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9.

1 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.
Consider area (1) of the 400-mm-long beam segment, which is subjected to internal bending moments of
MA = 6 kN-m and MB = 8 kN-m.

Fig. P9.1a Beam segment

Fig. P9.1b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Moment of inertia about the z axis:
d = yi y
Shape
IC
dA
4
(mm )
(mm)
(mm4)
top flange
1,333,333.3
60
36,000,000.0
left web
853,333.3
0
0.0
right web
853,333.3
0
0.0
bottom flange
1,333,333.3
60
36,000,000.0
Moment of inertia about the z axis (mm4) =

IC + dA
(mm4)
37,333,333.3
853,333.3
853,333.3
37,333,333.3
76,373,333.3

(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (1)


On section A, the resultant force on area (1) in the x direction is
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1
FA = (6.2849 MPa + 3.1425 MPa)(250 mm)(40 mm) = 47,136.9 N = 47.1 kN (T)
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (1) is
1
FB = (8.3799 MPa + 4.1899 MPa)(250 mm)(40 mm) = 62,849.2 N = 62.8 kN (T)
2

Ans.

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of area (1)


Fx = 47,136.9 N + 62,849.2 N = 15,712.3 N 0
FH = 15.71 kN
Ans.
The horizontal shear force is directed from section B toward section A at the interface between area (1)
and the web elements.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.2 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.

Consider area (1) of the 20-in.-long beam segment, which is subjected to internal bending moments of
MA = 24 kip-ft and MB = 28 kip-ft.

Fig. P9.2a Beam segment

Fig. P9.2b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Moment of inertia about the z axis:
d = yi y
Shape
dA
IC
4
(in. )
(in.)
(in.4)
left web
864.000
0.000
0.000
top flange
12.505
10.250
1,287.016
bottom flange
12.505
10.250
1,287.016
right web
864.000
0.000
0.000
Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.4) =

IC + dA
(in.4)
864.000
1,299.521
1,299.521
864.000
4,327.042

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(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (1)


On section A, the resultant force on area (1) in the x direction is
1
FA = (798.699 psi + 565.745 psi)(3.5 in.)(3.5 in.) = 8,357.227 lb = 8.36 kips (C)
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (1) is
1
FB = (931.816 psi + 660.036 psi)(3.5 in.)(3.5 in.) = 9,750.098 lb = 9.75 kips (C)
2

Ans.

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of area (1)


Fx = 8,357.227 lb 9, 750.098 lb = 1,392.871 lb 0
FH = 1.393 kips

Ans.

The horizontal shear force is directed from section A toward section B at the interface between area (1)
and the web elements.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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9.3 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.

Consider area (1) of the 12-in.-long beam segment, which is subjected to internal bending moments of
MA = 700 lb-ft and MB = 400 lb-ft.

Fig. P9.3a Beam segment

Fig. P9.3b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in y direction: (reference axis at bottom of tee shape)

Shape
top flange
stem

Width b
(in.)
4.5
1.0

Height h
(in.)
1.0
6.0

Area Ai
(in.2)
4.50
6.00
10.50

yi
(from bottom)
(in.)
6.50
3.00

yi Ai
(in.3)
29.25
18.00
47.25

yi Ai

47.25 in.3
y=
=
= 4.50 in. (measured upward from bottom edge of shape)
10.50 in.2
A i

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = yi y
Shape
dA
IC
4
(in. )
(in.)
(in.4)
top flange
0.375
2.000
18.000
stem
18.000
1.500
13.500
Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.4) =

IC + dA
(in.4)
18.375
31.500
49.875

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (1)


On section A, the resultant force on area (1) in the x direction is
1
FA = (421.053 psi + 252.632 psi)(4.5 in.)(1 in.) = 1,515.792 lb = 1,516 lb (C)
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (1) is
1
FB = (240.602 psi + 144.361 psi)(4.5 in.)(1 in.) = 866.167 lb = 866 lb (C)
2

Ans.

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of area (1)


Fx = 1,515.792 lb 866.167 lb = 649.625 lb 0
FH = 650 lb
Ans.
The horizontal shear force is directed from section B toward section A at the interface between area (1)
and the stem.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.4 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.

Consider area (1) of the 500-mm-long beam segment, which is subjected to internal bending moments of
MA = 5.8 kN-m and MB = 3.2 kN-m.

