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Mechanics of Materials Solutions Chapter11 Probs1 17

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shown in Fig. P11.1. Use the doubleintegration method to determine the

magnitude of the moment M0 required to

make the slope at the left end of the beam

zero.

Fig. P11.1

Solution

Moment equation:

x

M a a = M ( x) + wx M 0 = 0

2

wx 2

M ( x) = M 0

2

Integration:

d 2v

wx 2

EI 2 = M ( x) = M 0

dx

2

3

dv

wx

EI

= M0x

+ C1

dx

6

M x 2 wx 4

EI v = 0

+ C1 x + C2

2

24

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

dv

w( L)3

at x = L, = 0

M 0 ( L)

+ C1 = 0

dx

6

C1 =

wL3

M 0L

6

dv

wx3 wL3

EI

= M0x

+

M 0L

dx

6

6

Constraint:

At x = 0, the slope of the beam is to be zero; therefore,

dv

w(0)3 wL3

EI

= M 0 (0)

+

M 0L = 0

dx A

6

6

M0 =

wL2

6

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

end of the cantilever beam shown in Fig.

P11.2, the slope of the beam is zero. Use the

double-integration method to determine the

magnitude of the moment M0.

Fig. P11.2

Solution

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x) Px + M 0 = 0

M ( x) = Px M 0

Integration:

d 2v

EI 2 = M ( x) = Px M 0

dx

dv Px 2

EI

=

M 0 x + C1

dx

2

Px 3 M 0 x 2

EI v =

+ C1 x + C2

6

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

dv

P ( L) 2

at x = L, = 0

M 0 ( L) + C1 = 0

dx

2

C1 =

PL2

+ M 0L

2

dv Px 2

PL2

EI

=

M0x

+ M 0L

dx

2

2

Constraint:

At x = 0, the slope of the beam is to be zero; therefore,

dv

P(0) 2

PL2

EI

=

M 0 (0)

+ M 0L = 0

dx A

2

2

M0 =

PL

2

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

end of the cantilever beam shown in Fig.

P11.3, the deflection at the right end of the

beam is zero. Use the double-integration

method to determine the magnitude of the

load P.

Fig. P11.3

Solution

Moment equation:

Lx

M a a = w( L x)

+ P( L x) M ( x) = 0

2

w

M ( x) = ( L x)2 + P( L x)

2

Integration:

d 2v

w

EI 2 = M ( x) = ( L x) 2 + P( L x)

2

dx

dv w

P

EI

= ( L x)3 ( L x) 2 + C1

dx 6

2

w

P

EI v = ( L x) 4 + ( L x)3 + C1 x + C2

24

6

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

dv

w

P

at x = 0, = 0

( L 0)3 ( L 0) 2 + C1 = 0

dx

6

2

C1 =

at x = 0, v = 0

C2 =

wL3 PL2

+

6

2

w

P

( L 0) 4 + ( L 0)3 + C1 (0) + C2 = 0

24

6

wL4 PL3

24

6

w

P

wLx 3 PL2 x wL4

EI v = ( L x) 4 + ( L x)3

+

+

24

6

6

2

24

w

wLx3 wL4 P

PL2 x

4

3

= ( L x)

+

+ ( L x) +

24

6

24 6

2

PL3

6

PL3

6

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Constraint:

At x = L, the deflection of the beam is to be zero; therefore,

w

wL( L)3 wL4 P

PL2 ( L) PL3

4

3

EI vB = ( L L)

+

+ ( L L) +

=0

24

6

24 6

2

6

which simplifies to

wL4 wL4 PL3 PL3

wL4 PL3

EI vB =

+

+

=

+

=0

6

24

2

6

8

3

Therefore, the magnitude of P is

3wL

P=

8

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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shown in Fig. P11.4. Use the doubleintegration method to determine the

reactions at supports A and B.

