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PREPARED BY:

ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES


HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1

The beginner of the great hypostyle hall at karnak and the


founder of the 19th dynasty.

The mineral of greatest importance to Greek architecture of


which Greece and her domains had ample supply of was.

Greek architecture was essentially.

Forming the imposing entrance to the acropolis and erected


by the architect Mnesicles is the.

Propylaea

The building in the acropolis generally considered as being


the most nearly perfect building ever erected is the.

Parthenon

With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolan, a native


natural cement, the Romans achieved huge interiors with the.

Which of the order was added by the Romans to the orders


used by the Greeks.

From the 5th century to the present, the character of


Byzantine architecture is the practice of using.

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10
11

Rameses I
Marble
Columnar trabeated

Arch and vault


Composite
Domical roof construction

Romanesque architecture in Italy is distinguished from that


of the rest of Europe by the use of what material for facing
walls.
The most famous and perfect preservation of all ancient
buildings in Rome.
The space between the colonnade and the naos wall in
Greek temple.

Marble

Pantheon
Pteroma

12

Amphitheaters are used for ___.

13

An ancient Greek Portico, a long colonnaded shelter used


in public places.

Stoa

14

The fortified high area or citadel of an ancient Greek City.

Acropolis

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16

Gladiatorial Contests

An upright ornament at the eaves of a tile roof, concealing


the foot of a row of convex tiles that cover the joints of the flat
tiles.
Strictly, a pedestal at the corners or peak of a roof to
support an ornament, more usually, the ornament itself.

Antefix

Acroterion

17

Also called a 'Honeysuckle' ornament.

18

In ancient Greece and Rome, a storeroom of any kind, but


especially for storing wine.

19

The characteristic of Greek ornament.

Anthemion

20

The dining hall in a monastery, a convent, or a college.

Refectory

21

The architecture of the curved line is known as ___.

Baroque

22

The open court in an Italian palazzo.

23

The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part


of a Gothic window.

Tracery

24

"cubicula" or bedroom is from what architecture.

Roman

25
26

Anthemion
Apotheca

Cortel

How many stained glass are there in the Chartres


Cathedral?
Parts of an entablature, in order of top to bottom.
i. Cornice ii. Frieze iii.Architrave

27

Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda.

28

Usual number of stories for a Chinese pagoda.

176
a. i, ii, iii
Octagonal
13..

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
29

Plan shape of a Japanese pagoda.

30

Triangular piece of wall above the entablature.

31

A spherical triangle forming the transition from the circular


plan of a dome to the poly-gonal plan of its supporting
structure.

32

A long arcaded entrance porch in an early Christian church.

33

The principal or central part of a church, extending from


the narthex to the choir orchancel and usually flanked by aisles.

34

The uppermost step in the crepidoma.

35

The lowest step in the crepidoma.

36

Intercolumniation of 2.25 diameters.

37

Intercolumniation of 4 diameters.

Areostyle

38

Intercolumniation of 2 diameters.

Systyle

39

Pycnostyle intercolumniation has how many diameters?

40

Diastyle intercolumniation has how many diameters.

41

Roman building which is a prototype of the hippodrome of


the Greek.

42

Roman building for which gladiatorial battles took place.

43

What sporting event takes place in the Palaestra?

Wrestling

44

A foot race course in the cities.

Stadium

45

Architects of the Parthenon.

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47
48

Square
Pediment

Pendentive

Narthex
Nave
Stylobate
Stereobate
Eustyle

1.5 Diameters
3 Diameters
Circus
Colosseum

Callicrates and Ictinus

The tower atop the torogan where the princess and her
ladies in waiting hide during occasions.
Found in the ground floor of the bahay na bato, it is where
the carriages and floats are kept.
The emergency hideout found directly behind the headboard
of the Sultan's bed.

Lamin
Zaguan
Bilik

49

In the kitchen of the bahay kubo, the table on top of which


is the river stone, shoe-shaped stove or kalan is known as ___.

50

Japanese tea house

51

A Muslim temple, a mosque for public worship, also known as place for Prostration

Masjid

52

Domical mound containing a relic.

Stupa

53

Ifugao house (southern strain).

Bale

54

The style of the order with massive and tapering columns


resting on a base of 3 steps.

Doric

55

Earthen burial mounds containing upright and lintel stones


forming chambers for consecutive burials for several to a
hundred persons.

Tumuli

56

A semi-circular or semi-polygonal space, usually in church,


terminating in axis and intended to house an altar.

Apse

57

Temples in Greece that have a double line of columns


surrounding the naos.

Dapogan
Cha-sit-su

Dipteral

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
58

Senate house for chief dignitaries in Greek architecture

59

Architect of the Einstein Tower.

60

Founder of the Bauhaus School of Art.

61

What architectural term is termed to be free from any


historical style?

62

The architect of Chrysler building in N.Y.

63

64

Prytaneion
Erich Mendelsohn
Walter Gropius
Art Noveau
Van Alen

Another term for crenel or intervals between merlon of a


battlement.
In the middle kingdom, in Egyptian architecture, who
consolidate the administrative system, made a survey of the
country, set boundaries to the provinces, and other helpful
works.

Embrasures

Amenemhat I

65

Who erected the earliest known obelisk at Heliopolis.

66

The world's first large-scale monument in stone.

Pyramid of Zoser

67

The highest sloped pyramid in Gizeh

Pyramid of Khufu

68

Female statues with baskets serving as columns.

69

A small tower usually corbelled at the corner of the castle.

70

A compound bracket or capital in Japanese architecture.

71

A concave molding approximately quarter round.

72

Architect of Iglesia ni Cristo.

73

A Filipino architect whose philosophy is 'the structure must


be well oriented'.

74

Architect of Robinson's Galleria

75

King Zoser's architect who was deified in the 26th dynasty.

76

"A house is like a flower pot"

77

Art Noveau is known as the international style, in Germany


it is known as ___.

78

Architect of TWA airport.

Eero Saarinen

79

"Modern architecture need not be western".

Kenzo Tange

80

Not among the three pyramids in Gizeh

81

A decorative bracket usually taking the form of a cyma


reversa strap.

82

Finest example of French-Gothic architecture

83

Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda.

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Senusret I

Canephora
Bartizan
Masu-gumi
Cavetto
Carlos Santos Viola
Caesar Homer Concio
William Cosculluela
Imhotep
Richard Josef Neutra
Jugendstijl

Khufu

Console
Chartres Cathedral
Octagonal

A special feature of Japanese houses, used to display a


flower arrangement or art.
The most famous structure of Byzantine architecture and
notable of its large dome.
An ornamental canopy of stone or marble permanently
place over the altar in a church.

Tokonama
Hagia Sophia
Baldachino

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
87

A decorative niche often topped with a canopy and housing


a statue.

88

A large apsidal extension of the interior volume of a


church.

89

A recess in a wall to contain a statue or other small items.

90

A term given to the mixture of Christian, Spanish, and


Muslim 12th-16th century architecture.

91

Architect of the famous Propylaea, Acropolis.

92

A Greek building that contains painted pictures.

93

A kindred type to the theater.

94

The most beautiful and best preserved of the Greek


theaters.

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96

Tabernacle

Exedra
Niche
Mudejar
Mnesicles
Pinacotheca
Odeion
Epidauros

A type of Roman wall facing with alternating courses of


brickworks.
A type of Roman wall facing which is made of small stone
laid in a loose pattern roughly resembling polygonal work.

Opus Mixtum
Opus Incertum

97

A type of Roman wall facing with a net-like effect

98

A type of roman wall facing with rectangular block with or


without mortar joints.

Opus Quadratum

99

Marble mosaic pattern used on ceilings of vaults and


domes.

Opus Tesselatum

Opus Recticulatum

100 "Form follows function".

101

Louis Sullivan

He created the Dymaxion House, "the first machine for


living".

Buckminster Fuller

102 Architect of the Bi-Nuclear House, the H-Plan.


103

Marcel Lajos Breuer

Mexican Architect/Engineer who introduced thin shell


construction.

Felix Outerino Candela

104 The architect of the Pantheon.

Agrippa

105 Architect of the World Trade Center.

Minoru Yamasaki

106 He erected the entrance Piazza at St. Peter's Basilica.


107

Bernini

Architects of the Hagia Sophia. (St. Sophia,


Constantinople)

Anthemius and Isidorus

108 Architect of the Lung Center of the Philippines.


109

George Ramos

Who began the building of the Great Hypostyle Hall at


Karnak?

Thothmes I

110 Architect of the Great Serapeum at Alexandria.


111

Ptolemy III

The dominating personality who became an ardent disciple


of the Italian renaissance style.

Iigo Jones

112 Conceptualized the Corinthian capital.

Callimachus

113 Architect of the Temple of Zeus, Agrigentum

Theron

114 Architect of the Temples of Zeus, Olympia.


115

Libon

Roman architect of the Greek Temples of Zeus,


Olympius.

Cossutius

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
116 Architect of the Erechtheion.

Mnesicles

117 Master sculptor of the Parthenon.

Phidias

118 Architect of Manila Hilton Hotel.

Welton Becket

119 "A house is a machine to live in".

Le Corbusier

120 Architect of the Chicago Tribune Tower.

Eliel Saarinen

121 "Architecture is Organic".

Frank Lloyd Wright

122 Invented reinforced concrete in France.

Hennevique

123 First elected U.A.P. president.

Jose Herrera

124 First president and founder of PAS.

Juan Nakpil

125 Architect of the National Library, Philippines.

Felipe Mendoza

126 Designer of the Bonifacio Monument.

Juan Nakpil

127 Sculptor for the Bonifacio Monument.

Guillermo Tolentino

128 Designer of the Taj Mahal.

Shah Jahan

129 Expressionist Architect.

Erich Mendelsohn

130 Founders of the "Art Noveau".

John Ruskin and William Moris

131 Architect of the Batasang Pambansa.

Felipe Mendoza

132 Architect of the Philippine Heart Center.

Juan Nakpil

133 Architect of the Rizal Memorial Stadium.

Juan Nakpil

134 The architect of the Quiapo Church before its restoration.

Juan Nakpil

135 Architect of SM Megamall.

Antonio Sin Diong

136 Central Bank of the Philippines, Manila.

Gabriel Formoso

137 G.S.I.S. Building, Roxas Boulevard.

George Ramos

Built by the Franciscan priest Fr. Blas dela Madre, this


138 church in Rizal whose design depicts the heavy influence of
Spanish Baroque, was declared a national treasure.

Morong Church

This church, 1st built by the Augustinian Fr. Miguel


139 Murguia, has an unusually large bell which was made from
approximately 70 sacks of coins donated by the towns people.

Panay Cathedral in Capiz

A raised stage reserved for the clergy in early Christian


churches.

Bema

141 In Greek temples, the equivalent of the crypt is the ___.

Naos

140

142

From the Greek temples, a temple that have porticoes of


columns at the front and rear.

Amphi-Prostyle

143 Corresponds to the Greek naos.

Cella

144

The first plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by


Bramante.

Greek Cross

145

The final plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo


Maderna.

Latin Cross

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
146

On either side of the choir, pulpits for the reading of the


epistle and the gospel are

Ambo

In some churches, there is a part which is raised as part of


147 the sanctuary which later developed into the transept, this is the
___.
148

In early Christian churches, the bishop took the central


place at the end of the church called ___.

Bema

Apse

149 Orientation of the Roman temple is towards the ___.

Forum

150 Orientation of the Greek temple is towards the ___.

East

151 Orientation of the Etruscan temple is towards the ___.

South

152 Orientation of the Medieval Church

West

153

The space for the clergy and choir is separated by a low


screen wall from the body of the church called ___.

Cancelli

154 Smallest cathedral in the world. (Byzantine period)

Little Metropole Cathedral, Athens

One of the few churches of its type to have survived


155 having a square nave and without cross-arms, roofed by a
dome which spans to the outer walls of the building.

Nea Moni

156 Type of plan of the Byzantine churches.

Centralized

157 First school which offered architecture in the Philippines


158

Liceo de Manila

The best example of a German Romanesque church with


apses at both east and west ends.

Worms Cathedral

159 The council house in Greece.

Bouleuterion

160 The senate house of the Greeks.

Prytaneion

161 The oldest circus in Rome.

Circus Maximus

162 The oldest and most important forum in Rome.

Forum Romanum

163 The warm room in the Thermae

Tepidarium

164 The Hot room of the Thermae

Calidarium

165 The dry or sweating room in the Thermae.

Sudatorium

166 The dressing room of the Thermae.

Apodyteria

167 The room for oils and unguents in the thermae.

Unctuaria

The colosseum in Rome also known as the "flavian


168 amphitheater" was commenced by whom and completed by
whom?

Vespasian / Domitian

The finest of Greek Tombs, also known as the 'tomb of


Agamemnon'.

Treasury of Atreus

169

170 Who commenced the 'hall of hundred columns'?

Xerxes

171 The private house of the Romans.

Domus

172 The sleeping room of the 'megaron'.

Thalamus

173 Roman apartment blocks

Insulae

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
174 Semi-palatial house surrounded by an open site

Villa

175 A roman house with a central patio.

Atrium House

176 A small private bath found in Roman houses or palaces.

Balneum

A megalithic structure consisting of several large stones set on end with a large
covering slab
Monumental gateway to an Egyptian temple consisting with slanting walls flanking the
178 entrance portal
177

A massive funerary structure of stone or brick with a square base and four sloping
179 triangular sides meeting at the apex; used mainly in ancient Egypt.
180 Principal room of Anatolian House

Menhir

Royal pyramids

Megaron

It consists of the upright column or support including the capital, base, if any, and the
181 horizontal entablature or part supported.
182 The steps forming the base of a columned Greek temple

Order
Crepidoma

183 The principal chamber in a Greek temple containing the statue of deity.

Naos

184 Dry sweating room with apodyteila or dressing room and unctuaria or for oils.

Thermae

A great awning drawn over roman theatres and amphitheatres to protect spectators against
185 the sun

Velarium

186 Roman apartment block that rose four or more storey high

Insula

187 A canopy supported by columns generally placed over an altar or tomb.


188 A long arcaded entrance porch to a Christian Basilican Church.
189 That part of a Greek house or Byzantine Church reserved for women

Baldachino
Narthex
Gymnaceum

190 Truncated wedge-blocks forming an arc

Voussoirs

191 A monument erected in memory of one not interned in or under it

Cenotaph

192 A rose or wheel window of the Romanesque Church was of ten placed over the

West door

A period in Gothic Architecture in France characterized by circular windows with wheel


193 tracery

Rayonnant

194 Projecting ornament at the intersection of the ribs of ceilings, whether vaulted or flat.

Plough

A slight convex curvature built into truss or beam to compensate for any anticipated
195 deflection so that it will have no sag when under load.

Camber

A method of forming stonework with roughened surfaces and recessed joints, principally
196 employed in Renaissance building.
197 Designer of the Crystal Palace, London

Rustication
Sir Joseph Paxton

198 Architect of the Sagrada Familia, Barcelona

Antonio Gaudi

199 Architect of the White House, D.C.

James Hoban

200 Second Filipino registered architect after the well-known Tomas Mapua

Carlos Baretto

201 A mosque principal place of worship, or use of the bldg. for Friday prayers
202 Man who leads the congregation at a prayer

Masjid
Muenzzin

203 Architectural style characterized by Friezes and Crestings

Islamic

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
204 Sacred enclosure found at walls of Damascus great mosque

Kibla

Erected to the memory of his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal, it was the culminating work in
205 the life of the emperor.

Shah-Jehan

In Romanesque archre a period where an order founded by St. Bruno in 1806 is notably
206 severe and adorned

Cluniac

207 General characteristic of the Romanesque empire was

sober & dignified

208 Vaulting compartment into six parts known as

sixtite

A rectangular feature in the shape of a pillar, but projecting only about one sixth of its
209 breath from wall

pilaster strips

210 Is a circular tower 16 m ( 52 ft. ) in diameter rising in 8 stories of encircling arcades.

campanile

Roughly carved of men and beasts used as support columns of projecting porches and of
211 bishops throne.

ambrogio

212 A secluded place

Altars

213 Secular architecture

Castle

The first Frankish king who became roman emperor, was crowned in 800 at Rome by the
214 pope, and ruled over the franks, which included central Germany and northern France

215

Type of roof in which 4 faces rest diagonally between the gables and converge at the top

The most important of the distinctive characteristics of mature Spanish Romanesque


216 architecture
Is well endowed with medieval military achre and grand castles are particularly numerous
217 in castle

218 Finest or Romanesque castles in Spain is at ____

Alexander

Helm Roof

Church bldgs.

Portugal

Alocabaca, Portugal

219 Sited and designed to secure the routes from coastal ports to Jerusalem
220 A civil settlement under the protection of a castle.

Fortress
fortification

A projecting wall or parapet allowing floor openings, through w/c molten lead, pitch, stones
221 were dropped only on an enemy below.

machicolations

A parapet having a series of indentions or embrasures, between which are raised portions
222 known as merlons

battlement

223

The upstanding part of an embattled parapet, between two crenels/ embrasure openings.

A squared timber used in bldg. construction or a low ridge of earth that marks a boundary
224 line
225 A Scandinavian wooden church with vertical planks forming the walls

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merlons

bailey

Steve church

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

226

Architecture was marked by copy roofs which frequently had more storey than the walls,
and were provided with dormer windows to make through current of air for their use as a
drying ground for the large monthly wash

domestic

A projection block or spur of stone carried with foliage to decorate the raking lines formed
227 by angles of spires and canopies.

crocket

An arch starting from a detached pier and abutting against a wall to take the thrust of the
228 vaulting.

buttress

229

A circular or polygonal apse when surrounded by an ambulatory of which are chapels.

An architectural style which in its period is the English equivalent of the high gothic of
230 northern France first pointed.
231 Leafed ornament.

transept

tudor

mouldings

232 Vertical tracery members dividing windows into different numbers of lights.
The actual sanctuary of a church beyond the choir and occupied only by the officiating
233 clergy.
234 Single and most important building in Britain.

tracery
presbytery
West minister abbey

235 A room, where food is stored in a manor house.

pantry

236 The screen/ ornamental work rising behind the altar.

cimborio

237 Term applied to a tower crowned by a spire.

finial

238 A ledge or shelf behind an altar for holding vases or candles.

retablo

239 Originally the minaret of the mosque.

kibla

240 The largest medieval cathedral and is somewhat German in character in north Italy.
A space entirely or partly under a building in churches generally beneath the chancel and
241 used for burial in early times.
A movement which begun in Italy in the 15th century created a break in the continuous
242 revolution of European times.
243 In renaissance archre, which is logically staid and serene architectural style?

Florence Cathedral

crypt

Renaissance

Palladian

The phase in western European renaissance archre 1750-1830, when renewed inspiration
244 was sought from ancient Greek and roman architecture

antiquarian

A term coined to describe the characteristics of the output of Italian renaissance architects
245 of the period 1530-1600. Characterized by unconventional use of classical elements

mannerists

A method of forming stonework with roughened surfaces and recessed joints, principally
246 employed in renaissance buildings

Rustication

247 A light portable receptacle for sacred relics

Reliquary

248 Famous architect in Florence renaissance archre.


249

Brunelleschi

The principal floor of an Italian palace, raised one floor above ground level and containing
the principal social apartments.

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Piano Noble

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
250 Known architect in early renaissance.

Donato Bramante

251 Vertical members dividing windows into different numbers of lights.

Mullion

252 Horizontal divisions or crossbars of windows.

transom

A twisted band, garland or chaplet, representing flowers, fruits, leaves often used in
decoration.
An ornament consisting of a spirally wound band, either as a running ornament or as a
254
terminal.
A room decorated with plants, sculpture and fountains (often decorated with nymphs) and
255
intended for relaxation.
253

256 France generally describe rococo as


257
258

wreath
scroll
nymphaneum
rocaile

One of the winged heavenly beings that support the throne of god or act as guardian
spirits, or chubby, rosy- faced child with wings.
Central shaft of a circular staircase also applied to the post in which the handrail is framed.

A type of relief ornament or cresting resembling studded leather straps, arranged in


259 geometrical and sometimes interlaced patterns; much used in the early renaissance archre
in England.
260 Space between the columns.

cherubin
newel

strapwork

intercolumnation

An ornament in classic or renaissance archre consisting of an assembly of straight lines


261 intersecting at right angles of various patterns. Also called key pattern

fretwork

262 A stone gallery over the entrance to the choir of a cathedral or church.

pulpitum

A term originally applied to the art of decorative painting in many colors, extended to the
coloring of sculpture to enhance naturalism, also described to the application of variegated
263
materials to achieve brilliant or striking effects
The selection of elements from diverse styles for architectural decorative
264 designs,particularly during the 2nd half of the 19th century in Europe and USA.
A long dormer on the slope of a roof, it has no sides, the roofing being carried in a nave
265 line.
266
267

The central rounded of a pattern or ornament, an oculus, one at the summit of a dome.
A vertical steel support cast iron was used until relatively cheap steel became available.

