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Mechanics of Materials Solutions Chapter10 Probs47 58

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Fig. P10.47 consists of a W410 60

structural steel wide-flange shape [E = 200

GPa; I = 216 106 mm4]. For the loading

shown, determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point B.

(b) the beam deflection at point C.

(c) the beam deflection at point D.

Fig. P10.47

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point B

Consider concentrated moment. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

vB =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

M = 180 kN-m, L = 6 m, x = 1.5 m,

EI = 4.32 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vB =

6 LEI

(180 kN-m)(1.5 m)

2(6 m) 2 3(6 m)(1.5 m) + (1.5 m) 2 = 0.008203 m

=

4

2

6(6 m)(4.32 10 kN-m )

Consider concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pab 2

vB =

( L a2 b2 )

6 LEI

Values:

P = 70 kN, L = 6 m, a = 1.5 m, b = 4.5 m,

EI = 4.32 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Pab 2

vB =

( L a 2 b2 )

6 LEI

(6 m) 2 (1.5 m)2 (4.5 m) 2 = 0.004102 m

4

2

6(6 m)(4.32 10 kN-m )

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 2

vB =

(2 x 3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

24 LEI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 6 m, a = 3 m, x = 4.5 m,

EI = 4.32 104 kN-m2

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Computation:

wa 2

(2 x3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

vB =

24 LEI

=

(80 kN/m)(3 m) 2

2(4.5)3 6(6)(4.5) 2 + (3) 2 (4.5) + 4(6) 2 (4.5) (3) 2 (6)

4

2

24(6.0 m)(4.32 10 kN-m )

= 0.010156 m

Beam deflection at B

Ans.

Consider concentrated moment. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = 180 kN-m, L = 6 m, x = 3.0 m,

EI = 4.32 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

(180 kN-m)(3.0 m)

2(6 m) 2 3(6 m)(3.0 m) + (3.0 m) 2 = 0.009375 m

=

4

2

6(6 m)(4.32 10 kN-m )

Consider concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b 2 x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 70 kN, L = 6 m, x = 3.0 m, b = 1.5 m,

EI = 4.32 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

(70 kN)(1.5 m)(3.0 m)

(6 m) 2 (1.5 m)2 (3.0 m)2 = 0.005013 m

=

6(6 m)(4.32 104 kN-m 2 )

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 3

(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )

vC =

24 LEI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 6 m, a = 3 m,

EI = 4.32 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wa 3

(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )

vC =

24 LEI

=

4(6 m) 2 7(3 m)(6 m) + 3(3 m) 2 = 0.015625 m

24(6.0 m)(4.32 104 kN-m 2 )

Beam deflection at C

Ans.

Consider concentrated moment. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

vD =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

M = 180 kN-m, L = 6 m, x = 4.5 m,

EI = 4.32 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

vD =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

6 LEI

(180 kN-m)(4.5 m)

2(6 m) 2 3(6 m)(4.5 m) + (4.5 m) 2 = 0.005859 m

=

4

2

6(6 m)(4.32 10 kN-m )

Consider concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

vD =

( L b 2 x 2 ) (elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 70 kN, L = 6 m, x = 1.5 m, b = 1.5 m,

EI = 4.32 104 kN-m2

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

Pbx 2

vD =

( L b2 x2 )

6 LEI

(70 kN)(1.5 m)(1.5 m)

(6 m) 2 (1.5 m)2 (1.5 m)2 = 0.003190 m

=

4

2

6(6 m)(4.32 10 kN-m )

Consider uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wx

vD =

( Lx3 4aLx 2 + 2a 2 x 2 + 4a 2 L2 4a 3 L + a 4 )

24 LEI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 6 m, a = 3 m, x = 1.5 m,

EI = 4.32 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wx

( Lx3 4aLx 2 + 2a 2 x 2 + 4a 2 L2 4a 3 L + a 4 )

vD =

24 LEI

(80 kN/m)(1.5 m)

(6)(1.5)3 4(3)(6)(1.5) 2 + 2(3) 2 (1.5) 2 + 4(3) 2 (6) 2 4(3)3 (6) + (3) 4

=

4

2

24(6.0 m)(4.32 10 kN-m )

= 0.012109 m

Beam deflection at D

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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Fig. P10.48 consists of a W530 66 structural

steel wide-flange shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 351

106 mm4]. For the loading shown,

determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point A.

(b) the beam deflection at point C.

(c) the beam deflection at point E.

Fig. P10.48

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point A

Determine cantilever deflection due to concentrated load on overhang AB.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vA =

(assuming fixed support at B)

3EI

Values:

P = 35 kN, L = 4 m, EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

PL3

(35 kN)(4 m)3

vA =

=

= 0.0106363 m

3EI

3(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider deflection at A resulting from rotation at B caused by concentrated load on overhang

AB. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

B =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

Values:

M = (35 kN)(4 m) = 140 kN-m, L = 8 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

ML

(140 kN-m)(8 m)

B =

=

= 0.0053181 rad

3EI 3(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider uniformly distributed loads between C and D.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over portion of span.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

wa 2

B =

(2 L2 a 2 ) (slope magnitude)

24 LEI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 8 m, a = 4 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

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permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

wa 2

(80 kN/m)(4 m) 2

2(8 m) 2 (4 m) 2 = 0.0106363 rad

B =

(2 L2 a 2 ) =

4

2

24 LEI

24(8 m)(7.02 10 kN-m )

v A = (4 m)(0.0106363 rad) = 0.0425451 m

Consider deflection at A resulting from rotation at B caused by uniform load on overhang DE.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

B =

(slope magnitude)

6 EI

Values:

M = (80 kN/m)(2 m)(1 m) = 160 kN-m,

L = 8 m, EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

ML

(160 kN-m)(8 m)

B =

=

= 0.0030389 rad

6 EI 6(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

v A = (4 m)(0.0030389 rad) = 0.0121557 m

Beam deflection at A

v A = 0.0106363 m 0.0212726 m + 0.0425451 m 0.0121557 m

= 0.0015195 m = 1.520 mm

Ans.

