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11.

1 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.1. Use the doubleintegration method to determine the
magnitude of the moment M0 required to
make the slope at the left end of the beam
zero.
Fig. P11.1

Solution
Moment equation:
x
M a a = M ( x) + wx M 0 = 0
2
wx 2
M ( x) = M 0
2

Integration:
d 2v
wx 2
EI 2 = M ( x) = M 0
dx
2
3
dv
wx
EI
= M0x
+ C1
dx
6
M x 2 wx 4
EI v = 0
+ C1 x + C2
2
24
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
dv
w( L)3
at x = L, = 0
M 0 ( L)
+ C1 = 0
dx
6
C1 =

wL3
M 0L
6

Beam slope equation:


dv
wx3 wL3
EI
= M0x
+
M 0L
dx
6
6
Constraint:
At x = 0, the slope of the beam is to be zero; therefore,
dv
w(0)3 wL3
EI
= M 0 (0)
+
M 0L = 0
dx A
6
6
M0 =

wL2
6

Ans.

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11.2 When moment M0 is applied to the left


end of the cantilever beam shown in Fig.
P11.2, the slope of the beam is zero. Use the
double-integration method to determine the
magnitude of the moment M0.

Fig. P11.2

Solution
Moment equation:
M a a = M ( x) Px + M 0 = 0
M ( x) = Px M 0

Integration:
d 2v
EI 2 = M ( x) = Px M 0
dx
dv Px 2
EI
=
M 0 x + C1
dx
2
Px 3 M 0 x 2
EI v =

+ C1 x + C2
6
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
dv
P ( L) 2
at x = L, = 0
M 0 ( L) + C1 = 0
dx
2
C1 =

PL2
+ M 0L
2

Beam slope equation:


dv Px 2
PL2
EI
=
M0x
+ M 0L
dx
2
2
Constraint:
At x = 0, the slope of the beam is to be zero; therefore,
dv
P(0) 2
PL2
EI
=
M 0 (0)
+ M 0L = 0
dx A
2
2
M0 =

PL
2

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.3 When the load P is applied to the right


end of the cantilever beam shown in Fig.
P11.3, the deflection at the right end of the
beam is zero. Use the double-integration
method to determine the magnitude of the
load P.

Fig. P11.3

Solution
Moment equation:

Lx
M a a = w( L x)
+ P( L x) M ( x) = 0
2
w
M ( x) = ( L x)2 + P( L x)
2

Integration:
d 2v
w
EI 2 = M ( x) = ( L x) 2 + P( L x)
2
dx
dv w
P
EI
= ( L x)3 ( L x) 2 + C1
dx 6
2
w
P
EI v = ( L x) 4 + ( L x)3 + C1 x + C2
24
6
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
dv
w
P
at x = 0, = 0
( L 0)3 ( L 0) 2 + C1 = 0
dx
6
2

C1 =
at x = 0, v = 0
C2 =

wL3 PL2
+
6
2
w
P
( L 0) 4 + ( L 0)3 + C1 (0) + C2 = 0
24
6

wL4 PL3

24
6

Beam elastic curve equation:


w
P
wLx 3 PL2 x wL4
EI v = ( L x) 4 + ( L x)3
+
+

24
6
6
2
24
w
wLx3 wL4 P
PL2 x
4
3
= ( L x)
+
+ ( L x) +

24
6
24 6
2

PL3
6
PL3
6

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Constraint:
At x = L, the deflection of the beam is to be zero; therefore,
w
wL( L)3 wL4 P
PL2 ( L) PL3
4
3
EI vB = ( L L)
+
+ ( L L) +

=0
24
6
24 6
2
6
which simplifies to
wL4 wL4 PL3 PL3
wL4 PL3
EI vB =
+
+

=
+
=0
6
24
2
6
8
3
Therefore, the magnitude of P is
3wL
P=
8

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.4 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.4. Use the doubleintegration method to determine the
reactions at supports A and B.

