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You are on page 1of 7

Assigned: Wednesday, January 27, 1999

Due: Wednesday, February 3 1999 BEGINNING OF CLASS.

Problem 1. Geankoplis, problem 2.6-4, page 106

v x ( y ) = v max 1

v=

vdA

A

dA

yo

yo W

v x ( y )dzdy

yo 0

yo W

v x ( y )dy

yo

2y o W

dzdy

yo 0

y 3 o

y 2

v max 1 y dy v max y 3 y 2

o y o

yo

o =

v=

2y o

2y o

yo

y o 3

2v max y o

2

3 y o

= 2v max

v ==

2y o

3

Problem 2. Geankoplis, problem 2.6-6, page 107

If we consider a tank as shown in Figure 2..6-5 on page 54, we can write the total mass balance:

Draw the system. Define the control volume.

If we assume no reaction:

Constant flow rates in and out.

acc = in out

dm( t ) &

& out

= min m

dt

m( t

=t)

t

=t

m( t

= 0)

t

=0

& in

) = (m

dm(t

m

& in m

& out )t

m( t ) m( t = 0) = (m

& in m

& out )t + m( t = 0)

m( t ) = (m

For the problem specifications:

Now look at the weight fraction of salt in the tank by writing a salt balance.

acc = in out

dm( t )w s ( t )

& in w s,in m

& out w s,out

=m

dt

w s (t )

dw s ( t )

dm( t )

& in w s,in m

& out w s,out

+ m( t )

=m

dt

dt

Substitute our result from above for the mass in the tank and the change in mass in the

tank.

dm( t ) &

& out

= min m

dt

& in m

& out )t + m( t = 0)

m( t ) = (m

& in m

& out )+

w s ( t )(m

[(m& in

[(m& in

dw ( t )

& out )t + m(t = 0)] s = m

& in w s,in m

& out w s,out

m

dt

(m& in w s,in m& out w s,out ) w s (t )(m& in m& out )]dt

m

[(m& in w s,in

w s (t

=t)

dw s ( t )

dt

=

& out w s,out ) w s (t )(m

& in m

& out )] [

(m& in m& out )t + m( t = 0)]

m

[(m& w

in s,in

w s (t

=0 )

=t

t

dw s ( t

)

dt

=

& out w s,out ) w s ( t

& in m

& out )] t = 0 [

m

)(m

(m& in m& out )t + m( t = 0)]

w s, out = w s ( t

)

w s ( t

=t)

ws

t

=t

dw s (t

)

dt

=

[

&

&

(m& in m& out )t + m(t = 0)]

= 0 ) min w s,in w s ( t )min ] t

( t

=0 [

& m

& out )t + m( t = 0 )

(m

1 w s,in w s (t )

1

=

ln

ln in

& in w s,in w s ( t = 0 ) (m

& in m

& out )

m

m( t = 0)

& in

m

w s,in w s ( t )

& in m

& out )t + m( t = 0) (m& in m& out )

(m

ln

= ln

=

w

w

(

t

=

0

)

m

(

t

0

)

s

,

in

s

& m

& out )t + m( t =

(m

= in

m(t = 0)

w s ( t = 0)

w s,in w s ( t )

w s,in

& in

m

&

0) (min m& out )

& in

m

(m& in m& out )

m( t = 0)

w s ( t ) = w s,in (w s,in w s ( t = 0 ))

(m

&

&

)

+

=

m

t

m

(

t

0

)

in

out

From the problem specifications:

900

500

300

w s ( t ) = 0.1667 (0.1667 0.05 )

300 t + 500

3

5

w s ( t ) = 0.1667 0.1167

3t + 5

w s ( t = 2) = 0.1667 0.1167

= 0.1557 weight percent salt

+

3

(

2

)