268 The sanctuary of a classical temple, containing the cult statue of the God.

polychromy

expressionism

eyebrow

skylight
reja
cella

269 Also known as Siam (before 1993) and was named, meaning land of the free

Burma

270 A stupa in a form of a corn cob.

viharas

271

Reflects Burmas cultural connections with China and India, built over older foundations
(16th-17th century) at Rangoon.

shwe dagon pagoda

272 Burmas term for monasteries.

pitakat-taik

273 Chinese monumental gateway.

pailou

Is the most famous for the eye catching tower he constructed in Paris for the exposition
274 universally of 1889 work of Eiffel tower.
275

One of the pioneers of the modern movement in American architecture. Work auditorium
building, U.S.

276 Arch of the famous Twin Tower World Trade Center.


277

Alexandre Gustav Eiffel

Louis Henry Sullivan


Yamasaki and Roth

Scottish architect and designer who was prominent in the arts and crafts movement in
Great Britain.

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Charles Mackintosh

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
278

Received the Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinanagan award for the city of manila, who is the
architect?

In 1989 he received the prtzker prize commonly referred to as The Noble of Architecture
the loftiest recognition. It is a lifetime achievement award granted to living architect whose
279
body of work represents a superlative contribution to the field.
His first designs were drawings of fantastic architectural visions in steel and glass as well
as costume and poster design.
Much of his works has been described as post modern, since he rejected the excessive
abstractionism of architects such as Le Corbusier and strove instead to incorporate the
281
valid elements of older style.
280

Spanish architects, one of the most creative practitioners of his art in modern times.His
282 style is often described as a blend of neo-gothic and art nouveau, but is also has surrealist
and cubist elements.
One of the worlds 1st futurist and global thinkers. His 1927 decision to work always and
283 only for all humanity led him to address the largest global problems of poverty,disease and
homelessness.
In his practice he explores the use of indigenous materials infused with current
technological trends to bring a new dimension in designs.
Afterwards became deeply involved in the design and building of French railways and
285 bridges. He worked on structures such as bridge across the Garonne River, train stations
at Toulouse and again in France.
284

He has actively promoted the use of native architectural forms and indigenous nationals
286 such as bamboo and thatch, in the creation of a distinctively Filipino architecture.
French-born, Brazilian architect and urban planner. This famous axiom Each one sees
whatever he wishes to see belongs to,
He was the architect in his time that receives his license as award at his 60s or at the age
288
of 60 yrs. old.
An important Scottish architect who was particularly known for his interiors based on
289
classical decoration.
He was called Masters master where his students are architects like Gropius, Breuer
290
and Van de Rohe
287

291 Architect who leads the development of the Quezon Memorial Circle in Quezon City.
292 Eiffel tower I Paris stands.

Erich Mendelsohn

Kahn, Louis

Antonio Gaudi

Buckminster Fuller

Francisco Manosa

Gustave Eiffel

Francisco Manosa

Lucio Costa
Buckminster Fuller
Robert Adam
Peter Behrens
Francisco Manosa

Buckminster Fuller

294 A house is a machine to live in philosophy belongs to

296

Frank Gehry

984 ft.

293 Starting with holes belongs to architect

295

Tomas Mapua

Le Corbusier

He paid great attention to the detailing of the structure, which he attributed to his fathers
teachings about craftsmanship.
One of his stylish choice which are circles and squares were used in his design solutions.

Mies van de Rohe


Richard Meier

297 His contributions where the advocacy of the idea of planning rooms by volume.

Oscar Niemeyer

His solutions to building problem were always direct, transmitting to the ground by the
298 shortest path the stresses developed within the structures.

Nervi, Pier Luigi

299 Father of modern architectural movement in Brazil.

Lucio Costa

300 A city is subjected to growth, delay and rebuilt

Kenzo Tange

For Egyptian Architecture design, due to excessive


sunshine, there was no need for windows, the
301
massive unbroken walls provided the surface for
________________.

hierogyphics

11/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
In Greek Architecture, It is the largest building atop
the Athenian Acropolis, It is a temple dedicated to
302 Athena (The warrior of maiden) It is a Doric building,
and made entirely of white pentelic marble and
surrounded by freestanding column.

Parthenon

In Greek Architecture, The __________ theater


designed (c.350 BC) by Polyclitus. It is among the
largest and best preserved ancient theaters in
303
Greece. The circular construction and the pitch of
the seats, where held close to 14,000 spectators,
permit nearly perfect acoustics.

Epidaurus Theater

In Roman Architecture, It was built AD 72-82 in


Rome Italy, It is the largest Roman Amphitheater, A
four storey, elliptical structure that seated about
304
50,000 spectators. The exterior faade was
embellished with superimposed Doric, ionic and
Corinthian columns.

Colosseum

In Roman Architecture, It was built AD 112, It was


designed by Apollodorous of Damascus for Emperor
305
Trajan, it is often considered the most magnificent
and architecturally most pleasing.

Trajans forum

In Roman Architecture, The Pantheon (AD C118-28),


A monument of imperial Rome, revived the use of
brick and concrete in temple architecture. It is
306
symmetry is enchanced by its hemispherical dome,
Who is the architect of this historical monument?
(he is the son in law of Augustus.)

Agrippa

The Washington D.C. monument. The tapering shaft


contained in a Greek style temple, the obelisk is the
307 only remnant of the original blueprint that remains.
It was designed in the year 1812 by the American
Architect, What is the name of this Architect?

Robert Mills

What is the name of the


308 Cathedral in France that was designed
by Jean d Orbais.(

Reims Cathedral

In France, It is the official residence of President of


309 France, It was built in 1718 by Claude Mollet for
Henry de la Tour d Auvergne

Elysee Palace

In Philippine Architecture, It is considered the home


of the Sultans. Carved on the wooden posts in the
310 niyaga, a stylized mytical snake design can be found.
It is the traditional residence of the reigning Sultan
of Maranaw people and his family.

Torogan House

In Philippine Architecture, Being Isolated and wind


frequented area. The Batanes Islands, exhibit the
most different of all traditional Architecture in the
311 Phil. The house is built solidly on all sides, made of a
meter thick rubble work, covered by thick thatch
roofing to withstand gales which frequent the area.
What is the name of this unique house?

Ivatans Rakuh

12/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
The ___________________ is an art deco building
designed by the Filipino Architect Juan M. de
Guzman Arellano, and built in 1935. During the
liberation of Manila by the Americans in 1945, the
theatre was totally destroyed. After reconstruction
312 by the Americans it gradually fell into disuse in the
1960s. In the following decade it was meticulously
restored but again fell into decay. Recently a bus
station has been constructed at the back of the
theatre. The City of Manila is planning a renovation
of this once magnificent building.

Manila Metropolitan Theatre

The Golden Empire Tower-( 1322 Roxas Boulevard)


is the tallest building along the boulevard and one of
the highest residential condominium in the world.
313 The one with the golden glass facing Manila Bay and
United States Embassy compound in Manila. Who is
the Filipino Architect of this famous residential
condominium?

G.F.& Partners

For the Creation of Space ____________a Chinese


Philosopher, said, The reality of the building does
314
not consist in the roof and walls, but in the space
within to be lived in.

Lao Tze

315 The base or platform upon which a column, pedestal, statue, monument, or structure rests.
(Greek Architecture) is a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking
316 the place of a column or a
pillar supporting an entablature on her head.
Is an architectural device, typically carved in stone and employed to decoratively
317 emphasize the apex of a gable, or
any of various distinctive ornaments at the top, end, or corner of a building or structure.
318 The architect who said that the exterior of the building is the result of the interior.
319 The later male counterpart of the caryatid and the name refers to the legend of Atlas,
Is an architectural term related to ancient Greek buildings, is the platform of, usually, three
levels upon which the
320 superstructure of the building is erected. The levels typically decrease in size
incrementally, forming a series of steps
along all or some sides of the building.
321

The Filipino Architect Who Designed the 66Meters(217 ft') height Pylons Quezon Memorial
Circle.

Plinth

Caryatid

Finial

le Corbusier
Telamon

Crepidoma

Federico Ilustre

Is an ornamental molding or band following the curve of the underside of an arch, It is


322 composed of bands of
ornamental moldings (or other architectural elements) surrounding an arched opening,

Archivolt

is a term used for Ancient Greek Plays in order to describe any of two passageways
323 leading into the orchestra,
between theatron and sken (also known as the parodos).

Eisodos

324 A monumental, four-sided stone shaft, usually monolithic and tapering to a pyramidal tip.

Obelisk

325 A caulking material made from old hemp rope fibers that have been treated with tar.

Aokum

A waterspout projecting from the roof gutter of a building, often carved


grotesquely(Sculpture).
Is a statue, building, or other edifice created to commemorate a person or important event.
327
They are frequently used
to improve
appearance
of a city
or location.
The
Greek the
council
house which
is covered
meeting place for the
328
democratically-elected council is called:
326

13/79

Gargoyle
Monument
Bouleuterion

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

329

The Grandest Temple of all Egyptian temples, it was not built by


upon one complete plan but owes its size, disposition and
magnificence to the work of many Kings. Built from the 12th Dynasty
to the Ptolemaic period.

330 The father of modern picture books of Architecture

Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak

Andrea Palladio

The man of learning can fearlessly look down upon the


troublesome accidents of fortune. But he who thinks himself
331
entrenched in defense not of learning but of luck, moves one slippery
path, struggling though life unsteadily and insecurely.
Tomb of Atreus, a noted example of the tholos type of tomb is
also known as:
The memorial column built in the form of tall Doric order and
333
made entirely f marble is;
332

Ten books of Architecture by Marcus


Vitruvius

Tomb of Agamemnon
Trajans Column

It is the eclectic style of domestic architecture of the 1870s and


the 1880s in England and the USA and actually based on country
334 house and cottage Elizabeth architecture which was characterized by
a blending of Tudor Gothic, English Renaissance and colonial
elements in the USA:

Queen Anne style

An English Architect who prepared plan for London i.e., St. Peter
335 s and St. Paul Cathedral; Proposed a Network of Avenues connecting
the main features of London.

Sir Christopher Wren

336

The sacred enclosure fond in the highest part of a Greek city is


called:

Temenos

The architect who claimed that: The ultimate goal of the new
architecture was the composite but inseparable work of an art, in
337
which the old diving line between monumental and decorative
elements will have disappeared forever.

Walter Gropius

The architect who said that the exterior of the building is the
result of the interior

Le Corbusier

338

The building that serve as a senate house for the chief dignitaries
339 of the city and as a palace where distinguished visitors and citizens
might be entertained.

Prytaneion

It is a traditional house that was called binangiyan. It was a


single room dwelling elevated at 1.50 meters from the ground; the
340
floor were made of hard wood like narra which rested on 3 floor joist
which in turn were supported by transverse girders.

Kankanay

It is the third phase of English-Gothic Architecture where


341 elaborated ornamental vaulting, and refinement of stonecutting
techniques.
342

Enclosure formed by huge stones planted on the ground in


circular form.

Cromlech

A style in the architecture Italy I the second half of the 16th


343 century and to a lesser extent elsewhere in Europe. It uses classical
elements in an unconventional manner.
344

The Greek council house which is covered meeting place for the democratically-elected
council is called

The Grandest Temple of all Egyptian temples, it was not built by upon one complete plan
345 but owes its size, disposition and magnificence to the work of many Kings. Built from the
12th Dynasty to the Ptolemaic period
A ____________ is a ___________ which extends vertically from lowest portion of the wall
which adjoins two living units up to a minimum height of 0.30 meters above the highest
346 portion of the roof and extends horizontally 0.30 meters beyond the outermost edge of the
abutting living units?

347

Decorated style

The father of modern picture books of Architecture

Mannerism

Bouleuterion

Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak

Firewall; Fireblock

Andrea Palladio

14/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
The man of learning can fearlessly look down upon the troublesome accidents of
fortune. But he who thinks himself entrenched in defense not of learning but of luck, moves
one slippery path, struggling though life unsteadily and insecurely.
It was the first law passed by the national assembly in 1921 where the maestros de obra or
349 the master builders are required to register as architects?
348

350 Tomb of Atreus, a noted example of the tholos type of tomb is also known as
351 The memorial column built in the form of tall Doric order and made entirely if marble is
352

Early type of settlement in America taken after the baug (military town) and fauborg
(citizens town) of the medieval ages

It is the eclectic style of domestic architecture of the 1870s and the 1880s in England and
the USA and actually based on country house and cottage Elizabeth architecture which
353
was characterized by a blending of Tudor Gothic, English Renaissance and colonial
elements in the USA
Le Corbusier planned a high density building that was a super building that contained 337
354 dwellings in only acres of land. What is the structure that supposed to be located in
Marseilles?
An English Architect who prepared plan for London i.e., St. Peter s and St. Paul Cathedral;
355
Proposed a Network of Avenues connecting the main features of London.
The sacred enclosure fond in the highest part of a Greek city is called:
356
The architect who claimed that: The ultimate goal of the new architecture was the
composite but inseparable work of an art, in which the old diving line between monumental
357
and decorative elements will have disappeared forever.
358

359

The architect who said that the exterior of the building is the result of the interior.

The building that serve as a senate house for the chief dignitaries of the city and as a
palace where distinguished visitors and citizens might be entertained

It is a traditional house that was called binangiyan. It was a single room dwelling elevated
360 at 1.50 meters from the ground; the floor were made of hard wood like narra which rested
on 3 floor joist which in turn were supported by transverse girders
361 ??? on natural rocks in a Greek theater is called
362

Engr's & Archt. Law Act 2986

Tomb of Agamemnon
Trajans Column

Medieval Organic City

Queen anne Style

Unite d Habitation

Sir Christopher Wren


Temenos

Walter Gropius

Le Corbusier

prytaneion

Kankanay

Cavaea

It is the third phase of English-Gothic Architecture where elaborated ornamental vaulting,


and refinement of stonecutting techniques

363 Enclosure formed by huge stones planted on the ground in circular form

364

10 books of architecture by Vitruvius

A revival style based on the buildings and publications of the 6th century architect marked
by ancient Roman Architectural forms

Decorated Style

Chromlech

Palladianism

TS MOST OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENTS ARE ITS MASSIVE FUNERARY


MONUMENTS & TEMPLES BUILT OF STONE FOR PERMANENCE, FEATURING
365 ONLY POST-AND-LINTEL CONSTRUCTION & CORBEL VAULTS W/ OUT ARCHES &
VAULTING

Egyptian Architecture

CHARACTERIZED BY CLEAR PLANS, MASSIVE


ARTICULATED WALL STRUCTURES, ROUND ARCHES, & POWERFUL VAULTS

Romanesque Architecture

366

367

CHARACTERIZED BY POINTED ARCH, THE GRADUAL REDUCTION OF

THE WALLS TO A SYSTEM OF RICHLY DECORATED FENESTRATION


368 CHARACTERIZED BY RADIATING LINES OF TRACERY
369 CHARATERIZED BYFLOWING A FLAME-LIKE TRACERY.

Gothic Architecture
Rayonant
Flamboyant

15/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
370

CHARACTERIZED BY THE USE OF THE CLASSICAL ORDERS, ROUND

ARCHES,
SYMMETRICAL
COMPOSITION.
MODE
OF and
BLDG
FOLLOWING THE
STRICT ROMAN FORMS, A SET FORTH IN THE
PUBLICATIONS OF THE ITALIAN REN. ARCHT.ANDREA PALLADIO (1508-1580).
371
STYLE BASED ON A CLOSED STUDY OF ANTIQUITY.
TRANSITIONAL STYLE IN ARCHRE & THE ARTS IN THE LATE 16th. CENT,
372 CHARATERIZED IN ARCHRE BY UNCOVENTIONAL USE OF CLASSICAL
ELEMENTS.
IS CHARACTERIZED BY INTERPRETATION OF OVAL SPACES, CURVED
SURFACES, & CONSPICUOUS USE DECORATION, ACULPTURE & COLOR. ITS
373 LAST PHASE IS CALLED ROCOCO BOLD, OPULENT & IMPRESSIVE TYPE OF
ARCHRE.
THE PHASE IN WESTERN EUROPIAN RENASSAINCE ARCHRE 1750-1830, WHEN
374 RENED INSPIRATION WAS SOUGHT FROM ANCIENT GREEK & ROMAN ARCHRE (
NEO CLASSICAL)
( FR. ROCALLE ROCKWORK) A TERM APPLIED TO TYPE OF RENAISSANCE
ORNAMENT IN W/C ROCK-LIKE FORMS, FANTASTIC SCROLLS, & CRIMPED
SHELLS ARE WORK UP TOGETHER IN A PRO375
FUSION & COMFUSION OF DETAIL OFTEN W/ OUT ORGANIC COHERENCE BUT
PRESENTING A LAVISH DISPLAY OF DECORATION.

376

SIVERSMITH-LIKE; THE RICHLY DECORATIVE STYLE OF THE SPANISH


RENAISSANCE.

THE TRANSITIONAL STYLE BETWEEN GOTHIC & RENAISSANCE IN ENGLAND,


NAMED AFTER ELIZABETH I; MAINLY COUNTRY HOUSES, CHARATERIZED BY
377
LARGED MILLIONED WINDOWS & STRAPWORK ORNAMENTATION
ENGLISH ARCHL & DECORATIVE STYLE OF THE EARLY 17th CENT. , ADAPTING
THE ELIZABETHAN STYLE TO CONTINENATL RENAISSANCE INLUENCES; NAMED
378
AFTER JAMES I

379

THE PREVAILING STYLE OF THE 18th CENT. IN GREAT BRITAIN & THE NORTH
AMERICAN COLONIES, SO NAMED AFTER GEORGE I, II, III, BUT NOT INCLUDE
GEORGE IV. DERIVED FROM CLASSICAL, RENAISSANCE, & BAROQUE FORMS.

TERM IN A SPECIALIZED SENSE TO DESCRIBE ONE OF THE ATTITUDES OF TASTE


TOWARDDS ARCHRE & LANDSCAPE GARDENING IN THE LATE 18th & EARLY 19th
380 CENT. BLDGS & LANDSCAPE WERE TO HAVE THE CONTROLLED INFORMALITY
OF A PICTURE.

Renaissance Architecture

Palladianism

Mannerism

Baroque

Antiquarian

Rococco

Plateresque Architecture

Elizabethan Architecture

Jacobean Architecture

Gregorian Architecture

Picturesque Architecture

381

Mythical monsters each with the body of a lion and a head of a man, hawk, ram or woman
possessed

Sphinx

382

An ancient Egyptian rectangular, flat-topped funerary mound with battered (sloping) sides
covering a burial chamber blow ground

Mastaba

Huge monoliths, square on plan and tapering to an electrum-capped (alloy of silver & gold)
383 pyra-midion at the summit, which was the sacred part. The four sides are cut with
hieroglyphics
384

A massive funerary structure of stone or brick with a square base and four sloping
triangular sides meeting at the apex

385 Inward inclination or slope of an outward wall

Obelisk

Pyramid

Batter

Consists of a complex of sarsen (any of the many large sedimentary rocks that have
386 been broken into blocks by frost action and are found scattered across the chalk downs of
southern England )stones and smaller blue stones set in a circle and connected by lintels

16/79

Stonehenge

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
387

Artificial Mountains made up of tiered (layered), rectangular stages which rose in number
from one to seven

388 Pictorial representation of religious ritual, historic events and daily pursuits
389

An ancient structure usually regarded as a tomb, consisting of two or more large upright
stones set with a space between and capped by a horizontal stone

Ziggurat

Hieroglyphics

Dolmen

Any of the pieces, in the shape of a truncated wedge, which form an arch or a vault. A
390 wedge-shaped stone: a wedge-shaped brick or stone used to form the curved parts of an
arch or vault

Voussoirs

In ancient Greece/ Rome, a room or covered area or open on one side used as a meeting
place; architecture history conversation room: a room for relaxation or conversation,
391 especially a semicircular recess in a larger hall with a continuous bench along the wall;
furniture long curved outdoor bench: a long curved or semicircular outdoor bench, usually
with a high back; architecture recess: any kind of recess or niche (technical)

Exedra

392 The sanctuary of a classical temple, containing the cult statue of the god

Cella

Domical mounds which grouped with their rails, gateways, professional paths and crowning
393 umbrella came to be known as symbols of the universe; a Buddhist shrine, temple, or
pagoda that houses a relic or marks the location of an auspicious event.

