Vol 6, NoS

,\

Kabul 'admits, war destruction

I

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The Kabul regime has told the UN, that 60 percent of -dwellings in the countryside and 20 percent of those in the cities have been _ destroyed in the, war. The regime has, also' estimated the number of refugees in' the neighboring countries at tivemillion, 4.17 mil- , lion' of whom come from the countryside.

The Najibullah regime hasgiveq. the UN a paper detailing the destruction of houses. A ropy of the 'document has been given to the Mujahideen by their contacts in-4he, regime.

According to the paper, 20 percent of the houses in rural areas and 10 percent of the houses in the cities need to be repaired.'

The paper says that 53, percent of all houses in the country have been destroyed, and that 18 percent need to be repaired. .

This is the first time that the re-

In a spectacular operation the Mujahideen~rom Jami'at killed the Deputy Mlnister' of W AD (State Security), the Police Commander of Herat, three militia -commanders ,and several other ranking regime m(litary and Civilian officers on ,April 6., The Governor of Herat and several other officers were seriously injured. Fou' Mujahideen were martyred in the operation, which lasted IS minutes. For details turn to page (2)

, '

gime hasadrnitted that five million

Afghans have become refugees outside their country and that about 70 percent of the country's' dwellings were de. stroyed during the Soviet occupation.

The great destruction in the countryside shows how the Soviet Union' bombed and destroyed the 3Cf3S controlled by the resistance. Twenty percent of the destruction in the cities was in the outskirts 'controlled by the resistance.

Mujahideen sources have' estimated that 75 percent of tile houses in Afghanistan have been destroyed, which is close to the figure provided by the Kabul regime.

'Hopes for UN assistance have , forced Najib to admit the great destruction and uprooting 'of. the population , brought about by the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

United Nations to .send Afghan refugees horne .

The UN is planning for a partial re- with foreigners or among themselves. turn of Afghan refugees from Pakistan' This comment reminded Afghans of a '

and Iran during the coming .summer. similar comment by Ismailia militia

In a press conference held,' in commander Sayed Mansoor, who told Islamabad, Prince Sadruddin, the UN a British camera team}the same thing. Coordinator for Afghanistan, told the l-" Prince Sadruddin claimed that 200, reporters that the refugees will return, to' Jlr9jects of Operation Salam' are at

the "zones of peace and tranquility". ,work in 29 provinces. He also claimed '

He said the refugees were tired, . that ~is men freely cross the line separfrustrated and homesick. The UN will ating the regime from thC Mujahideen help to make them able to return to to deal.with both sides.

their country, he added.' ' Prince Sadruddiil. and his entour-

Intbe press conference the director .age spent eight days in Pakistan, during of World FOOd Program and the lJN which he discussed ',his plans With High Commissioner for Refugees were Pakistani officials including President also present Ghulam Ishaq Khan and Prime

Prince Sadruddin claimed that in Minister Benazir Bhutto. Pakistani offiabout two-thirds of Afghanistan the cials' response to .the UN plans have situation has returned to normal. He ~n positive. . , . ' . named Kunar, Badakhshan, Nimroz, He also met the leader of the AlG Herat,Badghisjand Hazarajat as zones and Hezb Islami leader GulbUddin of tranquility, Hikmatyar. Prof. Mujaddidi's initial re-

The ,UN coordinator said that the action to the plan was positive. He said return 'of refugees must be voluntary. if Kabul regime did not bomb the areas H~ said UN will make sure nobody is where the'returning refugees are setforced to return or prevented from tled, most of the refugees will go.

returning. ' Prof. Sayyaf, the prime minister of

He argued that reconstruction AlG, opposed the idea and said refu-

work in Afghanistan should not wait gees will return only when the commu-

for a political settlement, " nist regime in Kabul is removed from

He made an edged cominent about I . .

Afghans, saying they either were in war ,Tlim to page ( 8 )

Jami'at Mujahideen killed a great many enemy soldiers and officers, including two regime generals, and wounded the gove.mor of Hecai on April 6 in Pustoon Zarghoon District

The two generals. were Jalal Razminda, the deputy minister of WAD (the Ministry of'State Security), and Sarab Mandozai, the Herat provincial police commander. Fazulhaq Khaliqyar, the governor of Herat ,was seriously injured.

According to Radio Kabul, three of the four militia commanders who were supposed to defect to the regime were also killed. '

The incident took place at a gath-

. ering . in which some mujahideen groups were supposed to lay down arms in front of foreign journalists and diplomats.

When Faz ulhaq Khaliqyar embraced the first militia commander he was shot: In 15 minutes of gunfire, 80 people were killed or wounded.