Consider concentrated moment from overhang AB.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (35 kN)(4 m) = 140 kN-m, L = 8 m,

x = 4 m, EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

(140 kN-m)(4 m)

2(8 m) 2 3(8 m)(4 m) + (4 m) 2 = 0.0079772 m

=

6(8 m)(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over portion of span.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

wa 3

(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )

vC =

24 LEI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 8 m, a = 4 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wa 3

(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )

vC =

24 LEI

=

4(8 m) 2 7(4 m)(8 m) + 3(4 m) 2 = 0.0303894 m

4

2

24(8 m)(7.02 10 kN-m )

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (80 kN/m)(2 m)(1 m) = 160 kN-m,

L = 8 m, x = 4 m, EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

(160 kN-m)(4 m)

2(8 m) 2 3(8 m)(4 m) + (4 m) 2 = 0.0091168 m

=

4

2

6(8 m)(7.02 10 kN-m )

Beam deflection at C

Ans.

Consider deflection at E resulting from rotation at D caused by concentrated load on overhang

AB. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

D =

(slope magnitude)

6 EI

Values:

M = (35 kN)(4 m) = 140 kN-m, L = 8 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

D =

ML

(140 kN-m)(8 m)

=

= 0.0026591 rad

6 EI 6(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider uniformly distributed loads between C and D.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over portion of span.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

wa 2

D =

(2 L a ) 2 (slope magnitude)

24 LEI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 8 m, a = 4 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wa 2

(80 kN/m)(4 m)2

2

D =

(2 L a ) 2 =

2(8 m) (4 m) ] = 0.0136752 rad

4

2 [

24 LEI

24(8 m)(7.02 10 kN-m )

Consider deflection at E resulting from rotation at D caused by uniform load on overhang DE.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

D =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

Values:

M = (80 kN/m)(2 m)(1 m) = 160 kN-m,

L = 8 m, EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

ML

(160 kN-m)(8 m)

D =

=

= 0.0060779 rad

3EI 3(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

Determine cantilever deflection due to uniformly distributed load on overhang DE.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vE =

(assuming fixed support at D)

8EI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 2 m, EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

wL4

(80 kN/m)(2 m) 4

Computation: vE =

=

= 0.0022792 m

8EI

8(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

Beam deflection at E

vE = 0.0053181 m + 0.0273504 m 0.0121557 m 0.0022792 m

= 0.0075974 m = 7.60 mm

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Fig. P10.49 consists of a W16 40

structural steel wide-flange shape [E =

29,000 ksi; I = 518 in.4]. For the loading

shown, determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point B.

(b) the beam deflection at point C.

(c) the beam deflection at point F.

Fig. P10.49

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point B

Consider 40-kip concentrated load at B.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pab 2

( L a2 b2 )

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 40 kips, L = 18 ft, a = 4 ft, b = 14 ft,

EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Pab 2

( L a 2 b2 )

vB =

6 LEI

=

(18 ft) 2 (4 ft)2 (14 ft)2 = 0.267213 in.

7

2

6(18 ft)(1.5022 10 kip-in. )

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b 2 x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 30 kips, L = 18 ft, x = 4 ft, b = 6 ft,

EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x2 )

vB =

6 LEI

(30 kips)(6 ft)(4 ft)(12 in./ft)3

(18 ft) 2 (6 ft) 2 (4 ft) 2 = 0.208590 in.

=

7

2

6(18 ft)(1.5022 10 kip-in. )

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (20 kips)(6 ft) = 120 kip-ft, L = 18 ft,

x = 14 ft, EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vB =

6 LEI

=

2(18 ft) 2 3(18 ft)(14 ft) + (14 ft) 2 = 0.157465 in.

6(18 ft)(1.5022 107 kip-in.2 )

Beam deflection at B

vB = 0.267213 in. 0.208590 in. + 0.157465 in. = 0.318338 in. = 0.318 in.

Ans.

Consider 40-kip concentrated load at B.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b 2 x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 40 kips, L = 18 ft, b = 4 ft, x = 10 ft,

EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

=

(18 ft) 2 (4 ft) 2 (10 ft) 2 = 0.354467 in.

6(18 ft)(1.5022 107 kip-in.2 )

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b 2 x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 30 kips, L = 18 ft, b = 6 ft, x = 8 ft,

EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x2 )

vC =

6 LEI

=

(18 ft) 2 (6 ft) 2 (8 ft) 2 = 0.343560 in.

6(18 ft)(1.5022 107 kip-in.2 )

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (20 kips)(6 ft) = 120 kip-ft, L = 18 ft,

x = 10 ft, EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

=

2(18 ft) 2 3(18 ft)(10 ft) + (10 ft) 2 = 0.265850 in.

7

2

6(18 ft)(1.5022 10 kip-in. )

Beam deflection at C

vC = 0.354467 in. 0.343560 in. + 0.265850 in. = 0.432177 in. = 0.432 in.

Ans.