Fig. P11.4

Solution
Beam FBD:
Fy = RA + RB = 0
M A = M A + RB L M 0 = 0

Moment equation:
M a a = M ( x) M 0 + RB ( L x) = 0

M ( x) = RB ( L x) M 0

Integration:
d 2v
EI 2 = M ( x) = RB ( L x) M 0
dx
dv
R
EI
= B ( L x) 2 M 0 x + C1
dx
2
R
M x2
EI v = B ( L x)3 0 + C1 x + C2
6
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
dv
R
at x = 0, = 0
B ( L 0) 2 M 0 (0) + C1 = 0
2
dx

RB L2
C1 =
2

at x = 0, v = 0

RB
M (0) 2
( L 0)3 0
+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0
6
2

at x = L, v = 0

RB
M ( L) 2 RB L2
R L3
( L L)3 0
+
( L) B = 0
6
2
2
6

3M 0 3M 0
RB L3 M 0 L2
=
RB =
=

3
2
2L
2L
Backsubstitute into equilibrium equations:
3M 0
Fy = RA + RB = 0
RA = RB =
2L

M A = M A + RB L M 0 = 0
MA =

M0 M0
=
(cw)
2
2

C2 =

RA =

3M 0

2L

RB L3
6

Ans.

3M 0
M A = RB L M 0 =
L M0 = 0
2L
Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.5 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.5.
(a) Use the double-integration method to
determine the reactions at supports A and B.
(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.

Fig. P11.5

Solution
Beam FBD:
Fy = RA + RB wL = 0
L
M A = M B + RB L wL = 0
2
Moment equation:
2

wx
x
M a a = M ( x) + wx RA x = 0 M ( x) =
+ RA x
2
2
Integration:
d 2v
wx 2
EI 2 = M ( x) =
+ RA x
2
dx
dv
wx 3 RA x 2
EI
=
+
+ C1
6
2
dx
wx 4 RA x 3
EI v =
+
+ C1 x + C2
24
6
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
w(0) 4 RA (0)3
at x = 0, v = 0

+
+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0
24
6
dv
w( L)3 RA ( L) 2
at x = L, = 0

+
+ C1 = 0
dx
6
2
w( L) 4 RA ( L)3
+
+ C1 ( L) = 0
24
6
Solve Eqs. (a) and (b) simultaneously to find:
at x = L, v = 0

wL3
3wL 3wL
and
RA =
=

48
8
8
Backsubstitute into equilibrium equations:
3wL 5wL
Fy = RA + RB wL = 0
RB = wL RA = wL
=
8
8

C2 = 0
wL3 RA L2
C1 =

6
2

(a)

wL3 RA L2

24
6

(b)

C1 =

C1 =

L
M A = M B + RB L wL = 0
2

MB =

wL2 wL2
=
(cw)
8
8

MB =

Ans.

RB =

5wL

Ans.

wL2
wL2 5wL2
wL2
RB L =

=
2
2
8
8
Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.6 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.6. Use the doubleintegration method to determine the
reactions at supports A and B.

Fig. P11.6

Solution
Beam FBD:

w0 L
=0
2
w L 2L
M A = M B + RB L 0
=0
2 3

Fy = RA + RB

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x ) +

w0 x 2 x
RA x = 0
2L 3

M ( x) =

w0 x 3
+ RA x
6L

Integration:
d 2v
w x3
EI 2 = M ( x) = 0 + RA x
6L
dx
4
dv
wx
R x2
EI
= 0 + A + C1
24 L
2
dx
5
wx
R x3
EI v = 0 + A + C1 x + C2
120 L
6
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
w (0)5 RA (0)3
at x = 0, v = 0
0
+
+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0
120 L
6
dv
w ( L ) 4 RA ( L ) 2
at x = L, = 0
0
+
+ C1 = 0
dx
24 L
2
at x = L, v = 0

w0 ( L)5 RA ( L)3

+
+ C1 ( L) = 0
120 L
6

C2 = 0
w0 L3 RA L2

24
2

(a)

w0 L3 RA L2
C1 =

120
6

(b)

C1 =

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Solve Eqs. (a) and (b) simultaneously to find:


w0 L3
C1 =
120

and

RA =

w0 L w0 L
=

10
10

Backsubstitute into equilibrium equations:


wL
wL
w L w L 4w L
Fy = RA + RB 0 = 0
RB = 0 RA = 0 0 = 0
2
2
2
10
10

M A = M B + RB L

w0 L 2 L

=0
2 3

w0 L2 w0 L2
MB =
=
(cw)
15
15

MB =

Ans.

