytheBureauofIndianStandardshallgoverninrespectof
design,workmanship,qualityandpropertiesofmaterialsandmethodoftesting.

3.3.0 SettingOut

The work shall be set out to exact dimensions as shown on the drawings and shall be
checkedandapprovedbytheEngineerbeforecommencementofexcavation.

Infirmsoil,thesidesofexcavationinfoundationsshallbekeptverticaluptoadepthof
1.5 m from the bottom and for greater depths the sides shall be widened by forming
steps of 300 mm on either side after every 1.5m from the bottom. Where soil is soft,
loose or slushy, the width of steps shall be suitably increased or the side sloped or
shored up, as directed by the Engineer. Working space shall be approved by the
Engineer.
3.4.0 InitialLevels

InitiallevelseitherinadefinitegridpatternorasdirectedbytheEngineershallbetaken
by the Contractor jointly with the Engineer over the original ground prior to starting
actual excavation work and after setting out. These initial levels will be used for

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preparing crosssection for volume measurement or for crosschecking the depths


obtainedfromtapemeasurements.

3.5.0 Clearingandgrubbingetc.

TheContractorshallnotremoveanytreewithoutpermission.Treesupto300mmgirth
shallbeuprooted.Treesabove300mmgirthshallbecutupto740mmbelowground
level. Useful materials, saleable timber shall be the property of the Owner and hence
shall be handed over. All the spoils and unserviceable materials and rubbish shall be
burntorremovedfromsitetoapproveddisposalareasasmaybespecified.

3.6.0 Excavationandcutting

The Contractor shall excavate to remove materials of any nature or description which
may be encountered and excavate to depths, widths and inclinations as shown on the
drawingsand/orasdirected.Thebedoftheexcavationshallbemadelevelandfirmby
wateringandramming.

3.7.0 Excavationinrock

Blasting where permitted shall be carried out as specified in Indian Standard. Where
blastingisprohibited,rockexcavationshallbedonebychiseling,wedgingoranyother
approved method. Depending on the exact location of rock excavation, decision to
excavatebyblastingornotwillbetakenbytheEngineer.

3.8.0 VARIATIONINEXCAVATION

3.8.1 BadSoil

Should the bottom of any excavation at design depth appear to be soft, unsound or
unstable,theContractorshallreportthemattertotheEngineerandiftheEngineerso
directs,shallexcavatethesametoindicateddepths.Theextradepthshallbefilledup
with concrete or such other materials as the Engineer shall direct. No extra
compensationwillbeentertainedinthisaccount.

3.8.2 ExcavationtooDeep

If the Contractor excavates to levels deeper than those shown on drawings for any
reasonotherthanthosestatedabove,heshallfillitupathisownexpensetotheproper
levelwithleanconcrete1:5:10orsandfillingasdirected.Nopaymentwillbemadefor
excavation taken down to depths more than those shown on the drawings or for the
fillingcarriedoutasdirected.

3.8.3 SlipsandFalls

Every precaution shall be taken against slips and falls of earth, clay, sand or other
materialsintheexcavations,butintheeventofanysuchoccurring,theContractorshall

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at his own expense make good the space affected by slips or falls even if the affected
areaisoutsidethedimensionoftheworkordered.
If in the opinion of the Engineer, there is a possibility of the newly constructed work
havingbeendamagedordisturbedbysuchcollapse,theworkshallbelaidbareatthe
expenseoftheContractorforinspection.Anydamagecausedshallbemadegoodbythe
Contractor,athisownexpense.

3.8.4 Soil/SubsoilWaterCondition

Boringandsubsurfacedataregardingthenatureofsoil,subsoilwaterfurnishedtothe
Contractorshallbetakenasguidanceonlyandvariationtherefromshallnotaffectthe
terms of Contract. The Contractor must satisfy himself regarding the character and
volume of all work under this item and expected surface, and/or subsoil water to be
encountered.

3.9.0 KeepingWorksSiteFreeFromWater

TheContractorshallprovideandoperatepumpsandallotherequipmentsnecessaryto
drainthesubsoilwater,rainwateretc.tothenearestsewerordrainthroughproperly
laidpipesorchannelsandkeepexcavationpits,trenchesetc.freefromwateratalltimes
during excavation, backfilling and the continuance of the contract. Sumps made for
dewatering shall be kept clear of the foundation. Method of dewatering shall be
approvedbytheEngineer.Thedewateringshallbecontinuedforasufficientperiodso
asnottoaffectthestrengthandotherpropertiesoftheconcrete.

3.10.0 ProtectionofWork

The Contractor shall support and maintain adjoining and abutting property and
structurestorenderworksafetopersonsandpropertybyprovidingnecessarydecking,
guard,fencing,plankingwithredflagsandredlights.

3.11.0 ShoringandStrutting

Shoringandstruttingshallbeusedasdirectedwhenexcavationistobecarriedoutin
softorslushysoil,whichislikelytocollapseduringtheexcavationofthework.While
excavating in very unstable ground requiring support throughout the period of
excavation, runners shall be used and shall be driven always in advance of the
excavation as directed by the Engineer, depending on the site conditions. If however
slipsdooccur,thesameshallberemovedbyhimandbackfilledlaterbyhimathisown
expense.Noclaimshallbeentertainedforanymaterialwhichcannotberemovedandis
lostorburied.

3.12.0 Disposal

Theexcavatedearthshallbedisposedoffinthefollowingmannerorasdirectedbythe
Engineer

i)Bykeepingseparatelythematerialssuitableforbackfilling/areafillingandmaterial
notsuitableatareastobedesignatedbytheEngineer.

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ii)Theexcessmaterialremainingafterbackfilling/areafillingshallbespreadevenlyso
astoallownaturalflowofwaterinthearea.

3.13.0 Backfillingandfillinginplinth

Earthusedforfillingshallbefreefromorganicandotherobjectionablematter.Asfaras
possible, materials obtained from excavation in foundation shall be used. The earth
shall be basically CNS soil (Cohesive NonSwelling Soil). Where excavated material is
mostlyrock,thebouldersshallbebrokenintopiecesnotbiggerthan150mminsizeand
mixed with fine materials consisting of decomposed rock, murrum or earth and the
mixtureshallbeusedforfilling.Expansivesoilsshallnotbeusedforfilling.
3.13.1 FillingaroundFoundationwithEarth

Fillingshallbecarriedoutinlayersnotexceeding200mm(uncompactedthickness)in
depth.Eachlayershallbewatered,rammedandproperlycompactedto95%ofproctor
dry density for cohesive soils at Optimum Moisture Content (OMC) or 85% of relative
densityfornoncohesivesoils.

3.13.2 Sandfillinginplinth

Sandusedforfillingshallbefreefromdust,organicandotherobjectionablematterand
shallnotcontainmorethan10percentofclay.Whenfillinghasreachedtheappropriate
level,theareashallbefloodedwithwaterforaminimumperiodof24hourstoallowthe
filltosettle.Thefillingshallbeallowedtodryandthencompactedanddressedtothe
requiredlevel.

3.14.0 TESTINGANDACCEPTANCECRITERIA

3.14.1 Excavation

Oncompletionofexcavation,thedimensionsofthepitswillbecheckedasperdrawings
afterthepitsarecompletelydewatered,theworkwillbeacceptedafterallundercuts
are set right, all over excavations are filled with lean concrete or compacted earth as
directed and all necessary shoring & strutting done, all temporary approaches to the
bottomoftrenchesprovided,alltothesatisfactionoftheEngineer.

3.14.2 Backfilling/PlinthFilling

All filling shall be done to the compaction specified. The backfilling work will be
acceptedonlyaftertheEngineerissatisfiedwiththedegreeofcompaction.
4.0.0 PlainandReinforcedConcreteWork

4.1.0 Scope

This specification covers the requirement in respect of materials, workmanship and


qualityforPlainCementConcrete(PCC)andReinforcedCementConcrete(RCC)forall
typesofstructuresinfoundationandsuperstructure.

4.2.0 CodesandStandards

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4.2.1

4.2.2

4.2.3

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Unless specifically mentioned otherwise, all applicable codes and standards in their
latest editions as published by the Indian Standard and all other such as may be
publishedbythemduringthecurrencyoftheContract,shallgoverninrespectofdesign,
workmanship,qualityandpropertiesofmaterialsandmethodsoftesting.
Cement
IS:269

Specificationfor33gradeOrdinaryPortlandcement

IS:4032

IS:6452

Methodofchemicalanalysisofhydrauliccement

IS:8041

SpecificationforrapidhardeningPortlandcement

IS:8112

Specificationfor43gradeOrdinaryPortlandcement

IS:12330

SpecificationforsulphateresistingPortlandcement

IS:12269

Specificationform53gradeOrdinaryportlandcement

Specificationforhighaluminacementforstructuraluse

Aggregate
IS:383

Specification for Coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for
concrete

IS:2386

Methodsoftestforaggregatesforconcrete(Part1to8)

IS:2430

Methodsofsamplingofaggregatesforconcrete

ConcretePlainandReinforced
IS:456

Codeofpracticeforplainandreinforcedconcrete

IS:481

Testsieves

IS:516

Methodsoftestforstrengthofconcrete

IS:1199

IS:1817

Methodsofsamplingandanalysisofconcrete
Methodsfortestsieving

IS:1791

Generalrequirementsforbatchtypeconcretemixture

IS:1834

SpecificationforHotappliedsealingcompoundsforjointsinconcrete

IS:2645

Integral water proofing compounds for Cement mortar and Concrete


Specification

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IS:2974

IS:4925

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SpecificationforSteelscaffoldings
Codeofpracticefordesignandconstructionofmachinefoundations
Concretebatchingandmixingplant
Method of making, curing and determining compressive strength of
acceleratedcuredconcretetestspecimens

IS:9103

Admixturesforconcrete

IS:9893

SpecificationforPrecastconcreteblocksforlintelsandsills

IS:10262

Recommendedguidelinesforconcretemixdesign

IS:10297

Code of practice for design and construction of floors/roofs using pre


castreinforced/prestressedconcreteribbedorcoredslabunit

IS:10566

Methods of tests for preformed fillers for expansion joints in concrete


pavingandstructuralconstruction

IS:10790

4.2.4 Steel

IS:432

Subject

Methodsofsamplingofsteelforprestressedandreinforcedconcrete

Mildsteelandmediumtensilesteelbarsandharddrawnsteelwirefor
concretereinforcement

IS:1566
Specification for Harddrawn steel wire fabric for concrete
reinforcement
IS:1568

SpecificationforWireclothforgeneralpurposes

IS:1786

Specification for High strength deformed steel bars and wires for
concretereinforcement

IS:2502
Code of practice for bending and fixing of bars for concrete
reinforcement

IS:2751

Codeofpracticeforweldingofmildsteelplainanddeformedbarsused
forreinforcedconcreteconstruction

IS:9417

Recommendations for welding cold wired bars for reinforced concrete


construction

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4.3.0 MATERIALS

Allmaterialsthatshallbeusedforworkscoveredunderthisspecificationshallconform
tofollowingstandards/specification.

Embeddedplates

IS:2062

Bindingwire

16SWGannealedironwire

Jointfiller

Approvednonextruding,resilientfillers

Sand

RiverorpitsandconformingtoIS:2116

Admixtures

IS:9103

Water

Clean,potableasspecifiedinIS:456.

Sourceofcoarse&fineaggregateshallbeapprovedbytheEngineer.Testcertificatesfor
eachconsignmentofcementprocuredhavetobesubmittedbytheContractortoensure
conformitywithrelevantstandards.TheEngineermayrejectsuchcementssuppliedin
the event of unsatisfactory tests or in the event of deterioration due to age or bad
storageetc.DecisionoftheEngineershallbefinalinthisregard.

AdmixturesshallbeusedonlyaftergettingpermissionfromtheEngineerandasperthe
instructionofthemanufacturer.

4.4.0 GradesandProportioning

Any grade of concrete less than M35 but not less than M25 and designated in Indian
Standard or as specified otherwise in approved drawings shall be used. Design mix
concrete shall be adopted for all RCC works. While designing the mix, the strength,
durability, minimum cement content, maximum water ratio allowed and workability
necessary for the job by most economical use of the various ingredients shall be
considered by the CONTRACTOR. The mix design shall be verified by carrying out
preliminarytest.

The water cement ratio, coarse aggregates and grading for each mix shall be
predetermined from the results of cube tests of trial mixes. The mix proportions
determinedthusshallbefollowedatsiteandshallinnowayrelievetheCONTRACTOR
of his responsibility as regards the prescribed strength mix. The mix proportions,
however,shall be revisedif the results ofthe cubetests during theconstruction show
consistently lower than the prescribed one. No extra claim will be entertained due to
such changes in mix designs, as the CONTRACTOR will be responsible to produce the
concreteofrequiredgrade.Themaximumsizeofaggregatesusedshallbeasindicated
inIndianStandard.

Nominal mix M20 or lower may be used if shown on drawings or approved by the
OWNER/CONSULTANT.Inallcasestheproportioningofingredientsandworkscontrol

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shall be adopted for use after the OWNER/CONSULTANT is satisfied regarding its
adequacyandafterobtaininghisapprovalinwriting.

4.5.0 Mixing

Mixing should be carried out in mechanical mixers. No hand mixed concrete is


permittedforRCCworks.Watercementratioshallberigidlycontrolledduringmixing.
Mixersshallbefittedwithautomaticdevicestodischargemeasuredquantityofwaterto
the mixing pan. The water shall not be admitted to the drum until the cement and
aggregateconstitutingthebatcharethoroughlymixed.Mixingshallcontinueuntilthe
concrete is uniform in colour and not less than 2 minutes and forty (40) revolutions
afterallthematerialandwaterareinthedrum.Regularchecksonmixerefficiencyshall
be carried out as directed by the OWNER/CONSULTANT. Only those mixers whose
efficienciesarewithinthetolerancesspecifiedinIndianStandardwillbeallowedtobe
employed.BatchingplantwhereusedshallconformtoIndianStandard

Theentirecontentofthedrumshallbedischargedbeforetheingredientsfornextbatch
are fed into the drum. No partly set or remixed or excessively wet concrete shall be
used.Suchconcreteshallbeimmediatelyremovedfromsite.Eachtimetheworkstops
the mixer shall be thoroughly cleaned and when the next mixing commences, the first
batchshallhave10%additionalcementatnoextracosttotheOWNERtoallowforloss
inthedrum.

4.6.0 PLACING

Concreteshallbetransportedfromthemixingplanttotheforms,asrapidlyaspossible,
by means, which will prevent segregation, consolidation or drying out in hot weather.
Concreteshallbeplacedwithinthirty(30)minutesaftercommencementofmixing.At
the time of placing concrete in very hot weather, care shall be taken to see that the
temperatureofwetconcretedoesnotexceed32C.

Beforeplacingconcrete,allformwork,embedmentandreinforcementshallbechecked
for completeness, location, dimension. It should also be square and plumb. All chips
and saw dust or other foul matter shall be removed from within the forms. The base
surface shall be well moistened and puddles wiped off. Earth foundation on which
directplacementofconcreteisallowedshallberammedandconsolidatedasdirectedby
the OWNER/CONSULTANT such that it does not crumble and get mixed up with the
waterduringorafterplacement,beforeithassufficientlysetandhardened.

Concretemaybeplacedagainstmoistsurfacebutneveronpoolsofwater.Incasethe
foundation cannot be dewatered completely, special procedure and precaution, as
directed by the OWNER/CONSULTANT will have to be adopted. A layer of mortar of
thickness 25 mm as directed, of the same or less water cement ratio and the same
proportion as that of concrete being placed and /or cement slurry shall be spread
thoroughlyonthefoundationorconstructionjointjustpriortoplacementofconcrete.
Placingequipmentandaccessoriesshallbekeptcleanandfreeofpartiallysetgroutand
concrete,andmaintainedinproperworkingorder.Walkingonreinforcementlayersis
notpermissible.Walkwaysofwoodenplanksorsimilarcanbeplacedwithremovable
supportsandshouldbeindependentofreinforcement.

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In general, placing shall be direct, by transporting buckets. Where it is necessary to


deposittheconcreteatleveldifferencesofmorethan1.5m,shortchutesshallbeused.
Short chutes and hoppers shall be so designed and installed that segregation will not
takeplace.Incaseswherechutesareimpracticalduetoexcessivedroptoplacinglevel,
hoppersandsectionaltubesshallbeused.

After the concrete has been placed, it shall be spread, if necessary and thoroughly
worked around reinforcement or other embedded fixtures into concrete form and
shape. Vibrators shall not be used for pushing the concrete into the adjoining areas.
Caremustbetakentoensurethattheinserts,fixtures,reinforcementandformworkare
notdisplacedduringorimmediatelyaftertheplacementandbringtheconcretesurface
outofthealignmentbeyondtolerancelimits.TheOWNER/CONSULTANTmaydirectto
removetheportionandreconstructorrepairthesameattheCONTRACTOR'sexpense.
The rate of placement of concrete shall be such that no cold joint is formed and fresh
concreteisplacedalwaysagainstgreenconcretewhichisstillplasticandworkable.No
concrete shall be placed in open, while it rains. During rainy season, no placement in
open is to be attempted unless sufficient tarpaulins or other similar protective
arrangementforcompletecoveringthestillgreenconcretefromrainiskeptatthesite
of placement. If there has been any sign of washing of cement and sand, the entire
affectedconcreteshallberemovedimmediately.

4.7.0 Compaction

Concrete in general shall be consolidated by vibration using high frequency


mechanicallydrivenvibrators.Concreteshallbeplacedinlayersatleast300mmdeep
in walls and approximately 450 mm in mass pouring. Vibrators shall not penetrate
more than 50 mm into the surface of previously placed layers but shall completely
vibrate the working layer. Care shall be taken not to overvibrate any concrete and
especiallythosewithhigherslumps.Undernocircumstancesvibratorsshallbeattached
toorallowedtotouchreinforcement.Sparevibratorsingoodoperatingconditionshall
beonhandduringplacingoperations.

4.8.0 ConstructionJoints

In general, construction joints shall be limited to those indicated on the drawings. In


shellslipformed concrete, the joints shall be atlocations already plannedasstoppage
pointsaboutwhichpriorwrittenapprovalhastobetakenfromconsultant/client.In
mass concrete, construction joints may not be indicated in the drawings but shall be
made at breaks, offsets or other convenient levels as controlled by volume, plant
capacityandtimefactors.Suchconstructionjointsshallbesolocatedthattheydonot
impairthestrengthofthestructure.Inwallheightofeachliftshallnotgenerallyexceed
1.5munlessotherwisespecifiedinthedrawingsordirectedbytheEngineer.Methodof
formingallconstructionjointsshallconformtotheprovisionsofIndianStandard.

Allconstructionjointsshallbecleanedwithwirebrushandwatertoremovealllaitance
andloosematerialtoexposetheaggregates.Immediatelybeforeplacingfreshconcrete,

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the surface of previously placed concrete shall be coated with a thin coat of cement
mortarslurryofthesameproportionasthatofconcrete.

Where locations of the joints are not specified, it will be in accordance with the
following:

a. Concrete in a beamshallpreferably beplaced without a joint, butif provision ofa


joint is unavoidable, the joint shall be vertical and at the middle one third of the
span,clearingthecrossbeamlocation,ifany.

b.Ajointinasuspendedfloorslabsshallbeverticalandatthemiddleonethirdofthe
spanandatrightanglestotheprincipalreinforcement.

c. Ingeneral,constructionjointsshallbelocatedpreferablyinalowshearstresszone
andatrightanglestothedirectionoftheprincipalstress

AnydeviationfromtheaboveshallbeapprovedbytheEngineer.

4.9.0 CuringandProtecting(otherthanshellconcrete)

As soon as the concrete has hardened sufficiently, it shall be covered either with
Hessian, canvas or similar materials and kept continuously wet for at least seven (7)
daysafterfinalsetting.Curingbycontinuoussprinklingofwaterwillbeallowedifthe
OWNER/CONSULTANT is satisfied with the adequacy of arrangements made by the
CONTRACTOR.

Curingof concrete withtheuse ofcuring compoundis subjecttoOwner /Consultants


approval.Finishedfloorsshallbeprotectedcarefullyuntilcompletelyset.Protectionof
concreteagainstextremeweatherconditionsshallcomplywiththecode.

4.10.0 Finishing

No touchingup will be permitted to the concrete after removal of form work. Where
damages,honeycombingorotherunsatisfactoryfinisheshaveoccurredtotheconcrete
surfaces,theyshallberectifiedinamannerasdirectedbytheEngineer,atnoextracost.
IfintheopinionoftheEngineertheconcretingisunsatisfactory,demolitionoftheentire
concreteworkandreconstructionofthesameshallbecarriedoutbytheContractor,as
directedbytheEngineerathisowncost.

4.11.0 FormWork&Centering(OtherthanSlipform)

FormworkingeneralshallconformtoIndianStandard.