Consider 40-kip concentrated load at B.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pa( L2 a 2 )

E =

(slope magnitude)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 40 kips, L = 18 ft, a = 4 ft,

EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Pa ( L2 a 2 )

(40 kips)(4 ft)(12 in./ft) 2

(18 ft) 2 (4 ft) 2 = 0.0043740 rad

=

E =

6 LEI

6(18 ft)(1.5022 107 kip-in.2 )

vF = (6 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0043740 rad) = 0.314930 in.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pa( L2 a 2 )

E =

(slope magnitude)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 30 kips, L = 18 ft, x = 8 ft, a = 12 ft,

EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Pa ( L2 a 2 )

(30 kips)(12 ft)(12 in./ft) 2

(18 ft) 2 (12 ft) 2 = 0.0057516 rad

=

E =

7

2

6 LEI

6(18 ft)(1.5022 10 kip-in. )

vF = (6 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0057516 rad) = 0.414113 in.

Consider deflection at F resulting from rotation at E caused by 20-kip load on overhang EF.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

E =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

Values:

M = (20 kips)(6 ft) = 120 kip-ft, L = 18 ft,

EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

ML (120 kip-ft)(18 ft)(12 in./ft) 2

E =

=

= 0.0069019 rad

3EI

3(1.5022 107 kip-in.2 )

vF = (6 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0069019 rad) = 0.496935 in.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vF =

(assuming fixed support at E)

3EI

Values:

P = 20 kips, L = 6 ft, EI = 1.5022 107 kip-in.2

Computation: vF =

PL3

(20 kips)(6 ft)3 (12 in./ft)3

=

= 0.165645 in.

3EI

3(1.5022 107 kip-in.2 )

Beam deflection at F

vF = 0.314930 in. + 0.414113 in. 0.496935 in. 0.165645 in.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

P10.50 consists of a rectangular structural

steel tube shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 170

106 mm4]. For the loading shown,

determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point A.

(b) the beam deflection at point B.

Fig. P10.50

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point A

Consider uniformly distributed load. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vA =

8EI

Values:

w = 65 kN/m, L = 6 m, EI = 3.4 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wL4

(65 kN/m)(6 m) 4

vA =

=

= 0.309706 m

8EI

8(3.4 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider 90-kN concentrated load at A. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

vA =

3EI

Values:

P = 90 kN, L = 6 m, EI = 3.4 104 kN-m2

Computation:

PL3

(90 kN)(6 m)3

vA =

=

= 0.190588 m

3EI

3(3.4 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider 30-kN concentrated load at B. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

PL2

and B =

(magnitude)

vB =

3EI

2 EI

Values:

P = 30 kN, L = 3.5 m, EI = 3.4 104 kN-m2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

PL3

(30 kN)(3.5 m)3

vB =

=

= 0.012610 m

3EI

3(3.4 104 kN-m 2 )

B =

(a)

PL2

(30 kN)(3.5 m) 2

=

= 0.0054044 rad

2 EI 2(3.4 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider 225 kN-m concentrated moment at B.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated moment at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

ML2

ML

and B =

(slope magnitude)

vB =

2 EI

EI

Values:

M = 225 kN-m, L = 3.5 m, EI = 3.4 104 kN-m2

Computation:

ML2

(225 kN-m)(3.5 m) 2

vB =

=

= 0.040533 m

2 EI

2(3.4 104 kN-m 2 )

ML (225 kN-m)(3.5 m)

B =

=

= 0.0231618 rad

EI

(3.4 104 kN-m 2 )

(b)

Beam deflection at A

Ans.

Consider uniformly distributed load. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wx 2

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vB =

24 EI

Values:

w = 65 kN/m, L = 6 m, x = 3.5 m,

EI = 3.4 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wx 2

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )

vB =

24 EI

(65 kN/m)(3.5 m) 2

6(6 m) 2 4(6 m)(3.5 m) + (3.5 m)2 = 0.140759 m

=

4

2

24(3.4 10 kN-m )

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permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider 90-kN concentrated load at A. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

Px 2

(3L x) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 EI

Values:

P = 90 kN, L = 6 m, x = 3.5 m,

EI = 3.4 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Px 2

(90 kN)(3.5 m) 2

vB =

(3L x) =

[3(6 m) (3.5 m)] = 0.078364 m

6 EI

6(3.4 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider 30-kN concentrated load at B.

Previously calculated in Eq. (a).

Consider 225 kN-m concentrated moment at B.

Previously calculated in Eq. (b).

Beam deflection at B

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Fig. P10.51 consists of a rectangular

structural steel tube shape [E = 200 GPa; I =

350 106 mm4]. For the loading shown,

determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point B.

(b) the beam deflection at point C.

(c) the beam deflection at point E.

Fig. P10.51

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point B

Consider 315 kN-m concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

M = 315 kN-m, L = 9 m, x = 3 m,

EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vB =

6 LEI

(315 kN-m)(3 m)

2(9 m) 2 3(9 m)(3 m) + (3 m) 2 = 0.022500 m

=

6(9 m)(7.0 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider 120 kN/m uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 3

(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )

vB =

24 LEI

Values:

w = 120 kN/m, L = 9 m, a = 3 m,

EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wa 3

(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )

vB =

24 LEI

=

4(9 m) 2 7(3 m)(9 m) + 3(3 m) 2 = 0.034714 m

4

2

24(9 m)(7.0 10 kN-m )

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permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider 100-kN concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b 2 x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 100 kN, L = 9 m, b = 3 m, x = 3 m,

EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x2 )

vB =

6 LEI

(100 kN)(3 m)(3 m)

(9 m) 2 (3 m) 2 (3 m) 2 = 0.015000 m

=

4

2

6(9 m)(7.0 10 kN-m )

Consider 60 kN/m uniformly distributed load on overhang DE.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (60 kN/m)(3 m)(1.5 m) = 270 kN-m,

L = 9 m, x = 6 m, EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

6 LEI

(270 kN-m)(6 m)

2(9 m)2 3(9 m)(6 m) + (6 m) 2 = 0.015429 m

=

6(9 m)(7.0 104 kN-m 2 )

vB =

Beam deflection at B

Ans.