Fig. P9.4a Beam segment

Fig. P9.4b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in y direction: (reference axis at bottom of shape)

Shape
top flange
left stem
right stem

Width b
(mm)
160
20
20

Height h
(mm)
30
270
270

Area Ai
(mm2)
4,800
5,400
5,400
15,600

yi
(from bottom)
(mm)
285
135
135

yi Ai
(mm3)
1,368,000
729,000
729,000
2,826,000

yi Ai

2,826,000 mm3
y=
=
= 181.154 mm (measured upward from bottom edge of shape)
15,600 mm 2
A i

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = yi y
Shape
dA
IC
4
(mm )
(mm)
(mm4)
top flange
360,000
103.846
51,763,160.3
left stem
32,805,000
46.154
11,503,035.3
right stem
32,805,000
46.154
11,503,035.3
Moment of inertia about the z axis (mm4) =

IC + dA
(mm4)
52,123,160.3
44,308,035.3
44,308,035.3
140,739,231

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (1)


On section A, the resultant force on area (1) in the x direction is
1
FA = (4.898 MPa + 3.661 MPa)(160 mm)(30 mm) = 20,542 N = 20.5 kN (T)
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (1) is
1
FB = (2.702 MPa + 2.020 MPa)(160 mm)(30 mm) = 11,334 N = 11.33 kN (T)
2

Ans.

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of area (1)


Fx = 20,542 N + 11,334 N = 9, 209 N 0
FH = 9.21 kN
Ans.
The horizontal shear force is directed from section A toward section B at the interface between area (1)
and the stems.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.5 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.

Consider area (1) of the 600-mm-long beam segment, which is subjected to internal bending moments of
MA = 1.6 kN-m and MB = 4.2 kN-m.

Fig. P9.5a Beam segment

Fig. P9.5b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in y direction: (reference axis at bottom of shape)

Shape
left stem
bottom flange
right stem

Width b
(mm)
40
170
40

Height h
(mm)
250
40
250

Area Ai
(mm2)
10,000
6,800
10,000
26,800

yi
(from bottom)
(mm)
125
20
125

yi Ai
(mm3)
1,250,000
136,000
1,250,000
2,636,000

yi A i

2,636,000 mm3
y=
=
= 98.358 mm (measured upward from bottom edge of shape)
A i
26,800 mm 2

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = yi y
Shape
dA
IC
4
(mm )
(mm)
(mm4)
left stem
52,083,333.3
26.6
7,097,850.3
bottom flange
906,666.7
78.4
41,752,060.6
right stem
52,083,333.3
26.6
7,097,850.3
Moment of inertia about the z axis (mm4) =

IC + dA
(mm4)
59,181,183.6
42,658,727.3
59,181,183.6
161,021,094.5

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (1)


On section A, the resultant force on area (1) in the x direction is
1
FA = (0.977 MPa + 0.580 MPa)(170 mm)(40 mm) = 5, 294.6 N = 5.29 kN (T)
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (1) is
1
FB = (2.566 MPa + 1.522 MPa)(170 mm)(40 mm) = 13,898.2 N = 13.90 kN (T)
2

Ans.

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of area (1)


Fx = 5,294.6 N + 13,898.2 N = 8,603.6 N 0
FH = 8.60 kN
Ans.
The horizontal shear force is directed from section B toward section A at the interface between area (1)
and the upright elements.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.6 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.

Consider area (1) of the 16-in.-long beam segment, which is subjected to internal bending moments of
MA = 3,300 lb-ft and MB = 4,700 lb-ft.

Fig. P9.6a Beam segment

Fig. P9.6b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in y direction: (reference axis at bottom of shape)

Shape
left flange (1)
right flange (2)
central stem

y=

yi A i
A i

Width b
(in.)
1.50
1.50
1.50

Height h
(in.)
3.50
3.50
12.00

Area Ai
(in.2)
5.25
5.25
18.00
28.50

yi
(from bottom)
(in.)
10.25
10.25
6.00

yi Ai
(in.3)
53.8125
53.8125
108.0000
215.6250

215.625 in.3
= 7.5658 in. (measured upward from bottom edge of shape)
28.50 in.2

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = yi y
Shape
dA
IC
4
(in. )
(in.)
(in.4)
left flange (1)
5.3594
2.6842
37.8262
right flange (2)
5.3594
2.6842
37.8262
central stem
216.0000
1.5658
44.1305
Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.4) =

IC + dA
(in.4)
43.1856
43.1856
260.1305
346.5016

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (1)


On section A, the resultant force on area (1) in the x direction is
1
FA = (506.765 psi + 106.767 psi)(1.5 in.)(3.5 in.) = 1,610.522 lb = 1,611 lb (T)
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (1) is
1
FB = (721.756 psi + 152.061 psi)(1.5 in.)(3.5 in.) = 2, 293.773 lb = 2, 290 lb (T)
2

Ans.

