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8.

52 A steel pipe assembly supports a


concentrated load of 17 kN as shown in Fig.
P8.52. The outside diameter of the pipe is 142
mm and the wall thickness is 6.5 mm.
Determine the normal stresses produced at
points H and K.

Fig. P8.52

Solution
Section properties
d = D 2t = 142 mm 2(6.5 mm) = 129 mm
A=

Iz =

D 2 d 2 = (142 mm) 2 (129 mm) 2 = 2, 766.958 mm 2


4
4

D 4 d 4 =
(142 mm) 4 (129 mm) 4 = 6,364,867 mm 4
64
64

Internal forces and moments


F = 17 kN = 17, 000 N

M z = (17,000 N)(370 mm) = 6, 290, 000 N-mm


Stresses

axial =
bending

F
17, 000 N
=
= 6.144 MPa (C)
A 2, 766.958 mm 2
M c (6, 290, 000 N-mm)(142 mm/2)
= z =
= 70.165 MPa
6,364,867 mm 4
Iz

Normal stress at H
By inspection, the bending stress at H will be compression; therefore, the normal stress at H is:
H = 6.144 MPa 70.165 MPa = 76.309 MPa = 76.3 MPa (C)

Ans.

Normal stress at K
By inspection, the bending stress at K will be tension; therefore, the normal stress at K is:
K = 6.144 MPa + 70.165 MPa = +64.021 MPa = 64.0 MPa (T)

Ans.

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8.53 The screw of a clamp exerts a compressive


force of 300 lb on the wood blocks. Determine the
normal stresses produced at points H and K. The
clamp cross-sectional dimensions at the section of
interest are 1.25 in. by 0.375 in. thick.

Fig. P8.53

Solution
Section properties
A = (0.375 in.)(1.250 in.) = 0.468750 in.2

(0.375 in.)(1.250 in.)3


Iz =
= 0.061035 in.4
12
Internal forces and moments
F = 300 lb
M z = (300 lb)(3.75 in. + 1.25 in./2) = 1,312.50 lb-in.
Stresses

axial =
bending

F
300 lb
=
= 640 psi (T)
A 0.468750 in.2
M c (1,312.50 lb-in.)(1.250 in./2)
= z =
= 13, 440 psi
Iz
0.061035 in.4

Normal stress at H
By inspection, the bending stress at H will be tension; therefore, the normal stress at H is:
H = 640 psi + 13, 440 psi = 14, 080 psi = 14, 080 psi (T)

Ans.

Normal stress at K
By inspection, the bending stress at K will be compression; therefore, the normal stress at K is:
K = 640 psi 13, 440 psi = 12,800 psi = 12,800 psi (C)

Ans.

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8.54 Determine the normal stresses produced at points H and K of the pier support shown in Fig. P8.54a.

Fig. P8.54a

Fig. P8.54b Cross section aa

Solution
Section properties
A = (250 mm)(500 mm) = 125, 000 mm 2

Iz =

(250 mm)(500 mm)3


= 2.60417 109 mm 4
12

Internal forces and moments


F = 250 kN + 400 kN = 650 kN
M z = (250 kN)(3.25 m) (400 kN)(2.25 m) = 87.50 kN-m
Stresses

axial =

F
650, 000 N
=
= 5.20 MPa (C)
A 125, 000 mm 2

bending =

M z c (87.5 kN-m)(500 mm/2)(1,000) 2


=
= 8.40 MPa
Iz
2.60417 109 mm 4

Normal stress at H
By inspection, the bending stress at H will be tension; therefore, the normal stress at H is:
H = 5.20 MPa + 8.40 MPa = 3.20 MPa = 3.20 MPa (T)

Ans.

Normal stress at K
By inspection, the bending stress at K will be compression; therefore, the normal stress at K is:
K = 5.20 MPa 8.40 MPa = 13.60 MPa = 13.60 MPa (C)

Ans.

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8.55 A tubular steel column CD supports


horizontal cantilever arm ABC, as shown in Fig.
P8.55. Column CD has an outside diameter of
10.75 in. and a wall thickness of 0.365 in.
Determine the maximum compression stress at
the base of column CD.