RB =

2w0 L

Ans.

w0 L2
w L2 2 w L2
w L2
RB L = 0 0 = 0
3
3
5
15
Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.7 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.7. Use the fourth-order
integration method to determine the reaction
at roller support B.

Fig. P11.7

Solution
Integrate the load distribution:
d 4v
w0 x 2
EI 4 = 2
dx
L
3
d v
w x3
EI 3 = 0 2 + C1
3L
dx
2
d v
w x4
EI 2 = 0 2 + C1 x + C2
12 L
dx
dv
w0 x 5 C1 x 2
EI
=
+
+ C2 x + C3
60 L2
2
dx
w0 x 6 C1 x 3 C2 x 2
EI v =
+
+
+ C3 x + C4
360 L2
6
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
w (0)6 C (0)3 C2 (0) 2
at x = 0, v = 0
0 2 + 1
+
+ C3 (0) + C4 = 0
C4 = 0
360 L
6
2
dv
w0 (0)5 C1 (0) 2
at x = 0,
=0

+
+ C2 (0) + C3 = 0
C3 = 0
dx
60 L2
2
w ( L ) 6 C ( L ) 3 C2 ( L ) 2
w L2
at x = L, v = 0
0 2 + 1
+
=0
C1L + 3C2 = 0
360 L
6
2
60
d 2v
w0 ( L) 4
0
=

+ C1 ( L) + C2 = 0
12 L2
dx 2
Solve Eqs. (a) and (b) simultaneously to obtain:
at x = L, M = EI

2C2 =

4 w L2
w0 L2 w0 L2

= 0
60
12
60

C2 =

C1L =

w0 L2 w0 L2 7 w0 L2
+
=
12
30
60

C1 =

C1L + C2 =

w0 L2
12

(a)
(b)

w0 L2
30

7 w0 L
60

Roller reaction at B:
d 3v
w ( L )3 7 w L
20 w0 L 7 w0 L
13w0 L
= 0 2 + 0 =
+
=
VB = EI 3
3L
60
60
60
60
dx x = L

RB =

13w0 L

60

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.8 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.8. Use the fourth-order
integration method to determine the reaction
at roller support A.

Fig. P11.8

Solution
Integrate the load distribution:
d 4v
w0 x 2
EI 4 = 2
dx
L
3
d v
w x3
EI 3 = 0 2 + C1
3L
dx
2
d v
w x4
EI 2 = 0 2 + C1 x + C2
12 L
dx
dv
w0 x 5 C1 x 2
EI
=
+
+ C2 x + C3
60 L2
2
dx
w0 x 6 C1 x 3 C2 x 2
EI v =
+
+
+ C3 x + C4
360 L2
6
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
w (0)6 C (0)3 C2 (0) 2
at x = 0, v = 0
0 2 + 1
+
+ C3 (0) + C4 = 0
C4 = 0
360 L
6
2
d 2v
w0 (0) 4
at x = 0, M = EI 2 = 0

+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0
C2 = 0
dx
12 L2
dv
w ( L)5 C ( L ) 2
w L3
at x = L,
=0
0 2 + 1
+ C3 = 0
C1L2 + 2C3 = 0
60 L
2
30
dx
at x = L, v = 0

w0 ( L)6 C1 ( L)3
+
+ C3 ( L) = 0
360 L2
6

C1L2 + 6C3 =

w0 L3
60

(a)
(b)

Solve Eqs. (a) and (b) simultaneously to obtain:


4C3 =

w0 L3 w0 L3 w0 L3

=
30
60
60

w0 L3 w0 L3 5w0 L3
C1L =
+
=
30
120
120
2

C3 =

C1 =

Roller reaction at A:
d 3v
w0 (0)3 5w0 L 5w0 L
=
+
=
VA = EI 3
3L2
120
120
dx x = 0

w0 L3
240

5w0 L
120

RA =

5w0 L

120

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.9 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.9. Use the fourth-order
integration method to determine the
reaction at roller support A.

