You are on page 1of 11

# 11.

below, derive an expression for the reactions
at supports A and B. Assume that EI is
constant for the beam.

Fig. P11.26

Solution
Choose the reaction force at A as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to concentrated load P.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
5PL3
vA =
48 EI
Let L = 2 L
vA =

5 P(2 L)3
5 PL3
=
48 EI
6 EI

## Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to concentrated load RA.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vA =
3EI
Let L = 2 L, P = RA
vA =

=
3EI
3EI

5PL3 8RA L3
5P

+
=0
RA =

6 EI
3EI
16

Ans.

## Equilibrium equations for entire beam:

Fy = RA + RB P = 0

5P 11P 11P
=
=

16 16
16
M B = M B RA (2 L) + P ( L) = 0
RB = P

M B = RA (2 L) P ( L) =

Ans.

5PL
3PL 3PL
PL =
=
(cw)
8
8
8

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

below, derive an expression for the
reactions at supports A and C. Assume that
EI is constant for the beam.

Fig. P11.27

Solution
Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at C due to concentrated moment M0.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated moment.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
ML2
ML
vB =
and B =
EI
2 EI
2
M 0L M 0L
3M 0 L2
vC =

( L) =
2 EI
EI
2 EI
Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at C due to concentrated load RC.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vC =
3EI
Let L = 2 L, P = RC

vC =

=
3EI
3EI

3M 0 L2 8RC L3
9M 0

+
=0
RC =

2 EI
3EI
16 L

Ans.

## Equilibrium equations for entire beam:

Fy = RA + RC = 0

9M 0 9M 0
=

16 L
16 L
M A = M A M 0 + RC (2 L) = 0
RA =

M A = RC (2 L) M 0 =

Ans.

9M 0
M
M
(2 L) M 0 = 0 = 0
16 L
8
8

(cw)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

below, derive an expression for the
reactions at supports A and C. Assume that
EI is constant for the beam.

Fig. P11.28

Solution
Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at C due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
wL4
wL3
vB =
and B =
8EI
6 EI
4
3
wL wL
7 wL4
vC =

( L) =
8 EI 6 EI
24 EI
Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at C due to concentrated load RC.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vC =
3EI
Let L = 2 L, P = RC

vC =

=
3EI
3EI

7 wL4 8RC L3
7 wL

+
=0
RC =

24 EI
3EI
64

Ans.

## Equilibrium equations for entire beam:

Fy = RA + RC wL = 0
7 wL 57 wL
=

64
64
L
M A = M A wL + RC (2 L) = 0
2
RA = wL

Ans.

wL2 7 wL
wL2
18wL2
9wL2 9wL2
M A = RC (2 L)
=
(2 L)
=
=
=
2
64
2
64
32
32

(ccw)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

below, derive an expression for the reaction
forces at A, C, and D. Assume that EI is
constant for the beam. (Reminder: The
roller symbol implies that both upward and
downward displacement is restrained.)

Fig. P11.29

Solution
Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is simply supported.
Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to P.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pbx 2
vC =
( L b2 x2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI
Let L = 3L, b = L, x = L

P( L)( L)
(3L) 2 ( L) 2 ( L) 2
6(3L) EI

vC =
=

PL
7 PL3
7 L2 =
18 EI
18 EI

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to concentrated load RC.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pab 2
vC =
( L a 2 b2 )
6 LEI
Let L = 3L, a = 2 L, b = L, P = RC
vC =
=

( RC )(2 L)( L)
(3L) 2 (2 L) 2 ( L) 2
6(3L) EI

2 RC L
8 R L3
4 L2 = C
18 EI
18 EI

## Compatibility equation for deflection at C:

7 PL3 8RC L3
7P

+
=0
RC =

18 EI 18 EI
8

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

## Equilibrium equations for entire beam:

M A = PL + RC (2 L) + RD (3L) = 0

RD (3L) = PL RC (2 L) = PL
RD =

7P
3PL
(2 L) =
8
4

P P
=
4
4

Ans.

Fy = RA + RC + RD P = 0
RA = P RC RD = P

7P P
5 P 3P 3 P
= P
=
=

8 4
8
8
8

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

below, derive an expression for the reaction
force at B. Assume that EI is constant for
the beam. (Reminder: The roller symbol
implies that both upward and downward
displacement is restrained.)

