#  7 is the Holy number.

There are 7 days in creation, 7 days in the week, 7 phases of the moon, every 7th year was sabbatical, and 7 times 7 years was the jubilee. There are 7 ages in the life of man, 7 Graces, 7 Deadly Sins, 7 Senses, 7 Sorrows of the Virgin, 7 Virtues, 7 joys of the Virgin, 7 Precious Things of the Buddhas, 7 Sleepers of Ephesus. There were also 7 heavens, 7 planets, 7 stars, 7 wise men, 7 notes in music, and 7 wonders of the world.

 7 is the smallest number of integer-sided rectangles that tile a rectangle so that no 2 rectangles share a common length.  7 is a Mersenne prime (23 - 1).  7 is the positive solution to: 3x2 = 16x + 35  7 is probably the smallest prime whose 4th power is of the form a4+b4-c4: 74 = 1574 + 2274 - 2394 - posted by Morten Risager

 = 4 + 3 = 42 - 32 = 12 + 12 + 12 + 22 (sum of 4 squares) = 25 52  17 + 47 + 47 + 57 + 97 + 97 + 27 + 97 = 14459929  71 + 1 = 2 x 22 72 + 1 = 2 x 52 (this property is used in the magic Tangram)  72 = 34 - 25 73 = 29 - 132

7 is the only solution to the following equations: x = 2a2 - 1 and x2 = 2b2 - 1 (x = 7, a = 2, and b = 5) No perfect square ends in a 7 (perfect squares can only end in a 0, 1, 4, 5, 6, or 9). The only single digit prime number to produce a square when its cube and the cube's proper divisors are added: 71 + 72 + 73 + 1 = 202

7x2 =7x2 7 x 22 = 7 x 4 7 x 23 = 7 x 8 7 x 24 = 7 x 16 7 x 25 = 7 x 32 7 x 26 = 7 x 64 7 x 27 = 7 x 128 7 x 28 = 7 x 256 7 x 29 = 7 x 512

= 14 = 28 = 56 = 112 = 224 = 448 = 896 = 1792 = 3584 ____________________ 142857142857142(784)

The smallest positive integer whose reciprocal (1/7) has a pattern of more than one repeating digit: 1/7 = 0.142857142857142857... It is also the smallest number for which the periodic sequence of 1/n is of length n-1. The next such numbers are 17, 19, 23, 29, 47, 59, 61, 97, ...

Other notable properties: By multiplying the cyclic number 142857 by 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, the answer will be a cyclic permutation of itself... 142857 x 1 = 142857 142857 x 2 = 285714 142857 x 3 = 428571 142857 x 4 = 571428 142857 x 5 = 714285 142857 x 6 = 857142 - posted by Larry Bickford -

Interestingly, if we square the last three digits of 142857 and subtract the square of the first three digits, we also get back a cyclic permutation of the number! 8572 - 1422 = 714285 999,999 / 7 = 142857

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