Fig. P8.55

Solution
Section properties
d = D 2t = 10.750 in. 2(0.365 in.) = 10.020 in.
A=

Iz =

D 2 d 2 = (10.750 in.) 2 (10.020 in.) 2 = 11.908 in.2


4
4

D 4 d 4 =
(10.750 in.) 4 (10.020 in.) 4 = 160.734 in.4
64
64

Internal forces and moments


F = 700 lb + 900 lb = 1, 600 lb
M = (700 lb)(13 ft) + (900 lb)(23 ft) = 29,800 lb-ft = 357, 600 lb-in.
Stresses

axial =
bending

F
1, 600 lb
=
= 134.36 psi (C)
A 11.908 in.2
M c (357, 600 lb-in.)(10.75 in./2)
=
=
= 11,958.27 psi
I
160.734 in.4

Maximum compression stress at base of column


compression = 134.36 psi 11,958.27 psi = 12, 092.63 psi = 12.09 ksi (C)

Ans.

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8.56 Determine the normal stresses acting at points H and K for the structure shown in Fig. P8.56a. The
cross-sectional dimensions of the vertical member are shown in Fig. P8.56b.

Fig. P8.56b Cross section

Fig. P8.56a

Solution
Section properties
A = (4 in.)(8 in.) = 32 in.2

(4 in.)(8 in.)3
Iz =
= 170.6667 in.4
12
Internal forces and moments
F = 1, 000 lb + 2, 200 lb = 3, 200 lb
M z = (1, 000 lb)(12 in. + 8 in./2) = 16, 000 lb-in.
Stresses

axial =
bending

F 3, 200 lb
=
= 100 psi (C)
A 32 in.2
M c (16, 000 lb-in.)(8 in./2)
= z =
= 375 psi
Iz
170.6667 in.4

Normal stress at H
By inspection, the bending stress at H will be compression; therefore, the normal stress at H is:
H = 100 psi 375 psi = 475 psi = 475 psi (C)

Ans.

Normal stress at K
By inspection, the bending stress at K will be tension; therefore, the normal stress at K is:
K = 100 psi + 375 psi = 275 psi = 275 psi (T)

Ans.

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8.57 A W18 35 standard steel shape is


subjected to a tension force P that is applied
15 in. above the bottom surface of the wideflange shape as shown in Fig. P8.57. If the
tension normal stress of the upper surface of
the W-shape must be limited to 15 ksi,
determine the allowable force P that may be
applied to the member.

Fig. P8.57

Solution
Section properties (from Appendix B)
Depth d = 17.7 in.

A = 10.3 in.2
I z = 510 in.4
Stresses

axial =
bending

F
P
=
A 10.3 in.2
M c P(15 in. 17.7 in./2)(17.7 in./2) P(6.15 in.)(8.85 in.) P (54.4275 in.2 )
= z =
=
=
Iz
510 in.4
510 in.4
510 in.4

Normal stress on the upper surface of the W-shape


The tension normal stress on the upper surface is equal to the sum of the axial and bending stresses.
Since these stresses are expressed in terms of the unknown force P, the tension normal stress is given
by:
P
P (54.4275 in.2 )
upper surface =
+
10.3 in.2
510 in.4
= P (0.097087 in.2 + 0.106721 in.2 )
= (0.203808 in.2 ) P
The normal stress on the upper surface of the W-shape must be limited to 15 ksi; therefore,
(0.203808 in.2 ) P 15 ksi

15 ksi
= 73.6 kips
0.203808 in.2

Ans.

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8.58 A WT305 41 standard steel shape is


subjected to a tension force P that is applied 250
mm above the bottom surface of the tee shape, as
shown in Fig. P8.58. If the tension normal stress
of the upper surface of the WT-shape must be
limited to 120 MPa, determine the allowable
force P that may be applied to the member.

Fig. P8.58

Solution
Section properties (from Appendix B)
Depth d = 300 mm
Centroid y = 88.9 mm (from flange to centroid)
A = 5, 230 mm 2
I z = 48.7 106 mm 4

Stresses

axial =
bending

F
P
=
= P(1.9120 104 mm 2 )
2
A 5, 230 mm
M c P (250 mm 88.9 mm)(300 mm 88.9 mm)
= z =
Iz
48.7 106 mm 4
P (161.1 mm)(211.1 mm)
48.7 106 mm 4
= P (6.9832 104 mm 2 )
=

Normal stress on the upper surface of the WT-shape


The tension normal stress on the upper surface is equal to the sum of the axial and bending stresses.
Since these stresses are expressed in terms of the unknown force P, the tension normal stress is given
by:
upper surface = P(1.9120 104 mm 2 ) + P(6.9832 104 mm 2 )

= (8.8953 104 mm 2 ) P
The normal stress on the upper surface of the W-shape must be limited to 15 ksi; therefore,
(8.8953 104 mm 2 ) P 120 MPa

120 N/mm 2
P
= 134,903 N = 134.9 kN
8.8953 104 mm 2

Ans.