Fig. P11.9

Solution
Integrate the load distribution:
x
d 4v
EI 4 = w0 sin
2L
dx
3
x
d v 2w L
+ C1
EI 3 = 0 cos

2L
dx
x
d 2v 4w L2
+ C1 x + C2
EI 2 = 02 sin

2L
dx
8w0 L3
x C1 x 2
dv
= 3 cos
+
+ C2 x + C3
EI

2L
2
dx
16w0 L4
x C1 x3 C2 x 2
+
+
+ C3 x + C4
sin
EI v =
4
2L
6
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
16w0 L4
(0) C1 (0)3 C2 (0) 2

+
+
+ C3 (0) + C4 = 0
C4 = 0
at x = 0, v = 0
sin
4
2L
6
2
d 2v
4w0 L2
(0)
+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0
C2 = 0
at x = 0, M = EI 2 = 0
sin
2

dx
2L
dv
8w L3
( L) C1 ( L) 2
=0
03 cos
+
+ C3 = 0
C1L2 + 2C3 = 0
at x = L,

dx
2L
2
4
16 w0 L
( L) C1 ( L)3
96w0 L3
2

+
+
=

+
=
at x = L, v = 0
sin
(
)
0
6
C
L
C
L
C
3
1
3
4
4
2L
6

(a)
(b)

Solve Eqs. (a) and (b) simultaneously to obtain:


4C3 =

96 w0 L3

24 w0 L3
C1L2 = 2

C3 =

24 w0 L3

C1 =

4
48w0 L

Roller reaction at A:
d 3v
2w L
(0) 48w0 L
= 0 cos

VA = EI 3

4
dx x = 0
2L

RA =

2 w0 L

48w0 L

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.10 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.10. Use the fourth-order
integration method to determine the
reactions at supports A and B.

Fig. P11.10

Solution
Integrate the load distribution:
x
d 4v
EI 4 = w0 cos
2L
dx
3
x
d v 2w L
+ C1
EI 3 = 0 sin

2L
dx
d 2v
4w L2
x
+ C1 x + C2
EI 2 = 02 cos

dx
2L
8w0 L3
x C1 x 2
dv
= 3 sin
+
+ C2 x + C3
EI

2L
2
dx
16 w0 L4
x C1 x3 C2 x 2
+
+
+ C3 x + C4
cos
EI v =
4
2L
6
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
8w L3
(0) C1 (0) 2
dv
=0
03 sin
+
+ C2 (0) + C3 = 0
at x = 0,

2L
2
dx
16w0 L4
(0) C1 (0)3 C2 (0) 2
+
+
+ C4 = 0
at x = 0, v = 0
cos
4
2L
6
2
8w L3
( L) C1 ( L) 2
dv
=0
03 sin
+
+ C2 ( L ) = 0
at x = L,

2L
2
dx
16 w0 L4

at x = L, v = 0

( L)

C1 ( L)3 C2 ( L) 2 16w0 L4
+
+

=0
cos
4
2L
6
2

C3 = 0
C4 =

16 w0 L4

C1L + 2C2 =
C1L + 3C2 =

16 w0 L2

3
96w0 L2

(a)
(b)

Solve Eqs. (a) and (b) simultaneously to obtain:


C 2 =

16 w0 L2

C1L =

96 w0 L2

48w0 L2

C2 =

4
+

192w0 L2

C1 =

16 w0 L2

4
48w0 L

[6 ]

[ 4]

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Reactions at supports A and B


d 3v
2w L
(0) 48w0 L
48w L
VA = EI 3
= 0 sin
+
[ 4] = 40 [ 4]
4
dx x = 0

2L

RA =

VB = EI

d 3v
dx 3

2w0 L

x=L

d 2v
dx 2

=
x=0

sin

RB =

M A = EI

48w0 L

d 2v
dx 2

=
x=L

2L

2
4w0 L2

MA =

M B = EI

( L)

2w0 L

4w0 L2

4 w0 L2

48w0 L2

MB =

[ 4]

cos
+

48w0 L

Ans.

[ 4] =

3 + 24 96

96 24 + 3

(0)

2L

16w0 L2

48w0 L(0)

2L

[ 4] +
32w0 L2

16w0 L2

[6 ]

[6 ]

24 4 2
4

( L)

Ans.

[ 4] +

4w0 L2

cos

2 w0 L

48w0 L( L)

16 w0 L2

[ 3]

(cw)

[ 4] +

[6 ] =
(ccw)

Ans.

16w0 L2

16 w0 L2

[6 ]

[3 12 + 6 ] =

16 w0 L2

[ 2 6]
Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.11 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.11. Use the fourth-order
integration method to determine the
reactions at supports A and B.