Stupa

394

An adjective used to describe an artist who selects forms and ideas from different periods
or countries and combines them to produce a harmonious whole.

395

The exposed undersurface of any overhead component of a building such as an arch,


balcony, beam, cornice, lintel or vault. bottom surface: the underside of a structural
component of a building, for example the underside of a roof overhang or the inner curve of
an arch

396 a large fortified (armed) place; a fort often including a town; any place of security.
the term applied to the triangular curved overhanging surface by means of which a circular
397 dome is supported over a square or polygonal compartment. a sloping triangular piece of
vaulting between the arches that support a dome and its rim

Eclectic

Soffit

Fortress

Pendentive

Pre-Columbian edifice dedicated to the service or worship of their god which is made of
398 stones entered by a single door to a very steep single flight of steps, above it rises a high
stone roof

Mayan Temple Pyramid

Term in a specialized sense to describe one of the attitudes of taste towards architecture
399 and landscape gardening in the late 18th and early 19th century; very attractive: visually
pleasing enough to be the subject of a painting or photograph

Picturesqueness

A term originally applied painting on a wall while the plaster is wet and is not in oil colors.
400 painting done on fresh plaster: a painting on a wall or ceiling made by brushing watercolors
onto fresh damp plaster, or onto partly dry plaster

A long colonnaded building, served many purposes, used around public places and as
401 shelter at religious shrines; an ancient covered walkway: in ancient Greece, a covered
walkway, usually with a row of columns on one side and a wall on the other
Carved male figures serving as pillars also called TELAMONES; architecture figure of man
402 used as support: a figure of a man, either standing or kneeling, used as a support for the
upper part of a classical building

17/79

Fresco

Stoa

Atlantes

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
403 A slab forming the crowning member of a column

Abacus

A swelling or curving outwards along the outline of a column shaft, designed to counteract
the optical illusion which gives a shaft bounded by straight lines the appearance of curving
404
inwards; a bulge in architectural column: a slight bulge in the shaft of a column, designed to
counter the visual impression of concavity that a perfectly straight column would give

Entasis

405

The vertical channeling on the shaft of a column; architecture: groove in column: a groove
running down an architectural column

406 Sculptures female figures used as columns or supports


407

Caryatids

the portion of a pedestal between its base and cornice. A term also applied to the lower
portions of walls when decorated separately.

408 The sharp edge formed by the meeting of two surface usually in DORIC columns

409

Flutes

a small flat band between mouldings to separate them from each other. architecture flat
narrow moulding: a raised or sunken ornamental surface set between larger surfaces

A triangular piece of wall above the entablature enclosed by raking cornices; architecture
410 gable on colonnade: a broad triangular or segmental gable surmounting a colonnade as the
major part of a facade
411 The lowest square member of the base of a column

Daado

Arris

Fillets

Pediment

Plinth

412

Town square, was the center of social and business life, around which were stoas, or
colonnaded porticoes, temples, markets, public buildings, monuments, shrines.

413

These are arches erected to emperors and generals commemorating victorious


campaigns; has one or three openings. Such arches were adorned with appropriate basreliefs (flat sculpture; slightly projecting) and usually carried grit-bronze statuary (statues
considered collectively) on an attic storey and having a dedicatory inscription in its face

414

Palatial public baths of Imperial Rome raised on a high platform; hot springs: hot springs or
baths, especially the public baths of ancient Rome

415

Elliptical Amphitheatres are characteristically Roman buildings found in every important


settlement, used to display of mortal combats (gladiatorial)

A roman structure where immense quantities of water were required for the great thermae
416 and for public fountains, and for domestic supply for the large population; a channel for
water: a pipe or channel for moving water to a lower level, often across a great distance

417

Corresponds (links) to the Agora in a Greek city was a central open space, used a public
meeting space, market or rendezvous for political demonstrations.

418

A turret (small rounded tower) or part of a building elevated above the main building.
architecture pointed ornament: a pointed ornament on top of a buttress or parapet

419

Taken from a tomb chamber, or the ornamental treatment given to a stone coffin hewn out
of one block of marble and with sculptures, figures and festoons (garland) of a late period,
surmounted by lids like roofs terminating in scrolls. stone coffin: an ancient stone or marble
coffin, often decorated with sculpture and inscriptions

18/79

Agora

Triumphal Arch

Thermae

Colosseum

Aquaducts

Forum

Pinaccle

Sarcophagus

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

420

A term applied to monumental tombs. They consisted of large cylindrical blocks, often on a
quadrangular podium, topped with a conical crown of earth or stone.

421 Line of intersection of cross-vaults

422

Groins

Sunk panels, caissons or lacunaria formed in ceilings, vaults or domes; sunken panel in a
ceiling: a decorative sunken panel in a ceiling

423 A mass of masonry built against a wall to resist the pressure of an arch & vault.
an arch covering in stone or brick over any building; architecture arched ceiling: an arched
424 structure of stone, brick, wood, or plaster that forms a ceiling or roof; a room with arched
ceiling: a room, especially an underground room, with an arched ceiling
425 A long arcaded entrance porch to a Christian Basilican Church
426 A building or a part of a church in which baptism is administered
427 a basin usually of stone which holds the water for baptism.
428

Coffers

Butress

Vault

Narthex
baptisteries
Font

A vault having a circular plan, and usually in the form of a sphere portion, so constructed
as to exert an equal thrust in all directions

429 A raised stage in a Basilican church reserved for the clergy

Dome

Bema

430 A range of arches supported on piers or columns attached to or detached from the wall.
431

Mausolleum

A raised pulpit on either side of a Basilican church from which the epistle of a gospel were
read

432 Decorative surfaces formed by small cubes of stones, glass & marble
A canopy supported by columns generally placed over an altar or tomb. Also known as
CIBORIUM.
A longitudinal division of an interior area, as in a church, separated from the main area by
434
arcades or the like.
433

Arcade
Ambo
Mosaic
Baldachino
Aisle

The principal or central longitudinal area of a church, extending from the main entrance or
narthex to the CHANCEL (area of church near altar: an area of a church near the altar for
435
the use of clergy and choir, often separated from the nave by a screen or steps) usually
flanked by aisles of less height

Nave

The circular or multi-angular termination of a church sanctuary. A rounded projection of a


building

Apse

436

437 A small pavilion, usually open built in gardens & parks.

Kiosk

438

An inward-looking building whose prime purpose is for contemplation & prayer. A space
without object of adoration. (Muslim)

439

A block of stone, often elaborately carved or moulded, projected from a wall, supporting the
beams of a roof, floor or vault.

Corbel

440

a tall tower in, or continuous to a mosque arch stairs leading up to one or more balconies
from which the faithful are called to prayer

Minaret

441 A diagonal cutting of an arris formed by two surfaces at an angle


442 An approach or an open forecourt surrounded by arcades in a Basilican church.

19/79

Mosque

Chamfer
Atrium

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

A small arch or bracket built across each angle of a square or polygonal structure to form
an octagon or other appropriate base for a dome or a spire. An interior supporting part of a
443
tower: an arch, corbelling, or lintel built across the upper inside corner of a square tower to
support the weight of a spire or other structure above
444 Womens or private quarters of a house or place in Islamic architecture.
445 An empty tomb. A monument erected in memory of one not interred in or under it.
446 A double curve, resembling the letter S, formed by the union of a curve and a convex line
447 The central stone of a semi-circular arch, sometimes sculptured.

448

a screen in a Greek orthodox church on which icons or (sacred images), pictures, are
placed separating the chancel from the space, open to the laity. An altar screen decorated
with icons: a screen on which icons are mounted, used in Eastern Orthodox churches to
separate the area around the altar from the main part of the church

A covered porch (porch-roofed exterior of a room) or balcony (balcony- a platform


449 projecting from an interior or exterior wall of a building) extending along the outside of a
building, planned for summer leisure.
450 A public open space in Byzantine architecture, surrounded by buildings
451 Geometrical ornaments due to absence of human and animal statues; an ornate design
The triangular space enclosed by the curve of an arch, a vertical line from its springing, a
452 horizontal line through its apex. A space between one arch or another. Space between two
arches and a cornice
453 small towers, often containing stairs, and forming special features in medieval buildings.

Squinch

Harem
Cenotaph
Ogee
Keystone

Iconostasis

Verandah

Piazza

Arabesque

Spandrel

Turret

Vertical tracery members dividing windows into different numbers of light. A vertical window
454 divider: a vertical piece of stone, metal, or wood that divides the panes of a window or the
panels of a screen

Mullions

A castle in a French-speaking country or a stately residence. A French castle: a castle or


455 large house in France, often one that has a vineyard attached and gives its name to wine
produced there

Chateau

A slender wooden spire rising from a roof. A slender church spire: a slender spire,
456 especially one that emerges from the roof of a church at the point where the ridges
intersect.

Fleche

457 a (shell) or a recess in a wall, hallowed like a shell for a statue or ornament.

Niche

458

(Lump or knob) or projecting ornament at the intersection of the ribs of ceilings, whether
vaulted or flat.

Boss

459

Is a rectangular feature in the shape of a pillar, but projecting only about one sixth of its
breadth (distance from side to side) from the wall.

Pilaster Strip

460 An umbrella shaped copula.

Chatris

461 The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part of a gothic window.

Tracery

The high platform on which temples were generally placed (in general, any elevate
462 platform). A foundation wall: a low wall forming a foundation or base, for example for a
colonnade

Podium

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
The part of a cruciform church, projecting at right angles to the main building. Wings of
463 church: the part of a cross-shaped church that runs at right angles to the long central part
(nave)
Vaulting in Romanesque in which a framework of ribs supported thin stone panels. The
464 new method consisted in designing the profile of the transverse (crosswise or at right angle
with something), longitudinal and diagonal ribs to which the form of the panels was adopted

465 Special term for a lantern or raised structure above a roof admitting light into the interior
466 A room where food is stored; a pantry ( a walk-in cupboard); a cupboard
467 The tapering termination of a tower in Gothic churches

Transept

Rib & Panel

Cimborio
Larder
Spire

468 The term applied to a tower crowned by a spire

Steeple

469 A room for storage of garments

Wardrobe

470

A slight convex curvature built into a truss or beam to compensate for an anticipated
deflection so that it will gave no sag when under load.

Camber

471

Covered passages around an open space or Garth, connecting the church to the chapter
house; a small courtyard or enclosed space

Coisters

472 A serving room between kitchen and dining room, or a room for storage of food supplies
473 A vault in which the ribs compose a star-shaped pattern

Stellar Vault

A building complex of a certain English order or a self-contained community used by


monks
A bay window especially cantilevered or corbelled out from the face of the wall by means of
475
projecting stones.
474

476 The dining hall of a monastery, convent or college


477

Monastery
Oriel Window
Refectory

An ornament consisting of a spirally wound band, either as a running ornament or as a


terminal, like the volutes of the ionic capital.

478 An Italian impressive building or private building


479

Pantry

Scroll
Palazzo

One of a number of short vertical members often circular in section used to support a stair
handrail or a coping (walls capping surface).

Baluster

a term applied to a type of Renaissance ornament in which rock-like forms fantastic scrolls,
and crimped folded or pressed together) shells (are worked up together in a profusion and
confusion of detail often without organic coherence but presenting a lavish display of
480
decoration; Any excessively ornate or fancy style; A style of architecture and the decorative
arts characterized by intricate ornamentation that was popular throughout Europe in the
early 18th century.

Rococo

481

In France, anything extravagantly ornamented, so ornate as to be in bad taste, a style of art


and architecture in Italy in the 17th to 18th century.

baroque

482

A tower not connected with Bell. A term applied to the upper room in a tower in which the
bells are hung.

Belfry

483

The entire construction of a classical temple or the like, between the columns and the
eaves usually composed of an architrave, frieze, and a cornice.

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Entablature

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
(BRITISH) The hall built or used by medieval association as of merchants and tradesmen,
484 organized to maintain standards that constituted a governing body. (Doge = Italian
renaissance chief magistrate)

Doge's Hall

485

(little house for pleasure & recreation). A prominent structure, generally distinctive in
character.

Pavillion

486

The space about the altar of a church, usually separated by a screen for the clergy and
other officials, usually referred to as the choir

Chancel

An eternal solid angle of a wall or the like. One of the stones forming it, corner stone
(Renaissance) A block forming a corner: a stone block used to form a quoin, especially
487
when it is different, for example in size or material, from the other blocks or bricks in the
wall

Quoins

488

A BRACKET: is a projecting member to support a weight generally formed with scrolls or


volute when carrying the upper member of the cornice

A space entirely or partly under a building; in churches, generally beneath the chancel and
489 used for burial in earlier times. An underground chamber: an underground room or vault,
often below a church, used as a burial chamber or chapel, or for storing religious artifacts

490

The central shaft of a circular staircase. Also applied to the post in which the handrail is
framed.

491 The chief magistrates buildings, in the former republic of Venice & Genoa.

A spherical roof, (a dome-shaped roof) placed like an inverted cup over a circular square
492 or multi-angular apartment. A dome on roof: a small dome on a roof, sometimes made of
glass and providing natural light inside

Console

Crypt

Newel

Doge's Palace

Cupola

493

An ante-room to a larger apartment of a building; An entrance hall: a small room or hall


between an outer door and the main part of a building

Vestibule

494

A construction such as a tower, at the crossing of a church rising above the neighboring
roofs and glazed at the sides

Lantern

A twisted band, garland or chaplet, representing flowers, fruits leaves, often used in
decoration; A circular arrangement of flowers: a circular arrangement of flowers and
greenery placed as a memorial on a grave, hung up as a decoration, or put on somebodys
495
head as a sign of honor; a representation of wreath: a representation of a circular
arrangement of flowers, vines, or other things, for example in a carving or on a coat of
arms; [headdress; garland; laurel]

496

In Renaissance, a room used primarily for exhibition of art objects, or a drawing


room;[grand sitting room; social gathering of intellectuals; art exhibition or gallery]

497

A roof having a double slope on four sides; the lower slope being much steeper and the
flatter upper portion. Also known as the gambrel roof.

A room decorated with plants, sculpture and fountains (often decorated with beautiful
498 Maiden living in Rivers, trees) and intended for relaxation. [nymph: a spirit or a minor
goddess of nature; or a beautiful young woman]
An ornate iron grille, or screen, a characteristic feature of Spanish Church interiors; An
499 architectural decoration: a carved decoration at the top of a gable, spire, or arched
structure

22/79

Wreath

Salon

Mansard

Nymphaeum

Finial

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
500

A support for a column statue or a vase, it usually consists of a base. Die or Dado, and a
cornice or cap mould

Pedestal

A window in a sloping roof usually that of a sleeping apartment. A window projecting from
501 roof: a window for a room within the roof space that is built out at right angles to the main
roof and has its own gable

Dormer

A bust (sculpture of head & shoulders) on a square pedestal instead of a human body,
502 used in classic times to mark boundaries on highways, and used decoratively in
Renaissance times.

Hermes

503 Vertical members dividing windows into different number of lights

Mullions

A Spanish arcaded or colonnaded yard; a paved area outside a house: a paved area
504 adjoining a house, used for outdoor dining, growing plants in containers, and recreation. A
roofless courtyard: a roofless inner courtyard typical of a Spanish-style house

Patio

Also called brackets or consoles or ancones. It is a projecting member to support a


weight. generally formed with scrolls or volutes which carry the upper member of a cornice
505 (a projecting moulding at the top of a wall or at where the wall & ceiling meets); also a
bracket in Corinthian order: a small curved ornamental bracket under the corona of a
Corinthian or Composite column

Modilions

506 The horizontal divisions or crossbars of windows.

Transom

507 A decorative niche often topped with a canopy and housing a statue or an icon.
508

(to walk) the cloister (covered walkway around a courtyard) or covered passage around the
east end of the church, behind the altar.

Also called key pattern the upper portion of the pinnacle [pinnacle: pointed ornament: a
509 pointed ornament on top of a buttress or parapet]; an architectural decoration: a carved
decoration at the top of a gable, spire, or arched structure

Tabernacle

Ambulatory

Finial

510

a raised platform reserved for the seating of speakers and dignitaries; a raised platform: a
raised platform at the end of a hall or large room. [podium, platform, pulpit, stage]

Dais

511

The window of a protruded bay or the windowed bay itself. A protruding window: a rounded
or three-sided window that sticks out from an outside wall and forms a recess on the inside

Bay Window

512 Bulbous termination to the top of a tower, found principally in Central & Eastern Europe

513

A communicating passage or wide corridor for pictures and statues. An upper storey for
seats in a church

A type of relief ornament or cresting [cresting: a decorative roof ridge: an ornamental ridge
514 on a roof ] resembling the studded leather straps arranged in geometrical and sometimes
interlaced patterns much used in the early renaissance architecture of England.
515 The space between two columns

Helm Roof

Gallery

Strapwork

Intercolumnation

516

One of the winged heavenly beings that support the throne of God or act as guardian
spirits, or Chubby, a rosy-faced child with wings

517

Earth-baked (unglazed) or burnt in moulds. For use in construction, harder in quality than
brick. [brownish red color]

518

A coat of arms; connected with heraldry or heralds: belonging or relating to heraldry or


heralds

23/79

Cherubs

Terracotta

Heraldic

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
Phase of the early period of Spanish architecture of the later 15th and early 16th century,
an intricate style named after its likeness to silverwork; elaborately decorated: relating to a
519
heavily decorated architectural style fashionable in 16th-century Spain, reminiscent of
elaborate silverware
520 An elevated enclosed stand in a CHURCH in which the preacher stands

Plateresque Architecture

Pulpit

A roofed but open-sided structure affording an extensive view, usually located at the
rooftop of a dwelling but sometimes an independent building or an eminence (a hill) on a
521
formal garden; a building with fine view: a building or part of a building positioned to offer a
fine view of the surrounding area

Belvedere

An expression of Spanish baroque architecture and sculpture, a recurrent feature was the
522 richly garlanded spiral columns. [flamboyant-showy; brightly colored; highly decorated
ornamentation]

Churrigueresque

A movable candle lamp-stand with central shaft, and often branches or decorative
523 representation thereof; a branching light fitting: a large decorative candle holder with
several arms or branches, or a similarly shaped electric light fitting

Candelabra

524

(grating: metal grille) an ornament in classic or renaissance architecture consisting of an


assembly of straight lines intersecting at right angles, and of various patterns.

525

Outstanding architectural creation in Sri Lanka which is a circular relic house built in stone
and brick.

Wata Dage

526

Picturesque composition built in America since 1980. Hall timbering and massive medieval
chimney. Identified by prominent gables and large expansive windows with small panes.

Tudor Revival

527 a large convex moulding used principally in the bases of columns.


Most typical Chinese building, usually octagonal in plan, odd number o stories usually 9 or
528 13 storeys and repeated roofs, highly colored and with upturned eaves, slopes to each
storey.
One storey with low-overhanging roof and broad front porch. Unpretentious style often
rambling spread out floor plan, more expensive to build; lightweight tropical house: a simply529
built one-storey house with a veranda and a wide, gently sloping roof in Southeast Asia and
the South Pacific

Fretwork

Torus

Pagoda

Bungallow

A glazed earth ware originally made in Italy; pottery with colored glaze: earthenware
decorated with colored opaque metallic glazes (often used before a noun)

Faience

Monumental pillars standing free without any structural function, with circular or octagonal
531 shafts with inscriptions carved in it. The capital was bell-shaped and crowned with animal
supported bearing the Buddhist will of Law.

Stambas / Laths

530

Most famous of ancient Chinese building undertakings. It snakes, loops, and doubles back
532 on itself. Meandering across valleys, plains, scaling mountains, plunging into deep gorges
and leaping raging rivers of 3,700 miles.

Great Wall

533

An art free from any historical style characterized by forms of nature for ornamentation in
the faade aptly called for the floral design.

Art Noveau

534

a school founded by Gropius in 1919, developing a form of training intended to relate art
and architecture to technology and the practical needs of human life.

bauhaus

535 The arrangement and design of windows in a building

Fenestration

536 Relating or conforming to technical architectural principles.

Architectonic

537 Rock-cut temples in India

Rarhs

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
A structural system consisting of trusses in two directions rigidly connected at their
538 intersections. A rectangular shape is formed where the top and bottom chords of the
trusses are directly above & below one another.

539

a type of timber framing in America about 1820s wherein it owes its strength to the walls,
roof acting as diaphragms, and not on the post. It is an extension of the roof.