Fig. P11.30

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is simply supported.
Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to M0.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Mx
vB =
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI

Let L = 2 L, x = L, M = M 0
vB =

( M 0 )( L)
M0
M L2
2(2 L) 2 3(2 L)( L) + ( L) 2 =
3L2 = 0
6(2 L) EI
12 EI
4 EI

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load RB.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
48 EI
Let L = 2 L, P = RB

( RB )(2 L)3 RB L3
vB =
=
48EI
6 EI
Compatibility equation for deflection at B:
M 0 L2 RB L3
3M 0 3M 0
+
=0
RB =
=

4 EI
6 EI
2L
2L

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

below, derive an expression for the reaction
force at B. Assume that EI is constant for
the beam.

Fig. P11.31

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is simply supported.
Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wa 3
vB =
(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )
24 LEI
Let L = 3L, a = 2 L
vB =

w(2 L)3
wL2
2 wL4
4(3L) 2 7(2 L)(3L) + 3(2 L) 2 =
6 L2 =
24(3L) EI
9 EI
3EI

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load RB.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pab 2
vB =
( L a2 b2 )
6 LEI

Let L = 3L, a = L, b = 2 L, P = RB
vB =

R L
( RB )( L)(2 L)
4 R L3
(3L) 2 ( L) 2 (2 L) 2 = B 4 L2 = B
6(3L) EI
9 EI
9 EI

## Compatibility equation for deflection at B:

2wL4 4 RB L3
3wL 3wL

+
=0
RB =
=

3EI
9 EI
2
2

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

below, derive an expression for the reaction
force at B. Assume that EI is constant for
the beam. (Reminder: The roller symbol
implies that both upward and downward
displacement is restrained.)

Fig. P11.32

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is simply supported.
Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Mx
vB =
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI

wL
L L
Let L = 2 L, x = L, M = w =
8
2 4
wL2

( L)
8
wL2
wL4

2
2
2
2(2 L) 3(2 L)( L) + ( L) =
3 L =
vB =
6(2 L) EI
96 EI 32 EI
Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load RB.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
48 EI
Let L = 2 L, P = RB

vB =

( RB )(2 L)3 RB L3
=
48EI
6 EI

## Compatibility equation for deflection at B:

wL4
RB L3
3wL 3wL
+
=0
RB =
=

32 EI 6 EI
16
16

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

below, derive an expression for the reaction
force at B. Assume that EI is constant for
the beam.

Fig. P11.33

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is simply supported.
Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to one concentrated load P.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pbx 2
vB =
( L b2 x 2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI

Let L = 4 L, b = L, x = 2 L
P( L)(2 L)
PL
11PL3
2
2
2
2
(4 L) ( L) (2 L) =
11L =
vB =
6(4 L) EI
12 EI
12 EI

The second concentrated load will cause an additional deflection at B of the same magnitude.
Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load RB.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
48 EI
Let L = 4 L, P = RB

vB =

( RB )(4 L)3 64 RB L3 16 RB L3
=
=
48EI
48EI
12 EI

## Compatibility equation for deflection at C:

11PL3 11PL3 16 RB L3
11P

+
=0
RB =

12 EI 12 EI
12 EI
8

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

below, derive an expression for the reaction
force at B. Assume that EI is constant for
the beam.

Fig. P11.34

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is simply supported.
Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wa 3
vB =
(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )
24 LEI
Let L = 5 L, a = 3L
vB =

w(3L)3
27 wL2
99 wL4
4(5 L) 2 7(3L)(5 L) + 3(3L) 2 =
22 L2 =
24(5 L) EI
120 EI
20 EI

## Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pbx 2
vB =
( L b2 x 2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI

Let L = 5 L, b = L, x = 3L, P =

wL
3

wL

( L)(3L)
wL2
wL4
3

(5L) 2 ( L) 2 (3L) 2 =
15L2 =
vB =
6(5L) EI
30 EI
2 EI

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load RB.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pab 2
vB =
( L a2 b2 )
6 LEI

## Let L = 5L, a = 3L, b = 2 L, P = RB

vB =

R L
( RB )(3L)(2 L)
12 RB L3
(5 L) 2 (3L) 2 (2 L) 2 = B 12 L2 =
6(5L) EI
5 EI
5EI

## Compatibility equation for deflection at B:

99wL4 wL4 12 RB L3
109 wL

+
=0
RB =
= 2.270833wL
20 EI 2 EI
5 EI
48

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.