Fig. P11.11

Solution
Integrate the load distribution:
d 4v
x
EI 4 = w0 sin
dx
L
3
d v
wL
x
EI 3 = 0 cos
+ C1
dx
L

d 2v
w L2
x
EI 2 = 0 2 sin
+ C1 x + C2

dx
L
x C1 x 2
dv w0 L3
= 3 cos
+
+ C2 x + C3
EI

2
dx
L
w0 L4
x C1 x3 C2 x 2
EI v = 4 sin
+
+
+ C3 x + C4

L
6
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
dv
w0 L3
(0) C1 (0) 2
w0 L3
=0
+
+ C2 (0) + C3 = 0
C3 = 3
at x = 0,
cos
dx
3
L
2

4
3
2
wL
(0) C1 (0) C2 (0)
0 4 sin
+
+
+ C3 (0) + C4 = 0 C4 = 0
at x = 0, v = 0

L
6
2
( L) C1 ( L) 2
4w0 L2
dv
w0 L3
w0 L3
=0
+
+ C2 ( L ) 3 = 0
C1L + 2C2 =
(a)
at x = L,
cos
3

3
2
dx
L
at x = L, v = 0

w0 L4

sin

( L)
L

C1 ( L)3 C2 ( L) 2 w0 L3
+
3 ( L) = 0

6
2

C1L + 3C2 =

6w0 L2

(b)

Solve Eqs. (a) and (b) simultaneously to obtain:


C2 =

6 w0 L2

C1L =

4 w0 L2

4 w0 L2

2 w L2
2 03

C2 =

2 w0 L2

C1 = 0

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Reactions at supports A and B


d 3v
wL
(0)
wL
= 0 cos
= 0
VA = EI 3
dx x = 0

RA =

VB = EI

d 3v
dx 3

w0 L

x=L

w0 L

cos

RB =

M A = EI

d 2v
dx 2

=
x=0

M B = EI

d 2v
dx 2

=
x=L

w0 L2

w0 L

Ans.

2w0 L2

( L)
L

2w0 L2

2 w0 L2

2 w0 L2

(cw)

sin

MB =

(0)

sin

MA =

Ans.

( L)

w0 L

w0 L2

2w0 L2

3
(ccw)

Ans.

2w0 L2

3
Ans.

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11.12 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.12.
(a) Use the double-integration method to
determine the reactions at supports A and C.
(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.
(c) Determine the deflection in the middle
of the span.

Fig. P11.12

Solution
Beam FBD:
from symmetry,
P
RA = RC =
2
and
M A = MC

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x ) M A

P
x=0
2

M ( x) =

Px
+ MA
2

Integration:
d 2v
Px
EI 2 = M ( x) =
+ MA
2
dx
dv Px 2
EI
=
+ M A x + C1
4
dx
Px 3 M A x 2
EI v =
+
+ C1 x + C2
12
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
dv
P (0) 2
at x = 0, = 0
+ M A (0) + C1 = 0
dx
4
P (0)3 M A (0) 2
at x = 0, v = 0
+
+ C2 = 0
12
2

C1 = 0
C2 = 0

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(a) Beam reaction forces:


P
RA = RC =
2
(a) Beam reaction moments:
L dv
at x = , = 0
2 dx

MA =

Ans.

P ( L / 2) 2
L
+ MA = 0
4
2

PL PL
=
(ccw)
8
8

MC =

PL
(cw)
8

Ans.

Elastic curve equation:


P x 3 M A x 2 P x 3 PLx 2
Px 2
EI v =
+
=

=
[ 3L 4 x ]
12
2
12
16
48
Px 2
v =
[ 3L 4 x ]
48 EI
(c) Midspan deflection:
P( L / 2) 2
PL3
vB =
[3L 4( L / 2)] =
48 EI
192 EI

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.13 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.13.
(a) Use the double-integration method to
determine the reactions at supports A and B.
(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.
(c) Determine the deflection in the middle
of the span.

