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- ch7 31-50

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The beam

is made of a rectangular timber having a width of 120 mm and a depth of 280 mm. Calculate the

maximum horizontal shear stresses at points located 35 mm, 70 mm, 105 mm, and 140 mm below the

top surface of the beam. From these results, plot a graph showing the distribution of shear stresses from

top to bottom of the beam.

Solution

Shear force in cantilever beam:

V = 7.2 kN = 7,000 N

Shear stress formula:

VQ

=

It

Section properties:

(120 mm)(280 mm)3

I=

= 219.52 106 mm 4

12

t = 120 mm

Distance below top

surface of beam

35 mm

105 mm

514,500 mm3

140.6 kPa

70 mm

70 mm

882,000 mm3

241 kPa

3

105 mm

35 mm

1,102,500 mm

301 kPa

140 mm

0 mm

1,176,000 mm3

321 kPa

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.12 A 14-ft long simply supported timber beam carries a 6-kip concentrated load at midspan, as shown

in Fig. P9.12a. The cross-sectional dimensions of the timber are shown in Fig. P9.12b.

(a) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point H.

(b) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point K.

(c) Determine the maximum horizontal shear stress that occurs in the beam at any location within the

14-ft span length.

(d) Determine the maximum tension bending stress that occurs in the beam at any location within the

14-ft span length.

dimensions

Solution

Section properties:

(6 in.)(15 in.)3

I=

= 1, 687.5 in.4

12

t = 6 in.

(a) Shear stress at H:

Q = (6 in.)(3 in.)(6 in.) = 108 in.3

=

=

VQ

It

(3, 000 lb)(108 in.3 )

= 32.0 psi

(1, 687.500 in.4 )(6 in.)

Ans.

Q = (6 in.)(1 in.)(7 in.) = 42 in.3

=

=

VQ

It

(3, 000 lb)(42 in.3 )

= 12.44 psi

(1, 687.500 in.4 )(6 in.)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Qmax = (6 in.)(7.5 in.)(3.75 in.) = 168.75 in.3

V Q (3, 000 lb)(168.75 in.3 )

=

= 50.0 psi

=

It

(1, 687.500 in.4 )(6 in.)

Ans.

M max = 21 kip-ft = 21, 000 lb-ft

x =

=

= 1,120 psi (T) and (C)

I

1, 687.500 in.4

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.13 A 4-m long simply supported timber beam carries a uniformly distributed load of 7 kN/m, as shown

in Fig. P9.13a. The cross-sectional dimensions of the beam are shown in Fig. P9.13b.

(a) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point H.

(b) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point K.

(c) Determine the maximum horizontal shear stress that occurs in the beam at any location within the 4m span length.

(d) Determine the maximum compression bending stress that occurs in the beam at any location within

the 4-m span length.

dimensions

Solution

Section properties:

(100 mm)(300 mm)3

I=

= 225 106 mm 4

12

t = 100 mm

(a) Shear stress magnitude at H:

Q = (100 mm)(90 mm)(105 mm)

VQ

=

It

=

(225 106 mm 4 )(100 mm)

= 294 kPa

Ans.

Q = (100 mm)(75 mm)(112.5 mm)

VQ

=

It

=

(225 106 mm 4 )(100 mm)

= 263 kPa

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Qmax = (100 mm)(150 mm)(75 mm) = 1,125, 000 mm3

=

= 700 kPa

It

(225 106 mm 4 )(100 mm)

Ans.

M max = 14 kN-m

My

(14 kN-m)(150 mm)(1,000 N/kN)(1,000 mm/m)

=

I

225 106 mm 4

= 9.3333 MPa = 9,330 kPa (C)

x =

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.14 A 5-m long simply supported timber beam carries two concentrated loads, as shown in Fig. P9.14a.

The cross-sectional dimensions of the beam are shown in Fig. P9.14b.

(a) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point H.

(b) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point K.

(c) Determine the maximum horizontal shear stress that occurs in the beam at any location within the 5m span length.

(d) Determine the maximum compression bending stress that occurs in the beam at any location within

the 5-m span length.

dimensions

Solution

Section properties:

(150 mm)(450 mm)3

I=

= 1,139.1 106 mm 4

12

t = 150 mm

(a) Shear stress magnitude at H:

Q = (150 mm)(150 mm)(150 mm)

VQ

=

It

=

(1,139.1 106 mm 4 )(150 mm)

= 774 kPa

Ans.