Fig. P11.4

Solution

Beam FBD:

Fy = RA + RB = 0

M A = M A + RB L M 0 = 0

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x) M 0 + RB ( L x) = 0

M ( x) = RB ( L x) M 0

Integration:

d 2v

EI 2 = M ( x) = RB ( L x) M 0

dx

dv

R

EI

= B ( L x) 2 M 0 x + C1

dx

2

R

M x2

EI v = B ( L x)3 0 + C1 x + C2

6

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

dv

R

at x = 0, = 0

B ( L 0) 2 M 0 (0) + C1 = 0

2

dx

RB L2

C1 =

2

at x = 0, v = 0

RB

M (0) 2

( L 0)3 0

+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0

6

2

at x = L, v = 0

RB

M ( L) 2 RB L2

R L3

( L L)3 0

+

( L) B = 0

6

2

2

6

3M 0 3M 0

RB L3 M 0 L2

=

RB =

=

3

2

2L

2L

Backsubstitute into equilibrium equations:

3M 0

Fy = RA + RB = 0

RA = RB =

2L

M A = M A + RB L M 0 = 0

MA =

M0 M0

=

(cw)

2

2

C2 =

RA =

3M 0

2L

RB L3

6

Ans.

3M 0

M A = RB L M 0 =

L M0 = 0

2L

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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shown in Fig. P11.5.

(a) Use the double-integration method to

determine the reactions at supports A and B.

(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.

Fig. P11.5

Solution

Beam FBD:

Fy = RA + RB wL = 0

L

M A = M B + RB L wL = 0

2

Moment equation:

2

wx

x

M a a = M ( x) + wx RA x = 0 M ( x) =

+ RA x

2

2

Integration:

d 2v

wx 2

EI 2 = M ( x) =

+ RA x

2

dx

dv

wx 3 RA x 2

EI

=

+

+ C1

6

2

dx

wx 4 RA x 3

EI v =

+

+ C1 x + C2

24

6

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

w(0) 4 RA (0)3

at x = 0, v = 0

+

+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0

24

6

dv

w( L)3 RA ( L) 2

at x = L, = 0

+

+ C1 = 0

dx

6

2

w( L) 4 RA ( L)3

+

+ C1 ( L) = 0

24

6

Solve Eqs. (a) and (b) simultaneously to find:

at x = L, v = 0

wL3

3wL 3wL

and

RA =

=

48

8

8

Backsubstitute into equilibrium equations:

3wL 5wL

Fy = RA + RB wL = 0

RB = wL RA = wL

=

8

8

C2 = 0

wL3 RA L2

C1 =

6

2

(a)

wL3 RA L2

24

6

(b)

C1 =

C1 =

L

M A = M B + RB L wL = 0

2

MB =

wL2 wL2

=

(cw)

8

8

MB =

Ans.

RB =

5wL

Ans.

wL2

wL2 5wL2

wL2

RB L =

=

2

2

8

8

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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shown in Fig. P11.6. Use the doubleintegration method to determine the

reactions at supports A and B.

Fig. P11.6

Solution

Beam FBD:

w0 L

=0

2

w L 2L

M A = M B + RB L 0

=0

2 3

Fy = RA + RB

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x ) +

w0 x 2 x

RA x = 0

2L 3

M ( x) =

w0 x 3

+ RA x

6L

Integration:

d 2v

w x3

EI 2 = M ( x) = 0 + RA x

6L

dx

4

dv

wx

R x2

EI

= 0 + A + C1

24 L

2

dx

5

wx

R x3

EI v = 0 + A + C1 x + C2

120 L

6

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

w (0)5 RA (0)3

at x = 0, v = 0

0

+

+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0

120 L

6

dv

w ( L ) 4 RA ( L ) 2

at x = L, = 0

0

+

+ C1 = 0

dx

24 L

2

at x = L, v = 0

w0 ( L)5 RA ( L)3

+

+ C1 ( L) = 0

120 L

6

C2 = 0

w0 L3 RA L2

24

2

(a)

w0 L3 RA L2

C1 =

120

6

(b)

C1 =

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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w0 L3

C1 =

120

and

RA =

w0 L w0 L

=

10

10

wL

wL

w L w L 4w L

Fy = RA + RB 0 = 0

RB = 0 RA = 0 0 = 0

2

2

2

10

10

M A = M B + RB L

w0 L 2 L

=0

2 3

w0 L2 w0 L2

MB =

=

(cw)

15

15

MB =

Ans.

