You are on page 1of 10

MES 712

Interfacial Phenomena

http://www.hpcnet.org/MES712SP2016
William.cross@sdsmt.edu

What is Interfacial Phenomena?


Key word is Interface
Boundary between 2 phases
S-L, S-G, L-G primary ones we will be concerned
with
G-G does not exist too low density, molecules
can not be kept separate
S-S exists, but not usually governed interfacially
S-vacuum vacuum not a phase usually call
this a surface

Generally, Surface and Interface can be


used interchangeably

Why do we care about


Interfacial Phenomena?
Everything has an interface/surface
Not always important

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials:


Synthesis, Properties, and Applications
By Guozhong Cao, Ying Wang

Why do we care about


Interfacial Phenomena?

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials:


Synthesis, Properties, and Applications
By Guozhong Cao, Ying Wang

Why do we care about


Interfacial Phenomena?

Detergency
Glue
Foams
Mineral separation
Water treatment
Paint
Gasoline pumping
Milk
Breathing

Surface Energy/Tension
Unfulfilled interactions
Interface

Force/tension reducing
interfacial area

dG
( ) n ,T , P
dA

Surface Energy/Tension
mJ
72.8 2
m

k Boltz 1.38 x10

23

J
molecule K

Surface Active Agent


Surfactant
Major part of breathing is getting
oxygen molecules through the lung
cells surface and into blood.
Surfactants modify surface/interfacial
tension sufficiently, in this case
blood-air, to allow us to breathe.
Premature babies may not have
these surfactants, so sprayed into
their lungs

Questions
How can a metal needle float on a
water surface?
How can a teaspoon of olive oil suppress
waves and evaporation over several
acres of water?
Why do liquids stick to some surfaces
better than others?
How do soaps and detergent clean
things?
How can we make a foam/froth?
How can we dissolve oil in water with a

Colloids
Text Principle of Colloid and Surface
Science
Colloid Chapter 1 (please read)
Colloid 1+ linear dimension
between 1 nm and 1 m
Nanoscience 1+ linear dimension
nano
less than 100 nm subset of colloid

colloid