You are on page 1of 16

# 12.9 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a stressed body.

Determine the normal and shear stresses at this point on the inclined
plane shown.

Fig. P12.9

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 4, 200 psi, y = 1,800 psi, xy = 0 psi, = +50

## The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:

n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (4, 200 psi) cos 2 (50) + (1,800 psi)sin 2 (50) + 2(0 psi) sin(50) cos(50)
= 2, 791.6222 psi = 2, 790 psi (T)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(4, 200 psi) (1,800 psi)]sin(50) cos(50) + (0 psi)[cos 2 (50) sin 2 (50)]
= 1,181.7693 psi = 1,182 psi

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.10 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a

stressed body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this
point on the inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.10

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 90 MPa, y = 140 MPa, xy = 0 MPa, = +65
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (90 MPa) cos 2 (65) + (140 MPa) sin 2 (65) + 2(0 MPa)sin(65) cos(65)
= 131.0697 MPa = 131.1 MPa (C)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(90 MPa) (140 MPa)]sin(65) cos(65) + (0 MPa)[cos 2 (65) sin 2 (65)]
= 19.1511 MPa = 19.15 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.11 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a stressed

body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this point on the
inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.11

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 5.5 ksi, y = 18.7 ksi, xy = 0 ksi, = 20
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (5.5 ksi) cos 2 (20) + (18.7 ksi)sin 2 (20) + 2(0 ksi) sin(20) cos(20)
= 2.6691 ksi = 2.67 ksi (C)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(5.5 ksi) (18.7 ksi)]sin(20) cos(20) + (0 ksi)[cos 2 (20) sin 2 (20)]
= 7.7777 ksi = 7.78 ksi

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.12 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a

stressed body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this
point on the inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.12

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 17, 700 psi, y = 12,500 psi, xy = 0 psi, = 60
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (17, 700 psi) cos 2 (60) + (12,500 psi)sin 2 (60) + 2(0 psi) sin(60) cos(60)
= 4,950.0000 psi = 4,950 psi (C)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(17, 700 psi) (12,500 psi)]sin(60) cos(60) + (0 psi)[cos 2 (60) sin 2 (60)]
= 13,076.9836 psi = 13, 080 psi

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.13 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a

stressed body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this
point on the inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.13

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 8 ksi, y = 6 ksi, xy = 10 ksi, = 75
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (8) cos 2 (75) + (6 ksi)sin 2 (75) + 2(10 ksi)sin(75) cos(75)
= 10.0622 ksi = 10.06 ksi (T)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(8 ksi) (6 ksi)]sin(75) cos(75) + (10 ksi)[cos 2 (75) sin 2 (75)]
= 5.1603 ksi = 5.16 ksi

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.14 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a

stressed body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this
point on the inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.14

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 82 MPa, y = 48 MPa, xy = 26 MPa, = 25
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (82 MPa) cos 2 (25) + (48 MPa)sin 2 (25) + 2(26 MPa) sin( 25) cos( 25)
= 95.8445 MPa = 95.8 MPa (T)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(82 MPa) (48 MPa)]sin( 25) cos( 25) + ( 26 MPa)[cos 2 (25) sin 2 (25)]
= 3.6897 MPa = 3.69 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.15 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a

stressed body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this
point on the inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.15

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 108 MPa, y = 14 MPa, xy = 72 MPa, = 50
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (108 MPa) cos 2 (50) + (14 MPa)sin 2 (50) + 2(72 MPa) sin(50) cos(50)
= 34.4987 MPa = 34.5 MPa (C)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(108 MPa) ( 14 MPa)]sin(50) cos(50) + ( 72 MPa)[cos 2 (50) sin 2 (50)]
= 47.5706 MPa = 47.6 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.16 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a stressed

body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this point on
the inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.16

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 2,150 psi, y = 860 psi, xy = 1, 460 psi, = 40
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (2,150 psi) cos 2 (40) + (860 psi)sin 2 (40) + 2(1, 460 psi) sin( 40) cos( 40)
= 531.4788 psi = 531 psi (T)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(2,150 psi) (860 psi)]sin(40) cos(40) + (1, 460 psi)[cos 2 (40) sin 2 (40)]
= 1, 735.6620 psi = 1, 736 psi