RB =

2w0 L

Ans.

w0 L2

w L2 2 w L2

w L2

RB L = 0 0 = 0

3

3

5

15

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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shown in Fig. P11.7. Use the fourth-order

integration method to determine the reaction

at roller support B.

Fig. P11.7

Solution

Integrate the load distribution:

d 4v

w0 x 2

EI 4 = 2

dx

L

3

d v

w x3

EI 3 = 0 2 + C1

3L

dx

2

d v

w x4

EI 2 = 0 2 + C1 x + C2

12 L

dx

dv

w0 x 5 C1 x 2

EI

=

+

+ C2 x + C3

60 L2

2

dx

w0 x 6 C1 x 3 C2 x 2

EI v =

+

+

+ C3 x + C4

360 L2

6

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

w (0)6 C (0)3 C2 (0) 2

at x = 0, v = 0

0 2 + 1

+

+ C3 (0) + C4 = 0

C4 = 0

360 L

6

2

dv

w0 (0)5 C1 (0) 2

at x = 0,

=0

+

+ C2 (0) + C3 = 0

C3 = 0

dx

60 L2

2

w ( L ) 6 C ( L ) 3 C2 ( L ) 2

w L2

at x = L, v = 0

0 2 + 1

+

=0

C1L + 3C2 = 0

360 L

6

2

60

d 2v

w0 ( L) 4

0

=

+ C1 ( L) + C2 = 0

12 L2

dx 2

Solve Eqs. (a) and (b) simultaneously to obtain:

at x = L, M = EI

2C2 =

4 w L2

w0 L2 w0 L2

= 0

60

12

60

C2 =

C1L =

w0 L2 w0 L2 7 w0 L2

+

=

12

30

60

C1 =

C1L + C2 =

w0 L2

12

(a)

(b)

w0 L2

30

7 w0 L

60

Roller reaction at B:

d 3v

w ( L )3 7 w L

20 w0 L 7 w0 L

13w0 L

= 0 2 + 0 =

+

=

VB = EI 3

3L

60

60

60

60

dx x = L

RB =

13w0 L

60

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.8. Use the fourth-order

integration method to determine the reaction

at roller support A.

Fig. P11.8

Solution

Integrate the load distribution:

d 4v

w0 x 2

EI 4 = 2

dx

L

3

d v

w x3

EI 3 = 0 2 + C1

3L

dx

2

d v

w x4

EI 2 = 0 2 + C1 x + C2

12 L

dx

dv

w0 x 5 C1 x 2

EI

=

+

+ C2 x + C3

60 L2

2

dx

w0 x 6 C1 x 3 C2 x 2

EI v =

+

+

+ C3 x + C4

360 L2

6

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

w (0)6 C (0)3 C2 (0) 2

at x = 0, v = 0

0 2 + 1

+

+ C3 (0) + C4 = 0

C4 = 0

360 L

6

2

d 2v

w0 (0) 4

at x = 0, M = EI 2 = 0

+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0

C2 = 0

dx

12 L2

dv

w ( L)5 C ( L ) 2

w L3

at x = L,

=0

0 2 + 1

+ C3 = 0

C1L2 + 2C3 = 0

60 L

2

30

dx

at x = L, v = 0

w0 ( L)6 C1 ( L)3

+

+ C3 ( L) = 0

360 L2

6

C1L2 + 6C3 =

w0 L3

60

(a)

(b)

4C3 =

w0 L3 w0 L3 w0 L3

=

30

60

60

w0 L3 w0 L3 5w0 L3

C1L =

+

=

30

120

120

2

C3 =

C1 =

Roller reaction at A:

d 3v

w0 (0)3 5w0 L 5w0 L

=

+

=

VA = EI 3

3L2

120

120

dx x = 0

w0 L3

240

5w0 L

120

RA =

5w0 L

120

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.9. Use the fourth-order

integration method to determine the

reaction at roller support A.