For complicated work, the contractor shall submit his proposal of form work before
starting the work for approval of the Engineer. The number of props, their sizes and
dispositions shall be able to carry safely the full dead load and constructional loads.
However, approval of the Engineer to this effect shall not relieve the contractor of his
responsibilityforproperworkandsafety.

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Allformsofbeams,slabsandmembersshallbesodesignedanderectedthatthesides
canberemovedwithoutdisturbingthesoffitshutterandsupportsthereto.
Beamsoffitshallbeprovidedwithanupward,camberof6mmforeach3mofhorizontal
spanorasdirectedbytheEngineer.Verticalpropsshallbesupportedonwedgesorsole
platesorothermeasureswherebythepropscanbegentlyloweredwhilecommencing
toremovetheshuttering.Wallshutteringshallnotbeover1.5minheightapiece.
Beforeremovaloftheshutteringtheconcreteshallbeexaminedanditsremovalorder
taken from the Engineer. In no circumstance shall forms be struck until the concrete
reachesstrengthofatleasttwicethestresstowhichtheconcretemaybesubjectedat
thetimeofstriking.
ShutteringshallnotberemoveduntilthenumberofcleardaysspecifiedasperIndian
Standardhaveelapsedsincethelastdayofplacingconcreteinthememberconcerned.

Allform workshallberemovedwithoutsuchshockorvibrationaswoulddamagethe
reinforced concrete. Before the soffits and struts are removed, the concrete surface
shall be exposed, where necessary, in order to ascertain that the concrete has
sufficientlyhardened.ThespecifiedperiodmaybeextendedifdesiredbytheEngineer
onaccountofdelayedhardeningcausedbylowatmospherictemperature.

4.12.0 Reinforcement

The reinforcement bending shall be carried out as per the approved bar bending
schedulepreparedbasedondesigndrawing.

Workmanship shall conform to Indian Standard. All reinforcement shall be free from
loose mill scale, rust, oil, grease and paint. Reinforcement shall not be bent or
straightenedinamannerthatwillinjurethematerialsandallbarsshallpreferablybe
bent cold. Hot bending shall not be permitted for bars whose strength has been
increasedbycoldworking.

Reinforcementbarsshallbeplacedandmaintainedaccuratelyinpositionsasshownin
the drawings. The correct cover to the reinforcement shall be maintained by use of
precastconcreteblocks.

All intersections of longitudinal and transverse bars or stirrups and all laps shall be
securelytiedtogetherwithapprovedbindingwire.Thebindingwireshallbesoplaced
thatittouchesallthefourcornersoftheintersectionandthetwoendsshallbelooped
withpliersandtheendsshallbeturnedintothebodyoftheconcrete.

Weldedjointsmaybeusedbutinallcasesofimportantconnections,testsshallbemade
toprovethatthejointsareofthefullstrengthofbarsconnected.Weldingshallbedone
inaccordancewithIndianStandard.Weldingbetweentheendsofarodinline,whereby
stressistransferredacrossthesectionmaybeadoptedonlyformildsteelbars.Incase
oftackweldingforfixingreinforcementsintheirposition,nospecialprecautionneedbe
taken.

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4.13.0 SteelEmbedments

All embedments shall be accurately set, rigidly fastened and suitably anchored by
welding lugs. Anchor bolts shall be set to template and firmly secured in vertical and
horizontallineandrequiredpositions.

Exposed surfaces of embedded materials are to be painted with one coat of red oxide
zinc chrome and/ or bituminous paint. Correct location and alignment of all anchor
bolts,anchorsleeves,inserts,hangers,conduitpipesandotherembeddedfixturesasper
drawings/instructionshallbeentirelytheresponsibilityoftheContractor.

4.14.0 IsolationJoints

4.14.1 General

Isolationjointsinconcretestructuresshallbeprovidedatspecifiedplaces,asperdetails
indicated on the drawings. The materials and types of joints shall be as specified
hereinafter.Allmaterialsaretobeprocuredfromreliablemanufacturersandmusthave
theapprovaloftheEngineer.WhereitistheresponsibilityoftheContractortosupply
thematerial,theEngineermaydemandtestcertificatesforthematerialsand/orinstruct
theContractortogetthemtestedinanapprovedlaboratoryfreeofcosttotheOwner.
Approved samples of the material to be incorporated in the works shall be with the
Engineer.Jointsshallbeformedtruetoline,level,shape,dimensionandqualityasper
drawingsandspecifications.Priorapprovalofthemethodofformingthejointsshould
beobtainedfromtheEngineerbeforestartingthework.

4.14.2 Joints

Strong and tough alkathene sheet or equivalent, about 1 mm in thickness and as


approved by the Engineer shall be used in Isolation Joints. It shall be fixed by an
approved adhesive compound on the cleaned surface on the already set concrete, to
cover it fully. Fresh concrete shall be laid against the sheet, care being taken not to
damagethesheetinanyway.

4.15.0 BituminousorTarCoating

The surface to be waterproofed shall be rendered absolutely dry, clean and dust free.
Thesurfaceshallbesandpapered,cleanedandcompletelycoatedwithhotcoaltarpitch
of approved manufacture and quality using not less than 2 kg. per Sq.m. or with hot
asphalt i.e. bitumen using not less than 1.5 kg per Sq.m. When the first coat has
completelydriedupandapprovedbytheOWNER/CONSULTANT,thesecondcoatshall
beappliedinthesamemannerusingnotlessthan1.25Kg.perSq.m.incaseofcoaltar
and1kgpersq.m.incaseofasphalt.Immediatelyafterapplicationofthesecondcoat
and before it is dried up, sand shall be spread on the surface to cover it completely.
Sufficient time shall be allowed after spreading of sand before backfilling is done in
ordertoallowthefinalcoattodryupcompletely.

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4.16.0 TESTINGOFMATERIALS

4.16.1 Cement

The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer the manufacturer's certificate for each
consignment of cement procured by him. If required by the Engineer, representative
samplesshallbetakenfromeachconsignmentandtestsforfineness(byhandsieving),
settingtimeandcompressivestrengthsasperIndianstandardshallbecarriedout,free
ofchargebytheContractor.

4.16.2 Aggregates

Coarse and fine aggregate and the grading shall be as per Indian Standard. It shall be
free from organic or clay coatings and other impurities, flaky particles, and any other
materialliabletoaffectthestrength,durabilityorappearanceofconcrete.Washingof
aggregates by approved means shall be carried out, if desired by the
OWNER/CONSULTANT.

TheCONTRACTORshallcarryoutanyorallthetestsonaggregatesasmayberequired
by the OWNER/CONSULTANT in accordance with Indian Standard. The acceptance
criteria of samples tested shall be in accordance with the requirements of Indian
Standard. The contractor shall submit all test reports once in a week to the
OWNER/CONSULTANT.TheaggregatesshallconformtotheIndianStandard.

4.16.3 Admixture

AirEntrainingAgents(AEA)

Initially,beforestarting touseAir EntrainingAgents,relationshipbetweenpercentage


of air entrained and the cylinder cube crushing strength visvis quantity of Air
Entraining Agents used for alltypes ofconcrete shallbe establishedbytheContractor
free of charge by carrying out sufficiently large number of tests. After that, at regular
intervalsandwheneverdirectedbytheEngineer,theContractorshallcheckupfreeof
charge, the actual percentage of air entrained and corresponding curing strengths to
correlatewiththeearliertestresults.

OtherAdmixture

Tests for establishing the various properties of any other admixtures which may be
requiredtobeaddedshallbecarriedoutbytheContractorfreeofchargetotheOwner.

Concrete

Sampling,curingandtestingofspecimenshallcomply withIndian Standard.Sampling


procedure shall generally conform to Indian Standard. Sampling frequency for each
gradeofconcreteM25,M30,andM35andaboveshallbesix(6)cubesforeach50m3 of
concreteorpartthereof,orper day concretingvolume, whicheverisless. Out ofeach
setofsix(6)cubes,three(3)cubesshallbetestedatseven(7)daysandtheremaining

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three (3) cubes at twenty eight (28) days. If there is a change in batch of cement, a
separatesetofsamplesconsistingofsix(6)cubesshallbetakenforeachbatch.

In case, the stripping time for shuttering needs to be reduced or early age strength is
requiredtobeknowninspecificcases,theCONTRACTORshallcarryoutatshortnotice
testingofcubesatone(1)dayandthree(3)daysafteracceleratedcuringasperIndian
Standard.Therequirednumberofadditionalsamplesforthesameshallalsobetaken.
To control the consistency of concrete from every mixing plant/machine, the
CONTRACTORshallcarryoutslumptestsand/orcompactingfactortestsasperIndian
Standard shall be carried out by the Contractor every two hours or as directed by the
OWNER/CONSULTANTinadditiontotheslumpmeasuredwhenmakingtestcubes.

4.17.0 ACCEPTANCECRITERIA

4.17.1 StructuralCriteria

Acceptance criteria of concrete shall be generally in accordance with Indian Standard


Immediatelyafterstrippingtheformwork,allconcreteshallbecarefullyinspectedand
any defective work orsmall defects eitherremoved or madegoodbefore theconcrete
hasthoroughlyhardened.

Concrete work found unsuitable for acceptance shall have to be dismantled and
replacement is to be done as per specification by the CONTRACTOR. In the course of
dismantling, if any damage is done to the embedded items or adjacent structures, the
sameshallbemadegood,freeofchargebytheCONTRACTOR,tothesatisfactionofthe
OWNER/CONSULTANT.

4.17.2 DimensionalCriteria

The permissible variation from dimension, lines given in the drawing shall be within
tolerances in accordance with the Indian Standard /other applicable international
standardsandasperclause1.5.5orasindicatedbytheEngineer.

4.18.0 StorageandHandlingofMaterials

4.18.1 Cement

Cementshallbestoredineasilycountablestackswithconsignmentidentificationmark
abovegroundlevelinperfectlydryandwatertightsheds.Bulkcementshallbestoredin
air tight containers. Cement shall be stored in a manner so as to facilitate removal of
firstin firstout basis. Any cement considered defective by the Engineer shall not be
used by the Contractor and shall be removed from the site immediately. Cement that
hasbeeninstoreforthree(3)monthsormoreshallbetestedforquality.Shouldatany
timetheEngineerhasreasonstoconsiderthatanycementisdefective,thenirrespective
ofitsorigin,dateofmanufactureandmanufacturer'stestcertificate,suchcementshall
betestedimmediatelyattheContractor'scostatanapprovedlaboratoryanduntilthe
test results are found satisfactory, the cement shall not be used on any work. The
Contractorisnotentitledtoanyclaimofanynatureonthisaccount.

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4.18.2 Coarseandfineaggregate

Aggregatesshallbestoredineasilymeasurablestacksonbricksolingoranequivalent
platformsothattheydonotcomeincontactwithdirt,clay,grassoranyotherinjurious
substancesatanystage.Aggregateofdifferentsizesanddifferentsourcesshallbekept
indifferentstacks.

Anyaggregatedeliveredatsiteinawetconditionorbecomingwetatsiteduetorainor
any other means shall be kept in storage for at least twenty four (24) hours to obtain
adequatedrainagebeforeitisusedforconcretingorthewatercontentofthemixmust
besuitablyadjustedasdirectedbytheEngineer.

4.18.3 Reinforcement

Reinforcementbarsshallbestoredoffthegroundandundercover,ifsodesiredbythe
Engineer. If necessary, a coat of cement wash shall be given to bars to guard against
rusting.Reinforcingsteelshallbestoredconsignmentwiseanddiameterwise.

5.0.0 STRUCTURALSTEELWORK

5.1.0 Scope

This specification covers the requirements in respect of materials, workmanship and


quality for preparation of fabrication drawings, supply, fabrication, inspection, testing,
paintinganderectionofstructuralsteelworkincludingtubularsteelworkforbuildings
andstructures.

5.1.1 CodesandStandards

Unlessspecificallymentionedotherwise,allapplicablestandardsintheirlatesteditions
as published by the Indian Standard and all other such as may be published by them
during the currency of the contract, shall govern in respect of design, workmanship,
quality and properties of materials and methods of testing. Some of the relevant
availablestandardsarelistedhereunder:

IS:800
CodeofPracticeforgeneralconstructioninsteel

IS:801
Code of Practice for use of cold formed light gauge steel structural
membersingeneralbuildingconstruction

IS:806
CodeofPracticeforuseofsteeltubesingeneralbuildingconstruction

IS:808
Dimensions of hot rolled steel Beams, Columns, channels and angle
section

IS:813
Schemeofsymbolsforwelding

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IS:814

Covered electrodes for metal arc welding of carbon and carbon


manganesesteel

IS:815

Classificationandcodingofcoveredelectrodesformetalarcweldingof
structuralsteel

IS:816

CodeofPracticeforuseofmetalarcweldingforgeneralconstructionin
mildsteel

IS:817

CodeofPracticefortrainingandtestingmetalarcwelders

IS:818

Code of Practice for Safety and Health requirements in electric and gas
weldingandcuttingoperations

IS:822

CodeofPracticeforinspectionofwelds

IS:919

ISOsystemsoflimitsandfitsPart2Tablesofstandardtolerancegrades
andlimitdeviationsforholesandshafts

IS:961

StructuralSteel(HighTensile).

IS:1148

Hotrolledrivetbarsforstructuralpurposes.

IS:1149

Hightensilerivetbarsforstructuralpurposes.

IS:1161

Steeltubesforstructuralpurposesspecification

IS:1239

Mildsteeltubes,tubularandotherwroughtsteelfittings

IS:1363

Hexagonheadbolts,screwsandnutsofproductgradeC.

IS:1364

IS:1367

Hexagonheadbolts,screwsandnutsofproductgradeAandB

IS:1730
purposes

Dimensions for steel flats for structural and general engineering

IS:1731

Dimensions for steel plate, sheets and strips for structural and general
engineeringpurposes

IS:1786

Specification for high strength deformed bar and wires for concrete
reinforcement

IS:1852

Rollingandcuttingtolerancesforhotrolledsteelproducts

IS:1977

Lowtensilestructuralsteelspecification

IS:2062

HotRolledlow,mediumandhightensilestructuralsteel

Technicalsupplyconditionsforthreadedsteelfasteners

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5.2.1

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IS:2074

Readymixedpaint,airdrying,redoxidezincchrome,priming

IS:2633

Methodsoftestinguniformityofcoatingonzinccoatedarticles

IS:3757

SpecificationforHighstrengthstructuralbolts

IS:4000

CodeofPracticeforHighstrengthboltsinsteelstructures

IS:6598

cellularconcreteforthermalinsulation

IS:7205

Safetycodeforerectionofstructuralsteelwork

IS:7215

Tolerancesforfabricationofsteelstructures

IS:9595

Recommendationsofmetalarcweldingofcarbonandcarbonmanganese
steels

AISC381

American Institute of Steel Construction Specification for the Structural


SteelforBuildings

SP6.4

Handbookforuseofhighstrengthfrictiongripbolts

Materials
Structuralsteel
AllstructuralsteelshallbeoftestedqualityandshallconformtoIndianStandard.High
tensilesteel,whensupplied,shallconformtoIndianStandard.

5.2.2 Boltsandnuts

Bearing bolts and nuts shall conform to Indian Standard unless otherwise shown or
specifiedotherwiseshallbehexagonal.Allnutsshallfittight.

5.2.3 Washers

WashersshallconformtoIndianStandard,asapplicable.

Springwashersshallbeprovidedforthosepartswhichcarrydynamicloadsandwhere
blackboltsforconnectionarepermitted.

5.2.4 Electrodes

MildsteelelectrodesshallconformtoIndianStandard.TheCONTRACTORshallfurnish
totheOWNER/CONSULTANTacertificateissuedbythemanufacturertotheeffectthat
theelectrodessuppliedareinaccordancewiththeabovespecifications.Forweldingin
any particular position, the electrodes used shall be those recommended by the
manufacturerforuseinthatposition.

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5.2.5 Paints

Paintstobeusedforshopcoatoffabricatedsteelshallbecompatiblewiththefinishcoat
specified.

5.2.6 OtherMaterials

Other materialsusedin association withsteelworkshall comply with theappropriate


IndianStandard.

5.2.7 GeneralrequirementsregardingsupplyofmaterialsbyContractor

Before ordering bought out items, special accessories, equipment etc. and materials of
anydescription,theContractorshallsubmit,fortheapprovaloftheEngineer,thenames
of the proposed manufacturers or suppliers together with the specification of the
materialsandshall,thereafter,sendtotheEngineercopiesoftheorders.

When a supplier or subcontractor orders materials for the execution of his sub
contract, he shall also comply with the aforesaid requirements, by the submission
through the Contractor, for the approval of the Engineer, of the names of the
manufacturersproposedandbysendingtotheEngineercopiesoftheorders.

TheContractorshallfurnishtotheEngineerthefollowingcertificates,ifrequired,before
commencementoffabrication:

i)Acertificatestatingtheprocessofmanufactureandchemicalcompositionofthesteel
supplied.

ii) Test certificates by the manufacturer giving the results of each of the specified
mechanical tests applied to the structural steel, bolts, nuts and washers and the
chemicalcompositionofthesame.

5.3.0 DrawingsandLists

Unlessotherwisestated,theContractorshallberesponsible forthepreparationofthe
detailed fabrication/working drawings, erection and marking plans and all necessary
listssuchasindents,rivetandboltlists,materiallists,DispatchOffice,Dispatchlistsand
lists for all bought out items. The fabrication drawings shall indicate the size of each
componentandlengthandsequenceofallwelds&boltedconnections.

Fabricationworkshallnotbetakeninhanduntiltherelevantdesignandshopdrawings
havebeenapprovedbytheEngineer.Althoughthesedrawingsreceivetheapprovalof
the Engineer, the Contractor shall be wholly responsible for their being correct and
complete

5.4.0 Fabrication

5.4.1General

Workmanship

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All workmanship shall be equal to the best practice in modern structural shops.
Greatestaccuracyshallbeobservedinthemanufactureofeverypartoftheworkandall
similarpartsshallbestrictlyinterchangeable.
Templates
Templatesusedthroughouttheworkshallbeallsteel,steelbushedinsuchcasesasthe
Engineer may consider necessary. In cases where actual materials have been used as
templatesfordrillingsimilarpieces,theEngineershalldecidewhethertheyarefittobe
usedaspartsofthefinishedstructure.
Straightening
Allmaterialsshallbestraightandifnecessarybeforebeingworkedshallbestraightened
and/orflattenedbypressureunlessrequiredtobeofcurvilinearformandshallbefree
from twists. If straightened by localized heats, the temperature of the heated areas as
measuredbyapprovedmethodsshallnotexceed8100c
Clearance
The erection clearances for cleated ends of members connecting steel to steel should
preferably be not greater than 2.0 mm at each end. The erection clearance at ends of
beams without web cleats should be not more than 3 mm at each end, but where for
practical reasons greater clearance is necessary suitably designed seating should be
provided.
Shearing,flamecuttingandplaning
Shearing or flame cutting may be used at the Contractor's option provided that a
mechanically controlled cutting torch shall be used for the flame cutting and that the
resulting edge shall be reasonably clean and straight. Sheared members shall be free
fromdistortionatshearededges.
Unlessclean,squareandtruetoshape,allflamecutedgesshallbeplaned.
Coldsawnendsifreasonablycleanandflamecutendsofsectionsnotinferiortosawn
endsinappearanceneednotbeplanedexceptforbuttingends.
Holing
Holesforblackboltsshallbemaximum1.5mmlargerthanthenominaldiameterofthe
bolt,unlessspecifiedotherwise.Allholesexceptasstatedhereundershallbedrilledto
the requiredsize orsubpunched3 mmlessin diameter and reamedthereafter tothe
requiredsize.Allmatchingholes forblack boltsshallregistersothatagauge 1.5mm
lessdiameterthantheholecanpassfreelythroughthemembersassembledforbolting.
All holes for turned and fitted bolts shall be drilled and reamed, if necessary, to a
tolerance of only plus 0.13 mm unless specified otherwise. When the number of
memberstoberivetedexceedsthreeorthetotalthicknessis90mmormore,theholes

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shallbedrilledorreamedinpositionafterassembly,exceptwhensteelbushedjigsare
used. The parts shall be firmly bolted together during such block drilling and taken
apartforremovalofburrsafterdrilling.

All punching and subpunching shall be clean and accurate and all drilling free from
burrs.

Noholesshallbemadebygascuttingprocess.
Assembly
Allpartsassembledforboltingshallbeinclosecontactoverthewholesurfaceandall
bearing stiffeners shall bear tightly at both top and bottom without being drawn or
caulked.

Thecomponentpartsshallbesoassembledthattheyareneithertwistednorotherwise
damaged and specified cambers, if any, shall be provided. Each steel piece shall bear
erectionmarking,writteninpaint.