Space Frame

Baloon Framing

540 A Chinese ceremonial gateway erected in memory of an eminent person

Pai Lou

541 A dwarf tree which is a perfect reflection of Japanese culture

Bonsai

An elegant two storey, rectangular town house with a massive stone first floor, and a light
and airy second floor, mother-of-pearl or capiz windows and picturesque wide tile roof.
542
Entrance is of Heavy plank door with wrought iron or brass nails, sturdy balustrades of
wood or iron grilles below windows to let in cool air.
543 An open-roofed gallery in an upper storey built for giving a view of the scenery.

Antillan House

Belvedere

In Japan, a structure where the appreciation of the arts and flower arrangement, with
drinking ceremony is done

Tea House

Intercolumniation is regulated by this standard of Japanese measurement, which is divided


545 into 20 parts called minutes and each minute being again divided into 20 parts or seconds
of space.

Ken

544

Cordillera one room house on four wooden posts with an animal or insect barrier and a
pyramidal roof Cogon grass built without nails

Ifugao/ Bontoc House

A house with a prow-like (front of ship) majestic roof, the polychrome, extravagant wooden
547 carvings derived from the Malay Mythical bird the Sari Manok The silken Muslim canopies
in the Interiors. The protruding ends of floor beams are decorated with intricate carvings

Nipa House

546

548

Lowlands area house with pithed roof, made of bamboo poles, thatch roof with woven slit
canes for walls and split bamboo slats flooring

Made of 0.75 m. thick stone of lime wall with thick thatched roof made of several layers of
549 cogon and held together by seasoned sticks or reeds and rattan to withstand fiercest
typhoons in the north

maranao House

Ivatan House

An arcade of roofed gallery built into or projecting from the side of a building particularly
550 one overlooking an open court. A covered balcony and walkway: a covered open-sided
walkway, often with arches, along one side of a building

Loggia

Japanese dominant roofs characterized by their exquisite curvature, and are supported
upon a succession of simple or compound brackets. The upper part of the roof is
551
terminated by a gable placed vertically above the end walls, while the lower part of the
main roof is carried round the ends of the building in a hipped form.

Irrimoya Gable

552

Shinto temples (Shinto-Japanese religion) are characterized by this gateway formed by


upright posts supporting two or more horizontal beams

Fool the eye are paintings adorning everything from cabinets to cupboards, fire screen
to dishwashers. This creates an illusion of space. A make-believe doorway for example
553
extends a hall. A glass cabinet or door is painted with cows and chicken and make-believe
or create an outdoor scene.

25/79

Torii

Trompel o Eil

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

A house composed of natural materials. It is an eclectic and organic look that grows and
changes with antiques and a clutter of different collections, made of rough plaster, old
554
beams, wood framed windows and slate or brick floors. A house in the country: a large
house in the country, often with a large area of land attached

Country House

1930s modernists style of art inspired by mechanical forms and chiefly distinguished by
555 geometrical shapes, bold color schemes and symmetrical designs, suitable for mass
production

Art Deco

556 These are garden rooms.

Gazebo

557

patio (Spanish outdoor living or dining);VERANDAH (a porch or balcony for summer


leisure); LOGGIA

558

Turret(medieval) ; minaret (Islamic);steeple (church tower & spire)(term use for spire
crowned towers)

Stoa

Pinacle

Pinnacle(highest point); fleche (a church spire); spire (tapering termination of a gothic


559
church tower); finial (a design at the top of a spire)
560 Boss (vaulted or flat); groin (vaulted only)

Boss/ Groin

561 Quoins (just a corner stone) vs. squinch (structural arch to support a dome)
562 statue chamber

Quoins / Squinch
Serdab

563 bldg that hold sculpture

Glypthoteca

564 bldg that holds painting

Pinacotheca

565 acropolis, sacred enclosure

Themenos

566 coffer, ceiling

Lacunaria

567 space bet naos wall and column

Peroma

568 tholos passageway

Dromos

569 sleeping room, megaron

Thalamus

570 (greatest example of Egyptian temple)

The Great Temple of Arnak

571 Great Sphinx at Gizeh

God Horus

Senusurets- built the earliest known obelisk at Heliopolis


Amenemhat I- founded the great temple at Karnak
Thothmes I- began the additions to the temple of Amnon Karnak
Amenophis III- built the famous Colossi of Memnon
572 Rameses I- began the hypostyle hall at Karnak
Seti I- built the temple at Abu- Simber
Ptolemy II- built the pharos of Light House
Ptolemy III- founded the Great Seradeum at Alexandria

573 gateway to greek temple

Egyptian Architects

Propylaea

26/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
largest
- geatest example of greek architecture
- archt. Ictinus
- master sculptor- Callicrates
574
- Doric temple
- naos- made of gold and ivory
- holds the statue of Athena

575

Partenon

prototype Greek Thetre


- largest for 30,000 people

Theatre of Dionysus

576 oldest & most important bldg in Rome

Forum Romanum

577 largest circus in Rome

Circus Maximus

578 largest forum in Rome

Forum of Trajan

579 1. Temporary shelter from perishable materials


580 2. Caves
Prehistoric Period

581 3. Rocks on top of each other


582 4. Hard-packed snow blocks
583 5. animal skins
584 1. Battered or sloping outside walls
585 2. Columns & Capitals from vegetable origins

Egyptian Architecture

586 3. Papyrus Buds, Lotus Flower walls of mud brick, thick & 9M high
587 4. Unbroken massive walls adorned with hieroglyphics
588 1. Abundance of clay-provided bricks
589 2. Roofs flat outside
Mesopotamian Architecture

590 3. Architecture was arcuated winged deity and winged human headed lion used as dcor
591 4. Houses of one room, entered by a single door & without windows
592 1. Temple pyramids are approached by a single steep flight of steps.
593

2. Stone [finely dressed, carved, or laid as roughly dressed rubble] was employed for all important
buildings

Pre columbian Architecure

594 1. Columnar & trabeated (have horizontal beams rather than archs)
595 2. Wooden roofs were untrussed
Greek Architecture

596 3. Ceilings sometimes omitted


597 4. optical illusions were corrected, in Greek Temples
598 5. Doric, Ionic, Corinthian [orders of columns]

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
599 1. The arch & the vault was developed
600 2. Two orders of architecture added [Tuscan & Composite]

Roman Architecture

601 3. Concrete is now used [composition of lime, sand, pozzolana & broken bricks or small stones.
602 1. Widely Spaced Columns carrying semi-circular arches
603 2. Basilican Churches have 3 to 5 aisles, covered by a simple timber roof
Early christian Architecture

604 3. Mosaic decoration added internally


605 4. separate buildings used for baptism or baptisteries
606 1. Novel development of the Dome to cover polygonal and square plans of churches
Byzantine Architecture

607 2. Tomb & baptisteries by means of pendentives


608 3. Fresco decoration using marble & mosaic
609 1. Bulbous or onion dome
610 2. Minarets

Islamic Architecture

611 3. stalactite moulding


612 4. cresting: decorative roof ridge: an ornamental ridge on a roof
613 5. painted arch
614 1. Ribbed & panel, cross vaults;
615 2. plaster strips, arcades, rose windows,

Romanesque Architecture

616 3. Sober (serious/ not fanciful)& dignified style


617 4. Formal massing depends on the grouping of towers and the projection of transepts & choir.
618 1. Pointed arch
619 2. buttress, flying buttress
Gothic Architecture

620 3. gargoyles, decorated vaulting


621 4. rose & lancet windows ploughshare twist
622 5. variety of open roofs (trussed, tie-beam, collar)
623 1. Rusticated masonry, (rough masonry)
624 2. Quoins, Balusters
625 3. domes or raised drums
626 4. pediments one within the other

Renaissance Architecture

627 5. rococo
628 6. baroque style
629 7. mansard roof

28/79

Renaissance Architecture

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
630 8. salon
631 1. Picturesque values
632

2. Reflected in the predilection (liking) for highly textured, colorful materials, asymmetry &
informality.

633 3. palazzo style was a triumph of national ecclesiasticism


Britain Architecture

634 4. New functions & techniques produced new forms


635 5. Taller buildings were designed due to concrete & cast iron frames.
636 6. New materials were used due to the effect of canals
637 7. Railroad systems, central heating & elevator or lift

638

1. Repetition of standard bays, both plan & elevation, an affinity (similarity) with bay system,
programmatically adopted with the introduction of iron construction

Continental Europe

639 1. Neo-classic & Greek revival was followed


640 2. Baloon frame was introduced
American Architecture

641 3. The skyscraper was contributed related to metal frame construction


642 4. The non-load-bearing curtain wall & the elevator
643

1. Free-standing glass sheath suspended on a framework across the face of the building or curtain
wall.

644 2. Art Noveau and Bauhaus was developed


Modern International

645 3. Enormous Spans unobstructed were at length achieved with concrete.


646 4. Steel is used in space-frame
647 1. Hindu worship is an individual act
648

2. Buddhist religious buildings or shrines took the form of STUPAS (Buddhist shrine or pagoda),
and are designed for congregational use.

649 3. Mouldings have BULBOUS character

India / pakistan

650 4. The TORUS moulding is used


651 5. Various BAS reliefs depicting scenes of daily life and story of Buddha
652 6. The female form in its voluptuous (sensual) form is often used
653 1. Rock Temples, with square or octagonal pillars
654 2. A circular relic house (wata-dage) built in stone & brick is an outstanding architectural creation.

655

3. Architecture of wood, with high pitched roofs, with wide eaves, slightly curved, finished with
small flat shingles and terra cotta tiles.

656

4. Windows with lacquered wood bars, carved timber doorways, ornamental metalwork door
furniture, painted walls.

29/79

Sri Lanka

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1. Cupola Roofs (dome shaped roof or dome on roof), spanning with arched squinches, the square
657 chamber angles, lantern roof and coffered dome, an elaborate system of hexagon, each containing
the statue of Buddha
658 2. The SIKHARA & PAGODA temples survive.

659

660

3. A monumental pillar generally supporting a metal superstructure adorned with mystic symbols,
groups of divinities and portraits statuary of royalties.

Afghanistan, Nepal, Tibet

4. Windows have intricate lattice screens and roof have red curved tiles, metal gutters and projecting
cornice and fancifully decorated with carving, embossing, tinkling bells and hanging lamps.

661 5. The monastery is fortress-like sited on hill tops.


662 6. Pillars and beams are painted yellow or red and painted silks hang from the roof.
663 1. Stepped Temple Pyramid, terraced on a hill
664 2. Using stone without mortar fitted perfectly and numerous colossal towers

665

3. Religious buildings overlaid with ornamentation of Chinese characters, surfaces often finished
with porcelain tile
Burma, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia

666 4. Walls are white stucco, (wall plaster)


667 5. multi-leveled overlapping timber roofs
668 6. Gables and bargeboard decorated with Hindu iconography.
669 7. Doors and window shutters are of carved wood, lacquered in black and gold.

670

1. Roof ridges are laden with elaborate ornamental cresting and the up-tilted angles are adorned with
fantastic dragons and grotesque ornament.(distorted bizarre)

671 2. Roofs one on top of the other using S-shape enameled tiles.
China

672 3. Roof framing in rectangle and not triangle.


673 4. Use of bright colors
674 5. Column brackets are decorated with birds, flowers and dragons.
675 1. Light and delicate timber construction is refined by a minute carving & decoration

676

2. Dominant roofs characterized by their exquisite (beautiful/superb) curvature, supported by a


succession of brackets
Japan

677 3. Upper part of the roof is terminated by a gable placed vertically above the end walls
678 4. Rooms are regulated by a KEN Tatami mats.
679 5. Love of nature: using stone, lantern & bonsai.

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
680

1. Use of indigenous (natural) materials for houses like bamboo, palm leaves, sturdy wooden posts,
carved wooden sidings, cogon grass roof.

681 2. Spanish-style high-pitched roofs,


Philippines

682 3. Capiz shell windows, barandillas, balconies,


683 4. Coconut shell & wood design.
684 5. Much use of galvanized iron sheet for roofing
685 1. Beehives,
686 2. huts,
687 3. caves,
Pre Historic Period - Structures

688 4. tents,
689 5. Stonehenge, England
690 6. igloos
691 1. Sphinx,
2. Pyramids, Pyramid of King Zoser
Architect: Imhotep
earliest pyramidal structure of the ancient world, the Step Pyramid (c.2630 BC) of King Zoser at
Saqqara, Egypt
692
consist of six terraces of receding sizes with a one staba
The Great Pyramid
the Pyramid of Khufu is the largest in the world, measuring 230m (756 ft)

693 3. Obelisks,
694 4. Mastaba Tombs,
Egyptian Buildings

695 5. Great Temple,


6. Abu-Simbel, dedicated chieftly to Re-Harakhti, God of the rising sun
696 built during the reign of Ramses II (1304 1237 BC)

7. Temple of Luxor - or Southern Sanctuary at Luxor, Egypt, 18th dynasty king


dedicated to Amon-Re, king of the Gods
697
built of sandstone for the quarries of Gebel Silsila

698 7. Temple of Khons,


699 1. Ziggurat of Ur,
Ancient near East (mesopotamia)
Buildings

700 2. persepolis,
701 3. hall of the hundred columns

31/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
702 1. Temple Pyramid of the Sun,
703 2. Citadel Teotihuacan,

Pre Columbian Bldgs (Maya, Aztec, Peru,


Mexico)

704 3. Temple of the Giant Jaguar,


705 4. Great Plaza of Tenochtitlan Machu Picchu, Peru
706 1. Acropolis,
2. Parthenon-temple, Architect: Itchinus and Callicrates with Phidias
Location: Athens, Greece
707 Style: Ancient Greek Doric
on the historic Acropolis. Doric exemplar

Erectheum _ Architect: Mnesicles


Location: Athens, Greece
708 Style: Ancient Greek, Ionic
has Caryatid Porch with figural columns. On the Acropolis, uses grade change.

709 3. Agora,
Epidaurus Theater
Architect: Polykleitos
Location: Epidauros, or Epidhavros, Greece
Style: Ancient Greek
710 and the quality of its acoustics make the Epidaurus theatre one of the great architectural
achievements of the fourth century.
the largest and best preserved ancient theaters in Greece.
can accommodate 14,000 spectators.

711 4. ODEION theatre,


712 5. stoa, - ancient covered walkway, usually with a wall on one side and a row of columns at the other

713 6. Mausoleum Sarcophagus,


714 7. open hillside theatres

1. The Pantheon
118 - 126
Architect: Acrippa
Location: Rome, Italy
Style: Ancient Roman
715 great domed hall with oculus
oculus a single circular opening
one of the great spiritual buildings of the world
it was built as a Roman temple and later consecrated as a Catholic Church
revived the use of brick and concrete in temple Architecture

32/79

Greek Buildings

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
2. Forums,Trajans Forum
100 112
Architect: Apollodorus of Damascus
Location: Rome, Italy
716 Style: Roman
composed of an arc of arched arcade
most magnificent and architecturally most pleasing
largest known forums

717 3. Basilicas

Roman Buildings

718 4. Thermae,
719 5. Amphitheatres,

6. Colosseum Coemeteria, Colosseum


70 82
Architect: Vespacian and Domitian
Location: Rome, Italy
Style: Ancient Roman
720 three-quarter columns and entablatures, Doric in the first story, Ionic in the second, and
Corinthian in the third, face the three tiers of arcades
largest Roman Amphitheater
designed to hold 50,000 spectators
had approximately eighty entrances so crowds could arrive and leave easily and quickly

721 7. Triumphal arch,


722 8. gateways,
723 9. aqueducts
724 1. Basilican Churches,
Early Christian Structures

725 2. Baptisteries
726 1. St. Sophia, Constantinople
Byzantine Structures

727 2. St. Mark, Venice


728 1. The great mosques,
729 2. Damascus & Cordoba,
Islamic Buildings

730 3. Kiosk @ Istanbul


731 4. Taj mahal mausoleum @ Agra
732 5. Tomb of Humayun, Delhi

33/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
733 1. St, Zeno,
734 2. Maggiore Monastery,
735 3. Leaning Tower,
Romanesque Buildings

736 4. Cathedral & Baptistery of Pisa,


737 5. Castles, fortifications,
738 6. chateus, Manor houses
739 1. Notre Dame Cathedral,
740 2. Paris Canterbury Cathedral,
741 3. Kings College,

Gothic Buildings

742 4. Canterbury Town Halls,


743 5. Skippers house @ Ghent
744 1. Palazzo Ricardi @ Florence,
745 2. St. Peters PIAZZA,
746 3. Cathedral Vatican,
Rennaissance Buildings

747 4. Palais du louvre,


748 5. Paris Chateu Maisons,
749 6. St Pauls Cathedral, London,
750 7. Guild Houses @ Brussels
751 1. Westminster New Palace (House of Parliament), London
752 2. Crystal Palace, London [???]

Britain Buildings

753 3. University Museum, Oxford


754 4. Red House, Kent
755 5. Cathedral @ Guildford
756 1. Eiffel tower, [???]
757 2. New louvre,

Continental Europe Buildings

758 3. Paris Opera House,


759 4. Paris & cologne.

34/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1. the White House
Architect: James Hoban
Location: Washington, D.C.
760 Date: 1793 to 1801, burned 1814, porticos 1824 to1829
Style: Georgian Neoclassical
official residence of the president of the United States of America, for the last 200 years

2. Capitol of the United States


Architects: Thornton-Latrobe-Bulfinch
Location: Washington, D.C.
Date: 1793 to 1830
761
Style: Neoclassical
meeting place of the U.S. Congress, the national assembly of the United States of America,
consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate

National Gallery of Art


Architect: John Russel Pope
762
houses one of the finest collections of painting, sculptures, and graphic arts in the world

Washington Monument
Architect: Robert Mills
Location: Washington, D.C.
763 Style: Neo-Egyptian
the obelisk is the only remnant of the original blue print that remains
with George Marsh, competition 1836. standard Egyptian proportion of 10:1 height to base

Golden Gate Bridge


1933 to 1937
Architect: Joseph Strauss
Location: San Francisco, California
Building type: suspension bridge
Construction system: steel frame, steel cables
764
Styles: Structural Modern with some Art Deco details
one of the longest bridge in the world
a powerful and elegant human structure in an equally beautiful natural location
overall bridge length of 9266 feet, or 2824 meters
bridge main span length of 4200 feet, or 1280 meters

Saint Patricks Cathedral


Architect: James Renwick
Location: New York
765 shaped like a Latin cross
the largest Roman Catholic Cathedral in the United States
designed in a Gothic Revival materials at English and French Gothic Style

766 3. Boston Empire State Building,


767 4. English Country Houses
768 5. Bungalows

35/79

American Structures

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

The Louvre
1546 to 1878
Architect: Pierre Lescot
Location: Paris, France
Building type: palace, art museum
769
Construction system: cut stone bearing masonry
Style: French Renaissance
also designed by Catherine de Medici, J.A. du Cerceau II, Claude Perrault, etc.
I.M. Pei: design the glass pyramid, which serves as the main public entrance

Palais Royal
commissioned by Cardinal Richeliev
original name is Palais Cardinal
770
17th century
Daniel Buren: stripped columns
Arc de Triomphe
Napoleon, the French emperor decided to build a very big arch of triumph, which stands at the top
771
of the Champs Elysees

Pompidou Centre
1972 to 1976
Architect: Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano
Location: Paris, France
Building Type: modern art museum
772 Construction system: high-tech steel and glass
Style: High-tech modern
a cost of $100,000,000, with an average attendance of approximately seven million people a year
massive structural expressionist cast exoskeleton, "exterior" escalators enclosed in transparent
tube

Notre Dame de Paris


1163 to 1250
Architect: Maurice de Sully
Location: Paris, France
Building Type: church, cathedral
773 Construction system: bearing masonry, cut stone
Style: Early Gothic
one of the most celebrated Gothic cathedrals in France
twin towers marking the entrance
probably the most famous image in French Gothic art

French Architecture

36/79

PREPARED BY:
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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
Paris Opera House
1857 to 1874
Architect: Charles Garnier
Location: Paris, France
Building type: theater, opera house
Construction system: masonry, cut stone
774 Style: Neo-Baroque
polychrome faade, opulent staircase
commission by competition
masterpiece of 19th century architecture
one of the largest and most opulent theaters in the world
false ceiling painted by Marc Chagall

French Architecture

Elysee Palace
1718
775 Architect: Claude Mollet
official residence of the president of France
Hotel de Invalides
Napoleons tomb is within the structure
776 founded by Louis XIV for disabled soldiers
late 17th century

La Madeleine
Architect: Napoleon I
church of Ste. Marie Madeleine
777
constructed as a church in 1842
surrounded by 52 Corinthian columns

Chartres Cathedral
1194 to 1260
Location: Chartres, France
Building type: cathedral
Construction system: bearing masonry
778
Style: Gothic exemplar
the elevation was in three tiers as it had no gallery and the vaulting was quadripartite, which
eliminated the need for alternating supports
supreme monument of High Gothic art and architecture