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of area (1)


Fx = 1,610.522 lb + 2, 293.773 lb = 683.252 lb 0
FH = 683 lb
Ans.
The horizontal shear force is directed from section B toward section A at the interface between area (1)
and the stem.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.7 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.

Consider area (1) of the 18-in.-long beam segment, which is subjected to internal bending moments of
MA = 42 kip-in. and MB = 36 kip-in.

Fig. P9.7a Beam segment

Fig. P9.7b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in y direction: (reference axis at bottom of shape)

Shape
top flange (1)
bottom flange (2)
web

y=

yi Ai
A i

Width b
(in.)
6
10
2

Height h
(in.)
2
2
8

Area Ai
(in.2)
12
20
16
48

yi
(from bottom)
(in.)
11
1
6

yi Ai
(in.3)
132
20
96
248

248 in.3
= 5.1667 in. (measured upward from bottom edge of shape)
48 in.2

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = yi y
Shape
dA
IC
4
(in. )
(in.)
(in.4)
top flange (1)
4.0000
5.8333
408.3333
bottom flange (2)
6.6667
4.1667
347.2222
web
85.3333
0.8333
11.1111
Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.4) =

IC + dA
(in.4)
412.3333
353.8889
96.4444
862.6667

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (1)


On section A, the resultant force on area (1) in the x direction is
1
FA = (332.690 psi + 235.317 psi)(6 in.)(2 in.) = 3, 408.043 lb = 3.41 kips (T)
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (1) is
1
FB = (251.546 psi + 154.173 psi)(6 in.)(2 in.) = 2,921.180 lb = 2.92 kips (T)
2

Ans.

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of area (1)


Fx = 3, 408.043 lb + 2,921.180 lb = 486.863 lb 0
FH = 0.487 kips

Ans.

The horizontal shear force is directed from section A toward section B at the interface between area (1)
and the web.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.8 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.

Consider area (2) of the beam segment shown in Problem 9.7.

Fig. P9.8a Beam segment

Fig. P9.8b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in y direction: (reference axis at bottom of shape)

Shape
top flange (1)
bottom flange (2)
web

y=

yi Ai
A i

Width b
(in.)
6
10
2

Height h
(in.)
2
2
8

Area Ai
(in.2)
12
20
16
48

yi
(from bottom)
(in.)
11
1
6

yi Ai
(in.3)
132
20
96
248

248 in.3
= 5.1667 in. (measured upward from bottom edge of shape)
48 in.2

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = yi y
Shape
dA
IC
4
(in. )
(in.)
(in.4)
top flange (1)
4.0000
5.8333
408.3333
bottom flange (2)
6.6667
4.1667
347.2222
web
85.3333
0.8333
11.1111
Moment of inertia about the z axis (in.4) =

IC + dA
(in.4)
412.3333
353.8889
96.4444
862.6667

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (2)


On section A, the resultant force on area (2) in the x direction is
1
FA = (251.546 psi + 154.173 psi)(10 in.)(2 in.) = 4,057.195 lb = 4.06 kips (C)
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (2) is
1
FB = (215.611 psi + 132.149 psi)(10 in.)(2 in.) = 3, 477.595 lb = 3.48 kips (C)
2

Ans.

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of area (2)


Fx = 4,057.195 lb 3, 477.595 lb = 579.599 lb 0
FH = 0.580 kips

Ans.

The horizontal shear force is directed from section B toward section A at the interface between area (2)
and the web.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.9 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.

Consider area (1) of the 300-mm-long beam segment, which is subjected to internal bending moments of
MA = 7.5 kN-m and MB = 8.0 kN-m.

Fig. P9.9a Beam segment

Fig. P9.9b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Centroid location in y direction: (reference axis at bottom of shape)

Shape

Width b
(mm)
40
150
40
40

left stiff (1)


flange (2)
right stiff (3)
stem

y=

yi A i
A i

Height h
(mm)
90
40
90
280

Area Ai
(mm2)
3,600
6,000
3,600
11,200
24,400

yi
(from bottom)
(mm)
275
300
275
140

yi Ai
(mm3)
990,000
1,800,000
990,000
1,568,000
5,348,000

5,348,000 mm3
= 219.180 mm (measured upward from bottom edge of shape)
24,400 mm 2