Having learned of the planned defection, a group of Mujahideen infiltrated the gathering under the pretxt of joining the defectors. When the .ceremony began they attacked the communists and their militia friends.

The Kabul regime wanted to make a media event out the ceremony held in

Pushtoon Zarghoon. Foreign journalists and diplomats from communist countries were flown to Herat from Kabul to watch the ceremony. '

Mujahideen sources say that four of the attackers were also martyred in the fighting.

According 'to the Mujahideen reports, regime forces have started firing rockets indiscriminately into Mujahideen-controlled areas of Herat,

The news of the Herat attack was received with pleasure by Afghan refugees in Pakistan,

The loss of so many high ranking officers is a serious setback for the re-

Jami'at Mujahideen captured an enemy security post in Faizabad on March,23.

A Soviet transport plane bringing supplies to the Kabul regime crashed near Kabul airport on March 27. Confirming the crash, Soviet sources claimed that the Ilyushin-76

, .

Badakhshan Province Aeroflot aircraft was carrying non-

military supplies. The Soviet Union sends both military and non-military supplies by air to Kabul. Ilyushin-76 planes can carry, up to 40 tons of

Thirty soldiers were captured and, . goods.

the following weapons were' seized It is thought that the Mujahideen

from the post: shot down the plane. The nine crew-

20 Kalashnikov rifles men of the plane 'were all reported

3 PK machine-guns dead. Meanwhile, the Kabul regime

2 RPG-7 ~ket launchers has said that it has started a security

1 R-I07radio set campaign south of Kabul. The fighting

started few days after the Soviet transport plane's crash south of the airport . The Soviet ambassador to Kabul had earlier warned the Mujahideen against any attempt to shoot' down

• Soviet transport planes bringing supSamangan P~OVlnCe, plies to Kabul.

·0 h deed ed '100 0 USSR sends regime

ne un armee mi iuamen m • •

Dehfil village of Khulm district surren- . more SCUD missiles

dered to Jami'at Mujahideen on April 2. The Soviet Union has sent mo~e

Hundu Kush N<\ws Agency reported. SCUD missiles to Kabul recently to

help government troops resist Mujahideen attacks in at least three eastern frontier provinces, military sources said in Kabul.

A regime spokesman said that "if Mujahideen guerillas attack civilian targets, we will fire SCUDs and other heavy rockets."

SCUDs were first deployed in Afghanistan in October 1988, before the Soviet army withdrew from the country, and have been used in the east and south.

Logar Province

, --

AFGHANews Vol 6, No 8, April 15, 1990, page @

News

Herat Province

gime and a great failure for its national reconciliation program.

The incident in Herat happened one month after the Tanai coup attempt, in which ~ large number of regime officers were also-killed. '

I'

Regime warplanes heavily bombed Kunjak and Niazy villages in Logar, destroying 100 houses, on April 1. The residence of the mention villages 'have been displaced to other areas in the province.

The next day, six heavy rockets ( possibly Scud missiles) were fired by the enemy into the same villages, de- , stroying one restaurant and 11 trucks.

~,

Soviet IL-76 plane

crashes in Kabul

From the battlefields

40 boxes of ammunition

The area around Faizabad, the provincial capital , is controlled by APdul Basir Khalid, a well-known Jami'at

commander.

Paktia Province'

The Mujahideen are preventing enemy transport planes from landing in Khost airport, forcing the regime to parachute supplies to its besieged garrison. i .

The Mujahideen control Tora Ghara ridge, about 9 kilometers from the air field, from which they fire mortars and rockets at landing aircraft. The Wreckage of at least five enemy transport planes can be seen near the airport.

At least eight of the giant missiles,

Khost, a town about 30 kilometers carrying warheads weighing up to one from the Pakistan border, has been be- toll, were brought to the Afghan capital sieged by the Mujahideen for two in large convoys escorted by tanks, and

years. ' will be prepared for launching.

Of

AFGHANews Vol 6, No 8, April 15, 1990, page @)

Who is who in the Mujahideen

Com. Masood Kunduzi

Masood, son of Haji Gul Murad, was bom in Sujanvillage of Chardara District. Kunduz Province, 29 years ago.

Masood went to Bybacha

Primary School in his hometown at the age of Seven. but later moved to Sher Khan High School in 'Kunduz. After completing ninth grade there, he entered Madrasa-i-Takharistan (a religious school run by government) in the same city and completed it with good

grades. .

. In Takharistan, he came in contact with the membersofihe Islamic movement. Upon the' communist coup of 1978, he decided to take part in antigovernment activities along with other members of the movement .

The need for arms forced him to come to Pakistan in 1979. Masood received three months of military training in a Jami'at training camp in Pakistan's tribal areas .. He started his journey back to Chardara with a: few guns and some cakes of explosives to resist the communist regime.

