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"Christians in the Crusades"

Zachary Missigman

Junior Division

Individual Website

8th Grade

Primary Sources
Bishop Eugene, III. "Summons to a Crusade." Summons to a Crusade. 20 Oct. 2015. Web.
Archive.org. Web. 20 Oct. 2015. <http://web.archive.org/web/20050406074132/http://
www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/eugene3-2cde.html>.
Lecture / Speech
This is either a speech or letter written by Bishop Eugene III. This is important because this is
when the Third Crusades actually were started. I will use this in my project to show how the
Third Crusades were started and some of the causes of the Third Crusades.
Crusader, A. French. "A French Crusader Writes to His Wife." Letter to His Wife. Spring 1098.
Www.scholar.vt.edu. Virginia Tech, n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2015. <https://scholar.vt.edu/access/.
content/user/jbconrad/Portfolio%20Public/PDFs/History/Crusaders_Final_merged.pdf>.
This is a letter from a French Crusader to his wife before he goes off to fight. In the letter, he
writes about how fighting will win her over and he will win paradise and her true love. I will use
this in my project to compare different perspectives of Crusaders.
Documents, Analyzing Primary Source. 1095, Pope Urban II. (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
This is a speech by Pope Urban saying what is happening with Christians and Muslims. He is
saying that he will start the first of the Crusades and he states some of his reasons. I will use this
in my project to find some of the causes of the Crusades.
Knight, Guy A. "Guy, a Knight, a Letter from the Crusades." Letter to B. of Chartres. 1249.
Legavy.fordham.edu. Fordham, n.d. Web. <http://legacy.fordham.edu/halsall/source/
1249sixthcde-let.asp>.
This is a letter from a soldier in the war to B. of Chartres. I will use this in my project to show
different perspectives of soldiers in the Crusades.
Leo, IV. "Forgiveness of Sins for Those Who Died in Battle." Speech.
This is a speech by Pope Leo IV during the Crusades. In this speech, he said that any Crusader
who died in battle would automatically be forgiven of all their sins and go straight to Heaven. I
will use this in my project to show how important and iconic the Crusades were.

Priest, An English. "A Battle in the Third Crusade." A Battle in The Third Crusades. England,
London. Nov. 1190. Www.scholar.vt.edu. Web. 25 Nov. 2015. <https://scholar.vt.edu/access/.
content/user/jbconrad/Portfolio%20Public/PDFs/History/Crusaders_Final_merged.pdf>.
This is a written sentiment by an English priest about a battle in the Crusades. He wrote down
how the opposition were terrifying soldiers. I will use this in my project to show people just how
nasty and painful this war was.
Ribemont, Anselm Of. "Anselm of Ribemont." Letter to Manasses II. 10 Feb. 1098.
Legacy.fordham.edu. Legacy.fordham.edu, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2015. <http://.
legacy.fordham.edu/halsall/source/cde-letters.asp>.
This is a letter from a crusader to Manasses II, who is the archbishop of the city of Reims. I will
use this in my project to show even more of the Crusaders perspective.
Secondary Sources
Hanafin, Robert L. "Different Strokes for Different Folks." Veterenstoday. N.p., n.d. Web. 13
Nov.
This is a political cartoon by Robert L. Hanafin about the Crusades and the leaders of the
Crusades. I will use this in my project to show how people view the leaders of the Crusades
today.
Network, The GQ. "What Were the Christian Crusades?" GotQuestions.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 15
Oct. 2015.
This is an article that I used to gain some facts and ideas about the Crusades. There were three
main points in this article that were very interesting and made me think. I will use this in my
project to see what people already think about the Crusades so that I can make them rethink that
idea.
"6 Facts About The Crusades." Know This Fact. N.p., 14 June 2012. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.
<https://knowthisfact.wordpress.com/2012/06/14/6-facts-about-the-crusades/#comments>.
This is a trustworthy blog that I used to learn basic things about the Crusades. I will use this in
my project to inform people about the Crusades and the basic reasons for the Crusades.