Bolting
Boltedconstructionshallbepermittedonlyinthecaseoffieldconnections,ifcalledfor
on the drawings and is subject to the limitation of particular connections as may be
specified.Inspecialcases,howevershopboltconnectionsmaybeallowedifdirectedby
theEngineer.Unlessotherwisespecified,facesofheadsandnutsbearingonsteelwork
shall be machined. All such bolts shall be provided with washers having a hole of 1.6
mmlargerindiameterthanthebarrelofboltandthicknessnotlessthan6.5mmsothat
thenut,whentightened,shallnotbearontheunthreadedbodyofthebolt.Inallcases,
where the full bearing area of the bolt is to be developed, the threaded portion of the
bolt should not be within the thickness of the parts bolted together. The threaded
portion of each bolt shall project through the nut by at least one thread. Tapered
washers shall be provided for all heads and nuts a satisfactory bearing on beveled
surface.

5.4.2

Welding
General

Asmuchworkaspossibleshallbeweldedinshopsandthelayoutandsequenceofthe
operationsshallbesoarrangedastoeliminatedistortionandshrinkagestressestothe
satisfactionoftheOWNER/CONSULTANT.

Plantandequipment
The plant used shall be of sufficient capacity to suit the welding procedure laid down
andbecapableofdepositingtheparticulartypeortypesofelectrodestobeusedunder
the conditions of current and voltage specified by the electrode manufacturer. The
numberofweldingsets,bothautomaticandhandoperatedproposedtobeusedinthe
workshopforfabricationofthestructuralsteelworkforthecontractshallbegivenby

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thetendereralong with histender. Efficientmeans shallbe provided for the accurate


indicationofthecurrentandinaddition,apairoftongtestersshallbesuppliedbythe
CONTRACTORandbeavailabletotheOWNER/CONSULTANT.

All equipment, accessories and connections shall be maintained in proper working


order.

Electrodes
Allelectrodesshallbekeptunderdryconditions.Anyelectrodedamagedbymoisture
shallnotbeusedunlessitisstatedbythemanufacturerthatwhenitisproperlydried,
there will be no detrimental effect. Any electrode which has part of its flux coating
broken away orisotherwise damaged,shall be discarded. Anyelectrodeolder than 6
monthsfromthedateofmanufactureshallnotbeused.Lowhydrogenelectrodesshall
beusedforjointsinmaterialabove20mmthickandallimportantconnections.
Weldingprocedure
Before commencement of work, the CONTRACTOR shall submit to the
OWNER/CONSULTANT for his approval, the procedure proposed to be adopted. The
weldingprocedureshallbearrangedtosuitthedetailsofthejointsasindicatedonthe
drawingsandthepositionatwhichweldinghastobecarriedout.Weldingprocedure
shallcoverthefollowing:
i)

Typeandsizeofelectrodes

ii)

Currentand(forautomaticwelding)arcvoltage

iii)

Lengthofrunperelectrodes,or(forautomaticwelding)speedoftravel

iv)

Numberandarrangementofrunsinmultirunwelds

Whennecessarytheprocedureshallalsocoverthefollowing:
v)

Positionofwelding

vi)

Preparationandsetupofparts

vii)

Weldingsequence

viii)

Preorpostheating

ix)

Anyotherrelevantinformation

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The welding procedure shall be so arranged that the distortion and shrinkage
stressesarereducedtoaminimumandthattheweldsmeettherequirementof
qualityspecifiedhereunder.

The CONTRACTOR shall record the approved welding procedure and shall
provideeachoperatorwithallrelevantdetails.Alternativeapprovedprocedure
may be furnished in such cases when it is desirable to make the fullest use of
availableplant.Theweldingprocedurethenlaiddownshallbestrictlyfollowed
and no variation shall be permitted without the approval of the
OWNER/CONSULTANT.

Peening where required, intermediate layers of multiplelayer welds may be


peenedwithlightblowsfromapowerhammer,usingaroundnosetool.Peening
shallbedoneaftertheweldhascooledtoatemperaturewarmtothehand.Care
shallbeexercisedtopreventscalingorflakingofweldandbasemetalfromover
peening.

Fusionfacesandthesurroundingsurfaceswithin50mmofweldsshallbefree
fromallmillscaleandfreefromoil,paint,oranysubstancewhichmightaffect
the quality of the weld or impede the progress of welding. They shall be free
from irregularities there should not be any interference for the deposition of
specifiedweldsize.

Allmillscalewithin50mmofweldsshallberemovedpriortoweldingeitherby
pickling at works followed by thorough power wire brushing or by other
approvedmethods.

If preparation or cutting of the fusion faces is necessary, the same shall be


carriedoutbyshearing,chipping,gascuttingorflamegouging.

Wherehandgascuttingorhandgougingisemployed,theblowpipeorgouging
blowpipeshallbeproperlyguided.

Fusionfacesandsurroundingsurfaces:

Jigsandmanipulators:

Assemblyforwelding:
Parts to be welded shall be properly assembled and held firmly in position by
meansofjigsandclampspriortoandduringwelding.
Accuracyoffitup:
Partstobefilletweldedshallbebroughtintoasclosecontactaspracticableand
thegapduetofaultyworkmanshiporincorrectfitupshallnotexceed1.5mm.If
greater separation occurs at any position, the size of fillet weld shall be
increasedatsuchpositionsbytheamountofthegap.

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Jigsandmanipulatorsshallbeusedwherepracticableandshallbedesignedtofacilitate
weldingandtoensurethatallweldsareeasilyaccessibletotheoperators.

Endofbuttweldedjoints:
Theendsofbuttjointsshallbeweldedsoastoprovidethefullthroatthickness.This
maybedonebytheuseofextensionpieces,crossrunsorothermeansapprovedbythe
OWNER/CONSULTANT.
Weldfaceandreinforcementofbuttwelds:
Theweldfaceshallatallplacesbedepositedproudofthesurfaceoftheparentmetal.
Whereaflushsurfaceisrequiredthesurplusmetalshallbedressedoff.
Minimumleglengthandthroatthicknessinfilletwelds:
Theminimumleglengthofafilletweldasdepositedshallbenotlessthanspecifiedsize.
In no cases shall a concave weld be deposited without specific permission of the
OWNER/CONSULTANT.Wherepermitted,theleglengthshallbeincreasedabovethat
specified,sothattheresultantthroatthicknessisasgreataswouldhavebeenobtained
bythedepositionofaflatfacedweldofthespecifiedleglength.
Deslagging:
Aftermakingeachrunofweldingallslagshallbethoroughlyremoved.
Qualityofwelds:
Theweldmetal,asdeposited(includingtackweldsiftobeincorporated)shallbefree
from cracks, slag inclusions, gross porosity, cavities and other deposition faults. The
weldmetalshallbeproperlyfusedwiththeparentmetalwithoutseriousundercutting
or overlapping at the toes of the weld. The surface of the weld shall have a uniform
consistentcontourandregularappearance.
Workingconditions:
Welding shall not be done under weather or other conditions which might adversely
affect the efficiency of the welding and where necessary effective protection or other
safeguardshallbeprovided.
Qualificationandtestingofwelders:
The CONTRACTOR shall satisfy the OWNER/CONSULTANT that the welding operators
aresuitablefortheworkuponwhichtheywillbeemployedandshallproduceevidence
to the effect that welders have satisfactorily completed appropriate tests. The
OWNER/CONSULTANTmayathisdiscretionorderperiodictestsoftheweldersand/or
oftheweldsproducedbythem.SuchtestsshallbeattheexpenseoftheCONTRACTOR.

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Supervision:
The CONTRACTOR shall employ a competent welding supervisor or chargehand to
ensurethatthestandardofworkmanshipandthequalityofthematerialscomplywith
therequirementslaiddowninthisspecification.

5.4.3 Machiningofbutts,capsandbases

Splices and butt joints of struts and compression members depending on contact for
stress transmission shall be accurately machined and close butted over the whole
sectionwithaclearancenotexceeding0.2mmlocally.Theendsofshaftstogetherwith
the attached gussets, angles, channels etc, after welding together as the case may be,
shouldbeaccuratelymachinedsothatthepartsconnectedbuttovertheentiresurfaces
ofcontact.Careshouldbetakenthatthoseconnectinganglesorchannelsarefixedwith
such accuracy that they are not reduced in thickness by machining by more than 2.0
mm.

Slabbasesandcaps,ifapplicable,shallbeinonesolidpiece,andexceptwhencutfrom
materialwithtruesurfaces,andshallbeaccuratelymachinedoverthebearingsurfaces
and shall be in effective contact over the whole area of the machined end of the
stanchion. A bearing face need not be machined if it is to be grouted directly to a
foundationprovideditistrueandparalleltothemachinedface.Tofacilitategrouting,
holesshallbeprovidedwherenecessaryinstanchionbasesforescapeofair.

5.4.4 Shoppainting

The whole of steel work with the exception of bolts and nuts and machined surfaces
after being thoroughly cleaned to remove rust, loose scale, grease, dust etc. shall be
givenoneshopcoatofprimercompatiblewiththefinishpaint.Forepoxybasedpaints,
surfacepreparationshallbebysandblasting.Allrivets,bolts,nutsandwashersetc.shall
bethoroughlycleanedanddippedinboiledlinseedoil.

All machined surfaces shall be well coated with a mixture of white lead and tallow.
Surfaceswhicharetobeheldincontactbyboltingshallbepaintedbeforeassembly,and
the parts brought together while still wet. Unless specified otherwise, all surfaces
inaccessibleafter boltingorintermittent weldingshallbegiventwocoats ofapproved
paint before assembly. In the case of surfaces to be welded, the steel shall not be
paintedormetalcoatedwithinasuitabledistanceofanyedgestobeweldedifthepaint
specifiedorthemetalcoatingwouldbeharmfultoweldersorimpairthequalityofthe
welds. Welds and adjacent parent metal shall not be painted prior to deslagging,
inspectionandapproval.Parts,whicharetobeencasedinconcrete,shallnotbepainted
oroiled.

5.4.5 Marking,packinganddispatching.

Eachpieceshallbedistinctlymarkedbeforedelivery,inaccordancewithanapproved

marking diagram and shall bear such other marks as will facilitate erection. For easy
identification at site, a small distinguishing mark for each building shall be painted on
eachendofeverymemberbeforedespatchfromfabricationshop.Thefabricatedsteel

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workshallbedespatchedinsuchportionsasmaybefoundconvenientforerectionoras
orderedbytheOWNER/CONSULTANT.

All projecting plates or bars and all ends of members at joints shall be stiffened, all
straightbarsandplatesshallbebundled,allscrewedendsandmachinedsurfacesshall
besuitably
packed and all rivets, bolts, nuts, washers and small loose parts shall be packed
separatelyincasessoastopreventdamageordistortionduringtransit.

5.5.0 Erection

5.5.1 General

Thematerialshallbeverifiedwithmarkingonthemarkingplanorshippinglistswhich
shallbesuppliedbytheContractor.

Anymaterialfounddamagedordefectiveshallbestackedseparatelyandthedamaged
or defective portions be painted in distinct colour. Such material is to be dealt with
undertheordersoftheEngineerwithoutdelay.

Allsmallbendsortwistsreceivedbymembersshallberectifiedbeforesuchmembers
areputinplace;anyseriousbendsordamageshallbereportedatoncetotheEngineer
bytheContractorforinstructions.Thestraighteningofbentedgesofplates,anglesand
othershapesshallbedonebymethodsnotlikelytoproducefractureorotherinjury.No
memberslightlybentortwistedshallbeputinplaceuntilthedefectsarecorrectedand
membersseriouslydamagedinhandlingshallberejected.

Following the completion of the straightening of a bend or buckle, the surface of the
metalshallbecarefullyinspectedforevidenceofincipientorotherfractures.Thefield
assembling of the component parts of a structure shall involve the use of method and
appliancesnotlikelytoproduceinjurybytwisting,bendingorotherwisedeformingthe
metal.

5.5.2 SettingOut

The Contractor shall assume full responsibility for the correct setting out of all steel
workanderectingitcorrectlyasperalignmentandlevelsshownonthedrawingsand
plumbing of vertical members. Datum points will be fixed by the Engineer near the
worksite.NotwithstandinganyassistancerenderedtotheContractorbytheEngineer,
ifatanytimeduringtheprogressoftheworkanyerrorshouldappeartoarisetherein,
onbeingrequiredtodoso,theContractorathisowncostshallremoveandamendthe
worktothesatisfactionoftheEngineer.

5.5.3 Fieldconnections

Allfieldconnectionsinthehandrail,cageladder,Spiralstaircaseetc.shallbewelded,
unlessotherwisespecified.

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5.5.4 Fieldwelding

Allfieldassemblyandweldingshallbeexecutedinaccordancewiththerequirementsof
thespecificationforshopfabrication,exceptingsuchprovisionssuchasmanifestlyapply
toshopconditionsonly.Wherethesteelmemberhasbeendeliveredpainted,thepaint
shallberemovedbeforefieldwelding,foradistanceofatleast50mmoneithersideof
thejoints.

5.5.5 Paintingaftererection

Before painting of steel which is delivered unpainted is commenced, all surfaces to be


paintedshallbedryandthoroughlycleanedofallloosescale,rust,dust,grease,etc.

Thespecifiedprotectivetreatmentshallbecompletedaftererection.Allrivetandbolt
heads and the site welds after deslagging shall be cleaned. Damaged or deteriorated
paint surfaces shall be made good first with the same type of paint as the shop coat.
Wherespecified,surfaceswhichwillbeincontactaftersiteassemblyshallreceiveacoat
ofpaint(inadditiontoanyshoppriming)andshallbebroughttogetherwhilethepaint
isstillwet.

Surface which will be inaccessible after site assembly shall receive the full specified
protectivetreatmentbeforeassembly.

Sitepaintingshouldnotbedoneinfrosty,foggyorrainyweatherorwhenhumidityis
suchastocausecondensationonthesurfacetobepainted.

Twoormorefinalcoatsofapprovedpaintasspecifiedshallbeappliedtothesteelwork
aftererection.

5.5.6 Correctionofmisfits

Correctionofminormisfits,areasonableamountofreamingandcuttingofexcessstock
fromrivetswillbeconsideredalegitimatepartoftheerection.

Anyerrorinshopworkwhichpreventstheproperassemblingandfittingupofpartsby
the moderate use of drift pins or a moderate use of reaming and slight chipping or
cuttingshallimmediatelybereportedtotheEngineerandhisapprovalofthemethodof
correctionobtained.

5.6.0 TestingandAcceptanceCriteria

5.6.1 General

The Engineer shall have free access at all reasonable times to those parts of the
manufacturer'sworkswhichareconcernedwithfabricationofthesteelworkandshall
be afforded all reasonable facilities for satisfying him that the fabrication is being
undertakeninaccordancewiththeprovisionsofthisspecification.

Unlessspecifiedotherwise,inspectionshallbemadeattheplaceofmanufacturerprior
to dispatch and shall be conducted so as not to interfere unnecessarily with the
operationofthework.

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Defects which may appear during fabrication shall be made good with the consent of
andaccordingtotheprocedurelaiddownbytheEngineer.
All gauges and templates necessary to satisfy the Engineer shall be supplied by the
manufacturer.
WhenallteststobeperformedintheContractor'sshopunderthetermsofthisContract
have been successfully carried out, the steel work will be accepted forthwith and the
Engineer will issue an acceptance certificate, upon receipt of which, the items will be
shoppainted,packedanddispatched.Noitemistobedeliveredunlessanacceptance
certificate for the same has been issued. The satisfactory completion of these tests or
the issue of the certificates shall not bind the Owner to accept the work, should it, on
furthertestsbeforeoraftererection,befoundnotincompliancewiththeContract.

5.6.2 Tolerances

Fabrication

Tolerances for fabrication of structures shall be generally Indian Standard or given


belowwhicheverisminimum

In particular the acceptable fabrication tolerances for various parameters are given
below:
Length

Lengthofstrutfinishedfortightbearingcontact ()1mm

Lengthofanyothermemberuptoandincluding12m(+)0,

()3.0mm

Lengthofanyothermemberover12m
(+)0,

()0.00025L

Subject to a max.of () 5.0


mm
Width

Deviationinthewidthofmembersrequired

(+)0,

tobeinsertedinothermember

()2mm

Sweep,Camber

Deviationfromstraightnessinplan(Sweep)

0.001L

subjecttomax.of10mm

Deviationinelevationconvexity(Camber)

(+)5mm,()0

5.6.3 Acceptance

Should any structure or part of a structure be found not to comply with any of the
provisionsofthisspecification,thesameshallbeliabletorejection.Nostructureorpart
ofthestructure,oncerejected,shallbeofferedagainfortest,exceptincaseswherethe
Engineerconsidersthedefectsrectifiable.TheEngineermay,athisdiscretion,checkthe

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test results obtained at the Contractor's works by independent tests at an approved


laboratory.

6.0.0 Painting,ColourWashingEtc

6.1.0 Scope

This specification covers the requirements in respect of materials, workmanship and


quality for finishing works, such as white washing, colour washing, distempering and
painting to masonry, concrete, timber and metal surfaces of doors, windows, rolling
shuttersetc.

6.2.0 CodesandStandards

Unless specifically mentioned otherwise, all applicable codes and standards in their
latesteditionsaspublishedbyIndianStandardInstitutionandallothersuchasmaybe
publishedbythemduringthecurrencyoftheContract,shallgoverninrespectofdesign,

workmanship, quality and properties of materials and method of testing. Some of the
relevantavailablecodesarelistedhereunder:

6.2.1 Whitewashing,colourwashinganddistempering

IS:427Distemper,drycolourasrequired

IS:428Washabledistemper

IS:6278Codeofpracticeforwhitewashingandcolourwashing

6.2.2Painting

IS:5Coloursforreadymixedpaintsandenamels

IS:123SpecificationforReadymixedpaint,brushing,finishing,semigloss,forgeneral
purposestoIndianstandardcolours

IS:1477Codeofpracticeforpaintingofferrousmetalsinbuildings

IS:2074Readymixedpaint,airdrying,redoxidezincchrome,primingSpecification

IS:2339Aluminumpaintforgeneralpurposesindualcontainer

IS:2395Codeofpracticeforpaintingconcrete,masonryandplastersurface

IS:2932Enamel,synthetic,exterior,a)undercoating,b)finishing

IS:2933Enamel,exterior,a)undercoating,b)finishing.

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IS:5410Specificationforcementpaint

IS:5411Specificationforplasticemulsionpaintforinterioruse

6.3.0Materials

6.3.1Distemper

Dry Distemper shall be made from suitable pigments, extenders lime proof tinters,
water soluble binders conforming to Indian Standard. Oil bound washable distemper
shall be of oil emulsion type containing suitable preservatives conforming to Indian
Standard.

6.3.2Gumandbluepigment

Gumandbluepigmentforwhitewashshallbeofbestqualityandofapprovedmake.

6.3.3Paint

The painting and finishing materials for use in the work shall conform to Indian
Standard specifications and shall be best brands of approved make produced for each
kind of work. Aluminium paint shall be in two back containers and shall resist
weathering.

Theacrylicemulsionpaint,afteritisdried,shallbeabletowithstandwashingwithmild
soap and water without any deterioration in colour or without showing flaking,
blisteringorpeeling.

6.3.4 Primercoat

Unlessotherwisespecified,theprimercoatforconcrete,steelandironworkshallbeas
specifiedbythemanufacturer.

6.4.0 WhiteWashing,ColourWashingandDistempering

6.4.1 Mixing

Theslakedlimeshallbescreenedtopassthroughasieveof49meshespersq.cmand
dissolvedinatubwithsufficientquantityofwaterandshallbewellmixedtogiveathin
creamyconsistency.Itshallthenbestrainedthroughacleancoarseclothandcleangum
dissolvedin hot water added to it atthe rate of 2kg for each cubic meter oflimeand
ultramarineblueaddedtothemixtureinsmallproportionjustsufficienttogiveavery
lightbluishtint.

Colour wash shall be prepared in the same way as for white washing except that
necessaryamountofcolouringmattershallbeaddedtolimewashtoobtainthecolour

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specified.Noblueshallbeaddedinthiscase.Theentirequantityshallbemixedstrictly
in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions unless these are varied by the
Engineer.

Distemper shall not be mixed in a larger quantity than is actually required for a day's
workandhotwatershallbeusedinpreparingthemixture.

6.4.2 PreparationofSurface

Before white wash is laid on new wall, the surface of wall shall be well cleaned and
brushedandallpatchingmustbescrapedproperly.Aftercleaningthesurface,allholes,
cracksandpatchesshallbemadegoodwithapprovedmaterials.

Masonrycracksshallbecleanedoutandpatchfilledwithmortarsimilartotheoriginal
surface and finished with cement wash. For all internal painting, the surface shall be
madesmoothbyapplicationofapprovedpastefillersbeforeapplyingprimer.