Q = (150 mm)(100 mm)(175 mm)

VQ

=

It

(39, 200 N)(2, 625, 000 mm3 )

=

(1,139.1 106 mm 4 )(150 mm)

= 602 kPa

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Qmax = (150 mm)(225 mm)(112.5 mm) = 3, 796,875 mm3

=

= 871 kPa

I t (1,139.1106 mm 4 )(150 mm)

Ans.

M max = 39.2 kN-m

x =

My

(39.2 kN-m)(225 mm)(1,000 N/kN)(1,000 mm/m)

=

I

1,139.1 106 mm 4

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.15 A laminated wood beam consists of eight 2 in. 6-in. planks glued together to form a section 6 in.

wide by 16 in. deep, as shown in Fig. P9.15a. If the allowable strength of the glue in shear is 160 psi,

determine:

(a) the maximum uniformly distributed load w that can be applied over the full length of the beam if the

beam is simply supported and has a span of 20 ft.

(b) the shear stress in the glue joint at H, which is located 4 in. above the bottom of the beam and 3 ft

from the left support. Assume the beam is subjected to the load w determined in part (a).

(c) the maximum tension bending stress in the beam when the load of part (a) is applied.

dimensions

Solution

Section properties:

(6 in.)(16 in.)3

I=

= 2, 048 in.4

12

t = 6 in.

(a) Maximum Q:

Q = (6 in.)(8 in.)(4 in.) = 192 in.3

Maximum shear force V:

VQ

=

160 psi

It

V

= 10, 240 lb

192 in.3

wL

Vmax =

10, 240 lb

2

2(10, 240 lb)

wmax

= 1, 024 lb/ft

20 ft

Ans.

V = 10, 240 lb (1, 024 lb/ft)(3 ft) = 7,168 lb

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

V Q (7,168 lb)(144 in.3 )

=

= 84.0 psi

=

It

(2, 048 in.4 )(6 in.)

Ans.

wL2 (1, 024 lb/ft)(20 ft)2

=

= 51, 200 lb-ft

M max =

8

8

x =

My

(51, 200 lb-ft)( 8 in.)(12 in./ft)

=

= 2, 400 psi (T)

I

2, 048 in.4

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.16 A 5-ft long simply supported wood beam carries a concentrated load P at midspan, as shown in Fig.

P9.16a. The cross-sectional dimensions of the beam are shown in Fig. P9.16b. If the allowable shear

strength of the wood is 80 psi, determine the maximum load P that may be applied at midspan. Neglect

the effects of the beams self weight.

Solution

Section properties:

(6 in.)(10 in.)3

I=

= 500 in.4

12

t = 6 in.

Maximum Q:

Q = (6 in.)(5 in.)(2.5 in.) = 75 in.3

Maximum shear force V:

VQ

=

80 psi

It

V

= 3, 200 lb

75 in.3

P

Vmax = 3, 200 lb

2

Pmax 2(3, 200 lb) = 6, 400 lb

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9.17 A wood beam supports the loads shown in Fig. P9.17a. The cross-sectional dimensions of the beam

are shown in Fig. P9.17b. Determine the magnitude and location of:

(a) the maximum horizontal shear stress in the beam.

(b) the maximum tension bending stress in the beam.

Solution

Section properties:

(75 mm)(240 mm)3

(20 mm)(100 mm)3

I=

+2

= 89, 733,333 mm 4

12

12

(a) Maximum shear force:

Vmax = 9.54 kN = 9,540 N @ support A

Check shear stress at neutral axis:

Q = (75 mm)(120 mm)(60 mm)

+2(20 mm)(50 mm)(25 mm) = 590, 000 mm3

VQ

(9,540 N)(590,000 mm3 )

=

= 545 kPa

I t (89, 733,333 mm 4 )(115 mm)

Q = (75 mm)(70 mm)(85 mm) = 446, 250 mm3

VQ

(9,540 N)(446,250 mm3 )

=

= 633 kPa

I t (89, 733,333 mm 4 )(75 mm)

H ,max = 633 kPa

Ans.

Mmax = 6.49 kN-m (between support A and point B)

Maximum tension bending stress:

My

(6.49 kN-m)( 120 mm)(1,000 N/kN)(1,000 mm/m)

=

x =

I

89, 733,333 mm 4

= 8.67905 MPa = 8, 680 kPa (T)

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

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