5

v x ( y ) = v max 1

2v

8v

v = max , v 3 = max

3

27

yo W

v3 =

dA

A

v x

dA

v x = v max

yo

dzdy

yo 0

yo W

v x

yo

2y o W

dzdy

yo

v x

dy

=

dy

yo

2y o

yo 0

2

4

6

y

y y

1 3

y

+ 3

y

y

3

3

5

7 o

v

3

y

3

y

1

y

v 3 = max y 2 + 4 6

2y o 3

y o 5 y o 7 y o

y o

3

3

5

7

yo

yo

v max

yo

1

3

3

= 16 v max 3

v =

+

y o

2

4

6

35

yo

3

y o 5 y o 7 y o

8 v max

3

v

35

27

=

=

=

3

54

v 3 16 v

max

35

Problem 4. Geankoplis, problem 2.7-4, page 107

v2

V

U

+

+

zg

v2

= vA H +

+ zg

t

2

in

v2

&

+ zg

vA H +

+ Q Ws +

2

out

& = v 1A 1 = v 2 A 2 = q = 1000

m

z 2 z1 = 15.24

Q = 704kW = 704,000J / s

kg

m3

0.189

m3

kg

kg

= 189

= 3.15

min

min

s

W

s

H1 = 390,582J / kg from steam table, linear interpolation

Overall energy balance becomes:

0 = 3.15[

H2 = 167414

From the steam tables, linear interpolation, the outlet temperature is: T2 = 40.0

The enthalpy gain due to the work is: 1490 J/s

1490J / s

J

= 473

kg

kg

3.15

s

Problem 5. Geankoplis, problem 2.7-8, page 108

3

ft 3 m

kg

0.2

= 6. 513

3

s 3.2808 ft

s

m

&

m

6. 513

m

v1 =

=

=

0

.

8879

2

A 1

s

0.0254m

1150 3.548in

4

in

&

m

6.513

m

v2 =

=

=

2

.

616

2

A 2

s

0.0254m

1150 2.067in

4

in

& = v 1A 1 = v 2 A 2 = q = 1150

m

kg

Energy balance just around pump--nothing but pressure, kinetic energy, and work terms:

p v 2

+

+

2

v 2

p =

2 +

0=

& +

gz + W

s

&

W

s

Need the work. Solve mechanical energy balance around entire system:

p v 2

& +

0=

+

+ g z + W

s

2.616 0.8879

ft lbf

J / kg

m

&

0 = 0+

+ 9.8(75 ft )

2.9890

+ Ws + 18

ft lbf

2

lbf

3. 2808ft

lbf

W

2

&

W

280. 86

J

kg

&

&

&

Ws = Wp so Wp = s =

= 401.3 6.513

= 2613 Watts

0. 7

kg

s

W

= 3.50hp

p

745.70 W

Now, we can go back and determine what was the pressure developed across the pump:

2.616 2 0.8879 2

v 2 &

= 458013Pa

W

1150

401

.

3

=

p =

+

s

2

2

1atm

p = 458013Pa

= 4.52atm

101325Pa

Problem 6. Geankoplis, problem 2.7-9, page 108

(a) horizontal flow

& = v 1A 1 = 998

m

v2 =

&

m

=

A 2

m

0. 0254m

kg

1. 676

3. 068in

= 7.978

3

s 4

in

s

m

kg

7.978

2

0.0254m

998 2.067in

4

in

= 3.693

m

s

p v 2

& +

0=

+

+ g z + W

s

p

v 2

=

v 2

3.693 2 1. 676 2

= 68900Pa 998

= 63496

p 2 = p1

2

2

Pa

0=

p v 2

& +

+

+ gz + W

s

p

v 2

=

gz

2

2

2

v 2

p 2 = p1

+

g

z

2

& = v 1A 1 = v 2 A 2 = q = 1000

m

kg

m3

0.800

m3

kg

= 800

s

s

z 2 z1 = 5 89.5 = 94.5 m

p 2 p1 = 89600 172400 = 82800 Pa

2

v 2 v 1 = 0.0

& = 658000J / s = 739326 J / s

W

s

0. 89

p v 2

& + F

0=

+

+ g z + W

s

2

82800

739326J / s

0=

+ 0 + 9.8 ( 94.5) +

+

1000

800kg / s

F = 84.7 J/kg

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