Consider 315 kN-m concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = 315 kN-m, L = 9 m, x = 6 m,

EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

(315 kN-m)(6 m)

2(9 m) 2 3(9 m)(6 m) + (6 m) 2 = 0.018000 m

=

4

2

6(9 m)(7.0 10 kN-m )

Consider 120 kN/m uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 2

(2 x 3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

vC =

24 LEI

Values:

w = 120 kN/m, L = 9 m, a = 3 m, x = 6 m,

EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wa 2

(2 x3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

vC =

24 LEI

=

(120 kN/m)(3 m) 2

2(6 m)3 6(9 m)(6 m) 2 + (3 m) 2 (6 m) + 4(9 m) 2 (6 m) (3 m) 2 (9 m)

24(9 m)(7.0 104 kN-m 2 )

= 0.028929 m

Consider 100-kN concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pab 2

( L a 2 b2 )

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 100 kN, L = 9 m, a = 6 m, b = 3 m,

EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Pab 2

( L a 2 b2 )

vC =

6 LEI

(100 kN)(6 m)(3 m)

(9 m) 2 (6 m) 2 (3 m)2 = 0.017143 m

=

4

2

6(9 m)(7.0 10 kN-m )

Consider 60 kN/m uniformly distributed load on overhang DE.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (60 kN/m)(3 m)(1.5 m) = 270 kN-m,

L = 9 m, x = 3 m, EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

(270 kN-m)(3 m)

2(9 m) 2 3(9 m)(3 m) + (3 m) 2 = 0.019286 m

=

4

2

6(9 m)(7.0 10 kN-m )

Beam deflection at C

Ans.

Consider 315 kN-m concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

D =

(slope magnitude)

6 EI

Values:

M = 315 kN-m, L = 9 m,

EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

ML (315 kN-m)(9 m)

D =

=

= 0.0067500 rad

6 EI 6(7.0 104 kN-m 2 )

vE = (3 m)( 0.0067500 rad) = 0.020250 m

Consider 120 kN/m uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 2

D =

(2 L2 a 2 ) (slope magnitude)

24 LEI

Values:

w = 120 kN/m, L = 9 m, a = 3 m,

EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wa 2

(120 kN/m)(3 m) 2

2(9 m) 2 (3 m) 2 = 0.0109286 rad

(2 L2 a 2 ) =

D =

4

2

24 LEI

24(9 m)(7.0 10 kN-m )

vE = (3 m)(0.0109286 rad) = 0.032786 m

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider 100-kN concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pa( L2 a 2 )

D =

(slope magnitude)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 100 kN, L = 9 m, a = 6 m,

EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Pa ( L2 a 2 )

(100 kN)(6 m)

(9 m) 2 (6 m) 2 = 0.0071429 rad

=

D =

4

2

6 LEI

6(9 m)(7.0 10 kN-m )

vE = (3 m)(0.0071429 rad) = 0.021429 m

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

D =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

Values:

M = (60 kN/m)(3 m)(1.5 m) = 270 kN-m,

L = 9 m, EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

ML

(270 kN-m)(9 m)

D =

=

= 0.0115714 rad

3EI 3(7.0 104 kN-m 2 )

vE = (3 m)(0.0115714 rad) = 0.034714 m

Determine cantilever deflection due to 60 kN/m uniformly distributed load on overhang DE.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vE =

(assuming fixed support at D)

8EI

Values:

w = 60 kN/m, L = 3 m, EI = 7.0 104 kN-m2

Computation: vE =

wL4

(60 kN-m)(3 m)4

=

= 0.008679 m

8EI

8(7.0 104 kN-m 2 )

Beam deflection at E

vE = 0.020250 m + 0.032786 m + 0.021429 m 0.034714 m 0.008679 m

= 0.009429 m = 9.43 mm

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

P10.52 consists of a rectangular structural

steel tube shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 95 106

mm4]. For the loading shown, determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point B.

(b) the beam deflection at point C.

Fig. P10.52

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point B

Consider the downward 50 kN/m uniformly distributed load acting over span AB.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vB =

8EI

Values:

w = 50 kN/m, L = 2 m, EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wL4

(50 kN/m)(2 m) 4

vB =

=

= 0.0052632 m

8EI

8(1.9 104 kN-m 2 )

(a)

Consider an upward 25 kN/m uniformly distributed load acting over entire 5-m span.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wx 2

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vB =

24 EI

Values:

w = 25 kN/m, L = 5 m, x = 2 m,

EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wx 2

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )

vB =

24 EI

(25 kN/m)(2 m) 2

6(5 m) 2 4(5 m)(2 m) + (2 m)2 = 0.0250000 m

=

4

2

24(1.9 10 kN-m )

Consider a downward 25 kN/m uniformly distributed load acting over span AB.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vB =

8EI

Values:

w = 25 kN/m, L = 2 m, EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

wL4

(25 kN/m)(2 m)4

vB =

=

= 0.0026316 m

8EI

8(1.9 104 kN-m 2 )

(b)

Consider 20-kN concentrated load at B. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

vB =

3EI

Values:

P = 20 kN, L = 2 m, EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

Computation:

PL3

(20 kN)(2 m)3

vB =

=

= 0.0028070 m

3EI

3(1.9 104 kN-m 2 )

(c)

Consider 50-kN concentrated load at C. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

