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Tutorial 5

:
Simple plastic deformation with
unloading
Laurence Marks

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd
Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

uk W. Oxfordshire. www.info@ssanalysis.co. OX7 3EW T. 01608811770 E. 01608 811777 F.uk 2 .ssanalysis.co.1. Charlbury.stp Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn. Cornbury Park. Geometry Import Import the geometry in the form of a step file – Tutorial 5. Southill Business Park.

2. Charlbury. www.info@ssanalysis.co. OX7 3EW T. Oxfordshire. Cornbury Park.ssanalysis.co. Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn.uk W. Material and section properties Start to define the material properties – go into the properties module Define a linear steel property – this is used for the supports and load application part. 01608 811777 F. Name this material ‘Steel_Linear’. 01608811770 E.uk 3 . No point in allowing that to yield. Southill Business Park.

co. Oxfordshire. www. 01608 811777 F.Now define a new steel material with plastic properties – define the elastic properties as before but now include a second plastic behaviour and include yield and strain properties. Charlbury.uk 4 .co. Cornbury Park. 01608811770 E. Name this ‘Steel_NonLinear’ Now create two sections – one called Steel_linear and one called Steel_NonLinear Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn. Southill Business Park. OX7 3EW T.info@ssanalysis.ssanalysis.uk W.

Assign the section to the relevant parts – the bar should be non-linear and the other parts linear. 01608811770 E.co. 01608 811777 F.uk 5 . Oxfordshire. Go into the assembly module to instance the parts. www. Southill Business Park.info@ssanalysis. Cornbury Park.ssanalysis. Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn. Charlbury.co. OX7 3EW T.uk W.

3.01 and a maximum of 0.co.uk W. Charlbury.co. Define the first analysis step Create a static general step and include Nlgeom and automatic stabilisation. www.05 Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn. OX7 3EW T. 01608 811777 F.uk 6 .info@ssanalysis. Set an initial time increment of 0.ssanalysis. 01608811770 E. Southill Business Park. Cornbury Park. Oxfordshire.

OX7 3EW T.co. Contacts are defined by individually selecting faces for the master and slave surfaces as shown below.info@ssanalysis.ssanalysis. Cornbury Park. Southill Business Park.1. www. Repeat the process for the lower face of the bar.uk 7 . Oxfordshire. Next create a surface to surface interaction.co.uk W. 01608811770 E.4. Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn. Charlbury. 01608 811777 F. We now define the contacts Create an interaction property with a friction coefficient of 0.

uk 8 .co. Cornbury Park. Repeat this process to create a symmetry restraint on the other surface.5. Now apply a displacement of 0mm in the axis perpendicular to the faces selected.uk W. Charlbury. Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn. 01608 811777 F. www. Southill Business Park. 01608811770 E. This will restrain the model allow only sliding movement and therefore will act as a symmetry plane.ssanalysis.co. Oxfordshire.info@ssanalysis. OX7 3EW T. Define Loads and Restraints In the boundary conditions option we create a Displacement/Rotation on the faces highlighted below.

co.co. www. 01608811770 E. OX7 3EW T. Apply a 35mm displacement to the top face of the central part in the vertical direction.ssanalysis.info@ssanalysis. Oxfordshire. This becomes particularly useful when trying to determine the force required to assemble two latching parts or the force required to cause a certain amount of deflection or travel on a component. Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn.Now fully fix the support in all 3 directions. Southill Business Park. 01608 811777 F. Since we know the distance which we want to load application part to travel we shall apply a displacement to its top face.uk W.uk 9 . This will be applied as a linear increment as the analysis progresses. Cornbury Park. Charlbury.

uk 10 . www. Mesh each part..uk W.co. Charlbury. The model should now look like this. Cornbury Park. Oxfordshire. Mesh seeding button Meshing button Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn. It is assumed that anyone working through this tutorial will already be familiar with the meshing approached adopted by Abaqus CAE. 01608 811777 F. Seed the beam with 2mm hex elements and the remaining parts 3mm hex.ssanalysis. If this isn’t the case then work through tutorials 1 and 2.6. Meshing The assembly was instanced as dependant and therefore the model needs to be meshed by part.co. In this model there is no need to change the meshing approach from the default hex option..info@ssanalysis. Southill Business Park. 01608811770 E. OX7 3EW T.

info@ssanalysis. OX7 3EW T.co. 01608 811777 F. Southill Business Park. Cornbury Park. Create and Submit a Job Remember to name the job something relevant to the model. Oxfordshire. www. Charlbury. 01608811770 E.ssanalysis.7.uk W.uk 11 . Whilst the solution is running monitor its progress Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn.co.

info@ssanalysis. Cornbury Park. www. Southill Business Park.ssanalysis.co. 01608811770 E. Charlbury. OX7 3EW T.uk 12 .co. Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn.8. 01608 811777 F. Oxfordshire. View the Results Plot the displacement and check whether the central component has displaced by 35mm as specified.uk W.

Cornbury Park. 01608 811777 F. are propagated from the previous step.Initial: 0. Charlbury.9. To unload the component we need to modify the displacement that loaded the model in Step-1. Add the unloading step and re-submit We can add another analysis step and use the same settings as in the first step. All the other loads/restraints/interactions etc. OX7 3EW T. Create a new step after Step-1.co.uk W.ssanalysis.info@ssanalysis.05. Open the boundary condition and modify the 35mm displacement to 0mm. Oxfordshire. Southill Business Park.co. Re-run the solution by re-submitting the job.uk 13 . We can use this to define the unloading phase of the simulation. Remember to include Nlgeom and automatic stabilisation and define the time increments . www.01. Max: 0. Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn. 01608811770 E.

Oxfordshire.Once the analysis has completed we can animate the model to see the unloading step take place. The plot here shows the model reflected in two symmetry planes.co.uk 14 .ssanalysis. www. 01608811770 E. Cornbury Park.info@ssanalysis. OX7 3EW T. Southill Business Park.co. Define mirror planes here Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd Southill Barn. 01608 811777 F. This is done by selecting mirror planes in the odb display options dialog box.uk W. Charlbury.