Thedistempershallnotbeappliedondampwallsandshallbeappliedindryweather.
The surface to be distempered shall be thoroughly cleaned of dust, dirt, grease, oil
marks, cement marks, loose scales etc. and rubbed with sand paper to give a uniform
smoothsurface.

6.4.3 Workmanship

Whitewashshallbeappliedwithbrush,eachcoatconsistingofverticalstrokefromtop
downwardsfollowedbyoppositestrokeupwardsoverthefirststrokeandhorizontal

strokefromlefttorightfollowedbystrokerighttoleft.Eachcoatmustbeallowedto
dry before the next coat is applied. On completion, the surface when it becomes dry,
shall
presentauniformwhiteappearance.Whendry,nocoatofwhitewashshallshowany
patches, hair cracks or streaks nor shall it come off when rubbed with hands. White
washingshallbedonein3coatsunlessotherwisespecified.Doors,windows,floorsetc.
must be protected from white wash splashes. Any splashes and droppings shall be
removedandcleaned.

Colourwashshall beappliedin the same manner asspecifiedfor white wash. During


application, the solution shall be stirred continuously and wash shall be applied with
caretoavoidanycutshadeorbrushmarksonthewallswhentheworkiscomplete.For
allnewwork,thesurfacetobecolourwashedshallfirstbetreatedwithaprimingcoat
oflimewash.Unlessotherwisespecified,twocoatsofwhitewashshallfirstbeapplied
beforecolourwashisapplied.Thecolourwashes,whetherappliedinsideoroutsideofa
buildingshallbeofuniformtintandshade.

The workmanship for distempering shall conform to Indian Standard unless specified
otherwise. Distempering shall be done with proper distemper brushes of approved
quality.Thefinishedsurfaceshallbeofabsolutelyuniformshadethroughoutandfree
frombrushmarks.Ondrying,thedistempershallnotcomeoffontouchandshallnot
crack.Distempershallbeappliedintwocoatsoveronecoatofpriming.Thepriming
coat shall be as specified and the primer shall be in accordance with the
recommendationofthemanufacturer.Beforeapplyingtheprimer,theplasteredsurface

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shallbewashedwithasolutionof100gmofzincsulphatetooneliterofwaterandthen
allowed to dry. Succeeding coats shall not be applied until the previous coat has been
approvedbytheEngineer.Thefirstcoatshallalwaysbeofalightertintandshallbe
appliedwithcare.Incasethefinishisnotuptothestandards,theentiresurfaceshallbe
sandpaperedandafreshcoatorcoatsofdistempershallbesuppliedwithoutanyextra
cost.

All decorative mouldings, cornices, bands etc. shall be finished according to detailed
drawings.AllsplashesofdistempershallberemovedbytheContractorathisowncost.
The surface to be coated with waterproof cement paint shall be washed and brushed
down.Assoonasthemoisturehasdisappeared,thesurfaceshallbegivenonecoatof
paint.Careshallbetakensothatthepaintdoesnotdryouttoorapidly.Afterfourtosix
hours, water shall be sprinkled over the surface to assist curing and prevent cracking.
After the first coat has dried (24 to 48 hours), the second coat shall be applied in a
similarmanner.Thefinishedsurfaceshallbekeptmoistbyoccasionalsprinklingwith
waterforsevendaysafterpainting.

6.5.0 Painting

6.5.1 Preparationofsurface

Thesurfacesofironandsteelworktobepaintedshallbecleanedfreeofdirt,oil,rust,
mill scale and be thoroughly dry before painting. Cleaning, degreasing, derusting and
descaling wherever necessary shall be carried out as specified in Indian Standard. All
galvanizedironsurfacesshallbepretreatedwithacompatibleprimeraccordingtothe
manufacturer'sdirection.

6.5.2 Application

PaintingofironandsteelworkshallgenerallybecarriedoutasperIndianStandard
Thepaintmanufacturer'sspecification/instructionsshallbefollowedasfaraspossible
atalltimes.Particularattentionshallbepaidtothefollowing:
a.

Properstoragetoavoidexposure,aswellasextremesoftemperature.

b.

Surfacepreparationpriortopainting

c.

d.

Mixingandthinning
Applicationofpaintsandtherecommendedtimelimitontimeintervalsbetween
coats.

PaintingoperationsshallnotproceeduntiltheEngineerhastheopportunitytoinspect
theconditionofpreparedsurfacetobepainted.Paintshallbethoroughlymixedandnot
more than 1/2 kg of recommended thinner per 4.5 kg liters of paint shall be added if
thinning is necessary. Exterior paint shall not be performed during the period of
inclement weather. Interior painting may proceed during such periods only with the

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approvaloftheEngineer.Priortoapplicationofsubsequentcoat,theEngineershallbe
given the opportunity to inspect the prior coat. Should the work be judged by the
Engineerbeinferior,asupplementarycoatshallbeappliedatnoadditionalcost.
Thenumberof coats includingthe primer coat shall be applied asspecified. Each coat
shallbeallowedtodrysufficientlybeforethesucceedingcoatisapplied.
Thetypeofintermediateandfinishcoatandthenumberofcoatstobeappliedshallbe
asspecified..
Alternatively, Contractor shall provide painting/protective coating as per paint
manufacturer standards. However, prior approval shall be sought from Client for the
same.

6.6.0 AcceptanceCriteria

a)
Allthepaintedsurfaceshallbeuniformandpleasinginappearance.
b.) Thecolour,textureetc.shallmatchexactlywiththoseofapprovedsamples.

c)
All stains, splashes and splatters of paints shall be removed from surrounding
surface.

7.0.0 Curing

7.1.0 Specialattentionshallbepaidtopropercuringofverticalfacesofthechimneyshaftso
thatthesedonotremaindry.Theexteriorandinteriorsurfacesoftheshellshallbekept
moist for 14 days after removal of forms as the chimney construction progresses
upwards. Circumferential perforated pipes shall be hung from immediately below the
formsandraisedalongwithit.Theshellshallbecoveredwithburlapandthepipeswill
be placed so that the water will be delivered against the burlap and covering and not
against the exposed concrete. Burlap can be removed when the concrete has set
sufficientlysothatnoerosionoffreshconcreteshallresult.

8.0.0 Galvanizing

8.1.0 All members to be galvanized shall be cleaned thoroughly, to the satisfaction of the
Engineer, by the process of pickling. Pickling shall be carried out in an acid bath
containing sulphuric or hydrochloric acid of suitable and adjusted concentration and
temperature.Picklingprocessshallbecompletedbyrinsingthemembersthoroughlyin
warm water. Galvanizing shall be carried out by hot dip process in a proper and
uniformlyheatedbathanditshallmeetalltherequirementswhentestedinaccordance
withIndianStandard.Thezinccoatingshallbeofuniformthicknesswithanacceptable
minimumvalueof610gram/m2forstructuralsteeland500Gms/m2forbolts,nutsand
washers.Ifthegalvanizingofanymemberisdamaged,theEngineershallbeshownof
the extent of damage and if so directed the galvanizing may have to be redone in the
similar manner stated above. Use of cold applied aluminum paint over site welded
componentsasshownintheapproveddrawingsispermitted.

9.0.0 InsulationandPacking:

The packing and insulating material shall be asbestos rope, glass or mineral wool and
asbestos mill boards. The materials shall be of best quality available in the market

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conformingtotheIndianStandardandshallbeprocuredafterasampleisapprovedby
theEngineeraftertesting.

9.1.0 AsbestosRope

Thediameteroftheropeshallbemin.25mm.orasindicatedindrawing.Theropeshall
beplainGradeI,conformingtoIndianStandard.Thestrandshallbelong,welltwisted
andstrandedandnotornthreadshallstickout.Theropeshallbefirmlypackedbetween
theupperandlowerbricklinercoursesatplatformsupportpointssoastopreventgas
leakage.Minimumoftworopesshallbeusedateachlevel.

9.2.0 GlassWoolPacking/MineralWoolPacking

The Thickness of packed glass wool shall be 25 mm or as shown in the drawing. The
packeddensityofthewoolshallbewithintherangeof100to150kg/cu.mandtheco
efficientofthermalconductivityshallnotexceed0.06kilocalories/hour/metre/Cat
ameantemperature of150degree C.ThematerialsshallgenerallyconformtoIndian
Standard. The Coefficient of thermal conductivity and packed density shall be tested
accordingtoIndianStandard.Thepackingshallbedonebetweentheconcreteplatform
edgeandthebricklinerandbetweentheupperandlowerliners.

9.3.0 AsbestosMillBoard

Asbestosmillboardshallbeof12mmthicknessorasindicatedinthedrawing.Itshall
be plain, dense and or homogenous texture, without cracks, flaw and any other
manufacturingdefect.Itshallbelaiddirectlyontotheconcreteorbedafterremoving
anyloosematerialoranyaggregate.Itshallalsobeusedasaprotectivepadoverglass
woolinsulationforinsulationofconcreteatductentryordooropenings.

9.4.0Vermiculiteconcrete
Vermiculite concrete shall conform to Indian Standard. It shall be made by mixing of
exfoliatedvermiculite,Portlandcementandwater.Itshallhaveadensityof300kg/cu.m
and maximum size of vermiculite aggregate shall be 6mm. The mix shall be 1 part of
cementand8partofvermiculitebyvolume.

10.0.0ChimneyCap

ChimneyCapshallbefittedinsuchamannerallowingforunequalcircumferentialand
vertical expansion and contraction of concrete shell, lining and for deflection of shaft
duetowind.

Gapsbetweensegmentsaretobefilledwithasbestosmillboardorfibreglasspacking.
Ifcastironcapisprovided,twocoatsofacidresistingpaintoveroneprimercoatshall
becarriedoutasrecommendedbypaintmanufacturer.

11.0.0 QualityControl:

11.1.0 EquipmentandMaterials

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11.1.1 Contractor shall provide and maintain at the site necessary number and type of
machinery and equipment including survey instruments in good working condition
for proper setting out and timely completion of the works covered under this
specification.Allthearrangementsfortransportingtheequipmenttoandfromthesite
shallbedonebytheContractorathisownexpense.

11.1.2 ItshallbeensuredbytheContractorthatworkshallproceeduninterruptedeveninthe
eventofpowerfailures.Assuch,adequatenumberofdieseloperatedequipment(such
asconcretemixers,vibrators,etc.)shallbeprovidedbytheContractor,asanalternative
arrangement, in case, electrically operated equipments are proposed to be brought to
site.

11.1.3 Allmaterialssuppliedbythecontractorshallbeofthebestqualityandshallconformto
this specification. Approval in writing shall be obtained from Engineer, before any
alternativeorequivalentmaterialisproposedtobeusedbytheContractor.

11.1.4 Contractor shall furnish Manufacturers test certificate for the materials supplied by
him. Where such certificates are not available, and where the Engineer so desires the
specimen from the materials supplied to site shall be got tested at a recognized and
approvedtestinglaboratoryatContractorscost.

11.1.5 Climbingorslipformsshallbecontrolledbylinkedhydraulicallyoperatedjacksthatare
reversible. Driven by an electrically operated pump and with provision for manual
operationintheeventofabreakdown.

11.1.6 For slipform operation two level platforms shall be provided on the inner as well as
outside. All safety requirements shall be met by provision of handrails, lighting etc.
Safetynetsshallalsobeprovidedbelowtheplatform.

11.1.7 One hoist for passengers/supervisory staff and one for transport of goods shall be
provided by the Contractor. These hoists shall be operational not later than the time
when construction first reaches 10 m and should be available throughout the
construction period. Access between various working levels shall be provided by an
approved system of ladders. Under no circumstances shall staging or scaffolding be
reliedupontoprovidesuchaccess.

11.2.0 PhysicalChecks

Someofthemandatoryphysicalchecks,whichshallbecarriedoutbytheContractor,are
asunder:
a. Thetwistorrotationoftheslipformevery15minutes.

b. Leveloftopofjackseverythirtyminutes.

c. Verticalitywiththehelpoflasers/heavyplumbbobsatleastoncein4hours.

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d. Insideandoutsidediameters/dimensionsandwallthickness,onceineachshift
of8hours.

e. Leveloftopofformpanelsonceinitiallyandsubsequentlyaftereachshift.

f. Level of working platforms once initially and subsequently after each


interruption.

g. Batteroftheformpanelsandyokelegsonceonerectionandsubsequentlyafter
eachinterruption.

h. Conditionofjackrodsforovality,indention,buckling,movingoutofalignment,
etc.,beforefixingeachrod.

i.
j.

Bracingofjackrodspassingthroughopenings.

Liveloadonworkingdecktoavoidaccidentaloverloads.

k. Workabilityofconcreteatmixerandatpointofplacement,onceanhour.

l. Temperatureofconcrete,oncein4hours.

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1.0

SECTION H1:- GENERAL NOTES FOR PRICE SCHEDULE


The Schedules in SectionH2 must be read in conjunction with the enclosed
specifications and drawings. The BIDDER is deemed to have examined the technical,
general and special conditions of contract and to have acquainted himself with the
site conditions and the details of the work to be done, and the manner in which the
work is to be executed at site.

2.0

The Lump sum price should include cost of all materials (except those issued by the
OWNER), labour, tools, plants, equipments all requirements of temporary work and
contingencies whether referred to or not in the specification, for the satisfactory and
proper completion of the job within stipulated time period as time is the essence of this
contract.

3.0

The BIDDER shall quote his rates against items of work listed in SectionH2, which
may be required to be executed or deleted by him as a variation from the Lumpsum
Price quoted, and for works which may not fall under the Lumpsum Price.

4.0

The rates given section H4 will not be considered for tender analysis. The rates
quoted shall be reasonable.

5.0

Rates and prices shall be written in ink and shall be both in figure and in words.

6.0

Where there is any discrepancy between the rates quoted in figures and words,
the rates quoted in words shall prevail.

7.0

The unit price and rates quoted shall include for minor details of construction which
are obviously and fairly intended and which may not have been referred to in this
document but are essential for the satisfactory completion of the work.

8.0

Rates against the Lumpsum Price and for item rates shall include cost of
dewatering, deslushing etc., where necessary and no claim for payment on this
account will be entertained by the OWNER.

9.0

Rates quoted shall include for clearances of site both prior to commencement of work
and after its completion.

10.0 Abbreviations used for the unit of various items are as stated below:
T
kg
rm
mm
m2
m3
No

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

tonne (1000 kg )
kilogram
running meter
millimeter
square meter
cubic meter
Number

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SECTION H2:- LUMPSUM BIDDING SCHEDULE FOR MULTIFLUE


CHIMNEY WITH BRICK FLUE
1.0

With reference to the tender invited by us for the proposed Design and Construction
of RCC Chimney:
a) Examined the technical Specification and special conditions of contract annexed
thereto relating to design and construction.
b) Visited and examined the site of the proposed work and

1.1

c) Acquired the requisite information as affecting the tender.


Lumpsum price for designing, supplying, constructing and commissioning of one
number three flues RCC Chimney 121M High including but not limited to
excavation for foundation raft / Piling, Routine pile test and pile cap where
necessary with de-watering, if required, back filling including compaction and
disposal of surplus soil to stack or fill, concreting of raft including removal of muck,
laying of PCC mudmat, casting of pedestals for supporting flue ducts and stair case,
providing of dowels in raft to start shell construction, approved quality earth filling
over raft, RCC flooring with integral finish inside the chimney including laying of
100mm thick PCC 1:4:8 over compacted earth filling, shell (shaft) including air inlet
and outlet openings with Aluminium louvers and SS bird screens, pockets/openings
to seat RCC beams ( p r e c a s t o r c a s t a t s i t e ) for intermediate internal
platforms with RCC slabs, openings for aviation obstruction lights, access to roof slab,
openings for flue ducts, etc., strakes (if required) with GI plates, angles etc.,
including cost of all materials, labour, hot dip galvanising, anti- corrosive painting,
designing and installation on the chimney shell with hot dip galvanised bolts in
sleeves left in the shell for the purpose, intermediate internal platforms including
elastomeric bearing pads below beams & filler material at top of beams where
required, hand-rails, bottom soot / ash hoppers with cellular concrete including pipes
with flanges in hoppers, fire / acid resistant brick lining with metal ties including
curing, steel bands around brick lining, acid proof tile flooring on the top platform,
insulation around brick lining and ducts, Aluminium cladding around insulation,
access, maintenance and clean out doors, structural steel stair case, hot dip
galvanised GI ladders, lightning protection system, earthing system, aviation
warning beacons, flood lights, lighting conduits with cable boxes, control panel, main
Distribution Board / lighting Distribution Board, photocells, Stainless steel
Chimney Caps, fabrication and fixing of flue ducts between shell and liner including
their supports if required, port holes with their fitting for installation of gas analysers
in Stainless steel ducts with access staircase platforms arrangement, mild and /or
steel reinforcement embedments / inserts, plates anchors / bolts, pipe sleeves, for
instruments, fixtures, wind strakes, etc. painting both internal and external surfaces,
providing and installing of hoists for construction purposes with all accessories for
men & material, necessary staging, shuttering (formwork including slip form),
scaffolding, bracing, centering, including supervision, supply and cost of all
materials, labour, all tools and plants, equipments, winches, machinery (including
diesel operated) and all leads and lifts vibrating, curing etc. dismantling etc.,

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clearance of site to restore it to original finish and all other remaining & finishing
works, complete to form a workable complete chimney arrangement as detailed in the
scope of work, as per specifications, as depicted in the bid drawings and as
directed by ENGINEER.

TotalLumpsumamount=

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTIONH3:PAYMENTTERMS

PriceBreakupfortotalLumpsumpricequotedunderitemH2

SL.
DESCRIPTION
PERCENTAGE
NO.
2.0 Mobilizationadvanceagainst bankguarantee
5%
2.1 a) On approval of G.A. drawings and design & detailed
2.5%
foundationdrawings

b) On approval of design & detailed shell, shell openings


2.5%
drawings.
2.2 FOUNDATIONWORK

a) OncompletionofExcavationworkandpiling &routinepile
5%
test
5%

b) Onlayingpilecapincludingpedestalsforduct &staircase
earth filling (inside), earth filling (outside),
compactionetc.

c) OnraisingRCCshellto0.00mlevel
3%
2.3 RCCSHELL

a) Onmobilizationofslipformequipmentatsite
3%

b) Onerectionofslipformequipmentinposition
3%

c) OncompletionofRCCshell
To45.0mlevel
5%


To90.0mlevel
5%


To121.0mlevel
5%
2.4 RCCBEAMPLATFORMS

a) OnPrecastofRCCbeams
4%

b) OnerectionofRCCbeams
7%
2.5 RCCPLATFORMS

a) OncompletionofRCCPlatforms
5%

b) Oncompletionoflayingofconcreteontoplevelplatforms
2%
(includinglayingoftopslab)

c) Oncompletionofrailingwork(external&internal)
1%
2.6 LINING&INSULATION(ThreeFLUES)

a) Forcompleteliningworkfor3flues
6%

b) For complete insulation & cladding work for 3 flues


2%
(including provisions of MS bands around brick
flues)
2.7 HOPPER(ThreeFLUES)

a) Constructionofhoppers
2%
2.8 ProvidingandfixingofSScaps
1%
2.9 STAIRCASE&LADDERS

a) Fabricationandgalvanizing
2.5%

b) Oncompletionoferectionwork
1%

c) Oncompletionofpaintingwork
1%
2.10 Provision of port holes, of completion of ducts connections
1%
includingpainting(Threeflues)
2.11 Electricalworksincludingearthing,aviationobstructionlights
3%

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2.12 Lightingprotectionworksincludingearthing
2.13 PAINTINGOFCHIMNEY

a) Externalsurfaceofchimney

b) Internalsurfaceofshellandplatforms

c) Internalprovisionsuchasrailingsanddoorsetc.
2.14 Flooringat0.00meterlevelincludinglayingof100mmthickPCC
1:4:8overcompactedsandfilling
2.15 Miscellaneous Fabrication, erection and painting works such as
port holes including access platforms, doors, pulley
brackets,wiremeshscreens,louvers,etc.
2.16 Finishingwork,siteclearanceetc
2.17 Final commissioning and completion of all other works in all
respects

Total

NOTES FOR PRICE BREAK UP:

1%

1.5%
1.5%
0.5%
0.5%
1.5%
1%
10%
100%

1.

In the event of the tenderer not accepting the break-up of lumpsum price his bid
shall be treated as unresponsive and shall be summarily rejected.

2.

The bidder shall under no circumstances change the pattern of the break up.

3.

Intermediate payments shall be released in stages to the extent as per price break
up given above.

