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Project -1

Akshay Punhani
Below are the screenshots of the plots (5, 1), (10, 10), (1, 1) respectively.

Fig 1(5,1)

Fig 2(10,10)

Fig 3(1,1)

The critical distance calculated theoretically:

1. For (10, 10), dc= 3.425 ( in log terms) or 2666.66m.
2. For (1, 1), dc=1.425 ( in log terms) or 26.66m.
3. For (5, 1), dc= 2.12 ( in log terms) or 133.33m.
The same values can be seen from the plot (the second dotted red line), as after the critical
distance, the exponent becomes value becomes 4.
The Gain values that were taken were random using rand in matlab. One of the gain values for
the 3rd plot for instance was 0.2785 and 0.5469, transmitter and receiver gain respectively.
Before the critical distance that is d<dc, the path loss is roughly flat( for d<ht) and there is
constructive interference which can be seen in the (5,1) plot very clearly(not very clear in other
plots though), and for ht<d<dc, there is constructive and destructive interference of the two
rays which causes a wave pattern with maxima and minima. After the critical distance, the
signal power falls of inversely proportional to d^4.
Measured slopes from the graph
1. Slope for (10,10) Fig2 = -26.66

2. Slope for (1,1) Fig3 = -30.76

3. Slope for (5,1) Fig1 = -33.33.