Rheims Cathedral
one of the greatest monument of Gothic art and architecture
779 construction commerced by Jean dOrbais and was completed by Robert de Coucy
a work of remarkable unity and harmony

37/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
Eiffel Tower
1887 to 1889
Architect: Gustave Eiffel
Location: Paris, France
Building Type: exposition observation tower
780 Construction system: exposed iron
Style: Victorian Structural Expressionist
dominates the sky line of Paris
one of the most famous landmarks in the world
built for the Paris Exposition of 1889

Sorbonne
781 most famous building at the University of Paris
British Museum
1823 to 1847
Architect: Sir Robert Smirke
Location: London, England
Building type: art and historical museum, library
782 Construction system: masonry, cut stone
Style: Victorian Ionic faade,
Classical Revival
Includes one of the world's great library rooms. Glazed roof over restored courtyard by Norman
Foster

Salisbury Cathedral
1220 to 1258
Location: Salisbury, England
Building type: Cathedral (church, temple)
Construction system: bearing masonry, cut stone
783 Style: English Gothic
Cathedral of Saint Mary
an outstanding example of the Early English architectural style
tallest in England 404ft (123m)
use of Purbeck marble to create a strongly coloured

Queens House
1616 to 1635
Architect: Inigo Jones the greatest of English Classical architect
Location: Greenwich, England
784 Building type: large house
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: Palladian, Late English Renaissance
was built by Jones for Anne of Denmark, wife of James I

Somerset House
1776 to 1786
Architect: William Chambers
Location: London, England
Building type: government offices and art school
785
Construction system: cut stone masonry
Style: Neoclassical
Home of Royal Academy of the Arts. Corinthian orders above arched courtyard apertures,
rusticated base

38/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
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Saint Pauls Cathedral
1675 to 1710
Architect: Sir Christopher Wren
Location: London, England
Building type: church
786 Construction system: masonry, brick, timber and cut stone
Style: Late renaissance to Baroque
the dome peaks at 366 feet above pavement
a masterpiece of Baroque architecture
largest cathedral in England

English architecture

Chiswick House
1729
Architect: Lord Burlington
Location: Chiswick, England
787 Building type: large house
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: Palladian
also known as Burlington House

Westminster Palace
1836 to 1868
Architect: Sir Charles Barry
Location: London
Building type: seat of government, government center
788
Construction system: cut stone bearing masonry
Style: English Gothic Revival
Big Ben: the clock tower best known is a great symbol of London
originally seat of kings as a royal residence

Durham Cathedral
1093 to 1280
Location: Durham, England
Building type: church, cathedral
Construction system: bearing masonry, cut stone
789
Style: Romanesque
one of the most impressive Norman Romanesque style in Europe
had a reciprocal influence on the architecture of Normady
the rib vault covering of Durham Cathedral is the oldest example that has survived

Glasgow School of Art


1897 to 1909
Architect: Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Location: Glasgow, England
790
Building type: college
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: art and crafts, art nouveau

Buckingham Palace
Architect: sir George Goring
791
built during the reign of king James I
792 1. Salginatobel Bridge,
793 2. Einstein Tower, Eirch Mendelsohn

39/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
794 3. Chapel of Notre Dame, Le Corbusier
795 4. Johnson Wax Building, Frank Lloyd Wright
Modern International

796 5. Falling Water, Frank Lloyd Wright


797 6. Dulles International Airport, Eero saarinen
798 7. Guggenheim Museum, Frank Lloyd wright
799 8. Sydney opera House, Jorn Utzon
800 9. Geodesic dome, Buckminster Fuller
Temple of Heaven
Location: China
801 700 acre enclosure built by the Ming Dynasty emperor Yongle (Yung-Io)
means Perpetual Help

Hagia Sofia
532 to 537
Architect: Isidoros and Anthemios
Location: Istanbul, Turkey
Building type: church
Construction system: bearing masonry
802
Style: Byzantine
a tremendous domed space
built as the new Cathedral of Constantinople by the Emperor Justinian
a masterpiece of Byzantine architecture
additional minarets when the church became a mosque

Cathedral of Siena
Location: Southern Italy
803
incorporated Gothic elements in a strongly Mediterranean design

Pisa Cathedral
103 to 1350
Location: Pisa, Italy
Building type: church complex
Construction system: bearing masonry, cut stone, white marble
804 Style: Romanesque
"Pisa Cathedral with Baptistery, Campanile and Campo Santo, together form one of the most
famous building groups in the world
the cathedral complex includes the famous Leaning Tower, La Torre Pendente
white marble with colonnaded facades

40/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

Florence Cathedral
1296 to 1462
Architect: Arnolfo di Cambio
Location: Florence, Italy
Building type: domed church, cathedral
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: Italian Romanesque
805 1296: Cathedral begun on design by Arnolfo di Cambio
1357: Project continued on a modified plan by Francesco Talenti
1366-7: Talenti's definitive design emerged calling for an enormous octagonal dome
1418: competition for construction of dome.
1420: technical solution for vaulting proposed by Brunelleschi approved and construction begun
The Duomo dome added by Brunelleschi
1436 church consecrated

Krak des Chevaliers


1150 to 1250
Location: Syria
Building type: fort
806
Style: Medieval
crusader castle
the best preserved and most wholly admirable castle in the world
Asian & Spain Architecture

Alhambra
1338 to 1390
Location: Granada, Spain
Building type: palace
Construction system: bearing masonry
807 Style: Moorish (Islamic)
palace of Nasrid Dynasty
the most beautiful remaining example of Western Islamic Architecture
built as a cathedral in the mid-1200s
hall of justice: noted from its elaborate stalactite (maqarnas) decoration

Casa Batllo
1905 to 1907
Architect: Antonio Gaudi
Location: Barcelona, Spain
808 Building type: apartment building
Construction system: concrete
Style: Expressionist or Art Nouveau
uses animal styles al through-out the structure

41/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

Casa Mila
1905 to 1910
Architect: Antonio Gaudi
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Building type: multifamily housing
Construction system: masonry and concrete
809
Style: Art Nouveau
expressionistic, fantastic, organic forms in undulating facade and roof line
light court
it could be compared with the steep cliff walls in which African tribes build their cave-like
dwellings

Sagrada Familia
1882 to 1926
Architect: Antonio Gaudi
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Building type: church
810 Construction system: masonry
Style: Expressionist
Church of the Holy Family
uncompleted during Gaudis lifetime
crowned by four spires

Taj Mahal
1630 to 1653
Architect: Emperor Shah Jahan
Location: Agra, India
Building type: Islamic tomb
811 Construction system: bearing masonry, inlaid marble
Style: Islamic
onion-shape domes, flanking towers, built for wife Mumatz Mahal
located on the Jumna River
museum for Mogul emperors consort

812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823

shrine of freedom, designed by Father Antonio Cedeno, with Diego Jordan as engineer
famous walled city within a city; seven gates; completed 1872; made of bricks and hard
adobe from the Pasig River quarries; wall are 45 ft thick and rise 25 ft above the moat;
structures
the city
include:
1.
roofs at inside
45 degrees
gradient
or less
2. use of bricks, limestone, hardwood, capiz shells (G.I. sheets and clay tiles or tisa were
imported)
1.
a regime of reinforced concrete and galvanized iron
2. Neo-Classical styles
3.
DANIEL BURNHAM
commissioned
by rebuilding
Gov. General
Taft to old
draftdesigns
the Master
- mediocre
design, uncontrolled
and hasty
onlyW.H.
resurrected
- commercial building drew inspiration from contemporary architecture in the West
- development
of community
Movement
in 20th
Century, artplanning
that represented the revolutionary effort of young Italian
Concrete, steel and glass
Advocators:
Jim Slade and
Robert Colley.
Cubist
style developed
in Germany
and Austria (1900s).CHARACTERISTICS:
Devoid of ornamentation
Symmetrical/Assymetrical
plans cheap forms of construction in timber, brick & metal.
Sought
for solutions for alternative
Initiated by British (pre-fab. Architecture)
A design of somethingstyle
Auspicious.
Non-representational
of art w/c uses modern industrial materials: plastic & glass.
Ideal abstract art movement arose in Europe & Russia (1913-1920)
Based
oninthe
idea:
is an
absolute
whose origin
in the
mind & in
whose
forms are
Out
view
w/c
the Art
major
activities
or entity,
environmental
factorliewas
employed
the structure
in a non-intellectual manner.
,CHARACTERISTICS:
first built in the 13th century and reconstructed in 19061909, is the largest clay building
in the world.
developed the first safe passenger elevator. In addition to this, was the development of
techniques for manufacturing rolled steel

42/79

Real Fuerza de Santiago (Fort Santiago)


Intramuros
Late Spanish Period
American Period
Post War Architecture
Futurism
Functionalism
Utilitarianism
Constructivism
Neo-expressionism
The Great Mosque of Djenn in Mali,
Elisha Graves Otis

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
824 architecture OF THE borrowing and OF free selection

Ecclectism

movement for aesthetic and moral crusade


- escape FROM THE Industrial World
- John Ruskin(1819-1900) and William Morris(1834-1896) were THE key figures
826 In Egyptian architecture, the tomb of the pharaohs is the.
825

827 The great pyramid at Gizeh was built during the 4th dynasty by.

The Arts & Crafts Movement

Pyramid
Cheops

828 The beginner of the great hypostyle hall at karnak and the founder of the 19th dynasty.

Rameses 1

The mineral of greatest importance to Greek architecture of which Greece and her
domains had ample supply of was.

Marble

829

830 Greek architecture was essentially.

Columnar trabeated

831 Forming the imposing entrance to the acropolis and erected by the architect Mnesicles
The building in the acropolis generally considered as being the most nearly perfect building
832
ever erected is the.
With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolan, a native natural cement, the Romans
833
achieved huge interiors with the.
834 Which of the order was added by the Romans to the orders used by the Greeks.
835

From the 5th century to the present, the character of Byzantine architecture is the practice
of using.

836 The finest and remaining example of Byzantine architecture.

Parthenon
Arch and vault
Composite
Domical roof construction
St. Sophia, Constantinople

837 The architectural character of the Romanesque architecture is.


838

Propylaea

Romanesque architecture in Italy is distinguished from that of the rest of Europe by the use
of what material for facing walls.

Sober and dignified


Marble

839 The most famous and perfect preservation of all ancient buildings in Rome.

Pantheon

840 The space between the colonnade and the naos wall in Greek temple.

Pteroma

841 Amphitheaters are used for ___.

Gladiatorial Contests

842 An ancient Greek Portico, a long colonnaded shelter used in public places.
843 The fortified high area or citadel of an ancient Greek City.

Acropolis

An upright ornament at the eaves of a tile roof, concealing the foot of a row of convex tiles
that cover the joints of the flat tiles.
Strictly, a pedestal at the corners or peak of a roof to support an ornament, more usually,
845
the ornament itself.
844

846 Also called a 'Honeysuckle' ornament.

Antefix (Antefixae)
Acroterion / Acroterium
Anthemion

847 In ancient Greece and Rome, a storeroom of any kind, but especially for storing wine.
848 The characteristic of Greek ornament.
849

Stoa

Apotheca
Anthemion

The use of ___ for facing walls distinguishes Romanesque architecture in Italy from that of
the rest of Europe.

Marble

850 The outstanding group of Romanesque is found in ___.

Pisa

851 The dining hall in a monastery, a convent, or a college.

Refectory

852 The architecture of the curved line is known as ___.

Baroque

853 The open court in an Italian palazzo.

Cortel

854 The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part of a Gothic window.
855 Japanese tea house.

Tracery
Cha-sit-su

856 A Muslim temple, a mosque for public worship, also known as place for prostration.

43/79

Masjid

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
857 Domical mound containing a relic.

Stupa

858 Ifugao house (southern strain).

Bale

859 In Mesopotamian architecture, religion called for temples made of sun-dried bricks.
860 The style of the order with massive and tapering columns resting on a base of 3 steps.
861 Tomb of the pharaohs.

Ziggurat
Doric
Pyramid

Earthen burial mounds containing upright and lintel stones forming chambers for
consecutive burials for several to a hundred persons.
A semi-circular or semi-polygonal space, usually in church, terminating in axis and
863
intended to house an altar.
862

864 Temples in Greece that have a double line of columns surrounding the naos.
865 Senate house for chief dignitaries in Greek architecture

Tumuli
Apse
Dipteral
Prytaneion

866 Architect of the Einstein Tower.

Erich Mendelsohn

867 Founder of the Bauhaus School of Art.

Walter Gropius

868 What architectural term is termed to be free from any historical style?

Art Noveau

869 From what architecture is the Angkor Vat?

Cambodian

870 The architect of Chrysler building in N.Y.

Van Alen

871 Another term for crenel or intervals between merlon of a battlement.


872 Taj Mahal temple is located in ___.

Embrasures
Agra

In the middle kingdom, in Egyptian architecture, who consolidate the administrative


system, made a survey of the country, set boundaries to the provinces, and other helpful
works.
874 Who erected the earliest known obelisk at Heliopolis.
873

875 Jubilee festivals of the pharaohs.

Amenemhat I
Senusret I
Heb-sed

876 The world's first large-scale monument in stone.

Pyramid of Zoser

877 The highest sloped pyramid in Gizeh

Pyramid of Khufu

878 A vault created when two barrel vaults intersect at the right angles.
879 Sarimanok is a dcor reflecting the culture of the ___.

Groin Vault
Visayan

880 Caryatid porch is from what architecture?

Greek

881 Female statues with baskets serving as columns.

Canephora

882 A small tower usually corbelled at the corner of the castle.

Bartizan

883 A hall built in Roman Empire for the administration of justice.

Basilica

884 The Parthenon is from what architecture.

Greek

885 A roof in which 4 faces rests diagonally between the gables and converge at the roof.

Helm Roof

886 A compound bracket or capital in Japanese architecture.

Masu-gumi

887 A concave molding approximately quarter round.

Cavetto

888 Architect of Iglesia ni Cristo.

Carlos Santos Viola

889 A Filipino architect whose philosophy is 'the structure must be well oriented'.

44/79

Caesar Homer Concio

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
890 What is not required as a feature in modern Muslim mosque.
891 Architect of Robinson's Galleria

Pinnacle
William Cosculluela

892 Major contribution of the Renaissance Architecture.

Baroque for of Ornamentation

893 "A house is like a flower pot"

Richard Josef Neutra

894 Richly carved coffins of Greece and Mesopotamia.

Sarcophagus

895 King Zoser's architect who was deified in the 26th dynasty.

Imhotep

896 The council house in Greece.

Bouleuterion

897 Elizabethan Architecture is from what architecture.

U.S. / English Renaissance

898 Art Noveau style first appeared in what structure.

Tussel House

899 A faced without columns or pilaster in renaissance architecture.


900 Art Noveau is known as the international style, in Germany it is known as ___.
901 Less is more.

Astylar
Jugendstijl
Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

902 First school which offered architecture in the Philippines.

Liceo de Manila

903 Embrasures.

Crenel

904 Formal architecture, one of the principles of composition.

Balance

905 Different historical styles combined.

Eclecticism

906 Architect of TWA airport.

Eero Saarinen

907 The falling water by Frank Lloyd Wright is also known as ___.
908 First president and founder of PAS.

Kaufman House
Juan Nakpil

909 "Modern architecture need not be western".

Kenzo Tange

910 Architect of the national library, Philippines.

Felipe Mendoza

911

The xerxes hall of hundred columns was introduced during the Mesopotamian
architecture, which palace was it used.

912 Taj Mahal is a building example of what architecture.

Palace of Persepolis
Saracenic Architecture

913 The convex projecting molding of eccentric curve supporting the abacus of a Doric capital.

Echinus

914 Pantiles used for Chinese roofings.

S-tiles

915 Greek equivalent of the Roman forum, a place of open air assembly or market.

Agora

916 A slight vertical curvature in the shaft of a column.

Entasis

917 The very ornate style of architecture developed in the later renaissance period.

Baroque

918

A multi-storied shrine like towers, originally a Buddhist monument of diminishing size with
corbelled cornice and moldings.

919 "cubicula" or bedroom is from what architecture.

Pagoda
Roman

920 From the Greek forms of temple, the three where it lies is known as ___.
921 From the Greek temples, a temple that have porticoes of columns at the front and rear.
922 Memorial monuments of persons buried elsewhere in Roman architecture.

45/79

Crepidoma
Amphi-Prostyle
Cenotaphs

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
923 The three pyramids in Gizeh

Cheops / Chefren/ Mykerinos

924 The cistern storage of collected rainwater underneath the azotea of the bahay na bato.

Aljibe

925 A shallow cistern or drain area in the center of a house.

Impluvium

926 In Greek temples, the equivalent of the crypt is the ___.

Naos

927 The tomb beneath a church.

Crypt

928 A raised stage reserved for the clergy in early Christian churches.

Bema

929 A decorative bracket usually taking the form of a cyma reversa strap.
930 Semi-palatial house surrounded by an open site.

Console
Villa

931 A roman house with a central patio.

Atrium House

932 Revival of classical Roman style

Romanesque

The style emerging in western Europe in the early 11th century, based on Roman and
Byzantine elements, and powerful vaults, and lasting until the advent of Gothic
architecture.characterized by massive articulated wall structures, round arches,
934 Architect and furniture designer.
933

935 First registered architect in the Philippines.

Romanesque
Alvar Aalto
Tomas Mapua

936 The public square of imperial Rome.

Forum

937 Architect of Manila Hilton Hotel.

Welton Becket

938 Finest example of French-Gothic architecture

Chartres Cathedral

939 How many stained glass are there in the Chartres Cathedral?
940 Agora is from what architecture?

176
Greek

941 Sacred artificial mountains of Babylon and Assyria.

Ziggurat

942 A plant whose leaves form the lower portions of the Corinthian capital.

Acanthus

943 Structure of wedge-shaped blocks over an opening.


944

Arch

The space between the sloping roof over the aisle and the aisle vaulting, so also called a
blind story.

945 A windowed wall that rises above the roof of adjacent walls that admit light into the interior.
946 A standard, usually of length, by which the proportions of a building are determined.
947 The triangular or segmental space enclosed by a pediment or arch.
948 A line of counterthrusting arches on columns or piers.
949

Triforium
Clerestory
Module
Tympanum
Arcade

In the classical order, the lowest part or member of the entablature; the beam that spans
from column to column.

950 In classical architecture, the elaborated beam member carried by the columns.
951 Parts of an entablature, in order of top to bottom.

Architrave
Entablature
Cornice, Frieze, Architrave

952 Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda.

Octagonal

953 Usual number of stories for a Chinese pagoda.

13

954 A special feature of Japanese houses, used to display a flower arrangement or art.
955 Plan shape of a Japanese pagoda.

Tokonama
Square

46/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
956 The most famous structure of Byzantine architecture and notable of its large dome.
957 Triangular piece of wall above the entablature.
958

Pediment

A spherical triangle forming the transition from the circular plan of a dome to the polygonal
plan of its supporting structure.

959 A long arcaded entrance porch in an early Christian church.


960

Hagia Sophia

Pendentive
Narthex

The principal or central part of a church, extending from the narthex to the choir or chancel
and usually flanked by aisles.

961 The covered walk of an atrium.

Nave
Ambulatory

962 A basin for ritual cleansing with water in the atrium of an early Christian basilica.
963 A large apsidal extension of the interior volume of a church.

Cantharus
Exedra

964 An ornamental canopy of stone or marble permanently place over the altar in a church.

Baldachino

965 A decorative niche often topped with a canopy and housing a statue.

Tabernacle

966 A recess in a wall to contain a statue or other small items.

Niche

967 A tower in the Muslim Mosque used to call people to prayer.

Minaret

968 Coffers, sunken panels in the ceiling.

Lacunaria

The Buddhist temple in ancient Cambodia which feature four faces of the compassionate
969
Buddha.

Bayon

970 A term given to the mixture of Christian, Spanish, and Muslim 12th-16th century
Mudejar
971 architecture.
972 Projecting blocks of stone carved with foliage, typical in Gothic architecture.

