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Free Response Questions (FRQs) Learning Unit 6

1. Many pioneering researchers have devoted their careers to

understanding how we learn. For each of the following individuals,
identify the type of learning researched, briefly explain the nature of
the research conducted, and provide an implication of the research for
human behavior in the real world. For homework, address all five
situations. For test, choose at least four to address. (12 points)

Ivan Pavlov
John Watson
John Garcia
B.F. Skinner
Albert Bandura

2. In the following examples, identify the unconditioned stimulus,

unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus, and conditioned
response. Before making your identifications, please define each term.
For homework, address all four situations. For test, choose at least two
to address. (12 points)
A. When your father is angry with you, he calls you by both your
first and middle names. Every time you hear him call you that
way, you become anxious.
B. You keep your dogs leash in the front closet. Every time you
go to get something out of the closet, Fido comes running
excitedly and waits to go out.
C. Your true love wears a certain scent. Every time you smell
that scent, you feel happy inside.
D. You had a terrifying car accident at the corner of Park Place
and Main Street. Now, every time you approach that corner,
you feel anxious.
3. In the following examples identify the principles of classical
conditioning, such as stimulus discrimination, stimulus generalization,
extinction, spontaneous recovery, higher-order conditioning, etc. For
homework, address all situations. For test, choose at least ___ to
address. (____points)
A. While caring for your friends dog, you notice that it displays a
cowering posture as you roll up a newspaper. You try this
several more times with magazines or stacks of notebook
paper and the dog displays the same behavior. You become
convinced that this dog is generally afraid of rolled up paper.

B. Joan, a dog breeder, has been phobic about Doberman

pinschers since one attacked her. After the attack, she felt
tense and apprehensive whenever she walked by a
Doberman, even if the dog was in a cage or on a leash,
though she was never uncomfortable with any other type of
dog. Recently she has been experiencing a change in her
feelings towards Dobermans. She was given four Doberman
puppies to sell and since being around them for several
months, she is no longer fearful of Dobermans.
C. At a red light, Bob and Fred automatically tensed and felt
chills when they heard the screech of tires behind them. Later,
while watching a car race, Bob remarked that the screeching
of tires was having little effect on them then.
D. After Bill got food poisoning from roast chicken, he vowed he
would never return to that restaurant nor would he ever eat
chicken again. All he wanted was to go home and eat his
mothers cooking. As he entered the kitchen, he became
nauseated when he saw the turkey sitting on the table.
4. Identify whether the consequences in the following examples are
positive or negative reinforcement, or positive or negative punishment.
Indicate the probable effects of the consequences, according to
operant theories of learning. Also, define each consequence as part of
your answer. (12 points)
A. A buzzer sound continues until a seat belt is fastened.
B. Whenever Joe picks up a cigarette, his roommate complains
and insults him.
C. Whenever Warren does the dishes, his girlfriend compliments
and kisses him.
D. Whenever Fred skis down the most difficult slopes, he always
has a bad fall.
5. Identify, define and explain the schedule of reinforcement that is
being used in each example. (12 points)

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