You are on page 1of 3

Testing for Equal Treatments in a Repeated Measures Design

The data below were obtained by taking four different measures of stiffness x 1, x2, x3, x4 of
each of n=30 boards. The first measurement involves sending a shock wave down the
board, the second measurement is determined while vibrating the board, and the last two
measurements are obtained from static tests.

Table 1.Four Measurement of Stiffness


Measurement
Observation No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

1
1889
2403
2119
1645
1976
1712
1943
2104
2983
1745
1710
2046
1840
1867
1859
1954
1325
1419
1828
1725
2276
1899
1633
2061
1856
1727
2168
1655
2326
1490
1906.1

2
1651
2048
1700
1627
1916
1712
1685
1820
2794
1600
1591
1907
1841
1685
1649
2149
1170
1371
1634
1594
2189
1614
1513
1867
1493
1412
1896
1675
2301
1382
1749.533333

3
1561
2087
1815
1110
1614
1439
1271
1717
2412
1384
1518
1627
1595
1493
1389
1180
1002
1252
1602
1313
1547
1422
1290
1646
1356
1238
1701
1414
2065
1214
1509.133333

4
1778
2197
2222
1533
1883
1546
1671
1874
2581
1508
1667
1898
1741
1678
1714
1281
1176
1308
1755
1646
2111
1477
1516
2037
1533
1469
1834
1597
2234
1284
1724.966667

Source : Applied
Multivariate
Statistical
Analysis,
Johnson
and
Wichern, Page
187
There are four
measurements:
1. Sending
a
shock
wave
down the board
2. Vibrating the
board
3. Static state
4. Static state
We will analyze
the stiffness by
using those four
different
measurement.
There are two
contrasts for this
analysis. First is
representing
a
comparison
of

static measurements with the dynamic measurements. Second is representing a


comparison between two dynamic measurements, sending a shock wave and vibrating the
board.
Let 1, 2, 3, 4, correspond to the mean responses for measurement 1, 2, 3, and 4,
respectively. Then
H0 : C = 0 (no treatment effects)
H1 : C 0 (treatment effects)
(3+4) - (1+2) = (a comparison of static with the dynamic measurements)
(1-2) = (a comparison between two dynamic measurements)
' = [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ], the contrast matrix C is
1 1 1 1
1
1 0 0

=
1906.1x

1749.533333
S=

91459.7466
7 84380.0533
3 91089.70333
105616.3
1509.133333
91459.74667 101510.119
5 73599.1955
6 78362.21778
C=

421.533333
3
-1724.96666
x
7
84380.05333 73599.1955
6 91917.0850
6 87340.63778
156.566666

CSC =

106009.897
9
19402.1628
7

91089.70333 78362.21778 87340.63778 104227.9644


7 24206.92621
19402.1628
[CSC]-1 =
- 05 - 8.86053E - 06
1.10548E

T2 = n (C) [CSC]-1 (C) = - 8.86053E - 06 x 4.84123E - 05


C=

129.618472

With = 0.05

(n 29
1)((3q) 1)
(n 28
q 1)

Fq-1, n-q+1 = F3, 28 = (2.95) = 9.166


T2 = 129.618472 > 9.166
Reject H0
So, there are treatment effects.

To see which of the contrasts are responsible for the rejection of H 0, we construct 95% simultaneous
confidence intervals for these contrasts.
The first contrast (c1 is the first row of C)
c1 = (3+4) - (1+2) = static/dynamic influences

is estimated by interval
(3 +4 ) - (1 +2)

9.166

x
106009.897
9
19

= -421.5333333 226.1146584
The second contrast (c2 is the first row of C)
c2 = (1-2)
(1 -2 )
=156.5666667 108.0644753

x
24206.9262
1
9.166
19

Conclusion :
1. The first confidence interval implies that there is static/dynamic effect. The stiffness more occurs in
dynamic measurements rather than in static measurements.
2. The second confidence interval implies that there is the difference between two dynamic-type
effect. The stiffness more occurs in measurement which involves sending a shock wave

down the board.