. . On the way to Kunduz he passed through Panjshir where he. inet with

. Commander Masood, who impressed him .. Upon returning to the area, he started to plant improvised. mines on the roads .used by the communist forces. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan made him more determined I to fight

, against the invaders. His mines 'destroyed several regime arid' Soviet tanks and trucks.

He used, to mine the MazarKunduz road, which was extensively used by enemy military convoys bringing supplies from Hairatan Port to the Soviet base at Kunduz airport

Whenever the Mujahideen attacked the enemy forces, the enemy

Prof. Sayyaf rejects drug allegations

The AIG has strongly rejected the allegations of the Kabul regime that the Mujahideen have been involved. in, drug dealing.

. Som~tim~ ago the representative of the Kabul regime in the UN accused the Muj8hideen of drug dealing.

Prof. Sayyaf, the prime minister of the AIG told. MIDIA that the Mujahideen were opposed to the use, storage and production of narcotics. "Anything fatal and damaging to human digfiity and honor shall be op-. posed by us, ~ he said.

bombed the villages controlled by the resistance. In one such aerial bombing, Masood's house was hit and his uncle and cousin were killed.'

. Chardara. about 10 kilometers from Kunduz City: has been a target of several large-scale Soviet offensives. On April 1985, Russian troops surrounded Gortapa and Chardara, The ¥ujahideen resisted fiercely. In the two ar~ more than 230 people, mostly civilians, were martyred and more th40 300 were wounded.

. r '

In February 1984, Chardara was

the scene of a horrible massacre by the Soviet troops. A Soviet officer was captured by the Mujahideen. The Soviet troops Iaunched 811 attack to rescue their )?fficer and when f~led, they massacred about 400 ordil'lary people of Chardara. Because o( these attacks many people from Kunduz moved to safer areas controlled by. the Mujahideen, or became refugees in Pakistan.

Masood has kept in close contact with Supervisory Council, headed by Ahmad Shah Masood.: $ome. of his Mujahideen have been trained in the Council's training centers.

. Masood is a commander of 350 Mujahideen who operate in Kunduz City. He has taken part in numerous operations, large and small, including the one which led to Kunduz' brief libera-