Fig. P11.9

Solution

Integrate the load distribution:

x

d 4v

EI 4 = w0 sin

2L

dx

3

x

d v 2w L

+ C1

EI 3 = 0 cos

2L

dx

x

d 2v 4w L2

+ C1 x + C2

EI 2 = 02 sin

2L

dx

8w0 L3

x C1 x 2

dv

= 3 cos

+

+ C2 x + C3

EI

2L

2

dx

16w0 L4

x C1 x3 C2 x 2

+

+

+ C3 x + C4

sin

EI v =

4

2L

6

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

16w0 L4

(0) C1 (0)3 C2 (0) 2

+

+

+ C3 (0) + C4 = 0

C4 = 0

at x = 0, v = 0

sin

4

2L

6

2

d 2v

4w0 L2

(0)

+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0

C2 = 0

at x = 0, M = EI 2 = 0

sin

2

dx

2L

dv

8w L3

( L) C1 ( L) 2

=0

03 cos

+

+ C3 = 0

C1L2 + 2C3 = 0

at x = L,

dx

2L

2

4

16 w0 L

( L) C1 ( L)3

96w0 L3

2

+

+

=

+

=

at x = L, v = 0

sin

(

)

0

6

C

L

C

L

C

3

1

3

4

4

2L

6

(a)

(b)

4C3 =

96 w0 L3

24 w0 L3

C1L2 = 2

C3 =

24 w0 L3

C1 =

4

48w0 L

Roller reaction at A:

d 3v

2w L

(0) 48w0 L

= 0 cos

VA = EI 3

4

dx x = 0

2L

RA =

2 w0 L

48w0 L

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.10. Use the fourth-order

integration method to determine the

reactions at supports A and B.

Fig. P11.10

Solution

Integrate the load distribution:

x

d 4v

EI 4 = w0 cos

2L

dx

3

x

d v 2w L

+ C1

EI 3 = 0 sin

2L

dx

d 2v

4w L2

x

+ C1 x + C2

EI 2 = 02 cos

dx

2L

8w0 L3

x C1 x 2

dv

= 3 sin

+

+ C2 x + C3

EI

2L

2

dx

16 w0 L4

x C1 x3 C2 x 2

+

+

+ C3 x + C4

cos

EI v =

4

2L

6

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

8w L3

(0) C1 (0) 2

dv

=0

03 sin

+

+ C2 (0) + C3 = 0

at x = 0,

2L

2

dx

16w0 L4

(0) C1 (0)3 C2 (0) 2

+

+

+ C4 = 0

at x = 0, v = 0

cos

4

2L

6

2

8w L3

( L) C1 ( L) 2

dv

=0

03 sin

+

+ C2 ( L ) = 0

at x = L,

2L

2

dx

16 w0 L4

at x = L, v = 0

( L)

C1 ( L)3 C2 ( L) 2 16w0 L4

+

+

=0

cos

4

2L

6

2

C3 = 0

C4 =

16 w0 L4

C1L + 2C2 =

C1L + 3C2 =

16 w0 L2

3

96w0 L2

(a)

(b)

C 2 =

16 w0 L2

C1L =

96 w0 L2

48w0 L2

C2 =

4

+

192w0 L2

C1 =

16 w0 L2

4

48w0 L

[6 ]

[ 4]

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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d 3v

2w L

(0) 48w0 L

48w L

VA = EI 3

= 0 sin

+

[ 4] = 40 [ 4]

4

dx x = 0

2L

RA =

VB = EI

d 3v

dx 3

2w0 L

x=L

d 2v

dx 2

=

x=0

sin

RB =

M A = EI

48w0 L

d 2v

dx 2

=

x=L

2L

2

4w0 L2

MA =

M B = EI

( L)

2w0 L

4w0 L2

4 w0 L2

48w0 L2

MB =

[ 4]

cos

+

48w0 L

Ans.

[ 4] =

3 + 24 96

96 24 + 3

(0)

2L

16w0 L2

48w0 L(0)

2L

[ 4] +

32w0 L2

16w0 L2

[6 ]

[6 ]

24 4 2

4

( L)

Ans.