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8.59 A pin support consists of a vertical


plate 60 mm wide by 10 mm thick. The pin
carries a load of 750 N. Determine the
normal stresses acting at points H and K for
the structure shown in Fig. P8.59.

Fig. P8.59

Solution
Section properties
A = (60 mm)(10 mm) = 600 mm 2

I=

(60 mm)(10 mm)3


= 5, 000 mm 4
12

Internal forces and moments


F = 750 N
M = (750 N)(30 mm + 10 mm/2) = 26, 250 N-mm
Stresses

axial =
bending

F
750 N
=
= 1.25 MPa (T)
A 600 mm 2
M c (26, 250 N-mm)(10 mm/2)
=
=
= 26.25 MPa
5, 000 mm 4
I

Normal stress at H
By inspection, the bending stress at H will be compression; therefore, the normal stress at H is:
H = 1.25 MPa 26.25 MPa = 25.00 MPa = 25.0 MPa (C)

Ans.

Normal stress at K
By inspection, the bending stress at K will be tension; therefore, the normal stress at K is:
K = 1.25 MPa + 26.25 MPa = 27.50 MPa = 27.5 MPa (T)

Ans.

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8.60 The tee shape shown in Fig. P8.60b is used as a short post to support a load of P = 2,000 lb. The
load P is applied at a distance of 5 in. from the surface of the flange, as shown in Fig. P8.60a. Determine
the normal stresses at points H and K, which are located on section aa.

Fig. P8.60b Cross-sectional dimensions


Fig. P8.60a

Solution
Centroid location in x direction:

Shape

width b
(in.)
12
2

flange
stem

x=

xi Ai
Ai

height h
(in.)
2
10

164 in.3
= 3.7273 in.
44 in.2
= 8.2727 in.

Area Ai
(in.2)
24
20
44 in.2

xi
(from left)
(in.)
1
7

xi Ai
(in.3)
24
140
164 in.3

(from left side to centroid)


(from right side to centroid)

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = xi x
Shape
IC
dA
(in.)
(in.4)
(in.4)
flange
8
2.7273
178.5160
stem
166.6667
3.2727
214.2113
Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.4) =

IC + dA
(in.4)
186.5160
380.8790
567.3940

Internal forces and moments


F = 2, 000 lb
M z = (2, 000 lb)(5 in. + 3.7273 in.) = 17, 454.6 lb-in.

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Stresses

F 2, 000 lb
=
= 45.4545 psi
44 in.2
A
M x (17, 454.6 lb-in.)( 3.7273 in.)
= 114.6620 psi
H ,bending = z =
567.3940 in.4
Iz

axial =

K ,bending =

M z x (17, 454.6 lb-in.)(8.2727 in.)


=
= 254.4910 psi
567.3940 in.4
Iz

Normal stress at H
H = 45.4545 psi 114.6620 psi = 160.1165 psi = 160.1 psi (C)

Ans.

Normal stress at K
K = 45.4545 psi + 254.4910 psi = 209.0365 psi = 209 psi (T)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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8.61 The tee shape shown in Fig. P8.61b is used as a short post to support a load of P. The load P is
applied at a distance of 5 in. from the surface of the flange, as shown in Fig. P8.61a. The tension and
compression normal stresses in the post must be limited to 1,000 psi and 800 psi, respectively.
Determine the maximum magnitude of load P that satisfies both the tension and compression stress
limits.

Fig. P8.61b Cross-sectional dimensions


Fig. P8.61a

Solution
Centroid location in x direction:

Shape

width b
(in.)
12
2

flange
stem

x=

xi Ai
Ai

height h
(in.)
2
10

164 in.3
= 3.7273 in.
44 in.2
= 8.2727 in.

