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System Operation

Authoring Template
General
Schematic diagram of the transaxle
Item
Description
1
Engine
2
Damper unit
3
Clutch unit
4
Output shaft first to fourth gear
5
Input shaft (core shaft)
6
5th, 6th and reverse gear output shaft
7
DIFFERENTIAL
8
Input shaft (hollow shaft)

In principle, the transaxle comprises two independent gear trains.
During driving, one gear train is always positively connected and the next gear is
already engaged in the other gear train (although the clutch for this gear is still
open).
Design of the transaxle
Item
Description
1
Input shaft (core shaft)
2
Input shaft (hollow shaft)
3
Output shaft (1st to 4th gear)
4
Clutch 1
5
Damper unit
6
Clutch 2
7
Halfshaft
8
DIFFERENTIAL
9
Output shaft (5th, 6th and reverse gear)

The name 6DCT450 stands for:





6 = Six gears
D = Dual
C = Clutch
T = Transaxle
450 = Torque

The transaxle is regarded as a further development of the automated manual
transaxle (AMT), for example the iB5 and MT-75.

5 and reverse gear with the other clutch. The plate assemblies of the “wet-running” (in fluid) clutches. meant it never made it into large-scale production.Ford is installing the transaxle for the first time in the Focus (C307). The first time a dual-clutch transaxle was used was in the 80s in motor racing.Neutral position D .75 (07/2004-) and C-MAX 2003. As with conventional manual transaxles. Even compared with the most modern automatic transmission. This results in a faster response after the starting process. can be packed space-savingly into each other so that they can also be used in transverse-mounted engines. which in this transaxle are electronically controlled and hydraulically actuated. It will be used universally in further vehicle lines. The transaxle operates without interruption of the propulsive force. model year 2008. Special features of the transmission include:        6 gears plus reverse gear Front transverse installation All-wheel drive (AWD) option Hybrid option Parallel wet clutch Internal electronic gearshift mechanism Intelligent gear change control Technical Data . 3. the gear ratios are accommodated inside a direct manual transaxle in the form of gear pairs on input and output shafts.function If the selector lever is in the "P" position and the vehicle has been switched off. The high computational complexity required in the control system for a smooth overlapping gearshift. The requirement profile for the transaxle has been designed for "comfort" and "functionality". 4 and 6 with the one clutch as well as a core shaft that connects gears 1.Manual shifting using a +/.Reverse position N . In contrast to conventional manual transaxles. a main disadvantage of automated manual transaxles.Park position R . second gear and reverse gear will be engaged via the TCM. The input shaft comprises an outer hollow shaft that connects gears 2. the input shaft is in two parts. The selector lever has the following functions:      P .5 (02/2008-) with 2. however. its higher efficiency is clearly noticeable. The external gearshift mechanism has been carried over from the CFT 23 automatic transaxle (Focus 2004.0L Duratorq-TDCi (DW) diesel engine.Electronic control of the transmission ratio using the TCM (Transmission Control Module) M . Fuel savings of 4-8 % are possible with the transaxle.75 (06/2003-)).

the engine torque is transmitted via the respective plate assembly comprising steel plates with internal teeth and friction plates with external teeth to the engine. Operating principle of the transaxle . Apart from functioning as a mounting. onwards into the main hub and finally to the inner plate carrier. The drive-side secondary element (damper shells) is connected with the input housing of the dual clutch.or transaxle-side outer plate carrier and thus to the hollow or core shaft of the transaxle. 3.Description Weight Torque Clutch unit Gears Fluid specification World Manufacturer Ford PowerShift (6DCT450) 91. The associated clutch is actuated as a function of the gear request from the transmission control module. 5 and reverse gear 2 Clutch 2 for gears 2. When the clutch plunger is pressed. They supply the clutch with pressurised oil for clutch actuation as well as with cooling oil for dissipating the frictional energy during clutch actuation. It features an upstream. The gearshift mechanisms of the two clutches overlap during gearshifting. 4. wet-running torsional vibration damper that reduces the vibrations coming from the engine (unevenness in rotation). The dual-clutch system for the transaxle application has been developed by the company BorgWarner. 5 and R and to clutch 2 for gears 2. which permits acceleration with nearly no interruption of the propulsive force. the other clutch the even gears. 4 and 6. 3. The torque at the engine-side shell is transmitted from the shells of the torsional vibration damper into the clutch input housing. one reverse gear WSS-M2C936-A (BOT341) GETRAG FORD Transmission GmbH Description of the dual-clutch system The illustration shows a cutaway view of the multi-plate clutch Item Description 1 Clutch 1 for gears 1. The engine's torque is introduced into the drive-side primary element (flange) of the torsional vibration damper by means of the crankshaft via dog teeth. 6 3 Input shaft (hollow shaft) 4 Dog teeth 5 Input shaft (core shaft) The transaxle in the dual-clutch system has two clutches. Pressure is applied to clutch 1 for gears 1. One of the clutches operates the uneven gears.8 kg 450 Nm Multi-disc wet clutch Six forward gears. the clutch support also contains the oil passages. The advantage of this is that two gears can always be engaged at the same time.

. shown under load in the illustration. The illustration shows the gearshift process in a 6DCT450 transaxle Item Description 1 Drive torque (Nm) 2 1st gear 3 2nd gear With this gearshift. gearshifts result in a customary interruption of the propulsive force. The illustration shows the gearshift process in a manual transaxle Item Description 1 Drive torque (Nm) 2 1st gear 3 2nd gear The illustration shows that in conventional manual transaxles. the power flow is only slightly restricted.With the dual-clutch transaxle. there is constant propulsion perceptible. two gears (ratios) are engaged at the same time through the use of a dual multi-plate clutch in combination with electro-hydraulic control. One of the multi-plate clutches is engaged in driving mode. The clutch of the previously activated gear opens according to the accelerator pedal position and request by the driver and simultaneously closes the other clutch in order to engage the preselected gear. the other is already preselected when approaching the next gearshift with the clutch open.