Crocket

973 A slab forming the crowning member of the capital.

Abacus

974 The crowning member of a column.

Capital

975 A rectangular or square slab supporting the column at the base.

Plinth

976 A low screen wall enclosing the choir in early Christian church.

Chancel

977 The cold section of a Roman Bath.

Frigidarium

978 This church in the Philippines is the seat of the Malolos Congress.

Barasoain Church

979 The palace proper in Assyrian palaces.

Seraglio

980 Holy mountains.

Ziggurat

981 Architect of the famous propylaea, Acropolis.

Mnesicles

982 Private family apartments in Assyrian palaces.

Harem

983 The most stupendous and impressive of the rock-cut-temples.

Great Temple, Abu Simbel

984 The four-seated colossal statues of Rameses II is carved in the pylon of the ___.

Great Temple, Abu Simbel

985 Favorite motifs of design of the Egyptians.

Palm, Lotus, and Papyrus

986 Two main classes of temples in Egyptian Architecture.

Mortuary and Cult Temples

987 Egyptian temples for ministrations to deified pharaohs.

Mortuary Temple

988 Structure whose corners are made to face the four cardinal points.

47/79

Ziggurat

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
989 Structure whose sides are made to face the four cardinal points.
990 Egyptian temples for the popular worship of the ancient and the mysterious gods.

Pyramid
Cult Temple

991 The use of monsters in doorways is prevalent in what architecture?

Persian

992 The Greek male statues used as columns.

Atlantes

993 A recessed or alcove with raised seats where disputes took place.

Exedra

994 A single line of columns surrounding the Naos.

Peripteral

995 The uppermost step in the crepidoma.

Stylobate

996 The lowest step in the crepidoma.

Stereobate

997 A building in Greek and Roman for exercises or physical activities.

Gymnasium

998 The three chamber of a Greek temple.

Pronaos, Naos, and Epinaos

999 A Greek building that contains painted pictures.

Pinacotheca

1000 Temple with a portico of columns arranged in front.

Prostyle

1001 The clear space in between columns.

Intercolumniation

1002 Intercolumniation of 2.25 diameters.

Eustyle

1003 Intercolumniation of 4 diameters.

Areostyle

1004 Intercolumniation of 2 diameters.

Systyle

1005 Pycnostyle intercolumniation has how many diameters?

1.5 Diameters

1006 Diastyle intercolumniation has how many diameters.

3 Diameters

1007 A kindred type to the theater.

Odeion

1008 Roman building which is a prototype of the hippodrome of the Greek.

Circus

1009 Roman building for which gladiatorial battles took place.

Colosseum

1010 What sporting event takes place in the Palaestra?

Wrestling

1011 A foot race course in the cities.

stadium

1012 A temple with 1-4 columns arranged between antae at the front.

In Antis

1013 A temple with 1-4 columns arranged between antae at the front and rear.

Amphi-Antis

1014 In Greek, it is the Roman prototype of the Thermae.

Gymnasium

1015 Greek order that has no base.

Doric

1016 The most beautiful and best preserved of the Greek theaters.
1017 What orders did the Etruscans and the Romans add making 5 in all?
What allowed the Romans to build vaults of a magnitude never equaled till the birth of steel
1018
for buildings.
1019 The finest of all illustrations of Roman construction.

Epidauros
Tuscan and Composite
Use of Concrete
Pantheon

1020 The oldest and most important forum in Rome.

Forum Romanum

1021 Who commenced the 'hall of hundred columns'?

Xerxes

48/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1022 Who completed the 'hall of hundred columns'?

Artaxerxes

1023 Architects of the Parthenon.

Callicrates and Ictinus

1024 Master sculptor of the Parthenon.

Phidias

1025 In Roman fountains, the large basin of water.

Lacus

1026 Spouting jets in Roman fountain.

Salientes

1027 The oldest circus in Rome.


1028

Circus Maximus

The colosseum in Rome also known as the "flavian amphitheater" was commenced by
whom and completed by whom?

Vespasian / Domitian

1029 Architect of the Erechtheion.

Mnesicles

1030 A water clock or an instrument for measuring time by the use of water.

Clepsydra

1031 The finest of Greek Tombs, also known as the 'tomb of Agamemnon'.

Treasury of Atreus

1032 Architect of the Temple of Zeus, Agrigentum

Theron

1033 Architect of the Temples of Zeus, Olympia.

Libon

1034 Roman architect of the Greek Temples of Zeus, Olympius.

Cossutius

1035 Both the regula and the mutule has guttae numbering a total of ___.

18

1036 A quadrigas is a ___.

4-horse Chariot

1037 The water-leaf and tongue is a usual ornament found in the ___.

Cyma Reversa

1038 The Corona is usually painted with the ___.

Key Pattern

1039 Greek sculptures may be classified as "architectural sculpture, free standing statuary,

Sculptured Reliefs

1040 One of the best examples of a surviving megaron type of Greek domestic building.

House #33

1041 The molding that is often found in the Doric Order.

Bird's Beak

1042 The wall or colonnade enclosing the Temenos

Peribolus

1043 The private house of the Romans.

Domus

1044 Roman rectangular temples stood on a ___.

Podium

1045 Roman large square tiles.

Bepidales

1046 A type of Roman wall facing with alternating courses of brickworks.


1047

A type of Roman wall facing which is made of small stone laid in a loose pattern roughly
resembling polygonal work.

1048 A type of Roman wall facing with a net-like effect.

Opus Mixtum
Opus Incertum
Opus Recticulatum

1049 A type of roman wall facing with rectangular block with or without mortar joints.
1050 A Roman structure used as hall of justice and commercial exchanges.

Opus Quadratum
Basilica

1051 A type of monument erected to support a tripod, as a prize for athletic exercises or
Choragic Monument
1052 musical competitions in Greek festivals.
A type of ornament in classic or renaissance architecture consisting of an assemblage of
straight lines intersecting at right angles, and of various patterns.
Figures of which the upper parts alone are carved, the rest running into a parallelopiped or
1054
diminishing pedestal.
1053

49/79

Fret
Termini

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1055 Marble mosaic pattern used on ceilings of vaults and domes.
1056 Conceptualized the Corinthian capital.

Callimachus

1057 The sleeping room of the 'megaron'.

Thalamus

1058 The origin of the door architrave.

Timber-enframed Portal

1059 The atrium type of house originated with the ___.

Etruscans

1060 Roman apartment blocks.


1061

Opus Tesselatum

Insula

A building in classic architecture decorated with flowers and plants with water for the
purpose of relaxation.

1062 !5th to 18th century architecture.

Nymphaeum
Renaissance

1063 "Form follows function".

Louis Sullivan

1064 The dominating personality who became an ardent disciple of the Italian renaissance
1065 A pillared hall in which the roofs rests on the column in Egyptian temples.

Iigo Jones
Hypostyle Hall

1066 Who began the building of the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak?

Thothmes I

1067 Architect of the Great Serapeum at Alexandria.

Ptolemy III

1068 He created the Dymaxion House, "the first machine for living".

Buckminster Fuller

1069 Tombs built for the Egyptian nobility rather than the royalty.

Rock-Hewn Tombs

1070 Architect of the Lung Center of the Philippines.

George Ramos

1071 The warm room in the Thermae.

Tepidarium

1072 The Hot room of the Thermae.

Calidarium

1073 The cold or unheated pool in the Thermae.

Frigidarium

1074 The dry or sweating room in the Thermae.

Sudatorium

1075 The dressing room of the Thermae.

Apodyteria

1076 The room for oils and unguents in the thermae.

Unctuaria

1077 Orientation of the Roman temple is towards the ___.

Forum

1078 Orientation of the Greek temple is towards the ___.

East

1079 Orientation of the Etruscan temple is towards the ___.

South

1080 Orientation of the Medieval Church.

West

1081

The space for the clergy and choir is separated by a low screen wall from the body of the
church called ___.

1082 On either side of the choir, pulpits for the reading of the epistle and the gospel are
1083

In some churches, there is a part which is raised as part of the sanctuary which later
developed into the transept, this is the ___.

1084 In early Christian churches, the bishop took the central place at the end of the church
1085 The iconoclastic movement during the Byzantine period forbade the use of ___.
1086 Type of plan of the Byzantine churches.

Cancelli
Ambo
Bema
Apse
Statues
Centralized

1087 Architects of the Hagia Sophia. (St. Sophia, Constantinople)

Anthemius and Isidorus

50/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1088 The supreme monument of Byzantine architecture.

St. Sophia, Constantinople

1089 Smallest cathedral in the world. (Byzantine period)

Little Metropole Cath., Athens

1090 One of the few churches of its type to have survived having a square nave and without
Nea Moni
1091 cross-arms, roofed by a dome which spans to the outer walls of the building.
1092 A tower raised above a roof pierced to admit light.

Lantern

1093 the covered passage around an open space or garth, connecting the church to the chapter
Cloisters
1094 house, refectory and other parts of the monastery.
1095 The prominent feature of the facades in Romanesque Central Italy.
1096 The best example of a German Romanesque church with apses at both east and west
1097

The term applied to the Episcopal church of the diocese and also the important structure of
the Gothic period.

Ornamental Arcades
Worms Cathedral
Cathedral

1098 The first plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Bramante.

Greek Cross

1099 The final plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo Maderna.

Latin Cross

1100 He erected the entrance Piazza at St. Peter's Basilica.

Bernini

1101 Used as food storage in the Bahay na Bato.

Dispensa

1102 The granary in traditional Bontoc House.

Falig

1103 Architect of the World Trade Center.

Minoru Yamasaki

1104 The Erechtheion of Mnesicles is from what architecture?

Greek

1105 The part of the Corinthian capital without flower.

Balteus

1106 The Pantheon is from what architecture.

Roman

1107 The architect of the Pantheon.

Agrippa

1108 The senate house of the Greeks.

Prytaneion

1109 Architect of the Bi-Nuclear House, the H-Plan.

Marcel Lajos Breuer

1110 Mexican Architect/Engineer who introduced thin shell construction.


1111 In the Doric Order, the shaft terminates in the ___.

Felix Outerino Candela


Hypotrachelion

1112 In what Order is the Parthenon.

Doric

1113 In what Order is the temple of Nike Apteros, Athens.

Ionic

1114 This temple is dedicated to 'Wingless Victory'.


1115

Temple of Nike Apteros, Athens

This structure in Greece was erected by Andronikos Cyrrhestes for measuring time by
means of a clepsydra internally and sun dial externally.

1116 In the Cyma Reversa molding of the Romans, what ornaments are usually found?
1117 From what architecture is the Stoa?

Tower of the Winds, Athens


Acanthus and Dolphin
Greek

1118 The Egyptian Ornament symbolizing fertility.

Papyrus

1119 Egyptian Temple for popular worship of the ancient and mysterious gods.
1120 A small private bath found in Roman houses or palaces.

Cult Temple
Balneum

51/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1121 Corresponds to the Greek naos.

Cella

1122 The large element in the frieze.

Triglyph

1123 "A is a machine to live in".

Le Corbusier

1124 Architect of the Chicago Tribune Tower.

Eliel Saarinen

1125 "Architecture is Organic".

Frank Lloyd Wright

1126 Invented reinforced concrete in France.

Hennevique

1127 First elected U.A.P. president.

Jose Herrera

1128 Designer of the Bonifacio Monument.

Juan Nakpil

1129 Sculptor for the Bonifacio Monument.

Guillermo Tolentino

1130 Designer of the Taj Mahal.

Shah Jahan

1131 Male counterpart of the Caryatids.

Telamones or Atlantes

1132 Like Caryatids and Atlantes, this is a three-quarter length figures.

Herms

1133 This is a pedestal with human, animal, or mythological creatures at the top.

Terms

1134 A small payer house in Egyptian architecture.

Madrassah

1135 Where "Constructivism" originated?

Moscow

1136 Expressionist Architect.

Erich Mendelsohn

1137 Founders of the "Art Noveau".

John Ruskin and William Moris

1138 Combination of the new art and the graphing of the old art.

Eclecticism

1139 Return in the use of Roman Orders in modern age.

Neo-Classism

1140 Scheme or solution of a problem in architecture.

Parti

1141 Architect of the Batasang Pambansa.

Felipe Mendoza

1142 Architect of the Philippine Heart Center.

George Ramos

1143 Architect of the Rizal Memorial Stadium.

Juan Nakpil

1144 The architect of the Quiapo Church before its restoration.

Juan Nakpil

Built by the Franciscan priest Fr. Blas dela Madre, this church in Rizal whose design
1145
depicts the heavy influence of Spanish Baroque, was declared a national treasure.
This church, 1st built by the Augustinian Fr. Miguel Murguia, has an unusually large bell
1146
which was made from approximately 70 sacks of coins donated by the towns people.
1147 Architect of SM Megamall.

Panay Capiz
Antonio Sin Diong

1148 Central Bank of the Philippines, Manila.

Gabriel Formoso

1149 G.S.I.S. Building, Roxas Boulevard.

George Ramos

The tower atop the torogan where the princess and her ladies in waiting hide during
1150
occasions.
Found in the ground floor of the bahay na bato, it is where the carriages and floats are
1151
kept.
1152 The emergency hideout found directly behind the neadboard of the Sultan's bed.
1153

Morong Church

The flat, open terrace open to the toilet, bath, and kitchen areas and also used as a
laundry and drying space and service area for the servants.

52/79

Lamin
Zaguan
Bilik
Azotea

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1154

In the kitchen of the bahay kubo, the table on top of which is the river stone, shoe-shaped
stove or kalan is known as ___.

Dapogan

1155 Form follows function

Louis Sullivan

1156 Form does not necessarily follow function

Antonio Gaudi

1157 Art and Architecture, the new unity

Walter Gropius

1158

A house is a house

Louis Khan

1159 Cube within a cube

Le corbusier

1160 A bridge is like a house

Robert Mailart

1161 Less is more

Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe

1162 Ornament is a crime

Adolf Loos

1163 Less is more only when more is too much

Frank Loyd Wright

1164 FUNCTION INFLUENCE BUT DOES NOT DICTATE FORM


1165 MODERN ARCHITECTURE NEED NOT BE WESTERN

EERo Saarinen
Kenzo tange

1166 RCHITECTURE MUST MEET 3 REQUIREMENTS: STENGTH, BEAUTY, UNITY


1167 Formulated Cubism and Futurism

Marcus Vitruvius
Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe

1168 Less is Bore / Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture

Robert Venturi

1169

The reality of the building does not consist in the roof and walls, but in the space within to
be lived in

Lao Tse

1170

LEVER HOUSE - was one of the earliest steel and glass office towers and the first such
tower in New York City.

SOM

1171 CHRYSLER BUILDING, NY

Willian Van Allen

1172 GEODESIC DOME

Buckminster Fuller

1173 SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE

Jorn Utzon

1174 SOLOMON GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM

Frank Loyd Wright

1175 PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS, BRAZIL

Lucio Costa & Oscar Niemeyer

1176 BAUHAUS BLDG, GERMANY

Walter Gropius

1177 EINSTEIN TOWER

Erich Mendelson

1178 CHAPEL OF NOTRE DAME

Le corbusuier

1179 CULTURAL CENTER OF THE PHILIPPINES

Leandro Locsin

1180 TAHANANG FILIPINO/ COCONUT PALACE

Francisco Bobby Manosa

1181 ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES

CC. de cstro

1182 SAN MIGUEL CORP. BUILDING

Manuel manosa

1183 BANK OF CHINA, HK

IM pei

1184 TWA KENNEDY AIRPORT, NY

Eero Saarinen

1185 AT&T BLDG, NY

Philip Jhonson

53/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1186 Casa Batllo, Barcelona Spain

Antonio Gaudi

1187 Crystal Palace, England

Joseph Paxton

1188 Glass House, New Caanan, Connecticut

Philip Jhonson

Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris France - OLDEST CATHEDRAL IN FRANCE-EARLY


1189
GOTHIC
1190 Sagrada Familia, Spain

Maurice de Sully
Antonio Gaudi

1191 John Hancock Center, Chicago Illinois

Bruce Graham & SOM

1192 Woolworth Building, NY

Cass Gilbert

1193 Price Tower, Oklahoma

Frank Loyd Wright

1194 St.Basil Cathedral, Russia

Barma & Posnik

1195 Notre Dame du Haut or Ronchamp, France

Le corbusuier

Italian architect
Member of Bauhaus
Popularized the Tubular steel cantilever chair
German-American architect, the leading and most influential exponent of the glass and
steel architecture of the 20th-century International Style.
1197
Skin and bone construction.
1196

American architect, born in Cleveland, Ohio, and educated at Harvard University in the
classics and later in architecture
The architect who equated with an exhibition of modern architecture (1932)
Invented the International Style
Father figure of Post Modernism.
INTERNATIONAL STYLE
Volume rather than mass.
Regularity rather than axial symmetry
Prescribing arbitrarily applied decorations.
1198
WORKS:
Glass hose, Connecticut
Seagram Building, N.Y. (w/Mies Van Der Rohe)
Theatre of the Dance, Lincoln Center
Williams Proctor Museum, N.Y.
Art Gallery for the University of Nebraska
Ammon Corter Museum, Texas
AT&T Building N.Y.

professional name of Charles douard Jeanneret (1887-1965), Swiss-French architect,


painter, and writer, who had a major effect on the development of modern architecture.
PHILOSOPHY:
The house is a machine to live in.
WORKS:
Palace of the League of Nations, Geneva (1927-1928)
1199 The Swiss Building at the Cit Universitaire, Paris (1931-1932);
Unit d'Habitation (1946-1952)
an apartment house in Marseille, France;
Notre Dame du Haut (1950-1955)
a pilgrimage church in Ronchamp, France
High Court Buildings (1952-1956) Chandgarh, India

54/79

Marcel Brever

Mies van de Rohe

Philip Jhonson

Le corbusuier

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
Kahn, Louis I(sadore) (1901-1974),
American architect and teacher, whose original, powerful designs in brick and concrete
won him a prominent place in 20th-century architecture.
Highly ordered sequence of space & noble structural systems.
PHILOSOPHY:
1200

Louis Khan
Searching for a materials want to be.
WORKS:
Yale Art Gallery w/ Douglas Orr
Alfred Newton Richards Medical Center

French architect, one of the most important pioneers of the modern French style.
Advocator of reinforced concrete architecture.
THEORIES:
The truth is indispensable in architecture & every architecture lie courrupts.
Any project is bad if it is more difficult or more complicated to construct the necessary.
WORKS:
The Temple Tower 1889, Exposition Universale in Paris
The Apartment Building Rue FranklinFrench Legation, Istanbul
1201
Theatre Des Champs, Lysees
- redesigning, original by Van del Velde
Notre Dame Church, Paris
Palace of the League of Nations, Geneva
Eiffel Monument, Paris
Palace of the Soviets, Moscow

1202

American architect, who was a pioneer of the modern style. He is considered one of the
greatest figures in 20th-century architecture.

Finnish-American architect and designer, son of Eliel Saarinen and one of the leading
architects of the mid-20th century.
PHILOSOPHIES:
Function influences but does not dictate form.
Spiritual function is inseparable from practical function.
Architecture is not just to fulfill mans belief in the nobility of his exsistence on earth.
WORKS:
Saint Louis Jefferson National Expansion Memorial
The General Motors Technical Center, Warren Michigan:1948-1956
1203
Air Force Acadaemy
U.S. Embassy in London
The Chapel & Kresge Auditorium, Massachussetts Institute of Technology
T.W.A. Terminal, Kennedy Terminal, N.Y.
- In a for m of bird about to fly.
T.J. Watson Research Center, York Town, N.Y.
The Chapel of Concordia Senior College.
Gateway Arch, St. Louis

55/79

Perret Auguste

Frank Loyd Wright

Eero Saarinen

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
Finnish-American architect, who strongly influenced modern architecture.
Popular w/ railway station designs especially in Europe.
2nd place in the Chicago Tribune Tower
PHILOSOPHY:
Beauty grows from the necessity not from repetition of formulas.
1204

Eliel Saarinen
WORKS:
Cranbook School, Michigan
Christ Church, Minneapolis
Helsinki Railroad Station, Finland
National Museum Finland

Italian architect and engineer, whose technical innovations, particularly in the use of
reinforced concrete, made possible aesthetically pleasing solutions to difficult structural
problems.
Discovered ferro-cemento
- consist of layers of fine steel mesh sprayed w/ cement mortar & it could be used either
for shell construction or for heavier units w/ reinforcing rods inserted between the layers of
mortar & mesh.
1205
WORKS:
Municipal Stadium Florence
Fiat Factory, Turin
Italian Embassy, Brazilia
Papal Audience Hall, Vatican City
Australian Embassy, Paris

American architect and teacher, one of the most influential architectural theorists of the late
20th century.
PHILOSOPHIES:
We promote an architecture responsive to the complexities and contradictions of the
modern experience. The particularities of context, the varieties of the users taste; Culture
& the symbolic & decorative dictates of the program.
Less is Bore
More is More
1206 Modern movement was almost right
WORKS:
Walker & Dunlop Office Building
Transportation Square, Washington
Master Plan & Uraban Design of California City
Convention Center, Conversion plan Canada
West Mount Airy Clustered Housing Plan
Philadelphia

Japanese architect, the most prominent modern architect of the country. In his designs for
public buildings, has reconciled 20th-century Western styles and materials with traditional
Japanese forms.
Furyu
1207 Anti realist attitude, anti action element in the Japanese life.
PHILOSOPHIES:
Modern Architecture need not be Western.
The city must be subjected to growth, decay and renewal.

