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9.11 A 1.6-m long cantilever beam supports a concentrated load of 7.2 kN, as shown below.

The beam
is made of a rectangular timber having a width of 120 mm and a depth of 280 mm. Calculate the
maximum horizontal shear stresses at points located 35 mm, 70 mm, 105 mm, and 140 mm below the
top surface of the beam. From these results, plot a graph showing the distribution of shear stresses from
top to bottom of the beam.

Fig. P9.11a Cantilever beam

Fig. P9.11b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Shear force in cantilever beam:
V = 7.2 kN = 7,000 N
Shear stress formula:
VQ
=
It
Section properties:
(120 mm)(280 mm)3
I=
= 219.52 106 mm 4
12

t = 120 mm
Distance below top
surface of beam

35 mm

105 mm

514,500 mm3

140.6 kPa

70 mm

70 mm

882,000 mm3

241 kPa
3

105 mm

35 mm

1,102,500 mm

301 kPa

140 mm

0 mm

1,176,000 mm3

321 kPa

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9.12 A 14-ft long simply supported timber beam carries a 6-kip concentrated load at midspan, as shown
in Fig. P9.12a. The cross-sectional dimensions of the timber are shown in Fig. P9.12b.
(a) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point H.
(b) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point K.
(c) Determine the maximum horizontal shear stress that occurs in the beam at any location within the
14-ft span length.
(d) Determine the maximum tension bending stress that occurs in the beam at any location within the
14-ft span length.

Fig. P9.12b Cross-sectional


dimensions

Fig. P9.12a Simply supported timber beam

Solution
Section properties:
(6 in.)(15 in.)3
I=
= 1, 687.5 in.4
12

t = 6 in.
(a) Shear stress at H:
Q = (6 in.)(3 in.)(6 in.) = 108 in.3

=
=

VQ
It
(3, 000 lb)(108 in.3 )
= 32.0 psi
(1, 687.500 in.4 )(6 in.)

Ans.

(b) Shear stress at K:


Q = (6 in.)(1 in.)(7 in.) = 42 in.3

=
=

VQ
It
(3, 000 lb)(42 in.3 )
= 12.44 psi
(1, 687.500 in.4 )(6 in.)

Ans.

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(c) Maximum shear stress at any location:


Qmax = (6 in.)(7.5 in.)(3.75 in.) = 168.75 in.3
V Q (3, 000 lb)(168.75 in.3 )
=
= 50.0 psi
=
It
(1, 687.500 in.4 )(6 in.)

Ans.

(d) Maximum bending stress at any location:


M max = 21 kip-ft = 21, 000 lb-ft

x =

M c (21, 000 lb-ft)(7.5 in.)(12 in./ft)


=
= 1,120 psi (T) and (C)
I
1, 687.500 in.4

Ans.

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9.13 A 4-m long simply supported timber beam carries a uniformly distributed load of 7 kN/m, as shown
in Fig. P9.13a. The cross-sectional dimensions of the beam are shown in Fig. P9.13b.
(a) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point H.
(b) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point K.
(c) Determine the maximum horizontal shear stress that occurs in the beam at any location within the 4m span length.
(d) Determine the maximum compression bending stress that occurs in the beam at any location within
the 4-m span length.

Fig. P9.13b Cross-sectional


dimensions

Fig. P9.13a Simply supported timber beam

Solution
Section properties:
(100 mm)(300 mm)3
I=
= 225 106 mm 4
12

t = 100 mm
(a) Shear stress magnitude at H:
Q = (100 mm)(90 mm)(105 mm)

= 945, 000 mm3


VQ
=
It
=

(7, 000 N)(945,000 mm3 )


(225 106 mm 4 )(100 mm)

= 294 kPa

Ans.

(b) Shear stress magnitude at K:


Q = (100 mm)(75 mm)(112.5 mm)

= 843, 750 mm3


VQ
=
It
=

(7, 000 N)(843, 750 mm3 )


(225 106 mm 4 )(100 mm)

= 263 kPa

Ans.

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(c) Maximum shear stress at any location:


Qmax = (100 mm)(150 mm)(75 mm) = 1,125, 000 mm3

V Q (14, 000 N)(1,125, 000 mm3 )


=
= 700 kPa
It
(225 106 mm 4 )(100 mm)

Ans.

(d) Maximum compression bending stress at any location:


M max = 14 kN-m

My
(14 kN-m)(150 mm)(1,000 N/kN)(1,000 mm/m)
=
I
225 106 mm 4
= 9.3333 MPa = 9,330 kPa (C)

x =

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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9.14 A 5-m long simply supported timber beam carries two concentrated loads, as shown in Fig. P9.14a.
The cross-sectional dimensions of the beam are shown in Fig. P9.14b.
(a) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point H.
(b) At section aa, determine the magnitude of the shear stress in the beam at point K.
(c) Determine the maximum horizontal shear stress that occurs in the beam at any location within the 5m span length.
(d) Determine the maximum compression bending stress that occurs in the beam at any location within
the 5-m span length.

Fig. P9.14b Cross-sectional


dimensions

Fig. P9.14a Simply supported timber beam

Solution
Section properties:
(150 mm)(450 mm)3
I=
= 1,139.1 106 mm 4
12

t = 150 mm
(a) Shear stress magnitude at H:
Q = (150 mm)(150 mm)(150 mm)

= 3,375, 000 mm3


VQ
=
It
=

(39, 200 N)(3,375, 000 mm3 )


(1,139.1 106 mm 4 )(150 mm)

= 774 kPa

Ans.