Fig. P11.13

Solution
Beam FBD:
from symmetry,
wL
RA = RB =
2
and
MA = MB

Moment equation:
x wL
M a a = M ( x) M A + wx
x = 0
2 2
wx 2 wLx
M ( x) =
+
+ MA
2
2

Integration:
d 2v
wx 2 wLx
EI 2 = M ( x) =
+
+ MA
2
2
dx
dv
wx 3 wLx 2
EI
=
+
+ M A x + C1
dx
6
4
wx 4 wLx 3 M A x 2
EI v =
+
+
+ C1 x + C2
24
12
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
dv
w(0)3 wL(0) 2
at x = 0, = 0

+
+ M A (0) + C1 = 0
dx
6
4
w(0) 4 wL(0)3 M A (0) 2
at x = 0, v = 0

+
+
+ C2 = 0
24
12
2

C1 = 0
C2 = 0

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(a) Beam reaction forces:


wL
RA = RB =
2
(a) Beam reaction moments:
L dv
at x = , = 0
2 dx

MA =

Ans.

w( L / 2)3 wL( L / 2) 2
L
+
+ MA = 0
6
4
2

wL2 wL2
(ccw)
=
12
12

MB =

wL2 wL2
(cw)
=
12
12

Ans.

Elastic curve equation:


wx 4 wLx3 M A x 2
wx 4 wLx 3 wL2 x 2
wx 2 2
wx 2
x 2 Lx + L2 =
EI v =
+
+
=
+

=
( x L) 2
24
12
2
24
12
24
24
24
wx 2
v =
( x L) 2
24 EI
(c) Midspan deflection:
2

vx = L / 2

w( L / 2) 2 L

wL4
=

L
)
=

24 EI 2
384 EI

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.14 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.14.
(a) Use the double-integration method to
determine the reactions at supports A and C.
(b) Determine the deflection in the middle
of the span.

Fig. P11.14

Solution
Beam FBD:
from symmetry,
wL
RA = RC = 0
2
and
M A = MC

Moment equation:

M a a = M ( x ) M A +
M ( x) =

w0 x 2 x w0 L

x = 0
2L 3 2

w0 x3 w0 Lx
+
+ MA
6L
2

Integration:
d 2v
w x3 w Lx
EI 2 = M ( x) = 0 + 0 + M A
6L
2
dx
4
2
dv
wx
w Lx
EI
= 0 + 0
+ M A x + C1
24 L
4
dx
w x 5 w Lx 3 M A x 2
EI v = 0 + 0
+
+ C1 x + C2
120 L
12
2
Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:
dv
w (0) 4 w0 L(0) 2
at x = 0, = 0
0
+
+ M A (0) + C1 = 0
dx
24 L
4
w (0)5 w0 L(0)3 M A (0) 2
at x = 0, v = 0
0
+
+
+ C2 = 0
120 L
12
2
(a) Beam reaction forces:
wL
RA = RC = 0
2

C1 = 0
C2 = 0

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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(a) Beam reaction moments:


dv
at x = L, = 0
dx

MA =

w0 ( L) 4 w0 L( L) 2
+
+ M A ( L) = 0
24 L
4

5w0 L2 5w0 L2
=
(ccw)
24
24

MC =

5w0 L2 5w0 L2
=
(cw)
24
24

Ans.

Elastic curve equation:


w x 5 w Lx 3 M A x 2
w x 5 w Lx 3 5w0 L2 x 2
EI v = 0 + 0
+
= 0 + 0

120 L
12
2
120 L
12
48
5
2 3
3 2
2
2w x
20 w0 L x 25w0 L x
wx
= 0 +

= 0 2 x 3 20 L2 x + 25 L3
240 L
240 L
240 L
240 L
2
w0 x
2 x 3 20 L2 x + 25 L3
v =
240 L EI
(c) Midspan deflection:
w ( L) 2
7 w L4
2( L)3 20 L2 ( L) + 25 L3 = 0
vB = 0
240 L EI
240 EI

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.15 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.15.
(a) Use the double-integration method to
determine the reactions at supports A and C.
(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.
(c) Determine the deflection in the middle
of the span.