tion in summer of 1988.; •

I

~~~ ··1

.. j-I .: j!...J ..J

• •• .';.:, ~ 1 ..J ~ .J"!.) J

\ .

He ran out from under a 'leaking roof and sat in the rain ..

Meanlngi'oor of the frying pan into the fire,

"J~ ,~)G I.J ~1 ,~ ~~./,I.J

Without investigating the water,

. don't take off your shoes (to.walk: through it}.

Meaning: "Look before you leap."

.. "I' .. , I. ..... 1 "-:..__.

"""""'.J" j"! , 'n'~' \;.~

.. ; .:', ~I~

fingers are brothers but are not equals .

Meaning: Although people may be related by family' or natioriality . each person nevertheless is different.

. 'Masood was one of the commanders who participated in .the historic meeting of Jami'at commanders in Farkhar last summer. He was captured by Sayed Jamal's men along 'with other. Jami'at commanders. but he was released with some other commanders from Kunduz. Those who were killed were from Takhar Province.

Don't dig wells for others for you . will fall into one yourself.

Meaning: Evil begel$ evil.

g~'

...•• : ...

•.... 0

April 15, 1990, page 0

Seminar discusses socialchanges in Afghanistan

B~': .lohn .Jt:'nnin~s

A seminar honoring the memory I of Afghanistan scholar Louis Dupree took' place at the University of Peshawar's Central Asiait Studies Centre on Match 20 and 21. Scholars; journalists and officials from Afghanistan, Pakistan and the west met publicly in a series:of panel taIics on changes in Afghan' societ( 'resulting

, . ~

from more than a decade of invasion

and resistance.

Participantsin the conference, arranged by the Writers' Union of Free Afghanistan, were split .about equally. among Afghans, Pakistanis and westerners. Dr. Nancy Dupree, Louis' Widow .and an Afghan specialist herself who now directs the Afghan Resource Information Centre in Peshawar, was. also among the organisers and honored guests.

. Professor Isobelle Hemming, of the University 9f California at Los Angeles, said the seminar had produced a lively exchange of opinions .. "Most important of all, it was the kind of gathering Louis would have enjoyed. There really was a wide variety

ofviews presented. II ' ,

On the first day of the seminar, the panels, of about a half-dozen specialists apiece, discussed issues of refugee resettlement in Afghanistan's varied geographic 'regions; 'political leadership patterns past and present; and the goopollticalimplications of Afghan affairs.

.On the second day, panels discussed how to. approach the study of changes in Afghan culture and society; thepreservation of Afghanistan's artistic and archaeological heritage; rebuild,ing a, "services in,~tru~turell for medi- I cat and other public needs; and the impact of foreign aid on Afghan society.

The I tone of the dlscussionaend the scholars' viewpoints, were generally secular: On the second day, however, Professor Nazif Shahrani, an Afghan who teaches anthropology at UCLA, made a forceful case for ·the role _of revolutionary Islam in charting

Afghanistan's, course. 1 '

" His remarks produced scowls and grumbles from some observers and participants. At least one distinctly nonreligious. western participant, on the other hand, commented that such views are impossible to dismiss in any realistic discussion of the forces likely to determine Afghal'ristan's future.

Editor-ial

Jami'at disapprovesof creation of 'peace and tranquility. zones'

UN has announced a program of voluntary return of Afghan refugees from Iran and Pakistan to 'peace zones' in Afghanistan beginning fromcoming summer. The UN program does not consider formation of a representative govern-

ment in Kabul necessary for the repatriation of the refugees, '

The program is based on the assumption that in two third of Afghan territory war 'has ended and the refugees can return to the areas where hostilities have ceased. .According to the program the two sides in the conflict, the Mujahideen and the Kabul regime, should not take any ~ilitary action in 'peace and tranquili-

.ty zones'. .

In order to get the support of the neighboring countries, Mujehideen and the Kabul regime, the UN Coordinator for. Afghanistan, Prince Sadruddin visited the . ,areas and discussed his plans with them.

The return of refugees to their home is a natural desire common among all of them. But. the cause of displacement must be eliminated to enable the refugees

to return in safety and honor. . .

" War was the cause of displacement of refugees. Afghans raised against ifle communist regime in Kabul. When the Soviet invaded the war intensified and more refugees left their homes. After the Soviet troops left, the war did not end and as long as the Kabul regime is in power. fighting will continue.

Afghan resistance is determined to continue fighting against the regime and Najibullah is not ready to ha'nd over power to a broad-based government, The two sides ate 'either fighting or preparing to fight. Low level of military activities in some areas should not be interpreted as a sign of returning peace.

The present stalemate s'ituation in the battlefield will not last long. One side or 'the other must go to the offensive soon; The near future speaks of more" fighting rather than return of peace. Under these circumstances how can the refugees return and feel safe? How can the UN provide them security and create condi-

tions that they are not forced to become refugees again? .

The . idea of .peace zones' originates from the Russians and the Kabul regime. This plan was rejected by the Mujahideen. The adoption of the program by the UN will not make it acceptable to the resistance, The Mujahideen cannot accept the plan because it requires a Sort of cease-fire and understanding between the Mujahideen and the Kabul regime.