Area Ai
(in.2)
24
20
44 in.2

xi
(from left)
(in.)
1
7

xi Ai
(in.3)
24
140
164 in.3

(from left side to centroid)


(from right side to centroid)

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = xi x
Shape
IC
dA
(in.)
(in.4)
(in.4)
flange
8
2.7273
178.5160
stem
166.6667
3.2727
214.2113
Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.4) =

IC + dA
(in.4)
186.5160
380.8790
567.3940

Internal forces and moments


F=P

M z = P(5 in. + 3.7273 in.) = (8.7273 in.)P

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Stresses

F
P
=
= (0.022727 in.2 ) P
A
44 in.2
M x (8.7273 in.)P( 3.7273 in.)
H ,bending = z =
= (0.057331 in.2 ) P
Iz
567.3940 in.4

axial =

K ,bending =

M z x (8.7273 in.)P(8.2727 in.)


=
= (0.127246 in.2 ) P
4
Iz
567.3940 in.

Compression stress limit (at H)


H = (0.022727 in.2 ) P (0.057331 in.2 ) P = (0.080058 in.2 ) P
(0.080058 in.2 ) P 800 psi
P 9,992.76 lb

Tension stress limit (at K)


K = (0.022727 in.2 ) P + (0.127246 in.2 ) P = (0.104519 in.2 ) P
(0.104519 in.2 ) P 1, 000 psi
P 9,567.64 lb

Maximum magnitude of load P


Pmax = 9,570 lb

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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8.62 The tee shape shown in Fig. P8.62b is used as a post that supports a load of P = 25 kN. Note that
the load P is applied 400 mm from the flange of the tee shape, as shown in Fig. P8.62a. Determine the
normal stresses at points H and K.

Fig. P8.62a

Fig. P8.62b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in x direction:

Shape

width b
(mm)
20
120

stem
flange

x=

xi Ai
Ai

height h
(mm)
130
20

505, 000 mm3


= 101.0 mm
5,000 mm 2
= 49.0 mm

Area Ai
(mm2)
2,600
2,400
5,000

xi
(from left)
(mm)
65
140

xi Ai
(mm3)
169,000
336,000
505,000

(from left side to centroid)


(from right side to centroid)

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = xi x
Shape
IC + dA
IC
dA
(mm)
(mm4)
(mm4)
(mm4)
stem
3,661,666.67
36.0
3,369,600.00
7,031,266.67
flange
80,000.00
39.0
3,650,400.00
3,730,400.00
4
Moment of inertia about the z axis (mm ) = 10,761,666.67
Internal forces and moments
F = 25 kN = 25, 000 N
M z = (25, 000 N)(400 mm + 49.0 mm) = 11, 225, 000 N-mm

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Stresses

F 25, 000 N
=
= 5 MPa
A 5, 000 mm 2
M x (11, 225, 000 N-mm)( 101.0 mm)
H ,bending = z =
= 105.35 MPa
Iz
10,761,666.67 mm 4

axial =

K ,bending =

M z x (11, 225, 000 N-mm)(49.0 mm)


=
= 51.11 MPa
Iz
10,761,666.67 mm 4

Normal stress at H
H = 5 MPa + 105.35 MPa = 100.4 MPa (T)

Ans.

Normal stress at K
K = 5 MPa 51.11 MPa = 56.1 MPa (C)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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8.63 The tee shape shown in Fig. P8.63b is used as a post that supports a load of P, which is applied 400
mm from the flange of the tee shape, as shown in Fig. P8.63a. The tension and compression normal
stresses in the post must be limited to 165 MPa and 80 MPa, respectively. Determine the maximum
magnitude of load P that satisfies both the tension and compression stress limits.