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.17 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a stressed

body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this point on
the inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.17

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 18 MPa, y = 42 MPa, xy = 30 MPa, = 68.1986
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (18 MPa) cos 2 (68.1986) + (42 MPa) sin 2 (68.1986)
+2(30 MPa)sin(68.1986) cos(68.1986)
= 13.0345 MPa = 13.03 MPa (C)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(18 MPa) (42 MPa)]sin(68.1986) cos(68.1986)
+ (30 MPa)[cos 2 (68.1986) sin 2 (68.1986)]
= 42.4138 MPa = 42.4 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.18 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a

stressed body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this
point on the inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.18

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 24 MPa, y = 80 MPa, xy = 32 MPa, = 33.6901
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (24 MPa) cos 2 (33.6901) + (80 MPa) sin 2 (33.6901)
+2(32 MPa)sin(33.6901) cos(33.6901)
= 70.7693 MPa = 70.8 MPa (T)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(24 MPa) (80 MPa)]sin( 33.6901) cos(33.6901)
+ (32 MPa)[cos 2 (33.6901) sin 2 (33.6901)]
= 38.1538 MPa = 38.2 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.19 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a

stressed body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this
point on the inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.19

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 3,800 psi, y = 2,500 psi, xy = 8, 200 psi, = 59.0362
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (3,800 psi) cos 2 (59.0362) + (2,500 psi)sin 2 (59.0362)
+2(8, 200 psi)sin(59.0362) cos(59.0362)
= 10,079.4185 psi = 10, 080 psi (C)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(3,800 psi) (2,500 psi)]sin(59.0362) cos(59.0362)
+ (8, 200 psi)[cos 2 (59.0362) sin 2 (59.0362)]
= 4, 432.3424 psi = 4, 430 psi

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.20 The stresses shown in the figure act at a point in a stressed

body. Determine the normal and shear stresses at this point on the
inclined plane shown.

Fig. P12.20

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 3.8 ksi, y = 9.4 ksi, xy = 5.7 ksi, = 38.6598
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (3.8) cos 2 (38.6598) + (9.4 ksi) sin 2 (38.6598)
+2(5.7 ksi)sin(38.6598) cos(38.6598)
= 6.9122 ksi = 6.91 ksi (T)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(3.8 ksi) (9.4 ksi)]sin(38.6598) cos(38.6598)
+ (5.7 ksi)[cos 2 (38.6598) sin 2 (38.6598)]
= 7.6902 ksi = 7.69 ksi

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.21 The stresses shown in Fig.

P12.21a act at a point on the free
surface of a stressed body.
Determine the normal stresses n
and t and the shear stress nt at
this point if they act on the rotated
stress element shown in Fig.
P12.21b.

(a)

(b)
Fig. P12.21

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 50 MPa, y = 15 MPa, xy = 40 MPa, = 36
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (50 MPa) cos 2 (36) + (15 MPa)sin 2 (36) + 2(40 MPa) sin( 36) cos( 36)
= 65.5853 MPa = 65.6 MPa (T)

Ans.

## To find t, add 90 to the value of used in Eq. (12-3):

t = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (50 MPa) cos 2 ( 36 + 90) + (15 MPa)sin 2 ( 36 + 90)
+2(40 MPa)sin(36 + 90) cos(36 + 90)
= (50 MPa) cos 2 (54) + (15 MPa) sin 2 (54) + 2( 40 MPa)sin(54) cos(54)
= 30.5853 MPa = 30.6 MPa (C)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(50 MPa) (15 MPa)]sin( 36) cos( 36) + (40 MPa)[cos 2 ( 36) sin 2 (36)]
= 18.5487 MPa = 18.55 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.22 The stresses shown in

Fig. P12.22a act at a point on the
free surface of a stressed body.
Determine the normal stresses n
and t and the shear stress nt at
this point if they act on the
rotated stress element shown in
Fig. P12.22b.

(a)

(b)
Fig. P12.22

Solution
The given stress values are:
x = 1, 200 psi, y = 700 psi, xy = 400 psi, = 20
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (1, 200 psi) cos 2 (20) + (700 psi)sin 2 (20) + 2(400 psi)sin(20) cos(20)
= 1,398.6262 psi = 1,399 psi (T)

Ans.