The UN had told in the past ihat it will deal ~th the humanitarian and political aspects of th,e Afghan problem separately. But, in the new proposal the humanitarian means are used to foree the resistance to compromise with the Kabul regime and go ahead with its 'program of 'national reconeiliation',

Akhough the UN says that the repatriation of refugees will be voluntary, decrease in provisions for the refugees and false propaganda about normalization of the' situation are the economic and psychological means employed to promote Agha Khan's plans for repatriation of refugees.

The way mat the UN deals with the two sides of the conflict-the Mujahideen

and the Kabul regirne--is also objectionable. . , " I

The UN is not treating the two sides in the conflict equally, UN programs in Afghanistan are not properly discussed with the Mlljahideen leaders. If there is any meeting between-the UN, official andthe resistance leaders, it has a ceremonial significance. Afghan leaders are informed about the UN work through letters send by the UN offtcers ~ter the work has done, or through the media. This discriminatory behavior puts the natural position of the UN to question.

In dealing with the Mujahideen, the UN assumes that' if tbe neighboring countri~ agree with a plan the resistance forces has no qJtoice but to accept it.

'Tum topage (6 )

AFGHANews Vol 6, No 8, April 15, 1990, page 48

C0l1l111cnt bv: llabibur Rahman

A shortage o( volunteen wOling . It is said that the reason the French.

to wOrk in Kabul has postponed the decided to re-open their embassy was reopening o( French Embass.y in the

Afghan capitaL' in order.to signal Gorbachevthat if he

Some time ago, the French presi-. behaved nicely in Europe, France dent decided to· reopen his country's would not create' problems for him embassy in Kabul, but it has not hap- elsewhere.

pened yeL

Informed sources say the French . The decision angemt French vol-

government has asked 'for volunteer WlWy' organizations supporting· wardiplomats to go to KabUl, but so far no- affected Afghans. To calm them, the body hasappJied 'for the. job. . French govemmeDl rescinded a previ-

G~. Tanai's March 6 coup auempt

has made the chances of finding a vol- ous plan to cut government funds to

unteer to work in Kabul even slimmer.' these organization by SO percenL

Afghanistan is not Nicaragua

An APN article , published in the way Najib did. He is not responsiPakistan Times on April 6, on the occa- ble for killing one million of his oWn sion the 2nd anniversary of signing the people, as Najib is. Ortega controlled Geneva Accords raises many interest- most of the country, while Najib con'ing point which need to be discussed. trois only a fraction of Afghanistan. The article expresses the views of the Therefore, lh~· Nicaraguan analogy

Soviet Government, does not hold in Afghanistan.

The article argues that Kabul re-j The third point about the article is gime is a reality and that no political that it gives the impression that the solution Can be achieved without. in- Soviet Union wishes all Afghans well cluding it in. the process. and is concerned about the ~ghts of

No doubt jhe Kabul regime is still Afghan citizens on ·both sides of the

in power, and has survived for a year conflict. '

since the Soviet troop withdrawal. This . Iii \ reality the Soviet Union is still does not' change the fact that the busy killing Afghans by providing maspresent regime W;lS brought to power sive quantities of sophisticated weapby the Re4 Army. ons to the Kabul regime. Its advisors

Before the Soviet invasion Najib .ere helping the puppet army in the war and his predecessor, Babrak: Karmal, against the resistance and occasionally lived in exile. They came to Kabul af- Soviet warplanes and artillery engage ter the Soviets invaded Afgbanistan in in cross-border operations against the December 1979. The Soviets tried to Mujahideen.

impose these men on the people of • The Soviet Union is responsible Afghanistan but could not do it, If for every droP of blOod that has beeD Najib and his p~y are allowed to take shed in Afghanistan. because Soviet inpart ~ the future politics ofvolvement, both indirect and direct, Afghanistan, to what purpose did one ruined Afghanistan's existing \political million people die in the war against system and brought about the 'present

the communists? instability.

lbe majority of Afghans do not In the Taif talks, Yuli Vorontsov,

want Najib and his party. He must be the head of the Soviet delegation, told tried ~ot all the crimes he has comm~k. Mujahideen leaderS. that he was ready ted in collabo(_ation with his Soviet to mediate between the Mujahideen and mast.ers.' Najibullah to end the hostility between

Every reality is not necessarily ac- the two. Prof. Rabbani, the leader of the cepiable, The Soviet invasion of 1979 Mujahideen delegation, told him he was a reality but Afghans resisted it, could n9' play the role of a peace broand finally drove the Soviets out, ker because he was representing a

The second point the paper raises country ,which had occupied

is the positive development of free, fair Afghanistan. "We loOk upon yot! as an elections in Namibia and Nicaragua, enemy and there is no question of your which could' provide an example to acting as a' mediator;'; Prof. Rabbani help ~h': the Aflttan problem. But the said.

Mgllan-,situation is' comparable neither Vorontsov was told that the resis-

to Nicaragua's nor Namibia's. tance is not ready to deal the commu-

,Daniel Ortega did not come to nists in Kabul and that there was no powq through a Superpower invasion need for mediation.

No french ready to serve in Kabul