1208
1209
1210
1211

House of Michealerplatz, Vienna

Pier Luigi Nervi

Robert Charles Venturi

Kenzo Tange

Adolf Loos

Sanatorio di Paimo, Finland

Alvar Aalto

Notre Dame du Raincy, France

Auguste Perret

Sagrada de Familia

Antonio Gaudi

56/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244

US Capitol, Washington DC

Benjamin Latrobe

Glasgow School of Art

Charles Rennie Macintiosh

Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur

Cesar Pelli

Flatiron Building, NY

Daniel Burnham

Jewish Museum, Berlin

Daniel Libeskind

TWA Terminal

Eero Saarinen

Helsinki Railway Station

Eliel Saarinen

Los Manantiales, Mexico

Felix Candela

Jay Pritzker Pavilion, USA

Frank Gehry

Taliesin West, Arizona

Frank Loyd Wright

Munich Olympic Stadium

Frei Otto

Tokyo, Japan

Fumihiko Maki

Eiffel Tower, Paris

Gustave Eiffel

Bank of China, Hong Kong

Ieoh Ming Pei

Sydney Opera House

Jorn Utzon

Chrystal Palace

Joseph Paxton

Fuji TV Headquarters

Kenzo tange

Auditorium Building, Chicago

Louis Sullivan

Salk Institute, California

Louis Khan

Unite d Habitacion, France

Le corbusuier

Catedral de Brasilia

Oscar Niemeyer

Seagram Building

Mies van de Rohe

Portland Building, Oregon

Michael graves

Habitat 67, Montreal

Moshe Safdie

London City Hall

Norman Foster

At & T Building, NY

Philip Jhonson

Lippo Building , Hong Kong

Paul Rudolph

Red House, England

Philip Webb

Max Reinhardt House, Germany

Peter Eissenman

Turin Exhibition Hall

Pier Luigi Nervi

Tjibao Cultural Center, New Caledonia

Renzo Piano

Jubilee Church, Rome

Richard Meier

CCTV China

Reem Koolhaas

57/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1245
1246
1247

Saginatobel Bridge

Robert Mailaart

El Auditorio de Tenerife

Santiago Calatrava

Church of the Light, Osaka

Tadao Ando

1248 CHRYSLER BUILDING, NY

Willian Van Allen

1249 UN Building

Wallace Harrison

1250
1251
1252

Allianz Arena

Jacques Herzog and


Pierre de Meuron

Lloyds Building, London

Richard Rogers

Torre Agbar

Jean Nouvel

1253 DULLES AIRPORT VIRGINIA, USA

Eero Saarinen

1254 THE ESPLANADE Singapore

DP Archts & Micheal Wilford

1255 DUBAI BURJ-AL-ARAB

W.S. Atkins & partners

1256 HSBC Hongkong

Lord Norman Robert Foster

JIN MAO TOWER Shanghai - Number of floors: 88


Height: 420.60 meters
design most refer to the number 8, an auspicious number for Chinese
1258 WORLD TRADE CENTER New York
1257

1259 TAIPEI 101 TAIPEI,TAIWAN

Minoru Yamasaki
C.Y. lee & partners

1260 GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM Bilbao,Spain

Frank Gehry

1261 GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM New York

Frank Loyd Wright


SOM

1262 John Hancock Center Chicago


1263

SOM

PETRONAS TWIN TOWER KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA - Number of floors: 88


Height: 452 meters

1264 THE LOUVRE

Cesar Pelli

IM pei

1265 CITIC PLAZA Guangzhou, China

Dennis Lau & NG Chun Man

1266 EMPIRE STATE BUILDING New York

SHREVE, HARMON & LAMB

1267 CENTRAL PLAZA Hong Kong

Dennis Lau & NG Chun Man

1268 SEARS TOWER Chicago

Bruce Graham

1269 Two International Finance Centre Hong Kong

CESAR ANTONIO PELLI

1270 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Cleveland, Ohio

IM pei

1271 SHUN HING SQUARE Shenzhen, China

Shreve , Lamb & Harmon

1272 East Building, National Gallery of Art 1978 Washington, D.C.


1273

EGLIS STE. GENEVIEVE (THE PANTHEON (1755-1792) PARIS FRANCE

1274 ST. PAULS CATHEDRAL, LONDON


1275
1276
1277

ROYAL CRESCENT, BATH ENGLAND

(1675-1710
(1767-1775)

ROYAL CHAPEL, THE PALACE OF VERSAILLES (1707-1710) FRANCE


SEARS TOWER, CHICAGO (1947-1976) 110 STOREY Number of floors: 110
Height: 443 meters
still the tallest building if the antennas are included
58/79

IM pei
Jacques Germain Souflot
Sir Christopher Wren
John Wood
Robert de Cotte
Bruce Graham / SOM

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1278 1st Suspension Bridge

Puente Colgante

1279 1st Multi-Structure & Concrete Building

Masonic Temple, Escolta

1280 1st Mall in the Country

Crystal Arcade, Escolta

1281 1st Prefabricate Structure

San Sebastian Church

1282 1st School in the American Period

Philippine Normal School

1283 1st Skyscrapper in the Philippines

Ambassador Hotel (4-Storey)

1284 1st Skyscrapper in Manila

PSB Building (Picache Building)

1285 1st Hotel in Asia w/ an Elevator

Manila Hotel

1286 1st Registered Architect

Tomas Mapua

1287 1st Filipino Architect of the American Period

Carlos Barretto

1288 1st Building to use an Elevator

Burke Building, Escolta (1910's)

1289 Metropolitan Theatre

Juan Arelleno

1290 U.S.T. Main Building

Roque Ruano

1291 F.E.U. Main Building

Pablo Antonio

1292 Alejandro Legardo

Daniel Doane

1293 Antonio Toledo

Daniel Burnham

1294 Carlos Barretto

S. Rowland

1295 Juan Arellano

Harold Keys

1296 Tomas Mapua

William Birt

1297 Mapua Institute of Technology

1925

1298 University of Santo Tomas

1930

1299 Adamson University

1941

1300 Adrian Wilson

Rufino Tower

1301 Andres Luna de San Pedro

Chaco Building (Philtrust)

1302 Andres Luna de San Pedro

Crystal Arcade (demolish)

1303 Andres Luna de San Pedro

Department of Health

1304 Andres Luna de San Pedro

Evangelista House

1305 Antonio Sindiong

SM Megamall

1306 Antonio Sindiong

VIP Building

1307 Antonio Toledo

Department of Finance

1308 Antonio Toledo

Department of Tourism

1309 Antonio Toledo

Leyte Capitol

1310 Antonio Toledo

Lyric Theatre (demolish)

59/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1311 Antonio Toledo

Manila City Hall

1312 Carlos Arguelles

Manila Hilton

1313 Carlos Arguelles

Trader's Hotel (Holiday Inn)

1314 Carlos Santos-Viola

Iglesia ni Cristo

1315 Carlos Santos-Viola

Nuestra Seora de Guia

1316 Carlos Santos-Viola

Our Lady of Lourdes Church

1317 Cesar Concio

Baclaran Church (Mother of Perpetual


Help)

1318 Cesar Concio

Insular Life Building

1319 Cesar Concio

Union Church

1320 Cesar Concio

UP Melchor Hall

1321 Cesar Concio

UP Palama Hall

1322 Chika Go, Desu Go

World Trade Exchange

1323 Cresencio C. Castro

Department of Foreign Affairs (ADB)

1324 Cresencio C. Castro

SM Makati

1325 Felipe Mendoza

Ateneo de Manila University

1326 Felipe Mendoza

Ateneo de Manila University

1327 Felipe Mendoza

FEU Hospital

1328 Felipe Mendoza

Mormon Temple

1329 Fernando Ocampo

Ambassador Hotel

1330 Fernando Ocampo

Manila Cathedral

1331 Fernando Ocampo

Philippine Women's University

1332 Francisco Manosa

Coconut Palace (Tahanang Pilipino)

1333 Francisco Manosa

Corregidor Island Landscaping

1334 Francisco Manosa

EDSA Shrine

1335 Francisco Manosa

Metrorail Stations (LRT)

1336 Francisco Manosa

Moonwalk Church

1337 Gabino de Leon

UE Chapel (Recto)

1338 Gabriel Formoso

Metropolitan Museum

1339 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

Glorietta

1340 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

Greenbelt-3

1341 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

Heritage Hotel

1342 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

Manila Peninsula

1343 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

Oakwood Towers

60/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1344 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

Prudential Bank Building

1345 Guillermo Tolentino

Bonifacio Monument

1346 Jorge Ramos

Manila Golden Mosque

1347 Jorge Ramos

Philippine Heart Center

1348 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

Batasan Pambansa

1349 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

Don Bosco Chapel

1350 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

Meralco Building

1351 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

Philippine Airlines Building

1352 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

Sta. Catalina College

1353 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

Sto. Domingo Church

1354 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

Union Church (demolish)

1355 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

Virra Mall

1356 Juan Arellano

Court of Appeals

1357 Juan Arellano

Metropolitan Theatre

1358 Juan Arellano

National Museum / Legilative Building

1359 Juan Arellano

Post Office Building

1360 Juan Arellano

Sariaya Municipal Hall

1361 Juan Arellano

SMS Building

1362 Juan Arellano

Supreme Court

1363 Juan Arellano

Tayabas Capitol

1364 Juan Arellano

UP Villamor Hall

1365 Juan Nakpil

Capitan Pepe Building

1366 Juan Nakpil

Elena Apartments

1367 Juan Nakpil

Ever Theatre

1368 Juan Nakpil

Manila Jockey Club

1369 Juan Nakpil

Philippine Trust Building

1370 Juan Nakpil

Quezon City Hall

1371 Juan Nakpil

Quezon Institute

1372 Juan Nakpil

Quiapo Church

1373 Juan Nakpil

Rizal Theatre (demolish)

1374 Juan Nakpil

Rufino Building

1375 Juan Nakpil

San Carlos Seminary

1376 Juan Nakpil

San Lazaro ..

61/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1377 Juan Nakpil

State Theatre

1378 Juan Nakpil

UP Administration Bldg

1379 Juan Nakpil

UP Library

1380 Leandro V. Locsin

Ayala Triangle Tower-1

1381 Leandro V. Locsin

CCP Theatre

1382 Leandro V. Locsin

Citibank Building

1383 Leandro V. Locsin

Cultural Center of the Philippines

1384 Leandro V. Locsin

Folk Art's Theatre

1385 Leandro V. Locsin

Hyatt Regency Hotel

1386 Leandro V. Locsin

Makati Stock Exhchange

1387 Leandro V. Locsin

Malacaang Palace

1388 Leandro V. Locsin

Mandarin Oriental Manila

1389 Leandro V. Locsin

Manila International Airport

1390 Leandro V. Locsin

Philippine Stock Exchange

1391 Leandro V. Locsin

UP Chapel

1392 Leandro V. Locsin

Valle Verde Country Club

1393 Luis Ma. Zaragosa Araneta

Makati Medical Center

1394 Maosa Brothers

San Miguel Corporation Center

1395 Manuel Go

La Fayette 1 & 2

1396 Otilio Arellano

Mehan Garden

1397 Otilio Arellano

National Bureau of Investigation

1398 Otilio Arellano

San Juan Municipal Hall

1399 Pablo Antonio

Bel-Air Apartment

1400 Pablo Antonio

Conception Theatre (demolish)

1401 Pablo Antonio

FEU Main Building

1402 Pablo Antonio

Forum Theatre

1403 Pablo Antonio

Galaxy Theatre

1404 Pablo Antonio

Ideal Theatre (demolish)

1405 Pablo Antonio

Manila Bulletin Building

1406 Pablo Antonio

Manila Polo Club

1407 Palafox & Associates

Forbes Tower

1408 Palafox & Associates

Rockwell Center

1409 Palafox & Associates

SM Centerpoint

62/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1410 Palafox & Associates

SM Fairview

1411 Palafox & Associates

SM Southmall

1412 Richard Kissling

Rizal Monument

1413 Rogelio Villarosa

College of St. Benilde

1414 Tomas B. Mapua

CEU Main Building

1415 Tomas B. Mapua

De La Salle University

1416 Tomas B. Mapua

Mapua Residence

1417 Tomas B. Mapua

PGH Nurse's Home


U.S.T. Engineering Building (Sun
Breaker)

1418 Walter Gropius


1419 William Coscolluela

JAKA Tower

1420 William Coscolluela

Robinson Tower /Building

1421 William Coscolluela

Robinson's Galleria

1422 William Coscolluela

Robinson's PCI Tower

1423 William Coscolluela

Robinson's Place

1424 William Coscolluela

SM Cebu

1425 William Coscolluela

SM City EDSA

1426 William Coscolluela

Tutuban Mall

1427 William Coscolluela

Twin Towers

1428 William Coscolluela

The World Center

1429 William Coscolluela

World Trade Center

1430 William Parson

Army Navy Club

1431 William Parson

Manila Hotel

1432 William Parson

Normal School

1433 William Parson

PGH (Philippine General Hospital)

1434 William Parson

UP Manila

1435 William Parson

YMCA Arroceros

1436 Leandro Locsin

(PLDT) Ramon Cojuangco Building

1437 Recio Casas/ KPF

LKG Tower

1438 Gabriel Formoso

Manila Peninsula

1439 Gabriel Formoso

Prudential Bank Ayala

1440 William Coscolluela/ SOM

RCBC Plaza (Yuchengco)

1441 Antonio Sindiong

Ritz Towers

1442 Antonio Sindiong

Pacific Plaza

63/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1443 Adrian Wilson

Rufino Tower

1444 Juan Nakpil

Rufino Building

1445 GF and Partners

Shangrila Hotel Ayala

1446 Franciso Maosa

Ateneo Professional Schools Building

1447 William Coscolluela

Atrium

1448 GF and Partners

Greenbelt

1449 Recio Casas

Greenbelt 2

1450 Leandro Locsin

Greenbelt Chapel

1451 GF and Partners / SOM

Oakwood Hotel (now Ascott)

1452 William Coscolluela/ SOM

Philamlife Tower

1453 Gabriel Formoso

BA Lepanto

1454 Anonio Sindiong

China Bank Building

1455 Gabriel Formoso

Asian Institute of Management

1456 Vicente C. Rodriguez/ Medi A. Nasrabadi

Citibank Tower

1457 Gabriel Formoso

Doa Narcisa De Leon Building

1458 Engracio Mariano

New World Hotel (Renaissance)

1459 Gabriel Formoso

Hotel Nikko Manila Garden (Dusit Hotel)

1460 Rogelio Villarosa

King's Court II

1461 Rogelio Villarosa

Makati Sports Club

1462 Angel Nakpil

PLDT Dela Rosa

1463 Recio Casas

Shangrila Grand Tower

1464 Otilio Arellano/ Felipe Mendoza

RCBC Buendia

1465 Antonio Sindiong

Metrobank Buendia

1466 Gabriel P. Formoso

Pacific Star

1467 RMJM

The Columns Buendia

1468 Carlos Arguelles

Development Bank of the Philippines

1469 Antonio Sindiong

Le Metropole

1470 Leandro Locsin

St. Andrews Church

1471 Palafox/ SOM

Amorsolo Square (Amorsolo East West)

1472 Gabriel Formoso

Coco Bank Makati

1473 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

Don Bosco Chapel

1474 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

Manila Polo Club

1475 Maosa Brothers

Colegio de San Agustin

64/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1476 William Coscolluela

Galleria De Magallanes

1477 Leandro Locsin/ Dominic Galicia

Magallanes Church

1478 GF and Partners

1322 Roxas

1479 Fernando Ocampo

Admiral Apartments

1480 Leandro V. Locsin

Cultural Center of the Philippines

1481 Leandro V. Locsin

CCP Theater
Boulevard-Alhambra Building now Bel-Air
Apartments

1482 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.


1483 Antonio Toledo

Department of Finance

1484 Cresencio De Castro

Department of Foreign Affairs ADB

1485 Gabriel Formoso

Metropolitan Museum

1486 Francisco Maosa

Coconut Palace

1487 Leandro V. Locsin

PICC

1488 Leandro V. Locsin

Philippine Plaza (Sofitel)


Manila Film Center/ Film Center of the
Philippines
Folk Arts Theater / Tanghalang
Francisco Balagtas

1489 Froilan Hong


1490 Leandro V. Locsin
1491 Jorge Ramos

GSIS Building CCP

1492 Leandro Locsin

National Arts Center

1493 Leandro Locsin

PHILCITE

1494 Carlos Arguelles/ Gabriel Formoso

Manila Hilton

1495 Gabriel Formoso (preservation)

Fort San Antonio De Abad

1496 Carlos Santos-Viola

Nuestra Seora de Guia

1497 Alfredo Luz

Magsaysay Center

1498 Gabriel Formoso

Central Bank of the Philippines

1499 Rogelio Villarosa

Grand Boulevard Hotel (Silahis Int'l)

1500 Carlos Arguelles

Holiday Inn (Trader's Hotel)

1501 Leandro V. Locsin

Hyatt Regency Hotel

1502 William Parsons

Museo Pambata (Elks Club Building)

1503 William Parsons/ Leandro V. Locsin

Manila Hotel

1504 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

Monterey Apartment

1505 Arcenas, Payumo & Andrews

Manila Midtown Hotel


Baclaran Church (Mother of Perpetual
Help Church)

1506 Cesar Concio


1507 Leandro Locsin

Manila International Airport (NAIA 1)

1508 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

Philippine Airlines Bldg

65/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1509 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

Galaxy Theater

1510 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

Ideal Theater

1511 Angel Nakpil

Picache Building

1512 Juan Nakpil

Philippine Trust Building (Plaza Goiti)

1513 Juan Nakpil

Quiapo Church

1514 Carlos Arguelles

PNB Escolta

1515 Juan Nakpil

Avenue Theater

1516 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

Casino Espaol

1517 Galvan

Instituto Cervantes

1518 Fernando Ocampo

Ambassador Hotel

1519 Fernando Ocampo

Arguelles Building

1520 Fernando Ocampo

Paterno Building Sta. Cruz

1521 William Parsons

Army Navy Club

1522 Juan Hervas

Assumption Convent

1523 Juan Nakpil

Capitol Theater

1524 Juan Nakpil

Ever Theater

1525 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

Galaxy Theater

1526 Antonio Toleda

Lyric Theater

1527 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

Ideal Theater

1528 Federico Ilustre

GSIS Building

1529 Andres Luna de San Pedro

Perez- Samanillo Building

1530 Angel Nakpil

Petrona Apartments

1531 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

Captain Luis Gonzaga Building

1532 Juan Nakpil

Captain Pepe Building

1533 Antonio Sindiong

Cebe Plaza Building

1534 Gabriel Formoso

Metropolitan Museum

1535 Juan Arellano

Metropolitan Theater

1536 Otilio Arellano

Mehan Garden

1537 William Parsons

Museo ng Maynila

1538 Antonio Toledo

Manila City Hall

1539 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

National Library

1540 Juan Arellano

Post Office Building

1541 Federico Ilustre

Planetarium

66/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
National Museum (Old Legislative
Building)

1542 Juan Arellano/ Toledo/Duane


1543 Andres Luna de San Pedro

Crystal Arcade

1544 Andres Luna de San Pedro

Regina Building
Philippine Normal School/ Philippine
Normal University

1545 William Parsons and Antonio Toledo


1546 Tomas B. Mapua

De La Salle University

1547 Tomas B. Mapua

Nurses Home (PGH)

1548 William Parsons/ Leandro V. Locsin

PGH

1549 Otilio Arellano

National Burieau of Investigation

1550 Cesar Canchela

Manila Astral Tower

1551 Antonio Toledo

Department of Tourism (agriculture and


commerce)

1552 Luis Araneta

Manila Doctors Hospital

1553 Carlos Arguelles

Philam Life UN Ave.