[ 4] +

4w0 L2

cos

2 w0 L

48w0 L( L)

16 w0 L2

[ 3]

(cw)

[ 4] +

[6 ] =

(ccw)

Ans.

16w0 L2

16 w0 L2

[6 ]

[3 12 + 6 ] =

16 w0 L2

[ 2 6]

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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shown in Fig. P11.11. Use the fourth-order

integration method to determine the

reactions at supports A and B.

Fig. P11.11

Solution

Integrate the load distribution:

d 4v

x

EI 4 = w0 sin

dx

L

3

d v

wL

x

EI 3 = 0 cos

+ C1

dx

L

d 2v

w L2

x

EI 2 = 0 2 sin

+ C1 x + C2

dx

L

x C1 x 2

dv w0 L3

= 3 cos

+

+ C2 x + C3

EI

2

dx

L

w0 L4

x C1 x3 C2 x 2

EI v = 4 sin

+

+

+ C3 x + C4

L

6

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

dv

w0 L3

(0) C1 (0) 2

w0 L3

=0

+

+ C2 (0) + C3 = 0

C3 = 3

at x = 0,

cos

dx

3

L

2

4

3

2

wL

(0) C1 (0) C2 (0)

0 4 sin

+

+

+ C3 (0) + C4 = 0 C4 = 0

at x = 0, v = 0

L

6

2

( L) C1 ( L) 2

4w0 L2

dv

w0 L3

w0 L3

=0

+

+ C2 ( L ) 3 = 0

C1L + 2C2 =

(a)

at x = L,

cos

3

3

2

dx

L

at x = L, v = 0

w0 L4

sin

( L)

L

C1 ( L)3 C2 ( L) 2 w0 L3

+

3 ( L) = 0

6

2

C1L + 3C2 =

6w0 L2

(b)

C2 =

6 w0 L2

C1L =

4 w0 L2

4 w0 L2

2 w L2

2 03

C2 =

2 w0 L2

C1 = 0

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

d 3v

wL

(0)

wL

= 0 cos

= 0

VA = EI 3

dx x = 0

RA =

VB = EI

d 3v

dx 3

w0 L

x=L

w0 L

cos

RB =

M A = EI

d 2v

dx 2

=

x=0

M B = EI

d 2v

dx 2

=

x=L

w0 L2

w0 L

Ans.

2w0 L2

( L)

L

2w0 L2

2 w0 L2

2 w0 L2

(cw)

sin

MB =

(0)

sin

MA =

Ans.

( L)

w0 L

w0 L2

2w0 L2

3

(ccw)

Ans.

2w0 L2

3

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.12.

(a) Use the double-integration method to

determine the reactions at supports A and C.

(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.

(c) Determine the deflection in the middle

of the span.

Fig. P11.12

Solution

Beam FBD:

from symmetry,

P

RA = RC =

2

and

M A = MC

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x ) M A

P

x=0

2

M ( x) =

Px

+ MA

2

Integration:

d 2v

Px

EI 2 = M ( x) =

+ MA

2

dx

dv Px 2

EI

=

+ M A x + C1

4

dx

Px 3 M A x 2

EI v =

+

+ C1 x + C2

12

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

dv

P (0) 2

at x = 0, = 0

+ M A (0) + C1 = 0

dx

4

P (0)3 M A (0) 2

at x = 0, v = 0

+

+ C2 = 0

12

2

C1 = 0

C2 = 0

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

P

RA = RC =

2

(a) Beam reaction moments:

L dv

at x = , = 0

2 dx

MA =

Ans.

P ( L / 2) 2

L

+ MA = 0

4

2

PL PL

=

(ccw)

8

8

MC =

PL

(cw)

8

Ans.

P x 3 M A x 2 P x 3 PLx 2

Px 2

EI v =

+

=

=

[ 3L 4 x ]

12

2

12

16

48

Px 2

v =

[ 3L 4 x ]

48 EI

(c) Midspan deflection:

P( L / 2) 2

PL3

vB =

[3L 4( L / 2)] =

48 EI

192 EI

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.13.

(a) Use the double-integration method to

determine the reactions at supports A and B.

(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.

