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# 8.19 A WT230 × 26 standard steel shape is used to support the loads shown on the beam in Fig. P8.19a.

The dimensions from the top and bottom of the shape to the centroidal axis are shown on the sketch of
the cross section (Fig. P8.19b). Consider the entire 4-m length of the beam and determine:
(a) the maximum tension bending stress at any location along the beam, and
(b) the maximum compression bending stress at any location along the beam.

Fig. P8.19a

Fig. P8.19b

Solution
Section properties
From Appendix B:

I z = 16.7 ×106 mm 4

Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams
Maximum bending moments
positive M = 13.61 kN-m
negative M = −20.00 kN-m
Bending stresses at max positive moment
(13.61 kN-m)(60.7 mm)(1,000)2
σx = −
16.7 × 106 mm 4
= 49.5 MPa (C)

(13.61 kN-m)( − 164.3 mm)(1,000)2
16.7 × 106 mm 4
= 133.9 MPa (T)

σx = −

Bending stresses at max negative moment
(−20 kN-m)(60.7 mm)(1,000) 2
σx = −
16.7 ×106 mm 4
= 72.7 MPa (T)

(−20 kN-m)( − 164.3 mm)(1,000)2
16.7 ×106 mm 4
= 196.8 MPa (C)

σx = −

(a) Maximum tension bending stress = 133.9 MPa (T)

Ans.

(b) Maximum compression bending stress = 196.8 MPa (C)

Ans.

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84 kN-m)( − 211.7 MPa (C) (45.7 MPa (T) Ans.9 mm)(1. P8. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.1 mm)(1. P8. P8.000) 2 σx = − 48.1 mm)(1.84 kN-m negative M = −24.20a Fig.20 A WT305 × 41 standard steel shape is used to support the loads shown on the beam in Fig.8 MPa (T) (−24 kN-m)( − 211.7 MPa (T) σx = − Bending stresses at max negative moment (−24 kN-m)(88. Consider the entire 10-m length of the beam and determine: (a) the maximum tension bending stress at any location along the beam.20a. Fig.000) 2 σx = − 48.8.7 × 106 mm 4 Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 45. (b) Maximum compression bending stress = 104.9 mm)(1.20b Solution Section properties From Appendix B: I z = 48. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.19b).7 × 106 mm 4 = 198.7 × 106 mm 4 = 83.7 × 106 mm 4 = 43. The dimensions from the top and bottom of the shape to the centroidal axis are shown on the sketch of the cross section (Fig.00 kN-m Bending stresses at max positive moment (45.7 × 106 mm 4 = 104. and (b) the maximum compression bending stress at any location along the beam.84 kN-m)(88.0 MPa (C) σx = − (a) Maximum tension bending stress = 198. .000) 2 48.000) 2 48. P8.0 MPa (C) Ans.

8750 in.3) 462.3 = 15.4134 in. 37.3438 in. yi Ai (in. and (b) the maximum compression bending stress at any location along the beam.2 Shape top flange stem y= Σyi Ai ΣAi = yi (from bottom) (in.8.) 19. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.875 in.7266 −6.8750 37.) (in.21b Solution Centroid location in y direction: Area Ai (in.3366 557.5866 in.6634 322.2500 9. P8.279. P8. ) (in.4) top flange 4.4) = IC + d²A (in.2500 590.4) 326. .3438 590. The dimensions of the shape are shown in Fig.2 = 4.0000 13.0861 stem 395. P8. Fig.21b.1219 Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.3 (from bottom of shape to centroid) (from top of shape to centroid) Moment of inertia about the z axis: d = yi – y Shape IC d²A 4 (in.8484 1.4345 Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.5861 952.3438 in.21a Fig. Consider the entire 24-ft length of the beam and determine: (a) the maximum tension bending stress at any location along the beam. P8.2) 24.0000 128.21 A steel tee shape is used to support the loads shown on the beam in Fig.21a.5000 3.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. 279./ft) σx = − 1./ft) σx = − 1.94 ksi (C) Ans./ft) σx = − 1. .17 ksi (C) (100. 279. 279.4134 in.4 = 2.81 ksi (T) (−68 kip-ft)( − 15.73 ksi (T) Ans.4345 in.75 kip-ft)(4.Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 100.75 kip-ft)( − 15.75 kip-ft negative M = −68./ft) σx = − 1.4345 in.)(12 in.73 ksi (T) Bending stresses at max negative moment (−68 kip-ft)(4.00 kip-ft Bending stresses at max positive moment (100.94 ksi (C) (a) Maximum tension bending stress = 14.)(12 in. 279.4345 in.4345 in.4134 in. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.5866 in.4 = 4.4 = 14.5866 in.4 = 9.)(12 in.)(12 in. (b) Maximum compression bending stress = 9.