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SECTIONH4
MISCELLANEOUSUNITPRICESCHEDULE
1. VENDOR shall quote his rates against items of work which may be required to be
executed/deleted by him as a variation from the Lumpsum price quoted in Bidding
Schedule and for essential works which may not fall under the Lumpsum price which
the CONTRACTOR may be asked to execute/delete.
2. This schedule will not be considered for bid analysis. The rates quoted shall be
reasonable:

Sl.
No.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Description
Unit

Excavation below ground / grade level in all kinds of ordinary and


hard soils for foundation/footings, trenches, etc.includingdesilting,
dewatering , if required, shoring, strutting as necessary, backfilling
m3
aroundfoundationwithselectedearthandconsolidatingbywatering
and transporting excess excavated soil to stack yards as directed by
theOWNER.
Providing and placing reinforced cement concrete with 40mm
downgradedcoarseaggregateexcludingreinforcementbutincluding
dewatering if required, shuttering, scaffolding, vibrating, finishing,

curing, for all, etc, complete for works below ground level as per
specificationandasdirectedbytheENGINEER.
a)
M25
m3
b)
M30
m3
c)
M35
m3
d)
M40
m3
Providing and placing reinforced cement concrete with 20mm
downgradedcoarseaggregateexcludingreinforcementbutincluding
dewatering if required, shuttering, scaffolding, vibrating, finishing,

curing, for all, etc, complete for works below ground level as per
specificationandasdirectedbytheENGINEER.
a)
M25
m3
b)
M30
m3
c)
M35
m3
Sameasabovebutprovidingabovegroundlevel

a)
M25
m3
b)
M30
m3
c)
M35
m3
d)
M40
m3
Providing and laying plain cement concrete in blinding layer / fill
under etc. with 40mm downgraded coarse aggregate including

dewatering,shuttering,curingetc.completeforthefollowinggrades.
a)
M20
m3
Providing, supplying, cleaning, cutting, lapping, bending as per

drawings and placing in position reinforcement bars at all locations

Rate
(Rs.)

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7.

8.

9.

10.

andlevelsincludingbindingwith2 strandsof18gaugesoftannealed
wire/welding as required etc. complete as shown on construction
drawings:
a)
MildsteelbarsconformingtoIS:432GrI
b)
HighyieldstrengthdeformedbarsconformingtoIS:1786
(Fe500D)
Providing, supplying, placing, aligning fixing in positions to correct
lines and levels all steel inserts in reinforced concrete works
including fabrication and painting exposed surfaces as per
specification.
Supply, providing and fix in position, etc. complete 5 x 6mm GI strip
down conductor anchored at every 700mm including all necessary
fixtures as per specification and as directed by OWNER, including
paintingwithblackbitumenoveracoatofetchingprimer.
Supply,provideandfixinpositiontwostrandedtinnedcopperdown
conductors of area 75 sq.mm including embedding in the concrete
shell,etccompletedasperspecificationandasdirectedbyOWNER
Drilling and casting for prebored cast insitu piles, including
mobilisation ,set up drilling rig, Drill in all type of soil, use of
bentonite/casingpipe(retreived),asdirectedbyengineertostop
boring,demobilise,handlinganddisposalofthedisplacedmaterials
from the bored hole as per engineers instructions, dewatering at all
times till completion of concreting, Including M35 concrete and Fe
500Dreinforcement.VerifyingSPTvaluesaspersoilinvestigationat
bottomofpilelevel.
a)450mmDiaupto20mlong
B)450mmDiaupto25mlong
C)600mmDiaupto20mlong
D)600mmDiaupto25mLong
E)750mmDiaupto20mLong
F)750mmDiaupto25mLong

t
t

rm

rm

Nos
Nos
Nos
Nos
Nos
Nos

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S.NO
1
2

SECTIONI:BIDDRAWINGS

DRAWINGTITLE
CHIMNEYGENERALARRANGEMENT
CHIMNEYEARTHING,LIGHTNING
PROTECTION&LIGHTINGLAYOUT

DRAWINGNUMBER
115095400878
115095900469

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SECTIONJ1
SCHEDULEOFDEVIATIONFROMTECHNICALSPECIFICATION

All deviations from the Technical Specifications shall be filled in by the BIDDER
clause by clause in this schedule.
SECTION

SPECIFICATION NO

CLAUSENO.

DEVIATION

The BIDDER hereby certifies that the above mentioned are the only deviations from
the PURCHASERs Technical Specifications for this enquiry. The BIDDER further
confirms that in the event any other data and information presented in the BIDDERs
proposal and accompanying documents including drawings, catalogues, etc., are at
variance with the specific requirements laid out in the PURCHASERs Technical
Specifications, then the latter shall govern and shall be binding on the BIDDER for the
quoted price.

COMPANY SEAL

SIGNATURE _--------------------NAME

---------------------

DESIGNATION ---------------------

COMPANY

---------------------

DATE

-------------------

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTIONJ2
SCHEDULEOFDEVIATIONFROMGENERALCONDITIONS

All deviations from the General Conditions shall be filled in by the BIDDER clause by
clause in this schedule.
SECTION

SPECIFICATION NO

CLAUSENO.

DEVIATION

The BIDDER hereby certifies that the above mentioned are the only deviations from
the PURCHASERs General Conditions of Contract. The BIDDER further confirms
that in the event any other data and information presented in the BIDDERs proposal
and accompanying documents are at variance with the specific requirements laid out
in the PURCHASERs General Conditions of Contract, then the latter shall govern and
shall be binding on the BIDDER for the quoted price.

COMPANY SEAL

SIGNATURE _--------------------NAME

---------------------

DESIGNATION ---------------------

COMPANY

---------------------

DATE

----------------------

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTION J3
SCHEDULE OF PRICE IMPLICATIONS ON ACCOUNT OF DEVIATIONS

The price implication on account of all deviations as listed out in the Schedule of
Deviations shall be indicated here below :
Sl. Section
Clause
No. No. of
No. of
Tender
Tender
Document Document

(1)

(2)

(3)

Page
Clause as Deviation
Variation in Quoted
No.of
given in
as proposed Price,if deviation not
Tender
byTenderer
acceptable o the
Tender
Document Document
in Forms
the Owner( mention
Plus or minus)
(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

Note :
1.The Bidder hereby certifies that the above mentioned are the only price implications
on account of deviations to the tender conditions.
2.All price implications on account of deviations shall be given only in this
Schedule.
3.Price implications on account of deviations furnished elsewhere shall be summarily
rejected and shall also be ignored.
4.The Bidder also certifies that the price implications mentioned herein are for
deviations furnished in the Schedules of Deviations.

(SIGNATURE OF BIDDER)
COMPANY SEAL

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTIONJ4
SCHEDULEOFCEMENT
(INCASESUPPLIEDBYOWNER)

FOR QUARTER YEAR PERIOD


TAKING THE DATE OF AWARD OF
CONTRACT AS BASE

REQUIREMEN OF ORDINARY
PORTLAND
CEMENT
IN

Nil

II

Nil

III

Nil

IV

Nil

Nil

VI

Nil

VII

Nil

VIII

Nil

IX

Nil

Nil

TONNES

(Bidders signature)

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTION J5
SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEMENT
(INCASE SUPPLIED BY OWNER)

(A)

Requirement of Deformed Bars, in Tonnes

For quarter year period taking


the date of award of contract
as base

36 32

Diameters of bars
28 25 20 16 12

Nil

II

Nil

III

Nil

IV

Nil

Nil

VI

Nil

VII

Nil

VIII

Nil

IX

Nil

Nil

10

(Bidders signature)

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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4150954000725

(B)

Requirement of Mild Steel Bars in Tonnes

For quarter year period taking


the date of award of contract
as base

32

Diameters of bars
28 25 20 16

Nil

II

Nil

III

Nil

IV

Nil

Nil

VI

Nil

VII

Nil

VIII

Nil

IX

Nil

Nil

12

10 8 6

(Bidders signature)

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTION J6
SCHEDULE OF CONTRACTORS TECHNICAL
STAFF TO BE DEPLOYED ON THIS CONTRACT

No.

DESIGNATION

COMPANY SEAL

QUALIFICATION

PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE

SIGNATURE _--------------------DESIGNATION --------------------DATE

----------------------

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTION J7
SCHEDULE OF EQUIPMENT

The BIDDER shall indicate hereunder the equipment he has in


possession and the equipment he proposes to bring to the site, in case the
work is awarded to him.

SI.NO

Type and description


of the Equipment

Numbers the
BIDDER has in
possession

Numbers he
proposes to
bring on to site

BIDDER hereby confirms that the quantity and type of tools he will employ for
construction will not be less than those listed above, and agrees to bring more
equipment, if so warranted, in the opinion of the Engineer.

COMPANY SEAL

SIGNATURE _--------------------NAME

---------------------

DESIGNATION ---------------------

COMPANY

---------------------

DATE

----------------------

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTION J8
SCHEDULE OF RATES FOR LABOUR
BIDDER shall quote hereunder the all-inclusive price of labour assumed for
the purposes of this Contract.
Supplying Labour

--------------------i. Unskilled Labour male

Per day Over time rate


8 hrs.
--------------

per hour
-----------------

ii. Unskilled Labour female


iii. Skilled Labour male
iv. Mason
v. Carpenter
vi. Painter
vii. Fitter (reinforcement)
viii.Fitter (Structural steel)
ix. Welder
x. Rigger
xi. Welders with welding equipment
xii. Gas cutter with all equipment
ENGINEER/PURCHASER shall have the right to ask Contractor to
supply labour for any work at the rates quoted above.
COMPANY SEAL

SIGNATURE _ --------------------NAME

---------------------

DESIGNATION --------------------COMPANY

---------------------

DATE

----------------------

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTION J9
SCHEDULE OF BIDDERS EXPERIENCE

The BIDDER shall furnish hereunder a list of similar jobs executed by him to
whom a reference may be made by the PURCHASER in case the
PURCHASER considers such a reference necessary.

SI.
N
o

Nameand
description
ofwork

Scheduled
completion
period

Actual
completio
nperiod

Value
of
work

Yearof
start
and
comple
tion
6

Ow
ner

Person
whom
ref.has
been
made
8

COMPANY SEAL

SIGNATURE _--------------------NAME

---------------------

DESIGNATION ---------------------

COMPANY

---------------------

DATE

----------------------

OWNER:M/s.NIRMALIMITED

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SECTION K
SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT

FINAL REPORT
GEOTECHNICAL/SUB-SOIL INVESTIGATION AND
RECOMMENDATION WORK FOR 70 MW POWER
PLANT PROJECT FOR SIXTH BOILER & TURBINE
GENERATOR AT KALATALAV, DIST.: BHAVNAGAR,
GUJARAT STATE.

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15


MONTH & YEAR: DECEMBER, 2015

FORWARDED TO,
NIRMA LIMITED,
AHMEDABAD.

M. K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY

BHARTI HOUSE,
GROUND FLOOR, OPP. GRAND BHAGWATI HOTEL,
NR. AVALON HOTEL, AND JAHNVI BUNGALOWS,
OFF. S. G. HIGHWAY, BODAKDEV,
AHMEDABAD 380 054,

PHONE NO.: +9
91-79-2682 0940, 9624097903
EMAIL
:info@mksoil.com

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

INDEX
SR.
NO.
1.0

CHAPTER
Introduction.

PAGE
NO.
01

2.0

Field Work

01

3.0

Laboratory Work:

03

4.0

Sub Soil Stratification

04

5.0

Ground Water Table

06

6.0

General Foundation Analysis

07

7.0

Pile Load Carrying Capacity

09

8.0

Summary

12

9.0

Conclusions And Recommendation

15

10.0

Tables.

11.

1.

Observed N- Value

2.

Chemical Analysis of Water Sample

23

3.

Chemical Analysis of Soil Sample

23

4.

Pile Capacity Calculation

24-33

5.

Soil Characteristics for Boreholes

34-55

16-22

01-24

Drawings.

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

1.0

INTRODUCTION:

Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad proposed Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project
for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
The purpose of the investigations was to determine the sub soil stratification, geotechnical
information & safe bearing capacity, so as to provide information that will assist the structural
engineers in the design of the foundations and the relevant works.
The Job was carried out wide your Work Order No.: NNL/SBTG-Proj-NEA-33/LOI-006/201516/ADM, Dated: 18/11/2015 under the guidance and supervision of soil personnel of M. K. Soil
Testing Laboratory and clients engineer.
2.0

FIELD WORK:

2.1

Scope of work:

Eleven boreholes were drilled with Rotary drilling method upto 30.0m depth below Existing
ground level (EGL).The work was in general carried out in accordance with IS: 1892 1979. The
locations of boreholes are shown in location plan in drawing part of report.
Location Detail
Sr.
No.

Borehole
No

Location

Co-ordinates

Ground
Water Table
below EGL
(m)
1.60

BH-10

Boiler

246.475

962.221

Termination
depth
below EGL
(m)
30.00

BH-11

Boiler

274.343

946.606

30.00

1.90

BH-12

TG Building

220.00

900.00

30.00

2.00

BH-13

TG Building

290.00

900.00

30.00

2.40

BH-14

Chimney

150.00

985.00

30.00

1.60

BH-15

Chimney

160.593

985.00

30.00

1.50

BH-16

TG Building

178.084

899.726

30.00

1.40

BH-17

ESP Building

200.00

950.00

30.00

1.80

BH-18

ESP Building

184.796

950.852

30.00

1.70

10

BH-19

Cooling tower

220.00

1340.00

30.00

1.70

11

BH-20

Cooling tower

300.00

1340.00

30.00

1.50

Northing

Easting

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

2.1.1 Disturbed Samples


Disturbed representative samples were collected, logged, labelled and placed in polythene bags.

2.1.2 Undisturbed Samples


Undisturbed soil samples are collected in 100 mm diameter thin walled samplers (Shelby tube).
The sampler used for the sampling had smooth surface and appropriate area ratio and cutting
edge angle thereby minimizing disturbance during sampling.
2.1.3

Standard Penetration Test:

The standard penetration tests are conducted in bore as per IS: 2131: 1981 (Reaffirmed 1987).
The split spoon sampler resting on the bottom of bore hole is allowed to sink under its own
weight, then the split spoon sampler is seated 15 cm with the blows of hammer falling through
750mm. The driving assembly consists of a driving head and a 63.5 kg weight. It is ensured that
the energy of the falling weight is not reduced by friction between the drive weight and the guides
or between ropes. The rods to which the sampler is attached for driving are straight, tightly
coupled and straight in alignment. Thereafter the split spoon sampler is further driven by 30cm.
The number of blows required to drive each 15cm penetration is recorded. The first 15cm of
drive considered as seating drive. The total blows required for the second and third 15cm
penetration is termed as a penetration resistance - N value. Result of test was given in table
no. 1/1 to 1/7 of report.
2.1.4

Method of Sampling in soil:

Sampler is coupled together with a sampler head to form a sampling assembly. The sampler
head provide a non-flexible connection between the sampling tube and the drill rods. Vent holes
are provided in the sampler head to allow escape of water from the top of sampler tube during
penetration. The sampling tubes are made free from dust and rust. Coating of oil is applied on
both sides to obtain the undisturbed samples in best possible manner.
The sampler is then lowered inside the bore hole on a string of rods and driven to a predetermined level. On completion of driving the sampler is first rotated within the borehole
to shear the soil sample at bottom and then pulled out. Upon removal of the sampling tubes,
the length of sample in the tube is recorded. The disturbed material in the upper end of the tube,
if any, is completely removed before sealing.

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

The soil at the lower end of the tube is trimmed to a distance of about 10 to 20 mm. After
cleaning and inserting an impervious disc at each end, both ends are sealed. The empty space
in the sampler, if any, is filled with the moist soil, and the ends covered with tight wrapper. The
identification mark is then made on each sample.
3.0

LABORATORY WORK:

The laboratory tests on soil samples were started immediately after the receipt of the same in the
laboratory. All laboratory tests are carried out as per the respective Indian Standards. The results
of the laboratory tests were performed on various soil samples are presented in the form of Table
No.: 5/1 to 5/11 and drawing part end of report.

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

4.0

SUB SOIL STRATIFICATION:

Field and laboratory test data reveal the borehole vise stratification as under:
Soil Stratification of boreholes
BH
No

BH-10

Layer
(m)

Stratification

Observed
SPT value

0.0-0.50

Filled up soil

0.50-7.0

Blackish brown medium stiff silty clay having high plasticity (CH)

5-7

7.0-19.0

Light grayish black very stiff silty clay having high plasticity (CH)

16-22

19.0-30.0

Yellowish to blackish brown hard silty clay having medium

33-Refusal

plasticity (CI)
0.0-1.00

Yellowish brown non plastic silty sand with gravels (SM)

1.00-7.00

Blackish brown medium stiff to stiff silty clay having high plasticity

6-11

(CH)
BH-11

7.00-14.0

Blackish brown very stiff silty clay having medium plasticity (CI)

14-18

14.0-20.0

Blackish brown very stiff to hard silty clay having high plasticity

22-37

(CH)
20.0-28.0

Yellowish brown hard silty clay having low plasticity (CL)

28.0-30.0

Yellowish brown hard silty clay having medium plasticity (CI)

0.0-0.90

Sandy soil mix filled up material

0.90-19.0

Blackish brown to grayish medium stiff to stiff to very stiff silty clay

BH-12

69-Refusal
Refusal
5-21

having high plasticity (CH)


19.0-30.0

Yellowish brown hard silty clay having low plasticity (CL)

37-Refusal

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Soil Stratification of boreholes


BH
No

Layer
(m)

Stratification

0.0-0.60

Sandy soil mix filled up material

0.60-8.0

Blackish brown to grayish medium stiff to stiff silty clay having

Observed
SPT value
7-9

high plasticity (CH)


BH-13

8.0-11.0

Yellowish brown stiff silty clay having medium plasticity (CI)

11.0-19.0

Yellowish brown to grayish stiff to hard silty clay having high

11
12-41

plasticity (CH)
19.0-30.0

Yellowish brown hard silty clay having medium plasticity (CI)

0.0-0.50

Sandy soil mix filled up material

0.50-7.00

Blackish brown to grayish medium stiff silty clay having high

58-Refusal
5-7

plasticity (CH)
BH-14

7.00-13.0

Yellowish brown stiff silty clay having medium plasticity (CI)

13.0-16.0

Grayish very stiff silty clay having high plasticity (CH)

16.0-30.0

Grayish to yellowish brown hard silty clay having medium to low

9-13
28
41-Refusal

plasticity (CL/CI)
0.0-0.40

Sandy soil mix filled up material

0.40-7.0

Blackish brown to grayish medium stiff to stiff silty clay having

6-8

medium plasticity (CI) with top layer of silty clay having high
BH-15

plasticity (CH)
7.0-17.0

Grayish stiff silty clay having high plasticity (CH)

17.0-30.0

Yellowish brown hard silty clay having low plasticity (CL)

0.0-1.0

Sandy soil mix filled up material

1.0-19.0

Blackish brown to grayish medium stiff to stiff to very stiff silty clay

BH-16

11-31
44-Refusal
6-36

having high plasticity (CH)


19.0-30.0

Yellowish brown hard silty clay having low plasticity (CL)

44-Refusal

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Soil Stratification of boreholes


BH
No

Layer
(m)

Stratification

Observed
SPT value

0.0-21.5

Blackish brown to grayish medium stiff to very stiff to hard silty

7-39

clay having high plasticity (CH)

BH-17
21.5-30.0

Yellowish brown hard silty clay having low plasticity (CL)

0.0-0.50

Filled up soil

0.50-17.0

Blackish brown stiff to very stiff to hard silty clay having high

BH-18

51-Refusal
6-35

plasticity (CH)
17.0-30.0

Yellowish brown hard silty clay having medium plasticity (CI)

0.0-0.50

Blackish brown silty clay having medium plasticity with gravels

39-93
-

(CI)
0.50-13.0
BH-19

Blackish to light grayish medium stiff to stiff silty clay having high

7-16

plasticity (CH)
13.0-30.0

Blackish brown non plastic medium dense to dense non plastic

25-Refusal

silty fine sand (SM)


0.0-0.50

Filled up soil

0.50-11.0

Blackish to grayish medium stiff to stiff silty clay having high

7-12

plasticity (CH)

BH-20
11.0-30.0

Blackish brown non plastic medium dense to dense non plastic

18-Refusal

silty fine sand (SM)

5.0

GROUND WATER TABLE:

The ground water table was encountered in the boreholes at 1.40m to 2.40m depth below EGL
at the time of investigation (December- 2015)

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

6.0

GENERAL FOUNATION ANALAYSIS:

The proposed project site is situated at Village Kalatalav, is situated near sea area. During
investigation work numbers of boreholes are drilled collecting disturbed and undisturbed soil
samples. The in situ penetration tests (SPT) are also carried out at appropriate depth intervals.
From the borehole soil data and SPT values it is observed that existing top layer @3.00m to
6.00mismedium stiff clayey soil. This is followed by stiff to very stiff to hard clayey soil layer upto
30.0m termination depth below EGL. The ground water table was encountered at 1.40m to
2.40m depth below EGL.
Considering proposed structure locationand subsoil strata pile foundation is suggested to support
structure.