Px 2

(3L x) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 EI

Values:

P = 50 kN, L = 5 m, x = 2 m, EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Px 2

(50 kN)(2 m) 2

vB =

(3L x) =

[3(5 m) (2 m)] = 0.0228070 m

6 EI

6(1.9 104 kN-m 2 )

Beam deflection at B

vB = 0.0052632 m + 0.0250000 m 0.0026316 m + 0.0028070 m 0.0228070 m

= 0.0028947 m = 2.89 mm

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider the downward 50 kN/m uniformly distributed load acting over span AB.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL3

B =

(slope magnitude)

6 EI

Values:

w = 50 kN/m, L = 2 m, EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

wL3

(50 kN/m)(2 m)3

B =

=

= 0.0035088 rad

6 EI 6(1.9 104 kN-m 2 )

vC = 0.0052632 m (3 m)(0.0035088 rad) = 0.0157895 m

Consider an upward 25 kN/m uniformly distributed load acting over entire 5-m span.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vC =

8EI

Values:

w = 25 kN/m, L = 5 m, EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wL4

(25 kN/m)(5 m) 4

vC =

=

= 0.1027961 m

8EI

8(1.9 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider a downward 25 kN/m uniformly distributed load acting over span AB.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL3

B =

(slope magnitude)

6 EI

Values:

w = 25 kN/m, L = 2 m, EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

wL3

(25 kN)(2 m)3

B =

=

= 0.0017544 rad

6 EI 6(1.9 104 kN-m 2 )

vC = 0.0026316 m (3 m)(0.0017544 rad) = 0.0078948 m

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider 20-kN concentrated load at B. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL2

B =

2 EI

Values:

P = 20 kN, L = 2 m, EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

PL2

(20 kN)(2 m) 2

B =

=

= 0.0021053 rad

2 EI 2(1.9 104 kN-m 2 )

vC = 0.0028070 m + (3 m)(0.0021053 rad) = 0.0091228 m

Consider 50-kN concentrated load at C. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

vC =

3EI

Values:

P = 50 kN, L = 5 m, EI = 1.9 104 kN-m2

Computation:

PL3

(50 kN)(5 m)3

vC =

=

= 0.1096491 m

3EI

3(1.9 104 kN-m 2 )

Beam deflection at C

vC = 0.0157895 m + 0.1027961 m 0.0078948 m + 0.0091228 m 0.1096491 m

= 0.0214145 m = 21.4 mm

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

in Fig. P10.53 consists of a W10 30

structural steel wide-flange shape [E =

29,000 ksi; I = 170 in.4]. For the loading

shown, determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point A.

(b) the beam deflection at point C.

(c) the beam deflection at point D.

Fig. P10.53

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point A

Consider cantilever beam deflection of 85 kip-ft concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML2

vA =

2 EI

Values:

M = 85 kip-ft, L = 3 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

ML2

(85 kip-ft)(3 ft)2 (12 in./ft)3

vA =

=

= 0.134069 in.

2 EI

2(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

Consider rotation at B caused by 85 kip-ft concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

(slope magnitude)

B =

3EI

Values:

M = 85 kip-ft, L = 15 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

ML (85 kip-ft)(15 ft)(12 in./ft) 2

B =

=

= 0.0124138 rad

3EI

3(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

v A = (3 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0124138 rad) = 0.446897 in.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vA =

8EI

Values:

w = 5 kips/ft, L = 3 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

wL4

(5 kips/ft)(3 ft)4 (12 in./ft)3

vA =

=

= 0.017744 in.

8EI

8(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

Consider rotation at B caused by 5 kips/ft uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

B =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

Values:

M = (5 kips/ft)(3 ft)(1.5 ft) = 22.5 kip-ft,

L = 15 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

ML (22.5 kip-ft)(15 ft)(12 in./ft) 2

B =

=

= 0.0032860 rad

3EI

3(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

v A = (3 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0032860 rad) = 0.118296 in.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 2

B =

(2 L a) 2 (slope magnitude)

24 LEI

Values:

w = 5 kips/ft, L = 15 ft, a = 5 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

B =

wa 2

(5 kips/ft)(5 ft) 2 (12 in./ft) 2

2

(2 L a ) 2 =

2(15 ft) (5 ft) ] = 0.0063387 rad

6

2 [

24 LEI

24(15 ft)(4.93 10 kip-in. )

Consider 25-kip concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pb( L2 b 2 )

B =

(slope magnitude)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 25 kips, L = 15 ft, b = 5 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

Pb( L2 b 2 )

(25 kips)(5 ft)(12 in./ft) 2

(15 ft) 2 (5 ft) 2 = 0.0081136 rad

B =

=

6

2

6 LEI

6(15 ft)(4.93 10 kip-in. )

v A = (3 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0081136 rad) = 0.292089 in.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Beam deflection at A

vA = 0.134069 in. 0.446897 in. 0.017744 in. 0.118296 in. + 0.228195 in. + 0.292089 in.

Ans.

Consider 85 kip-ft concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = 85 kip-ft, L = 15 ft, x = 5 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

Mx

vC =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

6 LEI

=

2(15 ft) 2 3(15 ft)(5 ft) + (5 ft) 2 = 0.413793 in.

6

2

6(15 ft)(4.93 10 kip-in. )

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (5 kips/ft)(3 ft)(1.5 ft) = 22.5 kip-ft,

L = 15 ft, x = 5 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

=

2(15 ft) 2 3(15 ft)(5 ft) + (5 ft) 2 = 0.109533 in.