AFGHANews Vol 6, No 8, April 15, 1990, page <D

-

Jami'at has tried to prevent large

. r~.'

scale immigration, out of Afghanistan.

it has reconstruction and rehabilitation program for the refugees in the areas it controls, Jarni'at believes that provision of assistaree to the concerned, organization of the Mujahideen and help in

---------------~---------- 'reconstruction of the liberated areas ' will urge more refugees to return. The ,return of the refugees in mass is Possible only after a truly Islamic represen_-

UN Secretary General ends mandate 'of·U,NGOMAP ,

Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar informed the Security Council March 1'4 that the mandate of the UN Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan (UNGOMAP) will not be continued, but that he intends to keep a few officers and staff to help with other UN responsibilities in Afghanistan.

He said that his consultations with the signatories of the Geneva Accords "indicate that another extension of the existing arrangements would not meet with the necessary consensus" on what UNGOMAP's continued role would be.

UNGOMAP~ which consists of about 40 officers from' other UN peacekeeping and observer missions around the' world, was created under the' Geneva Accords to monitor the withdrawal of Soyiet. troops from Afghanistan. Pakistan and Afghanistan

signed. the Accords, with the United States and the Soviet Union acting as guarantors.

US officials said March 14 that the United States believed that the-mandate of UNGOMAP itself ~as to monitor the Soviet troop withdrawal, and with that completed, no consensus could be reached on a future role.

Perez de Cuellar told the council that he intends to redeploy a limited number of the military officers from UNGOMAP as military advisers to Banon Sevan, his personal representative in' Afghanistan and Pakistan, to assist in the implementation of other responsibilities related to Afghanistan. I

*UNGOMAP has been deployed in Afghanistan and Pakistan for' 20 months.

tive government.is established in

The number of those avoid- fairs. It will refine its techniques, and

ing being drafted into the remainthe sole guardian of the commu- Af_g_han_is_tan_' _. ~ _

Soviet army has increased nist dictatorship. "Iur kistan.Today'

eightfold in recent' years, _

creating a source of worry for .Iranj 01· ns t t bli t·

the Soviet Army.· I" S ar S pU ,lea Ion

An.article published in 'Pravda'

says that in 1989, the number of space ace Emigres from Central Asian reo

young men who refused to be drafted r. publics have started to publish a

jumped to 6647 while in 1985 the fig- . .,j b II tl .. ." ti

The Soviet Union and me Islamic news u e m givmg mrorma Ion

ure was 837.

G ' R. epublic of Iran, are studying the possi- about the struggle of people in that

rowing nationalism among dif-

ferent republics may be the cause of bilities of sending an Iranian astronaut area for achievement of cultural, eeo-

I this development into space on a Soviet space ship, nomic and religious rights,.

The Soviet army's image was dent- Iranian news agency (IRNA) has re- "Turkistan Today" is, edited by

ed because of its failed decade-long in- ported. The issue was reviewed at the Timur Kocaoglu, and published in

volvement in Afghanis tan. The' army 12th Iran-Soviet joint economic' \

West Germany in' English and

has become unpopular at home. Soviet commission.

Th S . 'U' , , Turkistani languages.

veterans of the war in Afghanistan are e oviet mon uses joint space

suffering from many psychological and missions as a favor towards friendly na- Following is the address of the

physical scars, 'Some of them have tions. So far, French, Czech, Syrian and paper:

even returned their medals and eertifi-Afghan, astronauts have participated in Dr. iTimur Kocaoglu, ,

cates of good performance ~'\' the joint missions with Soviet cosmonauts. Horwarth Str. 37,

Soviet authorities. When the Kabul regime ~tronaut was, 8 Munchen 40, ,

The communist party has suffered sent on board a Soviet ship, most peoa great! deal as well. Defections from . ple assumed that it was a propaganda the party and fragmentation along eth- ploy to impress Afghan communists nic lines have drastically reduced its and to deceive world public opinion

power. about the situation in Afghanistan. cultural. economic and religious free-

The only organization which has Some time ago a Saudi cosmonaut doms. The movement is a natural reac-

remained intact is the KGB, the Soviet w¥ sent into space on an American tion to seven decades of oppressive. secret police, which has not been so se- space ship. It is interesting that super- rule by the communists. riously affected by the recent changes power rivalries create opportunities for and polarization in the Soviet Union; . third-world astronauts to I enjoy space

Experts believe that after the flights. ,

Soviets lose control of Eastern Europe, The news indicates closer ties bethe KGB will have more time and re- tween Moscow' and Tehran, which sources to concentrate on domestic af- grow day by day.

, .

Glasnost has made KG·B 'stronger than, before

This .way of thinking might be true about some issues concerning the external aspects of the problem but the rehabilitation of refugees is ail internal problem connected to security situa- ' tion. WithOut the Mujahideen's agreement nothing will work.

Jami'at will oppose any plan which lead'19 any sort of deal with the Kabul regime and requ~s cease-ft$, of any

kindwith it ~'

, WestGerm~y.

Turkic-speaking republics of

Central Asia have, waged a struggle for

Moscow is worried about the' Islamic awakening in Central Asia and

