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Project Name

Subject

Basement Walls Design

Element Number
Done By
Date

fc' =
fy =
w=
ws =
=
h=
D=
Tt =
Tb =
Tm =

21
415
1765
960
35
3
0.3
15.5
20.5
18

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1/17/2016 17:37

Mpa
Mpa
Kg/m
Kg/m
Degrees
m
m
cm
cm
cm

Ca = 0.2709901
Pa = 1434.8923 Kg/m
Ha = 2152.3385 Kg/m
Ha acts at h/3 from the base =
hs = 0.5439093 m
Ps = 260.15045 Kg/m
Hs = 780.45136 Kg/m
Hs acts at h/2 from the base =

3.046
60.189
110.189
200.501
9.843
0.984
6.102
8.071
7.087

0.300
1.475
1
1.785
0.054
0.535
1.5

Ksi
Ksi
Ib/ft
lb/ft
ft
ft
in.
in.
in.

Ksf
K/ft of Wall
m
ft
Ksf
K/ft of Wall
m

Tt

Tm

Tb

3.281 ft

4.9215 ft

In the preceding calculations, it is assumed that the backfill is dry, but it is necessary to investigate
the presence of water pressure behind the wall. The maximum water pressure occures when the whole
height of the basement wall is subjected to water pressure, and:
w = w h =
3000
Kg/m
0.626566 Ksf
Hw =

4500

Kg/m

3.084 K/ft of Wall

The maximum pressure may not be present continuously behind the wall. Therefore, if the ground is
intermittently wet, a percentage of the preceding pressure may be adopted, say 50%:
Pw/2 =
Hw' =

1500
2250

Kg/m
Kg/m

0.313283 Ksf
1.542 K/ft of Wall

Hw' acts at h/3 from the base =


1
m
3.281 ft water may be prevented from
collecting against the wall by providing drains at the lower end of the wall.
In addition to drain, a waterproofing or damp-proofing membrane must be laid or applied to the external
face of the wall. The ACI Code, Section 14.5, specifies that the minimum thickness of an exterior
basement wall and its foundation is 7.5 in. In general, the minimum thickness of bearing walls is 1/25
of the supported height or length, whichever is shorter, nor less than 100mm.
Mu = 1.7 (Ha + Hw) L / 7.5 + 1.7 Hs L / 8 = 3491.128 Kg.m
or Mu =
7.847 K.ft
RB = 1994.3328 Kg
1.367 K
P=qx/2
RA = 6816.4099 Kg
4.671 K
Where q = Triangular load
B
B
x
P
Hs
Hw
Ha

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Project Name
Subject
Element Number
Done By
Date
A
Ma = wL/8

Basement Walls Design

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1/17/2016 17:37
A
Ma = wL/7.5

Pa

Pw

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Ps

Project Name
Subject

Basement Walls Design

YOUR LOGO

Element Number
Done By
Date

1/17/2016 17:37

Maximum positive bending moment within the span occures at the section of zero shear
Vu = RB - 1.7(Ps x) - 1.7[(Pa+Pw)x / h]
-1663.106 x/2

-442.2558 x

x = 0.9701441 m

1994.333

=0

3.183043 ft

Mc = 1648.6321 Kg.m

3.706 K.ft

Assuming steel ratio =


0.01
d = 10.28424 cm
Total Depth = 15.08424 cm

Therefore, Ru = 3.300819 Mpa


4.048912 in
5.938675 in

478.38 psi

ACI 318M-95: 14.5.3.2:


Thickness of exterior basement walls and foundation walls shall not be less than 190 mm.
Hence, Use Total Depth =
Then, d =

19
14.2

cm
cm

7.480315 in
5.590551 in

For Negative Moment


Ru = 1.731367 Mpa
4341.8067

373.5

= 0.004917
As =
Minimum As =
Minimum As (flexture) =
Controled As =

250.93 psi
+

698.14
285.00
468.60
698.14

Insert Bar No. =


14
Then bar diameter =
13.76 mm
Use
5 of Bar No. 14
For Positive Moment
Mc = 1648.632 Kg.m
Ru = 0.817612 Mpa
4341.8067
= 0.0022478

As =

1.731367
mm /m
mm /m
mm /m
mm /m

0.33
0.13
0.22
0.33

Spacing =

20

in /ft
in /ft
in /ft
in /ft

cm

3.706 K.ft
118.5 psi

373.5

0.817612

319.19 mm /m

Insert Bar No. =


12
Then bar diameter =
11.63
mm
Use
4 of Bar No. 12

=0

Spacing =

=0

0.15 in /ft

25

As,pos < As,neg

cm

Longitudinal Reinforcement
Use minimum steel ratio, = 0.002 for deformed bars not larger than No.16 (ACI Code, Section 14.3)
As =
360 mm /m
0.17 in /ft
Insert Bar No. =

12

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Project Name
Subject

Basement Walls Design

Element Number
Done By
Date
1/17/2016 17:37
Then bar diameter =
11.63
mm
Use
4 of Bar No. 12

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Spacing =

25

cm

on each side of the wall.

Note:
If the bending moment at the base of the wall is quite high, it may require a thick wall slab, for example
12 in. (30cm) or more. A hunch may be adopted which will reduce the thickness of the wall, because it
will be desinged for the moment at the section exactly above the haunch.
The basement slab may have a thickness greater than the wall thickness and may be extended outside
the wall by about 10in. (25cm) or more, as required.
Hunch
10-20"

15.5cm

Extension of base

Y12/25cm

3m

10-15"

18cm
Y12/25cm

Y14/20cm
20.5cm
0.3m

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