(from bottom of shape to centroid) 52.0 20. P8.8. P8.1479 1.2) 20.9231 in. .4) top flange 6. (from top of shape to centroid) Moment of inertia about the z axis: d = yi – y Shape IC d²A 4 (in.2 = 6.) 13.22b Solution Centroid location in y direction: Area Ai (in.22b. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.0 12.0 in.1696 183.0 7.285.9231 17.) (in.6667 5.0256 Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.6667 −0.0414 bottom flange 4.3 412.0 12.0 1. ) (in.3) 260. P8.0 52.0000 −6.22a Fig.9231 575. The dimensions of the shape are shown in Fig.22a.0 yi Ai (in.7081 579.0 in. P8.2 Shape top flange web bottom flange y= Σyi Ai ΣAi = yi (from bottom) (in.0769 515.22 A flanged wooden shape is used to support the loads shown on the beam in Fig.4) = IC + d²A (in.0 412. Fig.5030 web 166.0 in.0 140.1479 Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.0769 in.3 = 7. Consider the entire 18-ft length of the beam and determine: (a) the maximum tension bending stress at any location along the beam. and (b) the maximum compression bending stress at any location along the beam.4) 522.0 in.

0256 in.4 = 622 psi (C) (a) Maximum tension bending stress = 1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.285.851 lb-ft negative M = −8.0256 in.851 lb-ft)( − 7.)(12 in.285.0769 in.099 psi (T) Ans.Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 14.285.9231 in.)(12 in.0256 in.4 = 1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.400 lb-ft Bending stresses at max positive moment (14.0256 in./ft) σx = − 1. 099 psi (T) Bending stresses at max negative moment (−8. (b) Maximum compression bending stress = 843 psi (C) Ans. . 400 lb-ft)(6.9231 in.0769 in.285./ft) σx = − 1.)(12 in. 400 lb-ft)( − 7.4 = 843 psi (C) (14.851 lb-ft)(6.4 = 477 psi (T) (−8./ft) σx = − 1.)(12 in./ft) σx = − 1.

P8. Fig.000 11.8.4369 14.23a Fig.4) 14.3) 9.000 49. yi Ai (in.23b Solution Centroid location in y direction: Area Ai (in.23 A channel shape is used to support the loads shown on the beam in Fig. ) left stem 9.2 Shape left stem top flange right stem y= Σyi Ai ΣAi = yi (from bottom) (in.3 = 4.000 31.1894 Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.2 = 1.625 in.500 3. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. .3152 in.750 3.625 9.1894 top flange 0. P8.500 in.1146 1.000 5. 11.625 in.) 3. and (b) the maximum compression bending stress at any location along the beam. P8. P8.6848 in.500 in.23a.000 5. The dimensions of the shape are shown in Fig. Consider the entire 12-ft length of the beam and determine: (a) the maximum tension bending stress at any location along the beam.8157 Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.23b.1894 11.1894 39.) (in.3152 5.2) 3.3152 5.4) (in.3223 right stem 9.4348 11.3 (from bottom of shape to centroid) (from top of shape to centroid) Moment of inertia about the z axis: d = yi – y Shape IC d²A 4 (in.4) = IC + d²A (in.0000 −1.000 49.0000 −1.

Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.3152 in. 494 psi (C) = 4.51 ksi (T) Ans.4 = 4.839 lb-ft Bending stresses at max positive moment (8.4 = 12.839 lb-ft)( − 4.850 lb-ft)(1.850 lb-ft)( − 4./ft) σx = − 39.)(12 in.49 ksi (C) (8.839 lb-ft)(1.Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 8.8157 in./ft) σx = − 39.510 psi (T) = 11.6848 in. 796 psi (C) = 12.80 ksi (C) Ans./ft) σx = − 39.6848 in.3152 in.4 = 11.996 psi (T) = 5.4 = 4.80 ksi (C) (a) Maximum tension bending stress = 11.00 ksi (T) (−9.)(12 in. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.8157 in.850 lb-ft negative M = −9.51 ksi (T) Bending stresses at max negative moment (−9./ft) σx = − 39.8157 in.8157 in.)(12 in. (b) Maximum compression bending stress = 12. .)(12 in.

P8. P8. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.24a Fig. (b) Maximum compression bending stress = 91.1 MPa (T) and (C) (a) Maximum tension bending stress = 91. Fig. . where the moment magnitude is 19.4 ×106 mm 4 b f = 204 mm Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 16. In this case.24b.12 kN-m Since the shape is symmetric about the z axis.000) 2 σx = − 21. Consider the entire 6-m length of the beam and determine: (a) the maximum tension bending stress at any location along the beam.24a.8. the largest bending stresses will occur at support B. the largest bending stresses will occur at the location of the largest moment magnitude – either positive or negative.12 kN-m)( ± 204 mm/2)(1.4 ×106 mm 4 = 91.1 MPa (C) Ans. P8.12 kN-m. and (b) the maximum compression bending stress at any location along the beam. P8.50 kN-m negative M = −19.1 MPa (T) Ans.24 A W360 × 72 standard steel shape is used to support the loads shown on the beam in Fig. The shape is oriented so that bending occurs about the weak axis as shown in Fig. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Bending stresses at maximum moment (−19.24b Solution Section properties From Appendix B: I z = 21.

-diameter solid steel shaft supports loads PA = 180 lb and PC = 240 lb as shown in Fig. Bending stresses at maximum moment (980 lb-in. L2 = 16 in.00 in.25.8.00 in. where the moment magnitude is 980 lb-in.4 Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.25 Solution Section properties I= π 64 D4 = π 64 (1. P8.25 A 1. Fig. Assume L1 = 5 in.. and L3 = 8 in.00-in.049087 in.. = 9. In this case.980 psi Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.) 4 = 0. Determine the magnitude and location of the maximum bending stress in the shaft. negative M = −900 lb-in. the largest bending stresses will occur at the location of the largest moment magnitude – either positive or negative.049087 in. .4 Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 980 lb-in./2) σx = − 0. P8.)( ± 1. the largest bending stresses will occur at C. The bearing at B can be idealized as a roller support and the bearing at D can be idealized as a pin support. Since the circular cross section is symmetric about the z axis.

In this case. 760. L2 = 200 mm. P8. 760.000 N-mm)( ± 30 mm/2) σx = − 39.000 N-mm Since the circular cross section is symmetric about the z axis. where the moment magnitude is 140. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. . the largest bending stresses will occur at support B. Assume L1 = 100 mm.26 Solution Section properties I= π 64 D4 = π 64 (30 mm) 4 = 39. P8. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.8 mm 4 = 52.26.8 MPa Ans. and L3 = 150 mm.8. Determine the magnitude and location of the maximum bending stress in the shaft.400 N and PC = 2.100 N as shown in Fig. Fig.000 N-mm negative M = −140. the largest bending stresses will occur at the location of the largest moment magnitude – either positive or negative. Bending stresses at maximum moment (140.8 mm 4 Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 120.000 N-mm.26 A 30-mm-diameter solid steel shaft supports loads PA = 1. The bearing at B can be idealized as a roller support and the bearing at D can be idealized as a pin support.

