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Exercise 6

EXAMINATION OF
SELECTED AGRICULTURAL
PRODUCTS
Arbotante, Reggie
Asis, Anjelie
Colita, Jhoan
Dalapo, Karen
Lao, Lawrence
Maduay, Roselle
Mondragon, Aurora

Identify the antidote(s) of the toxic agricultural product. uses and toxic effects of the toxic agricultural product. . 2. mechanism of toxicity. Determine the chemical composition.Objectives 1.

MOTHBALLS .

Other names • White tar • Naphthalen e • Naphthalin • Naphthene .

Chemical Composition .

Mechanism of Toxicity • It can cause gastrointestinal upset. and may cause CNS stimulation. naphthalene may produce hemolysis. especially in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. In addition. .

.Uses • In addition to repelling or killing insects such as moths. a snake repellent. mothballs have been suggested for use as a stovepipe cleaner. and to keep away mice or other pests.

and throat irritation. A.Toxic effects • Acute ingestion usually causes prompt nausea and vomiting. . nose. Naphthalene. Acute hemolysis may occur. Both compounds are volatile. lethargy. Agitation. and seizures may occur with naphthalene ingestion. and inhalation of vapors may cause eye. especially in patients with G6PD deficiency. Chronic inhalation has also caused hemolytic anemia.

Decontamination Prehospital. which may enhance absorption. fats.Antidote • There is no specific antidote. or oils. because of the risk of lethargy and seizures. Do not inducevomiting. Administer activated charcoal if available. . Do not administer milk.

Decontamination Hospital. Administer activated charcoal. . Gastric emptying is not necessary if activated charcoal can be given promptly.Antidote • There is no specific antidote.