Fig. P11.15

Solution
Beam FBD:
Fy = RA + RC P = 0

L
M A = M C + RC L P = 0
2
Moment equation:
M a a = M ( x ) R A x = 0

M ( x ) = RA x

0 x
2

M b b = M ( x ) R A x + P x = 0
2

PL
L

M ( x) = RA x Px +
x L
2
2

Integration:
For beam segment AB:
d 2v
EI 2 = M ( x) = RA x
dx
dv RA x 2
EI
=
+ C1
2
dx
RA x 3
EI v =
+ C1 x + C2
6

For beam segment BC:


d 2v
PL
EI 2 = M ( x) = RA x Px +
2
dx
2
2
dv RA x
Px
PLx
EI
=

+
+ C3
2
2
2
dx
RA x 3 Px 3 PLx 2
EI v =

+
+ C3 x + C4
6
6
4

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants:


RA (0)3
at x = 0, v = 0
+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0
6
dv
RA ( L) 2 P ( L) 2 PL( L)
at x = L, = 0

+
+ C3 = 0
dx
2
2
2

C2 = 0
C3 =

RA L2
2

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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RA ( L)3 P( L)3 PL( L) 2 RA L2

( L ) + C4 = 0
6
6
4
2
Slope continuity condition at x = L/2:
L dv
dv
at x = ,
=
2 dx AB dx BC
at x = L, v = 0

C4 =

RA L3 PL3

3
12

RA ( L / 2) 2
RA ( L / 2) 2 P( L / 2) 2 PL( L / 2) RA L2
+ C1 =

2
2
2
2
2
C1 =

PL2 RA L2

8
2

Deflection continuity condition at x = L/2:


L
at x = , vB AB = vB BC
2
3
2
RA x
PL x RA L2 x RA x 3 Px3 PLx 2 RA L2 x RA L3 PL3
+

6
8
2
6
6
4
2
3
12
eliminate terms and rearrange:
RA L3 Px 3 PLx 2 PL2 x PL3
=

+
+
3
6
4
8
12
Substitute x = L/2 to obtain:
RA L3 P( L / 2)3 PL( L / 2) 2 PL2 ( L / 2) PL3 5PL3
=

+
+
=
3
6
4
8
12
48
5P
RA =
16
(a) Beam reaction forces:
5P
11P
RA =
RC =
16
16
(a) Beam reaction moment:
PL 11PL
3PL
L
M C = P RC L =

=
2
16
16
2

Ans.

MC =

3PL 3PL
(cw)
=
16
16

Ans.

Elastic curve equation for beam segment AB:


R x 3 PL2 x RA L2 x 5 Px 3 PL2 x 5 PL2 x 5 Px 3 3PL2 x
EI v = A +

=
+

6
8
2
96
8
32
96
96
Px
5 x 2 3L2
v =
96 EI
(c) Midspan deflection:
2

P( L / 2) L
7 PL3
2
vB =
5 3L =
96 EI 2
768 EI

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.16 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.16.
(a) Use the double-integration method to
determine the reactions at supports A and C.
(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.

Fig. P11.16

Solution
Beam FBD:
Fy = RA + RC = 0

RC = RA

M A = M A + RC L M 0 = 0

Moment equation:
M a a = M ( x ) R A x M A = 0

M ( x ) = RA x + M A

0 x
2

M b b = M ( x ) R A x M A M 0 = 0
M ( x ) = RA x + M A + M 0

Integration:
For beam segment AB:
d 2v
EI 2 = M ( x) = RA x + M A
dx
dv RA x 2
EI
=
+ M A x + C1
dx
2
R x3 M x 2
EI v = A + A + C1 x + C2
6
2

x L
2

For beam segment BC:


d 2v
EI 2 = M ( x) = RA x + M A + M 0
dx
dv RA x 2
EI
=
+ M A x + M 0 x + C3
dx
2
R x3 M x 2 M x 2
EI v = A + A + 0 + C3 x + C4
6
2
2

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants for segment AB:


RA (0)3 M A (0) 2
at x = 0, v = 0
+
+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0
6
2

C2 = 0

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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dv
at x = 0, = 0
dx

RA (0) 2
+ M A (0) + C1 = 0
2

C1 = 0

Slope continuity condition at x = L/2:


L dv
dv
=
at x = ,
2 dx AB dx BC
RA x 2
R x2
+ M A x = A + M A x + M 0 x + C3
2
2
M L
C3 = 0
2

Deflection continuity condition at x = L/2:


L
at x = , vB AB = vB BC
2
3
RA x
M A x 2 RA x3 M A x 2 M 0 x 2 M 0 Lx
+
=
+
+

+ C4
6
2
6
2
2
2
M 0 L2
C4 =
8

Boundary condition for segment BC:


RA ( L ) 3 M A ( L ) 2 M 0 ( L ) 2 M 0 L
M 0 L2
at x = L, v = 0
+
+

( L) +
=0
6
2
2
2
8
Also, the beam moment equilibrium equation can be written as:
RA L + M A = M 0
(a) Beam Reactions: Solve these two equations simultaneously to obtain:
M
M
9M 0 9M 0
M A = 0 = 0 (cw)
RA =
=

8
8
8L
8L

RA L + 3M A =

RC =

9M 0

8L

3M 0
4

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.17 A beam is loaded and supported as


shown in Fig. P11.17.
(a) Use the double-integration method to
determine the reactions at supports A and C.
(b) Draw the shear-force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam.

Fig. P11.17

Solution
Beam FBD:
wL
=0
2
wL L
M A = M C + RC L
=0
2 4
Fy = RA + RC

Moment equation:

x
M a a = M ( x) + wx RA x = 0
2
2
wx
L

M ( x) =
+ RA x
0 x
2
2

wL
L
x RA x = 0
2
4
wL
L
L

M ( x) =
x + RA x
x L
2
4
2

M b b = M ( x ) +

Integration:
For beam segment AB:
d 2v
wx 2
EI 2 = M ( x) =
+ RA x
dx
2
dv
wx3 RA x 2
EI
=
+
+ C1
dx
6
2
wx 4 RA x3
EI v =
+
+ C1 x + C2
24
6

For beam segment BC:


d 2v
wL
L
EI 2 = M ( x) =
x + RA x
dx
2
4
2

dv
wL
L RA x 2
EI
=
x

+ C3

+
dx
4
4
2
3

EI v =

wL
L RA x 3
x

+ C3 x + C4

+
12
4
6

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants for segment AB:


w(0) 4 RA (0)3
at x = 0, v = 0

+
+ C1 (0) + C2 = 0
24
6

C2 = 0

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Slope continuity condition at x = L/2:


Equate the slope expressions for the two beam segments:
2

wx 3 RA x 2
wL
L RA x 2

+
+ C1 =
x

+ C3

+
6
2
4
4
2
Set x = L/2 and solve for the constant C1:
2
2
wx 3 wL
L
w( L / 2)3 wL L L
wL3 wL3

C1 = C3 +
x = C3 +
= C3 +
6
4
4
6
4 2 4
48
64
C1 = C3 +

wL3
192

Deflection continuity condition at x = L/2:


Equate the deflection expressions for the two beam segments:
3

wx 4 RA x3
wL
L RA x 3

+
+ C1 x =
x

+ C3 x + C4

+
24
6
12
4
6
Set x = L/2 and solve for the constant C4:
3
w( L / 2) 4
wL3 L
wL L L
L

+ C3 +
=
+ C3 + C4
24
192 2
12 2 4
2

4
wL4
wL4
L wL
L
+ C3 +
=
+ C3 + C4
384
768
2 384
2

C4 =

wL4
768

Boundary conditions and evaluate constants for segment BC:


2
dv
wL
L RA ( L ) 2
at x = L, = 0
L

+ C3 = 0

+
dx
4
4
2

C3 =

9wL3 RA L2

64
2

at x = L, v = 0
3

wL
L RA ( L ) 3
wL4

+ C3 ( L) +
=0
L +
12
4
6
768

27 wL4 RA L3 9 wL3 RA L2
wL4
+
+

+
=0
(
L
)

768
6
2
768
64
27 wL4 RA L3 9 wL4 RA L3 wL4

+
+

+
=0
768
6
64
2
768
RA L3 3RA L3 26 wL4 108wL4

6
6
768
768
RA L3 82wL4
=
3
768

RA =

41wL
128

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Solve for C3:


9 wL3 41wL3
5wL3
C3 =

=
64
256
256
and for C1:
5wL3 wL3
11wL3
C1 =
+
=
256 192
768

(a) Beam force reactions:


41wL
RA =
128

wL
wL 41wL 23wL
RA =

=
2
2
128
128
Beam moment reaction:
wL2
wL2 23wL2
7 wL2
MC =
RC L =

=
8
8
128
128
RC =

Ans.

RC =

23wL

128

MC =

Ans.
7 wL2 7 wL2
=
(cw)
128
128

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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