(b) Shear stress magnitude at K:


Q = (150 mm)(100 mm)(175 mm)

= 2, 625, 000 mm3


VQ
=
It
(39, 200 N)(2, 625, 000 mm3 )
=
(1,139.1 106 mm 4 )(150 mm)
= 602 kPa

Ans.

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(c) Maximum shear stress at any location:


Qmax = (150 mm)(225 mm)(112.5 mm) = 3, 796,875 mm3

V Q (39, 200 N)(3, 796,875 mm3 )


=
= 871 kPa
I t (1,139.1106 mm 4 )(150 mm)

Ans.

(d) Maximum bending stress at any location:


M max = 39.2 kN-m

x =

My
(39.2 kN-m)(225 mm)(1,000 N/kN)(1,000 mm/m)
=
I
1,139.1 106 mm 4

= 7.74296 MPa = 7, 740 kPa (C)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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9.15 A laminated wood beam consists of eight 2 in. 6-in. planks glued together to form a section 6 in.
wide by 16 in. deep, as shown in Fig. P9.15a. If the allowable strength of the glue in shear is 160 psi,
determine:
(a) the maximum uniformly distributed load w that can be applied over the full length of the beam if the
beam is simply supported and has a span of 20 ft.
(b) the shear stress in the glue joint at H, which is located 4 in. above the bottom of the beam and 3 ft
from the left support. Assume the beam is subjected to the load w determined in part (a).
(c) the maximum tension bending stress in the beam when the load of part (a) is applied.

Fig. P9.15b Cross-sectional


dimensions

Fig. P9.15a Simply supported timber beam

Solution
Section properties:
(6 in.)(16 in.)3
I=
= 2, 048 in.4
12

t = 6 in.
(a) Maximum Q:
Q = (6 in.)(8 in.)(4 in.) = 192 in.3
Maximum shear force V:
VQ
=
160 psi
It
V

(160 psi)(2,048 in.4 )(6 in.)


= 10, 240 lb
192 in.3

Maximum distributed load w:


wL
Vmax =
10, 240 lb
2
2(10, 240 lb)
wmax
= 1, 024 lb/ft
20 ft

Ans.

(b) Shear force at x = 3 ft:


V = 10, 240 lb (1, 024 lb/ft)(3 ft) = 7,168 lb

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Q = (6 in.)(4 in.)(6 in.) = 144 in.3


V Q (7,168 lb)(144 in.3 )
=
= 84.0 psi
=
It
(2, 048 in.4 )(6 in.)

Ans.

(c) Maximum tension bending stress at any location:


wL2 (1, 024 lb/ft)(20 ft)2
=
= 51, 200 lb-ft
M max =
8
8

x =

My
(51, 200 lb-ft)( 8 in.)(12 in./ft)
=
= 2, 400 psi (T)
I
2, 048 in.4

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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9.16 A 5-ft long simply supported wood beam carries a concentrated load P at midspan, as shown in Fig.
P9.16a. The cross-sectional dimensions of the beam are shown in Fig. P9.16b. If the allowable shear
strength of the wood is 80 psi, determine the maximum load P that may be applied at midspan. Neglect
the effects of the beams self weight.

Fig. P9.16a Simply supported timber beam

Fig. P9.16b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Section properties:
(6 in.)(10 in.)3
I=
= 500 in.4
12

t = 6 in.
Maximum Q:
Q = (6 in.)(5 in.)(2.5 in.) = 75 in.3
Maximum shear force V:
VQ
=
80 psi
It
V

(80 psi)(500 in.4 )(6 in.)


= 3, 200 lb
75 in.3

Maximum concentrated load P:


P
Vmax = 3, 200 lb
2
Pmax 2(3, 200 lb) = 6, 400 lb

Ans.

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9.17 A wood beam supports the loads shown in Fig. P9.17a. The cross-sectional dimensions of the beam
are shown in Fig. P9.17b. Determine the magnitude and location of:
(a) the maximum horizontal shear stress in the beam.
(b) the maximum tension bending stress in the beam.

Fig. P9.17a Simply supported timber beam

Fig. P9.17b Cross-sectional dimensions

Solution
Section properties:
(75 mm)(240 mm)3
(20 mm)(100 mm)3
I=
+2
= 89, 733,333 mm 4
12
12
(a) Maximum shear force:
Vmax = 9.54 kN = 9,540 N @ support A
Check shear stress at neutral axis:
Q = (75 mm)(120 mm)(60 mm)
+2(20 mm)(50 mm)(25 mm) = 590, 000 mm3

VQ
(9,540 N)(590,000 mm3 )
=
= 545 kPa
I t (89, 733,333 mm 4 )(115 mm)

Check shear stress at top edge of cover plates:


Q = (75 mm)(70 mm)(85 mm) = 446, 250 mm3

VQ
(9,540 N)(446,250 mm3 )
=
= 633 kPa
I t (89, 733,333 mm 4 )(75 mm)

Maximum shear stress in beam:


H ,max = 633 kPa

Ans.

(b) Maximum bending moment:


Mmax = 6.49 kN-m (between support A and point B)
Maximum tension bending stress:
My
(6.49 kN-m)( 120 mm)(1,000 N/kN)(1,000 mm/m)
=
x =
I
89, 733,333 mm 4
= 8.67905 MPa = 8, 680 kPa (T)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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