Fig. P8.63a

Fig. P8.63b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in x direction:

Shape
stem
flange

width b
(mm)
20
120

height h
(mm)
130
20

xi Ai

505, 000 mm3


x=
=
= 101.0 mm
Ai
5,000 mm 2
= 49.0 mm

Area Ai
(mm2)
2,600
2,400
5,000

xi
(from left)
(mm)
65
140

xi Ai
(mm3)
169,000
336,000
505,000

(from left side to centroid)


(from right side to centroid)

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = xi x
Shape
IC + dA
IC
dA
4
4
(mm)
(mm )
(mm4)
(mm )
stem
3,661,666.67
36.0
3,369,600.00
7,031,266.67
flange
80,000.00
39.0
3,650,400.00
3,730,400.00
4
Moment of inertia about the z axis (mm ) = 10,761,666.67
Internal forces and moments
F=P
M z = P (400 mm + 49.0 mm) = (449.0 mm)P

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Stresses

F
P
=
= (2 104 mm 2 ) P
2
5, 000 mm
A
M x (449 mm)P( 101.0 mm)
H ,bending = z =
= (4.21394 103 mm 2 ) P
4
10,761,666.67 mm
Iz

axial =

K ,bending =

M z x (449 mm)P(49.0 mm)


=
= (2.04439 103 mm 2 ) P
10,761,666.67 mm 4
Iz

Tension stress limit (at H)

H = (2 104 mm 2 ) P + (4.21394 103 mm 2 ) P


= (4.01394 103 mm 2 ) P
(4.01394 103 mm 2 ) P 165 N/mm 2
P 41,106.7 N
Compression stress limit (at K)
K = (2 104 mm 2 ) P (2.04439 103 mm 2 ) P = (2.24439 103 mm 2 ) P
(2.24439 103 mm 2 ) P 80 N/mm 2
P 35, 644.43 N

Maximum magnitude of load P


Pmax = 35.6 kN

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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8.64 The tee shape shown in Fig. P8.64b is used as a post that supports a load of P = 25 kN, which is
applied 400 mm from the flange of the tee shape as, shown in Fig. P8.64a. Determine the magnitudes
and locations of the maximum tension and compression normal stresses within the vertical portion BC of
the post.

Fig. P8.64a

Fig. P8.64b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in x direction:

Shape
stem
flange

width b
(mm)
20
120

height h
(mm)
130
20

xi Ai

505, 000 mm3


x=
=
= 101.0 mm
Ai
5,000 mm 2
= 49.0 mm

Area Ai
(mm2)
2,600
2,400
5,000

xi
(from left)
(mm)
65
140

xi Ai
(mm3)
169,000
336,000
505,000

(from left side to centroid)


(from right side to centroid)

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = xi x
Shape
IC + dA
IC
dA
4
4
(mm)
(mm )
(mm4)
(mm )
stem
3,661,666.67
36.0
3,369,600.00
7,031,266.67
flange
80,000.00
39.0
3,650,400.00
3,730,400.00
4
Moment of inertia about the z axis (mm ) = 10,761,666.67
Internal forces and moments
F = (25 kN) cos 35 = 20.4788 kN = 20, 478.8 N
(vertical component)
V = (25 kN) sin 35 = 14.3394 kN = 14,339.4 N
(horizontal component)
at B M z = (20, 478.8 N)(400 mm + 49.0 mm) = 9,194,981.2 N-mm

at C M z = (20, 478.8 N)(400 mm + 49.0 mm) + (14,339.4 N)(1,200 mm) = 8, 012, 298.8 N-mm
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Normal stress at H at location B


F 20, 478.8 N
axial = =
= 4.0958 MPa
A 5, 000 mm 2
M x (9,194,981.2 N-mm)( 101.0 mm)
H ,bending = z =
= 86.2964 MPa
Iz
10,761,666.67 mm 4

H = 4.0958 MPa + 86.2964 MPa = 82.2 MPa


Normal stress at H at location C
M x (8, 012, 298.8 N-mm)( 101.0 mm)
H ,bending = z =
= 75.1967 MPa
Iz
10,761,666.67 mm 4

H = 4.0958 MPa 75.1967 MPa = 79.3 MPa


Normal stress at K at location B
M x (9,194,981.2 N-mm)(49.0 mm)
K ,bending = z =
= 41.8666 MPa
Iz
10,761,666.67 mm 4

K = 4.0958 MPa 41.8666 MPa = 46.0 MPa


Normal stress at K at location C
M x (8, 012, 298.8 N-mm)(49.0 mm)
K ,bending = z =
= 36.4816 MPa
Iz
10,761,666.67 mm 4

K = 4.0958 MPa + 36.4816 MPa = 32.4 MPa


Maximum tension stress
max tension = 82.2 MPa (T)

at location B

Ans.

Maximum compression stress


max compression = 79.3 MPa (C)

at location C

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.