6(15 ft)(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 3

(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )

vC =

24 LEI

Values:

w = 5 kips/ft, L = 15 ft, a = 5 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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Computation:

wa 3

vC =

(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )

24 LEI

=

4(15 ft) 2 7(5 ft)(15 ft) + 3(5 ft) 2 = 0.273834 in.

24(15 ft)(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

Consider 25-kip concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b 2 x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 25 kips, L = 15 ft, b = 5 ft, x = 5 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x2 )

vC =

6 LEI

=

(15 ft) 2 (5 ft) 2 (5 ft) 2 = 0.425963 in.

6

2

6(15 ft)(4.93 10 kip-in. )

Beam deflection at C

vC = 0.413793 in. + 0.109533 in. 0.273834 in. 0.425963 in.

Ans.

Consider 85 kip-ft concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vD =

6 LEI

Values:

M = 85 kip-ft, L = 15 ft, x = 10 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vD =

6 LEI

=

2(15 ft) 2 3(15 ft)(10 ft) + (10 ft)2 = 0.331034 in.

6(15 ft)(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vD =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (5 kips/ft)(3 ft)(1.5 ft) = 22.5 kip-ft,

L = 15 ft, x = 10 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vD =

6 LEI

=

2(15 ft)2 3(15 ft)(10 ft) + (10 ft)2 = 0.087627 in.

6(15 ft)(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 2

(2 x3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

vD =

24 LEI

Values:

w = 5 kips/ft, L = 15 ft, a = 5 ft, x = 10 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

wa 2

vD =

(2 x 3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

24 LEI

=

2(10 ft)3 6(15 ft)(10 ft) 2 + (5 ft) 2 (10 ft) + 4(15 ft) 2 (10 ft) (5 ft) 2 (15 ft)

24(15 ft)(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

= 0.228195 in.

Consider 25-kip concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pab 2

( L a 2 b2 )

vD =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 25 kips, L = 15 ft, a = 10 ft, b = 5 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

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permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

Pab 2

( L a 2 b2 )

vD =

6 LEI

=

(15 ft) 2 (10 ft) 2 (5 ft) 2 = 0.486815 in.

6(15 ft)(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

Beam deflection at D

vD = 0.331034 in. + 0.087627 in. 0.228195 in. 0.486815 in.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Fig. P10.54 consists of a W10 30 structural

steel wide-flange shape [E = 29,000 ksi; I =

170 in.4]. For the loading shown, determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point A.

(b) the beam deflection at point C.

Fig. P10.54

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point A

Consider cantilever beam deflection of linearly distributed load on overhang AB.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with linearly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

w0 L4

vA =

30 EI

Values:

w0 = 8 kips/ft, L = 9 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

w0 L4

(8 kips/ft)(9 ft)4 (12 in./ft)3

vA =

=

= 0.613247 in.

30 EI

30(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

Consider rotation at B caused by linearly distributed load on overhang AB.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

B =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

Values:

M = (8 kips/ft)(9 ft)(3 ft) = 108 kip-ft,

L = 18 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

ML (108 kip-ft)(18 ft)(12 in./ft) 2

B =

=

= 0.0189274 rad

3EI

3(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

v A = (9 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0189274 rad) = 2.044157 in.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider linearly distributed load from 8 kips/ft to 0 kips/ft over span BD.

[Appendix C, SS beam with linearly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

w L3

B = 0

(slope magnitude)

45EI

Values:

w0 = 8 kips/ft, L = 18 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

w L3 (8 kips/ft)(18 ft)3 (12 in./ft) 2

B = 0 =

= 0.0302838 rad

45 EI

45(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

v A = (9 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0302838 rad) = 3.270652 in.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 2

B =

(2 L2 a 2 ) (slope magnitude)

24 LEI

Values:

w = 4 kips/ft, L = 18 ft, a = 9 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

wa 2

B =

(2 L2 a 2 )

24 LEI

(4 kips/ft)(9 ft) 2 (12 in./ft) 2

2(18 ft) 2 (9 ft) 2 = 0.0124211 rad

=

6

2

24(18 ft)(4.93 10 kip-in. )

v A = (9 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0124211 rad) = 1.341478 in.

Beam deflection at A

vA = 0.613247 in. 2.044157 in. + 3.270652 in. + 1.341478 in. = 1.954726 in. = 1.955 in.

Ans.

Consider moment at B caused by linearly distributed load on overhang AB.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (8 kips/ft)(9 ft)(3 ft) = 108 kip-ft,

L = 18 ft, x = 9 ft, EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

=

2(18 ft) 2 3(18 ft)(9 ft) + (9 ft) 2 = 0.766559 in.

6(18 ft)(4.93 106 kip-in.2 )

Consider linearly distributed load from 8 kips/ft to 0 kips/ft over span BD.

[Appendix C, SS beam with linearly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

w0 x

(7 L4 10 L2 x 2 + 3 x 4 )

vC =

360 LEI

Values:

w0 = 8 kips/ft, L = 18 ft, x = 9 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

w0 x

(7 L4 10 L2 x 2 + 3 x 4 )

vC =

360 LEI

=

7(18 ft) 4 10(18 ft) 2 (9 ft) 2 + 3(9 ft)4 = 1.916398 in.

6

2

360(18 ft)(4.93 10 kip-in. )

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 3

(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )

vC =

24 LEI

Values:

w = 4 kips/ft, L = 18 ft, a = 9 ft,

EI = 4.93 106 kip-in.2

Computation:

wa 3

(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )

vC =

24 LEI

=

4(18 ft) 2 7(9 ft)(18 ft) + 3(9 ft) 2 = 0.958199 in.