. '

Azerbaijan, as wasdemonstrated by its

decision to use the Red Army against the people in Baku and Dushanbe.

I

AFGHANews Vol '6, No 8, April 15, 1990, 'page 8 '

What does Jehad Olean?

Islam shuns the use of current vocabulary and adopts it terminology of its own revolutionary ideals that may be distinguished from common ideals. The word Jehad belongs to this particular terminology of Islam. Islam purposel y rejected the word harb and other Arabic words bearing the same meaning of 'war' and used the word J ehad which is synonymous with 'struggle', though more forceful and wider in connotation. The nearest correct jneaning of the word Jehad in English can be expressed as: To exert one's utmost en- Thus he who made Hijra for the sake of

deavor in promoting a cause. Allah and His Prophet, his migration

To chrufge the outlook of the pro- was for Allah and the Prophet; and he ple and initiate a mental revolution who made Hijra to achieve some worldamong them through speech or writing ly 'benefit or to 'take some woman in is a form of Jehad. To alter the old ty- marriage, his migration' was for that

rannical social system and establish a which he migrated for". ' .

new just order of life by the power of Th t: , • th I I . th

d' al J h d d d e tact remains at s am IS e

swor IS so e a an to expen . . .

goods and exert physically for this- religion of peace m the fullest sense of

cause is Jehad too. The pen is as much the term; tha~ unjust war was neverama weapon of Jehad as is the rifle. ongst its teachings; that aggression was

But the Jehadof Islam is not mere- never in its tenets or tolerated by it; ly 'a struggle; it is a 'struggle in the that force was never employed to imcause of Allah' an essential condition in Islam. People 'have been misled into believing that ,Jehad in the way of or oppression. Allah enjoining forcible conversion of

other people to the faith of Islam. ,

However, nothing could be further Courtesy: Bulletino! Forum/or

from the truth. All such work as is un>...!, Social Studies.

dertaken for the collective well-being of mankind and in which the functionary has no vested interest in the present world, his.sole interest being to win the favour of AI~h, is regarded in Islam as

an 'act in the way of Allah'.

The understanding of UIe concept of 'for the sake ~f Allah' is explicitly explained by the Prophet when he said; " Actions are but by intention and every man shall have that which he intended.

pose it on anyone; that the expansion of Islam was never due to compulsion

East Europe asks Najib to pay hard cash for goods he wants

Eastern bloc countries are

.l turning to hard currency in their trade with the Kabul regime, said the' Washington Post.

Freed from' Soviet strongarming, a number of the eastbloc countries are rapidly atian~oning 'barter with Afghanistan, conducted with "clearing dollars". from' Kabul; they are turning instead to hard-currency trade, or "free" dollars.

, "We were pressured before to trade goods in Afghanistan in exchange for -well, I'm not quite sure what," said one east-bloc envoy, who described the so-called clearing dollars as "funny money."

A Czech diplomat. said that his country's trade with Afghanistan used to be 40 percent hard currency and 60 percent barter, but "in the last two years, jhose figures have reversed themselves."

Aalysts said that trend is expected

to accelerate with the anticipated link-· ing of East Germany's economy 16 that

of the West. •

As a result, the govern-CD/.

ment of President

Najibullah is aggressively $ courting new business, of-

fering such attractive deals .

as tax-free corporate status and allowing full retained earnings for minimal investments,

Work for refugees

The Ministry of Mines and Industries of the AIG ~as opened a blanket- weaving factory in Peshawar to provide work for refugees.

According to an official of that ministry, the factory will produce more than 20,000 blankets annually.

The official' added that the minisI

try has plan to. establish other small

factories to provide work for refugees.

Jami'at leader

,,.

.returns from

trip to Turkey

Prof. Rabbani has returned from. a short trip to Turkey at the invitation of

f

that country's Refa party.

During his stay, he addressed gatherings in Istanbul, Ankara and Chororn. A large number of Turks attended these gatherings. Prof. Rabbani informed them about the situation in Afghanistan.

, He also addressed a gathering of Afghan refugees in Istanbul.

Refa is an Islamic party struggling for introduction of Islamic laws through democratic means. Najmuddin Arbakan, the leader of the party, once served as deputy prime minister. of Turkey.

Prof. / Rabbani discussed the Afghan issue and the situation in Central Asia with Refa leaders. Muslims there are struggling for more religious freedom. Several thousand Afghan refugees also live in. Turkey. Most of them are Turkic-speaking people displaced from Wakhan Corridor in Badakhshan.

The Afghan cause is popular in Turkey because of religious and ethnic ties between the two nations.

There are several million Turkicspeaking people living in northern Afghanistan,

I

Nationalist leader killed in Peshawar

~

\ Doctor Sadat Shigawal, leader of

Afghan Millat of Afghanistan, a nationalist party, was killed by unidentified assassins in Shaheen Town, Peshawar on Match 27.

Dr. Sadat was the director of the Afghan Aid Association, a relief organization, and a member of Afghan Doctors Unity.

A member of the Afghan Millat told the BBC that the killing was' politically motivated, but did not specify which group might be responsible for the murder.

