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REFERENCE TO…

PAST PERFECT

SIMPLE:

USES:
An action that
happened before
another action in
the past
I had already bought
a book , when my
mother gave me the
money

PAST

PRESENT PERFECT

SIMPLE:

SIMPLE:

USES:
Finished action in the
past
I bought a book

PARTICLES:
Yesterday, ago, in 2008,
last
When

PRESENT

SIMPLE:

FUTURE

WILL (FUTURE SIMPLE)

USES:
Near past action
(unspecified time in the
past)
I have eaten a sandwich
PARTICLES:
Just, ever, never, yet, already
An action that began in
the past and continues in
the present

USES:
Routines, habitual actions
He gets up at 7:00
Universal truths
Water boils at 100 C

ADVERBS OF
FREQUENCY:
Always, usually, often, sometimes,
occasionally, seldom, hardly ever,
never, etc

I have studied English for
4 years

USES:
Predictions, (I think, in my opinion…)
(I think) He will buy the car
spontaneous decisions
(phone rings) I will answer it
PARTICLES:
Tomorrow, next, in 2 days, in 2027

TO BE GOING TO

USES:
plans
I am going to buy a house next year
Evidences
Look! The car is going to crash!

PARTICLES:
Since, for

CONTINUOUS:

USES:
An action in
progress that
happened before
another action in
the past

I had a stomach ache
because I had been
eating a lot.

CONTINUOUS:

USES:
Past
action
progress

CONTINUOUS:

in

I was eating a sandwich

USES:
Near
past
progress

CONTINUOUS:

action

I have been eating a
sandwich

in

USES:
Actions that take place at
the moment of speaking
I am explaining the verbal tenses

PARTICLES:
Now, at the moment, nowadays,
right now

NOTE!!!: Some verbs are
not used in the ING form!!
I’m wanting a sandwich now

PRESENT SIMPLE
 USES:
Timetables, programmes
The train leaves at 13:00

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

USES:
Programmed facts, (diaries)
I am flying to London next week

FUTURE CONTINUOUS

USES:
An action in progress in the future
Don’t call me at 8:00, I will be sleeping
(estaré durmiendo)

FUTURE PERFECT

USES:

A finished action in the future By tomorrow. I will have done the project (habré hecho) .