6

2

24(18 ft)(4.93 10 kip-in. )

Beam deflection at C

vC = 0.766559 in. 1.916398 in. 0.958199 in. = 2.108037 in. = 2.11 in.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

in Fig. P10.55 consists of a W21 44

structural steel wide-flange shape [E =

29,000 ksi; I = 843 in.4]. For the loading

shown, determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point A.

(b) the beam deflection at point C.

Fig. P10.55

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point A

Consider cantilever beam deflection of downward 4 kips/ft uniform load over AB.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vA =

8EI

Values:

w = 4 kips/ft, L = 12 ft, EI = 2.4447 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

wL4

(4 kips/ft)(12 ft)4 (12 in./ft)3

vA =

=

= 0.732847 in.

8EI

8(2.4447 107 kip-in.2 )

Consider cantilever beam deflection of upward 4 kips/ft uniform load over 6-ft segment.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

wL3

and =

(slope magnitude)

v=

8EI

6 EI

Values:

w = 4 kips/ft, L = 6 ft, EI = 2.4447 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

wL4

(4 kips/ft)(6 ft)4 (12 in./ft)3

v=

=

= 0.045803 in.

8EI

8(2.4447 107 kip-in.2 )

=

= 0.0008482 rad

6 EI

6(2.4447 107 kip-in.2 )

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

B =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

Values:

M = (4 kips/ft)(6 ft)(9 ft) = 216 kip-ft,

L = 24 ft, EI = 2.4447 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

ML (216 kip-ft)(24 ft)(12 in./ft) 2

B =

=

= 0.0101784 rad

3EI

3(2.4447 107 kip-in.2 )

v A = (12 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0101784 rad) = 1.465693 in.

Consider 42-kip concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pb( L2 b 2 )

B =

(slope magnitude)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 42 kips, L = 24 ft, b = 18 ft,

EI = 2.4447 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Pb( L2 b 2 )

(42 kips)(18 ft)(12 in./ft) 2

(24 ft) 2 (18 ft) 2 = 0.0077929 rad

B =

=

7

2

6 LEI

6(24 ft)(2.4447 10 kip-in. )

v A = (12 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0077929 rad) = 1.122172 in.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 2

B =

(2 L2 a 2 ) (slope magnitude)

24 LEI

Values:

w = 4 kips/ft, L = 24 ft, a = 6 ft,

EI = 2.4447 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

wa 2

(4 kips/ft)(6 ft)2 (12 in./ft) 2

2

2

2(24 ft) 2 (6 ft) 2 = 0.0016434 rad

B =

(2 L a ) =

7

2

24 LEI

24(24 ft)(2.4447 10 kip-in. )

v A = (12 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.0016434 rad) = 0.236648 in.

Beam deflection at A

vA = 0.732847 in. + 0.106873 in. 1.465693 in. + 1.122172 in. + 0.236648 in.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider moment at B caused by downward 4 kips/ft uniform load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = (4 kips/ft)(6 ft)(9 ft) = 216 kip-ft,

L = 24 ft, x = 12 ft, EI = 2.4447 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

=

2(24 ft)2 3(24 ft)(12 ft) + (12 ft) 2 = 0.549635 in.

6(24 ft)(2.4447 107 kip-in.2 )

Consider 42-kip concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b 2 x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 42 kips, L = 24 ft, b = 6 ft,

x = 12 ft, EI = 2.4447 107 kip-in.2

Computation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

=

(24 ft) 2 (6 ft) 2 (12 ft) 2 = 0.587804 in.

7

2

6(24 ft)(2.4447 10 kip-in. )

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 2

(2 x3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

vC =

24 LEI

(elastic curve)

Values:

w = 4 kips/ft, L = 24 ft, a = 6 ft, x = 12 ft,

EI = 2.4447 107 kip-in.2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Computation:

wa 2

(2 x3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

vC =

24 LEI

=

2(12 ft)3 6(24 ft)(12 ft) 2 + (6 ft) 2 (12 ft) + 4(24 ft) 2 (12 ft) (6 ft) 2 (24 ft)

24(24 ft)(2.4447 107 kip-in.2 )

= 0.175578 in.

B =

wa 2

(4 kips/ft)(6 ft)2 (12 in./ft) 2

2(24 ft) 2 (6 ft) 2 = 0.0016434 rad

(2 L2 a 2 ) =

24 LEI

24(24 ft)(2.4447 107 kip-in.2 )

Beam deflection at C

vC = 0.549635 in. 0.587804 in. 0.175578 in. = 0.213747 in. = 0.214 in.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

in Fig. P10.56 consists of a W530 66

structural steel wide-flange shape [E = 200

GPa; I = 351 106 mm4]. For the loading

shown, determine:

(a) the beam deflection at point B.

(b) the beam deflection at point C.

Fig. P10.56

Solution

(a) Beam deflection at point B

Consider 300 kN-m concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

vB =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

M = 300 kN-m, L = 9 m, x = 4 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vB =

6 LEI

(300 kN-m)(4 m)

2(9 m)2 3(9 m)(4 m) + (4 m)2 = 0.022159 m

=

6(9 m)(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider 85 kN/m uniformly distributed load on segment AB.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 3

(4 L2 7aL + 3a 2 )

vB =

24 LEI

Values:

w = 85 kN/m, L = 9 m, a = 4 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wa 3

(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )

vB =

24 LEI

=

4(9 m) 2 7(4 m)(9 m) + 3(4 m) 2 = 0.043052 m

4

2

24(9 m)(7.02 10 kN-m )

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider 140-kN concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b 2 x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 140 kN, L = 9 m, b = 3 m, x = 4 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x2 )

vB =

6 LEI

(140 kN)(3 m)(4 m)