Afghan Millat (Afghan Nation) was active in the university and in government offices during· we time of King Zahir Shah .. Later it split between moderates and radicals. The radicals promoted a leftist revolution and became known as Millat, after the name of the newspaper they published.

Most of the moderate followers of Afghan Millat in the schools and university joined the Islamic movement when it began its activities.

From Mujahide'en press inside Afghanistan

AFGHANews Vol 6, No 8, April 15, 1990, page «8

Famine threatens people in northern provinces

, Famine threatens the life of hun-' Mujahideen parties to give all possible power. The prince also met with some

dreds of lhousands of people in the help to famine-stticken people. Afghan intellectuals.

nOrthern provirces of Afghanl·stan,

, In addition to food, there is need Prince Sadruddin ancihls friends

stated an article in the latest issue of for anti-pest chemicals' to save the cur-

'Shoora' newspaper. rent year's crop. A timely rainfall

Due to war, lack of rainfall, 10- would raise hopes for a good harvest. custs and sunn-pest beetles, farm pro-

duction in Badakhshan, Takhar, The paper also asked those people Kunduz, Samangan, Bamyan, Jawzjan, 'who have stored f~tuffs to givefood Badghis and Faryab' provinces was to the needy to save them from starvavery low last year, said "Shoora," The tion. Feeding the hungry is the religious people in these provinces are facing se- duty of every Muslim, the paper

vere food shortages. concluded.

The shortages in, Badghis, Faryab and Badakhshan provinces areparticularly acute, the paper adds. In Maimana, the provincial ,capital of Faryab, one seer (seven kilograms) of wheat cost 2000 Afs, while in the outlying districts it costs 3000 Afs. This price is four times higher Jhan inprevious years.

The paper added that a large number of people are leaving the country and moving towards the city in search of food. Cold weather, roadblocks and food transportation problems created by regime militiamen have exacerbated

the problem. •

The paper stressed dIe' need for urgent international assistance for the people in the affected areas, and asked

Mujahideen commander murdered in Peshawar "

Mohammad Nasim Akhundzada, an important Mujahideen commander, and four of his companions were killed in an ambush outside Peshawar 00 March 25.

He' was Harakat Inqilab Islami (Mohammadi party) chief commander in Helmand province.

He was on his way' to a refugee camp when four' gunmen opened fire on his jeep, on Cherat Road, about 30 kilometers outside Peshawar .

Two of his bodyguards and two other commanders who were travelling with him were also killed while one person sustained injuries and another escaped unhurt.

The body of Nasim Akhundzada, was flown to Quetta to be, taken to MUs3 Qala District in Helmand for burial.

According to Harakat sources one of the culprits was captured and he was transferred to Helmand for

In another article, 'Shoora' wrote that Supervisory Council made' good use of the past Afghan c;aten~-year'to, orgapise and train its army, launch limited - attacks, rehabilitate internal refugees and rebuild mosques, houses and for similar talks, with Iranian offICials office buildings' allover the territory and leaders of Shia groups.

controlled by the Council.

The paper said that unfortunately, One-day .safarls to,

international assistance to the "Tranquility Zones"

Mujahideen, both military and non- ,,="" Despite UN blaims that the securimilitary, has decreased, while Soviet ty situation in Afghanistan has imassistance to the Kabul regime has increased. -,

'Shoora' is fortnightly paper published in Warsach, 'Fakbar province, Afghanistan, by the Cultural COmmittee of the' Supervisory Council~

I

interrogation

Mawlawi Nabi Mohammadi told reporters that Mohammad Rasool Akhundzada, Nasim Akhundzada's brother, has been appointed the commander of Harakat in, Helmand. He called the death of commander Akhundzada a great loss to all Mujahideen.

Nasim Akhundzada started Jehad under Taraki's regime, and has been fighting against the, Soviets' and the puppet regime since then.

The Westen) media lOCK theopportunity to repeat their accusation of Akhundzada's'involvement in growing poppy in the areas he controlled.

Harakat sources have said that he was keen to eliminate cultivation ,of poppy.

It is said that Nasim Akhundzada commanded about 10,000 Mujahideen 'in Helmand and neighboring provinces.

" ,

,

refugees I sent home by UN,

I From page (1) , I

flew for a one-day tour to Kab~ dming which he talked to Najib, Wakil and Sultan Ali Keshtmand.

,

Pmstani authoritieS, have com-j-

plained that s~~ for'the Aflhan refugees has decreased. Peter Tomsen, US special envoy to the Afghk ~istance, gave cautious support to the',program.

, . / '

But he expressed concern, about the

safety of the reluming refugees, who might be attacked by the Kabul regime.

, Prince Sadiuddin flew to Tehran

proved, its delegations refuse to stay overnight in Kabul. They plan their vis-' its so that by evening !hey are out of the Afghan capital.

Mr. Cordovez, former UN General Secretary's Special .Envoy .to Afghanistan, took one-day trips to Kabul. when he was in charge, and' the , present UN representative, Benon Sevan, does the same. Prince Sadruddin's recent trip to Kabul was also a one-day tour to discuss his pr0- posal for creation of "Peace and Tranquility Zones" with th~ rulers of Kabul.

/

!IleCp U.5 pu6{isli J:t1'(j~ws!

I

~e seM your /onations to the fOfltrwinB auount num6er: -

J'E9{MJ

, kum.nt?{P. 735·31 !Jla6i6 'lJantLttl. rr~ 'lJala, Peshawar " PDKistan

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