## To find t, add 90 to the value of used in Eq. (12-3):

n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos

= (1, 200 psi) cos 2 (20 + 90) + (700 psi)sin 2 (20 + 90)
+2(400 psi) sin(20 + 90) cos(20 + 90)
= (1, 200 psi) cos 2 (110) + (700 psi) sin 2 (110) + 2(400 psi) sin(110) cos(110)
= 501.3738 psi = 501 psi (T)

Ans.

## The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt:

nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(1, 200 psi) (700 psi)]sin(20) cos(20) + (400 psi)[cos 2 (20) sin 2 (20)]
= 145.7209 psi = 145.7 psi

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.23 The stresses shown in Fig.

P12.23 act at a point on the free
surface of a machine component.
Determine the normal stresses x and
y and the shear stress xy at the point.

Fig. P12.23

Solution
Redefine the axes, calling the rotated axes x and y. The angle from the rotated element to the unrotated
element is now a positive value (since it is counterclockwise). Thus, the given stress values can be
expressed as:
x = 35 MPa, y = 27 MPa, xy = 50 MPa, = 30
The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n, which is actually the normal stress in
the horizontal direction (i.e., the original x direction) on the unrotated element:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (35 MPa) cos 2 (30) + (27 MPa) sin 2 (30) + 2( 50 MPa)sin(30) cos(30)
= 23.8013 MPa = 23.8 MPa (C)

Ans.

To find t, which is actually the normal stress in the vertical direction (i.e., the original y direction) on
the unrotated element, add 90 to the value of used in Eq. (12-3):
t = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (35 MPa) cos 2 (30 + 90) + (27 MPa) sin 2 (30 + 90) + 2( 50 MPa) sin(30 + 90) cos(30 + 90)
= (35 MPa) cos 2 (120) + (27 MPa) sin 2 (120) + 2(50 MPa) sin(120) cos(120)
= 31.8013 MPa = 31.8 MPa (T)

Ans.

The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt, which is actually the shear stress on the
horizontal and vertical faces of the unrotated element:
nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(35 MPa) ( 27 MPa)]sin(30) cos(30) + (50 MPa)[cos 2 (30) sin 2 (30)]
= 51.8468 MPa = 51.8 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## 12.24 The stresses shown in

Fig. P12.24 act at a point on the
free surface of a machine
component. Determine the
normal stresses x and y and
the shear stress xy at the point.

Fig. P12.24

Solution
Redefine the axes, calling the rotated axes x and y. The angle from the rotated element to the unrotated
element is now a negative value (since it is clockwise) . Thus, the given stress values can be expressed
as:
x = 18.2 ksi, y = 2.8 ksi, xy = 5.0 ksi, = 24

The normal stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-3)] gives n, which is actually the normal stress in
the horizontal direction (i.e., the original x direction) on the unrotated element:
n = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (18.2 ksi) cos 2 (24) + (2.8 ksi)sin 2 (24) + 2(5.0 ksi)sin(24) cos(24)
= 11.9366 ksi = 11.94 ksi (T)

Ans.

To find t, which is actually the normal stress in the vertical direction (i.e., the original y direction) on
the unrotated element, add 90 to the value of used in Eq. (12-3):
t = x cos 2 + y sin 2 + 2 xy sin cos
= (18.2 ksi) cos 2 (24 + 90) + (2.8 ksi)sin 2 (24 + 90)
+2(5.0 ksi)sin(24 + 90) cos(24 + 90)
= (18.2 ksi) cos 2 (66) + (2.8 ksi)sin 2 (66) + 2(5.0 ksi) sin(66) cos(66)
= 9.0634 ksi = 9.06 ksi (T)

Ans.

The shear stress transformation equation [Eq. (12-4)] gives nt, which is actually the shear stress on the
horizontal and vertical faces of the unrotated element:
nt = ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos 2 sin 2 )
= [(18.2 ksi) (2.8 ksi)]sin(24) cos(24) + (5.0 ksi)[cos 2 (24) sin 2 (24)]
= 9.0679 ksi = 9.07 ksi

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.