(c) Determine the deflection in the middle

of the span.

Fig. P11.13

Solution

Beam FBD:

from symmetry,

wL

RA = RB =

2

and

MA = MB

Moment equation:

x wL

M a a = M ( x) M A + wx

x = 0

2 2

wx 2 wLx

M ( x) =

+

+ MA

2

2

Integration:

d 2v

wx 2 wLx

EI 2 = M ( x) =

+

+ MA

2

2

dx

dv

wx 3 wLx 2

EI

=

+

+ M A x + C1

dx

6

4

wx 4 wLx 3 M A x 2

EI v =

+

+

+ C1 x + C2

24

12

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

dv

w(0)3 wL(0) 2

at x = 0, = 0

+

+ M A (0) + C1 = 0

dx

6

4

w(0) 4 wL(0)3 M A (0) 2

at x = 0, v = 0

+

+

+ C2 = 0

24

12

2

C1 = 0

C2 = 0

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

wL

RA = RB =

2

(a) Beam reaction moments:

L dv

at x = , = 0

2 dx

MA =

Ans.

w( L / 2)3 wL( L / 2) 2

L

+

+ MA = 0

6

4

2

wL2 wL2

(ccw)

=

12

12

MB =

wL2 wL2

(cw)

=

12

12

Ans.

wx 4 wLx3 M A x 2

wx 4 wLx 3 wL2 x 2

wx 2 2

wx 2

x 2 Lx + L2 =

EI v =

+

+

=

+

=

( x L) 2

24

12

2

24

12

24

24

24

wx 2

v =

( x L) 2

24 EI

(c) Midspan deflection:

2

vx = L / 2

w( L / 2) 2 L

wL4

=

L

)

=

24 EI 2

384 EI

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.14.

(a) Use the double-integration method to

determine the reactions at supports A and C.

(b) Determine the deflection in the middle

of the span.

Fig. P11.14

Solution

Beam FBD:

from symmetry,

wL

RA = RC = 0

2

and

M A = MC

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x ) M A +

M ( x) =

w0 x 2 x w0 L

x = 0

2L 3 2

w0 x3 w0 Lx

+

+ MA

6L

2

Integration:

d 2v

w x3 w Lx

EI 2 = M ( x) = 0 + 0 + M A

6L

2

dx

4

2

dv

wx

w Lx

EI

= 0 + 0

+ M A x + C1

24 L

4

dx

w x 5 w Lx 3 M A x 2

EI v = 0 + 0

+

+ C1 x + C2

120 L

12

2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:

dv

w (0) 4 w0 L(0) 2

at x = 0, = 0

0

+

+ M A (0) + C1 = 0

dx

24 L

4

w (0)5 w0 L(0)3 M A (0) 2

at x = 0, v = 0

0

+

+

+ C2 = 0

120 L

12

2

(a) Beam reaction forces:

wL

RA = RC = 0

2

C1 = 0

C2 = 0

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

dv

at x = L, = 0

dx

MA =

w0 ( L) 4 w0 L( L) 2

+

+ M A ( L) = 0

24 L

4

5w0 L2 5w0 L2

=

(ccw)

24

24

MC =

5w0 L2 5w0 L2

=

(cw)

24

24

Ans.

w x 5 w Lx 3 M A x 2

w x 5 w Lx 3 5w0 L2 x 2

EI v = 0 + 0

+

= 0 + 0

120 L

12

2

120 L

12

48

5

2 3

3 2

2

2w x

20 w0 L x 25w0 L x

wx

= 0 +

= 0 2 x 3 20 L2 x + 25 L3

240 L

240 L

240 L

240 L

2

w0 x

2 x 3 20 L2 x + 25 L3

v =

240 L EI

(c) Midspan deflection:

w ( L) 2

7 w L4

2( L)3 20 L2 ( L) + 25 L3 = 0

vB = 0

240 L EI

240 EI

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.15.

(a) Use the double-integration method to

determine the reactions at supports A and C.

(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.

(c) Determine the deflection in the middle

of the span.