(9 m) 2 (3 m) 2 (4 m) 2 = 0.024818 m

=

6(9 m)(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

Consider 175 kN-m concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

M = 175 kN-m, L = 9 m, x = 5 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vB =

6 LEI

(175 kN-m)(5 m)

2(9 m) 2 3(9 m)(5 m) + (5 m) 2 = 0.012003 m

=

6(9 m)(7.02 104 kN-m 2 )

Beam deflection at B

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider 300 kN-m concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = 300 kN-m, L = 9 m, x = 6 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

vC =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

6 LEI

(300 kN-m)(6 m)

2(9 m) 2 3(9 m)(6 m) + (6 m) 2 = 0.017094 m

=

4

2

6(9 m)(7.02 10 kN-m )

Consider 85 kN/m uniformly distributed load on segment AB.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 2

(2 x3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

vC =

24 LEI

Values:

w = 85 kN/m, L = 9 m, a = 4 m, x = 6 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

wa 2

(2 x3 6 Lx 2 + a 2 x + 4 L2 x a 2 L)

vC =

24 LEI

(85 kN/m)(4 m)2

2(6 m)3 6(9 m)(6 m) 2 + (4 m) 2 (6 m) + 4(9 m) 2 (6 m) (4 m) 2 (9 m)

=

4

2

24(9 m)(7.02 10 kN-m )

= 0.034441 m

Consider 140-kN concentrated load. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pab 2

( L a 2 b2 )

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 140 kN, L = 9 m, a = 6 m, b = 3 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

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Computation:

Pab 2

( L a 2 b2 )

vC =

6 LEI

(140 kN)(6 m)(3 m)

(9 m)2 (6 m)2 (3 m)2 = 0.023932 m

=

4

2

6(9 m)(7.02 10 kN-m )

Consider 175 kN-m concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

M = 175 kN-m, L = 9 m, x = 3 m,

EI = 7.02 104 kN-m2

Computation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

(175 kN-m)(3 m)

2(9 m) 2 3(9 m)(3 m) + (3 m) 2 = 0.012464 m

=

4

2

6(9 m)(7.02 10 kN-m )

Beam deflection at C

Ans.

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component of an earth retention system at an

excavation site. The soldier beam is subjected to a

uniformly distributed soil loading of 260 lb/ft, as

shown in Fig. P10.57. The soldier beam can be

idealized as a cantilever with a fixed support at A.

Added support is supplied by a tieback anchor at B,

which exerts a force of 4,000 lb on the soldier beam.

Determine the horizontal deflection of the soldier

beam at point C. Assume EI = 5 108 lb-in.2.

Fig. P10.57

Solution

Consider 260 lb/ft uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vC =

8EI

Values:

w = 260 lb/ft, L = 25 ft, EI = 5.0 108 lb-in.2

Computation:

wL4

(260 lb/ft)(25 ft)4 (12 in./ft)3

vC =

=

= 43.875 in.

8EI

8(5.0 108 lb-in.2 )

Consider 4,000-lb concentrated load. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

PL2

and B =

(slope magnitude)

vB =

3EI

2 EI

Values:

P = 4,000 lb, L = 18 ft, EI = 5.0 108 lb-in.2

Computation:

PL3 (4,000 lb)(18 ft)3 (12 in./ft)3

=

= 26.873856 in.

vB =

3EI

3(5.0 108 lb-in.2 )

B =

=

= 0.1866240 rad

2 EI

2(5.0 108 lb-in.2 )

Beam deflection at C

vC = 43.875 in. + 42.550272 in. = 1.324728 in. = 1.325 in.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

component of an earth retention system at an

excavation site. The soldier beam is subjected to

a soil loading that is linearly distributed from

520 lb/ft to 260 lb/ft, as shown in Fig. P10.58.

The soldier beam can be idealized as a

cantilever with a fixed support at A. Added

support is supplied by a tieback anchor at B,

which exerts a force of 5,000 lb on the soldier

beam. Determine the horizontal deflection of the

soldier beam at point C. Assume EI = 5 108 lbin.2.

Fig. P10.58

Solution

Consider 260 lb/ft uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vC =

8EI

Values:

w = 260 lb/ft, L = 25 ft, EI = 5.0 108 lb-in.2

Computation:

wL4

(260 lb/ft)(25 ft)4 (12 in./ft)3

vC =

=

= 43.875 in.

8EI

8(5.0 108 lb-in.2 )

Consider a linearly distributed load that varies from 260 lb/ft at A to 0 lb/ft at B.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with linearly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

w L4

vC = 0

30 EI

Values:

w0 = 260 lb/ft, L = 25 ft, EI = 5.0 108 lb-in.2

Computation:

w L4

(260 lb/ft)(25 ft)4 (12 in./ft)3

vC = 0 =

= 11.700 in.

30 EI

30(5.0 108 lb-in.2 )

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider 5,000-lb concentrated load. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

PL2

vB =

and B =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

2 EI

Values:

P = 5,000 lb, L = 18 ft, EI = 5.0 108 lb-in.2

Computation:

PL3 (5,000 lb)(18 ft)3 (12 in./ft)3

=

= 33.592320 in.

vB =

3EI

3(5.0 108 lb-in.2 )

PL2 (5,000 lb)(18 ft) 2 (12 in./ft) 2

B =

=

= 0.2332800 rad

2 EI

2(5.0 108 lb-in.2 )

vC = 33.592320 in. + (7 ft)(12 in./ft)(0.2332800 rad) = 53.187840 in.

Beam deflection at C

vC = 43.875 in. 11.700 in. + 53.187840 in. = 2.387160 in. = 2.39 in.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

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