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Date _________ Class ________ Name _________________________________________



1. An outdoor swimming pool contains 3,785 kg of water. If the temperature of the pool increases
from 19oC to 23oC during the day, how much heat has the pool water absorbed?

2. How many calories of energy does it take to increase the temperature of 400 grams of
water by 8 degrees Celsius?

3. A student places a mug filled with hot chocolate on the counter. After an hour, the
drink is at about room temperature. Explain what happened to the thermal energy of
the drink.

4. If equal amounts of thermal energy were added to a solid, a liquid, and a gas, the least amount of

expansion would generally occur in the ______________________

5. The amount of heat lost by one object is equal to heat gained by another. This idea is

expressed in the ____________ law of thermodynamics.

6. Two substances at different temperatures are placed in thermal contact. When they reach the same

temperature, their condition of thermal “balance” is called thermal _______________________

7. Objects that are good absorbers of radiation are also good ________________________ of

8. TRUE or FALSE Good insulators are good conductors.

Label each statement as conduction, convection, or radiation.

_______________________ 9. Heat transfer through empty space

_______________________10. Heat transfer via contact.

_______________________11. Heat transfer through gases.

_______________________12. Heat transfer by electromagnetic waves.

_______________________13. Heat transfer by motion of fluids.

14. Look at the diagram of the refrigerator. Why are the cooling coils
placed near the top? What would happen if they were placed on the

15. In the diagram. Label each box as

either conduction, convection, or radiation

A. _____________________

B. _____________________

C. ____________________ B

16. How many Joules are 4.3 calories?

17. How many calories are 65 Joules?

18. You mix 3.2 liters of water at 42 oC with 1.3 liters of water 73 oC. Find the equilibrium

19. How much kinetic energy does a 3 kg bird have flying through the air at 3.2 m/s?

20. List two examples of NATURAL convection.