Fig. P11.15

Solution

Beam FBD:

Fy = RA + RC P = 0

L

M A = M C + RC L P = 0

2

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x ) R A x = 0

M ( x ) = RA x

0 x

2

M b b = M ( x ) R A x + P x = 0

2

PL

L

M ( x) = RA x Px +

x L

2

2

Integration:

For beam segment AB:

d 2v

EI 2 = M ( x) = RA x

dx

dv RA x 2

EI

=

+ C1

2

dx

RA x 3

EI v =

+ C1 x + C2

6

d 2v

PL

EI 2 = M ( x) = RA x Px +

2

dx

2

2

dv RA x

Px

PLx

EI

=

+

+ C3

2

2

2

dx

RA x 3 Px 3 PLx 2

EI v =

+

+ C3 x + C4

6

6

4

RA (0)3

at x = 0, v = 0

+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0

6

dv

RA ( L) 2 P ( L) 2 PL( L)

at x = L, = 0

+

+ C3 = 0

dx

2

2

2

C2 = 0

C3 =

RA L2

2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

( L ) + C4 = 0

6

6

4

2

Slope continuity condition at x = L/2:

L dv

dv

at x = ,

=

2 dx AB dx BC

at x = L, v = 0

C4 =

RA L3 PL3

3

12

RA ( L / 2) 2

RA ( L / 2) 2 P( L / 2) 2 PL( L / 2) RA L2

+ C1 =

2

2

2

2

2

C1 =

PL2 RA L2

8

2

L

at x = , vB AB = vB BC

2

3

2

RA x

PL x RA L2 x RA x 3 Px3 PLx 2 RA L2 x RA L3 PL3

+

6

8

2

6

6

4

2

3

12

eliminate terms and rearrange:

RA L3 Px 3 PLx 2 PL2 x PL3

=

+

+

3

6

4

8

12

Substitute x = L/2 to obtain:

RA L3 P( L / 2)3 PL( L / 2) 2 PL2 ( L / 2) PL3 5PL3

=

+

+

=

3

6

4

8

12

48

5P

RA =

16

(a) Beam reaction forces:

5P

11P

RA =

RC =

16

16

(a) Beam reaction moment:

PL 11PL

3PL

L

M C = P RC L =

=

2

16

16

2

Ans.

MC =

3PL 3PL

(cw)

=

16

16

Ans.

R x 3 PL2 x RA L2 x 5 Px 3 PL2 x 5 PL2 x 5 Px 3 3PL2 x

EI v = A +

=

+

6

8

2

96

8

32

96

96

Px

5 x 2 3L2

v =

96 EI

(c) Midspan deflection:

2

P( L / 2) L

7 PL3

2

vB =

5 3L =

96 EI 2

768 EI

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.16.

(a) Use the double-integration method to

determine the reactions at supports A and C.

(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.

Fig. P11.16

Solution

Beam FBD:

Fy = RA + RC = 0

RC = RA

M A = M A + RC L M 0 = 0

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x ) R A x M A = 0

M ( x ) = RA x + M A

0 x

2

M b b = M ( x ) R A x M A M 0 = 0

M ( x ) = RA x + M A + M 0

Integration:

For beam segment AB:

d 2v

EI 2 = M ( x) = RA x + M A

dx

dv RA x 2

EI

=

+ M A x + C1

dx

2

R x3 M x 2

EI v = A + A + C1 x + C2

6

2

x L

2

d 2v

EI 2 = M ( x) = RA x + M A + M 0

dx

dv RA x 2

EI

=

+ M A x + M 0 x + C3

dx

2

R x3 M x 2 M x 2

EI v = A + A + 0 + C3 x + C4

6

2

2

RA (0)3 M A (0) 2

at x = 0, v = 0

+

+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0

6

2

C2 = 0

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

dv

at x = 0, = 0

dx

RA (0) 2

+ M A (0) + C1 = 0

2

C1 = 0

L dv

dv

=

at x = ,

2 dx AB dx BC

RA x 2

R x2

+ M A x = A + M A x + M 0 x + C3

2

2

M L

C3 = 0

2

L

at x = , vB AB = vB BC

2

3

RA x

M A x 2 RA x3 M A x 2 M 0 x 2 M 0 Lx

+

=

+

+

+ C4

6

2

6

2

2

2

M 0 L2

C4 =

8

RA ( L ) 3 M A ( L ) 2 M 0 ( L ) 2 M 0 L

M 0 L2

at x = L, v = 0

+

+

( L) +

=0

6

2

2

2

8

Also, the beam moment equilibrium equation can be written as:

