Communication is a process that allows people to exchange information by one of several methods.

There are auditory means, such as speaking or singing, and nonverbal, physical means, such as body language, sign language, paralanguage, touch or eye contact. As developed below, communication happens at many levels (even for one single action), in many different ways, and for all beings, and some machines. Many or all, fields of study dedicate some attention to communication, so when speaking about communication it is very important to be sure about what kind of communication one is speaking about, mainly: what type of things are communicated, between what agents and with what kind of results. Communication is the process of sending and receiving information, thoughts and ideas. It can be in verbal or non-verbal form. Communication is the means of expressing one's feelings, and emotions towards other individual or towards self…. Purposes As a process, communication has synonyms such as expressing feelings, conversing, speaking, corresponding, writing, listening and exchanging. People communicate to satisfy needs in both their work and non-work lives. People want to be heard, to be appreciated and to be wanted. They also want to accomplish tasks and to achieve goals. Obviously, then, a major purpose of communication is to help people feel good about themselves and about their friends, groups, and organizations. For true communication, there must be a transmission of thoughts, ideas and feelings from one mind to another. However, human language is very different from plant communication. Communication can be seen as processes of the transmission of [information] governed by three levels of semiotic rules: Syntactic (formal properties of signs and symbols), pragmatic (concerned with the relations between signs/expressions and their users) and semantic (study of relationships between signs and symbols and what they represent). Therefore, communication is a kind of social interaction where at least two interacting agents share a common set of signs and a common set of semiotic rules. In a simplistic model, information is sent from a sender or encoder to a receiver or decoder. In a slightly more complex form feedback links a sender to a receiver. This requires that a symbolic activity, sometimes via a language. Communication development is the development of processes enabling one to understand what others say(or sign, or write) and speak(or sign, or write), translate sounds and symbols into meaning and learn the syntax of the language. Communication is often formed around the principles of respect, promises and the want for social improvement. Specialized fields focus on various aspects of communication and include the following: Non-verbal communication, the act of imparting or interchanging thoughts, opinions or information without the use of words; · Symbolic communication, the exchange of messages that change a priori expectation of events · Animal communication, the discipline of animal behavior that focuses on the reception and use of signals Since the beginning of time, the need to communicate emerges from a set of universal questions: Who am I? Who needs to know? Why do they need to know? How will they

find out? How do I want them to respond? Individuals, communities, and organizations express their individuality through their identity. On the continuum from the cave paintings at Lascaux to digital messages transmitted via satellite, humanity continues to create an infinite sensory palette of visual and verbal expression. Communication as a named and unified discipline has a history of contestation that goes back to the Socratic dialogues, in many ways making it the first and most contestatory of all early sciences and philosophies. Seeking to define "communication" as a static word or unified discipline may not be as important as understanding communication as a family of resemblances with a plurality of definitions as Ludwig Wittgenstein had put forth. Some definitions are broad, recognizing that animals can communicate with each other as well as human beings, and some are more narrow, only including human beings within the parameters of human symbolic interaction. Nonetheless, communication is usually described along three major dimensions: Content Form Destination With the presence of "communication noise" these three components of communication often become skewed and inaccurate. Between parties, communication content include acts that declare knowledge and experiences, give advice and commands, and ask questions. These acts may take many forms, including gestures (nonverbal communication, sign language and body language), writing, and speech. The form depends on the symbol systems used. Together, communication content and form make messages that are sent towards a destination. The target can be oneself, another person (in interpersonal communication), or another entity (such as a corporation or group). A particular instance of communication is called a speech act. A speech act typically follows a variation of logical means of delivery. The most common of these, and perhaps the best, is the dialogue. The dialogue is a form of communication where both the parties are involved in sending information. There are many other forms of communication but the reason the dialogue is good is because the dialogue lends itself to clearer communication due to feedback. (Feedback being encoded information, either verbal or nonverbal, sent back to the original sender (now the receiver) and then decoded.) There are many theories of communication, and a commonly held assumption is that communication must be directed towards another person or entity. This essentially ignores autocommunication, including intrapersonal communication (note intra-, not inter-) via diaries or self-talk. There are many different areas of communication.A few are: nonverbal communication, verbal communication, and symbolic communication. Nonverbal communication deals with facial expressions and body motions. Much of the "emotional meaning" we take from other people is found in the person's facial expressions and tone of voice, comparatively little is taken from what the person actually says (More Than Talk).