BASED ON FIELD WORK AND LABORATORY TEST SUGGESTED PARAMETERS


Borehole No

Layer (m)

SPT N
Value

Cohesion
(t/m2)

Angle of Internal
Friction, ( )

BH-10 &

2.5-5.0

3.4

0.0

BH-11

5.0-14.0

14

7.0

0.0

14.0-18.0

22

13.0

0.0

18.0-20.0

>35

20.0

0.0

20.0-25.0

>50

30.0

0.0

BH-12 &

1.0-4.0

2.60

0.0

BH-13

4.0-7.0

3.50

0.0

7.0-13.0

12

5.4

0.0

13.0-17.0

20

7.55

0.0

17.0-21.0

>35

22.8

0.0

21.0-25.0

>50

30.0

0.0

BH-14 &

2.50-7.0

3.6

0.0

BH-15

7.0-14.0

13

6.2

0.0

14.0-17.0

28

10.75

0.0

17.0-20.0

>35

14.20

0.0

20.0-25.0

>50

30.0

0.0

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

BASED ON FIELD WORK AND LABORATORY TEST SUGGESTED PARAMETERS


Borehole
No

Layer (m)

SPT N
Value

Cohesion
(t/m2)

Angle of Internal
Friction, ( )

BH-16

1.0-6.0

3.30

0.0

6.0-11.0

10

4.70

0.0

11.0-17.0

19

7.20

0.0

17.0-22.0

>35

16.20

0.0

22.0-25.0

>50

30.0

0.0

BH-17&

1.0-5.0

3.20

0.0

BH-18

5.0-11.0

11

5.35

0.0

11.0-14.0

19

6.60

0.0

14.0-19.0

25

11.8

0.0

19.0-22.0

>35

15.8

0.0

22.0-25.0

>50

30.0

0.0

BH-19 &

1.0-8.0

4.50

0.0

BH-20

8.0-13.0

11

5.60

13.0-23.0

22

32.5

23.0-25.0

>30

35.0

As the subsoil strata was Very Hard Consistency (N>50), the UDS sample collected could not
be considered as representative of the insitu state. Hence the empirical value based on hard
clayey is used for foundation design, Cu = 30 t/m2 (Ref. Pile foundation by Tomlinson).
For sandy strata according to corrected N value angle of friction resistance is taken as per
Appendix (properties of materials) of Pile foundation by Tomlinson.

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

7.0

PILE LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY:

As per IS : 2911 (part I/sec 1) :


For General Shear Failure Criteria :
Qsafe= (Qs + Qb)/ FOS
Where,
Qs = Capacity in Skin Friction. For soil it is given as
= (Qsi) for all layers= 1 to n
Qsi = [( C L )i + (q Ks Tan L)i ] x 3.14 x D
= adhesion factor
C = Cohesive
L = length of pile
qi = Effective Overburden at the mid depth of (i) the layer.
Ks = Co-eff. Of Earth Pressure = 1.0 to 1.5 (30 to 40) (For bored pile)
(As per note Annex B -1.3)
= Angle of Wall Friction at the interface of pile and soil, taken as
D = Pile Diameter
Qb = Capacity in Base Resistance
= [(q x Nq) ] x 0.785 x D2 (For non-cohesive soil)
q = Eff. Overburden at base, Subjected to a max. Value at depth = 20 x pile dia.
Nq = Bearing Capacity factors as per IS-2911 part-1, Section-2, (For bored pile)
Qb= Cu x Nc x 0.785 x D2 (For cohesive soil)
Nc = Bearing capacity factor = 9

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

As the subsoil strata was Very Hard Consistency (N>50), the UDS sample collected could not
be considered as representative of the insitu state. Hence the empirical value based on hard
clayey is used for foundation design, Cu = 30 t/m2 (Ref. Pile foundation by Tomlinson).
For sandy strata according to corrected N value angle of friction resistance is taken as per
Appendix (properties of materials) of Pile foundation by Tomlinson.
The Uplift capacity of the Pile is considered to be the allowable capacity in Skin Friction only. For
sandy soil for uplift resistance two-third of the calculated resistance under downward loading
considered (Ref. Foundation Design Manual by N. V. Nayak clause 3.5.9).
Typical calculation of all boreholes is given in table 4/1 to 4/6 of report.
7.1

Lateral Capacity of Pile

Reference: Appendix-B (Revised) of IS 2911 (Part 1/Sec. 2) 2010.


Strata Top of pile consists of clayey,
Unconfined compressive strength, As per Table 4 of k1 is taken.
For long and flexible pile, depth of fixity,

R4

EI
KD

k1 x 0.3
Where K = ---------------1.5 xD
According to table: 5,
If length of pile 2 x R, Short (rigid pile)
If length of pile 3.5 x R, Long (elastic pile),
Intermediate L shall be case between rigid pile behavior and elastic pile
Based on fig 4, depth of fixity calculated considering unsupported length.
For fixed head pile, allowable lateral load, Qa corresponding to a deflection Y = 0.5 cm,
Qa = 12 EIY/( L1 + Lf)3
For free head pile, allowable lateral load, Qa corresponding to a deflection Y = 0.5 cm,
Qa = 3 EIY/( L1 + Lf)3

10

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Where, Lf = Depth of fixity


Y = Deflection of pile
I = Moment of Inertia D4/64 cm4 (D is pile diameter in cm)
L1 = Unsupported length = 0.0cm
E = Youngs modulus of pile material = 2.7 x 105 kg/cm2 (For M30)
Calculation of lateral capacity is given in table 4A/1 to 4A/4 of report.

11

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

8.0

SUMMARY:
Load Carrying Capacity of single Pile (Cut off level 2.50m)
Type of pile: Cast in situ concrete bored pile

Borehole Diameter
No
Of Pile
Stem
(m)
BH-10 &
BH-11

BH-14 &
BH-15

Allowable Safe Load


capacity (tonnes)

Lateral for fixed


head pile and
0.50cm deflection
Depth
Load
of fixity (tonnes)
(cm)
433.6
4.00

Lateral for free


head pile and
0.50cm deflection
Depth
Load
of fixity (tonnes)
(cm)
374.5
1.55

Length
Of Pile
below
EGL
(m)

0.45

Length
Of Pile
below
Cut off
level
(m)
19.0

21.5

67.5

41.9

0.50

19.0

21.5

77

46.6

481.8

4.44

416.1

1.72

0.60

19.0

21.5

97.5

55.9

578.1

5.33

499.3

2.07

0.75

19.0

21.5

119.5

65.2

722.7

6.66

624.1

2.59

0.45

22.5

25.0

84

55.8

433.6

4.00

374.5

1.55

0.50

22.5

25.0

95.5

62

481.8

4.44

416.1

1.72

0.60

22.5

25.0

119.5

74.3

578.1

5.33

499.3

2.07

0.75

22.5

25.0

159

93

722.7

6.66

624.1

2.59

0.45

19.0

21.5

66.5

41

465.9

3.22

402.4

1.25

0.50

19.0

21.5

75.5

45.5

517.7

3.58

447.1

1.39

0.60

19.0

21.5

96

54.6

621.2

4.30

536.5

1.67

0.75

19.0

21.5

129.5

68.3

776.6

5.37

670.7

2.08

0.45

22.5

25.0

83

54.8

465.9

3.22

402.4

1.25

0.50

22.5

25.0

94

60.9

517.7

3.58

447.1

1.39

0.60

22.5

25.0

118

73

621.2

4.30

536.5

1.67

0.75

22.5

25.0

157.5

91.4

776.6

5.37

670.7

2.08

Compression Uplift

Note : Above capacity based on static formula. This capacity is subjected to verification by pile
load test as per IS: 2911 (Part IV).

12

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Load Carrying Capacity of single Pile (Cut off level 1.00m)


Type of pile: Cast in situ concrete bored pile
Borehole Diameter Length Length Allowable Safe Load
capacity (tonnes)
No
Of Pile
of pile Of Pile
Stem
below below
EGL
(m)
cut off
Compression Uplift
(m)
level
(m)
BH-12 &
BH-13

BH-16

0.45

19.0

20.0

63

38.4

Lateral for fixed


head pile and
0.50cm deflection
Depth
Load
of
(tonnes)
fixity
(cm)
492.7
2.73

0.50

19.0

20.0

72.5

42.6

547.4

0.60

19.0

20.0

92

51.1

0.75

19.0

20.0

124.5

0.45

22.5

23.5

0.50

22.5

0.60

Lateral for free head


pile and 0.50cm
deflection
Depth
Load
of fixity
(tonnes)
(cm)
425.5

1.06

3.03

472.8

1.18

656.9

3.63

567.3

1.41

94

821.1

4.54

709.1

1.76

78.5

51.3

492.7

2.73

425.5

1.06

23.5

89.5

57

547.4

3.03

472.8

1.18

22.5

23.5

112.5

68.4

656.9

3.63

567.3

1.41

0.75

22.5

23.5

150

85.5

821.1

4.54

709.1

1.76

0.45

19.0

20.0

53

36.8

474.0

3.06

409.4

1.19

0.50

19.0

20.0

60.5

40.8

526.7

3.40

454.9

1.32

0.60

19.0

20.0

75

49

632.1

4.08

545.9

1.58

0.75

19.0

20.0

99.5

61.3

790.1

5.10

682.3

1.98

0.45

22.5

23.5

73.5

47

474.0

3.06

409.4

1.19

0.50

22.5

23.5

83.5

52

526.7

3.40

454.9

1.32

0.60

22.5

23.5

105.5

62.6

632.1

4.08

545.9

1.58

0.75

22.5

23.5

141.5

78.3

790.1

5.10

682.3

1.98

Note : Above capacity based on static formula. This capacity is subjected to verification by pile
load test as per IS: 2911 (Part IV).

13

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Load Carrying Capacity of single Pile (Cut off level 1.00m)


Type of pile: Cast in situ concrete bored pile
Length
Of Pile
below
EGL
(m)

0.45

Length
Of Pile
below
Cut off
level
(m)
19.0

20.0

55

38.4

0.50

19.0

20.0

62

42.7

536.6

3.22

463.4

1.25

0.60

19.0

20.0

77.5

51

643.9

3.86

556.1

1.50

0.75

19.0

20.0

102

64

804.8

4.82

695.1

1.87

0.45

22.5

23.5

82.5

54.5

482.9

2.89

417.1

1.12

0.50

22.5

23.5

93.5

60.5

536.6

3.22

463.4

1.25

0.60

22.5

23.5

117.5

72.6

643.9

3.86

556.1

1.50

0.75

22.5

23.5

156.5

90.8

804.8

4.82

695.1

1.87

0.45

19.0

20.0

70

38

445.2

3.69

384.5

1.43

0.50

19.0

20.0

85.5

43.8

494.6

4.10

427.2

1.59

0.60

19.0

20.0

121.5

56.3

593.6

4.93

512.6

1.91

0.75

19.0

20.0

190.5

75.8

742.0

6.16

640.8

2.39

0.45

22.5

23.5

96

46

445.2

3.69

384.5

1.43

0.50

22.5

23.5

135.5

58.7

494.6

4.10

427.2

1.59

0.60

22.5

23.5

174

70.5

593.6

4.93

512.6

1.91

0.75

22.5

23.5

294.5

104.2

742.0

6.16

640.8

2.39

Borehole Diameter
No
Of Pile
Stem
(m)
BH-17 &
BH-18

BH-19 &
BH-20

Allowable Safe Load


capacity (tonnes)
Compression Uplift

Lateral for fixed


head pile and
0.50cm deflection
Depth
Load
of fixity
(tonnes)
(cm)
482.9
2.89

Lateral for free


head pile and
0.50cm deflection
Depth
Load
of fixity (tonnes)
(cm)
417.1
1.12

Note : Above capacity based on static formula. This capacity is subjected to verification by pile
load test as per IS: 2911 (Part IV).

14

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

9.0

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION:

1. Soil Investigation of 70 MW Power Plant at Kalatalav, Bhavnagar is found to consist of very


soft to soft silty clay followed by top thin layer of filled up soil or silty sand followed by medium
stiff to stiff silty clay underlain by very stiff to hard silty clay having medium to low plasticity
upto 30.0m termination depth below EGL.
The Ground water table was encountered in the boreholes at 1.60m to 1.90m depth below
EGL at time of investigation. (December - 2015)
2. The load carrying capacities of cast in situ bored pile of 0.45m to 0.75m diameter according
to location of boreholes is estimated and reported vide para 8.0 of report. The capacity based
on static formula. This capacity is subjected to verification by pile load test as per IS: 2911
(Part IV).
3. The clayey soil is having moderate to high swelling potential hence it is not suitable to use for
back/plinth filling purpose.
4. The flooring shall not be directly placed on top expansive soil layer. Flooring shall be laid
after placing compact sand gravel bedding of @ 0.40m thick. The site shall be kept free from
stagnant rain water by providing sufficient surface drainage.
5. The proposed project site is situated in seismic zone III and zone factor is 0.16 as per IS:
1893 (part I) : 2002.
6. The chemical analysis of water sample shows chloride is encountered along with sulphate
content in soil and water, ordinary Portland cement with C3A content from 5 to 8% shall be
desirable to be used in concrete, instead of sulphate resisting cement. Alternatively, Portland
slag cement conforming IS : 455 having more than 50% slag or a blend of Ordinary Portland
cement and slag may be used as per IS : 456: 2000 (table 4 Note 7).
7. The results of the laboratory tests are incorporated in the form of tables at the later part of the
report.

For, M. K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY

______________
PREPARED BY

_____________
CHECKED BY

15

_____________
APPROVED BY

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Table No. 1/1


Observed &Corrected N-values

Bore
Hole
No.

Depth
(m)

BH-10

1.50

4.50

7.50

16

16

16

10.50

10

17

17

17

13.50

12

19

19

19

16.50

13

22

22

22

19.50

14

19

33

33

33

22.50

10

23

32

55

55

55

24.00

25

50(9cm)

Refusal

Refusal

25.50

30

50(7cm)

Refusal

Refusal

28.50

30

50(11cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

16

20

40

60

60

60

3.00

6.00

11

11

11

9.00

14

14

14

12.00

10

18

18

18

15.00

13

22

22

22

18.00

15

22

37

37

37

21.00

10

25

50(10cm)

Refusal

Refusal

22.50

15

30

39

69

69

69

24.00

25

40

45

85

85

85

25.50

31

44

49

93

93

93

27.00

32

50(9cm)

Refusal

Refusal

28.50

35

50(7cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

40

55(5cm)

Refusal

Refusal

BH-11

Nos. of blow to drive


sampler for penetration of
0150
150-300 300-450
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)

16

N-value
for last
300
(mm)

Effective Correction Corrected


OBP
N-value
Factor
Po
OBP WT
CN
(t/m2)

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Table No. 1/2


Observed &Corrected N-values

Bore
Hole
No.

Depth
(m)

BH-12

1.50

4.50

10

10

10

7.50

11

11

11

9.00

13

13

13

12.00

14

14

14

15.00

11

19

19

19

18.00

12

21

21

21

19.50

11

16

21

37

37

37

21.00

17

24

30

54

54

54

22.50

20

27

38

65

65

65

24.00

25

32

44

76

76

76

27.00

35

50(8cm)

Refusal

Refusal

28.50

40

50(7cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

45

50(5cm)

Refusal

Refusal

3.00

6.00

9.00

11

11

11

12.00

12

12

12

13.50

14

14

14

16.50

14

17

31

31

31

18.00

12

18

23

41

41

41

19.50

13

20

28

48

48

48

22.50

16

24

34

58

58

58

24.00

19

27

42

69

69

69

25.50

25

31

48

79

79

79

27.00

30

50(10cm)

Refusal

Refusal

28.50

32

50(8cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

35

50(6cm)

Refusal

Refusal

BH-13

Nos. of blow to drive


sampler for penetration of
0150
150-300 300-450
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)

17

N-value
for last
300
(mm)

Effective Correction Corrected


OBP
N-value
Factor
Po
OBP WT
CN
(t/m2)

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Table No. 1/3


Observed &Corrected N-values

Bore
Hole
No.

Depth
(m)

BH-14

1.50

4.50

7.50

10.50

11

11

11

12.00

13

13

13

15.00

10

18

28

28

28

18.00

12

17

24

41

41

41

19.50

14

21

30

51

51

51

21.00

17

24

35

59

59

59

22.50

21

29

37

66

66

66

24.00

25

36

41

77

77

77

27.00

30

50(11cm)

Refusal

Refusal

28.50

32

50(9cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

40

50(7cm)

Refusal

Refusal

3.00

6.00

9.00

11

11

11

10.50

13

13

13

13.50

16

16

16

15.00

10

11

21

21

21

16.50

11

14

17

31

31

31

19.50

16

19

25

44

44

44

21.00

21

24

31

55

55

55

22.50

25

29

36

65

65

65

BH-15

Nos. of blow to drive


sampler for penetration of
0150
150-300 300-450
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)

18

N-value
for last
300
(mm)

Effective Correction Corrected


OBP
Factor
N-value
Po
CN
OBP WT
(t/m2)

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Table No. 1/4


Observed &Corrected N-values

Bore
Hole
No.

Depth
(m)

BH-15

25.50

25

50(11cm)

Refusal

Refusal

27.00

30

50(9cm)

Refusal

Refusal

28.50

35

50(8cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

40

50(7cm)

Refusal

Refusal

1.50

4.50

7.50

10.50

11

11

11

13.50

10

16

16

16

15.00

12

21

21

21

16.50

10

13

16

29

29

29

18.00

12

15

21

36

36

36

19.50

15

19

25

44

44

44

22.50

20

26

30

56

56

56

24.00

23

29

35

64

64

64

25.50

26

34

39

73

73

73

27.00

31

36

44

80

80

80

28.50

35

50(12cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

40

50(9cm)

Refusal

Refusal

1.50

4.50

7.50

12

12

12

10.50

14

14

14

BH-16

BH-17

Nos. of blow to drive


sampler for penetration of
0150
150-300 300-450
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)

19

N-value
for last
300
(mm)

Effective Correction Corrected


OBP
N-value
Factor
Po
OBP WT
CN
(t/m2)

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Table No. 1/5


Observed &Corrected N-values

Bore
Hole
No.

Depth
(m)

BH-17

13.50

10

19

19

19

15.00

11

13

24

24

24

16.50

10

12

15

27

27

27

19.50

13

18

21

39

39

39

22.50

17

23

28

51

51

51

24.00

21

27

32

59

59

59

25.50

26

33

39

72

72

72

27.00

28

35

42

77

77

77

28.50

30

50(10cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

35

50(8cm)

Refusal

Refusal

3.00

6.00

9.00

11

11

11

12.00

17

17

17

13.50

11

20

20

20

15.00

14

17

31

31

31

16.50

10

16

19

35

35

35

19.50

12

18

21

39

39

39

21.00

15

24

43

43

43

22.50

17

23

28

51

51

51

25.50

21

27

31

58

58

58

27.00

25

33

38

71

71

71

28.50

28

37

43

80

80

80

30.00

42

43

50

93

93

93

BH-18

Nos. of blow to drive


sampler for penetration of
0150
150-300 300-450
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)

19

20

N-value
for last
300
(mm)

Effective Correction Corrected


OBP
N-value
Factor
Po
OBP WT
CN
(t/m2)

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Table No. 1/6


Observed &Corrected N-values

Bore
Hole
No.

Depth
(m)

BH-19

1.50

11

11

11

4.50

16

16

16

7.50

10.50

10

10

10

12.00

11

11

11

13.50

11

14

25

13.50

0.90

23

19

15.00

10

13

16

29

15.00

0.87

25

20

16.50

11

14

17

31

16.50

0.83

26

20

21.00

16

21

27

48

21.00

0.75

36

26

22.50

19

26

34

59

22.50

0.73

43

29

24.00

23

29

38

67

24.00

0.71

48

31

25.50

27

34

43

77

25.50

0.69

53

34

27.00

31

39

47

86

27.00

0.67

58

36

28.50

35

50(11cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

40

50(8cm)

Refusal

Refusal

3.00

12

12

12

6.00

9.00

10.50

12

12

12

12.00

10

18

12.00

0.94

17

16

13.50

11

13

24

13.50

0.90

22

18

15.00

10

14

17

31

15.00

0.87

27

21

18.00

15

19

24

43

18.00

0.81

35

25

21.00

21

26

31

57

21.00

0.75

43

29

BH-20

Nos. of blow to drive


sampler for penetration of
0150
150-300 300-450
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)

21

N-value
for last
300
(mm)

Effective Correction Corrected


OBP
N-value
Factor
Po
OBP WT
CN
(t/m2)

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

Table No. 1/7


Observed &Corrected N-values

Bore
Hole
No.