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = yi y
Shape
dA
IC
4
(mm )
(mm)
(mm4)
left stiff (1)
2,430,000.00
55.8197
11,217,008.87
flange (2)
800,000.00
80.8197
39,190,916.42
right stiff (3)
2,430,000.00
55.8197
11,217,008.87
stem
73,173,333.33
79.1803
70,218,672.40
Moment of inertia about the z axis (mm4) =

IC + dA
(mm4)
13,647,008.87
39,990,916.42
13,647,008.87
143,392,005.73
210,676,939.89

(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (1)


On section A, the resultant force on area (1) in the x direction is
1
FA = (3.589 MPa + 0.385 MPa)(40 mm)(90 mm) = 7,153.755 N = 7.15 kN (C)
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (1) is
1
FB = (3.828 MPa + 0.411 MPa)(40 mm)(90 mm) = 7,630.672 N = 7.63 kN (C)
2

Ans.

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of area (1)


Fx = 7,153.755 N 7,630.672 N = 476.917 N 0
FH = 0.477 kN
Ans.
The horizontal shear force is directed from section A toward section B at the interface between area (1)
and area (2).

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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9.10 For the following problems, a beam segment subjected to internal bending moments at sections A
and B is shown along with a sketch of the cross-sectional dimensions. For each problem:
(a) Sketch a side view of the beam segment and plot the distribution of bending stresses acting at
sections A and B. Indicate the magnitude of key bending stresses on the sketch.
(b) Determine the resultant forces acting in the x direction on the specified area at sections A and B and
show these resultant forces on the sketch.
(c) Is the specified area in equilibrium with respect to forces acting in the x direction? If not, determine
the horizontal force required to satisfy equilibrium for the specified area and show the location and
direction of this force on the sketch.

Combine areas (1), (2), and (3) of the beam segment shown in Problem 9.9.

Fig. P9.10a Beam segment

Fig. P9.10b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
(a) Centroid location in y direction: (reference axis at bottom of shape)

Shape

Width b
(mm)
40
150
40
40

left stiff (1)


flange (2)
right stiff (3)
stem

y=

yi A i
A i

Height h
(mm)
90
40
90
280

Area Ai
(mm2)
3,600
6,000
3,600
11,200
24,400

yi
(from bottom)
(mm)
275
300
275
140

yi Ai
(mm3)
990,000
1,800,000
990,000
1,568,000
5,348,000

5,348,000 mm3
= 219.180 mm (measured upward from bottom edge of shape)
24,400 mm 2

Moment of inertia about the z axis:


d = yi y
Shape
dA
IC
4
(mm )
(mm)
(mm4)
left stiff (1)
2,430,000.00
55.8197
11,217,008.87
flange (2)
800,000.00
80.8197
39,190,916.42
right stiff (3)
2,430,000.00
55.8197
11,217,008.87
stem
73,173,333.33
-79.1803
70,218,672.40
Moment of inertia about the z axis (mm4) =

IC + dA
(mm4)
13,647,008.87
39,990,916.42
13,647,008.87
143,392,005.73
210,676,939.89

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(a) Bending stress distribution

(b) Resultant forces acting on area (1)


On section A, the resultant force on area (1) in the x direction is
1
FA = (3.589 MPa + 0.385 MPa)(40 mm)(90 mm) = 7,153.755 N
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (1) is
1
FB = (3.828 MPa + 0.411 MPa)(40 mm)(90 mm) = 7,630.672 N
2
Resultant forces acting on area (3)
The forces acting on area (3) are identical to those acting on area (1).
Resultant forces acting on area (2)
On section A, the resultant force on area (2) in the x direction is
1
FA = (3.589 MPa + 2.165 MPa)(150 mm)(40 mm) = 17, 262.855 N
2
and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (2) is
1
FB = (3.828 MPa + 2.309 MPa)(150 mm)(40 mm) = 18, 413.697 N
2
Resultant forces acting on combined areas (1), (2), and (3)
On section A, the resultant force on combined areas (1), (2), and (3) is
FA = 2(7,153.755 N) + 17, 262.855 N = 31,570.363 N = 31.6 kN (C)

Ans.

and on section B, the horizontal resultant force on area (2) is


FB = 2(7,630.672 N) + 18, 413.697 N = 33,675.054 N = 33.7 kN (C)

Ans.

(c) Equilibrium of combined areas (1), (2), and (3)


Fx = 31,570.363 N 33,675.054 N = 2,104.691 N 0
Ans.
FH = 2.10 kN
The horizontal shear force is directed from section A toward section B at the interface between area (2)
and the stem of the tee.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.