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# 7.

(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.
Fig. P7.13

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

Fy = Cy ( 5 kips/ft )( 6 ft ) = 0
Cy = 30 kips
MC = 120 kip-ft + ( 5 kips/ft )( 6 ft )( 3 ft ) + MC = 0
M C = 210 kip-ft
Section a-a:
For the interval 0 x < 8 ft:
Fy = V = 0

V = 0 kips

M a -a = 120 kip-ft + M = 0

M = 120 kip-ft

Section b-b:
For the interval 8 ft x < 14 ft:
Fy = ( 5 kips/ft )( x 8 ft ) V = 0
V = 5x + 40 kips
x 8 ft
M b-b = 120 kip-ft + ( 5 kips/ft )( x 8 ft )
+ M =0
2
M = 2.5x2 + 40x 280 kip-ft

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## (b) Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

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(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.
Fig. P7.14

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

1
Fy = Ay ( 6 kips/ft )( 9 ft ) 17 kips = 0
2
Ay = 44 kips
1
M A = M A ( 6 kips/ft )( 9 ft )( 6 ft )
2
(17 kips )(14 ft ) = 0
M A = 400 kip-ft
Section a-a:
For the interval 0 x < 9 ft:
1 6 x
1 6 x
Fy = Ay x V = 44 kips x V = 0
2 9
2 9
V =

x2
+ 44 kips
3

1 6 x x
M a a = M A Ay x + x + M
2 9 3
1 6 x x
= 400 kip-ft ( 44 kips ) x + x + M = 0
2 9 3
M =

x3
+ 44x 400 kip-ft
9

Section b-b:
For the interval 9 ft x < 14 ft:
1
Fy = Ay ( 6 kips/ft )( 9 ft ) V
2
1
= 44 kips ( 6 kips/ft )( 9 ft ) V = 0
2
V = 17 kips

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1
M b -b = M A Ay x + ( 6 kips/ft )( 9 ft )( x 6 ft ) + M
2
1
= 400 kip-ft ( 44 kips ) x + ( 6 kips/ft )( 9 ft )( x 6 ft ) + M = 0
2
M = 17x 238 kip-ft

## (b) Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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## 7.15 For the simply supported beam subjected to the

(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.
(c) Report the maximum positive bending moment,
the maximum negative bending moment, and their
respective locations.

Fig. P7.15

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

## M A = 250 kip-ft ( 7 kips/ft )( 25 ft )(12.5 ft )

+C y (17 ft ) = 0

C y = 113.97 kips
Fy = Ay + C y ( 7 kips/ft )( 25 ft )
= Ay + 113.97 kips ( 7 kips/ft )( 25 ft ) = 0
Ay = 61.03 kips
Section a-a:
For the interval 0 x < 13 ft:

## Fy = Ay ( 7 kips/ft ) x V = 61.03 kips ( 7 kips/ft ) x V = 0

V = 7 x + 61.03 kips
x
M a a = Ay x + ( 7 kips/ft ) x + M
2
x
= ( 61.03 kips ) x + ( 7 kips/ft ) x + M = 0
2
M = 3.5x 2 + 61.03x kip-ft
Section b-b:
For the interval 13 ft x < 17 ft:
Fy = Ay ( 7 kips/ft ) x V = 61.03 kips ( 7 kips/ft ) x V = 0

V = 7 x + 61.03 kips
x
M b b = Ay x + ( 7 kips/ft ) x + 250 kip-ft + M
2
x
= ( 61.03 kips ) x + ( 7 kips/ft ) x + 250 kip-ft + M = 0
2
M = 3.5x 2 + 61.03x 250 kip-ft
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Section c-c:
For the interval 17 ft x < 25 ft:

Fy = Ay + C y ( 7 kips/ft ) x V
= 61.03 kips + 113.97 kips ( 7 kips/ft ) x V = 0
V = 7 x + 175 kips
x
M c c = Ay x C y ( x 17 ft) + ( 7 kips/ft ) x + 250 kip-ft + M
2
x
= (175 kips ) x + (113.97 kips ) (17 ft) + ( 7 kips/ft ) x + 250 kip-ft + M = 0
2
M = 3.5x 2 + 175x 2,187.5 kip-ft

## (b) Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

(c) Maximum bending moment and its
location

## Mmax-positive = 266.04 kip-ft

@ x = 8.72 ft
Mmax-nagative = 224.0 kip-ft
@ x = 17 ft

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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## 7.16 Use the graphical method to construct the

shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for the
beams shown. Label all significant points on each
diagram and identify the maximum moments (both
positive and negative) along with their respective
locations. Clearly differentiate straight-line and
curved portions of the diagrams.