RA L + M A = M 0

(a) Beam Reactions: Solve these two equations simultaneously to obtain:

M

M

9M 0 9M 0

M A = 0 = 0 (cw)

RA =

=

8

8

8L

8L

RA L + 3M A =

RC =

9M 0

8L

3M 0

4

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.17.

(a) Use the double-integration method to

determine the reactions at supports A and C.

(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.

Fig. P11.17

Solution

Beam FBD:

wL

=0

2

wL L

M A = M C + RC L

=0

2 4

Fy = RA + RC

Moment equation:

x

M a a = M ( x) + wx RA x = 0

2

2

wx

L

M ( x) =

+ RA x

0 x

2

2

wL

L

x RA x = 0

2

4

wL

L

L

M ( x) =

x + RA x

x L

2

4

2

M b b = M ( x ) +

Integration:

For beam segment AB:

d 2v

wx 2

EI 2 = M ( x) =

+ RA x

dx

2

dv

wx3 RA x 2

EI

=

+

+ C1

dx

6

2

wx 4 RA x3

EI v =

+

+ C1 x + C2

24

6

d 2v

wL

L

EI 2 = M ( x) =

x + RA x

dx

2

4

2

dv

wL

L RA x 2

EI

=

x

+ C3

+

dx

4

4

2

3

EI v =

wL

L RA x 3

x

+ C3 x + C4

+

12

4

6

w(0) 4 RA (0)3

at x = 0, v = 0

+

+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0

24

6

C2 = 0

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Equate the slope expressions for the two beam segments:

2

wx 3 RA x 2

wL

L RA x 2

+

+ C1 =

x

+ C3

+

6

2

4

4

2

Set x = L/2 and solve for the constant C1:

2

2

wx 3 wL

L

w( L / 2)3 wL L L

wL3 wL3

C1 = C3 +

x = C3 +

= C3 +

6

4

4

6

4 2 4

48

64

C1 = C3 +

wL3

192

Equate the deflection expressions for the two beam segments:

3

wx 4 RA x3

wL

L RA x 3

+

+ C1 x =

x

+ C3 x + C4

+

24

6

12

4

6

Set x = L/2 and solve for the constant C4:

3

w( L / 2) 4

wL3 L

wL L L

L

+ C3 +

=

+ C3 + C4

24

192 2

12 2 4

2

4

wL4

wL4

L wL

L

+ C3 +

=

+ C3 + C4

384

768

2 384

2

C4 =

wL4

768

2

dv

wL

L RA ( L ) 2

at x = L, = 0

L

+ C3 = 0

+

dx

4

4

2

C3 =

9wL3 RA L2

64

2

at x = L, v = 0

3

wL

L RA ( L ) 3

wL4

+ C3 ( L) +

=0

L +

12

4

6

768

27 wL4 RA L3 9 wL3 RA L2

wL4

+

+

+

=0

(

L

)

768

6

2

768

64

27 wL4 RA L3 9 wL4 RA L3 wL4

+

+

+

=0

768

6

64

2

768

RA L3 3RA L3 26 wL4 108wL4

6

6

768

768

RA L3 82wL4

=

3

768

RA =

41wL

128

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9 wL3 41wL3

5wL3

C3 =

=

64

256

256

and for C1:

5wL3 wL3

11wL3

C1 =

+

=

256 192

768

41wL

RA =

128

wL

wL 41wL 23wL

RA =

=

2

2

128

128

Beam moment reaction:

wL2

wL2 23wL2

7 wL2

MC =

RC L =

=

8

8

128

128

RC =

Ans.

RC =

23wL

128

MC =

Ans.

7 wL2 7 wL2

=

(cw)

128

128

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

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