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Hi: Globaledu c th gip em phn bit ng t "grow" trong 2 cu They grow flowers in the

garden v Flowers grow in their garden c khng ? (Thu Phng - Bc Giang)

Tr li:
C hai cu trn u ng v mt ng php song c l iu khin bn bi ri l v ng t grow c
dng vi t cch khc nhau l ngoi ng t v ni ng t. Vy ngoi ng t v ni ng t l
g v chng khc nhau ra sao?
1. Ngoi ng t din t hnh ng gy ra trc tip ln ngi hoc vt.
V d:
The cat killed the mouse. (Con mo git con chut).
Ngoi ng t lun cn thm yu t bn ngoi l mt i (danh) t theo sau hon thnh ngha ca
cu. Trong cu trn chng ta khng th ni The cat killed ri dng li. Danh t i theo sau ngoi ng
t l tn ng trc tip. (Trong cu trn mouse l tn ng trc tip cakilled).
2. Ni ng t din t hnh ng ni ti ca ngi ni hay ngi thc hin n.
V d:
He walks. (Anh y i b). (Anh y t i ch khng phi do ngi/ vt khc tc ng).
Birds fly. (Chim bay). (Con chim t bay theo bn nng ch khng do ngi/ vt tc ng).
Ni ng t khng cn c tn ng trc tip i km theo. Nu c th phi c gii t i trc v cm ny
s ng vai tr l trng ng ch khng phi tn ng trc tip.
V d:
She walks in the garden. (C y i b trong vn).
Birds fly in the sky.(Chim bay trn bu tri).
3. S phn chia thnh ngai v ni ng t ch l tng i. Mt s ng t c th dng
lm ni ng t trong cu ny v ngoi ng t trong cu kia, ngha ca chng c th thay i. Hy xem
v d trng bng sau:

Ngoi ng t

She opened the door. (C y m ca)


The driver stopped the bus. (Ti x dng xe

Ni ng t

The door opened. (Ca m).

but li).

The bus stopped. (Chic xe but dng li).

He rings the bells. (ng y rung chung).

The bell rings. (Chung reo).

The boy broke the glass. (Cu b lm v


cc).

The glass broke. (Cc b v).

He began his work at 8pm. (Anh y bt u


cng vic lc 8h).
I lit the fire. (Ti t la).
They grow flowers in the garden. (H trng
hoa trong vn).
Mary boiled the water for the tea. (Mary un
si nc pha tr).

His lecture bagan at 8 pm. (Bi ging ca ng


ta bt u lc 8h ti).
The fire lit quickly. (La chy nhanh).
Flowers grow in their garden. (Hoa mc
trong vn).
Water boils at 100 degree. (Nc si 100
C).

Mt khc, nhiu ni ng t c th c tn ng ly (cognate object); l nhng tn ng c cng hnh


thc vi ng t.
Mary laughed a merry laugh. [to laugha laugh]
(Mary n mt n ci vui v).
The old man lived a happy life. [to livea life]
(ng lo hng mt cuc sng hnh phc).
The little boy slept a sound sleep. [to sleepa sleep]
(Ch b ng mt gic ng ngon).
Ngoi ra, mt s ngoi ng t li c dng nh ni ng t, trong ch t khng lm ch hnh ng
trong cu.
V d:
The books sell well. (Sch bn chy).
[Thay v ni: They sell the books well].