Bending stresses at maximum moment (91. PC = 1.9816 mm 4 = 116. and L4 = 160 mm. where the moment magnitude is 91.9816 mm 4 64 64 Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 91. The bearing at B can be idealized as a roller support and the bearing at D can be idealized as a pin support. Determine the magnitude and location of the maximum bending stress in the shaft.27 A 20-mm-diameter solid steel shaft supports loads PA = 500 N. L3 = 140 mm. P8.500 Nmm.000 N-mm Since the circular cross section is symmetric about the z axis.853. and PE = 500 N as shown in Fig. the largest bending stresses will occur at the location of the largest moment magnitude – either positive or negative. In this case. .853. P8. Assume L1 = 90 mm. the largest bending stresses will occur at C. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.27 Solution Section properties π 4 π Iz = D = (20 mm) 4 = 7. Fig.5 MPa Ans.8.500 N-mm negative M = −80. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.500 N-mm)( ± 20 mm/2) σx = − 7. L2 = 260 mm.27.750 N.

)( ± 1./2) σx = − 0. 750 lb-in.550 lb-in. Fig. L2 = 24 in.750 lb-in. P8.75-in. the largest bending stresses will occur at support D.28 Solution Section properties I= π 64 D4 = π 64 (1.460386 in.28. the largest bending stresses will occur at the location of the largest moment magnitude – either positive or negative. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. and L4 = 15 in.) 4 = 0.28 A 1. PC = 600 lb.. L3 = 12 in. Bending stresses at maximum moment (−3. .. P8.75 in.460386 in..130 psi Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. and PE = 250 lb as shown in Fig.8.750 lb-in. In this case. Since the circular cross section is symmetric about the z axis.-diameter solid steel shaft supports loads PA = 250 lb. negative M = −3. The bearing at B can be idealized as a roller support and the bearing at D can be idealized as a pin support. Assume L1 = 9 in. Determine the magnitude and location of the maximum bending stress in the shaft.4 Ans.75 in.4 Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 1. = 7. where the moment magnitude is 3.

where the moment magnitude is 124./ft) = 26.59 kip-ft. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.00 kip-ft Since the shape is symmetric about the z axis.29.59 kip-ft)( ± 12 in.29 Solution Section properties From Appendix B: I z = 333 in.4 Ans. P8. . Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 124. The shape is oriented so that bending occurs about the strong axis.9 ksi σx = − 333 in. Bending stresses at max moment magnitude (124. Determine the magnitude and location of the maximum bending stress in the beam. In this case. P8. the largest bending stresses will occur at the location of the largest moment magnitude – either positive or negative.4 d = 12 in.29 A HSS12 × 8 × 1/2 standard steel shape is used to support the loads shown on the beam in Fig. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. the largest bending stresses will occur at C.8.59 kip-ft negative M = −72./2)(12 in. Fig.

In this case. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. the largest bending stresses will occur at the location of the largest moment magnitude – either positive or negative.8.30 A W410 × 60 standard steel shape is used to support the loads shown on the beam in Fig.30 Solution Section properties From Appendix B: I z = 216 × 106 mm 4 d = 406 mm Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams Maximum bending moments positive M = 50 kN-m negative M = −70 kN-m Since the shape is symmetric about the z axis. the largest bending stresses will occur between B and C. . Determine the magnitude and location of the maximum bending stress in the beam. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. P8.000) 2 = 65. Fig. P8.30. The shape is oriented so that bending occurs about the strong axis.8 MPa σx = − 216 × 106 mm 4 Ans. where the moment magnitude is 70 kNm. Bending stresses at max moment magnitude (70 kN-m)( ± 406 mm/2)(1.