Depth
(m)

Nos. of blow to drive


sampler for penetration of
0150
150-300 300-450
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)

BH-20

22.50

23

29

33

62

22.50

0.73

45

30

24.00

25

32

37

59

24.00

0.71

42

28

25.50

28

36

40

76

25.50

0.69

52

34

28.50

30

50(10cm)

Refusal

Refusal

30.00

40

50(7cm)

Refusal

Refusal

OBP: Over burden pressure


WT: Water table
Correction is not applied to cohesive soil.

22

N-value
for last
300
(mm)

Effective Correction Corrected


OBP
N-value
Factor
Po
OBP WT
CN
(t/m2)

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.


Table No. 2
Chemical Analysis of Water
Borehole
No.

pH

Chloride
(mg/l)

Sulphate
(mg/l)

TDS
(mg/l)

BH-10

7.10

35425

4142

73613

BH-15

7.25

32758

3925

68126

BH-18

7.36

29836

4075

71539

Table No. 3
Chemical Analysis of Soil Sample
Borehole
No.

Depth
(m)

pH

Chloride
(%)

Sulphate
(%)

TDS
(%)

BH-10

4.50

8.00

0.95

0.346

2.67

BH-11

7.50

7.95

0.86

0.275

2.13

BH-12

6.00

7.75

0.715

0.239

2.04

BH-13

7.50

7.82

0.685

0.217

1.98

BH-14

3.00

7.25

0.778

0.314

2.27

BH-15

7.50

7.89

0.715

0.295

2.20

BH-16

6.00

7.82

0.825

0.292

2.39

BH-17

10.50

7.15

0.615

0.198

2.10

BH-18

3.00

7.92

0.92

0.30

2.26

BH-19

6.00

7.89

0.782

0.227

2.17

BH-20

7.50

7.75

0.845

0.321

2.36

23

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

TABLE NO.4/1 PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION


BORE HOLE No. =
Pile Length below EGL, (m) =

BH-10 & BH-11


25.0

No of Layers =
Depth of GWT, Dw(m) =

5
EGL

0.60

Factor of Safety, FOS =

2.50

LAYER NO.

Start Depth,
(m)

End Depth,
(m)

Length of
Segment, Li
(m)

Cohesion,
c (T/m2)

Adhesion
Coeff.,

Angle of
Internal
Friction, ,
()

Earth Pr.
Coeff., Ko

Angle of Wall
Friction, ,
()

Saturated
Unit wt.
(T/m3)

q' at mid
depth of
layer, (T/m2)

Qs
(Cohesion) ,
(T)

Qs (phi),
(T)

Qs,i ( T )

Pile Diameter, D (m) =

2.5

5.0

2.5

3.4

1.00

0.0

0.0

1.0

1.25

16.0

0.0

16.01

5.0

14.0

9.0

7.0

0.62

0.0

0.0

1.0

7.00

73.6

0.0

73.59

14.0

18.0

4.0

13.0

0.34

0.0

0.0

1.0

13.50

33.3

0.0

33.31

18.0

20.0

2.0

20.0

0.28

0.0

0.0

1.0

16.50

21.1

0.0

21.10

20.0

25.0

5.0

30.0

0.28

0.0

0.0

1.0

20.00

79.1

0.0

79.13

Parameters at Pile
Tip :

223.1

Cohesion, (T/m ) =

30.0

Nc =

9.0

Qb, ( T ) =

76.30

, ( ) =

0.0

Nq =

0.0

Ult. Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

299.4

Safe Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

119.8

Safe uplift Capacity, ( T ) =

74.38

q' , (T/m ) =

12.0

24

Total Skin Friction, Qs ( T ), Qs,i =

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

TABLE NO.4/2 PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION


BORE HOLE No. =
Pile Length below EGL, (m) =

BH-12 & BH-13


23.5

No of Layers =
Depth of GWT, Dw(m) =

6
EGL

0.60

Factor of Safety, FOS =

2.50

LAYER NO.

Start Depth,
(m)

End Depth,
(m)

Length of
Segment, Li
(m)

Cohesion,
c (T/m2)

Adhesion
Coeff.,

Angle of
Internal
Friction, ,
()

Earth Pr.
Coeff., Ko

Angle of Wall
Friction, ,
()

Saturated
Unit wt.
(T/m3)

q' at mid
depth of
layer, (T/m2)

Qs
(Cohesion) ,
(T)

Qs (phi),
(T)

Qs,i ( T )

Pile Diameter, D (m) =

3.00

2.6

1.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

1.50

14.7

0.0

14.70

3.00

3.5

1.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

4.50

19.8

0.0

19.78

13

6.00

5.4

0.8

0.0

0.0

1.0

9.00

48.8

0.0

48.83

13

17

4.00

7.55

0.6

0.0

0.0

1.0

12.00

34.1

0.0

34.14

17

21

4.00

22.8

0.28

0.0

0.0

1.0

14.00

48.1

0.0

48.11

21

23.5

2.50

30

0.28

0.0

0.0

1.0

14.25

39.6

0.0

39.56

Parameters at Pile
Tip :

205.1

Cohesion, (T/m2) =

30.0

Nc =

9.0

Qb, ( T ) =

76.30

, ( ) =

0.0

Nq =

0.0

Ult. Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

281.4

Safe Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

112.6

Safe uplift Capacity, ( T ) =

68.37

q' , (T/m ) =

12.0

25

Total Skin Friction, Qs ( T ), Qs,i =

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

TABLE NO.4/3 PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION


BORE HOLE No. =
Pile Length below EGL, (m) =

BH-14 & BH-15


25.0

No of Layers =
Depth of GWT, Dw(m) =

5
EGL

0.60

Factor of Safety, FOS =

2.50

LAYER NO.

Start Depth,
(m)

End Depth,
(m)

Length of
Segment, Li
(m)

Cohesion,
c (T/m2)

Adhesion
Coeff.,

Angle of
Internal
Friction, ,
()

Earth Pr.
Coeff., Ko

Angle of Wall
Friction, ,
()

Saturated
Unit wt.
(T/m3)

q' at mid
depth of
layer, (T/m2)

Qs
(Cohesion) ,
(T)

Qs (phi),
(T)

Qs,i ( T )

Pile Diameter, D (m) =

2.5

2.50

3.6

0.0

0.0

1.0

1.25

17.0

0.0

16.96

14

9.00

6.2

0.72

0.0

0.0

1.0

7.00

75.7

0.0

75.69

14

17

3.00

10.75

0.4

0.0

0.0

1.0

13.00

24.3

0.0

24.30

17

20

3.00

14.2

0.29

0.0

0.0

1.0

14.50

23.3

0.0

23.27

20

25

5.00

30

0.28

0.0

0.0

1.0

17.00

79.1

0.0

79.13

Parameters at Pile
Tip :

219.4

Cohesion, (T/m2) =

30.0

Nc =

9.0

Qb, ( T ) =

76.30

, ( ) =

0.0

Nq =

0.0

Ult. Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

295.7

q' , (T/m2) =

12.0

Safe Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

118.3

Safe uplift Capacity, ( T ) =

73.12

26

Total Skin Friction, Qs ( T ), Qs,i =

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

TABLE NO.4/4 PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION


BORE HOLE No. =
Pile Length below EGL, (m) =

Adhesion
Coeff.,

Angle of
Internal
Friction, ,
()

Earth Pr.
Coeff., Ko

Angle of Wall
Friction, ,
()

Saturated
Unit wt.
(T/m3)

q' at mid
depth of
layer, (T/m2)

Qs
(Cohesion) ,
(T)

Qs (phi),
(T)

Qs,i ( T )

2.50

Cohesion,
c (T/m2)

Factor of Safety, FOS =

Length of
Segment, Li
(m)

0.60

End Depth,
(m)

5
EGL

Start Depth,
(m)

No of Layers =
Depth of GWT, Dw(m) =

LAYER NO.

Pile Diameter, D (m) =

BH-16
23.5

5.00

3.3

1.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

2.50

31.1

0.0

31.09

11

5.00

4.7

0.9

0.0

0.0

1.0

7.50

39.8

0.0

39.85

11

17

6.00

7.2

0.62

0.0

0.0

1.0

13.00

50.5

0.0

50.46

17

22

5.00

16.2

0.28

0.0

0.0

1.0

16.00

42.7

0.0

42.73

22

23.5

1.50

30

0.28

0.0

0.0

1.0

16.75

23.7

0.0

23.74

Parameters at Pile
Tip :

187.9

Cohesion, (T/m ) =

30.0

Nc =

9.0

Qb, ( T ) =

76.30

, ( ) =

0.0

Nq =

0.0

Ult. Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

264.20

Safe Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

105.7

Safe uplift Capacity, ( T ) =

62.6

q' , (T/m ) =

12.0

27

Total Skin Friction, Qs ( T ), Qs,i =

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

TABLE NO.4/5 PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION


BORE HOLE No. =
Pile Length below EGL, (m) =

BH-17 & BH-18


23.5

No of Layers =
Depth of GWT, Dw(m) =

6
EGL

0.60

Factor of Safety, FOS =

2.50

LAYER NO.

Start Depth,
(m)

End Depth,
(m)

Length of
Segment, Li
(m)

Cohesion,
c (T/m2)

Adhesion
Coeff.,

Angle of
Internal
Friction, ,
()

Earth Pr.
Coeff., Ko

Angle of Wall
Friction, ,
()

Saturated
Unit wt.
(T/m3)

q' at mid
depth of
layer, (T/m2)

Qs
(Cohesion) ,
(T)

Qs (phi),
(T)

Qs,i ( T )

Pile Diameter, D (m) =

4.00

3.2

1.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

2.00

24.1

0.0

24.12

11

6.00

5.35

0.875

0.0

0.0

1.0

7.00

52.9

0.0

52.92

11

14

3.00

6.6

0.7

0.0

0.0

1.0

11.50

26.1

0.0

26.11

14

19

5.00

11.8

0.38

0.0

0.0

1.0

15.50

42.2

0.0

42.24

19

22

3.00

15.8

0.28

0.0

0.0

1.0

19.50

25.0

0.0

25.00

22.00

25.00

3.00

30.0

0.28

0.0

0.0

1.0

18.50

47.5

0.0

47.48

Parameters at Pile
Tip :

217.9

Cohesion, (T/m2) =

30.0

Nc =

9.0

Qb, ( T ) =

76.30

, ( ) =

0.0

Nq =

0.0

Ult. Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

294.2

q' , (T/m2) =

12.0

Safe Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

117.7

Safe uplift Capacity, ( T ) =

72.62

28

Total Skin Friction, Qs ( T ), Qs,i =

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

TABLE NO.4/6 PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION


BORE HOLE No. =
Pile Length below EGL, (m) =

BH-19 & BH-20


23.5

No of Layers =
Depth of GWT, Dw(m) =

4
EGL

0.60

Factor of Safety, FOS =

2.50

LAYER NO.

Start Depth,
(m)

End Depth,
(m)

Length of
Segment, Li
(m)

Cohesion,
c (T/m2)

Adhesion
Coeff.,

Angle of
Internal
Friction, ,
()

Earth Pr.
Coeff., Ko

Angle of Wall
Friction, ,
()

Saturated
Unit wt.
(T/m3)

q' at mid
depth of
layer, (T/m2)

Qs
(Cohesion) ,
(T)

Qs (phi),
(T)

Qs,i ( T )

Pile Diameter, D (m) =

7.00

4.5

1.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

3.50

59.3

0.0

59.35

13

5.00

5.6

0.8

0.0

0.0

1.0

9.50

42.2

0.0

42.20

13

21

8.00

1.0

32.5

1.0

32.5

1.0

12.00

0.0

115.2

115.22

21

23.5

2.50

1.0

35.0

1.25

35.0

1.0

12.00

0.0

49.5

49.47

Parameters at Pile
Tip :

266.2

Cohesion, (T/m2) =

0.0

Nc =

9.0

Qb, ( T ) =

169.56

, ( ) =

0.0

Nq =

50.0

Ult. Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

435.8

Safe Pile carrying Capacity, ( T ) =

174.3

Safe uplift Capacity, ( T ) =

70.45

q' , (T/m ) =

12.0

29

Total Skin Friction, Qs ( T ), Qs,i =

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

TABLE NO. 4A/1 LATERAL PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION


Borehole
No

BH-10 & BH11


(fixed head
pile)

BH-10 & BH11


(free head
pile)

BH-12 & BH13 (fixed head


pile)

BH-12 & BH13 (free head


pile)

K1 (Table
4) (Kn/m3)
18
(average
UCS =
1.0kn/m2)

18
(average
UCS =
1.0kn/m2)

10.8
(average
UCS = 0.6
kg/cm2)

10.8
(average
UCS = 0.6
kg/cm2)

Stiffness
factor (R)
in Cm
197.09

2R

3.5R

Lf/R

Lf (cm)

Lateral Load
(kg)

0.45

K=
k1/1.5*0.3/D
(MN/m3)
8.0

394.181

689.8

2.2

433.6

3998.1

Lateral
Load
(tonnes)
4.00

0.50

7.20

218.99

437.978

766.5

2.2

481.8

4442.3

4.44

0.60

6.00

262.79

525.574

919.8

2.2

578.1

5330.8

5.33

0.75

4.80

328.48

656.968

1150

2.2

722.7

6663.5

6.66

0.45

8.00

197.09

394.181

788.4

1.9

374.5

1551.6

1.55

0.50

7.20

218.99

437.978

876

1.9

416.1

1724.0

1.72

0.60

6.00

262.79

525.574

1051

1.9

499.3

2068.8

2.07

0.75

4.80

328.48

656.968

1314

1.9

624.1

2586.1

2.59

0.45

4.8

223.94

447.876

783.8

2.2

492.7

2725.6

2.73

0.50

4.32

248.82

497.64

870.9

2.2

547.4

3028.5

3.03

0.60

3.60

298.58

597.168

1045

2.2

656.9

3634.2

3.63

0.75

2.88

373.23

746.459

1306

2.2

821.1

4542.7

4.54

0.45

4.80

223.94

447.876

895.8

1.9

425.5

1057.8

1.06

0.50

4.32

248.82

497.64

995.3

1.9

472.8

1175.4

1.18

0.60

3.60

298.58

597.168

1194

1.9

567.3

1410.4

1.41

0.75

2.88

373.23

746.459

1493

1.9

709.1

1763.0

1.76

Diameter
of Pile (m)

30

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

TABLE NO. 4A/2 LATERAL PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION


Borehole
No

BH-12 & BH13 (fixed head


pile)

BH-12 & BH13 (free head


pile)

BH-14 & BH15


(fixed head
pile)

BH-14 & BH15


(free head
pile)

K1 (Table
4) (Kn/m3)
10.8
(average
UCS = 0.6
kg/cm2)

10.8
(average
UCS = 0.6
kg/cm2)

13.5
(average
UCS = 0.75
kg/cm2)

13.5
(average
UCS = 0.75
kg/cm2)

Stiffness
factor (R)
in Cm
223.94

2R

3.5R

Lf/R

Lf (cm)

Lateral Load
(kg)

0.45

K=
k1/1.5*0.3/D
(MN/m3)
4.8

447.876

783.8

2.2

492.7

2725.6

Lateral
Load
(tonnes)
2.73

0.50

4.32

248.82

497.64

870.9

2.2

547.4

3028.5

3.03

0.60

3.60

298.58

597.168

1045

2.2

656.9

3634.2

3.63

0.75

2.88

373.23

746.459

1306

2.2

821.1

4542.7

4.54

0.45

4.80

223.94

447.876

895.8

1.9

425.5

1057.8

1.06

0.50

4.32

248.82

497.64

995.3

1.9

472.8

1175.4

1.18

0.60

3.60

298.58

597.168

1194

1.9

567.3

1410.4

1.41

0.75

2.88

373.23

746.459

1493

1.9

709.1

1763.0

1.76

0.45

6.0

211.79

423.575

741.3

2.2

465.9

3222.2

3.22

0.50

5.40

235.32

470.638

823.6

2.2

517.7

3580.2

3.58

0.60

4.50

282.38

564.766

988.3

2.2

621.2

4296.2

4.30

0.75

3.60

352.98

705.958

1235

2.2

776.6

5370.3

5.37

0.45

6.00

211.79

423.575

847.1

1.9

402.4

1250.5

1.25

0.50

5.40

235.32

470.638

941.3

1.9

447.1

1389.5

1.39

0.60

4.50

282.38

564.766

1130

1.9

536.5

1667.4

1.67

0.75

3.60

352.98

705.958

1412

1.9

670.7

2084.2

2.08

Diameter
of Pile (m)

31

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.


TABLE NO. 4A/3 LATERAL PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION
Borehole
No

BH-16
(Fixed head
pile)

BH-16
(Free head
pile)

BH-17 & BH18


(Fixed head
pile)

BH-17 & BH18


(Free head
pile)

K1 (Table
4) (Kn/m3)
12.6
(average
UCS = 0.7
kg/cm2)

12.6
(average
UCS = 0.7
kg/cm2)

11.7
(average
UCS = 0.65
kg/cm2)

11.7
(average
UCS = 0.65
kg/cm2)

Diameter
of Pile (m)

K=
k1/1.5*0.3/D
(MN/m3)

Stiffness
factor (R)
in Cm

2R

3.5R

Lf/R

Lf (cm)

Lateral Load
(kg)

Lateral
Load
(tonnes)

0.45

5.6

215.47

430.944

754.2

2.2

474.0

3059.7

3.06

0.50

5.04

239.41

478.827

837.9

2.2

526.7

3399.6

3.40

0.60

4.20

287.3

574.592

1006

2.2

632.1

4079.6

4.08

0.75

3.36

359.12

718.24

1257

2.2

790.1

5099.4

5.10

0.45

5.60

215.47

430.944

861.9

1.9

409.4

1187.5

1.19

0.50

5.04

239.41

478.827

957.7

1.9

454.9

1319.4

1.32

0.60

4.20

287.3

574.592

1149

1.9

545.9

1583.3

1.58

0.75

3.36

359.12

718.24

1436

1.9

682.3

1979.1

1.98

0.45

5.2

219.5

439.002

768.3

2.2

482.9

2894.2

2.89

0.50

4.68

243.89

487.78

853.6

2.2

536.6

3215.8

3.22

0.60

3.90

292.67

585.337

1024

2.2

643.9

3859.0

3.86

0.75

3.12

365.84

731.671

1280

2.2

804.8

4823.7

4.82

0.45

5.20

219.5

439.002

878

1.9

417.1

1123.3

1.12

0.50

4.68

243.89

487.78

975.6

1.9

463.4

1248.1

1.25

0.60

3.90

292.67

585.337

1171

1.9

556.1

1497.7

1.50

0.75

3.12

365.84

731.671

1463

1.9

695.1

1872.1

1.87

32

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

TABLE NO. 4A/4 LATERAL PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION


Borehole
No

BH-19 & BH20


(Fixed head
pile)

BH-19& BH20
(Free head
pile)

K1 (Table 4)
(Kn/m3)
16.2
(average
UCS = 0.9
kg/cm2)

16.2(average
UCS = 0.9
kg/cm2)

Diameter
of Pile (m)

K=
k1/1.5*0.3/D
(MN/m3)

Stiffness
factor (R)
in Cm

2R

3.5R

Lf/R

Lf (cm)

Lateral Load
(kg)

Lateral
Load
(tonnes)

0.45

7.2

202.35

404.701

708.2

2.2

445.2

3694.3

3.69

0.50

6.48

224.83

449.668

786.9

2.2

494.6

4104.8

4.10

0.60

5.40

269.8

539.602

944.3

2.2

593.6

4925.7

4.93

0.75

4.32

337.25

674.502

1180

2.2

742.0

6157.2

6.16

0.45

7.20

202.35

404.701

809.4

1.9

384.5

1433.8

1.43

0.50

6.48

224.83

449.668

899.3

1.9

427.2

1593.1

1.59

0.60

5.40

269.8

539.602

1079

1.9

512.6

1911.7

1.91

0.75

4.32

337.25

674.502

1349

1.9

640.8

2389.6

2.39

33

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/1 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 10

0.00

DS

1.50

SPT

3.00

UDS

2.67

1.79

1.42

25.4

4.50

SPT

6.00

UDS

2.69

1.86

1.48

25.2

7.50

SPT

16

9.00

UDS

2.03

1.58

10.5

SPT

17

12.0

UDS

13.5

SPT

19

15.0

UDS

----- Filled up soil

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

SILT &
CLAY (%)

FINE

MED.

