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What is the benefit and risk of

having dual citizenship for the


country?
Ciko,Felix,Rachel, Sally

What is
Citizenship?

Definition: The state of being


vested with the rights,
privileges, and duties of a
citizen.

A member of a political
community

Having rights to vote

You dont become a citizen just


because you live in the area

They have restrictions and


regulations to become a citizen

Jokowis Desire
to Amend the
law of Dual
Citizenship

On October 2015 Jokowi went to


United States
On 25 October 2015 Jokowi meets
WNI in Indonesian Embassy in
Washington
Around 1.250 people
IDN (Indonesian Diaspora Network)
demand a dual citizenship for
Indonesian diaspora
Want revision of UU No. 12/2006 Dual citizenship only for children
below 18 years old.
Put in the 5 years program
Revision of PP No. 31/ 2013 - 5
years

Benefits of Amending the Law


1.

This regulation would enable Indonesia people who live in other countries to have benefits as
Indonesian citizen.

2.

Economic benefit
a.

Positive connection with other countries

b.

Easier investment

3.

Protected by both countries laws

4.

I will push for [dual citizenship]. It can be settled soon, Jokowi said
a.

He thinks that having dual citizenship could help a lot of people

b.

He promised and seek a way to allow dual citizenship

Risks of Amending the Law


1.
2.

3.

4.

People avoiding to pay taxes


a. Foreign citizenship
Loyalty
a. War
i. Option between choosing Indonesia or foreign countries
Law No. 12, 2006
a. A child who is born abroad but have Indonesian in blood needs to decide
which citizenship they want to take in the age of 18.
b. Dual citizenship in Indonesia is still very limited
Indonesian Diaspora Network (IDN)
a. Is working really hard with the president to make this dual citizenship
happens

Experts Opinions

Hikmahanto Juwana, Professor of international


law at UI believes that the government should first
conduct an extensive study and evaluate the
regulations of dual citizenship because it can cause
many problems

Avoiding paying taxes using the reason


that they hold foreign citizenship

... would enable Indonesian who live in


other countries to have same benefits as
[Indonesian] citizens themselves, Tristam
Pascal Moeliono

He also believes that it would enable


Indonesian diasporas to invest in other

Akbar Faisal (Member of DPR) states that the


president would have to thoroughly discuss the
issue with the DPR

If the citizens home country and Indonesia

were to go to war, it would be hard for


them to choose who to lean on to.
Another legal expert believes that if Indonesia
were to allow dual citizenship, it would lead to
positive connections with Indonesian diasporas.

Law No. 12/2006 clearly states that

Indonesia does not recognize dual


citizenship
It would also contribute to the improvement of
Indonesias economy
Retno LP Marsudi (Foreign Affairs Minister)

Indonesians abroad could potentially


provide a boost of support for the
development and progress of Indonesia as a
country

In fact, Indonesian diasporas have actually


begun to benefit the nation with a donation
from Indonesians abroad reaching US$8.4
billion last year.

US$8.4 billion = Rp

Conclusion
Having a dual citizenship will always have both the benefits and risk, but having a
dual citizenship is not only beneficial for ourselves but also for our own country.
This is a chance for us to connect with people abroad, by having positive connections
and by that we could have easier way to invest. But then having a dual citizenship
would have caused some problems as well to both countries and the person itself. A
problem that would maybe occur, is when both countries of this individual go to war
and the individual has a hard time choosing which side to go to. However, one thing
we need to always remember is to love and appreciate the country we came from.

Work Cited
Afra, Marguerite and Dandy Koswaraputra. Jokowis dual citizenship comments create controversy. The Jakarta Post.
October 29 2015. Web. Friday, 4th December 2015.
"Jalan Panjang Mengupayakan Dwi Kewarganegaraan Indonesia." Detk News. 22 May 2015. Web. 10 Dec. 2015. <http:
//news.detik.com/berita/2921957/jalan-panjang-mengupayakan-dwi-kewarganegaraan-indonesia>.
President Jokowi to Push for Dual Citizenship Bill in DPR. Tempo. Monday, 26th October 2015. Web. Friday, 4th
December 2015.
Parlina, Ina. Jokowi Pledges to allow dual citizenship for Indonesians abroad. The Jakarta Post. October 27th, 2015. Web.
Friday, 4th December 2015.
"Citizenship." Dctonary.com. Web. 9 Dec. 2015. <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/citizenship>.