1554 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

Ramon Roces Publications Building

1555 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

FEU Building

1556 Felipe Mendoza

FEU Hospital

1557 Gabriel Formoso

PLDT Espaa

1558 Arcadio Arellano/ Juan Arellano

Gota De Leche

1559 Alfredo Luz

Far East Bank Intramuros

1560 Fernando Ocampo

Manila Cathedral

1561 Juan Hervas

Manila Highschool

1562 Otilio Arellano

Palacio del Gobernador

1563 Angel Nakpil

National Press Club

1564 Luciano Oliver/ Manuel Maosa (restoration)

San Agustin Church

1565 Victorio C. Edades

Phoenix Building

1566 Rogelio Villarosa

Philippine Columbian Clubhouse

1567 Juan Hervas

Manila Railroad Station Tutuban

1568 Antonio Sindiong/ Fernando Ocampo

Ali Mall

1569 Dominador Lugtu

Araneta Coliseum

1570 Felipe Mendoza

Ateneo De Manila University

1571 Felipe Mendoza

Batasan Pambansa
Melchor Hall (College of Engineering and
Architecture)

1572 Cesar Concio


1573 Antonio Toledo

Benitez Hall ( College of Education)

1574 Juan Nakpil

Quezon Hall (UP Admin)

67/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1575 Cesar Concio

Palma Hall (UP Arts and Science)

1576 Guillermo Tolentino

Bonifacio Monument

1577 Gabriel Formoso

Central Bank of the Philippines

1578 Jorge Ramos

Philippine Heart Center

1579 Cesar Concio

Children's Memorial Hospital / Lungsod


ng Kabataan Hospital

1580 Carlos Arguelles

Philam Homes QC

1581 Carlos Santos-Viola

Iglesia ni Kristo Commonwealth

1582 William Coscolluela

Quezon City Sports Club

1583 Juan Nakpil

Quezon Institute

1584 Federico Ilustre

Quezon Memorial

1585 William Coscolluela/ R. Villarosa

Alexandra Condominium

1586 Engracio Mariano / SOM

Asian Development Bank

1587 Philip Recto

One Corporate Center

1588 Art Alcantara

Tiendesita's

1589 William Coscolluela

Robinson's Galleria

1590 Leandro V. Locsin

Benguet Center

1591 Pedro Pimentel/ Medi Nasrabadi

Renaissance 1000

1592 Vicente Rodriguez/ Medi Nasrabadi

Renaissance 2000

1593 Felipe Mendoza

Development Academy of the Philippnes

1594 Philip Recto

One San Miguel

1595 Maosa Brothers

San Miguel Building

1596 RR Payumo

Discovery Suites

1597 Carlos Santos-Viola

Our Lady of Lourdes Church

1598 Rogelio Villarosa

Tektite Towers

1599 Francisco Maosa

JMT Tower

1600 Antonio Sindiong

SM Megamall

1601 Rogelio Villarosa

EDSA Plaza Hotel

1602 Francisco Maosa

EDSA Shrine

1603 GF and Partners/ KPF

GT Tower

1604 William Coscolluela

Wack-Wack Twin Towers

1605 Francisco Maosa

Medical City Hospital

1606 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

Meralco Building

1607 Nick Feliciano

Loyola Memorial Chapel

68/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1608 Francisco Maosa

Metro Rail Transit Stations (MRT)

1609 Felipe Mendoza

Mormon Temple

1610 Gabriel Formoso/ Nestor Mangio

Club Filipino

1611 William V. Coscolluela

One Beverly Place


White Cross Orphanage also White
Cross Preventarium

1612 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.


1613 Recio Casas

Bellagio 1 and 2

1614 William Coscolluela/ IM Pei

Essensa Tower

1615 GF and Partners

Serendra

1616 Gabriel Formoso

Alabang Golf and Country Club

1617 William Coscolluela

Alabang 400

1618 G and W

Insular Life Alabang

1619 Francisco Maosa

Las Pias Church Restoration

1620 Francisco Maosa

Mary Immculate Parish Church

1621 Felipe Mendoza

Assumption College Antipolo

1622 Francisco Maosa

Corregidor Island

1623 Leandro V. Locsin

Istana Nurul Iman (Palace of Religious


Light)

1624 Maosa Brothers

Maya-Maya Resort

1625 Francisco Maosa

Pearl Farm

1626 Juan Arellano

Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol

1627 Gabriel Formoso

Valley Golf Club

1628 Temple of Luxor


1629 Abu Simbel
1630 Pyramid of King Zoser

Imhotep

1631 The Great Pyramid


1632 Partheon

Itchinus, Callicarates , with Phidias

1633 Erechtheum

Mnesicles

1634 Epidaurus Theater

Polykleitos

1635 The Pantheon

Acrippa

1636 Trajan's Forum

Apollodorus of Damascus

1637 Colosseum

Vespacian and Domitian

1638 White House

James Hoban

1639 Capitol of the United States

Thorton, Latrobe, Bulfinch

1640 National Gallery Of Art

John Russel Pope

69/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1641 Washington Monument

Robert Mills

1642 University of Virginia

Thomas Jefferson

1643 Massachusetts State House

Charles Bulfinch

1644 Saint Patrick's Cathedral

James Renwick

1645 Connecticut State Capitol

Richard Upjohn

1646 Monticallo

Thomas Jefferson

1647 New York City Hall

Pierre L'enfant

1648 Fallingwater

Frank Lloyd Wright

1649 Guggenheim Museum

Frank Lloyd Wright

1650 Coonley House

Frank Lloyd Wright

1651 Ennis House

Frank Lloyd Wright

1652 Johnson Wax Building

Frank Lloyd Wright

1653 Larkin Building

Frank Lloyd Wright

1654 Wingspread

Frank Lloyd Wright

1655 Golden Gate Bridge

Joseph Strauss

1656 The Louvre

Peirre Lescot

1657 Tuileries
1658 Palais Royal
1659 Sacre-coeur

Paul Abadie, Lucien Magne

1660 Hotel de Ville

Domencio de Cortona

1661 Arc de Triomphe


1662 Pompidou Centre

Richrad Rogers, Renzo Piano

1663 Notre Dame de Paris

Maurice de Sully

1664 ParisOpera House

Charles Garnier

1665 Elysee Palace

Claude Mollet

1666 Hotel de Invalides


1667 La Madelaine

Napoleon I

1668 Sorbonne
1669 Charles Cathedral
1670 Amien's Cathedral
1671 Rheims Cathedral
1672 Eiffel Tower

Gustave Eiffel

1673 Notre Dame du Haut

Le Corbusier

70/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1674 Villa Savoye

Le Corbusier
Gottfried Semper with Karl Von
Hasenaver

1675 Burgtheater
1676 Berlin Opera House

Georg Wenzeslaus Von Knobelsdorf

1677 Wurzburg Residenz

Balthazar Neumann

1678 Einstein Tower

Erich Mendelsohn

1679 British Moseum

Sir Robert Smirke

1680 Salisbury Cathedral


1681 Queen's House

Inigo Jones

1682 Somerset House

William Chambers

1683 St. Paul's Cathedral

Sir Christopher Wren

1684 Chiswick House

Lord Burlington

1685 Westminster Palace

Sir Charles Barry

1686 Glasgow School of Art

Charles Rennie Mackintosh

1687 Durham cathedral


1688 Buckingham Palace

Sir George Goring

1689 Temple of Heaven


1690 Hagia Sofia

Isidoros and Anthemios

1691 Cathedral of Siena


1692 Pisa Cathedral
1693 Florence Cathedral

Arnolfo di Cambio

1694 Krak des Chevaliers


1695 Alhambra
1696 Casa Batllo

Antonio Gaudi

1697 Casa Mila

Antonio Gaudi

1698 Sagrada Familia

Antonio Gaudi

1699 Taj Mahal

Emperor Shah Jahan

1700 Paoay Church

Antonio Estavillo

1701 Vigan Church


1702 Santa Maria Church

Benigno Fernandez

1703 Tumauini Church


1704 Angat Church
1705 Barasoain Church
1706 San Sebastian Church

Genaro Palacios

71/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1707 San Augustine Church

Juan Macias

1708 Taal Church

Fray Marcos Anton

1709 Daraga Church


1710 Miagao Church
1711 Santo Nino de Cebu Basilica

Fray Juan de Albarran

1712 PBCom Tower

Skidmore, Owings, Merill

1713 Petron Mega Plaza

Skidmore, Owings, Merill

1714 G.T. International Tower

Kohn Pedersen Fox Recio Casas

1715 Robinson's Equitable Tower

HOK

1716 ICEC (LKG) Tower

Kohn Pedersen Fox Recio Casas

1717 Pacific Plaza Tower 1& 2

Arquitectonica

1718 Roxas Triangle 1 & 2

Skidmore, Owings, Merill

1719 Petronas Tower

Cesar Pelli & Associates

1720 Sears Tower

Skidmore, Owings and Merill

1721 Jin Mao Building

Skidmore, Owings and Merill

1722 Plaza Rakyat

Skidmore, Owings and Merill

1723 Empire State Building

Shreve Lamb & Harmon


Dennis Lau and Ng Chu Man and
Associates

1724 Central Plaza


1725 Bank of China

I.M. Pei & Partners

1726 Emirates Tower I

NORR Group Consultants

1727 The Center


1728 T & C Tower

Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabuam/Cy Lee

1729 AON Center

Edward D. Stone &

1730 John Hancock Center

Skidmore, Owings and Merill

1731 Shun Hing Square

K.Y. Cheung Design

1732 Citic Plaza (Sky Center Plaza)

Dennis Lau and Ng Chu Man

1733 Burj Al-Arab Hotel

Tom Wright of WS Atkins

1734 Baiyoke Tower 2

Plan Architect Co.

1735 Chrysler Building

William Van Allen

1736 Bank of American Palza

Johnson/Burgee Architects

1737 Library Tower

Pei Cobb Freed and Partners

1738 Malaysia Telecom HQ

Hijjas Kasturi Associates

1739 AT & T Corporate Center

Peter Ellis, SOM

72/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1740 Chase Tower

Pei Cobb Freed and Partners

1741 Ryugyong Hotel

Baikdoosan Architects &Engineers

the first architect to be conferred the National Artist award in 1973 for his outstanding
talents and services in creating edifices, both private and public, that are conceptually well
designed and conscientiously executed
1. Geronimo Reyes Building
2. Capitol Theatre
3. Rizal theatre
1742 4. Manila Jockey Club
5. Quezon Institue
6. UP administration building (Quezon Hall)
7. Library Building (Gonzales Hall)
8. SSS (use of folded concrete plates as aesthetic features)

o 2nd National Artist of Architecture o Buildings:


1. Bel-Air Alhambra Apartments
2. Syquia Apartments
3. Sea Tower apartments
1743 4. Far Eastern University Building
5. Ideal Theatre
6. Lyric Theatre
7. May building (brise soleil)

Juan Nakpil

Pablo Antonio

o Most prolific artist-designer


o Buildings:
1. Legislative building, major work
2. Post Office building
1744 3. Metropolitan Theatre
4. Rizal Memorial Stadium
5. Benitez Hall (UP)
6. Malcolm Hall (UP)

Juan Arellano

1745

Federico Ilustre

o Master of Neoclassicist style


o Among the first architect-educators
o Assistant to William Parsons
o Buildings:
1746
1. Cebu Custom House
2. National Museum Building
3. City Hall of Manila

Antonio Toledo

o Buildings:
1. Church of the Risen Lord (UP)
2. Melchor Hall (UP- Eng& Arch building))
1747 3. Palma Hall (UP-CAS building))
4. Insular Life Building (1st brise soleil)
5. Childrens Hospital (NORTH General Hospital/Jose Reyes Hospital Pablo Cruz

Cesar Concio

1748

Carlos Arguelles

1749

William Parson

1750

Fernando Ocampo

73/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
Prepared development plan forManila & Baguio (summer capital)
Reliance Building, Chicago
Monadnock Building, Chicago
Paid a 6 week visit to Philippines
Prepared site for
1751
1. Manila Hotel
2. Army & Navy Club
3. Philippine General Hospital
4. Post Office

1752 Implementation of D. Burnhams plans

Daniel Burnham

William Parson

o Appointed by C.G. Taft as consulting architect for the Americans


o Insular Ice Plant & Storage, first large building erected by Americans
1753
o Pioneered the setting up of an Architectural & Surveying office in the Philippines

the son of the great Filipino painter Juan Luna o Popularized the El Nido style
o Buildings:
1. Legarda Elemntary School
2. Regina Building
1754 3. Crystal Arcade
4. Natividad Building
5. Perez-Samanillo Building
6. Insular Life ???

Arcadio Arellano

Andres Luna de san Pedro

1755 1976 Most beautiful Hotel in the world


1756 1987 Likha Awardee (UAP Highest)
Leandro Locsin
1757 1990 - 3rd National Artist for Architecture
he produced 71 residences, 81 buildings and sultanate palace

1758

1759 the first registered architect in the Philippines and worked with the Bureau of Public Works
1760

his most enduring contribution is the Mapua institute of Technology, which is the oldest
architectural school in the country

Tomas Mapua

1761 the first and only Art Noveau high-rise in the Philippines
1762 o Public administrator; advocated Building Code of Manila

Tomas Arguelles

o First Filipino architect with academic degree abroad (Pennsylvania)


o Pioneering Staff of Division of Architecture
Q. I. Hospital - superimposed a native touch on the art deco faade through the high-pitch
1764
roof in the central building
1763

Carlos Baretto

1765 Quiapo Church


1766 The Ever Theater the first to use glass as prominent architectural material
1767 Mabini Shrine Batangas
Juan Nakpil

1768 Rizal Home Restoration


1769 Bonifacio Monument
1770 SSS Bldg
1771 Sn Miguel Church
1772 UP admin Bldg & Conservatory of Music

74/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1773 Phil. National bank
Pablo Antonio

1774 Manila Railroad Company


1775 FEU
1776 Manila City Hall ( w/ Toledo)
Metropolitan Theatre - colorist art deco, considered as the zenith of Art Deco aesthetics in
the Philippines, exterior and interior exhibit locally mediated approaches such as detailing :
tropical fruits and flora motifs, bamboo banister railings, carved banana and mango ceiling
1778 Rizal Memorial
1777

Juan Arellano

1779 Post Office Building at Liwasang Bonifacio


1780 Agriculture Bldg (w/ Antonio Toledo)
1781 Legislative Bldg (now the National Museum) on Agrifina Circle neoclassicism
1782 Supreme Court
1783 Quezon Memorial Circle
1784 OLD MIA

Federico Ilustre

1785 GSIS
1786 Veterans Memorial Bldg
1787 Asian Institute of Tech. Bangkok
1788 Manila City Hall ( w/ Arellano)
1789 Legislative Bldg ( w/ Arellano)

Antonio Toledo
1790 Agriculture Bldg ( w/ Arellano)
1791 Finance Bldg
1792 Baclaran Church
1793 US Protestant Church
Cesar Concio

1794 Perpetual Help Church


1795 UP Eng'g & liberal Arts Bldg.
1796 Childrens Hospital
1797 ABS CBN QC
1798 DBP - Makati

Carlos Arguelles

1799 Manila Hilton


1800 UPLB Masterplan
1801 UP Social Science & Humanities Center
1802 Malacanang
1803 Manila Hotel

William Parson
1804 PGH (Tomas Mapua)
1805 Phil. Normal college

75/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1806 Manila Cathedral Rehabilitation
1807 UST Chapel
Fernando Ocampo
1808 Antipolo Church
1809
1810 Baguio
Daniel Burnham

1811 Luneta Park


1812 Old Congress Bldg. (Legislative Bldg)
1813
1814

1. Manila Hotel
2. Army & Navy Club
3. Philippine General Hospital

William Parson
Arcadio Arellano

1815 Manila POLO Club


1816 FEU Main Bldg
Pablo Antonio
1817 Lyric Ideal Theather
1818 Jai Alai
1819 Central bank of the Philippines
Gabriel Formoso (GF)
1820 Asian Inst. Of Managemnt - Makati
1821 San Agustin Church

Antonio Herrera

1822 UST Main Bldg

Fr. Roque Roano

1823 Araneta Coliseum

Rufino Antonio

1824 Sto. Domingo Church


Jose Ma. Zaragosa
1825 Quiapo Church (1985 Restoration)
1826 Iglesia ni Kristo
1827 New Era
Carlos Santos Viola
1828 Rustans QC
1829 Sulo Hotel reconstruction
Renato Punzalan ( 1995 UAP design
Awardee for Architecture)

1830 Vista De Loro


1831 San Beda Chapel
1832 1. Legarda Elementary School French renaissance
1833

2. Rafael Fernandez House French renaissance and official residence of Corazon


Aquino during her presidency

1834 3. Perez-Samanillo Building art deco and modern style

Andres Luna de san Pedro

1835 4. Crystal Arcade art deco and modern style, precursor of the modern-day shopping mall
1836

5. Perkins House also known as El Nido (The Nest), awarded first prize in Manilas
1925 House Beautiful Contest

1837 Malacanang residence

76/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1838 UP Catholic Chapel
1839 St. Andres Church - Makati
1840 Mandarin hotel
1841

Istana Nurul Iman (Palace of Religious Light) the palace of the Sultan of Brunei, which
reinterprets traditional Islamic Southeast Asian motifs based on a modernist idiom

Leandro Locsin

1842 National Arts Center


1843 NAIA
1844 Manila Hotel , New
1845 CCP, PICC, FAT, Philcite,etc
1846 Edsa Shrine
Coconut Palace a luxurious guesthouse at the CCP Complex. It showcased a double roof
reminiscent of the salakot (a wide brimmed hat) and swing-out (naka-tukod) window
borrowed from the bahay kubo
1848 Las Pinas Church Restoration
1847

Francisco Manosa

1849 San Miguel Office bldg. - Ortigas


1850 Antonio Pacific
1851 Pacific Plaza
Antonio Sidiong

1852 Ali Mall


1853 SM
1854 China Bank - Paseo de Roxas
1855 Tektite Tower
1856 National Bookstores
1857 Shangrila Edsa Plaza

Rogelio Villarosa
1858 Shangrila Makati
1859 Kings Court 1 & 2
1860 Silahis Hotel
1861 Stella Maris College
1862 Manila Doctors Hospital
Luis Araneta
1863 Times Theater
1864 Makati Med. Center
1865 Quezon City Hall

Ruperto Gaite

1866 De La salle University


Tomas Mapua
1867 Nurses Home
1868 UY-CHACO building
1869

Tomas Arguelles

1870

Carlos Baretto

77/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
o Magsaysay Center
o WHO building
o Ermita Center
1872 Robinson's Galeria
1871

Alfredo Luz
William Coscolluela

1873 Quiapo Mosque


Jorge Ramos
1874 Phil. Heart center
1875 Meralco Building

Jose Zaragosa

o Feati University Building


o Ambassador Hotel (1st skyscraper 4flrs)
UST seminary
o PLDT
TOWER,building
Ayala avenue, Makati City
1877
6790, Ayala avenue, Makati City
CITIBANK TOWER, Paseo de Roxas, Makati City
1878 AYALA TOWER 1, Ayala Avenue, Makati City (consultant: S.O.M.)
1876

1879
1880
1881
1882

PACIFIC PLAZA TOWERS, Fort Bonifacio (arquitectonica)


ICEC TOWER, manila (Kohn Petersen Fox Associates)
KINGSWOOD,
Vito Cruz,
MakatiAyala
City avenue, Makati City
GT INTERNATIONAL
TOWER,
OAKWOOD PREMIER RESIDENCE
PBCOM TOWER,
Ayala avenue, Makati City
PETRON,
MEGAPLAZA
JIN MAO TOWER
ROCKWELL (S.O.M.)
FORBES TOWER, manila (RMJM London unlimited)

Fernando Ocampo
(PRS) PIMENTEL, RODRIGUEZ,
SIMBULAN & PATNERS
LOCSIN & PARTNERS
RECIO + CASAS
GABRIEL FORMOSO & PARTNERS
SOM
Palafox

1883 ONE SAN MIGUEL, ortigas

Recto

1884 ESSENSA TOWERS (Pablo Antonio jr)

PEI COBB FREED & PARTNERS

1885 Clasiao Church, Pangasinan

ROMAN Dalinao

1886 Laoag Church, Ilocos Norte

Joseph Ruiz

1887 Las Pinas Church

Fr. Diego cera

1888 Loboc Church Bohol


1889 Manila Cathedral

Salazar

1890 Miagao Church, iloilo

Comporedando & Gonzales

1891 Morong Church, Rizal

dela Madre

1892 Panay Church, Rizal


1893 Quiapo Church

restored by Nakpil & zaragosa

1894 San Agustin Church

Macias

1895 World Trade Center

Minoro Yamasaki

78/79

PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
1896 Jose Ma. Zaragosa
1897 Carlos Arguelles
1898 Edmundo Lucero
Hezagon Architects
1899 Francisco Fajardo
1900 Gavino de Leon
1901 Cezar de dios
1902 Antonio Turalba - Architecture
PRC Awardee 1996
1903 Cesar Concio - Environmental Planner
1904

79/79