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
: 1.60
Termination depth (m)
: 30.00
Co-Ordinates (m)
: N= 246.475, E= 962.221
Name of Customer: Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad

DEPTH (m)

Project:

66

32

34

CH

98
H(68)(32)
97

65

34

31

CH

8.8

70

0.50

97

67

33

34

CH

95

60

30

30

CH

TUU

0.48

2.0

0.146

8.9

65

0.5

97

58

30

28

CH

28.4

96

58

30

28

CH

TUU

0.60

1.0

96

58

30

28

CH

2.04

1.64

24.2

98

59

31

28

CH

1.65

98

60

31

29

CH

2.70

2.02

1.66

21.4

97

64

35

29

CH

TUU

1.35

1.0

34

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/1 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 10

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

22

96

66

34

32

CH

18.0

SPT

97

61

30

31

CH

19.5

UDS

33

2.05

1.71

20.2

97

48

25

23

CI

TUU

2.00

2.0

21.0

UDS/
DS

95

43

21

22

CI

22.5

SPT

55

92

35

17

18

CI

24.0

SPT

REF

91

36

17

19

CI

25.5

SPT

REF

93

37

18

19

CI

27.0

UDS/
DS

15

78

39

19

20

CI

28.5

SPT

REF

16

77

40

20

20

CI

30.0

SPT

REF

17

75

41

20

21

CI

35

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

SILT &
CLAY (%)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

FINE

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

MED.

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

COARSE

DS

% SAND

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

16.5

DEPTH (m)

SPT N Value

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

SAMPLE TYPE

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/2 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 11

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

FINE

SILT &
CLAY (%)

MED.

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
: 1.90
Termination depth (m)
: 30.00
Co-Ordinates (m)
: N= 274.343, E= 946.606
Name of Customer: Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad

DEPTH (m)

Project:

0.00

DS

14

23

27

32

NP

SM

1.50

UDS

2.64

1.76

1.38

27.0

62

30

32

CH

65

3.00

SPT

98
H(66)(32)
92

67

24

43

CH

4.50

UDS

1.84

1.47

25.3

90

68

30

38

CH

8.7

70

0.68

6.00

SPT

11

98

53

25

28

CH

7.50

UDS

2.68

1.82

1.56

16.4

98

49

20

19

CI

TUU

0.54

2.0

0.136

9.3

50

0.45

9.00

SPT

14

97

47

23

24

CI

10.5

UDS

1.92

1.60

20.0

95

49

26

23

CI

TUU

0.70

1.0

12.0

SPT

18

92

47

23

24

CI

13.5

UDS

1.92

1.62

18.2

97

47

24

23

CI

1.74

15.0

SPT

22

90

54

26

28

CH

36

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/2 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 11

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

92

55

21

34

CH

TUU

1.28

2.0

18.0

SPT

37

90

56

27

29

CH

19.5

UDS

2.02

1.70

19.0

10

72

52

25

28

CH

TUU

1.96

1.0

21.0

SPT

REF

48

52

32

16

16

CL

22.5

SPT

69

49

51

30

15

15

CL

24.0

SPT

85

47

53

28

15

13

CL

25.5

SPT

93

48

52

32

16

16

CL

27.0

SPT

REF

49

51

30

17

13

CL

28.5

SPT/
DS

REF

97

48

25

23

CI

30.0

SPT

REF

98

46

26

20

CI

37

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

SILT &
CLAY (%)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

FINE

18.5

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

MED.

1.65

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

COARSE

1.96

% SAND

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

GRAVEL (%)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

UDS

SAMPLE TYPE

16.5

DEPTH (m)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/3 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 12
Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
Termination depth (m)
Co-Ordinates (m)

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

FINE

SILT &
CLAY (%)

MED.

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad


SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Name of Customer:

: 2.00
: 30.00
: N=220.00, E= 900.00

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

Project:

0.00

DS

20

15

21

36

NP

SM
(FS)

1.50

SPT

98

57

27

30

CH

3.00

UDS

2.70

1.80

1.44

25.2

99

63

31

32

CH

8.8

60

0.45

0.52

4.50

SPT

10

6.00

UDS

2.68

1.87

1.50

24.8

56

27

29

CH

TUU

0.4

2.0

0.125

9.0

55

0.415

7.50

SPT

11

96
H(70)(26)
98

51

25

26

CH

9.00

SPT

13

10.5

UDS

1.87

1.56

19.7

97

54

26

28

CH

TUU

0.54

0.00

12.0

SPT

14

13.5

UDS

1.97

1.60

23.2

96

60

31

29

CH

1.32

38

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/3 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 12

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

19

16.5

UDS

2.69

1.99

1.62

23.0

96

62

31

31

CH

TUU

0.85

1.0

0.094

18.0

SPT

21

97

63

32

31

CH

19.5

SPT

37

14

84

33

16

17

CL

21.0

SPT

54

16

84

32

16

16

CL

22.5

SPT

65

25.5

UDS/
DS

23

77

33

17

16

CL

27.0

SPT

REF.

28.5

SPT

REF.

25

71

32

16

16

CL

30.0

SPT

REF.

98

38

19

19

CL

39

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

FINE

SPT

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

MED.

15.0

SILT &
CLAY (%)

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/4 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 13
Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
Termination depth (m)
Co-Ordinates (m)

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

FINE

SILT &
CLAY (%)

MED.

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad


SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Name of Customer:

: 2.40
: 30.00
: N=290.00, E= 900.00

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

Project:

0.00

DS

20

15

21

36

NP

SM
(FS)

1.50

UDS

2.69

1.80

1.38

30.8

92

60

30

30

CH

60

3.00

SPT

69

33

36

CH

8.7

65

4.50

UDS

2.69

1.79

1.40

27.8

97
H(64)(33)
-

TUU

0.35

2.0

6.00

SPT

95

68

32

36

CH

7.50

UDS

1.87

1.52

23.2

0.86

9.00

SPT

11

97

47

23

24

CI

9.4

45

10.5

UDS

2.67

1.85

1.56

18.8

96

48

24

24

CI

TUU

0.57

3.0

0.118

12.0

SPT

12

96

51

25

26

CH

13.5

SPT

14

15.0

UDS

1.91

1.62

17.6

95

51

26

25

CH

TUU

1.0

2.0

40

GRAVEL (%)
COARSE
MED.
FINE

16.5
SPT
31
-

18.0
SPT
41
0
0
0
4
96
52
25
27
CH
-

19.5
SPT
48
0
0
0
12
88
36
20
16
CI
-

21.0
UDS
2.0
1.68
19.4
0
0
4
10
86
45
25
20
CI
TUU
2.28
4.0
-

22.5
SPT
58
0
0
0
11
89
39
19
19
CI
-

24.0
SPT
69
0
0
0
12
88
39
19
20
CI
-

25.5
SPT
79
0
0
0
13
87
41
21
20
CI
-

27.0
SPT
REF.
-

28.5
SPT
REF.
0
0
0
2
98
43
21
22
CI
-

30.0
SPT
REF.
0
0
0
1
99
47
24
23
CI
-

% SAND

41

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)
UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)
PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

SILT &
CLAY (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/4 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 13
Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/5 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 14
Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
Termination depth (m)
Co-Ordinates (m)

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

FINE

SILT &
CLAY (%)

MED.

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad


SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Name of Customer:

: 1.60
: 30.00
: N=150.00, E= 985.00

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

Project:

0.00

DS

20

13

21

42

NP

SM
(FS)

1.50

SPT

65

32

33

CH

3.00

UDS

2.68

1.85

1.44

28.5

97
H(66)(31)
96

64

31

33

CH

TUU

0.34

0.00

8.7

65

0.575

4.50

SPT

6.00

UDS

2.02

1.56

29.2

94

65

35

30

CH

60

7.50

SPT

96

65

35

30

CH

9.1

45

9.00

UDS

2.66

1.85

1.60

15.8

97

38

19

19

CI

TUU

0.52

4.0

0.12

10.5

SPT

11

95

39

19

20

CI

12.0

SPT

13

96

37

18

19

CI

13.5

UDS

1.90

1.63

16.8

98

58

27

31

CH

TUU

0.95

2.0

15.0

SPT

28

97

59

28

31

CH

42

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/5 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 14

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

26

74

31

15

16

CL

2.15

18.0

SPT

41

27

73

32

16

16

CL

19.5

SPT

51

25

75

30

15

15

CL

21.0

SPT

59

92

47

23

24

CI

22.5

SPT

66

98

39

19

20

CI

24.0

SPT

77

97

40

20

20

CI

25.5

UDS

1.89

1.68

12.2

19

79

29

14

15

CL

TUU

2.48

5.0

27.0

SPT

REF.

30

70

30

15

15

CL

28.5

SPT

REF.

31

69

31

16

15

CL

30.0

SPT

REF.

46

54

25

14

11

CL

43

FINE

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

20

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

SILT &
CLAY (%)

12.4

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

MED.

1.60

% SAND

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

COARSE

1.80

GRAVEL (%)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

UDS

SAMPLE TYPE

16.5

DEPTH (m)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/6 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 15
Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
Termination depth (m)
Co-Ordinates (m)

20

16

11

15

38

NP

SM
(FS)

1.50

UDS

2.64

1.56

1.25

24.5

56

27

29

CH

3.00

SPT

98
H(68)(30)
97

41

20

21

CI

4.50

UDS

1.64

1.38

19.0

96

42

21

21

CI

TUU

0.36

6.00

SPT

98

46

23

23

CI

7.50

UDS

1.80

1.50

20.0

97

52

25

27

CH

9.00

SPT

11

95

51

25

26

10.5

SPT

13

12.0

UDS

1.90

1.59

19.4

98

56

13.5

SPT

16

97

57

SILT &
CLAY (%)

44

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

FINE

DS

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

MED.

0.00

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad


SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Name of Customer:

: 1.50
: 30.00
: N=160.593, E= 985.00

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

Project:

8.8

60

0.415

9.0

45

4.0

TUU

0.45

2.0

CH

27

29

CH

1.24

28

29

CH

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/6 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 15

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

21

16.5

SPT

31

96

56

26

30

CH

18.0

UDS

2.64

1.88

1.63

13.8

93

32

16

16

CL

TUU

1.42

6.0

19.5

SPT

44

91

33

16

17

CL

21.0

SPT

55

22.5

SPT

65

94

32

16

16

CL

24.0

UDS

1.96

1.70

15.2

15

82

32

16

16

CL

5.35

25.5

SPT

REF.

16

80

31

16

15

CL

27.0

SPT

REF.

28.5

SPT

REF.

93

33

16

17

CL

30.0

SPT

REF.

46

52

26

14

12

CL

45

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

FINE

SPT

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

MED.

15.0

SILT &
CLAY (%)

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/7 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 16
Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
Termination depth (m)
Co-Ordinates (m)

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

SILT &
CLAY (%)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

FINE

DS

25

12

18

36

NP

SM
(FS)

1.50

SPT

98

69

34

35

CH

8.7

65

3.00

UDS

2.67

1.74

1.45

20.0

99

51

25

26

CH

8.9

50

0.40

0.60

4.50

SPT

52

26

26

CH

6.00

UDS

1.81

1.53

19.4

97
H(74)(23)
98

53

26

27

CH

TUU

0.36

4.0

7.50

SPT

99

52

25

27

CH

9.00

UDS

1.87

1.58

18.5

97

53

26

27

CH

TUU

0.47

2.0

10.5

SPT

11

98

51

25

26

CH

12.0

UDS

1.92

1.60

20.0

99

62

30

32

CH

TUU

0.72

3.0

13.5

SPT

16

98

63

31

32

CH

46

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

MED.

0.00

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad


SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Name of Customer:

: 1.40
: 30.00
: N=178.084, E= 899.726

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

Project:

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/7 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 16

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

SILT &
CLAY (%)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

FINE

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

MED.

15.0

SPT

21

99

67

33

34

CH

16.5

SPT

29

98

68

34

34

CH

18.0

SPT

36

97

66

33

33

CH

19.5

SPT

44

97

30

15

15

CL

21.0

UDS

1.88

1.67

12.8

17

81

32

15

16

CL

TUU

1.62

6.0

22.5

SPT

56

30

67

30

15

15

CL

24.0

SPT

64

25.5

SPT

73

64

35

34

17

17

CL

27.0

SPT

80

28.5

SPT

REF.

30.0

SPT

REF.

89

34

17

17

CL

47

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

COARSE

% SAND

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/8 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 17
Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
Termination depth (m)
Co-Ordinates (m)

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

SILT &
CLAY (%)

DS

15

76

53

26

27

CH

1.50

SPT

65

3.00

UDS

2.66

1.86

1.48

25.6

55

27

28

CH

TUU

0.34

1.0

0.145

50

0.475

4.50

SPT

99
H(75)(24)
98

56

25

31

CH

6.00

UDS

1.92

1.54

24.7

0.76

7.50

SPT

12

98

59

28

31

CH

9.00

UDS

2.04

1.58

28.8

99

79

37

42

CH

TUU

0.58

0.0

10.5

SPT

14

97

78

38

40

CH

12.0

UDS

2.70

2.08

1.60

30.2

0.094

1.32

13.5

SPT

19

99
H(63)(36)

72

36

36

CH

48

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

FINE

0.00

GRAVEL (%)

MED.

% SAND

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

COARSE

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad


SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Name of Customer:

: 1.80
: 30.00
: N=200.00, E= 950.00

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

Project:

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/8 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 17

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

SILT &
CLAY (%)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

FINE

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

MED.

15.0

SPT

24

98

71

36

35

CH

16.5

SPT

27

97

73

37

36

CH

18.0

UDS

2.00

1.63

22.4

98

60

30

30

CH

TUU

1.58

2.0

19.5

SPT

39

90

50

25

25

CH

21.0

UDS

2.05

1.66

23.5

96

53

26

27

CH

3.62

22.5

SPT

51

92

32

16

16

CL

24.0

SPT

59

90

30

16

14

CL

25.5

SPT

72

27.0

SPT

77

92

32

16

16

CL

28.5

SPT

REF.

30.0

SPT

REF.

87

34

15

19

CL

49

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

COARSE

% SAND

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/9 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 18
Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
Termination depth (m)
Co-Ordinates (m)

0.00

DS

1.50

UDS

1.90

1.48

28.2

3.00

SPT

4.50

UDS

2.67

1.90

1.52

24.8

6.00

SPT

7.50

UDS

1.95

1.58

23.2

9.00

SPT

11

10.5

UDS

1.65

12.0

SPT

17

13.5

SPT

20

15.0

SPT

31

------ Filled Up Soil ------

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

SILT &
CLAY (%)

FINE

MED.

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad


SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Name of Customer:

: 1.70
: 30.00
: N= 184.796, E= 950.852

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

Project:

99

64

32

32

CH

8.8

60

0.575

52

25

27

CH

TUU

0.32

1.0

55

99
H(76)(23)
-

99

55

26

29

CH

TUU

0.43

2.0

97

56

27

29

CH

1.62

20.8

98

65

28

40

CH

TUU

0.64

0.0

96

64

32

32

CH

50

GRAVEL (%)
COARSE
MED.
FINE

SILT &
CLAY (%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)
PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

16.5
SPT
35
0
0
4
4
92
56
27
29
CH
-

18.0
UDS
1.94
1.62
19.5
0
1
1
1
97
44
22
22
CI
TUU
1.42
5.0
-

19.5
SPT
39
0
2
1
2
95
45
23
22
CI
-

21.0
SPT
43
-

22.5
SPT
51
0
0
2
7
91
39
19
20
CI
-

24.0
UDS
1.96
1.70
15.4
0
1
4
41
54
35
17
18
CI
4.08

25.5
SPT
58
-

27.0
SPT
71
0
2
4
41
53
37
18
19
CI
-

28.5
SPT
80
-

30.0
SPT
93
9
10
10
12
59
36
20
16
CI
-

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)
ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

51

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

% SAND
PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/9 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 18
Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/10 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 19
Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
Termination depth (m)
Co-Ordinates (m)

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

10

12

22

52

39

19

20

CI

1.50

SPT

11

97

66

32

34

CH

3.00

UDS

2.65

1.90

1.54

23.5

52

26

26

CH

TUU

0.52

2.0

8.8

50

0.45

4.50

SPT

16

96
H(73)(23)
-

6.00

UDS

1.91

1.52

25.8

97

70

34

36

CH

1.0

7.50

SPT

9.00

UDS

1.88

1.51

24.5

98

52

26

26

CH

TUU

0.56

1.0

10.5

SPT

10

12.0

SPT

11

97

51

25

26

CH

13.5

SPT

25

86

12

NP

SM

15.0

SPT

29

87

10

NP

SM

52

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

SILT &
CLAY (%)

DS

COARSE

0.00

GRAVEL (%)

FINE

% SAND

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

MED.

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad


SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

Name of Customer:

: 1.70
: 30.00
: N= 220.00, E= 1340.00

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

Project:

GRAVEL (%)
COARSE
MED.

16.5
SPT
31
0
0
2
85
13
NP
SM
-

18.0
UDS/
DS

19.5
DS
0
0
0
84
16
NP
SM
-

21.0
SPT
48
0
0
0
85
15
NP
SM
-

22.5
SPT
59
0
0
0
70
30
NP
SM
-

24.0
SPT
67
-

25.5
SPT
77
2
2
4
79
13
NP
SM
-

27.0
SPT
86
2
2
5
77
14
NP
SM
-

28.5
SPT
REF
-

30.0
SPT
REF
0
0
0
70
30
NP
SM
-

% SAND

53

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)
UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)
PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

SILT &
CLAY (%)

FINE

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

DEPTH (m)

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/10 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 19
Page No.: 2

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/11 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 20

0.00

DS

1.50

UDS

1.70

1.28

32.9

3.00

SPT

12

4.50

UDS

2.68

1.85

1.49

24.5

6.00

SPT

7.50

UDS

1.85

1.50

23.2

9.00

SPT

10.5

SPT

12

12.0

SPT

18

13.5

SPT

24

----- Filled up soil -----

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

SILT &
CLAY (%)

FINE

MED.

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
: 1.50
Termination depth (m)
: 30.00
Co-Ordinates (m)
: N= 300.00, E= 1340.00
Name of Customer: Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad

DEPTH (m)

Project:

91

67

34

33

CH

8.6

65

93

55

27

28

CH

TUU

0.45

4.0

95

54

28

26

CH

0.98

93

53

26

27

CH

64

35

NP

SM

54

JOB NO. : MK/10/12-15 M.K. SOIL TESTING LABORATORY. AHMEDABAD 380054


Table No: 5/11 SOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR BOREHOLE NO.: BH 20

UNCONFINED
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(kg/cm2) (IS: 2720(P:10)

SWELLING PRESSURE
(AT NMC) (kg/cm2)
(IS: 2720(P:41)

FREE SWELL (%)


(IS: 2720(P:40)

SHRINKAGE
LIMIT(%)
(IS: 2720(P:6)

COMPRESSION
INDEX, Cc
(IS: 2720(P:15)

ANGLE OF INT.
FRICTION, ( )

COHESION C,
kg/cm2

TYPE OF
SHEAR TEST
(IS: 2720(P/11/13)

I.S.
CLASSIFICATION
(IS: 1498)

65

34

NP

SM

16.5

UDS/
DS

65

34

NP

SM

18.0

SPT

43

19.5

SPT

51

68

30

NP

SM

21.0

SPT

57

22.5

SPT

62

65

33

NP

SM

24.0

SPT

69

66

32

NP

SM

25.5

SPT

76

27.0

DS

68

30

NP

SM

28.5

SPT

REF

30.0

SPT

REF

58

42

NP

SM

55

PLASTICITY
INDEX, IP
(%)

31

LIQUID LIMIT
(%)

SPT

SILT &
CLAY (%)

MED.

15.0

FINE

COARSE

% SAND

PLASTIC LIMIT
(%)

ATTERBERGS
LIMITS
(IS: 2720(P:5)

SIEVE ANALYSIS
2720(P:4)

GRAVEL (%)

INSITU WATER
CONTENT (%)
(IS: 2720(P:2)

INSITU DRY UNIT


WEIGHT (gm/cm3)
(IS: 2720(P:29)

INSITU BULK UNIT


WT (gm/cm3)

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
(IS: 2720(P:3-1/2)

SPT N Value

SAMPLE TYPE

Soil Investigation work for 70 MW Power Plant Project for Sixth Boiler & Turbine Generator at Kalatalav, Dist.: Bhavnagar, Gujarat State.
W.T. below G.L. (m)
: 1.50
Termination depth (m)
: 30.00
Co-Ordinates (m)
: N= 300.00, E= 1340.00
Name of Customer: Nirma Limited, Ahmedabad

DEPTH (m)

Project:

Job No: MK/10/12-15 M. K. Soil Testing Laboratory, Ahmedabad 54.

ABBREVIATIONS

DS

Disturbed Soil Sample

UDS

Undisturbed soil sample

SPT

Standard Penetration Test

UCS

Unconfined compression shear test

TUU

Triaxial unconsolidated undrain shear test

Remoulded

NP

Non Plastic

LL

Liquid Limit

PL

Plastic Limits

PI

Plasticity Index

FS

Filled up soil

SM

Silty sand

CH

Silty Clay having high plasticity

CI

Silty Clay having medium plasticity

CL

Silty Clay having low plasticity

BH

Borehole

Ref.

Refusal