Fig. P7.16

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

## M A = ( 34 kips )( 4 ft ) ( 56 kips )( 8 ft ) + Dy (14 ft ) = 0

Dy = 41.71 kips
Fy = Ay + Dy 34 kips 56 kips
= Ay + 41.71 kips 34 kips 56 kips = 0
Ay = 48.29 kips

## Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 7.17 Use the graphical method to construct the

shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for the
beams shown. Label all significant points on each
diagram and identify the maximum moments (both
positive and negative) along with their respective
locations. Clearly differentiate straight-line and
curved portions of the diagrams.

Fig. P7.17

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

M A = ( 20 kN )( 4 m ) ( 30 kN )( 8 m )

## (10 kN )(14 m ) + Dy (10 m ) = 0

Dy = 46 kN

Fy = Ay + Dy 20 kN 30 kN 10 kN
= Ay + 46 kN 20 kN 30 kN 10 kN = 0
Ay = 14 kN

## Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 7.18 Use the graphical method to construct the

shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for the
beams shown. Label all significant points on each
diagram and identify the maximum moments (both
positive and negative) along with their respective
locations. Clearly differentiate straight-line and
curved portions of the diagrams.

Fig. P7.18

Solution
Beam equilibrium:
Fy = 8 kips + 18 kips + C y = 0
C y = 10 kips
M C = ( 8 kips )( 8 ft ) (18 kips )( 2 ft ) + M C = 0
M C = 28 kip-ft

## Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 7.19 Use the graphical method to construct the

shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for the
beams shown. Label all significant points on each
diagram and identify the maximum moments (both
positive and negative) along with their respective
locations. Clearly differentiate straight-line and
curved portions of the diagrams.

Fig. P7.19

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

## M A = (10 kips/ft ) (12 ft )( 6 ft ) + C y (18 ft ) = 0

C y = 40 kips
Fy = Ay + C y (10 kips/ft )(12 ft )
= Ay + 40 kips (10 kips/ft )(12 ft ) = 0
Ay = 80 kips

## Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 7.20 Use the graphical method to construct the

shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for the
beams shown. Label all significant points on each
diagram and identify the maximum moments (both
positive and negative) along with their respective
locations. Clearly differentiate straight-line and
curved portions of the diagrams.

Fig. P7.20

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

## M A = ( 4.5 kips/ft )(12 ft )( 6 ft ) + By ( 9 ft ) = 0

By = 36 kips
Fy = Ay + By ( 4.5 kips/ft )(12 ft )
= Ay + 36 kips ( 4.5 kips/ft )(12 ft ) = 0
Ay = 18 kips
Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 7.21 Use the graphical method to construct the

shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for the
beams shown. Label all significant points on each
diagram and identify the maximum moments (both
positive and negative) along with their respective
locations. Clearly differentiate straight-line and
curved portions of the diagrams.

Fig. P7.21

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

Fy = Ay ( 4 kN/m )( 3 m ) = 0
Ay = 12 kN
M A = M A ( 4 kN/m )( 3 m )(1.5 m ) 10 kN-m = 0
M A = 28 kN-m
Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 7.22 Use the graphical method to construct the

shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for the
beams shown. Label all significant points on each
diagram and identify the maximum moments (both
positive and negative) along with their respective
locations. Clearly differentiate straight-line and
curved portions of the diagrams.

Fig. P7.22

Solution
Beam equilibrium:
Fy = 28 kips ( 9 kips/ft )( 5 ft ) + C y = 0
C y = 17 kips
M C = ( 28 kips )(8 ft ) + ( 9 kips/ft )( 5 ft )( 2.5 ft ) + M C = 0
M C = 111.5 kip-ft

## Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 7.23 Use the graphical method to construct the

shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for the
beams shown. Label all significant points on each
diagram and identify the maximum moments (both
positive and negative) along with their respective
locations. Clearly differentiate straight-line and
curved portions of the diagrams.

Fig. P7.23

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

## M A = (10 kips/ft )( 9 ft )( 4.5 ft + 6 ft ) + Dy ( 20 ft ) = 0

Dy = 47.25 kips
Fy = Ay + Dy + (10 kips/ft )( 9 ft ) = 0
Ay = 42.75 kips

## Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams:

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.