Theories of coregulation describe communication as a creative and dynamic continuous process, rather than a discrete exchange of information. Verbal communication is when we communicate our message verbally to whoever is receiving the message. Symbolic communications are the things that we have given meaning to and that represent a certain idea we have in place, for example, the American flag is a symbol that represent freedom for the Americans themselves, or imperialism and evil for some other countries. Elements of communication Power of Communication Based on work originally proposed by the social psychologists French and Raven, there are six different breakdowns of power in interpersonal communication: referent, legitimate, reward, coercive, persuasive, and expert. Ways people give up their power are by being over-polite, backing down from an argument, using a title (such as Doctor or Professor) when addressing another, allowing interruptions when speaking, and specific clothing choices can also suggest a loss of or way people give up power to others. PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATION Communication is a two-way process of giving and receiving information through any number of channels. Whether one is speaking informally to a colleague, addressing a conference or meeting, writing a newsletter article or formal report, the following basic principles apply: · · · · · · · · · · Know your audience. Know your purpose. Know your topic. Anticipate objections. Present a rounded picture. Achieve credibility with your audience. Follow through on what you say. Communicate a little at a time. Present information in several ways. Develop a practical, useful way to get feedback.


Use multiple communication techniques.

Communication is complex. When listening to or reading someone else's message, we often filter what's being said through a screen of our own opinions. One of the major barriers to communication is our own ideas and opinions. Communication Misconceptions MEANINGS ARE NOT IN WORDS. Meanings are not in words. Your perception about the world is not the same as mine. Our experiences give colors and hues, life and meanings to words. And because your perception determines the meanings you attribute to words, in communication the message SENT is not necessarily the message RECEIVED. And for your listeners, real communication is the communication they received. MORE COMMUNICATION IS NOT ALWAYS BETTER. Too much talking is dangerous to your communication health. There are people who believe talking more is better. I observed that some speakers have too much love for the sound of their voices that they glued the mike to their hands and rooted themselves on the podium. I also meet this kind of people even in a very disciplined club of Toastmasters. Some, after my evaluation, confessed that they have so much to say the audience need to hear them all to understand their message. However, the audience got bored, irritated, and I believe received another message–the speaker does not know how to manage his time, the content of his message, and himself. Yes, more communication is not always better. Sometimes, more communication (or talking) makes matter worst. Observe where most people find themselves when they just keep talking about their problems. Greater problems, right? Sometimes, it is much better to stop talking. Overtalking is noise. Be silent. Listen. NO SINGLE PERSON OR EVENT CAUSES ANOTHER REACTION. Observe how many reactions you will get from people by saying the following words: I LOVE YOU. I guess, the reaction will vary from one recipient to another. Just like the first misconception above, some people believe that the words they say, or their actions, cause another person's reaction. Whatever we do, or say, simply contribute to how other people react. Since communication is transactional–a two-way traffic– we cannot claim that we are the stimulus to another's reaction. When you say something that hurts them, you cannot say that "you" hurt them. The persons receiving your message, as I said in the first misconception above, have big control over the meaning of your message. COMMUNICATION WILL NOT SOLVE ALL PROBLEMS. Communication helps in solving problem. However, it is best to bear in mind that communication will not solve all problems. Problems of people are not only caused by miscommunication. I was once asked by a teacher why one student failed in my class (Algebra). I explained to her all the reasons: zero in assignment, incomplete quizzes, and failed exams. I reminded her also that we had been consulting the students' parents and I had been talking to the student to refrain from cutting classes. The teacher appealed for my "generosity." Then she appealed to the Principal, then to the Dean of the school. Both invited me to their offices and made me explain. Both appealed for my "generosity." The parents are generous to the school.

Communication will not solve all problems. World peace could have been attained if it were so. COMMUNICATION IS NOT A NATURAL ABILITY Yes, no one is born a natural communicator. Though it is natural for man to speak, to relate with one another, the ability to do so is a product of experience and training.

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