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Is a break in the continuity of a tissue

of
the body either internal or external.

TWO TYPES OF WOUNDS


1. Closed Wound
It involves the underlying tissue without break/ damage in the skin or
mucous membrane.
2. Open wound
It is a break in the skin or mucous membrane; or the protective skin
layer is damage.
C LOSED WOUND

First Aid Management

C Control bleeding
C Cover the wound with dressing and secure with a bandage
C Consult or refer to physician
C Care for shock

FIRST AID MANAGEMENT


Wounds with severe bleeding
Direct pressure

I Ice application

Except

C Compression

Eye injury
Wound with embedded object
Possible skull fracture
Elevation
Pressure point bleeding control

E Elevation
S Splinting

A depressed of many body functions due to


OPEN WOUND
Classification of Open Wound
a. Abrasion
b. Laceration
c. Incision

the
failure of enough blood to circulate throughout the
body following serious injury.
Factors which contribute to shock

P Pain
R Rough handling
I Improper transfer
C Continuous bleeding
E Exposure to extreme cold and excessive heat
F Fatigue
Signs and symptoms

Early Stage:

Face pale or cyanotic in color


Skin cold and clammy
Breathing irregular
Pulse rapid and weak
Nausea and vomiting
Weakness
Thirsty
FIRST AID MANAGEMENT OF SHOCK

1. Proper body position


2. Proper body Heat
3. Proper transfer